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Publication numberCN1333963 A
Publication typeApplication
Application numberCN 99815577
PCT numberPCT/IL1999/000691
Publication date30 Jan 2002
Filing date19 Dec 1999
Priority date12 Jan 1999
Also published asCA2363831A1, CA2363831C, CN1157022C, CN1545246A, CN100376093C, DE69933700D1, DE69933700T2, EP1145494A2, EP1145494B1, US6473608, US6985713, US7006815, US7257724, US7327743, US7421290, US7437217, US7813752, US8559996, US9606596, US20020191553, US20030036819, US20040266492, US20050003795, US20050041800, US20050049758, US20060091865, US20070135155, US20140018970, US20170060228, WO2000041496A2, WO2000041496A3
Publication number99815577.2, CN 1333963 A, CN 1333963A, CN 99815577, CN-A-1333963, CN1333963 A, CN1333963A, CN99815577, CN99815577.2, PCT/1999/691, PCT/IL/1999/000691, PCT/IL/1999/00691, PCT/IL/99/000691, PCT/IL/99/00691, PCT/IL1999/000691, PCT/IL1999/00691, PCT/IL1999000691, PCT/IL199900691, PCT/IL99/000691, PCT/IL99/00691, PCT/IL99000691, PCT/IL9900691
Inventors阿米儿利尔, 伊伦耶许俄斯, 都尔寇尔卡利滋, 大卫平库鲁
Applicant袍尔得辛有限公司
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: SIPO, Espacenet
Structured cabling system providing electrical power and data communiations simultaneously
CN 1333963 A
Abstract  translated from Chinese
本发明揭示一种区域网路,其包括一中枢、复数个节点、连接该等复数个节点与该中枢以提供数据通信之通信电缆线,以及一电源配电器经由该通信电缆线提供至少部份操作电力给该等复数个节点中至少一部份节点。 The present invention discloses a LAN, which comprises a hub, a plurality of nodes, connecting a plurality of such nodes to the hub to provide data communications of the communication cable, and a power distributor via the communication cable to provide at least part of the operating power to the plurality of nodes such that at least a portion of the node.
Claims(237)  translated from Chinese
1.一种区域网路,其包括:一中枢;复数个节点;通信电缆线,连接该等复数个节点与该中枢,以提供数据通信;及一电源配电器,其作用可经由该通信电缆线提供至少一部份操作电力给该等复数个节点中至少一部份节点。 A local area network, comprising: a hub; a plurality of nodes; a communication cable, such a plurality of nodes connected to the hub, to provide a data communication; and a power distributor, the role of the communication cable via providing at least part of the operating line power to the plurality of nodes such that at least a portion of the node.
2.如申请专利范围第1项之设备,其中该通信电缆线至少包括一结构式电缆线系统的一部份。 2. The device as described in claim 1 paragraph, wherein the communication cable comprises at least a portion of a structured cable system.
3.如申请专利范围第1项之设备,其中该电源配电器系位於该中枢内。 3. The range of equipment such as patents, Paragraph 1, where the power supply with electrical lines located within the center.
4.如申请专利范围第1项之设备,其中该电源配电器系位於该中枢外部。 4. The device as described in claim 1 paragraph, wherein the power supply with electrical lines located outside the center.
5.如申请专利范围第1项之设备,其中该电源配电器系局部位於该中枢内与局部位於该中枢外部。 5. The device as described in claim 1, Paragraph, in which the electrical power distribution system located within the central and local partial located outside the center.
6.如申请专利范围第1项之设备,其中该电源配电器经由该通信电缆线提供给该等复数个节点中至少一部份节点的操作电力系包括备用电力。 6. The device as described in claim 1, Paragraph, in which the power distributor to the operation of such a plurality of nodes, at least a portion of the power system, including backup power node via the communication cable.
7.如申请专利范围第1项之设备,其中:该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器;该电源配电器包括一结合器;以及该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与该等节点。 7. The device as described in claim 1 paragraph, wherein: the hub includes a data set of information communication device; the power supply distributor includes a combiner; and the communication cable to connect to the data communication with the hearing set by the combiner These nodes.
8.如申请专利范围第1项之设备,其中该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,且其中该电源配电器亦位於该中枢内。 8. The device as described in claim 1 paragraph, wherein the hub includes a data set of information communication device, and wherein the power distributor is also located within the center.
9.如申请专利范围第1项之设备,其中该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,且其中该电源配电器亦位於该中枢内并包括一电源与一结合器,该结合器将该电源供应之电力耦接至该通信电缆线,而该通信电缆线亦传输来自该数据通信集讯器的数据。 9. The device as described in claim 1 paragraph, wherein the hub includes a data set of information communication device, and wherein the power distributor is also located within the hub and includes a power supply and a combiner that combines the power supply unit The power coupled to the communication cable, and also the communication cable to transfer data from the data set of information communication device.
10.如申请专利范围第8项之设备,其中该数据通信集讯器包括一LAN切换器,此切换器之功能如一数据通信开关/中继器。 10. The apparatus as described in claim 8, Paragraph, in which the data communication sets hearing includes a LAN switch, this switch functions as one of the data communication switch / repeater.
11.如申请专利范围第1项之设备,其中该等复数个节点包括至少下列节点类型之一:无线LAN存取点、紧急照明系统元件、传呼扬声器、CCTV摄影机、警报传感器、门口传感器、存取控制单元、膝上型电脑、IP电话机、中枢、切换器、路由器、监视器及个人电脑与工作站之记忆备用单元。 11. The apparatus as described in claim 1, Paragraph, where such a plurality of nodes including at least one of the following node types: a wireless LAN access point, emergency lighting system components, paging loudspeakers, CCTV cameras, alarm sensors, door sensors, storage Take control unit, a laptop, IP telephones, central, switches, routers, monitors and memory of the PC and workstation backup unit.
12.如申请专利范围第1项之设备,其中:该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器;该电源配电器包括一结合器与一电源;该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与该等节点;以及该结合器包括复数个耦合器,每一耦合器系连接到该电源之一输出端。 12. The apparatus as described in claim 1 paragraph, wherein: the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device; the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply; the communication cable to connect to the data communication via the combiner hearing set device with such node; and the combiner includes a plurality of couplers, each coupler is connected to said output terminal of the one of the power supply.
13.如申请专利范围第1项之设备,其中:该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器;该电源配电器包括一结合器与一电源;该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与该等节点;以及该结合器包括复数个耦合器与复数个滤波器,每一耦合器系经由一滤波器连接到该电源之一输出端。 13. The apparatus as described in claim 1 paragraph, wherein: the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device; the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply; the communication cable to connect to the data communication via the combiner hearing set device with such node; and the combiner includes a plurality of couplers and a plurality of filters, each coupler is connected to said output terminal of the power supply via one of a filter.
14.如申请专利范围第1项之设备,其中:该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器;该电源配电器包括一结合器与一电源;该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与该等节点;以及该结合器包括复数个耦合器、复数个滤波器与复数个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一耦合器系经由一滤波器及一SPEAR连接到该电源之一输出端。 14. The apparatus as described in claim 1 paragraph, wherein: the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device; the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply; the communication cable to connect to the data communication via the combiner hearing set is with these nodes; and the combination includes a plurality of couplers, a plurality of filters and a plurality of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each coupler system is connected to the power supply via a filter and a SPEAR one output.
15.如申请专利范围第1项之设备,其中:该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器;该电源配电器包括一结合器与一电源;以及该电源包括一断电备用设备。 15. The apparatus as described in claim 1 paragraph, wherein: the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device; the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power source; and the power supply includes a power failure backup device.
16.如申请专利范围第3项之设备,其中:该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器;该电源配电器包括一结合器与一电源;该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与该等节点;以及该结合器包括复数个耦合器与复数个滤波器,每一耦合器系经由一滤波器连接到该电源之一输出端。 16. The apparatus as described in claim 3, Paragraph, wherein: the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device; the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply; the communication cable to connect to the data communication via the combiner hearing set device with such node; and the combiner includes a plurality of couplers and a plurality of filters, each coupler is connected to said output terminal of the power supply via one of a filter.
17.如申请专利范围第3项之设备,其中:该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器;该电源配电器包括一结合器与一电源;该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与该等节点;以及该结合器包括复数个耦合器、复数个滤波器与复数个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一耦合器系经由一滤波器及一SPEAR连接到该电源之一输出端。 17. The apparatus as described in claim 3, Paragraph, wherein: the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device; the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply; the communication cable to connect to the data communication via the combiner hearing set is with these nodes; and the combination includes a plurality of couplers, a plurality of filters and a plurality of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each coupler system is connected to the power supply via a filter and a SPEAR one output.
18.如申请专利范围第4项之设备,其中:该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器;该电源配电器包括一结合器与一电源;该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与该等节点;以及该结合器包括复数个耦合器与复数个滤波器,每一耦合器系经由一滤波器连接到该电源之一输出端。 18. The apparatus as described in claim 4, Paragraph, wherein: the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device; the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply; the communication cable to connect to the data communication via the combiner hearing set device with such node; and the combiner includes a plurality of couplers and a plurality of filters, each coupler is connected to said output terminal of the power supply via one of a filter.
19.如申请专利范围第4项之设备,其中:该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器;该电源配电器包括一结合器与一电源;该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与该等节点;以及该结合器包括复数个耦合器、复数个滤波器与复数个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一耦合器系经由一滤波器及一SPEAR连接到该电源之一输出端。 19. The apparatus as described in claim 4, Paragraph, wherein: the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device; the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply; the communication cable to connect to the data communication via the combiner hearing set is with these nodes; and the combination includes a plurality of couplers, a plurality of filters and a plurality of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each coupler system is connected to the power supply via a filter and a SPEAR one output.
20.如申请专利范围第5项之设备,其中:该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器;该电源配电器包括一结合器与一电源;该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与该等节点;以及该结合器包括复数个耦合器与复数个滤波器,每一耦合器系经由一滤波器连接到该电源之一输出端。 20. The apparatus as described in claim Paragraph 5, wherein: the hub includes a data set of information communication device; the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply; the communication cable to connect to the data communication via the combiner hearing set device with such node; and the combiner includes a plurality of couplers and a plurality of filters, each coupler is connected to said output terminal of the power supply via one of a filter.
21.如申请专利范围第5项之设备,其中:该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器;该电源配电器包括一结合器与一电源;该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与该等节点;以及该结合器包括复数个耦合器、复数个滤波器与复数个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一耦合器系经由一滤波器及一SPEAR连接到该电源之一输出端。 21. The apparatus as described in claim 5, Paragraph, wherein: the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device; the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply; the communication cable to connect to the data communication via the combiner hearing set is with these nodes; and the combination includes a plurality of couplers, a plurality of filters and a plurality of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each coupler system is connected to the power supply via a filter and a SPEAR one output.
22.如申请专利范围第1项之设备,其中该电源配电器之作用可沿该通信电缆线提供电力而不致於降低数位通信品质至无法接受之程度。 22. The apparatus as described in claim 1 paragraph, including the role of the power distributor along the communication cable to provide power, they would not reduce the number of bits to an unacceptable degree of communication quality.
23.如申请专利范围第1项之设备,其中该通信电缆线包括至少一对双扭线连接至每一节点,其中之电力系在一双扭线上传输,且数据亦沿该双扭线传送。 23. The apparatus as described in claim 1 paragraph, wherein the communication cable comprises at least one twisted pair cable to connect each node to which the power lines in the twisted pair transmission line, and the data is also transmitted along the twisted pair .
24.如申请专利范围第23项之设备,其中:该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器;该电源配电器包括一结合器与一电源;该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与该等节点;以及该结合器包括复数个滤波器与复数个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一滤波器系经由一SPEAR连接到该电源之一输出端。 24. The apparatus as described in claim 23, paragraph, wherein: the hub includes a data set of information communication device; the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply; the communication cable to connect to the data communication via the combiner hearing set device with such node; and the combiner includes a plurality of filters and a plurality of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each filter is connected to said output terminal of the power supply via one of a SPEAR.
25.如申请专利范围第1项之设备,其中该通信电缆线包括至少二对双扭线连接至每一节点,其中传输电力之双扭线与传送数据之双扭线不同。 25. The apparatus as described in claim 1 paragraph, wherein the communication cable comprises at least two pairs of twisted-pair cable to each node, including twisted pair twisted pair transmission power of the transmission of data between different.
26.如申请专利范围第25项之设备,其中:该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器;该电源配电器包括一电源界面与一电源;该通信电缆线经由该电源界面连接该数据通信集讯器与该等节点;以及该电源界面包括复数个滤波器与复数个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一滤波器系经由一SPEAR连接到该电源之一输出端。 26. The apparatus as described in claim 25 of the first, wherein: the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device; the power supply distributor includes a power interface and a power supply; the communication cable to connect to the data communication via the power supply interface information set device with such node; and the power supply interface includes a plurality of filters and a plurality of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each filter is connected to said output terminal of the power supply via one of a SPEAR.
27.如申请专利范围第25项之设备,其中:该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器;该电源配电器包括一电源界面与一电源;该通信电缆线经由该电源界面连接该数据通信集讯器与该等节点;以及该电源界面包括复数个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一SPEAR系连接到该电源之一输出端。 27. The apparatus as described in claim 25 of the first, wherein: the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device; the power supply distributor includes a power interface and a power supply; the communication cable to connect to the data communication via the power supply interface information set device with such node; and the power supply interface includes a plurality of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each SPEAR is connected to said output terminal of the one of the power supply.
28.如申请专利范围第1项之设备,其中:该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器;该电源配电器包括一结合器与一电源;该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与该等节点;该结合器包括复数个耦合器、复数个滤波器与复数个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一耦合器系经由一滤波器及一SPEAR连接到该电源之一输出端;以及每一耦合器具有至少二个埠,其中一埠系连接至该数据通信集讯器之一埠,另一埠则经由通信电缆线连接至该等复数个节点。 28. The apparatus as described in claim 1 paragraph, wherein: the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device; the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply; the communication cable to connect to the data communication via the combiner hearing set is with these nodes; the combination includes a plurality of couplers, a plurality of filters and a plurality of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each coupler is connected to the power line through a filter and one of the SPEAR an output terminal; and each coupler having at least two ports, one port connected to the data communication system sets hearing is one of the port, the other port is connected to a plurality of such nodes via a communication cable.
29.一种用於一区域网路中的区域网路节点,该区域网路包括一中枢、复数个节点、连接该复数个节点与该中枢以提供数位通信之通信电缆线、及一电源配电器,该电源配电器之作用可经由该中枢与该通信电缆线提供至少一部份操作电力给该等复数个节点中至少一部份节点,该区域网路节点包括:一通信电缆线界面,其可接收电力与数据二者,并分开提供电力至一节点电力输入端与提供数据至一节点数据输入端。 29. A method for a regional LAN node in the network, the LAN includes a hub, a plurality of nodes connected to the plurality of nodes to provide communication with the central digital communications cable, and a power distribution appliances, the role of the power distributor can provide at least a portion of the operating power to such a plurality of at least a portion of the node node and the communication cable through the center of the LAN node comprising: a communication interface cable, which may receive both power and data, and provides separate power to the power input terminal and a node to provide data to a node data input.
30.如申请专利范围第29项之设备,其中该电源配电器系位於该中枢之内。 30. The apparatus as described in claim 29 items of which the electrical power distribution system located within the center of.
31.如申请专利范围第29项之设备,其中该电源配电器系位於该中枢之外部。 31. The apparatus as described in claim 29 items of which the electrical power distribution system is located outside of the hub.
32.如申请专利范围第29项之设备,其中该节点之作用可於自发性电力管理时进行节点启动睡眠模式操作。 32. The apparatus as described in claim 29 items of which the role of the node of the spontaneous power management may start when the node sleep mode operation.
33.如申请专利范围第32项之设备,其中该节点在自发性电力管理之节点启动睡眠模式操作中具有以下机能:测量自前次节点活动以来之时间期间TD1;以及若TD1超过一第一阈而无使用者或或系统输入禁制睡眠模式操作时,该节点於是以睡眠模式操作,以降低电力消耗。 33. The apparatus as described in claim 32 items of which the node in the node management of spontaneous power sleep mode operation starts with the following functions: measuring time since the period from the previous node activity TD1; and, if more than one first threshold TD1 When no user or system input prohibition or sleep mode operation, the node then to the sleep mode, to reduce power consumption.
34.如申请专利范围第32项之设备,其中该节点在自发性电力管理之节点启动睡眠模式操作中具有以下机能:测量自前次节点通信以来之时间期间TD2;以及若TD2超过一第一阈而无使用者或或系统输入禁制睡眠模式操作时,该节点於是以睡眠模式操作,以降低电力消耗。 34. The apparatus as described in claim 32 items of which the node in the node management of spontaneous power sleep mode operation starts with the following functions: measurement period since the previous node communication of the time TD2; and, if more than one first threshold TD2 When no user or system input prohibition or sleep mode operation, the node then to the sleep mode, to reduce power consumption.
35.如申请专利范围第29项之设备,其中该节点以下列机能操作:在一定期发生之时隙内正常操作该节点;以及在该定期发生之时隙外的时间以睡眠模式操作该节点。 35. The apparatus as described in claim 29 items of which the node to the following functions: On the occurrence of a regular time slot normal operation of the node; and in the time slot that occur outside of regular hours in sleep mode operation of the node .
36.如申请专利范围第29项之设备,其中该节点因一感知到的错误情况而以睡眠模式操作。 36. The apparatus as described in claim 29 items of which the node due to a perceived error condition in the sleep mode.
37.如申请专利范围第36项之设备,其中该节点具有以下机能:该节点定期执行自我测试;若该节点通过测试,则以正常方式操作;以及若该节点未通过测试,则以睡眠模式操作。 37. The apparatus as described in claim 36 items of which the node has the following functions: The node periodically performs a self-test; if the node is tested at a normal mode operation; and if the node does not pass the test, places to sleep mode operation.
38.如申请专利范围第29项之设备,其中该节点之作用可於自发性电力管理时进行电源配电器启动睡眠模式操作。 38. The apparatus as described in claim 29 items of which the role of the node's available at the time of spontaneous power management for power sleep mode operation with electrical start.
39.如申请专利范围第38项之设备,其中该节点在自发性电力管理之电源配电器启动睡眠模式操作中具有以下机能:测量自前次节点活动以来之时间期间TD1;以及若TD1超过一第一阈而无使用者或或系统输入禁制睡眠模式操作时,该节点於是以睡眠模式操作,以降低电力消耗。 39. The apparatus as described in claim 38 of the first, in which the node has the following functions in the management of spontaneous electric power distributor to start sleep mode operation: During the measurement node activities since the previous time TD1; and, if more than one section TD1 a threshold without the user or system input prohibition or sleep mode operation, the node then to the sleep mode, to reduce power consumption.
40.如申请专利范围第38项之设备,其中该节点在自发性电力管理之电源配电器启动睡眠模式操作中具有以下机能:测量自前次节点通信以来之时间期间TD2;以及若ID2超过一第一阈而无使用者或或系统输入禁制睡眠模式操作时,该节点於是以睡眠模式操作,以降低电力消耗。 40. The apparatus as described in claim 38 of the first, in which the node has the following functions in the management of spontaneous electric power distributor to start sleep mode operation: During the measurement node communications since the previous time TD2; and, if more than one section ID2 a threshold without the user or system input prohibition or sleep mode operation, the node then to the sleep mode, to reduce power consumption.
41.如申请专利范围第29项之设备,其中该节点具有下列机能:该电源配电器在该节点上定期执行测试;若该节点通过测试,则以正常方式操作;以及若该节点未通过测试,则以睡眠模式操作。 41. The apparatus as described in claim 29 items of which the node has the following functions: The test is performed on a regular basis with electrical power on the node; if the node is tested at a normal mode operation; and if the node does not pass the test , places a sleep mode operation.
42.如申请专利范围第29项之设备,其中该通信电缆线界面系在该等复数个节点中至少之一节点之内部。 42. The apparatus as described in claim 29 paragraph, wherein the communication interface cable in such a complex system of internal nodes in at least one of the nodes of.
43.如申请专利范围第29项之设备,其中该通信电缆线界面系在该等复数个节点中至少之一节点之外部。 43. The apparatus as described in claim 29 paragraph, wherein the communication interface cable system in such a complex external nodes of at least one of the nodes.
44.如申请专利范围第29项之设备,其中该电源配电器之作用可沿该通信电缆线提供电力而不致於降低该数位通信品质至无法接受之程度。 44. The apparatus as described in claim 29 items of which the role of the power distributor can provide power along the communication cable instead of having the extent to which the number of bits of communication quality to reduce unacceptable.
45.如申请专利范围第29项之设备,其中该通信电缆线包括至少一对双扭线连接至每一节点,其中之电力系在一双扭线上传输,且数据亦沿该双扭线传送。 45. The apparatus as described in claim 29 paragraph, wherein the communication cable comprises at least one twisted pair cable to connect each node to which the power lines in the twisted pair transmission line, and the data is also transmitted along the twisted pair .
46.如申请专利范围第29项之设备,其中该通信电缆线包括至少二对双扭线连接至每一节点,其中传输电力之双扭线与传送数据之双扭线不同。 46. The apparatus as described in claim 29 paragraph, wherein the communication cable comprises at least two pairs of twisted-pair cable to each node, including twisted pair twisted pair transmission power of the transmission of data between different.
47.如申请专利范围第30项之设备,其中该电源配电器之作用可沿该通信电缆线提供电力而不致於降低该数位通信品质至无法接受之程度。 47. The apparatus as described in claim 30, Paragraph, including the role of the power distributor along the communication cable to provide power, they would not reduce the extent to which the quality of digital communication can not be accepted.
48.如申请专利范围第30项之设备,其中该通信电缆线包括至少一对双扭线连接至每一节点,其中之电力系在一双扭线上传输,且数据亦沿该双扭线传送。 48. The apparatus as described in claim 30, Paragraph, wherein the communication cable comprises at least one twisted pair cable to connect each node to which the power lines in the twisted pair transmission line, and the data is also transmitted along the twisted pair .
49.如申请专利范围第30项之设备,其中该通信电缆线包括至少二对双扭线连接至每一节点,其中传输电力之双扭线与传送数据之双扭线不同。 49. The apparatus as described in claim 30, Paragraph, wherein the communication cable comprises at least two pairs of twisted-pair cable to each node, including twisted pair twisted pair transmission power of the transmission of data between different.
50.如申请专利范围第31项之设备,其中该电源配电器之作用可沿该通信电缆线提供电力而不致於降低数位通信品质至无法接受之程度。 50. The apparatus as described in claim 31 of the first, in which the role of the power distributor along the communication cable to provide power, they would not reduce the number of bits to an unacceptable degree of communication quality.
51.如申请专利范围第31项之设备,其中该通信电缆线包括至少一对双扭线连接至每一节点,其中之电力系在一双扭线上传输,且数据亦沿该双扭线传送。 51. The apparatus as described in claim 31 of the first, wherein the communication cable comprises at least one twisted pair cable to connect each node to which the power lines in the twisted pair transmission line, and the data is also transmitted along the twisted pair .
52.如申请专利范围第31项之设备,其中该通信电缆线包括至少二对双扭线连接至每一节点,其中传输电力之双扭线与传送数据之双扭线不同。 52. The apparatus as described in claim 31 of the first, wherein the communication cable comprises at least two pairs of twisted-pair cable to each node, including twisted pair twisted pair transmission power of the transmission of data between different.
53.如申请专利范围第1项之设备,其中:该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器;该电源配电器包括一结合器、一管理与控制单元及一电源;该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与该等节点;该结合器包括复数个耦合器、复数个滤波器及复数个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一耦合器系经由一滤波器及一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端;以及该SPEAR之作用可向该管理与控制单元报告与其连接之节点的电流消耗情况。 53. The apparatus as described in claim 1 paragraph, wherein: the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device; the power supply distributor includes a combiner, a management and control unit and a power supply; the communication cable through the combiner The data communication connection with the collection of such information node; the combination includes a plurality of couplers, a plurality of filters and a plurality of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each coupler system via a filter and a SPEAR is connected to the output of one power source; and the role of the SPEAR can to current management and the control unit reports nodes connected thereto consumption.
54.如申请专利范围第1项之设备,其中:该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器;该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源;该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与该等节点;该结合器包括复数个耦合器、复数个滤波器及复数个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一耦合器系经由一滤波器及一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端;以及该SPEAR之作用可限制供往与其连接之节点的最大电流。 54. The apparatus as described in claim 1 paragraph, wherein: the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device; the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply; the communication cable to connect to the data communication via the combiner hearing set is with these nodes; the combination includes a plurality of couplers, a plurality of filters and a plurality of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each coupler system through a filter and a SPEAR connecting the one power supply output; and the role of the SPEAR limit the maximum current for the node to connect to it.
55.如申请专利范围第1项之设备,其中:该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器;该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源;该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与该等节点;该结合器包括复数个耦合器、复数个滤波器及复数个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一耦合器系经由一滤波器及一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端;以及当一与该SPEAR连接之节点经过一段可程式预定之时间後显示过电流状况时,该SPEAR可操作自动切断其与该节点之连接。 55. The apparatus as described in claim 1 paragraph, wherein: the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device; the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply; the communication cable to connect to the data communication via the combiner hearing set is with these nodes; the combination includes a plurality of couplers, a plurality of filters and a plurality of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each coupler system through a filter and a SPEAR connecting the one power supply an output terminal; and when a connection with the node of the SPEAR may program after a predetermined time display of an overcurrent condition, the SPEAR operable automatically cut off which is connected to the node of.
56.如申请专利范围第1项之设备,其中:该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器;该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源;该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与该等节点;该结合器包括复数个耦合器、复数个滤波器及复数个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一耦合器系经由一滤波器及一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端;以及当一与该SPEAR连接之节点经过一段可程式预定之时间後显示过电流状况时,该SPEAR可操作自动切断该节点之电力,并於该节点不再显示过电流状况时,自动重新导通该节点之电力。 56. The apparatus as described in claim 1 paragraph, wherein: the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device; the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply; the communication cable to connect to the data communication via the combiner hearing set is with these nodes; the combination includes a plurality of couplers, a plurality of filters and a plurality of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each coupler system through a filter and a SPEAR connecting the one power supply output; when and when a connection between the nodes SPEAR program scheduled over a period of time can be displayed after an overcurrent condition, the SPEAR operable automatically cut off power to the node, the node and in the over-current condition is no longer displayed automatically Re conduction of electricity to the node.
57.如申请专利范围第1项之设备,其中:该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器;该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源;该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与该等节点;该结合器包括复数个耦合器、复数个滤波器及复数个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一耦合器系经由一滤波器及一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端;以及该SPEAR包括:一电流传感器,该电流传感器接收来自一电源之电压输入Vin并产生一信号,此信号与通过该电流传感器之电流成比例;以及多数个比较器,该等比较器接收来自该电流传感器的信号,也接收来自各参考电压源之参考电压Vref。 57. The apparatus as described in claim 1 paragraph, wherein: the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device; the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply; the communication cable to connect to the data communication via the combiner hearing set is with these nodes; the combination includes a plurality of couplers, a plurality of filters and a plurality of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each coupler system through a filter and a SPEAR connecting the one power supply an output terminal; and the SPEAR includes: a current sensor, the current sensor receives the voltage input from a power source Vin and generates a signal which is proportional to the current through the current sensor of; and most comparators, such comparator receiving a signal from the current sensor, also receives from each reference voltage source of reference voltage Vref.
58.如申请专利范围第57项之设备,其中该等参考电压源为可程式参考电压源,并接收来自管理与控制电路之控制输入。 58. The apparatus as described in claim 57 items of which the reference voltage source such as a programmable reference voltage source, and receives a control input from the management and control circuits.
59.如申请专利范围第58项之设备,其中该等多数个比较器的输出可供应至一电流限制器与开关,此电流限制器与开关经由该电流传感器接收输入电压Vin,并提供一限流电压输出Vout。 59. The apparatus as described in claim 58 items of which the majority of these comparators can be supplied to the output of a current limiter with the switch, this current limiter and switch receives an input voltage Vin via the current sensor, and provides a limited DC voltage output Vout.
60.如申请专利范围第59项之设备,其中该等比较器之输出被供应至管理与控制电路作为监视输入,提供有关流经该SPEAR之DC电流的资讯。 60. The apparatus as described in claim 59, paragraph, which those of the comparator output is supplied to the management and control circuit monitors the input as to provide information about the flow through the SPEAR of DC current.
61.如申请专利范围第1项之设备,其中:该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器;该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源;该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与该等节点;以及该结合器包括复数个耦合器,每一耦合器包括至少一对变压器,每一变压器於其次级线圈有一中心分接头,DC电压经由此中心分接头馈至连接该处之双扭线的每一电线。 61. The apparatus as described in claim 1 paragraph, wherein: the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device; the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply; the communication cable to connect to the data communication via the combiner hearing set device with such node; and the combiner includes a plurality of couplers, each coupler comprises at least one pair of transformers, each transformer to its secondary coil has a center tap, DC voltage is fed through this center tap is connected to the premises Each of the twisted pair of wires.
62.如申请专利范围第1项之设备,其中:该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器;该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源;该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与该等节点;以及该结合器包括复数个耦合器,每一耦合器包括至少一个变压器,该变压器之特徵在於,其中包括一次级线圈与一电容器,该次级线圈分割为二个个别之绕组,该电容器接设在该二个别之绕组间;於供高频信号使用时,该电容器以串联方式有效连接该二绕组,但於供DC使用时,则有效隔离该二绕组。 62. The apparatus as described in claim 1 paragraph, wherein: the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device; the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply; the communication cable to connect to the data communication via the combiner hearing set device with such node; and the combiner includes a plurality of couplers, each coupler comprises at least one transformer, characterized in that the transformer includes a secondary winding and a capacitor, the secondary winding is divided into two individual of winding, the capacitor is connected is provided between the two windings of the individual; to use for high-frequency signal, the capacitor is connected in series with the second winding is effective, but at the time for DC use, the effective separation of the two windings.
63.如申请专利范围第1项之设备,其中:该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器;该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源;该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与该等节点;以及该结合器包括一对电容器,此对电容器有效阻挡DC进入该数据通信集讯器。 63. The apparatus as described in claim 1 paragraph, wherein: the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device; the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply; the communication cable to connect to the data communication via the combiner hearing set device with such node; and the combination comprises a pair of capacitors, the capacitor effectively block DC enters the data set information communication device.
64.如申请专利范围第1项之设备,其中:该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器;该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源;该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与该等节点;以及该结合器包括二对电容器,此二对电容器有效阻挡DC进入该数据通信集讯器。 64. The apparatus as described in claim 1 paragraph, wherein: the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device; the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply; the communication cable to connect to the data communication via the combiner hearing set is with these nodes; and the combination includes two pairs of capacitors, the two pairs of DC blocking capacitor effective access to the data communication sets hearing device.
65.如申请专利范围第1项之设备,其中:该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器;该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源;该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与该等节点;以及该结合器包括一自动平衡无电容器无变压器共模式耦合电路。 65. The apparatus as described in claim 1 paragraph, wherein: the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device; the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply; the communication cable to connect to the data communication via the combiner hearing set is with these nodes; and the combination includes a self-balancing capacitor-free mode coupling transformer circuit altogether.
66.如申请专利范围第29项之区域网路节点,其中该通信电缆线界面包括一分隔器,该分隔器包括一对变压器,每一变压器於其初级线圈有一中心分接头,经由该中心分接头可从连接该处之双扭线的每一电线引出DC电压。 66. The scope of patent LAN nodes paragraph 29, wherein the communication cable interface includes a separator, the separator includes a pair of transformers, each transformer having a primary winding its center tap, through the center points DC voltage can be drawn from the joint connecting the premises of the twisted pair wires for each.
67.如申请专利范围第29项之区域网路节点,其中该通信电缆线界面包括一分隔器,该分隔器包括至少一个变压器及一电容器,该变压器特徵在於包括一初级线圈,该初级线圈分割为二个个别之绕组,该电容器接设在该二个别之绕组间;於供高频信号使用时,该电容器以串联方式有效连接该二绕组,但於供DC使用时,则有效隔离该二绕组。 67. The local area network as described in claim 29, Paragraph node, wherein the communication interface comprises a cable separator, the separator comprises at least one transformer and a capacitor, the transformer comprising a primary coil, the primary coil is divided for two of the individual windings, provided in the capacitor connected between the two windings of the individual; to use for high-frequency signal, the capacitor is connected in series with the second winding is effective, but in use for DC, then effectively isolate the two winding.
68.如申请专利范围第29项之区域网路节点,其中该通信电缆线界面包括一分隔器,此分隔器包括一对电容器,该等电容器有效阻挡DC进入与其连接之节点之一数据输入端。 68. The scope of patent LAN nodes paragraph 29, wherein the communication cable interface includes a separator, the separator includes a pair of capacitors, these capacitors effectively block DC enters one of its nodes connected to the data input .
69.如申请专利范围第29项之区域网路节点,其中该通信电缆线界面包括一分隔器,此分隔器包括二对电容器,该等电容器有效阻挡DC进入与其连接之节点之一数据输入端。 69. The scope of patent LAN nodes paragraph 29, wherein the communication cable interface includes a separator, the separator includes two pairs of capacitors, these capacitors effectively block DC enters one of its nodes connected to the data input .
70.如申请专利范围第29项之区域网路节点,其中该通信电缆线界面包括一分隔器,此分隔器包括一自动平衡无电容器无变压器共模式耦合电路。 70. The scope of patent LAN nodes paragraph 29, wherein the communication cable interface includes a separator, the separator includes a self-balancing capacitor-free mode coupling transformer circuit altogether.
71.一种区域网路,其包括:一中枢;复数个节点;通信电缆线,连接该等复数个节点与该中枢,以提供数据通信;及一电源配电器,其作用可经由该通信电缆线提供至少一部份操作电力给该等复数个节点中至少一部份节点,该电源配电器包括电力管理机能。 71. A local area network, comprising: a hub; a plurality of nodes; a communication cable, such a plurality of nodes connected to the hub, to provide a data communication; and a power distributor, the role of the communication cable via line offers at least a part of the operation of such power to a plurality of nodes, at least one part of the node, including the power supply with electrical power management functions.
72.如申请专利范围第71项之区域网路,其中该电力管理机能掌管经由该通信电缆线至该复数个节点至少一部份节点之电力供应。 72. The scope of patent LAN paragraph 71, wherein the power management functions via the communication cable charge to the plurality of power supply at least a portion of the nodes of the nodes.
73.如申请专利范围第72项之区域网路,其中该电力管理机能可监视及管理各该节点之电力消耗。 73. LAN patent scope of Article 72, wherein the power management function to monitor and manage the power consumption of each of the nodes.
74.如申请专利范围第73项之区域网路,其中该电力管理机能可感知过电流情况并依适当需要执行电力切断。 74. The scope of patent LAN paragraph 73, wherein the power management function over current situation and the perceived need to perform in accordance with the appropriate power cut.
75.如申请专利范围第72项之区域网路,其中该电力管理机能以非自发性电力管理模式及自发性电力管理模式二者中至少一种模式操作。 75. LAN patent scope of Article 72, wherein the power management function in a non-spontaneous spontaneous power management modes and power management mode both at least one mode of operation.
76.如申请专利范围第75项之区域网路,其中在该非自发性电力管理模式操作中,若该电源配电器感知可用电力不足以在通信电缆线上将电力传输至各该节点的状况时,可供应较少量的电力给至少一部份节点。 76. LAN patent scope of Article 75, which in the non-spontaneous power management mode operation, if the power supply is not enough available power distributor perception in the power transmission line communication cable to each of the node status when a relatively small amount of electric power can be supplied to at least a portion of the node.
77.如申请专利范围第76项之区域网路,其中该电源配电器亦提供控制输入给各该节点,以使各该节点以减量电力模式操作。 77. The scope of patent LAN paragraph 76, wherein the power source is also provided with electrical control input to each of the nodes so that each node in the reduction of the power mode.
78.如申请专利范围第75项之区域网路,其中该自发性电力管理模式操作在某些活动减少之时刻掌控减量之可用电力。 78. LAN patent scope of Article 75, wherein the power management mode of spontaneous reduction of certain activities in the reduction of the available power to control time.
79.如申请专利范围第71项之区域网路,其中该电力管理机能包括至少下列功能要素之一:查询欲利用通信电缆线获得电力传输之各节点与该通信电缆线间的连接情况;至少根据通信电缆线与节点连接情况查询之结果及各预定参数来设定各节点之个别电压与电流限制;对远端节点传送适当的信号讯息;以及对一管理工作站报告与该节点连接之线路的状态。 79. The scope of patent LAN paragraph 71, wherein the power management functions, including at least one of the following elements: Query To use the communication cable to get power transmission connections between the nodes and the communication cable between; at least The results of the various predefined queries based on the communication cable to the node connection parameter to set individual voltage and current limits of each node; the remote node transmits the appropriate signal information; and the line is connected to a management station reported it with the node state.
80.如申请专利范围第71项之区域网路,其中该电力管理机能包括至少下列功能要素之一:对应欲利用通信电缆线获得电力传输之线路,於该线路上未有电力传输时,在该电源配电器一输出端测量电压;若电压之绝对值高於一预定的可程式阈,则将该线路归类为其上有外部来源之电压;若电压之绝对值不高於该预定之可程式阈,则将电流限制设定为一预定之可程式值,并沿该线路传输电力;随後,至少在一预定之可程式时间,在该电源配电器该输出端测量该线路之电压与电流;根据前述测量值决定节点及与该节点连接之线路的状态。 80. The scope of patent LAN paragraph 71, wherein the power management functions, including at least one of the following functional elements: To correspond with the communication cable to get the power transmission lines, power transmission when not on the line, in The power supply with an output measuring electrical voltage; if the absolute value of the voltage is higher than a predetermined programmable threshold, then the voltage on the line for their classification of external sources; if the absolute value is not higher than the predetermined voltage of programmable threshold, then the current limit is set to a predetermined value of the available programs, and along the power transmission line; then, at least at a predetermined time of programmable, in which the output of the power supply with electrical measurements of the line voltage measured value determination based on the line of the preceding node and the node connected to the state; and current.
81.如申请专利范围第80项之区域网路,其中该节点及该线路状态之决定,至少包括以下测定之一:无负载(NO LOAD):系指T1、T2、T3三个时间之测量值都是VOUT>V2且绝对值I0<I2;短路(SHORT CIRCUIT):系指T1、T2、T3三个时间之测量值都是VOUT<V3且绝对值I0>I3;网路界面卡负载(NIC LOAD):系指VOUTT3<V4且绝对值I0T1<I0T2<I0T3;LAN上供电负载(POL LOAD):系指VOUTT1>V5且VOUTT2>V5且VOUTT3>V5,且绝对值I0T1>I5或绝对值I0T2>I5或绝对值I0T3>I5;其中:“无负载”情况是指节点未连接线路;“短路”情况是指节点上游或节点内的线路,有短路存在跨接其正、负导体;“网路界面卡负载”情况是指节点上有一网路界面卡线路变压器横交线路连接;“LAN上供电负载”情况是指节点上有一LAN上供电分隔器横交线路连接;V0是线路位於电源配电器输出端之电压;V1是一预定之可程式值,当线路上未传输电力时,测量电压VOUT之最高峰值持续几分钟可达此值;V2是一预定之可程式值,当线路上未传输电力时,且当线路位於电源配电器输出端之电压+VOUT与-VOUT间未连接负载时,测量电压VOUT之最低值持续几分钟可达此值;V3是一预定之可程式值,当线路上未传输电力时,且当线路位於电源配电器输出端之电压+VOUT与-VOUT间连接一电阻时,测量电压VOUT之最高峰值持续几分钟可达此值;V4是一预定之可程式值,较佳是,当线路上未传输电力时,且当线路位於电源配电器输出端之电压+VOUT与-VOUT间连接一电阻时,测量电压VOUT之最高峰值持续几分钟可达此值;V5是一预定之可程式值,其代表VIN之典型阈值,节点电源在此值时开始操作;VOUTT1是在第一时间T1测量之VOUT;VOUTT2是在第二时间T2测量之VOUT;VOUTT3是在第三时间T3测量之VOUT;I0是该线路在电源配电器输出端之电流流动;IL1是该线路之电源配电器输出端之预定可程式值;I2是一预定之可程式值,当线路上未传输电力时,且当该线路在电源配电器输出端未连接任何负载时,测量电流I0之最大峰值,持续几分钟可达此值;I3是一预定之可程式值,当线路上未传输电力时,且当线路位於电源配电器输出端之+VOUT与-VOUT间连接一电阻时,测量电流I0之最小值持续几分钟可达此值;I5是一预定之可程式值,当线路上未传输电力时,且当该线路在电源配电器输出端未连接任何负载时,测量电流I0之最大峰值,持续几分钟可达此值;I0T1是在时间I1时测量的I0;I0T2是在时间T2时测量的I0;以及I0T3是在时间T3时测量的I0。 81. LAN patent scope of Article 80, which determines the state of the node and the line, including at least one of the following determination: No Load (NO LOAD): refers to the T1, T2, T3 measurement of the three time values are VOUT> V2, and the absolute value of I0 <I2; short circuit (SHORT CIRCUIT): refers to the T1, T2, T3 are measured values of the three time VOUT <V3, and the absolute value of I0> I3; network interface card load ( NIC LOAD): means VOUTT3 <V4 and the absolute value I0T1 <I0T2 <I0T3; on LAN power load (POL LOAD): refers VOUTT1> V5 and VOUTT2> V5 and VOUTT3> V5, and the absolute value I0T1> I5 or absolute I0T2> I5 or absolute I0T3> I5; where: "no load" refers to the case of a node is not connected to the line; "short" refers to the case of the line upstream node or nodes within the presence of a short circuit jumper its positive and negative conductors; " network interface card load "refers to the case of a network interface card line transformer transverse line connecting node;" on the LAN power load "refers to the case of a power divider on the LAN connection node transverse line; V0 is located on the power supply line with electrical voltage output terminal; V1 is a predetermined value of programmable, when no power on the transmission line, the measurement of the peak value of the voltage VOUT for a few minutes up to this value; V2 is a predetermined value of the available programs, when the line when no transmission of power, and when the line is located at the output of the power supply with electrical voltage between VOUT + and -VOUT not connected load, measure the minimum value of the voltage VOUT of a few minutes up to this value; V3 is a predetermined value of the available programs, When no transmission of power on the line, and when the line is located in the output voltage of the electrical power distribution between VOUT + and -VOUT connect a resistor to measure the peak value of the voltage VOUT of a few minutes up to this value; V4 is a book of the can program value, preferably, when the transmission power is not on the line, and when the line is located in the output voltage of the electrical power distribution between VOUT + and -VOUT connect a resistor to measure the peak value of the voltage VOUT of a few minutes up to this value ; V5 is a predetermined value of the available programs, which represents VIN when the typical threshold value node power at the beginning of this operation; VOUTT1 VOUT T1 is the first time to measure it; VOUTT2 is VOUT T2 measurement of the second time; VOUTT3 is VOUT third time measurement of T3; I0 is the line in the current power supply with electrical output of the flow; IL1 program is intended value of the line with electrical power output terminal; I2 is a predetermined value of the available programs, when the line When not on the transmission of electricity, and when the power line is not connected with the electrical output of any load, measure the maximum peak current I0, the last a few minutes up to this value; I3 is a book of programmable value, when the line is not When the transmission power, and when the line between + VOUT and -VOUT located with electrical output of the power supply is connected a resistor to measure current I0 minimum of a few minutes up to this value; I5 is a predetermined value of the available programs, when the line When not on the transmission of electricity, and when the line output of the power supply is not connected with any of the electrical load, the measure of the maximum peak current I0, for a few minutes up to this value; I0T1 I1 is measured at the time of I0; I0T2 in time T2 measurement I0; and I0T3 at time T3 when measured I0.
82.如申请专利范围第71项之区域网路,其中该电力管理机能包括在正常操作期间监视与管理电力消耗之机能,此机能包括感知每一节点之电流。 82. The scope of patent LAN paragraph 71, wherein the power management function during normal operation, including monitoring and management functions of power consumption, this function including perception of the current in each node.
83.如申请专利范围第82项之区域网路,其中该项於正常操作期间监视与管理电力消耗之机能,包括以通常的循环方式感知每一节点之电流。 83. The scope of patent LAN first 82 of which to monitor and manage the power consumption of the function during normal operations, including the usual perception of circulating current in each node of the way.
84.如申请专利范围第83项之区域网路,其中该项於正常操作期间监视与管理电力消耗之机能,包括感知每一节点之电流,并包括比较感知电流与每一线路之可程式预定参考值。 84. The scope of patent LAN, Paragraph 83, which function during normal operation in the monitoring and management of power consumption, including the perception of the current in each node, and includes a comparison with the current perception of each line of programmable Book reference value.
85.如申请专利范围第82项之区域网路,其中每一节点可归类为过电流、低电流或正常。 85. LAN patent scope of Article 82, in which each node can be classified as over-current, low-current or normal.
86.如申请专利范围第85项之区域网路,其中该过电流类别包括可程式之可调整阈。 86. The scope of patent LAN, Paragraph 85, wherein the adjustable overcurrent category includes the programmable threshold.
87.如申请专利范围第85项之区域网路,其中该正常类别包括至少下列次分类之一:活动模式、睡眠模式、及低电力模式。 87. The scope of patent LAN, Paragraph 85, in which the normal category includes at least one of the following sub-category: active mode, sleep mode, and low-power mode.
88.如申请专利范围第82项之区域网路,其中该项於正常操作期间监视与管理电力消耗之机能至少可以下列机能之一为基础,控制归类为过电流之节点的操作:若位於一节点的电流超过一一般过电流阈至少达一预定时间,则在该预定时间後切断供往该节点之电力;供往一节点之电流不得超过一高过电流阈;以及在一般过电流阈与该高过电流阈之间定义至少一个中间阈,且决定切断电力之预定时间与超过哪一中间阈为函数关系。 88. LAN patent scope of Article 82, which during normal operation of the monitoring and performance management of power consumption of at least one of the following functions, based on control over classified as operating current of the node: if located the current node's more than one general over-current threshold for at least a predetermined time, then after the scheduled time to cut off the power supply of the node; for the current to a node shall not exceed one higher than the current threshold; and in general overcurrent threshold higher than the threshold to define at least one intermediate between the current threshold, and decided to cut off the power of the predetermined period of time over which the intermediate threshold as a function of the relationship.
89.如申请专利范围第82项之区域网路,其中该项於正常操作期间监视与管理电力消耗之机能至少可以下列机能之一为基础,控制归类为低电流之节点的操作:在检测到一低电流节点後相当短的预定时间内,终止对该节点供应电流;该预定时间之选取系为避免对杂讯之不当响应。 89. The patent scope of LAN section 82, which during normal operation of the monitoring and performance management of power consumption of at least one of the following functions, based on the control node is classified as a low current of action: detection into a low current node after a relatively short predetermined time, terminating the current supply node; select lines of the predetermined time in order to avoid inappropriate response to the noise.
90.如申请专利范围第82项之区域网路,包括如下监视总电流之机能:并联时,监视所有线路上供给所有节点之总电流;比较该总电流与一可程式之预定参考值;以及以此一比较为基础,将电源配电器及与其连接之节点一同归类为过电流或正常。 90. The scope of patenting the first 82 of the LAN, including monitoring the total current of the following functions: in parallel, the total supply current monitoring of all nodes on all lines; predetermined reference value comparison with the total current of a programmable; and this comparison is based on the nodes of the power distributor and its connection with classified as over-current or normal.
91.如申请专利范围第85项之区域网路,其中该过电流类别包括可程式之可调整阈。 91. The scope of patent LAN, Paragraph 85, wherein the adjustable overcurrent category includes the programmable threshold.
92.如申请专利范围第82项之区域网路,其中该项於正常操作期间监视与管理电力消耗之机能至少可以下列机能之一为基础,控制归类为过电流之电源配电器的操作:若总电流超过一一般总过电流阈达至少一预定时间,则於该预定时间後降低或切断至少某些节点之供应电力;以及不论如何,该总电流均不得超过一高总过电流阈,此一高总过电流阈超过该一般总过电流阈。 92. The patent scope of LAN section 82, which during normal operation of the monitoring and performance management of power consumption of at least one of the following functions, based on the control classified as over-current power supply with electrical operation: If the total current of more than one general overall overcurrent threshold for at least a predetermined time, the reduced or cut off at least some of the nodes of the power supply after the predetermined time; and in any case, the total current shall not exceed a high overall over-current threshold, This a high total overcurrent threshold above which the general overall overcurrent threshold.
93.如申请专利范围第71项之区域网路,其中该电源配电器形成该中枢的一部份。 93. The scope of patent LAN paragraph 71, wherein the power distributor to form a part of the hub.
94.如申请专利范围第71项之区域网路,其中该电源配电器不形成该中枢的一部份。 94. The scope of patent LAN paragraph 71, wherein the power distributor does not form a part of the hub.
95.如申请专利范围第92项之区域网路,其中该等中间阈系定义於一般总过电流阈与高总过电流阈之间,且决定切断电力之预定时间与超过哪一中间阈为函数关系。 95. LAN patent scope of Article 92, including those in the middle between the general system defined threshold total overcurrent threshold and high total over-current threshold, and decided to cut off the power of the predetermined period of time over which the threshold for the middle function.
96.如申请专利范围第71项之区域网路,其中该电源配电器之作用可对一外部监视系统报告每一节点及该电源配电器之电流位准归类。 96. The scope of patent LAN Paragraph 71, including the role of the power distributor for each node can be an external monitoring system reports and the power supply with electrical current level of classification.
97.如申请专利范围第71项之区域网路,其中该配电器之作用可通知各节点其电流供应即将发生之改变。 97. The scope of patent LAN Paragraph 71, including the role of electrical appliances may notice changes in the distribution of each node of its current supply is imminent.
98.如申请专利范围第71项之区域网路,其中该电源配电器之作用可於非自发性电力管理操作时,对个别节点提供至少全部机能操作及无机能操作之一。 98. If the application scope of patent LAN Paragraph 71, in which the role of the power distributor may involuntary power management operations on individual nodes to provide operation and can operate all functions of inorganic least.
99.如申请专利范围第98项之区域网路,其中该电源配电器可依照至少下列某些机能操作:初步决定其可使用之总电力以及其目前供应给各节点之总电力;决定现行总耗电(TPC)与现行可用总电力(TPA)间的关系;若TPC/TPA小於一第一阈,则依优先顺位之基础逐一供应全部电力给其他节点;若TPC/TPA大於一高於该第一阈之第二阈,则依优先顺位之基础逐一切断对个别节点之电力供应;若TPC/TPA介於该第一及第二阈之间,则询问是否有新节点需要电力;以及若一新节点需要电力而优先顺位低於该新节点之另一节点目前正接收电力,则切断较低优先顺位节点之电力并导通较高优先顺位节点之电力。 99. The patent scope of LAN Section 98, where the power distributor can operate in accordance with at least some of the following functions: a preliminary decision, and its current total electricity supplied to each node of the total power of which may be used; determine the current total power consumption (TPC) relationship with the current total available power (TPA) between; if TPC / TPA is less than a first threshold, according to the basis of the overall electricity supply to all of the priority one by one to the other nodes; if TPC / TPA is greater than a higher The first threshold of the second threshold, then in accordance with the basis of the priority pick off each individual node in the supply of electricity; if between the first and second threshold TPC / TPA between, ask whether a new node requires power; and, if a new node requires power and priority order lower than the other node of the new node is currently receiving power, turn off the power of the lower priority order node and conduction power node of higher priority order.
100.如申请专利范围第71项之区域网路,其中该电源配电器之作用可於非自发性电力管理操作时,依紧急超越原则对个别节点提供至少全部机能操作或无机能操作之一。 At 100. The patent scope LAN Paragraph 71, including the role of the power supply with electrical power available to non-spontaneous management operations, according to the principle of providing an emergency operation or beyond one inorganic able to operate all functions at least for individual nodes.
101.如申请专利范围第100项之区域网路,其中该电源配电器於非自发性电力管理操作时,可依照下列机能操作:感知位於某一已知节点紧急需要电力;以及随後给予该已知节点最高之优先顺位。 101. patented range LAN, Paragraph 100, which when the power distributor in involuntary power management operation, in accordance with the following functions operate: the perception of a known nodes located in urgent need of power; and then given to the Known node highest priority order.
102.如申请专利范围第71项之区域网路,其中该电源配电器之作用可於非自发性电力管理操作时,依等候序列控制之优先顺位原则,提供至少全部机能操作或无机能操作之一。 102. When the scope of patent LAN Paragraph 71, including the role of the power supply with electrical power available to non-spontaneous management operations, according to the principle of waiting for the priority order of the sequence control, operate or provide at least all functions can be operated inorganic one.
103.如申请专利范围第102项之区域网路,其中该电源配电器於非自发性电力管理操作时,可依照下列机能操作:初步决定其可使用之总电力以及其目前供应给各节点之总电力;决定现行总耗电(TPC)与现行可用总电力(TPA)间的关系;若TPC/TPA小於一第一阈,则依等候序列控制之优先顺位基础,逐一供应全部电力给其他节点;若TPC/TPA大於一高於该第一阈之第二阈,则依优先顺位之基础逐一切断对个别节点之电力供应:若TPC/TPA介於该第一及第二阈之间,则询问是否有新节点需要电力;以及若一新节点需要电力,则将该新节点加入等候序列之尾端。 103. The patent scope LAN, Paragraph 102, wherein the power distributor in non-spontaneous power management operation, in accordance with the following functions operate: a preliminary decision which may be used as well as the total power supplied to each of its current node's The total power; the current total power consumption decisions (TPC) relationship (TPA) between the existing total available power; if TPC / TPA is less than a first threshold, then wait for the priority order according to the control of the base sequence, one by one all the electricity supply to other node; if TPC / TPA is greater than a second threshold higher than the first threshold, the foundation is in accordance with the priority pick off each individual node in the supply of electricity: If TPC / TPA is between the first and second threshold then asks whether a new node requires power; and if a new node requires power, then wait for the new node is added trailing sequences.
104.如申请专利范围第71项之区域网路,其中该电源配电器之作用可於非自发性电力管理操作时,依分时之优先顺位原则,提供至少全部机能操作或无机能操作之一。 104. When the scope of patent LAN Paragraph 71, including the role of the power supply with electrical power available to non-spontaneous management operations, according to the priority of the overall time-sharing principle, to provide at least all functions can operate the operation or inorganic One.
105.如申请专利范围第104项之区域网路,其中该电源配电器於非自发性电力管理操作时,可依照下列机能操作:初步决定其可使用之总电力以及其目前供应给各节点之总电力;决定现行总耗电(TPC)与现行可用总电力(TPA)间的关系;若TPC/TPA小於一第一阈,则依分时之优先顺位基础,逐一供应全部电力给其他节点;若TPC/TPA大於一高於该第一阈之第二阈,则依优先顺位之基础逐一切断对个别节点之电力供应;若TPC/TPA介於该第一及第二阈之间,则询问是否有新节点需要电力;若一较低优先顺位之节点据感知系已接收电力较长时间并超过一预定之最低时间,而其目前正在接收电力,则切断该较低优先顺位节点之电力,并导通较高优先顺位节点之电力。 105. LAN patent scope of Article 104, in which the power distributor in non-spontaneous power management operation, in accordance with the following functions operate: a preliminary decision which may be used as well as the total power supplied to each of its current node's The total power; the current total power consumption decisions (TPC) relationship (TPA) between the existing total available power; if TPC / TPA is less than a first threshold, then in accordance with the priority order of the time-sharing basis, one by one all the electricity supply to other nodes ; if TPC / TPA is greater than a second threshold higher than the first threshold, the foundation is in accordance with the priority order of each individual cut off the electricity supply to the node; if between the first and second threshold TPC / TPA between, it asks whether a new node requires power; if a lower priority node according to the perception of overall system power for a long time and has received more than a predetermined minimum period of, but it is currently receiving power, then cut off the lower priority order The power node, and turned the power node of higher priority order.
106.如申请专利范围第71项之区域网路,其中该电源配电器之作用可提前通知一节点,供应至该节点之电力将有改变。 106. The patent scope LAN Paragraph 71, including the role of the power distributor may notice a node, the node of the power supply to be changed.
107.如申请专利范围第71项之区域网路,其中该电源配电器之作用可於非自发性电力管理操作时,对个别节点提供至少全部机能操作与减量机能操作之一。 107. When the scope of patent LAN Paragraph 71, including the role of the power distributor may involuntary power management operations on individual nodes to provide all the functions and operation of at least one reduction function operation.
108.如申请专利范围第107项之区域网路,其中该电源配电器可依照下列机能中至少一部份机能操作:初步决定其可使用之总电力以及其目前供应给各节点之总电力;决定现行总耗电(TPC)与现行可用总电力(TPA)间的关系;若TPC/TPA小於一第一阈,则依优先顺位基础逐一供应全部电力给其他节点;若TPC/TPA大於一高於该第一阈之第二阈,则依优先顺位之基础逐一减少对个别节点之电力供应;若TPC/TPA介於该第一及第二阈之间,则询问是否有新节点需要电力或是否有节点需要额外电力;以及若一新节点需要电力或一节点需要额外电力,而一优先顺位低於新节点之节点目前正在接收电力,则减少该较低优先顺位节点之电力供应,并对新节点供应电力或对需要额外电力之节点增加电力。 108. patented range LAN, Paragraph 107, wherein the power distributor can follow function in at least one part of the function of the following: a preliminary decision, and its current total electricity supplied to each node of the total power of which may be used; determine the current total power consumption (TPC) relationship (TPA) between the existing total available power; if TPC / TPA is less than a first threshold, according to the priority order is the foundation of all the electricity supplied to each of the other nodes; if TPC / TPA is greater than one The second threshold is higher than the first threshold, the base rank of priority in accordance with each node to reduce the power supply to the individual; if TPC / TPA is between the first and second threshold, it is asked whether a new node requires electricity or whether there is a node requires additional power; and if a new node requires power or a node requires additional power, and a priority order of the new node below the node is currently receiving power, then reduce the power of the nodes of the lower priority order supply, electricity supply and a new node or nodes on the need for additional power of the increase in power.
109.如申请专利范围第106项之区域网路,其中该电源配电器之作用可於非自发性电力管理操作时,依紧急超越原则对个别节点提供至少全部机能操作或减量机能操作之一。 109. When the scope of patent LAN, Paragraph 106, in which the role of electrical power distribution of the available non-spontaneous power management operations, according to the principle of providing emergency beyond all functions operate at least one operation or decrement function of individual nodes .
