|Publication number||USRE43245 E1|
|Application number||US 11/603,353|
|Publication date||13 Mar 2012|
|Filing date||22 Nov 2006|
|Priority date||2 Apr 1996|
|Also published as||US6823317|
|Publication number||11603353, 603353, US RE43245 E1, US RE43245E1, US-E1-RE43245, USRE43245 E1, USRE43245E1|
|Inventors||Luc Ouimet, Nicholaos Leoutsarakos|
|Original Assignee||Axxian Technologies Inc.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (53), Non-Patent Citations (48), Referenced by (13), Classifications (20), Legal Events (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This application is a continuation of PCT/CA97/00206 filed Apr. 1, 1997 designating the United States and claiming priority of U.S. provisional patent application serial No. 60/014,531 filed Apr. 2, 1996.
The present invention relates to an urban parking system. More specifically, the present invention relates to an urban parking system in which a wireless network is utilized to communicate vehicle parking status information from a payment terminal to portable checking terminals.
In the present urban parking systems in use in North America, parking is paid for on most urban streets and many city lots by inserting coins into a parking meter assigned to each parking space. A parking warden or checker periodically checks each parking meter and each corresponding parking space to determine if a citation should be written up.
For the motorist, the convenience of being able to pay at the curb and then be on one's way is of great importance.
It is known in the art from U.S. Pat. No. 4,812,805 to LaChat et al. and U.S. Pat. No. 4,876,540 to Berthon et al. to provide portable terminals which receive vehicle parking status data pairs (i.e. vehicle ID number and expiration time) from curbside payment terminals, and to provide a low energy consumption data communication system among the payment terminals. Such an electronic urban parking system is able to comply with the basic requirements for an efficient system, namely, the motorists may pay at a curbside payment terminal and may then be free to go without returning to their vehicle to place a proof of payment instrument, and the portable terminals may be provided with sufficiently accurate data to determine with reasonable accuracy whether a vehicle's parking is paid for.
However, in larger urban areas, Applicants have determined that a large number of payment terminals are required for motorists' convenience, especially when harsh climate conditions of cold, heat and precipitation are common. Motorists may, for convenience, wish to pay for parking indoors or at a payment terminal not immediately associated with the parking space occupied. Since payment may take place far away from the parking space, it is no longer sufficient for a parking warden to acquire local information from neighboring curbside payment terminals. For these reasons, it is desirable to make large areas, such as entire business districts, into individual parking zones and permit payment of parking from any terminal in the zone, or even from outside the zone. To accommodate such marketing, a large number of payment terminals needs to provide data to a large number of portable terminals and at longer distances.
Under such circumstances, the amount of vehicle data received from the payment terminals and transferred to portable checking terminals requires special consideration for efficient handling. It has been determined that the known handling of parking data, i.e. either transmission from the payment terminal periodically to an individual portable terminal or transmission from the payment terminal upon request to the requesting portable terminal, cannot efficiently handle the required large amount of data transfer when a large number of payment terminals are used and when parking zones encompass a number of payment terminals. In addition, data transferred locally from a payment terminal to portable terminals periodically and upon request is neither complete nor up to date when motorists are allowed to park anywhere within a zone including many payment terminals.
It is an object of the present invention to provide an urban parking system of the type having curbside payment terminals and portable electronic wireless terminals in which data relating to parking payment is efficiently handled.
It is a further object of the present invention to make use of a public wireless network in such an urban parking system.
It is yet another object of the present invention to provide an urban parking system of the type having curbside payment terminals and portable electronic wireless terminals in which, in response payment made at one of the payment terminals, data is automatically transmitted concerning the payment made to all portable terminals by wireless means.
It is a further object of the invention to provide an urban parking system of the type having curbside payment terminals, a central control system connected to a wireless transmitter and portable electronic wireless terminals, which cooperate in unison to handle data relating to parking payment efficiently.
