|Publication number||US2411952 A|
|Publication date||3 Dec 1946|
|Filing date||9 Sep 1944|
|Priority date||9 Sep 1944|
|Publication number||US 2411952 A, US 2411952A, US-A-2411952, US2411952 A, US2411952A|
|Inventors||Biller David J|
|Original Assignee||Day Brite Lighting Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (25), Classifications (12)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Deb. 3, 1-946. 1
D. J. BILLER OVERHEAD ELECTRIC LIGHTING FIXTURE Filed Sept. 9, 1944 2 Sheets-Sheet].
hw nvrom 1 1., from! s.
' tribution of .inFlg.2,
I is shown embodied Brlte Lighting, tion of Missouri Inc; St. Louis; Mo., 9. corpora- Application September9, 1944, Serial No. 553,331 '5'o1a1ms; (01. 240-18) fixtures of the kind having a removable light modifying trough with a louvered light emitting opening in the bottom thereof.
' The invention has for its principal objects to provide an increased output and controlled'disthe light emanating from the louvered" opening in the trough; to providefor quate' support and proper the easy mounting, adespacing of the louvers Y for said opening; and to provide for the easy attachment and removal of said lighting trough.
The invention consists principally in provid ing the'bottom opening of the lighting trough with a central longitudinal louver having down-' specular side surfaces that re- 1 wardly converging flect the light downwardly and outwardly on opposite sides, of,the trough to thereby increase the intensity of the light and direct'it-into the desired zone; it also consists in utilizing such central longitudinal louver as a means for accurately spacing cross louvers lengthwiseof said opening; and it also consists in providing the electric lighting fixture with quick releasable snap fastening. means for attaching said lighting trough to said fixture. The invention further consists in the louvered fluorescent lighting fixture and in the parts and. combinations and arrangements of parts claimed. In the accompanying part of this specification and wherein like symbols refer to like parts wherever they occur,
Fig. 1 is a perspective view, looking from beh'ereinaiter described and low, of a, louvered fluorescent lighting fixture embodying my invention,
Fig. 2 is an enlarged vertical cross-sectional view on the line 2-4! in Fig. 1,
Fig. 3 is an enlarged fragmentary central vertical longitudinal sectional view on the line 3-3 Fig. 4 is a top plan view of one of the end walls of the lighting trough,
Fig. 5 is a perspective view of a portion of the longitudinal specular louver, 1
Fig. 6 is a side elevational view of one of the transverse louvers; and
Fig. 7 is a top plan louver shown in Fig. 6.
In the accompanying drawings, my invention in a fluorescent lighting fixture comprising an elongated upper wiring housing A adapted for direct attachment to or suspension from a ceiling or other overhead support bottom of the lighting drawings, which form view of the transverse j invention relates to electric lighting fix- I tures, particularly overhead fluorescent lighting (not shown), suitable lampholders I projectin from opposite sides of said housing near the ends thereof, tubular fluorescent lamps 2 extending longitudinally of said their ends in said lampholders, and a lower elongated light modifying member in the form of a' trough B that encloses the lower portion of said v '5 having upwardly gins of the housing and the lampssupported exteriorly thereof.
The housing -A preferably comprises an inverted channel-shaped upper section 4 and a quick-detachable lower channel-shaped section 6 and a bottom I with an exterior longitudinal strengthening rib 8 pressed therein, The side walls or flanges 9 of the upper, inverted channelshaped section 4 of the housing A have their lower marginal portions bent to provide outwardly opening longitudinal grooves l0 along the outer side faces of said flanges; and the upper mardiverging side walls 6 of the channelshaped lower section 5 of said housing are bent -to provide inwardly facing longitudinal beads or pending side flanges ribs ll adapted, when said lower section is orced upwardly into engagement with said upper section,-to snap into said longitudinal side grooves thereof and thus releasably secure said lower section thereto. The lampholders Iare mounted in. the lower section 5 for attachment and removal therewith.
