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Publication numberCN1946917 A
Publication typeApplication
Application numberCN 200580012729
PCT numberPCT/US2005/013892
Publication date11 Apr 2007
Filing date22 Apr 2005
Priority date23 Apr 2004
Also published asCA2563525A1, CA2563525C, CA2563583A1, CA2563583C, CA2563585A1, CA2563585C, CA2563589A1, CA2563589C, CA2563592A1, CA2563592C, CA2564515A1, CA2564515C, CA2579496A1, CN1946917B, CN1946918A, CN1946918B, CN1946919A, CN1946919B, CN1954131A, CN1954131B, CN1957158A, CN1957158B, CN1985068A, CN101107420A, CN101107420B, DE602005006114D1, DE602005006114T2, DE602005006115D1, DE602005006115T2, DE602005006116D1, DE602005006116T2, DE602005011115D1, DE602005013506D1, DE602005016096D1, EP1738052A1, EP1738052B1, EP1738053A1, EP1738054A1, EP1738054B1, EP1738055A1, EP1738055B1, EP1738056A1, EP1738056B1, EP1738057A1, EP1738057B1, EP1738058A1, EP1738058B1, US7320364, US7353872, US7357180, US7370704, US7383877, US7424915, US7431076, US7481274, US7490665, US7510000, US8355623, US20050269077, US20050269088, US20050269089, US20050269090, US20050269091, US20050269092, US20050269093, US20050269094, US20050269095, US20050269313, US20060005968, US20060289536, US20130206748, US20140231070, WO2005103444A1, WO2005103445A1, WO2005106191A1, WO2005106193A1, WO2005106194A1, WO2005106195A1, WO2005106196A1
Publication number200580012729.X, CN 1946917 A, CN 1946917A, CN 200580012729, CN-A-1946917, CN1946917 A, CN1946917A, CN200580012729, CN200580012729.X, PCT/2005/13892, PCT/US/2005/013892, PCT/US/2005/13892, PCT/US/5/013892, PCT/US/5/13892, PCT/US2005/013892, PCT/US2005/13892, PCT/US2005013892, PCT/US200513892, PCT/US5/013892, PCT/US5/13892, PCT/US5013892, PCT/US513892
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: SIPO, Espacenet
Inhibiting reflux in a heated well of an in situ conversion system
CN 1946917 A
Abstract  translated from Chinese
本发明提供了一种用于使用加热器形成岩层的受热部分的方法。 The present invention provides a method for forming a heater of the heated portion of the formation. 生产管道用于将处于气相的岩层流体从岩层的受热部分导向岩层的表面。 Production pipeline for the formation fluid in the vapor phase from the heated portion of the guide surface rock formations. 折流器将气相岩层流体的凝结物导向期望的位置。 Deflector will guide Gas condensate formation fluid desired location. 在某些实施例中,凝结物导向岩层受热部分上方的位置。 In certain embodiments, the condensate portion of the guide position above the heated formation. 在某些实施例中,凝结物导向岩层受热部分下方的位置。 In certain embodiments, the condensate guide position below the heated portion of the formation. 凝结物可以从岩层泵送到表面。 Condensate pump can be sent to the surface from the formation.
Claims(11)  translated from Chinese
1.用于处理地下岩层的方法,包括:使用加热器形成地下岩层的受热部分;使用生产管道将处于气相的岩层流体从地下岩层的受热部分导向地下岩层的表面;在生产管道中或其附近形成气相岩层流体的凝结物;及将气相岩层流体的凝结物导向到期望位置。 1. The method of treating a subterranean formation comprising: forming a heater heated portion of the subterranean formation; and the use of production tubing to the surface in the vapor phase formation fluid from the heated portion of the subterranean formation guide subterranean formation; or near the production pipeline forming a vapor phase formation fluid condensate; and the vapor phase formation fluid condensate guide to the desired position.
2.如权利要求1所述的方法,该方法还包括,从生产管道泵送液体。 2. The method of claim 1, the method further comprises pumping liquid from the production tubing.
3.如权利要求1所述的方法,该方法还包括,从生产管道气体提升液体。 The method according to claim, the method further comprises, enhance liquid gas from the production tubing.
4.如权利要求2至3中任意一项所述的方法,其特征在于,通过导管去除液体。 4. Method 2-3 according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the removal of the liquid through the conduit.
5.如权利要求4所述的方法,该方法还包括,将稀释剂添加到导管中。 5. The method of claim 4, further comprising, adding a diluent to the conduit.
6.如权利要求1至5中任意一项所述的方法,该方法还包括,将稀释剂添加到生产管道中。 The method of any one of claims 1 to 5, as claimed in claim, the method further comprising adding a diluent to the production conduit.
7.如权利要求1至6中任意一项所述的方法,还包括使用立管对凝结物进行导向。 7. The method according to any one of claims 1 to 6, further comprising using a riser for guiding condensate.
8.如权利要求7所述的方法,其特征在于,立管的一部分受到加热,以确保通过立管的岩层流体是蒸汽。 8. The method according to claim 7, characterized in that the riser portion being heated to ensure formation fluid through the riser is steam.
9.如权利要求1至6中任意一项所述的方法,还包括将形成为气相流体的凝结物的液体导向到岩层的受热部分下方的位置处。 9. The method according to any one of claims 1 to 6, further comprising a liquid guide is formed at the position of the gas phase fluid condensate to the bottom of the heated portion of the formation.
10.如权利要求9所述的方法,该方法还包括,用位于岩层的受热部分下方的泵泵送液体。 10. The method of claim 9, further comprising, a pump located below the heated portion of the formation fluid pumped.
11.如权利要求9或10所述的方法,该方法还包括,将稀释剂导入到岩层的受热部分下方。 11. The method according to claim 9 or claim 10, the method further comprises, the diluent introduced into the bottom of the heated portion of the formation.
Description  translated from Chinese
禁止原地转换系统的受热井中的回流 Prohibition reflux heated in situ conversion system wells

技术领域 Technical Field

本发明基本涉及用于从含烃岩层生产烃、氢和/或其它产品的方法和系统。 The present invention relates to a method for substantially hydrocarbon containing formation production of hydrocarbons, hydrogen, and / or other products and systems from. 某些实施例涉及禁止材料回流到岩层的受热部分。 Certain embodiments relate to prohibit material reflux heated portion of the formation.

