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Publication numberWO1999013806 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberPCT/US1998/018749
Publication date25 Mar 1999
Filing date10 Sep 1998
Priority date12 Sep 1997
Also published asCA2303181A1, EP1011546A1, US5865848
Publication numberPCT/1998/18749, PCT/US/1998/018749, PCT/US/1998/18749, PCT/US/98/018749, PCT/US/98/18749, PCT/US1998/018749, PCT/US1998/18749, PCT/US1998018749, PCT/US199818749, PCT/US98/018749, PCT/US98/18749, PCT/US98018749, PCT/US9818749, WO 1999/013806 A1, WO 1999013806 A1, WO 1999013806A1, WO 9913806 A1, WO 9913806A1, WO-A1-1999013806, WO-A1-9913806, WO1999/013806A1, WO1999013806 A1, WO1999013806A1, WO9913806 A1, WO9913806A1
InventorsGregg S. Baker
ApplicantBhc Engineering, L.P.
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: Patentscope, Espacenet
Dynamic intervertebral spacer
WO 1999013806 A1
Abstract
A spinal fusion implant assembly (100) for spacing vertebrae is provided. The implant (100) includes two components (102; 104) each having a vertebral contact surface (112; 132), a pair of side portions (106, 108; 126, 128), and an end plate (110; 130). The two components (102; 104) are complementary such that when placed together they form a whole. Each of the sides (106, 108; 126, 128) has a high point (114, 116; 138, 140) and a low point (118, 120; 134, 136), such that a sloped edge of each side is defined between the high point and the low point, and the slope of the first sides (106; 126) is complementary to the slope of the second sides (108; 128). The device also includes a translation mechanism (150) for providing relative motion between the components (102; 104).
Claims  (OCR text may contain errors)
WHAT IS CLAIMED IS:
1. A spinal fusion implant assembly for stabilizing vertebrae comprising:
a first component having a first vertebral contact surface, a pair of side
portions extending upwards from said first surface, and a first end plate portion extending
upwards from said first surface;
a second component having a second vertebral contact surface, a pair of side
portions extending downwards from said second surface, and a second end plate portion
extending downwards from said second surface;
each of said side portions having a high point and a low point on respective
ends of the side portion, such that a sloped edge of each side portion is defined between the
high point and the low point, and wherein the slope of the first side portions is
complementary to the slope of the second side portions; and
a translation mechanism for providing relative movement between the first
and second components in a horizontal direction.
2. A spinal fusion implant assembly for stabilizing vertebrae comprising:
a first component having a first vertebral contact surface, a pair of side
portions extending upwards from said first surface, and a first end plate portion extending
upwards from said first surface;
a second component having a second vertebral contact surface, a pair of side
portions extending downwards from said second surface, and a second end plate portion
extending downwards from said second surface;
each of said side portions having a high point and a low point, such that a
sloped edge of each side portion is defined between the high point and the low point, wherein the slope of the first side portions is complementary to the slope of the second side portions,
and wherein a greatest height of each side portion for each pair of side portions is located at
one end of the component and the end plate of each component is located at an opposite end
of the component; and
a translation mechanism for providing relative motion between the
components.
3. The assembly of claim 1, wherein the assembly, when assembled, has a
rectangular cross section.
4. The assembly of claim 1, wherein the assembly, when assembled, has a
rounded cross section.
5. The assembly of claim 1 , wherein the first and second contact surfaces are perforated.
6. The assembly of claim 1 , wherein one of the end plates includes a threaded
hole for a bolt.
7. The assembly of claim 6, wherein the translation mechanism is an installation bolt.
8. The assembly of claim 1, wherein the assembly comprises a biocompatible
material.
9. The assembly of claim 1 , wherein the first and second components have a
coating for promoting bony ingrowth.
10. A spinal fusion implant assembly for stabilizing vertebrae comprising:
a first component having a first vertebral contact surface, a pair of side
portions extending upwards from said first surface, and a first end plate portion extending upwards from said first surface;
a second component having a second vertebral contact surface, a pair of side
portions extending downwards from said second surface, and a second end plate portion
extending downwards from said second surface;
each of said side portions having a high point and a low point, such that a
sloped edge of each side portion is defined between the high point and the low point, the
sloped edges of each of said first and second side portions having complementary slopes and
complementary ridges, such that the first side portions fit to the second side portions; and
a translation mechanism for providing relative motion between the
components.
11. The assembly of claim 1 , wherein the first and second vertebral contact
surfaces have textured areas for grasping the vertebrae.
12. The assembly of claim 11 , wherein the textured areas are ridges.
13. The assembly of claim 1 , wherein the sloped edges of each of said first and
second side portions have complementary steps, such that the first side portions fit to the
second side portions.
14. A fusion implant assembly comprising:
first and second complementary portions, each portion having a vertebral
contact surface, two sides and an end plate, said portions fitting together to form a whole,
wherein the vertebral contact surface of the first portion is positioned above the vertebral
contact surface of the second portion; and
means for providing relative movement between the first and second
