Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3701184 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication date31 Oct 1972
Filing date4 May 1971
Priority date4 May 1971
Publication numberUS 3701184 A, US 3701184A, US-A-3701184, US3701184 A, US3701184A
InventorsJohn D Grier
Original AssigneeOwens Illinois Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method of increasing light transmission efficiency of gas discharge device
US 3701184 A
Abstract
There is disclosed a method of increasing the light transmission efficiency of a gas discharge device and assuring the electrical continuity of non-transparent printed conductors in the device, the conductors comprising transversely oriented row and column conductor arrays. The conductors of a conductor array on a plate forming the viewing side of the device are formed by sets of coplanar conductor elements spaced apart so that when a discharge occurs, an observer sees more of the center of the discharge which would ordinarily be partially hidden by a solid conductive line on the viewing side of the device. Likewise the conductor elements of a set may be connected at regular intervals to provide a plurality of electrically parallel routes for conduction in case a section of a conductor element of a set is discontinuous. The gas discharge is more visible since the applied field between selected conductor elements is across two conductors which are not congruent as seen by the observer.
Images(2)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent [15] 3,701,184 Grier 1 Oct. 31, 1972 [54] METHOD OF INCREASING LIGHT Primary Examiner-John F. Campbell TRANSMISSION EFFICIENCY OF GAS DISCHARGE DEVICE [72] Inventor: John D. Grier, Temperance, Mich.

[73] Assignee: Owens-Illinois, Inc.

[22] Filed: May 4, 1971 [21] Appl. No.: 140,223

' Related U.S. Application Data {62] Division of Ser. No. 812,801, April 2, 1969,

Pat. No. 3,603,836.

[52] US. Cl. ..29/25.l6, 29/2511, 29/624 [51] int. Cl. ..H01j 9/18, HOlj 9/36 [58] Field of Search.29/624, 625, 25.1, 25.11, 25.13, 29/25.]5, 25.16; 313/201, 210, 234

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,384,770 5/1968 Vodica ..29/25.13

ADDRESSING Assistant Examiner-Richard Bernard Lazarus Attorney-Donald K. Wedding and E. J. Holler [57] ABSTRACT There is disclosed a method of increasing the light transmission efficiency of a gas discharge device and assuring the electrical continuity of non-transparent printed conductors in the device, the conductors comprising transversely oriented row and column conductor arrays. The conductors of a conductor array on a plate forming the viewing side of the device are formed by sets of coplanar conductor elements spaced apart so that whena discharge occurs, an observer sees more of the center of the discharge which would ordinarily be partially hidden by a solid conductive line on the viewing side of the device. Likewise the conductor elements of a set may be connected at regular intervals to provide a plurality of electrically parallel routes for conduction in case a section of a conductor element of a set is discontinuous. The gas discharge is more visible since the applied field between selected conductor elements is across two conductors which are not congruent as seen by the observer.

8 Claims, 6 Drawing Figures CIRCUITS AND SUSTAINING VOLTAGE PATENTEDHBI I9 3.701; 184

SHEEI 1 0F 2 HQVJHEUNI JNISSHHGGV INVENTOR JOHN D. GRIER ATTORNEYS FIGI PATENTED 0m 31 I972 SHEET 2 BF 2 INVENTOR JOHN D GRIER BY '2 1? M ATTORNEYS ENQU- METHOD OF INCREASINGLIGI-IT TRANSMISSION EFFICIENCY OF GAS DISCHARGE DEVICE RELATED CASE This is a divisional of copending US. Pat. application, Ser. No. 812,801, filed Apr. 2, 1969, now Patent No. 3,603,836.

TI-Ie present invention is concerned with conductor configurations for display panels and more particularly to conductor configurations for gas discharge display panels.

Objects of this invention are to increase the effective efficiency of light or radiant energy output of a gas discharge panel; the provision of conductor configurations which are substantially more likely to be electrically continuous; the provision of conductor configurations which enable most efficient use of light produced during discharge at selected discharge sites in a discharge panel; and the provision of increased transmission of light or radiant energy from exterior of the panels to the interior of the panel.

