|Publication number||CN1315435 C|
|Application number||CN 200410070739|
|Publication date||16 May 2007|
|Filing date||23 Jul 2004|
|Priority date||23 Jul 2004|
|Also published as||CN1586400A|
|Publication number||200410070739.6, CN 1315435 C, CN 1315435C, CN 200410070739, CN-C-1315435, CN1315435 C, CN1315435C, CN200410070739, CN200410070739.6|
|Inventors||于红林, 蒋学祥, 戴建平|
|Applicant||于红林, 蒋学祥, 戴建平|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (3), Classifications (1), Legal Events (4)|
|External Links: SIPO, Espacenet|
本发明涉及一种医疗设备，具体地讲是一种车载医用数字化X射线机。 The present invention relates to a medical device, specifically, is a vehicle for medical digital X-ray machine.
现有车载医用数字化X射线机是直接将普通医用数字化X射线机安装在车厢内，这种普通医用数字化X射线机设有立柱和承重横梁，其探测器和X射线球管(也可以包括与X射线球管配套的准直器)分别安装在承重横梁两端的同一侧，立柱固定在地面上，同承重横梁的中部移动连接，通过承重横梁的上下移动调整检测部位的高低。 Car existing medical digital X-ray machine is a common medical direct digital X-ray machine installed in the car, this common medical digital X-ray machine is equipped with load-bearing columns and beams, its detectors and X-ray tube (which may also include X-ray tube supporting the collimator) are mounted on the same side at both ends of the load-bearing beams, columns fixed on the ground, the central mobile connection with load-bearing beam, by moving up and down to adjust the load-bearing beams of the detection site level. 这种将普通医用数字化X射线机直接安装到车厢内的缺陷是：承重横梁横置在车厢内，同立柱一起将车厢通道堵住，被检测者只能从位于承重横梁一侧的同一个车门上下车，上下车花费的时间较多，影响工作效率，另外对于低底盘的车辆，由于车后轮造成车厢内两侧地面向上突起，妨碍X射线机的整机安装，实践中只能选用较宽的车辆，或者选用高底盘的专用车辆，提高了车辆成本。 Such ordinary medical digital X-ray machine is installed directly into the car's defects are: load-bearing beams tapped in the car, the car with the passage blocked column together, can only be detected with a load from the side door beams located on and off, on and off the time it takes more and affect efficiency, in addition to low-floor vehicles, due to the ground on both sides of the car inside rear wheel causing upward projections impede the whole X-ray machine installed in practice only using more vehicle width, or use high chassis, special vehicles, vehicle costs increase.
为克服现有技术的上述缺陷，本发明提供了一种车载医用数字化X射线机，这种车载医用数字化X射线机允许被检测者从两个车门上下车，并且可以安装在两侧地面带有突起的车厢内。 To overcome the above drawbacks of the prior art, the present invention provides a vehicle for medical digital X-ray machine, this car medical digital X-ray machines were allowed to be detected from the two doors off, and can be installed on both sides of the floor with protruding inside.
本发明实现上述目的的技术方案是：一种车载医用数字化X射线机，包括探测器和X射线球管，还包括对位升降机构，所述探测器安装在探测器滑动架上，所述X射线球管安装在光源滑动架上，所述对位升降机构设有在车厢两侧上下移动的传动件，所述探测器滑动架和光源滑动架分别连接在位于车厢两侧的对位升降机构传动件上，所述对位升降机构采用带、链或丝传动机构，其传动带、链或丝横向设置在车厢上部，并在车厢两侧垂直向下延伸，所述探测器滑动架和光源滑动架分别连接在车厢两侧的对位升降机构的同向传动带、链或丝上，所述传动带、链或丝的各转角处分别设有相应的导向轮，其中位于车厢一侧的传动带竖直段下端的导向轮连接有驱动电机，各导向轮的轴分别安装在各自的轴座上，所述各轴座分别固定连接在相应部位的车厢厢壁上。 The present invention achieving the above object aspect is: an on-board medical digital X-ray machine comprising an X-ray tube and the detector, further comprising alignment elevating mechanism, the detector is mounted on the detector carriage, the X -ray tube mounted on the carriage the light source, is provided in the upper and lower sides of the transmission member to move the car lift mechanism position, the detector carriage and the carriage are connected to a light source located on either side of the bit lifting mechanism compartment the drive member, the use of para-lifting mechanism belts, chains or wire transmission, the transmission belt, chain or wire transversely disposed in the compartment upper portion, and extending vertically downwardly at both sides of the car, the detector and the light source sliding carriage frame are connected with both sides of the carriage lifting mechanism to position the drive belt, chain or wire, each corner of the drive belt, chain or wire are provided with respective guide wheel, which is located in a cabin-side of the vertical belt segment connected to the lower end of the guide wheel drive motor, the shaft of each guide wheels are mounted on a respective shaft seat, the seat of each axis are respectively fixedly connected to the corresponding parts of the vehicle compartment wall.
