|Publication number||US5226176 A|
|Application number||US 07/570,293|
|Publication date||6 Jul 1993|
|Filing date||20 Aug 1990|
|Priority date||20 Aug 1990|
|Publication number||07570293, 570293, US 5226176 A, US 5226176A, US-A-5226176, US5226176 A, US5226176A|
|Inventors||William D. Westaway, David P. Roberts, Thomas R. Caron|
|Original Assignee||Microsystems, Inc.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Referenced by (59), Classifications (6), Legal Events (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
______________________________________Field # Element Name Element description______________________________________1 key direct access random key technique2 filepath full file pathname3 filename file being searched4 clustername name of the software "cluster"5 required related software "clusters" which clusters will also have to be loaded in order to assure that the newly loaded software will function6 software load amount of space required by the size software if it were loaded7 software location on either the media or the location network.______________________________________
1. Field of the Invention
The present invention relates to apparatus and methods for providing data and programs to a data processing device, and more particularly, to methods and apparatus for automatically loading missing system software without terminating current processing operations being executed by the data processing device in a data processing system.
2. Art Background
In many data processing systems it is common for a plurality of data processing devices ("agents") to be coupled to a network. System software resources, such as for example, disk drives, tape drives, or optical storage devices such as CD ROMs, may be coupled to the network to provide system software to be accessed and executed by agents coupled to the network. In the event an agent requires certain software for execution, and the software is not available on the agent's local hard disk drive or internal memory, then it accessed from one of the system software resources such as a disk drive, tape drive or the like.
Due to increasing software functionality and the use of high level compilers, software storage requirements have historically increased at a rate which exceeds available on-line storage capabilities. In addition, in an effort to reduce the cost of agents, such as engineering workstations, it is not always possible to keep increasing hard disk drive storage capacity and meet cost reduction requirements, while still fitting all of the required software comprising a part of an operating environment on the system software resource devices. Accordingly, it is common that only a part of the available software and data processing is loaded into the system's software resources. This means that much of the software which comprises the operating system environment and application programs remains unloaded, and therefore not readily accessible, to agents coupled to the data processing system.
Typically, in most software operating environments, a user obtains a message similar to "file not found" or "command not found", when an attempt occurs to access programs which have not yet been loaded onto the system's software resources, In most situations, this prematurely terminates whatever process, programs, or command is being executed. This may be expensive if the process which terminates prematurely has been in progress for a long period of time.
Today, there exists many "indexes" which allow the user to find and load missing software, and tool/utilities which will load the missing programs for the user. However, these indexes do not help the user in cases in which a running process attempts to access software which is missing. Only after the process currently being executed has terminated, can these index tools be used to load the software necessary for the access at some future time in a future process. Therefore, if a running process attempts to access missing software, the operating system typically returns a "file not found" message, and generates a fatal error returned to the running process, instead of finding and loading the required programs without causing a termination of the executing process.
As will be described, the present invention provides apparatus and methods wherein all needed and available software is indexed, such that when encountering missing software during the execution of a process, the currently executing process is suspended, and upon the user's command, the required software and other data is loaded into a system software resource and execution of the suspended processes is resumed. In this way, a user does not lose valuable computer time if he/she did not have the foresight to preload the required software, programs or other data.
Apparatus and methods are disclosed having application for use in data processing systems which include a plurality of data processing devices ("agents") coupled to a communication network and at least one system software resource. The system software resource may comprise a floppy disk drive, hard disk drive, magnetic tape, optical storage device or other data storage device. All programs, data and the like accessible to the system software resource are indexed and "clustered", such that the data/programs are grouped as they relate to one another to assure full functionality of the software being loaded. In the event that the desired program/data to be accessed by an agent is not stored in the system software resource, the method of the present invention includes the steps of suspending any further data processing operations by the agent. The system software resource determines if the desired data is available to the system software resource, by scanning through the index of all available data/programs accessible to the system software resource. In the event that the desired program/data is accessible to the system software resource, the desired data/programs are loaded into the system software resource and data processing operations are then resumed by the agent requiring the data/programs. If the desired data/programs are not available to the system software resource, then the current data processing operations are terminated.
FIG. 1 illustrates a data processing system incorporating the teachings of the present invention.
FIG. 2 is a flow chart illustrating the sequence of operations executed by the present invention in the event a "file/command not found" error occurs.
FIG. 3 is a flow chart illustrating the sequence of operations of the present invention.
FIG. 4 is a flow chart illustrating the sequence of operations of the present invention for loading software into the system software resource.
