|Publication number||CN1207084 A|
|Application number||CN 96199483|
|Publication date||3 Feb 1999|
|Filing date||23 Jul 1996|
|Priority date||28 Jul 1995|
|Also published as||CA2227888A1, CA2227888C, CN1101781C, CN1223496C, CN1431133A, CN1669884A, CN100398408C, CN101301941A, CN101301941B, CN102225710A, DE69631898D1, DE69631898T2, DE69637758D1, EP0869912A1, EP0869912A4, EP0869912B1, EP1426303A2, EP1426303A3, EP1426303B1, US5839614, US6279783, US6427874, US7077296, US20010025862, US20020158083, US20070289651, WO1997005055A1|
|Publication number||96199483.5, CN 1207084 A, CN 1207084A, CN 96199483, CN-A-1207084, CN1207084 A, CN1207084A, CN96199483, CN96199483.5, PCT/1996/12095, PCT/US/1996/012095, PCT/US/1996/12095, PCT/US/96/012095, PCT/US/96/12095, PCT/US1996/012095, PCT/US1996/12095, PCT/US1996012095, PCT/US199612095, PCT/US96/012095, PCT/US96/12095, PCT/US96012095, PCT/US9612095|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (5), Classifications (9), Legal Events (6)|
|External Links: SIPO, Espacenet|
本发明涉及产品的包装，特别是涉及一种用于液态产品的自密封阀及其类似物。 The present invention relates to product packaging, in particular, it relates to a liquid product of a self-sealing valve and the like.
现在有很多不同类型的用于包装非固态产品的包装或容器，这类产品能够流动，诸如液体或流态化的材料，包括液体、糊状物、粉末及其类似物，这些物质在此处被笼统地总称为液体。 There are many different types of packaging for packaging non-solid products or containers, such products can flow, such as a liquid or fluidized materials, including liquids, pastes, powders and the like, these substances here It is generally referred to as liquid. 有些这种包装包括一分配器，它可使选定量的液体从包装中排出，然后再密封，以关闭包装。 Some such packages include a dispenser which allows a selected amount of liquid from the package, and then sealed to close the package.
自密封的分配阀已经用在用于某些类型的产品的包装中，诸如在授予Drobish等人的美国专利No.4,728,006中所公开的容器，它是为香波、润发剂及其类似物设计的。 Self-sealing dispensing valve has been used in certain types of product packaging, such as containers in U.S. Patent No.4,728,006 granted Drobish et al disclosed, it is for the shampoo, conditioner agents and the like design a. 但是，已经知道这种阀存在某些密封问题和分配不稳定的特性，特别是在包装受到较大的温度变化时。 However, it is known the existence of such a valve sealing problems and unstable distribution of certain characteristics, in particular by large temperature changes in packaging.
用多数普通的塑料构造的阀至少在某些类型的包装中不能使用，这是因为，它们会与产品起反应或降低产品的品质。 Most common plastic valve structure at least not be used in certain types of packaging, this is because they can react with the product or reduce the quality of the product. 例如，在食品包装中，必须小心地避免使用可能含有任何类型的毒素的阀材料。 For example, in food packaging, care must be taken to avoid the use of any type of toxin that may contain a valve material. 此外，产品中的活性成份可使阀变脆或变软，从而损及阀的设计流量和/或阀的自密封特性。 In addition, the active ingredient in the product valve can become brittle or soft, to the detriment self-sealing characteristics of the design flow and valve and / or valve.
近年来已经将液态硅橡粘合剂阀用于某些类型的包装中，并已经被证明是特别有利的，这是因为该材料固有相当大的惰性，因而不会降低产品品质或与产品起反应。 In recent years it has been the liquid silicone rubber adhesive valve for some types of packaging, and has proven to be particularly advantageous, since the material is fairly large inherent inertia, and thus will not play with the product or reduced product quality reaction. 这类包装的例子已在授予Brown的美国专利No.5,033,655中提出。 Examples of this type of packaging has been proposed in U.S. Patent No.5,033,655 granted Brown's. 虽然液态硅橡粘合剂具有许多可在包装中使用的属性，但它也有其它一些使这种应用产生问题的特性。 Although liquid silicone rubber adhesives have properties that can be used in packaging, but it also has some other problems to make this application features. 例如，液态硅橡粘合剂零件的表面非常粘，有非常大的摩擦系数。 For example, the surface of the liquid silicone rubber parts are very sticky adhesive, there is a very large coefficient of friction. 因此，在企图用传统的带螺纹的阀环结构将分配阀装在容器上时，在阀环被可靠地上紧，足以形成防漏的密封以前，阀法兰的表面将牢牢地粘附在容器和阀环的相邻表面上。 Thus, in attempting to use conventional threaded valve ring structure in the dispensing valve mounted on the container, the valve ring is tight and reliable ground, sufficient to form a leak-proof seal before the surface of the valve flange will firmly adhered adjacent surfaces of the container and a valve ring. 上紧阀环经常会使阀的法兰以及整个阀变形，失去其原设计形状，从而妨碍形成可靠的密封，和/或改变阀的预期的分配和密封特性。 Tighten the valve ring often causes the valve flange and the entire valve deformation, losing its original design shape, thereby preventing the formation of a reliable seal, and / or changes in the expected distribution of valves and sealing characteristics.
与在用于产品包装的分配阀中使用液态硅橡粘合剂有关的另一缺点为，现在还没有一种能以一种如下所述的方式将阀连接到容器上的粘合剂，即使之可以承受阀和容器反复承受的工作压力。 With the use of liquid silicone rubber adhesive Another drawback is related, there is no way one can be a valve as described below to connect to the adhesive dispensing valve in the container for the packaging of the product, even if The valve and the container can withstand repeated job stress. 液态硅橡粘合剂阀表面的独特的无孔特性使一般的粘合剂的使用成为不可能。 Unique characteristics of the non-porous adhesive liquid silicone rubber valve surface so that the average use of adhesives impossible. 因此，要着重考虑将液态硅橡粘合剂阀以这样一种方式装在容器上，使之不会泄漏。 Therefore, an important consideration in the liquid silicone rubber adhesive valve in such a manner on the container so that it does not leak. 同时能承受分配包装的反复加压和减压。 At the same time able to withstand repeated pressurization and depressurization of the dispensing package.
原有的分配包装所遇到的另一问题涉及在包装容器、阀与液态产品之间得到一恰当的设计平衡，以使产品可以不断地分配而不需要过大的力，同时能恰好只排出使用者所要求的产品量，特别是与所涉及的产品类型保持一致。 Another problem encountered in existing dispensing package relate to obtain a proper design balance between the package container, valve and liquid products, so that products can be continuously allocated without requiring excessive force, while only just discharged the amount of product required by the user, especially consistent with the type of product involved. 例如在分配高浓度的液态产品诸如液体洗手皂及其类似物时，使用者在每次使用时通常只需要少量的或数滴皂液，以得到满意的结果。 For example, in a high concentration of liquid product dispensing liquid hand soap, and the like, the user each time you use usually requires only a small amount, such as a few drops of liquid soap or to obtain satisfactory results. 与之相反，当使用其它类型的液态产品诸如毛皮湿润剂、鞣皮剂及其类似物时，使用者每次通常都需要大量的产品。 In contrast, when using other types of liquid products, such as fur as wetting agents, tanning agents, and the like, each time a user usually requires a lot of products. 同阀在已释放掉压力时迅速且可靠地关闭的能力一样，阀响应作用在容器上的中等压力而迅速并且容易地打开的能力也是重要的。 Ability with the valve when the pressure has been relieved quickly and reliably closed, like the role of the valve in response to moderate pressure on the container and the ability to easily and quickly open is also important. 重要的还有必须保持作用在容器上以便在阀被打开时维持流体通过阀的压力的值。 There must be an important role to maintain the fluid pressure through the valve when the value of the valve on the container is opened. 在设计分配的包装时，非常希望有在所有这些因素之间迅速而准确地得到恰当的平衡的能力。 In the allocation of packaging design, highly desirable to have the ability to quickly and accurately obtain the right balance between all these factors.
本发明的一个方面是一种用于液态产品及其类似物的分配包装和与之相配的阀，包括一具有安装在其中的分配阀的容器。 One aspect of the invention is a method for dispensing a liquid product packaging and the like and matching valve, comprising a container having a dispensing valve mounted therein for. 分配阀控制来自容器的液态产品的流动，并且有绕容器的排放口密封的边缘部分。 Dispensing valve controls the flow of liquid product from the container, and the container has a discharge opening sealed around the edge portion. 阀还具有一包括一具有一小孔的中心区域的头部，该小孔响应容器内的预定排放压力而打开，以使液体从其流过，并在去掉预定的排放压力时关闭，以切断经过它的液体流。 Further comprising a valve having a head portion having an aperture in the central region of the orifice in response to a predetermined discharge pressure within the container is opened, so that fluid flow therethrough, and when the predetermined discharge pressure is removed off to cut off liquid flow through it. 阀包括一有可弹性变形的结构的J形连接套筒，该套筒带有一与边缘部分相连的第一腿部和一与头部相连的第二腿部。 Valve comprises an elastically deformable structure has a J-shaped connector sleeve having a first leg connected to the edge portion and a head portion connected with the second leg portion. 第一和第二腿部相互成一锐角并在一弧形部分彼此相联，这有利于在从容器分配产品时阀头部的运动。 First and second legs with each other at an acute angle, and an arcuate portion associated with each other, which facilitates movement of the valve head portion when dispensing product from the container.
本发明的另一方面是一种用于液态产品及其类似物的分配包装和与之相配的阀，包括一具有安装在其中的分配阀的容器。 Another aspect of the invention is a method for dispensing a liquid product packaging and the like and matching valve, comprising a container having a dispensing valve mounted therein for. 分配阀控制来自容器的液态产品的流动并且有绕容器的排放口密封的边缘部分。 Dispensing valve controls the flow of liquid product from the container and the container has a vent seal around the edge portion. 阀有一包括一具有一小孔的中心区的头部，该小孔响应容器内的预定排放压力而打开，以使液体从其流过，并在去掉预定的排放压力时关闭，以切断经过它的液体流。 A valve comprising a head portion having a central region of the aperture, the aperture in response to a predetermined discharge pressure within the container is opened, so that fluid flow therethrough, and when the predetermined discharge pressure is removed off to cut off after it liquid flow. 阀还具有一可弹性变形的连接套筒，该套筒包括一与边缘部分相连的第一端部和一与头部相连的第二端部。 Valve also has an elastically deformable connecting sleeve, the sleeve including a first end portion connected to an edge portion and a second end connected to a head. 连接套筒的第二端部有一成弧形地伸入头部，以在从容器分配产品时有助于阀的头部移动的倒J字形。 A second end connected to the sleeve has a curved projecting into the head, in order to dispense product from the container when the valve head can help reverse J-shaped movement.
本发明的又一方面是一种用于液态产品及其类似物的分配包装和与之相配的阀，包括一具有安装在其中的分配阀的容器。 Yet another aspect of the present invention is a method for dispensing a liquid product packaging and the like and matching valve, comprising a container having mounted therein the dispensing valve. 分配阀控制来自容器的液态产品的流动，并且有绕容器的排放口密封的边缘部分。 Dispensing valve controls the flow of liquid product from the container, and the container has a discharge opening sealed around the edge portion. 阀有一包括具有一小孔的中心区的头部，该小孔响应容器内的预定排放压力而打开，以使流体通过它流动，并在去掉预定的排放压力时关闭，以切断通过它的液体流。 The valve has a central region comprising a head having a aperture, the aperture in response to a predetermined discharge pressure within the container is opened, so that the fluid flows through it, and when the predetermined discharge pressure is removed off to cut off the liquid through its stream. 阀还有一头部，它包括一与周围环境连系并具有在从容器的外部看去时一般为凹形的外表面，和与容器中的液态产品邻接并具有一中心区和朝中心区向内倾斜的大体倾斜的外部的内表面，以使外表面和内表面朝头部的中心区会聚，从而提供具有邻接小孔的厚度减薄的倾斜结构。 There is a valve head portion including a surrounding environment and are associated with an outer surface when viewed from the outside of the container is generally concave, and a container of liquid product adjacent to and having a central region and towards the central region the inclined inner surface substantially inclined external to the outer surface and an inner surface converging toward the central region of the head, so as to provide a thickness adjacent the aperture has an inclined structure thinned.
本发明的再一个方面是一种用于液态产品及其类似物的分配包装和与之相配的阀，包括一具有安装在其中的分配阀的容器。 A further aspect of the present invention is a method for dispensing a liquid product packaging and the like and matching valve, comprising a container having mounted therein the dispensing valve. 分配阀控制来自容器的液态产品的流动，并具有一绕容器的排放口密封的边缘部分。 Dispensing valve controls the flow of liquid product from the container, and the container having a discharge opening sealed around the edge portion. 阀具有包括一带小孔的中心区的头部，该小孔响应容器内的预定排放压力而打开，以允许液流通过，并在去掉预定的排放压力时关闭，以切断通过的液体流。 Valve has a head including a central zone along the hole, the discharge orifice in response to a predetermined pressure inside the container is opened to allow flow through, and closed at a predetermined discharge pressure is removed, the liquid stream to break through. 头部有一与周围环境连系的外表面和一与容器中的液态产品邻接的内表面。 The head has an outer surface with the surrounding environment and are associated with the inner surface of a container of liquid product adjacent. 头部的外表面和内表面朝中心区向内倾斜，以使外表面和内表面朝头部的中心区域会聚，从而提供具有邻接小孔的厚度减薄的倾斜结构。 The outer surface of the head and the inner surface is inclined inwardly toward the center, so that the outer and inner surfaces converge toward the central region of the head, so as to provide a thickness adjacent the aperture has an inclined structure thinned.