所述X射线球管可以设有准直器，所述准直器前端可以设有可以平行移动的准直板，所述探测器可以通过探测器平移机构连接所述探测器滑动架，所述车厢上部可以设有横向摆杆，车厢两侧可以分别设有各自的竖杆，所述各竖杆的上端分别同所述摆杆沿摆杆方向移动连接，下端分别连接位于车厢同侧的所述探测器或所述准直器前端设置的准直板，所述摆杆位于X射线球管上方的一端设有竖向转轴，所述竖向转轴同所述车厢厢壁转动连接。 The X-ray tube can be provided with a collimator, the collimator may be provided with the front end can be moved parallel to the alignment plate, the detector can be connected with the detector through the detector carriage translation mechanism, the carriage the upper part of the lateral pendulum may be provided on both sides of the car can be, respectively, with each vertical bar, the upper end of each vertical bar respectively connected with the pendulum moving along the direction of the pendulum, located at the lower end are connected to the same side of the car The collimator detector or quasi-straight front end of the pendulum is located in the upper end of the X-ray tube is provided with a vertical shaft, the vertical shaft to rotate with the car compartment wall connection.
本发明的工作原理是：启动对位升降机构后，对位升降机构的传动带带动探测器滑动架和光源滑动架同步升降，以调节检测高度和检测部位，适应不同被检测者的检测要求；启动探测器的平移机构，探测器平移机构带动探测器平移，同时与探测器固定连接的竖杆随之平移，带动摆杆摆动，摆杆带动与准直板连接的竖杆平移，进而带动准直板随探测器移动，X射线球管发出的光穿过准直板上的狭缝，始终射向探测器，由此实现X射线扫描。 Working principle of the invention are: Start position after lifting mechanism, driven by the drive belt and the light source detector carriage lifting carriage bit synchronous lifting mechanism to adjust the height and the detection site is detected, to adapt to different requirements of detected persons is detected; Start detectors translation agency, translation agencies led detector detectors translation, while vertical bars along a fixed connection with the detector translation, driven pendulum swings the pendulum driven vertical bar translation and alignment plate connected, thereby bringing the alignment plate with movement detectors, light passes through the X-ray tube alignment plate on the issue of the slit, and always fired detectors, thereby achieving an X-ray scan.
本发明的有益效果是：由于将X射线机分为主要包括探测器和主要包括X射线球管两部分，两部分通过对位升降机构和摆杆机构连接，方便地实现了两部分中相应构件或装置在定位和扫描过程中的联动，同时还消除了妨碍在车厢中穿行的承重横梁和立柱，使被检测者可以分别通过两个车门上下车，在排队检测的时候，后一个被检测者可以在前一个被检测者下车的同时从另一个车门上车，由此节省50％的上下车时间，有效地提高了总体的工作效率；另外在这种结构下，无论车厢两侧是否有突起，相应的对位升降机构和其他构件都可以顺利安装，消除了车后轮引起的车厢地面两侧突起对X射线机安装的妨碍，使采用宽度较小的低底盘车辆成为可能，有利于采用低成本的车辆。 The beneficial effects of the present invention is: Because the X-ray machine is divided mainly includes detectors and X-ray tube includes two parts, two-part counterpoint lifting mechanism and the pendulum mechanism is connected through easily implemented in two parts corresponding member or means to locate and scan the linkage, while eliminating hinder walking in the car load bearing beams and columns, so that the person tested can get off through the two doors respectively, in queuing detection time, after a person has been detected can be detected by the previous off while the car door from the other, thereby saving 50% of the on and off time, effectively improving the overall efficiency; Also in this structure, regardless of whether both sides of the compartment projections, corresponding to the position lifting mechanism and other components can be successfully installed, eliminating the ground on both sides of the car rear compartment due to X-ray projection installation of prejudice, make use of the width of the smaller low-floor vehicles as possible, in favor of low-cost vehicles.