发明背景从地下岩层获得的烃经常用作能源,如原料和消费产品。 Background of the invention obtained from the hydrocarbon subterranean formations are often used as energy sources, such as raw materials and consumer products. 对现有烃资源耗尽的关注和生产的烃的整体质量改变已经导致现有烃资源的更加有效恢复、处理和/或使用的方法的改进。 Depletion of hydrocarbon resources of the existing concerns and changes in the overall quality of the production of hydrocarbons has led to more effective rehabilitation of existing hydrocarbon resources, process improvements and / or use of the method. 原地处理可以用于从地下岩层去除烃材料。 Situ treatment can be used to remove hydrocarbon materials from subterranean formations. 地下岩层中烃材料的化学和/或物理属性可能需要改变,以允许烃材料更加容易从地下岩层去除。 Hydrocarbon material in a subterranean formation of chemical and / or physical properties may need to be changed to allow hydrocarbon material is more easily removed from the subterranean formation. 化学和物理改变可以包括:生产可去除流体的原地反应,成分变化,溶解度变化,密度变化,相位变化,和/或岩层中烃材料的粘性变化。 Chemical and physical changes may include: the production can be removed in situ reaction fluid composition changes, solubility changes, density changes, phase changes, and / or viscosity changes of the hydrocarbon material formation. 流体可以是但不局限于气体、液体、乳状液、浆液和/或具有类似于液流的流动特征的固体颗粒流。 The fluid may be, but is not limited to gases, liquids, emulsions, slurries and / or solid particles flow with a stream of flow characteristics similar.

在Ljungstrom的美国专利Nos.2,923,535和Van Meurs等的4,886,118中描述了对油页岩岩层的加热。 It describes the heating of the oil shale formation in U.S. Patent 4,886,118 in Ljungstrom Nos.2,923,535 and Van Meurs like. 热量可以应用到油页岩岩层,以热解油页岩岩层中的油母。 Heat can be applied to the oil shale formation to the pyrolysis of oil shale kerogen formations. 热量也可以使岩层破裂,以增强岩层的渗透率。 Heat is also possible to break the formation, to enhance the permeability of the formation. 增强的渗透率可以允许岩层流体移动到生产井,流体在生产井处从油页岩岩层去除。 Enhanced permeability may allow formation fluid to move to the production wells, production wells at the fluid is removed from the oil shale formation. 在Ljungstrom公开的过程中,含氧气态介质导入到可渗透地层,最好是此时可渗透地层仍然通过预热步骤受热,以开始燃烧,加热该可渗透地层。 In the process disclosed in Ljungstrom, an oxygen-containing gaseous medium is introduced into the permeable layer, preferably a permeable formation at this time is still heated by the preheating step, to initiate combustion, heating the permeable formation.

如上所述,已经作出大量努力改进从含烃岩层经济生产烃、氢,和/或其他产品的方法和系统。 As mentioned above, considerable efforts have been made to improve economic production from hydrocarbon containing formation hydrocarbons, hydrogen, and / or other products and systems. 为了从受热岩层经济生产烃、氢,和/或其他产品,需要限制岩层的受热部分的热量损失。 In order to heat the formation of economic production from hydrocarbons, hydrogen, and / or other products, the need to limit the heat loss of the heated portion of the formation. 限制岩层的受热部分的热量损失具有减少加热器的数量和/或加热任务的技术优点,该加热器需要升高或保持岩层的受热部分的温度。 Limit the formation of heat loss of the heated portion with a reduced number of heaters and / or technical advantages heating task, the heater needs to increase or maintain the temperature of the heated portion of the formation.


本发明提供用于处理岩层的方法,包括:使用加热器形成地下岩层的受热部分;使用生产管道将处于气相的岩层流体从地下岩层的受热部分导向地下岩层的表面;在生产管道中或其附近形成气相岩层流体的凝结物;及将气相岩层流体的凝结物导向期望位置。 The present invention provides a method for treating the formation, comprising: forming a heater heated portion of the subterranean formation; and the use of production tubing to the surface in the vapor phase formation fluid from the heated portion of the subterranean formation guide subterranean formation; or near the production pipeline forming a vapor phase formation fluid condensate; and the vapor condensate formation fluid guide a desired position.

在某些实施例中,收集装置包括将处于气相的岩层流体转移到生产管道的立管。 In certain embodiments, the collection means comprises a gas phase in the formation fluid is transferred to the production pipe risers. 生产管道中的凝结物禁止流过岩层的受热部分。 Production of condensate pipeline flowing prohibit the heated portion of the formation. 液体从生产管道泵送或被气体提升。 Lift pumping liquid or gas from the production pipeline.

在某些实施例中,收集装置包括对岩层的受热部分下面的凝结物进行导向的导流片。 In certain embodiments, the apparatus comprises a collecting portion below the heated formation of condensate guiding baffle. 液体沿着该导流片导向,从而液体不会随着液体通过与岩层的受热部分相邻的生产井而从岩层吸收热量。 Liquid along the deflector guide, so that the liquid will not end with the liquid through the heated portion of the formation adjacent to the production well and absorbs heat from the formation.

附图描述参照下面的详细描述和附图,本领域技术人员将清楚本发明的优点,其中:附图1说明了加热岩层中烃的步骤。 Described with reference to the accompanying drawings and the following detailed description of the drawings, it will be apparent to those skilled in the advantages of the present invention, wherein: Figure 1 illustrates the step of heating the hydrocarbon formation.

附图2示出了用于处理岩层中烃的原地转换系统的一部分的实施例的示意性视图。 Figure 2 shows a schematic view of an embodiment for treating a hydrocarbon formation in situ conversion of part of the system.

附图3说明了生产井中收集装置的实施例的图示。 Figure 3 illustrates the illustrated embodiment of the production wells collection device.

附图4说明了生产井中导流片的实施例的图示。 Figure 4 illustrates a production well baffle of the illustrated embodiment.

附图5说明了生产井中导流片的实施例的图示。 Figure 5 illustrates a production well illustrated embodiment of the baffle.

尽管本发明易于进行各种修改和备选形式,但是在附图中利用例子示出了其特定实施例,并且在此处可以对其详细描述。 While the invention is susceptible to various modifications and alternative forms, but by way of example in the accompanying drawings which illustrate specific embodiments, and detailed description thereof will be here. 附图不对范围进行限定。 BRIEF not be limited scope. 然而,应当理解的是,附图及其详细描述不将本发明局限于所公开的特定形式,但是相反,试图包括所有落入由所附权利要求限定的本发明的精神和范围内的修改、等效物和备选方案。 However, it should be understood that the specific form of the drawings and detailed description of the present invention is not limited to the disclosed, but the contrary, is intended to include all modifications within the spirit and scope of the appended claims fall within the present invention, equivalents, and alternatives.


下面的描述基本涉及用于处理岩层中的烃的系统和方法。 The following describes the basic relates to systems and methods for processing the formation of hydrocarbons. 这些岩层可以处理成生产烃产品、氢和其它产品。 These formations can be treated to produce hydrocarbon products, hydrogen, and other products.

