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Publication numberUS20140311919 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 14/188,765
Publication date23 Oct 2014
Filing date25 Feb 2014
Priority date13 Feb 2007
Also published asUS8656893, US20110114065, WO2008100178A2, WO2008100178A3
Publication number14188765, 188765, US 2014/0311919 A1, US 2014/311919 A1, US 20140311919 A1, US 20140311919A1, US 2014311919 A1, US 2014311919A1, US-A1-20140311919, US-A1-2014311919, US2014/0311919A1, US2014/311919A1, US20140311919 A1, US20140311919A1, US2014311919 A1, US2014311919A1
InventorsSergei Vladimirovich Tuev, Viktor Mihailovich Mamchenko, Aleksei Valer'evich Bagryancev
Original AssigneeEkom Usa
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Liquid hydrocarbon fuel treating device for an internal combustion engine
US 20140311919 A1
Abstract
A device for treating liquid carbonous fuel having external and internal electrodes having a dielectric insert positioned between and coaxially arranged to form a treatment chamber. The chamber is connected to a fuel line by an-outlet channel located along the longitudinal axis of the electrodes and at least one inlet channel disposed in the external electrode, wherein the inlet and outlet channels are embodied according to a relationship (1), wherein Siin is the cross-section area of an i-th inlet channel, n is the number of inlet channels and Sout is the cross-section area of the outlet channel.
i = 1 n S iin = ( 0.1 2.7 ) S out ( 1 )
Images(2)
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Claims(15)
What is claimed is:
1. An apparatus for processing liquid hydrocarbon fuel for an internal combustion engine, comprising:
a first electrode;
a second electrode where said second electrode is positioned about said first electrode such that a chamber is formed between the first electrode and second electrode and where said second electrode comprises an inlet channel and an outlet channel; and
a dielectric insert positioned between the first electrode and second electrode.
2. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein the inlet and outlet channels are embodied according to the formula
i = 1 n S iin = ( 0.1 2.7 ) S out
wherein Siin is the cross-section area of an i-th inlet channel, n is the number of the inlet channels and Sout is the cross-section area of the outlet channel.
3. The apparatus of claim 1 where said second electrode comprises threading.
4. The apparatus of claim 3 where said threading is configured to fix said second electrode to a fuel line.
5. The apparatus of claim 1 where said dielectric insert electrically isolates the first and second electrodes from each other.
6. The apparatus of claim 1 where said first electrode and said second electrode are coaxially arranged on a longitudinal axis and where said outlet channel is located on the longitudinal axis of the electrodes.
7. The apparatus of claim 6 where the inlet channel is defined by the second electrode.
8. The apparatus of claim 1 where the inlet and outlet channels are adapted to connect the second electrode to a fuel line of the internal combustion engine.
9. The apparatus of claim 1 where said second electrode is configured as a bolt.
10. The apparatus of claim 1 where the electrodes comprise a conductive material.
11. The apparatus of claim 1 where said chamber is a fuel treatment chamber.
12. The apparatus of claim 2 comprising at least two inlet channels.
13. A method for processing a liquid hydrocarbon fuel in an internal combustion engine, comprising the steps of:
providing a fuel line of the internal combustion engine with an apparatus of claim 1;
passing the fuel through the apparatus from the inlet channel to the outlet channel while supplying the first and second electrodes with an electric current, resulting in a treated fuel; and
combusting the treated fuel in the internal combustion engine.
14. The method of claim 16 where said electric current has a voltage of 12V-2 kV and an oscillating frequency from 0.5 to 6.0 kHz.
15. The method of claim 16 wherein the inlet and outlet channels of the apparatus are sized such that a ratio of the sum of the cross-sectional areas of all of the inlet channels to the sum of the cross-sectional areas of all of the outlet channels is about 1:27.
Description
    CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS
  • [0001]
    This application claims priority to and is a continuation of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 12/527,060 filed 13 Aug. 2009, now U.S. Pat. No. 8,656,893 issued Feb. 25, 2014, which is national stage application of international application PCT/RU2008/000029 filed 22 Jan. 2008, the contents of each of which are hereby incorporated by reference as if fully recited herein.
