|Publication number||WO2008086639 A1|
|Publication date||24 Jul 2008|
|Filing date||30 Dec 2006|
|Priority date||30 Dec 2006|
|Also published as||CN101406029A, CN101406029B|
|Publication number||PCT/2006/3713, PCT/CN/2006/003713, PCT/CN/2006/03713, PCT/CN/6/003713, PCT/CN/6/03713, PCT/CN2006/003713, PCT/CN2006/03713, PCT/CN2006003713, PCT/CN200603713, PCT/CN6/003713, PCT/CN6/03713, PCT/CN6003713, PCT/CN603713, WO 2008/086639 A1, WO 2008086639 A1, WO 2008086639A1, WO-A1-2008086639, WO2008/086639A1, WO2008086639 A1, WO2008086639A1|
|Applicant||Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (12), Referenced by (1), Classifications (8), Legal Events (4)|
|External Links: Patentscope, Espacenet|
SYSTEM FOR VOICE INTERCEPTION OF VIDEO PHONE SERVICES IN A MULTI-MEDIA NETWORK
Field of the Technology
The present invention relates generally to interception of multi-media communications, and more particularly, the present invention relates to a versatile system for voice interception of video phone services in a multi-media communications network.
Background of the Invention
Lawfully authorized interception and monitoring of communications of an intercept target has been used and is needed by a country to protect public safety and national security. Rapid development in telecommunication services, however, makes call interception more difficult using conventional methods, and therefore, new interception strategies for modern telecommunication networks are needed.
Conventionally, interception methods in Circuit Switched (CS) fields mainly target voice interception, where voice streams on a Media Gateway (MGW) are duplicated, and sent to an intercept request source through relay El. An intercept request source is an entity authorized to intercept communications and receive intercept results. An example of an intercept request source is a Law Enforcement Agency (LEA).
However, interception interfaces of different intercept request sources vary from country to country. For example, most LEAs support Time Division Multiplexing
(TDM), and some provide Internet Protocol (IP) interfaces.
In multi-media networks, such as a Wideband Code Division Multiple Access (WCDMA) network, where Video Phone (VP) services are introduced and implemented with 64Kbit/s Unrestricted Digital Information (UDI) bearer capacity, video, audio and control information are all transmitted through one channel. Conventionally, however, there is no interception standard for VP services in a WCDMA network. Furthermore, only voice interception may be performed in conventional LEAs.
Therefore, there is a need to carry out voice interception for VP services in a multi-media network, and to accommodate the conventional intercept request sources, such as LEAs. Summary of the Invention
The present invention includes a system, comprising various constructs and methods, for voice interception of Video Phone (VP) services in a multi-media network. Responsive to an interception request to perform interception on a target and interception related information, from a Law Enforcement Agency (LEA), the system processes communication traffic of the intercept target, to obtain audio data from the communication traffic, if the intercept target is communicating via a VP call; converts the audio data into a format that is supported by the LEA; and delivers the audio data to the LEA. The present invention carries out voice interception for VP services without the need to introduce changes in conventional LEAs.
The following description and drawings set forth in detail a number of illustrative embodiments of the invention. These embodiments are indicative of but a few of the various ways in which the present invention may be utilized.
Brief Description of the Drawings
For a more complete understanding of the present disclosure and its advantages, reference is now made to the following description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which like reference numerals represent like parts:
FIG. 1 is a diagram illustrating a conventional method of carrying out Video Phone (VP) interception in a Circuit Switched (CS) field;
FIG. 2 is a diagram illustrating an embodiment of carrying out VP interception in a CS field according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a diagram illustrating an embodiment of carrying out VP interception through an internet protocol according to the present invention; and FIG. 4 is a diagram illustrating another embodiment 'of carrying out VP interception in a CS field according to the present invention.
Detailed Description of the Invention
The following discussion is presented to enable a person skilled in the art to make and use the invention. The general principles described herein may be applied to embodiments and applications other than those detailed below without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention as defined herein. The present invention is not intended to be limited to the embodiments shown, but is to be accorded the widest scope consistent with the principles and features disclosed herein.
Reference is now made to FIG. 1, where a diagram 100 is illustrated for a conventional method of carrying out Video Phone (VP) interception in a Circuit
Switched (CS) field. A Lawful Interception Gateway (LIG) 120 provides an intercept request source, e.g., a Law Enforcement Agency (LEA) 130, the ability to intercept calls within a Wideband Code Division Multiple Access (WCDMA) network. LEA
130 sends an interception request and interception related information to a Mobile Softswitch (MSOFTSWITCH) 110 via LIG 120. LIG 120 converts formats of control signaling between MSOFTSWITCH 110 and LEA 130. Communications between
LIG 120, and LEA 130 are through Handover Interfaces (HI) HIl and HI2. LIG 120 may be connected to multiple LEAs.