110.如申请专利范围第109项之区域网路,其中该电源配电器於非自发性电力管理操作时,可依照下列机能操作:感知位於某一已知节点紧急需要电力;以及随後给予该已知节点最高之优先顺位。 110. The patent scope LAN, Paragraph 109, wherein the power distributor in non-spontaneous power management operation, in accordance with the following functions operate: in the perception of a known node urgent need electricity; and then given to the Known node highest priority order.
111.如申请专利范围第71项之区域网路,其中该电源配电器之作用可於非自发性电力管理操作时,依等候序列控制之优先顺位原则,提供至少全部机能操作或减量机能操作之一。 At 111. The patent scope LAN Paragraph 71, including the role of the power supply with electrical power available to non-spontaneous management operations, according to the principle of waiting for the priority order of the sequence control, provide at least all functions operate or decrement function one operation.
112.如申请专利范围第111项之区域网路,其中该电源配电器於非自发性电力管理操作时,可依照下列机能操作:初步决定其可使用之总电力以及其目前供应给各节点之总电力;决定现行总耗电(TPC)与现行可用总电力(TPA)问的关系;若TPC/TPA小於一第一阈,则依等候序列控制之优先顺位基础,逐一供应电力给其他节点或供应额外电力给目前正接收电力之各节点;若TPC/TPA大於一高於该第一阈之第二阈,则依优先顺位之基础逐一减少对个别节点之电力供应;若TPC/TPA介於该第一及第二阈之间,则询问是否有新节点需要电力或是否有节点需要额外电力;若一新节点需要电力或一节点需要额外电力,则将该节点加入等候序列之尾端。 112. patented range LAN, Paragraph 111, wherein the power distributor in non-spontaneous power management operation, in accordance with the following functions operate: a preliminary decision which may be used as well as the total power supplied to each of its current node's The total power; the current total power consumption decisions (TPC) and the current total available power (TPA) to ask the relationship; if TPC / TPA is less than a first threshold, then wait for the priority order according to the control of the base sequence, each supplying electricity to other nodes or supply additional power to each node is currently receiving power it; if TPC / TPA is greater than a second threshold higher than the first threshold, the foundation is in accordance with the priority pick each individual nodes to reduce the supply of electricity; if TPC / TPA interposed between the first and second threshold, then asks whether a new node requires power or a node requires additional power if there is; if a new node requires power or a node requires additional power, the node is added to the end of the waiting sequences end.
113.如申请专利范围第71项之区域网路,其中该电源配电器之作用可於非自发性电力管理操作时,依分时之优先顺位原则,提供至少全部机能操作或减量机能操作之一。 113. When the scope of patent term of 71 LAN, including the role of the power supply with electrical power available to non-spontaneous management operations, according to the priority order of the principle of sharing, provide at least all functions operate or decrement function operation one.
114.如申请专利范围第113项之区域网路,其中该电源配电器於非自发性电力管理操作时,可依照下列机能操作:初步决定其可使用之总电力以及其目前供应给各节点之总电力;决定现行总耗电(TPC)与现行可用总电力(TPA)间的关系;若TPC/TPA小於一第一阈,则依分时之优先顺位基础,逐一供应额外电力给各节点或供应电力给其他节点;若TPC/TPA大於一高於该第一阈之第二阈,则依优先顺位之基础逐一减少对个别节点之电力供应;若TPC/TPA介於该第一及第二阈之间,则询问是否有节点需要额外电力或是否有新节点需要电力;若一较低优先顺位之节点据感知系已接收电力较长时间并超过一预定之最低时间,而其目前正在接收电力,则减少该较低优先顺位节点之电力供应,并供应电力至较高优先顺位节点。 114. patented range LAN, Paragraph 113, wherein the power distributor in non-spontaneous power management operation, in accordance with the following functions operate: a preliminary decision which may be used as well as the total power supplied to each of its current node's The total power; the current total power consumption decisions (TPC) relationship (TPA) between the existing total available power; if TPC / TPA is less than a first threshold, then in accordance with the priority order of the time-sharing basis, each additional power supply to each node or the supply of electricity to other nodes; if TPC / TPA is greater than a second threshold higher than the first threshold, the foundation is in accordance with the priority pick each individual nodes to reduce the supply of electricity; if TPC / TPA is between the first and between the second threshold, the node needs to ask whether there is additional power or whether a new node requires power; if a lower priority node, according to the perception of the overall system has been receiving power for a long time and it exceeds a predetermined minimum time, while its currently receiving power, then reduce the electricity supply to the lower priority order of the nodes, and the supply of electricity to a higher priority order node.
115.如申请专利范围第71项之区域网路,其中该电源配电器之作用可於自发性电力管理操作时,对个别节点提供至少全部机能操作与无机能操作之一。 115. When the scope of patent LAN Paragraph 71, including the role of the distributor of power available at the spontaneous power management operations on individual nodes to provide at least one of the operating performance of all operations and mineral energy.
116.如申请专利范围第115项之区域网路,其中该电源配电器可依照至少下列某些机能操作:依照一电力储备计画初步决定其可使用之总电力以及其目前供应给各节点之总电力;决定现行总耗电(TPC)与现行可用总电力(TPA)间的关系;若TPC/TPA小於一第一阈,则依优先顺位之基础逐一供应全部电力给其他节点;若TPC/TPA大於一高於该第一阈之第二阈,则依优先顺位之基础逐一切断对个别节点之电力供应:若TPC/TPA介於该第一及第二阈之间,则询问是否有新节点需要电力;若一新节点需要电力而优先顺位低於该新节点之另一节点目前正接收电力,则切断较低优先顺位节点之电力并导通较高优先顺位节点之电力。 116. The patent scope LAN, Paragraph 115, wherein the power distributor can operate in accordance with at least some of the following functions: In accordance with a power reserve can be used to determine their initial plan of total electricity as well as its current supplied to each node of the The total power; the current total power consumption decisions (TPC) relationship (TPA) between the existing total available power; if TPC / TPA is less than a first threshold, according to the basis of the overall electricity supply to all of the priority one by one to the other nodes; if TPC / TPA is greater than a second threshold higher than the first threshold, the foundation is in accordance with the priority pick off each individual node in the supply of electricity: If between the first and second threshold TPC / TPA between, then asked whether there is a new node requires power; if a new node requires power and priority order lower than the other node of the new node is currently receiving power, turn off the power of the lower priority order node and conduction node of higher priority order electricity.
117.如申请专利范围第71项之区域网路,其中该电源配电器之作用可於自发性电力管理操作时,依紧急超越原则对个别节点提供至少全部机能操作或无机能操作之一。 117. When the scope of patent LAN Paragraph 71, including the role of the power supply with electrical power management operations may spontaneity, according to the principle of providing an emergency operation or beyond one inorganic able to operate all functions at least on individual nodes.
118.如申请专利范围第117项之区域网路,其中该电源配电器於自发性电力管理操作时,可依照下列机能操作:感知位於某一已知节点紧急需要电力;以及随後给予该已知节点最高之优先顺位。 118. patented range LAN, Paragraph 117, which when the power supply with electrical power management operations in spontaneity, can operate in accordance with the following functions: perception is located in a known node urgent need electricity; and then given to the already node knows highest priority order.
119.如申请专利范围第71项之区域网路,其中该电源配电器之作用可於自发性至少全部机能操作或无机能操作之一。 119. The patent scope LAN Paragraph 71, including the role of the power distributor may be able to do one of inorganic spontaneous action or at least all the functions.
120.如申请专利范围第118项之区域网路,其中该电源配电器於自发性电力管理操作时,可依照下列机能操作:依照一电力储备计画初步决定其可使用之总电力以及其目前供应给所有节点之总电力;决定现行总耗电(TPC)与现行可用总电力(TPA)间的关系;若TPC/TPA小於一第一阈,则依等候序列控制之优先顺位基础,逐一供应全部电力给其他节点;若TPC/TPA大於一高於该第一阈之第二阈,则依优先顺位之基础逐一切断对个别节点之电力供应;若TPC/TPA介於该第一及第二阈之间,则询问是否有新节点需要电力;以及若一新节点需要电力,则将该新节点加入等候序列之尾端。 120. The first patent LAN range of 118, which when the power supply with electrical power management operations in spontaneity, can operate in accordance with the following functions: In accordance with a power reserve can be used to determine their initial plan of total electricity as well as its current The total electricity supplied to all nodes of; determine the current total power consumption (TPC) relationship (TPA) between the existing total available power; if TPC / TPA is less than a first threshold, then wait for the priority order according to the control of the base sequence, one by one Supply of electricity to all other nodes; if TPC / TPA is greater than a second threshold higher than the first threshold, the foundation is in accordance with the priority pick off one by one individual nodes of the supply of electricity; if TPC / TPA is between the first and between the second threshold, ask whether a new node requires power; and if a new node requires power, then the new node is added to the end of the waiting sequence.
121.如申请专利范围第71项之区域网路,其中该电源配电器之作用可於自发性电力管理操作时,依分时之优先顺位原则,提供至少全部机能操作或无机能操作之一。 121. The patent scope LAN Paragraph 71, which when the power supply with the role of electrical appliances in the spontaneous power management operations can be, according to the principle of sharing the priority order, to provide at least all of the operating functions can operate one or inorganic .
122.如申请专利范围第121项之区域网路,其中该电源配电器於自发性电力管理操作时,可依照下列机能操作:依照一电力储备计画初步决定其可使用之总电力以及其目前供应给所有节点之总电力;决定现行总耗电(TPC)与现行可用总电力(TPA)间的关系;若TPC/TPA小於一第一阈,则依分时之优先顺位基础,逐一供应全部电力给其他节点;若TPC/TPA大於一高於该第一阈之第二阈,则依优先顺位之基础逐一切断对个别节点之电力供应;若TPC/IPA介於该第一及第二阈之间,则询问是否有新节点需要电力;若一较低优先顺位之节点据感知系已接收电力较长时间并超过一预定之最低时间,而其目前正在接收电力,则切断该较低优先顺位节点之电力供应,并导通较高优先顺位节点之电力。 122. The patent scope LAN, Paragraph 121, which when the power supply with electrical power management operations in spontaneity, can operate in accordance with the following functions: In accordance with a power reserve can be used to determine their initial plan of total electricity as well as its current The total electricity supplied to all nodes of; determine the current total power consumption (TPC) relationship (TPA) between the existing total available power; if TPC / TPA is less than a first threshold, then in accordance with the priority order of the time-sharing basis, each supply All power to the other nodes; if TPC / TPA is greater than a second threshold higher than the first threshold, the foundation is in accordance with the priority pick off each individual node in the supply of electricity; if TPC / IPA between the first and second between the two thresholds, ask whether a new node requires power; if a lower priority node, according to the perception of the overall system has been receiving power for a long time and the minimum exceeds a predetermined time, and it is currently receiving power, turn off the lower priority overall electricity supply to the node, and the conduction of power nodes of a higher priority order.
123.如申请专利范围第71项之区域网路,其中该电源配电器之作用可於自发性电力管理操作时,对个别节点提供至少全部机能操作与减量机能操作之一。 123. When the scope of patent LAN Paragraph 71, including the role of the power supply with electrical power management operations may spontaneity of individual nodes to provide all the functions and operation of at least one reduction function operation.
124.如申请专利范围第123项之区域网路,其中该电源配电器可依照下列机能中至少一部份机能操作:依照一电力储备计画初步决定其可使用之总电力以及其目前供应给各节点之总电力;决定现行总耗电(TPC)与现行可用总电力(TPA)间的关系;若TPC/TPA小於一第一阈,则依优先顺位基础逐一供应全部电力给其他节点;若TPC/TPA大於一高於该第一阈之第二阈,则依优先顺位之基础逐一减少对个别节点之电力供应;若TPC/TPA介於该第一及第二阈之间,则询问是否有新节点需要电力或是否有节点需要额外电力;以及若一新节点需要电力或一节点需要额外电力,而一优先顺位低於新节点之节点目前正在接收电力,则减少该较低优先顺位节点之电力,并对该新节点供应电力或对需要额外电力之节点增加电力。 124. patented range LAN, Paragraph 123, wherein the power distributor can follow function in at least one part of the function of the following: In accordance with a power reserve plan's initial decision which may be used as well as its current total electricity supplied to the The total power of each node; determine the current total power consumption (TPC) relationship (TPA) between the existing total available power; if TPC / TPA is less than a first threshold, according to the priority order is the foundation of all the electricity supplied to each of the other nodes; If TPC / TPA is greater than a second threshold higher than the first threshold, the base is in accordance with the priority rank of each node to reduce the power supply to the individual; if TPC / TPA is between the first and second threshold, then asks whether a new node requires power or whether there is a node requires additional power; and if a new node requires power or a node requires additional power, and a priority order of the new node below the node is currently receiving power, the reduction of the lower Power-bit node along the priority, and the supply of electricity to the new node or nodes on the need for additional power of the increase in power.
125.如申请专利范围第71项之区域网路,其中该电源配电器之作用可於自发性电力管理操作时,依紧急超越原则对个别节点提供至少全部机能操作或减量机能操作之一。 125. When the scope of patent LAN Paragraph 71, including the role of the power distributor may spontaneous power management operations, in accordance with the principle of providing emergency operations beyond at least one function or reduced function of all operations on individual nodes.
126.如申请专利范围第125项之区域网路,其中该电源配电器於自发性电力管理操作时,可依照下列机能操作:感知位於某一已知节点紧急需要电力;以及随後给予该已知节点最高之优先顺位。 126. The patent scope LAN, Paragraph 125, which when the power supply with electrical power management operations in spontaneity, can operate in accordance with the following functions: perception is located in a known node urgent need electricity; and then given to the already node knows highest priority order.
127.如申请专利范围第71项之区域网路,其中该电源配电器之作用可於自发性电力管理操作时,依等候序列控制之优先顺位原则,提供至少全部机能操作或减量机能操作之一。 127. When the scope of patent LAN Paragraph 71, including the role of the power distributor may spontaneous power management operations, according to the principle of waiting for the priority order of the sequence control, provide at least all functions operate or decrement function operation one.
128.如申请专利范围第127项之区域网路,其中该电源配电器於自发性电力管理操作时,可依照下列机能操作:依照一电力储备计画初步决定其可使用之总电力以及其目前供应给所有节点之总电力;决定现行总耗电(TPC)与现行可用总电力(TPA)间的关系;若TPC/TPA小於一第一阈,则依等候序列控制之优先顺位基础,逐一供应电力给其他节点或供应额外电力给目前正接收电力之各节点;若TPC/TPA大於一高於该第一阈之第二阈,则依优先顺位之基础逐一减少对个别节点之电力供应;若TPC/IPA介於该第一及第二阈之间,则询问是否有新节点需要电力或是否有节点需要额外电力;以及若一新节点需要电力或一节点需要额外电力,则将该节点加入等候序列之尾端。 128. patented range LAN, Paragraph 127, which when the power supply with electrical power management operations in spontaneity, can operate in accordance with the following functions: In accordance with a power reserve can be used to determine their initial plan of total electricity as well as its current The total electricity supplied to all nodes of; determine the current total power consumption (TPC) relationship (TPA) between the existing total available power; if TPC / TPA is less than a first threshold, then wait for the priority order according to the control of the base sequence, one by one Supply of electricity to other nodes or supply additional power to each node is currently receiving power of give; if TPC / TPA is greater than a second threshold higher than the first threshold, the reduction in accordance with the basis of each of the priority pick individual nodes of the supply of electricity ; If TPC / IPA interposed between the first and second threshold, then asks whether a new node requires power or a node requires additional power if there is; and if a new node requires power or a node requires additional power, then the end of the sequence of nodes to join the waiting.
129.如申请专利范围第71项之区域网路,其中该电源配电器之作用可於自发性电力管理操作时,依分时之优先顺位原则,提供至少全部机能操作或减量机能操作之一。 129. When the scope of patent LAN Paragraph 71, including the role of the power supply with electrical power management operations may spontaneity, according to the priority of the overall time-sharing principle, to provide at least all the functions of the operation or decrement function operation One.
130.如申请专利范围第129项之区域网路,其中该电源配电器於自发性电力管理操作时,可依照下列机能操作:依照一电力储备计画初步决定其可使用之总电力以及其目前供应给所有节点之总电力;决定现行总耗电(TPC)与现行可用总电力(TPA)间的关系;若TPC/TPA小於一第一阈,则依分时之优先顺位基础,逐一供应额外电力给各节点或供应电力给其他节点;若TPC/TPA大於一高於该第一阈之第二阈,则依优先顺位之基础逐一减少对个别节点之电力供应:若TPC/TPA介於该第一及第二阈之间,则询问是否有节点需要额外电力或是否有新节点需要电力;若一较低优先顺位之节点据感知系已接收电力较长时间并超过一预定之最低时间,而其目前正在接收电力,则减少该较低优先顺位节点之电力供应,并供应电力至较高优先顺位节点。 130. The patent scope LAN, Paragraph 129, which when the power supply with electrical power management operations in spontaneity, can operate in accordance with the following functions: In accordance with a power reserve can be used to determine their initial plan of total electricity as well as its current The total electricity supplied to all nodes of; determine the current total power consumption (TPC) relationship (TPA) between the existing total available power; if TPC / TPA is less than a first threshold, then in accordance with the priority order of the time-sharing basis, each supply additional power to each node to other nodes or supply of electricity; if TPC / TPA is greater than a second threshold higher than the first threshold, the foundation is in accordance with the priority pick each individual nodes to reduce the supply of electricity: If TPC / TPA-mediated between the first and second threshold, then asked if there is a node requires additional power or whether a new node requires power; if a lower priority rank of the node according to the received power-aware system exceeds a predetermined longer period of time and the minimum time, and it is currently receiving power, then reduce the electricity supply to the lower priority order of the nodes, and the supply of electricity to a higher priority order node.
131.如申请专利范围第71项之设备,其中该电源配电器包括一电力管理与控制单元,此单元监视与控制经由通信电缆线供应至不同节点之电力。 131. The range of equipment such as patent term of 71, wherein the power supply distributor includes a power management and control unit which monitors and controls the power supply to the different nodes via a communication cable.
132.如申请专利范围第131项之设备,其中亦包括一管理工作站,其作用可管理该电力管理与控制单元之操作。 132. The term of the patent application range of the device 131, which also includes a management workstation, its role can manage the operation of the power management and control unit.
133.如申请专利范围第132项之设备,其中该管理工作站管理多重电力管理与控制单元之操作。 133. The range of equipment such as patents, Paragraph 132, wherein the management workstation to manage multiple operating unit of power management and control.
134.如申请专利范围第131项之设备,其中该电力管理与控制单元经由一数据通信集讯器与不同节点通信,藉此管理各节点现行之电力使用模式。 134. The range of equipment such as patents, Paragraph 131, wherein the power management and control unit via a data set of information communication node communicates with different management whereby each node of the current electricity usage patterns.
135.如申请专利范围第131项之设备,其中该电力管理与控制单元经由经由控制讯息而与不同节点通信,该等控制讯息在各节点解码并用来控制究竟在各节点提供全部或部份机能。 135. The apparatus as described in claim paragraph 131, wherein the power management and control unit via a control message via the communication with the different nodes, each node in such control message is decoded and used to control whether all or part of the functions in each node .
136.如申请专利范围第131项之设备,其中该电力管理与控制单元可感知该电源配电器无主电源可用,并传送一控制讯息使各节点以备用或减量电力模式操作。 136. The range of equipment such as patents, Paragraph 131, wherein the power management and control unit that can be perceived without mains power supply distributor is available, and send a control message so that each node in standby or reduced power mode.
137.如申请专利范围第29项之区域网路节点,其中该节点包括全部机能与减量机能操作都需要的基本电路,及减量机能操作不需的非基本电路。 137. The patent scope LAN nodes paragraph 29, wherein the node includes all the basic circuit functions and operations are required reduction function, and reduction of non-functioning operating without the basic circuit.
138.如申请专利范围第137项之区域网路节点,其中该节点包括一切换器与一控制器,该切换器可选择性地操作非基本电路,该控制器则控制该切换器的操作。 138. The patent scope LAN nodes paragraph 137, where the node includes a switch and a controller, the switch selectively operable non-essential circuits, the controller switches the operation of the control.
139.如申请专利范围第138项之区域网路节点,其中该节点亦包括一电源,且其中该控制器可响应该电源之输出而操作。 139. The patent scope LAN nodes paragraph 138, where the node also includes a power supply, and wherein the controller is responsive to the output of the power supply of and operation.
140.如申请专利范围第139项之区域网路节点,其中该节点亦可包括一传感器,且其中该控制器可响应从该传感器接收之输入而操作。 140. The patent scope LAN node, Paragraph 139, which also includes a sensor node, and wherein the controller receives a response from the input of the sensor and operation.
141.如申请专利范围第140项之区域网路节点,其中该传感器可感知供应至该电源之电力的电平。 141. patented range LAN node of the first 140, wherein the sensor can perceive the power supply to the power level of.
142.如申请专利范围第140项之区域网路节点,其中该传感器可感知从该电源配电器经由通信电缆线传送至该处的控制信号。 142. The patent scope LAN node of the first 140, which is transmitted from the sensor can perceive the power distributor via a communication cable to the control signal there.
143.如申请专利范围第139项之区域网路节点,其中该控制器接收来自该电源之控制输入,该控制输入指示有主电源可供使用时,该控制器则操作切换器使电力供应至基本电路与非基本电路二者;而当该控制器接收来自电源之控制输入,该控制输入指示无主电源可供使用,但该传感器指示经由通信电缆线有充分电力可用时,则该控制器操作切换器使电力供应至基本电路与非基本电路二者。 143. When the scope of patent LAN node, Paragraph 139, wherein the controller receives input from the control of the supply of the control input indicates a main power supply is available, the controller allows the operation to switch the power supply to The basic circuit with both non-basic circuit; and when the controller receives input from the power of control, the control input indicates no mains power is available, but the sensor indicates there is sufficient power available via a communication cable, the controller Switching power supply allows operation to basic and non-basic circuits both circuits.
144.如申请专利范围第143项之区域网路节点,其中该控制器接收来自电源之控制输入,该控制输入指示经由该电源无主电源可供使用,且该传感器指示无充分电力可用时,则该控制器操作切换器以最高优先顺位将适当的电力供给该基本电路;若在基本电路所需电力之外尚有额外电力可用时,则将额外电力经由切换器供给非基本电路。 144. The patent scope LAN node, Paragraph 143, wherein the controller receives input from the power of control, the control input indicates no mains power is available via the power supply, and the sensor indicates the absence of sufficient power is available, the controller operation switch with the highest priority order the appropriate power supply to the basic circuit; in addition to the basic circuitry required if there are additional power when electricity is available, the additional power supply of non-essential circuits via the switch.
145.如申请专利范围第29项之区域网路节点,其中该节点可以全部机能与睡眠模式机能二种机能操作。 145. The patent scope LAN nodes paragraph 29, where the nodes can all function and sleep mode function of two functional operations.
146.如申请专利范围第29项之区域网路节点,其中该节点包括一控制器、一切换台、监视电路、至少一个电源及节点电路,且其中该切换器接收来自该控制器之控制输入,该控制器则接收来自该传感器之控制输入与来自该监视电路之控制输入,该监视电路由该至少一个电源连续供应电力。 146. The patent scope LAN nodes paragraph 29, wherein the node includes a controller, a switcher, monitoring circuit, and at least one power circuit node, and wherein the switch receives a control input from the controller's , then the controller receives a control input from the sensor of the control input from the monitoring circuit of the monitoring circuit by the at least one power supply continuous power.
147.如申请专利范围第146项之区域网路节点,其中该监视电路接收一使用者输入,其中指示欲使用节点,或经由通信电缆线接收一控制讯息,其中指示需要以全部机能模式操作,并可响应该输入或讯息以使该切换器让该节点电路以全部机能模式操作。 147. The patent scope LAN node, Paragraph 146, wherein the monitoring circuit receiving a user input, which indicates the desire to use the node, or receive a control message via a communication cable, which indicates the need for full function mode, and responsive to the input or message to make the switch circuit so that the node at full performance mode.
148.如申请专利范围第145项之区域网路节点,其中该传感器感知供应至该至少一个电源之电力的电频。 148. The patent scope LAN node, Paragraph 145, wherein the sensor sensing the at least one power supply to the power supply frequency.
149.如申请专利范围第145项之区域网路,其中该传感器感知从电源配电器经由通信电缆线传送到该传感器之控制信号。 149. The patent scope LAN Paragraph 145, which is transmitted from the sensor senses the power distributor via a communication cable to the control signal of the sensor.
150.如申请专利范围第145项之区域网路节点,其中该节点电路包括基本节点电路与非基本节点电路,且其中该切换器包括一基本节点电路切换器与一非基本节点电路切换器。 150. The patent scope LAN nodes paragraph 145, where the node circuitry includes basic and non-basic circuit node node circuit, and wherein the switch includes a basic circuit switch node with a non-basic node circuit switch.
151.如申请专利范围笫150项之区域网路节点,其中当该控制器接收来自该至少一个电源之控制输入,其中指示有主电源可供使用时,该控制器可操作该基本节点电路切换器与该非基本节点电路切换器,以使电力供给到该基本节点电路与该非基本节点电路二者;而当经由该至少一个电源无主电源可用,但该传感器指示经由通信电缆线有充分电力可用时,该控制器可操作该基本节点电路切换器与该非基本节点电路切换器,以使电力供给到该基本节点电路与该非基本节点电路二者。 151. The patent scope LAN node 150 of Zi, wherein when the controller receives power from the at least one control the input, which indicates that there is mains power is available when the controller is operable to switch the base node circuit The non-basic node with the circuit switch, so the power is supplied to the base node of the circuit and the two non-essential node circuitry; and when through the at least one power without mains power is available, but there is sufficient indication that the sensor via a communication cable When power is available, the controller is operable to the basic node circuit switch and the non-basic node circuit switch, so that the power supplied to the base node of the circuit and the two non-essential node circuitry.
152.如申请专利范围第149项之区域网路节点,其中当该控制器接收来自该至少一个电源之控制输入,其中指示经由该至少一个电源无主电源可用,且该该传感器指示无充分电力可用时,该控制器可操作该基本节点电路切换器,以使适当之电力以最高优先顺位供应到该基本节点电路,而若该基本节点电路所需电力之外尚有额外电力时,则将额外电力经由该非基本节点电路切换器供应至该非基本节点电路。 152. The patent scope LAN node, Paragraph 149, wherein when the controller receives from the at least one control input power of which indicates that at least one power-free through the main power source is available, and the full power of the sensor indicates no When available, the controller is operable to switch the base node circuit, the power to make appropriate highest priority order is supplied to the base node circuit, and if there are additional power beyond the power of the base node circuitry required, then The additional power supply via the non-essential node circuitry switch to the non-essential node circuitry.
153.如申请专利范围第149项之区域网路节点,其中该节点可以三种模式之一操作;当基本与非基本节点电路都在作用时,使用全部机能模式;当基本节点电路作用时,使用基本机能模式;当基本节点电路至少一部份无作用时,使用睡眠机能模式。 153. The patent scope LAN node, Paragraph 149, in which the node can operate in one of three modes; when the basic and non-basic node circuitry when the role of the use of all functions mode; when the basic circuit node role Use basic function mode; when at least a portion of the base node circuit has no effect when using the sleep mode function.
154.如申请专利范围第31项之区域网路节点,其中该节点亦包括一电源,且其中该电源包括至少一个可再充电能量储存单元。 154. The patent scope LAN node of the first 31, which also includes a power supply of the node, and wherein the power source comprises at least one rechargeable energy storage unit.
155.如申请专利范围第154项之区域网路节点,其中该电源提供有限的备用电力。 155. The patent scope LAN node, Paragraph 154, wherein the power supply to provide limited backup power.
156.如申请专利范围第154项之区域网路节点,其中当通信电缆线上只有极有限的电力可传输时,该电源可让节点间歇操作。 At 156. The patent scope LAN node, Paragraph 154, wherein when the communication cable lines only a very limited power can be transmitted, the power supply allows nodes intermittent operation.
157.一种供区域网路中使用的区域网路电源配电器,该区域网路包括一中枢、复数个节点、以及连接该等复数节点与中枢以於其间提供数位通信之通信电缆线;该电源配电器之作用可经由该通信电缆线提供至少部份操作电力给该等复数节点中至少一部份之节点。 LAN 157. An electrical power distribution for use in LAN, the LAN includes a hub, a plurality of nodes, and the connection of such a complex and central node to provide digital communications cable communications in the meantime; the the role of the power distributor can provide at least part of the operation of the power of such a complex node to node, at least a portion of the communication via cable.
158.如申请专利范围第157项之设备,其中该电源配电器系位於该中枢内。 158. The device as described in claim paragraph 157, wherein the power supply with electrical lines located within the center.
159.如申请专利范围第157项之设备,其中该电源配电器系位於该中枢外部。 159. The device as described in claim paragraph 157, wherein the power supply with electrical lines located outside the center.
160.如申请专利范围第157项之设备,其中该电源配电器系局部位於该中枢内,局部位於该中枢外部。 160. The device as described in claim paragraph 157, where the local power distributor located within the central system, located in the hub of local external.
161.如申请专利范围第157项之设备,其中该电源配电器经由该通信电缆线供应到该等复数节点中至少一部份节点的操作电力,系包括备用电力。 161. The device as described in claim paragraph 157, wherein the power supply with electrical power supply to operate such a complex node node via at least a part of the communication cable, including backup power system.
162.如申请专利范围第157项之设备,其中:该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器;该电源配电器包括一结合器;以及该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与各节点。 162. The range of equipment such as patents, Paragraph 157, wherein: the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device; the power supply distributor includes a combiner; and the communication cable to connect to the data communication with the hearing set by the combiner each node.
163.如申请专利范围第157项之设备,其中该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,且其中该电源配电器亦位於该中枢内。 163. The device as described in claim paragraph 157, wherein the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, and wherein the power distributor is also located within the center.
164.如申请专利范围第157项之设备,其中该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,且其中该电源配电器亦位於该中枢内并包括一电源及一结合器,该结合器将该电源供应之电力耦接至该通信电缆线,该通信电缆线亦传输来自该数据通信集讯器之数据。 164. The device as described in claim paragraph 157, wherein the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, and wherein the power distributor is also located within the hub and includes a power supply and a combiner that combines the power supply unit The power coupled to the communication cable, the communication cable also transmits the communication data set of data from the sender device.
165.如申请专利范围第162项之设备,其中:该结合器包括复数个耦合器,每一耦合器系连接到该电源之一输出端。 165. The range of equipment such as patents, Paragraph 162, wherein: the combination includes a plurality of couplers, each coupler system is connected to the output of the one of the power supply.
166.如申请专利范围第162项之设备,其中:该结合器包括复数个耦合器与复数个滤波器,每一耦合器经由一滤波器连接到该电源之一输出端。 166. The range of equipment such as patents, Paragraph 162, wherein: the combination includes a plurality of couplers and a plurality of filters, each coupler is connected to the output of the power supply via one of a filter.
167.如申请专利范围第162项之设备,其中:该结合器包括复数个耦合器、复数个滤波器与复数个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一耦合器系经由一滤波器及一SPEAR连接到该电源之一输出端。 167. The range of equipment such as patents, Paragraph 162, wherein: the combination includes a plurality of couplers, a plurality of filters and a plurality of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each coupler system through a filter and a SPEAR to an output terminal connected to the one power supply.
168.如申请专利范围第162项之设备,其中:该电源配电器包括一电源;以及该电源包括一断电备用设备。 168. The range of equipment such as patents, Paragraph 162, wherein: the power supply distributor includes a power supply; and the power supply includes a power failure backup device.
169.如申请专利范围第162项之设备,其中:该结合器包括复数个耦合器与复数个滤波器,每一耦合器经由一滤波器连接到一电源之一输出端。 169. The range of equipment such as patents, Paragraph 162, wherein: the combination includes a plurality of couplers and a plurality of filters, each coupler is connected to the output of a power supply via one of a filter.
170.如申请专利范围第157项之设备,其中该电源配电器之作用可沿该通信电缆线提供电力而不致於降低数位通信品质至无法接受之程度。 170. The device as described in claim paragraph 157, where the role of the power distributor along the communication cable to provide power, they would not reduce the number of bits to an unacceptable degree of communication quality.
171.如申请专利范围第157项之设备,其中该通信电缆线包括至少一对双扭线连接至每一节点,其中之电力系在一双扭线上传输,且数据亦沿该双扭线传送。 171. The device as described in claim paragraph 157, wherein the communication cable comprises at least one twisted pair cable to connect each node to which the power lines in twisted pair transmission line, and the data is also transmitted along the twisted pair .
172.如申请专利范围第157项之设备,其中:该电源配电器包括一电源界面与一电源;该通信电缆线经由该电源界面连接该数据通信集讯器与该等节点;以及该电源界面包括复数个滤波器与复数个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一滤波器系经由一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端。 172. The range of equipment such as patents, Paragraph 157, wherein: the power supply distributor includes a power interface and a power supply; the communication cable to connect to the data communication with the collection of such information through the power supply interface node; and Power Interface includes a plurality of filters and a plurality of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each filter system is connected via a SPEAR output of the one power source.
173.如申请专利范围第157项之设备,其中:该通信电缆线包括至少二对双扭线连接至每一节点,且其中传输电力之双扭线与传送数据之双扭线不同。 173. The range of equipment such as patents, Paragraph 157, wherein: the communication cable includes at least two pairs of twisted-pair cable to each node, and wherein the twisted pair twisted pair transmission power of the transmission of data between different.
174.如申请专利范围第157项之设备,其中:该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器;该电源配电器包括一电源界面与一电源;该通信电缆线经由该电源界面连接该数据通信集讯器与该等节点;以及该电源界面包括复数个滤波器及复数个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一滤波器系经由一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端。 174. The range of equipment such as patents, Paragraph 157, wherein: the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device; the power supply distributor includes a power interface and a power supply; the communication cable to connect to the data communication via the power supply interface information set is with these nodes; and the power supply interface includes a plurality of filters and a plurality of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each filter system is connected via a SPEAR one output of the power supply.
175.如申请专利范围第157项之设备,其中:该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器;该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源;该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与该等节点;该结合器包括复数个耦合器、复数个滤波器及复数个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一耦合器经由一滤波器及一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端;以及每一耦合器至少有二个埠,其中一埠连接该数据通信集讯器之一埠,另一埠经由通信电缆线连接该等复数个节点之一。 175. The range of equipment such as patents, Paragraph 157, wherein: the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device; the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply; the communication cable to connect to the data communication via the combiner hearing set is with these nodes; the combination includes a plurality of couplers, a plurality of filters and a plurality of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each coupled to one of the output of the power supply is connected through a filter and a SPEAR end; and each coupler has at least two ports, one port connected to the data communication port set hearing is one of the other port is connected via a communication cable, one of a plurality of such nodes.
176.如申请专利范围第157项之设备,其中:该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器;该电源配电器包括一结合器、一管理与控制单元及一电源;该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与该等节点;该结合器包括复数个耦合器、复数个滤波器及复数个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一耦合器系经由一滤波器及一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端;以及该SPEAR之作用可向该管理与控制单元报告与其连接之节点的电流消耗情况。 176. The range of equipment such as patents, Paragraph 157, wherein: the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device; the power supply distributor includes a combiner, a management and control unit and a power supply; the communication cable through the combiner The data communication connection with the collection of such information node; the combination includes a plurality of couplers, a plurality of filters and a plurality of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each coupler system via a filter and a SPEAR is connected to the output of one power source; and the role of the SPEAR can to current management and the control unit reports nodes connected thereto consumption.
177.如申请专利范围第157项之设备,其中:该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器;该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源;该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与该等节点;该结合器包括复数个耦合器、复数个滤波器及复数个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一耦合器系经由一滤波器及一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端;以及该SPEAR之作用可限制供往与其连接之节点的最大电流。 177. The range of equipment such as patents, Paragraph 157, wherein: the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device; the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply; the communication cable to connect to the data communication via the combiner hearing set is with these nodes; the combination includes a plurality of couplers, a plurality of filters and a plurality of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each coupler system through a filter and a SPEAR connecting the one power supply output; and the role of the SPEAR limit the maximum current for the node to connect to it.
178.如申请专利范围第157项之设备,其中:该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器;该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源;该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与该等节点;该结合器包括复数个耦合器、复数个滤波器及复数个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一耦合器系经由一滤波器及一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端;以及当与该SPEAR连接之节点经过一段可程式预定之时间後显示过电流状况时,该SPEAR可操作自动切断其与该节点之连接。 178. The range of equipment such as patents, Paragraph 157, wherein: the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device; the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply; the communication cable to connect to the data communication via the combiner hearing set is with these nodes; the combination includes a plurality of couplers, a plurality of filters and a plurality of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each coupler system through a filter and a SPEAR connecting the one power supply an output terminal; and when the connection with the node of the SPEAR may after a period of time after the predetermined program is displayed over-current condition, the SPEAR operable automatically cut off which is connected to the node of.
179.如申请专利范围第157项之设备,其中:该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器;该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源;该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与该等节点;该结合器包括复数个耦合器、复数个滤波器及复数个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一耦合器系经由一滤波器及一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端;以及当与该SPEAR连接之节点经过一段可程式预定之时间後显示过电流状况时,该SPEAR可操作自动切断该节点之电力,并於该节点不再显示过电流状况时,自动重新导通该节点之电力。 179. The range of equipment such as patents, Paragraph 157, wherein: the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device; the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply; the communication cable to connect to the data communication via the combiner hearing set is with these nodes; the combination includes a plurality of couplers, a plurality of filters and a plurality of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each coupler system through a filter and a SPEAR connecting the one power supply output; when and when connected to the node of the SPEAR program scheduled over a period of time can be displayed after an overcurrent condition, the SPEAR operable node automatically cut off the power, and the node is no longer displayed in the over-current condition, automatically re- The node conduction of electricity.
180.如申请专利范围第157项之设备,其中:该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器;该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源;该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与该等节点;该结合器包括复数个耦合器、复数个滤波器及复数个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一耦合器系经由一滤波器及一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端;以及该SPEAR包括:一电流传感器,该电流传感器接收一电源之电压输入Vin并产生一信号,此信号与通过该电流传感器之电流成比例;以及多数比较器,该等比较器接收来自该电流传感器的信号也接收来自各参考电压源之参考电压Vref。 180. The range of equipment such as patents, Paragraph 157, wherein: the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device; the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply; the communication cable to connect to the data communication via the combiner hearing set is with these nodes; the combination includes a plurality of couplers, a plurality of filters and a plurality of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each coupler system through a filter and a SPEAR connecting the one power supply an output terminal; and the SPEAR includes: a current sensor, the current sensor receiving a supply of the input voltage Vin and generates a signal which is proportional to the current through the current sensor; and a majority of a comparator, the comparator receives these signal of the current sensor also receives from each reference voltage source of reference voltage Vref.
181.如申请专利范围第180项之设备,其中该等参考电压源为可程式参考电压源并接收来自管理与控制电路之控制输入。 181. The device as described in claim paragraph 180, where the reference voltage source such as a programmable reference voltage source and receiving control input from management and control circuits.
182.如申请专利范围第181项之设备,其中该等多数比较器的输出被供应至一电流限制器与开关,此电流限制器与开关经由该电流传感器接收输入电压Vin,并提供一限流电压输出Vout。 182. The device as described in claim paragraph 181, in which the output of the comparator such majority is supplied to a current limiter with the switch, this current limiter and switch receives an input voltage Vin via the current sensor, and provides a limiting output voltage Vout.
183.如申请专利范围第182项之设备,其中该等比较器之输出被供应至管理与控制电路作为监视输入,提供有关流经SPEAR之DC电流的资讯。 183. The device as described in claim paragraph 182, of which those of the comparator output is supplied to the management and control circuit as a monitor input, provide information about the DC current flowing through the SPEAR information.
184.如申请专利范围第157项之设备,其中:该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器;该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源;该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与该等节点;以及该结合器包括复数个耦合器,每一耦合器包括至少一对变压器,每一变压器於其次级线圈有一中心分接头,DC电压经由此中心分接头馈至连接该处之双扭线的每一电线。 184. The range of equipment such as patents, Paragraph 157, wherein: the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device; the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply; the communication cable to connect to the data communication via the combiner hearing set device with such node; and the combiner includes a plurality of couplers, each coupler comprises at least one pair of transformers, each transformer to its secondary coil has a center tap, DC voltage is fed through this center tap is connected to the premises Each of the twisted pair of wires.
185.如申请专利范围第157项之设备,其中:该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器;该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源;该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与该等节点;以及该结合器包括复数个耦合器,每一耦合器包括至少一个变压器,该变压器之特徵在於,其中包括一次级线圈与一电容器,该次级线圈分割为二个个别之绕组,该电容器接设在该二个别之绕组间;於供高频信号使用时,该电容器以串联方式有效连接该二绕组,但於供DC使用时,则有效隔离该二绕组。 185. The range of equipment such as patents, Paragraph 157, wherein: the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device; the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply; the communication cable to connect to the data communication via the combiner hearing set device with such node; and the combiner includes a plurality of couplers, each coupler comprises at least one transformer, characterized in that the transformer includes a secondary winding and a capacitor, the secondary winding is divided into two individual of winding, the capacitor is connected is provided between the two windings of the individual; to use for high-frequency signal, the capacitor is connected in series with the second winding is effective, but at the time for DC use, the effective separation of the two windings.
186.如申请专利范围第157项之设备,其中:该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器;该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源;该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与该等节点;以及该结合器包括一对电容器,此对电容器有效阻挡DC进入该数据通信集讯器。 186. The range of equipment such as patents, Paragraph 157, wherein: the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device; the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply; the communication cable to connect to the data communication via the combiner hearing set device with such node; and the combination comprises a pair of capacitors, the capacitor effectively block DC enters the data set information communication device.
187.如申请专利范围第157项之设备,其中:该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器;该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源;该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与该等节点;以及该结合器包括二对电容器,此二对电容器有效阻挡DC进入该数据通信集讯器。 187. The range of equipment such as patents, Paragraph 157, wherein: the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device; the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply; the communication cable to connect to the data communication via the combiner hearing set is with these nodes; and the combination includes two pairs of capacitors, the two pairs of DC blocking capacitor effective access to the data communication sets hearing device.
188.如申请专利范围第157项之设备,其中:该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器;该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源;该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与该等节点;以及该结合器包括一自动平衡无电容器无变压器共模式耦合电路。 188. The range of equipment such as patents, Paragraph 157, wherein: the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device; the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply; the communication cable to connect to the data communication via the combiner hearing set is with these nodes; and the combination includes a self-balancing capacitor-free mode coupling transformer circuit altogether.
189.如申请专利范围第157项之设备,其中该电源配电器包括电力管理机能。 189. The range of equipment such as patents, Paragraph 157, which includes the power supply with electrical power management functions.
190.如申请专利范围第189项之设备,其中该电源配电器包括一电力管理与控制单元,此单元监视与控制经由通信电缆线供应至不同节点之电力。 190. The device as described in claim paragraph 189, wherein the power supply distributor includes a power management and control unit which monitors and controls the power supply to the different nodes via a communication cable.
191.如申请专利范围第190项之设备,其中亦包括一管理工作站,其作用可管理该电力管理与控制单元之操作。 191. The range of equipment such as patents, Paragraph 190, which also includes a management workstation, its role can manage the operation of the power management and control unit.
192.如申请专利范围第191项之设备,其中该管理工作站管理多重电力管理与控制单元之操作。 192. The range of equipment such as patents, Paragraph 191, wherein the management workstation to manage multiple operating unit of power management and control.
193.如申请专利范围第190项之设备,其中该电力管理与控制单元经由一数据通信集讯器与不同节点通信,藉此管理各节点现行之电力使用模式。 193. The device as described in claim paragraph 190, wherein the power management and control unit via a data communication sets hearing to communicate with a different node, thereby manage each node prevailing electricity usage patterns.
194.如申请专利范围第190项之设备,其中该电力管理与控制单元经由经由控制讯息而与不同节点通信,控制讯息在各节点解码并用来控制究竟在各节点提供全部或部份机能。 194. The apparatus as described in claim 190, Paragraph, wherein the power management and control unit via a control message via different nodes communicate with each node in the control message is decoded and used to control whether all or part of the functions in each node.
195.如申请专利范围第190项之设备,其中该电力管理与控制单元感知该电源配电器无主电源可用,并传送一控制讯息使各节点以备用或减量电力模式操作。 195. The device as described in claim paragraph 190, wherein the power management and control unit of the power distributor perception without mains available, and send a control message so that each node in standby or reduced power mode.
196.如申请专利范围第190项之设备,其中该节点包括全部机能与减量机能操作都需要的基本电路,及减量机能操作不需的非基本电路。 196. The device as described in claim paragraph 190, wherein the node includes all the basic circuit function and reduction operations are needed function, and reduction of non-functioning operating without the basic circuit.
197.一种设置一区域网路之方法,此方法包括的步骤有:提供一中枢;提供复数个节点;使用一通信电缆连接该复数个节点与该中枢以提供数据通信;以及操作一电源配电器以经由该通信电缆提供至少部份操作电力给该等复数个节点中至少一部份节点。 197. A method of setting a local area network, the method comprising the steps of: providing a center; providing a plurality of nodes; using a communication cable connecting the plurality of nodes and the hub to provide data communications; and operating with a power source appliances via the communication cable to provide at least part of the operation of the power of such a plurality of nodes to at least a part of the node.
198.一种在一区域网路中设置一区域网路节点之方法,此方法包括的步骤有:提供一中枢;提供复数个节点;使用通信电缆线连接该复数个节点与该中枢以提供数位通信;以及操作一电源配电器以经由该中枢及该通信电缆线提供至少部份操作电力给该等复数个节点中至少一部份节点;该区域网路节点包括一通信电缆线界面,该界面可接收电力与数据,并分别将电力提供至一节点电力输入端,将数据提供至一节点数据输入端。 198. A setting method of a local area network node in a local area network, the method comprising the steps of: providing a center; providing a plurality of nodes; using a communication cable connecting the plurality of nodes and the hub to provide a digital communication; and operating a power supply distributor to provide via the hub and the communication cable of at least part of the operating power to the plurality of nodes such that at least a portion of the node; the LAN node comprises a communication cable interface that may receive power and data and separately providing power to a node power input, the data supplied to a data input terminal node.
199.一种设置一区域网路之方法,此方法包括的步骤有:提供一中枢;提供复数个节点;经由通信电缆线连接该复数个节点与该中枢以提供数据通信;以及操作一电源配电器以经由该通信电缆线提供至少部份操作电力给该等复数个节点中至少一部份节点;该电源配电器包括电力管理机能。 199. A method of setting a local area network, the method comprising the steps of: providing a center; providing a plurality of nodes; the plurality of nodes connected via a communication cable and the hub to provide data communications; and operating with a power source appliances via the communication cable to provide power to at least part of the operation of such a plurality of nodes, at least a part of the node; the power distributor includes power management functions.
200.一种设置一区域网路电源配电器以供一区域网路中使用之方法,此方法包括的步骤有:提供一中枢;提供复数个节点及连接该复数个节点与该中枢以於其间提供数位通信之通信电缆线,该电源配电器之作用可以经由该通信电缆线提供至少部份操作电力给该等复数个节点中至少一部份节点。 Providing a LAN 200. A power distributor for use in a method of a local area network, the method comprising the steps of: providing a center; providing a plurality of nodes and connecting the plurality of nodes to the hub therebetween provide digital communications cable communications, the role of the power distributor can provide at least part of the operation of the power of such a plurality of nodes to at least a part of the node via the communication cable.
201.一种在数据通信电缆线基础设备上配电至一个或多个耗电网路器件之系统;此系统包括:一数据通信电缆线网路;一电源;至少一个电力/数据结合器,与该电源及该数据通信电缆线网路耦接;该至少一个电力/数据结合器之作用可以产生一低频电力信号并注入从该数据通信电缆线网路接收之数据通信信号,以产生一电力/数据结合信号,该电力/数据结合信号随後输出到该数据通信电缆线网路;以及至少一个电力/数据分离器,该至少一个电力/数据分离器可接收该电力/数据结合信号并从其中引出与分离原始的数据通信信号与低频电力信号。 201. A power distribution over the data communication cable infrastructure equipment to one or more network devices of the power system; the system comprising: a data communications network cable; a power source; at least one power / data combiner, with the power cable and the data communication network coupled; the at least one power / data combiner can produce the effect of a low-power signal and injecting the received data communication signals from the network data communication cable, in order to generate a power / data combined signal, the power / data signal is then output to the combination of a data communication cable network; and at least one power / data splitter, the at least one power / data splitter can receive the power / data from the combined signal and which leads to the separation of the original signal and the low-power data communication signals.
202.如申请专利范围第201项之系统,其中该数据通信网路包括一个以乙太网路为基础的区域网路(LAN)。 202. The system as described in claim paragraph 201, wherein the data communication network includes an Ethernet-based local area network (LAN).
203.如申请专利范围第201项之系统,其中该电力/数据结合器以一独立式单元为实施方式。 203. The system as described in claim paragraph 201, wherein the power / data coupler with a stand-alone unit for implementation.
204.如申请专利范围第201项之系统,其中该电力/数据结合器系并入一区域网路(LAN)中枢。 204. The system as described in claim paragraph 201, wherein the power / data combiner system incorporated into a local area network (LAN) hub.
205.如申请专利范围第201项之系统,其中该电力/数据结合器系并入一区域网路(LAN)切换器。 205. The system as described in claim paragraph 201, wherein the power / data combiner system incorporated into a local area network (LAN) switch.
206.如申请专利范围第201项之系统,其中该电力/数据结合器包括复数个数据专用输入埠及复数个数据加电力输出埠,每一数据输入埠及数据加电力输出埠形成一个别通道。 206. The system as described in claim paragraph 201, wherein the power / data includes a plurality of data combined with a dedicated input port and a plurality of data plus electrical output ports, each data input port and an output port data plus electricity do not form a channel .
207.如申请专利范围第201项之系统,其中该电力/数据结合器可从一AC主电源插座接收电力。 207. The system as described in claim paragraph 201, wherein the power / data binding can receive power from an AC mains socket.
208.如申请专利范围第201项之系统,其中该电力/数据结合器可从一不断电电源供应器(UPS)接收电力。 208. The system as described in claim paragraph 201, wherein the power / data binding can receive power from an uninterruptible power supply (UPS).
209.如申请专利范围第201项之系统,其中该电力/数据结合器可从另一电力/数据结合器接收电力。 209. The system as described in claim paragraph 201, wherein the power / data binding can be combined with another receives power from the power / data.
210.如申请专利范围第201项之系统,其中该电力/数据结合器包括可滤除高频杂讯与脉动之装置。 210. The system as described in claim paragraph 201, wherein the power / data combined with the high-frequency noise and includes device can filter out the ripple.
211.如申请专利范围第201项之系统,其中该电力/数据结合器包括感知低频电力信号电流之装置。 211. The system as described in claim paragraph 201, wherein the power / data combination includes low-power signal sensing device currents.
212.如申请专利范围第201项之系统,其中该电力/数据结合器包括连接及切断该低频电力信号与该电力/数据结合输出信号之装置。 212. The system as described in claim paragraph 201, wherein the power / data connection and disconnection combination includes the low-power signal and an output signal of the power / data binding.
213.如申请专利范围第201项之系统,其中该电力/数据结合器包括检测该电力/数据结合输出信号上无负载与过载状况之装置。 213. The system as described in claim paragraph 201, wherein the power / data coupler comprises detecting the power / data combined with no means of load and overload conditions on the output signal.
214.如申请专利范围第201项之系统,进而包括一管理单元,其可经由数据通信电缆线网路监视与提供电力给位於该数据通信电缆线网路内的电力/数据结合器与电力/数据分离器。 214. The system as described in claim paragraph 201, further comprising a management unit, which can provide power to network monitoring and located Electricity / data combined with the data communication device within the network cable and the power cable via a data communications / data separator.
215.如申请专利范围第201项之系统,其中该电力/数据分离器以一独立式单元为实施方式。 215. The system as described in claim paragraph 201, wherein the power / data splitter to a stand-alone unit for implementation.
216.如申请专利范围第201项之系统,其中该电力/数据分离器系并入一网路器件。 216. The system as described in claim paragraph 201, wherein the power / data splitter system incorporated into a network device.
217.如申请专利范围第201项之系统,其中该电力/数据分离器包括一AC/DC电力转换器,以将引出的低频电力信号转换成一个或多个输出电压。 217. The system as described in claim paragraph 201, wherein the power / data separator includes a AC / DC power converter to convert leads to low-power signals into one or more output voltages.
218.如申请专利范围第201项之系统,其中该电力/数据分离器包括一DC/DC电源力转换器,以将引出的低频电力信号转换成一个或多个输出电压。 218. The system as described in claim paragraph 201, wherein the power / data separator includes a DC / DC converter power supply to the low-power signal leads into one or more output voltages.
219.一种在一数据通信电缆线基础设备上配电至一个或多个耗电网路器件之方法,此方法包括的步骤有:从一电力源产生一低频电力信号,将该一低频电力信号注入在该数据通信电缆线网路上传送的一数据通信信号以产生一电力/数据结合信号;将该一电力/数据结合信号传输到该数据通信电缆线网路;接收在该数据通信电缆线网路上传送的电力/数据结合信号;以及分割该电力/数据结合信号以从该低频电力信号分离并产生该数据通信信号。 219. A distribution over a data communications cable infrastructure equipment to one or more methods of power network devices, the method comprising the steps of: generating a low frequency power signal from a power source, the power of a low frequency signal injected on the data communications cable to a data communication network transmitted signal to produce a power / data combined signal; the a power / data signal is transmitted to the combination of a data communication cable network; receiving the data communication cable power / data transmitted on the Internet combined signal; and dividing the power / data combined signals from the low frequency power signal separation and produces the data communication signals.
220.如申请专利范围第219项之方法,其中该数据通信网路包括一个以乙太网路为基础的区域网路(LAN)。 220. The method of claim scope of Article 219 patent, wherein the data communication network includes an Ethernet-based local area network (LAN).
221.如申请专利范围第219项之方法,其中该电力源包括一AC主电源插座。 221. The method of claim scope of Article 219 patent, wherein the power source comprises an AC mains socket.
222.如申请专利范围第219项之方法,其中该电力源包括一不断电电源供应器(UPS)。 222. The method of claim scope of Article 219 patent, wherein the power source includes an uninterruptible power supply (UPS).
223.如申请专利范围第219项之方法,进而包括以下步骤:从该低频电力信号滤除高频杂讯与脉动。 223. The method of claim scope of Article 219 patent, further comprising the steps of: filter out high frequency noise and ripple from the low-power signal.
224.如申请专利范围第219项之方法,进而包括以下步骤:感知该低频电力信号中的电流。 224. The method of claim scope of Article 219 patent, further comprising the steps of: sensing the low-power signal current.
225.如申请专利范围第219项之方法,进而包括以下步骤:连接该低频电力信号与该电力/数据结合输出信号及切断该低频电力信号与该电力/数据结合输出信号之连接。 225. The method of claim scope of Article 219 patent, further comprising the steps of: connecting the low-power signal combined output signal and the power / data and cut off the low-power signal combined output signal is connected to the power / data.
226.如申请专利范围第219项之方法,进而包括以下步骤:检测该电力/数据结合输出信号之无负载与过载状况。 226. The method of claim scope of Article 219 patent, further comprising the steps of: detecting the power / data combined with no-load and overload status output signal.
227.如申请专利范围第219项之方法,进而包括以下步骤:将引出之低频电力信号转换成一个或多个输出电压。 227. The method of claim scope of Article 219 patent, further comprising the steps of: converting the low-power signal leads into one or more of the output voltage.
228.一种可在数据通信电缆线基础设备上配电至一个或多个耗电网路器件之系统,此系统包括:一数据通信电缆线网路;一电力源;从该电力源产生一低频电力信号之电源装置;与该数据通信电缆线网路耦接之结合器装置,该结合器装置将该低频电力信号注入在该数据通信电缆线网路上传送的数据通信信号以产生一电力/数据结合信号;调节该低频电力信号注入该数据通信信号之调节器装置,该调节包括,但不限於,停止该低频电力信号之注入并限制其电流;从该电力/数据结合信号引出该低频电力信号并将原始数据通信信号与该低频电力信号输出之装置。 228. A power distribution over the data communication may be cable infrastructure equipment to one or more network devices of the power system, the system comprising: a data communications network cable; a power source; generated from the electric power source of a a low frequency power signal of the power supply device; the data communication signals to the data communication network coupled to the cable binding apparatus, which means the combination of the low frequency power signal transmitted on the injection data communication cable network to produce a power / combined data signal; adjusting the low frequency power signal injection regulator means of the data communication signals, the adjusting includes, but not limited to, stopping the injection of the low frequency power signal and limits its current; binding leads to the low frequency power signal from the power / data signal and the original signal and data communication device of the low-power signal output.
229.如申请专利范围第228项之系统,其中该数据通信网路包括一个以乙太网路为基础的区域网路(LAN)。 229. The system as described in claim paragraph 228, wherein the data communication network includes an Ethernet-based local area network (LAN).
230.如申请专利范围第228项之系统,其中该电源装置可从一AC主电源插座接收电力。 230. The system as described in claim paragraph 228, wherein the power supply device can receive power from an AC mains socket.
231.如申请专利范围第228项之系统,其中该电源装置可从一不断电电源供应器(UPS)接收电力。 231. The system as described in claim paragraph 228, wherein the power supply device can receive power from an uninterruptible power supply (UPS).
232.如申请专利范围第228项之系统,其中该结合器装置包括滤除高频杂讯与脉动之装置。 232. The system as described in claim paragraph 228, wherein the device comprises means for combining the high frequency of the filter out noise and ripple.
233.如申请专利范围第228项之系统,其中该调节器装置包括感知该低频电力信号电流之装置。 233. The system as described in claim paragraph 228, wherein the actuator device includes the low-power signal current perception of the device.
234.如申请专利范围第228项之系统,其中该调节器装置包括检测该电力/数据结合输出信号无负载与过载情况之装置。 234. The system as described in claim paragraph 228, wherein the adjustment means comprises detecting the power / data combined with the output signal of the no-load and overload device case.
235.如申请专利范围第228项之系统,进而包括一管理单元,其可经由该数据通信电缆线网路监视与提供电力给位於该数据通信电缆线网路内的电力/数据结合器与电力/数据分离器。 235. The system as described in claim paragraph 228, further comprising a management unit, which can provide power to network monitoring and located within the data communication cable network power / data combined with the power via the data communication cable / data splitter.
236.如申请专利范围第228项之系统,其中该引出装置包括一AC/DC电力转换器,可将引出的低频电力信号转换成一个或多个输出电压。 236. The system as described in claim paragraph 228, wherein the extracting means comprises a AC / DC power converter, can convert leads to low frequency electric signals into one or more output voltages.
237.如申请专利范围第228项之系统,其中该引出装置包括一DC/DC电力转换器,可将引出的低频电力信号转换成一个或多个输出电压。 237. The system as described in claim paragraph 228, wherein the extracting means comprises a DC / DC power converter, can convert leads to low frequency electric signals into one or more output voltages.
Description  translated from Chinese
结构式电缆线系统改良 Structured cable system improvement