ENVIRONMENT OF THE INVENTION The invention will be described in connection with a gas discharge display panel of thetype disclosed in Baker et al. application, Ser. No. 686,384 filed Nov. 24, 1967, and entitled Gas Discharge Display- Memory Device and Method which is assigned to the assignee of the present invention. However, in a broader sense, the invention has utility wherever it is desired to increase the transmission of light in devices requiring conductor arrays for exciting selected electroresponsive sites in an electroresponsive medium. The invention is particularly applicable to multiple gas discharge display and/or memory panels of the type disclosed in the aforementioned Baker et al. application which are characterized by a gaseous medium, usually a mixture of two gasses, at a relatively high gas pressure in a thin gas chamber or space between a pair of opposed dielectric storage members which are backed by conductor arrays, the conductor arrays backing each dielectric member being transversely oriented to define or locate a plurality of discrete discharge volumes, each such volume, conductor crossing and discrete dielectric storage area constituting a discharge unit or site. In some cases, the discharge units may be additionally defined by a physical structure such as a perforated glass plate and the like in registry with the discharge sites. In both cases, charges (electrons and ions) produced upon ionization of the gas at a selected discharge unit or site or conductor crosspoint, when proper alternating operating potentials are applied to selected conductors in the arrays are collected upon the surfaces of the dielectric at the discharge site and constitute an electrical memory.

The present invention, then, is concerned primarily with individual conductors per se, and configurations thereof, which, while the material forming the conductors are normally non-transparent, the unique'configurations disclosed herein can effectively render the conduc'tors substantially transparent so as to permit greater quantities of light or radiant energy produced during the discharge to exit through a viewing plate of the panel and/or alternately permit light to pass through the plate to condition the device for discharge or electrical conductors effecting the discharge) because the electrical field is commonly applied by two spaced conductive elements forming a conductor which are not congruent with a coacting conductor in an opposing conductor array as seen by the observer. Furthermore, by connecting the conduction elements at their ends, and/or regular intervals along the conductors (preferably not at a discharge site), there is an increase in the probability that all of the conductor lines of the arrays will be electrically conductive after fabrication of the panel.

The above and other advantages and features of the invention .will become more apparent from he following specification when considered with the attached drawings wherein:

FIG. 1 is a diagrammatic illustration of a gas discharge panel incorporating the invention and associated driving circuit;

FIG. 2 is a cross sectional view taken on lines A-A of FIG. 1.

FIG. 3 is a modification wherein both conductor arrays of a display panel are formed in accordance with the invention;

FIG 4 is a diagramatic illustration of the invention as applied to the conductor array on the viewing plate of a display device incorporating the invention and FIG. 4 A is a cross sectional view thereof; and

FIG. 5 is a diagramatic illustration of a further modification of the invention.-

GAS DISCHARGE PANELS With reference to the drawings, FIGS. 1 and 2 diagramatically illustrate a gas discharge display/memory panel in which glass support or plate members 10 and 11 have formed on their opposing or facing surfaces conductor arrays 12 and 13, respectively. Dielectric members or coatings 14 and 16 have gas contacting wall surfaces for storage of charges (electrons and ions) generated upon discharge (ionization) of individual discharge units, respectively.

The surfaces 17 and 18 of dielectric members 14 and 16, respectively are spaced apart by spacer sealant 20 to form a thin gas chamber 20. Glass support or plate members 10 and 11 are sufficiently rugged to withstand the pressure of the gas within space 20 and ambient pressure with a minimum deflection. In the disclosed panel there are no physical obstructions or structures in the gas chamber and a plurality of discrete discharges can occur within chamber 20 without detrimental interaction to the display or memory function of individual discharge units even though the conductors of I the conductor arrays are spaced no more than about 30 mils center to center spacing. If desired for large panels spacer rods (not shown) may be located parallel to and between a conductor pair of one conductor array.

Individual discharge units or discharge sites may be turned on" (a sequence of momentary discharges on alternate half cycles of applied alternating potential following an initial discharge) and off (termination of the sequence) by many different wave forms the simdone by flooding the panel with ultra violet light or and column conductors being determined by panel orientation) on plate 11. Opposite phase sustaining voltages 30 and 32 as applied to conductor arrays 12 and 13 are of a magnitude which is insufficient to initiate a discharge at any crosspoint defined or located by conductor crossings of the conductor arrays. As shown on the drawings, the voltage 30 constitutes onehalf of the sustaining voltage Vs/2 and the voltage 32 applied to the conductors of conductor array 13 constitute the other half of the sustaining voltage (Vs/2). When a firing voltage pulse is added to the sustaining voltages applied to a selected conductor pair in both arrays the discrete volume of gas between the crossing points of the conductors in each array is ionized or discharged and charges (ions and electrons) produced on such discharge are collected or stored on the surfaces 17 and 18 of dielectric members or coatings 14 and 16, respectively. Electrons are drawn to and stored on that discrete area of surface 17 under or in the shadow of the crossing of the selected conductors having the positive potential thereon at that instant and ions are collected on the opposing discrete surface area having a negative potential at that instant. As described in the aforementioned Baker et al. application these charges constitute an electric field opposing the applied field which created them and hence terminate the discharge almost immediately and constitute an electric memory. After application of the initial firing voltage, the stored charges constitute an electrical field across the gaseous medium, and aid in initiating the discharge on the next succeeding half cycle of applied potential so that after an initial discharge and formation of charges on the dielectric surfaces at selected discharge sites the sustaining voltages 30 and 32 are sufficient to sustain the discharges thereafter. Light production during the discharge is momentary there being two flashes of light for each cycle of applied potential. n and off conditions of the discharge units may be selectively controlled by on and off pulses added to the sustaining voltages. A suitable frequency for the sustaining voltage is about 50 KHz so once a sequence of discharges has been initiated there will be approximately 100,000 flashes of light per second.

