|Publication number||USRE35916 E|
|Application number||US 08/552,486|
|Publication date||6 Oct 1998|
|Filing date||9 Nov 1995|
|Priority date||26 Dec 1991|
|Also published as||US5235633, WO1993013618A1|
|Publication number||08552486, 552486, US RE35916 E, US RE35916E, US-E-RE35916, USRE35916 E, USRE35916E|
|Inventors||Everett Dennison, Edwin L. Nass, Timothy J. Duffy, Gregory T. Pauley, Scott L. Jones, Deborah J. Shale|
|Original Assignee||Dennison; Everett, Nass; Edwin L., Duffy; Timothy J., Pauley; Gregory T., Jones; Scott L., Shale; Deborah J.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (67), Non-Patent Citations (8), Referenced by (110), Classifications (14), Legal Events (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The present invention relates to the general art of cellular mobile radiotelephone (CMR) technology, and to the particular field of managing the calls in a cellular system.
CMR is a rapidly growing telecommunications system. The typical CMR system includes a multiplicity of cells, such as indicated in FIG. 1. A particular geographic area is subdivided into a multiplicity of subareas, with each of the subareas being serviced by a stationary transmitter/receiver setup. The cells are set up to carry signals to and from mobile units M in the range of the cell. If one cell becomes too crowded, it can be divided into smaller cells, by a process known as cell splitting. As can be seen from FIG. 1, any particular geographic area can become quite complicated with cells overlapping each other, and overlapping cells of other neighboring cellular systems. It is noted that the term "cellular" is intended to be a term of convenience, and is not intended to be limiting. The present disclosure is intended to encompass any communication system in which an overall area can be divided into one or more subareas such as shown in FIG. 1.
A typical CMR set up is indicated in FIGS. 2 through 7, and will be described so an understanding of the problem to which this invention is directed can be obtained.
FIGS. 2, 3 and 4 show a typical cellular telephone unit 2 having a unique mobile identification number stored in a suitable location such as an electrically erasable programmable read-only memory (not shown). Telephone units of this kind are known to those skilled in this art, and thus will not be described in detail.
The telephone unit 2 includes a handset 4 having a keypad 5 as well as a speaker 6 and a microphone 7. A transceiver 8, ordinarily built into the telephone unit 2, exchanges signals via an antenna 10 with a mobile telecommunications switching office or MTSO 12 via a cell site 14. A duplexer 15 connects the antenna to the transceiver. The cell site 14 includes an antenna 16 connected to a control terminal 17 via a transceiver 18. The cell 14 is connected to the MTSO via a transmission link 20.
Referring to FIGS. 4, 4A and 5, the operation of the CMR can be understood. The mobile unit M moves about the geographic areas covered by the various cells as indicated in FIG. 1. As that mobile unit moves about, it decodes the overhead message control signals generated by various cell site control channels. The mobile unit locks onto the cell site that is emitting the strongest signal. The mobile unit rescans channels periodically to update its status. If, for example, a fixed-position land-based telephone T is used to call the mobile unit, a signal is sent via landlines L, to the central office CO of a public/switched telephone system (PTSN) 12A. This system then utilizes the switching network SN associated therewith to call the MTSO 12 via a transmission link L1. The MTSO then utilizes its own switching network and generates a page request signal to all cell sites via transmission links, such as the transmission link 20. The cell site which has been notified of the presence of the mobile unit M sends a signal back to the MTSO via the landlines alerting the MTSO of the presence of the mobile unit. The MTSO then orders the mobile unit, via the notifying cell site, to tune to an assigned channel and receive the call. Billing and other business information are recorded in the MTSO at this time.
On the other hand, during call origination, the mobile unit rescans the control channels to determine which is the best server based on signal strength. Upon selecting the best server, the mobile unit transmits call site information on the control channel receive frequency and then receives a voice channel to tune to if the mobile unit is authorized to place a call.
As the mobile unit moves, the signal strength between that mobile unit and the originating cell site changes, and perhaps diminishes. Since signal strength is an inverse function of the square of the distance between the mobile unit and the cell site, signal strength can change rapidly and drastically as the mobile unit moves with respect to the cell site and therefore must be monitored closely. Moreover, signal strength can be strongly affected by terrain, environmental conditions as well as interference from other sources. The MTSO has a signal strength table ST, and signal strength from the mobile unit is constantly compared to acceptable signal strength levels in the table. Such a table can be located in each cell site if desired.
Should signal strength diminish below a preset range, the MTSO generates a "locate request" signal to all cell sites that neighbor the original cell site. Each of such neighboring cell sites receiving a signal from the mobile unit signals the MTSO, and the signal strength from such neighboring cell sites are checked against the signal strength table. The MTSO makes a decision as to which cell site should control the call, and notifies the original cell site to order the mobile unit to retune to a voice channel of the new cell site.
As soon as the mobile unit retunes, the mobile unit completes the call via the new cell site channel. This transfer of control is known as a handoff.
While this method of making switching decisions has worked well in the past, the growth and sophistication of the cellular industry has resulted in severe drawbacks to this method. First, due to uneven terrain, unpredictable environmental conditions, interference and the like, many cellular companies have been required to construct numerous cell sites. These cells often overlap neighboring cell sites and provide redundant coverage. This is extremely expensive, not only from the standpoint of construction costs, but due to monitoring and staffing costs as well. Even at this, conditions can change so rapidly that coverage may still be inconsistent.