  • TECHNICAL FIELD
  • [0002]
    The invention is one of the devices for processing the liquid carbon fuel and can be used in different production processes for reprocessing a liquid of hydrocarbon fuel and for preparing it for the combustion in different power systems, including internal combustion engines.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • [0003]
    The closest to the declared invention in the technical essence and the attainable result is a device for processing the hydrocarbon fuel of the diesel engine, which contains electrodes, external and internal, arranged coaxially in such a way that a fuel processing chamber is formed there between and is connected to a fuel line by means of the inlet channel and the outlet channel; the outlet channel being located along the longitudinal axis of the electrodes, a dielectric insert placed between the electrodes, wherein the external electrode is embodied in the form of a bolt which is fixable to the fuel line body by means of an external thread, the inlet channel is embodied in the form of one open-end hole connecting the bolt external surface, which is located between the bolt head and the end face thereof opposite to the head of the bolt, wherein a cross-sectional area the inlet channel of Sin satisfies the relation:
  • [0000]

    Sin=(0.54/0.81)Sout
  • [0000]
    wherein Sout is the cross-sectional area of the inlet channel. (see patent for the useful model RU 43040, class F 02 M 27/04, 27.12.2004).
  • [0004]
    Drawbacks of the said device for processing the hydrocarbon fuel of the diesel engine are:
      • the complexity of the production of the inlet and the outlet channels, since it is necessary to observe the range of the ratio of their areas, which ensure the efficiency of processing fuel, it is necessary to consider not only cross-sectional area of each of the channels, but also their length;
      • the impossibility of the application in the engines with a power of up to 350 hp since assigned ratio of the inlet and the outlet channels Sin=(0.54 10.81) Sout do not ensure the supply of the necessary volume of fuel into the cavity of the fuel processing chamber in the engines of larger power, which accordingly leads to the power loss of the engine.
  • BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • [0007]
    Exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure pertain to an apparatus for processing liquid hydrocarbon fuel for an internal combustion engine having a first electrode, a second electrode positioned about said first electrode such that a chamber is formed between the first electrode and second electrode and where said second electrode has an inlet channel and an outlet channel, and a dielectric insert positioned between the first electrode and second electrode. The dielectric insert may be further provided to electrically isolate the first and second electrodes from each other, and the electrodes made of a conductive material. The chamber may be provided as a fuel treatment chamber.
  • [0008]
    An object of the present invention is to provide such an apparatus wherein the inlet and outlet channels are embodied according to the formula
  • [0000]
    i = 1 n S iin = ( 0.1 2.7 ) S out
  • [0000]
    wherein Siin is the cross-section area of an i-th inlet channel, n is the number of the inlet channels and Sout is the cross-section area of the outlet channel. The apparatus may be provided having two inlet chambers, for example.
  • [0009]
    It is a further object of the invention to provide the second electrode with threading. Said threading may be configured to fix said second electrode to a fuel line. In some embodiments, the inlet and outlet channels are adapted to connect the second electrode to a fuel line of the internal combustion engine. The second electrode may be provided and configured as a bolt.
  • [0010]
    Another object of the invention to provide said first electrode and said second electrode coaxially arranged on a longitudinal axis and where said outlet channel is located on the longitudinal axis of the electrodes. The inlet channel may be defined by the second electrode.
  • [0011]
    It is a further object of the invention to provide a method for processing a liquid hydrocarbon fuel in an internal combustion engine, carried out through the steps of providing a fuel line of the internal combustion engine with an apparatus as herein described, passing the fuel through the apparatus from the inlet channel to the outlet channel while supplying the first and second electrodes with an electric current, resulting in a treated fuel, and combusting the treated fuel in the internal combustion engine.
  • [0012]
    Another object is to provide said method wherein said electric current has a voltage of 12V-2 kV and an oscillating frequency from 0.5 to 6.0 kHz. Furthermore, said method may be provided wherein the inlet and outlet channels of the apparatus are sized such that a ratio of the sum of the cross-sectional areas of all of the inlet channels to the sum of the cross-sectional areas of all of the outlet channels is about 1:27.
  • [0013]
    It is an object of this invention to provide a liquid hydrocarbon fuel processing apparatus of the type generally described herein, being adapted for the purposes set forth herein, and overcoming disadvantages found in the prior art. These and other advantages are provided by the invention described and shown in more detail below.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE SEVERAL VIEWS OF THE DRAWINGS
  • [0014]
    Novel features and advantages of the present invention, in addition to those mentioned above, will become apparent to those skilled in the art from a reading of the following detailed description in conjunction with the accompanying drawings wherein identical reference characters refer to identical parts and in which:
  • [0015]
    FIG. 1 is an overview of the Liquid Hydrocarbon Fuel Processing Device for an internal combustion engine is shown in cut.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
  • [0016]
    The technical result of the invention is the creation of a new device for processing the liquid hydrocarbon fuel of internal combustion engine, which ensures a simplicity of the production and an increase of the efficiency of processing fuel.