本发明的主要目的是提供一种分配包装和一与之相配的自密封阀，该阀能容易而恰当地分配各种不同类型的液态产品。 The main object of the present invention is to provide a dispensing package and an associated self-sealing valve is matched, the valve can be easily and properly assign the various types of liquid products. 自密封阀既与容器相匹配也和被分配的液态产品的类型匹配，以便迅速而可靠地密封，但是在使用者向容器施加中度的压力时又能容易地全部打开。 Self-sealing valve to match both the container and the type of match is also allocated liquid products, in order to quickly and reliably sealed, but when the user applies pressure to moderate can easily open all containers. 该阀包括一可弹性变形的连接套筒，将其形状做成能在阀头上施加一有助于打开小孔的转矩。 The valve comprises an elastically deformable connecting sleeve, which can be shaped to help open a torque applied to the orifice of the valve head. 连接套筒有足够的挠性，由此可通过使阀头在连接套筒上移动而抵消在容器内部增加的压力，例如由热膨胀引起的压力，以便减轻作用在小孔上的过量压力。 Connection sleeve has sufficient flexibility, whereby the valve head is moved by the connecting sleeve offset the increased pressure in the interior of the container, such as a pressure caused by the thermal expansion, in order to reduce the effect of excess pressure on the orifice. 连接套筒的形状还被做成能提供足够的挠性，以使在将阀法兰装到相关联的容器上时，不会将阀法兰的任何不对准和/或变形传到阀头上，从而允许小孔能不受妨碍地打开和关闭。 Shape of the connecting sleeve is also made to provide sufficient flexibility to allow the valve flange when fitted to the container associated, not any misalignment valve flange and / or deformation reached the valve head on allowing unhindered holes can be opened and closed. 连接套筒的形状还可以做成能提供足够的挠性，以使作用在容器上的冲击力等通过使阀头在连接套筒上的移动而被吸收，由此避免阀孔的意外打开。 The shape of the connecting sleeve can also be made to provide sufficient flexibility to allow the impact acting on the container by force of the valve head is moved in the connecting sleeve is absorbed, thereby avoiding accidental opening of the valve hole. 可以将阀的形状做成即使在受到范围较宽的容器压力时也能提供从其通过的通常恒定的流量。 Shape of the valve can be made even when subjected to a wide range of pressure vessel therethrough generally provide a constant flow. 对于那些每次使用时通常分配大量材料的产品，阀的形状要做成，一旦小孔经换位而打开，就减小为维持液体流经小孔所需的压力值，以使操作时更加容易，但是又不牺牲阀的可靠密封。 For those products usually assigned each time you use a lot of material, the shape of the valve to be made, once the hole opened by transposition, it is reduced to maintain the desired liquid flow through the orifice pressure to make the operation more easy, but without sacrificing reliable valve seal. 阀是非常多用途的，可以用于顶部、底部或侧面分配的包装，以适应各种非常不同的用途。 Valve is very versatile and can be used for the top, bottom or side of the package distribution to adapt very different purposes. 阀是非常耐用的，但是又具有降低的制造成本和简洁的结构。 Valve is very durable, but also has reduced manufacturing costs and simple structure. 整个包装在使用时非常有效，制造成本低，能够有长的使用寿命，能特别好地适于各种提出的用途。 When you use the whole package is very effective, low manufacturing costs, to have a long life, is particularly well suited for a variety of uses proposed.
通过参考下面所写的说明书、权利要求和附图，本领域中的技术人员可以进一步地理解和认识本发明的这些和其它优点。 By reference to the following written description, claims and drawings, those skilled in the art can further understand and appreciate these and other advantages of the present invention.
图1是体现本发明的分配包装的透视图，其中，该包装的一部分已被切去，以露出装在相关联的容器底部上的自密封阀。 Figure 1 is a perspective view of the dispensing package embodies the present invention, wherein a part of the package has been cut away to expose mounted on the bottom of the associated self-sealing valve of the container.
图2为分配包装的侧视图，其中，该包装的一部分已被切去，以露出按全部缩回并完全关闭的位置示出的阀。 Figure 2 is a side view of the dispensing package, wherein a portion of the package has been cut away to expose the press fully retracted and fully closed position of the valve shown.
图3是分配包装的侧视图，其中，该包装的一部分已被切去，以露出按全部伸出并完全打开的位置示出的阀。 Figure 3 is a side view of the dispensing package, wherein a portion of the package has been cut away to expose the press fully extended and fully open position illustrated valve.
图4是阀的放大的局部顶视图。 Figure 4 is a valve enlarged partial top view.
图5是阀的放大的侧视图。 Figure 5 is an enlarged side view of the valve.
图6是阀的放大的剖视图。 Figure 6 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of the valve.
图7是装设在一相关联的容器中的阀的放大的剖视图，该阀按完全关闭和全部缩回的位置示出。 7 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of the valve installed in an associated container, which valve is fully closed and fully retracted by the position shown.
图8是装设在一相关联的容器中的阀的放大的剖视图，该阀按完全关闭和部分地缩回的位置示出。 Figure 8 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of the valve installed in an associated container, which valve is fully closed and partially by the retracted position shown.
图9是装设在一相关联的容器中的阀的放大的剖视图，该阀按完全关闭和部分地伸出的位置示出。 Figure 9 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of the valve installed in an associated container, which valve is fully closed and partly by extended position shown.
图10是装设在一相关联的容器中的阀的放大的剖视图，该阀按完全关闭和全部伸出的位置示出。 10 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of the valve installed in an associated container, which valve is fully closed and fully extended by the position shown.
图11是装设在一相关联的容器中的阀的放大的剖视图，该阀按完全关闭和全部伸出的位置示出，其中，所示阀的阀头部分开始迅速往外。 Figure 11 is an enlarged sectional view of a valve in an associated container provided in the valve is fully closed and fully extended by the position shown, wherein the valve head portion of the valve shown in the start out quickly.
图12是装设在一相关联的容器中的阀的放大的剖视图，该阀按完全关闭和全部伸出的位置示出，其中，所示阀的阀头部分继续迅速往外。 Figure 12 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of the valve installed in an associated container, which valve is fully closed and fully extended by the position shown, in which the valve head portion of the valve shown in continued rapid out.
图13是装设在一相关联的容器中的阀的放大的剖视图，该阀完全打开和全部伸出的位置示出，其中，所示阀的阀头部分全部迅速往外。 Figure 13 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of the valve installed in an associated container, which valve is fully open and fully extended position shown, in which the valve head portion of the valve shown in full out quickly.
图14是阀的放大的底视图，该阀按图13所示的位置示出。 Figure 14 is an enlarged bottom view of the valve, the valve according to the position shown in Figure 13 shows.
图15是装设在一相关联的容器上的阀的放大的剖视图，该阀以完全关闭和部分地伸出并靠在一容器的封闭物上的位置示出。 Figure 15 is an enlarged sectional view of a container mounted on the associated valve, the valve is fully closed and partially projects and against the position of the closure on a container is shown.
图16是装设在一相关联的容器上的阀的放大的剖视图，该阀以完全关闭和完全伸出并靠在另一容器封闭物上的位置示出。 Figure 16 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of the valve installed in an associated container, with the valve fully closed and fully extended and closed position thereof against the other on the vessel is shown.
图17是体现本发明的另一分配阀的放大的局部顶视图。 Figure 17 is another embodiment of the dispensing valve of the present invention is an enlarged partial top view.
图18是图17所示阀的放大的局部底视图。 Figure 18 is an enlarged partial bottom view of the valve 17 shown in FIG.
图19是图17-18所示阀的放大的剖视图。 Figure 19 is an enlarged sectional view of the valve shown in FIGS. 17-18.
图20是图17-19所示的装在一相关联的顶部分配容器中的阀的放大的垂直剖视图，其中容器处于完全直立的取向，阀处于完全关闭的位置。 FIG 20 is mounted at the top of the associated one shown in FIGS. 17-19 vertical sectional view of the container of the dispensing valve is enlarged, wherein the container in a fully upright orientation, the valve in the fully closed position.
图21是图20所示的阀与相联的顶部分配容器的放大的垂直剖视图，其中容器按倒置的取向示出，并且阀处于其完全关闭的位置。 Figure 21 is a vertical sectional view of the valve shown in Fig. 20 associated with the top dispensing container amplified, wherein the container is shown by the inverted orientation, and the valve is in its fully closed position.
图22是图20-21所示的阀与相联的顶部分配容器的放大的剖视图，图中的容器处于倒置的取向，而阀处于关闭的、部分伸出的位置，其中阀头部分按开始迅速往外示出。 Figure 22 is a sectional view of the valve shown in FIG. 20-21 associated with the top of the enlarged dispensing container, the container is inverted FIG orientation, while the valve is in a closed, partially extended position, wherein the valve head portion press Start quickly out shows.
图23是图20-21所示的阀与相联的顶部分配容器的放大的剖视图，图中的容器处于倒置的取向，而阀处于完全打开的并且全部伸出的位置，其中阀头部分按全部迅速往外示出。 Figure 23 is a sectional view of the valve shown in FIG. 20-21 associated with the top of the enlarged dispensing container, the container is inverted FIG orientation, and the valve is in the fully open position and a fully extended, wherein the valve head portion by All quickly out shows.
图24是体现本发明的又一阀的放大的剖视图。 Figure 24 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of yet another valve embodying the present invention.
图25是体现本发明的再一种阀的放大的剖视图。 Figure 25 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of yet another valve embodying the present invention.
图26是体现本发明的又一阀的放大的剖视图。 Figure 26 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of yet another valve embodying the present invention.
图27是体现本发明的又一阀的放大的剖视图。 Figure 27 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of yet another valve embodying the present invention.
图28是体现本发明的又一阀的放大的局部底视图。 FIG. 28 is a partial bottom view of yet another valve embodies the present invention enlarged.
图29是图28所示阀的放大的剖视图。 29 is an enlarged sectional view of the valve shown in Figure 28.
图30是体现本发明的又一阀的放大的剖视图。 Figure 30 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of yet another valve embodying the present invention.
图31是体现本发明的又一阀的放大的剖视图。 Figure 31 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of yet another valve embodying the present invention.
图32是体现本发明的又一阀的放大的剖视图。 Figure 32 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of yet another valve embodying the present invention.
为了此处的说明，术语“上”、“下”、“右”、“左”、“后”、“前”、“垂直的”、“水平的”和其派生词均涉及本发明图1-3中的取向。 For the description herein, the terms "upper", "lower", "right", "left", "back", "forward", "vertical" and "horizontal" and its derivatives are related to the present invention Figure 1 -3 orientation. 但是，应当了解，除去那些明确地指出相反的地方，本发明可以采取各种不同的其它取向和步骤顺序。 However, it should be understood that the removal of those areas clearly indicated to the contrary, the present invention can take a variety of other orientations and step sequences. 还应当理解，在附图中示出的并在下面的说明中描述的具体装置与过程只是在所附权利要求书中限定的本发明的概念的示例性实施例。 It should also be understood that, in the drawings and specific devices and processes illustrated in the following description is described in the appended claims define the concept of an exemplary embodiment of the present invention. 因此，与此处所公开的实施例有关的特定尺寸和其它物理特性不能被认为是限制性的，除非权利要求书明确地作了其它说明。 Therefore, specific dimensions and other physical characteristics of the disclosed embodiments described herein can not be considered relevant to limiting, unless a claim expressly made additional instructions.
参考标号1(图1)总的代表一体现本发明的分配包装。 Reference numeral 1 (Fig. 1) reflects the total represents a dispensing package of the present invention. 该分配包装1特别适于分配液态产品，诸如液体肥皂、家用清洁剂、光亮剂、润肤乳、食品及其类似物，并包括一具有一装于其中的自密封分配阀3的容器2。 The dispensing package 1 is particularly adapted for dispensing liquid products such as liquid soaps, household cleaners, brightener, lotion, food and the like, and includes a mounted therein having a self-sealing dispensing valve 3 of the container 2. 阀3包括一边缘法兰4，一在其中具有一排放孔6的阀头5和一连接套筒7，该连接套筒的一端与阀法兰4相连，而其另一端则与和其一个边缘相邻的阀头5相连。 Valve 3 includes a marginal flange 4, in which a valve head having a discharge orifice 5 and 6 of a connecting sleeve 7, the coupling sleeve 4 is connected with the valve flange at one end, while the other end thereof and with a valve head 5 adjacent edges connected 连接套筒7有一可弹性地变形的结构，以致当容器2中的压力升高，超过一预定值时，阀头5以这样一种方式向外移动(图8～15)，即使连接套筒7折起然后滚动地伸出。 Connecting sleeve 7 has an elastically deformable structure, so that when the pressure in the container 2 rises, exceeds a predetermined value, valve head 5 is moved (Fig. 8 to 15) in such a way outwards, even if the connection sleeve 7 fold to reach out and scroll.
