|Publication number||US3378323 A|
|Publication date||16 Apr 1968|
|Filing date||31 Aug 1966|
|Priority date||31 Aug 1966|
|Publication number||US 3378323 A, US 3378323A, US-A-3378323, US3378323 A, US3378323A|
|Original Assignee||Goldberg Isidor|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (3), Referenced by (19), Classifications (12)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
April 16, 1968 1. GOLDBERG GARBAGE CAN CLOSER Filed Aug. 51, 1966 INVENTOR Gala berg 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 [Siaor m/GO 12 April 16, 1968 l. GOLDBERG GARBAGE CAN CLOSER 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Aug. 31, 1966 INVENTOR fioldberg United States Patent 3,378,323 GARBAGE CAN CLOSER Isidor Goldberg, 147-28 84th Road, Jamaica, N.Y. 11435 Filed Aug. 31, 1966, Ser. No. 576,431 3 Claims. (Cl. 312-470) ABSTRACT 0F THE DICLOSURE A Walled enclosure with a bottom wherein the front wall is openable for the insertion of uncovered garbage cans and the top wall or lid is openable for the deposit of garbage in the cans. The top wall or lid is hingedly mounted and carries can covers opening downwardly for sealing the uncovered cans, means being provided for guiding the cans to proper sealing position. The individual covers that are normally used with the cans are secured at the sides thereof to the handles of the cans by spring means.
An important object of the present invention is to provide a garbage can shed that is adapted to store a plurality of garbage cans with attached covers and is adapted to utilize a plurality of independent can covers fixed on the lid or cover of the shed for sealing the garbage cans.
Another object of the invention is to provide a garbage can shed with a hinged lid or cover having fixed garbage can covers adapted to be swung to can sealing position and adapted to be swung to an out-ofthe-way position so that the arbage carried by the individual may be easily deposited into the garbage cans.
Still another object is to provide a garbage can shed with means for guiding the garbage cans to proper position therein so as to receive covers carried by the lid of the shed.
Yet another object according to a modification of the invention is to provide a garbage can shed with a lid or cover carrying a plurality of fixed garbage can covers for sealing a plurality of stored garbage cans, said lid or cover being connected to a foot operated mechanism which, when actuated, will swing the fixed garbage can covers to an out-of-the-way position so that the garbage may be readily deposited in the cans.
It is also proposed to provide a garbage can shed that is sanitary, simple in construction and economical to manufacture.
For further comprehension of the invention and of the objects and advantages thereof, reference will be had to the fololwing description and accompanying drawings and to the appended claims in which the various novel features of the invention are more particularly set forth.
In the accompanying drawings forming a material part of the disclosure, I
FIGURE 1 is a top perspective view of a garbage can shed embodying one form of the invention, the shed being shown open with empty garbage cans shown stored therein.
FIG. 2 is a vertical sectional view taken on the plane of the line 22 of FIG. 1, the lid of the shed being shown in closed position.
FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view taken on the plane of the line 33 of FIG. 2.
FIG. 4 is a vertical sectional View of a fragment of the top of a modified form of garbage can shed, showing a garbage can in position and showing the lid of the shed in open position in full lines and in open position in phantorn lines, parts being shown broken away.
FIG. 5 is an elevational view of the bottom end of a garbage can shed embodying another modified form of the invention, parts being shown broken away.
FIG. 6 is a vertical sectional view through a fragment of a garbage can shed embodying yet another modified form of the invention, the lid of the shed being shown in open position, a foot of the user being shown pressed down on the lid operator.
Referring now to the drawings in detail, in FIGS. 1 to 3, inclusive, a garbage can shed embodying one form of the invention is shown and designated generally at 10. The garbage can shed may be made of wood, metal or any other suitable material. The garbage can shed is rectangular in plan and includes a body having base or floor 12, side walls 14, 14 and a rear wall 16. The front of the body is open and is adapted to be closed by hinged wall sections 18 and 20 attached to the side walls by hinge structures 22. The front wall sections may be held in closed position by means of a looped clasp 24 on the free edge of wall section 1.8 at the top thereof and by a plate 26 having a cross-slot 28 hinged to the free edge of the other front wall section 26 at the top thereof as indicated at 30, the slotted plate adapted to be swung over the clasp with the clasp protruding to receive a locking device, (not shown). Handles 31 may be provided on the side walls 14 for lifting the shed.
