|Publication number||US4531453 A|
|Application number||US 06/495,320|
|Publication date||30 Jul 1985|
|Filing date||16 May 1983|
|Priority date||16 May 1983|
|Also published as||CA1221918A, CA1221918A1, DE3462460D1, EP0125562A1, EP0125562B1|
|Publication number||06495320, 495320, US 4531453 A, US 4531453A, US-A-4531453, US4531453 A, US4531453A|
|Inventors||Bruce L. Warman, Carl W. Dailey, Floyd D. Johnson|
|Original Assignee||Deere & Company|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (66), Classifications (12), Legal Events (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This invention concerns control of the atmosphere in an operator enclosure of a self-propelled vehicle and, more particularly, the arrangement and combination of components within the enclosure of an off-the-road vehicle exposed to heavy concentrations of airborne dust and debris.
Concern for operator safety and comfort leads to the development of increasingly sophisticated operator enclosures (which, however, are still generally referred to as cabs). It is well-known that modern cab design deals not only with ergonomic considerations but also with the more passive environmental factors such as roll-over protection, isolation from noise and preservation of a comfortable and clean atmosphere. The present invention is concerned principally with the latter but improvement of atmosphere control in cabs is clearly most advantageously used in an operator station or enclosure in which other comfort and safety considerations have been adequately provided for. It is well-known, in a completely encloed cab, to provide an atmosphere control system which takes in and filters outside air, heats or cools the air as required, and circulates it in the cab while maintaining pressure in the cab slightly above atmospheric, so as to discourage the entry of dust or other contaminants through, for example, imperfectly sealed doors or windows. Efforts are still being made to improve the efficiency, serviceability and compactness of such systems. Means are sometimes provided for precleaning the intake air but typically precleaners are remote from the main components of the system and unsightly and fitted as an attachment or add-on rather than integrated into the system.
Accordingly, it is an object of the invention to provide for the operator enclosure of an off-the-road self-propelled vehicle, such as an agricultural tractor or combine, an atmosphere control arrangement which is compact, convenient to assemble, service and repair, and which is efficient in operation.
It is a feature of the invention to arragne all principal components in series with a view to efficiency in operation and simplicity of housing and ducting the components. In a preferred embodiment, there is a single (preferably elevated) inlet for fresh air intake and essentially a single outlet for circulating and pressurizing air combined. The system sequence is as follows: fresh air inlet, pressurizing blower, precleaner, fresh air filter, heat exchanger, circulating blower. Features which modify the simple series arrangement may include the precleaner being of the inertial (preferably translational) type in which case dust or dirt extracted is exhausted or ejected to atmosphere while the bulk of inlet air passes on to the fresh air filter. Another modifying feature may be the provision of a filtered inlet for admitting recirculated air into the system, upstream of the heat exchanger. Preferably the outflow of combined circulating and pressurizing air from the circulating blower will be distributed appropriately in the enclosure by suitable ducting. It will be understood that the incoming fresh air delivered by the pressurizing blower functions not only to maintain a positive pressure within the enclosure but also to make up air intentionally lost through "leaks" in the enclosure. Make-up air is required to maintain an acceptable level of air quality.
The simplicity of the series arrangement of components facilitiates the provision of a split housing for the components comprising principally upper and lower halves mating or meeting at a generally horizontal parting line. The lower half may be seated on the floor of the operator enclosure and may include molded forms for positioning and support of components such as the heat exchanger and recirculating air filter and precleaner, final completion of assembly and retention of components in place being made by placing the upper casing half in position.
It is a feature of the invention that a generally upstream compartment of the housing, defined locally by internally projecting portions of the upper and lower casing halves, may contain the precleaner and have, in one of its walls, an aperture covered by the main fresh air filter of the system. Preferably this filter compartment includes a wall adjacent or coincident with an external wall of the operator enclosure thus facilitating service access to the filter compartment. Preferably, molded and vertically aligned features in the upper and lower portions of the casing respectively receive and hold the precleaner with its inlet and bleed air outlet registering with opposite apertures in the casing. Thus the principal axis of air flow in the precleaner is vertically aligned and a dust and dirt outlet is readily provided in the floor of the operator enclosure. Preferably the pressurizing blower has an air delivery outlet directed downwards and communicating directly with the precleaner so that charging of the precleaner is direct and efficient.
Other objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent from reading the description which follows.