所属领域本发明有关结构式电缆线系统,尤其有关区域网路中使用的结构式电缆线系统。 The present invention relates to the art structured cable systems, especially concerning structural formula LAN cable systems in use.

发明背景结构式电缆线系统经常被用在公共设施之基础建设中。 Background of the Invention structured cable systems are often used in the infrastructure of public facilities. 此类系统提供标准化但具弹性的平台供动态通信环境使用。 Such systems provide a standardized yet flexible platform for a dynamic communications environment. 通常,结构式电缆线系统使用依照预定标准安装的双扭铜线。 Typically, structured cable systems use twisted-pair copper wire installed in accordance with predetermined criteria. 结构式电缆线系统以往系用於电话、数据通信、以及用於警报、安全保护与存取控制等用途。 Structured cable systems in the past system for telephone, data communications, as well as for alarms, security protection and access control applications.

现行建构的基础设施构成乙太网路(Ethernet)区域网路(LAN)与广域网路(WAN),以於网路器件间传输与配送高位元率数据通信信号。 Existing infrastructure construction constitutes Ethernet (Ethernet) LAN (LAN) and wide area network (WAN), transmission and distribution to high bit rate data communication signals in between network devices. 网路器件或元件可包括中枢、切换器,接线桥、路由器、互连设备、随网路界面卡(NIC)配备之各种器件、数据伺服器、桌上型个人电脑、手提式电脑、及其他各种网路设备。 Network devices or components may include hub, switch, wiring bridges, routers, interconnection equipment, all kinds of devices with network interface card (NIC) with the data server, desktop PC, notebook computers, and a variety of other network devices. 其中,所有这些器件之共同点在於它们全都需要电力以便操作。 Among them, all of these devices have in common is that they all require electricity to operate. 在每种情况中,这些器件消耗的电力都由内部或外部蓄电池供应,或由电力事业提供的交流电(AC)动力供应。 In each case, these devices consume power supplied by the internal or external battery or AC power (AC) power supply provided by the electric utilities.

今日,所有非自动馈电的网路基本器件,亦即,包括内部或外部蓄电池,除了需要一或多个网路接线外,还需要连接一电力源。 Today, all the non-automatic feeding of basic network devices, that is, including internal or external batteries, in addition to one or more of the network connection, you also need to connect a power source. 网路器件需与电力源连接的条件,使其安装复杂化并增加其成本。 Conditions required network device with the power source connected to the installation complicate and increase its cost. 此外,此一条件使网路元件的位置受限於有电力接线与数据网路接线的位置。 In addition, this condition causes the position network elements is limited electricity wiring and data network wiring position. 最後,必须建立与维持二个都与网路器件连接的个别网路。 Finally, we must establish and maintain a network of two individual and network devices are connected. 其中一网路供应配电,另一网路则提供与数据通信网路的连接。 One of the supply and distribution network, with a connection to another network provides data communication networks.

此外,为了让网路器件在局部或完全停电或断电时仍可操作,每一网路器件必须加入一内部蓄电池备用系统,或须连接一不断电电源供应器(UPS)。 In addition, in order to allow partial or complete network device failure or power outage is still operating, each network device must join an internal battery backup system, or be connected with an uninterruptible power supply (UPS). 依照用途而定,诸如与IP或LAN电话一同使用时,在建物断电期间必须操作的网路器件之数目,可能非常高。 Determined in accordance with the purposes, such as when used in conjunction with IP telephony or LAN, the number of network devices must be powered off during the operation of buildings, may be very high.

因此,最好能使每一种非蓄电池操作之网路器件,除了与一网路连线外,不再需要连接交流电公用电力源(亦即标准的AC电插座)。 Therefore, it is best to make each network device of a non-battery operation, in addition with an Internet connection, eliminating the need to connect the AC utility power source (ie a standard AC power outlet). 如此可显著减少电缆、AC插座与相关接线的数目,因而简化网路器件的安装。 So can significantly reduce cable, AC socket number associated with wiring, which simplifies installation network devices. 此外,如此也可提供成本经济的手段对多重网路器件提供一不断电电源。 In addition, this may also provide cost effective means of multiple network devices provide an uninterrupted power supply.

在此必须指出的是,原先设计的数据通信网路基础设备,系为了最有效地用於传送高带宽低功率数据通信信号而非输送电力。 It must be noted that the original design of the data communication network infrastructure, the Department in order to most effectively deliver high bandwidth for low-power data communication signals instead of transfer of power. IEEE 802.3标准规定,用传输电缆输送的电压必须参照其两端的接地加以绝缘并平衡。 IEEE 802.3 standard specifies voltage transmission cable with reference ground transportation must be insulated at both ends and balance. 第3到第5类LAN电缆、RJ-45连接器、网路器件之线路界面、以及网路内所有与IEEE 802.3相容之器件,其原先设计的电力传输量,均不足以操作绝大部份网路器件。 Class 3 to 5 LAN cable, RJ-45 connector, line interface of network devices, as well as all IEEE 802.3 compatible devices within the network, the transmission power of its original design capacity, are absolutely insufficient to operate the most copies of network devices.

因此,任何欲使用LAN基础设备同时解决配电与提供网路数据通信的方案,都应提出以下各点:(1)利用LAN基础设备配电时,不得增加网路位元错误率(bit error rate,BER)超过允许程度,亦不得以任何方式干扰正常数据通信;(2)LAN基础设备上的电力不得对使用者及网路维护人员有造成任何伤害或危险的可能性;(3)LAN基础设备上的电力,对於并非设计为从数据通信网路接收电力的标准LAN设备,不得有害或造成损坏;以及(4)数据通信网路上的电力增加,不得降低网路的可靠性。 Therefore, any desire to use LAN infrastructure while addressing the power distribution network and provides data communications solutions, the following points should be made: (1) the use of LAN infrastructure and distribution, shall not increase the bit error rate of the network (bit error rate, BER) exceeds the permissible extent, nor in any way interfere with the normal data communications; (2) Power LAN infrastructure on users and network maintenance shall not cause any harm to personnel or the possibility of danger; (3) LAN on electricity infrastructure, and for not designed to receive power from a data communication network standard LAN devices may not be harmful or damage; and (4) the power to increase the data communication on the web, not to reduce the reliability of the network.

技术界中已有利用电力网路传送数据通信信号的系统。 Technology sector is already using the system of power network to transmit data communication signals. 输电线载体系统已为人熟知,且其功能可将相当高频的数据信号叠置在低频电力电缆线上。 Power line carrier system has been well known, and its functionality can be quite high frequency data signal superimposed on the low-frequency power cable line. 然而这些系统之设计原系为了在输电线上操作,而输电线与LAN相当不同。 However, the design of these systems in order to operate in the former Department of transmission lines, and power lines and LAN quite different. LAN介质之设计与结构系为了传送数据通信信号。 The design and structure of the Department of LAN medium to transmit data communication signals. 因此,其电缆、连接器、线路界面电路及终端器件之设计,并非用来处理高电量。 Therefore, the cables, connectors, terminal line interface circuit and the design of the device is not used to handle high power. 这与在输电线网路上叠置低能量(low energy level)数据通信信号相当不同。 This transmission line superimposed on the low-energy network (low energy level) data communication signals are quite different.

图25为一方块图,显示一先前技术数据通信网路之范例,其中之网路器件系耦接於公共AC主电源。 Figure 25 is a block diagram showing one example of a data communication network of the prior art, wherein the network device is coupled to the common AC mains supply. 此例之网路系用来举例说明LAN环境中通常可见到的各种网路元件。 This example of the network system to illustrate the various network components in a LAN environment usually see. 此网路概括标号为3010,其包括一WAN及/或LAN结合体中枢3012,此中枢与一IP电话伺服器3014及/或一个或多个其他服务提供者3015耦接,也与一LAN接线桥/路由器3016耦接。 This network summarized designated 3010, which comprises a WAN and / or LAN binding body hub 3012, this hub and an IP telephony server 3014 and / or one or more other service providers 3015 are coupled, but also with a LAN connection Bridge / Router 3016 is coupled. LAN接线桥/路由器3016则经由电插头3022连接一AC电力源。 LAN wiring bridge / router 3016 connected via an AC power source electric plug 3022. IP电话伺服器3014的功能是提供电话服务给复数个网际网路或IP电话3052、3036、3028。 IP telephony server 3014 functions to provide telephone service to a plurality of Internet or IP telephones 3052,3036,3028.

LAN接线桥/路由器3016与二个LAN中枢或切换器3018、3020耦接。 LAN wiring bridge / router 3016 with two LAN hub or switch 3018,3020 coupled. IP电话3028、3036,膝上型或其他手提型电脑3032及桌上型电脑3040经由网路数据接线3031与LAN中枢/切换器3018耦接。 IP telephony 3028,3036, laptop or other portable computers and desktop computers 3032 3040 3018 coupled via a network data wiring 3031 and LAN hub / switch. LAN中枢/切换器3018则经由电插头3024连接一个别的AC电力源。 LAN hub / switch 3018 connected to an AC power source via other electrical plug 3024. IP电话3028、3036,手提型电脑3032及桌上型电脑3040分别经由电插头3030、3038、3034、3042连接一AC电力源。 IP telephony 3028,3036, 3032 portable computers and desktop computers are connected to a 3040 AC power source via an electrical plug 3030,3038,3034,3042.

LAN中枢/切换器3020也经由电插头3026与个别的AC电力源连接。 LAN hub / switch 3020 is also connected to individual AC power source via electrical plug 3026. 一摄录影机3044(例如标准型摄录影机或Web摄影机)、手提型电脑3048及IP电话机3052经由网路数据专用接线3047与LAN中枢/切换器3020联结。 A camcorder 3044 (such as standard camcorder or Web camera), laptop computers 3048 and 3052 IP phones via the Internet data center dedicated wiring 3047 and LAN / Switch 3020 links. 摄录影机3044、手提型电脑3048及IP电话机3052分别经由电插头3046、3050、3054连接一AC电力源。 3044 camcorder, laptop computers 3048 and 3052 IP phones are connected to an AC power source via an electrical plug 3046,3050,3054.

从以上可以发现,每一网路器件需要一个个别的数据通信接线并与一电力源连接。 From the above can be found in each network device needs a separate data communication wiring and connected to a power source. 数据网路接线系以正常方式使用标准LAN电缆线连接习式中枢、切换器、路由器等。 Data network wiring system in the normal way using a standard LAN cable to connect learning style hub, switches, routers. 电力系经由复数个AC主电源插座供应至每一网路器件。 Power supply system via a plurality of AC mains socket to each network device. 因此,每一网路器件必须设置至少二个公用电力接线器,一个连接数据通信网路,第二个连接AC电力网路。 Thus, each network device must be provided at least two public power connector, a data communication network connection, and the second to connect the AC power network.

发明内容 SUMMARY

本发明寻求提供一种增强型结构式电缆线系统及使用此种系统之区域网路。 The present invention seeks to provide an enhanced structural type cable systems and the use of such a system area network.

使用本发明的网路设备可以简化且成本较低,因为所需的电力缆索、电插座及AC电源或配接器,其数目都大量减少。 Network device using the present invention can be simplified and low cost, since the required electric power cable, and AC power or electrical socket adapter, which is a significant reduction in the number. 此外,各网路器件、终端机及其他网路架构设备均可定位而与AC插座的存在与否或位置无关。 In addition, network devices, terminals and other network infrastructure devices can locate the presence or absence of an AC outlet or irrelevant position.

本发明之系统也大量减少万一断电或停电时对重要网路器件与终端机提供不断电备用电力的成本。 System of the present invention also provides a significant reduction in UPS backup power in case the cost of an important network devices and terminal power failure or power outage. 此乃因为经由LAN基础设备从网路中少数点传送备用电力,亦即从不断电电源供应器(UPS)供应电力,远比将每一重要网路元件都连接其专属的UPS或备用电力线要有效率得多。 This is because the network via the LAN infrastructure equipment from a minority point of transfer backup power, that never power off power supply (UPS) to supply power, far more important to the network components are connected to each of its exclusive UPS or backup power lines to be There is much more efficient. 有一个经常都有效的假设是,仅有相当小部份的网路元件,例如中枢、切换器、路由器等,会需要连接专属的不断电电源,而其他的重要网路器件则经由LAN基础设备接收其操作电力。 There are often a valid assumption is that only a relatively small part of the network elements, such as hub, switch, router, etc., will need to connect a dedicated uninterruptible power supply, while the other important network devices via the LAN infrastructure receives its operating power.

本发明另一项好处是可以降低网路终端设备的安全条件与成本,因为此後可从LAN基础设备上传送的低电压来馈电。 Another advantage of the invention is to reduce the cost of network security conditions and terminal equipment, because of the low voltage thereafter can be transferred from the LAN infrastructure to feed. 此与现行提供内部或外部110/220VAC电源的方法相反,在现行方法中,网路器件须有一个或多个测试机构,诸如保险业实验室(Underwriters Laboratory,UL)的验证。 This provides existing internal or external 110 / 220VAC power method contrast, in the present method, the network device must have one or more test organization, such as Underwriters Laboratories (Underwriters Laboratory, UL) for verification. 以目前越来越普遍的IP电话而言,从LAN上供应电力可让IP电话与连接今日盛行的公用拨接电话网路(PSTN)的一般类比电话一样,拥有不断电的电源。 At present, more and more common to IP phone, the electric power is supplied from the LAN allows IP telephone connection today prevailing public dial telephone network (PSTN) telephone as a general analogy, with uninterrupted power supply.

以下提出的揭示内容,说明在专供数位通信目的而设计的LAN网路基础设备上产生、传输与管理电力的设备及方法。 The following disclosure is made, showing that the equipment and methods and management of electricity transmission in digital communication specifically for the purpose of designing a LAN network infrastructure. 本发明的作用在於减少对数据通信的任何可能的干扰,并维持与IEEE 802.3及其他相关标准的相容性。 Effects of the present invention is to reduce any possible interference with data communications and to maintain the IEEE 802.3 and other relevant standards compatibility.

本发明的LAN上供电系统在高带宽数据通信网路上操作,亦即在10Mbps、100Mbps、1000Mbps的速度上操作,当然对杂讯、网路带宽、近端及外加串音更为敏感。 On the LAN power supply system of the present invention on a high-bandwidth data communications network operations, that is, in 10Mbps, 100Mbps, 1000Mbps speed operation on the course of the noise, are more sensitive to network bandwidth, plus proximal and crosstalk. 此外,本发明考虑到现代各种LAN对电缆长度所生的限制,亦即,在公用拨接电话网路(PSTN)、整体服务数位网路(ISDN)及高位元率数位用户环路(HDSL)等通信线路中的电缆长度从数百公尺到数公里。 Furthermore, the present invention contemplates a variety of modern LAN cable length restrictions born, that is, in the public telephone network dial-up (PSTN), ISDN (ISDN) and high bit rate digital subscriber loop (HDSL ) and other communication lines in the cable length from a few hundred meters to several kilometers. 本发明揭示新颖的远程馈电方法更适合较短的牵引电缆敷设路线。 The present invention discloses novel method is more suitable for remote power feeding traction shorter cabling route.

此外,在LAN上的配电可像直流电(DC)或低频AC电压一样地传输,不论在哪种情况,对数据通信信号的干扰都会最小。 In addition, the distribution on the LAN can be as direct current (DC) or low frequency AC voltage as transmitted, whether in either case, the interference of the data communication signals are minimized. 在数据通信电缆上传输的电力,可用电缆中一个或多个备用线对传输。 In the data communication cable transmission power, available in one or more spare cable transmission lines. 乙太网路通信需要2个线对(4条导线)才能实施。 Ethernet communication requires two pairs (4 wires) to be implemented. 若使用4线对(8条导线)第3、4或5类电缆时,则有2线对不用於数据通信。 If you are using 4 pairs (8 wires) 3, 4, or 5 cable, there are two pairs not used for data communications. 输送电力时,可使用电缆线对中的一对或多对。 When the transmission of electricity, you can use the cable to the one or more right. 或者,若数据电缆只包括两线对,则使用可用线对中的一对或二对,亦即使用接收线与传输线来配电。 Alternatively, if the data cable comprises only two line pairs, the use of the available lines of a pair or two pairs, i.e., the use of the transmission line to the receiving line and the power distribution. 因此,根据本发明,可以在数据通信电缆中已用及/或未用的双扭线的任意组合上输送电力。 Thus, according to the present invention, in a data communication cable has been used and / or transmission of electricity used on any combination of the twisted pair.

因此,根据本发明一较佳实施例,其中提供一种区域网路。 Thus, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, wherein there is provided a local area network. 该区域网路包括一中枢、复数个节点、连接该等复数节点与中枢以提供数据通信之通信电缆线、与一电源配电器;该电源配电器之作用可经由通信电缆线提供至少部份操作电力给该等复数节点中至少一部份之节点。 The LAN includes a hub, a plurality of nodes connected to these complex and central node to provide data communication between the communication cable, and a power supply with electrical appliances; the role of the power distributor can provide at least part of the operation through a communication cable These complex node node power to at least a part of it.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该通信电缆包括至少一结构式电缆线系统中的一部份。 According to a further preferred embodiment of the invention, the communication cable comprises at least one structural formula cable system part.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器系位於中枢内。 According to a further preferred embodiment of the invention, the power supply distributor is located in the central system.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器系位於中枢外部。 According to a further preferred embodiment of the invention, the electrical power distribution system is located outside the hub.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器系局部位於中枢内,局部位於中枢外部。 According to a further preferred embodiment of the invention, the power supply distributor is located partially within the central system, the local hub located outside.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器经由通信电缆线供应到该等复数节点中至少一部份节点的操作电力,包括备用电力。 According to a further preferred embodiment of the invention, the power distributor supplies power to operate such a plurality of nodes in the node via at least a portion of the communication cable, including backup power.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器,以及该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与各节点。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner, and the communication cable connected to the data set information with the respective communication node via the combiner.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,其中该电源配电器亦位於中枢内。 According to another preferred embodiment of the invention, the hub includes a data set of information communication device, wherein the power distributor is also located in the center.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,其中该电源配电器亦位於中枢内并包括一电源与一结合器,该结合器将电源供应之电力耦接到该通信电缆线,该通信电缆线亦传送来自数据通信集讯器的数据。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the hub includes a data communication profile information, wherein the power supply distributor is also located within the hub and includes a power supply and a combiner, the combiner of the power coupled to the power supply communications cable, the communication cable to transfer data from the data communication also sets the hearing.

该数据通信集讯器较佳包括一LAN切换器,此切换器之作用如一数据通信切换器/中继器。 The data communication device preferably includes a set of hearing LAN switch, the role of this switch like a data communication switch / repeater.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该等复数个节点包括至少下列节点类型之一:无线LAN存取点、紧急照明系统元件、传呼扬声器、CCTV摄影机、警报传感器、门口传感器、存取控制单元、膝上型电脑、IP电话、中枢、切换器、路由器、监视器、及PC与工作站之记忆备用存档单元。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, such a plurality of nodes comprising at least one of the following types of nodes: wireless LAN access points, emergency lighting system elements, paging loudspeakers, CCTV cameras, alarm sensors, door sensors, access control unit , laptops, IP phones, hub, switch, router, a monitor, and memory of the PC and workstation backup archive means.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器与一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与该等节点,而该结合器包括复数个耦合器,每一耦合器系连接该电源之一输出端。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication with the set of such information via the combiner nodes, and the combiner includes a plurality of couplers, each coupler is connected to an output terminal of the line power.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器与一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与该等节点,而该结合器包括复数个耦合器与复数个滤波器,每一耦合器系经由一滤波器连接该电源之一输出端。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication with the set of such information via the combiner nodes, and the combiner includes a plurality of couplers and a plurality of filters, each coupler system connected to an output terminal of the power supply via one of a filter.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器与一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与该等节点,而该结合器包括复数个耦合器、复数个滤波器与复数个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(Smart Power Allocation andReporting Circuit,SPEAR),每一耦合器系经由一滤波器及一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication with the set of such information via the combiner node, and the combined device includes a plurality of couplers, a plurality of filters and a plurality of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (Smart Power Allocation andReporting Circuit, SPEAR), each line is connected to the coupler through a filter and a SPEAR One of the power output.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器与一电源,且该电源包括一断电备用设备。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply, and the power supply includes a power failure backup device.

