California Nanotechnologies Corp. is engaged in the development of nanocrystalline materials through grain size reduction. The Company focuses on commercialization efforts. It targets various markets, such as consumer electronics, aerospace, defense, automotive, oil and gas, medical, and sports and recreation. It supplies thermal spray powders that are utilized for wear, corrosion and thermal barrier coatings. Powders are available for plasma, high velocity oxygen fuel (HVOF) and particle tracking analysis (PTA) welding. Its Spark Plasma Sintering (SPS) allows for the application of temperature and pressure through high-density pulsed current within a controlled atmosphere. SPS applications include semiconductors, fine ceramics, thermoelectrics, electronics, nanophases, hard alloy tools, biomaterials, porous materials and molds and dies. To provide its products, the Company has an array of production facilities, including cold forging, cryogenic milling and spray drying.