In accordance with the invention, the open top of the shed 10 is adapted to be closed by a lid or cover 32 hingedly mounted on the top edge of the rear wall 16 by hinge structures 33. A pair of circular metal garbage can covers 36 and 38 are fixed on the inner surface of the lid 32 by means of fastening elements 40, the covers opening downwardly. The covers 36 and 38 are dimensioned to cover standard sized garbage cans such as the garbage cans 42 shown stored in the shed 10 in FIG. 1. The cans 42 are of ordinary construction with hollow cylindrical bodies 44 with bottoms 46 and being open at the top. Hinged handles 48 are mounted on the sides at opposed points thereon. Ordinary circular flanged garbage covers 50 are provided for the cans 42. The covers 50 have handles 52 for manipulating the same. The can covers 52 are flexibly attached to the cans by means of compression springs 54 attached at one end to the handles 52 on the covers and at the other end to the hinged handles 48 on the garbage cans so that such can covers are always available.
The lid 32 is provided with a hinged latching device 56 midway the ends of the free edge thereof. When the front wall sections 18 and 20 are closed and the hinged plate 26 is in position over the clasp 24, the latching device 56 on the lid of the shed is adapted to coact with the protruding hasp 24 by means of the slot 58 formed in the latching device. A locking element (not shown) may be inserted through the projecting hasp 24 when it is projecting through the slot in order to lock the garbage cans in the shed. A series of upstanding pins 60 for each garbage can 42 is fixed on the bottom 12 in semi-circular formation to serve as guides for properly positioning the garbage cans under the covers 36 and 38 on the lid 32.
In use, with the front wall sections 18 and Z0 and the lid 32 open, the empty garbage cans 42 are placed in the shed 16 through the opening in the front thereof, with their covers 50 removed and supported on the exterior of the bodies of the cans as shown in FIG. 1. The cans are positioned with their bottoms against the guide pins 60 as shown in FIG. 3. When the cans are thus positioned, the open top ends of the cans are in line of closing movement of the covers 36 and 38 on the lid 32 of the shed, and when the lid is closed, the covers 36 and 38 carried thereby fit over the open tops of the cans and seal the cans. When it is desired to deposit garbage, the lid 32 is opened leaving the open tops of the can avail-able for depositing the garbage, as seen in FIG. 1. After the deposit of thegarbage the lid is manually closed. When the cans are filled with garbage and it is desired to remove the can from the shed, the top lid 32 and the front wall sections 18 and 20 are opened, the covers of the cans placed on top of the cans in sealing position and the cans removed from the shed then placed in position for collection.
In the modification of the invention illustrated in FIG. 4, the cover such as cover 36' fixed on the lid 32 and carried thereby is adjustably mounted so as to accommodate itself to various sized garbage cans 42 and cans filled to overflowing with garbage in the shed 10'. The cover 36' is slidably supported by L-shaped brackets 64 secured to the inner surface of the lid 32' by rivets 66. One leg 68 of each bracket is formed with an elongated slot 70 to receive headed bolts 72 radiating from the flange 74 of the cover 36'. The cover 36 is adapted to slide toward and away from the lid 32' so as to accommodate itself to various sized cans and to overflowing garbage in the cans.
FIG. 5 illustrates modified form of guiding pins 60" for supporting and guiding the garbage cans 42". Each pin has a cylindrical threaded body 78 passing through holes in the bottom 12" of the shed and secured therein by lock nuts 80. An angular head 82 is formed integrally on the top end of each body, the head being formed with a notch 84. The pins are adapted to be moved up and down through the holes in the bottom, in order to accommodate garbage cans 42" of various lengths, the flanged bottom ends of the cans adapted to seat in the notches 84.