  • [0017]
    The technical result is achieved by the creation a Liquid Hydrocarbon Device for fuel processing for an internal combustion engine, comprises the external and the internal electrodes which are coaxially arranged in such a way that the fuel processing chamber is formed there between and is connected to a fuel line by means of the inlet channel and the outlet channel, the outlet channel being located along the longitudinal axis of the electrodes, a dielectric insert placed between the electrodes, wherein the external electrode is embodied in the form of a bolt which is fixable to the fuel line body by means of an external thread, the inlet channel is embodied in the form of at least one hole connecting the external surface of the bolt, which is located between the bolt head and the end face thereof opposite to the head, to the fuel processing chamber and the internal electrode is extended beyond the end face of the bolt head through a dielectric sleeve, where according to an invention the inlet and the outlet channels are embodied according to a ratio:
  • [0000]
    i = 1 n S iin = ( 0.1 2.7 ) S out
  • [0000]
    wherein Siin is the cross-section area of an i-th inlet channel, n is the number of the inlet channels and Sout is the cross-section area of the inlet channel.
  • [0018]
    In such device for the processing the liquid hydrocarbon fuel of the internal combustion engine emboding of the inlet and the outlet channels of their cross-section area according to a ratio:
  • [0000]
    i = 1 n S iin = ( 0.1 2.7 ) S out
  • [0000]
    ensure the simplicity in the production and increase of the efficiency in processing fuel.
  • [0019]
    The simplicity in the production is ensured by three sufficiently simple determined parameters:
  • [0020]
    Siin is the cross-section area of the inlet channel; n is the number of the inlet channels; Sout is the cross-section area of the outlet channel. The specific ratio of cross-section areas of the inlet and the outlet channels are assigned depending on the power of the engine.
  • [0021]
    An increase of the efficiency of the processing fuel is provided by the possibility of the recovery of the unburned fuel, which is about 75% of the total volume of the processed fuel, from the engine through the inlet channel of the device into its fuel processing chamber, what substantially increases the degree of ionization of fuel, and, therefore, the value of its heat of combustion. The possibility of the recovery of the unburned fuel directly into the fuel processing chamber by the said device is achieved by an increase of the total cross-section area of the inlet channels, which in turn makes it possible for the usage of the device in the engines with a power of 350 hp.
  • [0022]
    In the known devices of fuel processing, including the prototype, taking into account their constructional possibilities the unburned fuel returns back to the fuel tank by the auxiliary fuel pipe. As the fuel returns back to the fuel tank (about 6-8 meters) the degree of ionizations of the fuel substantially is reduced and during the secondary entry of the fuel into the fuel processing chamber an additional consumption power for the achievement of necessary degree of ionization.
  • [0023]
    The comparative characteristics of the standard diesel fuel and the fuel, processed with the use of a prototype and the declared device, they are given in the table.
  • [0000]
    The Comparison Characteristics of the Base Fuel and The Fuel
    processed by the Prototype and by the Declared Device.
    Processed Diesel Fuel
    The Standard Usage of Usage of
    Diesel Fuel, the Proto- the Declared
    Fuel Characteristics GOST 1667-78 type Device
    Kinematic Viscosity, mm/s 5 4.85 3.93
    Density, gr/sm2 0.93 0.88 0.62
    Temperature of Ignition, C. 88 79.2 65.4
    Minimum specific combustion 42633 45930 47460
    heat for engines of power
    up to 350 hp, kJ/kg
    Change of combustion heat 3297 4827
    with respect to the base fuel 7.7% 11.3%
    (up to 350 hp, kJ/kg)
    Change of combustion heat 1530
    of the fuel when processed 46.4%
    by the present device with
    reration to the prototype
    (up to 350 hp), kJ/kg
    Minimum special combustion 42633 43912 47460
    heat for engines of power
    more than 350 hp kJ/kg
    Change of combustion heat 1279 4827
    with relation to the base fuel 3.0% 11.3%
    (more than 350 hp), kJ/kg
    Change of combustion heat 3548
    of the fuel when processed 277.4%
    by the present device with
    relation to the prototype
    (more than 350 hp), kJ/kg
  • [0024]
    As can be seen from the given table, after processing fuel with using of the prototype or the declared device the main fuel efficiency index—the heat of combustion—is higher than in the base fuels, not processed. However, during the fuel processing for the engines with a power of up to 350 hp with the declared device the heat of combustion of the fuel is higher than 1530 KJ/kg in the prototype what in the percent ratio is 46.4%.
  • [0025]
    The considerable increase in the efficiency in fuel processing is reached by the declared device in a comparison with the prototype for the engines with a power of more than 350 hp. Where the index of the heat of combustion of fuel is higher than 3548 KJ/kg than in the prototype what in the percent ratio is 277.4%.
  • [0026]
    The above-indicated advantages profitably distinguish the declared invention from the prototype.