The detailed descriptions which follow are presented largely in terms of algorithms and symbolic representations of operations of data bits within a computer memory, or operations of a data processing system. These algorithmic descriptions and representations are the means used by those skilled in the data processing arts to most effectively convey the substance of their work to others skilled in the art.
An algorithm is here, and generally, conceived to be a self consistent sequence of steps leading to a desired result. These steps are those requiring physical manipulations of physical quantities. Usually, through not necessarily, these quantities take the form of electrical or magnetic signals capable of being stored, transferred, combined, compared, and otherwise manipulated. It proves convenient at times, principally for reasons of common usage, to refer to these signals as bits, values, elements, symbols, characters, terms, numbers, or the like. It should be borne in mind, however, that all of these and similar terms are to be associated with the appropriate physical quantities and are merely convenient labels applied to these quantities.
Further, the manipulations performed are often referred to in terms, such as adding or comparing, which are commonly associated with mental operations performed by a human operator. No such capability of a human operator is necessary, or desirable in most cases, in any of the operations described herein which form part of the present invention. In the present case, the operations are machine operations. Useful machines for performing the operations of the present invention include general purpose digital computers or other similar devices. In all cases, there should be borne in mind the distinction between the method operations of operating a computer and the method of computation itself. The present invention relates to method steps for operating a computer and processing electrical or other physical signals to generate other desired physical signals.
The present invention also relates to apparatus for performing these operations. This apparatus may be specially constructed for the required purposes or it may comprise a general purpose computer selectively activated or reconfigured by a computer program stored in the computer. The algorithms presented herein are not inherently related to any particular computer or other apparatus. In particular, various general purpose machines may be used with programs in accordance with the teachings herein, or it may prove more convenient to construct more specialized apparatus to perform the required method steps. The required structure for a variety of these machines will appear from the description given below. In addition, the present invention is not described with reference to any particular programming language. It will be appreciated that a variety of programming languages may be used to implement the teachings of the invention as described herein.
In the following description, apparatus and methods are described for providing desired programs/data to a data processing device disposed in a data processing system. In the following description, numerous details are set forth such as computer and storage device operations such as loading, storing, etc. in order to provide a more thorough understanding of the present invention. However, it will be apparent to one skilled in the art that the present invention may be practiced without these specific details. In other instances, well known circuits and structures are not described in detail and are shown in block diagram form in order not to obscure the present invention unnecessarily.
Referring now to FIG. 1, a data processing system incorporating the teachings of the present invention is shown. As illustrated, the data processing system includes a local area network which comprises a cable 10 to which engineering workstations, 12, 14, 16 and 18 are coupled. Presently, engineering workstations comprise computers manufactured by the assignee of the subject application, Sun Microsystems, Inc. However, it will be appreciated by one skilled in the art that the workstation may comprise any data processing resource, computer or specialized data processing device. System software resources, such as for example, hard disk drive 20, floppy disk drive 21, tape drive 22 and optical storage device 24 are also coupled to the cable 10 and provide data and/or programs to the workstations, as needed during the execution of data processing operations by the individual workstations. The server 26 is also coupled to the cable 10 for providing other centralized data processing facilities and resources, as is well known.
As previously discussed, it is common for data processing systems, such as that illustrated in FIG. 1, to have insufficient data storage capacity in the hard disk drive, floppy disk drive, tape drive and/or optical storage device to provide immediate access to all data and/or programs required by the workstations 12, 14, 16 and 18. In accordance with the teachings of the present invention, all data and programs accessible to the system software resources, namely, disk 20, disk 21, tape drive 22 and optical storage 24 are indexed and stored either locally at each workstation, or alternatively, at the server 26. One example of a data record comprising the index is illustrated below. It will be appreciated, however, that the following is for illustration only, and that the present invention may be utilized using any other equivalent indexing technique.
______________________________________Field # Element Name Element description______________________________________1 key direct access random key technique2 filepath full file pathname3 filename file being searched4 clustername name of the software "cluster"5 required related software "clusters" which clusters will also have to be loaded in order to assure that the newly loaded software will function6 software load amount of space required by the size software if it were loaded7 software location on either the media or the location network______________________________________
As will be appreciated from the above sample index data record, the data fields for the index identify the data or program which is accessible to the system software resource by "file name" and its "file path" (the file path guarantees that the file is uniquely identified). In addition, the data or programs are "clustered", such that if one block of programs or software within the cluster is loaded, any additional blocks or clusters of software required for full operation of the process being executed by the workstation is also loaded. As indicated, the index further identifies the software load size to ensure that there is sufficient storage space in the hard disk, tape drive or the like to load the needed programs and/or software.