The housing A is closed at each end by means strap or stirrup l3 which is located within the upper section 4 of said housing and has its upper ends welded or otherwise permanently secured to the top wall thereof. The stirrup I3 extends below the de- 9 of the upper housing section 4 where it is shaped to conform to the crosssectional shape of the lower housing section 5 whose bottom 1 and upwardly diverging sides 5 seat against the correspondingly shaped portions of said stirrup and thus limit the upward movement of said lower section relative to said upper section. As shown in the drawings, each end closure plate l2 of the housing A has a wiring opening l4 therethrough that is normally covered by an ornamental cover plate l5 detachably secured to said end wall by means of a screw H5 or other suitable fastener. When, however, two or more housings A are arranged in end to end relation to form a continuous lighting fixture, the ornamental cover plates H3 at the abuttin ends of such housings are removed to permit flush engagement of the end closure plates l2 thereof and to establish communication between said housing and supported atdiverging fi-anges'or side walls louver 29 terminates housings through the wiring openings I4 in said end closure plates.
The light modifying trough B comprises end walls l1 connected on opposite sides of the trough by means of top and bottom side rails l8 and I9, respectively, said top rails being of substantially inverted channel-shaped section and said bottom rails being in the form of upwardly opening channels. The side openings defined by the end walls I? of the trough B and upper and lower side rails l8 and I9 thereof are closed by light transmitting panels 28 that are supported in said side rails and on inwardly extending flanges 2| that extend continuously around the edges of the end walls I! of said trough. The end walls ll of the lighting trough B have central depressions Ila in the tops thereof that are shaped to fit the quick attachable and detachable lower section of the wiring housing B below the snap ribs I along the upper side edge of said section. Mounted in the recess Na in each end wall I l of the lighting trough B is a channel-shaped spring clip 22 which is riveted or otherwise-permanently secured, as at 23, to the bottom of said recess and has upwardly diverging spring arms 24 that extend along opposite sides of said recess and terminate at their upper ends in locking ribs or beads 25 adapted, when said trough is forced upwardly against the underside of the lower section of said housing, to snap' into the outwardly facing grooves 26 formed in said section by the inwardly facing ribs H at the upper ends of the upwardly diverging side walls 6 thereof and thus releasably secure said trough to said housing.
The bottom side rails l9 and inwardly extending edge flanges 2| of the end walls ll of the lighting trough B cooperate to define a light emitting opening 21 in the bottom thereof. This bottom opening 27 is provided with a louver construction comprising a single longitudinal louver 28 and a plurality of cross or transverse louvers 29. The central longitudinal louver 28 is of V-shaped cross-section; that is, it comprises upwardly diverging resilient side walls 30 connected by a hollow longitudinal bottom bead or rib 3| and terminating at their free upper edges in intumed flanges 30a. The longitudinal louver 28 extends from end to end of the lighting trough B and is held in place by means of screws 32 that extend through the end walls I 'I of said trough and have self-threading engagement in the adjacent ends of the hollow rib or head 3| which has a spring grip on said screws and thus prevents them from working loose. The V-shaped louver 28 is located midway between the lamps 2 and extends below the level thereof and has a specular surface, whereby the upwardly flaring side walls 30 of said louver are adapted to direct the light rays angularly downwardly through the opening 21 in the bottom of the lighting trough B.
Each of the cross or transverse louvers 29 is in the form of an upright light reflecting plate that spans from side to side of the bottom opening 21 of the trough B and is notched, as at 33, to straddle the upstanding inner side walls of the bottom side rails IQ of said trough. The cross at its ends in laterally bent flanges 34 that are disposed in and seat on the bottom of the side rails H! of the trough B. The
outstanding end flanges 34 of the cross louver 29 extends one on each side thereof and bear flatwise against the inner side walls of the bottom side rails to prevent endwise movement of said louver. The transverse louver 29 has a notch 35 formed in its top midway of its ends that is of the fixture.