图1-3中所示的容器2是特别为底部分配而设计的，它包括一支承在一基本上是刚性的支座13上的通常是柔软的长椭圆形容器体12。 The container 2 shown in Figures 1-3 is particularly designed for the bottom of the distribution, which comprises a support in a substantially rigid abutment is generally oblong-shaped flexible member 12 on 13. 容器体12最好用一种合适的合成树脂材料或类似材料整体地模制，以便做成一体的结构，该结构包括取向相反的侧壁14和15、一顶部16和一底部17。 The container body 12 preferably with a suitable synthetic resin material or the like integrally molded to integrally formed structure that includes oppositely oriented sidewalls 14 and 15, a top 16 and a bottom 17. 容器的侧壁14和15的侧面是柔软的，以对容器2的内部加压和减压，它们最好有足够的弹性或韧性，这样在去掉任何作用在容器2上以从其中分配液态产品18的外力时，它们能自动地恢复至其原来的形状。 Side sidewall of the container 14 and 15 are flexible to internal pressurization and depressurization of the container 2, which preferably has sufficient elasticity and toughness, so stripped of any role in the container 2 to dispense the liquid product from which When an external force 18, they can be automatically restored to its original shape.
图2和3中所示的容器底部17包括一向下开口的颈部20，它限定出一阀3的边缘法兰4围绕其布置的排放口21。 Bottom of the container shown in Figures 2 and 3 comprises a neck 17 of a downwardly opening 20, which define a valve 3 flanged edge 4 arranged around the discharge opening 21. 在图7和8中最清楚地示出，颈部20的自由端包括一纵向截面的形状为大致的L形的环形沟槽22，将它的形状做成能在其中紧密地接纳阀3的边缘法兰4。 Most clearly shown in Figures 7 and 8, the free end of the neck 20 includes a longitudinal cross-sectional shape of a substantially L-shaped annular groove 22, it can be shaped to closely receive therein the valve 3 marginal flange 4. 容器支座13包括一其位置与沟槽22相邻并用一快速连结结构24连接在容器体12上的阀的固定环23。 Container holder 13 includes a position adjacent to the trench 22 and with a quick link connecting structure 24 fixed to ring in the valve body 12 of the container 23. 容器支座13(图2与3)有一基本上扁平的底部25，适于在一有关的表面诸如对顶物、凹穴、工作面等上紧靠地支承分配包装1。 Container support 13 (Figures 2 and 3) has a substantially flat bottom 25 adapted to a surface such as related to supporting the distribution against the top thereof, pockets, and other packaging Face 1. 将颈部沟槽22设置在容器支座13的底部25的里面，以便能如以后要更详细地说明的那样在分配包装1内使阀3处于一般是隐蔽的状况。 Inside the container holder 13 in the bottom of the neck 25 of the groove 22 is disposed so as to be able to be described later in greater detail as the dispensing package 1 is in the valve 3 is generally concealed condition.
参看图4-6，所示的自密封分配阀3有一整体成形的一体式结构。 Referring to Figure 4-6, the self-sealing dispensing valve 3 illustrated has a unitary structure integrally formed. 阀3有一与容器2中的液态产品18邻接的内侧，和一与周围环境连系的取向相反的外侧。 3 there is a valve in the container 2 adjacent to the inside of the liquid product 18, and a surrounding environment associated with the orientation of the outside of the opposite. 阀3最好用有弹性的柔性材料模制而成，在所示的例子中，上述材料是基本为惰性的硅橡粘合剂，以便避免与被包装的液态产品起反应和/或使其降低品质。 Valve 3 is preferably made with a resilient flexible material molded, in the example shown, said material is substantially inert to the silicone rubber adhesive, so as to avoid the packaged product from the liquid reaction and / or it loss of quality. 在本发明的一个正在使用的实施例中，阀3是通过液态硅橡粘合剂的模制以较高的速度生产的。 In one embodiment of the present invention is in use, the valve 3 by adhesive liquid silicone rubber molding at high production speeds.
所示的阀3的边缘法兰部分4(图4-6)为环状平面形并且其截面构形大致为L形，它包括一内缘30、一外缘31、一底部32和一具有一从其向上直立的外边缘34的顶部33。 Valve marginal flange portion 4 shown in Figure 3 (FIG. 4-6) is an annular planar shape and whose cross section is substantially L-shaped configuration, comprising an inner edge 30, an outer edge 31, having a bottom 32 and a an upwardly upstanding from the outer edge 34 of the top 33. 阀的边缘法兰4在底部32和顶部33之间的厚度很大，它在安装固定环23时弹性地受压缩，并在其间形成可靠的防漏密封。 Marginal flange 4 of valve 32 and the top 33 on the bottom between the great thickness, it is mounting ring 23 is resiliently compressed and reliable leak-proof seal therebetween. 阀法兰4的边缘部分34将阀3确实地锁在颈部沟槽22中，从而防止在其间有任何的径向移动。 4 valve flange edge portion 34 of the valve 3 surely locked in the neck groove 22, thereby preventing any radial movement therebetween.
所示的阀3的头部5(图4-6)有一圆形的平面形状和一在阀头5的径向外部较厚而在其径向内部较薄的一般带斜度的结构。 The valve head 3 shown in (Fig. 4-6) has a circular planar shape and a thicker at the radially outer valve head 5 is in its radially inner thin generally tapered structure. 此带斜度的结构有助于获得阀3的如下所述的迅速打开/迅速关闭动作。 This structure helps to get tapered valve below 3 rapid open / close operation quickly. 更具体一些，在所示的例子中，阀头5有一外侧或外表面38，该表面的侧视立面构形为朝分配包装1的外部向外张开或弯曲并由一第一预定半径限定的弧形。 More specifically, in the example shown, the valve head 5 has an outside or outer surface 38, a side elevation of the surface topography of the outside toward the dispensing package 1, flared or bent by a first predetermined radius defined arc. 阀头外表面38在连接套筒7的内侧壁之间连续地延伸。 Valve head exterior surface 38 extends continuously between the interior sidewalls of connector sleeve 7. 阀头5还包括一内侧或内表面39，它有一边缘部分40，该部分的侧视立面构形为朝分配包装1的外部向外张开或弯曲并由一第二预定半径限定的弧形。 Valve head 5 also includes an inner side or inner surface 39, which has an edge portion 40, a side elevation of the part of the external configuration of the package 1 toward the dispensing opening or outwardly curved radius defined by a second predetermined arc shape. 内表面39上的边缘部分40的半径大于外表面38的半径，由此使两个表面在孔6处或其附近朝阀头5的中心会聚，并提供阀头5的上述向内倾斜的结构。 Radial edge 39 on the inner surface of portion 40 is greater than the radius of the outer surface 38, whereby the two surfaces at or near the hole 6 toward the center of valve head 5 is converged, and to provide said valve head 5 inwardly inclined structure . 阀头5的内表面39还包括一中心部分41，它有一圆的平面形状，具有大致为平面的或扁平的侧视立面构形，其取向通常垂直于排放孔6。 The inner surface 39 of valve head 5 also includes a central portion 41, which has a circular planar shape, having a substantially planar or flat side elevation configuration, oriented generally perpendicular to its discharge orifice 6. 阀头5的中心部分41有助于改善阀3的如下所述的打开和关闭特性。 Center portion 41 of valve head 5 as described below help improve valve 3 opening and closing characteristics. 阀头5的外周边由一圆形的边缘42限定，该边缘42从边缘部分40的外缘43处开始，以稍向外的斜度向外延伸，最后并入连接套筒7中。 Valve head 5 from the outer periphery of a circular edge 42 defining the edge 42 starting from the outer edge of the edge portion 40 of 43 to extend outward slope slightly outward, and finally incorporated into the connecting sleeve 7. 边缘部分40与阀头5的中心部分41的相交处形成一圆形边缘44。 Edge portion 40 and the center of valve head 5 at the intersection portion 41 is formed a circular edge 44. 沿边缘42量得的阀头5的外径大大小于沿内缘30量得的边缘法兰4的内径。 Along the edge of the valve head 42 the amount was much less than the outer diameter of 5 along the inner edge 30 amount was marginal flange 4 of inner diameter. 如同下面将要更详细地描述的那样，阀头5与边缘法兰4之间的间距允许阀头5沿轴向经过边缘法兰4的中心自由地移动。 As will be described in greater detail below, the spacing between the valve head 4 and 5 allow the valve head marginal flange 5 in the axial direction through the center of the edge of the flange 4 to move freely.
图4-6中所示的连接套筒部分7为可滚动的隔膜，它具有中空的圆形平面形状并且其纵向截面为J形，它包括一圆柱形侧壁部分45和一沿径向向外延伸的底部46。 Connecting sleeve shown in FIG. 4-6 scrollable portion of the diaphragm 7, which has a circular planar shape and a hollow longitudinal section is J-shaped, comprising a cylindrical sidewall portion 45 and a radially inwardly extending outside the bottom 46. 连接套筒7分别有内表面47和外表面48，它们沿其长度等距离地隔开一段距离，以使连接套筒7有大致均匀的厚度。 7 are respectively connected to the sleeve inner surface 47 and outer surface 48, a distance spaced equidistantly along its length, so that the coupling sleeve 7 has a substantially uniform thickness. 连接套筒7的一个端部49与阀头5的和其边缘42相邻的外表面38相连，连接套筒7的另一端部50与阀的边缘法兰4的内缘30相连。 One end portion 49 of the coupling sleeve 7 and valve head 5 adjacent the edge 42 of the outer surface 38 is connected to the other end portion connected to the edge of the flange 50 of the sleeve 7 and the valve 4 is connected to the inner edge 30. 连接套筒7的邻近端部49的内表面47基本上与阀头5的边缘42共平面并与之邻接，而连接套筒7的相对端50则在内缘30的中间部分与阀的边缘法兰4相连，这样连接套筒7的底部46从阀的边缘法兰4沿径向向内的方向张开，同时还在连接套筒7的弧状部分51处朝分配包装1的外部向外突出。 Adjacent the inner surface of the end portion 49 of the coupling sleeve 7 and the edge 47 of valve head 5 is substantially 42 co-planar and adjacent thereto, and the opposite end of the sleeve 7 is connected 50 with the inner edge of the middle portion of the rim 30 of the valve flange 4 is connected to the bottom of the sleeve 7 so that the connection opening 46 of the valve 4 from the edge of the flange radially inward direction, while still connected to the arcuate portion 51 of the sleeve 7 toward the exterior of dispensing package 1 outwardly outstanding. 连接套筒的部分51的成弧状的扩口形状帮助连接套筒7首先折起，然后在阀头5以在下文中将要详细描述的方式向外移动时滚动地伸出。 A connecting sleeve arcuate portion 51 of flared shape of connector sleeve 7 First help fold, and then rollingly extending in the valve head 5 to be described in detail hereinafter in a manner to move outwardly. 连接套筒7的端部49与阀头5的边缘连接点以及其有关的几何形状将如下所述地增加有助于阀3迅速打开的转矩力的有效性。 Connecting the ends of the sleeve 49 and the valve head edge junctions 7 5 and its associated geometry will be described below can help increase the effectiveness of the valve 3 to quickly open torque force. 套筒侧壁45的外表面48在连接套筒7的端部49处以一限定了一圆形边缘52的角度与阀头5的外表面38相交。 The outer surface of the sleeve 48 in the side wall 45 of the connection end portion 49 of the sleeve 7 impose an outer edge defining a circular surface 52 and the angle 38 of valve head 5 intersect. 在所示的例子中，将套筒弧形部分51的最外区域设置成基本上与边缘法兰4的底部32一致或稍微往里，从而便于制造。 In the example shown, the outermost region of sleeve arcuate portion 51 is arranged substantially in line with the bottom 32 of marginal flange 4 or slightly inside, thereby facilitating the manufacture. 连接套筒7的长度最好选定得足够短，以在阀头5处于完全伸出的位置(图10-14)时防止套筒折到阀头5的后面去，从而避免与阀头5的缩回发生干涉，这将在以后详细说明。 The length of the coupling sleeve 7 is preferably selected sufficiently short to valve head 5 is in the fully extended position to prevent (Figures 10-14) when the sleeve is folded to the back of the head 5 to the valve, the valve head 5 so as to avoid retraction interfere, which will be described in detail later.
所示的一件式阀3在其初始的正常情况下具有帽形的侧视立面结构，其中，阀头5为一大致的凹形。 3-piece valve shown in a side elevation with a hat-shaped structure at its initial normal circumstances, in which the valve head 5 is a generally concave. 连接套筒7的可变形的弹性允许套筒折起然后以以后将要描述的方式滚动地伸出。 Connection sleeve 7 resiliently deformable sleeve folded and then allowed to be described later by way of rolling protrude. 连接套筒7以一种如下所述的方式起一个具有安装在其中心的阀头5的滚动隔膜的作用，即使阀头5能相对于容器颈部20中的开口21沿轴向自由地朝内或朝外移动或浮动。 7 in a connection sleeve according to the following manner from a center having mounted thereon a valve head 5 of the rolling diaphragm action, even if the valve head 5 with respect to the opening 20 of the container neck 21 in the axial direction towards the free or outward movement or float.
