|Publication number||CN1896805 B|
|Application number||CN 200610100589|
|Publication date||5 Dec 2012|
|Filing date||31 May 2001|
|Priority date||2 Jun 2000|
|Also published as||CN1227557C, CN1446323A, CN1755426A, CN1896805A, CN100552497C, EP1290487A1, EP2056154A1, US6325507, US6966647, US7219994, US7452073, US7744213, US7967433, US8523352, US20020039170, US20060072067, US20060203184, US20090066910, US20100265455, US20110255050, WO2001095018A1|
|Publication number||200610100589.8, CN 1896805 B, CN 1896805B, CN 200610100589, CN-B-1896805, CN1896805 B, CN1896805B, CN200610100589, CN200610100589.8|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (2), Classifications (9), Legal Events (5)|
|External Links: SIPO, Espacenet|
带MP3播放器的眼镜 Glasses with MP3 player
技术领域 Technical Field
 本发明总的涉及一种在头上的保持装置以避免与头的横向侧面相接触，同时保持眼镜处在佩戴者的视野内和/或提供一用于支承任何各类可携带的电子装置的平台。  The present invention relates generally to a head retaining means to avoid contact with the lateral side of the head, while maintaining the spectacle wearer in the in-view and / or a support for any of various types of portable platform electronic device.
 近年来在眼镜领域内已有非常多类型的改进，特别是关于希望用在剧烈运动中的眼镜或如时髦的太阳镜。  In recent years, there are very many types of modifications within the field glasses, especially with regard hope to use in strenuous exercise such as fashionable glasses or sunglasses. 例如一些改进已组合在具有一整体镜片的眼镜中例如Blades®结构型(Oakley, Inc. )，M Frame® 型， (Dakley, Inc.)和Zero®型，也是由Oakley, Inc.制造的。 For example, some improvements have been a combination of having a whole Lenses for example Blades® structure type (Oakley, Inc.), M Frame® type, (Dakley, Inc.) and Zero® type, but also by Oakley, Inc. manufacture. 这些眼镜结构型式实现了多种功能优点，例如最大地遮挡了周边光，减小了光学图象畸变和提高了戴者的舒适水平，从而优于先前的剧烈运动眼镜。 These glasses structure type to achieve a variety of functions advantages, such as the maximum to block the surrounding light, reducing the optical image distortion and improves the wearer's comfort level, so superior to previous strenuous exercise glasses.
 镜片几何形状也是各种改进的技术主题。  The lens geometries are various modifications of technical topics. 该Blades®眼镜的这种整体镜片结合了例如在授予Jannard的美国专利No. 4，859，048中揭示的圆片（柱式）几何形状。 The integral of the Blades® glasses lens combination for example in U.S. Patent No. 4,859,048 granted to Jannard the wafer disclosed (column) geometry. 这种几何形状允许该镜片紧紧地符合于戴者的脸面并遮挡直接来自戴者的正对前面（前面方向）和周边（横向方向）的光、风、灰尘等。 This geometry allows the lens closely conform to the wearer's face and blocking directly from the wearer is on the front (front direction) and the periphery (transverse direction) of the light, wind and dust. 也可参见授予Jannard的美国专利No4, 867，550的专利文献。 See also U.S. Patent No4 granted Jannard, the 867,550 patent document.  通过例如这些所有属于Houston等人的美国专利No. 5，648，832 ;5，689，323 ；5，969，789和6，010, 218中揭示的技术已实现了许多精密地对由于扫视（或广角的倾斜)和环顾以及其他光学物体引起的分光移位（prismatic shift)的控制措施。  For example, these by all US patents belonging to Houston et al. No. 5,648,832; 5,689,323; 5,969,789 and 6,010, 218 disclosed technology has been achieved precisely on many Since glance (or wide-angle tilt) and look around and other optical spectral shifts caused by an object (prismatic shift) control measures.
 近年来也做了许多在眼镜保持装置方面的改进。  In recent years, also we made a lot of improvement installations in glasses holding. 例如参见Jannard等人的美国专利No. 5，137，342 (用于双耳撑装置的管状牵拉装置）Jannard的No. 5，249，001 (适于提供一个通过各种头宽度指向中间偏压的耳撑和镜架）Jannard等人的No. 5，760, 868 (整体无铰链眼镜框)和Houston等人的No. 5，805，261 (有偏压的眼镜框)。 See, e.g., U.S. Patent Jannard et al No. 5,137,342 (tubular drawing means for supporting apparatus binaural) Jannard a No. 5,249,001 (adapted to provide a variety of head widths center-point ear pressure support and frames) Jannard et al No. 5,760, 868 (overall hingeless eyeglass frame) and Houston et al., No. 5,805,261 (BIAS spectacle frames).
 所有这些上述的保持装置的改进一般涉及双耳撑结构方案，其中，耳撑或边撑是向后沿着佩戴者的头部延伸的以实现眼镜的保持状态。  All of these improvements said holding means generally relates binaural support structure scheme, in which a temple or ear support rearwardly extending along the wearer's head to achieve glasses hold. 虽然有这些改进，但仍需要新的眼镜保持方案以能消除在边撑上的侧向压力而且还能提供舒适的眼镜保持作用。 Despite these improvements, but still need new glasses holding programs to eliminate the lateral pressure on the temple but also to provide comfortable glasses holding role.