“烃”基本上定义为主要由碳和氢原子形成的分子。 "Hydrocarbon" is defined as a molecule substantially mainly composed of carbon and hydrogen atoms. 烃还可以包括其它元素,如但不局限于卤素、金属元素、氮、氧和/或硫。 Hydrocarbons may also include other elements, such as, but not limited to, halogens, metallic elements, nitrogen, oxygen and / or sulfur. 烃可以是但不局限于油母、沥青、焦沥青、油、天然矿物蜡和沥青岩。 Hydrocarbons may be, but are not limited to, kerogen, bitumen, bitumen coke, oil, natural mineral waxes and asphalt rock. 烃可以位于地球中的矿物矩阵中或其附近。 Hydrocarbons may be located in the mineral matrix in the earth or in the vicinity. 矩阵可以包括但不局限于水成岩、沙子、沉积石英岩、碳酸盐、硅藻土和其他多孔介质。 Matrices may include, but are not limited to sedimentary rock, sand, sedimentary quartzite, carbonate, diatomaceous earth and other porous media. “烃流体”是包括烃的流体。 "Hydrocarbon fluids" are fluids include hydrocarbons. 烃流体可以包括、夹带或夹带到非烃流体中(例如,氢、氮、一氧化碳、二氧化碳、硫化氢、水和氨)。 Hydrocarbon fluids may include, entrain, or entrained into the non-hydrocarbon fluids (e.g., hydrogen, nitrogen, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, ammonia and water).

“岩层”包括一个或多个含烃层,一个或多个无烃层,上覆岩层和/或下伏岩层。 "Formation" includes one or more hydrocarbon containing layers, one or more non-hydrocarbon layers, an overburden, and / or the underlying rock. 该“上覆岩层”和/或“下伏岩层”包括一个或多个不同类型的不渗透材料。 The "overburden" and / or "underburden" includes one or more different types of impermeable materials. 例如,上覆岩层和/或下伏岩层可以包括岩石、页岩、泥岩或湿/紧碳酸盐。 For example, overburden and / or underburden may include rock, shale, mudstone, or wet / tight carbonate. 在原地转换过程的某些实施例中,上覆岩层和/或下伏岩层可以包括含烃层或多个含烃层,它们在原地转换处理期间是不渗透的并不受到加温,这导致了上覆岩层和/或下伏岩层的含烃层的显著特性变化。 In some embodiments, in situ conversion process, the overburden and / or underburden may include a hydrocarbon containing layer or hydrocarbon containing layers which are in place during the conversion process is not limited by impermeable heating, which leads to the overburden and / or underburden significant characteristic changes of the hydrocarbon-containing layer. 例如,下伏岩层可以含有页岩或泥岩,但是下伏岩层在原地转换过程期间不允许加热到热解温度。 For example, underburden may contain shale or mudstone, but underburden place during the conversion process does not allow heat to pyrolysis temperature. 在某些情况下,上覆岩层和/或下伏岩层可以是稍微渗透的。 In some cases, the overburden and / or underburden may be slightly permeable.

“岩层流体”和“采出液”指的是从岩层去除的流体,并可以包括热解流体、合成气、流动烃和水(蒸汽)。 "Formation fluid" and "produced fluids" refers to the removal of fluid from the formation, and may include pyrolysis fluid, synthesis gas, the flow of hydrocarbons and water (steam). 岩层流体可以包括烃流体以及非烃流体。 Formation fluids may include hydrocarbon fluids as well as non-hydrocarbon fluids.

“热源”是用于基本通过传导和/或辐射热量传递向岩层的至少一部分提供热量的任何系统。 "Heat source" is any system for providing the basic transfer heat to at least a portion of the formation by conductive and / or radiant heat. 例如,热源可以是电加热器,如绝缘导体,伸长构件,和/或设置在导管中的导体。 For example, the heat source may be electric heaters, such as insulated conductors, elongated member, and / or a conductor disposed in a conduit. 某些热源可以通过燃烧燃料在岩层外部或内部产生热量。 Some heat can generate heat in the formation by external or internal combustion fuel. 这种热源可以包括但不局限于表面燃烧炉、井底气体燃烧器、无焰分布式燃烧室和自然分布式燃烧室。 Such heat sources may include, but are not limited to the surface of the burner, downhole gas burners, flameless distributed combustor and natural distributed combustor.

“加热器”是用于在井或近似井筒区域中产生热量的任何系统。 "Heater" is used in the well or near wellbore region of the heat generated in any system. 加热器可以是但不局限于电加热器、循环的热传递流体或蒸汽、燃烧器、与其中的材料或岩层的生成物和/或其组合反应的燃烧室。 Heaters may be, but is not limited to the electric heater, heat transfer fluid or steam cycle, the burner, in which material or product formation and / or combinations combustion reactions. 词语“井筒”指的是岩层中的孔,通过将导管钻孔或插入到岩层中制成。 The term "wellbore" refers to a hole in the rock, by drilling or insertion of a catheter into the formation thereof. 如此处所使用的那样,词语“井”和“开口”,当指的是岩层中的开口时,可以与词语“井筒”互换使用。 As used herein, the term "well" and "open", when referring to an opening in the rock, you can use the term "wellbore" interchangeably.

“热解”是化学键由于受热而断裂。 "Pyrolysis" is the breaking of chemical bonds due to the heat. 热解包括只通过加热将化合物转换成一种或多种其它物质。 Pyrolysis includes only by heating to convert the compound into one or more other substances. 热量可以传递给一部分岩层以导致热解。 Heat can be transferred to a portion of the formation to cause pyrolysis. “热解流体”或“热解产品”指的是在烃的热解期间产生的流体。 "Pyrolysis fluid" or "pyrolysis products" refers to the fluid during the pyrolysis of hydrocarbons produced. 通过热解反应产生的流体可以与岩层中其它流体混合。 Fluid produced by pyrolysis reactions may mix with other fluids in the formation. 该混合物可以看作热解流体或热解产物。 The mixture can be regarded as pyrolysis fluids or pyrolysis products. 热解流体包括但不局限于,烃、氢、二氧化碳、一氧化碳、硫化氢、氨、氮、水和其混合物。 Pyrolysis fluids include, but are not limited to, hydrocarbons, hydrogen, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, hydrogen sulfide, ammonia, nitrogen, water, and mixtures thereof.

