Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberCN1363895 A
Publication typeApplication
Application numberCN 01145675
Publication date14 Aug 2002
Filing date6 Dec 2001
Priority date7 Dec 2000
Also published asCN100365614C, EP1215907A2, EP1215907A3, US7443982, US7962964, US20020080964, US20090022363
Publication number01145675.2, CN 01145675, CN 1363895 A, CN 1363895A, CN-A-1363895, CN01145675, CN01145675.2, CN1363895 A, CN1363895A
InventorsJJ斯通, JC柏利, P古根海姆, I德拉科尔, R科斯特
Applicant索尼英国有限公司
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: SIPO, Espacenet
Aqueous printing and delivering data
CN 1363895 A
Abstract  translated from Chinese
一种用于加工水印和传送印有水印的资料的系统,包含:一个交易服务器、第一和第二客户机、用于施加水印的第一装置、以及用于消除水印的第二装置。 A method of processing and transporting the print watermark watermark information for system comprising: a transaction server, first and second clients, first apparatus for applying a watermark, and a second means for eliminating the watermark. 该上述装置通过一个或多个通信网络连接。 The above-described device is connected via one or more communication networks. 该系统用于实现以下步骤:从该交易服务器向第一装置传送:(i)用于创建一个水印的数据,以及(ii)用于创建一个资料标识符的数据,并向该资料施加一个水印;从第一客户机向交易服务器传送所述的资料标识符和用于转化包含所述至少一个密钥的该算法的数据;向第二装置传送印有水印的资料;从该资料中导出所述资料标识符;从第二客户机向交易服务器传送该标识符;当预定的条件满足时,从该交易服务器向第二装置传送水印消除数据。 The system for implementing the following steps: from the transaction server to the first device transmits: (i) is used to create a watermarked data, and data (ii) used to create a data identifier, a watermark is applied to the data ; transmitting from said first client to the transaction server and a data identifier of the algorithm used to transform data containing the at least one key; means for transmitting to the second printed with watermark information; derived from the information in the said data identifier; the identifier transmitted from the second client to the transaction server; when a predetermined condition is satisfied, the transaction server transmits the watermark from the second device to eliminate data.
Claims(96)  translated from Chinese
1.一种用于在一个系统中加工水印和传送印有水印的资料的方法,其中该系统包含一个交易服务器、第一和第二客户机、用于向该资料施加一个可察觉的水印的第一装置、以及用于消除该水印的第二装置;该方法包含以下步骤:从该交易服务器向第一装置传送:(i)用于创建一个水印的数据,其中该创建数据包含(a)定义一种可逆算法的数据和(b)用于创建与该算法有关的至少一个密钥的数据,以及(ii)用于创建一个资料标识符的数据;使用所述第一装置向该资料施加一个资料标识符,并通过使用所述创建数据对该资料施加一个水印;从第一客户机向交易服务器传送所述的资料标识符和用于转化包含所述至少一个密钥的该算法的数据;向第二装置传送印有水印的资料;从该资料中导出所述资料标识符;从第二客户机向交易服务器传送该标识符;当满足预定的条件时,从该交易服务器向第二装置传送与所述资料标识符有关的水印消除数据,该消除数据包含至少一个密钥和定义一种用于消除该水印及该密钥的算法的数据;以及通过使用所述消除数据,使用第二装置消除该水印。 1. A method for processing a watermark in a system and method for transferring printed with watermark information, wherein the system comprises a transaction server, first and second client, to the data for applying a perceptible watermark first means and second means for eliminating the watermark; the method comprising the steps of: from the transaction server to the first means for transmitting: (i) data for creating a watermark, wherein the creating data including (a) define a reversible algorithm data and (b) data for creating at least one algorithm associated with the key, and (ii) data for creating a material identifier; using said first means is applied to the data a data identifier, and the data is created by using the information on applying a watermark; transmitting from said first client to the transaction server for transforming data identifier and comprising at least one key of the algorithm data ; means for transmitting to the second printed with watermark information; said information derived from the information in the identifier; the identifier transmitted from the second client to the transaction server; when a predetermined condition is satisfied, from the transaction server to the second means for transmitting information identifier associated with the elimination of the watermark data, eliminating data that contains at least one key and defining an algorithm is used to eliminate the watermark and the key data; and the elimination of data by using, use the first two devices eliminate the watermark.
2.如权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于:第一装置压缩该资料,并将施加该水印作为压缩过程的一部分。 2. The method of claim 1, wherein: the first means compresses the data, and the watermark is applied as a part of the compression process.
3.如权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于:所述定义该可逆算法的数据包含算法结构数据。 The method according to claim, wherein: said reversible algorithm that defines the data structure contains data algorithm.
4.如权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于:所述定义该可逆算法的数据包含该算法。 4. The method according to claim 1, wherein: said reversible algorithm that defines the data contains the algorithm.
5.如权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于:用于创建资料标识符的数据被存储在一个数据载体中用于传送到第一装置。 5. The method of claim 1, wherein: the information used to create the identifier data is stored in a data carrier for transmitting to the first device.
6.如权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于:为传送到第一装置,所述用于创建一个水印的数据被存储在一个数据载体中。 6. The method of claim 1, wherein: a first means for transmitting to said means for creating a watermark data is stored in a data carrier.
7.如权利要求6所述的方法,其特征在于:在将水印施加到该资料期间生成一个资料标识符和至少一个密钥,并包含为传送到第一客户机、然后传送到交易服务器,在一个数据载体上存储生成的标识符和密钥的步骤。 7. The method of claim 6, wherein: the watermark is generated during the data applied to a data identifier and at least one key, and includes a first client to transmit to, and then transmitted to the transaction server, step on a data carrier to store the generated identifier and key.
8.如权利要求1所述的方法,包含在交易服务器中存储与所述印有水印的资料有关的元数据的步骤,其中该元数据由所述标识符进行索引。 8. The method of claim 1, comprising storing in the transaction server in step with the printed watermark information on the metadata, wherein the metadata is indexed by the identifier.
9.如权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于:为传送到第二装置,所述消除数据被存储在一个数据载体中。 9. The method according to claim, characterized in that: means for transmitting to the second, the elimination of the data is stored in a data carrier.
10.如权利要求1所述的方法,包含在交易服务器上存储未印水印的资料的销售条件的步骤。 10. The method of claim 1, wherein, in the step of storing the transaction server is not watermarked information of conditions of sale include.
11.如权利要求10所述的方法,包含步骤:从第一客户机向交易服务器传送所述销售条件。 11. The method of claim 10, comprising the steps of: transmitting said conditions of sale from the first client to the transaction server.
12.如权利要求10所述的方法,其特征在于:交易服务器根据一个买方已经满足了销售条件的情况传送所述消除数据。 12. The method of claim 10, wherein: the transaction server according to one buyer has sales condition is satisfied to eliminate the transmission of data.
13.如权利要求1所述的方法,包含步骤:在一个记录介质中存储印有水印的资料,以及将该记录介质上的该印有水印的资料传送到第二装置。 13. The method of claim 1, comprising the steps of: storing in a recording medium printed with the watermark information, and the print on the recording medium of the watermark information to the second device.
14.一个数据载体,其中存储了:(i)用于创建一个水印的数据,该创建数据包含(a)用于定义一个可逆算法的数据和(b)用于创建与该算法有关的至少一个安全密钥的数据,以及(ii)用于创建一个资料标识符的数据。 14. In a data carrier, which stores: (i) data for creating a watermark, the creating data including (a) an invertible algorithm used to define the data and (b) related to the algorithm used to create the at least one Data security key, and (ii) data for creating a material identifier.
15.如权利要求14所述的数据载体,其特征在于:该载体是一个智能卡,它包含一个处理器和存储器,其中该处理器可编程用来实现所述算法。 15. A data carrier according to claim 14, wherein: the carrier is a smart card, which contains a processor and a memory, wherein the processor is programmable to implement the algorithm.
16.如权利要求14所述的数据载体,其特征在于:该载体是一个智能卡,它包含存储器用于存储定义了该可逆算法的算法结构数据。 16. A data carrier according to claim 14, wherein: the carrier is a smart card, which contains a memory for storing data that defines the structure of the algorithm reversible algorithm.
17.一个数据载体,其中存储了水印消除数据,它包含至少一个密钥和定义了一种结合该密钥用于消除水印的算法的数据。 17. A data carrier, which stores the data to eliminate the watermark, which comprises at least one key and data that defines a binding key is used to eliminate the watermark algorithm.
18.如权利要求17所述的数据载体,其特征在于:该载体是一个智能卡,它包含一个处理器和存储器,其中该处理器可编程用来实现所述算法。 18. A data carrier according to claim 17, wherein: the carrier is a smart card, which contains a processor and a memory, wherein the processor is programmable to implement the algorithm.
19.如权利要求17所述的数据载体,其特征在于:该载体是一个智能卡,包含存储器用于存储定义了该可逆算法的算法结构数据。 19. A data carrier according to claim 17, wherein: the carrier is a smart card, comprising a memory for storing data that defines the structure of the algorithm reversible algorithm.
20.一个系统包含:一个交易服务器、第一和第二客户机、用于向资料施加一个可察觉的水印的第一装置、以及用于消除该水印的第二装置,其中所述第一和第二客户机、用于向资料施加一个可察觉的水印的第一装置、以及用于消除该水印的第二装置通过一个或多个通信网络连接;该系统被安装来实现如权利要求1所述的方法。 20. A system comprising: a transaction server, first and second client, the first means for applying a perceptible watermark to the material used, and a second means for eliminating the watermark, wherein said first and the second client, the first means for applying a perceptible watermark to the material, and a second means for the elimination of the watermark is connected via one or more communication networks; the system is installed to implement as claimed in claim 1 The method described below.
21.如权利要求20所述的系统,其特征在于:所述资料是视频资料。 21. The system of claim 20, wherein: said data is video data.
22.如权利要求26所述的系统,其特征在于:所述资料是音频/视频资料。 22. The system of claim 26, wherein: said information is audio / video data.
23.如权利要求26所述的系统,其特征在于:所述资料是音频资料。 23. The system of claim 26, wherein: said information is audio data.
24.如权利要求20所述的系统,其特征在于:所述资料是数据资料。 24. The system of claim 20, characterized in that: the information is data.
25.一种数据处理装置,包含:一个信息资料处理装置,可操作来接收表示信息资料的信号、使所述信号根据一个修改密钥进行对所述信息资料的可逆修改,所述修改被设置为对向接收者提供的该信息资料提供一个干扰影响;一个数据生成处理器,可操作用于生成识别所述信息资料的数据;一个记录装置,可操作用于在一个记录/复制介质上记录所述修改的信号和所述识别数据;以及一个数据处理器,可操作用于接收所述识别数据和所述修改密钥,并将所述识别数据和表示所述修改密钥数据的数据存储在一个数据载体上。 25. A data processing apparatus, comprising: an information processing apparatus, operable to receive the signal information indicates that the signal for the reversible modification information according to a modification key, the modification is arranged for providing the information to the receiver to provide an interference; a data generating processor operable to generate data identifying the information; and a recording means operable to record on a recording / reproducing medium data storage, and a data processor operable to receive the identification data and the modification key and the identifying data and data representing the modification key; said modified signal and said identification data on a data carrier.
26.如权利要求25所述的装置,其特征在于:所述记录/复制介质是一个包含用于辅助数据的容量的线性记录介质,而且所述识别数据被记录在所述用于记录辅助数据的容量中。 26. The apparatus of claim 25, wherein: said recording / reproducing medium is a recording medium comprising linear capacity for auxiliary data, and said identification data is recorded in said auxiliary data for recording The capacity of.
27.如权利要求25所述的装置,其特征在于:所述数据载体是一个人工可插入式载体。 27. The apparatus according to claim 25, characterized in that: said data carrier is an artificial pluggable carrier.
28.如权利要求27所述的装置,其特征在于:所述数据载体是一个智能卡或类似事物。 28. The apparatus according to claim 27, characterized in that: said data carrier is a smart card or similar things.
29.如权利要求25所述的装置,其特征在于:所述识别数据是一个唯一资料标识符(UMID)或类似符号。 25 29. The apparatus according to claim, wherein: said identification data is a unique material identifier (UMID) or similar symbol.
30.如权利要求25所述的装置,所述装置包含:一个信息资料服务器,设置用于存储表示信息资料的信号、检索表示所选择的信息资料项的选定信号,所述信息资料处理装置可操作用于修改所述选定信号,所述数据生成处理器可操作用于生成识别所述选择的信息资料信号的所述数据。 The information processing apparatus an information server, provided for the selected signal of the signal, retrieving stored information representing the information represented by the selected information items,: 30. The apparatus of claim 25, said apparatus comprising operable to modify the signal, the data generating processor is operable to generate said data identifying said selected signal from said selected information.
31.一个摄像机,包含如权利要求25所述的装置。 31. In a camera, comprising apparatus as claimed in claim 25, wherein.
32.一个用于接收一个数据载体的装置,其中该数据载体上具有由如权利要求25所述的装置所存储的数据,所述装置包含:一个数据读取处理器,可操作用于经由一个用户人工插入接收所述数据载体、并阅读修改密钥和识别数据;以及一个通信处理器,可操作用于将所述修改密钥和所述识别数据传递到一个数据库处理器。 32. A receiving means for a data carrier, having means 25 according to the data as claimed in claim stored on the data carrier, said apparatus comprising: a read data processor, operable via a the user manually inserted into the receiver of the data carrier, and read modify key and identification data; and a communications processor operable to modify said key and said identification data is transmitted to a database processor.
33.如权利要求32所述的装置,其特征在于:所述通信处理器可操作用于将所述修改密钥和所述识别数据经由一个通信网络传递到所述数据库处理器。 32 33. The apparatus according to claim, wherein: said communication processor is operable for modifying said key and said identification data is transmitted to the database processor via a communication network.
34.如权利要求33所述的装置,其特征在于:所述通信网络是国际互连网。 33 34. The apparatus according to claim, wherein: said communication network is an international Internet.
35.如权利要求32所述的装置,其特征在于:所述通信处理器可操作用于接收表示销售条件和价格信息的数据、以及将所述销售条件和所述价格信息与所述修改密钥数据和所述识别数据一起传递到所述数据库处理器。 35. The apparatus of claim 32, wherein: said communication processor is operable to receive data indicative of the conditions of sale and price information, and the sales conditions and the price information relating to the modified dense key data and the identification data is passed along to the database processor.
36.一个信号,载有由如权利要求32所述的装置生成的修改密钥和识别数据。 36. A signal containing the generated apparatus as claimed in claim modification key and said identifying data 32.
37.一个信号集,包含表示由如权利要求25所述的装置修改的音频和/或视频信号的已修改信号,以及载有由如权利要求32所述的装置生成的修改密钥和识别数据的信号。 37. A set of signals, comprising as represented by the modified apparatus of claim 25, wherein the audio and / or video signals have been modified signals, and by carrying apparatus as claimed in claim 32, wherein the generated identification data modification key and signal.
