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Publication numberUS1403719 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication date17 Jan 1922
Filing date5 Mar 1921
Priority date5 Mar 1921
Publication numberUS 1403719 A, US 1403719A, US-A-1403719, US1403719 A, US1403719A
InventorsSzepe Joseph J
Original AssigneeKeystone Die And Mfg Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Toy gun
US 1403719 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

' J. J. SZEPE.

' TOY GUN. APPLICATION FILED MAR. 5, I921- 2 R w m W. I. I .fl. m /M H m.

.LJ SZEPE.

TOY GUN.

APPLICATION man MR. 5, 1921.

2 2. 9 IT in 7H 14 EN E Tm 8 &2 m w a D1 fylvwm Wr-m ass .16. A pivot pm 7 pairs of ears 14 and 15 so that-the casing UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

J'osnrn VJ. sznrn, or r rr'rsnunen, 'rENNsvLvA'NIA, 'Ass'iGN0n ro nnys'roNn DIE AND MANUFACTURING COMPANY, or PITTSBURGH, PENNSYLVANIA, A con- IORA'IION or PENNSYLVANIA.

TOY GUN.

T 0 all whom it may concem Be it known that I, JOSEPH J. Sznrn, a citizen of the United States, residing at Pittsburgh, in the. county of Allegheny and State of Pennsylvania, have invented new and useful Improvements in Toy Guns, of which the following is a specification.

My invention relates to toy guns.

The object ofthis invention is to provide a toy gun made principally from sheet metal and capable of being readily assembled and cheaply manufactured. It is also the ob ect to provide a toy gun with a magazine for projectiles, such as shot, and with a trigger so connected with certain spring-operated propelling means for the projectiles that the entire magazine can be exhausted by simply operating the trigger repeatedly. Other objects appear hereinafter. 7

Referring to the accompanying drawings, Fig. 1 is a perspecti toy gun; Fig. 2, a central vertical longitudinal section of the same with some parts in elevation and others broken away and Fig. 3, a top plan view with the cover omitted.

I provide a casing 1 composed of sheet- :metal. The sides 2 of thecasing arebent up at right angles with the bottom 3 and converge at the upper portion. The front and rear edges of the sides have the ears or tongues at which extend throughthe front and rear ends 5 and 6 of the casing and are bent down against the outer faces of the said ends. The upper edges of the sides 2 have the outwardly-turned flanges 7. The cover 8 has its side edges provided with inwardlyturnedflanges 9 .which receive the "flanges 7 to hold the cover in-place and guide it'when moved longitudinally. V

The plate 10 lies on the lower face of the bottom 3 and has the ears 11 extending up through the bottom 3 and through the'middlemember 12 of the U-shaped support 13, the member 12 lying on the upper face of the bottom and secured to the bottom by. the said'tongues which are bent down onthe up per face of the member 12. The plate 10 ."has the depending ears 14 seated between the on the upper swivel plate' upstanding ears 15 17 extends, through both may be rocked vertically. The lower swivel plate 18 is connected to the upper, swivel plate 16 by the vertical pivot 19 so that the Specification of Iietters i'atexit. 1 Patented- Jai Application filed March 5, 1921. Serial-No. 450,025.

ve view of my improved casing may be swung horizontally. The

plate 18 is supportedbythree sheet-metal legs '20, each ribbed lengthwise at 21 and transversely at-22. The upper ends of the legs have each a 'to'ngueexte'nding through the plate 18 and'turned fdown'on the upper face thereof. The upper ends of the ribs21 serve to limit the outward movement of 'the legs,a-nd form a rest for the plate 18;and

stiffen the legs. A triangular brace plate 23 I has its corners seated in the transverse ribs 22, the corners having ears or 'tongues 2teirtending through the legs and turned up against their outerfaces.

The support 13 has thetwo' upstanding members 25 and 26, the latter having a vertical slot '27 and the former a vertical slot 28 in horizontal alinement with the slot. 27 J The plunger'tube or gun-barrel 29, having the hole 63 in its"upper side, is secured in a hole in'the member 25 above the slot 28 and extends out through the front 5 'a'short distance,' the front and the member 25' holding the barrelf29 rigidly in place. The upper end of the member 25' isbent for wardly slightly above'tlie tube 29 and then rearwardly, thereby forming the guide members 80 and 31 spaced apart to receive the proj ectile-lfeeding member 32, provided with a vertical opening 33 adapted to reg: 'ister with the -'vertical hole's34 and 35 in the members 30' and 31.