“可冷凝烃”是在25摄氏度101kPa绝对压力下冷凝的烃。 "Condensable hydrocarbons" are at 25 ░ C 101kPa absolute pressure of the condensed hydrocarbon. 可冷凝烃可以包括具有大于4的碳数的烃的混合物。 Condensable hydrocarbons may include a mixture having more than 4 carbon atoms of the hydrocarbon. “非可冷凝烃”是在25摄氏度和101kPa绝对压力下不冷凝的烃。 "Non-condensable hydrocarbons" are at 25 degrees C and 101kPa absolute pressure is not condensed hydrocarbons. 非可冷凝烃可以包括具有小于5的碳数的烃。 Non-condensable hydrocarbons may include hydrocarbons having less than five carbon number.

可以以各种方式处理岩层中的烃,以产生多种不同产物。 It may be treated in various ways in the formation of hydrocarbons, to produce a variety of different products. 在某些实施例中,分步处理这些岩层。 In certain embodiments, the processing step formations. 附图1说明了加热含烃岩层的几个步骤。 Figure 1 illustrates the steps of heating the hydrocarbon containing formation. 附图1还说明了来自岩层的每吨岩层流体的油等效物的桶产量(“Y”)(y轴)与受热岩层的摄氏温度(“T”)(X轴)对比的例子。 Figure 1 also shows the formation fluid from the formation of oil per ton of barrel equivalents yield ("Y") (y-axis) of the heated formation in degrees Celsius ("T") (X-axis) comparative examples.

在第1阶段加热期间发生甲烷的解吸和水的蒸发。 Evaporation of methane desorption and water occurs during stage 1 heating. 通过第1阶段可以尽快进行岩层的加热。 By Phase 1 can be heated rock as soon as possible. 例如,当含烃岩层最初受热时,岩层中的烃将吸附的甲烷解吸。 For example, when initially heated hydrocarbon-containing formation, the formation of methane desorption of the adsorbed hydrocarbons. 岩层可以产生解吸的甲烷。 Rock can produce methane desorption. 如果含烃岩层进一步受热,则含烃岩层中的水受到蒸发。 If further heated hydrocarbon-containing formations, the hydrocarbon-bearing formations of water by evaporation. 在某些含烃岩层中,水可能占到岩层中孔隙体积的10%至50%。 In some hydrocarbon containing formations, water may account for 10-50% of the pore volume of the rock. 在其它岩层中,水占孔隙体积的更大或更小的部分。 In other formations, water accounts for a greater or smaller portion of the pore volume. 水通常在岩层中在160℃至285℃之间600kPa绝对压力至7000kPa绝对压力下蒸发。 Water is usually in the formation between 160 ℃ to 285 ℃ 600kPa to 7000kPa absolute pressure absolute pressure evaporation. 在某些实施例中,蒸发的水在岩层中产生湿度变化和/或增大的岩层压力。 In certain embodiments, the evaporation of water produced changes in humidity and / or increased formation pressure in the formation. 湿度变化和/或增大的压力可以影响岩层中的热解反应或其他反应。 Changes in humidity and / or increased pressure may affect pyrolysis reactions or other reactions in the formation. 在某些实施例中,岩层产生蒸发的水。 In some embodiments, generating the formation of water evaporation. 在其它实施例中,蒸发的水用于岩层中或岩层外的抽汽和/或蒸汽蒸馏。 In other embodiments, the evaporation of water is used for steam extraction and / or steam distillation or rock formations outside. 从岩层中去除水和增大岩层中孔隙体积增大了孔隙体积中烃的存储空间。 Removal of water and increase the formation pore volume increases the pore volume of the hydrocarbons from the formation of the storage space.

在某些实施例中,在步骤1加热之后,岩层进一步受热,从而岩层中的温度达到(至少)初始热解温度(如步骤2所示温度范围低端处的温度)。 In certain embodiments, after the heating step, the formation is heated further, so that the temperature of the formation reaches (at least) an initial pyrolysis temperature (temperature at the low end of the temperature range as shown in step 2). 岩层中的烃可以通过步骤2热解。 Hydrocarbon formation through the pyrolysis step 2. 热解温度范围根据岩层中烃的类型而改变。 Pyrolysis temperature range according to the type of hydrocarbon formation and change. 该热解温度范围可以包括250℃至900℃之间的温度。 The pyrolysis temperature range may include temperatures between 250 ℃ to 900 ℃ the. 用于产生期望产品的热解温度范围可以只延伸通过总热解温度范围的一部分。 Pyrolysis temperature range for producing desired products may extend only a portion of the total pyrolysis temperature range by heat. 在某些实施例中,用于产生期望产品的热解温度范围可以包括250℃至400℃之间的温度或270℃至350℃之间的温度。 In certain embodiments, for generating the desired products pyrolysis temperature range may include temperatures between 250 ℃ to 400 ℃ or 270 ℃ to a temperature between 350 ℃. 如果岩层中烃的温度通过250℃至400℃的温度范围缓慢升高,则当温度达到400℃时热解产品的产生可以基本完成。 If the temperature of hydrocarbons in the formation through the temperature range of 250 ℃ to 400 ℃ slowly rises, when the temperature reaches 400 ℃ produce pyrolysis products may be substantially complete. 用数个热源加热含烃岩层可以在热源周围建立热梯度,该热梯度缓慢升高岩层中烃的温度使其通过热解温度范围。 A plurality of heat source with the hydrocarbon containing formation may establish thermal gradients around the heat source, the thermal gradient increases slowly to make the temperature of hydrocarbons in the formation through the pyrolysis temperature range.

在某些原地转换实施例中,岩层的一部分加热到期望温度,而不是缓慢加热温度使其通过温度范围。 In some in situ conversion embodiments, a portion of the formation is heated to a desired temperature instead of slowly heating the temperature through a temperature range it. 在某些实施例中,期望温度是300℃、325℃或350℃。 In certain embodiments, the desired temperature is 300 ℃, 325 ℃ or 350 ℃. 也可以选择其它温度作为期望温度。 You can also select other temperature as the desired temperature. 来自热源的热量的叠加允许在岩层中较快和较有效地建立期望温度。 Superposition of heat from a heat source to allow faster and more effective to establish the desired temperature in the formation. 可以调节从热源输入到岩层中的能量,以将岩层中的温度基本保持在期望的温度。 You can adjust the heat input into the formation energy to the formation of the temperature remained at a desired temperature. 岩层的受热部分基本保持在期望温度,直到热解衰退为止,从而来自岩层的期望岩层流体的产品变得不经济。 Heated portion of the formation is maintained substantially at the desired temperature until pyrolysis until the recession, whereby the desired product formation fluid from the formation becomes uneconomical. 进行热解的岩层的部分可以包括通过只从一个热源传递的热量达到热解温度范围的区域。 Be part of rock pyrolysis may include only reached by pyrolysis temperature range from a heat source heat transfer area.

