|Publication number||USRE45477 E1|
|Application number||US 13/415,502|
|Publication date||21 Apr 2015|
|Filing date||8 Mar 2012|
|Priority date||2 Feb 2006|
|Also published as||US7673627, US20070175463|
|Publication number||13415502, 415502, US RE45477 E1, US RE45477E1, US-E1-RE45477, USRE45477 E1, USRE45477E1|
|Inventors||John Higgins, Kelly Lewis|
|Original Assignee||Htr Development, Llc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (14), Classifications (7), Legal Events (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This application claims priority from the provisional patent application Ser. No. 60/766,648 filed Feb. 2, 2006.
This invention relates to paintball markers (hereinafter referred to as “markers”) or otherwise known as paintball guns.
The competition of paintball has becoming increasingly popular in recent history. The competition involves at least two participants, each armed with a paintball marker, which fires pellets of “paint” or dye which burst upon striking a solid object to leave a mark at the point of impact. The object of the competition is to strike the other player with a paintball fired from your paintball marker before you are struck with a paintball from the other player. As competition has increased, so has the technology associated with markers.
Currently most markers use a pneumatic system for firing the paintballs using compressed air or other gases. The vast majority of paintball markers now use electronic controls to increase marker performance.
In addition to increases in efficiencies related to the markers, players are also looking to increase the number of paintballs they have available without the need to reload. This has led to a dizzying array of paintball feeding systems or paintball loaders (hereinafter referred to as “loaders”) such as the Halo, Pulse, and VLocity, just to name a few. These loaders allow a participant to greatly increase the number of paintballs available before the need for reloading, which can be a hazardous activity in competition. In analogy to traditional firearms, these loaders have the effect of turning a marker from a revolver into a gun with a magazine. Unlike a traditional magazine, however, these loaders commonly use electronic controls. It is the intersection of the electronic controls found in the markers and the electronic controls found in the loaders, which gave rise to the present invention.
The present invention relates to an improved way to feed paintballs from a loader into a marker. The firing rate of markers has dramatically increased with improvements in technology and currently high-end markers cycle as fast as 30 cycles (or shots) per second (cps). The speed of the markers, however, is limited by the speed at which the loader feeds paintballs into the marker. A variety of methods have been employed to allow “passive” communication between the marker and the loader. These methods include infrared eye, reflective, break-beam, sound and weight sensors; one or more of which are disclosed by Kotsiopoulos in U.S. Pat. Nos. 6,305,367; 6,467,473; 6,488,019; 6,609,511; Rice in U.S. Pat. No. 6,941,693; Hslao in U.S. Pat. No. 6,928,999; Christopher in U.S. Pat. No. 6,502,567; Jong in U.S. Pat. No. 6,644,293.
In existing loaders and markers, there is a delay from the time the marker fires to the time the electronic circuit board in the loader acknowledges the need to feed additional paintballs into the marker. Loaders which use break-beam sensors to detect movement of the ball stack in the paintball loading device must first wait for a gap in the stack of balls before the paintball loading devices acknowledges the need to feed additional paintballs. This gap in the stack of paintballs slows down the overall feed-rate of the loader and therefore slows the marker's rate of fire. Loaders which use sound signatures to initiate the loading sequence are limited by the speed at which the sound signature travels from the marker to the loader. Other loaders which use an electric motor to apply constant pressure to the ball stack are hindered by their minimal battery life and tendency to break paintballs.
Because the speed of the loader's reaction to the firing of the marker is a limiting factor to a marker's rate of fire, an improvement in the speed, or communication, between the marker and loader can result in an increase in the marker's overall rate of fire. In view of the foregoing, there is a need to eliminate passive methods of paintball detection and move toward a more active method, which could dramatically increase marker efficiency and rate of fire.
The present invention preserves the mechanical operation of prior art paintball loading systems but can provide significant increases, via active electronic communication, in speed and responsiveness of markers and loaders in comparison to prior art systems. By using wireless communication between the marker and loader, the present invention significantly reduces the time which the circuit board in the loader sits idle before acknowledging that the marker it is attached to has fired and thus, the need for the loader to load additional paintballs into the marker. While this active communication could be gained via a hard-wire between the marker and loader, the weaknesses and potential for breakage are eliminated with the elimination of the wire. Unlike prior art devices, this invention allows the marker to send a wireless signal to the loader; therefore, the loader device begins placing additional paintballs into the marker virtually instantaneously.
Wireless communication between the marker arid loader is achieved by attaching a wireless transceiver, transmitter, or receiver to both the marker and loader via direct attachment to a circuit board or otherwise nearby placement.
