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Publication numberUS2460615 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication date1 Feb 1949
Filing date7 Jun 1945
Priority date7 Jun 1945
Publication numberUS 2460615 A, US 2460615A, US-A-2460615, US2460615 A, US2460615A
InventorsAndrew John P
Original AssigneeYale & Towne Mfg Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Removable core lock
US 2460615 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

"Feb. 1949.

J. P. ANDREW REMOVABLE CORE LOCK 2 eets-Sheet 1 Filed June 1945 o rg VENTOR \JJAA/ P ATTORNEY Feb. 1, 1949. J, N W 2,460,615

REMOVABLE CORE LOCK Filed June 7, 1945 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 ATTORNEY Patented Feb. 1, 1949 barren ems NT o-FF COR-E noon.

1 ohn. P. .Anarw,.New Rochelle; NI Y'l,.assfgnor to TheYale' 85 Towne Manufacturing Company, Stamford, Conn; a' corporation-of Gonnecti'cut Application June/7,; 1945 .Serial-. No; 598 ,1 33

. 17- claims. 1

commercially as a. removable. corecylinder lock. I

Locks-of. this clasaemploy What. is termed a removable: lock; core. which .is.mounted. a tumbler controlled-z key plug; When thecore. is; placed; intoiallocklhousing. for operating locltmechanismv therein, a connection is. made between the key plug-and. the lock mechanism foroperation of tha-tilockmecha-nism by thekey plug. thereafter.. The removable lock. core. contains in addition to the. key; plug key.- controlled mechanism for. operating a retainer. for retaining. the. removable. lock corein.thelockhousihg,

; invention relates-1moraparticularlyto. a. re.- taining mechanism for use. With-a removablelock core oi the classindicatedl order. that the present invention may be. better. understood ands appreciated, it wilLbewelI describe. generally.v certain. of. the prior art. structures. over whichmy. invention. is an. improvement. In oneof'those. structures the re.-- movable; lock core contains a key plug formed" with: alieyway through which a .seriesof f tumblers may. be. set to. release the key plugj'or rotation. bya predetermined. key known as. a change. key.. A. retainer. that is fbrmed-aspartf of a sleeve. coidperatihg; with. the. key, p1ug, housed'. bythe removable lock core. and serves.to..lock that core. withi'nf'alock housing. Whena key other thana. change" key. isv insertediintothe key plug,.it rotates both the key plug and. sleeve so as. to move, the. retainerto release position.

' In animproverf type. of structure covered inan application by. Theodore HiJohnstone Serial No; 474,806fi1ed' February 5, 194311now Patent No. 239L833; dated December 1945; the removable. lockicore contains two rotatabletumbler con trolled plugs. The tumblers for releasing; either one of. the: plugs for rotation: are. controlled from a: single keywayiin' but one. ofthe plugs- When the changei key' is' inserted into. the plugv having; the keyway; only the change key plug" is" rotatable to' operate lock mechanism mounted in the" housingin'whi'ch the removable lock core is'retainedj, When a second or retainer controlling key is; utilize'di the retainer'plugisirele'ased for rotation. While the Johnstone structure is very effective; those skilled in the art will readily appreciate" that the security of" the retainer mechanism is I 2) reptiti'ous. removal. of. the. removable I lock core from a lio'ckhousi'ngi inwhich it'may be. mounted As. a. feature of my, invention I employ in. my. removablelock core two independently movablev key plugs each equippediwitha keyway and with one key plug. operable by the change key while the other key plug. is operabl'eiiby the retainer controlling key and. is adapted to move. the. re.- tainer. into. and'. out of'ret'ai'ning position.

As a. further feature of. the invention, the re tainer. controlling. key and; the. retainer. plug; can. not. efiect the 'movemen'tlof' the. retainer to release positionunl'ess; theQch'ange key. and. change. plug. are. rotated.. It. is obvious that because of this; relationship, of the. parts itv necessary f on two. independent. sets. of tumbIers tobe set. two:-

keys before. the retainers may. bemovedito release position.