38.一种方法,包含以下步骤:使用一个加工水印装置向资料施加一个可消除的可察觉水印,可通过使用在施加水印期间生成的消除数据消除该水印,以及向该资料施加识别数据以便识别印有水印的资料;向一个交易服务器注册用于消除该水印的条件以及用于识别该印有水印的资料的识别数据;向一个水印消除装置传送印有水印的资料;以及识别传送到服务器的资料,以及如果交易服务器指示用于消除的预定条件得到满足的话,则向消除装置传送消除数据以便允许消除该水印。 38. A method, comprising the steps of: using a watermark processing means applying a perceptible watermark to the material can be eliminated, the watermark can be eliminated by using the watermark generation of elimination during the application data, and the identification data is applied to the data in order to identify printed with the watermark information; to a transaction server registered for the elimination of the watermark is used to identify the conditions and identification data printed watermark information; a watermark to eliminate the means for transmitting the information printed watermark; and identifying transmitted to the server information and indicate if the transaction server for the elimination of pre-conditions are met, then to eliminate the means for transmitting data to allow the elimination of the elimination of the watermark.
39.如权利要求38所述的方法,其特征在于:所述条件是该资料的销售条件。 38 39. The method according to claim, wherein: said condition is a condition of the sales information.
40.如权利要求39所述的方法,其特征在于:该销售条件包含资料的费用。 40. A method as claimed in claim 39, characterized in that: the conditions of sale included the cost of materials.
41.如权利要求38所述的方法,包含步骤:使用通过一个通信网络连接到该交易服务器的第一客户机注册所述条件。 41. The method of claim 38, comprising the steps of: using a connection via a communications network to the transaction server the registration condition of the first client.
42.如权利要求41所述的方法,包含步骤:使用通过一个通信网络连接到该交易服务器的第二客户机以遵守所述条件。 42. The method of claim 41, comprising the steps of: using a connection via a communications network to the transaction server, the second client to comply with said condition.
43.如权利要求38所述的方法,包含步骤:将消除数据载入到一个数据载体上,并且当满足所述条件时将该载体传送到消除装置。 43. The method of claim 38, comprising the steps of: canceling data loaded onto a data carrier, and when the condition is satisfied is transmitted to the elimination of the carrier means.
44.如权利要求43所述的方法,其特征在于:该消除数据从该交易服务器经由该通信网络下载到该数据载体上。 44. The method of claim 43, wherein: the cancellation of the transaction data is downloaded from the server through the communication network to the data carrier.
45.如权利要求44所述的方法,其特征在于:该数据载体是一个智能卡。 45. The method of claim 44, wherein: the data carrier is a smart card.
46.一个系统,包含安装了一个加工水印的装置、一个交易服务器以及一个水印消除装置来实现如权利要求38所述的方法。 46. A system, comprising a processing means watermark installed, a transaction server and a watermark relief means to implement the method as claimed in claim 38.
47.一个服务器,设置用于:a}接收和存储用于识别印有水印的资料的数据、用于允许从资料消除该水印的数据、以及用于设置消除水印的预定条件的数据;以及b)接收用于识别将要被消除水印的印有水印的资料格式的识别数据;c)监控预定条件是否得到满足;以及d}如果满足了这些条件,则将该消除数据提供给用于消除该水印的装置。 47. A server, arranged for: a} for receiving and storing data identifying printed watermark information for allowing to eliminate the watermark data from the data, as well as the elimination of the data for setting the predetermined condition of the watermark; and b ) for identifying the received watermark to be printed eliminate the watermark information identification data format; c) monitoring a predetermined condition is satisfied; and d} If these conditions are met, then the elimination of data to be used to eliminate the watermark means.
48.如权利要求47所述的服务器,其特征在于:所述预定条件是该资料的销售条件。 47 48. The server according to claim, wherein: said predetermined condition is the condition of the sales information.
49.如权利要求48所述的服务器,设置用于接收和存储与印有水印的资料的卖方有关的财务数据。 49. The server of claim 48, arranged to receive and store financial data relating to the seller with the printed watermark information.
50.如权利要求48所述的服务器,设置用于接收和存储与印有水印的资料的买方有关的财务数据。 50. The server of claim 48, arranged for receiving financial data and storing the buyer of printed information relating to the watermark.
51.如权利要求48所述的服务器,其特征在于:所述销售条件包含该资料的费用。 51. The server of claim 48, wherein: said condition includes sales cost of the information.
52.如权利要求51所述的服务器,其特征在于:该服务器设置用于监控从买方向卖方的资金转移。 52. The server of claim 51, wherein: the server is set to monitor the transfer of funds to buy the seller.
53.如权利要求52所述的服务器,通过一个通信网络与一个金融机构连接以便监控所述资金转移。 53. The server of claim 52, connected to monitor the transfer of funds via a communications network with a financial institution.
54.如权利要求47所述的服务器,其特征在于:该消除数据包含一个模板和一个安全密钥。 54. The server of claim 47, wherein: the data includes a template and the elimination of a security key.
55.一个服务器,设置用于:与一个客户机相互作用以便使该客户机的一个用户能设计一个水印的一个模板;以及输出一个加工水印算法、或用于配置这样一个算法的数据、以及生成用于实现该算法的安全密钥所需要的数据。 55. A server, arranged for: interacting with a client so that a user of the client to design a template of a watermark; and outputting a processed watermark algorithm, or an algorithm for such configuration data, and generating The algorithm for implementing data security keys needed.
56.如权利要求55所述的服务器,设置用于向一个数据载体输出所述算法或设置数据以及密钥生成数据,用于传送给所述用户。 56. The server of claim 55, arranged to output the data carrier to an algorithm or set of data and a key generation data for transmission to the user.
57.如权利要求56所述的服务器,其特征在于:该数据载体是一个智能卡。 57. The server of claim 56, wherein: the data carrier is a smart card.
58.一个数据处理装置,设置用于:a}经由一个通信网络向一个服务器传送用于识别印有水印的资料的数据、以及对用于允许从识别的资料中消除水印的消除数据的一个请求;以及b)接收该消除数据。 58. A data processing apparatus is provided for: a} to transmit data for identifying the printed watermark information to a server via a communication network, as well as a request for permitting to eliminate the information from the identified data to eliminate watermarks ; and b) receiving the canceling data.
59.如权利要求58所述的装置,包含一个接口用于接收一个数据载体,当该载体由该接口接收时该装置被设置用于向该载体传送该消除数据。 59. The apparatus of claim 58, comprising an interface for receiving a data carrier, when the carrier is received by the interface to the carrier means is arranged for transmitting the data to eliminate.
60.如权利要求58所述的系统,进一步包含一个存储器用于存储印有水印的资料,该装置被设置用于从该存储器接收所述资料、以及使用所述消除数据来消除该水印。 60. The system of claim 58, further comprising a memory for storing the information printed with the watermark, the apparatus is arranged to receive the data, as well as the elimination of the use of data from the memory to remove the watermark.
61.如权利要求60所述的系统,设置用于在所述存储器中存储已经从其中消除了水印的资料。 60 61. The system according to claim, arranged for storing in said memory which have been eliminated from the watermark information.
62.用于从印有水印的资料消除一个水印的装置,包含:第一端口,用于接收所述印有水印的资料;以及第二端口,用于接收水印消除数据。 62. From the printed watermark for the elimination of a watermark information apparatus, comprising: a first port for receiving the printed watermark information; and a second port for receiving data to eliminate the watermark.
63.如权利要求62所述的装置,其特征在于:第一端口,设置用于接收在其上记录了所述资料的第一数据载体;以及第二端口,设置用于接收在其上记录了所述消除数据的第二数据载体。 63. The apparatus of claim 62, wherein: the first port is provided for receiving said information recorded thereon a first data carrier; and a second port arranged for receiving thereon the recording the elimination of the second data carrier data.
64.如权利要求63所述的装置,其特征在于:第二端口被设置为接收一个智能卡。 64. The apparatus of claim 63, wherein: the second port is arranged to receive a smart card.
65.如权利要求63所述的装置,其特征在于:第一端口被设置为接收一个磁带记录。 63 65. The apparatus according to claim, characterized in that: the first port is set to receive a tape recording.
66.一个水印消除系统,包含如权利要求62到65中任何一个所述的装置,以及一个如权利要求58所述的装置或系统。 66. A watermark cancellation system, comprising an apparatus as claimed according to any of claim 62 to 65, and an apparatus or system as claimed in claim 58.
67.一个包含水印消除数据的信号,该消除数据包含一个密钥以及一个算法或用于配置一个算法的数据。 67. A data signal comprising a watermark eliminate, the cancellation data contains an algorithm or a key and an algorithm used to configure data.
68.如权利要求67所述的信号,进一步包含一个水印模板。 68. The signal according to claim 67, further comprising a watermark template.
69.一个信号集,包含如权利要求66所述的信号,和一个独立的,包含印有水印的资料的信号。 69. A set of signals, comprising a signal as claimed in claim 66, and a separate, printed with the watermark signal contains information.
70.一种方法,包含以下步骤:经由第一通道接收用一个水印加工水印的资料,其中该水印是可逆的;以及经由第二通道接收允许消除水印的消除数据。 70. A method, comprising the steps of: receiving a watermark with the watermark information processing via the first channel, wherein the watermark is reversible; and a receiver via a second channel allowing the elimination of the elimination of the watermark data.
71.如权利要求70所述的方法,其特征在于:第一和第二通道沿不同的通路。 71. The method of claim 70, wherein: the first and second channels along different paths.
72.如权利要求70所述的方法,进一步包含步骤:使用该消除数据来消除该水印。 72. The method of claim 70, further comprising the step of: using the cancellation data to eliminate the watermark.
73.一种计算机程序产品,设置用于当在一个系统上运行时实现如1所述的方法,其中该系统包含:一个交易服务器、第一和第二客户机、用于向资料施加一个可察觉水印的第一装置、以及用于消除该水印的第二装置。 73. A computer program product, as set forth in claim 1 to achieve when running on a system when the method is used, wherein the system comprises: a transaction server, first and second client, the data for applying a first means to detect the watermark, and a second means for eliminating the watermark.
74.一种用于在一个系统中加工水印和传送印有水印的资料的方法,其中该系统包含一个交易服务器、和至少第一和第二客户机,该方法包含以下步骤:使用第一客户机以便:(i)产生一个由(a)一种可逆算法和(b)至少一个与该算法有关的安全密钥所定义的水印,以及(ii)提供一个资料标识符;使用所述第一客户机以使该资料标识符与该资料相关联,并将水印施加到该资料上;然后在该交易服务器中存储所述的资料标识符、和用于转化包含该所述至少一个密钥的该算法的数据;向第二客户机传送印有水印的资料;导出与该资料有关的所述资料标识符;从第二客户机向交易服务器传送该标识符;在预定的条件满足时,从该交易服务器向第二客户机传送与所述资料标识符有关的水印消除数据,其中该消除数据包含至少一个密钥和定义一种用于结合该密钥消除该水印的数据;以及使用第二客户机以使用所述消除数据消除该水印。 74. A processing system, in a printed watermark and watermark information transmitting method used, wherein the system comprises a transaction server, and at least a first and a second client, the method comprising the steps of: using a first client machine in order to: (i) generating a by (a) an invertible algorithm and (b) at least one algorithm associated with the security key defined watermark, and (ii) provide a material identifier; using the first client so that the information associated with the identifier of the data, and applies the watermark to the information; then the data identifier is stored in the transaction server, and used to transform comprising the said at least one key The algorithm of data; the second client to transfer printed with the watermark information; deriving the data identifier with the information relevant; transmitting the second identifier from the client to the transaction server; when a predetermined condition is satisfied, from The transaction server to the second client identifier transmitted with the data relating to the elimination of the watermark data, wherein the data comprises at least eliminate a key and defining a key for the elimination of the binding of the watermark data; and using a second Clients to Use the cancellation removes the watermark data.
75.如权利要求74所述的方法,其特征在于:该印有水印的资料经由一个通信通道传送到第二客户机。 75. The method of claim 74, wherein: the printed watermark data is sent to the second client via a communication channel.
76.如权利要求74所述的方法,包含在交易服务器中存储与所述印有水印的资料有关的元数据的步骤,其中该元数据由所述标识符索引到该资料。 76. The method of claim 74, comprising storing in the transaction server in step with the printed watermark information on the metadata, wherein the metadata index from the identifier to the information.
77.如权利要求74所述的方法,包含步骤:在交易服务器上存储与该资料使用有关的财政规则。 77. The method of claim 74, comprising the steps of: storing on the transaction server to the data using the relevant financial rules.
78.如权利要求77所述的方法,其特征在于:该财政规则由所述标识符索引到该资料。 78. The method of claim 77, wherein: the fiscal rules by the identifier index to the data.
79.如权利要求74所述的方法,包含步骤:在交易服务器上存储与该资料使用有关的商业规则。 79. The method of claim 74, comprising the steps of: storing on the transaction server and the information related to the use of business rules.
80.如权利要求74所述的方法,包含步骤:在交易服务器上存储关于与该资料有关的交易的统计数据。 80. The method of claim 74, comprising the steps of: storing statistical data relating to that information regarding the transaction at the transaction server.
81.如权利要求74所述的方法,包含步骤:借助于一个商业交易在交易服务器中创建与已经允许用户使用的资料的相应项有关的文件。 81. The method of claim 74, comprising the steps of: by means of a commercial transaction has been created and allow the user to use the data relating to the corresponding item in the transaction file server.
82.如权利要求81所述的方法,每一文件包含与该商业交易的规则有关的数据。 82. The method of claim 81, each file contains the data and rules relating to the commercial transaction.
83.如权利要求81所述的方法,其特征在于:每一文件包含与资料数据项有关的元数据。 83. The method of claim 81, wherein: each data file contains information pertaining to metadata.
84.如权利要求81所述的方法,其特征在于:每一文件包含消除数据。 84. The method of claim 81, wherein: each of the file containing data to eliminate.
85.如权利要求84所述的方法,其特征在于:该消除数据被保护以防未经授权的访问。 85. The method of claim 84, wherein: the elimination of access to data is protected from unauthorized.
86.如权利要求81所述的方法,其特征在于:交易服务器将所述文件传送到第二客户机。 86. The method of claim 81, wherein: the transaction server transmits the file to the second client.
87.如权利要求85所述的方法,其特征在于:传送消除数据的步骤包含向第二客户机传送所述文件。 87. The method of claim 85, wherein: the transmitting step comprises the elimination of the data transmitted to the second client file.
88.如权利要求74所述的方法,包含步骤:在一个记录介质中存储印有水印的资料,以及将在该记录介质上的该印有水印的资料传送到第二客户机。 88. The method of claim 74, comprising the steps of: storing in a recording medium printed with the watermark information, and will be printed on the recording medium of the watermark data is sent to the second client.
89.如权利要求74所述的方法,其特征在于:第一客户机从服务器下载水印生成软件以便离线创建一个水印。 89. The method of claim 74, wherein: the first client to download the software from the server in order to generate a watermark created offline a watermark.
90.如权利要求74所述的方法,其特征在于:第一客户机与交易服务器相互作用以便创建水印。 74 90. The method according to claim, wherein: the first client interaction with the transaction server to create the watermark.
91.一个系统包含一个交易服务器以及第一和第二客户机,且该系统被设置为实现如权利要求74所述的方法。 91. A system comprising a transaction server and the first and second client, and the system is arranged to implement the method of claim 74.
92.如权利要求4所述的一个方法或系统,其特征在于:所述资料是视频资料。 92. A method or system according to claim 4, wherein: said data is video data.
93.如权利要求74所述的一个方法或系统,其特征在于:所述资料是音频/视频资料。 93. A method or system according to claim 74, wherein: said information is audio / video data.
94.如权利要求74所述的一个方法或系统,其特征在于:所述资料是音频资料。 94. A method or system according to claim 74, wherein: said information is audio data.
95,如权利要求74所述的一个方法或系统,其特征在于:所述资料是数据资料。 95, a method or system as claimed in claim 74, wherein: said information is data information.
96.一套计算机程序,包含指令,当该指令在一个系统上运行时,设定该系统依据如权利要求74所述的方法进行操作,其中该系统包含一个服务器以及第一和第二客户机。 96. The set of computer program, comprising instructions, the instructions when run on a system, the system is set according to method 74 operates according to claim, wherein the system comprises a server and first and second client .
Description  translated from Chinese
加水印和传送资料 Watermarking and delivery information

