US 1523370 A
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J. A. SKAGGS RESERVE GASOLINE TANK Filed April 27, 1923 ill) Patented Jan. 13, T5925,
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
JAMES A. SKAGGS.
0F CANTON, OHIO.
Application. filed April 2'7,
To all iii/mm it may concern:
Be it known that l, Janus A. SKAGGS, a citizen of the United States, residing at Canton, in the county oi? Stark and State of ()him have invented certain new and useful IllllJPOVQllltlIltS in Reserve-Gasoline Tanks, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to auxiliary fuel anks and is especially adapted for use upon motor vehicles. The improvement has for its objects to provide a reserve fuel tank which may be easily connected to the usual vacuum feed system such as is commonly used upon auton'iol'iiles, and which will be automatically filled by the operation oi? the vacuuu'i teed tank, the reserve supply o'lt' gasoline being trapped in the reserve tank which may be called upon when the main supply carried by the vehicle is exhausted.
The above and other objects may be attained by constructing the device in the manner illustrated in the accompanying drawing, in which- Figure 1 is a top plan view of a reserve tank embodving the invention, showing the action of the same to the vacuum teed system; and
Fig. 2, a vertical, sectional view through the reserve tank showing the vacuum feed mechanism .in elevation.
Similar numerals refer to similar parts throughout the drawing.
The instrument board of an automobile is indicated at 1 and the vacuum tank 2. such as is con'unonly used in vacuum teed systems, may be connected thereto in the usual manner. Suction is created in the tank 2 by connecting the same to the intake manifold 3 in the usual manner as by the pipe 4:.
The tube at is connected to the upper end of the vacuum tank 2 and a tube 5 is also connected to the upper end of the vacuum tank and leads to the main tuel supph tank trom which the fuel is drawn by suction in the usual manner, to the vacuum teed tank. A pipe (5 connected to the lower end of the vacuum teed tank and leads to the carburetor for the purpose of feeding; the fuel thereto by gravity as is customary in these systems.
The reserve tank 7 may be supported by the curved brackets 8 connected to the in strument board as by the flanges 9, a bolt 1923. Serial No. 635,026.
it) drawing the brackets together between the tanks 2 and T and a bolt 11 connecting the flanged ends 12 ot the brackets and clan'ip-inp; the reserve tank 7 thercbetween.
A l" 13 is provided in the pipe 5 between the main fuel supply tank and the tank 2 and connects with the upper end of the reserve tank '7. The lower end of the reserve tank may be provided with a drain aperture 14 normally closed by means of the screw plug 15.
A tube It; is extended through the central aperture 17 in the upper end ot the reserve tank and has a flange 18 connected to its lower end, said flange being soldered or otherwise connected to the lower wall oi the reserw tank. The threaded nipple 1!) in the lower wall of the reserve tank registers with the tube 16 and receives the L. 20 to which is connected the pipe 21, a T 22 being provided in the pipe 6, intermediate the vacuum tank and the carburetor for connecting the pipe 21.
One or more apertures 23 are provided in the tube 16 at av point spaced from the bottom of the reserve tank and a screen 2% surrounds the lower end portion of said tube, being connected thereto at a point above said apertures.
it rod or tube as shown at 25 is slidably mounted in the tube to and normally rests upon the upper end of the L 20 and as the same tits snugly within the tube 16, the apertures 23 are thus normally closed.
A. wire 26 is connected to the upper end of the tube and leads through the tube 27 to the instrument board, being provided with an operating knob 28 upon its extremity and with a shoulder 29 near its outer end for engagement with the bracket 30.
J-l spiral spring 31 is located around the lower portion of the wire 26 and interposed between the washers 32 and 33. which are held in engagement with the tubes 25 and 27 respectively, by means of the spring".
lhe tube is thus normally held in the position shown in. Fig", 2 of the drawing. closing the apertures 23 and prevel'iting fuel from passing from the reserve tank through the pipe into the pipe 6 which leads to the carburetor.
it will be obvious that as gasoline is sucked from the mam fuel supply tank to the vacuum tank 2, a portion of the gasoline will be received through the T 13 into the reserve tank and since the connection of the same to the pipe 6 is normally closed, the reserve tank will continue to receive gasoline in this manner until the same is filled after which all of the gasoline sucked through the pipe 5 will pass into the vacuum tank.
Should the car run out of gasoline while on the road, the reserve supply in the tank 7 may be conveyed by gravity through the pipe 21 into the pipe 6 to the carburetor by ulling the wire 26 outward until the lower end of the tube 25 is raised above the apertures 23 in the tube 16, permitting the gasoline in the reserve tank to pass through said apertures into the tube 16 and thence to the carburetor as above described.
I claim 1.111 combination with a fuel supply and a carburetor, a vacuum tanlg a continuous suction pipe connecting the fuel supply with the vacuum tank, a feed line connecting the vacuum tank with the carburetor, a reserve tank, a T in the top of the reserve tank communicating with the suction pipe and an outlet in the reserve tank communicating with the feed line.
2. In combination with a fuel supply and a carburetor a vacuum tank, a continuous suction pipe connecting the fuel supply with the vacuum tank, a feed line connecting" the vacuum tank with the carburetor, a reserve tank, a T in the top of the reserve tank communicating with the suction pipe and an outlet in the reserve tank communicating an outlet in the reserve tank eommunicating with the feed line. means tor normally closing the outlet, and means tor manually opening the outlet.
4-. ln combination with a fuel supply and a carburetor, a vacuum tank, a continuous suction pipe connecting the fuel supply with the vacuum tank. a fed line connecting the vacuum tank with the carburetor, a reserve tank a T in the top of the reserve tank communicating with the suction pipe and an outlet in the reserve tank eommuuieating with the teed line a tube extending entirely through the reserve tank and connecting with the outlet and havingan openinp spaced from the bottom of the tank torming a sediment trap. a tube slidablv mounted through the lirst named tube. spring means for normally holding the second named tube in lowered position to cover said opening and a flexible wire connected to the second named tube for raising the same above said opening.
In testimony that I claim the above. T
have hereunto subscribed my name.
JAMES A. SKAHGS.