附图说明 Brief Description
图1是本发明的主视结构示意图；图2是本发明涉及探测器和准直器部分的俯视结构示意图。 Figure 1 is a front schematic structural view of the present invention; Figure 2 is a top view of the present invention relates to a detector and a schematic structural view of the collimator portion.
具体实施方式 DETAILED DESCRIPTION
参见图1和图2，本发明提供的车载医用数字化X射线机包括探测器2、X射线球管5、与X射线球管配套的准直器4和对位升降机构，所述探测器2安装在探测器滑动架13上，所述X射线球管5和准直器4安装在光源滑动架6上，所述对位升降机构采用带传动机构，其传动带7横向设置在车厢上部，并在车厢两侧垂直向下延伸，所述探测器滑动架13和光源滑动架6分别连接在车厢两侧的对位升降机构的同向传动带7.1、7.2上。 See Figures 1 and 2, the present invention provides a vehicle for medical digital X-ray machine includes detector 2, X-ray tube 5, and X-ray tube supporting the collimator 4 and para-lifting mechanism, the detector 2 the detector is mounted on the carriage 13, the X-ray tube 5 and the collimator 4 is mounted on the light source of the carriage 6, the use of belt drive mechanism on the bit lifting mechanism, the transmission belt 7 disposed transversely in the compartment upper portion, and vertically downwardly extending on both sides of the compartment, said detector carriage 13 and the light sources are connected to the carriage 6 in the same position on both sides of the carriage to the belt lifting mechanism on the 7.1, 7.2.
所述对位升降机构传动带的各转角处分别设有相应的导向轮9，其中位于车厢一侧的传动带竖直段下端的导向轮连接有驱动电机3，形成对位升降机构的主动轮，各导向轮9的轴分别安装在各自的轴座8上，所述各轴座8分别固定连接在相应部位的车厢厢壁11上，其中车厢两侧下端的轴座可以分别位于车厢地面突起的部位，这样就可以有效地利用车厢地面突起部位上方的空间，由此消除低底盘车辆车轮1对X射线机安装的影响，只要车厢宽度符合X射线机的宽度要求，不论车厢地面两侧是否有突起，都可以安装这种X射线机。 The position of each corner of the lifting mechanism of the belt are provided with respective guide wheel 9, which is located in a cabin-side vertical section of the lower end of the belt guide rollers connected to a drive motor 3, the elevating mechanism is formed on the bit capstan, each axis of the guide wheels 9 are mounted on a respective axle seat 8, 8 fixedly connected to the corresponding parts of the vehicle compartment wall 11 of each axle seat, respectively, wherein the shaft on both sides of the car seat may be respectively located at the lower end of the compartment floor projection portion so that you can effectively use the space above the cabin floor protruding parts, thereby eliminating the influence of X-ray machines installed one pair of low-floor vehicle wheels, as long as the width of the car in line with the X-ray machine width requirements, regardless of whether the ground on both sides of the car with a projection , you can install this X-ray machine.
由于对位升降机构的传动带7是环行封闭的，在车厢上部和任意一侧的传动带都有两个方向，所述探测器滑动架13和光源滑动架6应分别固定在车厢两侧同一方向的传动带7.1、7.2上，这样启动对位升降机构主动轮的电机3，就可以带动探测器滑动架13和光源滑动架6上下同步移动。 Because of the position of the elevator mechanism drive belt 7 is ring closed, in either side of the drive carriage has an upper portion and with two directions, the carriage 13 and the probe light are respectively fixed to the carriage 6 should be in the same direction on both sides of the carriage belts on 7.1, 7.2, so start lifting mechanism to position the capstan motor 3, you can drive the carriage 13 and the light detector carriage 6 to move up and down simultaneously.
