|Publication number||US2343846 A|
|Publication date||7 Mar 1944|
|Filing date||19 Jun 1942|
|Priority date||19 Jun 1942|
|Publication number||US 2343846 A, US 2343846A, US-A-2343846, US2343846 A, US2343846A|
|Inventors||Robinson William W|
|Original Assignee||Robinson William W|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (5), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
W. W. ROBNSON FLUoRoscoPE Filed June 19, 1942 v March 7, 1944.
2 Sheets-Sheet `1 ATTORNEY Mmh 7,- 1944. w W, ROBINSON 2,343,846
FLUOROSCOPE 2 .Sheets-Sheet 2 ATTORNEY F'iled June 19, 1942 WML/AM W. Raam/50N INVENTOR Patented Mar. '7, 1944 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE FLUOROSCOPE William W. Robinson, Spokane, Wash. Application June 19, 1942, Serial No. 4147,698
3 Claims. (Cl. 25o-58) The present invention relates to iiuoroscopes and in more `particular to a luoroscopic viewing device.
In the prior art, in order to get a two-dimensional view of an object, it was necessary to either shift the X-ray tube and luoroscope screen about from one position to another, or else 'shift the object to be viewed. This has required a great deal of time and effort, particularly if the object such as a fractured limb of a person were to be moved.
In many instances it is even more diilcult to move the apparatus as such is heavy and bulky. Furthermore, much time is consumed in actual X-raying. This may oftentimes result in overexposing of the patient to the X-rays, resulting in damage to the tissue structure. Prolonged exposure oftentimes has a detrimental eect upon the operators of the apparatus.
Having in mind these defects of the prior art, it is an object of the present invention to arrange iluoroscope tubes and a Viewing box so that an object may be viewed from more than one direction without the viewer moving from a single Viewing position, and without movement of the object being viewed.
It is a further object of the present invention to construct a viewing box with a plurality oi fluorescent screens and a. mirror or mirrors so arranged that all screens may be viewed from a single position, giving intersecting views of the object simultaneously.
kA further object of the present invention is the arrangement of a viewing box with two screens at right angles and a mirror so arranged that both of the screens may be seen from a single viewing position.
A further object of the present invention is the provision in a viewing box of: two fluorescent screens arranged at an angle to each other, one of said screens being adjustable to a series ofk parallel positions, the relation to each of said screens of an X-ray tube, means for Varying the relative distance between each of said tubes and its respective screen, and the provision in said box of a mirror whereby both of said screens may be viewed from a single viewing position.
Having in mind the defects of the prior art and these objects, applicant has constructed a fluoroscope having a viewing box and associated with said box a plurality of X-ray tubes and a uorescent screen for each of said tubes. The uorescent screens are mounted in the box at rightangles-to-each other. The upper front side of .the box has la- Vviewing IVopening -with a shield CIK around it to exclude lightso that when a persons face is placed in the opening both eyes may be used and the outside light excluded. Inside and at the back of the box is placed a -mirror which gives a view of an upright fluorescent screen. The horizontal screen may be viewed directly from the viewing opening. The horizontal screen is mounted for vertical parallel movement so that it may be adjusted upwardly and downwardly to lie as close as possible to the object being viewed. Supported by the box is an X-ray tube adapted to uoresce the vertical screen. This X-ray tube may be moved back and forth away from the screen and also swung up out of the way when an object is being placed upon the viewing table. The second X-ray tube which uoresces the horizontal screen is located below the table. The Viewing box as a whole may be adjusted upwardly and downwardly and in and out, to place both screens as close as possible to the object. The whole box is mounted upon a standard or supporting post which allows the apparatus as a whole to be .moved out of the way. The usual accessory equipment, such as transformers and controls, are carried on the base of the standard and are associated with the uorescent tubes.