As a further feature of the. invention, the change plugis retained; in. the. removable. lock coreby. aplugretainer detentthatisin turnheld against movement out. of? retaining, positionv by part of. the lock mechani'sm'inthe housing. into.- whichthe'. removable. lock. cor islinsertedl' As. stil1'a.further feature. of. thispart of; the invenr tibn, the plug retainer deten't is held against. movement. out of; retaining. position by pins. extending.v from the lock operating. mechanism into bores formed ih;the change. key plug..

Itiisst'illa further featureoi'theinvention that the plug retainer detent of the change p1ug-, control's the movement of the retainer out of'retaim ing. position, preferably. by. preventing rotation ofi'the retainer plug.

I have; thusoutlinedl the more important. fea.-- tures. of my.- invention. inv order that my contribution to/ the art: may be better understood: and: in order thattherelation of. my contribution to: theprior art. may: be. bettercomprehended... I. do;

. believe: that my contributionis a: broad; and; valu:.--

able one-Jami; that myv patent-r cIaims should; not: be: limited. toe the: specific; sthucturer-hereinolescribed: Also,- Whil'ei I have described? generally severaliimportant features of my inventiong there are other important featuresv that will be described particularly in' the specification and will be o1aimedin'the claims appended hereto;

At this? po intitwi'll be w ir to' indicate further; thatlfsh'all. describe the removable lock core as mounted in and. removable from. a. padlock. casing. or housing. Those. skilled. in the art. willfully appreciate that. the. removable lock. core may be. used: in any type of. lock. housing such. as the usual mortise cylinder or nightlatchrcylinder, or.

in any other place where a cylinder lock core may be inserted for operating lock mechanism.

Referring now to the drawings, Fig. 1 is an elevation of a padlock in which my invention may be embodied. Fig. 2 is a section of the padlock of Fig. l but with the removable lock core removed therefrom. Fig. 3 is an elevation of the removable lock core as it would. appear when removed from the padlock housing. Figs. 4 and 5 are sections taken alon lines 44 of Fig. 2 showing.

the shackle of the padlock in locked position and in unlocked position. Fig. 6-is a composite section taken along lines 6--6 of Figs. 2 and 3, so as to show the removable lock core within the padlock. Fig. 7 is a view taken along the same lines as Fig. 6 but with the change and retainer plu s rotated to release the removablelock core for movement out of the padlock housing.

Fig. 8 is a plan view of an assembl plate used in my invention. -Fig. 9 is a plan View of the rotary bolt used in my padlock and illustrating the relation of a lug of the rollback cam relatively thereto. Fig. 10 is an exploded view of the change plug and the plug retainer detent. Fig. 11 is an exploded'view of the rollback cam and the bolt with the bolt spring positioned therebetween. Fig. 12 is a section'taken along the lines l2|2 of Fig. 3. Figs. 13 and 14 are front end views of the removable lock core looking upwardly at the bottom of Fig. 3 and showing the two key plugs in' the positions of Figs. 6 and 7 respectively. A Referring now more particularly to the drawings. and especially Figs. 1-5 inclusive, my invention is adapted for use Within a padlock housing I (l with which cooperates a shackle ll of the usual type well known in the art. This shackle has a relatively short'leg mounted in a bore I2 in the" housing H3, and a relatively long leg housed in a bore l3'of the padlock housing 10. A spring [4 tends to move the shackle H toward release position butthe shackle is restrained against such movement by locking balls I5, [6 and [1. Thus, locking ball l5 is adapted to cooperate with a groove 13 in the long shackle leg while ball I 1 cooperates with a groove IS in the short shackle leg.

' For controlling the locking balls I5, l6 and I1, I utilize a rotary bolt having release depressions 2| and 22, which when placed opposite the balls l5, l6 and I! as shown in Fig. 5, allow release movement of the said balls and out of locking grooves l8 and IS.

