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Publication numberWO2010105878 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberPCT/EP2010/051632
Publication date23 Sep 2010
Filing date10 Feb 2010
Priority date17 Mar 2009
Also published asCN102349345A, CN102349345B, EP2230874A1, EP2230874B1, US8938246, US20120003984
Publication numberPCT/2010/51632, PCT/EP/10/051632, PCT/EP/10/51632, PCT/EP/2010/051632, PCT/EP/2010/51632, PCT/EP10/051632, PCT/EP10/51632, PCT/EP10051632, PCT/EP1051632, PCT/EP2010/051632, PCT/EP2010/51632, PCT/EP2010051632, PCT/EP201051632, WO 2010/105878 A1, WO 2010105878 A1, WO 2010105878A1, WO-A1-2010105878, WO2010/105878A1, WO2010105878 A1, WO2010105878A1
InventorsBozo Cesar, Mark Doll, Robert Fetscher, Hardy Halbauer, Oliver Stanze
ApplicantAlcatel Lucent
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: Patentscope, Espacenet
Method for scheduling terminals in a radio communication network, and corresponding base station
WO 2010105878 A1
Abstract
The present invention relates to a method for scheduling transmissions in a radio communication system comprising a plurality of base stations and a plurality of terminals, a base station being associated to a sector and transmitting/receiving data to/from terminals located in said sector. According to the present invention, the method comprises the steps of: - determining an area around each given sector, said area comprising a set of sectors, - allocating to said sectors in said area a scheduling priority chosen among at least two different scheduling priorities, - scheduling decisions in a sector having a lower scheduling priority than a sector belonging to said area depending on scheduling decisions made for said sector with higher scheduling priority, said scheduling decisions made in said sector with higher scheduling priority being reported by said base station associated to said sector with higher scheduling priority to said base station associated to said sector with lower scheduling priority.
Claims  (OCR text may contain errors)
1 / Method for scheduling transmissions in a radio communication system comprising a plurality of base stations and a plurality of terminals, a base station being associated to a sector and transmitting/receiving data to/from terminals located in said sector, said method comprising the steps
Of:
- determining an area around each given sector, said area comprising a set of sectors, - allocating to said sectors in said area a scheduling priority chosen among at least two different scheduling priorities, scheduling decisions in a sector having a lower scheduling priority than a sector belonging io said area depending on scheduling decisions made in said sector wsth higher scheduling priority, said scheduling decisions made in said sector with higher scheduling priority being reported by said base station associated to said sector with higher- scheduling priority to said base station associated to said sector with ϊower scheduling priority.
2/ Method according to claim 1 , wherein, said priority allocated to said sectors in said area are modified dynamically. 3/ Method according to claim 1 , wherein each base station comprises base station/terminal channel specific information related to the channel conditions between said base station and terminals requiring scheduling located in said area associated to the sector said base station is serving.
4/ Method according to claim 3, wherein said base station/terminal channeS specific information towards terminals requiring scheduling located in said area is exchanged between base stations corresponding to sectors belonging to said area, said scheduling further depending on said exchanged base station/terminal channel specific information.
5/ Method according io clσim 1 , wherein said scheduling is performed sequentially by base station with increasing scheduling priority, scheduling at a base station with iower scheduling priority taking place upon reception of scheduling decisions by base stations wϊth higher scheduling priority,
6/ Method according to claim 1 , wherein said base station comprise information related to the sequence of scheduling priority allocated to each of its sectors.
7/ Method according to claim 1 , wherein said scheduling further depend on an estimation of the interference which would be generated if a terminal belonging to a sector with lower scheduling priority would generate if it were scheduled on the same resource as a terminal already decided to be scheduled in a sector with higher scheduling priority, a terminal in a sector with lower scheduling priority being decided to be scheduled when said estimation of the interference it would generate is below a predefined threshold. 8/ Base station adapted to be used in a radio communication system comprising a plurality of terminals, a base station being associated to a sector and transmitting/receiving data to/from terminals located in said sector, said base station comprising; means for determining an area around each of its sectors comprising a set of sectors, means for determining Io said seϋor a scheduling priority chosen among at least two different scheduling priorities,. - means for receiving and storing scheduling decision of a sector belonging to said area, means for scheduling transmission in its sector, depending on transmissions scheduled for a sector belonging to said area with scheduling priority higher thσn its own scheduling priority, - means for reporting by said base station its scheduling decisions to a base station with lower scheduling priority than its own scheduling priority.
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

METHOD FOR SCHEDULING TERMINALS IN A RAD! O COMMUNICATION NETWORK, AND CORRESPONDING BASE

STATION,

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTlON

The present invention relates to a method for scheduling terminals in a radio communication network.