发明领域本发明涉及给资料加水印并且传送印有水印的资料。 Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a data transfer printed watermarking and watermark information.

资料是指一个或多个图像资料、音频资料和数据资料。 Data refers to one or more image data, audio and data information. 图像资料一般是指静止和活动图像,并包含压缩或非压缩的视频。 Image data generally refers to the still and moving images, and contains compressed or uncompressed video.

为了说明的方便和容易起见,说明书就这种资料而论使用了术语“卖方”和“买方”。 To illustrate the ease and convenience sake, the instructions on the use of this information in terms of the term "seller" and "buyer." 将会意识到:那些术语不仅仅意指为了通常是货币的报酬向其他人(买方)转让全部所有权的某人(卖方)。 Will be realized: not just mean those terms are usually paid for the transfer of full ownership of money to someone else (the buyer) a person (the seller). 通常,资料由一个许可证颁发者(卖方)授权给一个用户(买方),其中该许可证颁发者允许领有许可证者根据规定的条件或商业规则使用该资料。 Typically, the information provided by a licensor (seller) granted to a user (buyer), in which the licensor allow licensees in accordance with the conditions specified in the rules or commercial use of the information. 因此术语卖方和买方具有更普通的含义,并包含按其它可能是代表该资料最终拥有者和最终用户的人的活动的中间人。 Hence the term seller and the buyer has a more general meaning, and contains the middleman by other data may be representative of the ultimate owners and end-users of human activity.

现有技术描述水印资料是公知的。 The prior art describes the watermark information is known. 数据可能作为该资料中的一个水印被嵌入。 Data may be used as the material of a watermark is embedded. 一个水印在该资料中可以是觉察不到的或是可察觉的。 A watermark in the data may be imperceptible or perceptible. 本发明使用可察觉的水印,并且也可以可选地使用觉察不到的水印。 The present invention uses perceptible watermarks, and can also be optionally used imperceptible watermark.

一个水印可能被用于各种目的。 A watermark may be used for various purposes. 为了防止该资料侵犯了该资料拥有者的知识产权或是追踪侵权起见,而使用水印是公知的。 In order to prevent the material that infringes the intellectual property owner or track infringement purposes, the use of watermarks is well known. 例如,一个水印可以识别该资料的拥有者。 For example, a watermark can identify the owner of the information.

水印在它们很难从该资料中去除方面可能是“坚固的”。 They are difficult to remove the watermark from the data in terms might be "strong." 坚固的水印对追踪资料的出处是有好处的,其中该资料以某种方式进行处理企图消除该标记或实施允许的处理诸如为了存储和/或传送而进行的视频编辑或者压缩。 Robust watermark tracking information source is beneficial, wherein the data is processed in some way or attempting to eliminate the mark embodiment video editing processing, such as to allow the storage and / or transmission is performed or compression. 本发明使用坚固的水印。 The present invention uses a robust watermark. 水印在它们容易地由处理过程破坏方面可能是“脆弱的”,其中该处理过程对于检测试图消除该标记或处理该资料是有用的。 Watermark they easily damage by processing aspects may be "fragile", wherein the processing for detecting an attempt to eliminate the mark or process the material is useful.

在国际互连网上用于销售的提供印有水印的图像是公知的。 Providing printed interconnection line for international sales of the watermarked image are known. 印有水印的图像可以被下载用于检查和检验是否适应用户的期望目的。 Printed with the watermark image can be used to check and verify that the downloaded adapt to the user's intended purpose. 如果用户希望购买一个未印水印的图像,则该用户同意销售条件例如一个最终用户许可,并支付该图像费用,例如通过信用卡进行。 If you want to buy a non-watermarked image, the user agrees to the conditions of sale such as an end-user license, and pay the cost of the image, such as by credit card. 然后该用户能下载该未印水印的图像。 Then the user can download the non-watermarked images. 例如参见http:∥www.evewire.com/help/。 See, for example http: ∥www.evewire.com / help /.