A spring 23, best shown in Fig. 11, has an upper end 24 that is adapted to enter a bore 25 in the padlock casing 10 as best illustrated in Fig. 2. The lower end 26 of the spring 23 enters a radial slot 2 'l of the bolt 23, the springbeing so formed that when so positioned, it normally urges the boltlfi into its locking position of Fig. 4. Directly underneath the flange 28 of the bolt 20 there is mounted a rollback cam 29 as best illustrated in Fig. 2, the cam itself being best shown in Fig. 11. This cam has an integral lug 30 that operates in a slot 31 of the bolt 20 for rotating the bolt from the locking position of Fig. 4 to the release position of Fig. 5. For holding the bolt 20 and the rollback cam 29 in the position of Fig. 2,v

I utilize an assembly plate 33 best illustrated in Fig. 8. This assembly plate is formed with a pair of slots 34 whereby it may he slipped over pins 35" extending from rollback cam 29, and against the surface 36 of the padlock housing 10.. The assembly plate 33 may then be staked into position to maintain the parts assembled as shown in Fig. 2.

4 Those skilled in the art will fully understand that the rollback cam 29 is rotatable by a suitable key plug through the medium of its pins 35. the slots 34 of the retainer plate 33 being formed to allow such rotation. Through the lug 38, the bolt 20 will be rotated by rollback 29 to allow movementof the locking balls l5 and IB into depressionsi I, 22 as shown in Fig. 5. In that position of the partsQthe shackle II will spring upwardly under the influence of its spring [4 so as to hold the bolt 20 in its release position. The rollback. cam 29 may now be operated back to its normal position because of the relation of the lug 33 to slot 3l of the flange 2B of bolt 20. The

vpurpose of this structure is to allow the removal ofthe key from the key plug that is used for rotating the rollback cam 29. Thereafter, the downward movement of the shackle II will align its locking grooves I8 and IS with the balls 15 and 11. When this is done, the said balls will move into locking relation tothe shackle while the bolt 2!] is rotated by sprin 23 into its position of Fig. 4 to maintain the balls 15 and H in locking position. At this point it will be well to indicate that the rotation of the bolt 20 is best limited by a stud 37 'that is. inserted into position through the outer wall of the housing 10. P

The housing in of the padlock is formed with describe the detailed structure of the removable lock core of my'inverition.

Reference numeral indicates generally my removable'lock core, over the front end of which is fitted a scalp 4! that may be secured thereto by scre ws'or staking, all as those skilled in the art'will appreciate. A change key plug 42, hav

ing a keyway 43, is mounted'within removable lock core 40 for rotation therein. For controlling the rotation of the change key plug 42 I retainer key plug is formed with. a keyway 48 V and'is controlled in its rotation relatively to the removable lock core 40 by tumblermchani'sm designated by reference letter P. mechanism P comprises standard pin tumbler mechanism known in the art and embodying here ,a series of'springs l'la, drivers 48 and tumblers 49 mounted in aligned bores that are formed in the plug-41 and the removable lock core 40} Those skilled in the art will readily appreciate that when a change key C is inserted in the keyway 43 as best illustrated in Fig. 12 for setting the tumbler mechanism P, change key plug 42 may be rotated from its position of Fig. 12 to its position of Fig. 14. Similarly, when a retainer key R. is inserted into plug 41 to set' the tumbler mechanism P, the retainer; plug 41 may be rotated from the position of The tumbler area-ore the retainer 5!! lies within theretainerslbt 39 of'the'padiock housing Hland preventsendwfse movement. of lock core 40- out of the said housing; Asshown'inFig. 'r, the'retai'nerbll is completelyout of-the. retainer slot 39, and the re"- movable lock core maybe moved out of the opening 38" of padlock housing H]. For limiting the throw of the retainer 51! and the retainer plug 41, a. limit lug 52'; is: secured to the upper" end of the removable lock. core 40" asfbest'ill'us trat'ed'in Figs. 3 and'7.