Common scheduling in radio communication networks consists is defining distinct resources which may be for exampie separated in frequency, time or code and allocated to terminal knowing that two terminals in a predefined area will not be allocated the same resource in order to avoid interference. fn recent radio communication network, and especially in order to increase their throughput and efficiency, methods have been proposed which enables ii to schedule more thesn one terminal in a predefined area on a single resource at the same time. The main issue consists in selecting appropriately the terminals to which identical resources can be allocated in order to limit the mutual interference caused in the system by the terminals using the same resources simultaneously. Especially in multicellular deployments with frequency reuse 1 , strong interference is experienced at the cell borders. This interference can be reduced by coordinating the transmission in sectors which are dose to each other. Criteria for selecting terminals which can be scheduled on the same resources Sake for example info account the position of the terminals in the cell and the possibility Io generate separate beams using beamforming algorithms at multiple antennas base stations. More generally, only transmissions fram/to terminals that result in a low mutual interference are scheduled on the same resource in neighboring sectors. Scheduling algorithms with centralized coordination exists but have the disadvantage to require a high amount of signaling between the centra! entity and the base stations which need to be coordinated. Especially the whole channel conditions between the terminals and the base stations need to be forwarded to the central entity, the whole BS scheduling requests need to be forwarded to the central entity. Moreover the scheduling delay may be high.

A particular object of the present invention is to provide σ scheduling algorithm showing to be more efficient with reduced signaling compared Io the centralized option.

Another object of the invention is to provide a base station adapted to perform the scheduling method. SUMMARY OF THE INVEMTION

These objects, and others that appear below, are achieved by a method for scheduling transmissions in a radio communication system according to claim 1 , and a base station according to claim 8.

According to the present invention, the scheduling mechanism is a locaiized-distrsbuted scheduling scheme restricted to a close neighborhood of the base stations. In particular, the scheduling mechanism use priorϊtizatian between base stations localized in a predefined area, the scheduling being started by the base station having the highest priority in the predefined area, the scheduling being then continued by the base stations having a second highest priority taking into account the scheduling performed by the base stations with higher priority and so on, in a preferred embodiment, cyclically permuting of the assigned scheduling priorities among the base stations in a predefined area is then used to restore fairness among al! base stations in this area.

This presents the advantage of reducing the huge signaling overhead required by a centralized scheduling mechanism to establish a common dαfα base comprising ail channel specific information system wide, and keeping that common data hose consistent and up to date.

According to another aspect of the present invention, scheduling is based on intra- and inter-sector base station/terminal channel specific

5 information (e.g. CQ!, SINR, uplink/downlink pathloss, Precoding Matrix

Index (PMI) for best and worst transmission conditions, .,.) and the exchange of such channel specific information between neighboring base stations. These channel specific information allow base stations Io detect terminals with high mutual interference potential and schedule such

I Q terminals on different resources to avoid high interference impact to their transmissions.

This presents the advantage of distributing relevant information for scheduling purpose only to the base stations which require them. This contributes also to keep the signaling load small enough for good 15 performance in the radio communication system.

Another advantage of this algorithm in contrast to a centralized mechanism is that there is no conflict at coordination boundaries, because the coordination boundaries are overlapping according to the present invention.