此外/或者,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器与一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与该等节点,而该结合器包括复数个耦合器与复数个滤波器,每一耦合器系经由一滤波器连接该电源之一输出端。 Moreover / or the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, which includes a combination of electrical power distribution unit with a power supply, the communication cable to connect to the data communication with the collection of such information through the combiner node, and the combiner includes a plurality of couplers and a plurality of filters, each coupler to connect the output of the system, one power supply via a filter.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器与一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与该等节点,而该结合器包括复数个耦合器、复数个滤波器与复数个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一耦合器系经由一滤波器及一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication with the set of such information via the combiner node, and the combined device includes a plurality of couplers, a plurality of filters and a plurality of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each coupler to connect the output of the system, one power supply via a filter and a SPEAR.

较佳是,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器与一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与该等节点,而该结合器包括复数个耦合器与复数个滤波器,每一耦合器系经由一滤波器连接该电源之一输出端。 Preferably yes, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, which includes a combination of electrical power distribution unit with a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication with the collection of such information through the combiner node, and the combiner includes a plurality of couplers and a plurality of filters, each coupler to connect the output of the system, one power supply via a filter.

此外/或者,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器与一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与该等节点,而该结合器包括复数个耦合器、复数个滤波器与复数个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一耦合器系经由一滤波器及一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端。 Moreover / or the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, which includes a combination of electrical power distribution unit with a power supply, the communication cable to connect to the data communication with the collection of such information through the combiner node, and the combiner includes a plurality of couplers, filters and a plurality of the power output of the complex a smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each coupler system is connected via a filter and a SPEAR.

较佳是,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器与一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与该等节点,而该结合器包括复数个耦合器与复数个滤波器,每一耦合器系经由一滤波器连接该电源之一输出端。 Preferably yes, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, which includes a combination of electrical power distribution unit with a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication with the collection of such information through the combiner node, and the combiner includes a plurality of couplers and a plurality of filters, each coupler to connect the output of the system, one power supply via a filter.

此外/或者,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器与一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与该等节点,而该结合器包括复数个耦合器、复数个滤波器与复数个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一耦合器系经由一滤波器及一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端。 Moreover / or the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, which includes a combination of electrical power distribution unit with a power supply, the communication cable to connect to the data communication with the collection of such information through the combiner node, and the combiner includes a plurality of couplers, filters and a plurality of the power output of the complex a smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each coupler system is connected via a filter and a SPEAR.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器之作用可沿该通信电缆线提供电力而不致於降低数位通信品质至无法接受之程度。 According to the present invention is a further preferred embodiment, the power distributor's role along the communication cable to provide power, they would not reduce the number of bits to an unacceptable degree of communication quality.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该通信电缆线包括至少一对双扭线连接至每一节点,其中之电力系在一双扭线上传输,且数据亦沿该双扭线传送。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the communication cable comprises at least one pair of twisted pair connected to each node, wherein the power transmission line in the one pair of twisted lines, and the data is also transmitted along the twisted pair.

较佳是,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一电源界面与一电源,该通信电缆线经由该电源界面连接该数据通信集讯器与该等节点,而该电源界面包括复数个滤波器与复数个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一滤波器系经由一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端。 Preferably yes, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, which includes a power supply with electrical interface and a power supply, the communication cable to connect to the data communication with the collection of such information through the power supply interface node, and the Power Interface includes a plurality of filters and a plurality of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each filter system is connected via a SPEAR output of the one power source.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该通信电缆线包括至少二对双扭线连接至每一节点,其中传输电力之双扭线与传输数据之双扭线不同。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the communication cable comprises at least two pairs of twisted pair connected to each node, wherein the twisted-pair double transmission power of the transmission data of the twisted wires differ.

较佳是,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一电源界面与一电源,该通信电缆线经由该电源界面连接该数据通信集讯器与该等节点,而该电源界面包括复数个滤波器与复数个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一滤波器系经由一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端。 Preferably yes, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, which includes a power supply with electrical interface and a power supply, the communication cable to connect to the data communication with the collection of such information through the power supply interface node, and the Power Interface includes a plurality of filters and a plurality of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each filter system is connected via a SPEAR output of the one power source.

此外/或者,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一电源界面与一电源,该通信电缆线经由该电源界面连接该数据通信集讯器与该等节点,而该电源界面包括复数个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端。 Moreover / or the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, which includes a power supply with electrical interface and a power supply, the communication cable to connect to the data communication with the collection of such information through the power supply interface node, and the Power Interface includes a plurality of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each connected to the output of the SPEAR one power supply.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器与一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与该等节点,而该结合器包括复数个耦合器、复数个滤波器与复数个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一耦合器系经由一滤波器及一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端,且每一耦合器具有至少二个埠,其中之一连接该数据通信集讯器之一埠,另一埠则经由该通信电缆线连接该复数个节点之一。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication with the set of such information via the combiner node, and the combined device includes a plurality of couplers, a plurality of filters and a plurality of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each coupler to connect the output of the system, one power supply via a filter and a SPEAR, and each coupler having at least two ports, one of which is connected to the data communication sets hearing is one of the port, the other port is connected via the communication cable to one of the plurality of nodes.

根据本发明一较佳实施例,其中亦提供一种用於一区域网路内的区域网路节点。 According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, in which also provides a node for a local area network LAN within. 该区域网路包括一中枢、复数个节点、连接该等复数节点与中枢以提供数位通信之通信电缆线、及一电源配电器;该电源配电器之作用可经由该中枢与该通信电缆线提供至少部份操作电力给该等复数节点中至少一部份之节点,该区域网路节点包括一通信电缆线界面,此界面可接收电力与数据二者,并分别提供电力至一节点电力输入端与提供数据至一节点数据输入端。 The LAN includes a hub, a plurality of nodes, connected with the central node of such a complex to provide digital communications cable communications, and a power distributor; the role of the power distributor can provide the communication cable through the center At least part of the operation of such a complex node node power to at least a part of the LAN node includes a communication cable interface that can receive both power and data, respectively, to provide electricity to a power input node and providing data to a node data input.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器系位於该中枢之内。 According to a further preferred embodiment of the invention, the power supply distributor is located within the hub of the system. 此外/或者,该电源配电器系位於该中枢之外部。 Moreover / or the power supply with electrical lines located outside of the hub.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该节点之作用可於自发性电力管理时进行节点启动睡眠模式操作。 Node starts a sleep mode operation performed when a further preferred embodiment, the role of the node may spontaneously power management according to the present invention. 较佳是,该节点在自发性电力管理之节点启动睡眠模式操作中具有机能,亦即可测量自前次节点活动以来之时间期间TD1。 Preferably, the power of the node in the node management of spontaneous sleep mode operation has started functioning, that TD1 measurable period of time since the events since the last node. 若TD1超过一第一阈而无使用者或或系统输入禁制睡眠模式操作时,节点於是以睡眠模式操作,以降低电力消耗。 If TD1 exceeds a first threshold or without user or system input prohibition sleep mode operation, the node then to the sleep mode, to reduce power consumption.

此外/或者,该节点可在自发性电力管理之节点启动睡眠模式操作中具有机能,亦即可测量自前次节点通信以来之时间期间TD2。 Moreover / or the node can start the sleep mode operation has spontaneous power management function of the node, ie a measurable period of time since the previous self-node communication TD2. 若TD2超过一第一阈而无使用者或或系统输入禁制睡眠模式操作时,节点於是以睡眠模式操作,以降低电力消耗。 If TD2 exceeds a first threshold or without user or system input prohibition sleep mode operation, the node then to the sleep mode, to reduce power consumption.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该节点操作时其机能可於一定期发生之时隙内正常操作节点,并在定期发生之时隙外的时间以睡眠模式操作节点。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, when the node is operating within the time slot which functions may be a regular occurrence of normal operation node, and the occurrence of the time slot to regular time to sleep mode operation node.

此外,该节点亦可因为感知的错误情况而以睡眠模式操作。 In addition, the node also because perceived error condition in the sleep mode operation. 较佳是,该节点之机能可让节点定期执行自我测试。 Preferably, the function of the node allows nodes periodically perform a self-test. 若节点通过测试,则以正常方式操作。 If the node tests at a normal manner. 然而,若节点未通过测试,则以睡眠模式操作。 However, if a node fails the test, places to sleep mode.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该节点之作用可於自发性电力管理时进行电源配电器启动睡眠模式操作。 For power distributor to start again when the sleep mode operation of a preferred embodiment, the role of the node can be in accordance with the present invention spontaneous power management. 较佳是,该节点在自发性电力管理之电源配电器启动睡眠模式操作中具有机能,亦即可测量自前次节点活动以来之时间期间TD1。 Preferably, the spontaneity of the node in the supply with electrical power management sleep mode operation has started functioning, that TD1 measurable period of time since the events since the last node. 若TD1超过一第一阈而无使用者或或系统输入禁制睡眠模式操作时,节点於是以睡眠模式操作,以降低电力消耗。 If TD1 exceeds a first threshold or without user or system input prohibition sleep mode operation, the node then to the sleep mode, to reduce power consumption.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该节点可在自发性电力管理之电源配电器启动睡眠模式操作中具有机能,亦即可测量自前次节点通信以来之时间期间TD2。 According to another preferred embodiment of the invention, the node may have a function in the management of spontaneous electric power distributor to start sleep mode operation, that is during the time since the previous node communication measurable self TD2. 若TD2超过一第一阈而无使用者或或系统输入禁制睡眠模式操作时,节点於是以睡眠模式操作,以降低电力消耗。 If TD2 exceeds a first threshold or without user or system input prohibition sleep mode operation, the node then to the sleep mode, to reduce power consumption.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该节点之机能可让电源配电器在节点上定期执行测试。 According to another preferred embodiment of the invention, the function of the node allows the power distributor to perform tests on a regular basis on the node. 若节点通过测试,则以正常方式操作。 If the node tests at a normal manner. 然而,若节点未通过测试,则以睡眠模式操作。 However, if a node fails the test, places to sleep mode.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该通信电缆线界面系在该等复数个节点中至少一节点之内部。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the communication interface cable system in such a plurality of internal nodes of at least one node.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该通信电缆线界面系在该等复数个节点中至少一节点之外部。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the communication interface system in such cable at least one node of the plurality of external nodes in.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器之作用可沿该通信电缆线提供电力而不致於降低数位通信品质至无法接受之程度。 According to the present invention is a further preferred embodiment, the power distributor's role along the communication cable to provide power, they would not reduce the number of bits to an unacceptable degree of communication quality.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该通信电缆线包括至少一对双扭线连接至每一节点,其中之电力系在一双扭线上传输,且数据亦沿该双扭线传送。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the communication cable comprises at least one pair of twisted pair connected to each node, wherein the power transmission line in the one pair of twisted lines, and the data is also transmitted along the twisted pair.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该通信电缆线包括至少二对双扭线连接至每一节点,其中传输电力之双扭线与传送数据之双扭线不同。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the communication cable comprises at least two pairs of twisted pair connected to each node, wherein the twisted-pair twisted-pair transmission power of the transmission data of different.

较佳是,该电源配电器之作用可沿该通信电缆线提供电力而不致於降低数位通信品质至无法接受之程度。 Preferably, the role of the distributor of power along the communication cable to provide power, they would not reduce the number of bits to an unacceptable degree of communication quality.

此外,该通信电缆线可包括至少一对双扭线连接至每一节点,其中之电力系在一双扭线上传输,且数据亦沿该双扭线传送。 In addition, the communication cable may comprise at least one pair of twisted pair connected to each node, wherein the power transmission line in the one pair of twisted lines, and the data is also transmitted along the twisted pair.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该通信电缆线包括至少二对双扭线连接至每一节点,其中传输电力之双扭线与传送数据之双扭线不同。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the communication cable comprises at least two pairs of twisted pair connected to each node, wherein the twisted-pair twisted-pair transmission power of the transmission data of different.

较佳是,该电源配电器之作用可沿该通信电缆线提供电力而不致於降低数位通信品质至无法接受之程度。 Preferably, the role of the distributor of power along the communication cable to provide power, they would not reduce the number of bits to an unacceptable degree of communication quality.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该通信电缆线包括至少一对双扭线连接至每一节点,其中之电力系在一双扭线上传输,且数据亦沿该双扭线传送。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the communication cable comprises at least one pair of twisted pair connected to each node, wherein the power transmission line in the one pair of twisted lines, and the data is also transmitted along the twisted pair.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该通信电缆线包括至少二对双扭线连接至每一节点,其中传输电力之双扭线与传送数据之双扭线不同。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the communication cable comprises at least two pairs of twisted pair connected to each node, wherein the twisted-pair twisted-pair transmission power of the transmission data of different.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器、一管理与控制单元及一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与节点,该结合器包括复数个耦合器、复数个滤波器及复数个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一耦合器系经由一滤波器及一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端,且该SPEAR之作用可向该管理与控制单元报告与其连接之节点的电流消耗情况。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner, a management and control unit and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication via the combiner hearing set with the node, the combination includes a plurality of couplers, a plurality of filters and a plurality of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), every one of the power coupling system that is connected via a filter and a SPEAR current output, and the nodes can be the role of the SPEAR to manage and control unit connected thereto consumption report.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与节点,该结合器包括复数个耦合器、复数个滤波器及复数个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一耦合器系经由一滤波器及一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端,且该SPEAR之作用可限制供往与其连接之节点的最大电流。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication with the information set via the combiner node, The combination includes a plurality of couplers, a plurality of filters and a plurality of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each coupler to connect the output of the system, one power supply via a filter and a SPEAR, and the SPEAR The effect can limit the maximum current for the node to connect to it.

或者,根据本发明一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与节点,该结合器包括复数个耦合器、复数个滤波器及复数个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一耦合器系经由一滤波器及一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端;当与该SPEAR连接之节点经过一段可程式预定之时间後显示过电流状况时,该SPEAR之作用可自动切断其与该节点之连接。 Alternatively, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the set of data communication with the node via the information combiner The combination includes a plurality of couplers, a plurality of filters and a plurality of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each coupler to connect the output of the system, one power supply via a filter and a SPEAR; when and When the connection between the nodes of the SPEAR program scheduled over a period of time can be displayed after an overcurrent condition, the role of the SPEAR can automatically cut off its connection to the node's.

此外,根据本发明一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与节点,该结合器包括复数个耦合器、复数个滤波器及复数个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一耦合器系经由一滤波器及一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端;当与该SPEAR连接之节点经过一段可程式预定之时间後显示过电流状况时,该SPEAR之作用可自动切断该节点之电力,并於该节点不再显示过电流状况时,自动重新导通该节点之电力。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the hub includes a data communication control information set, the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the set of data communication with the node via the information combiner The combination includes a plurality of couplers, a plurality of filters and a plurality of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each coupler to connect the output of the system, one power supply via a filter and a SPEAR; when and When the connection between the nodes of the SPEAR program scheduled over a period of time can be displayed after an overcurrent condition, the role of the SPEAR can automatically cut off the power of the node, and the node is no longer displayed in the over-current condition, automatically re-conduction of the node electricity.

此外,根据本发明一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与节点,该结合器包括复数个耦合器、复数个滤波器及复数个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一耦合器系经由一滤波器及一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端,且该SPEAR包括一电流传感器与多数比较器。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the hub includes a data communication control information set, the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the set of data communication with the node via the information combiner The combination includes a plurality of couplers, a plurality of filters and a plurality of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each coupler to connect the output of the system, one power supply via a filter and a SPEAR, and the SPEAR includes a current sensor with most comparator. 该电流传感器接收一电源之电压输入Vin并产生一信号,此信号与通过该电流传感器之电流成比例;该等比较器接收来自该电流传感器的信号也接收来自各参考电压源之参考电压Vref。 The current sensor receiving a supply of the input voltage Vin and generates a signal which is proportional to the current through the current sensor of; such comparator receives the signal from the current sensor also receives from each reference voltage source of reference voltage Vref.

较佳是,该等参考电压源为可程式参考电压源,并接收来自管理与控制电路之控制输入。 Preferably, the reference voltage source such as a programmable reference voltage sources and receive control inputs from management and control circuits.

此外,该等多数比较器的输出可供应至一电流限制器与开关。 In addition, most of these comparator output can be supplied to a current limiter and switch. 此电流限制器与开关经由该电流传感器接收输入电压Vin,并提供一限流电压输出Vout。 This current limiter and switch receives an input voltage Vin via the current sensor, and provides an output current limiting voltage Vout.

此外,该等比较器之输出被供应至管理与控制电路作为监视输入,提供有关流经SPEAR之DC电流的资讯。 In addition, such an output of the comparator is supplied to the management and control circuit as a monitor input, provide information about the DC current flowing through the SPEAR information.

此外,根据本发明一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与节点,该结合器包括复数个耦合器,每一耦合器包括至少一对变压器,每一变压器於其次级线圈有一中心分接头,DC电压经由此中心分接头馈至连接该处之双扭线的每一电线。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the hub includes a data communication control information set, the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the set of data communication with the node via the information combiner The combiner includes a plurality of couplers, each coupler comprises at least one pair of transformers, each transformer to its secondary winding has a center tap, DC voltage is fed through this center tap is connected to the premises of each twisted pair a wire.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与节点,该结合器包括复数个耦合器,每一耦合器包括至少一个变压器,该变压器之特徵在於,其中包括一次级线圈与一电容器。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication with the information set via the combiner node, The combiner includes a plurality of couplers, each coupler comprises at least one transformer, characterized in that the transformer, including a secondary coil and a capacitor. 该次级线圈分割为二个个别之绕组,该电容器接设在该二个别之绕组间,於供高频信号使用时,该电容器以串联方式有效连接该二绕组,但於供DC使用时,则有效隔离该二绕组。 The secondary coil is divided into two individual windings of the capacitor is connected is provided between the two windings of the individual, in the high-frequency signal for use when the capacitor is connected in series with the second winding is effective, but when used in the DC supply, the effective separation of the two windings.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与节点,该结合器包括一对电容器,它们有效阻挡DC进入该数据通信集讯器。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication with the information set via the combiner node, The combination includes a pair of capacitors, which effectively block DC hearing set to enter the data communication device.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与节点,该结合器包括二对电容器,它们有效阻挡DC进入该数据通信集讯器。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication with the information set via the combiner node, The combination includes two pairs of capacitors, which effectively block DC hearing set to enter the data communication device.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与节点,该结合器包括一自动平衡无电容器无变压器共模式耦合电路。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication with the information set via the combiner node, The combination includes a self-balancing capacitor-free mode coupling transformer circuit altogether.

较佳是,该通信电缆线界面包括一分隔器及一对变压器,每一变压器於其初级线圈有一中心分接头,经由该中心分接头可从连接该处之双扭线的每一电线引出DC电压。 Preferably that the communications cable interface includes a separator and a pair of transformers, each transformer having a primary winding its center tap, DC connectors can be drawn from the connection of twisted pair where each wire through the center points Voltage.

此外/或者,该通信电缆线界面包括一分隔器。 Further / or the communication interface comprises a cable divider. 该分隔器包括至少一个变压器及一电容器,该变压器特徵在於包括一初级线圈,该初级线圈分割为二个个别之绕组,该电容器接设在该二个别之绕组间,於供高频信号使用时,该电容器以串联方式有效连接该二绕组,但於供DC使用时,则有效隔离该二绕组。 The separator comprises at least one transformer and a capacitor, the transformer comprising a primary coil, the primary coil is divided into two individual windings of the capacitor is connected between the second individual is located in the winding, a high frequency signal for use in The capacitor is connected in series with the two winding effective, but at the time for DC use, the effective separation of the two windings.

此外,该通信电缆线界面包括一分隔器,由一对电容器组成。 In addition, the communication cable interface comprising a separator, a pair of capacitors. 该等电容器有效阻挡DC进入与其连接之节点的一数据输入端。 These capacitors effectively block DC enters a data input terminal of a node connected thereto.

此外,根据本发明一较佳实施例,该通信电缆线界面包括一分隔器,由二对电容器组成。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the communication cable interface comprises a divider by two pairs of capacitors. 该等电容器有效阻挡DC进入与其连接之节点的一数据输入端。 These capacitors effectively block DC enters a data input terminal of a node connected thereto.

此外/或者,该通信电缆线界面包括一分隔器,该分隔器包括一自动平衡无电容器无变压器共模式耦合电路。 Moreover / or the communication cable interface includes a separator, the separator includes a self-balancing capacitor-free mode coupling transformer circuit altogether.

此外,根据本发明一较佳实施例,该节点可用全部机能与睡眠模式机能二种机能操作。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, all of the nodes are available functions and the sleep mode function of two kinds of functional operation.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该节点包括一控制器、一切换器、一监视电路、至少一个电源,及一节点电路;其中该切换器接收来自该控制器之控制输入,该控制器则接收来自该传感器之控制输入及来自该监视电路之控制输入,而该监视电路由该至少一个电源连续供电。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the node comprising a controller, a switch, a monitoring circuit, at least one power supply, and a circuit node; wherein the switch receives a control input of the controller, the controller receiving input from the control of the sensor and the control input from the monitoring circuit, the power monitor circuit which is powered by the at least one continuous.

此外,根据本发明一较佳实施例,该节点亦包括一电源,其中该电源包括至少一个可再充电能量储存元件。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the node also includes a power supply, wherein the power source comprises at least one rechargeable energy storage element.

根据本发明一较佳实施例,进而提供一区域网路,此网路包括一中枢、复数个节点、一连接该复数个节点与该中枢以提供数据通信之通信电缆线、以及一电源配电器;该电源配电器之作用可经由该通信电缆线提供至少一部份操作电力给该复数个节点中至少一部份之节点,且该电源配电器包括电力管理机能。 According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, thereby providing a local area network, this network including a hub, a plurality of nodes, a node connected to the plurality of communication with the hub to provide data communications cable, and a power distributor ; The role of the power distributor can provide at least a portion of the operation of the plurality of nodes, at least a portion of the power to the node via the communication cable, and the power supply distributor includes power management functions.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电力管理机能可管理经由该通信电缆线供应电力给该复数个节点中至少一部份之节点。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the power management function to manage the supply of electric power via the communication cable to the plurality of nodes at least a portion of the node. 较佳是,该电力管理机能可监视及管理各节点之电力消耗。 Preferably, the power management function that can monitor and manage power consumption of each node. 此外,该电力管理机能可感知过电流情况并依适当需要执行电力切断。 In addition, the power management function can be perceived through the current situation and the need to perform in accordance with the appropriate power cut.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电力管理机能以非自发性电力管理模式及自发性电力管理模式二者中至少一种模式操作。 According to a further preferred embodiment of the invention, the power management functions in involuntary power management mode and the power management mode either spontaneously at least one mode of operation. 较佳是,在该非自发性电力管理模式操作中,若该电源配电器感知可用电力不足以在通信电缆线上将电力传输至各节点的状况时,可供应较减量的电力给至少一部份节点。 Preferably, in the involuntary power management mode of operation, if the power supply distributor perception of insufficient power available in the power transmission line of the communication cable to the status of each node, can supply power reduction compared to at least one Most nodes. 此外,该电源配电器亦提供控制输入给各节点,以使各节点以减量电力模式操作。 In addition, the power distributor also provides control inputs to each node so that each node in the reduction of power mode.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该自发性电力管理模式操作在某些活动减少之时刻掌控减量之可用电力。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the power management mode operation Spontaneous reduction of certain activities in the reduction of the time to control the available power.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电力管理机能包括至少下列功能要素之一:查询欲利用该通信电缆线传输电力之节点与该通信电缆线间的连接情况;至少根据通信电缆线与节点连接情况之查询结果及各预定参数来设定各节点之个别电压与电流限制;对远端节点传送适当的信号讯息;以及对一管理工作站报告与该节点连接之线路的状态。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the power management function includes at least one of the following elements: a query intended to use the communication cable connection node transmission power of the communication between the cable; at least according to the communication cable and a node Query results of various predetermined connection parameters to set individual voltage and current limits of each node; state and the line is connected to a management workstation reports of the node; transmitting the appropriate signals to the remote node message.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电力管理机能亦包括至少下列功能要素之一:对应欲利用通信电缆线传输电力的线路,於该线路上未有电力传输时,在该电源配电器一输出端测量电压。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the power management functions also comprises at least one of the following functional elements: For the corresponding transmission power using the communication cable line, when not on the power transmission line, the power supply in a distributor measuring the output voltage. 若电压之绝对值高於一预定的可程式阈,则将该线路归类为其上有外部来源之电压。 If the absolute value of the voltage is higher than a predetermined programmable threshold, then the lines are classified on their external sources of voltage. 若电压之绝对值不高於该预定之可程式阈,则将电流限制设定为一预定之可程式值,并沿该线路传输电力。 If the absolute value of the voltage is not higher than the predetermined threshold of programmable, then the current limit is set to a predetermined value of the available programs, and along the power line transmission. 随後,在至少一预定之可程式时间,在该电源配电器一输出端测量该线路之电压与电流,并根据前述测量值决定节点及与该节点连接之线路的状态。 Subsequently, the at least one predetermined programmable time, the power distributor in a voltage and current measured at the output of the line, and the measured values according to the line preceding the decision node and the node connected to the state. 较佳是,该节点及线路状态之决定,至少包括以下测定之一:无负载(NO LOAD):系指T1、T2、T3三个时间之测量值都是VOUT>V2且绝对值I0<I2。 Preferably, the decision of the node and the line status, including at least one of the following determination: No Load (NO LOAD): refers to the T1, T2, T3 are measured values of the three time VOUT> V2, and the absolute value of I0 <I2 .

短路(SHORT CIRCUIT):系指T1、T2、T3三个时间之测量值都是VOUT<V3且绝对值I0>I3。 Short circuit (SHORT CIRCUIT): refers to T1, T2, T3 three times measured values are VOUT <V3 and the absolute value of I0> I3.

网路界面卡负载(NIC LOAD):系指VOUTT3<V4且绝对值I0T1<I0T2<I0T3。 Load network interface card (NIC LOAD): means VOUTT3 <V4 and the absolute value I0T1 <I0T2 <I0T3.

LAN上供电负载(POL LOAD):系指VOUTT1>V5且VOUTT2>V5且VOUTT3>V5,且绝对值I0T1>I5或绝对值I0T2>I5或绝对值I0T3>I5。 LAN on power load (POL LOAD): refers VOUTT1> V5 and VOUTT2> V5 and VOUTT3> V5, and the absolute value I0T1> I5 or absolute I0T2> I5 or absolute I0T3> I5.

其中:“无负载”情况是指节点未与线路连接。 Of which: "no load" situation means that a node is not connected to the line.

“短路”情况是指节点上游或节点内的线路,有短路存在跨接其正、负导体。 "Short" refers to the case of the line upstream node or nodes within the presence of a short circuit jumper its positive and negative conductors.

“网路界面卡负载”情况是指节点上有一网路界面卡线路变压器横交线路连接。 "Network Interface Card load" refers to the case of a network interface card line intersecting the line transformer connected nodes.

“LAN上供电负载”情况是指节点上有一LAN上供电分隔器横交线路连接。 "Power over LAN load" refers to the case of a power divider on the LAN connection nodes intersecting lines.

V0是线路位於电源配电器输出端之电压。 V0 is the line voltage supply distributor located in the output of.

V1是一预定之可程式值;当线路上未传输电力时,测量电压VOUT之最高峰值,持续几分钟可达此值。 V1 is a predetermined value of the programmable; when no transmission of power on the line, measure the peak value of the voltage VOUT, the last a few minutes up to this value.

V2是一预定之可程式值;当线路上未传输电力时,且当线路位於电源配电器输出端之电压+VOUT与-VOUT间未连接负载时,测量电压VOUT之最低值,持续几分钟可达此值。 V2 is a predetermined value of the programmable; when no transmission of power on the line, and when the line is located in the electrical power distribution between the output of the voltage VOUT + -VOUT not connected with the load, measure the minimum value of the voltage VOUT, the last a few minutes can up to this value.

V3是一预定之可程式值;当线路上未传输电力时,且当线路位於电源配电器输出端之电压+VOUT与-VOUT间连接一电阻时,测量电压VOUT之最高峰值,持续几分钟可达此值。 V3 is a predetermined value of the programmable; when no transmission of power on the line, and when the line is located in the electrical power distribution between the output of the voltage VOUT + -VOUT connection with a resistance measurement of the peak value of the voltage VOUT, a few minutes can up to this value.

V4是一预定之可程式值;较佳是,当线路上未传输电力时,且当线路位於电源配电器输出端之电压+VOUT与-VOUT间连接一电阻时,测量电压VOUT之最高峰值,持续几分钟可达此值。 V4 is a predetermined value of the programmable; Preferably, when the transmission power is not on the line, and when the line is located in the output voltage of the electrical power distribution between the VOUT + -VOUT connection with a resistance measurement of the peak value of the voltage VOUT, a few minutes up to this value.

V5是一预定之可程式值,其代表VIN之典型阈值,节点电源在此值时开始操作。 V5 is a predetermined value of the available programs, which represents the typical threshold VIN, the power at this value when the node starts operating.

VOUTT1是在第一时间T1测量之VOUT。 VOUTT1 is VOUT T1 measurement of the first time.

VOUTT2是在第二时间T2测量之VOUT。 VOUTT2 is VOUT T2 measurement of the second time.

VOUTT3是在第三时间T3测量之VOUT。 VOUTT3 measure of VOUT T3 is the third time.

I0是线路位於电源配电器输出端之电流流动。 I0 is the current flow line located the output of the power distributor.

IL1是线路之电源配电器输出之预定可程式值。 IL1 is intended program value with electrical output of the power supply line of.

I2是一预定之可程式值;当线路上未传输电力时,且当线路位於电源配电器输出端未连接任何负载时,测量电流I0之最大峰值,持续几分钟可达此值。 I2 is a predetermined value of the programmable; when no transmission of power on the line, and when the line is located in the electrical output of the power supply is not connected with any load, the measurement of the maximum peak current I0, for a few minutes up to this value.

I3是一预定之可程式值;当线路上未传输电力时,且当线路位於电源配电器输出端之+VOUT与-VOUT间连接一电阻时,测量电流I0之最小值,持续几分钟可达此值。 I3 is a predetermined value of the programmable; when the transmission power when not on the line, and when the line is located -VOUT + VOUT and the output of the power supply with electrical connection between a resistor to measure the minimum current I0, the last a few minutes up This value.

I5是一预定之可程式值;当线路上未传输电力时,且当线路位於电源配电器输出端未连接任何负载时,测量电流I0之最大峰值,持续几分钟可达此值。 I5 is a predetermined value of the programmable; when no transmission of power on the line, and when the line is located in the electrical output of the power supply is not connected with any load, the measurement of the maximum peak current I0, for a few minutes up to this value.

I0T1是在时间T1时测量的I0。 I0T1 at time T1 measurement I0.

I0T2是在时间T2时测量的I0。 I0T2 at time T2 is measured I0.

I0T3是在时间T3时测量的I0。 I0T3 is measured at time T3 when the I0.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电力管理机能包括在正常操作期间监视与管理电力消耗之机能,此机能包括感知每一节点之电流。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the power management functions include monitoring during normal operation and power consumption of the management functions, including the functions of sensing the current in each node. 较佳是,正常操作期间监视与管理电力消耗之机能,包括以通常的循环方式感知每一节点之电流。 Preferably, the monitoring and management functions of power consumption during normal operation, including the usual perception of circulating current in each node of the way. 此外,正常操作期间监视与管理电力消耗之机能,亦包括感知每一节点之电流,并比较感知电流与每一线路之可程式预定参考值。 In addition, monitoring and management functions of power consumption during normal operation, each node also includes the perception of current and compared with each line of the current perception of programmable predetermined reference value.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,每一节点可归类为过电流、低电流或正常。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, each node can be classified as over-current, low-current or normal. 过电流类别包括可程式之可调整阈。 Categories include adjustable overcurrent threshold programmable's.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该正常类别包括至少下列次类别之一:活动模式、睡眠模式、及低电力模式。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the normal category includes at least one of the following sub-categories: active mode, sleep mode, and low power mode.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,正常操作期间监视与管理电力消耗之机能至少可以下列机能之一为基础,控制归类为过电流之节点的操作:若位於一节点的电流超过一一般过电流阈至少达一预定时间,则在该预定时间後切断供往该节点之电力;供往一节点之电流不得超过一高过电流阈;以及在一一般过电流阈与该高过电流阈之间定义至少一个中间阈,且决定切断电力之预定时间与超过哪一中间阈为函数关系。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, during normal operation of the monitoring and management functions of the power consumption at least one of the following functions, based on the control operation is classified as over-current of the nodes: If the current node is located generally over more than one the current threshold for at least a predetermined time, then after the scheduled time to cut off power supply to the node it; for a node to the current must not exceed one higher than the current threshold; and a general over-current threshold is higher than the current threshold of defining at least one intermediate between the threshold and the decision to cut off the power of the predetermined period of time over which the intermediate threshold as a function of the relationship.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,正常操作期间监视与管理电力消耗之机能至少可以下列机能之一为基础,控制归类为低电流之节点的操作:在检测到一低电流节点後相当短的预定时间内,终止对该节点供应电流。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the monitoring and management functions during normal operation of power consumption may be at least one of the following functions based on the control categorized as low current operation of the node: Upon detection of a relatively short low current node within a predetermined time, terminating the supply of current to the node. 该预定时间之选取系为避免对杂讯之不当响应。 Select the line of the scheduled time in order to avoid inappropriate responses to noise of.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该区域网路包括如下监视总电流之机能:并联时,监视所有线路上供给所有节点之总电流,其中并比较该总电流与一可程式之预定参考值,并以此一比较为基础,将电源配电器及与其连接之节点一同归类为过电流或正常。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the LAN comprising monitoring the total current of the function: in parallel, the total current supplied to the monitoring of all nodes on all the lines, wherein the predetermined reference value and compared with a total current of the programmable and use it as the basis of a comparison, the power distributor and its connection with the node is classified as over-current or normal.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该过电流类别包括可程式之可调整阈。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the adjustable threshold overcurrent category includes the programmable.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,正常操作期间监视与管理电力消耗之机能至少可以下列机能之一为基础,控制归类为过电流之电源配电器的操作:若总电流超过一一般总过电流阈达至少一预定时间,则於该预定时间後降低或切断至少某些节点之供应电力,而且不论如何,总电流均不得超过一高总过电流阈,亦即超过该一般总过电流阈之阈。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, during normal operation of the monitoring and management functions of the power consumption at least one of the following functions, based on the control of classified as over-current power supply with electrical operation: if the total current of more than one general overall over current threshold for at least a predetermined time, after the predetermined time reduced or cut off at least some of the nodes of the power supply, and in any case, the total current shall not exceed a high overall over-current threshold, i.e. typically over the total over-current threshold the threshold.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器形成该中枢的一部份。 According to a further preferred embodiment of the invention, the power distributor forming part of the hub. 或者,该电源配电器不形成该中枢的一部份。 Alternatively, the power distributor does not form a part of the hub.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该等中间阈系定义於一般总过电流阈与高总过电流阈之间,且决定切断电力之预定时间与超过哪一中间阈为函数关系。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, such an intermediate threshold system defined in general and high overall over-current threshold between the total over-current threshold, and the decision to cut off power of a predetermined time and which exceeds the threshold as a function of the intermediate.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器之作用可对一外部监视系统报告每一节点及该电源配电器之电流量分类。 According to another preferred embodiment of the invention, the role of the power distributor for each node can be an external monitoring system and report the amount of current that the power supply with electrical classification. 较佳是,该配电器之作用可通知各节点其电流供应即将发生改变。 Preferably, the role of the distributor of each node can notify its current supply is about to change. 此外/或者,该电源配电器之作用可於非自发性电力管理操作时,对个别节点提供至少全部机能操作与无机能操作之一。 Moreover / or the role of the power distributor may involuntary power management operation, individual nodes provide at least one of the operating performance of all operations and mineral energy.