N'ot only does the retainer Bilactto. retainthe removable lock core E03 within the padlock openingllilhut. it also serves. to retain the plug: 41 against. removal" from the lock. core itself. For" similarly preventihgremoval of the change plug 42. fromthe removable. lockoore E0, the change plug, 42Iis. slotted. at. .531 for cooperation with a plug retainer detent. 5.4. When the plug. re-' tainer .detent 541- is. moved. into it's full retaining. position. a sharp. shoulder. 55. formed on; one. of its. arms. springs intosuch. relation to the body. oi plug: 42,. as. best. illustratedlin Figs. 6 and. 'T,

as, to yieldingly prevent. movement of the 'redetent, and will thereai-ter function tolbckQthe.

plug; retainer detent 5.4. from movement out. of assembled. relation to the key plug, 42. This. ac-

tion. of the. pins 35 takesplace whenever the. re

movable, lock core; M1- is. moved upwardly into the. housing. 38. as from theposition occupied. there.- byrelatively tothe. padlock casing; in showrrin Fig. 3. g

Theplug retainer detent 54, when the change plug. andretainer plug, are in their. positions. of. Fig, 6-, .acts.to. deadlock. the. retainer. 50. andplug 41- in.their lock core retaining. positionof Fig, 61 This seems. rather obvious. It. also. seems. quitev apparentthat untilthe proper. key isinsertedin. change plug 42 so as to rotate that plug from its. positionsoi Figs. 6.and.l3 to its positions of. Figs. 7. and. 1.4, the. retainer 50 may not be, rotated fronrit'sretainingv position of. Fig. 6 toits release position. of Fig. '7. Obviously,v once the change. plug. 42. is. rotated to-its position of Fig. 7',' the. retainer.- plug 4.1. and retainer. 50' may be rotated. alsotothe. position of' Fig-7 to allow removal of 'the removable core 40 outwardly ofthe opening 38ofi the padlock housing It is obvioustherefore, that it is' necessary to rotate the change plug 42 as'w'ell as the retainer plug 4 in order to release the removable lock core 40" for movement out of thepadlock casing l0.

When it isd'esired' to insert the removable look core 441 into'the; housing both key-plugs are-placed. in: their positions of. Fig. '7 and;-the:

core housing is then. moved. into. the. opening; 38'.

5i1-ihtddadl0cliihgrelatiom tothe retainerffidl asshown-in Fig; 6. It is interesting to-note everr if substantiar pressure is applied against the' plug retainer detnt 54 whom the plugs are in their position of" Fig. '6'; the rollback pins 35' will effectively prevent separation of theplug retainer detent' F t-fromthe: change key plug fl.

I 'nowcla-iin-z I". lira lock of theclass-described a housing,.a

lock-core removably mounted in= said-*housing', ai

pair of independently movable'keyplu'gs movably" mounted insaid 'lock core; tumbler-sforlozzking saidlieyplugs against-movement insaidl'ockcore,-

and each" of said key plugs having a keyway therein whereby said tumblers" are key set" andsaid k-ey plugs are released for movement relax-- tiv'ely to saidlook core; andretaining means? movable between a release position and a: lB-f taming; position for retaining said lock core said. housing and adapted for movement by one of' said key plu'gs out ofretaining p'ositik'ln and" into a release position.

22 In a lock of. the? class described; a housing;-

a. look oore removablymounted in said housing;

a pair of independently movable key" plugsj movably mounted in said'lock core andea'ch" havingakeyway, an independent set. of. tumblers extending between each of said plugs and sai'di'.

lock. core and. adapted for positioning. by keys" in the keyways of said'key plugs to releasesaidkey plugs for movement relatively to saidlocit;

- for movementby'one' of saidl'key plugs out"'of"re= taining, position and intoa release position.