Still further, due to idiosyncrasies in terrain and environment, a mobile unit may use a cell that is located far from the mobile unit rather than a cell located immediately adjacent to that mobile unit. Hilly terrain is a common example of this problem. While this may not be a technical problem, it is important because a cellular company cannot assess long distance charges and/or message units to the calls. This deprives the cellular company of income that it could otherwise receive and customers of optimum service. Communities are also deprived of tax income that might be assessed against such calls as well.
Still further, since only signal strength is used to make switching decisions, the location of a caller is not ascertainable. This could be important in keeping track of calls.
Other problems that have been experienced in such cellular systems include the inability to completely control the cell site transmit signal, crosstalk noise interference, dropped calls, overlap and an inability to adequately service areas with undulating terrain without infringing the borders of other cellular territories.
Therefore, there is a need for a cellular system that can provide consistently high quality service, yet can do so with a minimum number of cell sites in a particular geographic area. Still further, there is a need for a cellular system that can accurately assess charges for all CMR services including message units for calls covering a certain distance within the geographic area.
It is a main object of the present invention to provide a cellular system that can provide high quality service using only a minimum number of cell sites within a given geographic area.
It is another object of the present invention to provide a cellular system that can accurately track a mobile unit within the geographic area covered by the cellular system.
It is another object of the present invention to provide a cellular system that can assess charges for calls based on the geographic location of the call.
These, and other, objects are achieved by a cellular system that makes switching and call management decisions based on the location of a mobile unit rather than on the strength of the signal associated with that mobile unit. The exact location of each mobile unit is determined using a Global Positioning System (GPS), LORAN, or other position determining system. The NAVSTAR global positioning system, or GPS, is a system employing ultimately eighteen satellites in twelve hour orbits of 55° inclination. The system is being implemented by the Department of Defense for military use. However, it has a "clear access" (C/A) channel that is available for general civil use. The GPS is a passive navigation system on the part of the user, in that only reception of satellite-transmitted signals is required by the user to compute position. The GPS provides a capability for continuous position determination, and a position can be computed on the order of every second of time, and thus provides a capability of determining the position of a highly mobile vehicle. A full discussion of the GPS is presented in textbooks, such as "Handbook of Modern Electronics and Electrical Engineering," edited by Charles Belove and published in 1986 by Wiley-Interscience (see chapter 54 thereof, the disclosure of which is incorporated herein by reference), and includes a satellite positioned in a geostationary orbit and communicating with ground-based receivers. Based on the signals received from the satellite, the exact position in longitude and latitude, of the ground-based receiver can be determined with an extremely high degree of accuracy and precision.
The exact longitude and latitude of the mobile unit is then communicated to the MTSO, and the cell site that services that particular position is signalled by the MTSO to carry the call associated with the mobile unit. The position of the mobile unit is constantly updated, and call management decisions, such as handoffs, can be made based on the location of the mobile unit rather than the strength of the signal associated with that unit. The MTSO has a look-up table in its data storage facilities that compares positional data from the mobile units to data associated with cell site coverage areas. Based on a look up in this table, the MTSO can select the cell site most appropriate to a call.
Since the position of the mobile unit is known to the MTSO, the assessment of message units, taxes, and other charges can be made. The billing will be more consistent than is possible with present systems. Of course, call routing will be greatly improved in the system of the present invention as compared to prior systems.
Still further, since call management decisions are made based on position of the mobile unit, the number of cell sites can be reduced as communication is not subject to vagaries of weather or the like to the degree that call management decisions based on signal strength are. Even with the reduced number of cell sites, the quality of calls using such a system is improved due to proper handoff. The system is quite flexible, and cell site placement and frequency reuse are extremely efficient since call management is much more precise than in systems that use signal strength to make call management decisions.
The cellular system of the present invention in which call management decisions are made based on position of the mobile unit can reduce or eliminate the provision of cellular service beyond the authorized area, in effect reducing the interference to and from neighboring cellular carriers (reduction of inter-system interference) and more precisely define the inter-system service boundaries and handoff parameters. This system also permits precise definition of service boundaries for individual cell sites thereby allowing for greater system control and the reduction of intra-system interference. Still further, accurate and detailed cell site usage and traffic pattern data can be developed in the present system, thereby enabling accurate and precise control of system growth. The present cellular system can also be real-time tailored based on current cellular use.
FIG. 1 illustrates a geographic area divided into a multiplicity of cells.
FIG. 2 illustrates a typical prior art mobile cellular telephone and its link with a fixed cell site and an MTSO.
FIG. 3 illustrates the mobile unit of the cellular telephone system shown in FIG. 2.
FIG. 4 illustrates a typical prior art cellular system in which a mobile unit can be connected with a fixed-position unit.
FIG. 4A is a block diagram showing systems included in the MTSO shown in FIG. 4.
FIG. 5 is a flow diagram of a call originated by the PTSN (public service telephone network) and a mobile unit using a prior art cellular system.
FIG. 6 is a block diagram of a mobile unit of a cellular telephone system which incorporates a GPS location determining system embodying the present invention.
FIG. 7 illustrates a cellular system incorporating a GPS position locating system for a mobile unit communicating with other units, such as the fixed-position unit shown.
FIG. 7A is a block diagram showing systems included in the MTSO shown in FIG. 7.