FIG. 1 is a left-hand side elevation of an operator enclosure embodying the invention.
FIG. 2 is a simplified schematic of the atompshere control system based on a rear view of the operator enclosure of FIG. 1. The spatial relationship of components have been modified somewhat to simplify this representation of their functional relationships.
FIG. 3 is an enlarged overhead view of the rearward lower portion of the operator enclosure showing the general arrangement of the system within the enclosure.
FIG. 4 is a partial, generally front view approximately on line 4--4 of FIG. 3.
FIG. 5 is a partial rear view approximately on line 5--5 of FIG. 3 showing the pressurizing blower and precleaner.
FIG. 6 is a view approximately on line 6--6 of FIG. 5.
The invention is embodied in the operator's station and enclosure of a self-propelled combine harvester shown in FIG. 1.
The enclosure is generally rectangular in shape and includes a floor 10, rear wall 12, opposite side walls 14 and a roof 16. There is an access door 18 in the left-hand side wall 14. The operator station includes a seat 20 supported on a seat pedestal 22, a steering column 24 and various controls and equipment not shown in the drawing.
The general dispostion of the enclosure atmosphere control system 30 is indicated in FIG. 1. The bulk of the system is supported on the floor 10 of the enclosure close to the rear wall 12. Clean make-up air for the system enters through louvers 32 in the roof 16 into a plenum 34 and thence by a duct 36 extending vertically downwards close to the rear left-hand corner of the enclosure, to broaden into a blower plenum area 38 immediately above the atmosphere control system 30.
The sequential and functional relationship of the principal components of the atmosphere control system are shown schematically in FIG. 2. This drawing is semi-pictorial but the orientation and disposition of some of the components has been changed somewhat for clarity. Casing 40 essentially houses all the main components including a pressurizing blower 42, precleaner 44, fresh air filter 46, heat exhanger 48, recirculating blower 50 and connects with distribution ducting 52. The heat exchanger 48 includes an evaporator (air conditioning) 54, a heater coil 56 and an adjustable air deflector or baffle 58. Recirculating air is admitted to the casing 40 through a recirculating air filter 60 into an air mixing chamber 62, downstream of the fresh air filter 46.
FIGS. 3 and 4 show the actual configuration of the system, supported on the floor 10 of the cab in the left-hand rear corner immediately to the left of the operator seat 20. As can be seen, the principal components, fresh air filter 46, heat exchanger components 48 and the recirculating blower 50 are substantially coaxial and the longitudinal axis of the system extends approximately diagonally with respect to the floor 10 of the cab.
FIGS. 3 and 4 particularly illustrate the compactness of the system and indicate the covenience and simplicity of assembly and service provided by the generally horizontally split or divided casing 40 which consists essentially of upper and lower portions 64 and 66, respectively, meeting at a flanged and bolted joint 68. The lower portion 66 is mounted on the floor of the cab by suitable fasteners (not shown) and, in common with the upper portion 64, it has appropriate recesses suitably molded to position and support the various components of the system. An example is the support of evaporator 54 in recesses 65 and 65a (FIG. 4).
In assembly, internal flange-like members define a transverse wall 70 with a through aperture 72 for mounting the cylinder-type fresh air filter 46. The internal space of the casing upstream of the wall 70 will be referred to as a filter chamber 74. The precleaner 44 also extends vertically through it, immediately rearward of the fresh air filter 46. The upstream end of the casing 40 connects with the left-hand side wall 14 and an access door 76 provides convenient access from outside of the cab to the filter chamber 74.
The precleaner 44, seen best in FIGS. 5 and 6, is of the translational inertial type, the general principles of which are described in Society of Automotive Engineers paper 880B, "High Performance Air Cleaners for the Army's Industrial Gas Turbines" presented in 1964(see especially pages 3-6). It is positioned by and supported between a pressurizing blower nozzle or outlet 80, molded into the upper casing portion 64, and an open recess 82 molded into the floor of the lower casing position 66. The precleaner 44 is essentially a tapered passage of rectangular cross section in which opposite body walls 84 are louvered, with louvers 86 extending laterally and defining a series of upwardly and outwardly directed slots 88. A top transitional portion 90 connects with the pressurizing blower 80 and an exit slot 92 connects with a downwardly directed outlet 94 in the recess 82 in the floor 10 of the cab. The lower outlet end of the precleaner 44 is supported in the recess 82 on a resilient gasket or grommet 96. This serves as a compression "spring" permitting insertion of the precleaner 44 and holding it in place, with a collar 98 engaging the blower nozzle 80. It is thus conveniently removable for service or replacement.