It is therefore an object of the present invention to provide a device and method of using wireless technologies to initiate the loading sequence of a paintball loader.
It is a further object of the present invention to provide an alternative input for the electronic circuit board(s) of a loader to increase the loaders overall loading speed.
It is a further object of the present invention to provide an alternative output for the electronic circuit board(s) of the marker to control the device's wireless operation.
These and other features, aspects and advantages of the present invention will become better understood with reference to the following description, appended claims and accompanying drawing.
This invention provides a means for wireless communication between the electronics in a paintball marker or gun (“marker”) and paintball loader (“loader”). The wireless communication between the marker and loader may include digital, analog, or optical means.
In well known and common markers, an electronic circuit board resides within the marker. This circuit board accepts trigger and button inputs, alters and filters the inputs as necessary, and sends an electronic output to the marker's solenoid to control the marker's firing sequence. The preferred embodiment of the present invention provides for an additional output from the marker's electronic circuit board(s). This additional output may be broadcast by a wireless transceiver or transmitter contained in the marker. In the circumstance where the wireless transceiver or transmitter resides outside of the marker's primary electronic circuit board(s), the transceiver or transmitter will likely use the markers circuit boards' solenoid outputs to control the transceiver or transmitter's wireless operation.
In well known and common loaders, an electronic circuit board resides within the loader. This circuit board accepts inputs from break-beam sensors or other sources, alters and filters the inputs as necessary, and sends an electronic output to the loader's electronic motor. The output from the loader causes an electric motor to spin. The loader's motor is directly or indirectly connected to paddles which spin to agitate or force the paintballs into a conduit or directly into the marker. The preferred embodiment of the present invention allows for an additional wireless input to the loader's electronic circuit board. This input may either replace inputs used in prior art configurations or be used in addition to the inputs used in prior art loaders. The additional input will exist as a wireless transceiver or receiver contained in the loader. In the circumstance in which the wireless transceiver or receiver resides outside of the loader's primary electronic circuit board, the transceiver or receiver will likely utilize existing inputs on the loader's circuit board to interface with the loader's electronic circuit board(s).
The wireless components in the marker and loader must first establish a common frequency or address to prevent unintended interference from other units. After this common address or frequency is established, the marker wirelessly transmits a signal to the paintball loading device before, during, or after the marker's firing sequence. This wireless broadcast may be started, aborted, or repeated at any point throughout the marker's firing cycle. In the preferred embodiment, the marker will broadcast to the loader approximately once per firing cycle.
Once the loader's wireless components receive the wireless signal from the marker, the loader's electronic circuit board(s) choose to process or ignore the wireless signal. If the loader chooses to accept and process the wireless signal from the marker, the electronic circuit board(s) on the loader will directly or indirectly send a signal to the loader's electronic motor. At this point, the prior art loading sequence resumes as the loader proceeds to feed a singular or plurality of paintballs into the marker or appropriate conduit. After receipt of the wireless transmission from the marker, the loader could, but not necessarily need to, transmit a wireless response to the marker to acknowledge receipt of the wireless signal. The utilization of the preferred embodiment of the present invention eliminates the need for “passive” sensors and streamlines communication between the marker and loader.
Although the present invention has been described in considerable detail with reference to certain preferred versions thereof, other versions are possible. Therefore, the spirit and scope of the appended claims should not be limited to the description of the preferred versions contained herein.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
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|US6928999||22 Mar 2004||16 Aug 2005||Lien-Chao Hslao||Paintball gun anti-blocking device|
|US6941693||13 Jun 2003||13 Sep 2005||Npf Limited||Paintball guns|
|US7921835 *||15 Sep 2006||12 Apr 2011||Kee Action Sports I Llc||Wireless projectile loader system|
|US20050274371 *||1 Jun 2005||15 Dec 2005||Lubben Curtis R||Paintball backpack hopper with positive feed device to deliver paintballs to a paintball gun without jamming problems|
|US20080047536 *||1 Dec 2005||28 Feb 2008||Jian-Ming Chen||Paintball feeding device of a paintball marker gun|
|U.S. Classification||124/51.1, 124/32, 124/74|
|International Classification||F41B11/00, F41B11/50|
|Cooperative Classification||F41B11/50, F41B11/57|
|12 Nov 2012||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: HTR DEVELOPMENT, LLC, FLORIDA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:HIGGINS, JOHN;LEWIS, KELLY;SIGNING DATES FROM 20091123 TO 20100218;REEL/FRAME:029278/0827
|9 Aug 2017||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8