此外,该电源配电器可依照至少下列某些机能操作:初步决定其可使用之总电力以及其目前供应给各节点之总电力,决定现行总耗电(IPC)与现行可用总电力(TPA)间的关系。 In addition, the power distributor can operate in accordance with at least some of the following functions: a preliminary decision, and its current total electricity supplied to each node of the total power of which may be used to determine the current total power consumption (IPC) and the current total available power (TPA) Relations between. 若TPC/TPA小於一第一阈,则依优先顺位之基础逐一供应全部电力给其他节点;若TPC/TPA大於一高於第一阈之第二阈,则依优先顺位之基础逐一切断对个别节点之电力供应。 If TPC / TPA is less than a first threshold, according to the basis of the overall electricity supply to all of the priority one by one to the other nodes; if TPC / TPA is greater than a first threshold is higher than the second threshold, the foundation is in accordance with the priority pick off one by one individual nodes of the supply of electricity. 然而,若TPC/TPA介於第一及第二阈之间,则询问是否有新节点需要电力,若一新节点需要电力而优先顺位低於该新节点之另一节点目前正接收电力,则切断较低优先顺位节点之电力并导通较高优先顺位节点之电力。 If, however, between the first and second threshold TPC / TPA between, ask whether a new node requires power, if a new node requires power and the priority order is lower than the other node of the new node is currently receiving power, then cut off electricity overall lower priority node and conduction of electricity node of higher priority order.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器之作用可於非自发性电力管理操作时,依紧急超越原则对个别节点提供至少全部机能操作或无机能操作之一。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the action of the power supply distributor may in involuntary power management operation, in accordance with the principles provided beyond emergency operation function of all or at least one inorganic operable to individual nodes. 较佳是,该电源配电器於非自发性电力管理操作时,可依照下列机能操作:感知位於某一已知节点紧急需要电力,然後给予该已知节点最高之优先顺位。 Preferably, yes, the power distributor in non-spontaneous power management operation, in accordance with the following functions operate: Located in urgent need of a known power-aware node, and then give the highest priority to the known nodes pick.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器之作用可於非自发性电力管理操作时,依等候序列控制之优先顺位原则,提供至少全部机能操作或无机能操作之一。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the power distributor's role may be to non-spontaneous power management operations, according to the principle of waiting for the priority order of the sequence control, providing all functions operate at least one inorganic able to operate. 较佳是,该电源配电器於非自发性电力管理操作时,可依照下列机能操作:初步决定其可使用之总电力以及其目前供应给各节点之总电力,决定现行总耗电(TPC)与现行可用总电力(TPA)间的关系。 Preferably, yes, the power distributor in non-spontaneous power management operation, in accordance with the following functions operate: the initial decision and its current total electricity supplied to the total power of each node can use it to determine the current total power consumption (TPC) relationships with existing total available power (TPA) between. 若TPC/TPA小於一第一阈,则依等候序列控制之优先顺位基础,逐一供应全部电力给其他节点;若TPC/TPA大於一高於第一阈之第二阈,则依优先顺位之基础逐一切断对个别节点之电力供应。 If TPC / TPA is less than a first threshold, then wait for the priority order according to the control of the base sequence, one by one all the electricity supply to the other nodes; if TPC / TPA is greater than a second threshold higher than the first threshold, then in accordance with the priority order The basis of each cut off the power supply to the individual nodes. 然而,若TPC/TPA介於第一及第二阈之间,则询问是否有新节点需要电力,若一新节点需要电力,则将新节点加入等候序列之尾端。 If, however, between the first and second threshold TPC / TPA between, ask whether a new node requires power, if a new node requires power, then a new node joins the end of the waiting sequences.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器之作用可於非自发性电力管理操作时,依分时之优先顺位原则,提供至少全部机能操作或无机能操作之一。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the power distributor's role may be to non-spontaneous power management operations, according to the priority order of the principle of sharing, provide all the operating functions can be operated at least one or inorganic. 此外/或者,该电源配电器於非自发性电力管理操作时,可依照下列机能操作:初步决定其可使用之总电力以及其目前供应给各节点之总电力,决定现行总耗电(TPC)与现行可用总电力(TPA)间的关系。 Moreover / or the power distributor in non-spontaneous power management operation, in accordance with the following functions operate: the initial decision and its current total electricity supplied to the total power of each node can use it to determine the current total power consumption (TPC) relationships with existing total available power (TPA) between. 若TPC/TPA小於一第一阈,则依分时之优先顺位基础,逐一供应全部电力给其他节点;若TPC/TPA大於一高於第一阈之第二阈,则依优先顺位之基础逐一切断对个别节点之电力供应。 If TPC / TPA is less than a first threshold, then according to the priority of the overall time-sharing basis, one by one all the electricity supply to the other nodes; if TPC / TPA is greater than a second threshold higher than the first threshold, then in accordance with the priority order of cut off one by one basis to individual nodes of the supply of electricity. 然而,若TPC/TPA介於第一及第二阈之间,则询问是否有新节点需要电力;若一较低优先顺位之节点据感知系已接收电力较长时间并超过一预定之最低时间,而其目前正在接收电力,则切断该较低优先顺位节点之电力,并导通较高优先顺位节点之电力。 If, however, between the first and second threshold TPC / TPA between, ask whether a new node requires power; if a lower priority node, according to the perception of the overall system has been receiving power for a long time and it exceeds a predetermined minimum time, but it is currently receiving power, turn off the power to the nodes of the lower priority order, and turned the power node of higher priority order.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器之作用可提前通知一节点,对其供应之电力将有改变。 According to another preferred embodiment of the invention, the role of the power distributor can advance notice of a node, its supply of electricity will have to change. 此外,该电源配电器之作用可於非自发性电力管理操作时,对个别节点提供至少全部机能操作与减量机能操作之一。 In addition, the role of the power distributor may involuntary power management operation, individual node provides all the functions and operation of at least one reduction function operation. 较佳是,该电源配电器可依照下列机能中至少一部份机能操作:初步决定其可使用之总电力以及其目前供应给各节点之总电力,决定现行总耗电(TPC)与现行可用总电力(TPA)间的关系。 Preferably, yes, the power distributor can follow function in at least one part of the function of the following: a preliminary decision, and its current total electricity supplied to each node of the total power of which may be used to determine the current total power consumption (TPC) and currently available The total power relations (TPA) between. 若TPC/TPA小於一第一阈,则依优先顺位基础逐一供应全部电力给其他节点;若TPC/TPA大於一高於第一阈之第二阈,则依优先顺位之基础逐一减少对个别节点之电力供应。 If TPC / TPA is less than a first threshold, according to the priority order is the foundation of all the electricity supplied to each of the other nodes; if TPC / TPA is greater than a first threshold is higher than the second threshold, the foundation is in accordance with the priority order of each reduce Power supply of individual nodes. 然而,若TPC/TPA介於第一及第二阈之间,则询问是否有新节点需要电力或是否有节点需要额外电力;若一新节点需要电力或一节点需要额外电力,而一优先顺位低於新节点之节点目前正在接收电力,则减少该较低优先顺位节点之电力,并对新节点供应电力或对需要额外电力之节点增加电力。 If, however, between the first and second threshold TPC / TPA between, ask whether a new node requires power or whether there is a node requires additional power; if a new node requires power or a node requires additional power, and a high priority. bit below the node of the new node is currently receiving power, then reduce the power of the lower priority order of the nodes, and the supply of electricity to the new node or nodes need extra power of the increase in power.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器之作用可於非自发性电力管理操作时,依紧急超越原则对个别节点提供至少全部机能操作或减量机能操作之一。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the power distributor's role may be to non-spontaneous power management operations, in accordance with the principle of providing emergency beyond all functions operate at least one operation or decrement function of individual nodes. 此外/或者,该电源配电器於非自发性电力管理操作时,可依照下列机能操作:感知位於某一已知节点紧急需要电力,然後给予该已知节点最高之优先顺位。 Moreover / or the power distributor in non-spontaneous power management operation, in accordance with the following functions operate: in the perception of a known node urgent need electricity, and then give the highest priority to the known nodes pick.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器之作用可於非自发性电力管理操作时,依等候序列控制之优先顺位原则,提供至少全部机能操作或减量机能操作之一。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the power distributor's role may be to non-spontaneous power management operations, according to the principle of waiting for the priority order of the sequence control, providing all functions operate at least one operation or decrement function. 较佳是,该电源配电器於非自发性电力管理操作时,可依照下列机能操作:初步决定其可使用之总电力以及其目前供应给各节点之总电力;决定现行总耗电(TPC)与现行可用总电力(TPA)间的关系。 Preferably, yes, the power distributor in non-spontaneous power management operation, in accordance with the following functions operate: the initial decision and its current total electricity supplied to each node of the total power of which may be used; determine the current total power consumption (TPC) relationships with existing total available power (TPA) between. 若TPC/TPA小於一第一阈,则依等候序列控制之优先顺位基础,逐一供应电力给其他节点或供应额外电力给目前正接收电力之各节点;若TPC/TPA大於一高於第一阈之第二阈,则依优先顺位之基础逐一减少对个别节点之电力供应。 If TPC / TPA is less than a first threshold, then wait for the priority order according to the control of the base sequence, each supplying electricity to other nodes or supply additional power to the current power of each node is receiving; if TPC / TPA is greater than one higher than the first Second Threshold, the foundation is in accordance with the priority pick each individual nodes to reduce the supply of electricity. 然而,若TPC/TPA介於第一及第二阈之间,则询问是否有新节点需要电力或是否有节点需要额外电力;若一新节点需要电力或一节点需要额外电力,则将该节点加入等候序列之尾端。 However, if between the first and second threshold TPC / TPA is between, it is asked whether a new node requires power or a node requires additional power if there is; if a new node requires power or a node requires additional power, the node is join the end of the waiting sequences.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器之作用可於非自发性电力管理操作时,依分时之优先顺位原则,提供至少全部机能操作或减量机能操作之一。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the power distributor's role may be to non-spontaneous power management operations, according to the priority order of the principle of sharing, providing all functions operate at least one operation or decrement function. 较佳是,该电源配电器於非自发性电力管理操作时,可依照下列机能操作:初步决定其可使用之总电力以及其目前供应给各节点之总电力;决定现行总耗电(TPC)与现行可用总电力(TPA)间的关系。 Preferably, yes, the power distributor in non-spontaneous power management operation, in accordance with the following functions operate: the initial decision and its current total electricity supplied to each node of the total power of which may be used; determine the current total power consumption (TPC) relationships with existing total available power (TPA) between. 若TPC/TPA小於一第一阈,则依分时之优先顺位基础,逐一供应额外电力给各节点或供应电力给其他节点;若TPC/TPA大於一高於第一阈之第二阈,则依优先顺位之基础逐一减少对个别节点之电力供应。 If TPC / TPA is less than a first threshold, then according to the priority of the overall time-sharing basis, each additional power supply, or the supply of electricity to each node to other nodes; if TPC / TPA is greater than a first threshold is higher than the second threshold, the The Foundation is the priority pick each individual nodes to reduce the supply of electricity. 然而,若TPC/TPA介於第一及第二阈之间,则询问是否有节点需要额外电力或是否有新节点需要电力;若一较低优先顺位之节点据感知系已接收电力较长时间并超过一预定之最低时间,而其目前正在接收电力,则减少该较低优先顺位节点之电力供应,并供应电力至较高优先顺位节点。 If, however, between the first and second threshold TPC / TPA between, then asked if there was a node requires additional power or whether a new node requires power; if a lower priority node, according to the perception of the overall power system has received a long exceeds a predetermined time and the minimum time, but it is currently receiving power, then reduce the electricity supply to the lower priority order of the nodes, and the supply of electricity to a higher priority order node.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器之作用可於自发性电力管理操作时,对个别节点提供至少全部机能操作与无机能操作之一。 When another preferred embodiment of the present invention, the power distributor's role may be to spontaneous power management operations on individual nodes to provide at least one of the operating performance of all operations and mineral energy. 较佳是,该电源配电器可依照至少下列某些机能操作:依照一电力储备计画初步决定其可使用之总电力以及其目前供应给各节点之总电力;决定现行总耗电(TPC)与现行可用总电力(TPA)间的关系。 Preferably, yes, the power distributor can operate in accordance with at least some of the following functions: a preliminary decision, and its current total electricity supplied to each node of the total electricity that can be used in accordance with a power reserve plan; determine the current total power consumption (TPC) relationships with existing total available power (TPA) between. 若TPC/TPA小於一第一阈,则依优先顺位之基础逐一供应全部电力给其他节点;若TPC/TPA大於一高於第一阈之第二阈,则依优先顺位之基础逐一切断对个别节点之电力供应。 If TPC / TPA is less than a first threshold, according to the basis of the overall electricity supply to all of the priority one by one to the other nodes; if TPC / TPA is greater than a first threshold is higher than the second threshold, the foundation is in accordance with the priority pick off one by one individual nodes of the supply of electricity. 然而,若TPC/TPA介於第一及第二阈之间,则询问是否有新节点需要电力;若一新节点需要电力而优先顺位低於该新节点之另一节点目前正接收电力,则切断较低优先顺位节点之电力并导通较高优先顺位节点之电力。 If, however, between the first and second threshold TPC / TPA between, ask whether a new node requires power; if a new node requires power and the priority order is lower than the other node of the new node is currently receiving power, then cut off electricity overall lower priority node and conduction of electricity node of higher priority order.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器之作用可於自发性电力管理操作时,依紧急超越原则对个别节点提供至少全部机能操作或无机能操作之一。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the power distributor's role may be to spontaneous power management operations, in accordance with the principle of providing all the functions beyond the emergency operation or inorganic capable of operating at least one of the individual nodes. 较佳是,该电源配电器於自发性电力管理操作时,可依照下列机能操作:感知位於某一已知节点紧急需要电力,然後给予该已知节点最高之优先顺位。 Preferably, the power distributor at the time of the spontaneous power management operation, in accordance with the following functions operate: the perception of a known nodes located urgent need electricity, and then give the highest known node priority order.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器之作用可於自发性电力管理操作时,依等候序列控制之优先顺位原则,提供至少全部机能操作或无机能操作之一。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the power distributor's role may be to spontaneous power management operations, in accordance with the principle of waiting for the priority order of the sequence control, operate or provide all the functions can be operated one inorganic least. 较佳是,该电源配电器於自发性电力管理操作时,可依照下列机能操作:依照一电力储备计画初步决定其可使用之总电力以及其目前供应给各节点之总电力;决定现行总耗电(TPC)与现行可用总电力(TPA)间的关系。 Preferably, the power distributor at the time of the spontaneous power management operation, in accordance with the following functions operate: the initial decision and its current total electricity supplied to each node of the total electricity that can be used in accordance with a power reserve plan; decide the current total power consumption (TPC) relationship with the current total available power (TPA) between. 若TPC/TPA小於一第一阈,则依等候序列控制之优先顺位基础,逐一供应全部电力给其他节点;若TPC/TPA大於一高於第一阈之第二阈,则依优先顺位之基础逐一切断对个别节点之电力供应。 If TPC / TPA is less than a first threshold, then wait for the priority order according to the control of the base sequence, one by one all the electricity supply to the other nodes; if TPC / TPA is greater than a second threshold higher than the first threshold, then in accordance with the priority order The basis of each cut off the power supply to the individual nodes. 然而,若TPC/TPA介於第一及第二阈之间,则询问是否有新节点需要电力,若一新节点需要电力,则将新节点加入等候序列之尾端。 If, however, between the first and second threshold TPC / TPA between, ask whether a new node requires power, if a new node requires power, then a new node joins the end of the waiting sequences.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器之作用可於自发性电力管理操作时,依分时之优先顺位原则,提供至少全部机能操作或无机能操作之一。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the power distributor's role may be to spontaneous power management operations, in accordance with the priority order of the principle of sharing, provide all the functions or operations of at least one inorganic able to operate. 此外/或者,该电源配电器於自发性电力管理操作时,可依照下列机能操作:依照一电力储备计画初步决定其可使用之总电力以及其目前供应给各节点之总电力;决定现行总耗电(TPC)与现行可用总电力(TPA)间的关系。 Moreover / or the power distributor at the time of spontaneous power management operation, in accordance with the following functions operate: the initial decision and its current total electricity supplied to each node of the total power of which can be used in accordance with a power reserve plan; decide the current total power consumption (TPC) relationship with the current total available power (TPA) between. 若TPC/TPA小於一第一阈,则依分时之优先顺位基础,逐一供应全部电力给其他节点;若TPC/TPA大於一高於第一阈之第二阈,则依优先顺位之基础逐一切断对个别节点之电力供应。 If TPC / TPA is less than a first threshold, then according to the priority of the overall time-sharing basis, one by one all the electricity supply to the other nodes; if TPC / TPA is greater than a second threshold higher than the first threshold, then in accordance with the priority order of cut off one by one basis to individual nodes of the supply of electricity. 然而,若TPC/TPA介於第一及第二阈之间,则询问是否有新节点需要电力;若一较低优先顺位之节点据感知系已接收电力较长时间并超过一预定之最低时间,而其目前正在接收电力,则切断该较低优先顺位节点之电力供应,并导通较高优先顺位节点之电力。 If, however, between the first and second threshold TPC / TPA between, ask whether a new node requires power; if a lower priority node, according to the perception of the overall system has been receiving power for a long time and it exceeds a predetermined minimum time, but it is currently receiving power, turn off the power supply to the lower priority order of the nodes, and conducting electricity node of higher priority order.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器之作用可於自发性电力管理操作时,对个别节点提供至少全部机能操作与减量机能操作之一。 When another preferred embodiment of the present invention, the power distributor's role may be to spontaneous power management operations on individual nodes to provide all the functions and operation of at least one reduction function operation. 此外/或者,该电源配电器可依照下列机能中至少一部份机能操作:依照一电力储备计画初步决定其可使用之总电力以及其目前供应给各节点之总电力;决定现行总耗电(TPC)与现行可用总电力(TPA)间的关系。 Moreover / or the power distributor at least a part of the function can operate in accordance with the following functions: a power reserve in accordance with the preliminary plan to determine the total power of which may be used as well as its current supplied to each node of the total electricity; determine the current total power consumption relationship (TPA) between (TPC) and the current total available power. 若TPC/TPA小於一第一阈,则依优先顺位基础逐一供应全部电力给其他节点;若TPC/TPA大於一高於第一阈之第二阈,则依优先顺位之基础逐一减少对个别节点之电力供应。 If TPC / TPA is less than a first threshold, according to the priority order is the foundation of all the electricity supplied to each of the other nodes; if TPC / TPA is greater than a first threshold is higher than the second threshold, the foundation is in accordance with the priority order of each reduce Power supply of individual nodes. 然而,若TPC/TPA介於第一及第二阈之间,则询问是否有新节点需要电力或是否有节点需要额外电力;若一新节点需要电力或一节点需要额外电力,而一优先顺位低於新节点之节点目前正在接收电力,则减少该较低优先顺位节点之电力,并对新节点供应电力或对需要额外电力之节点增加电力。 If, however, between the first and second threshold TPC / TPA between, ask whether a new node requires power or whether there is a node requires additional power; if a new node requires power or a node requires additional power, and a high priority. bit below the node of the new node is currently receiving power, then reduce the power of the lower priority order of the nodes, and the supply of electricity to the new node or nodes need extra power of the increase in power.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器之作用可於自发性电力管理操作时,依紧急超越原则对个别节点提供至少全部机能操作或减量机能操作之一。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the power distributor's role may be to spontaneous power management operations, in accordance with the principle of providing emergency beyond all functions operate at least one operation or decrement function of individual nodes. 较佳是,该电源配电器於自发性电力管理操作时,可依照下列机能操作:感知位於某一已知节点紧急需要电力,然後给予该已知节点最高之优先顺位。 Preferably, the power distributor at the time of the spontaneous power management operation, in accordance with the following functions operate: the perception of a known nodes located urgent need electricity, and then give the highest known node priority order.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器之作用可於自发性电力管理操作时,依等候序列控制之优先顺位原则,提供至少全部机能操作或减量机能操作之一。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the power distributor's role may be to spontaneous power management operations, in accordance with the principle of waiting for the priority order of the sequence control, providing all functions operate at least one function or decrement operation. 较佳是,该电源配电器於自发性电力管理操作时,可依照下列机能操作:依照一电力储备计画初步决定其可使用之总电力以及其目前供应给各节点之总电力;决定现行总耗电(TPC)与现行可用总电力(TPA)间的关系。 Preferably, the power distributor at the time of the spontaneous power management operation, in accordance with the following functions operate: the initial decision and its current total electricity supplied to each node of the total electricity that can be used in accordance with a power reserve plan; decide the current total power consumption (TPC) relationship with the current total available power (TPA) between. 若TPC/TPA小於一第一阈,则依等候序列控制之优先顺位基础,逐一供应电力给其他节点或供应额外电力给目前正接收电力之各节点;若TPC/TPA大於一高於第一阈之第二阈,则依优先顺位之基础逐一减少对个别节点之电力供应。 If TPC / TPA is less than a first threshold, then wait for the priority order according to the control of the base sequence, each supplying electricity to other nodes or supply additional power to the current power of each node is receiving; if TPC / TPA is greater than one higher than the first Second Threshold, the foundation is in accordance with the priority pick each individual nodes to reduce the supply of electricity. 然而,若TPC/TPA介於第一及第二阈之间,则询问是否有新节点需要电力或是否有节点需要额外电力;若一新节点需要电力或一节点需要额外电力,则将该节点加入等候序列之尾端。 However, if between the first and second threshold TPC / TPA is between, it is asked whether a new node requires power or a node requires additional power if there is; if a new node requires power or a node requires additional power, the node is join the end of the waiting sequences.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器之作用可於自发性电力管理操作时,依分时之优先顺位原则,提供至少全部机能操作或减量机能操作之一。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the power distributor's role may be to spontaneous power management operations, in accordance with the priority order of the principle of sharing, providing all functions operate at least one operation or decrement function. 较佳是,该电源配电器於自发性电力管理操作时,可依照下列机能操作:依照一电力储备计画初步决定其可使用之总电力以及其目前供应给各节点之总电力;决定现行总耗电(TPC)与现行可用总电力(TPA)间的关系。 Preferably, the power distributor at the time of the spontaneous power management operation, in accordance with the following functions operate: the initial decision and its current total electricity supplied to each node of the total electricity that can be used in accordance with a power reserve plan; decide the current total power consumption (TPC) relationship with the current total available power (TPA) between. 若TPC/TPA小於一第一阈,则依分时之优先顺位基础,逐一供应额外电力给各节点或供应电力给其他节点;若TPC/TPA大於一高於第一阈之第二阈,则依优先顺位之基础逐一减少对个别节点之电力供应。 If TPC / TPA is less than a first threshold, then according to the priority of the overall time-sharing basis, each additional power supply, or the supply of electricity to each node to other nodes; if TPC / TPA is greater than a first threshold is higher than the second threshold, the The Foundation is the priority pick each individual nodes to reduce the supply of electricity. 然而,若TPC/TPA介於第一及第二阈之间,则询问是否有节点需要额外电力或是否有新节点需要电力;若一较低优先顺位之节点据感知系已接收电力较长时间并超过一预定之最低时间,而其目前正在接收电力,则减少该较低优先顺位节点之电力供应,并供应电力至较高优先顺位节点。 If, however, between the first and second threshold TPC / TPA between, then asked if there was a node requires additional power or whether a new node requires power; if a lower priority node, according to the perception of the overall power system has received a long exceeds a predetermined time and the minimum time, but it is currently receiving power, then reduce the electricity supply to the lower priority order of the nodes, and the supply of electricity to a higher priority order node.

较佳是,该电源配电器包括一电力管理与控制单元,此单元监视与控制经由通信电缆线供应至不同节点之电力。 Preferably that the power supply distributor includes a power management and control unit which monitors and controls the power supplied to various nodes via the communications cable.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器包括一管理工作站,其作用可管理该电力管理与控制单元之操作。 According to a further preferred embodiment of the invention, the power supply distributor includes a management workstation, its role can be to manage the operation of the power management and control unit.

较佳是,该管理工作站管理多重电力管理与控制单元之操作。 Preferably that the management station to manage multiple operating unit of power management and control.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电力管理与控制单元经由一数据通信集讯器与不同节点通信,藉此管理各节点现行之电力使用模式。 According to a further preferred embodiment of the invention, the power management and control unit via a data communication node communicates with the set of different information, whereby management of each node of the current power usage mode.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电力管理与控制单元经由经由控制讯息而与不同节点通信,控制讯息在各节点解码并用来控制究竟在各节点提供全部或部份机能。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the power management and control unit via a control message via a communication with the different nodes, each node in the control message is decoded and used to control whether all or part of the functions in each node.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电力管理与控制单元可感知该电源配电器无主电源可用,并传送一控制讯息使各节点以备用或减量电力模式操作。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the power management control unit may perceive the distributor without mains power supply is available, and transmits a control message to the respective nodes or decrement the standby power mode.

较佳是,该节点包括全部机能与减量机能操作都需要的基本电路,及减量机能操作不需的非基本电路。 Preferably, the basic circuit node includes all the functions and performance decrement operations are needed, and without the reduction of non-essential circuits operating performance.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该节点包括一切换器与一控制器,切换器可选择性地操作非基本电路,控制器则控制切换器的操作。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the node comprising a switch and a controller, the switch is selectively operable non-essential circuitry, the controller controls the switch operation. 较佳是,该节点亦包括一电源,其中该控制器可响应该电源之输出而操作。 Preferably, the node also includes a power supply, wherein the controller is responsive to the output of the power supply operates. 此外/或者,该节点亦可包括一传感器,其中该控制器可响应从该传感器接收之输入而操作。 Further / or, the node may also include a sensor, wherein the controller receives a response from the input of the sensor operates.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该传感器可感知供应至该电源之电力的电压电平。 According to a further preferred embodiment of the invention, the sensor may be supplied to the power sensing the voltage level of the power supply. 此外,该传感器亦可感知从该电源配电器经由通信电缆线传送至该处的控制信号。 In addition, the sensor can also be transferred from the perception with electrical power via a communication cable to the control signal there.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该控制器接收来自电源之控制输入,其中指示主电源可供使用时,则操作切换器使电力供应至基本电路与非基本电路二者;而当该控制器接收来自电源之控制输入,其中指示无主电源可供使用,但该传感器指示经由通信电缆线有充分电力可用时,则该控制器操作切换器使电力供应至基本电路与非基本电路二者。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the controller receives a control input from the power supply, which indicates when the main power is available, then the operation is switched to the basic circuit allows the power supply circuit with two non-basic; and when the control receives input from the power of control, which indicates that no mains power is available, but the sensor indicates when there is sufficient power available via a communication cable, the controller allows the power supply to switch the operation of the basic circuit with both non-basic circuit . 较佳是,该控制器接收来自电源之控制输入,其中指示经由该电源无主电源可供使用,且该传感器指示无充分电力可用时,则该控制器操作切换器以最高优先顺位将适当的电力供给该基本电路;若在基本电路所需电力之外尚有额外电力可用时,则将额外电力经由切换器供给非基本电路。 Preferably, the controller receives a control input from the power source, the main of which indicates that no power available via the power supply, and the sensor signals no sufficient power is available, the controller operation switch with the highest priority order to the appropriate The power supply of the basic circuit; in addition to the basic circuitry required if there are additional power when electricity is available, the additional power supply of non-essential circuits via the switch.

此外/或者,该监视电路可接收使用者输入指示欲使用节点,或经由通信电缆线接收一控制讯息,其中指示需要以全部机能模式操作,并可响应该输入或讯息以使该切换器让该节点电路以全部机能模式操作。 Moreover / or the monitoring circuit can receive user input indicating desire to use node, or receive a control message via a communication cable, which indicates the need for full function mode, and in response to the input or message to make the switch to make the node circuits operating at full performance mode.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该传感器可感知供应至至少一个电源之电力的电压电平。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the sensor may be supplied to the sensing of the at least one power supply voltage level.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该传感器可感知从电源配电器经由通信电缆线传送到该传感器之控制信号。 According to a further preferred embodiment of the invention, the sensor can be transmitted from the power supply with electrical sensing via a communication cable to the control signal of the sensor.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该节点电路包括基本节点电路与非基本节点电路。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the base node of the node circuit comprises a circuit with non-essential node circuitry. 该切换器亦包括一基本节点电路切换器与一非基本节点电路切换器。 The switch also includes a basic circuit switch node with a non-basic node circuit switch. 较佳是,当该控制器接收来自至少一个电源之控制输入,其中指示有主电源可供使用,该控制器可操作该基本节点电路切换器与该非基本节点电路切换器,以使电力供给到该基本节点电路与该非基本节点电路二者。 Preferably, when the controller receives power from the at least one control input, which indicates that there is mains power is available, the controller is operable in the basic circuit switch node and the non-basic node circuit switch, so the power supply to the base node of the circuit with both non-essential node circuitry. 而当经由该至少一个电源无主电源可用,但该传感器指示经由通信电缆线有充分电力可用时,该控制器可操作该基本节点电路切换器与该非基本节点电路切换器,以使电力供给到该基本节点电路与该非基本节点电路二者。 When through the at least one power without mains power is available, but the sensor indicates there is sufficient power available via a communication cable, the controller is operable in the basic circuit switch node and the non-basic node circuit switch, so the power supply to the base node of the circuit with both non-essential node circuitry.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,当该控制器接收来自至少一个电源之控制输入,其中指示经由该至少一个电源无主电源可用,且该该传感器指示无充分电力可用时,该控制器可操作该基本节点电路切换器,以使适当之电力以最高优先顺位供应到该基本节点电路,而若该基本节点电路所需电力之外尚有额外电力时,则将额外电力经由该非基本节点电路切换器供应至该非基本节点电路。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, when the controller receives from the at least one control input of the power supply, wherein the at least one indication via without mains power supply is available, and that the sensor signals no sufficient power is available, the controller may The basic operation of the circuit switch node, the power to make appropriate highest priority order is supplied to the base node circuit, and if there are additional power beyond the power of the base node circuitry required, then additional power through the non-basic node circuit switch supplied to the non-essential node circuitry.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该节点可以三种模式之一操作;当基本与非基本节点电路都在作用时,使用全部机能模式;当基本节点电路作用时,使用基本机能模式;当基本节点电路至少一部份无作用时,使用睡眠机能模式。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the node can operate in one of three modes; when substantially non-essential node circuitry are in effect when using all function mode; when the base node circuit effect, the use of the basic function mode; when At least a portion of the base node circuit has no effect when using the sleep mode function.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源提供有限的备用电力。 According to a further preferred embodiment of the present invention, the power supply provides limited back-up power. 此外/或者,当通信电缆线上只有极有限的电力可传输时,该电源可让节点间歇操作。 Moreover / or, when the communication cable lines only a very limited power can be transmitted, the power supply allows nodes intermittent operation.

根据本发明另一较佳实施例,其中提供一种供区域网路中使用的区域网路电源配电器,该区域网路包括一中枢、复数个节点、以及连接该等复数节点与中枢以於其间提供数位通信之通信电缆线;该电源配电器之作用可经由通信电缆线提供至少部份操作电力给该等复数节点中至少一部份之节点。 According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention is another example, which provides a LAN with electrical power for use in LAN, the LAN includes a hub, a plurality of nodes, and connect them to the central node in the complex During provide digital communications cable communications; the role of the power distributor can provide at least part of the operation of the power of such a complex node to at least a portion of the nodes via a communication cable.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器系位於中枢内。 According to a further preferred embodiment of the invention, the power supply distributor is located in the central system.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器系位於中枢外部。 According to a further preferred embodiment of the invention, the electrical power distribution system is located outside the hub. 或者,该电源配电器系局部位於中枢内,局部位於中枢外部。 Alternatively, the local power distributor located in the central system, the local hub located outside.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器经由通信电缆线供应到该等复数节点中至少一部份节点的操作电力,包括备用电力。 According to a further preferred embodiment of the invention, the power distributor supplies power to operate such a plurality of nodes in the node via at least a portion of the communication cable, including backup power.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器,以及该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与各节点。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner, and the communication cable connected to the data set information with the respective communication node via the combiner.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,其中该电源配电器亦位於中枢内。 According to another preferred embodiment of the invention, the hub includes a data set of information communication device, wherein the power distributor is also located in the center.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,其中该电源配电器亦位於中枢内并包括一电源与一结合器,该结合器将电源供应之电力耦接到该通信电缆线,该通信电缆线亦传送来自数据通信集讯器的数据。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the hub includes a data communication profile information, wherein the power supply distributor is also located within the hub and includes a power supply and a combiner, the combiner of the power coupled to the power supply communications cable, the communication cable to transfer data from the data communication also sets the hearing.

较佳是,该结合器包括复数个耦合器,每一耦合器连接该电源之一输出端。 Preferably, the device comprises the combination of a plurality of couplers, each coupler is connected to the output of one of the power supply.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该结合器包括复数个耦合器与复数个滤波器,每一耦合器经由一滤波器连接该电源之一输出端。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the combiner includes a plurality of couplers and a plurality of filters, each coupler is connected to the output of one of said power supply via a filter.

此外,该结合器亦可包括复数个耦合器、复数个滤波器与复数个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一耦合器系经由一滤波器及一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端。 In addition, the combination device may also include a plurality of coupling, a plurality of filters and a plurality of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each coupler system is connected via a filter and an output of the one power SPEAR .

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器包括一电源,且该电源包括一断电备用设备。 According to a further preferred embodiment of the invention, the power supply distributor includes a power supply, and the power supply includes a power failure backup device.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该结合器包括复数个耦合器与复数个滤波器,每一耦合器系经由一滤波器连接该电源之一输出端。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the combiner includes a plurality of couplers and a plurality of filters, each coupler system connected to one output terminal of the power supply via a filter.

较佳是,该结合器包括复数个耦合器、复数个滤波器与复数个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一耦合器系经由一滤波器及一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端。 Preferably, the device includes a plurality of the combined coupler, a plurality of filters and a plurality of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each coupler to connect the output of the system, one power supply via a filter and a SPEAR .

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该结合器包括复数个耦合器与复数个滤波器,每一耦合器系经由一滤波器连接该电源之一输出端。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the combiner includes a plurality of couplers and a plurality of filters, each coupler system connected to one output terminal of the power supply via a filter.

此外,该结合器亦可包括复数个耦合器、复数个滤波器与复数个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一耦合器系经由一滤波器及一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端。 In addition, the combination device may also include a plurality of coupling, a plurality of filters and a plurality of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each coupler system is connected via a filter and an output of the one power SPEAR .

此外,该结合器亦可包括复数个耦合器与复数个滤波器,每一耦合器系经由一滤波器连接该电源之一输出端。 In addition, the combiner may also include a plurality of couplers and a plurality of filters, each coupler system connected to one output terminal of the power supply via a filter.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器之作用可沿该通信电缆线提供电力而不致於降低数位通信品质至无法接受之程度。 According to the present invention is a further preferred embodiment, the power distributor's role along the communication cable to provide power, they would not reduce the number of bits to an unacceptable degree of communication quality.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该通信电缆线包括至少一对双扭线连接至每一节点,其中之电力系在一双扭线上传输,且数据亦沿该双扭线传送。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the communication cable comprises at least one pair of twisted pair connected to each node, wherein the power transmission line in the one pair of twisted lines, and the data is also transmitted along the twisted pair.

较佳是,该电源配电器包括一电源界面与一电源,该通信电缆线经由该电源界面连接该数据通信集讯器与该等节点,而该电源界面包括复数个滤波器与复数个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一滤波器系经由一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端。 Preferably yes, that includes a power supply with electrical interface and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication with the collection of such information through the power supply interface node, and the power supply interface includes a plurality of filters and a plurality of intelligent Power circuit configuration and reporting (SPEAR), each filter system is connected via a SPEAR output of the one power source.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该通信电缆线包括至少二对双扭线连接至每一节点,其中传输电力之双扭线与传送数据之双扭线不同。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the communication cable comprises at least two pairs of twisted pair connected to each node, wherein the twisted-pair twisted-pair transmission power of the transmission data of different.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一电源界面与一电源,该通信电缆线经由该电源界面连接该数据通信集讯器与节点,且该电源界面包括复数个滤波器及复数个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一滤波器系经由一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a power interface and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication with the information set to the power node via the interface, and the power supply interface includes a plurality of filters and a plurality of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each filter system is connected via a SPEAR one output of the power supply.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与节点,该结合器包括复数个耦合器、复数个滤波器及复数个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一耦合器经由一滤波器及一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端,且每一耦合器至少有二个埠,其中一埠连接该数据通信集讯器之一埠,另一埠则经由通信电缆线连接该复数个节点之一。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication with the information set via the combiner node, The combination includes a plurality of couplers, a plurality of filters and a plurality of smart electricity each coupling circuit configuration and reporting (SPEAR), each coupler to connect the output of the one power supply via a filter and a SPEAR, and has at least two ports, one port connected to the data communication port set hearing is one of the other port is connected via a communication cable to one of the plurality of nodes.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器、一管理与控制单元及一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与节点,该结合器包括复数个耦合器、复数个滤波器及复数个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一耦合器系经由一滤波器及一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端,且该SPEAR之作用可向该管理与控制单元报告与其连接之节点的电流消耗情况。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner, a management and control unit and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication via the combiner hearing set with the node, the combination includes a plurality of couplers, a plurality of filters and a plurality of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), every one of the power coupling system that is connected via a filter and a SPEAR current output, and the nodes can be the role of the SPEAR to manage and control unit connected thereto consumption report.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与节点,该结合器包括复数个耦合器、复数个滤波器及复数个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一耦合器系经由一滤波器及一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端,且该SPEAR之作用可限制供往与其连接之节点的最大电流。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication with the information set via the combiner node, The combination includes a plurality of couplers, a plurality of filters and a plurality of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each coupler to connect the output of the system, one power supply via a filter and a SPEAR, and the SPEAR The effect can limit the maximum current for the node to connect to it.

根据本发明一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与节点,该结合器包括复数个耦合器、复数个滤波器及复数个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一耦合器系经由一滤波器及一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端;当与该SPEAR连接之节点经过一段可程式预定之时间後显示过电流状况时,该SPEAR可操作自动切断其与该节点之连接。 According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication with the information set via the combiner node, the combiner includes a plurality of couplers, a plurality of filters and a plurality of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each coupler to connect the output of the system, one power supply via a filter and a SPEAR; when the SPEAR When a node connecting the program scheduled over a period of time can be displayed after an overcurrent condition, the SPEAR operable to automatically cut off its connection to the node's.

根据本发明一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与节点,该结合器包括复数个耦合器、复数个滤波器及复数个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一耦合器系经由一滤波器及一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端;当与该SPEAR连接之节点经过一段可程式预定之时间後显示过电流状况时,该SPEAR可操作自动切断该节点之电力,并於该节点不再显示过电流状况时,自动重新导通该节点之电力。 According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication with the information set via the combiner node, the combiner includes a plurality of couplers, a plurality of filters and a plurality of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each coupler to connect the output of the system, one power supply via a filter and a SPEAR; when the SPEAR When connected to the node after a period of time can be scheduled after the program displays an overcurrent condition, the SPEAR operable automatically cut off the power of the node, and the node is no longer displayed in the over-current condition, automatically re-conduction of electric power to the node.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与节点,该结合器包括复数个耦合器、复数个滤波器及复数个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一耦合器系经由一滤波器及一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端,且该SPEAR包括一电流传感器与多数比较器。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication with the information set via the combiner node, The combination includes a plurality of couplers, a plurality of filters and a plurality of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each coupler to connect the output of the system, one power supply via a filter and a SPEAR, and the SPEAR comprising a current sensor and majority comparators. 该电流传感器接收一电源之电压输入Vin并产生一信号,此信号与通过该电流传感器之电流成比例;该等比较器接收来自该电流传感器的信号也接收来自各参考电压源之参考电压Vref。 The current sensor receiving a supply of the input voltage Vin and generates a signal which is proportional to the current through the current sensor of; such comparator receives the signal from the current sensor also receives from each reference voltage source of reference voltage Vref.

较佳是,该等参考电压源为可程式参考电压源,并接收来自管理与控制电路之控制输入。 Preferably, the reference voltage source such as a programmable reference voltage sources and receive control inputs from management and control circuits.

此外,该等多数比较器的输出可供应至一电流限制器与开关。 In addition, most of these comparator output can be supplied to a current limiter and switch. 此电流限制器与开关经由该电流传感器接收输入电压Vin,并提供一限流电压输出Vout。 This current limiter and switch receives an input voltage Vin via the current sensor, and provides an output current limiting voltage Vout.

此外,该等比较器之输出可供应至管理与控制电路作为监视输入,提供有关流经SPEAR之DC电流的资讯。 In addition, such an output of the comparator can be supplied to the management and control circuit as a monitor input, provide information about the DC current flowing through the SPEAR information.

根据本发明一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与节点,且该结合器包括复数个耦合器,每一耦合器包括至少一对变压器,每一变压器於其次级线圈有一中心分接头,DC电压经由此中心分接头馈至连接该处之双扭线的每一电线。 According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication with the information set via the combiner node, and The combiner includes a plurality of couplers, each coupler comprises at least one transformer, each transformer to its secondary coil has a center tap, DC voltage is fed through this center tap is connected to the twisted pair where each wires.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与节点,且该结合器包括复数个耦合器,每一耦合器包括至少一个变压器,该变压器之特徵在於,其中包括一次级线圈与一电容器。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication with the information set via the combiner node, and the combiner includes a plurality of couplers, each coupler comprises at least one transformer, characterized in that the transformer includes a secondary coil and a capacitor. 该次级线圈分割为二个个别之绕组,该电容器接设在该二个别之绕组间,於供高频信号使用时,该电容器以串联方式有效连接该二绕组,但於供DC使用时,则有效隔离该二绕组。 The secondary coil is divided into two individual windings of the capacitor is connected is provided between the two windings of the individual, in the high-frequency signal for use when the capacitor is connected in series with the second winding is effective, but when used in the DC supply, the effective separation of the two windings.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与节点,且该结合器包括一对电容器,它们有效阻挡DC进入该数据通信集讯器。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication with the information set via the combiner node, and the combination comprises a pair of capacitors, which effectively block DC hearing set to enter the data communication device.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与节点,且该结合器包括二对电容器,它们有效阻挡DC进入该数据通信集讯器。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication with the information set via the combiner node, and the combination includes two pairs of capacitors, which effectively block DC hearing set to enter the data communication device.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与节点,且该结合器包括一自动平衡无电容器无变压器共模式耦合电路。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication with the information set via the combiner node, and the combination includes a self-balancing capacitor-free mode coupling transformer circuit altogether.

较佳是,该电源配电器包括电力管理机能。 Preferably, yes, the power distributor includes power management functions.

此外,该电源配电器包括一电力管理与控制单元,此单元监视与控制经由通信电缆线供应至不同节点之电力。 In addition, the power supply distributor includes a power management and control unit which monitors and controls the power supplied to various nodes via the communications cable.

此外,该电源配电器可包括一管理工作站,其作用可管理该电力管理与控制单元之操作。 In addition, the power distributor may include a management workstation, its role can manage the operation of the power management and control unit.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该管理工作站管理多重电力管理与控制单元之操作。 According to another preferred embodiment of the invention, the management station to manage multiple operating unit of power management and control.

较佳是,该电力管理与控制单元经由一数据通信集讯器与不同节点通信,藉此管理各节点现行之电力使用模式。 Preferably, yes, the power management and control unit via a data communication sets hearing to communicate with a different node, thereby manage each node prevailing electricity usage patterns.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电力管理与控制单元经由经由控制讯息而与不同节点通信,控制讯息在各节点解码并用来控制究竟在各节点提供全部或部份机能。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the power management and control unit via a control message via a communication with the different nodes, each node in the control message is decoded and used to control whether all or part of the functions in each node.

此外,该电力管理与控制单元可感知该电源配电器无主电源可用,并传送一控制讯息使各节点以备用或减量电力模式操作。 In addition, the power management and control unit can be aware of the power distributor without the main power source is available, and send a control message so that each node in standby or reduced power mode.

此外,该节点包括全部机能与减量机能操作都需要的基本电路,及减量机能操作不需的非基本电路。 Furthermore, the basic circuit of the node includes all functions and operations are required reduction function, and function without the reduction of non-basic circuit operation.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,其中提供一种设置一区域网路之方法,此方法包括的步骤有:提供一中枢,提供复数个节点,使用一通信电缆连接该复数个节点与该中枢以提供数据通信,以及操作一电源配电器以经由该通信电缆提供至少部份操作电力给该等复数个节点中至少一部份节点。 According to the present invention, a further step of the preferred embodiment in which there is provided a method of setting a local area network, the method comprising: providing a hub, providing a plurality of nodes, using a communication cable connecting the plurality of nodes and the hub to provide data communications, as well as operating a power distributor via the communication cable to provide power to at least part of the operation of such a plurality of nodes, at least a part of the node.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,其中提供一种在一区域网路中设置一区域网路节点之方法,此方法包括的步骤有:提供一中枢,提供复数个节点,使用通信电缆线连接该复数个节点与该中枢以提供数位通信,以及操作一电源配电器以经由该中枢及该通信电缆线提供至少部份操作电力给该等复数个节点中至少一部份节点;该区域网路节点包括一通信电缆线界面,该界面可接收电力与数据,并分别将电力提供至一节点电力输入端,将数据提供至一节点数据输入端。 According to the present invention, a further step of the preferred embodiment in which there is provided a method of a LAN node disposed in a local area network, the method comprising: providing a hub, providing a plurality of nodes, using a communication cable connection The plurality of nodes and the hub to provide digital communications, as well as operating a power distributor to provide at least part of the operation of such power to a plurality of nodes through which at least a portion of the central node and the communication cable; the LAN node comprises a communication cable interface that can receive power and data, and supplies power to a respective power input node, the data provided to a node data input.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,其中提供一种设置一区域网路之方法,此方法包括的步骤有:提供一中枢,提供复数个节点,使用通信电缆线连接该复数个节点与该中枢以提供数据通信,以及操作一电源配电器以经由该通信电缆线提供至少部份操作电力给该等复数个节点中至少一部份节点;该电源配电器包括电力管理机能。 According to the present invention, a further step of the preferred embodiment in which there is provided a method of setting a local area network, the method comprising: providing a hub, providing a plurality of nodes, using a communication cable connecting the plurality of nodes and the hub to provide data communications, as well as operating a power distributor via the communication cable to provide power to at least part of the operation of such a plurality of nodes, at least a part of the node; the power distributor includes power management functions.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,其中提供一种设置一区域网路电源配电器以供一区域网路中使用之方法,此方法包括的步骤有:提供一中枢,提供复数个节点及连接该复数个节点与该中枢以於其间提供数位通信之通信电缆线,该电源配电器之作用可以经由该通信电缆线提供至少部份操作电力给该等复数个节点中至少一部份节点。 According to the present invention, a further step of the preferred embodiment, wherein providing a set of a LAN with electrical power for a method of using the same local area network, the method comprising: providing a hub, providing a plurality of nodes and connections The plurality of nodes and the hub to provide digital communications cable communications in the meantime, the role of the power distributor can provide at least part of the operation of the power of such a plurality of nodes to at least a part of the node via the communication cable.

根据本发明并提供一种系统,此系统可在数据通信电缆线基础设备上配电至一个或多个耗电网路器件;此系统包括一数据通信电缆线网路,一电力源,至少一个与该电力源及该数据通信电缆线网路耦接之电力/数据结合器;该至少一个电力/数据结合器之作用可产生一低频电力信号,并将此低频电力信号注入从该数据通信电缆线网路接收之数据通信信号,以产生一电力/数据结合信号,该电力/数据结合信号随後输出到该数据通信电缆线网路及至少一个电力/数据分离器,该至少一个电力/数据分离器可接收电力/数据结合信号并从其中引出与分离原始的数据通信信号与低频电力信号。 According to the present invention is to provide a system which can power distribution to one or more devices on a data communications network cable infrastructure; The system comprises a data communications network cable, a power source, at least one the power source and the data communication cable network coupled between the power / data combiner; the at least one effect of power / data coupler capable of generating a low-power signal, and the low-frequency electric signal is injected from the data communication cable data communication network receiving the signal line, to produce a power / data combined signal, the power / data combined signal is then output to the cable network and the data communication at least one power / data splitter, the at least one power / data splitter can receive power / data combined signal and from which the original data extraction and separation of communication signals with low-power signal.

该数据通信网路可包括一个以乙太网路为基础的区域网路(LAN)。 The data communication network may include an Ethernet-based local area network (LAN). 该电力/数据结合器之实施方式可为独立式单元、并入一区域网路(LAN)中枢、或并入一区域网路(LAN)切换器。 Embodiments of the power / data combiner for the stand-alone unit, into a local area network (LAN) hub, or incorporated into a local area network (LAN) switch.

该电力/数据结合器可包括复数个数据专用输入埠及复数个数据加电力输出埠,每一数据输入埠及数据加电力输出埠形成一个别通道。 The power / data combined data may include a plurality of input ports and a plurality of dedicated data plus electrical output ports, each data input port and an output port data plus electricity do not form a channel. 此外,该电力/数据结合器可从一AC主电源插座、一不断电电源供应器(UPS)、或另一电力/数据结合器接收电力。 In addition, the power / data can be from a combination of AC mains socket, an uninterruptible power supply (UPS), or another power / data combiner receives power.

该电力/数据结合器包括各种滤除高频杂讯与脉动、感知低频电力信号电流、连接低频电力信号与该电力/数据结合输出信号、切断低频电力信号与该电力/数据结合输出信号连接、以及检测电力/数据结合输出信号之无负载与过载状况的装置。 The power / data coupler includes various filter out high frequency noise and ripple, low-power signal sensing current, low-power signal connection combined output signal with the power / data, cut low power signal and the power / data combined output signal connection and detecting the power / data combined with the output signal of the no-load condition of the overload device.

此系统进而包括一管理单元,其可经由数据通信电缆线网路监视与提供电力给位於数据通信电缆线网路内的电力/数据结合器与电力/数据分离器。 The system further comprises a management unit, which can monitor the network and provide power via a data communications cable to a cable located within the data communication network power / data combiners and power / data splitter.

该电力/数据分离器的实施方式可为独立式单元或并入一网路器件。 The power / data splitter embodiments may be incorporated as a stand-alone unit or a network device. 该电力/数据结合器可包括一AC/DC或DC/DC电力转换器,以将引出的低频电力信号转换成一个或多个输出电压。 The power / data combiner may comprise an AC / DC or DC / DC power converter to the low-frequency power signals drawn into one or more output voltages.

根据本发明亦提供一种在一数据通信电缆线基础设备上配电至一个或多个耗电网路器件之方法;此方法包括的步骤有:从一电力源产生一低频电力信号,将该一低频电力信号注入在该数据通信电缆线网路上传送的数据通信信号以产生一电力/数据结合信号,将该一电力/数据结合信号传输到该数据通信电缆线网路,接收在该数据通信电缆线网路上传送的电力/数据结合信号,并分割该电力/数据结合信号以从该低频电力信号分离并产生该数据通信信号。 A switchboard according to the present invention also provides a data communication on a cable infrastructure to one or more methods of power network device; the method comprising the steps of: generating a low frequency power signal from a power source, the injecting a low-frequency power signals on the data communications cable network transmitted data communication signal to produce a power / data combined signal, the one power / data signal is transmitted to the combination of a data communication cable network, received in the data communication power / data cable combined signal transmitted on the Internet, and dividing the power / data combined signal from the low frequency power signal separation and produces the data communication signals.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该数据通信网路包括一个以乙太网路为基础的区域网路(LAN)。 According to a further preferred embodiment of the invention, the data communication network comprising a Ethernet-based local area network (LAN).

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电力源包括一AC主电源插座。 According to a further preferred embodiment of the invention, the power source comprises an AC mains supply outlet. 该电力源亦可包括一不断电电源供应器(UPS)。 The power source may also include an uninterruptible power supply (UPS).

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,此方法进而包括以下步骤:从该低频电力信号滤除高频杂讯与脉动,感知低频电力信号电流、连接低频电力信号与该电力/数据结合信号、切断低频电力信号与该电力/数据结合信号之连接、检测电力/数据结合信号上无负载与过载状况、以及将引出之低频电力信号转换成一个或多个输出电压。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the method further comprising the steps of: filter out high frequency noise and ripple from the low frequency power signal, sensing the low frequency power signal current, low frequency power signal is connected to the combined signal power / data, cutting a low frequency power signal to the power / data junction connection signals, detecting the power / data combined with the no-load condition on the overload signal, and a low frequency power signal will lead to convert it into one or more output voltages.

根据本发明进而提供一种系统,此系统可在数据通信电缆线基础设备上配电至一个或多个耗电网路器件;此系统包括一数据通信电缆线网路、一电力源、从该电力源产生一低频电力信号之装置、与该数据通信电缆线网路耦接之结合器装置、将该低频电力信号注入在该数据通信电缆线网路上传送的数据通信信号以产生一电力/数据结合信号之结合器装置、调节该低频电力信号注入该数据通信信号之调节器装置(该调节包括,但不限於,停止该低频电力信号之注入并限制其电流)、从该电力/数据结合信号引出低频电力信号并输出原始数据通信信号与低频电力信号之引出装置。 According to the present invention further provides a system which can power distribution to one or more devices on a data communications network cable infrastructure; The system comprises a data communications network cable, a power source, from the power source means generating a signal of a low frequency electric power, and combined with the data communication device coupled to the cable network, the low frequency power signal injection data communication signals transmitted over the data communications cable network to produce a power / data The binding means signals, adjusting the low frequency power signal injection regulator means of the data communication signal (the adjustment including, but not limited to, stopping the injection of the low frequency power signal and limit current), combined with the signal from the power / data leads to low-power signal and outputs the raw data extraction device to communicate with the low-power signal of the signal.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该数据通信网路包括一个以乙太网路为基础的区域网路(LAN)。 According to a further preferred embodiment of the invention, the data communication network comprising a Ethernet-based local area network (LAN).

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源器件可从一AC主电源插座接收电力。 According to a further preferred embodiment of the invention, the power supply device can receive power from an AC mains socket. 该电源器件亦可从一不断电电源供应器(UPS)接收电力。 The power supply device can receive power from an uninterruptible power supply (UPS).

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该结合器器件包括滤除高频杂讯与脉动之装置。 According to a further preferred embodiment of the invention, the combiner means comprises means of a high-frequency noise and ripple filtered.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该调节器器件包括感知该低频电力信号电流之装置。 According to a further preferred embodiment of the invention, the adjuster device includes a low frequency power signal current of the sensing means.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该调节器器件包括检测该输出电力/数据结合信号上无负载与过载情况之装置。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the regulator device comprises detecting the output power / data signal combining means and a no-load situation of overload.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,此系统亦包括一管理单元,其可经由数据通信电缆线网路监视与提供电力给位於数据通信电缆线网路内的电力/数据结合器与电力/数据分离器。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the system also includes a management unit, which can monitor and provide power to the network via a data communications cable power / data combiners and power / data communications cable network in the data within separator.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该引出器件包括一AC/DC电力转换器,可将引出的低频电力信号转换成一个或多个输出电压。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the extraction device comprises a AC / DC power converter may convert the low frequency power signal drawn into one or more output voltages.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该引出器件包括一DC/DC电力转换器,可将引出的低频电力信号转换成一个或多个输出电压。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the extraction device includes a DC / DC power converter that converts the low-frequency power signals drawn into one or more output voltages.

