US 3556907 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Jan. 19,1971 E. D. EIYSTRAND MACHINE FOR PRODUCING LAMINATED EMBOSSED WEBS Filed Jan. 23, 1969 3Q IKVIZNUR" ERNST DANIEL NYSTRAND United States Patent 3,556,907 Patented Jan. 19, 1971 US. Cl. 156-470 6 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A machine for producing laminated embossed webs useful as toweling, napkins, placemats and the like. The machine employs a novel arrangement of embossing and laminator rolls to achieve a nested configuration of the embossed, inwardly-extending projections and avoids the speed limitations inherent in prior machines.
BACKGROUND AND SUMMARY OF INVENTION Embossed toweling has been made in the past by procedures such as are seen in US. Pat. 3,414,459. Toweling of this nature has peg-to-peg projections or embossments which are developed through rotating embossing rolls in synchronism with a high degree of precision. This necessarily limits production because the nip defined by the embossing rolls must be carefully controlled. In addition, the width of the machine is necessarily limited because of the possibility of run-out of the rolls, differential expansion and deflection along the length thereof due to dimensional differences which often are magnified during operation.
Through the provision of two embossing units plus a uniquely positioned laminator roll, I am simultaneously able to avoid the production limitations discussed above and at the same time provide a superior embossed laminate.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION The invention is described in conjunction with the accompanying drawing, in which:
FIG. 1 is a fragmentary schematic view of the inventive machine as would be seen from one side;
FIG. 2 is a reduced scale perspective view of the machine of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a fragmentary plan view of the product issuing from the left-hand side of FIG. 1, and corresponds to that seen along the sight line 3-3 applied to FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged scale fragmentary sectional view taken along the line 4-4 applied to FIG. 3; and
FIG. 5 is a fragmentary perspective view of the adhesive applicator roll seen in FIG. 2.
In the illustration given, the numeral generally designates a frame which is seen to include a pair of side elements for rotatably supporting a plurality of rolls. These rolls can be appreciated better from a consideration of FIG. 2 wherein a first embossing unit is made up of a platen roll 11 and an embossing roll 12. A second embossing unit consists of the embossing roll 13 and the platen roll 14. Each embossing roll 12 and 13 has a steel surface with a plurality of outwardly-extending projections formed thereon. Advantageously, the projections may number from about 10 to about 200 per square inch and may project upwardly from the surface from about 0.01 inch to about 0.05 inch whereby approximately 10% to about 75% of the surface of a web is embossed. For this purpose, the platen rolls may be covered with any suitable material currently used in the art, i.e., rubber as shown or paper etc. The platen rolls may also be made of steel with mating protrusions.
The numeral 15 designates a web issuing from an unwind stand (not shown) and passing around an idler roll 16 and thereafter into the nip defined by the rolls 11 and 12. The projections on the roll 12 develop corresponding projection 17 seen in the web 15 in FIG. 3. Adhesive is applied to some or all of the high points of these projections by means of the adhesive-applying unit generally designated 18 and which is seen to include a fountain 19 and a series of transfer rolls 20, 21 and 22 which are driven in conventional fashion. As seen in FIG. 5, the adhesive-applying roll 22 has provided thereon a pattern of raised surfaces as at 22a. This results in applying adhesive to less than all of the high points of the protrusions provided by the embossing unit which includes rolls 11 and 12. Through the use of a colored adhesive, a decorative, eye-pleasing pattern can be producedwhich is visible by the user of the web product. A certain amount of the adhesive penetrates through the web 15 to make the pattern visible and further, the web is generally at least translucent and almost transparent so that distinct color impressions can be obtained. For example, in the web product designated T in FIG. 3, six of the depressions as at 170 have been shaded to show a red coloration in a generally hexagonal design. This is readily achieved through the use of suitably engraved plates on the plate cylinder applicator roll 22.
In analogous fashion, an upper web is designated 23 and is seen to be passing around an idler roll 24 before being embossed by the coaction of rolls 13 and 14. The projections on the roll 13 develop corresponding projections in the web 23 -the developed projections being designated 25 in FIG. 3. Thereafter the webs are united in passing into the nip 26 defined by the rolls 12 and 27. The roll 27 is the so-called laminator roll and is seen to have a surface covered with resilient material 28 such as rubber having a rating in the range of about 50 to about 90 Durometer A.