A device such as described above is shown in detail in the accompanying drawings, wherein:
Figure 1 is an assembly View of the complete device, y
Figure 2 is a horizontal sectional View of the viewing box taken on the line 2-2 of Figure 1,v
Figure 3 is avertical cross-sectional View oi the box on the line 3-3 of Figure 2,
Figure 4 is an end view of the viewing box,
' Figure 5 is an end view section on the line 5-5 of Figure 3,` and Figure 6 is a schematic showing of the operation of the viewing box and X-ray tubes when associated with an object.
The complete uoroscope assembly is mounted upon a mobile base I, which carries thereon two transformers, 2, 3, one for each X-ray tube, and each of the transformers having associated therewith the usual control apparatus. The base also carries a standard or support post 4, which carries the rest of the fluoroscopic apparatus.
On the upper portion of the standard is a horizontal viewing box arm 5, which is adjustably secured to the standard by means of a sleeve and a set screw 6. The weight of the arm and the equipment carried thereby is counterbalanced in the usual manner, by means of the counterbalance weight 'IA vwhich is Aconnected to the viewing box arm by means of a cord strung over a pulley mounted upon the top of the arm.
Sliding on the viewing box arm is an adjustable clamp 8 to which is secured the yoke 9. Between the depending arms of the yoke 9 is the viewing box I0. The viewing box is adjustably pivoted to the lower end of the depending yoke so that the angle of the box with respect to the yoke may be varied. 'Ihe viewing box I0 has a view opening VII which is shaped to taround the eyes of a person and, with the addition of some soit yielding material around the edges of the opening, to exclude any light from entering the opening when a persons face is therein.`
The viewing opening is so placed and directed that a view is had of the interior of the box.
Placed horizontally in the bottom of the box is one of two iiuorescent screens. Arrahged at right angles to the horizontal fluorescent screen I2 is a vertical uorescent screen I3. A view of the vertical fluorescent screen may be had from the openingII by means of the mirror I4 placed upon the back wall of the box.
The vertical iiuorescent screen I3 is secured rigidly tothe box, while the horizontal uorescent screen I2 is supported in a separate housing Vstructure I5 which is adjustable up and down so that thel horizontal screen may assume a plurality of parallel positions. An adjusting screw I6 is provided for the structure I5 to raise and lower it, the structure being provided with a cooperative screw thread. Naturally other means to accomplish this movement may be used. The screw I6 secured to theviewing box so that, upon rotation, it will raise and lower the structure I5 and thehorizontal fluorescent screen.
Supported by the viewing box is an X-ray tube I'I 'adapted to radiate horizontally upon the vertically positioned fluorescent screen. This horizontally directed tube is supportedvupon a double yoke, one arm I8 of the yoke being attached to the tube and extending horizontally and then vertically and then being split, passing around the box in the form of a'second yoke I9. This second yoke is slidably supported so that the tube itself may be moved to and from the vertical screen. The split yoke arm I9 is journalled on each side of the viewing box in suitable guides. The rearward guide 20 is pivoted so that the tube when in a forward position may be raised upwardly out of the way. The front support 2l is carried on a sector 22 to which it may be adjustably clamped'by means of the clamp 23.
Supported upon the lower part of the standard 4 is a lateral arm 24 for' carrying the vertically directed X-ray tube 25, which may be adjusted upwardly or downwardly upon the Ystandard to bring it into the desired relationship with the horizontally arranged fluorescent screen I2, and with the supporting surface of the `Xray cart or table 26. i
kThe horizontal X-ray tube I 1 and the vertically directed X-ray tube 25 are both connected by means of suitable electrical conductors with the transformers which yin turn are connected to a source of power.
Figure 6 is a schematic arrangementof the above-described device, showing the twoV tubes Il and 26 focused upon anobject O with the viewing box and iluorescent screens adjusted in close relationship to theobject. It also shows the lines of sight from an operators eye, placed in the viewing box opening I I, to either of the fluorescent screens. The pathfrom the vertical fluorescent screen being to the mirror I4 and then to the eye, while that from the horizontal iiuorescent screen I2 is directly to the eye.