36 is a plunger reciprocable in the inner end 0f-the:gun barrel and having the shoulder'37 on its lower side facing the front 'of the gun. Therearend-of the plunger .is flattened and extends through the rear end 6 and is provided withfthe upturned 7 lug 38 engageablewiththe rear'face of the end 6 to limit the forward movement of the plunger. A spring .39 tends to hold the plunger in it's normal position as shown on Fig. 2 and to'return it to such position when displaced therefrom. .At the. junction of the members 30 aiid31 thereis a horizontal slot 40 for the front endof the feeder 32.-

ll is a ibar slidable in the slots 27 and 28 and a slot 42in therear end '6' of the casing.

The forward end of the bar 'llicarries the trip or trippingmember 43, pivoted between its ends on the horizontal pin d4;,the front end of the member43 being the heavier and provided with the downwardly-extending lug "or trip 45 whichis adapted to engage members 41-7 of sheet-metal having abutting inturnedflangesAS, the members being se-. cured together by rivets 49, the forward one of which is pivoted to the trigger 50 extending through the slot 51 in the lower side of the handle. The spring 52 tends to 'move thetrigger forwardly. I The rear end of the bar 41'has the'hook 53 extending through a hole54 in the trigger and; inter- I looked with the metal at thelower end of the hole. The forward end of the handle has the ears or tongues 55 which extend through therear end 6 and are clinched down against] the inner'face of the same.

, Thetuhe or false'barrel 56 is arranged concentric with the barrel 29 and has its rearend provided with the eal's or tongues 57 which extend through the front 5 and are clinched down against the inner .face thereof. a i a I provide a piece of sheet-metal bent at j its middle to form the bottom} and rear walls 58 and 59 of .the'pi'ojectile magazine 60 whose] other wallsare portions of the sides 2 and the front 5. The wall 59 has thelears or tonguesfil extending through the sides 2 and bent down against the outer .facesthereof. The member 58 has ajvertical hole registering withfthe holes 34 and 35in the guide members 30 and 31. The

magazine 60 contains ,the projectiles 62,

such as BB shot. I i

When the parts are as shown on the drawings, thehole in the bottom of the mag azine, the holes 34 and '35, the hole 33 in the feeder 32, andthe hole 63 in the upper side of the gun barrelf29 are all in" verticalregistry with one another, the plunger 36 having its forward end somewhat in front of the opening 63. A projectile 62 drops through all the said holes exceptthe holes "33 and 35 in which the projectile'cornes to rest on the plunger,the'top of the projectile being just below the feeder 32. The

end of the trip, byengagement withgthe shoulder 37, causes the plunger 36 to be drawn rearwardly against the tension of the spring 39. The feeder plate 32 movesrear' ward y presenting an unperforated portion thereof between the projectile on the plunger and the remainder of theprojectiles above..

At about the time whentheplunger is with-t drawn from belowthehole-63 in the barrel 29', thelug 45 on the trip, by engagement with thebottom of the slot 28, has "moved the trip out of, engagement with the shoulder, whereupon the projectileon the plunger drops down in front of it and the spring 39 pushes the plunger suddenly forward, causin the plunger to expel the projectile from t 1e barrels 29 and When this has been accomplished, the parts are again in the original position, at which another pro- Ujectile 62 will drop down on the plunger 36,

as shown onv Fig; 2. By means of the pivots 17 and 19, the gun can bemoved lat orally and vertically in order to aim it at a suitably arranged target.