FIG. 8 is a block diagram illustrating the cellular system embodying the present invention.
FIG. 9 illustrates a look-up table that is incorporated into the MTSO of the present invention to make call management decisions based on the location of a mobile unit.
FIG. 10 is a block diagram illustrating a landline-to-mobile unit call in which position data are exchanged between the mobile unit and the MTSO.
FIG. 11A and 11B comprise a flow chart illustrating a call sequence between a mobile unit and another unit in which switching decisions are made based on the position of the mobile unit rather than the strength of the signal associated with the mobile unit.
Shown in FIGS. 6, 7 and 7A is a cellular system 20 embodying the present invention. The cellular system 20 uses positional data associated with the mobile unit M' to make call management decisions. To this end, the cellular system 20, while similar in all other respects to the cellular system illustrated in FIGS. 2 and 3, includes means for accurately and precisely determining the exact position of the mobile unit M', and then further includes means for using this positional information to determine which cell site is best suited to handle a call associated with that mobile unit M'.
The means for accurately determining the precise position of the mobile unit includes a Global Positioning System. The GPS includes satellites, such as satellite 22 in geostationary orbit about the earth. Each mobile unit further includes a GPS receiver 24 located between the duplexer and the logic circuitry 25 of the mobile unit. The GPS receiver communicates with the satellite 22 and the exact longitude and latitude of the mobile unit are determined. This information is sent to the MTSO via a cell site, and the MTSO uses a look-up table such as disclosed in FIG. 9, containing the geographic location of each cell site in the cellular system, to determine which cell site is most appropriate for use by the mobile unit. The mobile unit communicates with cell sites using unused bits of the aforediscussed overhead messages to send its positional information to the MTSO when the mobile unit is first activated. This positional information is relayed to the MTSO by the first cell site to communicate with the mobile unit. The MTSO then selects the cell site most appropriate for the mobile unit and hands that mobile unit off to that cell site. The cell sites transmit system service boundaries in their overhead messages that are interpreted by mobile units. The mobile units use the location information supplied by the GPS receiver as opposed to signal strength to determine which system to originate on. Call termination can utilize the paging process as is currently utilized. A response from a mobile unit includes the location information, and the designated control channel instructs the mobile unit to tune to one of its channels. A call in progress utilizes the overhead message of the voice channel to communicate location information. Once a mobile unit that is call processing on a particular site crosses a cell boundary, it is instructed to perform a handoff to the cell that is to service the new location. It is understood that the GPS is used as an example of the preferred source of positional data; however, other sources similar to the GPS can be used without departing from the scope of the present invention. All that is required is that the source of positional data be able to generate precise and accurate locational data on a fixed or a rapidly moving object. It is also helpful, but not absolutely required, that the CMR be only passively involved in the determination of the positional data.
The handoff process is similar to the present handoff processes, except it will be controlled according to position of the mobile unit instead of signal strength. This position information is used to determine call rating and taxing for billing purposes and call routing to make sure that the proper services for that location are provided.
A "locate request" signal is not used, since the exact location of the mobile unit is known to the MTSO. However, as indicated in FIG. 8, a signal strength method can also be used in making call management decisions if suitable. Such a process would be used if the mobile unit moves into a prior art cellular system.
A call using the cellular system of the present invention is illustrated in FIG. 11. Initial communication between a mobile unit and the MTSO is established using the overhead communication network described above. The mobile unit scans marker channels and initially locks onto the cell site that has the strongest signal. This cell site may not be the most appropriate cell site for use by that mobile unit, but it serves as an entrey into the system. Once this initial communication is established, the mobile unit uses the GPS receiver 24 and GPS satellite 22 and to determine its exact longitude and latitude. This information is then relayed to the MTSO using the originating cell site. The MTSO uses this information in conjunction with a look-up table such as shown in FIG. 9 to establish communication between the mobile unit and the cell site most appropriate to that mobile unit. The mobile unit is then handed off to that cell site. A call initiated by that mobile unit is routed through the appropriate cell site.
As indicated in FIG. 11, business information associated with the call, can be recorded at the MTSO. As indicated in FIG. 10, the dotted lines represent data transmission that contains GPS information. It is also noted that since both a position controlled system and a signal strength system are included in the cellular system of the present invention, the MTSO can include a software system in the memory 30 shown in FIG. 8 to use the position controlled system, but to also test signal strength, and to use a signal strength controlled system if a signal still falls below a predetermined value when making call management decisions based on the position of the mobile unit. In this manner, the best of both systems can be obtained.
The system of the present invention can also be used to allow a mobile to place calls only on its home system at the decision of the mobile. The mobile locating features of the system could also be important in other contexts, such as emergencies or the like.