在某些实施例中,岩层产生包括热解流体的岩层流体。 In certain embodiments, the formation produced include pyrolysis fluid formation fluid. 随着岩层的温度升高,所产生的岩层流体中可冷凝烃的数量可能降低。 With formation temperature, formation fluid produced condensable hydrocarbons may reduce the number. 在高温下,岩层可能主要产生甲烷和/或氢。 At high temperatures, the formation may produce mainly methane and / or hydrogen. 如果含烃岩层加热穿过整个热解范围,则岩层可能朝热解范围的上限只产生少量氢。 If the hydrocarbon containing formation is heated through the entire pyrolysis range, the formation may be towards the upper limit of the pyrolysis range produced only a small amount of hydrogen. 在大多数现有的氢用尽之后,将通常发生岩层产生最少量的流体产品。 After most of the existing hydrogen is exhausted, it will usually produce the least amount of rock occur fluid products.

在烃的热解之后,在岩层中可能仍然存在大量的碳和一些氢。 After the hot hydrocarbon solution, it may still exist a number of large amounts of carbon and hydrogen in the formation. 含在岩层中的碳的主要部分可以从岩层生产成合成气的形式。 The main part of the carbon contained in the rock formations can be produced from the formation to form synthesis gas. 合成气的产生可以发生在附图1中所示第3阶段加热期间。 Generating synthesis gas may take place during stage 3 heating 1 shown in the drawings. 第3阶段可以包括将含烃岩层加热到足以允许合成气产生的温度。 Stage 3 may include a hydrocarbon containing formation is heated to a temperature sufficient to allow synthesis gas produced. 例如,合成气可以在从400℃到1200℃、500℃到1100℃,或550℃到1000℃的温度范围中产生。 For example, synthesis gas can be from 400 ℃ to 1200 ℃, produced at 500 ℃ to 1100 ℃, or 550 ℃ to 1000 ℃ temperature range. 合成气产生流体导入岩层时岩层的受热部分的温度决定岩层中所产生的合成气的成分。 Synthesis gas produced fluid is introduced into the formation temperature of the heated portion of the rock formations decision ingredients produced syngas. 所产生的合成气体可以通过一个或多个生产井从岩层去除。 The synthesis gas produced may be removed from the formation through one or more production wells.

附图2说明了用于处理含烃岩层的原地转换系统的一部分的实施例的示意图。 Figure 2 illustrates a schematic view of an embodiment of a portion of the processing in situ conversion system for hydrocarbon containing formation of. 热源20放置在岩层的至少一部分中。 Heat source 20 is placed at least a portion of the formation. 热源20可以包括如绝缘导体之类的电加热器、导管中的导体加热器、表面燃烧器、无焰分布式燃烧室,和/或自然分布式燃烧室。 The heat source 20 may comprise insulated conductors such as electric heater, the heater conduit conductor, surface burners, flameless distributed combustion chamber, and / or natural distributed combustor. 热源20也可以包括其它类型的加热器。 The heat source 20 may also include other types of heaters. 热源20向岩层的至少一部分提供热量,以加热岩层中的烃。 Heat source 20 provides heat to at least a portion of the formation to heat hydrocarbons in the formation. 能量可以通过供料管线22供给热源20。 Energy source 20 may be supplied through the feed line 22. 供料管线22可以根据用于加热岩层的热源或多个热源的类型而结构不同。 22 according to a heat source used to heat the formation of one or more different types of heat sources feed line structure. 用于热源的供料管线22可以为电加热器传送电流,可以为燃烧室传输燃料,或者可以传输在岩层中循环的热交换流体。 Feed line for heat source 22 can transmit current of electric heaters, may transport fuel combustion chamber, or can be transmitted in the formation of the heat exchange fluid circulation.

生产井24用于从岩层去除岩层流体。 24 production wells for the removal of formation fluids from the formation. 生产井24所产生的岩层流体可以通过收集管26输送到处理设备28。 Formation fluid production wells 24 may be generated by collecting tube 26 transported to the processing device 28. 岩层流体也可以从热源20产生。 Formation fluid can also be generated from the heat source 20. 例如,流体可以从热源20产生,以控制与热源相邻的岩层中的压力。 For example, fluid may be produced from the heat source 20, and the heat source to control the pressure in an adjacent formation. 从热源20产生的流体可以通过管道或管输送到收集管26,或者产生的流体可以通过管道或管直接输送到处理设备28。 Fluid resulting from the heat source 20 may be piped to a collection tube or pipe 26, or generated fluids can be delivered directly through the pipe or tube to the processing device 28. 处理设备28可以包括分离单元、反应单元、浓缩单元、燃料井、涡轮、贮存罐,和/或用于处理所产生的岩层流体的其它系统和单元。 Processing device 28 may include separation units, reaction units, concentration unit, a fuel well, turbine, storage tanks, and / or for processing the produced formation fluid systems and other means.

该用于处理烃的原地转换系统可以包括栅栏井30。 The in situ conversion system for treating hydrocarbons may include barrier wells 30. 栅栏井用于在处理区域周围形成栅栏。 Well fence fence in the process for forming around the area. 该栅栏禁止流体流入和/或流出处理区域。 The fence prohibit fluid flow into and / or out of the processing area. 栅栏井包括但不局限于脱水井、真空井、捕获井、喷射井、灌浆井、冻结井或其组合。 Including but not limited to the fence well dewatering wells, vacuum wells, capture wells, injection wells, grout wells, freeze wells, or combinations thereof. 在某些实施例中,栅栏井30为脱水井。 In some embodiments, the barrier well 30 as dewatering wells. 脱水井可以去除液体水和/或禁止液体水进入将加热的岩层的一部分,或正在加热的岩层。 Dewatering wells may be removed and a portion of the liquid water / or prohibit the heated liquid water into the rock, or rock is heated. 在附图2中所示的实施例中,脱水井示出为只沿着热源20的一侧延伸,但是脱水井通常环绕用于或将用于加热岩层的所有热源20。 In the embodiment shown in figures 2, the dewatering wells are shown as extending only along one side of the heat source 20, but dewatering wells typically encircle or be used for all the heat sources for heating the formation 20.