 另外，仍有对能够支承和分布来自附加到本保持装置上的载荷重量的保持装置的需求，该载荷例如眼镜镜片，无线通讯装置，头戴显示器电子线路和任何各种其他音频的和/或视频的电子部件。  In addition, there are still capable of supporting and distributed from the additional weight of the load to the needs of the holding device on the holding device, which loads such as eyeglass lenses, wireless communication devices, head mounted display any of a variety of electronic circuits and other audio and / or video of electronic components.
 发明内容  SUMMARY
 按照本发明的一个方面，提供一个眼镜保持装置。  In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, there is provided a lens-retaining means. 该装置包括一眼镜支承其具有一长弧形的镜架。 The apparatus comprises an eyeglasses having an elongated arcuate support frames. 该镜架包括一前边端部和一枕骨端部，它们的尺寸构造成从一佩戴者的脸面延伸横跨该佩戴者的头顶直到该头的后部例如在外部枕骨隆凸的附近。 The frame includes a front end and an end portion of the occipital bone, their size is configured from a wearer's face extending across the wearer's head until the back of the head, for example, near the external occipital protuberance. 该支承包括一第一部件和一第二部件，它们在前面区域中连接一起并分开间置在前面区域和枕骨区域之间。 The support includes a first member and a second member, which are connected together in the front area and separately placed between between the front region and the occipital region.
 该第一和第二部件的至少一部分横向地分开间置一在从约1/2英寸到约6英寸的范围内的距离。  laterally at least a portion of the first and second parts of a room set apart in the range of from about 1/2 inch to about 6 inches wide distance. 作为优选，该第一和第二部件的至少一部分横向地分开一在从约I. 5英寸到约3英寸的范围内的距离。 Preferably, the at least a portion laterally of the first and second parts are separated by a distance within the range of from about 3 inches to about I. 5 inches. 在有些实施例中，在第一和第二部件之间的最大间距是在从约2英寸到3英寸的范围内，最好是在沿着头顶的一位置上。 In some embodiments, the maximum spacing between the first and second components is in the range of from about 2 inches to 3 inches, preferably at a position along the top of the head.
 作为优选，至少一镜片设置在镜架的前面端部上。  Preferably, at least one lens is provided on the front end portion of the frame. 作为变型，设置两个镜片。 As a variant, the two lenses set. 该支承的前面端部可直接地连接到该镜片边框上或连接到该位于一包含右和左边框的镜架上的鼻梁架上。 The front end portion of the support can be directly connected to the lens frame or connected to the bridge of the nose is in a frame that contains the right and on the left border of the frame.
 该镜架具有一从前端到枕骨端的弧形长度，其足以从该镜片或边框延伸到占有希望市场份额的普通佩戴者的外部枕骨隆凸附近（例如成年男性，成年女性，儿童，亚洲人，欧洲人等）。  The frame has a front end to the occipital end of the arc length, which is sufficient to extend from the lens or frame to occupy hope that the market share of ordinary wearer's external occipital protuberance nearby (such as adult males, adult females, children, Asians, Europeans, etc.). 这种从前端到枕骨端的弧形长度一般在从约8英寸到18英寸的范围内，并在大多数成年人具体例子中，在从约14英寸到约16英寸的范围内。 This front-end to the occipital end of the arc length is generally in the range of from about 8 inches to 18 inches, and most adults in the specific example, in the range from about 14 inches to about 16 inches of range.
 作为优选，该第一和第二部件在枕骨端上或其前面连接一起。  Advantageously, the first and second components in the occipital side or front of the connector together. 该镜架的枕骨端可以另外设有一其中含有电子器件的壳体。 Occipital end of the frame which can be additionally provided with a housing containing electronic devices. 考虑到的电子器件包括数字或其他存储装置，接收器，发射器，头戴显示器驱动电路，动力源和相关部件。 Considering the electronics, including digital or other storage devices, receivers, transmitters, head-mounted display driving circuit, power source and associated components.
 在一实施例中，该镜架还包括一用于静置在一佩戴者鼻子上的鼻托。  In one embodiment, the frame further includes a means for standing on a wearer's nose, the nose pad. 该鼻托可以和边框一体地形成，或可以作为一单独形成的鼻件连接设置。 The nose pads and borders can be integrally formed, or may be formed as a separate nosepiece connection settings.
 一般地，该弧形镜架从前面端部向后地延伸贯穿大于约180度的弧形结构。 Generally, the arc extending from the front end of the frame back  arcuate structure through more than about 180 degrees. 一参考点可标定在镜架内侧表面上距鼻托中点最大直线距离上。 A reference point may be calibrated in the frame from the inside surface of the nose pad straight line from the midpoint of the maximum. 该镜架最好沿着超过参考点至少约2英寸的弧形结构延伸到该枕骨端。 The frame preferably about 2 inches along the arcuate structure extends at least over the reference point to the end of the occipital bone. 一般地，该镜架沿着具有从超过参考点约2英寸到约6英寸的范围内的长度的弧形结构延伸。 Generally, the frame along extending from about 2 inches above the reference point to the arcuate structure within the range of about 6 inches of length.