发明概述期望提供这样一种系统:其中一个用户(例如一个卖方)被提供了一种用于加工水印资料的系统,而另一个用户(例如一个买方)被提供了一种用于消除该水印的安全方法和系统、同时在卖方和买方之间有一种用于传送印有水印的资料的安全系统。 SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION desirable to provide such a system: where a user (e.g., a seller) is provided a system for processing of watermark information, and another user (e.g., a buyer) is provided a method for eliminating the watermark security methods and systems, and between the seller and the buyer to secure a system for transmitting printed with the watermark information.

依据本发明的一个方面,提供了一种用于在一个系统中加水印并传送印有水印的资料的方法,其中该系统中包含一个交易服务器、第一和第二客户机、用于向该资料施加一个可察觉的水印的第一装置、以及用于消除该水印的第二装置;该方法包含以下步骤:从该交易服务器向第一装置传送:(i)用于创建一个水印的数据,其中该创建的数据包含(a)定义一种可逆算法的数据和(b)用于创建与该算法有关的至少一个安全密钥的数据,以及(ii)用于创建一个资料标识符的数据;使用所述第一装置向该资料施加一个资料标识符,并使用所述创建数据向该资料施加一个水印;从第一客户机向交易服务器传送所述的资料标识符和用于转化包含所述至少一个密钥的算法的数据;向第二装置传送印有水印的资料;从该资料中导出所述资料标识符;从第二客户机向交易服务器传送该标识符;预定的条件满足时,从该交易服务器向第二装置传送与所述资料标识符有关的水印消除数据,该消除数据包含至少一个密钥和定义一种结合该密钥用于消除该水印的算法的数据;以及使用所述消除数据用第二装置消除该水印。 According to one aspect of the invention, there is provided a method for watermarking and transmitted in a system printed with watermark information, wherein the system comprises a transaction server, first and second client, used to first means applying a perceptible watermark information, and a means for eliminating the second watermark; the method comprising the steps of: from the transaction server to the first means for transmitting: (i) data for creating a watermark, wherein the data is created that contains (a) defining a reversible algorithm data and (b) of the algorithm used to create the data associated with the at least one security key, and (ii) data for creating a material identifier; using said first means is applied to the data of a data identifier, and use the data to create a watermark is applied to the information; information from the first client to the transaction server and transmitting the identifier for the conversion comprising the algorithm of at least one key data; the second means for transmitting printed watermark information; deriving the data from the data of the identifier; the identifier transmitted from the second client to the transaction server; predetermined condition is satisfied, transferring from the transaction server to the second device identifier with the data relating to the elimination of the watermark data, the elimination of data comprising at least one key and data defining a combination of the key is used to eliminate the watermark algorithm; and using the eliminating data described by the second device to eliminate the watermark.

该方法允许资料的始发者或拥有者以一种安全的方式向买方提供用于销售的资料。 This method allows the originator or owner of the information in a secure way to provide information to the buyer for the sale. 交易处理器允许许多卖方提供用于销售和用于许多买方购买的资料。 Transaction Processor allows many sellers offer for sale and for many buyers purchase information. 该交易处理器允许能访问第一客户机和一个加工水印装置的卖方设计和施加安全水印而不必详细地了解该水印是如何实现的。 The transaction processor allows access to the first client and a processing device seller watermark design and applying security watermark without detailed knowledge of the watermark is how to achieve. 因此,除了解如何与该服务器协同操作之外,卖方不要求具有专用于加工水印的技能。 Therefore, in addition to learn how to co-operate with the server other than the seller is not required to have a dedicated watermark processing skills. 同样地,一旦能访问第二客户机和一个水印消除装置的买方遵守了所述预定条件,他们不需要具有这种专用的技能以消除水印。 Likewise, once access to the second client device and a watermark eliminate buyer's compliance with the predetermined conditions, they need not have such a special skill to remove the watermark.

该安全密钥提供了安全性以防未经授权地消除该水印。 The security key provides security to prevent unauthorized eliminate the watermark. 用于转化包含所述至少一个密钥的该算法的数据被传送到交易处理器,这种数据没有在该资料上或与其一起,因此提供了进一步的安全性。 The algorithm used to transform data containing the at least one key is transmitted to the transaction processor, this data is not on the information or therewith, thus providing a further security.

在一个最佳实施例中,将用于提供包含所述至少一个密钥的该算法的数据存储在数据载体、最好是一个智能卡中。 In a preferred embodiment, comprising for providing said at least one key of the algorithm stored in the data carrier, preferably a smart card. 该智能卡与第一装置在压缩期间协同操作以施加该水印。 The smart card with a first means co-operating during the compression to apply the watermark. 为传送到该交易服务器,该智能卡用来安全地将用于转化包含所述至少一个密钥的该算法的数据从第一装置传送到第一客户机。 Is transmitted to the transaction server, the smart card is used to safely used for transformation comprises at least one key of the algorithm the data transfer from the first device to the first client.

响应于一个从第一客户机向交易处理器发送数据的请求,所述水印创建数据可以被存储在数据载体上、最好是一个智能卡上。 In response to a request to send data from the first client to the transaction processor, the data may be stored to create a watermark on a data carrier, preferably a smart card. 在一个实施例中所述数据是从该交易服务器向第一客户机、然后向该智能卡传送的。 Examples of the data in one embodiment is the first client, and then transmitted to the smart card from the transaction server. 在另一个实施例中,其上存储有创建数据的智能卡可以通过例如邮寄发送给第一装置的操作员。 In another embodiment, the data stored thereon to create a smart card can be sent by mail to the operator, for example the first device.

所述水印消除数据可以以一种数据载体、最好是一个智能卡的方式,同样地从该交易服务器向第二装置进行传送。 Elimination of the watermark data may be a data carrier, preferably a smart card mode, in the same manner is transferred from the transaction server to the second device.

在一个实施例中所述数据是从该交易服务器向第二客户机、然后向该智能卡传送的。 Examples of the data is in one embodiment of the second client, and then transferred to the smart card from the transaction server. 在另一个实施例中,对所述数据的一个请求是由该交易处理器接收的,而且所述数据被存储在该智能卡上,然后该卡例如通过邮寄发送给第二装置的操作员。 In another embodiment, a request for the data is received by the transaction processor, and the data is stored on the smart card, then the card is sent to the operator for example by means of the second mail store.

该印有水印的资料可以在一个记录介质、例如一个磁盘或磁带上通过例如邮寄从第一装置向第二装置进行传送。 The watermark information can be printed on a recording medium, such as for example, by mail from a first device to transmit to the second device on a disk or tape. 另外,该印有水印的资料也可以经由一个电子通讯网络可能以压缩的格式进行传送。 Further, the printed watermark information may also be transmitted in a compressed format via an electronic communications network.

本发明的另一个方面提供了一种在一个系统中加工水印和传送印有水印的资料的方法,其中该系统包含一个交易服务器和至少第一和第二客户机,该方法包含以下步骤:使用第一客户机以(i)创建一个由(a)一种可逆算法和(b)至少一个与该算法有关的安全密钥定义的水印,以及(ii)提供一个资料标识符;使用所述第一客户机以使该资料标识符与该资料关联,并将水印施加到该资料上; Another aspect of the invention there is provided a watermark in a processing system and method for transferring printed with watermark information, wherein the system comprises a transaction server and at least a first and a second client, the method comprising the steps of: using the first client to (i) create a by (a) a reversible watermarking algorithm and (b) at least one algorithm associated with the security key defined, and (ii) providing a data identifier; using the first a client identifier so that the data associated with the data and applies a watermark to the information;

然后在该交易服务器中存储所述的资料标识符和用于转化包含该所述至少一个密钥的该算法的数据;向第二客户机传送印有水印的资料;导出与该资料有关的所述资料标识符;从第二客户机向交易服务器传送该标识符;在预定条件满足时,从该交易服务器向第二客户机传送与所述资料标识符有关的水印消除数据,其中该消除数据包含至少一个密钥和定义一种用于结合该密钥消除该水印的算法的数据;以及使用所述消除数据用第二客户机来消除该水印。 Then in the transaction server storing the data identifier and used to transform at least one that contains the key data of the algorithm; the second client data transfer printed with a watermark; export the information relating to the said data identifier; the identifier transmitted from the second client to the transaction server; when a predetermined condition is satisfied, from the transaction server to the second client transmits the data identifier associated with the elimination of the watermark data, wherein the elimination of data comprising at least one key and algorithm for the definition of the key combination eliminate the watermark data; and using the elimination of data with the second client to remove the watermark. 在一个实施例中该水印是由第一客户机和该服务器的相互作用创建的。 In one embodiment, the watermark is by the interaction of the first client and the server created.

本发明的其它方面在引起关注的权利要求书中规定。 Other aspects of the invention as claimed in the claims concern provisions.

附图简要说明通过参照附图阅读下面实施例的详细说明,本发明的上述及其它目的、特征和优点将变得清晰,其中:图1是根据本发明第一实施例的一个资料传送系统的示意图;图2是一个说明了卖方注册的示意图;图3是一个智能卡的一个实例示意图;图4是一个智能卡的另一个实例示意图;图5是说明了资料获取的示意图;图6是一个说明了本发明在传统资料中的应用的示意图;图7是在其上记录一个资料标识符和印有水印的资料的一个磁带的示意图;图8和9说明了交易服务器的功能;图10是说明了资料购买的示意图;图11是根据本发明第二实施例的一个资料传送系统的示意图;图12是一个说明了在本发明第二实施例中的卖方注册示意图;图13是一个说明了在本发明第二实施例中的买方注册示意图;以及图14和15示意地说明了存储在图11系统中的交易处理器内的文件。 BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS reading the following detailed description of an embodiment, the above and other objects, features and advantages of the invention will become apparent, wherein: Figure 1 is a data transmission system of the first embodiment of the invention according to the schematic view; FIG. 2 is a drawing illustrating a schematic view of the seller registered; Fig. 3 is an example of a smart card in a schematic view; FIG. 4 is another example of a smart card in a schematic view; FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram of the information acquired; FIG. 6 is a drawing illustrating the In the schematic view of the conventional materials of the present invention is applied; FIG. 7 is a material on which the recording identifier and a schematic view of a tape printed with the watermark information; Figures 8 and 9 illustrate the transaction server function; Fig. 10 illustrates the schematic view of the information for later; Fig. 11 is a schematic view of a data transmission system of the second embodiment according to the present invention; FIG. 12 is a schematic diagram illustrates the seller registered in the second embodiment of the present invention; FIG. 13 is an illustration of the present The second embodiment of the invention the buyer registration schematic view; and Fig. 14 and 15 schematically illustrate the transactions stored in the file system of Fig. 11 within the processor.

最佳实施例说明第一实施例——图1到图10参见图1,依据本发明的一个系统的第一实施例包含一个交易服务器、一个卖方客户机2、一个买方客户机3和一个连接这些客户机到该服务器的通信网络4。 Preferred embodiment, the first embodiment - Figure 1 to Figure 10 Referring to Figure 1, a system according to the first embodiment of the present invention comprises a transaction server, a seller client 2, a buyer client 3 and a connection These clients to the server of the communication network 4.

资料的拥有者即卖方控制卖方客户机2。 Data owner controls the seller seller client 2. 买方控制买方客户机3。 Buyer Control buyer client 3. 第三方拥有和控制交易处理器1。 Owned and controlled by a third party transaction processor 1. 该系统允许资料被获取、安全和可见地加工水印、并传送给买方用于使买方预览(9)该印有水印的资料。 This system allows the data is acquired, processed safe and visible watermark, and send it to the buyer to make the buyer Preview (9) of the printed watermark information. 然后,如果买方想要买该资料,则买方从交易服务器1处获得消除该水印所需要的数据。 Then, if the buyer wants to buy the material, the buyer gets the elimination of data needed for the watermark from a transaction server. 在这个实例中,卖方和买方两个都向该交易服务器进行注册(10)。 In this example, both the seller and the buyer to the transaction server for registration (10). 注册、内容预览、与水印消除将在以下进行更详细地描述。 Registration, content preview, and watermark elimination will be described in more detail below with. 只有当买方已经支付了该资料的费用时,用于消除水印的数据才发送给买方。 Only when the buyer has paid the cost of the data, the data was used to remove the watermark is sent to the buyer. 该付款由和一个金融机构8进行通讯的交易服务器1进行监控。 The payment by a financial institution and 8 communicate a transaction server to be monitored. 经由服务器1和/或经由该机构8完成付款。 Via the server and / or through the agency of August payment.