附图说明 Brief Description

从以下配合图式之详细说,可以更加了解本发明,图式包括:图1A及图1B为简化方块图,显示二个可供选择之区域网路实施例,其中包括一电源,其作用可在依据本发明一较佳实施例构成与操作之通信电缆线上,提供电力给区域网路各节点;图2A及图2B为简化方块图,显示二个可供选择之区域网路实施例,其中包括一电源,其作用可在依据本发明另一较佳实施例构成与操作之通信电缆线上,提供电力给区域网路各节点;图3A及图3B分别为图1A及图1B实施例中使用之中枢之简化方块图;图4A及图4B分别为图2A及图2B实施例中使用之中枢及电源子系统之简化方块图;图5为简化方块图,显示图3A、3B、4A、4B实施例中使用之智慧型电力配置与报告电路;图6为图5实施例之简化概要图;图7A及图7B为简化方块图,分别显示图1A、2A及图1B、2B实施例中使用之LAN节点界面电路;图8A-8G为图3A、4A实施例中使用之结合器其不同实施例之简化方块图与概要图;图9A-9G为图1A、2A、7A实施例中使用之分隔器与图8A-8G之结合器结合之不同实施例之简化方块图与概要图;图10A及图10B为简化方块图,分别显示二个可供选择之通信网路实施例,其中包括依照本发明一较佳实施例构成与操作之通信电缆线上的电源与管理;图11A及图11B为简化方块图,分别显示二个可供选择之区域网路实施例,其中包括电源与管理单元,其作用可在通信电缆线上供应电力给区域网路各节点; From below with the drawings in detail, the present invention may be better understanding, the drawings include: Figs. 1A and 1B is a simplified block diagram showing two alternative embodiments of the LAN, including a power source, its effect may be In accordance with a preferred embodiment of the invention composition and operation of the communication cable line, to provide power to each node LAN; Figs. 2A and 2B is a simplified block diagram showing two alternative embodiments of the LAN, which includes a power source, and its role in accordance with another preferred embodiment of the invention composition and operation of the communication cable line, to provide power to each node LAN; respectively, in FIG. 1A and FIG. 1B embodiment of Figure 3A and 3B a simplified block diagram of the use of the hub; Figures 4A and 4B respectively Figure 2A and 2B is a simplified block diagram of the hub used in the embodiment and the power supply subsystem; FIG. 5 is a simplified block diagram, shown in Figure 3A, 3B, 4A , 4B implement smart power allocation and reporting circuit used in the embodiment; Figure 5 Figure 6 is a schematic view of a simplified embodiment of the embodiment; Fig. 1A, 2A and Fig. 1B, 2B embodiment of FIG. 7A and 7B is a simplified block diagram, show cases LAN node interface circuit using the same; Fig. 8A-8G to FIG. 3A, 4A embodiment of the binding device used in the example to simplify its different embodiments of a block diagram and schematic view; FIG. 9A-9G of FIG. 1A, 2A, 7A embodiment Use of a different embodiment in a simplified block diagram and schematic view of the spacer in conjunction with Figure 8A-8G of the binding; Figure 10A and 10B is a simplified block diagram, respectively, show two alternative embodiments of a communication network, wherein In accordance with the present invention includes a power management Example Composition and operation of the communication cable line of a preferred embodiment; FIG. 11A and FIG. 11B is a simplified block diagram, respectively, show two alternative embodiments of the LAN, including the power supply and management unit, its role can supply power to each node LAN communication cable lines;

图12A及图12B分别为图10A及图10B实施例中使用之中枢之简化方块图;图13A及图13B分别为图11A及图11B实施例中使用之中枢及电源与管理子系统之简化方块图;图14A及图14B为图10A、10B、11A、11B实施例中使用的二个不同节点架构之简化方块图;图15为一节点架构简化方块图,此节点架构结合图14A、14B所示之特徵;图16为一概要流程图,显示图10A、10B、11A、11B所示网路在正常操作及减量电力模式时之电力管理;图17为一概要流程图,显示图16所示流程图中的一步骤;图18A及图18B共同为一概要流程图,显示图17所示查询与起始电源机能之一较佳实施例;图19A、19B、19C、19D为概要流程图,其中分别显示一种用以执行图16流程图中非自发性电力管理步骤中全部机能或无机能操作之可能机构,;图20A、20B、20C、20D为概要流程图,其中分别显示一种用以执行图16流程图中非自发性电力管理步骤中全部机能或减量机能操作之可能机构;图21A、21B、21C、21D为概要流程图,其中分别显示一种用以执行图16流程图中自发性电力管理步骤中节点启动睡眠模式操作之可能机构;图22A、22B、22C、22D为概要流程图,其中分别显示一种用以执行图16流程图中自发性电力管理步骤中中枢启动睡眠模式操作之可能机构;图23A、23B、23C、23D为概要流程图,其中分别显示一种用以执行图16流程图中自发性电力管理步骤中全部机能或无机能优先顺位操作之可能机构;图24A、24B、24C、24D为概要流程图,其中分别显示一种用以执行图16流程图中自发性电力管理步骤中全部机能或减量机能优先顺位操作之可能机构;图25为一方块图,显示一先前技术之数据通信网路范例,其中,各网路器件系与公用电力AC主电源耦接;图26A及图26B为方块图,显示依照本发明构成之一数据通信系统范例,其中,各网路器件在同一电缆上接收电力连接与网路连接;图27为一方块图,显示将电力放入数据通信基础设备的电力/数据结合器单元;以及图28为一方块图,显示分离电力与数据通信基础设备的电力/数据分离器单元。 12A and 12B, respectively, 10A and 10B is a simplified diagram of the hub used in the example embodiment of a block diagram; FIG. 13A and 13B, respectively, used in the example of the central power supply and management subsystem and a simplified block diagram of FIG. 11A and FIG. 11B embodiment ; Figure 14A and 14B is Figure 10A, 10B, 11A, 11B to simplify the structure of two different nodes used in the example embodiment of a block diagram; FIG. 15 is a simplified block diagram of a node architecture, the node architecture in conjunction with Figure 14A, 14B of the The characteristic diagram; FIG. 16 is a schematic flowchart, shown in Figure 10A, 10B, 11A, 11B shown in normal network operation and reduction of the power mode of power management; FIG. 17 is a schematic flowchart, shown in Figure 16 a step of the flowchart shown in; FIGS. 18A and 18B is a schematic flowchart of a joint, shown in Figure 17 with one of the starting power source query function preferred embodiment; Fig. 19A, 19B, 19C, 19D is a summary flow chart , which show one possible mechanism 16 for executing a flowchart Central Africa Spontaneously power management step can operate all of the functions or inorganic,; Fig. 20A, 20B, 20C, 20D is a summary flow chart, which respectively show a Figure 16 a flow chart for performing power management step in the Central African spontaneously or all functions may operate the mechanism decrement function; Fig. 21A, 21B, 21C, 21D is a summary flow chart, which are shown in Figure 16 for performing a process FIG Spontaneous power management step node starts a sleep mode operation of the mechanism may be; FIG. 22A, 22B, 22C, 22D is a summary flow chart, which are shown in the flowchart of FIG. 16 spontaneously to perform a power management step in the hub start the sleep mode operation possible mechanism; FIG. 23A, 23B, 23C, 23D is a summary flow chart, which respectively show a flowchart of Fig. 16 for performing the power management step in spontaneously all functions can be inorganic or priority order of operation possible mechanism; FIG. 24A, 24B, 24C, 24D is a summary flow chart, which shows a possible mechanism 16 respectively in the flowchart of FIG Spontaneous power management step all functions or decrement function of the priority order to perform the operation; FIG. 25 is a block diagram showing an example of a previous data communication network technology, in which each network device based utility power AC mains supply coupled; FIG. 26A and FIG. 26B is a block diagram showing the configuration of the present invention in accordance with one of the data example communication system, wherein each network device receives a power connection on the same cable and network connection; FIG. 27 is a block diagram showing the electric power into the data communications infrastructure power / data combiner unit; and Fig. 28 is a block diagram showing the separation of power and data communications infrastructure of the power / data splitter unit.

图号简单说明:10:中枢 11:通信电缆线12:桌上型电脑 14:Web摄影机16:传真机 18:IP电话机20:电脑 22:伺服器30:电源子系统 32:电源34:LAN切换器 36:结合器60:中枢 61:通信电缆线62:桌上型电脑 64:Web摄影机66:传真机 68:IP电话机70:电脑 72:伺服器80:电源子系统 82:电源84:LAN切换器 86:电源界面100:中枢 101:通信电缆线112:桌上型电 114:hub摄影机116:传真机 118:LAN电话机120:电脑 122:伺服器130:电源子系统 132:电源134:LAN切换器 136:结合器142、144、146、148、149:外部分隔器150:中枢 151:通信电缆线162:桌上型电 164:hub摄影机166:传真机 168:LAN电话机170:电脑 172:伺服器180:电源子系统 182:电源184:LAN切换器 186:电源界面192、194、196、198、199:外部连接器220:耦合器 222:滤波器224:智慧型电力配置与报告电路SPEAR226:中央管理与控制子系统272:滤波器274:智慧型电力配置与报告电路SPEAR276:中央管理与控制子系统320:耦合器 322:滤波器324:智慧型电力配置与报告电路SPEAR326:中央管理与控制子系统372:滤波器374:智慧型电力配置与报告电路SPEAR376:中央管理与控制子系统400:智慧型电力配置与报告电路SPEAR402:电流传感器 404:比较器406:可程式参考电压源 407:汇流排408:电流限制器与开关 409:A/D转换器410:计时器 412:正反器500:网路节点 502:数据收发器504:由主电源馈电之电源506:其他元件508:分隔器 510:由通信电缆线馈电之电源550:网路节点 552:数据收发器554:由主电源馈电之电源556:其他元件558:连接器 560:由通信电缆线馈电之电源600:耦合器 610:变压器620:耦合器 630:变压器632:次级线圈 634、636:绕组640:电容器 650:耦合器660:电容器 670:耦合器680、690:电容器 700:耦合器702、704:可调整有源平衡电路(有源滤波器)706、708:感应与控制电路710:隔离变压器1600:分隔器 1610:变压器1620:分隔器 1630:变压器1632:初级线圈 1634、1636:绕组1640:电容器 1650:分隔器1660:电容器 1670:分隔器1680、1690:电容器 1700:分隔器1702、1704:可调整有源平衡电路(有源滤波器)1706、1708:感应与控制电路1710:隔离变压器 2010:中枢2012:桌上型电脑 2014:web摄影机2016:传真机 2018:IP电话机2020:电脑 2022:伺服器2030:电源子系统 2032:电源2034:LAN切换器 2036:结合器2037:耦合器与滤波器单元2038:电力管理与控制单元2040:管理工作站 2060:中枢2062:桌上型电脑 2064:web摄影机2066:传真机 2068:IP电话机2070:电脑 2072:伺服器2080:电源子系统 2082:电源2084:LAN切换器 2086:电源界面2087:滤波器单元 2088:电力管理与控制单元2090:管理工作站 2100:中枢2112:桌上型电脑 2114:hub摄影机2116:传真机 2118:LAN电话机2120:电脑 2122:伺服器2130:电源与管理子系统 2132:电源2133:电力管理与控制单元2134:LAN切换器 2136:结合器2137:耦合器与滤波器单元2140:管理工作站2142、2144、2146、2148、2150:外部分隔器2150:中枢 2160:SPEAR控制器2162:桌上型电脑 2162:汇流排2164:hub摄影机 2164:微处理器2166:传真机 2166:记忆体2168:LAN电话机 2168:通信电路2170:电脑 2172:伺服器2180:电源与管理子系统 2182:电源2183:电力管理与控制单元2184:LAN切换器 2186:电源界面2187:滤波器单元 2190:管理工作站2192、2194、2196、2198、2199:外部连接器2224:智慧型电力配置与报告电路SPEAR2274:智慧型电力配置与报告电路SPEAR2276:SPEAR控制器 2278:汇流排2280:微处理器 2282:记忆体2284:通信电路2324:智慧型电力配置与报告电路SPEAR2360:SPEAR控制器 2362:汇流排2364:微处理器 2366:记忆体2368:通信电路2374:智慧型电力配置与报告电路SPEAR2376:SPEAR控制器 2378:汇流排2380:微处理器 2382:记忆体2384:通信电路 2400:基本电路2402:非基本电路 2404:节点电路2406:电源 2410:切换器2412:电源 2414:控制器2416:传感器 2436:电源2438:切换器 2440:节点电路2442:电源 2444:控制器2446:传感器 2448:监视电路2500:基本电路 2502:非基本电路2504:节点电路 2506:电源2508:切换器 2510:切换器2512:电源 2514:控制器2516:传感器 2540:监视电路3010:网路 3012:WAN/LAN中枢3014:IP电话伺服器 3015:服务提供者3016:LAN接线桥/路由器 3018、3020:LAN中枢/切换器3022:电插头 3024:电插头3026:电插头 3028:网际网路/IP电话机3030:电插头 3031:网路数据接线3032:膝上型或其他手提型电脑3034:电插头 3036:网际网路/IP电话机3038:电插头 3040:桌上型电脑3042:电插头 3044:摄录影机3046:电插头 3047:网路数据专用接线3048:手提型电脑 3050:电插头3052:网际网路/IP电话机3054:电插头3060:网路 3061:服务提供者3062:IP电话伺服器 3064:WAN/LAN中枢3066:LAN接线桥/路由器 3068:电插头3070:电缆3072:整体式电力/数据结合器中枢/切换器3074:电插头 3076:IP电话机3077:电缆 3078:电力/数据分离器3080:IP电话机 3082:数据电缆3084:电力电缆 3086:电力/数据电缆3088:电缆线3090:整体式电力/数据结合器中枢/切换器3092:电力/数据电缆 3094:电力/数据分离器3096:手提型电脑 3098:电力电缆3100:数据电缆 3102:IP电话机3104:电力/数据电缆 3106:LAN中枢/切换器3108:电插头 3110:数据电缆3112:IP电话机 3114:电插头3116:数据电缆 3118:桌上型电脑3120:电插头 3122:数据电缆3124:桌上型电脑 3126:电插头3128:LAN中枢/切换器 3130:电插头3132:数据电缆 3134:电缆接线3136:网路即用摄录影机 3138:数据/电力电缆3140:电力/数据分离器 3142:IP电话机3144:数据电缆 3146:电力电缆3148:电力/数据电缆 3150:桌上型电脑3152:数据电缆 3154:电力/数据电缆3156:电力/数据分离器单元3158:IP电话机 3160:电力电缆3162:数据电缆 3164:LAN上供电管理单元3166:数据电缆3168:独立式电力/数据结合器单元3170:电插头 3171:不断电电源供应器UPS3172:电插头 3180:电力/数据结合器单元3181:线路界面电路 3182:滤波与保护电路3184:电源 3186:控制器3188:输出埠 3190:输入埠3192:连接器/电缆 3200:电力/数据分离器3202:线路界面电路 3204:控制器3206:滤波与保护电路 3208:电力转换器3210:数据+电力输入埠 3212:数据通信输出埠3214:电力输出埠较佳实施例详细说明现在请参阅图1A之简化方块图,其中显示依照本发明一较佳实施例构成与操作之区域网路。 Drawing No. Brief description: 10: 11 Hub: Communication cable 12: desktops 14: Web camera 16: Facsimile 18: IP telephone 20: PC 22: 30 Server: Power Subsystem 32: Power 34: LAN Switch 36: 60 combined: Central 61: communication cable 62: desktops 64: Web camera 66: Facsimile 68: IP telephone 70: Computer 72: 80 Server: Power Subsystem 82: Power 84: LAN Switch 86: Power Interface 100: Central 101: Communication cable 112: Desktop Power 114: hub camera 116: fax 118: LAN telephone 120: Computer 122: 130 Server: Power Subsystem 132: Power 134 : LAN Switch 136: combiner 142,144,146,148,149: External separator 150: 151 Hub: Communication cable 162: Desktop Power 164: hub camera 166: fax 168: LAN telephone 170: Computer 172: 180 Server: Power Subsystem 182: Power 184: LAN Switch 186: Power Interface 192,194,196,198,199: External Connector 220: Coupler 222: 224 Filter: intelligent power distribution and Report circuit SPEAR226: central management and control subsystem 272: 274 Filter: intelligent power distribution and reporting circuit SPEAR276: central management and control subsystem 320: Coupler 322: 324 Filter: intelligent power distribution and reporting circuit SPEAR326: central management and control subsystem 372: 374 Filter: intelligent power distribution and reporting circuit SPEAR376: central management and control subsystem 400: intelligent power distribution and reporting circuit SPEAR402: current sensor 404: Compare 406: programmable voltage reference Source 407: bus 408: a current limiter and switch 409: A / D converter 410: timer 412: flip-flop 500: network node 502: a data transceiver 504: The feed from the main power supply 506: Other element 508: separator 510: communication cable from the feed supply 550: 552 network nodes: data transceiver 554: from the main power supply of the power feed 556: Other elements 558: 560 Connector: fed by a communication cable The Power 600: Coupler 610: 620 Transformers: coupler 630: 632 Transformers: secondary windings 634, 636: 640 Winding: Capacitors 650: 660 Coupler: Capacitors 670: Coupler 680,690: Capacitors 700: 702 Coupler 704: adjustable active balancing circuit (active filter) 706: Induction and control circuit 710: isolation transformer 1600: separator 1610: Transformers 1620: separator 1630: Transformers 1632: primary coil 1634,1636: winding 1640: Capacitors 1650: separator 1660: Capacitors 1670: 1680,1690 separator: Capacitors 1700: 1702, 1704 divider: adjustable active balancing circuit (active filter) 1706,1708: sensing and control circuit 1710: Isolation Transformers 2010: central 2012: Desktop 2014: web camera 2016: fax 2018: IP Phone 2020: 2022 Computer: Server 2030: The power subsystem 2032: Power 2034: LAN Switch 2036: Combining 2037: Coupling and filter unit 2038: Power Management and Control Unit 2040: 2060 management station: central 2062: Desktop 2064: web camera 2066: fax 2068: IP Phone 2070: Computer 2072: Server 2080: Power Subsystem 2082: Power 2084: LAN Switch 2086: 2087 Power Interface: Filter Unit 2088: Power Management and Control Unit 2090: 2100 management station: central 2112: Desktop 2114: hub camera 2116: fax 2118: LAN telephone 2120: Computer 2122: Server 2130: Power and management subsystem 2132: 2133 Power: Power Management and Control Unit 2134: LAN Switch 2136: 2137 coupler: coupler and the filter unit 2140: Management Station 2142,2144,2146 , 2148,2150: external divider 2150: central 2160: SPEAR Controller 2162: Desktop 2162: Bus 2164: hub Camera 2164: Microprocessor 2166: 2166 fax: Memory 2168: LAN telephone 2168: communication circuit 2170: Computer 2172: Server 2180: Power and management subsystem 2182: 2183 Power: Power Management and Control Unit 2184: LAN Switch 2186: 2187 Power Interface: Filter Unit 2190: management workstation 2192,2194,2196, 2198,2199: External Connector 2224: intelligent power distribution and reporting circuit SPEAR2274: smart power allocation and reporting circuit SPEAR2276: SPEAR Controller 2278: 2280 Bus: Microprocessor 2282: 2284 Memory: communication circuitry 2324: Wisdom electric circuit configuration and reporting SPEAR2360: SPEAR Controller 2362: 2364 Bus: Microprocessor 2366: 2368 Memory: communication circuitry 2374: intelligent power distribution and reporting circuit SPEAR2376: SPEAR Controller 2378: 2380 Bus: Microprocessor is 2382: Memory 2384: communication circuitry 2400: Basic Circuit 2402: Non-basic circuit 2404: Node circuit 2406: 2410 Power: Switch 2412: Power 2414: Controller 2416: Sensors 2436: 2438 Power: Switch 2440: Node circuit 2442: Power 2444: Controller 2446: Sensors 2448: monitoring circuit 2500: Basic Circuit 2502: Non-basic circuit 2504: Node circuit 2506: Power 2508: 2510 Switch: Switch 2512: Power 2514: Controller 2516: Sensors 2540: monitoring circuit 3010: Internet 3012: WAN / LAN hub 3014: IP Phone Server 3015: Service Provider 3016: LAN Connection bridge / router 3018,3020: LAN hub / switch 3022: 3024 Electric plug: Electric plug 3026: Electric Plug 3028: Internet / IP Phone 3030: Electric plug 3031: Internet Data Connection 3032: a laptop or other portable computers 3034: Electric plug 3036: Internet / IP Phone 3038: Electric plug 3040: Tables 3042 on computers: electrical plug 3044: camcorders 3046: Electric plug 3047: Dedicated Internet Data Connection 3048: portable computers 3050: 3052 electrical plugs: Internet / IP Phone 3054: 3060 electrical plugs: Internet 3061: The service provider 3062: IP telephony server 3064: WAN / LAN hub 3066: LAN Connection Bridge / Router 3068: Electric plug 3070: Cable 3072: monolithic power / data combiner hub / switch 3074: electrical plugs 3076: IP Phone 3077: Cable 3078: Power / data splitter 3080: IP Phone 3082: Data Cable 3084: 3086 power cables: power / data cable 3088: Cable 3090: monolithic power / data combiner hub / switch 3092 : power / data cable 3094: Power / data splitter 3096: portable computers 3098: 3100 power cables: Data Cable 3102: IP Phone 3104: Power / Data Cable 3106: LAN hub / switch 3108: electrical plugs 3110: data Cable 3112: IP Phone 3114: 3116 Power plug: Data Cable 3118: Desktop 3120: Electric plug 3122: Data Cable 3124: Desktop 3126: Electric plug 3128: LAN hub / switch 3130: electrical plugs 3132 : 3134 Data Cable: Cable 3136: Internet-use camcorders 3138: Data / Power Cable 3140: Power / data splitter 3142: IP Phone 3144: Data Cable 3146: 3148 power cables: power / data cable 3150 : Desktop 3152: 3154 data cables: power / data cable 3156: Power / data splitter unit 3158: IP Phone 3160: 3162 power cables: Data Cable 3164: LAN power management unit on 3166: Data Cable 3168: Independent type power / data combination unit 3170: Electric plug 3171: uninterruptible power supply UPS3172: electrical plugs 3180: Power / data combination unit 3181: Line Interface Circuit 3182: 3184 filtering and protection circuits: Power 3186: Controller 3188: Output port 3190: Input port 3192: connector / cable 3200: Power / data splitter 3202: Line Interface Circuit 3204: Controller 3206: 3208 filtering and protection circuits: a power converter 3210: Data + Power input port 3212: Data Communications Output port 3214: Power output port is now the preferred embodiment described in detail, please refer to the simplified block diagram of FIG. 1A, which shows a preferred embodiment according to the invention constituted and operate LAN example of. 如图1A所示,其中提供之区域网路(LAN)包括一中枢10,此中枢10以电缆线11(较佳为一结构式电缆线系统)耦接於复数个LAN节点,诸如一桌上型电脑12、一web摄影机14、一传真机16、一LAN电话机(亦称为IP电话机)18、一电脑20、及一伺服器22。 1A, wherein provided area network (LAN) comprising a hub 10, the hub 10 to the cable 11 (preferably a structural formula cable system) is coupled to a plurality of LAN nodes, such as a desktop 12 computers, a web camera 14, a fax machine 16, a LAN telephones (also known as IP telephones) 18, a computer 20, and a server 22.

电缆线11较佳为习用LAN电缆线,在同一套皮下具有四对双扭铜线。 Cable 11 preferably conventional LAN cable, having four pairs of twisted-pair copper wire with a skin. 在图1A所示实施例中,如以下即将说明者,四对双扭铜线中,至少有一对系用於传输数据与电力至网路各节点。 In the embodiment shown in Figure 1A, as will be explained below by, four pairs of twisted copper wires, at least one pair of power lines for transmitting data to each node with the network. 通常是使用其中二对沿著连接中枢与每一节点的每条线路传输数据与电力,第三对只用来传输数据,第四对则保留作为备用,既不传输数据也不传输电力。 Is usually used wherein two pairs of each node along the connection hub and each line of data and power transmission, only the third pair is used to transmit data, the fourth pair is retained as a backup, neither the transmission data nor transmit power.

根据本发明一较佳实施例,其中提供一电源子系统30,其作用可经由中枢10及连接中枢与不同LAN节点的通信电缆线,提供至少一部份操作或备用电力给该等复数个节点中至少一部份节点。 According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, which provides a power subsystem 30, which effect via the central hub 10 and the communication cable connected to a different LAN nodes, providing at least part of the operating or backup power to a plurality of nodes such At least a portion of the node.

在图1A所示实施例中,子系统30系位於中枢10内部并包括一电源32,电源32经由通信电缆线供应操作电力及/或备用电力至不同的LAN节点。 In the embodiment shown in FIG. 1A, subsystem 30 is located in line 10 and the internal hub comprises a power source 32, power source 32 supplies operating power and / or backup power to various LAN nodes via the communication cable. 通信电缆线经由一结合器36连接一LAN切换器34与不同的LAN节点。 The communication cable 36 is connected to a LAN switch 34 with a different LAN nodes via a fastener. 结合器将电源32供应之电力沿通信电缆线耦接於至少一部份LAN节点。 Combination will supply 32 power supply along the lines of communication cable coupled to at least one part of the LAN node. 从切换器34出发的双向数据通信通过结合器36,大致上不受干扰。 Two-way data communication starting from the switch 34 through a combination of 36, largely undisturbed.

从图中可以看出,根据本发明一较佳实施例构成与操作的典型LAN构造方式,从中枢10至桌上型电脑12、传真机16及电脑20的通信电缆线11可传输数据与备用电力二者,而从中枢10至hub摄影机14及LAN电话机18的通信电缆线可传输数据与操作电力二者,从中枢至伺服器22的通信电缆线则只传输数据。 As can be seen from the figure, according to an exemplary LAN configuration manner constituting a preferred embodiment of the present invention with the operation, from the hub 10 to the desktop computer 12, facsimile machine 16 and the communication cable 20 of the computer 11 may transfer data with the standby Both power, and from the hub 10 to the hub camera 14 and LAN communication cable telephone 18 may transmit both data and operating power, the communication from the hub to the server 22 only cable transmission data.

图1A所示实施例的一项特别特徵是,数据与电力系在同一双扭铜线上传输。 A special feature of the embodiment shown in FIG. 1A, the data with the power transmission system on the same twisted pair copper wire.

吾人可以理解,LAN节点12-20中,在通信电缆线上接收电力的每一节点包括一分隔器,用来分开电力与数据。吾人 be appreciated, LAN node 12-20, each node receiving the power line communication cable comprises a separator, used to separate power and data. 在图1A所示实施例中,各分隔器通常在个节点内部且不个别指定,但是吾人可以理解,也可使用个别的分隔器。 In the embodiment shown in Figure 1A, each of the separator is usually not specified within the individual nodes, but 吾人 be appreciated, may also be used for individual separator.

现在请参阅图1B之简化方块图,其中显示依照本发明另一较佳实施例构成与操作之区域网路。 Now refer to the simplified block diagram in Figure 1B, which shows another preferred embodiment according to the invention constituted and operate LAN example of. 如图1B所示,其中提供之区域网路(LAN)包括一中枢60,此中枢60以电缆线61(较佳为一结构式电缆线系统)耦接至复数个LAN节点,诸如一桌上型电脑62、一web摄影机64、一传真机66、一LAN电话机(亦称为IP电话机)68、一电脑70、及一伺服器72。 As shown in Figure 1B, wherein provided area network (LAN) comprising a hub 60, the hub 60 to the cable 61 (preferably a structural formula cable system) is coupled to a plurality of LAN nodes, such as a desktop 62 computers, a web camera 64, a fax machine 66, a LAN telephones (also known as IP telephones) 68, a computer 70, and a server 72.

电缆线61较佳为习用LAN电缆线,在同一套皮下具有四对双扭铜线。 Cable 61 preferably conventional LAN cable, having four pairs of twisted-pair copper wire with a skin. 在图1B所示实施例中,其与参照图1A说明之构造方式不同,并如以下即将说明者,四对双扭铜线中,至少有一对系专用於传输电力至网路各节点,而且至少有一对系专用於传输数据。 In the embodiment shown in Figure 1B, the different ways of its structure with reference to Fig 1A illustrative, and as will be explained below by, four pairs of twisted copper wire, at least a pair of lines dedicated to the transmission of power to all network nodes, and at least one pair of lines dedicated to the transmission data. 通常是使用其中二对专用於传输数据,而另二对则专用於沿著连接中枢与每一节点的每条线路来供应电力。 Is usually used wherein two pairs dedicated to the transmission of data, while the other two pairs are connected along the central and dedicated to each line to supply power to each node.

根据本发明一较佳实施例,其中提供一电源子系统80,其作用可经由中枢60及连接中枢与不同LAN节点的通信电缆线61,提供至少一部份操作或备用电力给该等复数个节点中至少一部份节点。 According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, which provides a power subsystem 80, which can effect the communication cable via a hub 60 and connector hub 61 with various LAN nodes, providing at least part of the operating or backup power to a plurality of such At least a portion of the node node.

在图1B所示实施例中,子系统80系位於中枢60内部并包括一电源82,由电源82经由通信电缆线供应操作电力及/或备用电力至不同的LAN节点。 In the embodiment shown in Figure 1B, subsystem 80 is located in the central system 60 and comprises an internal power supply 82, 82 via a communication cable from the power supply line of the operating power and / or backup power to various LAN nodes. 通信电缆线经由一电源界面86连接一LAN切换器84与不同的LAN节点。 A communication cable connecting a LAN switch 84 with a different LAN interface node via a power source 86. 电源界面86将电源82供应之电力沿著通信电缆线61中非用於传输数据的扭线对,配电至LAN节点中至少一部份节点。 Power Interface 86 82 supply of electricity power line communication cable along Africa for 61 twisted wire transfer data to and distribution LAN node to at least a portion of the nodes. 从切换器84出发的双向数据通信通过电源界面86,大致上不受干扰。 Two-way data communication starting from the switch 84 through the power interface 86, largely undisturbed.

从图中可以看出,根据本发明一较佳实施例构成与操作的典型LAN构造方式,从中枢60至桌上型电脑62、传真机66及电脑70的通信电缆线61可沿个别的双扭线传输数据与备用电力二者,而从中枢60至hub摄影机64及LAN电话机68的通信电缆线61可沿个别的双扭线传输数据与操作电力二者,从中枢60至伺服器72的通信电缆线61则只传输数据。 As can be seen from the figure, according to an exemplary LAN configuration manner constituting a preferred embodiment of the present invention with the operation, from the hub 60 to the desktop computer 62, facsimile machine 66 and computer 70 of the communication cable 61 along the individual bis Twisting both transmit data and backup power, while from the hub 60 to the hub camera 64 and LAN telephone 68 of the communication cable 61 along the individual twisted pair transmit both data and operating power, from the hub 60 to the server 72 The communication cable 61 to transfer data only.

图1B所示实施例的一项特别特徵是,数据与电力系在每一通信电缆线路中不同的双扭铜线上传输。 A special feature of the embodiment shown in FIG. 1B is based on the data in each communication with the power cable lines in different twisted pair copper wires.

从图中可以理解,在通信电缆线61上接收电力的每一LAN节点62-70都包括一个连接器,用於连接传输电力之双扭线与一节点电源,并另外连接传输数据之双扭线与节点之数据输入端。 From the figure it can be appreciated that the received power over the communication cable 61 of each LAN node 62-70 includes a connector for twisted-pair connections and transmission power of a node power supply, and further connection of the twisted pair transmission data data line to the node of the input terminal. 在图1B所示实施例中,各连接器通常在各节点内部而非另外指定,但吾人可以理解,其中亦可使用分离的连接器。 In the embodiment shown in FIG. 1B, instead of the individual connectors typically specified otherwise within each node, but 吾人 be appreciated, may also be used in which the separate connector.

从图中可以理解,图1A及图1B所示一系统之二个实施例,其中经由一中枢与连接中枢至不同LAN节点之通信电缆线而提供电力至复数个LAN节点。 From the figure it can be appreciated, Figs. 1A and 1B, a system of two embodiments, which provide power to a plurality of LAN nodes via a hub and the hub is connected to a communication cable of various LAN nodes. 图2A及图2B显示一系统之另外二个实施例,其中经由一中枢与连接中枢至不同LAN节点之通信电缆线而提供电力至复数个LAN节点。 Figures 2A and 2B show a system of the other two embodiments, wherein the hub via a hub connected to a communication cable between different LAN nodes and provide power to a plurality of LAN nodes. 图2A及图2B显示的区域网路包括一电源,此电源可在通信电缆线上提供电力至区域网路各节点。 Figure 2A and Figure 2B shows the LAN includes a power supply, the power supply can provide power to each node LAN communication cable line.

在图2A所示实施例中,有一习用之中枢100,此中枢并不在通信电缆线101上提供电力;中枢100外部有一电源子系统130,此系统包括一电源132,经由通信电缆线101供应操作电力及/或备用电力至不同的LAN节点。 In the embodiment shown in FIG. 2A, there is the central one conventional of 100, the hub does not provide power over a communication cable 101; hub 100 outside a power supply subsystem 130, the system includes a power supply 132, via the communication cable 101 supply operation electricity and / or backup power to various LAN nodes. 通信电缆线连接习用中枢100之LAN切换器134与电源子系统130内的结合器136,并连接结合器136至不同的LAN节点。 A communication cable connecting conventional LAN hub 100 of the switch 134 and the power combiner 130 within the subsystem 136, and combiner 136 is connected to a different LAN nodes. 结合器136将电源132提供的电力沿著通信电缆线供应至至少一部份的LAN节点。 Power combiner 136 provides the power supply 132 along the communication cable to at least a portion of the LAN nodes. 由LAN切换器134发出的双向数据通信通过结合器136,大致不受干扰。 Bidirectional data communications from LAN switch 134 is sent through the combiner 136, substantially without interference.

电缆线101较佳是习用之LAN电缆线,在同一套皮下具有四对双扭铜线。 Cable 101 is preferably of conventional LAN cable, having four pairs of twisted copper wire with a skin. 在图2A所示实施例中,如以下即将说明者,四对双扭铜线中,至少有一对系用於传输数据与电力至网路各节点。 In the embodiment shown in Figure 2A, as will be explained below by, four pairs of twisted copper wires, at least one pair of power lines for transmitting data to each node with the network. 通常是使用其中二对沿著连接电源子系统130与每一节点的每条线路传输数据与电力,第三对只用来传输数据,第四对则保留作为备用,既不传输数据也不传输电力。 Typically use one of two pairs of 130 and each line of data transmission and the power of each node, the third pair is used only to transmit data along the connecting power subsystem, the fourth pair is retained as a backup, neither transmit nor transfer data electricity.

从图中可以看出,在根据本发明较佳实施例构成与操作的典型LAN安排方式中,从电源子系统130至桌上型电脑112、传真机116及电脑120的通信电缆线101可传输数据与备用电力二者,而从电源子系统130至hub摄影机114及LAN电话机118的通信电缆线101可传输数据与操作电力二者,从中枢100至伺服器122的通信电缆线则只传输数据,并可通过子系统130,但非必要。 As can be seen from the figure, in the typical LAN arrangement constituting a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the operation, from the power source subsystem 130 to the desktop computer 112, facsimile communication cable 116 and computer 120 can transmit 101 both data and backup power, while the power source 101 may transmit data from the camera subsystem 130 to the hub 114 and the LAN cable 118 telephone communication with the operating power of two, only the transmission of the communication cable from the hub 100 to the server 122 data, and through subsystem 130, but not essential.

图2A所示实施例的一项特别特徵是,数据与电力系在相同的双扭铜线上传输。 Shown in Figure 2A of a special feature of the embodiment is that the data and the power transmission system on the same twisted pair copper wire.

在图2A所示实施例中,接收电力的每一LAN节点112-120都设置一个与通信电缆线耦接之外部分隔器,用以分离数据与电力。 In the embodiment shown in Figure 2A, the received power of each of the LAN nodes 112-120 are provided to a communication cable coupled to the external separator for separating the data and power. 与各节点112-120结合之外部分隔器各以参考标号142-149指定之。 Combining external divider 112-120 with each node of each designated by reference numerals 142-149. 每一分隔器有一通信电缆线输入端及分开之数据输出端与电力输出端。 Each divider has an input terminal of the communication cable and separate the data output terminal with the power output. 吾人可以理解,节点112-120中,可部份或全部选择性地设置内部分隔器,而节点112-120亦可部份或全部设置外部分隔器。 I can understand, 112-120 nodes, you can selectively set some or all of the internal divider, and some or all of the nodes 112-120 can also set up an external divider.

吾人可以理解,除了前述LAN节点外,本发明亦可配合其他任何适合之节点使用,诸如,无线LAN存取点、紧急照明系统元件、传呼扬声器、CCTV摄影机、警报传感器、门口传感器、存取控制单元、膝上型电脑、网路元件(诸如中枢、切换器及路由器)、个人电脑及工作站使用之监视器与记忆备用单元。吾人 be appreciated that, in addition to the aforementioned LAN node, the present invention may also be suitable with the use of any other node, such as, wireless LAN access points, emergency lighting system elements, paging loudspeakers, CCTV cameras, alarm sensors, door sensors, access control units, laptops, network elements (such as hub, switch and router), personal computers and workstations using the monitors and memory backup units.

在图2B所示实施例中,有一习用之中枢150,此中枢并不在通信电缆线151上提供电力;中枢150外部有一电源子系统180,此系统包括一电源182,经由通信电缆线151供应操作电力及/或备用电力至不同的LAN节点。 2B, the embodiment shown, there is a learning center with the 150, the hub does not provide power over a communication cable 151; hub 150 outside a power supply subsystem 180, this system comprises a power supply 182, supplying operation through a communication cable 151 electricity and / or backup power to various LAN nodes. 通信电缆线连接习用中枢150之LAN切换器184与电源子系统180内的电源界面186,并连接电源界面186至不同的LAN节点。 Communication cable connection hub 150 of the conventional LAN switches 184 and 180 in the power supply subsystem interface 186, and connect the power interface 186 to a different LAN nodes. 电源界面186将电源182供应的电力沿著通信电缆线配电给至少一部份的LAN节点。 Power supply interface 186 power 182 power distribution to at least a portion of the LAN node along the communication cable. 由LAN切换器184发出的双向数据通信通过电源界面186,大致不受干扰。 Bidirectional data communications from LAN switch 184, the power emitted by the interface 186, substantially without interference.

电缆线151较佳是习用之LAN电缆线,在同一套皮下具有四对双扭铜线。 Cable 151 is preferably of conventional LAN cable, having four pairs of twisted copper wire with a skin. 在图2B所示实施例中,与以上图2A说明的安排方式相反,并如以下即将说明者,四对双扭铜线中,至少有一对系专用於传输电力至网路各节点,并至少有一对系专用於传输数据。 In the embodiment shown in Figure 2B, with Figure 2A opposite to the above described arrangement, and as will be explained below by, four pairs of twisted copper wire, at least a pair of lines dedicated to the transmission of power to all network nodes, and at least A pair of lines dedicated to the transmission data. 通常是使用其中二对沿著连接中枢与每一节点的每条线路专门传输数据,并使用另二对沿著连接中枢与每一节点的每条线路专门供应电力。 Typically use one of two hub and each node along a connection line dedicated for each transmission data, and use the other two along each of the dedicated power supply line connected to the hub and each node.

从图中可以看出,在根据本发明一较佳实施例构成与操作的典型LAN安排方式中,从中枢150至桌上型电脑162、传真机166及电脑170的通信电缆线151可传输数据与备用电力二者,而从中枢150至hub摄影机164及LAN电话机168的通信电缆线可传输数据与操作电力二者,从中枢150至伺服器172的通信电缆线则只传输数据,并可通过子系统180,但非必要。 As can be seen from the figure, in the example of the component arrangement typical LAN operation, from the hub 150 to the desktop computer 162, facsimile machine 166 and the communication cable 151, the computer 170 can transmit data in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention both with standby power, and from the hub 150 to the hub camera 164 and LAN telephone communications cable 168 may transmit both data and operating power, the communication cable 172 from the hub 150 only transmit data to the server, and by subsystem 180, but not necessary.

图2B所示实施例的一项特别特徵是,数据与电力系在每一通信电缆线路中不同的双扭铜线上传输。 Figure 2B embodiment shown a special feature is that the data and power lines in each communication cabling different twisted pair copper wires.

在图2B所示实施例中,接收电力的每一LAN节162-170都设置一个外部连接器,用以分别提供来自通信电缆线的数据与电力。 In the embodiment shown in Figure 2B, the received power of each of the LAN sections 162-170 are set to an external connector for separately providing data and electrical power from the communication cable. 与各节点162-170结合之外部连接器分别用参考标号192-199指定之。 Combining external connector 162-170, respectively, with each node designated by reference numerals 192-199. 每一连接器有一通信电缆线输入端及分开的数据输出端与电力输出端。 Each connector has a communication cable input end and separate data output terminal and the power output. 吾人可以理解,节点162-170中,可部份或全部选择性地设置内部连接器,而节点162-170亦可部份或全部设置外部连接器。 I can understand, 162-170 nodes, you can selectively set some or all of the internal connector, and some or all of the nodes 162-170 can also set up an external connector.

吾人可以理解,除了前述LAN节点外,本发明亦可配合其他任何适合之节点使用,诸如,无线LAN存取点、紧急照明系统元件、传呼扬声器、CCTV摄影机、警报传感器、门口传感器、存取控制单元、膝上型电脑、网路元件(诸如中枢、切换器及路由器)、个人电脑及工作站使用之监视器与记忆备用单元。吾人 be appreciated that, in addition to the aforementioned LAN node, the present invention may also be suitable with the use of any other node, such as, wireless LAN access points, emergency lighting system elements, paging loudspeakers, CCTV cameras, alarm sensors, door sensors, access control units, laptops, network elements (such as hub, switch and router), personal computers and workstations using the monitors and memory backup units.

现在请参照图3A,其中为一中枢之简化方块图,诸如图1A实施例中使用的中枢10。 Referring now to Figure 3A, which is a simplified block diagram of a hub, such as hub Figure 1A used in Examples 10 embodiment. 中枢10较佳包括一习用的、市面可购得的LAN切换器34,此切换器之作用如一数据通信切换器/中继器,并与结合器36接合。 Hub 10 preferably includes a conventional and commercially available in the LAN switch 34, the role of the switch as one of the data communication switch / repeater, and 36 engage with the combiner. 结合器36通常包括复数个耦合器220,每一耦合器220经由一滤波器222连接至一智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR)224。 Coupler 36 typically includes a plurality of couplers 220, each of the coupler 220 is connected to a smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR) 224 through a filter 222. 每一SPEAR 224系与电源32连接以接收来自该处的电力。 Each SPEAR 224 system and the power supply 32 is connected to receive power from there. 吾人可以理解,电源32之位置可在中枢10的外部。吾人 be appreciated, the location of the power supply 32 of the hub 10 can be externally. 电源32可设置一断电备用设备,诸如一蓄电池接头。 Power 32 can be set to a power failure backup device, such as a battery connector.

每一耦合器220有二个埠,其中一埠较佳是与LAN切换器34的一埠连接,另一埠则较佳是经由通信电缆线连接一LAN节点。 Each coupler 220 has two ports, one port is preferred with a LAN switch 34 is connected to port, the other port is connected to a LAN is preferred node via the communication cable.

耦合器220之作用最好可将电力耦接至通信电缆线而实质上不干扰通信电缆线上的数据通信。 Acting coupling 220 is preferably coupled to the power may be a communication cable without substantially interfering with the data communication cable communications line.

滤波器222之作用最好可避免不利的埠间与线对间耦接(亦即通常所谓的“串音”),并阻断电源32产生的杂讯进入通信电缆线。 The best effect of filter 222 can be avoided between the port and the adverse coupling between the pairs (i.e., commonly referred to as "crosstalk"), and block noise generated by the power source 32 enters the communication cable. 或者,亦可不必提供滤波器222。 Or, also do not have to provide a filter 222.

最好由一中央管理与控制子系统226(通常为一微控制器之形式)控制电源32、LAN切换器34、耦合器220、滤波器222及SPEAR 224之操作。 Preferably by a central management and control subsystem 226 (typically in the form of a micro-controller) controls the power supply 32, LAN switch 34, the coupler 220, the filter 222 and the SPEAR 224 operation.

现在请参照图3B,其中为一中枢之简化方块图,诸如图1B实施例中使用的中枢60。 Referring now to Figure 3B, which is a simplified block diagram of a hub, the hub 60 such as shown in Example 1B used in the examples. 中枢60较佳包括一习用的、市面可购得的LAN切换器84,此切换器之作用如一数据通信切换器/中继器,并与电源界面86耦接。 Hub 60 preferably includes a conventional and commercially available in the LAN switch 84, the role of the switch as one of the data communication switch / repeater and is coupled with the power supply interface 86. 电源界面86通常包括复数个滤波器2 72,每一滤波器272连接至一智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR)274。 Power supply interface 86 typically comprises a plurality of filter 272, each filter 272 is connected to a smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR) 274. 每一SPEAR 274系与电源82连接以接收来自该处的电力。 Each SPEAR 274 system and the power supply 82 is connected to receive power from there. 吾人可以理解,电源82之位置可在中枢60的外部。吾人 be appreciated, the location of the power supply 82 of the hub 60 can be externally. 电源82可设置一断电备用设备,诸如一蓄电池接头。 Power 82 can be set to a power failure backup device, such as a battery connector.

滤波器272之作用最好可避免不利的埠间耦接(亦即通常所谓的“串音”),并阻断电源82产生的杂讯进入通信电缆线。 The role of the filter 272 is preferably avoided port coupled between negative (i.e., commonly referred to as "crosstalk"), and block 82 generates the noise power entering into a communication cable.

最好由一中央管理与控制子系统276(通常为一微控制器之形式)控制电源82、LAN切换器84、滤波器2 72及SPEAR 274之操作。 Preferably by a central management and control subsystem 276 (typically in the form of a micro-controller) controls the power supply 82, LAN switches 84, 272 and 274 of operational filter SPEAR.

从图3B所示实施例可以看出,其中未提供耦合器,此乃因为电力与数据系在分开的双扭线对上传输。 3B can be seen from the embodiment shown in FIG, wherein the coupler is not provided, This is because the power and data transmission lines to a separate twisted pair. 经由电源界面在导体上传输的数据,大致不受电源界面操作的影响。 Power supply via the data transmission interface on the conductor, the power supply interface is substantially unaffected by the operation.

