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Publication numberUS3876238 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication date8 Apr 1975
Filing date5 Nov 1973
Priority date3 Nov 1972
Also published asDE2253954A1
Publication numberUS 3876238 A, US 3876238A, US-A-3876238, US3876238 A, US3876238A
InventorsWatermann Hans Dieter
Original AssigneeKiekert Soehne Arn
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Two-part motor vehicle door latch
US 3876238 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent Watermann 3,804.44] 4/1974 Kobayashi et al. 292/216 Primary Examiner-Richard E. Moore [75] Inventor: fi z vatermann Attorney, Agent. or Firm-Karl F. Ross; Herbert c z ausen, ermany Dubno [73] Assignee: Arn. KiekertSohne, Heiligenhaus,

Germany 57 ABSTRACT [22] Filed: Nov. 5, 1973 A motor vehicle door latch has an inner plate which is secured to the inner face of the edge panel of the vehilz ll Appl' L784 cle door and on which is secured the operating mechanism of the latch. An outer housing has a metal plate [30] Foreign Application Priority Dat and a synthetic-resin body spacing the plate from the Nov. 3. 1972 Germany 2253954 edge Panel with the locking P and mechansim for engaging and holding the bolt on the doorpost. {52 vs. Cl 292/216; 292/340 Screws secure the Plates together and P [51; Int. Cl. E05c 3/26 through the door-edge Panel and Synthetic-resin 58 Field of Search 292/l98, 216. 280, 340, body acting as Pivot am for the pawl and other ZQZ/DIGA 25 DIG 26 tary mechanism in the outer housing. The body is formed with tubular regions on which the rotary ele- 156] References Cited ments such as the locking pawl are pivoted and UNITED STATES PATENTS through which the screws pass as reinforcement.

3.45.559 I2/l968 Jcavons 292/2l6 9 Claims, 12 Drawing Figures s l l g I PATENTEDAPR 81975 SHEET 1 BF 9 FIG. I

PATENTEEAPR 8i975 saziuuqfs PATENTEU R 81975 SHZU S [1? 9 TWO-PART MOTOR VEHICLE DOOR LATCH l. CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS This application is related to my copending applications Ser. Nos. 220,037 (now U.S. Pat. No. 3,78l,045) and 338,8 [6 filed on Jan. 24, I972 and Mar. 7, I973, respectively.

2. FIELD OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates to a motor-vehicle door latch and, more particularly, to a latch which is mounted on the edge of a door and which catches and holds a locking bolt or the like mounted on the respective doorpost.

3. BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION As a general rule a motor-vehicle door latch has a housing comprising a base plate to which is attached a U-section cover plate formed with a notch in which a latching bolt or pin mounted on the vehicle doorpost is receivable. The housing is mounted on the edge of the door and much of the lock mechanism, in particular the lock fork which catches and holds the latching pin, and the pawl are journaled between the two plates on the outside of the edge panel. The operating mechanism is generally provided within the door, an extension of the latch pawl passing through the base plate being operated by. this mechanism.

Both of these plates are fairly expensive to produce. They must be bent to the proper shape, and then all of the various holes and notches must be painstakingly machined in them. In particular the flanks of the U- shaped element must be machined in order to secure the mechanism inside.

In addition the assembly of motor vehicles is generally carried out in such a manner that first the operating mechanism is mounted inside the door, then the latching arrangement must be secured to the door edge. Thus the various tolerances of the metal constituting the door edge are quite important. In addition the assembler must put together the outside mechanism on the spot and fit it to the door. The axles for the latch fork and the latch pawl must be carefully fitted into both sides of the lock housing as the device is assembled. a moderately complicated operation.

4. OBJECTS OF THE INVENTION It is, therefore, an object of the present invention to provide an improved motor-vehicle door latch.

Another object is the provision of such a latch which is inexpensive to manufacture.

Yet another object is to provide a motor-vehicle door latch which lends itself to the two-stage assembly described above.

5. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION These objects are attained according to the present invention in a motor-vehicle door latch having a housing formed of a pair of plates which sandwich a molded synthetic-resin body and the door edge. This body is attached to the outer plate and carries the locking pawl as well as the torsion spring that urges it in one direction. The inside plate carries the operating mechanism and the keeper and is formed with threaded holes so that heavy metal screws can be inserted through the outer plate and the central body as well as through corresponding holes in the door edge into the inner plate to secure the assembly together.

According to another feature of this invention the securing screws act as the rotation axis for the locking pawl. To this end the body is formed with a sleeve around which the pawl is journaled on the sleeve. The securing bolt passes through the sleeve and reinforces It.

In accordance with another feature of this invention the body is either bonded to the outer plate so as to be securely attached thereto or it is provided with clips that engage the outer plate and hold the latching assembly together.

Such an arrangement is inexpensive to manufacture in that the complicated internal body is made simply of synthetic resin which can be molded inexpensively. The cover plate need merely be drilled and cut out. In addition assembly of the latch is quite simple since the outer assembly including the outer plate. the synthetioresin body, the locking pawl, the torsion spring for this pawl, and whatever other parts are included on the outside part of the latch housing are all held securely together. The fitting of a few heavy machine screws mounts the entire latch extremely solidly.

Another advantage of such a structure is that it makes the latch operate extremely silently. Journaling the pawl and the keeper in synthetic-resin tubes eliminates much potential squeaking, and in general cuts down noise generated by the lock.

6. DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING in assembled condition;

FIGS. 5 8 are views similar to FIGS. 1 4, respectively, showing another arrangement according to the present invention; and

FIGS. 9 11 are views similar to FIGS. 4 and 8 showing further configurations of the latch of this invention.

7. SPECIFIC DESCRIPTION As shown in FIGS. 1 4 a motor-vehicle door latch has a housing formed of an inside plate 1 adapted to lie on the inside of a panel 2 constituting the edge of the vehicle door 29 (FIG. 1A) and an outer housing 3. Operating mechanism generally indicated at 4 and connected to the door handle 30 is secured to the plate I and connected through the plates 1 and 2 to latching mechanism 5 within the outer housing 3. The mechanism 5 comprises a pivotal locking pawl or fork 6 and the mechanism 3 has a keeper 7 which is engageable with this pawl 6 to lock it in position as described in the above-cited patent applications.

The outer housing 3 comprises a flat steel plate 8 formed with a notch 9 in which the bolt 10 secured to a vehicle doorpost 11 is receivable, and a syntheticresin body 12, here phenol-formaldehyde, which is formed with two bumpers 13 lying along the inside edges of the notch 9 as described in my earlier patents and patent applications. The head 14 of the bolt 10 bumps against these cushions 13 and an extension 15 of one of the cushions serves to prevent manipulation of the keeper 7 from outside the latch. In addition the body is formed with a cutout 16 accommodating a back cushion 17 that lies at the bight of the notch 9 and is of softer synthetic-resin material, a polyethylene for example, to take up the shock as the door is shut.

The body 12 forms a peripheral wall 18 which surrounds the housing on all sides but the opening of the notch 9 and therefore keeps water and dirt out of the interior of the latching mechanism 5. The body 12 is formed below the notch 9 with a pair of sleeves 21 which align with holes in the plate, with holes 20' in the plate 2, and with threaded holes 20" in the plate 1, so that flush machine screws 19 may secure all these elements together. The sleeves constitute a rigid spacer between the plate 8 and the plate 2. Above the notch 9 the body 12 is formed with another sleeve 21a forming a hole that aligns with a hole 200 in the plate 8 and with holes 200 and 20a" in the plates 2 and 1, respectively. the latter being threaded so that a flush machine screw 19a again may secure these elements together. The sleeve 21a also constitutes a support both for the pawl 6 and its torsion spring 22 which has one end secured in the pawl 6 and its other end in the body 12. The sleeve 21a is stepped at 210' so that the pawl 6 lies adjacent the plate 8. In this manner the screw 19a reinforces the sleeve 210 and provides a very firm mounting for the pawl 6. The body 12 is also formed with a short sleeve 21b that fits into the plate 8 and acts as a journal for the outer end '70 of the keeper 7.

