Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS20080027633 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 11/833,853
Publication date31 Jan 2008
Filing date3 Aug 2007
Priority date19 Oct 1999
Also published asCA2388260A1, CA2388260C, EP1849020A2, EP1849020A4, US6542812, US6829532, US6993429, US7522992, US7593812, US7650234, US7739039, US8467961, US20030158655, US20050071119, US20050234637, US20080027631, US20080027634, US20080120024, US20080208469, US20130197796, WO2001029573A2, WO2001029573A3
Publication number11833853, 833853, US 2008/0027633 A1, US 2008/027633 A1, US 20080027633 A1, US 20080027633A1, US 2008027633 A1, US 2008027633A1, US-A1-20080027633, US-A1-2008027633, US2008/0027633A1, US2008/027633A1, US20080027633 A1, US20080027633A1, US2008027633 A1, US2008027633A1
InventorsMichael Obradovich, John Pirtle, Steven Schebesch
Original AssigneeAmerican Calcar Inc.
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Technique for effective navigation based on user preferences
US 20080027633 A1
Abstract
In a navigation device in accordance with the invention, user profiles may be stored and used to navigate a user who may be driving in a vehicle, on foot, or in other mode of transportation. Each user profile corresponds to one of the user's personae. For example, the user business profile corresponding to the user's business persona may be different from the user personal profile corresponding to the user's personal persona. For instance, the user business profile may include fine-dining type restaurants for business meetings while the user personal profile may instead include fast-food type restaurants for personal dining. The inventive navigation device provides the user with a navigated route, together with information concerning the favorite facilities and events surrounding the navigated route, which satisfy the preferences in a selected user profile. In accordance with an aspect of the invention, blockages may also be established using the device to avoid selected areas, e.g., high crime areas, in the navigated route, or to block transmission of selected information concerning, e.g., uninteresting facilities and events, to the inventive navigation device.
Images(9)
Previous page
Next page
Claims(29)
1-53. (canceled)
54. A method for use in a navigation apparatus which includes a display, the method comprising:
receiving a request for a route to a destination;
planning the route to the destination;
providing, on the display, the planned route, and at least one indicator representing a waypoint in relation to the planned route; and
allowing a user to select the indicator to store the waypoint in a record, thereby facilitating navigation to a location indicated by the stored waypoint in the future.
55. The method of claim 54 wherein the waypoint includes global positioning system (GPS) data.
56. The method of claim 54 wherein the waypoint indicates a location of a goods or service provider.
57. The method of claim 56 wherein the goods or service provider includes a restaurant.
58. The method of claim 56 further comprising affording an option to contact the goods or service provider when the indicator is selected.
59. The method of claim 58 further comprising establishing a communications connection to the goods or service provider when the option is selected.
60. The method of claim 59 wherein the communications connection includes a telephone connection.
61. The method of claim 54 wherein the record is associated with the user.
62. A method for use in a navigation apparatus in a vehicle, the navigation apparatus including a display, comprising:
receiving information about a destination to be reached by the vehicle;
determining a route to the destination from a current location of the vehicle, data concerning the current location being provided by the navigation apparatus;
providing, on the display, the route, and at least one indicator representing a waypoint in relation to the route; and
allowing a user to select the indicator to store the waypoint in a record associated with the user, the waypoint when stored in the record being retrievable therefrom for use as a destination in a future navigation.
63. The method of claim 62 wherein the waypoint includes GPS data.
64. The method of claim 62 wherein the waypoint indicates a location of a goods or service provider.
65. The method of claim 64 wherein the goods or service provider includes a restaurant.
66. The method of claim 64 wherein the goods or service provider includes a vehicle service provider.
67. The method of claim 62 wherein the record is maintained in the navigation apparatus.
68. Apparatus for navigation, comprising:
an interface for receiving a request for a route to a destination;
a processor configured to plan the route to the destination;
a display for providing thereon the planned route, and at least one indicator representing a waypoint in relation to the planned route; and
a device for allowing a user to select the indicator to store the waypoint in a record, thereby facilitating navigation to a location indicated by the stored waypoint in the future.
69. The apparatus of claim 68 wherein the waypoint includes GPS data.
70. The apparatus of claim 68 wherein the waypoint indicates a location of a goods or service provider.
71. The apparatus of claim 70 wherein the goods or service provider includes a restaurant.
72. The apparatus of claim 70 wherein an option is afforded to contact the goods or service provider when the indicator is selected.
73. The apparatus of claim 72 wherein a communications connection to the goods or service provider is established when the option is selected.
74. The apparatus of claim 73 wherein the communications connection includes a telephone connection.
75. The apparatus of claim 68 wherein the record is associated with the user.
76. Navigation apparatus for use in a vehicle, comprising:
an interface for receiving information about a destination to be reached by the vehicle;
a processor configured to determine a route to the destination from a current location of the vehicle, data concerning the current location being provided by the navigation apparatus;
a display for providing thereon the route, and at least one indicator representing a waypoint in relation to the route; and
a device for allowing a user to select the indicator to store the waypoint in a record associated with the user, the waypoint when stored in the record being retrievable therefrom for use as a destination in a future navigation.
77. The apparatus of claim 76 wherein the waypoint includes GPS data.
78. The apparatus of claim 76 wherein the waypoint indicates a location of a goods or service provider.
79. The apparatus of claim 78 wherein the goods or service provider includes a restaurant.
80. The apparatus of claim 78 wherein the goods or service provider includes a vehicle service provider.
81. The apparatus of claim 76 wherein the record is maintained in the navigation apparatus.
Description
    CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS
  • [0001]
    This application is a continuation of application Ser. No. 11/146,599 filed on Jun. 7, 2005, which is a continuation of application Ser. No. 10/957,042 filed on Oct. 1, 2004, now U.S. Pat. No. 6,993,429, which is a continuation of application Ser. No. 10/382,687 filed on Mar. 6, 2003, now U.S. Pat. No. 6,829,532, which is a continuation of application Ser. No. 09/830,064 filed on Apr. 20, 2001, now U.S. Pat. No. 6,542,812, which is a National Stage of International Application No. PCT/US00/27270 filed on Oct. 4, 2000, which was published under PCT Article 12 (2) in English and which claims the priority of Provisional Application No. 60/160,326 filed on Oct. 19, 1999.
  • FIELD OF THE INVENTION
  • [0002]
    The invention relates to a navigation technique, and more particularly to a technique for navigation subject to user preferences.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • [0003]
    Recently, navigation systems based on global positioning system (GPS) technology were developed for use in an automobile. Such navigation systems are capable of receiving signals from a constellation of satellites which is part of the GPS. Based on the received signals, one such navigation system identifies the automobile's location, e.g., in latitude and longitude. The navigation system also detects the automobile's speed and direction. With geographic information stored in an on-board computer in the automobile, the navigation system is capable of audio-visually communicating to a user instructions for reaching a given destination.