complementary portions in a horizontal direction.
15. The fusion implant assembly of claim 14, wherein each of said sides includes
a high point and a low point, such that a sloped edge of each side is defined between the high
point and the low point, and wherein the slope of the first sides is complementary to the slope
of the second sides.
16. A fusion implant assembly comprising:
first and second complementary portions, each portion having a vertebral
contact surface, two sides and an end plate, said portions fitting together to form a whole,
each of said sides including a high point and a low point, such that a sloped edge of each side
is defined between the high point and the low point, the slope of the first sides being
complementary to the slope of the second sides, and wherein a greatest height of each side for
each pair of sides is located at one end of the component and the end plate of each component
is located at an opposite end of the component; and
a translation mechanism for providing relative motion between the
complementary portions.
17. The fusion implant assembly of claim 14, wherein the assembly, when
assembled, has a rectangular cross section.
18. The fusion implant assembly of claim 14, wherein the assembly, when
assembled, has a rounded cross section.
19. The fusion implant assembly of claim 14, wherein the first and second
vertebral contact surfaces are perforated.
20. The fusion implant assembly of claim 14, wherein one of the end plates
includes a threaded hole for a bolt.
21. The fusion implant assembly of claim 20, wherein the translation mechanism is an installation bolt.
22. A fusion implant assembly comprising:
first and second complementary portions, each portion having a vertebral
contact surface, two sides and an end plate, said portions fitting together to form a whole,
each of said sides including a high point and a low point, such that a sloped edge of each side
is defined between the high point and the low point, wherein the slope of the first sides is
different from the slope of the second sides; and
a translation mechanism for providing relative motion between the
complementary portions.
23. A method of implanting a fusion assembly between adjacent vertebrae
comprising:
gaining exposure to the surgical site;
removing disc material from between adjacent vertebrae;
creating a cavity of desired dimensions for the fusion assembly;
placing the fusion assembly with the cavity;
providing relative horizontal movement between vertebral contact surfaces
of components of the fusion assembly to adjust the size or shape of the fusion assembly; and
closing the surgical site.
24. The method of claim 23 wherein the providing of relative movement includes
tightening a screw mechanism.
25. The method of claim 23 wherein the method further includes removing a
translation mechanism before closing the surgical site.
26. The method of claim 23 wherein gaining exposure to the surgical site is done in either an anterior or posterior approach.
27. The method of claim 23 wherein the method further includes:
packing the fusion assembly device, if it contains perforations, with a bone
material prior to inserting the fusion assembly into the cavity; and
displacing the bone material through the perforations by actuating a translation
mechanism installation bolt.
28. A method of correcting spondylolisthesis, including:
gaining access to the surgical site;
selecting a fusion implant assembly including complementary components;
locating the implant assembly between a normal vertebrae and a slipped
vertebrae;
providing relative horizontal and vertical movement between vertebral contact
surfaces of the complementary components of the fusion implant assembly to adjust the
height between the two vertebrae and to move the slipped vertebrae into its normal position; and
closing the surgical site.
29. A spinal fusion implant kit comprising:
at least two spinal fusion implant devices, wherein each implant device
comprises:
first and second complementary portions, each portion having a vertebral
contact surface, two sides and an end plate, said portions fitting together to form a whole,
wherein the vertebral contact surface of the first portion is positioned above the vertebral
contact surface of the second portion; and a translation mechanism for providing relative horizontal movement between
the complementary portions.
30. The spinal fusion implant kit of claim 29, wherein the at least two spinal
fusion implant devices are of different sizes.
31. The spinal fusion implant kit of claim 29, wherein the first and second
complementary portions of the first implant device have a different slope than the slope
of the first and second complementary portions of the second implant device.
32. The spinal fusion implant kit of claim 29, wherein the kit includes at least one
device with a rectangular cross section and at least one device with a rounded cross section.
33. The spinal fusion implant kit of claim 29, wherein the first and second
components of a device having a certain size, shape, and slope are interchangeable with the
first and second components of other devices having different sizes, shapes, and slopes.
34. A method of surgically adjusting intervertebral spacing, comprising:
gaining exposure to a surgical site;
locating an intervertebral space;
choosing implant components of appropriate size and shape;
locating the components within the intervertebral space; and
adjusting the size and shape of the intervertebral space by providing relative
horizontal and vertical movement between vertebral contact surfaces of the implant
components until a desired positioning is achieved.
35. The assembly of claim 1, wherein the translation mechanism also provides
relative movement between the first and second components in a vertical direction.
36. The fusion implant assembly of claim 14, wherein the translation mechanism
also provides relative movement between the first and second components in a vertical
direction.
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