It is understood that while certain forms of the present invention have been illustrated and described herein, it is not to be limited to the specific forms or arrangements of parts described and shown.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4144411 *||22 Sep 1976||13 Mar 1979||Bell Telephone Laboratories, Incorporated||Cellular radiotelephone system structured for flexible use of different cell sizes|
|US4161734 *||17 Oct 1977||17 Jul 1979||General Electric Company||Position surveillance using one active ranging satellite and time of arrival of a signal from an independent satellite|
|US4177466 *||16 Nov 1977||4 Dec 1979||Lo-Jack Corporation||Auto theft detection system|
|US4229620 *||9 Nov 1978||21 Oct 1980||Bell Telephone Laboratories, Incorporated||Mobile radiotelephone station two-way ranging system|
|US4232317 *||1 Nov 1978||4 Nov 1980||Freeny Jr Charles C||Quantized hyperbolic and inverse hyperbolic object location system|
|US4233473 *||31 Aug 1978||11 Nov 1980||Frost Edward G||Comprehensive automatic mobile radio telephone system|
|US4700374 *||21 Jun 1985||13 Oct 1987||Alcatel N.V.||Mobile telephone location system|
|US4788711 *||25 Nov 1985||29 Nov 1988||Cellular Communications Corporation||Apparatus and method for a cellular freeway emergency telephone service|
|US4799062 *||27 Apr 1987||17 Jan 1989||Axonn Corporation||Radio position determination method and apparatus|
|US4812852 *||20 Feb 1987||14 Mar 1989||Scientific Development Corporation||Locating system and method|
|US4818998 *||31 Mar 1986||4 Apr 1989||Lo-Jack Corporation||Method of and system and apparatus for locating and/or tracking stolen or missing vehicles and the like|
|US4888593 *||15 Dec 1987||19 Dec 1989||Signal Science, Inc.||Time difference of arrival geolocation method, etc.|
|US4908629 *||5 Dec 1988||13 Mar 1990||Lo-Jack Corporation||Apparatus for locating and/or tracking stolen or missing vehicles and the like|
|US4914651 *||20 Sep 1988||3 Apr 1990||Cellular Data, Inc.||Cellular data system|
|US4939522 *||15 May 1989||3 Jul 1990||Bechtel Group, Inc.||Method and system for monitoring vehicle location|
|US4972456 *||10 Feb 1989||20 Nov 1990||Gte Mobilnet Incorporated||Rural radiotelephone system|
|US4977399 *||9 Aug 1988||11 Dec 1990||At&E Corporation||Mobile radio paging test system|
|US5043736 *||27 Jul 1990||27 Aug 1991||Cae-Link Corporation||Cellular position locating system|
|US5054110 *||29 Dec 1989||1 Oct 1991||Motorola, Inc.||Multi-site dispatching system cell registration|
|US5056109 *||7 Nov 1989||8 Oct 1991||Qualcomm, Inc.||Method and apparatus for controlling transmission power in a cdma cellular mobile telephone system|
|US5081667 *||20 Mar 1990||14 Jan 1992||Clifford Electronics, Inc.||System for integrating a cellular telephone with a vehicle security system|
|US5081703 *||27 Jun 1990||14 Jan 1992||Pactel Corporation||Satellite mobile communication system for rural service areas|
|US5086452 *||9 Jun 1989||4 Feb 1992||Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba||Radio telephone system and its control method|
|US5093925 *||25 Apr 1990||3 Mar 1992||Motorola, Inc.||Three dimensional cellular communication system with coordinate offset and frequency reuse|
|US5155689 *||17 Jan 1991||13 Oct 1992||By-Word Technologies, Inc.||Vehicle locating and communicating method and apparatus|
|US5170490 *||28 Sep 1990||8 Dec 1992||Motorola, Inc.||Radio functions due to voice compression|
|US5187805 *||2 Oct 1989||16 Feb 1993||Motorola, Inc.||Telemetry, tracking and control for satellite cellular communication systems|
|US5214789 *||17 Nov 1989||25 May 1993||Uniden America Corporation||Radio channel allocation based on location of mobile users|
|US5218716 *||5 Nov 1990||8 Jun 1993||Motorola, Inc.||Method for locating a communication unit within a multi mode communication system|
|US5222249 *||8 Nov 1990||22 Jun 1993||Motorola, Inc.||Dynamic rf communication resource access by roving mobile units|
|US5223844 *||17 Apr 1992||29 Jun 1993||Auto-Trac, Inc.||Vehicle tracking and security system|
|US5227802 *||23 Dec 1991||13 Jul 1993||Motorola, Inc.||Satellite system cell management|
|US5260968 *||23 Jun 1992||9 Nov 1993||The Regents Of The University Of California||Method and apparatus for multiplexing communications signals through blind adaptive spatial filtering|
|US5278892 *||21 Jan 1993||11 Jan 1994||At&T Bell Laboratories||Mobile telephone system call processing arrangement|
|US5299132 *||28 Jul 1992||29 Mar 1994||By-Word Technologies, Inc.||Vehicle locating and communicating method and apparatus using cellular telephone network|
|US5309474 *||27 Mar 1992||3 May 1994||Qualcomm Incorporated||System and method for generating signal waveforms in a CDMA cellular telephone system|
|US5311197 *||1 Feb 1993||10 May 1994||Trimble Navigation Limited||Event-activated reporting of vehicle location|
|US5315636 *||28 Jun 1991||24 May 1994||Network Access Corporation||Personal telecommunications system|