In operation, the cab door 18 is closed and pressurizing blower switched on drawing outside air in through the roof louvers 32. These louvers screen out larger pices of airborne trash, leaves, etc., but, typically, dust-laden air enters and is delivered downwards, "charging" the precleaner 44. The way in which translational inertial precleaners operate is wellknown. The relatively high axial air velocity developed carries dust and dirt downwards at such velocity that the particles have sufficient inertia to resist the deflection and near reversal of direction it would require to pass through the slots 88. The tapered form of the precleaner helps maintain the air velocity and also develops a static pressure so that much of the air delivered by the blower 42 passes through the louvered slots 88 into the filter chamber 74. In a typical precleaner of this type, about 15 percent of the initial flow of air is lost or bled. In this embodiment it exits vertically downwards through the slot 92 and outlet 94 in the floor 10 of the cab taking with it 80 to 95 percent of the dust which had been entrained in the incoming air.
As is conventional the cab structure is designed to "leak" at a rate which requires a make-up air flow sufficient to maintain air quality in the cab at an acceptable level.
Normally, the pressurizing blower 42, preferably of the constant volume type, runs continuously when the combine is operated with the cab closed. When the recirculating blower 50, preferably variable speed, is also in operation, air from inside the cab is drawn through the recirculating filter 60 to mix with fresh or make-up air passing from the filter chamber 74 through the fresh air filter 46 into the mixing chamber 62. The combined air then passes throuh heat exhanger 48 and is conditioned (heated or cooled and possibly dehumidified) according to setting of conventional controls (not shown). Conditioned air is then distributed appropriately in the cab by the distribution duct 52.
Among advantageous features of an operator enclosure atmosphere conditioning system according to the invention, and evident from the drawings and above description are the compact space saving and functionally efficient disposition and layout of the principal components. The "in-series" arrangement of principal components means that all air is drawn through the system with mimimum pressure loss and turbulence. The unobtrusive integration of the precleaner 44 achieved by placing it alongside the fresh air filter 46 in the filter chamber 74 enhances the convenience of the location of the main fresh air filter 46. Both the filter and precleaner may be insepected or serviced conveniently through a single access door 76. The inconvenience of the typically bulky and unsightly external precleaner is avoided. Here, is is completely concealed and is self-cleaning, and its location is such that dust and dirt extracted by it is discharged downwards relatively close to the ground with a reduced possibility of fouling other parts of the combine.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3237386 *||27 Sep 1962||1 Mar 1966||Farr Co||Dust separating device|
|US3355864 *||11 Sep 1964||5 Dec 1967||Rockwell Standard Co||Dust and like particle separator|
|US3378994 *||3 Jun 1966||23 Apr 1968||Farr Co||Air filter assembly|
|US4365541 *||12 Dec 1980||28 Dec 1982||Caterpillar Tractor Co.||Filter arrangement for an air circulatory system|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4612975 *||4 Feb 1985||23 Sep 1986||Kabushiki Kaisha Komatsu Seisakusho||Air conditioning device installed in a cabin of an earth-moving vehicle|
|US4647298 *||10 Sep 1984||3 Mar 1987||Peter Ribnitz||Electrostatic powder recovery installation|
|US4991646 *||23 May 1990||12 Feb 1991||General Motors Corporation||Air flow distribution baffle|