According to the invention, there is provided an urban parking system comprising: a wireless network covering a large local geographic area; a large number of payment terminals provided in the geographic area each located near a plurality of parking spaces, each payment terminal comprising data collection means for gathering parking data from a motorist, the parking data including at least one of vehicle identification data and parking space identification data; communication means for transferring the parking data from the data collection means to the wireless network in response to payment made at the payment terminals; a plurality of portable terminals for use by parking wardens inspecting the parking spaces of the geographic area, the portable terminals including wireless communication means, a memory for storing the parking data, and a user interface means; and broadcast means associated with the wireless network for transmitting the parking data substantially upon receipt from the communication means to the portable terminals in the geographic area.
The invention also provides a method of communicating vehicle parking data in an urban parking system, the method comprising the steps of: providing a wireless network covering a large local geographic area; providing a large number of payment terminals provided in the local geographic area each located near a plurality of parking spaces; gathering parking data from motorists at the payment terminals, the parking data including at least one of vehicle identification data and parking space identification data; transferring the parking data from the payment terminals to the wireless network in response to payment made at the payment terminals; providing a plurality of portable terminals for use by parking wardens inspecting the parking spaces of the local geographic area; and using the wireless network to transmit the parking data substantially upon receipt from the payment terminals to the portable terminals in the local geographic area.
The invention will be better understood by way of the following description of a preferred embodiment of the invention with reference to the appended drawings, in which:
As shown in
The parking system 10 has a central control computer 16, which in the preferred embodiment is a network of computers, for recording parking data in a database 17. The parking data is broadcast from transmitter 14 to a number of mobile terminals 18 used by parking wardens. The terminals 18 are illustrated as being numbered from 1 through N. In the preferred embodiment, a payment terminal 12 sends parking data for each vehicle parked to all mobile terminals by sending a packet to a group address shared by the mobile terminals 18 as well as the central computer 16. In this way, the payment terminal 12 controls the flow of data to the mobile terminals 18 and the central computer has no control over directing data transmission. For security purposes, the parking data is encrypted before transmission.
The central computer 16 also processes other transactions, such as credit card and bank card purchases handled via a bank link or gateway 20. The public can inquire about parking status and citation status by a public access computer equipped with Internet capability and/or with DTMF responsive automated voice communications. The mobile terminals 18 have docking stations 28 for recharging batteries and for providing a continued wired link between the parking data being received by computer 16 and the mobile terminals 18.
As illustrated in
With reference to
As illustrated in
As can be appreciated, in the case that a payment terminal works only with smart cards already programmed with license plate data and loaded with funds, a much smaller payment terminal may be provided which could be mounted to a building wall, a lamp post or to a former parking meter post. Such a compact terminal would contain the wireless modem 41, the smart card reader 33′ and a much simpler display screen and key pad entry device. Such a terminal could be battery powered and powered up only during use. The only input required from the motorist would be parking time. Of course, if a motorist needed to load more funds onto a card, the full featured payment terminal 12 as illustrated would be used.
As illustrated in
For security purposes, the user interface of terminal 18 will only operate in the preferred embodiment when the parking warden inserts a personal identification smart card into the reader 53 and then enters a personal identification code using the key pad 51. If the smart card is removed from the reader during normal use of the terminal 18, the terminal is locked out.
The operation of receiving parking data packets via modem 52 from the public wireless network broadcasts takes place continuously in the background without interruption. In the preferred embodiment, the portable terminals 18 have a computer memory able to store data on all parked vehicles in a jurisdiction or geographical area. The parking warden enter a license plate number, using one of the keypad 51, the microphone on the headset 59 or the camera connected to 56, and the portable terminal return the information available on the vehicle. If no match is found for the vehicle, the closest matches in the database are returned. For each vehicle, the data retrieved and displayed on the LCD screen 51 is that contained in the database, namely the vehicle plate number, the time when parking was purchased, the duration, and the payment terminal used. The warden examines the data and decides whether a citation should be issued. In the case that a citation is issued, the portable terminal is used to prepare the citation by filling in extra data, as would normally be done with a manually prepared citation, such as vehicle location, vehicle color, make, model, and the exact nature of the parking violation. The latter is important since even vehicles having parking paid for may be found in special parking zones where there is a shorter parking limit, or a restriction to commercial vehicles only.