 在鼻托上的中点和镜架枕骨端之间的直线距离当该镜架处在松弛构型时最好是至少约3英寸。  linear distance between the midpoint and end frames occipital nose pads on when the frame in a relaxed configuration preferably at least about 3 inches. 一般地，在鼻托上中点和镜架枕骨端之间的该直线距离在从约5英寸到约8英寸的范围内。 In general, the linear distance between the midpoint and end frames occipital nose pad on the range of from about 5 inches to about 8 inches range. 该镜架的枕骨端部最好定位在位于一通过参考点的后切线前面的从约1.5英寸到约3. 5英寸的范围内。 Occipital end of the frame is preferably positioned in the reference point located after a pass in front of the tangent from about 1.5 inches to about 3.5 inches of range.
 按照本发明的其他方面，提供一种将至少一镜片稳定在佩戴人视野中的方法。  The other aspect of the present invention, there is provided a stable at least one lens in the human field of vision of the method to wear. 该方法包括步骤如下：提供一眼镜，其具有一用于向后延伸横跨一佩戴者头顶的弧形镜架；将该镜架置于该佩戴者的头上，然后通过将横向分开间置的一第一和一第二支承沿着该佩戴者头顶的至少一部分上安置而使之稳定。 The method comprises the steps of: providing a spectacle, for having a rearwardly extending across a wearer's head arcuate frame; the frame is placed in the wearer's head, then between the laterally separated by means a first and a second support along the wearer's head placed on at least a part in making it stable.
 作为优选，该第一和第二支承横向地分开间隔在从约1/2英寸到约6英寸范围内的距离。  Advantageously, the first and second support laterally spaced apart from the range of about 1/2 inch to about 6 inches away. 该第一和第二支承的每个的宽度在从约O. 002英寸到约3英寸的范围内。 The width of each of the first and second support in a range of from about O. 002 inches to about 3 inches of range.
 按照随后优选实施例的详细描述，并结合附图和权利要求书考虑，本发明另外特征和优点对于本领域熟练技术人员来说将变得显而易见。  The subsequent detailed description of the preferred embodiments and the accompanying drawings and the rights of the book to consider requesting, additional features and advantages of the present invention to those skilled in the art will become apparent.
附图说明 Brief Description
 图I是一本发明眼镜保持装置实施例的前正示意图；  FIG. I is the former holder of the embodiment of the invention of glasses are schematic;
 图2是图I的眼镜保持装置的一顶视平面图；  FIG. 2 is a view I glasses holding a plan view of the apparatus;
 图3是图I的眼镜保持装置的侧正视图；  FIG. 3 is a diagram I glasses holding side elevational view of apparatus;
 图4是表明另一可选择结构的如图2所示的顶视平面图。  FIG. 4 is a top plan view of another alternative configuration shown in Figure 2.
具体实施方式 DETAILED DESCRIPTION
 参看图1，其中表示了本发明一包括保持装置12的眼镜10实施例的前正视图。  Referring to Figure 1, which shows a present invention includes glasses holding means 12 of the top 10 a front view of the embodiment. 虽然本发明眼镜保持装置下面首先将在双镜片眼镜例如太阳镜、无色透明眼镜的双镜片眼镜中阐述，但本发明可广泛地应用到众多变型的眼镜中，包括一体镜片的眼镜，防护性眼镜或遮光眼罩，电子头顶显示器，或其他按照本文公开内容的观点对于本领域的技术人员来说将是明显的各种产品。 While the apparatus of the present invention, the following first holding glasses such as sunglasses, glasses colorless dual lens eyeglasses as set forth in dual lens eyewear, but the present invention can be widely applied to many variations of eyeglasses, including one lens glasses, protective glasses or eyeshade, electronic head-up displays, or other in the opinion of this disclosure to those of skill in the art will be apparent to a variety of products.
 该支承装置12适合于支承任何各种便携式的电子电路或装置，它们在以前由于体积尺寸，重量或其他考虑很难组合在传统的眼镜保持装置中。  The support means 12 is adapted to support any of a variety of portable electronic circuits or devices, which in the past due to the volume size, weight, or other considerations it is difficult to keep the glasses in the conventional combination apparatus. 而本发明镜架12的这种跨过头的结构方案则允许载荷横过该佩戴者头部的分布，以及使相对体积大或沉重的电子器件沿着该支承装置12的长度上定位或者在该支承装置12的例如在枕骨端部34处后面方位上定位。 The frame of the present invention is that the structure of the program across the head 12 of the allowable load distribution across the wearer's head, and so relatively bulky or heavy electronic device positioned along the length of the support means 12 or the support means 12 such as locating the ends of the occipital bone at the back azimuth 34. 这样就能实现该眼镜保持装置10以流线型的样式承载电子装置，且位于佩戴者的视野之外，同时使重量横过佩戴者头部地分布，因此该眼镜不会导致在其负荷下移位，并且令人不舒服的压力也不会落在佩栽者的鼻子、耳朵上或颞部区域上。 This will achieve the glasses holding device 10 carries electronic devices streamlined style, and is located in the wearer's field of vision, the same time so that the weight is distributed across the wearer's head, so that the glasses will not cause a shift in its load and uncomfortable pressure does not fall on those who wear nose planted, temporal area or on the ear.