  • BEST EXECUTION OF THE INVENTION
  • [0027]
    The Liquid Hydrocarbon Fuel Processing Device for an internal combustion engine, comprises the internal 2 and the external 1 electrodes which are coaxially arranged in such a way that the fuel processing chamber 3 is formed there between and is connected to a fuel line by means of the inlet channel 4 and the outlet 5 channel, (not shown on the figure) the outlet channel 5 being located along the longitudinal axis of the electrodes 1, 2, a dielectric insert 6 placed between the electrodes 1, 2, wherein the external electrode 1 is embodied in the form of a bolt which is fixable to the fuel line body by means of an external thread 7, the inlet channel 4 is embodied in the form of at least one hole connecting to the external surface of the bolt, which is located between the bolt head and the end face thereof opposite to the head, to the fuel processing chamber 3 and the internal electrode 2 is extended beyond the end face of the bolt head through a dielectric sleeve 6, where according to an invention the inlet and outlet channels are embodied according to a ratio:
  • [0000]
    i = 1 n S iin = ( 0.1 2.7 ) S out
  • [0028]
    The Liquid Hydrocarbon Fuel Processing Device for an internal combustion engine works in the following way.
  • [0029]
    The liquid hydrocarbon fuel goes through the inlet channel 4 enters the fuel processing chamber 3, situated between the internal 2 and the external 1 electrode. An electric current is applied to the internal 2 and the external 1 electrodes with the voltage in the range of 12/200V depending on the type of fuel at the frequency picked from range 0.5-6.0 kHz.
  • [0030]
    During this fragmentation of hydrocarbons of fuel into smaller clusters is achieved, i.e., of the smaller mass and volume. Further, the fuel follows into the fuel line and the fuel processing chamber of combustion engine via the outlet channel 5.
  • [0031]
    With the combustion of the processed fuel is ensured its larger burnout with the isolation of a larger quantity of energy and the decrease of the toxicity of the exhaust gases.
  • INDUSTRIAL APPLICABILITY
  • [0032]
    The usage of the declared device for processing the liquid hydrocarbon fuel the internal combustion engines makes it possible to obtain the positive effect, which is manifested by the creation of a new device for the combustion, which ensures the simplicity in the production and an increase of the efficiency of processing fuel.
  • FORMULA OF THE INVENTION
  • [0033]
    The Liquid Hydrocarbon Fuel Processing Device for an internal combustion engine, comprises the external and internal electrodes which are coaxially arranged in such a way that the fuel processing chamber formed there between and is connected to a fuel line by means of the inlet channel and the outlet channel; the outlet channel is located along the longitudinal axis of the electrodes, a dielectric insert placed between the electrodes, wherein the external electrode is embodied in the form of a bolt which is fixable to the fuel line body by means of an external thread; the inlet channel is embodied in the form of at least one hole connecting to the external surface of the bolt, which is located between the bolt head and the end face thereof opposite to the head, to the fuel processing chamber and the internal electrode is extended beyond the end face of the bolt head through a dielectric sleeve, where according to an invention the inlet and the outlet channels are embodied according to a ratio:
  • [0000]
    i = 1 n S iin = ( 0.1 2.7 ) S out
  • [0000]
    wherein Siin is the cross-section area of an i-th inlet channel, n is the number of the inlet channels and Sout is the cross-section area of the inlet channel.
  • [0034]
    Any embodiment of the present invention may include any of the optional or preferred features of the other embodiments of the present invention. The exemplary embodiments herein disclosed are not intended to be exhaustive or to unnecessarily limit the scope of the invention. The exemplary embodiments were chosen and described in order to explain some of the principles of the present invention so that others skilled in the art may practice the invention. Having shown and described exemplary embodiments of the present invention, those skilled in the art will realize that many variations and modifications may be made to the described invention. Many of those variations and modifications will provide the same result and fall within the spirit of the claimed invention. It is the intention, therefore, to limit the invention only as indicated by the scope of the claims.
Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3805492 *5 Jul 197323 Apr 1974King AMethod and apparatus for treating carbureted mixtures
US4073712 *19 Nov 197614 Feb 1978Electrostatic Equipment CompanyElectrostatic water treatment
US5048499 *29 Mar 199017 Sep 1991Daywalt Clark LFuel treatment device
US6712050 *4 Nov 200230 Mar 2004Luis GomezApparatus for improving combustion efficiency in internal combustion systems
Classifications
U.S. Classification205/696, 204/260
International ClassificationC10G32/02
Cooperative ClassificationC10G32/02, C10L1/00, F02B51/04, F02M27/04, Y02T10/126
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
27 Oct 2014ASAssignment
Owner name: EKOM TECHNOLOGIES, OHIO
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:EKOM USA;REEL/FRAME:034035/0451
Effective date: 20140508