|Publication number||US20050259225 A1|
|Application number||US 11/131,635|
|Publication date||24 Nov 2005|
|Filing date||18 May 2005|
|Priority date||21 May 2004|
|Also published as||EP1599051A2, EP1599051A3, US7347562|
|Publication number||11131635, 131635, US 2005/0259225 A1, US 2005/259225 A1, US 20050259225 A1, US 20050259225A1, US 2005259225 A1, US 2005259225A1, US-A1-20050259225, US-A1-2005259225, US2005/0259225A1, US2005/259225A1, US20050259225 A1, US20050259225A1, US2005259225 A1, US2005259225A1|
|Inventors||Michael Greenberg, Anthony McGettigan|
|Original Assignee||Jds Uniphase Corporation|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (12), Referenced by (5), Classifications (25), Legal Events (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The present invention claims priority from U.S. Patent Application No. 60/573,070 filed May 21, 2004, which is incorporated herein by reference.
The present invention relates to a color projection display system, and in particularly to a color display system using multiple imager panels.
Projection display systems based on liquid-crystal-on-silicon (“LCoS”) microdisplay technology commonly employ one, two, or three LCoS imaging panels in order to create a full color projected image. When three panels are used, each panel is illuminated with one of the three primary colors. Each panel is electronically addressed with video data corresponding to the color channel for the illuminating light received at that imager. Finally these three monochrome images are projected onto the screen simultaneously, resulting in a high brightness image that has no artifacts associated with temporal color sequencing of the image data.
In one panel systems, such as those disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 6,702,446 issued Mar. 9, 2004 to De Vaan et al, and U.S. Pat. No. 6,707,516 issued Mar. 16, 2004 to Johnson et al, some means of illuminating the single imager is employed, typically either color-sequencing or scrolling a pattern of three primary-colored stripes of light across the imager to create a full color image. The imager is electronically addressed with a time-sequential (and possibly scrolling) video image data stream that modulates in synchrony with the time—(and possibly space—) varying multi-color illumination source.
An imaging system projects a magnified image of this color-sequential (or color scrolling) picture onto a viewing surface where the viewer perceives a full-color image as a result of the human eye's slower response time compared with the rate of color modulation in the imaging system. Due to the color-sequential nature of the one-panel display, a lower-brightness image results as compared with three-panel displays. The image may also include color-breakup artifacts due to the temporal nature of the color sequencing system.
A two-panel architecture is a compromise between these two extremes. There are several schemes for color management in a two-panel architecture. In a first scheme, light from the illumination source is divided into two beams by splitting the raw light into its two constituent, orthogonal polarization states. Each of these beams is routed to one of the two imagers. Both of these two optical paths are modulated with color sequencing or color scrolling means, similar to systems having only a single imager.
The two resulting color-modulated images are recombined using a polarization beam combiner to create a single color-sequential full-color image. The benefit of this approach compared to a one-panel system is a brighter image than that obtained using only one imager. However this system is still not as bright as a three-panel system since some form of temporal color sequencing is still needed. For purposes of convenient discussion, this type of two-panel system shall hereinafter be referred to as a Polarization-Divided Color Sequential (alternatively “Color Scrolling”) (“PDCS”)-type two-panel system.
In a second scheme disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 6,280,034 issued Aug. 28, 2001 to Brennesholtz, and U.S Pat. No. 6,388,718 issued May 14, 2002 to Yoo et al, light from the source is spectrally divided into two beams such that one of the beams consists of light from a single primary color channel (for instance only red light) and the second beam consists of light from the remaining two primary color channels (green and blue light, for example). The color system used herein will be the additive color system unless otherwise indicated, including indication by contextual use. In the additive color system, red, blue, and green are the primary colors, and magenta (red+blue), cyan (blue+green) and yellow (red+green) are the secondary colors. Those of skill in the art appreciate that magenta, cyan, and yellow are called primary colors in the subtractive color system, which is often used in describing printing systems, for example.
