|Publication number||WO1987004882 A1|
|Publication date||13 Aug 1987|
|Filing date||4 Feb 1987|
|Priority date||5 Feb 1986|
|Also published as||EP0256084A1|
|Publication number||PCT/1987/52, PCT/SE/1987/000052, PCT/SE/1987/00052, PCT/SE/87/000052, PCT/SE/87/00052, PCT/SE1987/000052, PCT/SE1987/00052, PCT/SE1987000052, PCT/SE198700052, PCT/SE87/000052, PCT/SE87/00052, PCT/SE87000052, PCT/SE8700052, WO 1987/004882 A1, WO 1987004882 A1, WO 1987004882A1, WO 8704882 A1, WO 8704882A1, WO-A1-1987004882, WO-A1-8704882, WO1987/004882A1, WO1987004882 A1, WO1987004882A1, WO8704882 A1, WO8704882A1|
|Inventors||Arne Ljungdahl, Peter Fagerlin|
|Applicant||Arne Ljungdahl, Peter Fagerlin|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Non-Patent Citations (1), Referenced by (2), Classifications (6), Legal Events (2)|
|External Links: Patentscope, Espacenet|
Method and apparatus for selectively blocking program channels
The present invention relates to a method and means for telecommunication in a system comprising a plurality of selectable channels. Simplified, the system may be said to relate to a cable TV system comprising a plurality of chan¬ nels for which subscription may be made to any desired number, and the invention will be discussed below essenti¬ ally with reference to such a system, without however being restricted to exactly such systems. Certain known cable TV systems comprising a plurality of channels are designed in such a manner that one has to select one or some of the selectable channels already when the subscription is made, which channels are then connected up at the subscriber and which will then remain permanently connected up. The systems are comparatively limited with respect to the number of possible channels. Further, these known systems suffer from the drawback that it is comparat¬ ively complicated to change from one selection of channels to a different one, in as much as such a change normally requires a service man to visit the subscriber in order to carry out the necessary switching there.
The present invention has aimed at providing a method and means for telecommunication in a system comprising a plurality of selectable channels, which do not suffer from the just mentioned limitations and drawbacks.
To the just mentioned end it is proposed, according to the invention, that the telecommunication should be carried out so as is defined in principle in the characterizing . clause of claim 1. Corresponding to the just mentioned it is proposed that the the equipment should be so designed, as is defined in principle in the characterizing clause of claim 4.
The invention will be disclosed in more details below with reference to the accompanying drawing, which illustra- tes diagramatically a telecommunication system according to the invention.
The system comprises an input line 10 which may be connected through cables 11, 12, 13 to a plurality of sub¬ scribers A, B, C etc., each having a blocking means 14, 15 and 16, respectively. Further, the system comprises a controlling computer D and an obfuscation signal generator S, which last mentioned has an obfuscation output line' 17 connected to each one of the the blocking means 14-16 through lines 18, 19 and 20, respectively. Further, the obfuscation signal generator S is connected to each one of the blocking means 14-16 through a line 28 to send "clock" pulses to the blocking means. The controlling computer D has an output line 21 connected to each one of the blocking means 14-16 through lines 22, 23 and 24, respectively.
Generalized, and very principally, the system according to the invention is adapted to operate in the following manner: The entire offer of programs is passed, through line 10, to all subscribers A, B, C etc., which may select freely between the channels for which a subscription has been made, whereas the programs on the other channels are obfuscated in a suitable manner. Here, the obfuscation may be directed to the picture only, or the sound only, or both. The control of which channels at the respective subscriber A, B, C etc., that should be permitted to pass on, and which are to be obfuscated, is carried out by the centrally located computer, which has been set in advance in accordance with the subscriptions made.