|US5004487 *||27 Feb 1990||2 Apr 1991||Thaddeus Kowalczyk||Filter assembly for protecting motor vehicle occupants from pollution|
|US5221292 *||29 Jan 1992||22 Jun 1993||Kansei Corporation||Air cleaning system for vehicle passenger compartment|
|US5273487 *||23 Dec 1992||28 Dec 1993||Valeo Thermique Habitacle||Heating and/or air conditioning apparatus for the cabin of a motor vehicle, having air filter means|
|US5450894 *||13 Nov 1992||19 Sep 1995||Nippondenso Co., Ltd.||Air conditioning apparatus for a vehicle|
|US5613404 *||7 Mar 1994||25 Mar 1997||Case Corporation||Tiltable steering mechanism for an off-highway implement|
|US5772713 *||30 May 1996||30 Jun 1998||Salinas; Irma C.||Adjustable filter assembly|
|US5911624 *||17 Jun 1998||15 Jun 1999||New Holland North America, Inc.||Combine harvester cab environment system|
|US6126539 *||1 Oct 1998||3 Oct 2000||Caterpillar S.A.R.L.||Pilot valve mounting which functions as a hot air duct|
|US6398294||6 Jun 2000||4 Jun 2002||Deere & Company||Easy access HVAC module on work vehicle|
|US6431299||5 Apr 2000||13 Aug 2002||Clark Equipment Company||Cooling air ducting for excavator|
|US6688678||28 Jan 2003||10 Feb 2004||Alfa Leisure, Inc.||Motorhome with increased interior ceiling height|
|US6776451 *||4 Oct 2001||17 Aug 2004||Alfa Leisure, Inc.||Motorhome HVAC system|
|US6800025 *||4 Dec 2002||5 Oct 2004||Deere & Co.||Combine air system for cleanout|
|US6807735||26 Sep 2001||26 Oct 2004||Alfa Leisure, Inc.||Method of fabricating a motorhome|
|US7021699||10 Feb 2004||4 Apr 2006||Alfa Leisure, Inc.||Motorhome with increased interior ceiling height|
|US7082685||28 May 2004||1 Aug 2006||Alfa Leisure, Inc.||Method of fabricating a motorhome|
|US7334834||9 Mar 2006||26 Feb 2008||Deere & Company||Tractor cab roof with integral HVAC air ducts|
|US7338109||4 Apr 2006||4 Mar 2008||Alfa Leisure, Inc.||Motorhome with increased interior ceiling height|
|US7338357||12 Jul 2006||4 Mar 2008||Cnh America Llc||Filter purge control for HVAC fixed air circulation system|
|US7340832||26 Oct 2004||11 Mar 2008||Alfa Leisure, Inc.||Method of fabricating a motorhome|
|US7377848||12 Jul 2006||27 May 2008||Cnh America Llc||Filter purge control for HVAC variable air circulation system|
|US8051671 *||3 Oct 2005||8 Nov 2011||Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.||System and method for cooling computers|
|US8376820 *||26 Aug 2004||19 Feb 2013||Caterpillar Inc.||Fender-accessible air filter|
|US8925663 *||17 Jan 2012||6 Jan 2015||Hitachi Construction Machinery Co., Ltd.||Construction machine|
|US9011220 *||26 Oct 2009||21 Apr 2015||Agco Gmbh||Tractor cab heating and ventilating systems|
|US9434236 *||13 Mar 2013||6 Sep 2016||Deere & Company||Work vehicle HVAC control based on operator seat direction|
|US9440515 *||9 Aug 2012||13 Sep 2016||Greg Brian Knowles||Air contaminant filtration system for a cabin|
|US20040261267 *||28 May 2004||30 Dec 2004||Johnnie Crean||Method of fabricating a motorhome|
|US20050023860 *||10 Feb 2004||3 Feb 2005||Johnnie Robert Crean||Motorhome with increased interior ceiling height|
|US20050052052 *||17 Aug 2004||10 Mar 2005||Crean Johnnie R.||Motorhome HVAC system|
|US20050204560 *||26 Oct 2004||22 Sep 2005||Johnnie Crean||Method of fabricating a motorhome|
|US20060046634 *||26 Aug 2004||2 Mar 2006||Stough Andrew J||Fender-accessible air filter|
|US20070074525 *||3 Oct 2005||5 Apr 2007||Vinson Wade D||System and method for cooling computers|
|US20070199196 *||8 May 2006||30 Aug 2007||Johnnie Crean||Method of fabricating a motorhome|
|US20070210618 *||9 Mar 2006||13 Sep 2007||Deere & Company, A Delware Corporation||Tractor cab roof with integral HVAC air ducts|
|US20080032619 *||12 Jul 2006||7 Feb 2008||Cnh America Llc||Filter purge control for hvac fixed air circulation system|