20 Further advantageous features of the invention are defined in the dependent claims. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

Other characteristics and advantages of the invention will appear on reading the following description of a preferred embodiment given by 25 way of non-limiting illustrations, and from the accompanying drawings, in which;

Figure 1 shows the predetermined area around each base station as used for the localized distributed scheduling mechanism . - Figure 2a-2c shows an implementation of a scheduling (algorithm according Io the present invention;

Figure 3 shows a permutation of priorities between base stations belonging to o predetermined area according to the present invention; - Figure 4 shows a flow diagram of on implementation of the scheduling method according to the present invention;

- Figure 5 shows a possible Implementation of the gathering of channel specific information according to the present invention;

Figuϊe ό shows a base station according to the present invention. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the scheduling method according to this invention as well as the corresponding base station can be applied to different radio systems especially systems those following WiMAX standards or 3G LIE (3G Long Term Evolution} standards, Figure 1 shows the predetermined area around each base station as used for a localized distributed scheduling mechanism according to the present invention. Figure 1 shows base stations BS serving 120° sectors, in this embodiment, 3 120°-sector base stations ore collocated. For each sector, an area is determined according to the present invention for the sake of implementing the localized distributed scheduling algorithm. Far example, areas Al resp A2 correspond to the set of sectors directly surrounding the sector SI resp S2, In this example, an area comprises ό sectors in addition to the considered sector. Depending on the sector- considered a different area is to be taken into account. A hexagon structure for the sectors is assumed showed In this example but the invention is not limited to such a structure, it will be clear to the person skilled in the art that a method according to the present invention can be applied in radio communication networks with a sector's geometry different than the one presented in figure 1 . It is especially possible to hove a different number of sectors around each base station or to have different types of sector geometry around a base station.

In the following, it will be further explained how to schedule terminals located in an area using a localized distributed scheduling mechanism according to the present invention.

Two different terminals in neighbor sectors TxI in sector 1 of BSl and Ty2 in sector 2 of BS2 interfere because e.g. they are located at the same secioi border, so that data which is transmitted by BSl to TxI , disturbs Ty2 when receiving data from BS2 on the same frame resource, e.g. same slots (same time and same frequency location).

The interference can be minimized when BS2 transmits data to another Tz2 which is located far away from TxI while BSl transmits data to

Tx1 and both BSs use bearn-forming to direct their data beams to the desired destination only. Then both BSs can use the same frame resources at the same time and they produce no or at least limited interference only.

Figure 2a-2c shows an implementation of a scheduling algorithm according to the present invention.

Contrary to prior art solutions, no central scheduler is used to coordinate the scheduling between neighbor sectors. Each sector/ base station coordinates scheduling with its neighbor sectors/base stations only.

According to the present invention, a hierarchical scheduling method using prioritization is used, where the highest priority scheduler (scheduling priority A) schedules first terminals under its coverage on available resources and afterwards the other schedulers (scheduling priority B or C) schedule in the order of decreasing scheduling priority (B before C) terminals under their coverage on resources taking into account the results of all higher priority schedulers (B faking into account A; C taking into account A and B), On the one hand, the base stations with scheduling priority B resp

C decide to schedule on different resovrc.es than the one already scheduled by base stations with scheduling priority A, resp A and B in case the scheduling on the same resource would cause interference above a predefined threshold

On the other hand, the base stations with scheduling priority B resp

C can decide to schedule on identical resources than the one already scheduled by base stations with scheduling priority A, resp A and 8 in case the scheduling on the same resource would cause Interference below a predefined threshold.

As an example, in the following it is assumed, that each sector needs one frame to schedule its frame and to transfer its frame layout to a Ii neighbors, i.e. the scheduling type of each sector varies from frame to frame. The mechanism also works if the communication and calculation lakes longer than one frame or if the complete scheduling calculations (all scheduling priorities) and communications can be performed in a single frame.

It will be understood by those skilled in the art thai the method according to the invention works with more or less than 3 scheduling priorities. The 3 scheduling priorities are not to be seen as a limiting factor of the invention.

As shown in Fig 2a, coordinated scheduling starts with some sectors of scheduling priority A which do not interfere with each other, e.g. because they are no direct neighbors. These sectors are either chosen due to their distance to each other which guarantees a low mutual interference, alternatively sectors which do no! interfere for other reasons than the distance between each other can be of scheduling priority A ai the some time. Sectors of scheduling priority A generate a frame layout for a frame N or part of frame N in the near future.