  • [0004]
    Similarly, a GPS navigation device in hand-held form enables a user carrying the device to monitor his/her planned route leading to a given destination. Nowadays, in general, hand-held devices for information organization and communications are popular and have been proliferating. For example, use of cellular phones for communications is ubiquitous. Use of personal data assistants (PDAs), e.g., PALM type hand-held devices, is equally ubiquitous for organizing personal information including meeting schedules, telephone listing, address information, etc. More recently, hand-held communicators emerged which have cellular communication and modem facilities integrated into a PDA, thereby enabling a user to communicate data in a wireless manner, e.g., to send and receive email, and to upload and download information from websites via the Internet.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • [0005]
    Traditionally, a navigation device, e.g., a GPS navigation system used in an automobile, provides a user with directions to a given destination. The navigation typically provides the shortest navigated route in terms of distance to the given destination. However, we have expanded the concept of the traditional navigation to broadly include providing a navigated route subject to user preferences, together with information concerning facilities and events surrounding the navigated route for the user's convenience. The navigated route is selected to satisfy a trip's purpose. Such a trip's purpose may be (1) to reach a given destination as in prior art, and/or (2) to perform certain tasks enroute or at the destination, which may include purchasing business supplies, shopping for gifts, dining, obtaining entertainments, etc. To realize (2), the navigator arrangement in accordance with the invention allows for storage of user profiles including user preferences such as preferred types of restaurants, shops, entertainments, etc.
  • [0006]
    In accordance with an aspect of the invention, each user profile corresponds to one of the user's personae. For example, the user business profile corresponding to the user's business persona may be different from the user personal profile corresponding to his/her personal persona. For instance, the user business profile may include fine-dining type restaurants for business meetings while the user personal profile may instead include fast-food type restaurants for personal dining. Thus, the navigator arrangement in accordance with the invention provides a navigated route, together with information concerning the favorite facilities and events surrounding the navigated route, which satisfy the preferences in a selected user profile.
  • [0007]
    In accordance with another aspect of the invention, the user can adopt a second person's profile for a trip's purpose particular to that second person, thereby temporarily assuming the second person's persona to achieve such a trip's purpose.
  • [0008]
    In accordance with yet another aspect of the invention, the actual navigated route selected by the inventive navigator arrangement may depend on the mode of transportation specified by the user. For example, driving and walking are two different modes of transportation. The selected route for driving may be very different from that for walking, even though they may accomplish the same trip's purpose. The routes from which the inventive navigator arrangement selects for driving have to be passable by an automobile, which exclude, e.g., foot bridges, and walk paths through buildings, parks, fields, forests, etc. On the other hand, the routes from which the inventive navigator arrangement selects for walking have to be safe to pedestrians, which exclude, e.g., highways, freeways, etc.
  • [0009]
    In accordance with still yet another aspect of the invention, the actual route selected by the inventive navigator arrangement may also depend on external conditions, e.g., traffic, weather and road conditions. Thus, based on the information concerning such external conditions received from, say, a server via the Internet, the inventive navigator arrangement selects the most time-efficient route, e.g., one that requires the least travel time, to accomplish the trip's purpose despite any adverse traffic, weather and road conditions.
  • [0010]
    In accordance with a further aspect of the invention, a user may prescribe one or more roadblocks specifying certain prohibited areas or paths from which the route selected by the inventive navigator arrangement deviates. For example, it may be sensible to place roadblocks around high crime areas especially when the user is new in town and unfamiliar with those areas. A roadblock may be permanent or temporary. For example, a temporary roadblock may be placed on certain streets where a parade is held which lasts for several hours. Similar to a roadblock, a blockade may be imposed to block transmission of certain information to the inventive navigator arrangement which concerns, e.g., uninteresting facilities or events.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING
  • [0011]
    Further aspects, features and advantages of the invention will become apparent from the following detailed description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawing showing an illustrative embodiment of the invention, in which:
  • [0012]
    FIG. 1 is a block diagram of a navigator arrangement in accordance with the invention;
  • [0013]
    FIG. 2 illustrates a registration page shown on a display in the arrangement of FIG. 1;
  • [0014]
    FIG. 3 illustrates a profile setting page shown on the display;
  • [0015]
    FIG. 4 illustrates the format of a user record stored in a memory of the arrangement of FIG. 1;
  • [0016]
    FIG. 5 illustrates a setup where the arrangement of FIG. 1 communicates with a remote server through a communications network;
  • [0017]
    FIG. 6 illustrates a personal favorite list shown on the display;
  • [0018]
    FIG. 7 illustrates preset profiles shown on the display;
  • [0019]
    FIG. 8 illustrates a navigation page shown on the display;
  • [0020]
    FIG. 9 illustrates a directions page shown on the display;
  • [0021]
    FIG. 10 is a flow chart depicting a navigation process based on certain information in the record of FIG. 4;
  • [0022]
    FIG. 11 illustrates a map viewer page shown on the display;
  • [0023]
    FIG. 12 illustrates a restaurant page shown on the display;
  • [0024]
    FIG. 13 illustrates a restaurant menu page shown on the display; and
  • [0025]
    FIG. 14 illustrates an inquiry page where a user is presented a choice of blockades in accordance with the invention.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION
  • [0026]
    FIG. 1 illustrates navigator arrangement 100 embodying the principles of the invention for navigation subject to user preferences. Navigator arrangement 100 in this instance is realized as a hand-held device, which may be “docked” or connected to another device or system to enhance its functionality, which may include a terminal, workstation, computer system, or an automobile system described, e.g., in U.S. Pat. No. 6,009,355 issued to Obradovich et al. on Dec. 28, 1999.
  • [0027]
    As shown in FIG. 1, navigator arrangement 100 includes processor 103, memory 108, display driver 111, display 113, user interface 115, external interfaces 117, GPS receiver 119, communication unit 120. Memory 108 is used to store software and data for processor 103 to carry out various operations of arrangement 100. In this instance, the stored software includes a navigator browser similar to the well known NETSCAPE NAVIGATOR or MICROSOFT INTERNET EXPLORER web browser for browsing information provided, e.g., by servers connected to the Internet. In particular, the navigator browser works compatibly with the standard hypertext transfer protocol (HTTP), hypertext markup language (HTML), virtual reality markup language (VRML), graphics interchange format (GIF), JAVA applets, etc.
  • [0028]
    Display 113 may include a conventional liquid crystal display (LCD). Through display driver 111, processor 103 controls the display of text and graphics on display 113 in a predetermined format. User interface 115 may comprise conventional audio circuitry including a microphone and speaker for the user to communicate with arrangement 100 via audio media. User interface 115 may also comprise an indicator device, e.g., a mouse, touchpad, roller ball, or a combination thereof, which enables a user to move a cursor on display 113 and to, e.g., point and click at a displayed option or an icon to select same. In addition, interface 115 may incorporate well-known touch-screen circuitry (not shown). With this circuitry, the user can interact with processor 103, e.g., using a finger or a stylus to touch the surface of display 113 which is tactile-sensitive. Processor 103 receives from the touch screen circuitry a signal identifying the location on display 113 where it has been touched. If such a location matches the predetermined location of one of displayed options or icons, processor 103 determines that the option or icon has been selected. Otherwise, a cursor is placed at the touched location on display 113, prompting for an input from the user.