In addition, LIG 120 communicates with MSOFTSWITCH 110 through Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) at interfaces Xl and X2.
MSOFTSWITCH 110 contains a Back Administration Module (BAM) 111 and an X
Protocol'Transfer Unit (XPTU) 112. MSOFTSWITCH 110 instructs a Media Gateway
(MGW) 140 to connect calls of users.
After a call between a user 151 and a user 152 is established, two ports 140a and 140b are allocated in MGW 140 to connect to users 151 and 152, receiving and delivering media streams of the users. When LEA 130 sends an request to MSOFTSWITCH 110, through LIG 120, that interception be performed on user 151, MSOFTSWITCH 110 allocates ports 140c and 14Od in MGW 140, which may duplicate up media streams (media streams sent out by user 151), and down media streams (media streams received by user 151, i.e. media streams sent out by user 152) of user 151, and send the up and down media streams to LEA 130, through an independent interface El. Consequently, interception of user 151 in the WCDMA network is accomplished. If user 151 is using a VP call, then the up and down media streams may be H.233 multiplexing streams including audio and video media streams. Conventional practices for VP interception using the method described above, or similar strategies, have drawbacks. Because capability information needs to be conveyed through control protocol H.245 in an initial stage of a VP call, an LEA is required to be able to resolve the H.245 protocol correctly, resulting in greater complexity. Because audio, video and control information in a VP call are transmitted to an LEA in one H.223 message packet, the LEA is required to support H.223 protocol, instead of just supporting a simple audio or video media stream. Furthermore, because an MGW only duplicates, not resolves, media streams, an LEA is required to resolve various media formats, demanding very high interoperability.
Consequently, in order to carry out VP interception, an LEA may have to meet the above requirements. Moreover, conventional LEAs only work for voice interception, and do not support video interception of VP services. In addition, conventional LEAs do not support protocols, such as H.245, H.223, etc. Thus, with these requirements and restrictions, conventional LEAs may not be able to perform voice interception of VP services.
The present invention provides voice interception for VP services in a multi-media communications network, without the need to change the conventional i 1 LEAs. The multi-media communications network may be a WCDMA network. In the present invention, upon receiving an interception request from an LEA, a MSOFTSWITCH may check whether a user to be intercepted is a VP user. If the user is a VP user, a conversion module may be provided in the network under the control of the MSOFTSWITCH. The conversion module may process media streams of the user's VP call traffic, and obtain audio media streams from the call traffic. The conversion module may be inside an MGW. The audio media streams may then be delivered to the LEA for interception.
The conversion module may be implemented in various ways and in different forms. Audio media streams may be delivered to an LEA through different interfaces, and an LEA may provide necessary interfacing information to an MSOFTSWITCH. The interception may also be initiated according to pre-defined configurations in the network. In this case, MSOFTSWITCH may provide the conversion module directly according to a pre-defined configuration. The present invention applies to, but not limited to, LEAs for voice interception of VP services. The present invention may be applied to other intercept request sources that function similarly to conventional LEAs, or that are readily apparent to those with ordinary skills in the art.
Referring now to FIG. 2, an embodiment of carrying out VP interception in a CS field is illustrated in a diagram 200 according to the present invention. Through an LIG 220, an MSOFTSWITCH 210 obtains, from an LEA 230, a request for interception of a user 251, and interception related information. The interception related information may include, for example, identification information of user 251, an interception type, and encoding and decoding codes.
User identification information may include an International Mobile Subscriber Identity (IMSI), an International Mobile Equipment Identity (IMEI), or a Mobile Station International ISDN Number (MSISDN) of user 251. ISDN means Integrated Services Digital Network. The interception type refers to type of media that an intercept request source requests to intercept. The media may be audio, video, data, or combination of these media. In this embodiment, the interception type may be voice. MSOFTSWITCH 210 contains a BAM 211 and an XPTU 212.
Two ports 240a and 240b in a MGW 240 are allocated to connect calls between user 25.1 and another user 252. Upon receipt of the interception request, MSOFTSWITCH 210 determines whether user 251 is using a VP call. If user 251 is using a VP call, MSOFTSWITCH 210 informs MGW 240 to provide a conversion module 241, which processes receiving and transmitting media streams of user 251. i
MSOFTSWITCH 210 may also initiate interception of a user according to fixed or pre-defined configurations - wherein users of a certain VP number, a range of VP numbers, or all VP numbers may be set up for interception. Interception related information may also be pre-defined in such configurations. These configurations are pre-defined based on an interception request from an intercept-authorized entity, and stored in the system. Once an intercept target (a user to be intercept) begins a VP call, interception is initiated using the target information contained in the pre-defined configurations. This may be useful for long-term interception purpose. Thus, interception is initiated based on the configurations, instead of a directly received interception request. That is, MSOFTSWITCH 210 may perform interception without directly receiving an interception request, and related information, from an LEA or other sources of intercept requests. In such instances, MSOFTSWITCH 210 may directly prompt MGW 240 to provide conversion module 241 for processing VP call traffic, according to a given configuration.