DYNAMIC INTERVE TEBRAL SPACER

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Field of the Invention

The present invention relates to a dynamic intervertebral spacer implant to be placed

into an intervertebral space left after the removal of damaged spinal disc material.

Description of the Related Art

Historically, methods of fusing two adjacent vertebrae of the spine intervertebrally

have used implants of either natural bone or a synthetic material and having fixed

dimensions. Although the devices are available in a range of sizes, the devices are not

adjustable by the surgeon during the surgical procedure. Therefore, the surgeon must choose

the size which most closely matches the desired height, length and width dimensions, and

then make the device fit. This procedure may entail further resection of the bone, or addition

of natural bone, attained from either an inventoried bone bank or a patient donor site. The

procedure results in relatively long and more invasive surgeries which present a danger to the

patient.

In cases where an all bone implant is used, the bone is shaped to complement the

surgeon-prepared cavity into which it is to be implanted. When a synthetic implant is used,

the bone is pulverized and packed into the interstices of the device, in order to promote bony

ingrowth. Over time, fusion is accomplished by the growth of natural bone in the

neighboring, subject vertebrae into the implant.

Improvements in design and materials have resulted in stronger implants. However,

due to the usual shapes used for fusion implants, they are still subject to fracture. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The present invention is directed to a spinal fusion implant that obviates the

limitations and disadvantages of prior implants.

Additional features and advantages of the present invention will be set forth in the

description which follows, and in part will be apparent from the description, or may be

learned by practice of the invention. The objectives and advantages of the invention will be

realized and attained by means of the elements and combinations particularly pointed out in

the appended claims.

To achieve these and other advantages and in accordance with one aspect of the

present invention, as embodied and broadly described herein, a spinal fusion implant is

provided in the form of a fusion implant assembly having first and second complementary

portions, each portion having a vertebral contact surface, two sides and an end plate. The

complementary portions fit together to form a whole implant. A translation mechanism is

provided to obtain relative motion between the complementary portions.

According to another aspect of the invention, a spinal fusion implant assembly for

spacing vertebrae is provided, that includes a first component having a first vertebral contact

surface, a pair of side portions extending upwards from the first surface, and a first end plate

portion extending upwards from the first surface. A second component having a second

vertebral contact surface, a pair of side portions extending downwards from the second

surface, and a second end plate portion extending downwards from the second surface, each

of the side portions having a high point and a low point, such that a sloped edge of each side

portion is defined between the high point and the low point, and wherein the slope of the first

side portions is complementary to the slope of the second side portions, and a translation mechanism for providing relative motion between the components.