在所示的例子中，排放孔6(图4-6)有一十字缝的结构，它包括两条延伸过中心部分41的相对侧38和39的相交的直线形缝55和56。 In the example shown, the discharge hole 6 (FIG. 4-6) has a cross-slit structure, which comprises two opposite sides extending through the central portion 41 of the intersecting linear slits 38 and 39 55 and 56. 所示的缝55和56以相互垂直的关系定向，并将它们的相对端55a和55b设置成从中心部分41的外缘44稍微向内。 The slits 55 and 56 shown in a mutually perpendicular relationship oriented, and their opposite ends 55a and 55b arranged from the outer edge 44 of the central portion 41 slightly inwardly. 孔的缝55和56形成了四个阀瓣或挡板57，它们向内和向外弯曲，以有选择地使液态产品流过阀3。 The slit holes 55 and 56 formed of four flap valve or baffle 57, and they are inwardly bent outwardly to selectively enable the liquid product to flow through the valve 3. 缝55和56最好通过切割阀头5的中心部分41而形成，不必从其上去掉任何大量的材料，以使阀瓣57的相对侧面58和59(图13和14)在排放孔6处于其正常的完全关闭的位置时彼此紧密地密封。 Joints 55 and 56 is preferably formed by cutting the central portion 41 of valve head 5, it does not have to be removed therefrom any amount of material, so that the opposite side of the valve 57 of 58 and 59 (Figures 13 and 14) in the discharge orifice 6 in its normal fully closed position tightly sealed to each other. 缝55和56的长度和位置可以调整，以改变阀3的预定的打开和关闭压力，以及分配包装1的其它分配特性。 Stitch length and location of 55 and 56 can be adjusted to vary the predetermined opening and closing pressures of valve 3, as well as other dispensing characteristics of dispensing package 1. 每个阀瓣57的侧面58和59在其自由端相交，以限定一端缘60。 Each valve flap 57 and the side surface 58 intersects at its free end 59, to define an end edge 60. 阀头5的设置在边缘部分40、边缘42、缝端55a和55b以及外表面38之间的那部分形成一阀头5的环部61，它将以在下文中详细描述的方式起作用。 Valve head 5 is provided at the edge portion 40, the edge 42, slit ends 55a and 55b and the portion 38 between the outer surface of the ring portion 61 is formed of a valve head 5, in a manner which will be described in detail hereinafter work.
应当知道，孔6可以根据所要求的分配特性采取许多不同的形状、尺寸和/或结构。 You should know that the hole 6 can take many different shapes, sizes and / or structural properties according to the desired distribution. 例如，孔6可以包括单条缝，特别是在要求较小或较细的液流时。 For example, the hole 6 may comprise a single slit, particularly in smaller or thinner streams requested time. 孔6也可以包括三条或更多条缝，特别是在要求有较大或较粗的液流和/或液态产品含有诸如某些类型的色拉调料等团粒时。 Hole 6 may also include three or more crack, especially in larger or coarser required flow and / or liquid products containing certain types of time such as salad dressings and other aggregates. 也可以把其它形状的孔6，例如洞、鸭嘴形等与阀3配合。 Other shapes can also holes 6, for example, holes, etc. with a duckbill valve 3 cooperation.
自密封分配阀3最好专门地构形成与特殊的容器2和特定类型的液态产品配合使用，以便得到所要求的精确分配特性。 Since the exact dispensing characteristics dispensing valve 3 is preferably sealed exclusively with special containers configured to 2 and certain types of liquid products used in conjunction in order to obtain the desired. 例如，液态产品的粘度和密度在设计阀3的特殊结构时，同容器2的形状、尺寸和强度一样，都是重要的因素，特别是在将分配包装1造成用于底部分配时。 For example, the viscosity and density of liquid products in the design of the valve special structure 3, with the container shape, size and intensity 2, are an important factor, especially in the distribution package for dispensing the bottom when a cause. 在获得理想的分配特性时，阀材料的刚度和硬度，以及阀头5和连接套筒7的尺寸和形状也都是重要的，而且应当同时与容器2和被从其中分配的液态材料18仔细地匹配。 In obtaining the desired dispensing characteristics, the valve material stiffness and hardness, as well as the size and shape of the valve head 5 and connector sleeve 7 are also important and should at the same time the container 2 and the liquid material from which the distribution of 18 carefully match ground.
本发明的一个在使用的实施例是专门为从其中分配液态家用产品，诸如洗碗机用清洁剂、液体肥皂、润肤乳、食品及其类似物而设计的。 An embodiment of the present invention in use is designed for dispensing liquid household products from which, such as dishwasher detergents, liquid soap, lotion, food and the like and design. 当要从一具有位于其底部4的阀3的用于底部分配的聚丙烯吹塑容器中分配这类液态产品材料时，发现一种专用的阀3特别适用，该阀的具体结构如下。 When a valve from a bottom 4 has at its polypropylene blow molded containers for dispensing the bottom 3 allocation of such liquid product material, we discovered a special valve 3 is particularly applicable, the specific structure of the valve is as follows. 阀的边缘法兰4的外径和内径分别为0.7000和0.5802英寸，而阀头5的边缘42的外径为0.4391英寸，中心部分41的外径约为0.2212英寸。 Marginal flange 4 of valve outer and inner diameters respectively 0.7000 and 0.5802 inches, while the edge 5 of the outer diameter of the valve head 42 is 0.4391 inches, an outer diameter of the central portion 41 is approximately 0.2212 inches. 连接套筒7的厚度约为0.0130英寸，并具有从边缘法兰4的底部32测至阀头5的缘52而得到的总高度0.1159英寸。 Thickness of the connecting sleeve 7 is about 0.0130 inches, and has a total height from the bottom edge of the flange 32 measured 4 to 5 valve head edge 52 obtained by 0.1159 inches. 阀头外表面38的半径为0.2900英寸，而内表面39的边缘部分40的半径为0.0350英寸。 The radius of the outer surface of the valve head 38 is 0.2900 inches, and the radius of the inner surface 39 of the edge portion 40 is 0.0350 inches. 因此，阀头5在边缘42处的总厚度约为0.0078英寸，在中心部分41中间的总厚度约为0.0350英寸。 Thus, the total thickness of valve head 5 at the edge 42 is approximately 0.0078 inches, the total thickness of the central portion 41 in the middle of about 0.0350 inches. 在从边缘法兰4的底部32测至中心部分41的顶部时，阀3的总高度约为0.2402英寸。 When the flange 4 from the edge of the bottom 32 to the top center of the measuring section 41, the valve 3 of a total height of about 0.2402 inches. 缝55和56的长度约为0.2200英寸，并在阀的中心部分41按正方形对中。 Joints 55 and 56 is about 0.2200 inches length, and in the center of the valve portion 41 a square pair. 阀用由道科宁(DowCorning)公司生产的商标为“SILASTIC LSR”的液态硅橡粘合剂整体地模制而成。 Valve with a trademark by the Road Corning (DowCorning) produced as "SILASTIC LSR" adhesive liquid silicone rubber integrally molded.
在具有上述的特殊尺寸和特性的阀上进行的实验表明，当阀受到容器2内的等于大约25-28英寸水柱的压力时，阀3就迅速打开。 Experiments on the valve with the above special sizes and characteristics showed that by the container when the valve is equal to about 25-28 inches of water pressure 2 within 3 to quickly open the valve. 使阀3迅速打开的压力在此处一般称为预定的打开压力或分配压力。 So quickly open the pressure valve 3 herein generally referred to as pre-opening pressure or dispensing pressure. 当容器2的内部压力降到低于大约16-18英寸水柱的压力时，阀将自动地迅速关闭。 When the internal pressure of container 2 drops below about 16-18 inches of water pressure, the valve will automatically close rapidly. 使阀3迅速关闭的压力在此处一般称为预定的关闭压力。 3 rapid closure of the valve the pressure here is generally referred to a predetermined closing pressure. 当所说的阀3打开时，通过孔6排出基本上恒定的液态产品流，即使有额外的压力作用在容器2上。 When said valve 3 open, discharging a substantially constant liquid product stream through holes 6, even if there is additional pressure on the container 2.
可以理解，按照本发明，阀3可以采用很多不同的形状与尺寸，特别是在与容器2的类型和被从容器中分配出的液态产品相配时。 To be understood, according to the present invention, valve 3 can be used in many different shapes and sizes, particularly in the container type and are dispensed from the container when the liquid product 2 match. 阀3的预定的打开和关闭压力可以根据对特殊产品所要求的分配准则而在较宽的范围内变化。 Book 3 of the valve opening and closing pressure can allocate the required guidelines for specific products varies over a wide range. 也可以对被分配的液态产品的流动特性作相当大的调节，诸如对于比较宽的柱状流、细的针状流、一小团，等等。 It can also be assigned to the flow characteristics of liquid products for a large adjustment, such as for relatively wide column flow, fine needle flow, a small group, and so on.
在工作时，分配包装1以如下所述的方式起作用。 In operation, dispensing package 1 functions in the manner described below. 阀3通常采取图7所示的向内突出的取向，其中阀3基本上保持其原有的模制形状，没有变形，连接套筒7完全缩回，排放口6完全关闭。 Valve 3 normally take the orientation of FIG. 7 projecting inwardly, wherein valve 3 remains substantially in its original molded shape without deformation, the coupling sleeve 7 is fully retracted and discharge opening 6 is fully closed. 当如同图示的底部分配包装1所示的那样，将阀3装在容器2的底部上时，阀3的结构要使得即使在容器2完全装满时由液态产品18作用在其上的液压头的压力作用下，排放孔6也将保持可靠地关闭。 When, as illustrated bottom dispensing package as in Figure 1, the valve 3 is mounted on the bottom of the container 2, and 3 of the valve structure such that even when the container 2 is completely filled with the liquid product 18 acting hydraulic thereon under the effect of pressure head, discharge orifice 6 will remain securely closed.
当使附加压力与容器2的内部联系，例如用手向内弯曲容器侧壁14和15时，连接套筒7起一滚动隔膜的作用，并允许阀头5通过折起连接套筒7开始沿轴向向外的方向朝分配包装1的外部偏移，然后套筒也开始以滚动的方式如图8所示的向外伸出。 When the additional pressure contact with the interior of the container 2, for example curved inwards hand container side walls 14 and 15, the connecting sleeve 7 plays the role of a rolling diaphragm, and allows the valve head 5 by connector sleeve 7 start along fold axially outward direction towards the allocation of external migration package 1, and then the sleeve began to roll outward manner as shown in Figure 8. 连接套筒7的向外突出的J形结构有助于起动连接套筒7的这种滚动。 Connection sleeve-shaped structure projecting outwardly J 7 This helps start the coupling sleeve 7 rolling. 连接套筒7从其初始的模制形状(图7)开始的弹性变形在阀3中产生一复杂的应力方式，该应力又将套筒弹性地推回其初始的或正常的形状，这种力包括一由连接套筒7作用在邻近边缘42的阀头5上的向外的转矩，该转矩将如同在下文中更加详细地说明的那样会弹性地将排放孔6推向其打开位置。 Connecting sleeve 7 from its original molded shape (Fig. 7) starts an elastic deformation stress complex way valve 3, which in turn stress sleeve resiliently pushed back to its original or normal shape, this force comprises a connecting sleeve 7 by a torque acting outwardly on the adjacent edge 42 of valve head 5, the torque will be like that would resiliently discharge orifice 6 toward its described in more detail below the open position .
如图9所示，当使附加压力与容器2的内部联系时，阀头5继续通过将连接套筒7在其自身上滚压过而继续沿轴向向外移动。 As shown in Figure 9, when the additional pressure contact with the interior of the container 2, the valve head 5 continues by connecting the sleeve 7 rolled over on itself and continues to move axially outward. 阀头5的边缘42通过阀的边缘法兰4的中心。 42 through the center of marginal flange 4 of valve head 5 of the valve edge.
当使附加压力与容器2的内部联系时，阀头5继续朝分配包装1的外部向外伸出，直至如图10所示连接套筒7全部伸出。 When the additional external pressure contact with the interior of the container 2, the valve head 5 continues toward the dispensing package 1 outward until 10 connector sleeve 7 fully extended. 当阀头处于完全伸出的位置(图10)时，在连接套筒7中建立起来的应力使连接套筒7的侧壁部分45采取一与阀头5的边缘42同心并在其周围的大体的圆柱形形状。 When the valve head is in the fully extended position (Fig. 10), the stress built up in connection sleeve 7 connected to the side wall portion 45 of the sleeve 7 to take the edge of the valve head 5 and 42 concentrically surrounding a generally cylindrical shape of. 连接套筒7的侧壁45从其初始的模制形状往后折叠180度，成为一与阀头5的边缘42平行的取向，并形成一外唇或外沿65。 Connecting the side walls 7 of the sleeve 45 from its original molded shape folded back by 180 degrees, the edge 42 becomes a parallel alignment with the valve head 5, and forms an outer lip 65 or the outer edge.