用于压缩视频资料和作为该压缩过程的一部分用于施加一个水印到该资料的第一装置5与卖方客户机2有关。 Used to compress video data, and as part of the compression process for applying a watermark to the first device 5 and seller clients two about the data. 在代理人文件号P/10145,I-00-147、待决的英国申请0029850.5中公开了这种装置和过程的一个实例,该公开的内容在此被包含在内作为参考。 In Attorney Docket No. P / 10145, I-00-147, pending UK application 0029850.5 discloses an example of such apparatus and processes, the disclosure of which is herein included by reference. 图1在5处用“传统”和“获取”指示了这种装置,它们将在以下的“传统”和“获取”部分中进行更详细地描述。 Figure 1 in 5 with "traditional" and "access" indicates such a device, they will be described in part in more detail in the following "traditional" and "get." 用于消除该水印的第二装置6与买方客户机3有关。 Second means for eliminating the watermark 6 and 3 related to the buyer client. 在代理人文件号P/10145,I-00-147、待决的英国申请0029850.5中公开了这种装置和过程的一个实例,该公开的内容在此被包含在内作为参考。 In Attorney Docket No. P / 10145, I-00-147, pending UK application 0029850.5 discloses an example of such apparatus and processes, the disclosure of which is herein included by reference. 图1在6处用“内容购买”指示了这种装置,它将在以下的“内容购买”部分中进行更详细地描述。 Figure 1 6 with "content purchase" indicates such a device, it will be described in more detail in the following "content purchase" section.

在这个实例中,该资料是视频资料,而且被记录在一个磁带7上,其中该磁带将就图7进行更详细地描述。 In this example, the data is video data, and is recorded on a magnetic tape 7, in which the magnetic tape 7 will be described in more detail. 该资料由第一装置5获得并加工水印。 The data obtained by the first device 5 and processed watermark. 此外一个资料标识符被施加到该资料上。 Also a data identifier is applied to the data. 然后该资料在该磁带上被传送到第二装置6传送可以通过例如邮寄进行。 Then, the data on the tape is transferred to the second device 6 for example, by mail were transferred.

一个标识符被施加到该资料上。 An identifier is applied to the data. 一个标识符的实例是一个唯一的资料标识符或UMID。 Examples of an identifier is a unique identifier of information or UMID. UMID在2000年3月的SMPTE Journal中进行了更详细地描述。 UMID are described in more detail in March 2000 in the SMPTE Journal.

卖方注册,图2卖方客户机2被用于向该交易服务器1发送:(a)密码、(b)卖方的银行帐户详细资料、以及(c)其它任何信息。 Vendor registration, 2 seller client 2 is used to transmit the transaction server 1: (a) passwords, bank account details (b) the seller, and (c) any other information. 然后该交易服务器可以向卖方发送一个数据载体,在这个实例中是一个智能卡SC。 The transaction server can then send a data carrier to the seller, in this example is a smart card SC. 卖方将该智能卡插入到客户机2里,并和服务器1进行通讯。 The smart card is inserted into the seller client 2 years, and the server 1 communicate. 卖方使用该服务器设计要施加到该资料上的水印的形式。 Sellers use the server design to be applied to the data in the form of a watermark on. 该水印的形式有一个位图定义,另外在此也被称为模板。 The watermark has the form of a bitmap definition, also referred to herein additionally template. 此外,卖方还从该服务器处获得一个用于创建该水印的算法,其中该服务器包含用于生成水印的一个或多个安全密钥生成器以及一个UMID生成器。 In addition, the seller also received an algorithm used to create the watermark from the server, wherein the server comprises means for generating one or more security watermark key generator and a UMID generator. 卖方可以从该服务器中的几个可用算法中选择一个算法。 The seller can choose an algorithm from the server several available algorithms. 模板、算法、密钥生成程序和UMID生成程序可以被下载到该智能卡上用于传送给卖方。 Template, the algorithm, a key generation program and UMID generation program can be downloaded to the smart card for transmitting to the seller.

智能卡,图3和4智能卡是非常公知的。 Smart card, smart card 3 and 4 is very well known. 一个智能卡可以具有一个处理器和存储器,所有的算法处理,密钥产生和UMID产生都是在智能卡上执行,如图3所示,或者是可以具有存储器但是没有处理器,如图4所示。 A smart card may have a processor and a memory, all of the processing algorithms, key generation, and UMID generation are performed on the smart card, shown in Figure 3, or can be a processor having a memory, but not shown in Figure 4.

在图3的实例中,卡SC有一个处理器SC1、一个模板存储器SC2、一个密钥生成器SC3、一个UMID生成器SC4和一个存储器SC5。 In the example of Figure 3, there is a processor card SC SC1, a template memory SC2, a key generator SC3, SC4 a UMID generator and a memory SC5. 模板存储器SC2存储用于定义水印形式的模板。 A memory storing a template for defining a watermark in the form of SC2 template. 该处理器被编程用来实现该算法。 The processor is programmed to implement the algorithm. 处理器SC1接收一个要被加工水印的图像表示,并使用由生成器SC3产生的密钥和该模板来施加水印。 SC1 processor receives a watermarked image to be processed, said using the key and the template generated by the generator SC3 applied watermark. 由生成程序SC3产生的密钥被存储在存储器SC5中。 SC3 generated by the key generation program is stored in the memory in SC5. 每一段的资料都被分配了一个UMID。 Each segment of data is assigned a UMID. 每一个UMID也被存储在与用于那段资料而产生的密钥有关的存储器SC5中。 Each UMID is also stored in the data for the period key generated in the associated memory SC5. 该图像表示可以是一个空间域图像、或用于该图像压缩的该图像的一个变换。 The image representation may be a spatial domain image, or for a transformation of the image of the compressed image.

在最佳实施例中,图3中的智能卡与一个外部处理器协同操作,其中该外部处理器例如产生作为压缩过程一部分的变换系数,然后处理器SC1对这些系数施加加工水印算法。 In the preferred embodiment, FIG. 3 a smart card co-operating with an external processor, wherein the external processor such as transform coefficients produced as a part of the compression process, then the processor SC1 watermarking algorithm is applied to the processing of these coefficients.

在图4的实例中,智能卡用算法配置数据和模板初始化,生成的UMID和密钥被载入到智能卡上。 In the example of Figure 4, the smart card initialization algorithm configuration data and template, and UMID generated key is loaded onto the smart card. 智能卡仅仅包含存储器SC5′、SC2′和SC6。 Smart card contains only memory SC5 ', SC2' and SC6. SC5′是一个UMID和密钥存储器,SC2′是一个模板存储器,而SC6存储算法配置结构数据。 SC5 'is a UMID and key memory, SC2' is a template memory, and storage algorithms SC6 configuration structure data. 图4中的卡和一个外部处理器一起操作来将一个水印施加到资料。 Figure 4 together with the card and an external processor operable to applying a watermark to the data. 在那个过程中产生的UMID和密钥被保存在存储器SC5′中。 UMID and key generation in the process of being stored in the memory SC5 'in.

获取,图5参见图5,向交易服务器上载UMID、密钥、元数据、价格信息、销售条件等。 Acquisition, Figure 5 Figure 5, the transaction server to upload UMID, key, metadata, pricing information, sales conditions. 使用一个摄像机50获得新的资料。 Use a video camera 50 to obtain new information. 一个空白磁带51被插入到该摄像机50中。 A blank tape 51 is inserted into the camera 50. 此外一个智能卡SC被插入到该摄像机中的一个接口内。 In addition a smart card SC is inserted into an interface of the camera. 这个实例假定该卡如图3所示,并具有一个处理器SC1。 This example assumes that the card shown in FIG. 3, and having a processor SC1. 摄像机50产生被应用于该卡SC中的处理器的图像数据(它可以是DCT系数)。 Is applied to the camera 50 produces an image of the card SC in a data processor (which may be DCT coefficients). 该卡施加由存储的模板、算法和密钥所定义的水印。 The 卡施加 defined by the stored template, the algorithm and key watermark. 此外该卡还生成一个或多个UMID以标识记录在该磁带上的资料。 In addition, the card also generated to identify one or more UMID recorded on the tape material. 这样产生的UMID和密钥被存储在该卡上的存储器SC5中。 UMID and key thus generated is stored in the memory on the card in SC5. 此外UMID也被记录在该磁带上(以下参见图7)。 Furthermore UMID is also recorded (see Figure 7 below) on the magnetic tape.

卡SC从该摄像机50中移走,然后被插入到卖方客户机2中。 Card SC from the camera 50 is removed, and then inserted into the seller client 2. 将存储在该卡上的数据经由网络4传送给服务器1。 The data stored on the card is transmitted to the server 4 via the network 1. 此外,卖方可以在该智能卡上记录、并向服务器1传送数据,诸如价格和销售条件。 In addition, the seller may be recorded on the smart card, a transfer of data to the server, such as prices and sales conditions. 此外,可以传送与该资料有关的元数据。 In addition, you can transfer the metadata information relating to this. 该UMID提供了唯一地识别该资料的索引,以及被传送给服务器1的、与它有关的数据。 The UMID provides information uniquely identifying the index, and is transmitted to the data relating to the server 1 with it.

传统资料,图6,向交易服务器上载UMID、密钥、元数据、价格信息、销售条件等。 Traditional data in Figure 6, the transaction server to upload UMID, key, metadata, pricing information, sales conditions.

传统资料是依据本发明在最初获得时没有施加水印的“旧”资料。 Traditional data when the present invention is based on the initially obtained watermark is not applied "old" data. 这种传统资料可以被存储在磁带上或是其它存储器61、例如一个A/V服务器61中。 Such conventional materials may be stored on tape or other memory 61, such as an A / V server 61. 在图6的系统中,VTR 62有一个接口用于接收一个智能卡SC,以及一个端口用于从该A/V服务器61接收资料。 In the system of Figure 6, VTR 62 has an interface for receiving a smart card SC, and a port for receiving data from the A / V server 61. 此外,一个包含传统资料未印水印的磁带60可以被插入到VTR62中。 In addition, a conventional data not containing watermarked tape 60 may be inserted into the VTR62. 如上所述,与智能卡SC一起操作的VTR施加一个水印和UMID给该传统资料,而且生成的密钥和UMID被存储在该卡SC中。 As described above, VTR operating in conjunction with the smart card SC and applying a watermark to the conventional data UMID, and UMID generated key and is stored in the card SC in. 如上所述,就向交易服务器1的获取而论,卡SC被插入到卖方客户机2中用于经由网络4传送它的数据,加上任何其它数据,诸如价格和销售条件等。 As described above, to get the terms of a transaction server, the card is inserted into the seller SC Client 2 for 4 transmit it via the network data, plus any other data, such as prices and sales conditions.

图6显示了作为至少具有一个工作站2、2′的一个局域网的一部分的VTR62和卖方客户机。 Figure 6 shows a workstation having at least one 2,2 'part of VTR62 a seller client LAN. 那个工作站有一个接口用于接收一个智能卡。 That station has an interface for receiving a smart card. 来自于A/V存储器61的传统资料可以路由到工作站2′,该工作站和智能卡协同操作以施加一个水印到该资料上,然后将该资料保存在存储器61中。 Traditional data from the A / V memory 61 may be routed to the station 2 ', the workstation and the smart card co-operating to apply a watermark to the material, then the information stored in the memory 61. 在加工水印的过程中产生的UMID和密钥被保存在该卡SC上。 UMID and the watermark key generated in the machining process is stored on the card SC. 工作站2′可以取得保存在该卡上的数据,并将它发送给服务器1。 Station 2 'can obtain the data stored on the card and send it to the server 1.