|US20100029192 *||29 Jul 2009||4 Feb 2010||Behr Industry Gmbh & Co. Kg||Climate control system with blowers, in particular in agricultural or construction machinery|
|US20100068983 *||15 Sep 2008||18 Mar 2010||Caterpillar Inc.||Cooling system for electric drive machine|
|US20110250832 *||26 Oct 2009||13 Oct 2011||Agco Gmbh||Tractor Cab Heating and Ventilating Systems|
|US20120003911 *||11 Dec 2009||5 Jan 2012||Agco Gmbh||Tractor Cab Heating and Ventilating Systems|
|US20120009860 *||28 Dec 2010||12 Jan 2012||Valtra Oy Ab||Utility Vehicle Cab Ventilation System|
|US20120208446 *||29 Aug 2011||16 Aug 2012||Taylor Lance A||Hvac system for a work vehicle|
|US20130001984 *||28 Jun 2011||3 Jan 2013||Caterpillar Inc.||System for controlling temperature in a machine cab|
|US20130062910 *||8 Nov 2012||14 Mar 2013||Valtra Oy Ab||Tractor Cabs|
|US20130203333 *||30 Jun 2011||8 Aug 2013||Cnh America Llc||Agricultural vehicle cab fitted with an hvac system|
|US20130244561 *||14 Mar 2012||19 Sep 2013||Paul Thomas Bruss||Sealed duct cab post|
|US20130302125 *||17 Jan 2012||14 Nov 2013||Hitachi Construction Machinery Co., Ltd.||Construction machine|
|US20140216257 *||9 Aug 2012||7 Aug 2014||Greg Brian Knowles||Air contaminant filtration system for a cabin|
|US20140273785 *||13 Mar 2013||18 Sep 2014||Deere & Company||Work vehicle hvac control based on operator seat direction|
|DE19646504A1 *||12 Nov 1996||14 May 1998||Friedrich Backhus||Control cabin for working machine pref. for self travelling composting system|
|DE19646504C2 *||12 Nov 1996||3 May 2001||Friedrich Backhus||Führerkabine für eine Arbeitsmaschine|
|DE29504132U1 *||9 Mar 1995||25 Jul 1996||Liebherr Werk Bischofshofen||Klimaanlage|
|DE102008035403A1||29 Jul 2008||4 Feb 2010||Behr Industry Gmbh & Co. Kg||Klimaanlage mit Gebläse in einer Land- oder Baumaschine|
|EP0818338A2 *||4 Jul 1997||14 Jan 1998||DEERE & COMPANY||Ventilation device for a vehicle cab and filter housing|
|EP0818338A3 *||4 Jul 1997||16 Jun 1999||DEERE & COMPANY||Ventilation device for a vehicle cab and filter housing|
|EP1162093A3 *||31 May 2001||7 Jan 2004||Deere & Company||Off-road utility vehicle cab with air conditioner|
|EP1333125A1 *||6 Nov 2001||6 Aug 2003||Hitachi Construction Machinery Co., Ltd.||Cool and hot air blowing device of construction machinery|
|EP1333125A4 *||6 Nov 2001||25 Mar 2009||Hitachi Construction Machinery||Cool and hot air blowing device of construction machinery|
|EP2080649A2 *||14 Oct 2008||22 Jul 2009||CLAAS Selbstfahrende Erntemaschinen GmbH||Self-propelling work machine with a vehicle cabin|
|EP2080649A3 *||14 Oct 2008||11 Nov 2009||CLAAS Selbstfahrende Erntemaschinen GmbH||Self-propelling work machine with a vehicle cabin|
|EP2172353A1 *||2 Oct 2008||7 Apr 2010||C.R.F. Società Consortile per Azioni||Diffused ventilation system for cabs of agricultural tractors, harvesters, earth-moving machines or the like|
|WO2010066877A1 *||11 Dec 2009||17 Jun 2010||Agco Gmbh||Tractor cab heating and ventilating systems|
|WO2011004243A1 *||6 Jul 2010||13 Jan 2011||Valtra Oy Ab||Utility vehicle ventilation system|
|U.S. Classification||454/139, 55/330, 55/436, 55/443, 55/332, 454/158|
|International Classification||B60H1/00, B60H3/06|
|Cooperative Classification||B60H3/0608, B60H1/00378|
|European Classification||B60H3/06A, B60H1/00H3|
|16 May 1983||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: DEERE & COMPANY, MOLINE, ILL., A CORP. OF DEL.
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNORS:WARMAN, BRUCE L.;DAILEY, CARL W.;JOHNSON, FLOYD D.;REEL/FRAME:004131/0586
Effective date: 19830509
|18 Jan 1989||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|30 Sep 1992||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|14 Jan 1997||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 12