如附图2中所示,除了热源20之外,一个或多个生产井24放置在岩层中。 As shown in figures 2, in addition to the heat source 20, one or more production wells 24 placed in the formation. 岩层流体可以通过生产井24生产。 Formation fluid production by 24 production wells. 在某些实施例中,生产井24包括热源。 In certain embodiments, production well 24 includes a heat source. 生产井中的热源可以加热生产井处或其附近的岩层的一个或多个部分,并允许岩层流体的气相去除。 The production well may heat source or a production well at or near the formation of a plurality of portions, and allows formation fluid gas removal. 可以减少或消除对液体从生产井的高温泵送的需要。 It can reduce or eliminate fluid from the high production wells pumping needs. 避免或限制液体的高温泵送可以明显降低生产成本。 Avoid or limit the temperature of the liquid pumped can significantly reduce production costs. 倘若在生产井处或通过生产井加热:(1)当这种生产流体在生产井中移动接近超载时,禁止生产流体的凝结和/或回流,(2)增加输入到岩层中的热量,和/或(3)增强生产井处或其附近岩层的渗透率。 If the production wells at or through the production well Heating: (1) when such production fluid is moving in the production well when approaching overload, banning the production of fluid in the coagulation and / or reflux, (2) increase heat input into the formation and / or (3) to enhance the production well at or near the rock permeability. 在某些原地转换过程的实施例中,每米生产井从生产井供给岩层的热量少于从热源应用到岩层的热量,该热源加热每米热源的岩层。 In the embodiment of some in situ conversion process, from the production well per meter of heat supplied to the formation of the production well is less than the heat from the heat source is applied to the formation of the heat source heat per meter of rock.

受热岩层的热量损失的潜在源头是井中的回流。 Heat source rock potential heat loss reflux wells. 当蒸汽在井中凝结并流到与岩层的受热部分相邻的井的部分中时发生回流。 Reflux occurs when part of the steam condenses and flows in the well adjacent to the heated portion of the formation when the wells. 蒸汽可能在井中与岩层的上覆岩层相邻凝结。 Steam may be in the well and the rock overburden adjacent condensation. 流入到井中与受热岩层相邻的凝结流体从岩层吸收热量。 Inflow into the well and heated rock adjacent to condense fluid absorbs heat from the formation. 凝结流体所吸收的热量冷却了岩层,并需要将另外的能量输入到岩层中,以将岩层保持在期望的温度。 Coagulating the heat absorbed by the cooling fluid of the formation, and require additional energy input into the formation, to the formation is maintained at a desired temperature. 在上覆岩层中凝结并流入到井与受热岩层相邻部分中的某些流体可以反应,产生意外化合物和/或焦炭。 It condenses on the overburden and into the well and the adjacent portion of the heated formation of certain fluids can react, unexpected compounds and / or coke. 禁止流体回流可能明显提高原地转换系统的热效率和/或该原地转换系统生产的产品的质量。 Quality prohibit backflow of fluid in situ conversion system may significantly improve the thermal efficiency and / or the in situ conversion system manufactured products.

对于某些井的实施例,井与岩层的上覆岩层区域相邻的部分接合到岩层上。 For overburden area some embodiments well, well and rock joined to the adjacent portion of the formation. 在某些井的实施例中,井包括填充材料,该填充材料放置在从岩层的受热部分到上覆岩层的过渡区附近。 In the embodiment of some wells in the well include filling material, the filling material is placed in the vicinity of the transition zone from the heated portion of the formation to the overburden. 该填充材料禁止岩层流体通过岩层的受热区域进入到与上覆岩层相邻的井筒区域。 The filler material prohibited the formation fluid into the wellbore adjacent overburden heated region by region formation. 电缆、导管、装置和/或仪器可以通过该填充材料,但是填充材料禁止岩层流体通过与岩层的上覆岩层部分相邻的井筒。 Cable, conduit, device and / or instrument through the fill material, but the filler material adjacent to prohibit the formation fluid through the rock overburden portion of the wellbore.

生产流体从井到表面的流动适用于多种类型的井,尤其是生产井。 Flow of production fluid from the well to the surface for a variety of types of wells, especially production wells. 生产流体的流动也适用于用于控制岩层中压力的某些加热器井。 Flow of production fluid is also applicable to the formation pressure is used to control some of heater wells. 上覆岩层,或用于将岩层流体从岩层的受热部分输送到表面的井中导管可以受热,以禁止在导管上或导管中凝结。 Overburden, or for the formation fluid from the formation to the surface of the heated portion of the catheter can be heated well to condense on the prohibition of the catheter or catheter. 然而,由于岩层流体由岩层产生,所以提供上覆岩层中的热量可能成本较高和/或可能导致岩层的流体裂化或焦化增加。 However, since the formation fluid produced by the formation, so providing the overburden costs may be higher in calories and / or may result in the formation of fluid cracking or coking increases.

为了避免需要加热上覆岩层或加热通过上覆岩层的导管,一个或多个折流器可以放置在井筒中,以禁止流体回流到与岩层的受热部分相邻的井筒中。 To avoid the need to heat the overburden or heating ducts through the overburden, one or more of the deflector can be placed in the wellbore to inhibit backflow of fluid into the heated portion of the formation adjacent to the wellbore. 在某些实施例中,该折流器将流体保持在岩层的受热部分上方。 In certain embodiments, the deflector is held in the fluid above the heated portion of the formation. 可以用泵、气体提升,和/或其它流体去除技术将保持在折流器中的流体去除。 You can pump, gas lift, and / or other fluids removal techniques will remain fluid in the removal of the deflector. 在某些实施例中,该折流器将流体导向位于岩层的受热部分下面的泵、气体提升组件,或其它流体去除装置。 In certain embodiments, the deflector heated fluid guide portion is located below the rock pump, gas lift assembly or other fluid removal apparatus.