The portable terminal 18 also provides the parking warden with the ability to cancel or correct citations. If a motorist wishes to settle a citation on the spot, the portable terminal is equipped with both a smart card reader 53 and a swipe card reader 55 which may be used to accept funds from the motorist, the financial transaction being preferably immediately processed by wireless communication with the banking institutions via the central computer 16. Whether a parking warden issues a citation, cancels a citation and/or settles a citation, the citation data can be stored for communication from the terminal 18 to the central computer 16 for audit and accounting purposes. If a parking warden issues a citation, and within a short grace period of five minutes or less, the motorist goes to a payment terminal 12 to pay for parking, the citation is automatically canceled, according to the preferred embodiment. This is the case since it is considered plausible that a motorist may be en route to a payment terminal when the parking warden checks the vehicle. In the preferred embodiment, the citation is canceled, although a small surcharge of an extra amount, for example 25 cents, may be applied, especially if the time elapsed is close to the maximum grace period limit. The central computer may also keep a record of such automatically canceled citations and report any vehicle that regularly receives such citations, since this would be a sign of likely abuse by a motorist keeping watch on the vehicle while not having paid for parking.
As can be appreciated, the motorist could be requested to enter parking space identification data instead of vehicle identification data, and spaces could be checked instead of vehicles. In the preferred embodiment, vehicles are checked instead of curbside parking spaces, and vehicles may park anywhere within a curbside parking zone without needing to fit into a predetermined parking space.
The payment terminals in the preferred embodiment dispense and sell the parking smart cards. Storage of vehicle identification data in the cards is optional. The telecommunications system connecting the central computer to the payment terminals may be used to transmit video advertising data for display on the screens of the payment terminals when the terminals are not in use. A schedule for presenting advertising video may be provided for displaying ads at specific times of day or at a specific frequency. The schedules and video data can be updated as desired from the central computer. The payment terminals may print advertising on the receipts given to motorists, or the reverse side of the receipts may contain printed advertising. The central computer may send to the payment terminals parking tariff tables to change parking rates as desired, or to accommodate special events.
Although the invention has been described above with reference to a preferred embodiment, it is to be understood that the above description is intended merely to illustrate the invention and not to limit the scope of the invention as defined in the appended claims.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4297683 *||6 Mar 1980||27 Oct 1981||Roberts Ralph R||Vandal alarm system for parking meters|
|US4310890||22 May 1979||12 Jan 1982||Trehn Karl B||Parking system|
|US4379334||28 Oct 1980||5 Apr 1983||Allright Auto Parks, Inc.||Electronic parking meter|
|US4460965||6 Feb 1981||17 Jul 1984||Trehn Karl B||Device for the use of and easily carried by an individual|
|US4500880||6 Jul 1981||19 Feb 1985||Motorola, Inc.||Real time, computer-driven retail pricing display system|
|US4555618||2 Jun 1983||26 Nov 1985||R L Associates||Method and means for collecting highway tolls|
|US4603390 *||5 Mar 1984||29 Jul 1986||Soft Plus Corp.||Computerized parking system|