  • [0029]
    The user input may be realized using a virtual keyboard shown on display 113 also provided by the touch-screen circuitry. In a well known manner, characters are input by touching the corresponding keys on the virtual keyboard. Alternatively, processor 103 may be programmed to recognize handwritten characters, and may receive through the touch-screen circuitry images of characters drawn by the user on display 113. Any recognized characters corresponding to the drawn images then become the user input. Still alternatively, through one of external interfaces 117, arrangement 100 can be connected to a keyboard device or a personal computer (PC) having a keyboard for user input.
  • [0030]
    However, we have recognized that the traditional ways of inputting data to a hand-held device are inefficient. For example, user input by drawn images of characters is often susceptible to inaccurate character recognition by the device, thus requiring repeated input of the same characters, which is frustrating. Limited by the size of a display in a hand-held device, a virtual keyboard does not afford much room to each character key thereon. As a result, data entry using the virtual keyboard is also error prone. Inputting data to a hand-held device using a physical keyboard connected thereto is undesirable because of the bulkiness of the keyboard, which defeats the purpose of having the hand-held device for its easy transportability in the first place.
  • [0031]
    However, navigator arrangement 100 is designed pursuant to an object to minimize data entry by the user. To the extent possible, databases in arrangement 100 are pre-populated with data, which the user may edit to satisfy his/her needs. In addition, arrangement 100 allows for downloading of data from a remote source to supplement and update the databases in arrangement 100, and to provide thereto just-in-time information, including, e.g., latest traffic, weather, map and other information. To that end, transceiver 121 in communication unit 120 includes, e.g., cellular telephone circuitry for transmitting and receiving information via a wireless communications network, e.g., the well known advanced mobile phone service (AMPS) network, digital AMPS network, personal communications service (PCS) network, global system for mobile communications (GSM) network, etc. Modem 123 is used for modulating and demodulating carriers carrying the information through data channels, e.g., cellular digital packet data (CDPD) channels, in the wireless communications network.
  • [0032]
    Traditionally, a navigation device, e.g., a GPS navigation system used in an automobile, provides a user with directions to a given destination. The navigation typically provides the shortest navigated route in terms of distance to the given destination. However, we have expanded the concept of the traditional navigation to broadly include providing a navigated route subject to user preferences, together with information concerning facilities and events surrounding the navigated route for the user's convenience. The navigated route is selected to satisfy a trip's purpose. Such a trip's purpose may be (1) to reach a given destination as in prior art, and/or (2) to perform certain tasks enroute or at the destination, which may include purchasing business supplies, shopping for gifts, dining, obtaining entertainments, etc. To realize (2), navigator arrangement 100 in accordance with the invention allows for storage of user profiles including user preferences such as preferred types of restaurants, shops, entertainments, etc.
  • [0033]
    In accordance with an aspect of the invention, each user profile corresponds to one of the user's personae. For example, the user business profile corresponding to the user's business persona may be different from the user personal profile corresponding to his/her personal persona. For instance, the user business profile may include fine-dining type restaurants for business meetings while the user personal profile may instead include fast-food type restaurants for personal dining. Other profiles may include a vacation profile which corresponds to the user's vacation persona and may include a different set of preferred restaurants, shops, entertainments, etc.
  • [0034]
    In accordance with another aspect of the invention, the user can adopt a second person's profile for a certain trip's purpose, thereby temporarily assuming the second person's persona, especially when arrangement 100 is shared by more than one person. For example, where a husband and wife share the use of arrangement 100, the husband may utilize the wife's profile in arrangement 100 to shop for a gift for the wife's birthday. Based on the profile corresponding to the wife's personal persona, arrangement 100 provides a navigated route, together with information concerning the wife's personal favorite shops surrounding the route. Of course, each user's profiles may be protected against uninvited intruders. In that case, access to the profiles may require verification of a personal identification number (PIN) or password, or other well known secure access measures. Profiles may also be imported or downloaded into arrangement 100 from an external source or from another arrangement similar to arrangement 100.
  • [0035]
    Thus, in accordance with the invention, arrangement 100 provides a navigated route, together with information concerning the favorite facilities and events surrounding the navigated route, which satisfy the preferences in a selected user profile. In this instance, such information comes from an external source, e.g., a server connected to the Internet, and is communicated to arrangement 100 through communication unit 120.
  • [0036]
    In accordance with another aspect of the invention, the actual navigated route selected by arrangement 100 may depend on the mode of transportation specified by the user. For example, driving and walking are two different modes of transportation. The selected route for driving may be very different from that for walking, even though they may accomplish the same trip's purpose. The routes from which arrangement 100 selects for driving have to be passable by an automobile, which exclude, e.g., foot bridges, and walk paths through buildings, parks, fields, forests, etc. On the other hand, the routes from which arrangement 100 selects for walking have to be safe to pedestrians, which exclude, e.g., highways, freeways, etc.
  • [0037]
    In accordance with yet another aspect of the invention, the actual route selected by arrangement 100 may also depend on external conditions, e.g., traffic, weather and road conditions. Thus, based on the information concerning such external conditions received from, say, a server via the Internet, arrangement 100 selects the most time-efficient route, e.g., one that requires the least travel time, to accomplish the trip's purpose despite any adverse traffic, weather and road conditions.
  • [0038]
    In accordance with still yet another aspect of the invention, a user may prescribe one or more roadblocks specifying certain prohibited areas or paths from which the route selected by arrangement 100 deviates. For example, it may be sensible to place roadblocks around high crime areas especially when the user is new in town and unfamiliar with those areas. A roadblock may be permanent or temporary. For example, a temporary roadblock may be placed on certain streets where a parade is held which lasts for several hours. Similar to a roadblock, a blockade may be imposed to block transmission of certain information to arrangement 100 which concerns, e.g., uninteresting facilities or events.
  • [0039]
    When a user initially utilizes arrangement 100 for navigation in accordance with the invention, the navigator browser in arrangement 100 opens a REGISTRATION page on display 113. FIG. 2 illustrates such a REGISTRATION page where the user is prompted for entering his/her personal data, e.g., his/her name, age, sex, marital status, occupation, city, education, religion and number of children.
  • [0040]
    After the entry of the personal data, the navigator browser opens a PROFILE SETTING page on display 113. FIG. 3 illustrates such a PROFILE SETTING page for the user to set up a profile corresponding to one of his/her personae. The user here is afforded a choice of “business”, “personal” and “vacation” personae in box 203. By way of example, the user in this instance wants to set up a “personal” profile which includes preferences of the user while on personal travel (as opposed to business travel or vacation travel). Thus, the user may use a stylus to touch the “personal” option (as opposed to the “business” or “vacation” option) in box 203 on display 113 to select the option.
  • [0041]
    In addition, the user is prompted to select preferences in different categories to be included in his/her personal profile. For example, these categories may comprise MUSIC category 205, ENTERTAINMENT category 207, SHOPPING category 209, RECREATION category 211, SPORTS category 213, RESTAURANTS category 215 and SERVICES category 217. In this instance, the user selects COUNTRY option 231, and JAZZ option 235 in MUSIC category 205 for his/her music preferences. Similarly, the user may also select any options in other categories for inclusion in his/her personal profile. Each selected option is illustratively indicated by a check mark at the option. Other profiles such as a business profile and vacation profile may be similarly set up.
