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Publication numberUS2182 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication date16 Jul 1841
Publication numberUS 2182 A, US 2182A, US-A-2182, US2182 A, US2182A
InventorsManner Of Forming Spikes
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
ballard
US 2182 A
Images(1)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFTCE.

WM. BALLARD, OF NEW YORK, N. Y.

MANNER OF EORMING SPIKES AND NAILS.

Specification of Letters Patent No. 2,182, dated July 17, 1841.

To all whom t may concern Be it known that T, VILLIAM BALLARD, of the city of New York, State of New York, have made an Improvement in the Manner of Forming Spikes or Nails to be Driven into Wood; and do hereby declare that the following' is a full and exact description thereof'.

The improvement in spikes, or nails, conA sists in making offsets, or indentations, one or more in number, on the opposite sides of or around, their shanks, which offsets, or indentations, are to be in such form as not to be calculated to cut, or tear, the wood, as is the case with those which have beards, or projecting points, or serrated edges formed upon them b v means of a cold chisel, or by some analogous means, in the manner which has been frequently resorted to. My spikes, or nails. may be made in a variety of forms, and of different materials. They will in most cases be formed of iron by means of sui table machinery, or by swagcs, in a manner well known 'to smiths; or they may be made by casting them of any suitable composition metal, when required to be used in fastening the plank of vessels, 0r other articles requiring the use of such metal.

in the accompanying drawing, T have shown a variety of forms in which I make my spikes.

In Figures 1 and 2, besides the indentations, or offsets, formed on the shank of' the spike toward its point, or' entering end, there is a projecting part a, a, constituting a seeondary head, of smaller size than the proper head, b, 6,' this part, like the offsets in the lower part of the spike, will, after it has been driven into the wood, have the wood close upon it so as to adhere thereto with great firmness. rThe main use of this projection, or secondary head, is not merely to aid in holding down the plank through which it is driven, but in ease of the crippling, or breaking ofl", of the head proper it serves to confine the plank, and to secure it in place, so that it cannot start off. The offsets on the shank may be variously modified, as shown in the respective figures. That shown in Fig. Q, I deem one of the best, the offsets not being directly opposite to each other, but standing intermediately will drive with more easethan where they are immediately opposite; they will also possess greater strength with the same quantity of material.

Figs. 3, and t, represent spikes similar, in general, to Figs. l, and 2, but stouter, and without the secondary head.

Fig. 5, is a round spike, or bolt, represented as of the same diameter throughout, excepting at the depressions necessarily made to form the offsets.

Figs. G, and 7, are square nails, or spikes, of a smaller size, but dependent in use upon the same principle of construction.

Fig. 8, represents a form of spike for which a patent. was granted to Thomas "W. Harvey on the 18th of September 1832, and denominated by him the grooved and flanged spike; this spike he proposed sometimes to make serrated at the bottom of the groove, as represented in the drawing; and this is the nearest approach to my spike with which I am acquainted, but the cuts, or serrations, were not of the same character with my of'fsets, and in the actual manufacture they were omitted, the wings, or flanges, which constituted the claim under that patent being the points depended upon; and the said Harvey, after full examination, does not consider my spikes as interfering with those patented by him, which he evinces by put-- ting his signature to this instrument as one of the subscribing witnesses thereto. My spikes have also been tested by engineers, and by ship carpenters, and preferred to any others, as being applicable to purposes for which the flanged spikes would not answer.

That I claim as constituting my invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is

1. rThe forming ofA spikes, or nails, with offsets, or indentations, which offsets are without sharp, or cutting edges, so that when driven they shall not injure the wood, but shall hold firmly by the collapsing of the wood upon them.

2. T also claim the forming of the secondary head, for the purpose, and in the manner, set forth.

VILLIAM BALLARD.

Witnesses THos. lV. HARVEY, Gno. B. FIsK.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2613570 *18 Feb 195014 Oct 1952Edward SokolikCarpenter's nail
US2759389 *24 Aug 195321 Aug 1956Corckran John CSquare shanked, barbed wire nail
US2854719 *1 Feb 19557 Oct 1958Davies Wilkins LFastening device
US3011226 *23 Nov 19605 Dec 1961Troy Steel CorpGusset plates
US3945293 *4 Feb 197423 Mar 1976King-Koral, Inc.Heavy duty fastener and method of manufacturing same
US4776328 *8 Apr 198711 Oct 1988Sulzer Brothers LimitedBone nail and an instrument for implanting a bone nail
US4846655 *6 Jun 198811 Jul 1989Vinylex CorporationSpike for lawn edging or the like
US5292326 *27 Feb 19928 Mar 1994United States Surgical CorporationApparatus and method for subcuticular stapling of body tissue
US5389102 *9 Oct 199214 Feb 1995United States Surgical CorporationApparatus and method for subcuticular stapling of body tissue
US5423856 *4 Aug 199313 Jun 1995United States Surgical CorporationApparatus and method for subcuticular stapling of body tissue
US5429300 *12 Jan 19944 Jul 1995Berna; Jim J.Key-lock spike
US5489287 *10 Feb 19946 Feb 1996United States Surgical CorporationApparatus and method for subcuticular stapling of body tissue
US5573541 *3 Feb 199512 Nov 1996United States Surgical CorporationApparatus and method for subcuticular stapling of body tissue
US6116836 *28 Jul 199712 Sep 2000Composite Technologies CorporationConnector for composite insulated wall and method for making the wall
US766594210 Jan 200723 Feb 2010Stanley Fastening Systems, L.P.Nail with multiple shank deformations
US7744323 *26 Mar 200729 Jun 2010Steve Songrok KimRetractable nail device
US20130034408 *26 Jul 20127 Feb 2013Pem Management, Inc.Miniature tack pins
WO2007081963A2 *10 Jan 200719 Jul 2007Moseff Robert DNail with multiple shank deformations