|US4742426 *||27 Mar 1987||3 May 1988||Emhart Industries, Inc.||Electronic locking apparatus|
|US4777354 *||27 Jan 1986||11 Oct 1988||Barry Thomas||System for controlling the supply of utility services to consumers|
|US4812805 *||2 Jul 1986||14 Mar 1989||Flonic||System for interconnecting parking meters having a memory|
|US4828406 *||16 Jul 1986||9 May 1989||Citisource Inc.||Portable ticket issuing device|
|US4861971 *||17 Sep 1987||29 Aug 1989||Chan Mike T||Parking meters capable of being operated without monetary coins|
|US4872149||25 Mar 1988||3 Oct 1989||Pom, Incorporated||Electronic advertising system for solar powered parking meter|
|US4876540 *||22 Aug 1988||24 Oct 1989||Flonic||System for controlling metered parking|
|US4888709||27 Mar 1987||19 Dec 1989||Viscom Systems, Inc.||Electronic product information display system|
|US4937586 *||6 Jan 1988||26 Jun 1990||Stevens John K||Radio broadcast communication systems with multiple loop antennas|
|US4965551 *||5 Dec 1988||23 Oct 1990||Richard Box||Burglar alarm system for multi-unit mailboxes|
|US5003520||11 May 1988||26 Mar 1991||Societe Internationale Pour L'innovation S.A.||Time accounting system, in particular for parking subject to charge|
|US5012514 *||26 Jun 1990||30 Apr 1991||Paul Renton||Hard drive security system|
|US5019811||18 Nov 1988||28 May 1991||Unigrafic Ag||Device for marking edges of shelves|
|US5029094||24 Jul 1989||2 Jul 1991||Wong Edward Y||Computerized parking meter system|
|US5103957 *||5 Jul 1991||14 Apr 1992||Am/Pm Parking Systems, Inc.||Programmable electronic parking meter with communications interface|
|US5150116||12 Apr 1990||22 Sep 1992||West Harold B||Traffic-light timed advertising center|
|US5166680 *||31 May 1990||24 Nov 1992||Ganis - Smart Park Systems Ltd.||Portable parking meter device and method of operating same|
|US5204663 *||18 Oct 1991||20 Apr 1993||Applied Systems Institute, Inc.||Smart card access control system|
|US5266947 *||12 Dec 1991||30 Nov 1993||Max Inc.||Parking data transfer system|
|US5309414||27 Apr 1993||3 May 1994||Neilson Chiu||Simple and portable parking meter|
|US5339000||20 Jul 1992||16 Aug 1994||Easy Park Ltd.||System for monitoring parked vehicles|
|US5339250 *||22 Oct 1992||16 Aug 1994||Inn Room Systems, Inc.||Interactive network for remotely controlled hotel vending systems|
|US5402475 *||31 Mar 1993||28 Mar 1995||Schlumberger Technologies, Inc.||Monitoring and control of parking management system by remote|
|US5408078||25 Apr 1994||18 Apr 1995||Telxon Corporation||Portable point of sale terminal|
|US5414624||8 Nov 1993||9 May 1995||Avid Systems Corporation||Automated vehicle parking system|
|US5434399 *||31 May 1994||18 Jul 1995||Schlumberger Industries||Device for controlling selective access to at least two compartments inside an enclosure|
|US5442348 *||12 Mar 1993||15 Aug 1995||Park-A-Tron Limited Liability Company||Computerized parking meter|
|US5465085||22 Feb 1994||7 Nov 1995||Display Network, Inc.||Retail store display system|
|US5469499 *||29 Nov 1993||21 Nov 1995||Lanning; Leif||System for securing access to equipment connectable to a telephone communication channel|
|US5552776 *||24 Jun 1994||3 Sep 1996||Z-Microsystems||Enhanced security system for computing devices|
|US5646853 *||16 Jul 1992||8 Jul 1997||Hitachi, Ltd.||Traffic control system|
|US5648906 *||31 Jul 1995||15 Jul 1997||Amirpanahi; Fardosht||Networked computerized parking system of networked computerized parking meters and a method of operating said system|
|US5708423 *||9 May 1995||13 Jan 1998||Sensormatic Electronics Corporation||Zone-Based asset tracking and control system|
|US5720012 *||27 Jan 1997||17 Feb 1998||Xerox Corporation||Security module for a printing apparatus|