Conversion module 241 detaches H.245 messages from up and down media streams of user 251; delivers the H.245 messages up to MSOFTS WITCH 210; and decomposes the media streams under the control of MS OFTS WITCH 210, to separate audio and video media streams from an H.223 message packet. MGW 240 converts audio media streams into a format supported by LEA 230. Audio media streams are sent to ports 240c and 24Od for delivery. MGW 240 establishes a voice channel between LEA 230 and MGW 240 under the control of MSOFTSWITCH 210, and delivers the audio media streams of user 251 to LEA 230, through an audio interface El - thus carrying out voice interception of a VP user by LEA 230. In alternative embodiments, MGW 240 may communicate to multiple LEAs. FIG. 3 illustrates a diagram 300 for one alternative embodiment of VP interception through an Internet Protocol (IP), according to the present invention. An LEA 330 conveys to an MSOFTSWITCH 310, through an LIG 320, interception related information. The interception related information includes an IMSI, an IMEI and an MSISDN of an intercept user 351, an interception type, encoding and decoding codes, and interface addresses of HI3 of LEA 330. The interception type may be voice, video, data, or combination of various media. HI3 is a handover interface for feeding call content to LEAs. The interface addresses of HI3 may include a Real-Time Transport Protocol (RTP) address, and a Real-Time Transport Control Protocol (RTCP) address. In this example, LEA 330 supports an IP interface. In addition, MSOFTSWITCH 310 contains a BAM 311 and an XPTU 312.
Ports 340a and 340b are allocated in an MGW 340 to communicate media streams between user 351 and another user 352. Determining that user 351 is using a VP call, MSOFTSWITCH 310 prompts MGW 340 to provide a conversion module 341 in MGW 340, which processes the receiving and transmitting media streams of user 351. Conversion module 341 detaches H.245 messages from up and down media streams of user 351, delivers the H.245 messages up to MSOFTSWITCH 310, and decomposes the media streams under the control of MSOFTSWITCH 310. Thus, audio and video media streams are separated from an H.223 message packet.
MGW 340 then converts the audio media streams into a format that is supported by LEA 330. Moreover, MSOFTSWITCH 310 allocates two IP ports 340c and 34Od in MGW 340 corresponding to the up and down media streams of user 351, respectively. Addresses of the two IP ports are bound with that of HI3. Conversion module 341 of MGW 340 delivers the audio media streams to corresponding port 340c or 34Od, which in turn delivers the audio media streams to LEA 330 through interface HI3.
Thus, introducing a conversion module in a media gateway to obtain audio media streams from VP call traffic of an intercept target, the present invention provides voice interception of video phone services without requiring changes to conventional LEAs.
FIG. 4 illustrates a diagram 400 for another embodiment of VP interception in a
CS field according to the present invention. The basic processes are the same as the previous two embodiments of the present invention. An MSOFTS WITCH 410 may receive an interception request on a user 451, and interception related information, from an LEA 430 through an LIG 420.
When a call between user 451 and a user 452 is established, ports 440a and 440b are allocated in MGW 440, to receive and deliver media streams of call traffic between the two users. . If user 451 is using a VP call, a conversion module 441 is provided under the control of MS OFTSWITCH 410. Conversion module 441 is associated with, but is not provided within an MGW 440. Conversion module 441 may be an independent module, as illustrated in FIG. 4, or may be a module within other components of a multi-media network. Conversion module 441 may communicate with MGW 440 via an interface El or EP.
The media streams are duplicated in port 440c and 44Od, and sent to conversion module 441 for processing. Conversion module 441 extracts audio data from the received, media streams under the control of MS OFTSWITCH 410, and delivers the audio data to LEA 440 through an interface El . In this embodiment, a conversion module is provided outside of a given MGW.
This independent conversion module may further be shared by multiple MGWs. This reduces MGW complexity, simplifies network structures, and lowers network cost.
The previous description of the disclosed embodiments is provided to enable those skilled in the art to make or use the present invention. Various modifications to these embodiments will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art and generic principles defined herein may be applied to other embodiments without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention. Thus, the present invention is not intended to be limited to the embodiments shown herein but is to be accorded the widest scope consistent with the principles and novel features disclosed herein.
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|EP3185478A4 *||8 Dec 2014||23 Aug 2017||Zte Corp||Automatic packet capture method and apparatus|
|Cooperative Classification||H04L63/306, H04M7/0078, H04M3/2281|
|European Classification||H04L63/30, H04L63/00, H04M7/00M22, H04M3/22T|
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