According to yet another embodiment of the present invention, a spinal fusion implant

kit is provided, the kit comprising at least two spinal fusion implant devices, wherein each

implant device comprises first and second complementary portions, each portion having a

vertebral contact surface, two sides and an end plate, said portions fitting together to form a

whole, and a translation mechanism for providing relative motion between the

complementary portions, wherein the at least two spinal fusion implant devices are of

different sizes.

According to another embodiment of the present invention, a method of implanting a

fusion assembly between adjacent vertebrae is provided, the method comprising the steps of

gaining exposure to the surgical site, removing disc material from between adjacent

vertebrae, preparing the end plates of the adjacent vertebrae to receive the implant, creating a

cavity of desired dimensions for the implant, placing the implant within the cavity, providing

relative movement between components of the implant until the implant reaches desired

dimensions, and closing the surgical site.

According to a further embodiment of the present invention, a method of correcting

spondylolisthesis is provided, the method including the steps of gaining access to the surgical

site, selecting a fusion implant assembly including complementary components, locating the

implant assembly between a normal vertebrae and a slipped vertebrae, providing relative

motion between the complementary components of the fusion implant assembly to adjust the

height between the two vertebrae and to move the slipped vertebrae into a more normal

position, and closing the surgical site.

It is to be understood that both the foregoing general description and the following detailed description are exemplary and explanatory only and are not restrictive of the

invention, as claimed.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The accompanying drawings, which are incorporated in and constitute a part of the

specification, illustrate presently preferred embodiments of the invention and, together with

the general description given above and the detailed description of the preferred embodiments

given below, serve to explain the principles of the invention.

Figs. 1A and IB are isometric views of an embodiment of the spinal implant assembly

of the present invention showing the two separate components of the assembly;

Figs. 2 - 4 are side views of the components of the assembly of Fig. 1A as they are

moved relative to one another;

Fig. 5 is a side view of a second embodiment of the spinal implant assembly of the

present invention;

Figs. 6A and 6B are side views of a third embodiment of the spinal implant assembly

of the present invention showing the shape of the components; and

Fig. 7 is a cross section of an embodiment of a kit comprising the spinal implant

assemblies of the present invention.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

Reference will now be made in detail to the present preferred embodiments of the

invention, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings. Wherever

possible, the same reference numbers will be used throughout the drawings to refer to the

same or like parts. The present invention relates to an implant and method of use for spinal fusion.

Generally, an implant is used to replace portions of damaged disc material between adjacent

vertebrae to stabilize the spine and to eliminate motion at that location.

The present invention, as embodied in herein and shown in Figs. 1 A and IB, is a

spinal fusion implant 100 having a top component 102 and a bottom component 104, each

component 102, 104, forming a ramp and making up half of the device 100. Top component

102 includes a pair of side portions 106, 108, an end plate 110, and a vertebral contact surface

112, 112a for contacting and gripping the vertebrae when implanted. Vertebral contact

surface 112, 112a may have a rough surface including protrusions or teeth 160, 160a to

promote gripping of the vertebral end plate. In the end plate 110, there is a tapped, threaded

hole 124 for receiving a translation mechanism to provide relative motion between top

component 102 and bottom component 104. As can be seen in Fig. 2, each side portion 106,

108, of the top component 102 has a low point 118, 120, where the height of the side wall is

greatest, and a high point 114, 116, where the height of the wall is lowest. Defined between

these low points 118, 120 and these high points 114, 116, is the slope of the side portions, or

the ramp. Along the slope of each side portion 106, 108, the top component 102 may include

a plurality of complementary wedging ramps in the form of ridges or steps 122, 122a.

