|Publication number||US8092102 B2|
|Application number||US 11/444,277|
|Publication date||10 Jan 2012|
|Filing date||31 May 2006|
|Priority date||31 May 2006|
|Also published as||CA2654422A1, CA2654422C, CN101490786A, CN101490786B, US20070278394, US20110299848, WO2007143134A2, WO2007143134A3|
|Publication number||11444277, 444277, US 8092102 B2, US 8092102B2, US-B2-8092102, US8092102 B2, US8092102B2|
|Inventors||Dongkai Shangguan, Samuel Waising Tam|
|Original Assignee||Flextronics Ap Llc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (50), Non-Patent Citations (41), Referenced by (15), Classifications (15), Legal Events (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1. Field of the Invention
The present invention relates generally to digital cameras, and more particularly to digital camera modules that can be mounted in host electronic devices. Even more particularly, the present invention relates to a process for manufacturing a digital camera module that substantially reduces potential damage to an image capture device during the manufacturing the digital camera or digital camera module.
2. Description of the Background Art
Digital camera modules are currently being incorporated into a variety of electronic devices. Such camera hosting devices include, but are not limited to, cellular telephones, personal digital assistants (PDAs), and computer cams. The demand for digital camera modules continues to grow as the ability to incorporate the camera modules into host devices expands. Therefore, one design goal of digital camera modules is to make them as small as possible so that they will fit into an electronic device without substantially increasing the overall size of the device. Furthermore, it is also desirable to manufacture such digital camera modules as efficiently and robustly as possible. Means for achieving these design goals must, of course, preserve the quality of the image captured by the camera modules.
Typically, digital camera modules include a lens unit, a housing, a circuit substrate, and a solid-state image capture device. Upon assembly, the image capture device is electrically connected to the circuit substrate via a plurality of wire bonds or the like. The circuit substrate is then fixed to the bottom of the housing or the housing is mounted on the circuit substrate. Typically, housings of this type are fabricated (e.g., by injection molding) separately before they are coupled to circuit substrates. After the housing is formed, it is fixed to the circuit substrate by some suitable means such as an adhesive, thermal weld, post/aperture engagement, etc. The lens unit is then adjustably mounted to the opposite end of the housing so that images can be focused onto the image capture device.
The image capture devices are very sensitive, which is a disadvantage in terms of manufacturing time, cost, quality, and yield of the camera module. The image capture device is extremely vulnerable to damage and contamination, particularly before and during the housing attach process. For example, before the housing is attached to the circuit substrate, the wire bonds are exposed to inadvertent contact (e.g., during handling), which can cause damage. Further, the image capture device is vulnerable to contamination from particulate debris caused by the housing attach process. Contamination of the sensor array will block light and cause visible artifacts in every image captured by the device. Obviously, damaged image capture devices causes a decrease in product yield and an increase in labor and material costs.
What is needed therefore, is a method for manufacturing camera modules that reduces the chance of damaging the image capture devices. What is also needed is a method for manufacturing camera modules that results in a higher yield. What is also needed is a method for manufacturing camera modules that results in a faster manufacturing throughput. What is also needed is a less expensive method for manufacturing camera modules.
The present invention overcomes the problems associated with the prior art by providing a digital camera module and a method of manufacturing the camera module, wherein the housing is mounted to the circuit substrate before the image capture device is mounted to the circuit substrate. Mounting the housing onto the circuit substrate before mounting the image capture device onto the circuit substrate prevents the image capture device from being damaged during the housing attachment process. In addition, having the housing attached to the circuit substrate provides a more robust substrate to mount the image capture device on.
The digital camera module includes a circuit substrate, a lens housing mounted on the circuit substrate and an image capture device that is mounted on the circuit substrate. The structure and/or location of the lens housing allows the image capture device to be attached after the housing is mounted on the circuit substrate. In one particular embodiment, the housing is formed on the circuit substrate via a molding process. Alternatively, the housing is formed separately and attached to the circuit substrate as a component part.
