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Publication numberUS2362917 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication date14 Nov 1944
Filing date30 Jun 1941
Priority date30 Jun 1941
Publication numberUS 2362917 A, US 2362917A, US-A-2362917, US2362917 A, US2362917A
InventorsMalcom Robert
Original AssigneeChicago Eye Shield Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Underwater goggle
US 2362917 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Nov. 14, 1944. R. MALCOM UNDERWATER GOGGLE Filed June so, 1941 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 lz'obertnazeom,

Nov.- 14, 1944.

R. MALCOM UNDERWATER GOGGL'E Filed June 30, 1941 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 ARoberZ'MaZcom,

Patented Nov. 14, 1944 Malc'onr, Chicago, 111., assignor to Chimamas cago' .Eye ShieldCompany, a corporation of htflnhath-rfineeo, 1941, Serial No. 400,4'72 a Claims. (01. 2-144) This invention, relates to ,a goggle or shield to be worn as; facial protection] under water,

It is an object of the invention to provide an article of this kind that is capable of substantially water-tight fit with the face of the user, and

covers, protects, and prevents access of Water to his eyesand nose, and that has a transparent pane in front through which he-can see.

Further, it is an object of the invention to provide an articleof those characteristics that also gives substantially water-tight coverage and protection to the ears of the user. v

Another object of the invention is to provide such an article, comprising a glass carrying strictive action of the wall material affording a seal, or the joint may be sealed. ,Wiihpement or other suitable material. V

Instead of one pane H sealed'in place as shown by Figs. 1 and 2, two such panes may be sealed similarly in the facepiece body as shown by Fig. 6.

The rear edge of the body wall 1 is curved to conform generally to and to have tight contact with the average faces against which it is held while in use, the pliability of the material enabling it to adjust itself to facial irregularities.

For this purpose, the edge at the top is curved, as designated at 'l2,'to conform to the brow or forehead over the eyes; thence it curves backframe or body and ear covers, formed integrally l5 wardly on e h Side. as esignated at l3, t p

as a single structure of pliable material that eas-= ily conforms itself to substantially water-tight fit with the parts of the head to which it is held while in use.

When considered with the description herein,

characteristics of the invention are apparent in the accompanying drawings, forming part hereof, wherein an embodiment is disclosedfor purpose of explanation.

Like reference-characters refer to corresponding parts in the views of the drawings, of which Fig. 1 is a side view, a part being in section; Fig. 2'is' a top view, partly in section; a p Fig. 3 is a bottom view; Fig.4isarearview;

Fig. 5 is a section on line 5--5, Fig. 1; j Fig. 6 is a section illustrative of a modification in the facepiece. p

i The goggle comprises a facepiece-of pliable and elastic self-form-sustaining material impervious ment 2!], which bears against a slotted-plate 2| so to water, such as soft rubber, that is moldable to shape.

The body of the facepiece is a comparatively thick wall I that encompasses the space in front of the eyes and nose of a user. circular or other tubular form. At its front it has an inwardly disposed planar flange 8, next to and inside of which is a groove 9 in the wall. The

wall protrudes radially at the groove as an external rib H) to accommodate the groove without decreasing the wall thickness.

" A rather thick transparent pane II, of plate,

glass or other suitable material, is disposed at its periphery in the groove, and it is overlapped by the-flange 8. It has a water-tight joint with the wall by fitting closely in the groove and against the flange. Such a joint may be had by. making the pane of slightly larger diameter than the normal diameter of the groove and by stretching the The wall may be 40 as shownat l5, and thence forwardly from each side for contact with the upper lip, as shown at I6. Withthis conformation of the rear edgeof the body wall, when the edge is drawn and held against the face by a headband l I, the goggle covers the eyes'and nose of the user, there is sub- 25 stantially water-tight seal with the face, and the user is able to see under water through the pane at the front.

The headband, which is provided with a buckle I8 or other suitable adjustable fastener for its free ends, may be attached to the body in any suitable manner. As shown, slotted protuberances 19 are molded integrally on opposite sides of the body at or near the front thereof, and front ends of the headband are disposed therethrough.

Each of these headband ends has an enlargethat the band is prevented from pulling out of the protuberances.

It is advantageous to position the protuberances at the front of the shield body, because this enables the backward stress imposed thereon by the headband to be distributed throughout the pliable wall to its facial edge and thus contribute to adjustment of the edgeto the face.

An ear flap 22 extends backwardly from each side of the body of thegoggle. They are formed integrally with and of the same material as the body. The flaps are'thinner than the body wall, they are long enough to extend to the back of the head, and wide enough and so disposed to cover the ears. They are continuations of the body wall, and where they go off from that thicker wall they leave an end surface on the latter for sealing contact with the face, as shown wall when the pane is being putinto place, conat 23 in Fig. 2.

The headband overlaps the ear flaps and holds them against and causes them to protect the ears of the user when the goggle isin place on his head. The flaps afford a layer of wide soft material between the headband and the ears and other parts of the head, and thus the tension of the headband over those parts is more comfortable than if the narrower band pressed directly thereagainst;

I claim:

1. A goggle capable of covering the eyes and nose of a user, comprising a body formed of a wall of soft pliable rubber capable of encompassing the space in front of the eyes and nose of a user, and having a rear edge conformable to the face with a tight seal therewith, a transparent pane in the front of said body having liquid tight seal with its wall, and a headband attached directly to said body at its front.

3. A goggleoapable of covering the eyes and nose of. a user comprising as a unitary protective parta body formed with a comparatively thick tubular wall of soft pliable rubber capable of encompassing the space in front of the eyes and nose and having a rear edge conformable to the face with a substantially water tight seal and flaps integrally formed with said body and extending rearwardly from opposite sides thereof and sufficiently wide to cover the ears, a headband attached near the'front of said body on the same opposite sides as said flaps, and a transparent pane in the front of said body having substantially water tight seal with its wall.

ROBERT MALCOLM.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2420281 *20 Sep 19446 May 1947Zbar Marcus JDiving mask
US2488235 *11 Jul 194715 Nov 1949Walter R PfeifferDiving mask with pressure equalizing ear cups
US2524245 *15 Jul 19463 Oct 1950Wold John SUnderwater goggle
US2527027 *5 Apr 194624 Oct 1950Spotswood Specialty Co IncSun goggle
US6089233 *29 Sep 199818 Jul 2000Safe Dive Ltd.Diving mask supplemented with a device for equalizing pressure across the eardrum of divers
US6115848 *1 Dec 199712 Sep 2000Key; Mark B.Snorkeling/scuba mask with liquid directing member
US790028015 May 20078 Mar 2011Speedo International LimitedGoggles
Classifications
U.S. Classification2/428
International ClassificationB63C11/12
Cooperative ClassificationB63C11/12, B63C2011/128
European ClassificationB63C11/12