I do not desire to be restricted to the pre cise elements and combinations shown and described, but desire to cover such combinations and arrangements of the said ele ments as may come within'the scope of the appended claims. a

1.,In a toy gun, a barrel therein having an opening forthe deposit of a projectile azine having means for feeding projectiles 1 to the barrel, and a devlce for cutting oli the feed ofprojectiles to the barrel when the plunger has uncovered the said barrel opening. g a

In a toy gun, a barrel therein having an opening for the deposit ofa'projeotile in the barrel, aplunger reciprocable across the openingto prevent a projectile resting fagalnst it" from dropping into the barrel and movable past the opening to allow the projectile to drop into the barrel, a pivoted trip, means for moving the same lineally, a shoulder on the plunger and in thepath of the trip, stationary means for moving the 'trip to release the plunger when the plunger 7 has passed the said opening, and means for forcibly :returning the plunger when released and "for automatically resetting the trip. trigger is drawn-rearwardly, causing the b ar 41and the trip 43, to move with-it. The rear 3. In a' toy gun, a barrel therein having an oaenm for the dc osit 'of'a ro'ectile n P P 1 'in'the' barrel, a plungerreciprocableacross the opening to prevent a pro ectlle resting,

.of'the trip, a lug on the'trip, stationary means for engaging ,theflug and thereby 'moving the trip towfree the 'plungerwhen it; has passed the said opening, and means for forcibly returning the plunger when released. y

4. In a toy gun, a barrel, aplunger reciprocable therein, and having a shoulder thereon, a bar parallel with the plunger, a trip pivoted between its ends and carried by the bar and having a portion at one side of its pivot arranged to engage said shoulder and move the plunger, stationary means for engaging a portion upon the other side of the pivot of the trip to release the same from the shoulder when the plunger has been moved a predetermined distance, and means for forcibly returning the plunger to its normal position when so released.

5. In a toy gun, a barrel having an open,- ing in its side, a plunger reciprocable therein past the opening, a member supporting a portion of the barrel and reversely bent above the barrel to form spaced guide members, there being holes in the members in alinement with the openin in the barrel, a projectile cut-off guided between the members and having a hole adaptedto be in alinement with the said holes, but to be moved out of such alinement when the plunger uncovers the said opening, and a magazine for ,teeding projectiles t said opening.

6. In a toy gun, a barrel having an opening in its side, a plunger reciprocable therein past the opening, a member supporting a portion of the barrel and reversely bent above the barrel to form spaced guide members, there being holes in the members in alinement with the opening in the barrel, a projectile cut-off guided between the members and having a hole adapted to be in alinement with the said holes, but to be moved out of such alinement when the plunger uncovers the said opening, a magazine for feeding projectiles to said opening, a bar reciprocable in a slot in the said member below the barrel, a trip carried by the bar and engageable with the plunger, and

means on the trip for releasing the trip from the plunger.

7 In a toy therefrom, end members, tongues projecting from one member through the other member and clinched against the latter, a projectile magazine having its bottom and rear side connected to the casings by clinched tongues, a barrel in the casing and having a projectile receiving opening, and means to control the feed of projectiles to the barrel, a part of such means comprising a plunger reciprocable in the barrel past the opening.

8. In a toy gun, a casing, a barrel therein, a plate resting on the bottom of the casing and having an upstanding member supporting the barrel, a plate resting on the lower face of the casing and having pivot bearings, one of the plates having tongues extending through the bottom of the casing and through the other plate and clinched upon the-latter, V a horizontal pivot extending through the pivot bearings, and a means for supporting the second plate. 7

9. In a toy gun, a casing, a barrel therein, a plate resting on the bottom of the casing and having an upstanding member supporting the barrel, a plate resting on the lower face of the casing and having pivot bearings, one of the plates having tongues extending through the bottom of the casing 7 and through the other plate and clinched upon the latter, a horizontal pivot extending through the pivot bearings, a means for supporting the second plate, and a vertical pivot connecting parts of the last means, whereby the casing nlay have universal movement. 1 7

Signed at Pittsburgh, Pa., this 1st day of lVIarch, 1921.

, JOSEPH J. SZEPE.

, gun, a sheet-metal casing comprising a bottom, two side members bent up

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
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US64157814 Nov 19999 Jul 2002Aldo PerroneBulk loader for paintball gun
US641891919 Jan 200116 Jul 2002Aldo PerronePaintball loader with vibrating mechanism to prevent jamming
US697877619 Mar 200327 Dec 2005Ancient Innovations Corp.Multiple column helical feeder
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US965802720 Jun 201423 May 2017Gi Sportz Direct LlcCompressed gas gun having built-in, internal projectile feed mechanism
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Classifications
U.S. Classification124/29, 124/50, 124/37
International ClassificationF41B7/00
Cooperative ClassificationF41B7/006
European ClassificationF41B7/00B