In one embodiment, the structure of the housing facilitates the later mounting of the image capture device. The housing includes a bore with a diameter that is larger than a diagonal of the image capture device, so the image capture device can be mounted through the bore. In another embodiment, the position of the housing facilitates the later mounting of the image capture device. The housing is fixed to one surface (e.g., the top) of the circuit substrate and the image capture device is mounted to the opposite surface (e.g., the bottom) of the circuit substrate. In this embodiment, the circuit substrate defines an aperture and the image capture device is mounted so that light passing through the aperture impinges on a light sensitive portion of the image capture device.
A method of manufacturing a camera module is also described. The method includes the steps of providing an image capture device, providing a circuit substrate, mounting a housing on the circuit substrate, and mounting the image capture device on the circuit substrate after the housing is mounted on the circuit substrate. In a particular method, the housing is molded directly on the circuit substrate. Alternatively, the housing is preformed before it is mounted to the circuit substrate.
In another particular method, the image capture device is flip-chip mounted. This particular method includes mounting the housing on a first surface (e.g., top) of the circuit substrate and mounting the image capture device on an opposite (e.g., bottom) surface of the circuit substrate. The image capture device is mounted so that a light sensitive portion of the image capture device faces through an aperture in the circuit substrate.
In another particular method, image capture device is mounted through an opening in the housing. For example, the image capture device can be mounted through a bore in the housing that is adapted to receive a lens unit.
The present invention is described with reference to the following drawings, wherein like reference numbers denote substantially similar elements:
The present invention overcomes the problems associated with the prior art, by providing a system and method for manufacturing a digital camera module, wherein a housing adapted to hold a lens unit is mounted on a substrate prior to mounting an image capture device on the substrate. In the following description, numerous specific details are set forth (e.g., example lens housing structure, etc.) in order to provide a thorough understanding of the invention. Those skilled in the art will recognize, however, that the invention may be practiced apart from these specific details. In other instances, details of well known camera module manufacturing practices (e.g., assembly, circuit fabrication, molding processes, focusing means, etc.) and components have been omitted, so as not to unnecessarily obscure the present invention.
Camera module 100 includes an image capture device 108 (not visible in the view of
As shown in
In this particular embodiment, each image capture device 108 (
It should be noted that contacts 122 need not be formed on the upper surface of image capture device 108 in order to provide for a sufficient electrical connection to circuit substrate 110. For example, image capture device 108 can include a plurality of contacts formed on it's rear surface such that image capture device 108 can be electrically coupled to corresponding contacts 122 of circuit substrate 110 via a solder process, thereby mechanically and electrically coupling image capture device 108 to circuit substrate 112 in a single process.
Image capture device 108 further includes an image capture surface 124 on which images are focused by lens unit 114. What ever particular process is used, image capture device 108 should be mounted so that surface 124 remains substantially perpendicular to optical axis 200, so that surface 124 will lie in the focal plane of lens unit 114.
After image capture device 108 is attached, a lens unit 114 is positioned in each housing 112. The position of lens unit 114 within housing 112 is adjustable to facilitate the focusing of lens unit 114 with respect to image capture device 108. Housing 112 defines a bore 126 that accepts lens barrel 128 of lens unit 114 and facilitates the rotation of lens unit 114 about optical axis 200. Various mechanical adjustment means are known in the art that convert the rotational motion of lens unit 114 into translational motion along optical axis 200. However, no particular adjustment mechanism is shown, because the details of the adjustment mechanism, or even the inclusion of a focus mechanism, are not particularly relevant to the present invention. Lens unit 114 further includes a flange 130 that limits the vertical displacement of lens unit 114 with respect to housing 112 so that lens unit cannot contact and damage image capture device 108.