印有水印的资料可以保存在A/V服务器61以及磁带60上。 Watermark printed information can be stored on the A / V server 61 and tape 60.

磁带,图7参见图1,显示了一个磁带51或60的一个实例。 Magnetic tape, Figure 7 Referring to Figure 1, shows an example of a tape 51 or 60. 印有水印的视频以传统方式保存在螺旋形磁道70中。 Video watermark printed in a conventional manner stored in spiral tracks 70. 磁带有一个常规的控制磁道72,在其中记录了时间代码。 The tape has a conventional control track 72, the time code recorded therein. UMID被记录在该时间代码的用户位中。 UMID is recorded in the user bits of the time code. 它在代理人文件号P/7211,I-99-41、待决的英国申请9926321.3(还有EP 00309067.7)中进行了更详细地描述。 It Attorney Docket No. P / 7211, I-99-41, pending British Application 9926321.3 (and EP 00309067.7) are described in more detail.

交易服务器,图8交易服务器1提供了与卖方和买方客户机的安全通信。 Transaction server, Figure 8 provides a transaction server to communicate with the seller and the buyer client's safety. 此外它还通过保持买方和卖方帐目控制金融交易。 In addition, it accounts by maintaining control of the buyer and seller of financial transactions. 如上所述,卖方用服务器1注册密码、银行帐户详细资料。 As mentioned above, the seller with a registration server passwords, bank account details. 此外,该服务器提供算法说明和注册,并提供一个用于设计模板的系统。 In addition, the server provides the algorithm description and registration, and to provide a system for designing templates. 它建立了用于UMID的规则。 It establishes the rules for the UMID. 它还提供了在加工水印期间产生的密钥和UMID的安全上载和存储。 It also provides a key generated during the processing of the watermark and security UMID upload and storage. 元数据也可以被上载和存储在服务器1中。 Metadata can also be uploaded and stored in the server 1. UMID提供了用于使存储的数据和与那个数据有关的资料相关联的索引。 UMID is provided for causing the stored data and index data associated with the information associated with it. 交易服务器可以向潜在的买方提供对元数据的访问。 Transaction server can provide access to the metadata to a potential buyer. 该访问可以是免费的,或是要付款的,或是两者的结合。 This access may be free, or to pay, or a combination of both. 元数据可以包含在其它许多可能性当中的剪辑长度、时间和数据信息。 Metadata can be included in the clip length among many other possibilities, the time and date information.

除了在代理人文件号P/10145,I-00-147、申请号为0029850.5的待决英国申请中描述的当前最佳的和发明的算法之外,该交易服务器还可以存储多个用于创建和消除水印的不同算法。 In addition to the algorithm in the Attorney Docket No. P / 10145, I-00-147, Application No. 0029850.5 pending British current best described in the application and the invention, the transaction server may also store multiple used to create and different algorithms to eliminate the watermark. .

交易处理器还监控买方利息和销售额,并控制对用于消除水印的数据的发布;只有该服务器已经证实买方满足了包含支付该资料费用在内的销售条件时,才发布这种数据。 Transaction processor also monitors buyer interest and sales, and controls for the elimination of the watermark data release; only when the server has been confirmed to meet the buyer pay for the information contained conditions, including the cost of sales, was released this data.

交易服务器1还控制智能卡的分发。 The transaction server 1 also controls the distribution of smart cards.

交易服务器,图9交易服务器还提供了与买方有关的数据注册。 Transaction server, 9 transaction server also provides data related to the registration and the buyer. 例如,买方提供了银行帐户、密码和与一个交易有关的其它任何数据的详细资料。 For example, the buyer provides detailed information on bank accounts, passwords, and with a transaction relating to any other data.

买方的注册允许访问:a)使买方能购买该资料的商业规则、价格和销售条件;以及b)与由买方收到的资料有关的、而且买方已经购买或他可能购买的数据,诸如元数据。 Registration allows access to the buyer: a) enable the buyer to buy the information business rules, prices and sales conditions; and b) with the relevant information received by the buyer, and the buyer has purchased or he may purchase data, such as metadata .

一旦买方已经满足了销售条件,交易服务器就提供用于消除水印的解密密钥、模板和算法的安全传送。 Once the buyer has satisfied the conditions of sale, the transaction server provides secure transmission decryption key is used to eliminate the watermark, templates and algorithms. 如上所述,那可以通过安全地下载数据到智能卡、并发送该智能卡给买方来实现。 As described above, it can be securely download data to the smart card, and sends the smart card to the buyer to achieve.

内容购买,图10 Content purchase, FIG. 10

参见图10,一个买方接收印有水印的资料并在VTR101上预览它。 Referring to Figure 10, the buyer receives a printed watermark information and preview it on VTR101. 如果买方对该资料有兴趣,则他访问记录在该磁带上的UMID,并通过使用UMID作为一个索引经由买方客户机3和网络4用交易服务器注册他对该资料的兴趣。 If the buyer is interested in this information, he visited record UMID on the tape, and by using the UMID as an index register his interest in this information via the buyer client 3 and 4 with the trading server network. 交易服务器向买方提供销售条件和价格。 Transaction Server provides the conditions of sale and price to the buyer. 然后如果买方同意购买,则买方提供付款并请求消除水印所需要的数据。 Then if the buyer agrees to purchase, the buyer payment and request the elimination of data needed watermark.

付款可以从先前向服务器1注册的他的银行帐户自动转移或用其它服务器能够监控的方式进行。 Payment can be automatically transferred from his bank account previously registered to the server or a server that can be monitored by other methods. 一旦服务器1已经证实了付款,服务器1就提供水印消除数据。 Once the server is a payment has been confirmed, the server provides a watermark eliminating data. 例如如上所述,那个数据经由买方客户机3被下载到一个智能卡SC上。 E.g., as described above, the data via the buyer client 3 is downloaded to a smart card SC. 该智能卡被插入到VTR101中的一个接口内,然后VTR101和该卡一起协同操作以消除水印。 The smart card is inserted into VTR101 an interface, and the card then VTR101 cooperate together in order to eliminate the watermark. 在这个实例中,假定该卡为如图3所示的一个卡。 In this example, assume that the card is a card as shown in Figure 3.

不是接收在磁带或其它记录介质上的印有水印的资料,代之以从一个A/V存储器102中访问该水印资料。 Is not received on tape or other recording medium printed with the watermark information, the memory 102 V instead accessed from one A / the watermark information.

本发明的实施例已经关于视频资料进行了描述。 Embodiments of the present invention has been described with regard to video data. 然而,本发明还适用于音频/视频资料、音频资料和其它数据资料。 However, the present invention is also applicable to an audio / video information, audio information and other data.

虽然上文涉及经由一个物理通信网络、诸如邮寄传送在磁带上的资料,该资料能够经由一个电子网络、最好是一个宽带网络进行传送。 While the above relates to the physical communication via a network, such as mail transmission of information on the magnetic tape, the data can via an electronic network, preferably a broadband network for transmission.

网络4可以是如图所示的网。 Network as shown in Figure 4 may be a network. 它能够是其它任何通信网络。 It can be any other communication networks.

在服务器和客户机之间的数据传送最好是使用在安全通信领域内已知的安全技术以安全的方式来执行。 Data transfer between the server and the client is preferably used in a secure communication security techniques known in the art to perform a secure manner.

修改如上所述的本发明例子使用一个智能卡传送数据。 Modified example of the present invention described above using a smart card to transfer data. 该数据可以在其它数据载体上进行传送。 The data can be transmitted on other data carrier. 由于智能卡为该数据提供了安全,所以它们是有利的。 Because smart card provides security for the data, so they are beneficial. 为了安全,数据可以在其它载体上最好以加密的形式运送。 For security, data can be transported preferably in encrypted form on the other carriers. 最可取地,数据载体是可以插入到一个接口里的指针。 Most preferably, the data carrier can be inserted into an interface in the pointer.

交易服务器包含与印有水印的资料有关的元数据。 Transaction server metadata contains printed information relating to the watermark. 那个元数据最好包含该印有水印的资料样品和/或摘录以允许潜在的买方浏览可得到的资料。 The best metadata that contains the information printed on watermarked sample and / or excerpts to allow potential purchasers browse the available information. 例如就视频来说,可以浏览低分辨率的帧和/或视频序列。 For example on the video, you can browse the low resolution frames and / or video sequences. 元数据还可能包含描述该资料的文本,它可以被搜索,此外而且最好连接到该资料的样品。 Metadata may also contain the information described in the text, it can be searched, and is preferably in addition connected to the sample of the information. 因此,例如一个著名人士的一个视频序列可以通过搜索姓或名来进行存取。 Thus, for example, a video sequence of a famous person by first or last name to search for access. 一旦找到了,买方就能够要求将该印有水印的视频磁带传送给他。 Once found, the buyer will be able to request the printed watermark video tape sent to him.

如上所述本发明的实例涉及视频资料。 Examples described above, the present invention relates to video information. 本发明可以应用于移动和静止图像。 The present invention can be applied to a mobile and still images. 本发明可以应用于音频资料或数据资料。 The present invention may be applied to the audio information or data. 更可取地,它适用于音频/视频资料。 Preferably, it applies to the audio / video data.

第二实施例:客户—服务器系统—图11到图15概述参见图11,依据本发明的一个系统的第二实施例包含:一个交易服务器1、一个或多个卖方客户机112、112N、一个或多个买方客户机113、113N,以及一个连接这些客户机到该服务器的通信网络4。 Second Embodiment: client - server system - Figure 11 to Figure 15 Overview Referring to Figure 11, a system according to the second embodiment of the present invention comprises: a transaction server 1, one or more of the seller client 112,112N, a or more buyer clients 113,113N, and a communication network connecting the server to the client 4.

资料的拥有者、即卖方控制一个卖方客户机112。 Data owner, a seller the seller client 112 control. 一个买方控制一个买方客户机113。 A buyer to control a buyer client 113. 第三方拥有和控制交易服务器1。 Owned and controlled by a third party transaction server 1. 该系统允许资料被获取、安全和可见地加工水印、并传送给买方用于买方预览(9)该印有水印的资料。 The system allows data to be acquired, processed safe and visible watermark, and transmits to the buyer for the buyer to preview (9) of the printed watermark information. 然后,如果买方想要买该资料,则买方从交易服务器1处获得消除该水印所需要的数据。 Then, if the buyer wants to buy the material, the buyer gets the elimination of data needed for the watermark from a transaction server. 在这个实例中,卖方和买方两个都向该交易服务器进行登记(10)。 In this example, both the seller and the buyer to the transaction server registration (10). 注册、内容预览、与水印消除将在下文中进行更详细地描述。 Registration, content preview, and watermark elimination will be described in more detail hereinafter. 只有当买方已经为该资料支付费用时,用于消除水印的数据才发送给买方。 Only when the buyer has to pay for the information, the data was used to remove the watermark is sent to the buyer. 该付款由和一个金融机构8进行通讯的交易服务器1进行监控。 The payment by a financial institution and 8 communicate a transaction server to be monitored. 经由服务器1和/或经由该机构8进行付款。 Make a payment via the server and / or the agency through 8.

图12中的系统可以在两种模式下进行操作。 Figure 12 system can operate in two modes. 在一个被称为“推模式”的模式中,卖方向许多潜在的买方发送磁带或其它存储介质。 In a program called "push mode" mode, selling many potential buyer to send a tape or other storage media direction. 这些磁带的内容被可感知地加以水印,以允许潜在的买方查看该内容,但是该内容由该可感知的水印保护起来以防误用。 The contents of these tapes may be perceived to be a watermark in order to allow the potential buyer to see the content, but the content is protected by the perceived watermark to prevent misuse. 如果一个买方决定购买,则向他发送消除该水印所需要的消除数据。 If a buyer's decision to purchase, then send him to eliminate the need to eliminate the watermark data.