 在本发明者所考虑的电子器件中有数字式或其他存储装置和恢复电路例如为了从MP3格式存储器或其他存储器装置再现音乐或其他信息。  There are digital or other storage device and recovery circuit, for example in order to reproduce the MP3 format music memory or other memory devices, or other information in the electronic device of the present inventors under consideration. 作为选择，任何各种各样的例如用于音乐，通讯和全球定位的接收机和/或发送机也都可以通过本支承装置12来携带。 Alternatively, any of a variety of example, a receiver and / or transmitter for music, communications and global positioning are also can be carried by this support means 12. 用于驱动例如液晶显示器或其他小型的显示技术的头戴显示器的驱动器和其他电子装置也可通过支承12携带。 For example, for driving a liquid crystal display or other display technology small head-mounted display driver and other electronic devices may also be carried by the support 12. 通过该支承12还可另外地携带可更换的或可再充电的供电装置和其他电子器件或机械的部件。 Through the support 12 may additionally carry a replaceable or rechargeable power supply device and other electronic components or mechanical components.
 本发明支承装置12也可以仅仅用于支承任何上述的或其他电子部件或装置，而不用支承在佩戴者视野中的一个或多个镜片。 Supporting apparatus of the invention  The support 12 may be used only for any of the above or other electronic components or devices, without the support of the wearer's field of vision in one or more lenses. 于是，在本文揭示的支承装置12任何实施例中，该镜片边框就可以省去这按照本文公开内容观点对于本领域的技术人员来说是显而易见的。 Thus, the support means 12 of any embodiment disclosed herein, the lens frame can be eliminated in accordance with this disclosure herein views skilled in the art is apparent.
 在图I中描述绘的眼镜10包括一支承2，其形式为一长孤形弯曲镜架具有一用于定位在佩戴者头部的前面的前端和具有一用于定位在佩戴人头部的后侧面上的枕骨的或后面的端部。  I described in FIG painted glasses 10 comprises a support 2 in the form of an elongated frame having an arc-shaped bent for positioning in front of the wearer's head and having a distal end for positioning in the wearing person the rear end surface of the occipital bone or behind the head. 在一个实施方案中该支承12延伸通过一弧形结构，该弧形尺寸构造成从鼻子上方的眉间区域一般横跨戴者头顶地延伸到头后部的该外部枕骨隆凸部。 In one embodiment, the support structure 12 extends through an arc, the arc dimensioned glabella region from the nose above the wearer's head typically extends across the back of the head of the external occipital protuberance portion.
 该支承12从前端到枕骨端的该弧形长度通常在从约8英寸到约18英寸的范围内，而且一般在从约14英寸到约16英寸的范围内以适合于大多数成年人的头部。  The support 12 front-to-occipital end of the arc length is typically in the range of from about 8 inches to about 18 inches of the range, and is generally in the range from about 14 inches to about 16 inches of range for most adults head. 本文公开的特定尺寸是用于参考的目的，而且任何各种其他特定的尺寸都可以选用以将一具体的商业产品优化来适应所希望的群体。 Specific dimensions are disclosed herein for purposes of reference, and any of a variety of other specific dimensions may be chosen to optimize a particular commercial product to suit the desired group. 例如可以生产不同尺寸的产品对应于各平均尺码以用于成年男性，成年女性和各种年龄儿童或青少年。 For example, can produce different sizes of products corresponding to the average size for adult males, adult females and children of any age or teenagers. 另外，成年男性和女性的尺码对于不同的亚洲人，欧洲人和其他销售群体还可以有区别，这是对本领域的技术人员容易理解的。 In addition, adult men and women of different sizes for Asians, Europeans and other sales groups can also be a difference, which is skilled in the art will readily understand.
 该支承12最好包括一第一支承部件28和一第二支承部件30并构造得横跨该戴者头的顶部延伸到枕骨端34。  The support 12 preferably includes a first support member 28 and a second support member 30 and is so constructed across the top of the wearer's head is extended to the occipital end 34. 一般地，该第一和第二支承部件28和30的后面端部连接在或约在该枕骨端34处，其可以接合在该外部枕骨隆凸上。 Generally, the first and second support members 28 and 30 are connected to the rear end portion of the occipital bone at or about the end 34, which may be joined on the external occipital protuberance. 该第一支承部件28和第二支承部件30的前面端部29、31既可以直接在一起或者通过该眼镜的一部分连接一起，这将在下面描述。 The first support member 28 and the front end portion 30 of the second support member 29, 31 together either directly or via a portion of the glasses together, which will be described below.