CONDUCTOR ARRAYS ACCORDING TO THE INVENTION The present invention is concerned with improving the transmission of light to and from the discharge site which is the shadow area of two crossing conductors on the respective conductor array 12 and 13. In accordance with the invention, at least one of the conductor arrays has the conductors thereof formed as a plurality of spaced apart coplanar and parallel conductor elements in such a way that when a discharge occurs at a selected crosspoint or discharge site an observer can would be partially hidden by the conductor line. In

FIGS. 1 and 2, only the conductors in the array 12 on plate 10, which is designated as the viewing plate, are

constituted in this fashion. Thus, conductor 12-1 is constituted by two conductor elements 12-1A and 12- 1B and each conductor in conductor array 12 is likewise constituted. In addition, the terminal ends 40 and 41 of each conductor element pair in conductor array 12 has a conductive bridges 40' B and 41 B extending betweenthe conductor elements 12-1A and 12-1B to provide alternate conductive routes for conduction in case a section of a conductor element is discontinuous. Preferably, a plurality of conductive bridges 43 bridging conductor elements 12-1 A and 12- l B are provided at regular intervals so as to provide a great variety of routes for conducting in case a section of the conductive elements is discontinuous. Moreover, as illustrated in FIG. 1, such conductive bridges 43 are preferably located at places or locations not overlying a discharge site. Thus, conductive elements 43 are to the sides of or interspersed between discharge sites.

In this way, conductive bridges 43 may be relatively large circular dots as indicated at 44. In effect, each conductor 12-1, l2--2,...12-N is constituted by a ladderlike element in which the spaces between rungs" (bridges 43) permit light to pass through the panel more effectively as indicated the the arrow of 46. At the same time, by constituting the conductors of the conductor arrays by at least a pair of conductive elements connected electrically in parallel radiant energy from exterior of the panel may, if desired, may be passed more efficiently to the interior of the panel as for purposes of conditioning the panel for discharge or writing on the panel with a light pen, for example. As shown in the above mentioned Baker et al. application, such panels may be conditioned for uniform operation by maintaining at one or more discharge units in a fired condition or by directing radiant energy, Such as ultraviolet, to the gas in the panel which creates a supply of free electrons necessary for initiation of a discharge. Although, only two conductor elements are shown for each conductor in an array, it will be appreciated that there may be more than two conductor elements constituting a single conductor in an array. It should also be noted that the conductor elements of a set are coplanar, although, at each discharge site there may be a discharge between each conductor element and the opposing conductor elements or conductor on the opposite conductor array, particularly where the conductor elements are widely separated, such is deemed to constitute a single discharge for purposes of this invention.

FIG. 3 illustrates diagramatically a modification wherein conductors 12-1 l2-N and 13-1 l3-N in conductor arrays 12 and 13 are constituted by parallel conductive elements, respectively. The embodiment shown in FIG. 4 is similar to the embodiment shown in FIGS. 1 and 2. However, in this instance, as shown in the cross sectional view of FIG. 4-A, the conductive elements of a set constituting conductor in a conductor array may be wires 50 (1-2 mil) instead of being printed and fired conductors as is the case with the embodiment shown in FIGS. 1 and 2. In this case, it is only necessary to apply a conductive bridge to the exposed terminal ends of the conductors.

The conductor elements 12 LA, 12-18, l2-2A, 12- 28 as well as conductive bridge elements in 43 may be printed in accordance with the printing methods and apparatus disclosed in my patent application, Ser. No. 796,797 filed Feb. 5, 1969. Thus, the individual conductor elements B after having first translated the printing member with respect to the plate or 11 being printed upon. Finally, the conductive bridges 43 may be printed as dots of conductive material between and touching the conductor elements A and B, it being understood that the conductive bridges may be printed in as many places at regular intervals and in one or more printing steps, as desired.