In the illustration given, a steel roll is employed for the laminator roll 27 and the covering was achieved through initially gluing a layer of spiral-wrapped hard rubber-covered tape. The roll surface was then ground to present a smooth surface against the embossing roll 12. The pressure at the nip 26 was adjusted to the range of 50-60 pounds per linear inch which was satisfactory for the starch-adhesive used in laminating. Alternatively, a smooth steel roll could be employed as the laminator roll 27without any covering, but the thin, hard, rubber covering permits operation without the accuracy otherwise required insofar as run-out and straightness is concerned. The covering which in production machines may be of the order of one-half inch thick and Durometer rubber eliminates the danger of mushrooming the small embossing elements on the roll 12 when the usual nip pressures are present. An additional advantage from the use of a resilient covered roll is the lack of a need for a separate drive. The numerous protrusions on the embossing roll 12 drive the laminator 27 without difiiculty.
The web issuing to the left of the roll 27 is generally designated T and corresponds to the showing in FIG. 3. The adhesive which is applied only to the high points of the projections 17 results in glue bonds of the type designated 29 in FIG. 4. In some cases I prefer to have the height of the projection 25 somewhat less so that a gap 30 exists between the projection 25 and the confronting portion of the web 15. In any event, the projections 17 are rigidly supported during laminating.
As seen in FIG. 2, the plurality of rolls 11-14, 16 and 24 are all rotatably supported on the frame 10 as by means of suitable bearings, one of which is designated 31. The rolls are rotated in synchronisin by means of gears 32 from a power source (not shown).
i i hr- A illustrated," the productmay bje'towe'L the invention, dependingupon the n11.v
ing'a b'asiswei'g htbf about 7 to about 50 pounds.
v employed, again, depending. uponv the ul matepr machinefln airy event, there is developed an advantageous during the integration by Virtueofthe suption's' 1'7 on the web 15.. Also, I prefer to I e roll 27 with a diameter somewhat different v at of 'lroll so that the high points do not occur in the "same position'eachrevolution, providing, in effect, a hunting? of the high points relative to the resilient covered roll 27.
It will be appreciated also that considerable leeway is provided in the embossing pattern. As is illustrated, the patterns in the two rolls are identical so that there is a perfect interlacing or nesting of the projections of one web relative to the projections of the other web. However, one web may have more of an open pattern of projection so that several projections on the other web will be accommodated during the interlacing. The projections may be circular, triangular, oval, hexagonal, diamondshaped, or have any other of a multiple choice of shapes. Orientation of the pattern of the projections on the two webs may be similar or dissimilar as desired. Choice of shapes of the projections may be similar or dissimilar on the two webs. In any event, there is provided a unique nested-embossment type of web product where the nesting results in substantial bulk or air space and as can be appreciated from a consideration of FIG. 4. In other words, the embossments in one web do not occupy all of the space between embossments in the other web. This additionally makes possible the development of the attractive color pattern through the selective application of adhesive and to this an additional advantage accrues in that less adhesive is required since only a predetermined number of protrusions receive adhesive.
While in the foregoing specification a detailed description of an embodiment of the invention has been set down I rodnctg'such as placemats, napkins, andv are ad antageously provided on ,the inventive tails herein given may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the claims.
1. A machine for producin'g 'laminated, embossed webs comprising a fram,; ffirsti and second embossing units mounted on said frame, each unitihcludin'g' an embossing roll having a .patternof projections fflbOllt 10 to about 200 per square inch, and a platnroll for" coaction with each.embossing roll, means for rotatingsaid rolls. and;
for feeding a web for travel on the rolls of each unit to develop two embossed webs, adhesive applying means on said frame for one. of said units, a thirdroll operatively associated with the first unit embossing roll to press .both
on said embossed webs.
webs against said firstfunit' embossing roll andadhere the two webs together, the first and secondunit embossing rolls being" oriented relative lto each jotheir "to: position the projections in one web intermediate the projections inf the'other 'we'b as the webs approach saidfthirdroll,
Z. T he machine of claim 1 in, which said third roll is equipped with a resilient covering.
3. The machine of, claim ,,1 in which the third roll has a diameter difierent from that of the first unit embossing roll.-
4. The machine .0
fclaim 1 in which the projections on said first unit embossing roll'have a greater heightv than the projections on said second unit embossing roll. 5. The machine of-claim 1 in which said adhesive applying means includes a roll structured to "apply adhesive to only selected projections on one of said webs.
6. The structure of claim 5 in which said adhesive applying means includes fountain means'furnished with a colored adhesive whereby a visual pattern is provided 7 References Cited UNITED Wells 156 209 BENJAMIN A. BORCI1ELT, Primary Examiner C-. T. JORDAN, Assistant Examiner US. Cl. X.R.
.f r:the purposeofillustration, many: variations in. .the..de