Light from the first beam is routed to one of the panels so that this panel continuously receives one primary illumination color and displays image data corresponding to this one primary color. The second beam, consisting of light from the two remaining primary colors, is directed to the second imaging panel. Color sequencing or color scrolling means are used to temporally sequence the two primary colors of the second beam onto the imaging panel.
The imaging panel is electronically addressed with a time-sequential video image data stream that modulates in synchrony with the time-varying (and possibly space-varying, e.g. scrolling) two-color illumination source.
The images from the two imaging panels are optically combined using a dichroic beam-combining element and are projected onto a screen or viewing surface to create a full-color image. This system may optionally include a polarization recovery subsystem in the illumination subsystem to increase overall display brightness. Nevertheless, the resulting image is less bright than a full three-panel system due to the temporal color sequencing in the two-color imager. However, it is typically brighter than a one panel system because it is capable of simultaneously projecting two overlapping, full-frame color images, whereas the single panel system only displays one full-frame color image at any instant in time. This latter type of two-panel system shall hereinafter be referred to as a Basic Color-Divided Color Sequential (or Color Scrolling) (“BCDCS”)-type two-panel system.
U.S. Pat. No. 5,517,340 issued May 14, 1996 to Doany et al, and U.S. Pat. No. 5,863,125 issued Jan. 26, 1999 to Doany disclose two-panel schemes in which color wheels are used to sequentially provide one of the primary colors to a polarization beam splitting cube for projection. Moreover, U.S. Pat. No. 6,568,815 issued May 27, 2003 to Yano et al, and U.S. Pat. No. 6,650,377 issued Nov. 18, 2003 to Robinson et al disclose dual-panel systems in which a series of active and passive polarizing filter stacks are used to control which primary and or secondary colors are provided to the panels.
An object of the present invention is to overcome the shortcomings of the prior art by providing a two-panel LCoS system in which both of the imagers are time-shared between two colors, and in which both polarized and unpolarized light can be used in the initial separation stages.
Accordingly, the present invention relates to a color management system comprising:
Another aspect of the present invention relates to a color management system comprising:
The invention will be described in greater detail with reference to the accompanying drawings which represent preferred embodiments thereof, wherein:
Brightness in the systems described above is also limited by the requirement that the overall system be “white-point balanced.” White-point balanced refers to the need to limit the maximum brightness of two of the displayed color channels in proper relation to the third, which is referred to as the “brightness-limiting color channel,” in order that the white state, i.e. when all color channels are turned up to maximum balanced brightness, of the system match some specified color temperature corresponding to the color of a blackbody radiator of a given temperature, typically between 6,000° K and 12,000° K. In the BCDCS-type two-panel system described above, color assignments to the fixed-color and two-color panels can be made arbitrarily. However, to achieve a maximally bright color-balanced system, the color channel that would limit the overall white-balanced brightness of a three-panel system should be assigned to the non-color-sequencing imager, i.e. the fixed color panel. Due to the spectral output distribution of typical high pressure mercury vapor arc lamps used in many projection displays, the red color channel typically limits the color-balanced brightness of three-panel systems, and as such would typically be assigned to the fixed color panel. Alternatively, another color is the brightness-limiting color.
The two-color panel's temporal duty cycle between the green and blue states can be adjusted to white-point balance the resulting system. When a color wheel is used as the color sequencing mechanism for such a system, white-point balancing can be accomplished by adjusting the relative angular extents of the blue and green dichroic segments of the color wheel until the fixed color channel is white-balanced relative to the two-color channel.
Since the fixed-color channel has the benefit of displaying its single-color image data continuously, the maximum brightness of this color channel is typically lowered to white-balance its brightness with that of the two-color, time-shared imager. Such balancing can be accomplished by lowering the duty cycle of the fixed-color imager. In such a scheme, the fixed-color imager would simply be driven to a ‘dark-state’ condition for some fraction of the time during each frame of video data.
Overall image brightness is increased if part of this dark-state time of the fixed-color imager is used to display image data of one of the other colors. The result would essentially amount to a two-panel system where both imagers are time-shared between two colors. Such a system, properly color balanced, would be brighter than a BCDCS-type two-panel system. This novel type of two-panel projection display system is hereinafter referred to as an Enhanced Color-Divided Color Sequential (or Scrolling) (“ECDCS”)-type two-panel system.