  • [0042]
    Continuing the above example, after setting up his/her personal profile, the user selects SUBMIT option 241. In response, processor 103 in FIG. 1 obtains from GPS receiver 119 data concerning the GPS coordinates of the current location of arrangement 100. Based on the signals from a constellation of satellites which form part of the GPS, receiver 119 in a well known manner determines the GPS coordinates in question. Processor 103 then creates a record associated with the user. FIG. 4 illustrates the format of such a record (denoted 400) created by processor 103 in memory 108. Record 400 comprises section 503 containing the aforementioned personal data including, among others, the user's name which identifies record 400. Section 505 contains any business profile set up by the user. Section 507 in this instance contains the personal profile described above. Section 509 contains any vacation profile set up by the user. Section 511 contains the aforementioned GPS data indicating the current location of arrangement 100. Section 513 contains map and related information, based on which processor 103 is capable of generating maps which correspond to different modes of transportation, e.g., by automobile, on foot or by rail. Such map and related information also includes identities of facilities and events, and the GPS coordinates identifying the locations of such facilities and events on the maps. Section 515 contains business favorites which are determined based on the personal data in section 503, business profile in section 505 and GPS data in section 511. Similarly, section 517 contains personal favorites which are determined based on the personal data in section 503, personal profile in section 507 and GPS data in section 511; and section 519 contains vacation favorites which are determined based on the personal data in section 503, vacation profile in section 509 and GPS data in section 511. It should be noted at this point that the information in sections 513, 515, 517 and 519 is provided by a navigation server connected to the Internet.
  • [0043]
    Continuing the above example, processor 103 in this instance causes the navigator browser in arrangement 100 to generate a request to the navigation server for the map and related information in section 513 and personal favorites in section 517. This request contains the personal data in section 503, personal profile in section 507, GPS data in section 511, a pre-assigned Internet protocol (IP) address for identifying the browser as the request originator, and a predetermined uniform resource locator (URL) identifying the navigation server on the Internet. It should be noted that the GPS data in section 511 is refreshed continually and in particular each time immediately before a request is sent to the navigation server to reflect the most current location of arrangement 100. The request is formatted in accordance with the requisite protocols including the well known transmission control protocol/Internet protocol (TCP/IP) in this instance.
  • [0044]
    Referring to FIG. 5, processor 103 causes communication unit 120 in navigator arrangement 100 to establish a dial-up connection through wireless communications network 613 to access server 622 maintained by an Internet service provider (ISP). The aforementioned request is then transmitted to access server 622 through the established connection. Upon receipt of the request, based on the URL therein, access server 622 routes the request to navigation server 630 identified by the URL. It should be noted at this point that server 622 may not be the only access server on the Internet serving arrangement 100 and the like. It will be appreciated that more access servers similar to server 622 are geographically distributed for effective communications with arrangement 100 and the like.
  • [0045]
    Navigation server 630 which may be a host computer provides the navigation service in accordance with the invention. Among other things, server 630 receives data from different sources and maintains numerous databases therein including a map database, a weather database, a traffic database, a road-condition database, a subscriber database, a non-subscriber database, etc.
  • [0046]
    The map database provides data concerning maps covering various geographic areas. Each map includes layers corresponding to different modes of transportation. For example, a first map layer corresponds to travel by automobile; a second map layer corresponds to travel on foot; a third map layer corresponds to travel by rail; etc. The map layers can be combined to facilitate travel by more than one mode of transportation. Buildings, locations, streets, roadways and the like in the map layers are defined and identified in the database by their GPS coordinates.
  • [0047]
    The weather database contains data concerning weather conditions in various geographic areas, which is collected and updated by server 630 from time to time using such systems as the United States satellite systems, Delta radars, local area radars, etc. The data concerning the weather conditions is stored in the weather database according to the GPS coordinates defining the areas affected by the weather conditions, respectively. As such, each weather condition is readily mapped to the area defined by the corresponding GPS coordinates in the map layers.
  • [0048]
    Similarly, the traffic and road-condition databases each contain data concerning traffic and road conditions, which is updated and derived by server 630 from official traffic and road-condition reports furnished by local departments of transportation, and from data provided by well known radar systems such as line-of-sight radars, and Doppler radars each with terrain following capabilities, to sense surrounding traffic and road conditions. The data concerning the traffic conditions (road conditions) is stored in the traffic (road-condition) database according to the GPS coordinates defining the areas affected by the traffic conditions (road conditions), respectively. As such, each traffic condition (road condition) is readily mapped to the area defined by the corresponding GPS coordinates in the map layers.
  • [0049]
    The subscriber database in server 630 contains data concerning commercial facilities and events, e.g., department stores, gas stations, concerts, etc., which subscribe to the navigation service. With payment of a subscription fee, the subscribers may appear in the map layers for promotional purposes. The identities of the subscribers are stored in the subscriber database according to the GPS coordinates of the locations of such subscribers, along with other information concerning their address, contact phone number, web URL, business hours, advertisement, promotion, directory, etc.
  • [0050]
    The non-subscriber database in server 630 contains data concerning public facilities (e.g., parks, hospitals and rest stops) and civic and charity events which are selected to appear in the map layer without payment of a subscription fee. The identities of such non-subscribers are stored in the non-subscriber database according to the GPS coordinates of their locations, along with other information concerning their address, contact phone number, web URL, charity or civic functions, etc.
  • [0051]
    Continuing the above example, upon receiving the request from arrangement 100, based on the personal data, personal profile and GPS data therein, server 630 determines the user's personal favorites as requested, e.g., favorite personal facilities and events, within a limited navigation coverage, e.g., defined by a predetermined radius from the GPS coordinates identified by the GPS data. Such favorite facilities and events may be selected from the above-described subscriber and non-subscriber databases. In addition, based on the map, weather, traffic, road-condition, subscriber and non-subscriber databases, server 630 provides the requested map and related information, which concerns (i) the map layers affording the limited navigation coverage, (ii) the weather, traffic and road conditions relevant to the coverage, (iii) the subscribers and non-subscribers appearing in the coverage, and (iv) a time stamp indicating when the map and related information is provided. Since even with the same navigation coverage, the weather, traffic and road conditions in (ii) vary with time. As such, the map and related information is time-sensitive and thus includes the time stamp in (iv) to ensure its just-in-time provision.
  • [0052]
    Server 630 then transmits a response which contains (a) the IP address of the navigator browser in arrangement 100 to which the response is destined, (b) the personal favorite facilities and events just determined, and the GPS coordinates thereof, and (c) the map and related information, in accordance with the predetermined protocols. Upon receiving the response, processor 103 in arrangement 100 causes the received (b) and (c) to be stored in sections 517 and 513 of record 400, respectively.
  • [0053]
    When the content of section 517 is modified, as is in this case, the resulting list of personal favorites is automatically displayed for the user's review. FIG. 6 illustrates such a personal favorite list (denoted 651) shown on display 113 which includes, e.g., “Home Depot,” “Wells Fargo,” “Vons,” “Chevron,” “Jack in the Box,” . . . .