|US5317323 *||5 Mar 1993||31 May 1994||E-Systems, Inc.||Passive high accuracy geolocation system and method|
|US5319374 *||2 Feb 1993||7 Jun 1994||Trimble Navigation Limited||Precise universal time for vehicles|
|US5321514 *||4 Sep 1992||14 Jun 1994||Radio Telecom & Technology, Inc.||Interactive television and data transmission system|
|US5327144 *||7 May 1993||5 Jul 1994||Associated Rt, Inc.||Cellular telephone location system|
|US5334974 *||6 Feb 1992||2 Aug 1994||Simms James R||Personal security system|
|US5343393 *||4 Jun 1991||30 Aug 1994||Nippondenso Co., Ltd.||Steering angle detecting apparatus for motor vehicles based on the phase difference between a steering angle detection signal and steering angle estimated signal|
|US5343512 *||27 Mar 1992||30 Aug 1994||Motorola, Inc.||Call setup method for use with a network having mobile end users|
|US5361399 *||2 Jun 1992||1 Nov 1994||Pagemart, Inc.||Adaptive communication system for transmitting between base stations and portable transceivers via different data rate communication links|
|US5365450 *||17 Dec 1992||15 Nov 1994||Stanford Telecommunications, Inc.||Hybrid GPS/data line unit for rapid, precise, and robust position determination|
|US5365451 *||4 Mar 1994||15 Nov 1994||Motorola, Inc.||Mobile unit tracking system|
|US5365516 *||16 Aug 1991||15 Nov 1994||Pinpoint Communications, Inc.||Communication system and method for determining the location of a transponder unit|
|US5375140 *||24 Nov 1992||20 Dec 1994||Stanford Telecommunications, Inc.||Wireless direct sequence spread spectrum digital cellular telephone system|
|US5382958 *||14 Feb 1994||17 Jan 1995||Motorola, Inc.||Time transfer position location method and apparatus|
|US5390124 *||1 Dec 1992||14 Feb 1995||Caterpillar Inc.||Method and apparatus for improving the accuracy of position estimates in a satellite based navigation system|
|US5390125 *||18 Feb 1993||14 Feb 1995||Caterpillar Inc.||Vehicle position determination system and method|
|US5390339 *||23 Oct 1991||14 Feb 1995||Motorola Inc.||Method and apparatus for selecting a serving transceiver|
|US5392287 *||5 Mar 1992||21 Feb 1995||Qualcomm Incorporated||Apparatus and method for reducing power consumption in a mobile communications receiver|
|US5396540 *||22 Apr 1994||7 Mar 1995||Rockwell International Corporation||Remote vehicle communications system and method|
|US5398190 *||6 Jan 1994||14 Mar 1995||Hm Holding Corporation||Vehicle locating and communicating method and apparatus|
|US5410728 *||21 Apr 1993||25 Apr 1995||Motorola, Inc.||Satellite cellular telephone and data communication system|
|US5418537 *||18 Nov 1992||23 May 1995||Trimble Navigation, Ltd.||Location of missing vehicles|
|US5430656 *||8 Sep 1993||4 Jul 1995||Dekel; Itzhak||Mobile communications system|
|US5452211 *||10 Aug 1992||19 Sep 1995||Caterpillar Inc.||Method and system for determining vehicle position|
|US5546445 *||23 Oct 1995||13 Aug 1996||Dennison; Everett||Cellular telephone system that uses position of a mobile unit to make call management decisions|
|EP0199266A1 *||15 Apr 1986||29 Oct 1986||Siemens Aktiengesellschaft||Mobile radio system|
|FR398773A *||Title not available|
|GB292182A *||Title not available|
|JPH02210923A *||Title not available|
|WO1992002105A1 *||25 Jul 1991||6 Feb 1992||British Telecommunications Public Limited Company||Location determination and handover in mobile radio systems|
|1||"Billing Systems: they aren't just for billing anymore," Cellular Business, v9, n12, p. 24, Nov., 1992.|
|2||"Real Time," Billing World, Jul. Aug. 1995, pp. 39-40.|
|3||"The Psuedo-Synchronisation, A Costless Feature To Obtain The Gains Of A Synchronised Cellular Network," Nov., 1991, Nice, Valbonne, FR.|
|4||*||AT&T 92 TNT 203 29, Oct. 7, 1992, pp. 17 39, Jun., 1995.|
|5||AT&T 92 TNT 203-29, Oct. 7, 1992, pp. 17-39, Jun., 1995.|
|6||*||Billing Systems: they aren t just for billing anymore, Cellular Business, v9, n12, p. 24, Nov., 1992.|
|7||*||Real Time, Billing World, Jul. Aug. 1995, pp. 39 40.|
|8||*||The Psuedo Synchronisation, A Costless Feature To Obtain The Gains Of A Synchronised Cellular Network, Nov., 1991, Nice, Valbonne, FR.|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US6289297||9 Oct 1998||11 Sep 2001||Microsoft Corporation||Method for reconstructing a video frame received from a video source over a communication channel|
|US6321092||15 Sep 1999||20 Nov 2001||Signal Soft Corporation||Multiple input data management for wireless location-based applications|
|US6385454 *||13 Oct 1998||7 May 2002||Microsoft Corporation||Apparatus and method for management of resources in cellular networks|
|US6393293 *||21 Jan 2000||21 May 2002||Motorola, Inc.||Method for rectangular parameterization of a geographic area using a geolocation algorithm|
|US6400943||9 Jul 1999||4 Jun 2002||Nortel Networks Limited||Method and apparatus for using advanced positioning systems in cellular communication networks|