A first secondary color selector, in the form of a color wheel 22, includes first (e.g. magenta) 24, second (e.g. yellow) 26 and third (e.g. cyan) 28 secondary color segments, see
A light integrating light pipe 18, with a polarization converter 19 on the input end thereof, is used to create a polarized, homogenized illumination beam, e.g. polarized, secondary-color beam 20, from the unpolarized secondary color beam 17. In other words, the polarized beam 20 has been converted to essentially a single polarization state, as indicated by the double-ended arrow 21, which according to standard convention designates a “p-type” polarization state. The p-type polarization state is arbitrarily chosen for purposes of discussion, and those of skill in the art appreciate that s- and p-type polarization is defined in reference to a selected plane, and the s-type state is chosen is alternative embodiments.
Preferably, the polarization converter 19 is comprised of a plurality of corner-cube-type polarization converters, e.g. polarizing beamsplitter cubes, on the input end of the light pipe 18. In an alternate embodiment, the lamp 12 is a polarizing lamp providing a light beam having essentially a single polarization state, and the polarization converter 19 is not required. Optional optical elements, such as fold mirrors 23 and 25, a condenser lens 27, and a relay lens 29 provide a compact optical path.
Preferably, a clean-up polarizer 31 is disposed at the output end of the light pipe 18 to remove light not having the selected polarized state. After the polarization converter 19 converts the light 17 from the lamp 12 to the selected polarization state, reflections off the walls of the light pipe 18 rotate the polarization state of some of the light. The ratio of p-polarized to s-polarized light exiting the light pipe 18 is typically about between 3:1 and 5:1. A reflective clean-up polarizer, such as a wire-grid-type polarizer, is generally preferred if the light flux is such that an absorptive polarizer would generate too much heat. If the light exiting the light pipe 18 is highly polarized, an absorptive clean-up polarizer is alternatively used, or may be omitted entirely in some embodiments. In yet other embodiments, corner-cube MacNielle-type polarizers or FTIR polarizers are used as a clean-up polarizer 31, with appropriate adjustment of the illustrated light path(s).
A primary color separator in the form of a second color wheel 30, see
For convenience of discussion, the first imager panel 36 will be referred to as a red/blue imager, and the second imager panel 38 will be referred to as a blue/green imager; however, these color designations are arbitrary and can be any possible combination, e.g. in an alternative embodiment one imager is a red/green imager and the other a red/blue imager; and in yet another embodiment, one imager is a red/green imager and the other a red/blue imager.
The color wheel 30 can take several forms, each one for separating the secondary colored light beams into their constituent primary colors. In a simple embodiment, the color wheel 30 has three, or multiples of three, equal sections, at least one for separating the first secondary colored beam, e.g. magenta, into the first and third primary colored light beams, e.g. red and blue light, at least one for separating the second secondary colored beam, e.g. yellow light, into the first and second primary colored light beam, e.g. red and green light, and at least one of separating the third secondary colored beam, e.g. cyan, into the second and third primary colored light beams, e.g. green and blue light.
Alternatively, as illustrated in
When the third secondary color segment 28, e.g. cyan (B/G), of the first color wheel 22 is in the optical path, the long-wave-pass dichroic segment 42 of the second color wheel 30 is in the active optical path so that the second primary colored light beam, e.g. green light, is transmitted along the second path 34 to the blue/green imager 38, while the third primary colored light beam, e.g. blue light, is reflected along the first path 32 to the blue/red imager 36. Both the second and third primary colored light beams, e.g. green light and blue light, are transmitted through reflective polarizers 44 and 46, respectively, positioned at acute angles, e.g. 45°, to the first and second paths 32 and 34, respectively.