附图3说明了生产井中折流器的实施例。 Figure 3 illustrates the production of wells deflector embodiments. 生产井24包括生产管道32。 24 production wells include production tubing 32. 在某些实施例中,折流器34连接到上覆岩层36中生产管道32上或定位在其附近。 In certain embodiments, the deflector 34 to 36 in the overburden on the production tubing 32 or positioned in the vicinity of. 在某些实施例中,折流器放置在岩层的受热部分中。 In certain embodiments, the deflector placed in the heated portion of the formation. 折流器34可以定位在上覆岩层36和烃层38的界面处或其附近。 Deflector 34 may be located on or near the interface between the overburden and the hydrocarbon layer 36 38. 烃层38由位于岩层中的热源加热。 Hydrocarbon layer 38 is heated by a heat source is located in the formation. 折流器34可以包括填料40、立管42和生产管道32中的密封件44。 Deflector 34 may include a filler 40, riser 42 and the production tubing 32 seal 44. 来自受热岩层的气相岩层流体从烃层38移到立管42中。 Gas heated formation fluid from the formation hydrocarbon layer 38 is moved from the riser 42. 在某些实施例中,立管42在填料40下面穿孔,以有利于流体移动到立管中。 In certain embodiments, the riser 42 below the packing 40 perforated to facilitate fluid moving into the standpipe. 填料40禁止气相岩层流体进入到生产井24的上部中。 Gas filler 40 prohibits formation fluid into the upper portion 24 of the production well. 气相岩层流体移过立管42,进入生产管道32。 Gas formation fluid moves past the standpipe 42, 32 into the production pipeline. 岩层流体的非可凝结部分通过生产管道32到达表面。 Non-condensable portion of the formation fluid to the surface through the production tubing 32. 随着生产管道32中的气相岩层流体在该生产管道中朝表面升高,该气相岩层流体可能冷却。 With the production pipeline 32. elevated vapor formation fluid in the production tubing surface DPRK, the vapor phase formation fluid may be cooling. 如果气相岩层流体的一部分在生产管道32中凝结成液体,则该液体利用重力朝密封件44流动。 If a portion of the gas phase formation fluid in the production tubing 32 condenses into a liquid, the liquid by gravity flow toward the seal 44. 密封件44禁止液体进入岩层的受热部分。 Seal 44 prohibit the formation of liquid into the heated portion. 利用泵46通过导管48将汇集在密封件44上方的液体去除。 By a pump 46 through conduit 48 will bring together the top seal 44 of the liquid removed. 泵46可以是但不局限于杆式泵、电子泵、螺杆泵(Moyno类型)。 Pump 46 may be, but is not limited to rod pump, electronic pump, screw pump (Moyno type). 在某些实施例中,密封件44上方的液体为通过导管48升高的气体。 In certain embodiments, the liquid conduit 44 above the seal 48 is raised by the gas. 产生凝结流体可以减少与将在生产井的井口处从流体去除热量相关的成本。 Produce condensation fluid can reduce heat-related costs will be removed from the fluid at the wellhead production wells.

在某些实施例中,生产井24包括加热器50。 In certain embodiments, production well 24 includes a heater 50. 加热器50提供热量,以将生产井24与烃层38的相邻部分中的液体汽化。 Heater 50 provides heat to a hydrocarbon production well layer 24 and the adjacent portion 38 of the vaporization of the liquid. 加热器50可以位于生产管道32中或者可以联接到生产管道的外侧上。 The heater 50 may be positioned in the production tubing 32 or may be coupled to the outside of the production tubing. 在加热器位于生产管道外侧的实施例中,加热器的一部分通过填充材料。 In an embodiment the heater is located outside of the production tubing, a portion of the filler material by the heater.

在某些实施例中,可以将稀释剂导入到生产管道32和/或导管48中。 In certain embodiments, a diluent may be introduced into the production tubing 32 and / or the conduit 48. 该稀释剂用于禁止生产管道32、泵46和/或导管48中堵塞。 The diluent is used to prohibit the production line 32, pump 46 and / or 48 of the catheter blockage. 该稀释剂可以是但不局限于水、酒精、溶剂或表面活性剂。 The diluent may be, but is not limited to, water, alcohol, solvents, or surfactants.

在某些实施例中,立管42延伸到生产井24的表面。 In certain embodiments, the riser 42 extending to the surface 24 of production well. 位于密封件44上方的立管42中的穿孔和和导流片将凝结液体从立管导入生产管道32中。 Located above the sealing member 44 of the riser 42 and baffle perforations and will condense liquid from the riser into the production pipeline 32.

在某些实施例中,两个或多个折流器可以位于生产井中。 In certain embodiments, two or more baffles may be located production well. 两个或多个折流器提供将从原地转换系统生产的凝结流体的最初部分分离的简单方式。 Two or more deflector provides a simple way to separate from the first part of the production of condense in situ conversion system fluid. 泵可以放置在每个折流器中,以将凝结流体从折流器去除。 The pump can be placed in each of the deflector in order to condense fluid is removed from the deflector.

在某些实施例中,可以用折流器将流体(气体和液体)导向生产井的底部。 In certain embodiments, the deflector can be fluid (gas and liquid) guide at the bottom of the production wells. 流体可以从生产井的底部生产。 Fluid may be produced from the bottom of the production wells. 附图4说明了将流体导向生产井的底部的折流器的实施例。 Figure 4 illustrates the embodiment of the deflector fluid production wells at the bottom of the guide. 折流器34可以包括定位在生产管道32中的填充材料40和导流片52。 Deflector 34 may include a production tubing 32 positioned in the filler material 40 and the baffle 52. 导流片可以是环绕导管48定位的管。 Deflector 48 may be positioned surrounding the catheter tube. 生产管道32可以具有开口54,该开口允许流体从烃层38进入生产管道。 Production tubing 32 may have an opening 54, the opening allowing fluid to enter the production tubing 38 from the hydrocarbon layer. 在某些实施例中,所有或一部分开口与受热岩层流体流过的岩层的非烃层相邻。 In some embodiments, all or a portion of the opening with the heated formation fluid flow through the formation of a non-hydrocarbon layer adjacent. 开口54包括但不局限于筛网、穿孔、狭缝和/或狭槽。 The opening 54 include, but are not limited to sieve, perforations, slits and / or slots. 可以使用位于岩层的其他部分中的加热器和/或位于生产管道32中的加热器加热烃层38。 May be located in other parts of the formation using the heater and / or in the production tubing 32 is heated by a heater 38 hydrocarbon layer.