Referring now to FIG. 2, the overall sequence of operation of the present invention is illustrated. In the figure, the file system software of the operating system utilized by the data processing system in FIG. 1 detects any "file/command not found" error condition, such that this condition is intercepted and the current process being executed by, for example workstation 12, is suspended. In other words, in the event data and/or programs required for the continued operation and processing of the program being executed by workstation 12 is not available from the system software resources, such as hard disk 20, floppy disk 21, optical storage 24, or tape 22, then the data processing operation of workstation 12 is suspended. The workstation then determines if the data and/or programs required for the continued execution of the desired process is available by scanning through the index. If the missing data and/or programs are not found in the index, then a return occurs to the "fatal" error condition ("file/command not found return code"), and the process to be executed by the workstation is terminated. However, if the desired data/programs is found in the index (or set of indices), then the user is asked if it is desired to continue with the execution of the program by the workstation. If the user wishes to continue with the execution of the program, the requisite data/program is identified by software cluster and type and the desired data/program is then either loaded from a removeable media source (such as a floppy disk drive, tape or optical storage device), or loaded from a network interface. Once successfully acquired by the particular system software resource, the workstation reissues a "file system request" for the missing file, and if successfully accessed (which it should now be), a return code is sent to the workstation such that the desired data/program is provided and execution of the program may continue.
It will be noted that during the process of loading the removeable media (such as floppy disk 21 or tape 22) that the load device "state" must be saved to allow the removal of any media which might currently be in the load device. For example, the tape file number or diskette number must be stored as well as the record/sector numbers or any other physical attributes which are needed to relay or restore the devices' physical state once the missing software has been loaded.
Reference is made to FIG. 4 in which a request is made for proper media (e.g. a tape, disk or optical storage) to be inserted or loaded into the load device. If the load is successful, then the appropriate program/software are loaded into the system and accessed by the requesting workstation. Once the desired data/program is accessed by the workstation, a request is made by the user (or workstation) to request removal of the particular media and return the load device to its original state (i.e. reinsert any media which had to be removed in order to load the missing software).
Referring now to FIG. 3, an alternate embodiment of the present invention is illustrated in which the workstation (for example, workstation 16) obtains an operating system "missing file/command" indicating that needed data/programs are not stored in the system's software resources. In such event, execution of the process by the workstation is suspended and it is determined whether an appropriate load device (removeable device) is available. If the load device is available, then the software if available is loaded, and if the load is successful, then the workstation 16 accesses the necessary data/programs and continues execution of the process. This process is iterative and will be performed for each occurrence when the load device is not available. However, as shown in FIG. 3, in the event that the load device is not available, a determination is made as to whether or not the load device is currently "owned" by another process, meaning that the particular load device is currently busy. If another process is not using the particular load device (for example, tape drive 22), then the current state of the device is saved and the media (e.g. tape) is removed. The appropriate media storing the desired data/programs is loaded onto the load device comprising the system software resource, and the data/program is then accessed by the workstation. As shown in FIG. 3, the original media is then reloaded onto the load device and the load device state is fully restored.
As also shown in FIG. 3, in the event the load device is currently busy, a message appears asking the user (workstation 16) if he would like to wait for the load device to become available. If the response is negative, the process is aborted by the workstation. However, once the load device becomes available, as shown in the flow chart of FIG. 3, the software is loaded into the load device and accessed by the workstation, as previously described.