|US5726885 *||23 Aug 1995||10 Mar 1998||Daimler-Benz Ag||Hire vehicle transportation system|
|US5740050 *||27 Sep 1996||14 Apr 1998||Pom Incorporated||Parking enforcement system|
|US5845268 *||2 Jan 1996||1 Dec 1998||Moore; Steven Jerome||Parking management system|
|US6102285 *||20 Apr 1998||15 Aug 2000||Elias; Josef||Parking meter system|
|US6317721 *||22 Aug 1995||13 Nov 2001||Texas Instruments Incorporated||Transaction accounting of toll transactions in transponder systems|
|US6418326 *||5 Jun 1998||9 Jul 2002||Nokia Mobile Phones Limited||Method for using applications in a mobile station, a mobile station, and a system for effecting payments|
|FR2600448A1||Title not available|
|GB2274523A||Title not available|
|GB2284290A||Title not available|
|JPH0668395A||Title not available|
|WO1993020539A1 *||23 Mar 1993||14 Oct 1993||Tommy Jonsson||Parking system|
|WO1994007206A1||13 Sep 1993||31 Mar 1994||At/Comm Incorporated||Electronic parking and dispatching management method and apparatus|
|1||*||"Cellular Digital Packet Data", Nov. 15, 1993, Network Computing,Network Computing, p. 78.|
|2||*||"Electronics Tolls #2: AT/COMM To Test ETC Parking Systems For Boston Customers", Jun. 20, 1994, Inside IVHS, V. 4, N. 13.|
|3||*||"New Parking, Traffic Fines System is Now in Operation," Jerusalem Post. Jul. 5, 1990.|
|4||*||"Philadelphia Area Companies Attract 22.3 Million in Venture Capital", Mar. 11, 1996, Philadelphia Inquirer, p. N/A.|
|5||*||"The long arm of the law," Forbes, Mar. 11, 1985 [Dialog].|
|6||Brochure "A new Generation in Parking" by Natan Tomer Engineering-Tel Aviv, Israel.|
|7||Brochure "Another milestone with integrated solarpanel" By Dambach-Werke GmbH, Gaggenay, Germany.|
|8||Brochure "Autoparq" by Duncan, Harrison, Arkansas 72601, USA.|
|9||Brochure "Cash & Card".|
|10||Brochure "Control space and time" by CSI Parking Systems Inc.|
|11||Brochure "Falcon Pay and Display/Multi-Space", by Harrison, Arkansas 72601, USA.|
|12||Brochure "Flexipark 3000" by Wellman West Yorkshire, England HX2 6JB.|
|13||Brochure "Horosage Product Line", by Sagem S.A.|
|14||Brochure "International Parking Systems" by International Parking Systems, Inc. Florida 32903-3386, USA.|
|15||Brochure "Introducing POM's New APM-2X and APM-4X, Meter System", By Pom, Russellville, AR 72801, USA.|
|16||Brochure "Micropark Ticket Vendor", by PM Controls Ltd., Stockport, England.|
|17||Brochure "MP 104", by Cale.|
|18||Brochure "MS SITY XSIXL", The New Generation of pay and display machines, by Siemens-Germany.|
|19||Brochure "Norbill 2000" by Nortronic AS, Stavanger, Norway.|
|20||Brochure "Parking Meter Housing, Model 70 Single", by Duncan, Harrison, Arkansas 72601, USA.|
|21||Brochure "Parking Vending Machine" by Nagler Metal Technik, 92706 Lube-Wildenau, Germany.|
|22||Brochure "ParkSmart Network", , by MeterVision, USA.|
|23||Brochure "Pay & Display Machine" by Amper Ciudad.|
|24||Brochure "Pay & Display/Pay-by-Stall", By Digital Pioneer Technology Corporation, Edmonton, Alta, Canada.|
|25||Brochure "Pay and Display machine PRISMA" by Siemsens.|
|26||Brochure "PCARD, in-card electronic parking meter" by Tactel Ltd, a subsidiary of Tadiran.|
|27||Brochure "PIAF, Your personal smart card parking meter" by Innovatron Systèmes Urbains, Cavaillon, France.|
|28||Brochure "Radio-Park" by Schick Electronic SA. Switzerland.|
|29||Brochure "Smart Park", by Forum Technology Corporation. Tenafly, N' J' 97670, USA.|
|30||Brochure "Stelio The Pay & Display Terminal to Enhance your Parking Strategy" by Schlumberger Electronic Transactions.|
|31||Brochure "Tech P Park" TP-1000, Baltvagen 17A, S-191 43 Sollentuna, Switzerland.|
|32||Brochure "The Mackay Guardian", by J.J. MacKay Canada Ltd., New Glasgow, N.S.|
|33||Brochure "The Ultimate for Revenue Collection and Control", by Metric Parking England GL7 1YG.|