In this embodiment, image capture device 602 is flip-chip bonded to the bottom surface of substrate 604 after housing 606 is formed/mounted on substrate 604. In this flip-chip bonding method, electrical contacts 614 of image capture device 602 are bonded to electrical contacts (not shown) on the bottom surface of circuit substrate 604. Except as explained below, the structure and assembly of housing 606 and lens unit 608 are substantially the same as housing 112 and lens unit 114, respectively, as described above.
Mounting image capture device 602 to the bottom surface of circuit substrate 604 provides several advantages. For example, because image capture device 602 is not mounted through bore 616 (as in camera module 100), housing 606 and lens unit 608 can be significantly smaller. Note that the diameter of bore 616 is only slightly larger than aperture 610, which is about the same size as image capture surface 612. Thus, the overall footprint of camera module 600 is significantly reduced. Another advantage is that even though housing 606 is attached to circuit substrate 604 prior to attaching image capture device 602, housing 606 does not get in the way when attaching image capture device 602. In fact, housing 606 provides extra support for circuit substrate 604 during the attachment of image capture device 602, thereby making the attachment process more efficient and more reliable.
The connections between contacts 614 of image capture device 602 and traces 700 of circuit substrate 604 are made by gold-stud-bump, thermocompression bonding. A plurality of bumps 702 (e.g., au stud bumps) are formed on contacts 614. Image capture device 602 is then positioned on circuit substrate 604 so that the gold bumps 702 contact traces 700. Then, bonded connections are formed between gold bumps 702 and traces 700 and contacts 614 by applying heat and pressure. Optionally, nonconductive paste (NCP) 706 can be applied between image capture device 602 and circuit substrate 604 as part of the bonding process to further strengthen the bonded connections.
Note that the drawing of
The description of particular embodiments of the present invention is now complete. Many of the described features may be substituted, altered or omitted without departing from the scope of the invention. For example, alternate lens units and housings, may be substituted for the lens units and housing shown. As another example, other processes (e.g., thermosonic bonding) can be used to mount the imagers to the circuit substrates. These and other deviations from the particular embodiments shown will be apparent to those skilled in the art, particularly in view of the foregoing disclosure.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4894707||12 Feb 1988||16 Jan 1990||Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha||Semiconductor device having a light transparent window and a method of producing same|
|US5976912||17 Mar 1995||2 Nov 1999||Hitachi Chemical Company, Ltd.||Fabrication process of semiconductor package and semiconductor package|
|US6122009||30 May 1996||19 Sep 2000||Sony Corporation||Image pickup apparatus fabrication method thereof image pickup adaptor apparatus signal processing apparatus signal processing method thereof information processing apparatus and information processing method|
|US6384397||8 Aug 2000||7 May 2002||National Semiconductor Corporation||Low cost die sized module for imaging application having a lens housing assembly|
|US6414299||7 Feb 2000||2 Jul 2002||Canon Kabushiki Kaisha||Method of mounting optical sensor package|
|US6476417||28 Mar 2001||5 Nov 2002||Fujitsu Limited||Image-pickup semiconductor device having a lens, a light-receiving element and a flexible substrate therebetween with a shading plate blocking undesired light rays|