The present invention's unique apparatus and methods permit continued computer operations in a data processing system and expanded access to data and/or programs otherwise not available. While the present invention has been particularly described with reference to FIGS. 1 through 4, it should be understood that the figures are for illustration only and should not be taken as limitations upon the invention. For example, although the present invention has been described in conjunction with a network distributed computer processing system, the invention is also applicable in non-networked systems, as well as dedicated or hybrid data processing applications. It is further contemplated that many changes and modifications may be made, by one of ordinary skill in the art, without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as disclosed above.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4769771 *||14 Jan 1985||6 Sep 1988||U.S. Philips Corporation||Multiprocessor system comprising a plurality of data processors which are interconnected by a communication network|
|US4780821 *||29 Jul 1986||25 Oct 1988||International Business Machines Corp.||Method for multiple programs management within a network having a server computer and a plurality of remote computers|
|US4851988 *||31 Mar 1986||25 Jul 1989||Wang Laboratories, Inc.||Loosely-coupled computer system using global identifiers to identify mailboxes and volumes|
|US4941084 *||27 May 1988||10 Jul 1990||Hitachi, Ltd.||System for locating resources resided in a distributing processing system by sequentially transmitting resource inquiries through a looped transmission line|
|US5012405 *||3 Aug 1989||30 Apr 1991||Hitachi, Ltd.||File management system for permitting user access to files in a distributed file system based on linkage relation information|
|US5109486 *||6 Jan 1989||28 Apr 1992||Motorola, Inc.||Distributed computer system with network and resource status monitoring|
|US5146561 *||2 Jun 1988||8 Sep 1992||Sears Communications Network, Inc.||Communication network data manager system|
|US5146568 *||6 Sep 1988||8 Sep 1992||Digital Equipment Corporation||Remote bootstrapping a node over communication link by initially requesting remote storage access program which emulates local disk to load other programs|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US6085178 *||21 Mar 1997||4 Jul 2000||International Business Machines Corporation||Apparatus and method for communicating between an intelligent agent and client computer process using disguised messages|
|US6189001 *||30 Sep 1998||13 Feb 2001||Dascom Software Development Services Limited||Tape system storage and retrieval process|
|US6192354||21 Mar 1997||20 Feb 2001||International Business Machines Corporation||Apparatus and method for optimizing the performance of computer tasks using multiple intelligent agents having varied degrees of domain knowledge|
|US6192364 *||23 Jul 1999||20 Feb 2001||Jarg Corporation||Distributed computer database system and method employing intelligent agents|
|US6330567 *||13 Aug 1998||11 Dec 2001||Tornado Technologies Co., Ltd||Searching system for searching files stored in a hard disk of a personal computer|
|US6401080||21 Mar 1997||4 Jun 2002||International Business Machines Corporation||Intelligent agent with negotiation capability and method of negotiation therewith|
|US6470333||26 Jul 1999||22 Oct 2002||Jarg Corporation||Knowledge extraction system and method|
|US6505191||23 Jul 1999||7 Jan 2003||Jarg Corporation||Distributed computer database system and method employing hypertext linkage analysis|
|US6748457||2 Feb 2001||8 Jun 2004||Realtime Data, Llc||Data storewidth accelerator|
|US7130913||28 Jul 2003||31 Oct 2006||Realtime Data Llc||System and methods for accelerated data storage and retrieval|
|US7161506||22 Sep 2003||9 Jan 2007||Realtime Data Llc||Systems and methods for data compression such as content dependent data compression|
|US7181608||2 Feb 2001||20 Feb 2007||Realtime Data Llc||Systems and methods for accelerated loading of operating systems and application programs|
|US7321937||8 Apr 2006||22 Jan 2008||Realtime Data Llc||System and methods for accelerated data storage and retrieval|
|US7352300||8 Jan 2007||1 Apr 2008||Realtime Data Llc||Data compression systems and methods|
|US7358867||8 Apr 2006||15 Apr 2008||Realtime Data Llc||Content independent data compression method and system|
|US7376772||8 Apr 2006||20 May 2008||Realtime Data Llc||Data storewidth accelerator|
|US7378992||8 Apr 2006||27 May 2008||Realtime Data Llc||Content independent data compression method and system|
|US7386046||13 Feb 2002||10 Jun 2008||Realtime Data Llc||Bandwidth sensitive data compression and decompression|
|US7386522||19 Jun 1998||10 Jun 2008||International Business Machines Corporation||Optimizing the performance of computer tasks using intelligent agent with multiple program modules having varied degrees of domain knowledge|
|US7395345||8 Apr 2006||1 Jul 2008||Realtime Data Llc||System and methods for accelerated data storage and retrieval|