当使附加压力与容器2的内部联系时，如图11所示，阀头5继续向外移动。 When the additional pressure contact with the interior of the container 2, as shown in Figure 11, valve head 5 continues to move outward. 但是，由于连接套筒7完全伸出，阀头5进一步的朝外移动沿纵向拉紧或拉伸连接套筒7，从而加大了作用在阀头5上的朝外的转矩。 However, since the coupling sleeve 7 is fully extended, the valve head 5 is moved further outward or longitudinally tensioned stretching coupling sleeve 7, thereby increasing the outwardly directed torque applied to the valve head 5. 另外，阀头5的进一步的朝外移动会特别地沿其外表面38拉平或拉直阀头5，这可在图11中最清楚地看出。 In addition, valve head 5 is moved further outwardly to be particularly flattening or straightening along the outer surface 38 of valve head 5, which can be best seen in FIG. 11. 这一拉平运动会扩大或扩张阀头5的圆形平面构形，这种扩大又受到通过连接套筒7作用在阀头5的边缘42上的沿径向向内的力的抵抗，从而在阀3内产生另一种复杂的应力方式，该力包括力图沿径向向内的方向压缩阀头5的力。 The expansion or flare games enlarged circular planar configuration of valve head 5, which has been expanded by the force resistance effect coupling sleeve 7 in a radial direction of the upper edge 42 of valve head 5 inwardly, so that the valve generating another complex stress mode 3, which seeks to force comprises radially inward direction compressive force valve head 5. 由于阀头5的倾斜形状，认为压缩变形的主要部分是在阀头5的中心部分41附近发生的。 Due to the shape of valve head 5 is inclined, that the main part of the compression deformation is in the vicinity of the center portion 41 of valve head 5 occurs. 通过比较图11中所提供的虚线图形与实线图形可以更清楚地看出，当连接套筒7如虚线所示处于全部伸出的位置，使附加压力与阀3的内侧39联系时，外沿65如图11的实线所示沿轴向向外并沿径向向外移动。 The dotted line graphics and solid line graph comparing Figure 11 provides more apparent, when the connector sleeve 7 as shown in dashed lines in the fully extended position, the additional pressure contact 3 and the valve 39 when the inner and outer 65 along the solid line in FIG 11 axially outwardly and radially outwardly moved. 由于通过连接套筒7而作用于其上的转矩力，阀头5的边缘42如图所示的向内弯曲或弹性变形。 Since the sleeve 7 is connected via a torque acting force thereon, the edge of the valve head 5 inwardly bent or elastically deformed as shown in FIG. 42.
如图12所示，当使附加压力与容器2的内部联系时，阀头5通过连接套筒7的进一步的纵向拉伸和阀头5的平面形状的进一步扩大而继续向外移动。 12, when the additional pressure contact with the interior of the container 2, the valve head 5 by connector sleeve further expand longitudinal and planar shape of the valve head 5 of 7 continue to move outward. 这一运动可通过比较图12中提供的虚线图形和实线图形而更清楚地看出。 This movement can be provided by a dotted line and a solid line graph graphical comparison in Figure 12 and more clearly be seen. 外沿65从图11所示的与图12的虚线图形相对应的状态以沿轴向向外和沿径向向外的方式移动至图12中用实线表示的位置。 Dotted line pattern 12 and the outer edge corresponding to a state shown in FIG. 11 from 65 to axially outwardly and radially outwardly fashion to the position indicated by the solid line in FIG. 12. 由于通过连接套筒7而作用于其上的加大的转矩力，阀头5的边缘42在图中更加向内弯曲或向内弹性变形。 Because by connecting sleeve 7 and acting on it to increase the torque force, the edge 42 of valve head 5 or more inwardly bent inward elastic deformation in the diagram. 如图12所示，这些组合的力和运动还用于进一步地将阀头5压成分叉的状态，其中，作用在阀头5上的组合力将在有任何附加的向外力作用在阀3的内侧39上时使其由于迅速运动而快速地向外打开，将阀瓣57以图13和14中所示的方式分开，从而经过排放孔6分配液态产品。 As shown in Figure 12, the combination of force and motion is also used to further the valve head 5 is pressed into the state of bifurcation, which acts on the valve head 5 combined force will have any additional external force is applied to the valve 3 39 on the inside when it due to the rapid motion quickly open outwardly, the valve 57 in the manner shown in Figures 13 and 14 separate, thereby dispensing liquid through discharge orifice 6 products. 作为此处所用的术语，即阀3的分叉状态示于图12中并限定了一个比较不稳定的状态，这个状态是阀3恰好在打开至图13和14所示的全开状态之前所采取的状态。 As used herein the term, namely valve 3 bifurcated state is shown in FIG. 12 and defines a relatively unstable state, which is just before the opening valve 3 to 13, and 14 in the fully open state take the state. 当阀3经过图12所示的分叉状态时，作用在阀头5上的组合力在给定的瞬间处于一种非常暂时的不稳定的平衡状态，然后迅速地将阀头5变成一大体是凸出的形状，同时将孔6打开。 When the valve shown in FIG. 3 through 12 of the bifurcation state, acting on the valve head 5 combined force at a given moment in a very temporary state of unstable equilibrium, and then quickly turned into a valve head 5 It is generally convex shape, while the hole 6 is opened. 在由图12中的实线示出的分叉状态，阀头5采取一近似为平面的盘子的形状，其外表面38在沿65和阀瓣缘60之间向内成杯形，而内表面39则朝孔6的中心略向外弯曲。 In the bifurcation state by the solid line in Figure 12 shows, the valve head 5 to take an approximately planar shape of the dish along the outer surface 38 between the valve 65 and 60 inward edge of the cup-shaped, while the inner surface 39 curved toward the center hole 6 of slightly outward.
阀3的迅速打开至少可以部分地通过由连接套筒7作用在阀头5上的转矩实现，如图12中所示的例子所指出的那样，该转矩足以明显地改变阀头5的边缘42的形状。 Valve quickly open 3 at least partially connected to the sleeve 7 by the torque acting on the valve head 5 implementation, as shown in Example 12, it pointed out that the torque is sufficient to significantly alter the valve head 5 The shape of the edge 42. 当阀3采取图13和14所示的完全伸出和完全打开的位置时，阀瓣57以及与之有关联的阀头5的边缘部分61向外弯曲或弹性变形，从而使阀头5的沿65变小或略微收缩。 When the valve 3 to adopt and fully extended 14 and the fully open position 13, the edge of the valve 57, and is associated with a valve head 5 outwardly curved portion 61 or elastically deformed, so that the valve head 5 along the 65 smaller or shrink slightly. 阀瓣57力图沿在端部55a和55b或孔缝55和56之间延伸的线张开地折叠。 Valve 57 at the ends sought along or apertures 55a and 55b extending between lines 55 and 56 of the open fold. 除去由连接套筒7作用在其上的取向朝外的转矩以外，由连接套筒7作用在阀头5上的沿径向向内的持续压缩力协力将排放孔6保持在全开的位置，即使与容器2的内部连系的压力下降。 Removed from the outside of the torque coupling sleeve 7 on its role in the outwardly oriented, continuous compressive force by a coupling sleeve 7 Effect conjunction radially on the valve head 5 inwardly discharge orifice 6 will remain in the fully open position, the pressure inside the container, even if associated with 2 drops. 因此，在排放孔6通过施加预定的打开压力而被打开以后，为保持液流经过孔6所需的压力降低或低于临界压力，以致能更易于分配和流动控制。 Thus, after discharge orifice 6 in a predetermined opening is opened by applying pressure, in order to maintain the desired flow through holes 6 below the critical pressure or reduced pressure, so as to more readily flow distribution and control. 由于连接套筒7的弹性用于抵抗阀头5的张大作用，并因而能压缩阀头，以得到一迅速打开/迅速关闭动作，如果稍微改变连接套筒7的弹性，诸如将连接套筒7做得厚一些或薄一些，那么，对于任何一种特殊的应用可由此而调整迅速动作的程度的大小。 Since the elastic connection sleeve 7 serves to resist Queen acting valve head 5, and thus can compress the valve head, in order to obtain a speedy opening / closing operation quickly, if slightly changing the elastic sleeve 7 is connected, such as the coupling sleeve 7 made thicker or thinner, then, for any particular application can thus quickly adjust the size of the extent of the operation. 同样，也可以调节环61的弹性强度以实现所要求的迅速动作。 Similarly, the intensity of the elastic ring can be adjusted to achieve the required 61 of the rapid action.
通过连接套筒7作用在阀头5上的组合的压力和转矩力将阀瓣57打开至一般为预定的形状，以使经过排放孔6的流量保持基本恒定，即使在容器2上作用有相当大的压力差。 Pressure and torque force of the connecting sleeve 7 acting on the valve head 5 combination valve 57 will open to the general into a predetermined shape, so that the flow through the discharge orifice 6 remains substantially constant, even though the role of the container 2 has considerable pressure difference. 如图13和14中所清楚地表示的那样，在阀3沿打开方向经过图12所示的分叉状态之后，它迅速而确定地采取图13和14所示的全开状态，其中，阀瓣57的端缘60沿径向向外分开，以使排放孔6采取一星形的平面构形，这在图14中可最清楚地看出。 13 and 14, as clearly shown in the in the valve 3 in the opening direction after the bifurcation state shown in FIG. 12, it is determined to take swift and fully opened state shown in FIG. 13 and 14, wherein the valve flap side edge 60 radially outward 57 separated so that the discharge orifice 6 to take a star-shaped planar configuration, which can be seen most clearly in Figure 14. 阀头5的边缘42在液态产品18的压力和由连接套筒7作用在其上的弹性转矩的作用下稍微向内转动或摆动，所述转矩继续弹性地将阀3朝其原来的模制形状(图7)推回。 Edge 42 of valve head 5 inwardly rotate or oscillate slightly under 18 and the pressure of the liquid product from the connecting sleeve 7 in its effect on the elasticity of torque, the torque continue resiliently valve 3 toward its original molded shape (Fig. 7) is pushed back. 连接套筒7在由容器2中的压力和液态产品经过孔6的动力流产生的向外的力的作用下在轴向和周向上都保持受拉力。 Connection sleeve 7 under the action of the pressure in the container 2 and the liquid product through hole 6 of the power generated by the outward flow of force in the axial direction and circumferential direction are kept tensioning. 所示的阀3的几何尺寸，特别是阀头5和连接套筒7的形状都用于迫使阀3成为图13和14所示的形状，只要孔6迅速打开。 Valve geometry shown in Figure 3, the particular shape of the valve head 5 and connector sleeve 7 are used to force valve 3 into a shape 14 shown in FIG. 13 and, as long as the hole 6 opens quickly.
当容器2内的压力降低时，排放孔6仍然保持打开，处于如图13和14所示的基本上全开的位置，直至压力达到预先选定的关闭压力，此时，在连接套筒7中通过其从原来的模制形状(图7)的弹性变形而产生的力将阀头5向内拉回，经过分叉状态而处于图10所示的凹形取向，从而用一与使排放孔6打开的动作相似的迅速动作将排放孔6确定而可靠地关闭。 When the pressure inside the container 2 is reduced, discharge orifice 6 remains open, as shown at 13 and a substantially fully open position shown in 14, until the pressure reaches the preselected closure pressure, at this time, the coupling sleeve 7 by force from its original molded shape (Fig. 7) of the elastic deformation of the valve head 5 inwardly back through the bifurcation state in the concave orientation shown in Fig. 10, and thus the discharge by a Similar action moves quickly open the drain hole 6 hole 6 to determine reliably closed. 阀头5的迅速关闭动作用于非常迅速和非常完全地关闭孔6，从而准确地切断从包装1中被分配的液态产品流并且无任何的点滴，即使在分配非常粘和/或非常稠的产品时。 Valve head 5 for rapid closing action very quickly and very completely closed holes 6, thereby accurately cut from the package 1 is allocated liquid product stream and no drip, even if the distribution is very sticky and / or very thick product. 阀3将继续采取图10所示的全闭和全伸出位置，直至容器中的内部压力进一步降低，从而允许连接套筒7的弹性将阀头往回移至图7所示的完全缩回的初始位置。 Valve 3 will continue to take fully closed and fully extended position until further reduce the internal pressure in the container, allowing the elastic coupling sleeve 7 to move the valve head back fully retracted as shown in FIG. 10 shown in FIG. 7 The initial position.
至少某些由本发明所设想的阀3有比较高的预定关闭压力，诸如其性质为17-18英寸水柱的压力，这样孔6即使在容器2未具备任何回吸的压力或负压时也能可靠地迅速关闭。 At least some of the invention contemplated by the valve 3 has a relatively high predetermined closing pressure, such as the nature of 17-18 inches of water pressure, so even if the container 2 holes 6 not have any suck back pressure or negative pressure can be quickly and reliably closed. 此外，至少某些这类阀3的连接套筒7被构造成能提供足够的弹性，以自动地将阀头5移回至全部缩回的位置(图7)，而且不需要来自容器2的任何回吸的压力或负压。 In addition, at least some such valves 3 is connected to the sleeve 7 is configured to provide sufficient flexibility to automatically shift valve head 5 back to the fully retracted position (FIG. 7), from the container 2 and does not require Any pressure or vacuum suction. 因此，阀3可以容易地适合于与包括可压扁的袋、管及其类似物的容器配合使用。 Thus, the valve 3 can easily be adapted to include collapsible bags, containers and the like used in conjunction with the tube. 还有，阀3特别适合于诸如图1-3所示的底部分配包装，在此，阀3通常支承一液态产品柱。 Also, valve 3 is particularly suitable for such bottom dispensing package shown in FIG. 1-3, in this, the valve 3 normally supports a column of liquid product.