  • [0054]
    It should be noted at this point that the personal favorites selected by server 630 may vary with the GPS data identifying the current location of arrangement 100, even though the personal data and personal profile remain the same. This stems from the fact that the selected favorite facilities and events may be limited to certain areas. When such facilities or events are outside the current navigation coverage, they are either eliminated or substituted by server 630 with similar facilities or events, in accordance with predetermined program instructions in server 630. For example, “Jack in the Box” which is a popular fast food restaurant in California but unavailable in New York may be substituted with “Wendy's” when the navigation coverage includes New York. In addition, server 630 may add to the personal favorite list those facilities and events which satisfy the personal data and personal profile, and which would otherwise be unavailable had it not been the current navigation coverage.
  • [0055]
    Advantageously, when a user travels from one navigation coverage to another, based on the same personal data and personal profile and the current personal favorite list, server 630 can “clone” personal favorite lists which correspond to different navigation coverages. Similarly, server 630 can clone business favorite lists corresponding to different navigation coverages based on the same personal data and business profile and the current business favorite list, and vacation favorite lists corresponding to different navigation coverages based on the same personal data and vacation profile and the current vacation favorite list. Thus, with arrangement 100, the user's lifestyle is maintained as much as possible despite traveling from place to place.
  • [0056]
    List 651 in FIG. 6 tends to be overinclusive. The user is afforded EDIT option 653 to modify the list to satisfy his/her needs. For example, to delete an item in list 651, the item is selected, followed by a selection of EDIT option 653. Processor 103 overwrites the content of section 517 of record 400 with the resulting list of personal favorites.
  • [0057]
    As mentioned before, the user may sometimes want to adopt another person's profile for a certain trip's purpose, e.g., buying a gift for that person. Thus, the user is also afforded preset profiles in arrangement 100, from which the user may select. Such preset profiles may be accessed by selecting PRESET PROFILE option 239 on the PROFILE SETTING page of FIG. 3. FIG. 7 illustrates preset Profiles 1 through 6 corresponding to profiles of a typical “Man,” “Woman,” “Business Man,” “Business Woman,” “Senior Citizen,” and “Teenager.” For example, the user may be a female and want to buy a gift for a man in a business setting. In that case, the user may want to view the preferences in Profile 3 of a business man using VIEW option 703, and may select such a profile using SELECT option 705, thereby assuming a man's business persona. After such a selection, a list of favorites corresponding to Profile 3 would be downloaded from navigation server 630 for the user's review in a manner described above. The user may then get a gift idea from the favorite list, and request arrangement 100 to navigate her to a selected favorite facility to buy the gift.
  • [0058]
    It should be noted that the user may also start with one or more of preset profiles in FIG. 7, which the user may edit to become his/her business, personal and/or vacation profile described above.
  • [0059]
    Referring back to FIG. 6, after the business, personal and/or vacation favorite list is established, the user may select NAVIGATE option 657 for navigation by arrangement 100 in accordance with the invention. Upon such a selection by the user, the navigator browser in arrangement 100 opens a NAVIGATION page on display 113. FIG. 8 illustrates the NAVIGATION page where the user is prompted to select the mode of transportation (e.g., “By Automobile,” “On Foot,” or “By Rail” in box 803), and the list of favorites (e.g., “Personal,” “Business” or “Vacation” favorites in box 807) used during the current navigation episode.
  • [0060]
    By way of example, the user in this instance is on a personal road trip and thus selects “By Automobile” as the mode of transportation, and “Personal” as the favorite list used. In response, the navigator browser opens a DIRECTIONS page on display 113. FIG. 9 illustrates such a DIRECTIONS page where the user is prompted to enter an origination address at query 903, where the navigation starts. In this instance, the user adopts the default response to query 903 which is the location identified by the GPS data in section 511 of record 400. Otherwise, the user may enter a different origination address. The user is also prompted to enter a destination address at query 905. The user in this instance enters a home address as the destination address. To avoid re-entering the same address in the future, the user may select LOCATIONS option 910 to save the address. In that case, the user is prompted to assign an icon, e.g., icon 915, and a designation, e.g., “HOME,” to the home address. Thus, in the future, the user may select icon 915 in location box 907 to retrieve the corresponding home address in response to query 903 or 905. Similarly, in location box 907 icon 909 corresponds to a previously saved address of a delicatessen; and icon 911 corresponds to a previously saved address of a fitness center.
  • [0061]
    Alternatively, addresses in locations box 907 may be saved by clicking at icons elsewhere and duplicating same in box 907. For example, icon 913 in location box 907 corresponding to a Wells Fargo bank address results from clicking at icon 1103 e in favorites box 1103 (described below with FIG. 11) and duplicating same in box 907.
  • [0062]
    After learning the origination address and destination address responsive to queries 903 and 905, respectively, processor 103 analyzes the map and related information stored in section 513 of record 400. Specifically, processor 103 determines whether the navigation coverage based on the map layer corresponding to automobile travel in this instance, includes the origination and destination addresses, and whether the stored map and related information is fresh, as indicated at step 1003 in FIG. 10. If the navigation coverage includes the origination and destination addresses in question, and the period elapsed from the time stamp of the stored map and related information does not exceed a predetermined period (i.e., the stored map and related information is fresh), based on such map and related information, processor 103 at step 1006 selects the route from the origination address to the destination address which is the most time-efficient, i.e., fastest by automobile in this instance, taking into account the relevant weather, traffic, and road conditions along the selected route, together with any roadblocks set up by the user in a manner to be described. Such a selection process is achieved by analyzing the portion of the map and related information concerning the weather, traffic and road conditions and roadblocks in the navigation coverage, and involves predictions concerning the effects of such conditions on the automobile travel along the selected route at different points in time. At step 1009, processor 103 causes turn-by-turn instructions 917 concerning the selected route to be shown on the DIRECTIONS page.
  • [0063]
    Otherwise, if the stored map and related information does not cover the origination and/or destination address in question, and/or if the map and related information is not fresh, processor 103 at step 1013 establishes a communication connection to navigation server 630. At step 1016, processor 103 causes a transmission of a request for fresh map and related information for an appropriate navigation coverage through the established connection. This request contains, among other things, the personal favorites in section 517, personal data in section 503 and personal profile in section 507 of record 400, in addition to the origination and destination address information. In response to such a request, navigation server 630 prepares new map and related information for the coverage from at least the origination address to the destination address. In addition, based on the new map and related information, the received personal favorite list, personal data and personal profile, server 630 “clones” a personal favorite list from the received list. As discussed before, this cloned list may be different from the received list to reflect any geographic differences between the previous and current navigation coverages. At step 1019, processor 103 receives from server 630 the new map and related information and cloned personal favorite list. Processor 103 at step 1021 stores them in sections 513 and 517 of record 400, respectively. Again, the user is afforded a chance to edit the cloned personal favorite list in a manner described before. Processor 103 then proceeds to step 1006 described above.
  • [0064]
    Referring back to FIG. 9, the user in this instance may rely on turn-by-turn instructions 917 to reach home by automobile. If arrangement 100 is “docked” or connected to the aforementioned automobile system, the turn-by-turn instructions would be communicated by the automobile system via audio media to the user when the automobile traversing the navigated route approaches each turn.