The body 12 is cemented to the plate 8 at 18' so that the entire outsidehousing assembly shown to the left in FIG. I forms a single assembly that can just be placed against the door panel 2 and then secured in place by screws 19 and 19a.

The configuration shown in FIGS. 5 8 has a keeper 7b which is pivotal within the housing 3 about one of the sleeves 21 through which the screws 19 extend. This keeper 7b is provided with an operating pin 26 which extends through inline apertures in the plates 1 and 2 into the mechanism 4 so that this mechanism can operate the keeper 7b. In addition the body 12 is formed with a projection 27 engageable through a hole 27' in the plate 8 to hold these tow elements together. Clips 27 are also provided to the other side of the notch so that the unit is held firmly together, but the body 12 can be separated from the plate 8 if desired, since the head of each projection 27 is only slightly larger than the respective hole 27'. The plate 1 can be partially or wholly formed of synthetic-resin material, and is formed with journals and guides 23 for the various elements of the mechanism 4.

In FIG. 9 the arrangement is formed much as in FIGS. 5 8, but short steel spacer pins 24 are provided which each have one end bearing on the plate 2 and another end on the plate 8, so as to maintain a fixed distance between these two elements. Such spacer pins 24 insure that the bolts 19 and 190 will not loosen on shrinking of the body 12.

The configuration of FIG. 10 uses steel sleeves 25 which take the place of the sleeves 21 and 21a of FIGS. 1 9. These sleeves act as spacers, much as the pins 24, and as journals for the pawl 6 and keeper 7b.

In FIG. 11 the plate 8' is generally U-shaped with two parallel legs 28 above and below the notch 9 that rest directly on the door edge 2. In this embodiment the body 12 only forms the vertical edges of the housing half 3 to form an extremely heavy-duty structure.

The latch according to the present invention is inexpensive to manufacture since many of the costly machining operations hitherto necessary are obviated by use of a housing partially formed of an inexpensively molded synthetic-resin body. Such a housing is, however, as rigid and strong as the all-metal housings. The assembly of such a latch on a vehicle door is fairly simple as all of the latching mechanism is held within the outer housing half, so that the assembler need merely screw it in place on the door edge.

I claim: 1. A motor-vehicle door latch for use on the vehicle door-edge panel, said latch comprising:

an outer housing lying against the outside face of said door-edge panel and including an outer metal plate spaced from said panel and formed with a laterally open notch for receiving a latching bolt and with a plurality of holes, and a synthetic-resin body attached to said plate between same and said panel; latching means including mechanism mounted solely on said outer housing and including a latch pawl pivotal thereon for engaging and holding said bolt;

an inner housing lying against the inner face of said door-edge panel and including an inner metal plate lying against said panel and formed with a plurality of holes alignable with said holes of said outer metal plate;

operating means including mechanism mounted solely on said inner housing and operatively connected to said pawl for blocking rotation thereof and for freeing same for rotation; and

a plurality of screws extending through said holes,

said body, and said door-edge panel and each having one end engaging one of said plates and another end engaging the other plate, said body being also formed with a notch corresponding to and underlying the notch of said outer plate and provided at its bight with a cushion for said bolt.

2. The latch defined in claim 1 wherein said latching means includes a tubular pivot in said body for said pawl, one of said screws extending axially through said tubular pivot.

3. The latch defined in claim 2 wherein said body is formed with a sleeve constituting said tubular pivot.

4. The latch defined in claim 2 wherein said tubular pivot is a metal tube having one end bearing against said outer plate and another end bearing against said door-edge panel.