在分配包装1的许多实施例中，容器2被设计成具有刚性较大的侧壁14和15，它们在被挤压后恢复其原有的形状。 In many embodiments of dispensing package 1, container 2 is designed to have more rigid side walls 14 and 15, they resume their original shape after being squeezed. 在这类实施例中，通常都希望在从容器2中分配液态产品之后将空气吸回至容器2中，以防止容器2被压扁，从而有利于继续容易地进行分配，直至容器2完全变空为止。 In such embodiments, typically after a desired distribution of liquid product from the container 2 will be sucked back into the air container 2, in order to prevent the container 2 is compressed, thus contributing to easily continue dispensing until container 2 is completely changed empty. 当阀3处于完全关闭和完全缩回的位置(图9)时，阀头5的凹形结构使孔6易于向内打开，以致空气能被吸回至容器2中，但是又能确实地防止孔6以能允许泄漏的方式向外打开。 When the valve 3 is fully closed and fully retracted position (FIG. 9), the concave configuration of valve head 5 is easy to make the holes 6 open inwardly so that air can be sucked back into the container 2, but can be reliably prevented hole 6 to allow leakage way to open outward. 因此，即使薄壁容器2比较薄弱也可以使用阀3而不致明显大地压扁容器侧壁14和15。 Therefore, even if the thin-walled containers 2 can also be used relatively weak valve 3 without significant collapsing of container sidewall 14 and the ground 15.
参看图15，分配包装1可以设有一强制关闭的结构，以在分配包装1在被运输或类似情况下例如在最初的装运、旅行等时防止意外地排放。 Referring to FIG. 15, dispensing package 1 may be provided with a forced shutdown of the structure to the dispensing package 1, for example to prevent accidental discharge in the initial shipment, travel, etc. being transported or in similar circumstances. 图15所示的分配包装1包括一滑动挡板70，它在关闭时实际上阻挡了连接套筒7和相联的阀头5的向外滚动伸出。 Dispensing package 15 shown in FIG. 1 includes a sliding closure 70, when it is actually blocked off connection sleeve 7 and associated valve head 5 extends outwardly rolling. 通过限制连接套筒7的向外伸出运动，就防止了阀头5转换成下凹的形状，从而保持排放孔6完全关闭。 By limiting the outward protruding coupling sleeve 7 of movement, the valve head 5 is prevented converted into concave shape, so as to maintain the discharge orifice 6 fully closed. 当挡板70向侧面滑出，离开在下面的阀3时，阀3就自由往复并打开孔6，以从容器2中分配液态产品。 When the tailgate 70 slide to the side, leaving at 3:00 the following valve, the valve 3 on reciprocal free and open holes 6 to dispense liquid product from container 2.
图16是分配包装1的另一种封闭结构的局部示意图，其中，设有一可取下的盖71，以通过传统的紧固装置，诸如按锁、铰链等(未示出)与固定环23可拆卸的连接。 Figure 16 is a partial schematic view of an alternative closure structure of the dispensing package 1, which features a removable cover 71, by conventional fastening means, such as by locks, hinges, etc. (not shown) and the retaining ring 23 may detachable connection. 所示的盖子71有一大体是扁平的外表面72，一内表面73和一圆柱形侧壁74，侧壁的尺寸和形状要做成使盖的内表面73在阀头处于其完全伸出的位置时靠在阀3的沿65上。 71 there is shown the lid is a generally flat outer surface 72, an inner surface 73 and a cylindrical side wall 74, side walls made of a size and shape to the inner surface of the lid 73 in the valve head in its fully extended 3 position against the valve along the 65. 盖的内表面73的中心部分包括一向内突出的突起部分75，它在所示的例子中大体上呈凸出的半球形的节，该节朝阀3向内伸出至一与阀3的杯状外表面38相邻的位置，将节75的形状做成可强制地将阀头5保持成下凹的构形，从而可靠地保持孔6完全关闭。 The inner surface of the central lid portion 73 includes an inwardly protruding projections 75 which in the example shown a substantially hemispherical projecting section that extends inwardly toward valve 3 to a valve 3 the outer surface of the cup 38 adjacent to the position, the shape of the section 75 may be made of the valve head 5 is forcibly holding a concave configuration, thereby securely retaining hole 6 is completely closed.
阀头5在滚动的连接套筒7上的往复运动使分配包装1具有若干重要的优点。 Valve head 5 reciprocates the connecting sleeve 7 rolling the dispensing package 1 has several important advantages. 例如，最好将连接套筒7构形成具有足够的弹性，这样在容器2内产生的诸如那些由热膨胀或类似情况而引起的不正常的压力增大可由阀头5相对于连接套筒7的轴向移动抵消，以致能减轻作用在排放孔6上的额外压力。 For example, the connector sleeve 7 is preferably configured to have sufficient elasticity, so that abnormal pressure in the container 2 such as those produced by the thermal expansion or the like caused by an increase in the valve head 5 with respect to the coupling sleeve 7 axial movement of the offset, that can reduce the effect on the discharge orifice 6 extra pressure. 这样，如果分配包装1在使用时与液体肥皂或香波配合使用，而后者在沐浴室或者带浴池的室中用于按倒置的状态悬挂，则当淋浴室中的环境温度上升，而不是使有关的压力增加直接与排放孔6连系，以致可能使排放孔无意地打开时，阀头5沿轴向向外移动，释放任何这种压力，从而防止液态产品由于任何意外而从分配包装1中泄漏。 Thus, if the dispensing package 1 when used with liquid soap or shampoo with the use of the latter is used by the state upside down hanging in the shower room or a room with a bath, then shower room when the ambient temperature rises, rather than making the relevant The pressure increase directly associated with the discharge orifice 6 that may unintentionally open the discharge orifice, the valve head 5 to move axially outward to release any such pressure, thereby preventing any accidental liquid products due from the distribution package 1 leak.
另一通过连接套筒7的滚动隔膜动作和阀头5的轴向往复运动得到的益处的例子为连接套筒7最好被构造成具有足够的弹性，以使阀法兰4的任何不对准和/或变形，例如在将阀装到容器2上时所遇到的，不会传到阀头5上，从而使排放孔6能不受妨碍地工作。 Another example of the rolling diaphragm action through the connecting sleeve and valve head 5 axially reciprocate 7 of the benefits obtained by the coupling sleeve 7 is preferably configured with sufficient flexibility to allow the valve flange 4 is not aligned with any and / or deformation, for example, when the valve is fitted to the container 2 encountered, does not spread to the valve head 5, so that the discharge orifice 6 can work unhindered. 如上所述，由于液态硅橡粘合剂固有的粘稠性质，将用硅橡粘合剂制成的阀装在容器2上会十分困难，并且常常产生阀3的边缘法兰4的某种不均匀的压缩和/或变形。 As described above, since the liquid silicone rubber adhesive inherent viscous nature of the valve made of silicone rubber adhesive is mounted on the container 2 will be very difficult, and often have some kind of valve flanged edge 3 4 uneven compression and / or deformation. 没有连接套筒7的滚动隔膜动作，任何一种这类变形都直接传给阀头5，它又扭曲排放孔6并改变诸如其预定的打开压力、关闭压力、流量等重要的设计特性。 No action rolling diaphragm coupling sleeve 7, any such variations are passed directly to the valve head 5, discharge orifice 6 and twist it to change, such as its predetermined opening pressure, closing pressure, flow and other important design features. 与本阀3相关联的滚动隔膜连接套筒7试图使阀头5与边缘法兰4隔开或脱离，以使其能自由浮动，从而避免这类问题。 The valve 3 is associated with the rolling diaphragm connected to the valve sleeve 7 trying to head 5 and marginal flange 4 or spaced out so that it can float, thus avoiding such problems.
通过本发明的这一方面得到的益处的再一例子是连接套筒7最好被构形成具有足够的弹性，以使作用在容器2上的振动、冲击力及类似物通过阀头5在滚动的连接套筒7上的移动而被吸收和/或得到缓冲，以致能避免排放口6的意外打开。 A further example of the benefits of this aspect of the present invention by the obtained coupling sleeve 7 is preferably configured to be sufficiently resilient vibration, so that the effect on the container 2 is formed, an impact force and the like in the rolling head 5 through a valve moving the connecting sleeve 7 is absorbed and / or buffered, so to avoid accidental discharge port 6 is opened. 在分配包装1掉在地上，有力地撞击在一工作表面上或是要不然受到迅速振动或摇动的情况下，由容器2中液态产品的加速和/或减速产生的冲击力将用不同的方法与排放孔6直接连系，并力图使其意外地打开。 In the dispensing package 1 off the ground, a strong impact on the work surface, or else by rapid vibration or shaking of the case, the accelerated liquid product container 2 and / or the impact of the deceleration in different ways 6 directly associated with the discharge orifice, and try to make it unexpectedly opened. 不过，阀3的连接套筒7的滚动作用对这种撞击力起着缓冲垫或减震器的作用，从而大大地减少了液态产品从分配包装1中意外地排出的机会。 However, connection sleeve valve 3 to 7 rolling effect such impact force plays the role of a cushion or shock absorber, thereby greatly reducing the chance of liquid product from the dispensing package 1 unexpectedly discharged. 在相似的情况下，当分配包装1用于在使用前通常都要晃动的非均质液体诸如某些色拉调料或类似物时，连接套筒7有助于吸收这种振动，从而防止泄漏。 In a similar case, when dispensing package 1 for shaking before use generally have a non-homogeneous liquid such as some salad dressings, or the like, the coupling sleeve 7 helps absorb the vibration, so as to prevent leakage.
通过本发明的这一方面得到的益处的又一例子为连接套筒7最好被构造成具有足够的弹性，以使只需要用非常缓和的、基本上低于阀3的预定打开压力的压力将阀头5从其完全缩回的位置(图7)移至全部伸出的位置(图7)，从而提高包装1的分配“感”。 Another example of the benefits through this aspect of the invention obtained as coupling sleeve 7 is preferably configured to be flexible enough to allow just use a very gentle, substantially lower than the predetermined valve opening pressure of the pressure 3 The valve head 5 from its fully retracted position (Fig. 7) to the fully extended position (Figure 7), thereby improving the dispensing package 1 is "feeling." 当使用者握住容器2时，即使在侧壁14和15上有非常轻的挤压，也会滚动地使连接套筒7和阀头5伸出至图10所示的完全伸出和完全关闭的位置，此时，阀头5瞬时停止，液态产品的进一步移动受到阻止，直至在容器2上作用附加力，使容器2内产生一大于阀3的预定打开压力的内压。 When the user holds the container 2, even if the side walls 14 and 15 has a very light squeeze will scroll to the connector sleeve 7 and valve head 5 extends to a fully extended as shown in FIG. 10 and completely closed position in which the valve head 5 instantaneous stop, further movement of liquid products has been blocked until additional force action on the container 2, the container 2 to generate a predetermined valve 3 is greater than the internal pressure of the opening pressure. 连接套筒7和阀头5的这个运动由使用者通过接触或感觉感觉到，其形式通常是当阀头5到达完全伸出的位置(图10)时在容器侧壁14和15上作用有振动或波动。 This movement connecting sleeve 7 and valve head 5 by the user or by contacting feeling felt in the form of usually acting on the container side walls 14 and 15 when the valve head 5 reaches the fully extended position (Fig. 10) have vibration or fluctuations. 这种波动给使用者发出信号，表明阀头5已经全部伸出。 Such fluctuations signaled to the user, indicating that the valve head 5 has been fully extended. 进一步加压将使阀3迅速打开并分配液态产品。 Further pressure will cause valve 3 and quickly opened dispensing liquid products. 当阀3迅速打开和迅速关闭时，类似的振动或波动经过容器侧壁14和15传给使用者，以协助得到精确的流动控制。 When the valve 3 to quickly open and quickly closed, similar vibrations or fluctuations through the container side walls 14 and 15 pass users to help obtain an accurate flow control.
在所示的分配包装1的例子中，阀3以一种如下所述的方式安装在容器2中，即，使阀头5在图7所示的完全缩回的位置与图13和14所示的完全伸出的排放位置之间变动，在图7所示的位置，阀3整个位于容器2的内部，以便安全地贮放阀3，而在图13和14所示的位置，阀头5和相联的孔6整个位于容器2的外部，以便通过它们精细地分配液态产品。 In the example shown dispensing package 1, valve 3 is mounted in a manner that said container 2, i.e., the valve head 5 shown in FIG. 7 fully retracted position of FIG. 13 and 14 below changes between the fully extended discharge position shown in the position shown in Figure 7, the entire valve 3 is located in the interior of the container 2, in order to secure storage is a valve 3, and the position shown in FIGS. 13 and 14, the valve head 5 and associated orifice 6 located entirely outside of the container 2 for dispensing liquid product through them finely. 通过使阀头5在这两个极端位置之间变动，阀3可在不使用时通常保持不外露并固定在容器2内，但在分配时又不致牺牲洁净性。 Through the valve head 5 between these two extreme positions change, the valve 3 when not in use generally remains exposed and fixed in the container 2, but in the distribution of time and without sacrificing cleanliness. 另外，阀3最好位于容器2中，以致连接套筒7的弧形部分51设置在容器支座13的底部25附近，这样如果分配包装往下撞击在一表面上，阀3与表面之间的支撑点将防止阀3变换至完全伸出的位置，并由此保持孔6关闭，防止意外的泄漏。 Also, valve 3 is preferably located in the container 2, so that the connecting sleeve 7 the arcuate portion 51 is disposed near the bottom 13 of the container holder 25, so that if the dispensing package down impinge on a surface between the valve 3 and the surface The anchor will prevent third converted to the fully extended position of the valve, and thereby keep the hole 6 is closed, to prevent accidental leakage.