By use of the printing methods and apparatus disclosed in my aforementioned patent application, conductive lines 1 to 2 mils in width (and larger if desired) may be printed with a spacing between conductive elements A & B of about 1 mil to thus approximately equal a conductor line printed by silk screen processes where the conductor line may have a width of approximately 6 mils. Other dimensional parameters of a typical panel incorporating the invention are plates 10 and 11 being one-quarter-inch plate glass (250 mils); dielectric coatings l4 and 16 being 1 to 2 mils; spacing between surfaces 17 and 18 of dielectric coatings 14 and 16, respectively being between 4 and 6 mils (and at least under 10 mils) and the effective center to center spacing between conductor elements 12 and 13 being about mils (the center of the conductors being half the spacing between conductor elements A and conductor elements B). In a 4 inch display area, there will be approximately 33 conductors per lineal inch and hence, approximately 18,000 discharge sites defined by the crossing points of conductor array 12 and 13.

Since many widely different embodiments of the invention may be made without departing from the spirit thereof, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited to the specific embodiments disclosed herein except as defined in the appended claims.

lclaim:

1. A method of increasing efficiency of light transmission and assuring electrical continuity of non-transparent printed conductors in a multiple discharge gas discharge device in which a gas discharge medium is confined between a pair of dielectric coated conductor arrays and selected discharge sites within the gas medium are excited by electrical potentials applied between at least one conductor in one of said arrays and at least one conductor in the other of said arrays, the crossing point of said conductors locating a selected discharge site, comprising i printing each conductor of at least one of said arrays on a viewing plate of the device as a set of narrow, spaced apart, conductor elements and making a conductive electrical bridge connection 'at I least at the terminal ends of conductor elements constituting a conductor in the array. 2. The inven ion defined in claim 1 wherein a conductive electrical bridge connection between conductor elements is made at regular intervals along the length thereof.

3. The invention defined in claim 2 wherein said conductive bridges are at least at both ends of the conductive elements of a pair.

4. The invention defined in claim 2 wherein said conductive bridges are at regular intervals along the length of the conductive elements of each said pair, respectively.

5. The invention defined in claim 2 wherein said conductive bridges are at least at both ends of the conductive elements of each said pair and at regular intervals between the ends.

6. The invention defined in claim 5 wherein said regular intervals are between selectable discharge sites defined by said crossing points of said conductor arrays.

7. The invention defined in claim 1 wherein the conductors in one of said arrays are constituted by a single conductor element, said single conductor element having a width which is wider than individual conductor elements in said pair.

8. The invention defined in claim 1 wherein each conductor in the other of said conductor array is constituted by at least a pair of conductor elements, each conductor element of a pair being spaced from the other conductor elements in its pair to permit radiant energy to pass therethrough.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3384770 *18 Jul 196621 May 1968Gen ElectricElectroluminescent display device having folded elements
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4820222 *31 Dec 198611 Apr 1989Alphasil, Inc.Method of manufacturing flat panel backplanes including improved testing and yields thereof and displays made thereby
US6075504 *19 Mar 199313 Jun 2000Photonics Systems, Inc.Flat panel display screens and systems
US76792865 Sep 200616 Mar 2010Imaging Systems TechnologyPositive column tubular PDP
US772704027 Jan 20061 Jun 2010Imaging Systems TechnologyProcess for manufacturing plasma-disc PDP
US77727748 Feb 200710 Aug 2010Imaging Systems TechnologyPositive column plasma display tubular device
US796909230 Mar 200728 Jun 2011Imaging Systems Technology, Inc.Gas discharge display
WO1988005170A1 *22 Dec 198714 Jul 1988Alphasil IncMethod of manufacturing flat panel backplanes including improved testing and yields thereof and displays made thereby
Classifications
U.S. Classification445/24
International ClassificationH01J17/49
Cooperative ClassificationH01J17/492
European ClassificationH01J17/49D
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
9 Jun 1987ASAssignment
Owner name: OWENS-ILLINOIS TELEVISION PRODUCTS INC., SEAGATE,
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:OWENS-ILLINOIS, INC., A CORP. OF OHIO;REEL/FRAME:004772/0648
Effective date: 19870323
Owner name: OWENS-ILLINOIS TELEVISION PRODUCTS INC.,OHIO
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:OWENS-ILLINOIS, INC., A CORP. OF OHIO;REEL/FRAME:004772/0648