Then the sectors of scheduling priority A transmit the frame layout N to all neighbor sectors of scheduling priority 8 and of scheduling priority C.

As shown in figure 2b, the sectors of scheduling priority B, which are again no direct neighbors to each other, generate o frame layout for frame N or part of frame N by placing their bursts in a way that they do not interfere with the bursts in the frame layouts N of sectors of scheduling priority A.

Finally, each sector with scheduling priority B transmirs its frame/part of frame layout N to neighbor sectors of type C.

As shown in figure 2c, sectors of schedυiing priority C finally generate a frame layout for frame/part of frame N by placing their bursts in a way that they do not interfere with the bursts in the frame/part of frame layouts N of sectors of scheduling priority A and B.

When the frame or part of frame N has to be transmuted on air, each sector fills its frame N according to its pre -calculated layout N with data that has to be transmitted at that moment, In this embodiment, it is assumed that frame numbers are synchronized between all sectors. Gptϊonalfy, it is aJso sufficient that each sector knows the frame offset to each of Hs neighbor sectors.

Figure 3 shows a permutation of scheduling priorities between base stations belonging to a predetermined area according to the present invention.

To assure fairness among the sectors, each sector is equally often assigned each of the scheduling priority (A, 8, C) in recurring cycles.

Every sector obtains a variable scheduling priority A, B or C which is pet muting from irome to frame, i.e. depending on the current frame number and the fixed frame generation ID, the sector is assigned in every frame a scheduling priority A, 8 or C. For example, os shown in figure 3 a sector can be assigned to scheduling priority A in frame X-2 and 1 , scheduling priority C in frame X-] and 2, scheduling priority B in frame X and 3, ...

Frame 1 is computed during the transmission of frame X-2 in sector with scheduling priority A, during the transmission of frame X-I in sector with scheduling priority B and during the transmission of frame X in sector with scheduling priority C. Finally frame 1 is transmitted simultaneously by sectors scheduling priority A, B and C. This mechanism is used for the computation and transmission of all subsequent frames I1 3...

The scheduling is performed sequentially by base stations with increasing scheduling priority, scheduling at a base station with lower scheduling priority taking place upon reception of scheduling decisions by base stations with higher scheduling priority.

Especially the scheduling decisions may be done during consecutive frames or during consecutive part of frames if there is the possibility to send the scheduling decision during the course of a single frame to the other base stations. Especially if signalling messages can be sent independently of data messages, the whole scheduling can be done for the next frame to send and not need 3-frame time delay as described in figure 3 for sake of simplicity.

It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the permutation of priority may also happen at a sub frame level if a subfrarne structure is defined In the corresponding radio communication network. Alternatively, ihe change of priority may happen every F frames only.

Figure 4 shows a flow diagram of an implementation of the scheduling method according to the present invention. During initialization or by self organization methods each sector will be assigned a fixed frame generation ID.

In addition at initialization, each base station gets a list of all surrounding neighbor sectors with all their corresponding frarne generation IDs.

Al step 41 , using the frame generation ID and the frame number every sector can determine sts current scheduling priority A,B or C and it can determine for which future frame N it has Io generate the frame layout N during the current frame. At step 42, the sector applies a different scheduling depending on the calculated scheduling priority at step 41 .

At step 43A, the sector with scheduling priority A computes the future frame layout N as a master since it has the highest possible scheduling priority A. At step 43B, the sector with scheduling priority B computes the future frame layout N after considering the results of neighbor sectors with scheduling priority A in its area which have reported the frame layout to sector with scheduling priority B,

At step 43C, the sector with scheduling priority C schedules frame N after considering the results of neighbor sectors with scheduling priority A and B in its area which have reported the frame layout to sector with scheduling priority C.

At step 44A, a sector with scheduling priorities A sends the frame layout if has computed to the sectors in its area with Sower scheduling priorities B and C. The frame layout may be sent using signaling. St may comprise an identifier of the terminal scheduled on the different available resource or only an indication on the type of terminal scheduled. In general, the information describing the frame-layout for a future frame N contains for each resource in this frame-layout (e.g. for each sloi in a WiMAX frame) the terminal number which occupies this frame resource.