在另一个被称为“拉模式”的模式中,潜在的买方使用与存储在该交易服务器上的内容有关的元数据,以发现他们所感兴趣的内容,然后请求卖方向他们发送印有水印的内容用于预览。 In another called "pull mode" mode, the potential buyer using the metadata and content stored on the server-related transaction, to discover what they are interested in, and then ask the seller to send them printed on watermarked Content for preview. 如果一个买方决定购买,则向他发送消除该水印所需要的消除数据。 If a buyer's decision to purchase, then send him to eliminate the need to eliminate the watermark data.

参见图12,卖方获得卖方软件,并向该交易服务器登记。 Referring to Figure 12, the seller to get the seller of software and register the transaction server. 对资料加工水印的卖方客户机处理器将产生水印消除数据。 Data processing for the watermark seller client processor will generate watermark eliminating data. 卖方客户机处理器向交易服务器通知水印消除数据,以及与该资料有关的标识符。 The seller notifies the client processor watermark to eliminate transaction server data, as well as information relating to the identifier. 卖方使用客户机处理器以向交易服务器提供元数据、收费卡和商业规则。 The seller uses the client processor to provide metadata and business rules to charge card transaction server. 卖方向潜在的买方发送印有水印的资料。 Potential seller to the buyer sends printed watermark information. 下面将更详细地描述这些步骤。 These steps are described below in more detail.

卖方注册—图12希望成为一个卖方的某个人首先获得卖方软件。 Vendor Registration - Figure 12 a person wants to be a seller of the first to get the software seller. 这可以以任何传统方式进行:例如通过从服务器1下载它,或是通过获取一个独立软件包。 This may be carried out in any conventional manner: for example by downloading it from the server 1, or by obtaining a separate package. 卖方通过向交易服务器1提供如下内容,向服务器1进行注册:a}密码、b}卖方的银行帐户详细资料、以及c}其它任何信息。 Seller by providing content to a transaction server, to register the server 1: a} password, b} seller's bank account details, as well as any other information c}.

施加水印然后卖方需要对他/她想要使买方可以得到的资料施加可见的水印。 Sellers need to be applied watermark then he / she wants to enable the buyer can get the information applied to the visible watermark. 在这个实施例中,假定该资料是一个视频序列。 In this embodiment, it is assumed that the data is a video sequence. 卖方将该资料载入到卖方客户机里以施加该水印。 Vendor information is loaded into the client where the seller to apply the watermark. 卖方客户机用来设计和施加水印。 The seller clients to design and applying watermarks. 卖方客户机从该交易服务器下载水印设计软件。 Vendor client download watermark design software from the transaction server. 卖方离线使用该软件以设计该水印的格式,并选择参数诸如水印的感知能力等,如在下文中描述得那样。 Seller offline using the software to design the watermark format, and selecting the parameters such as the perception of the watermark and so on, as hereinafter described as above. 这产生了水印结构数据和消除数据。 This creates a watermark data and eliminate data structure. 如上所述,消除数据被下载到交易服务器1和/或一个智能卡上。 As mentioned above, the elimination of the data is downloaded to the transaction server and / or a smart card. 水印结构数据被发送给一个加工水印的处理器,在该最佳实施例中该处理器处于卖方客户机内。 Watermark configuration data is sent to a processing watermark processor, in the preferred embodiment the processor is in the seller client computer. 印有水印的视频可以被存储在一个存储介质7、例如磁带、磁盘或固态存储器上。 Printed watermark video can be stored on a storage medium 7, such as tape, magnetic disk or solid state memory. 在这个实施例中,该介质为如图7所示的一个磁带。 In this embodiment, the medium is a magnetic tape as shown in Fig.

该水印是使用一种可逆算法进行施加的,其中该算法使用从一个或多个密钥和一个或多个模板中产生的伪随机数。 The watermark is applied using a reversible algorithm, wherein the algorithm uses a pseudo-random number generated from one or more keys and one or more templates. 生成这样一种可见水印的一种适当方法的实例在代理人文件号为P/10145,I-00-147、申请号为0029850.5的待决英国申请以及代理人文件号P/10145GBP,I-00-147A、申请号为0121197.8的待决英国申请中公开了,它们的内容在此通过参考被包含在内。 Generating an instance of such a visible watermark is a suitable method in Attorney Docket No. P / 10145, I-00-147, Application No. 0029850.5 pending UK application and Attorney Docket No. P / 10145GBP, I-00 -147A, Application No. 0121197.8 pending British application discloses that their contents are included herein by reference.

卖方可以选择水印的级别,即水印的可感知能力。 The seller can choose the level of the watermark, the watermark that can be perceived ability. 因此,与其它较不值钱的资料相比较,卖方可以将特别值钱的资料更着重地加以标记。 Therefore, compared with other less valuable information, the seller may be particularly valuable information to mark more emphatically. 由一个水印覆盖的一个图像帧的区域可以进行选择。 Region of an image frame covered by a watermark can be selected. 该水印可以随时间而变贯穿该资料。 The watermark can change over time through the information. 在代理人文件号为P/10145GBP,I-00-147A、申请号为0121197.8的英国申请中公开了这样做的方法。 In the proxy document for P / 10145GBP, I-00-147A, UK Patent Application No. 0121197.8 the application discloses a method for doing so.

施加标识符一个标识符被施加到该资料上。 Applying an identifier is the identifier applied to the data. 一个标识符的实例是一个唯一资料标识符(Unique Material Identifier)或UMID。 Examples of an identifier is a unique data identifier (Unique Material Identifier) or UMID. UMID在2000年3月的SMPTE Journal中进行了更详细地描述。 UMID are described in more detail in March 2000 in the SMPTE Journal. 该UMID在卖方客户机112中生成。 The UMID generate seller client 112. 一个或多个UMID可以被施加到一个视频序列上。 One or more of the UMID may be applied to a video sequence. 一个UMID唯一地标识施加了它的那个视频序列。 A UMID uniquely identifies that it is applied to a video sequence. UMID可以被用作一个不可见的水印,和/或可以用如图7所示的视频存储在存储介质7上。 UMID may be used as an invisible watermark, and / or may be used as shown in Figure 7 of the video stored on the storage medium 7. 做为选择,UMID可以附属于该存储介质,或者相反与该存储介质有关。 Alternatively, UMID can be attached to the storage medium, or contrary to the storage media related.

卖方客户机处理器112向交易服务器1通知算法、密钥、模板,用于生成该水印、以及施加到该视频序列上的UMID。 The seller client processor 112 a notification algorithm, the key, the template to the transaction server, used to generate the watermark, and applied to the UMID of the video sequences.

卖方此外还向交易服务器1提供元数据、收费卡数据、商业规则数据以及用于一个许可文件的数据。 The seller also provides metadata to a transaction server, data rate card data, business rules, data, and for a license file. 这个数据是通过与交易服务器的相互作用提供的,而且将结合图14进行描述。 This data is obtained by interaction with transaction server is provided, and will be described in conjunction with Figure 14.

元数据—图14A在这个实施例中,卖方提供了:a}某些可由买方免费使用的元数据(免费元数据),因此潜在的买方能够浏览待售的资料;以及b}只有当支付费用时才可用的其它元数据。 Metadata - Figure 14A in this embodiment, the seller provides: a} Some metadata information (free metadata) by the buyer free to use, so the potential buyer to browse for sale; and b} only when paid Available only other metadata. 元数据包含使该元数据和资料相关联所要求的标识符、最好是UMID。 So that the metadata contains metadata and information associated with the requested identifier, preferably UMID. 元数据可以在卖方客户机112和/或由一个独立的生成器(图11中的115)生成。 Metadata can 112 and / or generated by a separate generator (115 in FIG. 11) in the seller client. 该产生器115可以由一个专门从事生成元数据的独立组织提供。 The generator 115 may consist of an independent organization that specializes in generating metadata available.

免费的元数据包含允许买方查找他们感兴趣的资料、并确定他们是否想要更详细地预览之。 Free metadata contains information that allows the buyer to find the information they are interested in, and to determine whether they want a more detailed preview of. 因此,就一幅图像或一个视频序列来说,免费的元数据可以包含一个或多个小的画面印记、以及允许买方通过叙述性的词查找资料的关键字。 Thus, an image or a video sequence, the free metadata may comprise one or more small screen imprint, and allows the buyer to find information by descriptive word keywords. 免费的元数据例如还可以同时包含图像的分辨度及其它数据。 Free metadata may also contain for example the resolution of the images and other data simultaneously.

对买方来说可能是不可见的其它免费元数据可以包含卖方客户机的IP(网际协议)或其它地址。 Other free metadata may not be visible for the buyer may comprise seller client IP (Internet Protocol) or other address. UMID对买方来说可能是不可见的。 UMID buyer, it may not be visible.

买方必须支付费用的元数据例如可能包含诸如一个视频序列的脚本数据、及其它可能具有该视频序列的所有者不拥有的知识产权的在艺术上创作的数据。 The buyer must pay the cost of the metadata may include, for example, such as a video sequence of script data, and others may have the owner of the video sequence does not own the intellectual property of the art data. 它可以包含由独立的组织生成的、及卖方希望补偿生成费用的元数据。 It can contain generated by independent organizations, and sellers want compensation expenses generated metadata.

收费卡—图14B该收费卡是由卖方提供的,卖方乐意销售资料时的价格列表。 Charge card - Figure 14B of the charge card is provided by the seller, the seller willing to sell when the price lists of information. 该收费卡最好是买方不能访问的。 The charge card is best buyer can not be accessed. 最好是,买方仅仅被给予一个用于他希望使用该资料的最后价格。 Preferably, the buyer is given only one he hopes to use the final price for the information. 那个价格是在收费卡和买方就有关他/她打算使用的疑问所做出的响应的基础上确定。 That price is determined on the basis of the charge card and response in relation to the buyer that he / she intends to use the questions made.

收费卡可以为不同的销售条件设置单个价格、或一组价格。 Charge card can set up a single price, or the price of a set of different conditions of sale. 单个收费卡可以为由一个卖方提供的所有、或多组资料进行设置。 Single charge card can be grounds for all, one or more sets of data set provided by the seller. 做为选择;独立的收费卡可以提供用于资料的相应项,其中卡通过资料标识符例如UMID指向该资料。 Alternatively; a separate charge card can provide the appropriate data items for which the card such as UMID information through the data points to the identifier.

举例来说,可以设置用于一个视频序列的一个收费卡:视频的每秒费用基价以及对基价适用的调整:全部出售;在广播电视上使用一次;在广播电视上多次使用;用于在录像带或磁盘上的复制和分发;取决于要分送视频的分辨度改变价格;和/或些使用或某些多次运用或重复交易。 For example, you can set up a charge card for a video sequence: Video costs per base price and the base price adjustments applied: All sale; used once on radio and television; multiple use on broadcast television ; copy and distribute used on a tape or disk; To distribute video resolution depends on the degree of change in price; and / or * some use or use certain times or repeat business. 收费卡可以设置其它任何组织的价格。 Charge card can set the price of any other organization.

收费卡可以向卖方提供一组预定的价格,其中该价格以操作员服务市场中的交易服务器的操作员的经验为基础。 The seller can charge card provides a set of predefined price, where the price to experience the operator services market transaction server operator basis. 然而,最好是该交易服务器允许卖方设置他们自己的定价。 However, it is preferable that the transaction server allows the seller to set their own pricing.

商业规则—图14C服务器1可以存储一个或多个预定的标准合同,和/或可以向卖方提供设置他们自己定制的合同条款的便利。 Business Rules - a figure 14C server can store one or more predetermined standard contracts, and / or may be provided to facilitate their own customized set of contract terms to the seller. 一旦由卖方设置合同就可由买方进行访问。 Once set by the seller of the contract can be accessed by the buyer.