分配包装1具有相当多的用途，它能够容易而精细地分配非常不同的液态产品。 Dispensing package 1 has a considerable number of uses, it can be easily and finely assigned very different liquid products. 自密封阀3与容器2和从其中分配出的液态产品18的种类都匹配，以便能迅速而可靠地密封，但是在被使用者操纵时又易于打开，不需要额外的压力或作用力。 Self-sealing valve 3 and 2 and from which the distribution of the liquid container 18 product categories are matched, in order to quickly and reliably sealed, but manipulated the user time and easy to open, no additional pressure or force. 其构形为折起的并且能滚动地延伸的可以弹性变形的连接套筒7能适应容器2中的热膨胀，吸收作用在容器上的冲击力，能适应在将阀法兰安装到容器上时可能作用在阀法兰上的任何不对准和/或变形，并提供一种能大大地方便准确分配的独特的分配感。 Its configuration is folded and elastically deformable coupling sleeve can scroll extending 7 can adapt the thermal expansion of the container 2, the absorption of the impact on the container, can adapt to the valve flange attached to the container may be acting on the valve flange of any misalignment and / or deformation, and provide a unique assignment greatly facilitate accurate dispensing of sense. 阀3要构造成当孔6迅速打开时能建立一从其经过的大体恒定的流量，即使在容器2受到范围相当宽的压力时。 Valve 3 is configured to be opened when the hole 6 can be quickly established therefrom through a substantially constant flow rate, even if the pressure vessel 2 when subjected to a relatively wide range. 阀3还最好被构造成一旦排放孔6打开，为保持液体流所需要的压力值就变小，从而能更容易地操作和控制，而不必牺牲可靠的密封。 Valve 3 is also preferably configured to once discharge orifice 6 is opened, in order to maintain the desired pressure value of the liquid flow becomes small, so that it can more easily operate and control, without sacrificing secure sealing. 分配包装1特别适于底部分配结构、摇动式容器以及其它类似的包装概念，而且不会有泄漏。 Dispensing package 1 is particularly adapted to the bottom of the distribution structure, shake containers, and other similar packaging concepts, and will not leak.
参考标号1a(图20-23)总的代表体现本发明的另一分配包装，它特别适于从相关联的容器2a的顶部分配产品。 Reference numeral 1a (20-23) on behalf of another embodiment of the total allocation package of the invention, it is particularly suitable for dispensing of product from the top of the associated container 2a. 由于分配包装1a与前面描述的分配包装1相似，因此在图1-16和图17-23中出现的相似部分分别用相同的对应参考标号来表示，只是在后者的标号中有尾标“a”。 Since dispensing package 1a and dispensing package is similar to one previously described, and therefore similar parts appearing in Figure 1-16 and 17-23 are represented by the same corresponding reference numerals, but there is a suffix in the latter label of " a ".
所示的容器2a(图20)是专门为顶部分配而设计的，它包括一一般为弹性的长椭圆形容器体，该容器体可用合适的合成树脂材料或类似材料整体地模制，以便形成一包括相对地取向的侧壁14a和15a、一顶部16a和一底部17a的一件式结构。 Container shown in 2a (Fig. 20) it is specifically designed for the top of the distribution, which includes a generally resilient oblong shaped body, the container body using a suitable synthetic resin material or the like integrally molded to form including a relatively oriented side walls 14a and 15a, 16a and a top one-piece construction of a bottom 17a. 容器侧壁14a和15a可侧向变形，以对容器2a的内部加压和减压，它最好具有足够的弹性或刚性，以便在释放作用于容器2a上、以从其中分配液态产品18a的任何外力时，能自动地恢复其原有的形状。 The container side walls 14a and 15a may be lateral deformation, the internal pressure of the container (2a) and reduced pressure, which is preferably sufficiently resilient or rigid, in order to act on the container to release 2a, 18a to dispense liquid products from which the When any external force, can be automatically restored to its original shape.
所示的容器顶部16a(图20-21)包括一颈部20a，它在不分配时通常处于向上打开的取向并限定了一排放口21a，在该排放口的四周设有分配阀3a的边缘部分4a。 Container top illustrated 16a (FIG. 20-21) includes a neck portion 20a, it is not normally in the open dispensing upwardly oriented and defines a discharge opening 21a, around the edge of the discharge opening of the dispensing valve 3a is provided section 4a. 颈部20a的自由端包括一纵向截面大体为L形的环形沟槽22a，其形状被做成能紧密地在其中接纳阀3a的边缘部分4a。 The free end of the neck portion 20a includes a generally L-shaped longitudinal cross-section of the annular groove 22a, which is made into a shape capable of tightly receiving therein the edge of the valve portion 3a 4a. 阀的固定环23a设在沟槽22a的附近并由一按锁结构固定在容器2a的颈部20a上。 23a of the retaining ring valve 22a is provided in the vicinity of the trench structure is secured by a lock according to the container (2a) of the neck 20a. 容器支座17a有一基本上扁平的环形外底25a，它适于对抵地支承分配包装1a，使其直立在一有关的表面诸如对顶、凹座、工作表面或类似物上。 Container holder 17a has a substantially flat annular outer bottom 25a, which is adapted for contact dispensing package 1a is supported, so that in a related upright on the top surface, the recess, such as a work surface or the like. 在图20-23所示的分配包装1a中，与前面所描述的在分配包装1(图1-17)中通常处于隐蔽状态的阀3相反，分配阀3a在分配包装1a内处于一般是伸出的状态。 In the dispensing package shown in FIG. 1a, 20-23, in the previously described dispensing package 1 (Figure 1-17) generally is in the hidden state opposite to the valve 3, the dispensing valve in the dispensing package 1a 3a in a generally extended out of the state.
参看图17-19，所示的分配阀3a与前面所描述的分配阀3大体相似，而且包括一边缘部分4a、一在其中具有一排放孔6a的头部5a和一连接套筒7a，该套筒的一端与边缘部分4a相连，而相反的一端则与头部5a相连。 Referring to Figures 17-19, the dispensing valve and dispensing valve 3a shown earlier described three substantially similar, and comprising an edge portion 4a, in which a discharge orifice 6a has a head portion 5a and a connector sleeve 7a, the One end portion 4a of the edge of the sleeve is connected, while the opposite end is connected to the head portion 5a. 连接套筒7a具有可弹性变形的结构，这样当容器2a中的压力升高，超过一预定值时，阀3a的头部5a如图22和23所示向外移动，以便从其分配液态产品18a。 Connector sleeve 7a has an elastically deformable structure, so that when the pressure rises in the container 2a, exceeds a predetermined value, the valve head to move outwardly 3a 5a shown in FIG. 22 and 23, so that dispensing liquid products therefrom 18a. 与前述的分配阀3(图1-17)相反，分配阀3a的连接套筒7a并不折起并滚动地延伸，而是简单地向外移动，以这样一种方式向阀头5a上作用打开力，即，使孔6a迅速打开，这将在以后详细描述。 Previously described dispensing valve 3 (Fig. 1-17) In contrast, dispensing valve 3a is connected to the sleeve is not folded and 7a extend rollingly, but simply to move outwardly, the valve head 5a to effect such a manner the opening force, i.e., so that the hole 6a opened quickly, which will be described in detail later.
图示分配阀3a的法兰或边缘部分4a(图17-19)有其截面构形大致为三角形的环形形状，它包括一上缘38a、一外缘31a和一底缘32a。 Illustrated dispensing valve 3a flange or edge portion 4a (Figs. 17-19) has an annular cross-sectional shape of a substantially triangular configuration, comprising an upper edge 38a, an outer edge 31a and a bottom edge 32a. 阀3a的边缘部分4a有一在顶缘30a和底缘32a之间的厚度，它在安装固定环23a时弹性地受压，在其间形成一可靠的防漏密封。 3a valve edge portion 4a having a thickness of the top edge 30a and 32a of the bottom edge, which when pressed resiliently mounting ring 23a, formed therebetween a reliable leak-proof seal.
所示的分配阀3a的头部5a(图17-19)有一圆的平面形状和一大体为带坡度的结构，它在阀头5a的径向外部较厚，而在其沿径向的内部较薄。 Illustrated dispensing valve 3a head 5a (Figs. 17-19) has a circular planar shape and a substantially sloped structure, it is thicker radially outer valve head 5a in, and in its interior in the radial direction thin. 这种带坡度的结构有助于实现阀3a的迅速打开/迅速关闭动作，这将在下文中说明。 This structure helps to achieve sloped valve 3a rapid opening / closing operation quickly, which will be described hereinafter. 更具体一些，在图示的例子中，阀头5a有一外侧或外表面38a，它有一朝周围环境向外打开的弧形的侧视立面结构，并由一第一预定半径限定。 More specifically, in the illustrated example, valve head 5a has an outside or outer surface 38a, which has a curved side elevation structure once ambient outwardly open, defined by a first predetermined radius. 阀头外表面38a在连接套筒7a的外侧壁之间连续地延伸。 The outer surface of the valve head 38a extends continuously between the coupling sleeve outer side wall 7a. 阀头5a还包括一内侧或内表面39a，它有一边缘部分40a并由一第二预定半径限定，该边缘部分具有朝分配包装1a的内部向内弯曲的弧形的侧视立面结构。 Valve head 5a also includes an inner or interior surface 39a, which has an edge portion 40a is defined by a second predetermined radius, the inside toward the edge portion having a dispensing package 1a inwardly curved arcuate side elevation structure. 内表面39a上的边缘部分40a的半径大于外表面38a的半径，这样两个表面在孔6a处或在孔6a附近朝阀头5a的中心会聚，并提供阀头5a的上述向内倾斜的结构。 Radius Radius edge 39a on the inner surface portion 40a is larger than the outer surface 38a, so that the two surfaces of the hole 6a at or near the center hole of the valve head 5a, 6a towards convergence and providing a valve head 5a of said inwardly inclined structure . 阀头5a的内表面39a还包括一中心部分41a，它有一圆形的平面形状，并具有基本上是平面的或扁平的侧视立面结构，其取向大体垂直于排放孔6a。 The inner surface 39a of valve head 5a also includes a central portion 41a, which has a circular planar shape, and having a substantially planar or flat side facade structure oriented substantially perpendicular to the discharge orifice 6a. 如下所述，阀头5a的中心部分41a有助于改善阀3a的打开和关闭特性。 Center as described, the valve head portion 5a of valve 3a, 41a helps to improve the opening and closing characteristics. 阀头5a有一圆形的边缘42a，它在边缘部分40a的外沿43a处开始并从该处以小的锥度向外延伸，最终汇合在连接套筒7a中。 Valve head 5a has a circular edge 42a, 40a of the outer edge portion 43a which starts at and extends outwardly from the imposed small taper at the edge, and finally converging in the coupling sleeve 7a. 阀头5a的边缘42a与连接套筒7a的相邻的上部沿径向向内地隔开一段距离。 Adjacent the upper edge 42a of valve head 5a and coupling sleeve 7a is spaced a distance radially inwardly. 边缘部分40a的靠内段与头部5a的中心部分41a限定了一圆形的边缘44a。 Against the inner edge of the center section 5a of the head portion 41a defines a rounded edge 44a portion 40a.
图示分配阀3a的连接套筒部分7a的纵截面形状大体为J形，它包括一其形状为第一腿部46a的环形基部和一其形状为第二腿部45a的径向向内的圆柱形侧壁部分。 Illustrated dispensing valve 3a is connected to the sleeve portion 7a of the longitudinal cross-sectional shape of a substantially J-shaped, comprising a base in the shape of a ring and a first leg portion 46a of the shape of the second leg portion 45a of the radially inwardly cylindrical sidewall portion. 连接套筒7a有相应的内表面47a和外表面48a，它们沿其长度等距离地隔开，以使连接套筒7a有基本上均匀的厚度。 7a corresponding coupling sleeve 47a and the inner surface of the outer surface 48a, are equidistantly spaced along its length, so that the coupling sleeve 7a has a substantially uniform thickness. 连接套筒7a的一端49a与阀3a的头部5a相连，连接套筒7a的相对端50a与阀3a的边缘部分4a相连。 7a connected to one end of the sleeve and the valve head 3a 5a 49a is connected to the connecting edge 7a of the sleeve 50a and the opposite end portion 4a of valve 3a is connected. 连接套筒7a的第一和第二腿部46a和45a以为锐角的夹角互相取向，该角度在连接套筒腿46a和45a的外表面之间量得，并在图19中用希腊字母“θ”注出。 The first and second leg portions 46a and 45a acute angle to each other that the alignment sleeve 7a is connected, the angle between the outer surface of the connector sleeve legs 46a and 45a of the amount was, in FIG. 19 by the Greek letter " θ "pouring. 连接套筒腿部46a和45a在一弧形部分51a处彼此连接，这将在从容器2a中分配产品时有利于阀3a的头部5a的运动。 Connector sleeve leg portions 46a and 45a connected to each other at an arcuate portion 51a, which will be when dispensing product from the container 2a in favor of the head portion 5a of valve 3a movement.