|34||Brochure "Ultimate solution for on-street parking, Pay & Display in conbination with the versatility of the CAR-D-PARK", By Amano.|
|35||Brochure "Vision pay and display" from Alfia Services Ltd., Bristol BS15 4PQ, England.|
|36||Brochure Concept HITPARC by CGA, pp. 16-17.|
|37||Brochure Reino "The world most advanced parking meter" by Reinhardt, Chatswood NSW 2067, Australia.|
|38||Brochure The park-Ur-Self System IV, by the Park-Ur-Self System Inc., Novato, CA 94949, USA.|
|39||*||Freed, David. "L.A. Plans to Grant Working Press Break on Some Parking Ordinances," The Los Angeles Times. Dec. 18, 1986.|
|40||*||Grace, Tim, "City Brings In WAN: System Helps Nab Parking Scofflaws", Mar. 9, 1992, Computer Reseller News, p. 107.|
|41||*||Green, Larry. "Tickets Worth Tens of Millions Chicago in a Jam in Effort to Collect Parking Fines," The Los Angeles Times. Dec. 31, 1988.|
|42||*||Grossman, Elliot. "Police Official Ignores Tickets in Front of Home," Morning Call. Nov. 20, 1993.|
|43||*||Grossman, Elliot. "SEIU Files Grievance Over Parking Issue," Morning Call, Dec. 7, 1993 [Proquest].|
|44||*||Lacey, Marc. "Unpaid Parking Fines May Have Cost L.A. $500,000 Audit . . . " The Los Angeles Times. Sep. 23, 1993.|
|45||*||Meislin, Richard. "Ticket Computer Proving Successful," New York Times Jan. 23, 1986 [Dialog].|
|46||*||Rohrbough, Linda. "Lockheed/AT&T will offer computer svcs to motorists," Newsbyte. Apr. 13, 1992.|
|47||*||Well, Janet. "Berkeley's Parking Meters Will Extend 5-Minute Grace Period," San Francisco Chronicle. Sep. 29, 1994.|
|48||*||Wirtschafter, Jacob. "TA Workers Fired for Fixing Parking Tickets," Jerusalem Post, Jul. 9, 1992 [Proquest].|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US8631921||17 Jul 2012||21 Jan 2014||Duncan Solutions, Inc.||System and method for direct transfer of electronic parking meter data|
|US8662279||10 May 2012||4 Mar 2014||Duncan Solutions, Inc.||Upgraded single space parking meter and method|
|US8684158||10 May 2012||1 Apr 2014||Duncan Solutions, Inc.||Multifunctional electronic parking meter|
|US9123184||20 Dec 2013||1 Sep 2015||Duncan Parking Technologies, Inc.||System and method for direct transfer of electronic parking meter data|
|US9196097||10 May 2012||24 Nov 2015||Duncan Parking Technologies, Inc.||Electronic parking meter with vehicle sensor|
|US9202376 *||28 Aug 2013||1 Dec 2015||David Anthony Evans||Parking management system related to street cleaning|
|US9406056||11 Jul 2012||2 Aug 2016||J.J. Mackay Canada Limited||Parking meter with contactless payment|
|US9443236||7 Jul 2014||13 Sep 2016||J.J. Mackay Canada Limited||Single space parking meter and removable single space parking meter mechanism|
|US9494922||18 Nov 2009||15 Nov 2016||J.J. Mackay Canada Limited||Single space wireless parking with improved antenna placements|
|US9524498||10 May 2012||20 Dec 2016||Duncan Parking Technologies, Inc.||Control system for wireless communication parking meter|
|US9536235||28 Jul 2015||3 Jan 2017||Duncan Parking Technologies, Inc.||System and method for direct transfer of electronic parking meter data|
|US9536370||16 Jan 2015||3 Jan 2017||Duncan Parking Technologies, Inc.||Electronic parking meter mechanism with wireless communication antenna|
|US20120285790 *||10 May 2012||15 Nov 2012||Duncan Solutions, Inc.||Wireless communication parking meter system and method|
|U.S. Classification||705/13, 705/418, 700/237, 340/539.31, 340/5.8, 235/377, 235/382, 340/932.2, 379/106.11|
|International Classification||G06K7/10, B60Q1/48, G06K5/00, G06F17/00, G07B15/00, H04M11/00, G08B1/08, G05B19/00, G07B15/02|
|9 Jul 2012||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|25 Nov 2012||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|