Preferably, the reflective polarizers 44 and 46 are wire-grid polarizers, but other high-quality reflective polarizers, such as corner-cube-type (MacNielle-type) or frustrated total-internal-reflection (“FTIR”)-type polarizers can be used. Those skilled in the art understand that FTIR polarizers pass light having s-type polarization, and reflect light having p-type polarization, and that components and diagrams would be modified accordingly. The reflective polarizers 44 and 46 transmit light of one polarization state, in this example p-polarized light, and reflect light in the orthogonal polarization state, e.g. s-polarized light. It is desirable that the polarizing beam splitters 44 and 46 be of higher quality, i.e. sufficiently optically flat to preserve the quality of the image reflected off of the imager panels 36 and 38.
The LCoS imager panels 36 and 38 rotate the polarization state of imaged, i.e. reflected light, by 90°. Thus, light 39 reflecting from the blue/green imager 38 will be s-polarized, and reflect off the reflective polarizer 46 associated with the blue/green imager 38 towards a polarization beam splitting cube 58, which acts as a polarization beam combiner. Similarly, light 56 reflected by the red/blue imager 36 will be s-polarized, and reflect off the reflective polarizer 44 associated with the red/blue imager 36 towards the polarization beam splitter cube 58. Optional analyzers 48 and 50, also known as sheet polarizers, are disposed in the optical path of the light 56 and 39, adjacent the polarization beam splitting cube 58, for removing light that does not have the selected polarized state from the light coupled to the projection lens 52. Analyzers 48 and 50 are often said to “clean-up” the polarization state of the light 39 and 56 coming from imaging panels 36 and 38. The analyzers 48 and 50 improve the contrast of the eventual displayed image.
A half-wave retarder plate 54 is disposed in the optical path of the light 56 (or 39) for rotating the polarization state from one imager into the opposite state. In this example, s-polarized light 56 reflected off the reflective polarizer 44 from the red/blue imager 36 is rotated to p-polarized light 56′. The polarizing beamsplitter cube 58 has an optical coating layer 60, across a hypotenuse thereof, that transmits the p-polarized light 56′ and reflects the s-polarized light 39, thereby forming a combined projection beam 51 toward the projection lens 52. Alternatively, a higher-quality, i.e. optically flat to maintain the image quality from the imaging panels 36 and 38, wire-grid polarized beam combiner can be used.
Conventional color management systems that have fixed, i.e. single-color, imagers can use dichroic filters to combine the light beams from multiple imagers. In this embodiment, the imager panels 36 and 38 image light of different colors, e.g. both imager panels image blue light at different times, so the combining element, namely optical coating layer 60, works on the principle of polarization states, rather than color.
In this case, s-polarization and p-polarization is referenced to the optical coating layer 60, which is typically a stack of optical thin-film layers forming an FTIR, or MacNielle-type, polarizing beamsplitting layer, or alternatively is a high-quality metal-grid polarizer. The polarizing beamsplitter cube 58 combines the p-polarized light from the red/blue imager 36 with the s-polarized light from the blue/green imager 38 to produce a full-color projected image that is imaged by the projection lens 52 to a display screen (not shown). One way to accomplish white-point balancing is by adjusting the relative sizes of the dichroic segments, e.g. 24, 26, 28, 40 and 42, on the first and second color wheels 22 and 30.
In this example, each filter segment occupies about 120° of arc, which results in each secondary color being transmitted through the color wheel 22 for an equivalent period of time. However, more red light could be provided by increasing the angular extents of the yellow 26 and magenta 24 filter segments, with a concomitant reduction of the angular extant of cyan filter segment 28, which would transmit red light relatively more of the time. The amount of time red light is transmitted through the filter segments 24 and 26 is electronically coordinated (synchronized) with the first and second LCoS imager panels 36 and 38.
This flexibility in white balancing permits a fully color-balanced system without limiting the duty cycle of either of the two imager panels 36 and 38. The color management scheme according to the present invention provides a higher luminous efficiency than conventional two-panel color management systems. Embodiments of color wheels having “pie shaped” filter segments are particularly desirable for use in color management systems that do not use scrolling color, such as for LCoS panels, whose drive electronics architecture do not use scrolling color illumination schemes. Alternatively, a scrolling color wheel, such as a color wheel having spiral-shaped (“Archimedes spiral”) color filter segments are used with imaging panels adaptable to scrolling color techniques. Some embodiments using scrolling color management techniques avoid “spoke light” issues that arise at the filter edges of “pie shaped” (“spoked) filter segments.