In some more details, the system is adapted to operate in the following manner:
Over line 10 e.g. twenty program channels TV1 - TV20 are passed to each one of the subscribers A, B, C etc. Governed by a built-in computer the obfuscation signal generator S sends, through line 28, a plurality of "clock" pulses to each one of the blocking means 14-16, which each, in dependence of signals from the computer D, is set into an individual state that permits the signal on certain channels to pass undisturbed whereas it is obfuscated on other channels. For instance, if the subscriber A has made a subscrip¬ tion for channels TV1, TV 3 and TV6 only signals corres¬ ponding to those channels pass undisturbed to his line 25 whereas the signals for all the other channels are obfus- cated. Of course, the same would be the case with the lines 26, 27 etc. of the other subscribers.
In the example the obfuscation signal generator is
/~ assumed to send obfuscation signals to each one of the 5 blocking means 14-16 which signals obfuscate the channels successively, in which case, of course, at each subscriber only those channels are subjected to the obfuscation, for which he has not entered into a subscription.
It has been found that a very efficient obfuscation is
10 achieved if the periodicity of the obfuscation is choosen to a such a value that the partial picture frequency dif¬ fers from certain integer multiples of the periodicity of the obfuscation, i.e. the time lag between the obfuscations on one and the same channel.
15 Preferably, the number of "clock" pulses may correspond to the number of selectable channels, e.g. twenty clock pulses per pulse train, or may the number of clock pulses be an integer multiple of ths number of selectable chan¬ nels.
20 To avoid that the opening or closing mutual relation between impulses from the computer D and impulses from the obfuscation signal generator S are interfered by possibly incoming foreign signals it may be found advantageous to . lay out the system in such a manner that one or more "re-
25 set" signals are emitted between the pulse train so that the count down always starts from one and the same value. This possibility has been indicated by the reset line 29.
To obviate unauthorized access to a channel for which no subscription has been made it has been concieved to
30 periodically change the duration of the clock pulses or the intermittency or frequency, and also to change the obfusca¬ tion sequence between the channels.
The above described system is one example only of the invention and presupposes that a subscription is made in
35 advance for a particular channel selection. The subscrip¬ tion may be made by a written or .oral agreement, which is followed by a corresponding programming of the computer. It may also be performed over ordinary telephone lines with the necessary modems. A reversed arrangement with respect to the payment has also been contemplated, i.e. a system wherein each subscri¬ ber has a possibility to select one channel each time from the full channel offer, wherein his particular channel selection is determined and registered periodically with very short intervals to then be billed him retroactively, e.g. each month.
To preclude unauthorized program withdrawal, e.g. where the selection between different types of subscription May be performed without a "personal" operation, e.g. over telephone lines, for instance, and where the program selec¬ tion is charged for retroactively, the system may be comple¬ mented by some type of a credit card and/or a "personal code", similar to what is used with bank note machines, at the same time as some sort of a "censorship" with respect to time and/or program content may be exercised.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|EP0157889A1 *||5 Apr 1984||16 Oct 1985||Vitek Electronics, Inc.||Addressable security system for cable channel authorization|
|US4039954 *||27 May 1975||2 Aug 1977||Oak Holland B.V.||Signal distribution device for a cable television|
|US4367557 *||25 May 1979||4 Jan 1983||Stern Joseph L||Wired broadcasting systems|
|US4434436 *||13 Jul 1981||28 Feb 1984||Bruce Merrill||Addressable premium channel obfuscation device for cable television systems|
|1||*||PATENT ABSTRACTS OF JAPAN, Vol 9, No 4 (E-288), Abstract of JP 59-153390, published 1 September 1984.|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|EP0369959A2 *||23 Oct 1989||23 May 1990||Spacenet Ab||An improved pay-TV-system|
|EP0369959A3 *||23 Oct 1989||27 Nov 1991||Spacenet Ab||An improved pay-tv-system|
|International Classification||H04N7/16, H04H20/77|
|Cooperative Classification||H04N7/166, H04H20/77|
|European Classification||H04N7/16F, H04H20/77|
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