现在请参照图4A,其中为图2A实施例中所使用的中枢100及电源子系统130之简化方块图。 Referring now to Figure 4A, wherein Figure 2A is central in the examples used a simplified block diagram 100 and 130 of the power subsystem. 中枢100较佳包括一习用的、市面可购得的LAN切换器134,此切换器之作用如一数据通信切换器/中继器,并与结合器136接合。 Hub 100 preferably comprises a conventional, and commercially available in the LAN switch 134, the role of the switch such as a data communication switch / repeater, and 136 engage with the combiner. 结合器136通常包括复数个耦合器320,每一耦合器320经由一滤波器322连接至一智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR)324。 Coupler 136 generally comprises a plurality of couplers 320, each of the coupler 320 is connected via a filter 322 to a smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR) 324. 每一SPEAR 324系与电源132连接以接收来自该处的电力。 Each SPEAR 324 system and the power supply 132 is connected to receive power from there. 吾人可以理解,电源132之位置可在中枢100的外部。吾人 be appreciated, the location of the power supply 132 of the hub 100 can be externally. 电源132可设置一断电备用设备,诸如一蓄电池接头。 Power 132 can be set to a power failure backup device, such as a battery connector.

每一耦合器320有二个埠,其中一埠较佳是与LAN切换器134的一埠连接,另一埠则较佳是经由通信电缆线连接一LAN节点。 Each coupler 320 has two ports, one port is the preferred one port LAN switch 134 is connected, the other port is connected to a LAN is preferred node via the communication cable.

耦合器320之作用最好可将电力耦接至通信电缆线而实质上不干扰通信电缆线上的数据通信。 Effect of the coupler 320 preferably may be coupled to a power line communication cable without substantially interfering with the data communication cable communications line.

滤波器322之作用最好可避免不利的埠间与线对间耦接(亦即通常所谓的“串音”),并阻断电源132产生的杂讯进入通信电缆线。 Effect filter 322 may preferably be avoided between the port and the adverse coupling between the pairs (i.e. commonly referred to as "crosstalk"), and block 132 generates the noise power entering the communication cable.

最好由一中央管理与控制子系统326(通常为一微控制器之形式)控制电源132、耦合器320、滤波器322及SPEAR 324之操作。 Preferably by a central management and control subsystem 326 (typically in the form of a micro-controller) controls the power supply 132, a coupler 320, filters 322 and 324 of the operation SPEAR.

现在请参照图4B,其中为图2B实施例中使用的中枢150及电源子系统180之简化方块图。 Referring now to Figure 4B, in which FIG. 2B for the hub used in the Examples 150 and 180 of the power subsystem simplified block diagram of Fig. 中枢150较佳包括一习用的、市面可购得的LAN切换器184,此切换器之作用如一数据通信切换器/中继器,并与电源界面186接合。 Hub 150 preferably comprises a conventional and commercially available in the LAN switch 184, the role of the switch such as a data communication switch / repeater, and the electrical interface 186 engages. 电源界面186通常包括复数个滤波器372,每一滤波器372连接至一智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR)374。 Power Interface 186 generally includes a plurality of filters 372, each filter 372 is connected to a smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR) 374. 每一SPEAR 374系与电源182连接(图2B)以接收来自该处的电力。 Each SPEAR 374 connected to the power line 182 (Fig. 2B) to receive power from there. 吾人可以理解,电源182之位置可在电源子系统180的外部。吾人 can understand the position of the power supply 182 may be an external power supply subsystem 180. 电源182可设置一断电备用设备,诸如一蓄电池接头。 Power 182 can be set to a power failure backup device, such as a battery connector.

滤波器372之作用最好可避免不利的埠间与线对间耦接(亦即通常所谓的“串音”),并阻断电源182产生的杂讯进入通信电缆线。 The role of the filter 372 is preferably avoid adverse port and between the inter-line coupling (i.e. commonly referred to as "crosstalk"), and block 182 generates the noise power entering into a communication cable.

最好由一中央管理与控制子系统376(通常为一微控制器之形式)控制电源182、滤波器372及SPEAR 374之操作。 Best by a central management and control subsystem 376 (usually in the form of a micro-controller) control power supply 182, filter 372 and 374 of the SPEAR operating.

从图4B所示实施例可以看出,其中未提供耦合器,此乃因为电力与数据系在分开的双扭线对上传输。 The embodiment can be seen from Fig. 4B, which did not provide the coupler, which was because of the power and data transmission system in a separate twisted pair. 经由电源界面在导体上传输的数据,大致不受电源界面操作的影响。 Power supply via the data transmission interface on the conductor, the power supply interface is substantially unaffected by the operation.

吾人可以理解,电源32(图3A)、电源82(图3B)、电源132(图4A)及电源182(图4B)系沿著一对导体(其中之一为正导体,以+号指示;另一为负导体,以-号指示)分别提供输出电力至SPEAR 224(图3A)、SPEAR274(图3B)、SPEAR 324(图4A)及SPEAR 374(图4B)。吾人 be appreciated, the power supply 32 (FIG. 3A), power supply 82 (FIG. 3B), power supply 132 (FIG. 4A) and power supply 182 (FIG. 4B) along the lines of a pair of conductors (one of which is a positive conductor, to indicate the +; Another negative conductor to - No. indicate) provide respectively the output power to SPEAR 224 (Fig. 3A), SPEAR274 (FIG. 3B), SPEAR 324 (Fig. 4A) and the SPEAR 374 (Fig. 4B). 供应至正导体及负导体的电压分别以+Vin及-Vin表示,其间之差则以Vin表示。 Positive and negative conductors supply voltage conductors respectively + Vin and -Vin said during poor representation of places Vin.

现在请参照图5,其中为图3A、3B及图4A、4B实施例中使用的智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR)400之简化方块图,尤其是将DC电流耦接至通信电缆线时。 When Referring now to FIG. 5, in which FIG 3A, 3B and 4A, 4B, a simplified block diagram 400 of the embodiment of smart power allocation and reporting circuit used in the Examples (SPEAR), in particular, the DC current is coupled to the communication cable .

SPEAR 400较佳包括一电流传感器402,接收来自一电源的电压输入+Vin,并产生一信号,此信号与通过电流传感器402的电流成比例。 SPEAR 400 preferably comprises a current sensor 402, receives a power supply voltage input + Vin, and generates a signal which is proportional to the current through the current sensor 402. 从电源32(图3A)、82(图3B)、132(图4A)或182(图4B)接收的电压输入-Vin提供一电压输出-Vout,此电压输出通常与电压输入-Vin无异。 From the power supply 32 (FIG. 3A), 82 (FIG. 3B), 132 (FIG. 4A) or 182 (FIG. 4B) receiving a voltage input -Vin provide a voltage output -Vout, this is usually the same as the output voltage and the voltage input -Vin.

电流传感器402的输出被供应至多数比较器404,比较器404也接收来自各个可程式参考电压源406的各个参考电压Vref(通常在A/D转换器中实施)。 An output current sensor 402 is supplied to the majority of the comparator 404, the comparator 404 also receives from the respective programmable reference voltage source, the respective reference voltage Vref 406 (typically implemented in A / D converter). 可程式参考电压源406较佳是经由一汇流排407接收来自管理与控制电路226(图3A)、276(图3B)、326(图4A)及376(图4B)的控制输入。 Programmable reference voltage source 406 is preferably received from the management and control circuit 226 (FIG. 3A) via a bus 407, 276 (FIG. 3B), 326 (FIG. 4A) and 376 (FIG. 4B) of the control input. 或者,电压源406不必为可程式的。 Alternatively, the voltage source 406 does not have to be the program's.

比较器404的输出被送往一电流限制器与开关408,此开关经由电流传感器402接收输入电压Vin,并提供一限流电压输出Vout。 The output of comparator 404 is sent to a current limiter and switch 408, switch 402 receives an input voltage Vin via the current sensor, and provides a limiting voltage output Vout. 输出电压+Vout与-Vout被当作输入引至一类比数位(A/D)转换器409,由该处将Vout之数位指示,亦即+Vout与-Vout之间的差,较佳经由汇流排407输出至管理与控制电路226(图3A)、276(图3B)、326(图4A)及376(图4B)。 The output voltage + Vout and -Vout been cited as an input to an analog to digital (A / D) converter 409, the number of bits indicated by the Department of the Vout, ie the difference between Vout and -Vout +, preferably by bus row 407 is output to the management and control circuit 226 (FIG. 3A), 276 (FIG. 3B), 326 (FIG. 4A) and 376 (FIG. 4B). 比较器404的输出较佳经由汇流排407输出至管理与控制电路226(图3A)、276(图3B)、326(图4A)及376(图4B),作为监视输入,提供关於流经SPEAR之DC电流的资讯。 The output of the comparator 404 via the bus 407 to output the preferred management and control circuit 226 (FIG. 3A), 276 (FIG. 3B), 326 (FIG. 4A) and 376 (FIG. 4B), as a monitor input, provide information on flow through the SPEAR The DC current information.

某些比较器404的输出被直接供应至电流限制器与开关408,其他比较器404的输出则经由一计时器410与一正反器412供应至电流限制器与开关408。 Some 404 of the comparator output is supplied directly to the current limiter and switch 408, the output of the other comparator 404 via a timer 410 and a flip-flop 412 is supplied to the current limiter and switch 408. 输出被直接供应至电流限制器与开关408的比较器404提供相当高阈的立即限流,而输出经由一计时器410与一正反器412供应至电流限制器与开关408的比较器404则提供相当低阈的延迟动作断流。 Output current limiter is supplied directly to a comparator 408 and switch 404 provides a very high threshold of limiting immediately, while the output via a timer 410 and a flip-flop 412 is supplied to the comparator current limiter and switch 408 404 provide a relatively low threshold delay action stop.

正反器412响应外部输入,此等外部输入使管理与控制电路226(图3A)、276(图3B)、326(图4A)及376(图4B)可经由汇流排407遥控电流限制器与开关408的操作。 Flip-flop 412 in response to an external input, an external input to make such management and control circuit 226 (FIG. 3A), 276 (FIG. 3B), 326 (FIG. 4A) and 376 (FIG. 4B) via bus 407 and remote current limiter switch 408 of the operation.

吾人可以理解,上述SPEAR电路亦可在负导线上操作。吾人 be appreciated, the above-described SPEAR circuitry may also operate on the negative wire. 在此情况时,Vin与Vout之间应连接一短路导线。 When this case, the wire should be connected to a short circuit between Vin and Vout.

吾人可进一步理解,SPEAR的组件亦可以用另一种顺序构成。 I further understand, SPEAR components can also be constituted by another order.

现在请参照图6,其中显示图5实施例一较佳实施方式之简化概要图。 Referring now to FIG. 6, there is shown in Figure 5 a preferred embodiment of a simplified schematic diagram of the way of the embodiment. 由於图5及图6中使用完全相同的参考标号,图6之概要图应可不言自明。 Because of Figures 5 and 6, using the same reference numerals, a schematic diagram of Figure 6 may not be self-evident. 因此,为了精简之故,此处不再提供其他的文字说明。 Therefore, in order to streamline, therefore, is no longer here to provide additional text.

现在请参照图7A,其中显示图1A、2A实施例中用使的LAN节点界面电路之简化方块图,并以外部分隔器142-149为例。 Referring now to Figure 7A, which is shown in Figure 1A, 2A embodiment enables a simplified block diagram using LAN node interface circuits, and external dividers 142-149 example. 吾人可以理解,图7A之电路或者亦可内建於LAN节点,例如图1A所示。吾人 be appreciated, the circuit of FIG. 7A or also built into the LAN nodes, such as shown in Figure 1A.

图7A显示一网路节点500之典型构成元件,其中包括一数据收发器502、一由主电源馈电之电源504、及其他各种不同的元件506,视节点的机能而定。 7A shows a typical constituent elements of the network node 500, which includes a data transceiver 502, a main power feed from the power supply 504, and various other elements 506, depending on the function of the node and fixed. 界面电路通常包括一分隔器508。 Interface circuitry typically comprises a separator 508. 分隔器508之作用可在通信电缆线上接收数据与电力,并对数据收发器502提供一数据输出,以及对一由通信电缆线馈电之电源510提供一个别的电力输出。 The role of the separator 508 can receive data communication cable with the power line, and the data transceiver 502 provides a data output, as well as one of the communication cable feed power supply 510 provides a level of power output. 电源510较佳是形成网路节点500的一部份,最好可供应电力给数据收发器502及其他任何可能的适当电路。 Preferably, the power supply 510 is part of network node 500 is formed, it is preferable to supply power to the data transceiver 502, and may be of any other appropriate circuitry.

现在请参照图7B,其中显示图1B、2B实施例中使用的LAN节点界面电路之简化方块图,并以外部连接器192-199为例。 Referring now to Figure 7B, which is shown in Figure 1B, 2B LAN node interface simplifies the implementation of the block diagram of the circuit used in the example, and external connector 192-199 for example. 吾人可以理解,图7B之电路或者亦可内建於LAN节点,例如图1B所示。吾人 be appreciated, the circuit of Figure 7B may also be built into the or LAN nodes, as shown in FIG. 1B.

图7B显示一网路节点550之典型构成元件,其中包括一数据收发器552、一由主电源馈电之电源554、及其他各种不同的元件556,视节点的机能而定。 Figure 7B shows a typical constituent element of the network node 550, which includes a data transceiver 552, a function of the feed by the main power supply 554, and various other elements 556, depending on the node may be. 界面电路通常包括一连接器558。 Interface circuitry typically comprises a connector 558. 连接器558之作用可在通信电缆线上接收数据与电力,并对数据收发器552提供一数据输出,以及对一由通信电缆线馈电之电源560提供一个别的电力输出。 The role of the connector 558 can receive data communication cable with the power line, and the data transceiver 552 provides a data output, as well as one of the communication cable feed power supply 560 to provide a level of power output. 电源560较佳是形成网路节点550的一部份,最好可供应电力给数据收发器552及其他任何可能的适当电路。 Power supply 560 is preferably formed as part of network node 550, may preferably be supplied electricity to the data transceiver 552 may be of any other appropriate circuitry.

请参照图8A-8E,其中显示图3A、4A实施例中使用的耦合器其不同实施例之简化方块图。 Please refer to FIG. 8A-8E, which is shown in Figure 3A, 4A embodiment of the coupler used in the Examples which a simplified block diagram of a different embodiment. 此等不同实施例之共同目的在耦接DC电力至通信电缆线而不影响通信电缆线沿线之平衡,同时只在其线路阻抗中产生最小的改变,并防止耦接於线路上的线路变压器发生饱和或烧毁。 These different embodiments of the common purpose of coupling DC power to the communication without affecting the balance of the communication cable along the cable, while only minimal change in the line impedance thereof and preventing the coupled line transformer occurs on line saturated or burned.

图8A说明一耦合器600,诸如耦合器220(图3A)或耦合器320(图4A)。 Figure 8A illustrates a coupler 600, such as coupler 220 (FIG. 3A) or coupler 320 (FIG. 4A). 此种耦合器适合用於根据本发明一较佳实施例之LAN。 Such couplers suitable for use in LAN embodiment of the present invention a preferred embodiment. 每一耦合器包括一对额外的变压器610。 Each coupler includes a pair of additional transformers 610. 变压器610通常为1∶1变压器,其特徵在於其次级线圈有一中心分接头,DC电压经由此一分接头馈至一双扭线的两条电线。 Transformer 610 typically 1:1 transformer, characterized in that the secondary coil has a center tap, DC voltage is fed through this one tap to the two wires of a pair of twisted wires.

此种结构可维持线路的平衡并防止铁芯饱和。 Such a structure can maintain the balance of the line and prevent core saturation. 此种结构尚有另一优点,亦即,由於双扭线的两条电线上同时传输相同的电压,所以沿线发生的短路不会造成电力过载。 There are other advantages of this structure, that is, due to the simultaneous transmission on the same two wires twisted pair of voltage, short circuit occurs along without causing electrical overload. 此结构的再一优点是,若一LAN节点非特别用於在双扭线上接收电力时,并不会造成此LAN节点的烧毁。 A further advantage of this arrangement is that if a particular LAN node for receiving a non-electric power line when in the twisted pair, and does not cause burning this LAN node. 图8B说明一耦合器620,诸如适於根据本发明一较佳实施例之LAN所使用的耦合器220(图3A)或耦合器320(图4A)。 8B illustrates a coupler 620, such as adapted according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the coupler used in Example LAN 220 (FIG. 3A) or coupler 320 (FIG. 4A). 每一耦合器包括一对额外的变压器630。 Each coupler includes a pair of additional transformers 630. 变压器630通常为1∶1变压器,其特徵在於包括一次级线圈632,此线圈分割为两个个别的绕组634与636。 Transformer 630 typically 1:1 transformer, comprising a secondary coil 632, the coil winding 634 is divided into two separate and 636. 绕组634与636之间连接一电容器640,此电容器可以串联方式有效连接该二绕阻以供高频信号使用,诸如数据信号,但於供DC使用时则可有效隔离该二绕阻。 Connection between the windings 634 and 636 a capacitor 640, the capacitor can be connected in series to the two winding effective for the use of high-frequency signals, such as a data signal, but when in use for DC can effectively isolate the two windings.

此种结构使二绕组可经由相同的双扭线分别传输正、负电压。 This structure allows two windings respectively transmitted via the same twisted pair of positive and negative voltages. 此种结构的优点之一在於,它经由双扭线施以一净零DC电流,因此可以消除磁场。 One advantage of this structure is that it impose a net zero DC current via the twisted pair, the magnetic field can be eliminated. 否则,若双扭线以相同方向传送DC电流时会有磁场存在。 Otherwise, there will be the presence of a magnetic field if the twisted pair transmission DC current in the same direction.

图8C说明一耦合器650,诸如适於根据本发明一较佳实施例之LAN所使用的耦合器220(图3A)或耦合器320(图4A)。 Figure 8C illustrates a coupler 650, such as the present invention is adapted according to a preferred embodiment of the coupler of the LAN used in Example 220 (FIG. 3A) or coupler 320 (FIG. 4A). 此种耦合器包括一对电容器660。 Such a coupler comprises a pair of capacitors 660. 电容器660有效阻止DC进入LAN切换器。 DC blocking capacitor 660 effectively entering the LAN switch. 此种结构相当简单且不需要额外的变压器。 Such a structure is quite simple and does not require additional transformer.

图8D说明一耦合器670,诸如适於根据本发明一较佳实施例之LAN所使用的耦合器220(图3A)或耦合器320(图4A)。 Figure 8D illustrate a coupler 670, such as the present invention is adapted according to a preferred embodiment of the coupler of the LAN used in Example 220 (FIG. 3A) or coupler 320 (FIG. 4A). 此种耦合器包括二对电容器680、690。 Such coupler includes two pairs of capacitors 680,690. 电容器680、690有效阻止DC进入LAN切换器。 Capacitors 680,690 effectively prevent DC entering the LAN switch. 此种结构也相当简单且不需要额外的变压器。 Such a structure is quite simple and does not require additional transformer.

此种结构尚有另一优点,亦即,由於双扭线的两条电线上同时传输相同的电压,所以沿线发生的短路不会造成电力过载。 There are other advantages of this structure, that is, due to the simultaneous transmission on the same two wires twisted pair of voltage, short circuit occurs along without causing electrical overload. 此结构的再一优点是,若一LAN节点非特别用於在双扭线上接收电力时,并不会造成此LAN节点的烧毁。 A further advantage of this arrangement is that if a particular LAN node for receiving a non-electric power line when in the twisted pair, and does not cause burning this LAN node.

图8E说明一耦合器700,诸如适於根据本发明一较佳实施例之LAN所使用的耦合器220(图3A)或耦合器320(图4A)。 Figure 8E illustrate a coupler 700, such as according to the present invention is adapted to a preferred embodiment of the coupler of the LAN used in Example 220 (FIG. 3A) or coupler 320 (FIG. 4A). 此种耦合器为一种自动平衡共模式耦合电路。 Such an automatic coupler for a total balance mode coupling circuit. 耦合器700包括二对可调整有源平衡电路702、704,此二对电路分别与感应与控制电路706、708配合操作。 Coupler 700 includes two pairs of adjustable active balancing circuit 702, 704, the two pairs of circuits and sensors and control circuits 706, 708 with the operation.

图8E所示实施例的一项特别特徵是,分别与感应与控制电路706、708配合操作的二对可调整有源平衡电路702、704,可在与其耦接之双扭线的每一条电线上维持完全相同的电压。 FIG. 8E a special feature of the embodiment, the sensing and control circuits, respectively 706, 708 with two pairs of adjustable active balancing circuits 702, 704 operate, in each one wire coupled thereto of the twisted pair on maintaining the same voltage.

通常,一LAN切换器之输出端系经由一隔离变压器710而与通信电缆线耦接。 Typically, the output lines of a LAN switch via an isolation transformer 710 coupled to the communication cable. 隔离变压器710并非耦合器700的一部份。 Isolation transformer 710 is not part of the coupler 700. 当构成双扭线的每一条电线上如前所述施加完全相同的电压时,隔离变压器710之次级绕组无DC电压通过,因此无DC电流流经该处。 As mentioned above, when a voltage is applied on the same twisted pair each constitute a wire, isolation transformer secondary winding 710 of the non-DC voltage through, so there is no DC current flows through the area. 如此可免除DC隔离电容器,因而改进结合器的平衡与阻抗匹配作用。 So can avoid DC blocking capacitor, thus improving balance and the role of combined impedance matching device.

吾人可以理解,在一理论上理想的系统中,可以不需要任何如图8E所示实施例提供的有源平衡。吾人 be appreciated that, in a theoretically ideal system, may not be required. 8E active balance provided by an embodiment of any FIG. 然而,在实际上,由於整个通信电缆线系统沿线的DC电阻有变化,所以双扭线的每一条电线上的DC电压若无有源平衡时,将不会完全相同,因而横跨变压器710次级绕组产生DC电压降,如此会造成变压器710饱和或烧毁。 However, in practice, because the entire communication cable system along the DC resistance change, so the DC voltage of each twisted pair of wire on the absence of active balancing, will not be exactly the same, and thus across the transformer 710 times winding produces DC voltage drop, so will result in 710 transformer saturation or burned.

现在请参照图8F,其中显示图8E实施例一较佳实施方式的简化概要图。 Referring now to FIG. 8F, in which the embodiment shown in Figure 8E preferred embodiment of a simplified schematic diagram. 由於图8E及图8F中使用完全相同的参考标号,图8F之概要图应可不言自明。 Because Figure 8E and 8F, the same reference numerals are used, a schematic diagram of Figure 8F be without self-evident. 因此,为了精简之故,此处不再提供其他的文字说明。 Therefore, in order to streamline, therefore, is no longer here to provide additional text.

现在请参照图8G,其中显示图8E实施例一较佳实施方式的简化概要图。 Referring now to FIG. 8G, which show a preferred embodiment in FIG 8E is a simplified schematic diagram of the embodiment. 由於图8E及图8G中使用完全相同的参考标号,图8G之概要图应可不言自明。 Because Figure 8E and Figure 8G identical reference numerals are used, a schematic diagram of Figure 8G be without self-evident. 因此,为了精简之故,此处不再提供其他的文字说明。 Therefore, in order to streamline, therefore, is no longer here to provide additional text.

现在请参照图9A-9G,其中显示图1A、2A及7A实施例中较佳配合图8A-8G各结合器使用的分隔器其各种不同实施例之简化方块图及概要图。 Refer now to FIG. 9A-9G, which is shown in Figure 1A, 2A and 7A with the preferred embodiment of FIG. 8A-8G each binding separator which uses a variety of different embodiments of a simplified block diagram and schematic view.

除了图9A-9G中包括的组件外,这些分隔器亦可包括适当的滤波器,以避免线对间与埠间串音。 In addition to FIG. 9A-9G included components, these separators may also include appropriate filters to avoid inter-line crosstalk between the ports.

此等不同实施例之共同目的在解除DC电力与通信电缆线之间的耦接而不影响通信电缆线沿线之平衡,同时只在其线路阻抗中产生最小的改变,并防止耦接於线路上的线路变压器发生饱和或烧毁。 These different embodiments of a common purpose in decoupled DC power and communications cable connection without affecting the balance between the communications along the cable, while only minimal change in the line impedance thereof and preventing coupled to the line The line transformer saturation occurs or burned.

图9A说明一分隔器1600,诸如分隔器142(图2A),适合用於根据本发明一较佳实施例之LAN。 Figure 9A illustrates a separator 1600, such as separator 142 (FIG. 2A), suitable for use according to the present embodiment of the invention, a preferred embodiment of LAN. 此分隔器包括每一通道一对额外的变压器1610。 This separator includes an extra pair of each channel transformer 1610. 变压器1610通常为1∶1变压器,其特徵在於其初线圈有一中心分接头,DC电压经由此分接头从双扭线之二条电线引出。 Transformer 1610 is generally 1:1 transformer, characterized in that the beginning of the coil has a center tap, DC voltage from the tap via this two wire twisted pair of leads.

此种结构可维持线路的平衡并防止铁芯饱和。 Such a structure can maintain the balance of the line and prevent core saturation. 此种结构尚有另一优点,亦即,由於双扭线的两条电线上同时传输相同的电压,所以沿线发生的短路不会造成电力过载。 There are other advantages of this structure, that is, due to the simultaneous transmission on the same two wires twisted pair of voltage, short circuit occurs along without causing electrical overload. 此结构的再一优点是,若一LAN节点非特别用於在双扭线上接收电力时,并不会造成此LAN节点的烧毁。 A further advantage of this arrangement is that if a particular LAN node for receiving a non-electric power line when in the twisted pair, and does not cause burning this LAN node.

图9B说明一分隔器1620,诸如分隔器142(图2A),适合用於根据本发明一较佳实施例之LAN。 Figure 9B illustrates a separator 1620, such as separator 142 (FIG. 2A), suitable for use according to the present embodiment of the invention, a preferred embodiment of LAN. 此分隔器包括每一通道一对额外的变压器1630。 This separator includes an extra pair of each channel transformer 1630. 变压器1630通常为1∶1变压器,其特徵在於包括一初级线圈1632,此线圈分割为两个个别的绕组1634与1636。 Transformer 1630 is generally 1:1 transformer, comprising a primary coil 1632, the coil is divided into two separate windings 1634 and 1636. 绕组1634与1636之间连接一电容器1640,此电容器可以串联方式有效连接该二绕阻以供高频信号使用,诸如数据信号,但於供DC使用时则可有效隔离该二绕阻。 Between 1636 and 1634 to connect the windings of a capacitor 1640, the capacitor can be connected in series to the two winding effective for the use of high-frequency signals, such as a data signal, but when in use for DC can effectively isolate the two windings.

此种结构使二绕组可经由相同的双扭线分别传输正、负电压。 This structure allows two windings respectively transmitted via the same twisted pair of positive and negative voltages. 此种结构的优点之一在於,它经由双扭线施以一净零DC电流,因此可以消除磁场。 One advantage of this structure is that it impose a net zero DC current via the twisted pair, the magnetic field can be eliminated. 否则,若双扭线以相同方向传送DC电流时会有磁场存在。 Otherwise, there will be the presence of a magnetic field if the twisted pair transmission DC current in the same direction.

图9C说明一分隔器1650,诸如分隔器142(图2A),适合用於根据本发明一较佳实施例之LAN。 FIG. 9C illustrate a separator 1650, such as separator 142 (FIG. 2A), suitable for use according to the present embodiment of the invention, a preferred embodiment of LAN. 此分隔器包括一对电容器1660,它们可有效阻断DC进入节点电路。 This separator includes a pair of capacitors 1660, which can effectively block DC entering node circuit. 此种结构相当简单且不需要额外的变压器。 Such a structure is quite simple and does not require additional transformer.

图9D说明一分隔器1670,诸如分隔器142(图2A),适合用於根据本发明一较佳实施例之LAN。 Figure 9D illustrate a separator 1670, such as separator 142 (FIG. 2A), suitable for use according to the present embodiment of the invention, a preferred embodiment of LAN. 此分隔器包括二对电容器1680、1690,它们可有效阻断DC进入节点电路。 This separator includes two pairs of capacitors 1680,1690, they can effectively block the DC circuit into the node. 此种结构亦相当简单且不需要额外的变压器。 Such a structure is also very simple and does not require additional transformer.

此种结构尚有另一优点,亦即,由於双扭线的两条电线上同时传输相同的电压,所以沿线发生的短路不会造成电力过载。 There are other advantages of this structure, that is, due to the simultaneous transmission on the same two wires twisted pair of voltage, short circuit occurs along without causing electrical overload. 此结构的再一优点是,若一LAN节点非特别用於在双扭线上接收电力时,并不会造成此LAN节点的烧毁。 A further advantage of this arrangement is that if a particular LAN node for receiving a non-electric power line when in the twisted pair, and does not cause burning this LAN node.

图9E说明一分隔器1700,诸如分隔器142(图2A),适合用於根据本发明一较佳实施例之LAN。 Figure 9E illustrate a separator 1700, such as separator 142 (FIG. 2A), suitable for use according to the present embodiment of the invention, a preferred embodiment of LAN. 此分隔器为一种自动平衡共模式耦合电路。 This separator is an automatic balancing mode coupling circuit altogether. 分隔器1700包括二对可调整有源平衡电路1702、1704,此二对电路分别与感应与控制电路1706、1708配合操作。 Separator 1700 includes two pairs of adjustable active balancing circuit 1702, the two pairs of circuits and sensors with the operation of the control circuit 1706,1708.

图9E所示实施例的一项特别特徵是,分别与感应与控制电路1706、1708配合操作的二对可调整有源平衡电路1702、1704,可在与其耦接之双扭线的每一条电线上维持完全相同的电压。 FIG. 9E a special feature of the embodiment is that sensing and control circuit respectively with two pairs 1706,1708 adjustable active balancing circuits 1702, 1704 operation, can be coupled at its one wire of each twisted pair of on maintaining the same voltage.

通常,一LAN节点之输出端系经由一隔离变压器1710而与通信电缆线耦接。 Typically, the output of the system via a LAN node of an isolation transformer 1710 and coupled with the communication cable. 隔离变压器1710并非分隔器1700的一部份。 Isolation transformer 1710 is not a part of the spacer 1700. 当构成双扭线的每一条电线上如前所述施加完全相同的电压时,隔离变压器1710之次级绕组无DC电压通过,因此无DC电流流经该处。 As mentioned above, when a voltage is applied on the same twisted pair each constitute a wire, isolation transformer secondary winding of no DC voltage through 1710, so there is no DC current flows through the area. 如此可免除DC隔离电容器,因而改进分隔器的平衡与阻抗匹配作用。 So can avoid DC blocking capacitor, thus improving balance and impedance effect separator.

吾人可以理解,在一理论上理想的系统中,可以不需要任何如图9E所示实施例提供的有源平衡。吾人 be appreciated that, in a theoretically ideal system, may not be required. 9E active balance provided by an embodiment of any FIG. 然而,在实际上,由於整个通信电缆线系统沿线的DC电阻有变化,所以双扭线的每一条电线上的DC电压若无有源平衡时,将不会完全相同,因而横跨变压器1710初级线圈产生DC电压降,如此会造成变压器1710饱和或烧毁。 However, in practice, because the entire communication cable system along the DC resistance change, so the DC voltage of each twisted pair of wire on the absence of active balancing, will not be exactly the same, and thus across the transformer primary 1710 DC coil voltage drop, so will cause transformer saturation 1710 or burned.

现在请参照图9F,其中显示图9E实施例一较佳实施方式的部份简化概要图,包括其中的元件1702、1706。 Referring now to FIG. 9F, in which Fig. 9E show a preferred embodiment of part of a simplified example embodiment of a schematic diagram, including elements therein 1702,1706. 由於图9E及图9F中使用完全相同的参考标号,图9F之概要图应可不言自明。 Since FIG. 9E and FIG. 9F using identical reference numerals, Figure 9F of FIG outline may not be self-evident. 因此,为了精简之故,此处不再提供其他的文字说明。 Therefore, in order to streamline, therefore, is no longer here to provide additional text.

现在请参照图9G,其中显示图9E实施例一较佳实施方式的部份简化概要图,包括其中的元件1704、1708。 Referring now to FIG. 9G, wherein FIG. 9E show a preferred embodiment of part of a simplified example embodiment of a schematic diagram, including elements 1704, 1708 wherein. 由於图9E及图9G中使用完全相同的参考标号,图9G之概要图应可不言自明。 Since FIG. 9E and FIG. 9G using identical reference numerals, FIG. 9G of FIG outline may not be self-evident. 因此,为了精简之故,此处不再提供其他的文字说明。 Therefore, in order to streamline, therefore, is no longer here to provide additional text.

提供图9F及图9G所示电路之目的,系为确保它们耦接的双扭线的两条导线上电压完全相同,以防电流流经变压器1710(图9E)。 9F and aim to provide circuits diagram shown in Fig. 9G, the Department is to ensure that the voltage is identical on the two wires are coupled to a twisted pair, in case the current flows through the transformer 1710 (Fig. 9E). 利用元件1706、1708的控制,分别改变流经有源滤波器1702、1704的电流,可由图9F、9G之电路达成此一目的。 Use element controlling 1706,1708 respectively change the current flowing through the active filter 1702, 1704, and by the figure 9F, 9G of the circuit to achieve that purpose.

现在请参照图10A,其中为一通信网路之简化方块图。 Referring now to FIG. 10A, which is a simplified block diagram of a communication network. 此通信网路包括根据本发明一较佳实施例构成与操作之通信电缆线上的电源与管理。 The communication network according to the present invention includes a power supply and management of cases of composition and operation of online communication cable to a preferred embodiment.

如图10A所示,其中提供一区域网路(LAN),此网路包括一中枢2010,此中枢由电缆线,较佳为一结构式电缆线系统,耦接至复数个LAN节点,诸如一桌上型电脑2012、一web摄影机2014、一传真机2016、一LAN电话机(亦称为IP电话机)2018、一电脑2020、及一伺服器2022。 10A, which provide a local area network (LAN), the network includes a hub 2010, this hub by the cable, preferably a structural formula cable system coupled to a plurality of LAN nodes, such as a table 2012 on computers, a web camera 2014, a fax machine 2016, a LAN telephones (also known as IP telephones) 2018, a computer 2020, and a 2022 server.

根据本发明一较佳实施例,其中提供一电源子系统2030,其作用可经由中枢2010及连接中枢与不同LAN节点的通信电缆线,提供至少一部份操作或备用电力给该等复数个节点中至少一部份节点。 According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, which provides a power subsystem 2030, its effect via the central hub 2010 and the communication cable connected to different LAN nodes, providing at least part of the operating or backup power to a plurality of nodes such At least a portion of the node.

在图10A所示实施例中,子系统2030系位於中枢2010内部并包括一电源2032,电源2032经由通信电缆线供应操作电力及/或备用电力至不同的LAN节点。 In the embodiment shown in FIG. 10A, subsystem 2030 is located in the central system 2010 and comprises an internal power supply 2032, power supply 2032 supplies power operation, and / or backup power to various LAN nodes via the communication cable. 通信电缆线经由一结合器2036连接一LAN切换器2034与不同的LAN节点。 The communication cable 2036 is connected with a LAN switch 2034 via a different LAN nodes combiner. 结合器将电源2032供应之电力沿通信电缆线耦接於至少一部份LAN节点。 Will combine the power of communication cables along the power supply of 2032 coupled to at least one part of the LAN node. 从LAN切换器2034出发的双向数据通信通过结合器2036,大致上不受干扰。 From the two-way data communication LAN switch starting 2034 through a combination of 2036, largely undisturbed.

根据本发明一较佳实施例,其中提供一位於中枢2010内的电力管理与控制单元2038,用以监视与控制子系统2030经由通信电缆线供应至不同LAN节点的电力。 According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, which provides a hub located within the power management control unit 2010 of 2038, for monitoring and controlling the supply subsystem 2030 via a communication cable to a different LAN nodes electricity. 电力管理与控制单元2038较佳是经由一LAN或WAN与一管理工作站2040通信。 Power management and better control unit 2038 is 2040 communication via a LAN or WAN with a management station. 管理工作站2040较佳是在一操作员之控制下操作,以管理电力管理与控制单元2038的操作。 2040 better management workstation is under the control of an operator's operations to manage and control the power management unit 2038 operations.

吾人可以理解,一管理工作站2040可管理多个电力管理与控制单元2038的操作。 I can understand that a management workstation 2040 can manage multiple power management and operation of the control unit 2038. 藉由提供标准LAN讯息至各节点,电力管理与控制单元2038亦可经由LAN切换器2034而与不同的LAN节点通信,藉此管理它们现行的电力使用模式。 With each node to provide a standard LAN messages, power management and control unit 2038 via a LAN switch 2034 may differ LAN nodes to communicate with existing thereby manage their electricity usage patterns. 例如,电力管理与控制单元2038可传送控制讯息,此等讯息在LAN节点解码,并被图14A、14B所示电路内的控制器用来控制究竟在该节点提供全部机能或部份机能。 For example, power management and control unit 2038 can transmit control messages, these messages in the LAN node decoding, and was Figs. 14A, 14B shown within the controller circuit to control what functions provide all or part of the function at that node.

在一特定情况中,当电力管理与控制单元2038感知无主电源可供应至电源2032时,它可经由LAN切换器2034传送一控制讯息,以使不同的LAN节点以备用或减量电力模式操作。 In a particular case, when the power management and control unit 2038 can be perceived without mains power supplied to the 2032, it via LAN switch 2034 sends a control message, so that the various LAN nodes to standby power mode of operation or decrement .

从图中可以看出,根据本发明一较佳实施例构成与操作的典型LAN构造方式,从中枢2010至桌上型电脑2012、传真机2016及电脑2020的通信电缆线可传输数据与备用电力二者,而从中枢2010至hub摄影机2014及LAN电话机2018的通信电缆线可传输数据与操作电力二者,从中枢至伺服器2022的通信电缆线则只传输数据。 As can be seen from the figure, according to an exemplary LAN configuration manner constituting a preferred embodiment of the present invention with the operation, from the hub 2010 to the desktop computer 2012, facsimile machine 2016 and computer communication cable 2020. The data available for transmission and standby power two, from the central hub camera 2010 to the communication cable 2014 and LAN telephone 2018 may transmit both data and operating power, the communication from the hub to the server 2022 only cable transmission data.

吾人可以理解,LAN节点2012-2020中,在通信电缆线上接收电力的每一节点包括一分隔器,用来分开电力与数据。吾人 be appreciated, LAN nodes 2012-2020, each node receiving the power line communication cable comprises a separator, used to separate power and data. 在图10A所示实施例中,各分隔器通常在个节点内部且不个别指定,但是吾人可以理解,也可使用个别的分隔器。 In the embodiment shown in Figure 10A, each separator is typically not specified within the individual nodes, but 吾人 be appreciated, may also be used for individual separator.

图10A所示实施例的一项特别特徵是,数据与电力系在同一双扭铜线上传输。 A special feature of the embodiment shown in FIG. 10A, the data with the power transmission system on the same twisted pair copper wire.

吾人可以理解,图10A显示一系统实施例,其中经由一中枢及连接中枢至不同LAN节点的通信电缆线,提供电力至多数LAN节点。吾人 will be understood, Figure 10A shows an embodiment of a system in which the hub and is connected via a hub to various LAN nodes in the communication cable, and provides power to most of the LAN nodes. 图11A则显示另一系统实施例,其中经由一中枢及连接中枢至不同LAN节点的通信电缆线,提供电力至多数LAN节点。 Figure 11A shows another system of the embodiment, in which the hub and is connected via a hub to various LAN nodes in the communication cable, and provides power to most of the LAN nodes. 图11A显示一区域网路,其中包括一电源与管理单元,此单元之作用可在通信电缆线上供应电力给区域网路各节点。 11A shows a local area network, which includes a power supply and management unit, the role of this unit of electric power can be supplied to each node in a LAN communication cable line.

现在请参照图10B,其中为一通信网路之简化方块图。 Referring now to FIG. 10B, in which is a simplified block diagram of a communication network. 此通信网路包括根据本发明一较佳实施例构成与操作之通信电缆线上的电源与管理。 The communication network according to the present invention includes a power supply and management of cases of composition and operation of online communication cable to a preferred embodiment.

如图10B所示,其中提供一区域网路(LAN),此网路包括一中枢2060,此中枢由电缆线,较佳为一结构式电缆线系统,耦接至复数个LAN节点,诸如一桌上型电脑2062、一web摄影机2064、一传真机2066、一LAN电话机(亦称为IP电话机)2068、一电脑2070、及一伺服器2072。 As shown in Figure 10B, which provide a local area network (LAN), the network includes a hub 2060, this hub by the cable, preferably a structural formula cable system coupled to a plurality of LAN nodes, such as a table 2062 on computers, a web camera 2064, a fax machine 2066, a LAN telephones (also known as IP telephones) 2068, a computer 2070, and a 2072 server.

根据本发明一较佳实施例,其中提供一电源子系统2080,其作用可经由中枢2060及连接中枢与不同LAN节点的通信电缆线,提供至少一部份操作或备用电力给该等复数个节点中至少一部份节点。 According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, which provides a power subsystem 2080, its effect via the central hub 2060 and the communication cable connected to different LAN nodes, providing at least part of the operating or backup power to a plurality of nodes such At least a portion of the node.

在图10B所示实施例中,子系统2080系位於中枢2060内部并包括一电源2082,电源2082经由通信电缆线供应操作电力及/或备用电力至不同的LAN节点。 In the embodiment shown in FIG. 10B, subsystem 2080 is located in the central system 2060 and comprises an internal power supply 2082, power supply 2082 supplies power operation, and / or backup power to various LAN nodes via the communication cable. 通信电缆线经由一电源界面2086连接一LAN切换器2084与不同的LAN节点。 The communication cable 2086 is connected with a LAN switch 2084 via a different LAN nodes Power Interface. 电源界面将电源2082供应之电力沿通信电缆线耦接於至少一部份LAN节点。 Power Interface communication cable along the power supply of the power supply 2082 is coupled to at least one part of the LAN node. 从LAN切换器2084出发的双向数据通信通过电源界面2086,大致上不受干扰。 Two-way data communication starting from the LAN switch 2084 by Power Interface 2086, largely undisturbed.

根据本发明一较佳实施例,其中提供一位於中枢2060内的电力管理与控制单元2088,用以监视与控制子系统2080经由通信电缆线供应至不同LAN节点的电力。 According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, which provides a power management and control unit is located in the hub 2060 within the 2088 to 2080 supply monitoring and control subsystem via a communication cable to a different LAN nodes electricity. 电力管理与控制单元2088较佳是经由一LAN或WAN而与一管理工作站2090通信。 Power management and better control unit 2088 via a LAN or WAN and communicate with a management workstation 2090. 管理工作站2090较佳是在一操作员之控制下操作,以管理电力管理与控制单元2088的操作。 Management workstation 2090 is preferably under the control of an operator of the operation, and to manage the power management control unit 2088 of the operation.

吾人可以理解,一管理工作站2090可管理多个电力管理与控制单元2088的操作。 I can understand that a management workstation 2090 can manage multiple power management and operation of the control unit 2088. 藉由提供标准LAN讯息至各节点,电力管理与控制单元2088亦可经由LAN切换器2084而与不同的LAN节点通信,藉此管理它们现行的电力使用模式。 With each node to provide a standard LAN messages, power management and control unit 2088 via a LAN switch 2084 may differ LAN nodes to communicate with existing thereby manage their electricity usage patterns. 例如,电力管理与控制单元2088可传送控制讯息,此等讯息在LAN节点解码,并被图14A、14B所示电路内的控制器用来控制究竟在该节点提供全部机能或部份机能。 For example, power management and control unit 2088 can transmit control messages, these messages in the LAN node decoding, and was Figs. 14A, 14B shown within the controller circuit to control what functions provide all or part of the function at that node.

在一特定情况中,当电力管理与控制单元2088感知无主电源可供应至电源2082时,它可经由LAN切换器2084传送一控制讯息,以使不同的LAN节点以备用或减量电力模式操作。 In a particular case, when the power management and control unit 2088 can be perceived without mains supply to the power 2082, it via LAN switch 2084 transmits a control message, so that the various LAN nodes to standby power mode of operation or decrement .

从图中可以看出,根据本发明一较佳实施例构成与操作的典型LAN构造方式,从中枢2060至桌上型电脑2062、传真机2066及电脑2070的通信电缆线可传输数据与备用电力二者,而从中枢2060至hub摄影机2064及LAN电话机2068的通信电缆线可传输数据与操作电力二者,从中枢至伺服器2072的通信电缆线则只传输数据。 As can be seen from the figure, according to an exemplary LAN configuration manner constituting a preferred embodiment of the present invention with the operation, from the hub 2060 to the desktop computer 2062, facsimile machine 2066 and computer communications cable 2070 may transmit data and backup power two, from the central hub camera 2060 to 2064 and the communications cable or LAN telephone 2068 may transmit both data and operating power, the communication from the hub to the server 2072 only cable transmission data.

吾人可以理解,LAN节点2062-2070中,在通信电缆线上接收电力的每一节点包括一连接器,用来分开提供电力与数据。吾人 be appreciated, LAN nodes 2062-2070, each node receives power in a communication line comprises a cable connector for providing power and data separately. 在图10B所示实施例中,各连接器通常在个节点内部且不个别指定,但是吾人可以理解,也可使用个别的连接器。 In the embodiment shown in Figure 10B, the respective connectors are generally not specified within the individual nodes, but 吾人 be appreciated, may also be used for individual connectors.

图10B所示实施例的一项特别特徵是,数据与电力系在每一通信电缆线不同的双扭铜线上传输。 A special feature of the embodiment shown in FIG. 10B, the data in each communication with the power line cable different twisted copper wires.