  • [0065]
    In addition, the user is afforded VIEW option 919 to view an image of a map including the navigated route. Upon selection of option 919, the navigator browser opens a MAP VIEWER page on display 113. FIG. 11 illustrates such a MAP VIEWER page including map 1101 which corresponds to automobile travel. Map 1101 is also derived from the map and related information currently stored in section 513 of record 400. The navigated route (denoted 1102) for which instructions 917 are given is highlighted on the MAP VIEWER page, with preselected icon 1107 indicating the origination address previously entered, and icon 915 described above indicating the destination address previously entered.
  • [0066]
    In addition, favorites box 1103 on the MAP VIEWER page lists the personal favorites currently stored in section 517 of record 400. The icons which are associated with such personal favorites are populated on map 1101 to indicate the locations of such personal favorites. For example, icon 1103 a in box 1103 associated with the personal favorite “Chevron” is also shown on map 1101 to indicate its location thereon. Icon 1103 b in box 1103 associated with “Vons” is also shown on map 1101 to indicate its location thereon. Icon 1103 c in box 1103 associated with “Comp USA” is also shown on map 1101 to indicate its location thereon. Icon 1103 d in box 1103 associated with “Kmart” is also shown on map 1101 to indicate its location thereon. Icon 1103 e in box 1103 associated with “Wells Fargo” is also shown on map 1101 to indicate its location thereon.
  • [0067]
    Scene box 1105 lists “scenic” facilities and events which may serve as landmarks along the navigated route, as the icons associated with such scenic facilities and events are also populated on map 1101. Some scenic facilities and events may be important to the user such as a rest stop indicated by icon 1105 a, or “McDonald's” indicated by icon 1105 b in case the user is hungry when traveling along the navigated route which is not close to any of his/her favorite restaurants in this instance. Some scenic facilities and events may be of marginal interest to the user such as the “Charity Walkathon” indicated by icon 1105 c. If indeed the user decides to adopt any scenic facility or event as one of his/her favorites, the user may use an indicator device to click at the icon associated with the scenic facility or event in either box 1105 or map 1101 and drag same into box 1103. For example, if after trying McDonald's Restaurant indicated by icon 1105 b, the user decides to add the restaurant to his/her favorite list, he/she may then click at icon 1105 b in either box 1105 or map 1101 and drag same into box 1103 to effect such an addition.
  • [0068]
    In this instance, the user is afforded PHONE option 1109 to contact personnel of any listed facilities or events by phone. For example, a selection by the user of icon 1105 b, followed by a selection of telephone option 1109, causes processor 103 to look up, from the map and related information stored in section 513 of record 400, the phone number of McDonald's Restaurant associated with icon 1105 b. Processor 103 then causes transceiver 121 to place a voice call to McDonald's Restaurant using the phone number just looked up. Accordingly, the user may talk to the personnel of the restaurant over the phone connection.
  • [0069]
    Alternatively, the user is afforded INFO option 1111 to obtain further information regarding any listed facilities or events. For example, a selection by the user of icon 1105 b, followed by a selection of INFO option 1111, causes processor 103 to access the stored map and related information in section 513 for video and sound clips, graphics and textual information concerning McDonald's restaurant associated therewith. In this instance, the processor 103 causes user interface 115 to announce, “Welcome to McDonald's,” and/or the navigator browser to play a commercial of McDonald's Restaurant based on the video and sound clips. The navigator browser then opens a MCDONALD'S RESTAURANT page on display 113.
  • [0070]
    FIG. 12 illustrates the MCDONALD'S RESTAURANT page containing directions to McDonald's Restaurant associated with icon 1105 b, and information concerning the restaurant service hours, phone number, facility, any promotion, etc. NAVIGATE key 1205, BACK key 1209, RESTAURANT WEBSITE key 1213 and RESTAURANT MENU key 1215 are also provided on the RESTAURANT page. A selection of NAVIGATE key 1205 causes processor 103 to provide the user with a DIRECTIONS page similar to FIG. 9 described before, including turn-by-turn instructions to the restaurant.
  • [0071]
    A selection of BACK key 1209 enables the user to return to the previous page, i.e., the MAP VIEWER page. Key 1213 represents a hyperlink to the website of the restaurant. Thus, a selection of key 1213 causes the navigator browser to open the restaurant home page on display 113. In addition, a selection of key 1215 enables the user to access the RESTAURANT MENU page, which is illustrated in FIG. 13.
  • [0072]
    As shown in FIG. 13, the RESTAURANT MENU page enumerates types of food and beverages served in the restaurant. Each food and beverage entry may be highlighted by selecting same. The user may order ahead the highlighted food and beverages by selecting ORDER key 1305. Upon selection of key 1305, the navigator browser causes the order information to be transmitted through Internet 650 to a restaurant server at a predetermined URL for processing the order. Thus, the resulting order awaits the user's arrival at the restaurant.
  • [0073]
    Referring back to FIG. 11, the user is also afforded BLOCK option 1113, whereby the user can prevent or limit the appearance of certain subscribers and non-subscribers in navigation by arrangement 100. For example, a selection by the user of icon 1105 b, followed by a selection of BLOCK option 1113, causes the navigator browser to send to server 630 a request for blocking transmission of information concerning McDonald's Restaurant to arrangement 100. Upon receiving such a request, server 630 returns to the navigator browser an INQUIRY page, which the browser then opens on display 113.
  • [0074]
    FIG. 14 illustrates such an INQUIRY page where the user is afforded a choice of a PERMANENT BLOCKADE and a TEMPORARY BLOCKADE. In this instance, a selection by the user of the PERMANENT BLOCKADE causes a permanent prevention of transmission of information concerning any McDonald's Restaurant in the world to arrangement 100. An alternative selection of the TEMPORARY BLOCKADE needs to be accompanied by a specification of a time period during which the blockade is effective. For example, the user may have grown tired of McDonald's food and thus may want to use the TEMPORARY BLOCKADE to prevent transmission of information concerning any McDonald's Restaurant in the world to arrangement 100 for a specified period.
  • [0075]
    Any blockade choice by the user is communicated by the navigator browser in arrangement 100 to server 630. The latter stores the blockade choice in a record identified by the IP address of the navigator browser. In each subsequent navigation episode, server 630 transmits to the navigator browser information concerning subscribers and non-subscribers in a selective manner, reflecting any blockade choice stored in the associated record.
  • [0076]
    Similarly, the user is afforded ROADBLOCK option 1115 to preclude certain roadways or areas from navigation consideration by arrangement 100 as the roadways may be hazardous for driving and the areas may have a high crime rate. For example, to set up roadblocks, after selecting ROADBLOCK option 1115, the user may use a stylus to trace any roadway or define any area on display 113 to be excluded from the navigation consideration. In this instance, the user chooses to block a portion of the Ortega Highway denoted 1131 and indicated by crosses thereon, and area 1133 shown shaded in FIG. 11. In response, the navigator browser may open an inquiry page similar to FIG. 14 where the user may specify whether each roadblock is a permanent blockade or temporary blockade. Processor 103 stores the user's choices of blockade and the GPS coordinates defining road portion 1131 and area 1133 in section 513 of record 400. Based on such stored information, processor 103 accordingly selects routes circumventing road portion 1131 and area 1133 in navigation.