|US6438136||9 Oct 1998||20 Aug 2002||Microsoft Corporation||Method for scheduling time slots in a communications network channel to support on-going video transmissions|
|US6445701||9 Oct 1998||3 Sep 2002||Microsoft Corporation||Channel access scheme for use in network communications|
|US6490455||29 Jan 1999||3 Dec 2002||Samsung Electronics, Co., Ltd.||Apparatus and method for detecting a mobile phone in idle state|
|US6493338||22 Jun 2000||10 Dec 2002||Airbiquity Inc.||Multichannel in-band signaling for data communications over digital wireless telecommunications networks|
|US6507587||9 Oct 1998||14 Jan 2003||Microsoft Corporation||Method of specifying the amount of bandwidth to reserve for use in network communications|
|US6519004||9 Oct 1998||11 Feb 2003||Microsoft Corporation||Method for transmitting video information over a communication channel|
|US6529823 *||28 Jan 1999||4 Mar 2003||International Business Machines Corporation||Maintaining desired distribution of machines using time multiplexed global positioning system|
|US6591103||30 Jun 1999||8 Jul 2003||International Business Machine Corp.||Wireless telecommunications system and method of operation providing users′ carrier selection in overlapping hetergenous networks|
|US6618363||9 Oct 1998||9 Sep 2003||Microsoft Corporation||Method for adapting video packet generation and transmission rates to available resources in a communications network|
|US6681121||25 Jul 2000||20 Jan 2004||Airbiquity Inc.||Circuitry for activating a modem in a cellular telephone|
|US6690681||21 Mar 2000||10 Feb 2004||Airbiquity Inc.||In-band signaling for data communications over digital wireless telecommunications network|
|US6714789 *||18 Sep 2000||30 Mar 2004||Sprint Spectrum, L.P.||Method and system for inter-frequency handoff and capacity enhancement in a wireless telecommunications network|
|US6754266||9 Oct 1998||22 Jun 2004||Microsoft Corporation||Method and apparatus for use in transmitting video information over a communication network|
|US7009994||11 Dec 2001||7 Mar 2006||Microsoft Corporation||Channel access scheme for use in network communications|
|US7020463||28 Sep 2001||28 Mar 2006||The Directv Group, Inc.||Methodology for mobile user terminals in broadband systems|
|US7075943||9 Dec 2005||11 Jul 2006||Microsoft Corporation||Channel access scheme for use in network communications|
|US7092722||26 Jul 2001||15 Aug 2006||Sprint Spectrum L.P.||Method and system for establishing mobile station active set based on mobile station location|
|US7133685||12 Aug 2005||7 Nov 2006||Openwave Systems Inc.||Monitoring boundary crossings in a wireless network|
|US7151768||26 Apr 2002||19 Dec 2006||Airbiquity, Inc.||In-band signaling for data communications over digital wireless telecommunications networks|
|US7206305||11 Mar 2002||17 Apr 2007||Airbiquity, Inc.||Software code for improved in-band signaling for data communications over digital wireless telecommunications networks|
|US7215965||1 Nov 2001||8 May 2007||Airbiquity Inc.||Facility and method for wireless transmission of location data in a voice channel of a digital wireless telecommunications network|
|US7221669||6 Mar 2002||22 May 2007||Airbiquity, Inc.||Cellular telephone having improved in-band signaling for data communications over digital wireless telecommunications networks|
|US7260399||30 Aug 2004||21 Aug 2007||Sprint Spectrum L.P.||Method and system for asymmetric handoff of wireless communication sessions|
|US7317696||15 Mar 2002||8 Jan 2008||Airbiquity Inc.||Method for in-band signaling of data over digital wireless telecommunications networks|
|US7349705||8 Oct 2002||25 Mar 2008||Bryan Holland||Wireless remote location system and method|
|US7366492||3 May 2002||29 Apr 2008||Verizon Corporate Services Group Inc.||Method and system for mobile location detection using handoff information|
|US7376584||31 Jul 2001||20 May 2008||Verizon Corporate Services Group Inc.||Systems and methods for fulfilling orders using location-based abbreviated dialing|
|US7379729||10 Jun 2004||27 May 2008||Bryan Holland||Locator system|
|US7509134||14 Nov 2006||24 Mar 2009||Airbiquity Inc.||Remote method for wireless transmission of location data|
|US7522927||9 May 2007||21 Apr 2009||Openwave Systems Inc.||Interface for wireless location information|
|US7714778||4 Jun 2001||11 May 2010||Tracbeam Llc||Wireless location gateway and applications therefor|
|US7733853||17 Feb 2009||8 Jun 2010||Airbiquity, Inc.||Voice channel control of wireless packet data communications|
|US7747281||7 Jan 2008||29 Jun 2010||Airbiquity Inc.||Method for in-band signaling of data over digital wireless telecommunications networks|
|US7764231||8 Sep 1997||27 Jul 2010||Tracbeam Llc||Wireless location using multiple mobile station location techniques|
|US7792297||30 Mar 1999||7 Sep 2010||Piccionelli Greg A||System and process for limiting distribution of information on a communication network based on geographic location|
