|Publication number||US681283 A|
|Publication date||27 Aug 1901|
|Filing date||11 Jan 1901|
|Priority date||11 Jan 1901|
|Publication number||US 681283 A, US 681283A, US-A-681283, US681283 A, US681283A|
|Inventors||Jefferson W Waynick|
|Original Assignee||Jefferson W Waynick|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (29), Classifications (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Patented Aug. 27, I90I. J. W. WAYNICK.
WRENCH 0R HOLDER.
(Application led Jan. 11, 1901.
m: mams mms co. Nanaimo.. msumswu, q. c,
UNrTnD STATES ATENT Fries.
JEFFERSON W. VVAYNICK, OF OHARITON, IOWA.
WRENCH OR HOLDER.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 681,283, dated August 27, 1901.
Application led January 1], 1901. Serial No. 43,135. (No model.)
To @ZZ whom it may concern,.-
Be it known that I, JEFFERSON W. WAY- NICK, a citizen of the United States, residing at Ohariton, in the county of Lucas and State of Iowa, have invented a new and useful Wrench orI-Iolder, of which the followingis a specification.
This invention relates to improvements in wrenches or holders, and more particularly to that class used upon round objects, as fruitjars and the like.
The object of the invention is to provide a simple instrument of this character, which may be readily applied to and held in close binding engagement with an object, so that the two will be held in fixed relation to each other and there will be comparatively small chance of slipping.
The invention is especially adapted for use as a wrench for turning on and off the screwthreaded caps of fruit-jars and like receptacles, and when used in this manner it can be rmly gripped upon a cap, so that the same can be readily removed without injury tothe jar and without regard to the manner in which said cap and jar may be engaged.
In the following specification is described the construction and operation of the preferred form of device, and this construction is also illustrated in the accompanying drawings. It will be understood, however, that the form thus shown and described is capable of change and modification Within the scope of the appended claims.
In said drawings, Figure 1 is a perspective view of the improved wrench or holder. Fig. 2 is a longitudinal sectional View ofthe same. Fig. 3 is a cross-section taken on the line X X of Fig. 2.
Similarv numerals of reference designate corresponding parts in the several figures of the drawings.
rl`he improved article comprises, essentially, a clamping member and an adjusting member designated, respectively, 10 and 11. The
clamping member 10 is preferably in the form j of a loop 12, having at one side a shank 13, f formed by the outstanding ends of said loop,
which converge and are secured together to form a single solidv end that is screw-threaded, as at 14. By this means there is practically provided a pair of oppositely-arranged side arms l5, which are adapted to be brought toward each other by means of the adjusting member 11, mounted upon the shank 13. This adjusting member 1l, which also forms an operatinghandle, is in the form of a tubular casing 16, the longitudinal opening 17 of which is adapted to receive the shank 13. In one end of this casing is seated a tapered bearing-sleeve 18, while the other end is provided with a fixed nut 19, preferably set into the end of said casing. The nut 19 receives the screw-threaded portion 14 of the shank, while the divergent or split portion bears against the sleeve 18.
The application and operation of the device will be readily apparent. The loop is arranged about the article to which the device is to be applied, and the adjusting element or handle is turned in a proper direction, so that it will be moved toward the loop, As the sleeve rides over the divergent or split portion of the shank, it will be evident that the side arms will be brought toward each other andthe loop contracted, and thus brought into close binding engagement witli the article. The inner surface of the loop is therefore preferably roughened in a suitable manner. By this means it will be seen that an extremely powerful grip is assured and there is exceedingly small liability of the device slipping. To release the wrench or holder, it is only necessary to rotate the handle in an opposite direction, and the loop being formed of suitable material will expand and disengage from the article.
In Fig. 1 the device is shown as applied to a fruit-jar, the upper portion of said jar being shown in dotted lines. When used in this connection, the loop is contracted until it is in close binding engagement with the same. The handle portion is then turned in the proper direction either to tighten or loosen it, as desired, and the cap will be correspondingly screwed down upon the jar or removed. It will be understood, however, that it is applicable to many different articles and that the construction maybe varied to suit the same, provided such variations are within the scope of the claims hereto appended.
From the foregoing it is thought that the construction, operation, and many advantages of the herein-described invention will IOO be apparent to those skilled in the art without further description, and itwill be understood that various changesin the size, shape, proportion, and minor details of construction may be resorted to without departing from the spirit or sacrificing any of the advantages of the invention.
Having thus described the invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
1. In an article of the class described, the combination with a clamping element having side arms provided with convergent ends and a screw-threaded shank, of a handle rotatably mounted upon the shank and engaging the convergent ends, said handle being provided with a screw-threaded portion, which is rotatable therewith and engages the screwthreads of the shank, whereby upon the rotation of the handle the arms will be brought together or separated.
2. In an article of the class described, the combination with a clamping element, having arms provided with convergent resilient end portions and an integral screw-threaded shank, of a handle rotatably mounted upon the shank and enga-ging the convergent end portions, said handle being provided with a serew-threaded portion thatis rotatable therewith and engages the screw-threads ot' the shank, whereby upon the rotation of said handle the arms will be brought together or separated.
3. In an article of the class described, the combination with a loop, having convergent end portions joined to form a shank, said shank being provided with a screw-threaded portion, of a hollow handle rotatably mounted upon the shank and engaging the convergent end portions of the loop, said handle being provided with a screw-threaded portion that is rotatable therewith and engages the screw-threads of the shank, whereby upon the rotation of said handle the loop will be contracted or expanded.
4. In an article of the class described, the combination with a resilient loop having end portions joined to form an integral shank, the end ot' which is screw-threaded, of a hollow handle mounted upon the said shank, and provided atone end with a screw-threaded portion that is rotatable therewith and engages the screw-threads of the shank, said handle having a tapered portion at its opposite end which engages the `converging end portions of the loop, whereby by rotating said handle the loop will be contracted or expanded. 4
5. In an article of the class described, the combination with a resilient loop having converging end portions joined to form a shank, the end of which is screw-threaded, of ahollow handle mounted upon the shank and having one end bearing against the converging portions of the loop, the other end being pro vided with an angular socket and an angular nut tting in the socket,wherebyit is rotatable with the handle, said nut being threaded upon the screw-threaded end of the shank.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own I have hereto affixed my signature in the presence of two witnesses.
JEFFERSON W. VVAYNICK. iVitnesses:
JOHN G. SANGEP., E. H. STORIE.
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