买方注册—图13希望成为一个买方的某个人首先获得买方软件。 Purchaser Registration - Figure 13 a person wants to be a buyer's first obtain authorization software. 这可以以任何传统方式进行:例如通过从服务器1下载,或是通过获取一个独立软件包进行。 This may be carried out in any conventional manner: for example by downloading from the server 1, or by obtaining a separate software package. 买方通过向交易服务器1提供如下内容,向该服务器1进行注册:a}密码、b}买方的银行帐户详细资料、以及c}其它任何信息。 Buyer by providing content to a transaction server, to register a server: a} password, b} buyer's bank account details, as well as any other information c}.

买方搜索感兴趣的视频—图13买方访问存储在交易服务器上的元数据,以便通过使用例如关键字寻找使他感兴趣的视频。 Interested buyer searching video - 13 buyer access metadata stored on the transaction server for example, through the use of keywords to find that the video of his interest. 买方还访问例如画面印记。 The buyer also visit such as screen imprint. 如果买方结束了可能使他感兴趣的视频,则他在该视频序列中表示一个兴趣。 If the buyer is over so that he might be interested in the video, he expressed interest in a video sequence. 交易服务器1通知卖方客户机112,然后一个明显印有水印的副本被发送给买方。 A copy of the notice to the seller transaction server client 112, then printed with a clear watermark is sent to the buyer. 在当前最佳实例中,该副本在存储介质、例如磁带7上通过邮寄或专递发送给买方。 In the presently preferred embodiment, the copy storage media, such as tape by mail or courier on 7 sent to the buyer. 然而它能够以其它方式发送:例如,经由网络4电子传送,尤其是如果网络支持视频的“宽带”传送的话。 However, it can be transmitted in other ways: for example, electronic transmission via the network 4, especially if the network supports video "broadband" Transfer words. 交易服务器1可以自动地向卖方客户机发送一个e-mail,以向卖方通知买方的兴趣,并提示他们向买方发送该视频。 A transaction server can automatically send the seller a client e-mail, to inform the interested buyer to the seller, and prompted them to send the video to the buyer. 做为选择,响应于来自于服务器1或客户机112的一个定单,该请求能够由一个自动仓库(在图11中的117)进行处理。 Alternatively, in response to an order from the server 1 or the client 112, the request can be by an automatic warehouse (117 in FIG. 11) for processing. 仓库117将向买方发送一个包含有想要视频的存储介质7。 Warehouse 117 will contain the buyer wants to send a video storage medium 7.

买方的兴趣用一个交易日志进行注册。 Interested buyer with a transaction log to register.

以下描述假定买方在一个与他的客户机处理器113有关的存储介质中电子地存储视频。 The following description assumes that a buyer with his client processor 113 relating to the electronic storage medium to store the video.

买方支付该视频的费用并消除该水印买方检查该印有水印的副本。 The buyer pays the cost of the video and the elimination of the buyer to check the watermark watermark printed copy. 如果他想要购买它的话,他就表明他的兴趣。 If he wants to buy it, he would show his interest. 买方客户机113从与此相关的标识符(UMID)中识别该视频。 Buyer client 113 recognizes from the video associated with this identifier (UMID) in. 该标识符被传送到该交易服务器1。 This identifier is transmitted to the transaction server 1. 然后该服务器允许他访问该商业规则和收费卡,以确定价格以及他必须遵守的价格。 The server then allows him to access the business rules and charge cards to determine the price and the price he must comply. 买方还可以购买附加的元数据。 The buyer may also purchase additional metadata. 他可以经由网络4电子支付。 He can pay via the network 4 electrons. 该视频的付款和标识符用交易日志进行注册。 The video of the payment and transaction log identifiers registered. 在交易服务器生成并存储一个许可文件。 A license file is generated and stored in the transaction server. 该文件包含结合图14D列出的数据。 This file contains the data listed in conjunction with FIG. 14D.

许可文件—图14D一旦付款已经被交易服务器承认了,就可从交易服务器向买方客户机下载许可文件。 License file - Figure 14D Once the payment has been admitted to trading server, the server can be from the transaction to the buyer client to download the license file. 该文件包含UMID、免费的元数据、购买的元数据、商业规则、价格信息、以及用于消除该水印的数据。 This file contains UMID, free metadata, metadata for later, business rules, price information, and means for elimination of the watermarked data. 该文件同时可以包含用于添加一个指纹到该资料的加密安全数据。 The file also can be used to add a fingerprint contains encrypted security data to the data. 该可见水印通过使用在该许可文件中的消除数据进行消除,而且最好是添加一个不可见的指纹。 The visible watermark by using the license file data to eliminate elimination, and preferably is not visible to add a fingerprint. 该指纹唯一地识别买方以有助于保护该视频以防未经授权的使用。 The fingerprint that uniquely identifies the buyer to help protect against the unauthorized use of video. 该指纹允许资料的所有者追踪买方之后的视频滥用。 The fingerprint data tracking allows the owner of a video after the buyer misuse.

该可见水印的消除和该指纹的添加安全地发生在买方客户机中而不必由买方交互作用,其中该买方客户机可以是一个PC。 The elimination of the visible watermark and the fingerprint added safely occurs in the buyer client without interaction by the buyer, the buyer client which may be a PC. 要求那么做的软件由已知的数字权利管理技术保护以防滥用。 Request to do so from the known software digital rights management technology to protect against misuse.

统计和交易日志—图15参见图15,交易服务器1最好保持一个交易日志,它为每一卖方包含对卖方有用处的统计资料。 Statistics and transaction log - see Figure 15 Figure 15, the transaction server is best to keep a log of a transaction, it contains useful statistics seller for each seller. 例如,该日志可以包含每一卖方的身份,并且为每一卖方包含以下数据:买方的身份; For example, the log may contain the identity of each seller, and contains the following data for each Seller: Buyer's identity;

销售的内容(资料)的标识;价格;总销售额;按照类型的销售分析;按照国家或地区的销售分析;以及/或一个用户许可已经过期的资料的详细信息。 Sales of content (data) identity; price; total sales; according to the type of sales analysis; in accordance with national or regional sales analysis; and / or the details of a user license has expired data.

修改可以对第二个实施例进行各种修改。 Modification of the second embodiment can be variously modified.

结合一个服务器—客户机系统已经对第二个实施例进行了描述,在该系统中服务器存储资料,并在它和该客户机之间提供接口用于登记卖方和买方、设计水印以及金融交易。 Combined with a server - client system has been carried out on the second embodiment described, the server stores the information in the system, and provides the interface between it and the client is used to register the seller and the buyer, design watermark and financial transactions. 然而,本发明可以应用在一个对等网络的环境中,在该网络中该资料至少被存储在许多存储器例如112S上。 However, the present invention can be applied in one peer network environment, the data in the network is stored in at least a number of the memory such as 112S. 例如,每一卖方可以存储他们自己的资料,而且一个服务器(诸如服务器1)用于提供该网络的普通组织。 For example, each seller may store their own information, and a server (such as a server 1) for providing a general organization of the network.

这个对等网络结构最好用于上述讨论的拉模式中。 The peer to peer network architecture discussed above is preferably used in a pull mode. 潜在的买方使用与存储在该服务器1上的内容有关的元数据以便查找他们感兴趣的内容。 Metadata potential buyer to use the content stored in a server on that in order to find relevant content they are interested in. 买方可以直接经由网络4从与卖方客户机处理器112有关的存储器访问印有水印的资料。 The buyer may have a watermark printed directly access information from the network 4 processor 112 and seller clients through associated memory. 做为选择,买方可以发送一个印有水印的磁带以便预览。 Alternatively, the buyer can send a printed watermark to preview tape. 如果一个买方决定购买、并支付该资料的费用,则向他发送包含许可文件,该文件中包含消除该水印所需要的消除数据。 If a buyer's decision to purchase and pay for the information, then send him to include the license file, which contains the elimination of the need to eliminate the watermark data.

虽然第二个实施例使用卖方和买方必须经由接口人工登记以提供资料用于销售和购买时,本发明可以经由一个“透明”接口提供资料的自动注册和购买。 Although the use of a second embodiment of the seller and the buyer must register via the interface in order to provide data for the artificial sales and purchases, the present invention can be purchased via a "transparent" interface provides data automatically registered. 例如,一个受信任的组织诸如主要广播电台具有一个卖方从它们访问资料的帐目。 For example, a trusted organization such as the major radio stations have access to a seller of information from their accounts. 资料的销售条件预先由卖方同意。 Conditions of Sale materials prior consent by the seller. 该广播电台在一个安全存储器例如一个智能卡上具有一个预先配置的ID,它用来向系统标识该广播电台。 The radio station, for example having a pre-configured ID on a smart card in a secure memory, which is used to identify the radio station to the system. 由该广播电台使用的一个视频编辑器使用第二个实施例中的系统以访问一段他要求的视频剪辑而不必进行注册;这是在他选择一段剪辑进行下载时自动进行的。 Used by a video editor of the radio station using the second embodiment of the system implementation required to access some of his video clips without having to register; this is when he chose a clip to download automatically. 该剪辑和包含保密消除数据的许可文件一起下载,其中该保密消除数据能使水印从该剪辑中除去(以及将指纹添加到它上面)。 The clip and the license file contains confidential eliminate data downloaded together, wherein the confidential data enables to eliminate the watermark removed from the clip (and adding to it a fingerprint).

在以上陈述的任一实施例中,在资料被明显地加工水印之前它可以被坚固地和不可见地加工水印。 In any of the above stated one embodiment, prior to data being processed watermark obviously it can be firmly and invisibly watermarked processing.

虽然本发明已经结合视频进行了描述,但是它可以适用于音频。 Although the invention has been described in conjunction video, but it can be applied to audio. 一个听得见的失真被添加到该音频上,但是该失真允许听众鉴别该音频信号表示什么。 An audible distortion is added to the audio on, but allows the listener to discriminate the distortion of the audio signal indicates what. 该失真在防止未经授权的消除方面是坚固的,但是它是可删除以恢复原来音频的。 The distortion in preventing unauthorized eradication is strong, but it is deleted in order to restore the original audio.

卖方客户机可以在线和交易服务器交互作用以创建水印。 Vendor client can interact online and transaction servers to create a watermark.

尽管在此已经结合附图对本发明的说明性实施例进行了描述,但是应当理解:本发明不局限于那些精确的实施例,而且可以在没有背离本发明的范围和精神的情况下,由本领域的技术人员进行各种改变和修改,其中本发明的范围和精神由附加的权利要求书进行定义。 Although this has been with reference to the illustrative embodiments of the present invention has been described, it is to be understood that: the present invention is not limited to those precise embodiments, and can be made without departing from the scope and spirit of the present invention, the present art by the art that various changes and modifications, in which the scope and spirit of the invention defined by the appended claims define.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
CN102761790A *27 Apr 201131 Oct 2012航天信息股份有限公司Digital-watermark-based digital copyright management method and device for IPTV terminals
Classifications
International ClassificationH04N7/167, G06F21/10, H04N5/91, G06K19/00, H04N1/387, H04N7/081, H04N7/08, G06T1/00, G06K17/00
Cooperative ClassificationH04N21/8352, H04N21/44, G06F2221/0737, H04N7/1675, G06F21/10, H04N21/234, H04N21/8358
European ClassificationH04N21/234, H04N21/44, H04N21/8358, H04N21/8352, G06F21/10, H04N7/167D
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
22 May 2002C10Request of examination as to substance
14 Aug 2002C06Publication
30 Jan 2008C14Granted
22 Feb 2012C56Change in the name or address of the patentee
Owner name: SONY EUROPE LIMITED
Free format text: FORMER NAME: SONY UNITED KINGDOM LTD.
21 Jan 2015C17Cessation of patent right