Alternative embodiments may have different and/or additional features, e.g. the light source may employ a “fly's eye array” and a flat polarization conversion scheme (PCS) to homogenize the beam of light 16 from the lamp 12 and convert the light of undesired polarization state into the desired polarization state. Alternatively, the system foregoes polarization recovery, and simply removes light having the non-selected polarization.
The color assignments to the first and second imager panels 36 and 38 also could be blue/red+red/green or blue/green+green/red, but these arrangements are unlikely to result in the highest balanced luminous efficiency. In this case, the primary and secondary color sequencing dichroic devices would be reconfigured as appropriate.
A color scrolling version of this architecture is possible using a spatially varying secondary color sequencing device; however, color scrolling secondary colors complicates synchronization of the scrolling device and imaging panels. The first color sequencing device could be a liquid crystal in combination with retarder stack-type color switching system, such as the R
The arc extent 140 of the short-wave-pass dichroic filter segment 40 is synchronized with the arc extents of the yellow and magenta filter 124 and 126 (
In this embodiment the polarization converter 19 or a functionally equivalent alternative is particularly important, since the polarization switch 84 requires polarized light. Instead of the polarization converter 19, a standard light pipe 18 with a wire-grid-type prepolarizer at an output face 86 thereof or a polarized light source (lamp) can be used. Even if a polarization converter 19 is used, adding a wire-grid-type prepolarizer (not shown) between the exit face 86 of the light pipe 18 and the liquid crystal polarization switch 84 improves performance. A wire-grid-type polarizer is preferred in this location because the beam is orthogonal to the face of the polarizer and it is desirable to not split the beam. In some embodiments, a pre-polarizer is included in the first color-sensitive polarizing switch 84.
The polarization beam splitter 88 can include a low-optical quality, e.g. non-optically flat, wire grid polarizing beamsplitter 88 for dividing the illumination light into the first and second optical paths 32 and 34. A low-quality beamsplitter is acceptable because the light has not yet been imaged. After imaging, high-quality beamsplitters/beamcombiners are desirable to maintain image quality. Alternatively, a high-quality wire grid polarizing beamsplitter or other polarizing beamsplitter can be used. The spectral content of the light in the first and second optical paths 32 and 34 is modulated by the color wheel dichroic filters 24, 26, 28 and by the transmissive color-sensitive liquid-crystal polarization switch 84.
White-balancing of this color management system 80 is possible by adjusting the angular dimensions of the dichroic filters 24, 26, 28 on the color wheel 22 in conjunction with the electrical timing of the operation of the transmissive liquid-crystal polarization switch 84.
Unlike the color wheel in a conventional one-panel system, which incorporates dichroic filters that transmit only one primary color per filter, e.g. red, green, or blue, the color wheel 22 for this embodiment of the invention uses secondary color segments, e.g. magenta 24, yellow 26, and cyan 28 dichroic filters, so that at any instant in time two primary colors, e.g. red+blue, blue+green, or green+red, are transmitted into the illumination path.
The post light pipe transmissive liquid crystal polarization switch 84 selectively changes the polarization state of one spectral component 98, e.g. the first primary colored beam, of the transmitted polarized light 91, e.g. the first secondary colored beam, relative to the other spectral component 96, e.g. the second primary colored beam, in order to route each of the two spectral components 96 and 98 of the transmitted polarized light 91 to the first or the second imager panels 36 and 38 via the wire grid polarizing beamsplitter 88 (hereinafter referred to the ‘input WG-PBS’).