Another modified form of garbage can shed 10a is illustrated in FIG. 6. The shed 10a differs from the shed 10 in that pedal operated mechanism is provided for opening the lid 32a of the shed. This mechanism includes a bracket 88 secured to the center of the lid on the inner surface thereof and depending therefrom. A pin 90 radiates from the free end of the bracket. Another bracket 92 is secured to the inner surface of the rear wall 16a of the shed adjacent the top thereof at its center. The bracket 92 includes two closely spaced perforated tapered plates 94 with a pivot pin 96 supported in the perforations thereof across the space therebetween. Movable linkage is slidably and pivotally connected to the brackets 88 and 92, respectively. This linkage includes a V-shaped link 98 pivotally connected to the pivot pin 96 at its base 100 and is slidably connected to the pin 90 on bracket 88 by means of an elongated slot 102 at one end thereof. The other end of link 93 is pivotally connected to one end of another link 104, the other end of link 104 being pivotally connected to one end of an actuating lever 106 pivotally mounted midway its ends on a pivot pin 108 mounted in shed 10a. A lever 106 extends through an opening 110 in one of the front wall sections 18a and mounts a foot pedal 112 on its outer extending end. The bottom 12a of the shed is formed with an opening 114 to provide clearance for the downward movement of the lever 106 and link 104.
In use, when the lid 32a is in closed position, the position of the linkage and lever is as shown in dash lines. In order to open the lid, the foot pedal 112 is stepped upon by the foot of the user whereupon the inner end of the lever 106 moves upwardly forcing link 104 upwardly in the direction of the arrow 116 and pivoting the link 98 in a clockwise direction as indicated by the arrow 118, the edge walls of the slot 102 pushing the pin 90 upwardly in an arcuate shaped direction thereby forcing the lid 32a to open position as shown.
While I have illustrated and described the preferred embodiments of invention, it is to be understood that I do not limit myself to the precise construction herein disclosed and that various changes and modifications may be made within the scope of the invention as defined in the appended claims.
What is claimed is:
1. A garbage can shed comprising a body having a bottom, side walls and a rear wall and being open at the front and top, hinged wall sections adapted to close the open front and a hinged lid adapted to close the open top of the shed, means carried by the lid and front wall sections for releasably holding said lid and said wall sections in closed positions, means carried by the lid for covering and sealing garbage cans placed insid the shed on the bottom thereof, with open top ends, in predetermined positions, when the lid is in closed position, said can covering and sealing means carried by the shed lid consisting of circular flanged metal can covers adjustably mounted on the inner surface of the lid, said mounting including angular brackets secured to the lid and projecting inwardly thereof, the projecting portions of the brackets being slotted, radially bolts carried by the flange portions of the covers extending through and slidable in the slots in the brackets whereby the covers are movable inwardly and outwardly of the lid, for accommodating the covers to various sized lengths of cans.
2. A garbage can shed as defined in claim 1 having spaced upstanding pins on the bottom of the shed arranged in semi-circular formation for guiding the cans to predetermined positions relative to the covers on the lid.
3. A garbage can shed as defined in claim 1 having spaced upstanding pins adjustably mounted on the bottom of the shed arranged in semi-circular formation for guiding the cans to predetermined positions relative to the covers on the lid, angular heads on the inner ends of the pins, said heads having notches to receive the flanged ends of garbage cans placed in the shed, said heads movable toward and away from the lid to accommodate garbage cans of various lengths.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,671,623 3/1954 Toulmin 244-138 3,028,015 4/1962 Williams 21183 FOREIGN PATENTS 915,283 1/1963 Great Britain.
ROY D. FRAZIER, Primary Examiner.
FRANK DOMOTOR, Assistant Examiner.
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|U.S. Classification||312/270.1, 248/147, 312/319.9, 211/83, 312/290|
|International Classification||B65F1/16, H02J3/36, B65F1/14|
|Cooperative Classification||B65F1/1426, B65F1/163|
|European Classification||B65F1/16D1, B65F1/14D|