|Publication number||US9282803 B2|
|Application number||US 14/045,231|
|Publication date||15 Mar 2016|
|Filing date||3 Oct 2013|
|Priority date||3 Oct 2013|
|Also published as||US20150097050|
|Publication number||045231, 14045231, US 9282803 B2, US 9282803B2, US-B2-9282803, US9282803 B2, US9282803B2|
|Inventors||Donald John Ciervo|
|Original Assignee||Donald John Ciervo|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Cosmetics have been around for over 3000 years. The Egyptians were the first to use pigments, crushed berries and leaves, and the upper class would purchase makeup from incoming travelers. This not only cost a great deal of money for that time period, but took up to a month or longer to make. At first, men would use makeup by applying galena or kohl (black eye-liner) to create an “almond shaped eye” which resembles the Falcon Eye of the God Horus. Women then began to experiment the use of cosmetics. The application of such substances was with a small stick or wooden needle with an enlarged end creating a cotton bud shape. Along with black eye-liner, the men of ancient Egypt applied green eye shadow/paints, in addition to lip balm or salve colored with natural earth pigments, such as red ochre.
It was said that the natives believed makeup could ward off evil spirits and protect against eye diseases and ocular infections caused by the Nile River. Kohl promoted the production of nitric oxide in the skin which strengthened their immune systems. In addition, the soot found in kohl helped to reduce the damaging effects of sun glare on the eyes. After the ancient Egyptians discovered the use of cosmetics, the word began to spread and new ideas began to form.
Airbrush, in general, was first established by a man named Abner Peeler in 1879 using mostly spare parts from a jewelers workshop. Four years later, a company by the name of Liberty Walkup began marketing his invention. In 1893, Thayer and Chandler art materials presented the first known modern airbrush at the world Columbian Exposition in Chicago. At the time, the airbrush invention had the sleek look of a pen and its functionality was extremely similar to recent airbrush machines in today's society. 1958 began the production of the film Ben-Hur which was completed in 1959 by MGM Studios. Cosmetics were applied using airbrush during the set of this world-renowned film. Makeup artists were told to apply faux tans for the thousands of actors who played minor roles and were said to be acting the part of Romans. The idea of using airbrush with this substance, as a makeshift foundation, worked surprisingly well. It was found that an airbrush can spray cosmetics more precisely, lighter, and efficiently. Airbrush soon became well known for applying cosmetics for Hollywood studios in the mid 1970s. Then it made its way into hair and beauty trade shows and the Bal Masque competitions. Nowadays, airbrush is commonly used for creating temporary tattoos, conventional makeup, fantasy makeup, body art, fingernails, hair, and airbrush tanning.
Sonaer has been making ultrasonic atomizers nozzles since 1997. An ultrasonic atomizer nozzle works by the same principle of wave motion as does all other ultrasonic devices such as liquid processors, welders, surgical tools, dental instruments and the like. It is no secret that an atomizer nozzle is any one of the above-mentioned devices, however, it is made with a hole through the center or a plurality of holes for spraying a liquid. One of the nicest aspects of using an atomizer nozzle is the fact that finer particles are easily produced, and spray is more uniform and efficient when expelled from the tip end without the use of air pressure. Knowing the advantages of an atomizer nozzle, I have invented a cosmetic applicator that contains within an ultrasonic atomizer nozzle with the exception that it does not include the center hole. In addition to the atomizer nozzle, I have invented an applicator hand piece that includes a method of either pouring cosmetics into a well molded into the device or threading a small vial of cosmetic solution to the top of the applicator. Contained along the side of the applicator is a method of turning on the ultrasonic power, thus directing cosmetic solution to the vibrating tip for spraying. This is all accomplished without a hole through the center or along the side of the probe for the liquid and is delivered to the moving tip without the use of air pressure or a pump. The invention I am presenting is truly a unique and novel method for spraying cosmetics.
The object of the invention is to use the latest formulation of cosmetics to efficiently spray and direct small uniform particles onto the skin's surface. It is also an object of the disclosed invention to do the above-mentioned task without the use of an air hose, pressure cylinder, pump or compressor as is commonly used with airbrushing or atomization. Airbrushing is considered state-of-the-art in applying today's cosmetics. Normally with an airbrush paint or cosmetic are held in a glass container attached to the hand piece shaped like a pen and is easy to hold. A compressor located in an area away form the user supplies pressurized air to the airbrush through a tube attached to the rear of the airbrush hand piece. A button is pressed activating a valve to direct air to the tip of the hand piece. This is used to pick up the paint or cosmetic to be sprayed. The liquid air mixture leaves the airbrush with a velocity and angle based on the pressure and tip configuration. The user has to constantly maneuver the airbrush to keep the tube from getting in the way of the subject being covered.