所述对位升降机构也可以是链或丝传动机构、或者采用有线或无线电控制的同步运动的两台升降机或两套竖向传动机构(带传动机构、链条传动机构、螺杆传动机构、齿轮齿条传动机构等等)、或者由同一电机通过齿轮传动方式同步驱动的两套竖向传动机构，或者采用其他任意可以带动X射线球管和探测器同步升降的适宜机构，当采用链或丝传动机构时，这些转动机构的分布方式可以同上述带传动机构的分布方式相同。 The lifting mechanism on the bit can also be chain or wire transmission, or using a wired or radio-controlled synchronous movement of the two sets of vertical lift or drive mechanism (belt drive mechanism, chain drive mechanism, a screw drive mechanism, gear teeth Article transmission mechanism, etc.), or by the same two sets of vertical transmission mechanism driven by a gear motor synchronous mode, or using any other X-ray tube can be driven and synchronous detector suitable lifting mechanism when using chain or wire transmission When the mechanism, in a distributed fashion these rotating bodies may be the same with the above-described belt transmission mechanism in a distributed fashion.
所述探测器滑动架13和光源滑动架6可以设有各自对应的移动导轨或类似装置，以保证上下移动的平稳，避免发生摇摆和振动，所述导轨或类似装置均可以采用现有技术。 The detector carriage 13 and the carriage 6 may be provided with a light source corresponding to each shift rail or the like, to ensure that move up and down smoothly, to avoid rocking and vibration, the rail or the like can be adopted in the prior art.
所述探测器滑动架13和光源滑动架6的导轨可以是分别位于各滑动架13、6两侧的两个导向杆，所述导向杆上可以设有竖向滑槽，所述各滑动架13、6上可以设有分别与各对应竖向滑槽配合的竖向滑块，由此限定各滑动架13、6只能沿竖向滑槽方向上下移动。 The detector carriage 13 and the carriage guide rail 6 of the light source may be located on both sides of each carriage 13,6 two guide rods, the guide rod may be provided with a vertical chute, each of said carriage 13,6 respectively may be provided on each corresponding vertical chute with vertical slider, thereby defining the respective carriage 13,6 chute can move up and down along the vertical direction.
所述探测器滑动架13和光源滑动架6的导轨也可以是分别位于各滑动架13、6两侧的两个滑柱，所述各滑动架13、6上可以设有分别与对应滑柱配套的滑孔，所述滑孔套在对应的滑柱上，由此同样可以限定各滑动架13、6只能沿滑柱方向上下移动。 The detector carriage 13 and the carriage guide rail 6 of the light source may be located in two respective struts on both sides of the carriage 13, 6, may be provided respectively corresponding to each of the spool on the carriage 13,6 supporting the slide hole, the sliding sleeve in the corresponding slide hole column, whereby also to limit the respective vertically movable carriage 13, 6 only along the direction of the spool.
所述探测器2可以通过探测器平移机构14连接所述探测器滑动架13，所述探测器平移机构14可以采用带传动机构，并配有探测器平移电机15，所述探测器2固定在所述探测器平移机构的传动带上，并设有相应的移动导轨或类似装置，所述探测器的导轨或类似装置可以采用现有技术。 The detector 2 can be connected via a translation mechanism 14 of the detector the detector carriage 13, the detector 14 may be employed translation mechanism belt transmission mechanism, and with a detector translation motor 15, the probe 2 is fixed The translation mechanism of the belt detector, and a corresponding shift rail or the like, the rail or the like of the detector may be employed in the prior art.