  • [0077]
    The user is also afforded DELETE option 1117 to remove certain displayed items in the MAP VIEWER page. For example, a selection by the user of icon 1105 b, followed by a selection of DELETE option 1117 causes a deletion of icon 1105 b from both box 1105 and map 1101, along with any information associated therewith.
  • [0078]
    The foregoing merely illustrates the principles of the invention. It will thus be appreciated that those skilled in the art will be able to devise numerous other arrangements which embody the principles of the invention and are thus within its spirit and scope.
  • [0079]
    For example, navigator arrangement 100 is disclosed herein in a form in which various functions are performed by discrete functional blocks. However, any one or more of these functions could equally well be embodied in an arrangement in which the functions of any one or more of those blocks or indeed, all of the functions thereof, are realized, for example, by one or more appropriately programmed processors.
Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4207609 *8 May 197810 Jun 1980International Business Machines CorporationMethod and means for path independent device reservation and reconnection in a multi-CPU and shared device access system
US4521857 *17 May 19824 Jun 1985Avimage, Inc.Aviation weather information dissemination system
US4675676 *8 Mar 198423 Jun 1987Nippondenso Co. Ltd.Map display system
US4758959 *3 Sep 198519 Jul 1988U.S. Philips CorporationVehicle navigation system provided with an adaptive inertial navigation system based on the measurement of the speed and lateral acceleration of the vehicle and provided with a correction unit for correcting the measured values
US4812843 *11 Aug 198714 Mar 1989Champion Iii C PaulTelephone accessible information system
US4914605 *8 Feb 19893 Apr 1990Etak, Inc.Apparatus and method for displaying a map
US5023934 *2 Jul 199011 Jun 1991Radair, Inc.Apparatus and method for communication of visual graphic data with radio subcarrier frequencies
US5119504 *19 Jul 19902 Jun 1992Motorola, Inc.Position aided subscriber unit for a satellite cellular system
US5124915 *29 May 199023 Jun 1992Arthur KrenzelComputer-aided data collection system for assisting in analyzing critical situations
US5127674 *20 Dec 19907 Jul 1992Lamphere William HCoupon organizer indexed by aisle numbers, having store directory and advertising to direct shoppers
US5189632 *23 Jul 199123 Feb 1993Oy Nokia AbPortable personal computer and mobile telephone device
US5225843 *1 Sep 19926 Jul 1993Motorola, Inc.Method for accessing a trunked communication system
US5295064 *21 Sep 198815 Mar 1994Videocart, Inc.Intelligent shopping cart system having cart position determining and service queue position securing capability
US5299132 *28 Jul 199229 Mar 1994By-Word Technologies, Inc.Vehicle locating and communicating method and apparatus using cellular telephone network
US5406493 *30 Nov 199311 Apr 1995Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki KaishaVehicle-carried navigation system
US5412573 *20 May 19932 May 1995Motorola Inc.Multi-mode route guidance system and method therefor
US5420592 *5 Apr 199330 May 1995Radix Technologies, Inc.Separated GPS sensor and processing system for remote GPS sensing and centralized ground station processing for remote mobile position and velocity determinations
US5432841 *10 Jul 199211 Jul 1995Rimer; Neil A.System for locating and communicating with mobile vehicles
US5497339 *2 Aug 19945 Mar 1996Ete, Inc.Portable apparatus for providing multiple integrated communication media
US5504482 *11 Jun 19932 Apr 1996Rockwell International CorporationAutomobile navigation guidance, control and safety system
US5504684 *10 Dec 19932 Apr 1996Trimble Navigation LimitedSingle-chip GPS receiver digital signal processing and microcomputer
US5517193 *30 Apr 199314 May 1996International Business Machines CorporationMeteorological workstation
US5523950 *8 May 19954 Jun 1996Peterson; Thomas D.Method and apparatus for providing shortest elapsed time route information to users
US5528248 *19 Aug 199418 Jun 1996Trimble Navigation, Ltd.Personal digital location assistant including a memory cartridge, a GPS smart antenna and a personal computing device
US5528493 *22 Aug 199418 Jun 1996Arete AssociatesObservations from below a rough water surface to determine conditions of or above the surface waves
US5539645 *19 Nov 199323 Jul 1996Philips Electronics North America CorporationTraffic monitoring system with reduced communications requirements
US5600796 *20 May 19944 Feb 1997Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki KaishaToken ring fault recovery system for automatically restoring network which includes a transmit possible and receive impossible token holding station
US5604676 *25 Jul 199418 Feb 1997Lucent Technologies Inc.System and method for coordinating personal transportation
US5625668 *12 Apr 199429 Apr 1997Trimble Navigation LimitedPosition reporting cellular telephone
US5625884 *8 Jun 199429 Apr 1997Lucent Technologies Inc.Global paging with reverse virtual call setup in wireless personal communications
US5627547 *7 Apr 19956 May 1997Delco Electronics CorporationMapless GPS navigation system in vehicle entertainment system
US5627549 *16 Jan 19966 May 1997Seiko Communications Holding N.V.Dual channel advertising referencing vehicle location
US5630068 *5 Jan 199413 May 1997Vela; LeoShoppers communication system and processes relating thereto
US5638279 *31 Oct 199510 Jun 1997Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki KaishaVehicle navigation system and navigation method
US5640156 *1 Nov 199517 Jun 1997Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki KaishaMobile communication method
US5642285 *31 Jan 199524 Jun 1997Trimble Navigation LimitedOutdoor movie camera GPS-position and time code data-logging for special effects production
US5648763 *5 Oct 199215 Jul 1997Trimble Navigation, Ltd.Method and apparatus for global position responsive security system
US5648769 *18 May 199515 Jul 1997Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki KaishaVehicle data processing system which can communicate with information center
US5652379 *14 Dec 199529 Jul 1997Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki KaishaVehicle state observer system
US5717748 *1 Oct 199610 Feb 1998Lucent Technologies Inc.Means and method for updating databases supporting local telephone number portability
US5717749 *4 Nov 199610 Feb 1998Lucent Technologies Inc.Means and method for providing local telephone number portability
US5719936 *29 Feb 199617 Feb 1998Siemens AktiengesellschaftCommunication device for mobile operation having a telephone and notebook with display
US5720037 *16 Jun 199417 Feb 1998Lucent Technologies Inc.Multimedia on-demand server
US5724316 *26 Sep 19953 Mar 1998Delco Electronics CorporationGPS based time determining system and method
US5727053 *5 Feb 199610 Mar 1998Lucent Technologies, Inc.System and apparatus for recording and displaying received information at a remote location
US5731997 *19 Mar 199624 Mar 1998Trimble Navigation LimitedMethod and apparatus for collecting recording and displaying data pertaining to an artifact
US5742509 *11 Apr 199521 Apr 1998Trimble Navigation LimitedPersonal tracking system integrated with base station