To reduce the number of terminal numbers in the frame, the BS generating the frame layout, can combine terminals with similar angle and path loss info a group and represent the group by one terminal number.

This grouping of multiple terminate per allocation also gives more flexibility for data transmission when the calculated frame is transmitted later on.

To reduce signaling overhead, resources occupied by the same tei miπai πumbei can be described in a compressed form, e.g. describe an area of resources in the frame which is occupied by the same terminal.

To reduce signaling overhead, the terminal number can simply be represented by the sounding position number in sector Ax if sounding is used to obtain channel specific information.

The frame-layout for a DL frame additionally shall contain the DL transmit power, if DL power control is performed then a DL transmit power value per terminal In the DL frame layout has to be provided, otherwise a DL transmit power value per BS has to be provided,

Af step 44B, sectors with scheduling priorities B send the frame layout if has computed to the sectors in its area with lower scheduling priority C.

At step 45A, a sector with scheduling priority A inserts data info the frame layout which will be transmitted in the next frame.

At step 45B, a sector with scheduling priority B inserts data into the frame layout which will be transmitted in the next frame. At step 46 A, a sector with scheduling priority A transmits the current frame,

Af step 4όB, a sector wiih scheduling priority B transmit the current frame. Af step 46C, a sector with scheduling priority C transmit the current frame.

Figure 5 show a possible implementation of the gathering of channel specific information according to the present invention. To find out which terminals could interfere, coordinated sounding can be used to get the channel information between the BS and the terminals in the serving sector and to get the channel information between the BS and the terminals in all the neighbor sectors. Channel information e.g. means the direction and the receive power when a BS receives a signal from a terminal, whereby the signal can be data originally addressed to the BS or can be interference when the BS receives an undesired signal which h originally addressed to an other BS.

In the following the description is made in the context of a WiMAX radio communication network. This will become visible especially ihrough the way channel specific information is obtained by coordinated sounding. To perform coordinated sounding, an area of 7 sectors forms a coordinated sounding sector group, in which only one sector is sounding during one frame, i.e only terminals in one sector are transmitting sounding signals. The BS in the sounding sector and the 8Ss in all the neighbor sectors belonging to the sounding group are receiving the sounding signals and generate channel information tables TBS. Then each BS transmits its channel information table to all its neighbor sectors- It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the tables can be also partly transmitted, if only a part of the table comprises relevant information for a neighboring base station. As well, the format for transmitting the table may be selected among a large number of options. in the coordinated scheduling phase, the channel information tables are used by the base stations so that each of them generates a frame layout for the sectors they are responsible for by placing bursts for terminals which could interfere with terminals in neighbor sectors into different frame resources than those neighbors, i.e. referring back to figure 1 by allocating the downlink burst of Ty2 to a different location of the two-dimensional frarnG of BS2, than the resource Tx1 in a neighbor sector already occupies in the two-dimensional frame of 8S1 . Two-dimensional frames mean that they have both a lime and a frequency extension, This is especially for OFDM/OFDMA frames as used on 3G LTE or WIMAX radio communication systems. The invention is nevertheless not restricted to the use in two- dimensional frame structure. During initialization or by self organization methods, each sector receives parameters which together with the actual frame number allow the sector to determine its actual sounding status (active sounding or listening to neighbor sectors) and its actual scheduling priority A,B or C). During initialization or by self organization methods each sector will be assigned a fixed sounding ID [SO, SI , ,,, S6]. With the sounding ID and the frame number every sector can determine the active sounding frame number, i.e. the frame number when this sector is allowed to sound its terminals.

In a coordinated sounding sector group (CSSG), the sounding signals are orthogonal, e.g. only one CSSG member is sounding during one frame. Each member of the CSSG gets a unique sounding ID [SO, Sl , ... So], As shown in figure 5, sectors with Sounding

perform sounding during frames 2, 9, 16 ... Sectors with Sounding perform sounding during frames 4, 1 1 , 18 ...