所述探测器滑动架13内上下两侧可以设置滑槽，所述探测器2上下两侧设有对应的滑块，所述滑块插在所述滑槽中并同所述滑槽间隙配合，由此限定探测器的移动轨迹。 The detector carriage 13 can be set within the upper and lower sides of the chute, two sides of the detector has a corresponding slide down the slide and inserted in the chute the chute with a clearance fit , thereby defining the movement trajectory detector. 当所述滑槽为直槽时，探测器的移动为直线移动，当所述滑槽呈曲线状时，探测器的移动为曲线移动，该曲线通常为圆弧线，其圆心位于所述X射线球管5的中心线上。 When the chute is straight groove, the motion detector for linear movement, when the chute is curved, the motion detector is a graph movement, the curve is generally an arc line, which is located in the center of the X ray tube center line 5.
所述车厢上部可以设有横向摆杆10，车厢两侧可以分别设有各自的竖杆10.1、10.2，所述各竖杆10.1、10.2的上端分别同所述摆杆10移动连接，下端分别连接位于车厢同侧的所述探测器13或所述准直器前端设置的准直板16，所述摆杆10位于所述X射线球管上方的一端可以设有竖向摆杆转轴10.3，所述摆杆转轴10.3同所述车厢的厢壁11转动连接，所述摆杆转轴10.3同所述车厢厢壁11的转动连接方式可以是通过轴承连接，也可以是直接插在车厢厢壁和相应连接件的轴孔中。 The upper compartment can be provided with a lateral pendulum 10, respectively, with respective sides of the car can be vertical rods 10.1, 10.2, 10.1, 10.2 upper end of each vertical bar with the pendulum were 10 mobile connection, the lower end are connected located on the same side of the car or the detector collimator 13 front end alignment plate 16 of the swing lever 10 located at the end of the X-ray tube may be provided at the top of the vertical pendulum shaft 10.3, the rocker pivot 10.3 compartment with the compartment wall 11 pivotally connected, said rocker pivot 10.3 compartment with the compartment wall rotatable connection 11 may be connected via a bearing, it can be directly inserted in the car compartment wall and the mating connector shaft hole member.
所述探测器2一侧的摆杆10下面可以设有摆杆托架12，以便支撑摆杆10，位于所述摆杆托架12上面的摆杆10可以设有滚轮或起滚轮作用的轴承，以便减少同摆杆托架12之间的摩擦。 2 side of the detector 10 below the pendulum swing lever bracket 12 may be provided to support the pendulum 10, located at the top of the pendulum swing bracket 12 has a wheel or lever 10 may play the role of bearing rollers in order to reduce friction with the pendulum between the bracket 12.
所述准直板16可以同所述准直器4的主体部分移动连接，所述准直器主体部分上可以设有限定准直板16移动轨迹的轨道，所述准直板16的中部可以设有竖向狭缝，从X射线球管5发出的X射线穿过这个狭缝射出，形成竖条状光束，当准直板16水平移动时，射出X光束也随之改变出射位置和方向，由此进行X射线扫描。 The alignment plate 16 may be part of the same movement of the collimator body 4 is connected, said collimator body alignment plate 16 may be provided with limited movement on the part of the rail tracks, the quasi-central straight 16 may be provided with vertical to slit, X-rays emitted from the X-ray tube 5 shot through the slit to form a vertical stripe beam, when moving the alignment plate 16 levels emitted X-ray beam also changed the position and direction of the exit, thereby performing X-ray scanner. 由于准直板16的移动是由探测器2带动的被动移动，通过摆杆转轴10.3位置的选择，可以控制准直板16的移动幅度，以便使准直板的移动同探测器的移动相匹配，即使X射线始终恰好射在探测器2的接受元件上。 Since the alignment plate 16 to move the probe 2 is driven by a passive movement, by the position of the rocker pivot 10.3 selection, can control the range of movement of the alignment plate 16, so that the movement of a mobile with the alignment plate detector matches, even if X Ray always just shot on the acceptance of the detector element 2.
所谓轨道指一切可以限定相对运动的两部分运动轨迹的结构或零部件，该限定使两部分的相对运动只有一个自由度，这种轨道通常可以采用现有技术。 Refers to all the so-called orbital trajectory can define a relative movement of two parts of a structure or component, which defines the relative movement of the two parts is only one degree of freedom, which typically can be employed in the prior art track.
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