less depth than the longitudinal louver 28 and is shaped to receive and confine the upper portions of the side walls 38 thereof. The notch 35 has inwardly extending lugs 36 at its upper corners that seat on top of the intumed top flanges 30a of the longitudinal louver 28. The longitudinal louver 28 has a series of vertical slots 31 therein that are spaced apart longitudinally thereof and extend upwardly throughthe beaded lower edge 3| of said louver and upwardly along the diverging side walls 30 thereof. The cross louvers 29 extend through the slots 31 in the longitudinal louver 28 and are thus spaced apart thereby; and the upper ends of said slots seat on the bottoms of the notches 35 in said cross louvers, whereby said cross louvers are adapted to provide vertical support for said longitudinal louver intermediate between the ends thereof.
The hereinbefore described construction has several important advantages. The snap fastening means provided by the rib-and-groove connections between the two sections of the wiring housing permit the lower section to be quickly and easily attached to and removed from the upper section; and, likewise, the similar spring clip connections between the lighting trough and said wiring housing provide for quick attachment and removal of said lighting trough without disturbing the louvers therein. The central longitudinal specular louver increases the light output through the bottom opening in the lighting trough and permits controlling the distribution of the light so that it may be directed into the desired zone. By disposing the sides of the specular louver at the proper angle, and properly positioning said louver with respect to the lamps, an angle of distribution of light may be obtained that will direct the light so as to avoid direct glare in the eye at the norm l angle of vision. Thus the specular louver may perform its normal louver function of shielding against glare and at the same time increase the intensity of the light emanating from The longitudinal louver is quickly and easily secured in position in the lighting trough by means of the screws threaded into the beaded lower edge. The head creates a strong tension that prevents it from opening up when engaged by the screw. Thus a thread cutting screw may be used and there is no necessity for special internal threaded devices for receiving the screws. The cross louvers are firmly held by the longitudinal louver in proper spaced relation and against cross tilting; and the cross louvers are supported at their ends in the bottom side rails of the trough and are held by said rails against endwise movement and provide vertical support for the longitudinal louver intermediate between its ends. The longitudinal and cross louvers are quickly and easily locked together in proper assembled relation by forcing the cross louvers into the slots in the longitudinal louver until the bottoms of the notches in the cross louvers abut against the upper ends of said slots and the lugs at the upper corners of said notches ride over and seat on the intumed flanges at the upper edges of the flaring side walls of said longitudinal louver.
Obviously, the hereinbefore described electric lighting fixture admits of considerable modification without departing from the invention. Therefore, I do not wish to be limited to the precise construction shown and described.
What I claim is:
1. An overhead electric lighting fixture com-. prising an elongated light modifying trough havsaid upwardly downwardly through said opening,
ing a longitudinal opening in the bottom thereof, spaced longitudinally disposed tubular lamps in said trough, and a louver extending longitudinally of said trough o posite said opening an termediate between said spaced lamps, said louver having upwardly flaring specular opposite side faces adapted to reflect the rays of said lamps angularly downwardly through said opening, and a series of spaced ocated in said trough and spanning from si opening, said longitudinal louver having cross slots therein spaced apart longitudinally thereof, said transverse louvers extending through said s1 d electric lighting fixture comprising an along gh having a longitudin spaced longitudinally dispose said trough, a louver extending longitudinally of said trough opposite said opening and substantially between said spaced lamps, said louver having upwardly flaring specular opposite side faces adapted to reflect the rays of said lamp angularly downwardly through said opening, of spaced transverse louvers mounted in said trough and spanning said opening, said longitudinal louver having a series of spaced transverse slots in the lower portion thereof, said transverse louvers extending through said slots and having notches dges with bottom edges seating against the upper ends of said slots and upwardly flaring side edges seating against flaring side faces of said longitudinal louver above the slots therein.