US5745855 *28 Aug 199528 Apr 1998Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki KaishaMobile radio communication system permitting a mobile station to specify a base station used by the same
US5748106 *25 Mar 19965 May 1998Delco Electronics Corp.Method and apparatus for controlling transponder signaling
US5754938 *31 Oct 199519 May 1998Herz; Frederick S. M.Pseudonymous server for system for customized electronic identification of desirable objects
US5760742 *20 Aug 19972 Jun 1998Trimble Navigation LimitedIntegrated mobile GIS/GPS/AVL with wireless messaging capability
US5774070 *22 Nov 199630 Jun 1998Rendon; EdwardMethod and system for the precise thermal mapping of roads, runways and the like for wintertime safety monitoring and maintenance
US5774825 *18 Oct 199530 Jun 1998Trimble Navigation LimitedSystem for automatic vehicle location via cable TV
US5774827 *3 Apr 199630 Jun 1998Motorola Inc.Commuter route selection system
US5781150 *13 Oct 199514 Jul 1998American Technology CorporationGPS relative position detection system
US5786789 *14 Nov 199428 Jul 1998Trimble Navigation LimitedGPS and cellphone unit having add-on modules
US5864305 *3 Mar 199526 Jan 1999Ab VolvoTraffic information system
US5908464 *30 Apr 19971 Jun 1999Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki KaishaTraffic information display device method of displaying traffic information and medium on which display control program for use in traffic information display device is recorded
US5917405 *18 Jul 199629 Jun 1999Joao; Raymond AnthonyControl apparatus and methods for vehicles
US5919246 *5 Oct 19956 Jul 1999Mannesmann AktiengesellschaftTarget input for navigation system
US5926118 *27 Jun 199620 Jul 1999Aisin Aw Co., Ltd.Vehicular navigation apparatus
US5929774 *13 Jun 199727 Jul 1999Charlton; Norman JCombination pager, organizer and radio
US6021371 *16 Apr 19971 Feb 2000Trimble Navigation LimitedCommunication and navigation system incorporating position determination
US6028253 *7 May 199822 Feb 2000Stine Seed Farm, Inc.Soybean cultivar 41373519
US6035253 *23 Oct 19967 Mar 2000Aisin Aw Co., Ltd.Navigation apparatus for a vehicle and a recording medium for use in the same
US6040824 *30 Jun 199721 Mar 2000Aisin Aw Co., Ltd.Information display system with touch panel
US6041311 *28 Jan 199721 Mar 2000Microsoft CorporationMethod and apparatus for item recommendation using automated collaborative filtering
US6047327 *16 Feb 19964 Apr 2000Intel CorporationSystem for distributing electronic information to a targeted group of users
US6073075 *29 Oct 19966 Jun 2000Hitachi, Ltd.Method and system for providing information for a mobile terminal
US6075874 *11 Mar 199913 Jun 2000Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd.Traffic congestion measuring method and apparatus and image processing method and apparatus
US6169955 *14 Oct 19992 Jan 2001Trimble Navigation LimitedCommunication and navigation system incorporating position determination
US6173231 *31 Jan 20009 Jan 2001Navigation Technologies Corp.Method and system for collecting data concerning thermal properties of roads for a geographic database and use thereof in a vehicle safety system
US6182067 *29 May 199830 Jan 2001Knowledge Horizons Pty Ltd.Methods and systems for knowledge management
US6184801 *11 May 19996 Feb 2001Trimble Navigation LimitedClandestine location reporting for missing vehicles
US6185427 *28 Apr 19986 Feb 2001Snaptrack, Inc.Distributed satellite position system processing and application network
US6188957 *4 Oct 199913 Feb 2001Navigation Technologies CorporationMethod and system for providing bicycle information with a navigation system
US6192312 *25 Mar 199920 Feb 2001Navigation Technologies Corp.Position determining program and method
US6192314 *25 Mar 199820 Feb 2001Navigation Technologies Corp.Method and system for route calculation in a navigation application
US6199013 *15 Jul 19976 Mar 2001Navigation Technologies Corp.Maneuver generation program and method
US6202023 *25 Feb 199913 Mar 2001Go2 Systems, Inc.Internet based geographic location referencing system and method
US6208934 *19 Jan 199927 Mar 2001Navigation Technologies Corp.Method and system for providing walking instructions with route guidance in a navigation program
US6212392 *26 Feb 19993 Apr 2001Signal Soft Corp.Method for determining if the location of a wireless communication device is within a specified area
US6212470 *7 Jun 19943 Apr 2001Motorola, Inc.Driver preference responsive vehicle route guidance system
US6212472 *4 Sep 19973 Apr 2001Visteon Technologies, LlcMethod and apparatus for displaying current vehicle position
US6212473 *20 Sep 19993 Apr 2001Ford Global Technologies, Inc.Vehicle navigation system having inferred user preferences
US6212550 *21 Jan 19973 Apr 2001Motorola, Inc.Method and system in a client-server for automatically converting messages from a first format to a second format compatible with a message retrieving device
US6215857 *20 Nov 199710 Apr 2001Ericsson Inc.System, method and apparatus for direct voice mail access and blocking
US6215993 *24 Feb 199910 Apr 2001Ericsson Inc.Caller ID preview for mobile telephones
US6219557 *11 Dec 199817 Apr 2001Ericsson Inc.System and method for providing location services in parallel to existing services in general packet radio services architecture
US6219614 *15 May 199717 Apr 2001Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki KaishaNavigation system providing simplified navigation instructions using graphics and voice guidance to preferred routes and using landmarks
US6219694 *29 May 199817 Apr 2001Research In Motion LimitedSystem and method for pushing information from a host system to a mobile data communication device having a shared electronic address
US6339744 *9 Jan 200115 Jan 2002Go2 Systems, Inc.Geographic location referencing system and method
US6374237 *24 Dec 199616 Apr 2002Intel CorporationData set selection based upon user profile
US6529143 *21 Oct 19994 Mar 2003Nokia Mobile Phones Ltd.Information retrieval system
US6546002 *7 Jul 19998 Apr 2003Joseph J. KimSystem and method for implementing an intelligent and mobile menu-interface agent
US6574734 *28 Dec 19983 Jun 2003International Business Machines CorporationMethod and apparatus for securing access to automotive devices and software services
US6680694 *19 Aug 199820 Jan 2004Siemens Vdo Automotive CorporationVehicle information system
US6707421 *18 Feb 199916 Mar 2004Siemens Vdo Automotive CorporationDriver information system
US6745188 *28 Mar 20011 Jun 2004Ge Capital Aviation Services, Inc.Methods and systems for generating and managing offerings
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US9157758 *24 Sep 201013 Oct 2015Tomtom International B.V.Navigation or mapping apparatus and method
US967124624 Sep 20106 Jun 2017Tomtom Navigation B.V.Navigation or mapping apparatus and method
US20110046881 *5 Mar 201024 Feb 2011Jeyhan KaraoguzPersonal mapping system
US20130131986 *24 Sep 201023 May 2013Rob Van SeggelenNavigation or mapping apparatus & method
Classifications
U.S. Classification701/532, 340/995.1
International ClassificationG08G1/005, G01C21/26, G01C21/00, G01C21/36, G09B29/10, G01C21/34, G06Q30/00, G01S19/48, G01S19/36, G08G1/137, G09B29/00, G01S5/14, G01C21/30
Cooperative ClassificationG06Q30/02, G01C21/3617, G01C21/3484, G01C21/3461, G01C21/3679
European ClassificationG01C21/34C1, G01C21/34C4, G01C21/36D4, G01C21/36P, G06Q30/02