To understand how this would work in practice, consider that the polarization state of the light 91 emerging from the light pipe 18, which may have been cleaned-up by a small pre-polarizer at the light pipe exit face 86, is p-polarized relative to the input WG-PBS 88. The transmissive liquid crystal polarization switch 84 is designed in such a way that, when unaddressed (off-state), it leaves the polarization state of second and third primary colored light beams, e.g. green and blue light, unaltered, but rotates the polarization state of the first primary colored light, e.g. red light, by 90°. Thus, the light beam 94 leaving the transmissive liquid crystal polarization switch 84 has both p-polarized light, e.g. blue or green light, represented by spectral component (double-ended arrow) 96, and s-polarized light, e.g. red light, represented by spectral component (circle and dot) 98.
In the unaddressed (“off”) state, the second and third primary colored light beams 92, e.g. green and blue light, which remains p-polarized, is routed along the second path 34 to the second LCoS imager panel 38 through the input WG-PBS 88, and the first primary colored light beam, e.g. red light 90, which is now s-polarized, is reflected off of the input WG-PBS 88 and routed along the first path 32 to the first LCoS imager panel 36. Thus, the liquid-crystal polarization switch 84 functions essentially as a color-selective half-wave retarder plate. After the input WG-PBS 88, the first primary colored light beam, e.g. red light, passes through another half-wave retarder plate 100 to return the state of polarization to the original polarization state, e.g. p-polarized, in addition to the half-wave retarder plate 48 and analyzer 54 described above in reference to
In the addressed (“on”) state, the spectral edge of the transition between polarization-rotated and non-polarization-rotated light shifts from between the first and second primary colored light wavelengths to between the second and third primary color light wavelengths, e.g. from the green/red transition wavelengths of roughly 590 nanometers (nm) to 600 nm, to the blue/green transition wavelengths of roughly 495 nm to 505 nm. Activation of the transmissive liquid-crystal polarization switch 84 in the on state is synchronized to coincide with the third secondary color segment 28, e.g. cyan (blue+green), of the color wheel 22 intersecting the light 16 from the arc lamp 12. When the liquid-crystal polarization switch 84 is activated, the third primary colored light beam, e.g. blue light, is transmitted without a change in polarization state, and the polarization state of the second primary colored light beam, e.g. green light, is rotated 90°. Accordingly, the second primary colored light beam, e.g. green light, is reflected off of the WG-PBS 88 along the first path 32 to the first imager panel 36, while the third primary colored light beam, e.g. blue light, is transmitted through the WG-PBS 88 along the second path 34 to the second imager panel 38. In this embodiment the first imager panel 36 is a red/green imager and the second imager panel 38 is a green/blue imager
The passive polarizing rotation filter 112 transmits the first and third primary colored light beams, e.g. red and blue light, without changing their polarization states, and transmits the second primary colored light beam, e.g. green light, with a 90° rotation of its polarization state. Such passive polarizing rotation filters are available from C
When the second secondary colored light beam, e.g. yellow light, is emitted from the light pipe 18, the color-sensitive polarization switch 184 is switched to the off state thereby having no effect on the polarization state of the light 91 leaving the light pipe 18. However, the passive polarizing rotation filter 112 will transmit the first primary colored light beam, e.g. the red light, unaltered, while rotating the polarization state of the second primary colored light beam, e.g. the green light, by 90° forming orthogonally polarized components 96 and 98. Accordingly, the WG-PBS 88 splits the first primary colored light beam, e.g. the red light, from the second primary colored light beam, e.g. the green light, and directs the first primary colored light beam, e.g. the red light, along the second path to the second imaging panel 36, and the second primary colored light beam, e.g. the green light, to the first imaging panel 36.