During sounding, channel information is obtained between ● oil the terminals in the sounding sector X ond the SS in the sounding sector X (stored in

oil the terminals in the sounding sector X and the BSs in afϊ the neighbor sectors Y (stored in

Preferably, the channel information is stored in the sounding tables where X is the sounding sector and Y is the sector where sounding signals are received.

Preferably, each sector X stores and also reports the tables

and to all its neighbor sectors Y in its corresponding area.

For example, the tables

contain the following measurement values for each terminal (represented by the sounding allocation) in sector X: txpwr; uplink transmit power of terminal rxpwr: signal power received at BS angle: direction of the receiving signal as seen from the BS

For example the tables

contain the following measurement values for each terminal (represented by the sounding allocation) in sector X: signal power received at BS angle: direction of the receiving signal as seen from the BS

Scheduling in sectors with scheduling priority A:

As sectors with scheduling priority A are the first ones which generate a frame layout for a future frame N, in principle each sector can generate an individual uplink frame layout taking into account only ihe traffic parameters (e.g. periodicity, bit rate,, priority, ...) for all fhe established connections in sectors with scheduling priority A to predict the required amount of frame resources in future frame N.

To simplify Ihe frame layout calculations of succeyding seclors wiih scheduling priority B ,C,, it is recommended but not mandatory that each sectors with scheduling priority A schedules according to angular sorting mechanism, i.e. it sorts the terminals in the sector by the angle (according table

and schedules the terminals in the order indicated by the terminal numbers. When α sectors with scheduling priority A finishes the calculations for frame layout n, it transmits the frame layout N Io all of its neighbors sectors with scheduling priority B and C.

Scheduling in sectors with scheduling priority B Before calculating the frame layout for a future frame N, a sector with scheduling priority B has to calculate a preference matrix for each o! its terminals (represented by terminal number y (terminal y)) which requires resources in the future frame N. Each matrix element represents the minimum SIR value for a frame resource when terminal y would be placed into that frame resource.

To calculate the preference matrix, sector By requires the frame layouts for frame N from all neighbor sectors with scheduling priority A. the sounding tables generated in sector By

figure 2 :

- the sounding fables transmitted by the surrounding sectors -Ax to sector By :TBS^ and TBS^

- traffic parameters (e.g. periodicity, bit rate, priority, ...} for ail the established connections in sectors with scheduling priority B to predict the required amount of frame resources in future frame N

Preference matrix for a sector with scheduling priority B surrounded by sectors with scheduling priority A may be calculated as follows; PrefBy(resource, terminal y)

in case of a sector structure as in figure 2, a preference matrix calculated for a sector with scheduling priority B may be:

is the interference which terminal y in By suffers from terminal x in sector AO if terminal y occupies this resource. is the interference which terminal y in By suffers from terminal x in seetor Al if terminal y occupies this resource. is the interference which terminal y in By suffers from terminal x in sector A2 if terminal y occupies this resource. is the interference which terminal x in A0 suffers from terminal y in sector By if terminal y occupies this resource. is the interference which terminal x in A1 suffers from terminal y in sector By if terminal y occupies this resource. is the interference which terminal x in A2 suffers from terminal y in sector By if terminal y occupies this resource.

Terminal y in a sector with scheduling priority B can use the same frame resource, which already is in use in one or several sectors with scheduling priority A, if PrefByf resource, terminal yj is bigger than o predefined vaiue

otherwise terminal y in sectors with scheduling priority 8 should avoid this frame resource,

Instead of the SIR, any other quantity reflective of an interference situation degrading the quality of the ti amrnitted data may be used fot fhe purpose of the scheduling. Such quantifies may be CQI (channel quality indicator), uplink/downlink pathioss, Precoding Matrix Index (PMI) for best and worst transmission conditions, ,.,

When a sector with scheduling priority B finishes the calculations for fiume iuyoυi N, ii Jraru»mits the frame layout N to all of its neighbor sectors with scheduling priority C.

Scheduling in sectors with scheduling priority C;

Before calculating the frame layout for a future frame N, a sector with scheduling priority C has to caSculcie a preference matrix for each of its terminals (ι epr esented by ter minal number z {terminal z)) which requires resources in the future frame N. Each matrix element represents the minimum SIR value for a frame resource when terminal z would be placed into that frame resource.