|US7812766||1 Mar 2005||12 Oct 2010||Tracbeam Llc||Locating a mobile station and applications therefor|
|US7848763||12 Feb 2009||7 Dec 2010||Airbiquity Inc.||Method for pulling geographic location data from a remote wireless telecommunications mobile unit|
|US7881263||31 Jul 2007||1 Feb 2011||Sprint Spectrum L.P.||Method for use of azimuth and bearing data to select a serving sector for a mobile station|
|US7903029||16 Aug 2006||8 Mar 2011||Tracbeam Llc||Wireless location routing applications and architecture therefor|
|US7924934||26 May 2006||12 Apr 2011||Airbiquity, Inc.||Time diversity voice channel data communications|
|US7944350||21 May 2010||17 May 2011||Spectrum Tracking Systems, Inc.||Method and system for providing tracking services to locate an asset|
|US7979095||20 Oct 2008||12 Jul 2011||Airbiquity, Inc.||Wireless in-band signaling with in-vehicle systems|
|US7983310||15 Oct 2008||19 Jul 2011||Airbiquity Inc.||Methods for in-band signaling through enhanced variable-rate codecs|
|US8014942||7 Mar 2008||6 Sep 2011||Airbiquity, Inc.||Remote destination programming for vehicle navigation|
|US8032153||14 Jan 2008||4 Oct 2011||Tracbeam Llc||Multiple location estimators for wireless location|
|US8036201||20 Apr 2010||11 Oct 2011||Airbiquity, Inc.||Voice channel control of wireless packet data communications|
|US8036600||1 Apr 2010||11 Oct 2011||Airbiquity, Inc.||Using a bluetooth capable mobile phone to access a remote network|
|US8049617||10 Mar 2011||1 Nov 2011||Spectrum Tracking Systems, Inc.||Method and system for providing tracking services to locate an asset|
|US8060109||31 Oct 2007||15 Nov 2011||Enovsys Llc||Authorized location reporting mobile communication system|
|US8068792||22 Oct 2007||29 Nov 2011||Airbiquity Inc.||In-band signaling for data communications over digital wireless telecommunications networks|
|US8073440||1 Apr 2010||6 Dec 2011||Airbiquity, Inc.||Automatic gain control in a personal navigation device|
|US8082096||28 Jan 2008||20 Dec 2011||Tracbeam Llc||Wireless location routing applications and architecture therefor|
|US8135413||13 Aug 2007||13 Mar 2012||Tracbeam Llc||Platform and applications for wireless location and other complex services|
|US8195093||29 Aug 2011||5 Jun 2012||Darrin Garrett||Using a bluetooth capable mobile phone to access a remote network|
|US8195188||15 Apr 2003||5 Jun 2012||Enovsys Llc||Location reporting satellite paging system with optional blocking of location reporting|
|US8195204||25 Jul 2007||5 Jun 2012||Sprint Spectrum L.P.||Method and apparatus for scanning sectors in order of distance from mobile station|
|US8238934||24 Mar 2008||7 Aug 2012||Bryan Holland||Wireless remote location system and method|
|US8249865||13 Oct 2010||21 Aug 2012||Airbiquity Inc.||Adaptive data transmission for a digital in-band modem operating over a voice channel|
|US8258942||24 Jan 2008||4 Sep 2012||Cellular Tracking Technologies, LLC||Lightweight portable tracking device|
|US8285247||23 May 2008||9 Oct 2012||Bryan Holland||Locator system|
|US8346227||25 Oct 2011||1 Jan 2013||Airbiquity Inc.||Automatic gain control in a navigation device|
|US8369393||9 May 2011||5 Feb 2013||Airbiquity Inc.||Wireless in-band signaling with in-vehicle systems|
|US8418039||13 Jul 2010||9 Apr 2013||Airbiquity Inc.||Efficient error correction scheme for data transmission in a wireless in-band signaling system|
|US8452247||28 Nov 2012||28 May 2013||Airbiquity Inc.||Automatic gain control|
|US8478275||5 Aug 2010||2 Jul 2013||Sprint Spectrum L.P.||Conditional assignment of connection identifiers to help avoid communication errors|
|US8543083||5 Sep 2012||24 Sep 2013||Bryan Holland||Locator system|
|US8559942||31 Jan 2011||15 Oct 2013||Mundi Fomukong||Updating a mobile device's location|
|US8594138||18 Jul 2011||26 Nov 2013||Airbiquity Inc.||Methods for in-band signaling through enhanced variable-rate codecs|
|US8670425||9 Aug 2011||11 Mar 2014||Sprint Spectrum L.P.||Use of past duration of stay as trigger to scan for wireless coverage|
|US8694025||30 Jul 2012||8 Apr 2014||Dennis Dupray||Geographically constrained network services|
|US8706078||7 Mar 2012||22 Apr 2014||Enovsys Llc||Location reporting satellite paging system with privacy feature|
|US8848825||22 Sep 2011||30 Sep 2014||Airbiquity Inc.||Echo cancellation in wireless inband signaling modem|
|US8994591||23 Aug 2010||31 Mar 2015||Tracbeam Llc||Locating a mobile station and applications therefor|
|US9060341||24 May 2010||16 Jun 2015||Tracbeam, Llc||System and method for hybriding wireless location techniques|
|US9078101||28 Mar 2014||7 Jul 2015||Dennis Dupray||Geographically constrained network services|
|US9134398||12 Dec 2011||15 Sep 2015||Tracbeam Llc||Wireless location using network centric location estimators|
|US9237543||24 Apr 2007||12 Jan 2016||Tracbeam, Llc||Wireless location using signal fingerprinting and other location estimators|
|US9277525||15 Mar 2013||1 Mar 2016||Tracbeam, Llc||Wireless location using location estimators|