在图17-19所示的例子中，连接套筒7a的第一腿部46a短于第二腿部45a，其间的夹角在65-85度的范围内。 In the example shown in FIGS. 17-19, the connector sleeve 7a is shorter than the first leg portion 46a of the second leg portion 45a, an angle therebetween in the range of 65-85 degrees. 还有，连接套筒7a的第一腿部46a以相对于头部5a经过缝56a延伸的中心轴线的一锐角取向。 Also, the first leg portion 46a of connector sleeve 7a to head portion 5a with respect to the orientation of the central axis at an acute angle through the slit 56a extending. 阀3a的外缘42a大体上是平坦的，其取向基本上平行于头部5a的中心轴线。 The outer edge 42a of valve 3a is generally flat, and oriented substantially parallel to the central axis of the head portion 5a. 连接套筒7a的第二腿部45a以与头部5a的中心轴线成一锐角的角度取向，该角度在2-10度的范围内。 A second sleeve 7a is connected with the leg portion 45a of the head 5a of the central axis at an acute angle orientation, the angle is in the range of 2-10 degrees.
图示的分配阀3a的连接套筒7a在腿部46a的顶部有一倒J形端部49a，它成弧状地延伸至阀3a的头部5a，以在从容器3a中分配产品时进一步协助头部5a的运动。 3a is connected to the dispensing valve sleeve 7a shown at the top of the leg 46a has an inverted J-shaped end portion 49a, which extends into the arc to the valve head 3a 5a, in order in the distribution of product from the container 3a further assistance head section 5a of the movement. 如前所述，阀头5a的外缘42a与连接套筒腿45a上端的内表面隔开一段距离。 As described above, the outer edge 42a of valve head 5a and the inner surface of the connecting sleeve leg spaced from the upper end 45a. 阀头5a和连接套筒7a之间的间隔有助于在从相联的容器中以一种在下文中将要详述的方式分配产品时向阀头5a施加转矩。 Interval valve head 5a and connector sleeve 7a between the associated help from the vessel in a manner to be described in detail hereinafter in the distribution of products applying a torque to the valve head 5a. 连接套筒腿部45a的倒J形端部49a环绕大约180度，以在外表面38a的外缘附近固定在阀头部分5a上。 Connector sleeve leg portion 45a of the inverted J-shaped end portion 49a surrounded by about 180 degrees, close to the outer edge 38a is fixed to the outer surface of the valve head portion 5a.
在工作时，分配包装1a按下列方式工作。 In operation, dispensing package 1a work in the following manner. 阀3a通常采取图20中所示的向外突出的取向，其中，阀3a基本上保持其原有的模制形状，没有变形，并且大部分连接套筒7a和阀头部分5a从固定环23a向外突出。 Fig. 3a valve usually take 20 outwardly projecting orientation shown, wherein the valve 3a essentially retains its original molded shape without deformation, and most connecting sleeve 7a and the valve head portion 5a from the fixed ring 23a projecting outwardly. 当如图示的顶部分配包装1a中所示的那样将阀3a装在容器2a的顶部上时，阀3通常不会受到由液态产品18a作用在其上的液力水头压力。 When such top dispensing package 1a shown in FIG. 3a as the valve is mounted on the top of the container 2a, the valve 3 is normally not subject to action by the liquid product 18a hydraulic head pressure thereon.
为了从包装1a中分配出液态产品18a，使用者首先将容器2a倒过来，使其成为图21-23中所示的顶部向下的取向。 To dispense liquid product from the package 18a 1a, 2a user first container upside down, making it the top-down orientation shown in Figure 21-23. 排放孔6a的位置最好在要分配液态产品18a的地方的正上方或与之对齐。 Location of discharge hole 6a of the best places to be allocated directly above the liquid product or 18a of align. 然后，使附加的压力与容器2a的内部连系，诸如用手使容器侧壁14a和15a向内弯曲。 Then, the additional pressure associated with the interior of the container 2a, such as the hand of the container side walls 14a and 15a bent inward. 如图22所示，连接套筒7a使阀3a的头部5a开始沿轴向向外地朝分配包装1a的外部变动。 22, the connecting sleeve 7a of the head 5a of valve 3a to begin axially outwardly towards the outer packaging 1a variation distribution. 连接套筒7a的J形结构有助于阀头部分5a的轴向移动。 The J-shaped connector sleeve 7a structure helps axial movement of the valve head portion 5a. 连接套筒7a从其原有的模制形状的弹性变形在阀3a中产生一复杂的应力模式，它将套筒弹性地推回至其原有的或正常的形状，这些力包括一由连接套筒7a作用在头部5a上的向外的转矩，它力图将排放孔6弹性地推向其打开位置。 Connection sleeve 7a from its original deformation of the elastic molded in the shape of the valve 3a is a complex stress patterns, will push the sleeve resiliently back to its original or normal shape, these forces by a connection comprising a 7a outwardly torque acting on the sleeve head 5a, which tries to discharge orifice 6 toward its open position resiliently.
当使附加压力与容器2a的内部连系时，阀3a的头部5a通过连接套筒7a的进一步的纵向伸张和阀头5a的平面形状的进一步扩大继续向外移动，以一种与在上面对分配阀3详细描述过的方式相似的方式迅速打开至图23所示的全开位置。 When the additional pressure associated with the interior of the container 2a when the valve head 5a 3a via the connecting sleeve 7a further planar shape of longitudinal stretching and the valve head 5a further expansion continues to move outward, and on to a Faced with the dispensing valve 3 through a detailed description of the way in a similar manner to quickly open the fully open position shown in FIG. 23. 由于第二腿部45a的上端连在头部5a上，与其外表面38a相邻，故当阀头部分沿轴向向外移动时，有一转矩作用在阀头5a上，它力图使阀孔6a迅速打开。 Since the upper end of the second leg portion 45a is attached to the head portion 5a, an outer surface 38a adjacent thereto, so that when the valve head portion to move axially outwardly, a torque acting on the valve head 5a, which try to make the valve hole 6a quickly opened. 第二腿部45a的倒J形部分49a协助将这些打开力有效地作用在阀头部分5a上。 The second leg portion 45a of the inverted J-shaped portion 49a to assist these opening force effectively acts on the valve head portion 5a.
参考标号3b(图24)、3c(图25)、3d(图26)、3e(图27)和3f(图28)总的代表本发明的附加的其它实施例，它们具有稍微不同的分配阀结构。 Other embodiments additional reference numerals 3b (Fig. 24), representative of the total 3c (FIG. 25), 3d (Fig. 26), 3e (Fig. 27) and 3f (FIG. 28) of the present invention, they have slightly different dispensing valve structure. 由于分配阀3b-3f与前面所描述的分配阀3和3a相似，在图1-23和24-29中出现的相似部分分别用同样的对应参考标号代表，只是在后者的参考标号中分别加有尾标“b”-“f”。 Since dispensing valves 3b-3f previously described dispensing valves 3 and 3a similar, similar parts appearing in Figures 1-23 and 24-29, respectively, by the same corresponding reference numerals, but in the latter reference numerals, respectively, plus a suffix "b" - "f".
与前述的分配阀3a相似，每个分配阀3b-3f都是专门为顶部分配容器设计的，并且以同样的方式工作。 Similar to the previously described dispensing valve 3a, each dispensing valves 3b-3f are specifically designed for the top of the dispensing container, and in the same manner. 更具体一些，分配阀3b与分配阀3a相似，只是分配阀3b的头部内表面40b全部为弧形，没有分配阀3a的圆的中心部分41a。 More specifically, dispensing valve 3b is similar to dispensing valve 3a, except that the dispensing valve 3b entire arcuate surface of the head 40b, there is no dispensing valve 3a of the center of the circle portion 41a. 阀头内表面40b的半径大于阀头外表面38b的半径，这样阀头5b有一坡形结构，它在排放孔6a处较薄。 Radius of the inner surface of the valve head 40b is larger than the radius of the outer surface of the valve head 38b, so that the valve head 5b has a sloping structure, which is thinner at the discharge orifice 6a.
分配阀3c与分配阀3b相似，只是阀头5c的两个相对表面40c和38c是平行的，而且有相同的半径，这样头部5c有基本上均匀的厚度。 Dispensing valve 3c is similar to dispensing valve 3b, except that the two opposing surfaces of the valve head 5c 40c and 38c are in parallel, and have the same radius, so that head portion 5c has a substantially uniform thickness. 分配阀3d与阀3c相似，只是连接套筒7c的上端直接连在相关联的头部5d上，没有阀3c的倒J形部分49c。 3c and 3d dispensing valve similar to the valve, is connected to the upper end of the sleeve 7c is directly connected to the associated head portion 5d, without the inverted J-shaped valve 3c portion 49c. 分配阀3e与阀3a相似，只是连接套筒7e的上端直接连在头部5e上，没有阀3a的倒J形部分49a，分配阀3f与阀3a相似，只是头部5f的内表面40f有一靠近孔6a的正方形，而不是阀3a的圆形44a。 3e is similar to dispensing valve 3a and the valve, but the connection of the upper end of the sleeve 7e directly connected to the head portion 5e, without the inverted J-shaped valve portion 3a 49a, 3a 3f dispensing valve similar to the valve, but the inner surface of the head portion 5f has a 40f close to a square hole 6a, 44a 3a instead of the circular valve.
参考标号3g(图30)、3h(图31)和3i(图32)总的代表体现本发明的附加的其它分配阀。 Reference numeral 3g (Figure 30), 3h (Fig. 31) and 3i (32) Total other representatives reflect additional dispensing valve of the present invention. 由于分配阀3g-3i与前述的分配阀3-3f相似，因此用相同的对应参考标号代表在图30-32中出现的相似部分，只是在后者的参考标号中分别加有尾标“g”-“i”。 Since the dispensing valve 3g-3i and the aforementioned dispensing valve 3-3f similar, resulting in the same corresponding reference numerals in Figure 30-32 similar components, but in the latter reference numerals are added the suffix "g respectively "-" i ". 与阀3相似，每个分配阀3g-3i都是专门为底部分配包装设计的，并且以同样的方式工作。 3 is similar to the valve, each dispensing valve 3g-3i bottom dispensing package is designed specifically for, and in the same manner. 更具体一些，分配阀3g与前述的阀3相似，只是阀头5g的相对的表面38g和40g是截头锥形的，并且倾斜至与排放孔6g相邻的中心圆形区80和81。 More specifically, the valve and the dispensing valve 3g is similar to previously described 3, but the valve head 5g opposite surfaces 38g and 40g are frustoconical and inclined to the adjacent discharge orifice 6g central circular region 80 and 81. 分配阀3h与前述的分配阀3g相似，只是头部5h的相对表面38h和40h在排放孔6h处相交，这样它们便没有分配阀3g的圆形区80和81。 Dispensing valve 3h aforementioned dispensing valve 3g similar, but opposite surfaces of the head and 40h 38h 5h intersect at the discharge hole 6h, so that they are not dispensing valve 3g circular zone 80 and 81. 分配阀3i与前述的分配阀3h相似，只是头部5i的外表面40i是平坦的，其取向大体垂直于阀3i的中心轴线。 3i and the dispensing valve 3h is similar to previously described dispensing valve, only the outer surface of the head 40i 5i is flat and oriented generally perpendicular to the central axis of the valve 3i's.
在上述描述中，那些本领域中的技术人员将很容易地认识到，可以在不背离此处公开的概念的前提下对本发明作出改进。 In the above description, those skilled in the art will readily recognize that the premise can be made without departing from the concepts disclosed herein are improvements to the present invention. 这种改进都被认为是包括在下列权利要求中的，除非这些权利要求明确地表明是别有所指的。 Such modifications are considered to be included in the following claims, unless these claims is not clear that there is referring to.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|CN103764511A *||13 Apr 2012||30 Apr 2014||阿普塔尔拉多尔夫策尔有限责任公司||Dispensing head for a tube and tube having a dispensing head|
|CN103764511B *||13 Apr 2012||9 Mar 2016||阿普塔尔拉多尔夫策尔有限责任公司||用于管的排出头和带有排出头的管|
|CN104295761A *||25 Sep 2014||21 Jan 2015||广州达意隆包装机械股份有限公司||柱塞阀|
|US9060592||28 Nov 2012||23 Jun 2015||Specialized Bicycle Components, Inc.||Water bottle with poppet valve|
|US9085409||13 Apr 2012||21 Jul 2015||Aptar Radolfzell Gmbh||Dispensing head for a tube and tube having a dispensing head|
|International Classification||B65D83/00, B67D7/06, B65D47/20, B65D35/52|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10T137/788, B65D47/2031, F16K15/147|
|European Classification||F16K15/14H3, B65D47/20E2|
|3 Feb 1999||C06||Publication|
|17 Feb 1999||C10||Entry into substantive examination|
|29 Dec 1999||C53||Correction of patent for invention or patent application|
|29 Dec 1999||COR||Change of bibliographic data|
Free format text: CORRECT: APPLICANT; FROM: LIQUID MOLDING SYSTEMS, INC. TO: ATAPUTA GROUP CO.,LTD.
|19 Feb 2003||C14||Grant of patent or utility model|
|24 Aug 2016||EXPY||Termination of patent right or utility model|