US 391582 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
C. D. CHASE.
No. 391,582. Patented Oct. 23, 1888..
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CHARLES D. CHASE, OF NORTHUMBERLAND, NEW HAMPSHIRE.
TOILET=PAPR SPECIPCATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 391.582, dated October 23, 1888.
Application filed March 15), 1888. Serial No. 267,690. (No model.)
T0 all whom, it may concern.'
Beit known that I, CHARLES D. CHASE, a citizen of the United States, residing at Northumberland, in the county of Coos and State of New Hampshire, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in ToiletPaper; and I do declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it ap pertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to the letters and figures of reference marked thereon, which form a part of this specifica tion.
Figure l is a face view of a piece of tissue or toilet paper made in accordance with my invention, only a portion of the indentations cr depressions being shown. Fig. 2 is a section, on an enlarged scale, of a piece of said paper.
The nature of myinvention is defined in the claim hereinafter presented.
The object of my invention is to provide a toilet-paper of a superior quality,or made from the best stock and possessing features that will u make it available for the purpose for which it is especially intended, and thus to overcome the objectionable features urged against the better grades of paper made for toilet purposes-viz., that of too great smoothness, also the difficulty of separating a single sheet from a pack of said paper on account of the sheets adhering or clinging to each other.
Almost all or a large portion of the toiletpapers nowlin use are of the cheaper grades, made from the very poorest kind of paperstock. In the manufacturing of papers chemicals are of necessity used, and in these kind of papers-viz., toilet-papers-it is the prac tice not to calender them, for the reason that it leaves them with too smooth a surface. Therefore when they are finished they all in a greater or less degree, and especially in the cheaper grades (for the reason that they are thicker than papers made of the best stock) to a greater degree, retain portions of the chemicals used in the treatment of the stock, which render said papers very harmful to use for the purpose for which they are especially intended.
In carrying out my invention, after the said paper has been made as heretofore and before leaving the machine, it is passed between a roll covered with Wire-cloth, or one provided with projections on its outer surface, and a roll covered with felt, which will give to the paper the appearance substantially as shown in the drawings. By subjecting it to this treatment the fibers of the paper are stretched or drawn to such an extent that the paper will be full of indentations or impressions, as represented, which will render its surface less smooth. Besides, the paper is softened to a certain extent, and, furthermore, by stretching or drawing the fibers of the paper a large proportion of the chemicals which were used in its manufacture, portions of which remain, will be removed or forced from'it at the time the indentations are made. Furthermore, a paper made as described will be more soluble in water, and will therefore break up easier and be less liable to clog the drain-pipes than those papers of the thicker and cheaper grades now in general use.
In making paper in the manner hereinbefore set forth it will always be necessary to use the very best materials or stock in its manufacture, in order to produce a paper that will be suciently tough to receive and retain the indentations or impressions without rupturing the fibers, an operation which could not be successfully accomplished with papers of inferior grades or quality.
Thus it will be seen that several advantages are gained by making toilet or tissue paper as hereinbefore described-viz.,the paper will be softer and more agreeable to use, and it will contain to a much less extent than other toilet-papers the harmful chemicals used in its manufacture; also, it being of necessity much stronger than others, one sheet will answer the purpose of several of the ordinary paper, and will thus be more economical, the
indented surface enabling a single sheet to bc readily removed from the pack 5 also, on account of the depressions in it, water will act upon it to better advantagel to dissolve or break or separate it into fragments than if it had an even surface.
In the drawings, A denotes :i sheet of paper, and B represents the indentut-ions formed therein, as set forth.
Having described my invention, what I claim As an improved article of nianuiiicture, a tissue or toilet paper formed with indentations or impressions, substantially as shown and described, and for the purpose specified.
In testimony whereof I affix my signature in IO presence of two Witnesses.
CHARLES D. CHASE.
Crus. A. BAILEY, HARRY F. BAILEY.