Referring again to Figs. 1 A, IB, and 2, it can be seen that the bottom component 104

is the complement to top component 102 and together they form a whole. Bottom component

104 includes a pair of side portions 126, 128, an end plate 130, and a vertebral contact surface

132, 132a for contacting and gripping the vertebrae when implanted. Vertebral contact

surface 132, 132a may have a rough surface including protrusions or teeth 160, 160a to

promote gripping of the vertebral end plate. As can be seen in Fig. 2, each side portion 126, 128, of the bottom component 104 has a high point 138, 140, where the height of the side

wall is greatest, and a low point 134, 136, where the height of the wall is lowest. Defined

between these high points 138, 140 and these low points 134, 136, is the slope of the side

portions or the ramp. Along the slope of each side portion 126, 128, the bottom component

104 may include a plurality of complementary wedging ramps in the form of ridges or steps

142, 142a. The particular shape of the texture 160, 160a, 162, 162a of vertebral contacting

surfaces 112, 112a, 132, and 132a may vary, as may the angles used to form the

complementary wedging ramps 122, 122a, 142, and 142a. Figures 1 A and IB show two

different variations of these surfaces, Figure IB is presently the preferred embodiment.

As can be seen in Figs. 2 - 4, the slope of side portions 106, 108 is complementary to

the slope of side portions 126, 128 such that the top component 102 and bottom component

104 fit together to form a whole 100. In order to provide relative motion between the top

component 102 and the bottom component 104, a translation mechanism is used. In the

preferred embodiment an installation bolt 150 is used. Bolt 150 passes through hole 124 until

its end abuts the inner surface of the end plate 130 of the bottom component. By tightening

bolt 150, the length of the bolt within the implant increases, pushing against the inner surface

of end plate 130. As the pressure increases from bolt 150, relative motion between the top

and bottom components is provided, the ridges or steps 122, 122a, 142, and 142a allowing

the top and bottom pieces to move in a ratcheting manner, preventing slippage of the

components to their original positions. As shown in Figs. 2 - 4, as bolt 150 is tightened it

pushes against end plate 130, causing end plate 130 to move away from endplate 110. As the

distance between end plates 110 and 130, increases, top component 102 moves upwardly

along the slope of the bottom component, resulting in a change in the height of implant assembly 100.

Alternatively, it is possible to start with implant 100 in an offset position which

allows a lower initial height of the device and also provides greater potential for relative

motion between the components. As shown in Fig. 2, top component is shifted to the left,

resulting in a lower height of the implant. This particular starting configuration is useful

when the surgeon's goal is to align the adjacent vertebrae by forcing relative movement of the

vertebrae through the vertebrae contact surfaces of the implant. As above, an installation

bolt 150 is used. Bolt 150 passes through hole 124 until its end abuts the inner surface of the

end plate 130 of the bottom component. By tightening bolt 150, the length of the bolt within

the implant increases, pushing against the inner surface of end plate 130. As the pressure

increases from bolt 150, relative motion between the top and bottom components is provided,

the ridges or steps 122, 142 allowing the top and bottom pieces to move in a ratcheting

manner, preventing slippage of the components to their original positions. As shown in Figs.

2 - 4 , as bolt 150 is tightened it pushes against end plate 130, causing endplate 130 to move

away from endplate 110. As the distance between end plates 110 and 130, increases, top

component 102 moves upwardly along the slope of the bottom component, resulting in a

change in the height of implant assembly 100.

Top and bottom components 102, 104 may be made from any material of suitable

strength and rigidity, and it is preferred that a biocompatible material be used. Examples of

appropriate materials are titanium and stainless steel. In addition, the surfaces of the spinal

fusion implant 100 may be coated in order to promote bony ingrowth. Desirable coatings for

promoting bony ingrowth may include a porous coating such as a plasma spray, sintered

beads, or other porous coatings such as hydroxy apatite. In an alternative embodiment, as shown in Fig. 5, the vertebral contact surfaces 112b,

132b, may contain perforations 170, 172. The perforations will allow better bone growth,

particularly macro-growth of the bone. In a non-preferred example, it would be possible,

although unnecessary, for the surgeon to pack the implant with bone material and allow the

bone material to promote bony growth. In such an instance, the device should be packed

before implantation, then rotation of the installation bolt to move the device components to

their desired positions would also perform the function of pressing or squeezing the bony

material out of the perforations between the vertebral contact surface and the vertebral end

plates.

As seen in Figs. 1 - 5, the spinal fusion implant 100 has a generally rectangular shape.