When the third secondary colored light beam, e.g. cyan light, is emitted from the light pipe 18, the active color-sensitive polarization switch 184 is once again switched to the off state, and the passive polarizing rotation filter 112 transmits the third primary colored light beam, e.g. the blue light, unaltered, while rotating the polarization state of the second primary colored light beam, e.g. the green light, 90° forming orthogonally polarized components 96 and 98. The WG-PBS 88 splits the second primary colored light beam, e.g. the green light, from the third primary colored light beam, e.g. the blue light, and directs the second primary colored beam, e.g. the green light, along the first path 90 to the first imaging panel 36, and the third primary colored beam, e.g. the blue light, along the second path 92 to the second imaging panel 38. Once again, the color and polarization states used herein are merely exemplary. For example, a passive color-selective retarder that rotates two of the primary colors, e.g. the first and third primary colored beams (the blue and red light), but not the other, e.g. the second (the green light), is used in an alternative embodiment. Alternatively, a passive color-selective retarder that rotates the third primary colored light beam, e.g. the blue light, is also possible. In other words, the passive color-selective retarder 112 rotates the polarization of one of the other two primary colored light beams that the active color-sensitive polarization switch 184 does not. Using a green-magenta selective retarder allows the transition edge of the color-sensitive polarizing switch to be between the blue-green edge and the green-red edge, in other words, the exact location of the transition edge is not critical.
Moreover, the system can be designed so that the active color-sensitive polarization switch 184 rotates the polarization of any one or more of the primary colors, and the passive color-sensitive polarization switch rotates the polarization of any one of the other primary colors, as long as any two primary colored light beams can be separated by the WG-PBS 88.
As above, with reference to
Thus, when the third secondary filter segment 28, e.g. cyan, in the color wheel 22 is in the light path, the first active color-sensitive polarization switch 184 is off and the second active color-sensitive polarization switch 184′ is on, thereby rotating the polarization of the third primary colored light beam, e.g. the blue light, by 90° forming orthogonally polarized components 96 and 98. Accordingly, the WG-PBS 88 transmits the second primary colored light beam, e.g. the blue light, along the second path 34 to the second imager panel 38, while reflecting the third primary colored light beam, e.g. the green light, along the first path 32 to the first imager panel 36. When the first or second secondary color filter segments, e.g. the magenta filter segment 24 or the yellow filter segment 26, are in the light path, the first active color-sensitive polarization switch 184 is in the on condition, and the second color-sensitive polarization switch 184′ is in the off condition, whereby the polarization state of the first primary colored light beam is rotated relative to the polarization of the second or the third primary colored light beams. Accordingly, the WG-PBS 88 reflects the first primary colored light beam, e.g. the red light, along the first path 32 to the first imager panel 36, while transmitting the second and third primary colored light beams, e.g. the green or the blue light, along the second path 34 to the second imager panel 38. Alternatively, when the first secondary color filter segment 24, e.g. magenta filter segment, is in the light path, the first active color-sensitive polarization switch 184 is in the off conditions, and the second active color-sensitive polarization switch 184′ is in the on condition, whereby the polarization state of the third primary colored light beam, e.g. blue light, is rotated by 90°, and reflected by the WG-PBS 88 along the first path 32 to the first imager panel 36, while the polarization state of the first primary colored light beam, e.g. red light, is unaffected, and transmitted by the WG-PBS 88 along the second path 34 to the second imager panel 38.
The invention has been described above in reference to specific embodiments. Alterations, modifications, and improvements may occur to those skilled in the art. Such alterations, modifications, and improvements are intended to be within the spirit and scope of the invention. Accordingly, the foregoing description is by way of example only, and is not intended as limiting. The invention is limited only by the following claims and equivalents thereto.
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|U.S. Classification||353/31, 348/E09.027|
|International Classification||G02F1/133, G03B21/14, G02F1/13, G03B21/20, G03B21/00, H04N9/31|
|Cooperative Classification||G03B21/2026, H04N9/3111, G02B27/141, H04N9/3117, H04N9/3197, G02B27/1026, G02B27/283, G02B26/008, G03B21/2073|
|European Classification||G02B27/14A, H04N9/31A3, G02B26/00W1, G02B27/28B, H04N9/31A3T, G02B27/10A3R, H04N9/31V, G03B21/20|
|18 May 2005||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: JDS UNIPHASE CORPORATION, CALIFORNIA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:GREENBERG, MICHAEL R.;MCGETTIGAN, ANTHONY D.;REEL/FRAME:016583/0610;SIGNING DATES FROM 20050426 TO 20050517
|23 Sep 2011||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4