Atomizer nozzles that Sonaer makes have piezoceramics sandwiched between two end masses. The ceramics convert an alternating voltage applied to the ceramics to mechanical motion. This motion is amplified by the shape of the end mass tip. Usually, a smaller diameter end mass amplifies the motion of the ceramics and a larger diameter end mass reduces the motion. Through the center of the atomizer nozzle is an orifice with a means of connecting a liquid line at the back of the nozzle. As liquid is pumped through the center of the probe, mechanical vibrations like that of a piston, pulverize the liquid into a fine particle. Particles that reach the tip are formed into a spray. The sprays for this type of atomization are known to be finer than in air pressurized, water pressurized, and all other methods of mechanical spray. The fine spray is made possible due to the frequency of the nozzle. Typically a nozzle with a higher frequency, makes a smaller particle size than that of a lower frequency. Any atomizer nozzle in the frequency range of 20,000 Hz and higher will make a smaller particles than a mechanical device that spins or vibrates at a frequency lower then 20,000 Hz, including air and liquid assisted atomization.
With the invention I am presenting, the user does not have to worry about the air supply tube, which will get in the way from time to time, or the adjustment of air pressure to the airbrush. Atomizer nozzles which function with liquid being pumped through the center are also not needed. Using skills learned in the trade of airbrushing cosmetics, this invention alleviates obstacles of conventional airbrushing and atomization and gives the applicant a soft delicate spray of material that is uniform and soothing using the principals and properties of ultrasonics. A further understanding of the invention will be better realized by the detailed description of the embodiments below.
Referring now to the drawings wherein like reference characters designate like or corresponding parts throughout, there is illustrated in
In reference to
In order to examine the valve switch plate 170 and how this piece functions in conjunction with liquid delivery and ultrasonic atomization, one can see that the valve switch plate 170 has a pin 180 attached and is actually part of the valve. During assembly the valve switch plate 170 is secured to the cosmetic applicator 80 by use of a roll pin 200. This method allows the valve switch plate 170 to pivot like a seesaw at the point where the roll pin 200 connects to the cosmetic applicator 80. A spring 160 is placed between the valve switch plate 170 and the cosmetic applicator 80, which is sitting in a counter bore 168 keeping the spring 160 secured in position while operating the cosmetic applicator 80. Applying a force to the side 165 of the valve switch plate 170 opposite the spring 160 force, will move the pin 180 away from the front portion 190 of the cosmetic applicator 80. With this force applied by the spring 160 the valve switch plate 170, pin 180 rides inside the front portion 190 of the cosmetic applicator 80 and is kept in place with the roll pin 200. As one side of the valve switch plate 170 goes up the other down and vice-versa. During this period, the pin 180 of the valve switch plate 170 will open and close an orifice 185 that bridges from the front portion 190 and the liquid delivery well 175. With the valve switch plate 170 open, liquids will flow through the orifice 185 from the liquid delivery well 175 and onto the distal tip 150 of the atomizer device 130. At the same time a contact 155 engages connections in the cosmetic applicator 80, enabling power to the driver circuit board 120, which in turn powers up the atomizer device 130 creating ultrasonic vibration and atomizing the liquid deposited on the distal tip 150.
In reference to
In reference the
Referring to the cosmetic applicator 330, a few drops of cosmetic is poured into the liquid delivery well 340. Manipulating the valve switch plate 370 will compress the spring 410 as it moves about the fulcrum pivoting boss 390 which has pin 400 through it. This lever action pulls the valve pin 380 away from the liquid orifice 360 allowing cosmetic to flow through the liquid orifice 360 and deposit onto the distal tip portion 350. At the same time, electrical power is delivered to the device and a mist or spray from the cosmetic will be made. In
In conclusion, I am demonstrating the ability to atomize cosmetics using an ultrasonic atomizer that is commonly known and manufactured by Sonaer, Inc. Many other configurations may be made to the cosmetic applicator such as attaching small bottles or tubes to replace the liquid delivery well, or by adding additional features such as hand grips, for example. I have disclosed the ability to spray liquids, mainly cosmetics, without the use of air pressure, and by using a unique mechanism designed to enable ultrasonic energy to release cosmetics for spraying into fine particles. These fine particles use less material, thus precipitating a cost savings to the user.
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|International Classification||A45D34/04, B05B17/06|
|Cooperative Classification||A45D2200/207, B05B17/0607, A45D34/04, A45D2200/057|