Due to the rectangular shape of the contact surfaces, the implant has mechanical performance

which is superior to other devices, reacting better to compressive forces applied in vivo.

However, it is possible, as shown in Figs. 6A and 6B, to use a device 100a with a circular

cross-section that is cylindrical in shape. A device with a circular cross section includes top

component 102a and bottom component 104a and is easier to install in the cavity within the

spine. It is contemplated that devices of other shapes may be used.

Spinal fusion implant 100 may be used in any area of the spine, and therefore,

encompasses a wide range of sizes. Referring, for example, to the rectangular embodiment of

the invention, the device might have a length L between 8 and 30 mm, a width W between 5

and 20 mm and a height H between 5 and 25 mm. As embodied in Figs. 1 - 6B, the device

uses two components, each having the same length, width and height. However, it is

possible, should a surgeon seek to use a size not provided within a kit of different size

implants, to mix different size components to achieve a desired size. For example, if the implant came in heights of 10 mm, 12 mm, 14 mm, and 16 mm, and the surgeon wished for

an implant with a height of 15 mm, it would be possible for the surgeon to use a component

from the 14 mm device and a component from the 16 mm device to devise a 15 mm device.

Thus, because a surgeon cannot be certain he has the correct size device until the cavity is

created within the spine, it is desirable to provide the surgeon with a kit 200 of different size

and shaped devices 210, 220, 230, as shown in Fig. 7, which may be used as provided or the

components may be mixed to provide custom size devices. Alternatively, components having

different slopes may be used together to achieve a device with different angles or ramps of

different slopes, such that the top and bottom planes of the device would not be parallel.

In use, the surgeon must first prepare the surgical site and gain exposure to the

interspace to be operated on. The surgeon may use either an anterior or posterior approach.

Once the surgical site is accessed, some or all damaged disc material between the two

vertebrae is removed. Now that the surgeon has prepared the area, he must create the cavity

for the device. The surgeon determines the size of the cavity to be created based on the size

of the area available. Because there is a wide range of implant sizes available and because

each implant is adjustable, he need not remove excess bone or prolong the surgery to fit the

cavity to a single sized implant. After the cavity is complete, the surgeon chooses a spinal

fusion implant of a desired size from a kit of different size spinal fusion implants. Although

an unnecessary step, if the implant has perforations, the surgeon may choose to pack the

implant with bone material. After the implant is selected and prepared, it is inserted into the

cavity prepared by the surgeon. Next, the surgeon tightens the bolt within the device such

that there is relative movement between the two components of the device to adjust the height

and/or position of the device. This continues until the device fits snugly within the cavity and the surgeon feels that the device is properly situated.

In an alternative method, the implant may be used to correct spondylolisthesis, a

condition where the vertebrae has slipped out of alignment resulting in a loss in disc height.

The procedure is substantially the same as outlined above, with the exception that the

components of the device are moved, by turning of the installation bolt, to bring the vertebrae

back into alignment, with the device placed between them, such that the device corrects for

some or all loss in disc height.

Other embodiments of the invention will be apparent to those skilled in the art from

consideration of the specification and practice of the invention disclosed herein. It is

intended that the specification and examples be considered as exemplary only, with a true

scope and spirit of the invention being indicated by the following claims.

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Reference
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
WO2000007527A1 *30 Jul 199917 Feb 2000Synthes Ag ChurIntervertebral allograft spacer
DE10357960A1 *9 Dec 200314 Jul 2005Biedermann Motech GmbhIntervertebral implant for stabilizing two spaced vertebrae, comprises two parts, each having two ends, contact surface provided between two ends, and guide surface, where first guide surface extends out from first contact surface
DE10357960B4 *9 Dec 20033 Sep 2015Biedermann Technologies Gmbh & Co. KgHöheneinstellbares Zwischenwirbelimplantat
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US76184589 Dec 200417 Nov 2009Biedermann Motech GmbhHeight-adjustable intervertebrae implant
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US978227117 Oct 201310 Oct 2017Stryker European Holdings I, LlcExpandable intervertebral implant
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