|US6686588 *||16 Jan 2001||3 Feb 2004||Amkor Technology, Inc.||Optical module with lens integral holder|
|US6734419||28 Jun 2001||11 May 2004||Amkor Technology, Inc.||Method for forming an image sensor package with vision die in lens housing|
|US6741405||27 Mar 2003||25 May 2004||Exquisite Optical Technology Co., Ltd||Hood for a digital image collecting lens|
|US6798031||28 Mar 2002||28 Sep 2004||Fujitsu Limited||Semiconductor device and method for making the same|
|US7009654||18 Jun 2001||7 Mar 2006||Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha||Image pickup apparatus|
|US7061106||28 Apr 2004||13 Jun 2006||Advanced Chip Engineering Technology Inc.||Structure of image sensor module and a method for manufacturing of wafer level package|
|US7091571 *||11 Dec 2003||15 Aug 2006||Amkor Technology, Inc.||Image sensor package and method for manufacture thereof|
|US7122787||22 Apr 2004||17 Oct 2006||Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.||Imaging apparatus with three dimensional circuit board|
|US7199438||23 Sep 2003||3 Apr 2007||Advanced Semiconductor Engineering, Inc.||Overmolded optical package|
|US7579583||1 Nov 2004||25 Aug 2009||Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.||Solid-state imaging apparatus, wiring substrate and methods of manufacturing the same|
|US7583309||27 Jun 2003||1 Sep 2009||Kyocera Coproration||Imaging device package camera module and camera module producing method|
|US7679669||5 Apr 2007||16 Mar 2010||Samsung Electro-Mechanics Co., Ltd.||Camera module package|
|US20020145676||18 Jun 2001||10 Oct 2002||Tetsuya Kuno||Image pickup apparatus|
|US20020167605||8 May 2002||14 Nov 2002||Kazuo Akimoto||Photographing apparatus|
|US20020191103||31 May 2002||19 Dec 2002||Kazuo Akimoto||Solid photographing apparatus|
|US20030071342||28 Mar 2002||17 Apr 2003||Fujitsu Limited||Semiconductor device and method for making the same|
|US20030137595||13 May 1998||24 Jul 2003||Taizo Takachi||Image pickup device and camera|
|US20030146998||23 Jul 2001||7 Aug 2003||Elko Doering||Small-size imaging apparatus, in particular photographic appliance or camera|
|US20030214021||20 May 2002||20 Nov 2003||Stmicroelectronics, Inc.||Molded integrated circuit package with exposed active area|
|US20040012698||1 Mar 2002||22 Jan 2004||Yasuo Suda||Image pickup model and image pickup device|
|US20040027687||3 Jul 2003||12 Feb 2004||Wilfried Bittner||Compact zoom lens barrel and system|
|US20040109079||12 May 2003||10 Jun 2004||Rohm Co., Ltd.||Image sensor module and method of making the same|
|US20040189853||25 Jul 2002||30 Sep 2004||Takashi Takeuchi||Camera module|
|US20050046740||29 Aug 2003||3 Mar 2005||Davis Raymond A..||Apparatus including a dual camera module and method of using the same|
|US20050185088 *||20 Feb 2004||25 Aug 2005||Kale Vidyadhar S.||Integrated lens and chip assembly for a digital camera|
|US20050212947||25 Mar 2005||29 Sep 2005||Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.||Image capture apparatus|
|US20050274883 *||27 May 2005||15 Dec 2005||Canon Kabushiki Kaisha||Imaging and electronic apparatus|
|US20050285016||11 May 2005||29 Dec 2005||Yung-Cheol Kong||Image sensor module structure comprising wire bonding package and method of manufacturing the image sensor module structure|
|US20060006486 *||10 Jun 2005||12 Jan 2006||Byoung-Rim Seo||Image sensor package and method of manufacturing the same|
|US20060028573||7 Jul 2005||9 Feb 2006||Byoung-Rim Seo||Image sensor camera module and method of fabricating the same|
|US20060044450||15 Sep 2003||2 Mar 2006||Koninklijke Philips Electronics, N.C.||Camera device, method of manufacturing a camera device, wafer scale package|