In using the present device, the patient or other object to be viewed is placed upon a suitable cart or X-ray table 26, and the fluorescent apparatus then Wheeled into position with the vertical screen being placed close to the side of the object and the horizontal screen being adjusted vertically by means of the adjusting screw I6 so that it, too, is close to the object.v 'The horizontally directed X-ray tube is then dropped Ydown into position and slid along until it, also,
is close to the object. The vertically directed tube is then adjusted on the standard until it is near the bottom of the supporting table. The operator then takes his station at the viewing opening of j the viewing box I0, where, upon operation of the X-ray tubes, either separately or simultaneously, and by glancing from one screen to the other, with the aid of the mirror I4, he may see the object in two dimensions. By being able to see the object in two dimensions. any adjustments that need to bey made may be made quickly without the necessity of the operator or the patient being exposed for long periods of time to the harmful X-rays, such as would be necessary with the use of asingle tube or even with two tubes if the operator were to have to shift his position from one side to another to obtain proper views of the object.
Having thus described my invention, I claim:
l. A fluoroscope, comprising: a closed housing having a viewing opening, an upright mirror so positioned that said Inirror is within the range of vision of a person looking through said opening, an upright iluorescent screen in said housing so` positionedl that it may be scanned from said viewing opening by means of an upright mirror, a horizontal fluorescent screen within said housing angularly disposed with relation to said upright screenpand having a position ywhereby it may be directly scanned through said viewing opening, said horizontal screen being movable in said housing to aseries of parallel positions, means op-4 erable externally oi said housing for moving said` horizontal screen, a source for projecting a beam of X-rays toward said horizontal screen, an extensible arm carried by said housing, a second source for projecting a beam of X-rays toward the upright screen carried by and movable relativethe screen by the extension or retraction of said arm, and means for supporting anobject to be examined for viewing in two planes at the intersection of the medians of the two beams of X- layS.
2. A iiuoroscope, comprising: a closed housing having a viewing opening, an upright mirror so positioned that said Amirror is within the range of vision of a person looking through said opening, an upright fluorescent screen in said housing so positioned that it may be scanned from said viewing opening by means of the upright mirror, a horizontal uorescent screen within said housing angularly disposed with relation to:
' said upright screen and having al position wheretoward the upright screen carried by and movable relative the screen by the downward swinging and extension or retraction of Vsaid arm, and means for supporting an object to be examined for viewing in two planes at the intersection of the medians of the two beams of X-rays.
3. A fluoroscope, comprising: a closed housing forming a-dark chamber and having a viewing opening, an upright mirror so positioned that said mirror is within the range of vision of a person looking through said opening, an upright fluorescent screen in said housing so positioned that it may be scanned from said viewing opening by means of the upright mirror, a boxing movable in said housing, a horizontal ucrescent screen carried by said boxing angularly disposed with relation to said upright screen and having a position whereby it may be directly scanned through said viewing opening, said horizontal screen being movable with said boxing to a series of parallel positions, means operable externally of said housing for moving said boxing, a source for projecting a beam of X-rays toward said horizontal screen, an extensible arm carried by said housing, a second source for projecting a beam of X- rays toward the upright screen carried by and movable relative the screen by the extension and retraction of said arm, and means for supporting an object to be examined for viewing in two planes at the intersection of the medians of the tivo beams of X-rays.
WILLIAM W. ROBINSON.
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|US2673626 *||29 May 1950||30 Mar 1954||Picker X Ray Corp||Locking device for x-ray apparatus|
|US2683812 *||29 Apr 1952||13 Jul 1954||Schneeman Justin G||Fluoroscopic inspection apparatus|
|US4694481 *||15 Aug 1985||15 Sep 1987||New England Institute Of Comparative Medicine||Transportable X-ray apparatus|
|US5015071 *||20 Nov 1989||14 May 1991||Siemens Aktiengesellschaft||Light distributor for an X-ray diagnostics installation|
|U.S. Classification||378/42, 378/198, 248/647, 378/193, 248/669|