 一般地，第一和第二支承部件28和30按要求具有一足够的弹性或记忆性，以使它们可铰接或弹性变形地装戴到佩戴者的头上并保持一朝向它们原抬构型方向的偏压力从而实现牢固地佩戴在头上。  In general, the first and second supporting members 28 and 30 according to the requirements of having a sufficient elasticity or memory, so that they can be hinged or elastically deformable wearing to the wearer's head and hold them toward an original lift configuration direction of the biasing force in order to achieve a better fit on the head of a firm. 该支承12另外方面的功能要求将在以后描述。 The support 12 further aspect of the functional requirements will be described later.  至少该第一和第二支承部件28和30的接触头的表面横向地沿着该支承12弧形长度的至少一部分上相互间隔分开以给予该眼镜10侧向的稳定性。  The first and second supporting members 28 and the surface of the contact head 30 laterally spaced from each other along the length of the support 12 at least a portion of the arc separated by at least 10 to impart lateral stability of the glasses. 在第一支承部件28和第二支承部件30之间的这种横向间隔是至少位于从约1/2英寸到约6英寸范围内的某点上，作为优选，该横向间隔在从约1.5英寸到约4英寸的范围内。 In such lateral spacing between the first support member 28 and the second support member 30 is located between the at least one point from the range of about 1/2 inch to about 6 inches wide, as Preferably, the laterally spaced from about 1.5 inches within the range of about 4 inches. 在某些实施例中，该间隔在沿着头顶的至少某点上在约2英寸和约3英寸之间。 In some embodiments, the intervals in the head along at least a point between about 2 inches and about 3 inches.
 该第一支承部件28和第二支承部件30每个的宽度可以显著地改变，这取决于通过支承12所希望携带的载荷以及美观的因素。  28 and each of the second support member 30 can significantly alter the width of the first support member, depending on the load and aesthetic factors through the support 12 carried desired. 例如在按照本发明适于携带相对轻负载的一种丝框实施方案中（例如只承载轻重量或没有电子部件），该第一和第二支承28和30每个可以由丝材或条带材制造，其具有一在从约O. 020英寸到约O. 25英寸或更大的范围内的宽度。 For example, in accordance with the present invention is adapted to carry a relatively light load wire frame embodiment (for example, carrying only light or no electronic components), the first and second support 28 and 30 each may be formed of wire or strip material manufacturing, which has a range from about O. 020 inches to about O. 25 inches or larger range of widths. 模制的或挤压成型的聚合物部件可具有一在从约O. 125英寸到约4英寸或更大的范围内的宽度。 Molded or extruded polymer component may have a width from about O. 125 inches to about 4 inches or larger range. 作为优选，一模制的或挤压成型的第一或第二支承部件28或30具有一在从约O. 25英寸到约I. 5英寸并最好从约O. 25英寸到约O. 75英寸的范围内的宽度，当然为了沿着支承12包围电子器件而要求一更大宽度的情况除外。 Preferably, a molded or extruded first or second support member 28 or 30 has a about O. from about O. 25 inches to about I. 5 英寸 and preferably from about O. 25 inches width in the range of 75 inches, and of course along the support 12 to surround the electronic device and requires a greater except width.  在图3所示的实施例中，该第一和第二支承部件28和30基本相互平行地从佩戴者头的前面延伸到后面。  In the embodiment shown in FIG. 3, the first and second supporting members 28 and 30 extend substantially parallel to each other from the front to the back of the wearer's head. 该第一和第二支承部件28和30也可以是彼此相互倾斜的要么使得它们居中地在一向后的方向上倾斜从而该间隔在前面端部处大于该后面端部的间隔，或者它们在朝后面的方向上横向地倾斜使得它们在后面端比前面端部具有一更大的间隔。 The first and second support members 28 and 30 may also be inclined to each other so that they either centrally in a rearward tilted so that the interval is greater than the spacing of the front end portion of the rear end portion, or they moving On the back of the transverse direction inclined at the back end so that they have a larger gap than the front end portion. 这个后述的构造可有效地用在如图4所示的支承12连接在眼镜框的例如在鼻梁架24的中间部分上的实施例中。 E.g., the later-described embodiments can be effectively used in the configuration shown in FIG. 4 the support 12 is connected in the eyeglass frame on the intermediate portion 24 of the nosepiece.
 在第一和第二支承部件28和30之间的该间隔的长度在本表示的实施例中在从前面到后面的所有路程上或整个头部上延伸。  extends all away from front to back, or the whole head on Examples 28 and 30 the length of the interval between the first and second support member in this representation. 这个长度可以从前面到后面显著缩短。 This can significantly reduce the length from front to back. 该间隔的前至后的长度一般可以超过该眼镜总的前后尺寸的20%，而且，最好超过该眼镜总的前后尺寸的50%以最佳化本发明的稳定特性。 The length of the interval in front to the rear of generally more than 20% of the total longitudinal dimension of the glasses, and, preferably more than 50% of the total longitudinal dimension of the glasses to stabilize the best features of the present invention. 该最大间隔的位置最好在该佩戴者头的顶部，最好定中心在前和后之间的中间部位上或相对于眼镜前和后之间的中点稍稍往前一点处。 The position of the maximum interval is preferably in the top of the head of the wearer, the best centering on an intermediate portion between the front and rear or with respect to the midpoint between the front and rear glasses at a point slightly forward.