|US20060132644 *||11 Oct 2005||22 Jun 2006||Dongkai Shangguan||Wafer based camera module and method of manufacture|
|US20070058069 *||14 Sep 2005||15 Mar 2007||Po-Hung Chen||Packaging structure of a light sensation module|
|CN1722453A||10 Jun 2005||18 Jan 2006||佳能株式会社||Electronic imaging apparatus|
|EP0813236A1||10 Jun 1997||17 Dec 1997||European Semiconductor Assembly (Eurasem) B.V.||Method for encapsulating an integrated semi-conductor circuit|
|EP1429168A2||8 Dec 2003||16 Jun 2004||Konica Minolta Holdings, Inc.||Image sensing device and portable terminal|
|EP1434426A2||18 Dec 2003||30 Jun 2004||Sanyo Electric Co., Ltd.||Camera module and manufacturing method thereof|
|EP1445803A2||5 Feb 2004||11 Aug 2004||Sharp Corporation||Solid state imaging device with sealing window smaller than the imager chip|
|JP2001292365A||Title not available|
|JP2002252796A||Title not available|
|JP2003078077A||Title not available|
|JP2003131112A||Title not available|
|JP2003219284A||Title not available|
|WO2004027880A2||16 Sep 2003||1 Apr 2004||Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V.||Camera device, method of manufacturing a camera device, wafer scale package|
|1||CN Application No. 20058008990.2, Office Action dated Aug. 1, 2008.|
|2||CN Application No. 20058008990.2, Office Action dated Jun. 12, 2009.|
|3||CN Application No. 200680046525.2, Office Action dated Jul. 10, 2009.|
|4||CN Application No. 200680046525.2, Office Action dated Mar. 25, 2010.|
|5||CN Application No. 200780026542.4, Office Action dated Nov. 13, 2009 (English translation).|
|6||CN Application No. 200910170632.1, Office Action dated Jan. 17, 2011 (English trans).|
|7||EP Application No. 05 713 765.5, Office Action dated Feb. 25, 2010.|
|8||EP Application No. 05 713 765.5, Office Action dated Mar. 17, 2009.|
|9||EP Application No. 05 713 765.5, Supplementary European Search Report dated Dec. 5, 2008.|
|10||EP Application No. 06 816 608.1, European Search Report dated Mar. 10, 2010.|
|11||EP Application No. 10 177 430.5, Supplementary ESR dated Nov. 15, 2010.|
|12||JP Application No. 2006-554218, Office Action dated Dec. 9, 2009.|
|13||JP Application No. 2006-554218, Office Action dated Jul. 28, 2010.|
|14||PCT Application No. PCT/US2005/005139, International Preliminary Report on Patentability dated Jul. 10, 2007.|
|15||PCT Application No. PCT/US2005/005139, International Search Report and Written Opinion dated Jun. 12, 2007.|
|16||PCT Application No. PCT/US2006/039521, International Preliminary Report on Patentability dated Apr. 24, 2008.|
|17||PCT Application No. PCT/US2006/039521, International Search Report and Written Opinion dated Aug. 2, 2007.|
|18||PCT Application No. PCT/US2007/013014, International Preliminary Report on Patentability dated Dec. 18, 2009.|
|19||PCT Application No. PCT/US2007/013014, International Search Report and Written Opinion dated Aug. 27, 2008.|
|20||TW Application No. 095135550, Office Action dated Mar. 25, 2010 (English trans).|
|21||U.S. Appl. No. 10/784,102, Information Disclosure Statement dated Feb. 27, 2009.|
|22||U.S. Appl. No. 10/784,102, Information Disclosure Statement dated Mar. 27, 2006.|
|23||U.S. Appl. No. 10/784,102, Information Disclosure Statement dated Oct. 30, 2007.|
|24||U.S. Appl. No. 10/784,102, Interview Summary dated Apr. 9, 2010.|
|25||U.S. Appl. No. 10/784,102, Interview Summary dated May 20, 2008.|
|26||U.S. Appl. No. 10/784,102, Interview Summary dated Nov. 15, 2007.|
|27||U.S. Appl. No. 10/784,102, Notice of Allowance dated Jun. 10, 2010.|
|28||U.S. Appl. No. 10/784,102, Notice of Allowance dated Sep. 28, 2010.|