吾人可以理解,图10B显示一系统实施例,其中经由一中枢及连接中枢至不同LAN节点的通信电缆线,提供电力至多数LAN节点。吾人 be understood that FIG 10B shows an embodiment of a system in which the central and connected via a hub to various LAN nodes in the communication cable, and provides power to most of the LAN nodes. 图11B则显示另一系统实施例,其中经由一中枢及连接中枢至不同LAN节点的通信电缆线,提供电力至多数LAN节点。 Figure 11B shows another system of the embodiment, in which the hub and is connected via a hub to various LAN nodes in the communication cable, and provides power to most of the LAN nodes. 图11B显示一区域网路,其中包括一电源与管理单元,此单元之作用可在通信电缆线上供应电力给区域网路各节点。 Figure 11B shows a LAN, and which includes a power management unit, the role of this unit of electric power can be supplied to each node in a LAN communication cable line.

在图11A所示实施例中,有一习用之中枢2100,此中枢并不在通信电缆线上提供电力,其外部有一电源与管理子系统2130。 In the embodiment shown in FIG. 11A, a conventional hub 2100 of, this does not provide power to the central line of the communication cable, which has an external power supply and management subsystem 2130. 电源与管理子系统2130包括一电源2132及一电力管理与控制单元2133。 Power supply and management subsystem 2132 and 2130 includes a power supply and a power management control unit 2133. 电源2132经由通信电缆线供应操作电力及/或备用电力至不同的LAN节点。 2132 power supply operating power and / or backup power to various LAN nodes via a communication cable.

通信电缆线连接习用中枢2100之LAN切换器2134与电源与管理子系统2130内之结合器2136,并连接该结合器与不同的LAN节点。 Communication cable connection conventional LAN hub 2100 of 2134 and the power switch in conjunction with the management subsystem within 2130 is 2136, and the combination is connected to different LAN nodes. 结合器2136将电源2132供应之电力沿通信电缆线耦接至至少一部份LAN节点。 Combiner 2136 communication cable along the power supply of the power supply 2132 is coupled to at least one part of the LAN node. 从LAN切换器2134出发的双向数据通信通过结合器2136,大致不受干扰。 Bi-directional data communication from the LAN switch 2134 by combiner 2136 departing substantially undisturbed.

根据本发明一较佳实施例,其中提供一位於电源与管理子系统2130内的电力管理与控制单元2133。 According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, which provides a power supply and management subsystem is located in the power management control unit 2130 and the inside 2133. 此单元监视与控制由子系统2130经由通信电缆线供应至不同LAN节点的电力。 The monitoring and control unit supplied by the communication subsystem 2130 via LAN cable to a different node of electricity. 电力管理与控制单元2133较佳经由一LAN或WAN而与一管理工作站2140通信。 Power management and better control unit 2133 via a LAN or WAN and communicate with a management workstation 2140.

管理工作站2140较佳是在一操作员之控制下操作,以管理电力管理与控制单元2133的操作。 Management workstation 2140 is preferably under the control of an operator of the operation, and to manage the power management control unit 2133 of the operation. 吾人可以理解,一管理工作站2140可管理多个电力管理与控制单元2133的操作,也可管理多个中枢2100的操作。 I can understand that a management workstation 2140 can manage multiple power management and operation of the control unit 2133, 2100 can also manage multiple hub operation.

从图中可以看出,根据本发明一较佳实施例构成与操作的典型LAN构造方式,从中枢2100至桌上型电脑2112、传真机2116及电脑2120的通信电缆线可传输数据与备用电力二者,而从中枢2100至hub摄影机2114及LAN电话机2118的通信电缆线可传输数据与操作电力二者,从中枢2100至伺服器2122的通信电缆线则只传输数据,并可通过子系统2130,但非必要。 As can be seen from the figure, according to an exemplary LAN configuration manner constituting a preferred embodiment of the present invention with the operation, from the hub 2100 to the desktop computer 2112, facsimile machine 2116 and computer communications cable 2120 may transmit data and backup power both, and from the hub to the hub camera 2100 and LAN telephone 2114 communication cable 2118 may transmit both data and operating power, the communication cable 2122 only transfer data from the hub to the server 2100, and through the subsystem 2130, but not essential.

在图11A所示实施例中,接收电力的每一LAN节点2112-2120都设置一个与通信电缆线耦接之外部分隔器,用以分开数据与电力。 In the embodiment shown in FIG. 11A, the received power of each of the LAN nodes 2112-2120 are provided to a communication cable coupled to the external separator to separate the data and power. 与各节点2112-2120结合之外部分隔器系分别以参考标号2142-2150指定之。 External divider lines 2112-2120 incorporate with each node separately designated by reference numeral 2142-2150. 每一分隔器有一通信电缆线输入端及分开的数据输出端与电力输出端。 Each divider has an input terminal of the communication cable and separate data output terminal and the power output terminal. 吾人可以理解,节点2112-2120中,可部份或全部选择性地设置内部分隔器,而节点2112-2120亦可部份或全部设置外部分隔器。 I can understand, 2112-2120 node, you can set up some or all of selective internal divider, and some or all of the nodes 2112-2120 also set up an external divider.

吾人可以理解,除了前述LAN节点外,本发明亦可配合其他任何适合之节点使用,诸如,无线LAN存取点、紧急照明系统元件、传呼扬声器、CCTV摄影机、警报传感器、门口传感器、存取控制单元、膝上型电脑、网路元件(诸如中枢、切换器及路由器)、个人电脑及工作站使用之监视器与记忆备用单元。吾人 be appreciated that, in addition to the aforementioned LAN node, the present invention may also be suitable with the use of any other node, such as, wireless LAN access points, emergency lighting system elements, paging loudspeakers, CCTV cameras, alarm sensors, door sensors, access control units, laptops, network elements (such as hub, switch and router), personal computers and workstations using the monitors and memory backup units.

在图11B所示实施例中,有一习用之中枢2150,此中枢并不在通信电缆线上提供电力;中枢2150外部有一电源与管理子系统2180,此系统包括一电源2182及一电力管理与控制单元2183。 In the embodiment shown in Figure 11B, there is a conventional central of 2150, this does not provide power to the central line of the communication cable; hub 2150 having a power supply and an external management subsystem 2180, the system 2182 includes a power supply and a power management and control unit 2183. 电源2182经由通信电缆线供应操作电力及/或备用电力至不同的LAN节点。 2182 power supply operating power and / or backup power to various LAN nodes via a communication cable.

通信电缆线连接习用中枢2150之LAN切换器2184与电源与管理子系统2180内的电源界面2186,并连接结合器至不同的LAN节点。 Communication cable connection of conventional hub 2150 LAN Switch 2184 and 2180 within the power supply interface and management subsystem 2186, and is connected to a different combination of LAN nodes. 电源界面2186将电源2182供应的电力沿著通信电缆线配电给至少一部份的LAN节点。 2186 2182 Power Interface power supply and distribution of electricity to at least a portion of the LAN node along the communication cable. 由LAN切换器2184发出的双向数据通信通过电源界面2186,大致不受干扰。 Bidirectional data communications from LAN switch 2184 issued by the power interface 2186, substantially without interference.

根据本发明一较佳实施例,其中提供一位於电源与管理子系统2180内的电力管理与控制单元2183,用以监视与控制子系统2180经由通信电缆线供应至不同LAN节点的电力。 According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, which provides a power management and control unit is located within the power supply 2180 and management subsystem 2183, for monitoring and controlling the supply subsystem 2180 via a communication cable to a different LAN nodes electricity. 电力管理与控制单元2183较佳是经由一LAN或WAN而与一管理工作站2190通信。 Power management and better control unit 2183 via a LAN or WAN and communicate with a management workstation 2190.

管理工作站2190较佳是在一操作员之控制下操作,以管理电力管理与控制单元2183的操作。 Management workstation 2190 is preferably under the control of an operator of the operation, and to manage the power management control unit 2183 of the operation. 吾人可以理解,一管理工作站2190可管理多个电力管理与控制单元2183的操作,亦可管理多个中枢2150的操作。 I can understand that a management workstation 2190 can manage multiple power management and operation of the control unit 2183, 2150 can manage multiple hub operation.

从图中可以看出,根据本发明一较佳实施例构成与操作的典型LAN构造方式,从中枢2150至桌上型电脑2162、传真机2166及电脑2170的通信电缆线可传输数据与备用电力二者,而从中枢2150至hub摄影机2164及LAN电话机2168的通信电缆线可传输数据与操作电力二者,从中枢2150至伺服器2172的通信电缆线则只传输数据,并可通过子系统2180,但非必要。 As can be seen from the figure, according to an exemplary LAN configuration manner constituting a preferred embodiment of the present invention with the operation, from the hub 2150 to the desktop computer 2162, facsimile machine 2166 and computer communications cable 2170 may transmit data and backup power both, and from the hub to the hub camera 2150 and LAN telephone 2164 communication cable 2168 may transmit both data and operating power, the communication cable 2172 only transfer data from the hub 2150 to the server, and through the subsystem 2180, but not essential.

在图11B所示实施例中,接收电力的每一LAN节点2162-2170都设置一个外部连接器,用以从通信电缆线分开提供数据与电力。 In the embodiment shown in FIG. 11B, reception power of each of the LAN nodes 2162-2170 are set to an external connector for providing data and power from the communication cable separately. 与各节点2162-2170结合之外部连接器系分别以参考标号2192-2199指定之。 External Connector series 2162-2170 incorporate with each node separately designated by reference numeral 2192-2199. 每一连接器有一通信电缆线输入端及分开的数据输出端与电力输出端。 Each connector has a communication cable input end and separate data output terminal and the power output. 吾人可以理解,节点2162-2170中,可部份或全部选择性地设置内部连接器,而节点2162-2170亦可部份或全部设置外部连接器。 I can understand, 2162-2170 node, you can set up some or all of selective internal connectors, and some or all of the nodes 2162-2170 may set up an external connector.

吾人可以理解,除了前述LAN节点外,本发明亦可配合其他任何适合之节点使用,诸如,无线LAN存取点、紧急照明系统元件、传呼扬声器、CCTV摄影机、警报传感器、门口传感器、存取控制单元、膝上型电脑、网路元件(诸如中枢、切换器及路由器)、个人电脑及工作站使用之监视器与记忆备用单元。吾人 be appreciated that, in addition to the aforementioned LAN node, the present invention may also be suitable with the use of any other node, such as, wireless LAN access points, emergency lighting system elements, paging loudspeakers, CCTV cameras, alarm sensors, door sensors, access control units, laptops, network elements (such as hub, switch and router), personal computers and workstations using the monitors and memory backup units.

现在请参照图12A,其中显示一中枢之简化方块图,诸如图10A实施例中使用的中枢2010。 Referring now to FIG. 12A, which shows a simplified block diagram of a hub, such as the hub used in the example FIG. 10A 2010 implementation. 中枢2010较佳包括一习用的、市面可购得的LAN切换器,诸如LAN切换器2034(图10A),此切换器之作用如一数据通信切换器/中继器,并耦接至一耦合器与滤波器单元2037。 Hub 2010 preferably comprises a conventional and commercially available in the LAN switch, such as LAN switch 2034 (FIG. 10A), the role of this switch such as a data communication switch / repeater and is coupled to a coupler and filter unit 2037. 此单元包括多个耦合器220与滤波器222,如图3A所示,并形成结合器2036的一部份(图10A)。 This unit includes a plurality of couplers 220 and filter 222, as shown in Figure 3A, and forms part of combiner 2036 (Fig. 10A).

耦合器与滤波器单元2037系连接至复数个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR)2224。 Coupled with the filter unit is connected to a plurality of series 2037 intelligent power distribution and reporting circuit (SPEAR) 2224. 每一SPEAR 2224连接至一电源2032(图10A),用以从该处接收电力。 Each SPEAR 2224 is connected to a power source 2032 (FIG. 10A), for receiving power therefrom. 吾人可以理解,电源2032之位置可在中枢2010的外部。吾人 can understand the position of power in the central 2010 2032 outside. 电源2032可设置一断电备用设备,诸如一蓄电池接头。 2032 power supply can be set to a power failure backup device, such as a battery connector.

电力管理与控制单元2038(图10A)较佳包括多数SPEAR控制器2160,此等控制器较佳经由一汇流排2162连接至一微处理器2164、一记忆体2166、及一通信电路2168。 Power management control unit 2038 (FIG. 10A) preferably comprises a majority SPEAR controllers 2160, such a controller is preferably connected via a bus 2162 to a microprocessor 2164, a memory 2166, and a communication circuit 2168. 通信电路2168通常包括一数据机。 Communication circuitry 2168 typically includes a modem. 电力管理与控制单元2038之作用较佳可控制结合器2036中所有耦合器、滤波器及SPEAR的操作,并控制电源2032的操作。 And the role of power management control unit 2038 of the preferred binding 2036 may control all the couplers, filters and the SPEAR operation, and controls the operation of the power supply 2032. 电力管理与控制单元2038较佳是与管理工作站2040(图10A)通信,以使操作员可以控制与监看以各种不同系统操作模式配置给不同LAN节点之电力。 Power management and control unit 2038 is better communication with the management station 2040 (Figure 10A), so that the operator can control and monitor a variety of different systems in different operating modes to the power configuration of LAN nodes.

现在请参照图12B,其中显示一中枢之简化方块图,诸如图10B实施例中使用的中枢2060。 Referring now to Figure 12B, which shows a simplified block diagram of a hub, such as the hub used in the example in FIG 10B 2060 implementation. 中枢2060较佳包括一习用的、市面可购得的LAN切换器,诸如LAN切换器2084(图10B),此切换器之作用如一数据通信切换器/中继器,并耦接至一滤波器单元2087。 Hub 2060 preferably comprises a conventional and commercially available in the LAN switch, such as LAN switch 2084 (FIG. 10B), the role of this switch such as a data communication switch / repeater and is coupled to a filter unit 2087. 此单元包括多个滤波器222,如图3B所示,并形成电源界面2086的一部份(图10B)。 This unit includes a plurality of filter 222, as shown in Figure 3B, and forms part of power supply interface 2086 (Fig. 10B).

滤波器单元2087系连接至复数个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR)2274。 2087 line filter unit is connected to a plurality of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR) 2274. 每一SPEAR 2274连接至一电源2082(图10B),用以从该处接收电力。 Each SPEAR 2274 is connected to a power source 2082 (FIG. 10B), for receiving power therefrom. 吾人可以理解,电源2082之位置可在中枢2060的外部。吾人 can understand the position of power in the central 2060 2082 outside. 电源2082可设置一断电备用设备,诸如一蓄电池接头。 2082 power supply can be set to a power failure backup device, such as a battery connector.

电力管理与控制单元2088(图10B)较佳包括多数SPEAR控制器2276,此等控制器较佳经由一汇流排2278连接至一微处理器2280、一记忆体2282、及一通信电路2284。 Power management control unit 2088 (Fig. 10B) preferably comprises a majority SPEAR controllers 2276, such a controller is preferably connected via a bus 2278 to a microprocessor 2280, a memory 2282, and a communication circuit 2284. 通信电路2284通常包括一数据机。 Communication circuitry 2284 typically includes a modem. 电力管理与控制单元2088之作用较佳可控制电源界面2086中所有滤波器及SPEAR的操作,并控制电源2082的操作。 The role of power management and control unit 2088 can control the power of the preferred interface for all filters and SPEAR 2086 operation, and controls the operation of the power supply 2082. 电力管理与控制单元2088较佳是与管理工作站2090(图10B)通信,以使操作员可以控制与监看以各种不同系统操作模式配置给不同LAN节点之电力。 Power management and control unit 2088 is better communication with the management station 2090 (Figure 10B), so that the operator can control and monitor a variety of different systems in different operating modes to the power configuration of LAN nodes.

现在请参照图13A,其中显示图11A实施例中使用的中枢及电源与管理子系统之简化方块图。 Referring now to FIG. 13A, FIG. 11A which shows a simplified block diagram of the embodiment of the central power supply and management subsystem and used in the examples. 中枢2100(图11A)较佳包括一习用的、市面可购得的LAN切换器2134,此切换器之作用如一数据通信切换器/中继器,并耦接至一结合器2136。 Hub 2100 (Fig. 11A) preferably comprises a conventional and commercially available in the LAN switch 2134, the role of the switch such as a data communication switch / repeater and is coupled to a combiner 2136. 此结合器2136形成电源子系统2130的一部份。 The combiner 2136 to form a part of the power subsystem 2130.

结合器2136包括一耦合器与滤波器单元2137,其中包括多个耦合器320与滤波器322,如图4A所示。 Coupler 2136 includes a coupler and filter unit 2137, which includes a plurality of couplers 320 and filter 322, shown in Figure 4A.

耦合器与滤波器单元2137系连接至复数个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR)2324。 Coupled with the filter unit is connected to a plurality of series 2137 intelligent power distribution and reporting circuit (SPEAR) 2324. 每一SPEAR 2324连接至一电源2132(图11A),用以从该处接收电力。 Each SPEAR 2324 is connected to a power source 2132 (FIG. 11A), for receiving power therefrom. 吾人可以理解,电源2132之位置可在电源与管理子系统2130的外部。吾人 can understand the position of power in 2132 it can be an external power supply and management subsystem 2130. 电源2132可设置一断电备用设备,诸如一蓄电池接头。 2132 power supply can be set to a power failure backup device, such as a battery connector.

电力管理与控制单元2133(图11A)较佳包括多个SPEAR控制器2360。 Power management and control unit 2133 (Fig. 11A) preferably includes a plurality of SPEAR controllers 2360. 此等控制器2360较佳经由一汇流排2362连接一微处理2364、一记忆体2366、及一通信电路2368。 These preferably via a bus controller 2360 2362 2364 connecting a microprocessor, a memory 2366, and a communication circuit 2368. 通信电路2368通常包括一数据机。 Communication circuitry 2368 typically includes a modem. 电力管理与控制单元2133之作用较佳可控制结合器2136中所有耦合器、滤波器及SPEAR的操作,并控制电源2132的操作。 And the role of power management control unit 2133 of the preferred binding unit 2136 may control all the couplers, filters and the SPEAR operation, and controls the operation of the power supply 2132.

电力管理与控制单元2133较佳是与管理工作站2140(图11A)通信,以使操作员可以控制与监看以各种不同系统操作模式配置给不同LAN节点之电力。 Power management and control unit 2133 is better communication with the management station 2140 (Figure 11A), so that the operator can control and monitor a variety of different systems in different operating modes to the power configuration of LAN nodes.

现在请参照图13B,其中显示图11B实施例中使用的中枢及电源与管理子系统之简化方块图。 Referring now to Figure 13B, which shows a simplified block diagram of Fig. 11B embodiment of the central power supply and management subsystem and used in the examples. 中枢2150(图11B)较佳包括一习用的、市面可购得的LAN切换器2184,此切换器之作用如一数据通信切换器/中继器,并耦接至一电源界面2186。 Hub 2150 (Fig. 11B) preferably comprises a conventional and commercially available in the LAN switch 2184, the role of the switch such as a data communication switch / repeater and is coupled to a power supply interface 2186. 此电源界面2186形成电源子系统2180的一部份。 This power supply subsystem interface 2186 to form part of 2180.

电源界面2186包括一滤波器单元2187,此单元包括多个滤波器372,如图4B所示。 Power supply interface 2186 includes a filter unit 2187, this unit comprises a plurality of filters 372, shown in Figure 4B.

滤波器单元2187系连接至复数个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR)2374。 2187 line filter unit is connected to a plurality of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR) 2374. 每一SPEAR 2374连接至一电源2182(图11B),用以从该处接收电力。 Each SPEAR 2374 is connected to a power source 2182 (Fig. 11B), to receive power from there. 吾人可以理解,电源2182之位置可在电源与管理子系统2180的外部。吾人 can understand the position of power in 2182 it can be an external power supply and management subsystem 2180. 电源2182可设置一断电备用设备,诸如一蓄电池接头。 2182 power supply can be set to a power failure backup device, such as a battery connector.

电力管理与控制单元2183(图11B)较佳包括多个SPEAR控制器2376。 Power management and control unit 2183 (Fig. 11B) preferably includes a plurality of SPEAR controllers 2376. 此等控制器2376较佳经由一汇流排2378连接一微处理2380、一记忆体2382、及一通信电路2384。 These preferably via a bus controller 2376 2378 2380 connecting a microprocessor, a memory 2382, and a communication circuit 2384. 通信电路2384通常包括一数据机。 Communication circuitry 2384 typically includes a modem. 电力管理与控制单元2183之作用较佳可控制电源界面2186中所有滤波器及SPEAR的操作,并控制电源2182的操作。 The role of power management and control unit 2183 can control the power of the preferred interface for all filters and SPEAR 2186 operation, and controls the operation of the power supply 2182.

电力管理与控制单元2183较佳是与管理工作站2190(图11B)通信,以使操作员可以控制与监看以各种不同系统操作模式配置给不同LAN节点之电力。 Power management and control unit 2183 is better communication with the management station 2190 (Figure 11B), so that the operator can control and monitor a variety of different systems in different operating modes to the power configuration of LAN nodes.

现在请参照图14A及图14B,其中显示图10A、10B、11A及11B各实施例中使用的两种不同节点架构之简化方块图。 Refer now to FIG. 14A and FIG. 14B, in which shown in Figure 10A, 10B, 11A and 11B are used in each example two different node architecture of a simplified block diagram of Fig.

图14A所示电路所包括的电路较佳是包含在一节点内,此电路的一部份或者亦可包含在与该节点耦接之分隔器或连接器内。 The circuit shown in Figure 14A is preferably included in the circuit is contained within a node, or a part of this circuit can also be included in the node is coupled with the separator or connector.

节点不论其性质如何,例如图10A中的任一节点2012-2020,图10B中的任一节点2062-2070,图11A中的任一节点2122-2120,或图11B中的任一节点2162-2170,通常包括全部机能操作与减量机能操作都需要的电路,在此称为“基本电路”并以参考标号2400指定之。 Nodes regardless of their nature, e.g., FIG. 10A any node 2012-2020, FIG. 10B any node 2062-2070, FIG. 11A any node 2122-2120, FIG. 11B or any node 2162- 2170, typically includes all functions and operations are required reduction function operation circuit, referred to herein as "basic circuits" and designated by reference numeral 2400. 而在减量机能操作中不需要的电路,在此称为“非基本电路”并以参考标号2402指定之。 In the reduction function unwanted circuit operation, referred to herein as "non-essential circuits" and designated by reference numeral 2402. 例如,若节点包括一IP电话机,基本电路2400包括可让使用者在电话上说与听的电路,而非基本电路2402则提供补助功能,诸如自动重拨、电话通讯录及免持听筒电话机能。 For example, if the node includes an IP telephone 2400 includes basic circuit allows the user to listen to on the phone said that the circuit, rather than the basic circuit 2402 provides grants functions, such as automatic redial, handsfree phone address book and phone function.

通常为节点一部份的电路2400及2402,以参考标号2404指示之。 Is typically a part of a circuit node 2400 and 2402, reference numeral 2404 indicates the. 现在说明其他未必要并入节点内的电路。 Now not to be incorporated into the description of the circuit other node. 一电源2406(诸如图7A之电源510或图7B之电源560)系经由通信电缆线从一分隔器(诸如图7A所示的分隔器508)或一连接器(诸如图7B所示的连接器558)接收电力。 A power source 2406 (such as a power supply 510 of FIG. 7A or 7B of FIG. 560) via a communication line from a cable separator (such as shown in FIG. 7A separator 508) or a connector (such as the connector shown in FIG. 7B 558) receiving power. 电源2406将电力分别供应至基本电路2400与经由一切换器2410供应至非基本电路2402。 Power 2406 will supply electricity to the basic circuit respectively 2400 and 2410 supplied via a switch to non-essential circuits 2402. 切换器2410也可接收与控制从另一与主电源连接之电源2412传输的电力。 Switch 2410 can also receive and control connection between the mains power supply from another 2412 transmission of electricity.

切换器2410接收来自一控制器2414的控制输入。 Switch 2410 receives input from a controller 2414. 控制器2414通常为一提供二进制输出的习用微控制器。 Controller 2414 is typically provide a binary output of conventional microcontroller. 控制器2414接收来自一传感器2416的控制输入。 2414 controller receives input from a sensor control 2416. 较佳是,控制器2414亦接收来自电源2412的控制输入。 Preferably, the controller 2414 also receives a control input from power supply 2412.

传感器2416可用多种可能的方式实施。 Sensors 2416 are several possible ways. 例如,它可以感知被供应至电源2406之电流的电平。 For example, it can sense power 2406 is supplied to the current level. 此外/或者,它可感知传送至该处的控制信号,诸如从电力管理与控制单元2038经由结合器2036透过通信电缆线传送的信号(图10A),或从图11A实施例中的类似电路经由通信电缆线传送的信号。 Further / or, it may be perceived control signals transmitted to the premises, such as a circuit embodiment of a signal similar to power management control unit 2038 and transmitted via the combiner 2036 through a communication cable (Figure 10A), or from the embodiment from FIG. 11A transmitted via a communication cable signal. 或者,它可感知传送至该处的控制信号,诸如从电力管理与控制单元2088经由电源界面2086透过通信电缆线传送的信号(图10B),或从图11B实施例中的类似电路经由通信电缆线传送的信号。 Alternatively, it may be perceived control signals transmitted to the premises, such as 2088 Examples of similar circuits via the communication interface 2086 via the signal power transmitted through a communication cable (FIG. 10B), or the embodiment from FIG. 11B from power management and control unit cable transmission signal.

传感器2416可接收来自分隔器508(图7A)或连接器558(图7B)的电力及/或数据输出作为输入。 Sensor 2416 may receive 508 (FIG. 7A) or connector from the divider 558 (FIG. 7B) of electricity and / or output data as input. 传感器2416从分隔器508或连接器558的数据输出所接收的输入,可从包括控制信号解码机能的基本电路之一输入端分接出,但是较佳可从提供解码控制信号的基本电路之输出导出。 Sensor 2416 received data output from the divider 508 or the input connector 558 can be tapped out from the input terminal of the basic circuit comprises a control signal decoding function, but preferred may provide decoded control signal output from the basic circuit of Export.

控制器2414的机能可概述如下:当控制器2414从电源2412接收一控制输入,指示该电源有主电源可用时,即操作切换器2410以使电力供应至基本电路2400及非基本电路2402二者。 Function controller 2414 may be summarized as follows: When the controller 2414 receives a control input from power supply 2412 indicating that the main power supply has available, i.e., the operation switch 2410 so that the power supply to the basic circuit 2400 and non-essential circuitry 2402 both .

当电源2412无主电源可用,但传感2416指示经由通信电缆线有充分电力可用时,控制器2414即操作切换器2410以使电力供应至基本电路2400及非基本电路2402二者。 When the power supply is available without the Lord 2412, but the sensor 2416 indicates that there is sufficient power available, the controller that the operating switch 2414 to 2410 so that the power supply to the basic circuit 2400 and 2402 both non-essential circuits via a communication cable.

然而,当电源2412无主电源可用且传感器2416亦指示无充分电力可用时,控制器2414即操作切换器2410以使适量电力以最高优先顺位供应至基本电路2400。 However, when the main power supply 2412 is available and no sensor 2416 also indicates that no sufficient power is available, the controller that the operating switch 2414 2410 so that the right amount of power to be supplied to the highest priority overall basic circuit 2400. 若在基本电路2400所需电力之外尚有额外电力可用时,即可将之经由切换器2410供应至非基本电路2402。 If the basic circuit 2400 are still needed additional power beyond the power is available, it can be supplied via the switch to non-essential circuits 2410 2402.

或者,控制器2414控制切换器2410的操作时,可以不单由可用电力决定,或完全不由可用电力决定,而单由传感器2416感知的控制信号决定,全部或局部与可用电力无关。 Alternatively, the controller 2414 controls the switch 2410 when the operation can not be determined by available power, or completely help determine the available power, and control signals from the sensor 2416 sensing single decision has nothing to do partial or full available power.

现在请参照图14B,其中所示电路所包括的电路较佳是包含在一节点内,此电路的一部份或者亦可包含在与该节点联结之分隔器或连接器内。 Referring now to FIG. 14B, in which the circuit shown is included in the circuit preferably contained within a node, or a part of this circuit can also be included in the coupling of the divider with the node or connector. 电源2436(诸如图7A之电源510或图7B之电源560)经由通信电缆线从一分隔器(诸如图7A所示之分隔器508)或从一连接器(诸如图7B所示之连接器558)接收电力。 Power 2436 (such as a power supply 510 of FIG. 7A or 7B of FIG. 560) via a communication cable from a separator (such as shown in Figure 7A of the separator 508) or from a connector (such as the connector shown in FIG. 7B 558 ) receive power. 电源2436经由一切换器2438将电力供应至节点的电路2440。 Power supply via a switch 2436 2438 2440 the power supply to the circuit nodes. 切换器2438亦可从与主电源连接的电源2442接收电力。 Switch 2438 can receive power from the mains power connected 2442.

切换器2438接收来自控制器2444的控制输入。 Switch 2438 receives control input from the controller 2444. 控制器2444通常为一提供二进制输出的习用微控制器。 Controller 2444 is typically provide a binary output of conventional microcontroller. 控制器2444接收来自一传感器2446的控制输入及来自一监视电路2448的控制输入。 2444 controller receives input from a sensor control 2446 and 2448 from a monitoring circuit control input. 监视电路2448由电源2436或电源2442连续供电,用以感知LAN节点欲从睡眠模式机能改变成全部机能的需求。 By the power monitor circuit 2448 2436 or 2442 continuous power supply to the perception LAN nodes want to change the function from sleep mode to full performance needs. 藉由接收使用者指示欲使用节点的输入,或经由通信电缆线接收一控制讯息,监视电路2448可感知此项需要。 For use by the receiving user instructs the input node, or receiving a control message via a communication cable, this monitor circuit 2448 perceived need. 控制器2444亦可来自电源2442的控制输入。 2444 controller can control the input power from the 2442's.

传感器2446可用多种可能的方式实施。 Sensors 2446 are several possible ways. 例如,它可以感知被供应至电源2446之电流的电平。 For example, it can sense power 2446 is supplied to the current level. 此外/或者,它可感知传送至该处的控制信号,诸如从电力管理与控制单元2038经由结合器2036透过通信电缆线传送的信号(图10A),或从图11A实施例中的类似电路经由通信电缆线传送的信号。 Further / or, it may be perceived control signals transmitted to the premises, such as a circuit embodiment of a signal similar to power management control unit 2038 and transmitted via the combiner 2036 through a communication cable (Figure 10A), or from the embodiment from FIG. 11A transmitted via a communication cable signal. 或者,它可感知传送至该处的控制信号,诸如从电力管理与控制单元2088经由电源界面2086透过通信电缆线传送的信号(图10B),或从图11B实施例中的类似电路经由通信电缆线传送的信号。 Alternatively, it may be perceived control signals transmitted to the premises, such as 2088 Examples of similar circuits via the communication interface 2086 via the signal power transmitted through a communication cable (FIG. 10B), or the embodiment from FIG. 11B from power management and control unit cable transmission signal.

控制器2444的机能可概述如下:若监视电路2448或传感器2446没有相反的指示时,控制器2444即操作切换器2438以使电路2440停止操作。 Function controller 2444 may be summarized as follows: If the monitoring circuit 2448 or sensor 2446 is no instructions to the contrary, i.e., the controller 2444 operating switch 2438 so that the circuit 2440 stops operating. 若收到监视电路2448或传感器2446的适当输入其中指示需要操作电路2440时,控制器2444即操作切换器2438以使电路2440操作。 If you receive the proper input or sensor monitoring circuit 2448 2446 2440 which indicates the need to operate the circuit, that is operating the switch controller 2444 2438 2440 so that the circuit operation.

现在请参照图15。 Referring now to FIG. 15. 图15所示电路中包括的电路较佳是包含在一节点内,此电路的一部份或者亦可包含在与该节点联结之分隔器内。 The circuit shown in Figure 15 is preferably included in the circuit contained within a node, or a part of this circuit may also be included in the coupling of the node separator.

节点不论其性质如何,例如图10A中的任一节点2012-2020,图10B中的任一节点2062-2070,图11A中的任一节点2122-2120,或图11B中的任一节点2162-2170,通常包括全部机能操作与减量机能操作都需要的电路,在此称为“基本电路”并以参考标号2500指定之。 Nodes regardless of their nature, e.g., FIG. 10A any node 2012-2020, FIG. 10B any node 2062-2070, FIG. 11A any node 2122-2120, FIG. 11B or any node 2162- 2170, typically includes all functions and operations are required reduction function operation circuit, referred to herein as "basic circuits" and designated by reference numeral 2500. 而在减量机能操作中不需要的电路,在此称为“非基本电路”并以参考标号2502指定之。 In the reduction function unwanted circuit operation, referred to herein as "non-essential circuits" and designated by reference numeral 2502. 例如,若节点包括一IP电话机,基本电路2500包括可让使用者在电话上说与听的电路,而非基本电路2502则提供补助功能,诸如自动重拨、电话通讯录及免持听筒电话机能。 For example, if the node includes an IP telephone 2500 includes a basic circuit allows the user to listen to on the phone said that the circuit, rather than the basic circuit 2502 provides grants functions, such as automatic redial, handsfree phone address book and phone function.

通常为节点一部份的电路2500及2502,以参考标号2504指示之。 Usually as part of a circuit node 2500 and 2502, reference numeral 2504 indicates the. 现在说明其他未必要并入节点内的电路。 Now not to be incorporated into the description of the circuit other node.

一电源2506(诸如图7A之电源510或图7B之电源560)系经由通信电缆线从一分隔器(诸如图7A所示的分隔器508)或一连接器(诸如图7B所示的连接器558)接收电力。 A power source 2506 (such as a power supply 510 of FIG. 7A or 7B of FIG. 560) via a communication line from a cable separator (such as shown in FIG. 7A separator 508) or a connector (such as the connector shown in FIG. 7B 558) receiving power. 电源2506将电力分别经由一切换器2508供应至基本电路2500与经由一切换器2510供应至非基本电路2502。 2506 power supply power separately via a switch 2508 to 2500 and 2510 supply basic circuit via a switch to non-essential circuits 2502. 切换器2508、2510也可接收与控制从另一与主电源连接之电源2512传输的电力。 Switch 2508,2510 also receive and control connection between the mains power supply from another 2512 transmission of electricity.

切换器2508、2510各接收来自一控制器2514的控制输入。 Switch 2508,2510 each receiving input from a controller 2514. 控制器2514通常为一提供二进制输出的习用微控制器。 Controller 2514 is typically provide a binary output of conventional microcontroller. 控制器2514接收来自一传感器2516的控制输入。 2514 controller receives input from a sensor control 2516. 较佳是,控制器2514亦接收来自电源2512的控制输入。 Preferably, the controller 2514 also receives a control input from power supply 2512.

传感器2516可用多种可能的方式实施。 Sensors 2516 are several possible ways. 例如,它可以感知被供应至电源2506之电流的电平。 For example, it can sense power 2506 is supplied to the current level. 此外/或者,它可感知传送至该处的控制信号,诸如从电力管理与控制单元2038经由结合器2036透过通信电缆线传送的信号(图10A),或从图11A实施例中的类似电路经由通信电缆线传送的信号。 Further / or, it may be perceived control signals transmitted to the premises, such as a circuit embodiment of a signal similar to power management control unit 2038 and transmitted via the combiner 2036 through a communication cable (Figure 10A), or from the embodiment from FIG. 11A transmitted via a communication cable signal. 或者,它可感知传送至该处的控制信号,诸如从电力管理与控制单元2088经由电源界面2086透过通信电缆线传送的信号(图10B),或从图11B实施例中的类似电路经由通信电缆线传送的信号。 Alternatively, it may be perceived control signals transmitted to the premises, such as 2088 Examples of similar circuits via the communication interface 2086 via the signal power transmitted through a communication cable (FIG. 10B), or the embodiment from FIG. 11B from power management and control unit cable transmission signal.

传感器2516可接收来自分隔器508(图7A)或连接器558(图7B)的电力及/或数据输出作为输入。 Sensor 2516 may receive 508 (FIG. 7A) or connector from the divider 558 (FIG. 7B) of electricity and / or output data as input. 传感器2516从分隔器508或连接器558的数据输出所接收的输入,可从包括控制信号解码机能的基本电路之输入分接出,但是较佳可从提供解码控制信号的基本电路之输出导出。 Sensor 2516 received data output from the divider 508 or the input connector 558, can be tapped from the input comprises a control signal decoding circuit of the basic function, but may provide decoded control signal derived from an output of the basic circuit of the preferred.

监视电路2540由电源2506或电源2512连续供电,用以感知LAN节点欲从睡眠模式机能改变成全部机能的需求。 By the power monitor circuit 2540 2506 or 2512 continuous power supply to the perception LAN nodes want to change the function from sleep mode to full performance needs. 藉由接收使用者指示欲使用节点的输入,或经由通信电缆线接收一控制讯息,监视电路2540可感知此项需要。 For use by the receiving user instructs the input node, or receiving a control message via a communication cable, this monitor circuit 2540 perceived need.

控制器2514的机能可概述如下:当控制器2514从电源2512接收一控制输入,指示该电源有主电源可用时,即操作切换器2508、2510以使电力供应至基本电路2500及非基本电路2502二者。 Function controller 2514 may be summarized as follows: When the controller 2514 receives a control input from power supply 2512 indicating that the main power supply has available, i.e., the operation switch 2508,2510 causing the power supply to the basic circuit 2500 and non-essential circuitry 2502 both.

当电源2512无主电源可用,但传感2516指示经由通信电缆线有充分电力可用时,控制器2514即操作切换器2508、2510以使电力供应至基本电路2500及非基本电路2502二者。 When the power supply is available without the Lord 2512, but the sensor 2516 indicates that there is sufficient power available, the controller switches 2508,2510 2514 that operate to allow the power supply to the basic circuit 2500 and 2502 both non-essential circuits via a communication cable.

然而,当电源2512无主电源可用且传感器2516亦指示无充分电力可用时,控制器2514即操作切换器2508以使适量电力以最高优先顺位供应至基本电路2500。 However, when the main power supply 2512 is available and no sensor 2516 also indicates that no sufficient power is available, the controller that the operating switch 2514 2508 so that the right amount of power to be supplied to the highest priority overall basic circuit 2500. 若在基本电路2500所需电力之外尚有额外电力可用时,即可将之经由切换器2510供应至非基本电路2502。 If the basic circuit 2500 required additional power beyond the power still available, you can be the supply to non-essential circuits via the switch 2510 2502.

或者,控制器2514控制切换器2510的操作时,可以不单由可用电力决定,或完全不由可用电力决定,而单由传感器2516感知的控制信号决定,全部或局部与可用电力无关。 Alternatively, the controller 2514 controls the switch 2510 when the operation can not be determined by available power, or completely help determine the available power, and control signals from the sensor 2516 sensing single decision has nothing to do partial or full available power.

若监视电路2540或传感器2516没有相反的指示时,控制器即操作切换器2508以使电路2500停止操作。 If the monitoring circuit 2540 or sensor 2516 is no instructions to the contrary, the controller then operating the switch 2508 so that the circuit 2500 stops operating. 若收到监视电路2540或传感器2516的适当输入其中指示需要操作电路2500时,控制器2514即操作切换器2508以使电路2500操作。 If you receive the proper input or sensor monitoring circuit 2540 2516 2500 which indicates the need to operate the circuit, that is operating the switch controller 2514 2508 2500 so that the circuit operation.

根据本发明一较佳实施例,图14A实施例中之电源2406、图14B实施例中之电源2436、及图15实施例中之电源2506,其结构可包括可再充电能量储存元件。 According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, FIG. 14A example embodiment of the power supply 2406, Fig. 14B embodiment of the power supply 2436, and FIG. 15 example embodiment of the power supply 2506, the structure may include a rechargeable energy storage element. 在此种结构方式中,这些电源可提供有限的备用电力以供断电或其他任何适合之情况使用。 In such a configuration mode, these power supplies provide limited back-up power for the power failure or any other suitable conditions used. 当通信电缆线上仅可传输极有限的电力时,这些电源亦可让LAN节点间歇操作。 When the communication cable lines can transmit only a very limited power, the power supply will also allow LAN nodes intermittent operation.

现在请参照图16,其中显示图10A、10B、11A及11B之网路於正常操作及减量电力模式时的电力管理概要流程图。 Referring now to FIG. 16, in which the display 10A, 10B, 11A and 11B a flow chart showing an outline of the network and power management in the normal operation mode of the power reduction. 如图16所示,电力管理与控制单元2038(图10A)、2088(图10B)、2133(图11A)或2138(图11B)系管理电力经由通信电缆线供应给至少部份LAN节点,较佳是依据一预定的机能管理,以下将参照图17说明之。 Shown in Figure 16, power management control unit 2038 (FIG. 10A), 2088 (FIG. 10B), 2133 (Fig. 11A) or 2138 (FIG. 11B) is supplied to the power management system via the communication cable of at least part of the LAN nodes, representing Jia is managed according to a predetermined function, it will be described below with reference to FIG 17.

电力管理与控制单元2038(图10A)、2088(图10B)、2133(图11A)或2138(图11B)监视与管理该等LAN节点之电力消耗。 Power management control unit 2038 (FIG. 10A), 2088 (FIG. 10B), 2133 (Fig. 11A) or 2138 (Fig. 11B) monitoring and power management of the consumption of such LAN node. 它可感知过电流状况并依适当情况执行电力切断。 It can be perceived over-current conditions and in accordance with appropriate implementation of the electricity cut off. 电力管理与控制单元2038(图10A)、2088(图10B)、2133(图11A)或2138(图11B)可用非自发性电力管理模式或自发性电力管理模式来操作。 Power management control unit 2038 (FIG. 10A), 2088 (FIG. 10B), 2133 (Fig. 11A) or 2138 (Fig. 11B) available involuntary power management mode or a power management mode to operate spontaneously. 操作模式通常是在架构LAN时选择的,然而,亦可在架构之後选择操作模式。 Operating mode is usually selected when the LAN architecture, however, may select an operation mode after the schema.

在非自发性电力管理模式操作中,若电力管理与控制单元感知通信电缆线上无充分电力可传输至LAN各节点的情况,即会供应减量电力给至少一部份LAN节点,亦可提供控制讯息或其它控制输入给LAN各节点,使它们以减量电力模式操作。 In the non-spontaneous power management mode operation, if the power management and control unit perceive communication cable lines without sufficient power can be transmitted to the LAN circumstances of each node, which will supply electricity to at least a portion of the reduction LAN nodes can also provide control messages or other control inputs to the LAN nodes, so that they operate to decrement the power mode. 在自发性电力管理模式操作中,会在某些活动减少之时刻,诸如夜间与周末,以管理掌控减少可用电力,以便节省能量成本。 In the spontaneous power management mode operation, certain activities will reduce the time, such as at night and on weekends, in order to reduce the available power management control, in order to save energy costs.

在自发性电力管理模式操作之一实施例中,系由管理决定哪些节点在哪些时刻接收何种电量。 One of spontaneous power management mode embodiment, the management system which determines which nodes receive electricity at what moment. 这是一种非动态、非条件反应式的实施例,以下说明中不另详细讨论。 This is a non-dynamic, the embodiment of a non-reactive conditions described below are not discussed in detail in another.

在自发性电力管理模式操作另一实施例中,系由管理决定在一已知时刻之可用电量,而本发明之机能将此种管理掌控之电量视为可用电力。 In the spontaneous power management mode to another embodiment, the system is determined by the management at a known time of the available power, and performance of the present invention will be considered as such management control of the available power capacity. 本发明之操作可能与非自发性电力管理的操作相似,但其阈及响应可能不同。 Operation of the present invention may be associated with involuntary power management operation is similar, but the threshold and response may be different.

现在请参照图17,其中显示根据本发明将电力供应给至少部份LAN节点的较佳方法。 Referring now to FIG. 17, which will be supplied to the preferred method of displaying at least part of the LAN nodes in accordance with the present invention the power.

中枢2010(图10A)、2060(图10B)或电源与管理子系统2130(图11A)、2180(图11B)起始设定後,即查询通信电缆线与欲经由通信电缆线传输电力之各节点间的连接。 Central post 2010 (FIG. 10A), 2060 (FIG. 10B) or power supply and management subsystem 2130 (Fig. 11A), 2180 (Fig. 11B) initial setting, i.e., check the communication cable and the power to be transmitted via a communication cable connections between nodes.

中枢2010(图10A)、2060(图10B)或子系统2130(图11A)、2180(图11B)的起始设定,较佳包括自动起动的测试程序,以确保中枢2010(图10A)、2060(图10B)各元件的正确操作或子系统2130(图11A)、2180(图11B)(若存在时)与管理工作站2040(图10A)、2090(图10B)、2140(图11A)或2190(图11B)的通信,以为每一节点决定中枢或子系统的理想操作参数,并设置一内部资料库,其中包括每一节点的理想操作参数。 Hub 2010 (Fig. 10A), 2060 (FIG. 10B) or subsystem 2130 (Fig. 11A), 2180 (FIG. 11B) of the initial setting, preferably including automatic start of the test procedures to ensure the hub 2010 (Fig. 10A), 2060 (FIG. 10B) or subsystem proper operation of the elements 2130 (FIG. 11A), 2180 (FIG. 11B) (if present) and the management workstation 2040 (FIG. 10A), 2090 (FIG. 10B), 2140 (Fig. 11A) or 2190 (FIG. 11B) of the communication, each node determines that the central subsystem or desired operating parameters, and sets an internal database, including the ideal operating parameters for each node. 於系统正常操作期间,使用管理工作站2040(图10A)、2090(图10B)、2140(图11A)或2190(图11B)的操作员可修改每一节点的不同操作参数。 During normal system operation, the management station 2040 (FIG. 10A), 2090 (FIG. 10B), 2140 (Fig. 11A) or 2190 (FIG. 11B) of the operator can modify the different operating parameters of each node.

以下参照图18A及图18B更详细说明查询。 Below with reference to FIGS. 18A and 18B described in more detail with the query.

若经查询之节点被认为具有“在LAN上供电”型的特徵,并在内部资料库中被归类为欲经由通信电缆线获得传输电力&