 在图4描述的一实施例中，该第一和第二支承部件28和30约在佩戴者额顶处连接在一起并且一单独延伸部分33向下延伸以横过佩戴者的额部用于连接到一镜架18的鼻梁架区域24上。  In one embodiment described in FIG. 4, the first and second support members 28 and section 33 extends down to the wearer's forehead across approximately 30 connected together at the top of the wearer's forehead and a separate extension section for connection to a frame region 18 of the nosepiece 24. 还可以设计任何其他各种实现本发明载荷分布和平衡的结构方案。 It can also be designed to achieve any other type of load distribution and balance of the present invention, the structure of the program.
 该眼镜10优选地支承至少一位于佩戴者视野中的镜片。  The eyeglass support 10 is preferably located in at least one field of vision of the lens wearer. 在本示出的实施例中，该支承12承载一第一镜片14和一第二镜片16。 In the illustrated embodiment, the support 12 carries a first lens 14 and a second lens 16. 第一镜片14支承在一第一边框20中，而第二镜片16支承在一第二边框22中。 The first lens 14 is supported on a first frame 20, and the second lens 16 is supported in a second frame 22. 在本示出的实施例中，该第一和第二边框20和22通过一鼻梁架24相连接，它们一起形成一镜架18。 In the illustrated embodiment, the first and the second frame 20 and the frame 22 by a nose 24 is connected, which together form a frame 18. 鼻梁架24与第一和第二边框20、22相组合而形成一鼻位开口26。 Nose piece 24 and the first and second borders 20, 22 are combined to form a nose opening 26 bits. 鼻位开口26可以设有一体形成的鼻托或可拆卸的鼻梁架或鼻托这按照本文揭示的观点对于该领域的技术人员是显而易见的。 Nose position opening 26 may be provided with integrally formed nose pad or removable nosepiece or nose pads disclosed herein in accordance with this point of view for this skill is evident.
 该支承12可以任何方式连接到镜架18上。  The support 12 may be in any way connected to the frame 18. 在本表示的实施例中，该第一部件28连接到第二边框20上和第二支承部件30连接到第二边框22上。 In an embodiment of the representation, the first member 28 is connected to the second frame 20 and the second support member 30 is connected to the second frame 22. 参见图I和2，作为优选，该第一和第二支承部件28及30可连接到鼻梁架24上。 Referring to Figure I and 2, as is preferred, the first 30 and second support member 28 may be connected to the carriage 24 and the nose. 在其他实施例中，该第一和第二支承部件28和30 —起合并成一单个元件33，其延伸以横过眉间区域和额部的至少一部分，然后连接到鼻梁架24上或镜架18的其他部分上，见图4。 In other embodiments, the first and second support members 28 and 30-- since merged into a single element 33, which extends across at least a portion of the area between the eyebrows and the forehead, and then connect to the bridge of the nose frame 24 or frame Other portions 18, shown in Figure 4.
 参见图30，其中表示了图I眼镜10的一侧正视图。  Referring to Figure 30, which shows a diagram I glasses 10 side elevational view. 如从中看到的，该第一和第二支承部件28和30向下和向前凹入地通过一长形弧结构（如所呈现的）以适合于在枕骨端部34接合该外部的枕骨隆凸；并且延伸横跨该佩戴者头的顶部以支承在佩戴者视野前边的镜架18。 As seen therefrom, the first and second supporting members 28 and 30 downwardly and forwardly concave arc through a elongated structures (as presented) to fit in the end portion 34 engages the occipital bone of the external occipital carina; and extends across the top of the wearer's head to support the wearer's field of vision in front of the frame 18. 一水平参考线36表示成在一位于鼻托40之机械中心上的第一接触点38和一位于支承12内表面上并在离开第一接触点38为最大直线距离上的第二接触点42之间延伸。 A horizontal reference line 36 represents a first contact point on a machine located in the center of the nose pad 40 and one of 38 located on the inner surface of the support 12 and 38 away from the first point of contact is the second contact point 42 on the maximum linear distance extending between. 虽然该参考线36为了方便被定义为“水平”，但它没有必要与真实水平有关。 Although the reference line is defined as 36 in order to facilitate "horizontal", but it is not necessarily the real levels.
 位于第一接触点38和第二接触点42之间的松弛时的直线距离一般在从约5英寸或对于小尺寸或高弹性结构为更小些到约8英寸的范围内。  a straight line from the relaxation time of 42 located between the first contact point 38 and the second contact point is generally in the range of from about 5 inches, or a small-sized or highly elastic structure is much smaller range to about 8 inches. 在一实施例中该在第一接触点 In one embodiment, the first contact point
38和第二接触点42之间的直线距离在从约7英寸到7*英寸的范围内。 38 and the straight-line distance between the second contact point 42 in the range of from about 7 inches to 7 * inch.