导流片52和填充材料40将进入生产管道32的岩层流体导向到未受热区域56。 Baffles 52 and filler material 40 will guide the formation fluid into the production tubing 32 to the unheated area 56. 未受热区域56处于岩层的下伏岩层中。 Unheated region 56 in the formation of the underlying rock. 岩层流体的一部分可以凝结在导流片52的外表面上或凝结在与未受热区域56相邻的生产管道32的壁上。 Part of the formation fluid can condense on the outer surface 52 of the baffle or condensation in the unheated region 56 adjacent to the wall of the production tubing 32. 来自岩层的液体流体和/或凝结流体可以利用重力流到生产管道32的底部。 Liquid fluid from the formation and / or coagulating fluid may flow by gravity at the bottom 32 of the production tubing. 生产管道32的底部中的液体和凝结物可以使用泵46通过导管48泵送到表面。 The bottom of the production tubing 32 and the liquid condensate can use a pump 48 through a conduit 46 is pumped to the surface. 泵46可以在下伏岩层中放置在1米、5米、10米、20米或更深处。 Pump 46 may be placed on the underlying rock formations in 1 m, 5 m, 10 m, 20 m or deeper. 在某些实施例中,泵可以放置在井筒的未覆盖(开放)部分中。 In certain embodiments, the pump may be placed in the wellbore uncovered (open) in the section. 非凝结流体最初移动穿过导流片52和导管48之间的环形空间,然后穿过生产管道32和导管48之间的环形空间到达表面,如附图4中箭头所示。 Non-condensing fluid moves through the first guide plate 52 and the annular space between the duct 48, and then through the annular space between the production tubing 32 and catheter 48 reaches the surface between, as shown by the arrows in Figure 4. 如果非凝结流体的部分与上覆岩层36相邻凝结,同时移动到表面,则凝结流体将利用重力流向生产管道32的底部,以由泵46吸入。 If the fluid with non-condensing section 36 adjacent overburden coagulation, while moving to the surface, the fluid will condense by gravity flow to the bottom of the production tubing 32 to 46 by the pump suction. 随着流体通过岩层的受热部分,凝结流体所吸收的热量来自与导流片52接触,不形成与岩层的直接接触。 As the fluid passes through the heated portion of the formation, the condensation heat is absorbed from the fluid in contact with the baffle 52, not in direct contact with the rock formation. 导流片52由岩层流体和从岩层传递的辐射热加热。 Deflector 52 by the formation fluid and heat transfer from the radiant heat of formation. 随着流体流过与受热部分相邻的导流片52,比如果凝结流体能够接触岩层明显较少的来自岩层的热量传递给凝结流体。 As the fluid flows through the heated portion of the adjacent baffle 52, than if condensation fluid to significantly less contact with the rock formations transfer heat from the fluid to condense. 流下导流片的凝结流体可以从井筒中的蒸汽吸收足够热量,以将蒸汽的一部分凝结在导流片52的外表面上。 Coagulating fluid flow baffle may absorb enough heat from the wellbore steam to part of the steam will condense on the outer surface 52 of the baffle. 蒸汽的凝结部分可以流下导流片,到达井筒的底部。 Condense part of the vapor can flow deflector, to the bottom of the wellbore.

在某些实施例中,稀释剂可以导入到生产管道32和/或导管48中。 In some embodiments, the diluent can be imported into the production tubing 32 and / or catheter 48. 稀释剂用于禁止生产管道32、泵46和导管48中堵塞。 Thinner for banning the production line 32, pump 46 and the conduit 48 blocked. 稀释剂可以包括但不局限于水、酒精、溶剂、表面活性剂或其组合。 Diluents may include, but are not limited to, water, alcohol, solvents, surfactants, or combinations thereof. 可以在不同时间导入不同稀释剂。 You can import different diluents at different times. 例如,当产品第一次开始溶解最初从岩层生产的高分子量烃时,可以导入溶剂。 For example, when the product first began to dissolve initial production from the formation of high molecular weight hydrocarbons, solvents can be imported. 稍后,可以用水替换溶剂。 Later, you can replace the solvent with water.

在某些实施例中,单独的导管可以将稀释剂导入到井筒中下伏岩层附近,如附图5中所示。 In certain embodiments, the catheter may be separately introduced into the vicinity of the wellbore diluent underburden, as illustrated in FIG. 生产管道32将岩层产生的蒸汽通过上覆岩层36导向到表面。 Steam production tubing 32 produced by the rock overburden 36 guide to the surface. 如果一部分蒸汽在生产管道32中凝结,则凝结物能够流下导流片52,用泵46吸入。 If the portion of the steam condenses in the production tubing 32, the condensate can flow deflector 52, a suction pump 46. 包括填充材料40和导流片52的折流器34将来自受热烃层38的岩层流体流导向未受热区域56。 Including the filling material deflector 34 40 and baffle 52 from the heated hydrocarbon layer 38 of the formation fluid flow directing unheated area 56. 液态岩层流体由泵46通过导管48输送到表面。 Liquid formation fluid from the pump 46 through conduit 48 delivered to the surface. 气态岩层流体通过导流片52输送到生产管道32。 Gaseous formation fluid through the baffle 52 delivered to the production tubing 32. 导管58可以捆扎到导流片52上。 Conduit 58 can be bundled onto a baffle 52. 导管58可以将稀释剂导入到与未受热区域56相邻的井筒60。 Conduit 58 can be introduced into the diluent 56 and unheated area adjacent to the wellbore 60. 稀释剂可以提高岩层流体的凝结和/或防止泵46堵塞。 Diluent can improve the formation fluid coagulation and / or prevent clogging of the pump 46. 导管58中的稀释剂可以处于高压。 The diluent conduit 58 may be in a high pressure. 如果稀释剂从液态变相到气态,同时通过岩层的受热部分,则由于稀释剂离开导管58所产生的压力变化允许稀释剂凝结。 If the diluent from the liquid phase change to the gaseous state, through the heated portion of the formation, due to the diluent exits the catheter 58 allows the pressure change resulting condensation diluent.

在该描述的基础上,本领域技术人员将清楚本发明的各个方面的其他修改和备选实施例。 On the basis of the description, one skilled in the art will appreciate the various aspects of other modifications and alternative embodiments of the present invention. 因此,该描述将构造成只是说明性的,并出于向本领域技术人员说明实现本发明的基本方式的目的。 Therefore, the description will be configured to only illustrative, and out of those skilled in the legend to achieve the basic purpose of the present invention. 应当理解的是,此处所示和所描述的本发明的形式用作优选实施例。 It should be understood that the form shown here and the present invention is used as described in the preferred embodiment. 此处说明和描述的元件和材料可以替换,部件和过程可以颠倒,并且本发明的某些特征可以单独使用。 Components and materials illustrated and described herein can be replaced, components and processes may be reversed, and certain features of the present invention may be used alone. 在不脱离如所附权利要求中公开的本发明的精神和范围的情况下,可以在此处所述元件中进行改变。 Without departing from the spirit and scope of the appended claims as disclosed in the present invention may be varied in the element here. 另外,将理解的是,此处所述特征可以是独立的,在某些实施例中可以组合。 Further, it will be appreciated that where the feature may be independent, may be combined in some embodiments.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
CN101680292B18 Apr 200829 May 2013国际壳牌研究有限公司Parallel heater system for subsurface formations
CN102454386A *27 Oct 201116 May 2012通用电气公司Subsurface heating device
International ClassificationH05B3/14, E21B43/38, E21B43/30, E21B43/12, H05B3/10, E21B29/00, E21B36/04, E21B43/00, E21B43/24, H05B6/10
Cooperative ClassificationE21B43/122, E21B43/12, E21B43/2405, E21B36/04, E21B43/38, E21B43/2401, H05B3/141, E21B43/24
European ClassificationE21B43/12, E21B36/04, E21B43/12B2, E21B43/24, E21B43/24K, H05B3/14C, E21B43/24B, E21B43/38
Legal Events
11 Apr 2007C06Publication
6 Jun 2007C10Request of examination as to substance
30 May 2012C14Granted