|29||U.S. Appl. No. 10/784,102, Office Action dated Dec. 5, 2007.|
|30||U.S. Appl. No. 10/784,102, Office Action dated Jan. 19, 2010.|
|31||U.S. Appl. No. 10/784,102, Office Action dated Jul. 30, 2007.|
|32||U.S. Appl. No. 10/784,102, Office Action dated Mar. 17, 2009.|
|33||U.S. Appl. No. 10/784,102, Office Action dated Nov. 24, 2006.|
|34||U.S. Appl. No. 10/784,102, Office Action dated Sep. 3, 2008.|
|35||U.S. Appl. No. 10/784,102, Office Communication dated Jul. 30, 2010.|
|36||U.S. Appl. No. 11/247,993, Information Disclosure Statement dated Apr. 8, 2010.|
|37||U.S. Appl. No. 11/247,993, Information Disclosure Statement dated Mar. 27, 2006.|
|38||U.S. Appl. No. 11/247,993, Notice of Allowance dated May 4, 2010.|
|39||U.S. Appl. No. 11/247,993, Office Action dated Dec. 26, 2008.|
|40||U.S. Appl. No. 11/247,993, Office Action dated Jan. 6, 2010.|
|41||U.S. Appl. No. 11/247,993, Office Action dated Sep. 10, 2009.|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US8488046||27 Dec 2007||16 Jul 2013||Digitaloptics Corporation||Configurable tele wide module|
|US8564715||5 Aug 2011||22 Oct 2013||Lothar Westerweck||System for stabilizing an optics assembly during translation|
|US8754982 *||4 Oct 2010||17 Jun 2014||Olympus Corporation||Image pickup unit and method of manufacturing the same|
|US8937681||1 Sep 2010||20 Jan 2015||Digitaloptics Corporation||Camera module back-focal length adjustment method and ultra compact components packaging|
|US8947594||5 May 2014||3 Feb 2015||Olympus Corporation||Image pickup unit and method of manufacturing the same|
|US9088705||17 Dec 2013||21 Jul 2015||Amazon Technologies, Inc.||Camera module package with stiffener-mounted image sensor die|
|US9097866 *||9 Aug 2013||4 Aug 2015||Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd.||Optical connector with printed circuit board and lens element bonded to each other|
|US9167161||17 Dec 2013||20 Oct 2015||Amazon Technologies, Inc.||Camera module package with a folded substrate and laterally positioned components|
|US9178093||3 Jul 2012||3 Nov 2015||Flextronics Ap, Llc||Solar cell module on molded lead-frame and method of manufacture|
|US9204025||17 Dec 2013||1 Dec 2015||Amazon Technologies, Inc.||Camera module with a molded enclosure contained in a flexible substrate|
|US9241097||27 Sep 2013||19 Jan 2016||Amazon Technologies, Inc.||Camera module including image sensor die in molded cavity substrate|
|US20090167924 *||27 Dec 2007||2 Jul 2009||Alexander Raschke||Tele wide module|
|US20100325883 *||1 Sep 2010||30 Dec 2010||Flextronics Ap, Llc||Camera module back-focal length adjustment method and ultra compact components packaging|
|US20110085076 *||4 Oct 2010||14 Apr 2011||Olympus Corporation||Image pickup unit and method of manufacturing the same|
|US20140199033 *||9 Aug 2013||17 Jul 2014||Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd.||Optical connector with printed circuit board and lens element bonded to each other|
|U.S. Classification||396/529, 348/340, 257/433, 359/819|
|International Classification||G03B17/00, G03B17/02, H04N5/225|
|Cooperative Classification||H01L2224/05554, Y10T29/49002, H04N5/2257, G03B17/02, H01L2224/48091, H01L2224/48464, H01L2224/49175|
|4 Jun 2007||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: FLEXTRONICS AP LLC, COLORADO
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:SHANGGUAN, DONGKAI;TAM, SAMUEL WAISING;REEL/FRAME:019406/0052;SIGNING DATES FROM 20060710 TO 20060720
Owner name: FLEXTRONICS AP LLC, COLORADO
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:SHANGGUAN, DONGKAI;TAM, SAMUEL WAISING;SIGNING DATES FROM 20060710 TO 20060720;REEL/FRAME:019406/0052
|24 Jun 2015||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4