 一后切线46表示成在支承12的内侧面上通过第二接触点42。  46 indicates a rear tangent to the inner surface of the support 12 through the second contact point 42. 一枕骨切线48平行后切线46地延伸并通过枕骨端34。 Occipital after a tangent parallel tangents 48 and 46 extending through the occipital end 34. 枕骨切线48与水平参考线36形成交叉50。 Occipital tangent 48 and the horizontal reference line 36 form a cross 50.
 一般地，沿着水平参考线36在枕骨切线48和后切线46之间的直线距离大于约O. 5或I英寸并且作为优选在从约I -英寸到约3英寸的范围内。  Generally, the horizontal reference line 36 in a straight line from occiput tangent after tangent 48 and 46 is greater than about O. 5 or I inch and a preferred range from about I - within inches to about 3 inches of range. 通常，在交点50和第二 Typically, at the intersection of 50 and a second
接触点42间的距离通过该第一和第二支承部件28，为允许该枕骨端部34能牢固地戴在佩戴者头的后面方位上所要求的弧形长度来决定。 From the contact point 42 through the first and second support member 28, to allow the occipital bone ends 34 can be securely worn arc length in the head of the wearer back azimuth required to decide. 在一实施例中，该弧形长度设计成足以在一普通的成年男性（以该第50个百分点的男性Alderson的头形作为举例）使该枕骨端部34定位在该外部枕骨隆凸后面和下面方位上，从而提供希望的保持作用，这按照本文揭示的观点将是容易理解的。 In one embodiment, the arc length is designed to be sufficient in a normal adult male (in the 50th percentile male Alderson's head shaped as an example) so that the occipital end 34 positioned in the rear and external occipital protuberance upper and lower bearing, thereby providing the desired retention effect, which in accordance with the views disclosed herein will be readily understood.
 在交点50和枕骨端部34之间的直线距离一般在从约I *英寸到约4英寸的范围内，并且优选为在从约英寸到约英寸的范围内。  in a straight line from the intersection of 50 and 34 between the ends of the occipital bone is generally from about I * inches to the range of about 4 inches, and preferably in the range from about inch to about inch.
 从第一接触点38到枕骨端部34在松弛结构时的直线距离一般在从约3英寸到约8英寸的范围内并且典型地在从约5英寸到约7英寸的范围内以适于一成年人。  From the first contact point 38 a straight line from occiput ends 34 in the structure of the general slack in the range of from about 3 inches to about 8 inches and is typically within the range of from about 5 inches to about 7 inches of range suitable for an adult. 总体上，在第接触点38和枕骨端部34之间的静止距离可以显著变化，这取决于枕骨端34相对于镜架18的移动范围以及支承12的弹性或记忆程度。 Overall, in the still from the first point of contact 38 and 34 between the occipital bone ends may vary significantly, depending on the range of movement of the occipital end 34 of the frame 18 and the elastic or memory 12 with respect to the degree of support.
 作为优选，支承12可在一广大范围上柔性变形以适应一范围很广的头形尺寸，并且仍然在朝其原始构型的方向上保持一偏压从而在佩戴人的头上提供一保持偏压。  Advantageously, the support 12 may be a flexible deformable in a wide range to suit a wide range of head shape size, and still moving in the direction of its original configuration thereby maintaining a bias in someone's head to provide the wearer a holding bias. 该支承12的弹性可以从该第一和第二部件28和30的材料及横截面厚度和结构来实现。 Elasticity of the support 12 and the material from the first and second cross-sectional thickness and structural members 28 and 30 to achieve. 作为选择，该第一和第二支承部件28和30可设有一个或多个例如一延伸其中的弹簧丝或条带的弹簧元件以增加该支承12上的接合偏压，任何各种各样的弹簧材料都可定位在第一和第二部件28和30上或其内例如弹簧钢，Nitinol，或其他通过本领域的技术人员借助常规经验可选用的材料。 Alternatively, the first and second support members 28 and 30 may be provided with one or more elements such as an extension spring which spring wire or strip in order to increase the support 12 of the engagement bias, any variety The spring material may be positioned between the first and second members 28 and 30 on or for example spring steel, Nitinol, or other person skilled in the art by means of routine experience to the material of choice.
 也可以沿着支承12的长度上设置一个或多个偏压的例如弹簧加载的铰链的铰链以在支承12的枕骨端部34上提供一个径向朝向指向的偏压。  may be provided along the length of the support 12 of, for example, one or more of the bias spring-loaded hinge of the hinge to provide a radially end portion 34 on the occipital support 12 is biased toward the point. 参见例如在申请人Houston等人美国专利号No. 5,805, 261中揭示的偏压铰链，其公开内容结合于此参考。 See e.g., in applicant Houston et al U.S. Patent No. No. 5,805, 261 discloses a hinge bias, the disclosure of which is incorporated herein by reference. 其中一可压缩的材料定位在两个相邻部件之间以偏压两个部件的定向定位。 Wherein a compressible material is positioned between two adjacent members of two directional biasing member position.