To calculate tho preference matrix, a sector wtth scheduling priority C requires

- the frame layouts for frame N from all neighbor sectors with scheduling priority A and B.

- the sounding tables generated in sectors with scheduling priority C:

- the sounding tables transmitted by the surrounding sectors with scheduling priority A and B to sector with scheduling priority C:

- traffic parameters (e.g. periodicity, bit rate, priority, .,,) for all the established connections in sector with scheduling priority C to predict the required amount of frame resources in future frame N

Preference mgtrix calcυlated by a sector with scheduling priority C may be:

Example for a preference matrix calculated by a sector with scheduling priority C, surrounded by sectors with scheduling priority A and B;

Terminal z in sectors with scheduling priority C can use the same frame resource, which already is in use tn one or several sectors with scheduling priority A or B if PrefCz(resoυrce, terminal z) is bigger than o predefined vcsiue otherwise terminal z in sector with scheduling

priority C shoυid avoid this frame resource.

So far the channel specific information evaluated in the uplink have been used to deduce channel specific information in the downlink. This is a valid assumption in a TDD ( Time Division Duplex system) when uplink and downlink transmission occur on the same frequencies.

Sn a FDD (frequency time duplex) system, this is not the case. In order to get reiiahSe channel specific information for the appropriate transmission direction, the calculation of the DL path loss can not be performed using UL sounding signals, but has to be performed using DL measurements, I.e. additional measurements are required.

For example, to calculate the DL path loss in the serving sector, each terminal in the serving sector (e.g. Ax) measures the received power of the Dl preamble which is transmitted by the BS In the serving sector. These measurement than can be stored per terminal e.g. in Other-

methods may also be used for this purpose. For example reserve a small frame resource in the DL frame. Like in the case of coordinated sounding, only the BS in one sector of the coordinated sounding sector group (e.g. seclor Sl in figure 1 ) Iransmils a DL buss! in ibis frame tesomce . Al! lhe terminals in the sector SO and ali the surrounding sectors receive the DL burst, measure the receive signal power and transmit ii io its sefving BS which stores it in tables. Then the sectors exchange the tables like in the TDD case.

After all sectors have generated a frame layout for frame N, iatest in frame N- 1 each sector hnς to schedule data into frame N according to its pre-caicυiaied frame layout for frame N and the current traffic requirements. In case of DL scheduling, data, which is present in the BS at that moment has to be scheduled into the Dt frame. in case of UL scheduling, UL grants have to be generated for data which is waiting in the terminals,.

Figure 6 shows a base station according to the present invention. The base station is adapted to be used in a radio communication network as WlMAX or 3G LTE for example. The base station controls transmission and reception in a sector of the radio communication system. A described above the sector and be a 120° sector served with a directive antenna or antenna arrays able to apply bearnforrnirsg. The base station comprises means 61 for determining an area in its neighborhood. Preferably, the area comprises all the sectors and their corresponding base stations surrounding the sector served by the base station under consideration. Further, the base station comprises means 62 for determining a scheduling priority for its corresponding sector. This scheduling priority preferabie is modified dynamically. The base station also comprises means 63 for receiving and storing scheduling decisions from base stations belonging to the area under consideration, In addition, base station comprises means 64 for scheduling transmission in its sector, depending on transmissions scheduled for a sector belonging to said area with scheduling priority higher than its own scheduling pi iurity and means 65 for reporting by said base station its scheduling decisions to a base station with lower scheduling priority than its own scheduling priority.

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Reference
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US8554235 *11 Nov 20108 Oct 2013Telefonaktiebolaget L M Ericcson (Publ)Distributed scheduling coordination for plural service areas
US20120122462 *11 Nov 201017 May 2012Telefonaktiebolaget Lm Ericsson (Publ)Distributed scheduling coordination for plural service areas
Classifications
International ClassificationH04W72/12, H04W92/20
Cooperative ClassificationH04W72/1231, H04W92/20, H04W72/12, H04W72/1205, H04W72/046
European ClassificationH04W72/12B
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