3.. In alock of the olassdescribedl, a housing, alooh core remoyably mounted in said housing. a. pair. v of independently movable key. plugs: movably mounted; in saidil'ock core,,tumblers' for lo'ckingsaidlliey. plugs against moyementlimsai'd'f lock c.0re,.and. each offsaidl k'ey plugs having; a keyway' therein. whereby saidl tumblers are. key

set. and. said. key plugs are released. for movement. relatively. to. saidilbokoore,retaining means:

carried by said'll'ock core. andlmovabl'e between? a releaseposit'ion. ancLa. retaining. position for retaining sai'dslock core in said housing,.saidretaining. means. being adapted for movement".v by one of. said; key. plugs out. of. retaining; position and? intov a release position, and. means. in saidfhous-j ingQmovabl'e. by movement. ofthe other, ofisai'd'..

key plugs. v 4. In alookof. the class. desoribedlja housing;

' a-lockcoreremovab1y mounted in saidlhousi'ng;

a. pair. of. independently movable. Rey plugs; movably; mounted. in. said lock core. and each;

having a keyway, an independent. set. of. tumblers.

extending between. eachIof sai'dplugs and. said look core andadapted 01. positioning, by keys.

in. the k-eyWays of. said. key plugs. to releaseljs'aidfi keyplugs for movement; relatively t'oJsaidloekj core, retaining means carriedl by said' lloclicore.

and movable between. a. release. position and. a. retaining. position for retaining. said lock. core in said housing, said. retaining. means. being. adapted. for movement byone of. saidkey; plugs.

out otretaining. position. andinto a. release .p'osiy each having a keyway, said lock core having a ascents series, of tumbler j bores formed in alignment with boresin one of said key plugs when said key plug is in an initial locked position, said lock core having a second series Of tumbler bores formed in alignment with bores in the other of said key plugs when said other key plug is in an initial locked position, tumblers mounted in said bores for positioning by keys inserted into the keyways of said key plugs, and a cam secured on one of said key-plugs adapted for rotation therewith into a slot in said housing.

6. ,In a lock of the class described, a housing, a lock core removably mounted in an opening formed in said, housing, a pair of key plugs rotatable in said lock core on parallel axes and each having a keyway, said lock core having a series of tumbler bores formed in alignment with bores in one of said key plugs when said key plug is in an initial locked position, said lock core having a second series of tumbler bores formed in alignment with bores in the other of said key plugs when said other key plug is in an initial locked position, tumblers mounted in said bores for positioning by keys inserted into the keyways of said key plugs, a retainer for locking said lock plug is in an initial locked position, said lock core having a second series of tumbler bores formed in alignment with bores in the other of said key plugs when said other ke plug is in an initial'locked position, a retainer for locking said lock core in said housing, means whereby said retainer is movable by one of said key plugs to release said lock core for movement out of said housing, locking mechanism in said housing, and means whereby said locking mechanism is movable by the other of said key plugs.

8. In a lock of the class described, a housing,

a lock core removably mounted in said housing, a pair of independently movable key plugs movably mounted in said lock core and each having a keyway therein whereby said key plugs are released by key operation 'of tumblers for move ment relatively to said lock core, meansretaining said lock core in said housing adapted for movement by one of said key plugs out of retaining position, and means whereby movement of the other of said key plugs is a requisite to the move-.

ment of said retainer out of retaining position.

9,-In a lock of the class described, a housing, a lock core removably mounted insaid housing, a pair of independently movable key plugs mova-bly mounted in said lock core and each havin a keyway, an independent set of tumblers extending between each of said plugs and said lock core and adapted for positioning by keys in the keyways of said key plugs to release said key plugs for movement relatively to said lock core,

means retaining said lock core in said housing adapted for movement by one of said key plugs out of retaining position, and means whereby movement of the other of said key plugs is a requisite to the movement of said retainer out of retaining position.