|US7400274||13 Mar 2007||15 Jul 2008||Realtime Data Llc||System and method for data feed acceleration and encryption|
|US7415530||26 Oct 2006||19 Aug 2008||Realtime Data Llc||System and methods for accelerated data storage and retrieval|
|US7417568||7 May 2003||26 Aug 2008||Realtime Data Llc||System and method for data feed acceleration and encryption|
|US7714747||8 Jan 2007||11 May 2010||Realtime Data Llc||Data compression systems and methods|
|US7777651||2 Jun 2008||17 Aug 2010||Realtime Data Llc||System and method for data feed acceleration and encryption|
|US7908225||2 Nov 1999||15 Mar 2011||International Business Machines Corporation||Intelligent agent with negotiation capability and method of negotiation therewith|
|US8054879||8 Jan 2010||8 Nov 2011||Realtime Data Llc||Bandwidth sensitive data compression and decompression|
|US8073047||19 May 2008||6 Dec 2011||Realtime Data, Llc||Bandwidth sensitive data compression and decompression|
|US8090936||19 Oct 2006||3 Jan 2012||Realtime Data, Llc||Systems and methods for accelerated loading of operating systems and application programs|
|US8112619||19 Oct 2006||7 Feb 2012||Realtime Data Llc||Systems and methods for accelerated loading of operating systems and application programs|
|US8275897||8 Apr 2006||25 Sep 2012||Realtime Data, Llc||System and methods for accelerated data storage and retrieval|
|US8502707||9 Feb 2010||6 Aug 2013||Realtime Data, Llc||Data compression systems and methods|
|US8504710||26 Oct 2006||6 Aug 2013||Realtime Data Llc||System and methods for accelerated data storage and retrieval|
|US8553759||6 Jun 2011||8 Oct 2013||Realtime Data, Llc||Bandwidth sensitive data compression and decompression|
|US8643513||6 Jun 2011||4 Feb 2014||Realtime Data Llc||Data compression systems and methods|
|US8692695||16 Aug 2010||8 Apr 2014||Realtime Data, Llc||Methods for encoding and decoding data|
|US8717203||24 Sep 2013||6 May 2014||Realtime Data, Llc||Data compression systems and methods|
|US8717204||24 Sep 2013||6 May 2014||Realtime Data Llc||Methods for encoding and decoding data|
|US8719438||5 May 2011||6 May 2014||Realtime Data Llc||System and methods for accelerated data storage and retrieval|
|US8723701||24 Sep 2013||13 May 2014||Realtime Data Llc||Methods for encoding and decoding data|
|US8742958||24 Sep 2013||3 Jun 2014||Realtime Data Llc||Methods for encoding and decoding data|
|US8756332||26 Oct 2006||17 Jun 2014||Realtime Data Llc||System and methods for accelerated data storage and retrieval|
|US8867610||19 Dec 2013||21 Oct 2014||Realtime Data Llc||System and methods for video and audio data distribution|
|US8880862||27 May 2011||4 Nov 2014||Realtime Data, Llc||Systems and methods for accelerated loading of operating systems and application programs|
|US8929442||19 Dec 2013||6 Jan 2015||Realtime Data, Llc||System and methods for video and audio data distribution|
|US8933825||11 Apr 2014||13 Jan 2015||Realtime Data Llc||Data compression systems and methods|
|US8934535||20 Sep 2013||13 Jan 2015||Realtime Data Llc||Systems and methods for video and audio data storage and distribution|
|US9054728||24 Sep 2014||9 Jun 2015||Realtime Data, Llc||Data compression systems and methods|
|US9116908||12 Jun 2014||25 Aug 2015||Realtime Data Llc||System and methods for accelerated data storage and retrieval|
|US9141992||23 Feb 2012||22 Sep 2015||Realtime Data Llc||Data feed acceleration|
|US9143546||3 Oct 2001||22 Sep 2015||Realtime Data Llc||System and method for data feed acceleration and encryption|
|US9236882||1 Jun 2015||12 Jan 2016||Realtime Data, Llc||Data compression systems and methods|
|US9667751||14 Sep 2015||30 May 2017||Realtime Data, Llc||Data feed acceleration|
|US9762907||8 Jun 2015||12 Sep 2017||Realtime Adaptive Streaming, LLC||System and methods for video and audio data distribution|
|US9769477||6 Oct 2015||19 Sep 2017||Realtime Adaptive Streaming, LLC||Video data compression systems|
|US9792128||3 Nov 2014||17 Oct 2017||Realtime Data, Llc||System and method for electrical boot-device-reset signals|
|US20080177701 *||23 Jan 2007||24 Jul 2008||Total E&P Usa, Inc.||System and method for searching a volume of files|
|WO2001057642A2 *||5 Feb 2001||9 Aug 2001||Realtime Data, Llc||Data store bandwidth accelerator|
|WO2001057642A3 *||5 Feb 2001||2 May 2002||Realtime Data Llc||Data store bandwidth accelerator|
|U.S. Classification||1/1, 707/999.002|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10S707/99932, G06F9/445|
|20 Aug 1990||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: SUN MICROSYSTEMS, INC., A CORP OF DE, CALIFORNIA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNORS:WESTAWAY, WILLIAM D.;ROBERTS, DAVID P.;CARON, THOMAS R.;REEL/FRAME:005429/0514;SIGNING DATES FROM 19900814 TO 19900816
|8 Mar 1994||CC||Certificate of correction|
|20 Sep 1994||CC||Certificate of correction|
|3 Jan 1997||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|5 Jan 2001||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|21 Dec 2004||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 12