 该上述的支承12还可进一步改型以通过沿着支承12弧形长度上实现支承12的一个伸长而适于接纳一多种的头形尺寸。  The above-mentioned support 12 can be further modified by an elongated head shape dimension enables support 12 to the support 12 along the arc length and adapted to receive a variety of. 例如可以设置一个或多个连接结构52。 For example you can set up one or more connections 52 structures. 其中，一第一部件54和一第二部件56可以相互相向地或相对离开地沿着支承12的孤结构移动。 Wherein, a first member 54 and a second member 56 may face each other or move away from relative to the support structure 12 along a solitary. 可以任何各种方式实现伸缩式连接结构，例如通过在两个相邻部件的一第一个上设置一凸出部分，其可滑动地接纳在该两个相邻部件的第二个上的对应孔中。 May be implemented in any way correspond to the various telescopic connection structure, e.g., by a projecting portion provided on a first one of two adjacent member, which is slidably received in the second part of the two adjacent hole. 该佩戴者可以调节支承12的两个相邻部件的相对位置以使佩戴最佳化。 The wearer can adjust the relative positions of two adjacent support member 12 to enable the wearer to be optimized. 在两个例如54和56相邻部件之间的移动可以例如通过一摩擦装配阻止或通过任何各种的锁定结构。 In the example, the two moving members 54 and 56 between the adjacent example, by a friction fit or by preventing any of a variety of locking structures. 按此方式，该支承12的实际弧形长度可缩短或加长以实现眼镜10的调节从而使鼻托40适当地置于佩戴者的鼻子上并且枕骨端部34足够远地间置在支承12的弧形结构沿线上以提供有效地保持作用。 In this way, the actual arc length of the support 12 can be shortened or lengthened in order to achieve the glasses 10 so that the adjustment of the nose pad 40 properly placed on the wearer's nose and occipital end 34 far enough between the support means 12 to provide an effective role in maintaining the structure along the arc.
 该眼镜10可以用任何多种技术制造，这按照本文公开的观点对于本领域的技术人员来说可以理解的。  The glasses 10 can be manufactured by any of a variety of techniques, which in accordance with the views herein disclosed for the skilled artisan can understand. 例如，第一和第二支承部件28和30可以注射模制成它们最终要求的结构。 For example, the first and second supporting members 28 and 30 may be injection molded in their final desired configuration. 该边框20和22和鼻梁架24 (当采用时）可与第一和第二支承部件28和30模制为一体。 The frame 20 and 22 and the nosepiece 24 (when) with the first and second support members 28 and 30 are integrally molded. 作为优选，支承12可与镜架18分开地单独制成然后在一第二制造步骤时固定在一起。 Preferably, the support 12 can be separated from the frame 18 to be formed separately and then together in a second manufacturing steps.
 在一其中包含电子部件的实施例中，可以按希望在沿着镜架长度，镜片或边框的任何地方上设置另外功能的安装结构。 Example  In one contains electronic components can be set as desired mounting structure additional functionality on any place along the length of frames, lenses or border. 例如多个耳机可以从一个或两个耳机支承件上指向佩戴者的耳朵，该耳机支承件可从眼镜的前面向后延伸，或从支承12的顶部向下延伸或从支承12的后部向前延伸。 For example, from a plurality of headphones can point to one or two support members headset wearer's ear, the headset from the front support member may extend rearwardly of glasses, or the support 12 extending downwardly from the top or from the rear of the support 12 to the front extension. 类似地，一个或多个麦克可以从一个或两个麦克风支承件指向佩戴者的嘴边，而麦克风支承件连接到所述镜架的边框或其他部分上。 Similarly, one or more of the microphone from one or two microphones point supports the wearer's mouth, and microphone support member connected to the frame or other parts of the border.
 虽然本发明已在特定优选实施例中作了说明，但是参照本文包含的公开内容对于本领域的熟练技术人员来说其他实施方案也将变得显而易见。  While the invention has been implemented in a particular preferred embodiment has been described, but with reference to the disclosure contained herein the skilled person in the art that other embodiments will become apparent. 因此，本发明的保护范围决不意味着通过揭示的实施例而受到局限，而是与所附权利要求书的全面保护范围相一致。 Accordingly, the scope of the present invention is by no means the embodiment disclosed and has been limited, but with the appended claims and the full scope of protection is consistent.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5696521||22 Jun 1994||9 Dec 1997||Astounding Technologies (M) Sdn. Bhd.||Video headset|
|US5717479||6 Sep 1996||10 Feb 1998||Rickards; Tom||Industrial safety assembly including disposable ear protection and earphone|
|International Classification||G02C3/00, G02C11/06, G02C11/00|
|Cooperative Classification||G02C11/10, G02C3/003, G02B27/0176|
|European Classification||G02B27/01C2, G02C3/00B, G02C11/06|
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