' 10. In a lock of the class described, a housing,

a lock core removably mounted in said housing;

a pair of independently movable key plugs movably mounted in said lock core and each having a keyway therein whereby said key plugs are releasedby key operation for movement relatively to said lock core, a cam rotatable by one of said key plugs and adapted when in one position to coact with said housing to retain said core within said housing, and means whereby movement of theother of said key plugs is a requisite to the movement of said cam out of retaining position,

relatively to said housing. a

11, In alock of the class described, a housing,

a lock core removably mounted in said housing, a pair of independently movable key plugs movably mounted in said lock core and each having a key way, an independent set of tumblers extending between each of said plugs and said lock core and adapted for positioning by keys in the keyways of said key plugs to release said key plugs for movement relatively to said look core, means retaining said lock core in said housing adapted for movement by one of said key plugs out of retaining position, means whereby movement of the other of said key plugs is a requisite to the movement of said retainer out of retaining position, and means in said housing movable by movement of the other of said key plugs.

12. In a lock of the class described, a housing, a lock core removably mounted in an opening formed in said housing, a pair of ke plugs rotatable in said lock core and each having a keyway, tumblers adapted for positioning by keys, inserted into the keyways of said key plugs to release said key plug for rotation, means whereby the rotation of one of said key plugs is a prerequisite to the rotation of the other of said key plugs, retaining means for retaining said lock core in said housing, and means whereby said other key plug moves said retaining means from a retaining to a release position.

13. In a lock of the class described, a housing, a lock core removably mounted in an opening formed in said housing, a pair of key plugs movable in said lock core and each having a keyway, tumblers adapted for positioning by keys inserted into-the keyways of said key plugs to release said key plugs for movement, a retainer for locking said lock core in said housing, means whereby said retainer is movable by one of said key plugs to release said lock core for movement out of said housing, and means whereby the movement of the other of said key plugs is a-requisite to the movement of said retainer out of retaining position.

14. In a lock of the class described, a housing, a lock core removably mounted in an opening formed in said housing, a pair of key plugs rotaj able in said lock core in parallel axes and each having a keyway, said lock core having a series of tumbler bores formed in alignment with bores in .oneoi said key plugs when said key plug is in an initial lockedposition, said lock core having a second series of tumbler bores formed in align- -ment with bores in the other of said key plugs when said other key plug is in an initial locked position, a retainer for locking said lockcore in said housing, means whereby said retainer is movable by one of said k-ey plugs to release said lock core for movement out of said'housing, looking mechanism in said housing, means whereby said locking mechanism is movable by the other of said key plugs, and means whereby the rotation of the other of said key plugs is a requisite 15. In a lock of the class described, a housing,

a lock core mounted in an opening in said housing, a cam rotatable on said housing, a key operated plug rotatable in said lock core, means of connection brought into engagement between said key plug and said cam when said lock core is inserted into said housing, a second key operated plug rotatable in said lock core, a retainer for said lock core movable through rotation of said second key plug toward a release position, a part rotatable with said first key plug and cooperable with said means of connection, said part preventing the movement of said retainer to a release position by said second plug until said part taining said key plug in said lock core, and por- 25 tions of said pins maintaining said detent against movement out of retaining position.

17. In a lock of the class described, a housing,

, 10 a lock core mounted in an opening in said housing, a cam rotatable on said housing, a key operated plug rotatable in said lock core, pins extending from said core and adapted to enter bores in said key plug when said lock core is inserted into said housing opening, a retainer detent for retaming said key plug in said lock core, portions of said pins maintaining said detent against movement out of retaining position, a second key operated plug rotatable in said lock core, a retainer for said lock core rotatable by said second key plug out of retaining position, and a part of said retainer detent of said first plug preventing rotation of said second plug and retainer until said first plug is rotated.

JOHN P. ANDREW.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

'UNI'I'ED STATES PATENTS

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Classifications
U.S. Classification70/369, 70/386, 70/38.00A
International ClassificationE05B67/00, E05B67/24
Cooperative ClassificationE05B67/24
European ClassificationE05B67/24