3. An over prising an elongated'light modifying trough having a longitudinal opening in the bottom thereof, spaced longitudinally disposed tubular lamps in' said trough, a louver extending longitudinally of said trough opposite said opening and substantially between said space-d lamps, said louver having upwardly flaring specular opposite side faces adapted to reflect the rays of said lamp angularly and a series, of spaced transverse louvers mounted in said trough and spanning said opening, said longitudinahl'ouver having-a se verse slots in the lower portion thereoi'Ts ai'd'transverse louvers extending through said slots and having notches edges seating aga and upwardly flaring side edge said upwardly flaring side faces inst the upper ends of said slots s seating against of said longitudihead electric lighting flxture comries" of spaced traps in their upper edges with bottom nal louver above the slots therein, said transverse louvers having inwardly projecting lugs at the tops of the side edges of the notches therein that seat on the top of said longitudinal louver.
4. An overhead electric lighting fixture comprising an elongated light modifying trough having a longitudinal opening in the bottom of, spaced longitudinally disposed tubular lamps in said trough, a louver extending longitudinally of said trough opposite said opening and substantially between said spaced lamps, said louver havlg' upwardly flaringspecular opposite side faces adapted to reflect the rays of said lamp angularly downwardly through said opening, and a series of spaced transverse louvers mounted in said trough and spanning said'opening, said longitudinal louver having a series of spaced transverse slots in the lower portion thereof, said transverse louvers extending through said slots and having notches in their upper edges with bottom edges seating against the upper ends of said slots and upwardly flaring side edges seating agains said upwardly flaring side faces of said longitudinal louver above the slots therein, said trough including longitudinal side rails of substantially channel-shaped cross-section defining the longitudinal side edges of said opening, said transverse louvers having their lower edges notched to straddle. the inner side walls of said side rails and having laterally bent ends supported in said side rails.
5. An overhead electric prising an elongated light ing a longitudinal opening in spaced longitudinally disposed tubular lamps in said trough, and a louver extending longitudinally of said trough opposite said opening and intermediate between said spaced lamps, said louver modifying trough havthe bottom thereof,
larly downwar series of spaced transverse trough and spanning from side to side of said opening, said longitudinal louverhaving downwardly opening cross slots therein spaced. apart longitudinally Aaending through said slots and having upwardly opening notches shaped to receive and confine said upwardly flaring opposite side walls of said I 0 longitudinal louver above the downwardly opening cross slots therein.
navm J. ism-1m.
therelighting fixture comthereart'sam transverse louvers ex-
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2420943 *||9 Jan 1946||20 May 1947||Harry Freeman||Lighting equipment|
|US2475233 *||13 Sep 1947||5 Jul 1949||Louis Gilman||Lighting fixture|
|US2525537 *||28 Feb 1950||10 Oct 1950||Syivania Electric Products Inc||Fluorescent lighting fixture|
|US2525553 *||28 Feb 1950||10 Oct 1950||Sylvania Electric Prod||Fluorescent lighting fixture with quick detachable reflector|
|US2537398 *||3 Dec 1948||9 Jan 1951||Samuel Herst||Lighting fixture for elongated tubular lamps|
|US2543641 *||23 Dec 1944||27 Feb 1951||Benjamin Electric Mfg Co||Lighting fixture and fittings therefor|
|US2546190 *||21 Jun 1946||27 Mar 1951||Earl T Koppang||Housing and light diffuser for fluorescent fixtures|
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|US2565741 *||29 Sep 1945||28 Aug 1951||Miller Co||Individual fluorescent lighting fixture|
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|US2659811 *||12 Mar 1947||17 Nov 1953||F W Wakefield Brass Company||Luminaire for elongated tubular lamps|
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|EP1672274A1 *||20 Dec 2004||21 Jun 2006||SLI France||Luminaire with a plurality of reflecting louvre slats|
|International Classification||F21V11/06, F21V17/00, F21S8/04, F21V11/02|
|Cooperative Classification||F21S8/04, F21Y2103/00, F21V11/02, F21V17/00|
|European Classification||F21S8/04, F21V17/00, F21V11/02|