5. The latch defined in claim 3 wherein said latching means includes a pivotal keeper engageable with said pawl and operatively connected to said operating mechanism and another such sleeve formed on said body and constituting a tubular pivot for said keeper, another of said screws extending axially through said other tubular pivot.

6. The latch defined in claim 1 wherein said outer metal plate is flat and said outer housing has a peripheral wall extending between said outer plate and said edge panel and formed by said body.

7. The latch defined in claim 2, further comprising at least one metallic spacer having one end bearing 6 against said edge panel and another end bearing against formed with at least one clip and said outer plate is Sam outer Plat formed with an aperture, said clip extending through 8. The latch defined in claim 1 wherein said outer plate is U-shaped and has a pair of U-legs standing on said edge panel.

9. The latch defined in claim 1 wherein said body is said aperture and securing said outer plate and said 5 body together.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3415559 *24 Apr 196710 Dec 1968Wilmot Breeden LtdDoor latches
US3804441 *28 Aug 197216 Apr 1974Nissan MotorDoor latch mechanism
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4097078 *9 Mar 197627 Jun 1978Firma Tack & GabelDoor lock for automotive vehicle
US4130308 *16 Aug 197719 Dec 1978Wilmot-Breeden LimitedMotor vehicle door latches
US4756564 *12 May 198712 Jul 1988Kabushikikaisha AnseikogyoVehicle door latch
US4775176 *23 Mar 19874 Oct 1988Kabushikikaisha AnseikogyoAutomobile door latch
US4904004 *29 Mar 198827 Feb 1990Magna International Inc.Modular structural latch
US4934748 *14 Dec 198819 Jun 1990Aisin Seiki Kabushiki KaishaDoor lock apparatus
US4986576 *16 Apr 199022 Jan 1991The Hartwell CorporationLocking door latch
US5048879 *24 Dec 199017 Sep 1991Aisin Seiki Kabushiki KaishaDoor lock for an automobile
US5163723 *28 May 199117 Nov 1992Ewald Witte & Co.Closure for doors, flaps or the like
US5328219 *24 Dec 199212 Jul 1994General Motors CorporationVehicle closure latch
US5505506 *18 Feb 19949 Apr 1996Kiekert Gmbh & Co. KgMotor-vehicle door latch with composite housing
US7306269 *13 Jun 200311 Dec 2007Intier Automotive Closures S.P.A.Lock for a door of a motor vehicle
US782773522 Sep 20059 Nov 2010Ford Global TechnologiesLiftgate assembly for automotive vehicle
US834830922 Nov 20108 Jan 2013Ford Global Technologies, LlcEnergy absorbing bumper for latch closing sound quality
US9039048 *2 Jul 200926 May 2015Johnson Controls Components GmbH & Co. KG.Locking mechanism for a vehicle seat
US9151087 *4 Oct 20116 Oct 2015Aisin Seiki Kabushiki KaishaVehicle door lock device
US9611677 *19 Jan 20124 Apr 2017Kiekert AktiengsellschaftLock for a flap or door
US20060087126 *11 Oct 200527 Apr 2006Roussel Jerome PLatch assembly
US20060097523 *13 Jun 200311 May 2006Roman CetnarLock for a door of a motor vehicle
US20060103146 *10 Nov 200518 May 2006Jean-Pierre NoelMotor vehicle lock
US20100024193 *12 Oct 20094 Feb 2010Kiekert AktiengesellschaftMotor Vehicle Door Lock
US20110006577 *2 Jul 200913 Jan 2011Keiper Gmbh & Co. KgLocking mechanism for a vehicle seat
US20140217753 *19 Jan 20127 Aug 2014Kiekert AktiengesellschaftLock for a flap or door
WO2008061366A1 *21 Nov 200729 May 2008Magna Closures Inc.Anti-chuck feature in latch
U.S. Classification292/216, 292/340
International ClassificationE05B17/00, E05B65/32
Cooperative ClassificationE05B85/26, E05B17/0045
European ClassificationE05B17/00K
Legal Events
14 Jan 1981AS01Change of name
Effective date: 19800611