|US9538493||15 Mar 2013||3 Jan 2017||Finetrak, Llc||Locating a mobile station and applications therefor|
|US9572074||16 Apr 2012||14 Feb 2017||Sprint Spectrum L.P.||Method and apparatus for scanning sectors in order of distance from mobile station|
|US20020093924 *||6 Mar 2002||18 Jul 2002||Integrated Data Communications, Inc.||In-band signaling for data communications over digital wireless telecommunications networks|
|US20020093990 *||11 Mar 2002||18 Jul 2002||Preston Dan A.||In-band signaling for data communications over digital wireless telecommunications networks|
|US20020128018 *||28 Sep 2001||12 Sep 2002||Bybee Michael F.||Methodology for mobile user terminals in broadband systems|
|US20020172193 *||26 Apr 2002||21 Nov 2002||Preston Dan A.||In-band signaling for data communications over digital wireless telecommunications networks|
|US20030013449 *||11 Jul 2001||16 Jan 2003||Hose David A.||Monitoring boundary crossings in a wireless network|
|US20030083080 *||1 Nov 2001||1 May 2003||Airbiquity Inc.||Facility and method for wireless transmission of data|
|US20040203854 *||26 Apr 2002||14 Oct 2004||Nowak Steven P.||Formatting location information based on output device specifications|
|US20050020242 *||10 Jun 2004||27 Jan 2005||Bryan Holland||Locator system|
|US20050144620 *||14 Dec 2004||30 Jun 2005||Fanuc Ltd||Software download system for controller|
|US20050272443 *||12 Aug 2005||8 Dec 2005||Openwave Systems Inc.||Monitoring boundary crossings in a wireless network|
|US20060088048 *||9 Dec 2005||27 Apr 2006||Microsoft Corporation||Channel access scheme for use in network communications|
|US20070072625 *||14 Nov 2006||29 Mar 2007||Airbiquity Inc.||Remote method for wireless transmission of location data|
|US20070213074 *||9 May 2007||13 Sep 2007||Openwave Systems, Inc.||Interface for wireless location information|
|US20080195306 *||7 Mar 2008||14 Aug 2008||Airbiquity Inc.||Remote destination programming for vehicle navigation|
|US20080220794 *||24 Mar 2008||11 Sep 2008||Bryan Holland||Wireless remote location system and method|
|US20080268875 *||23 May 2008||30 Oct 2008||Bryan Holland||Locator system|
|US20090073032 *||29 May 2008||19 Mar 2009||Smc Electronics, Ltd.||Apparatus, system and method for global positioning, monitoring, and communication|
|US20100197322 *||13 Apr 2010||5 Aug 2010||Airbiquity Inc||Method for in-band signaling of data over digital wireless telecommunications networks|
|US20100225472 *||21 May 2010||9 Sep 2010||Culpepper Jerry W||Method and system for providing tracking services to locate an asset|
|US20100273470 *||1 Apr 2010||28 Oct 2010||Airbiquity Inc.||Automatic gain control in a personal navigation device|
|USRE38267 *||18 May 1998||7 Oct 2003||Verizon Laboratories, Inc.||Cellular network-based geographic coverage area reporting method and apparatus|
|USRE44378||25 Sep 2006||16 Jul 2013||Verizon Laboratories Inc.||Cellular network-based location system|
|WO1999051038A2 *||30 Mar 1999||7 Oct 1999||Piccionelli Greg A||Communication network based on geographic location|
|WO1999051038A3 *||30 Mar 1999||31 Aug 2000||Greg A Piccionelli||Communication network based on geographic location|
|WO2002073830A3 *||13 Feb 2002||20 Mar 2003||Hughes Electronics Corp||Method for establishing a connection to a broadband communication platform|
|U.S. Classification||455/456.3, 455/12.1, 455/440, 455/439, 342/357.46, 342/357.29|
|International Classification||H04B7/185, H04W4/02|
|Cooperative Classification||H04W4/02, H04B7/18552, H04B7/18541|
|European Classification||H04B7/185M8B2B, H04B7/185M6B, H04W4/02|
|1 Feb 2001||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|31 Mar 2003||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: SYCORD LIMITED PARTNERSHIP, NEVADA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:SYGNET WIRELESS, INC. AND ITS WHOLLY OWNED SUBSIDIARY, SYGNET COMMUNICATIONS, INC.;DENNISON, EVERETT;DUFFY, TIMOTHY J.;AND OTHERS;REEL/FRAME:013887/0859;SIGNING DATES FROM 19980506 TO 19980605
Owner name: SYCORD LIMITED PARTNERSHIP, NEVADA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:SYGNET WIRELESS, INC. AND ITS WHOLLY OWNED SUBSIDIARY, SYGNET COMMUNICATIONS, INC.;DENNISON, EVERETT;DUFFY, TIMOTHY J.;AND OTHERS;SIGNING DATES FROM 19980506 TO 19980605;REEL/FRAME:013887/0859
|20 Jan 2005||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 12
|7 May 2007||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: EMSAT ADVANCED GEO-LOCATION TECHNOLOGY, LLC, OHIO
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:SYCORD LIMITED PARTNERSHIP (A/K/A SYCORD LP);REEL/FRAME:019254/0455
Effective date: 20070507
|8 Apr 2009||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: SYGNET COMMUNICATIONS, INC., OHIO
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:DENNISON, EVERETT;NASS, EDWIN L.;DUFFY, TIMOTHY J.;AND OTHERS;REEL/FRAME:022520/0350;SIGNING DATES FROM 19911221 TO 19911223