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Publication numberCN1121790 C
Publication typeGrant
Application numberCN 96197872
PCT numberPCT/US1996/017126
Publication date17 Sep 2003
Filing date24 Oct 1996
Priority date25 Oct 1995
Also published asCA2235844A1, CA2235844C, CN1200860A, DE69633246D1, DE69633246T2, EP0857396A1, EP0857396A4, EP0857396B1, US5719561, US6326901, WO1997016035A1
Publication number96197872.4, CN 1121790 C, CN 1121790C, CN 96197872, CN-C-1121790, CN1121790 C, CN1121790C, CN96197872, CN96197872.4, PCT/1996/17126, PCT/US/1996/017126, PCT/US/1996/17126, PCT/US/96/017126, PCT/US/96/17126, PCT/US1996/017126, PCT/US1996/17126, PCT/US1996017126, PCT/US199617126, PCT/US96/017126, PCT/US96/17126, PCT/US96017126, PCT/US9617126
Inventors吉尔伯特勒内冈萨雷斯
Applicant吉尔伯特勒内冈萨雷斯
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: SIPO, Espacenet
Tactile communication device and method
CN 1121790 C
Abstract  translated from Chinese
本发明公开了一种在触觉通信中使用的装置和方法,该装置适合于任何能够识别出以他们所知的语言写出的消息的人使用。 The present invention discloses an apparatus and method for use in a tactile communication, the apparatus is adapted to be able to identify any known language in their written messages were used. 本发明使用了一系列在佩戴者皮肤或其它适当的触觉敏感区振动的顺序启动的振动机械刺激器(46)。 The present invention uses a series of the wearer's skin or other suitably tactile sensitive to the order of start of the vibration of the vibrating section mechanical stimuli (46). 振动机械刺激器(46)在皮肤上排列成二维阵列(34),并且单独和顺序地启动,遵循代表佩戴者可以识别的语言的符号的图形集,以触觉地传送该消息。 Mechanical vibration stimulators (46) are arranged in a two-dimensional array on the skin (34), and individually and sequentially activated, follow the wearer can recognize the representative language symbol pattern sets to transmit the haptic message. 佩戴者认识性地感觉到该触觉刺激在皮肤上或是适当的触觉敏感区上画出的一条或多条线,其类似于用于在消息的发送者与佩戴者之间通信的符号。 Understanding of the wearer feel the tactile stimulation on the skin or one or more suitable haptic line drawn on the sensitive area, which is similar to the symbol used in a communication between the sender of the message and the wearer.
Claims(17)  translated from Chinese
1.一种适合于在邻近一个人的适当的敏感表面使用的触觉刺激装置(30),该装置包括:外壳(38),其包括紧贴在该人的适当敏感表面上的面表面(58);触觉刺激器阵列(34),其包括位于所述外壳(38)内且临近所述适当敏感表面放置的多个振动机械刺激器(46),所述振动机械刺激器(46)具有适合于冲击适当敏感表面的触觉作用器(62);电源(36),其可操作地连接到所述触觉刺激器阵列(34);控制装置(32),用于独立地和顺序地控制每个振动机械刺激器(46),每次一个,以便一次仅启动一个振动机械刺激器(46),顺序地遵循一图形序列,即启动一个然后启动下一个在该图形中的振动机械刺激器(46),以触觉方式刺激该人的适当敏感表面。 A method suitable for the tactile stimulation means (30) adjacent to the sensitive surface in a suitable use of a person, the apparatus comprising: a housing (38), which comprises an appropriate sensitive surface close to the plane surface of the person (58 ); tactile stimulator array (34), which comprises said housing (38) and adjacent the inner surface of the appropriate placement of a plurality of vibration-sensitive mechanical stimuli (46), the vibrating mechanical stimulator (46) having a suitable impact-sensitive surface in a suitable tactile effector (62); power (36), operatively connected to the tactile stimulator array (34); control means (32), for independently and sequentially controlling each vibrating mechanical stimulation (46), one at a time, in order to start only once a vibrating mechanical stimuli (46), sequentially follows a graphic sequence, and then start the next one starts a vibrating mechanical stimulation in the graph (46 ), in order to stimulate appropriate tactile sensitive surface of the person.
2.如权利要求1所述的触觉刺激装置,其中控制装置包括一个用于电子地接收一通信数据流的接收装置,使得接收的通信数据流能够在佩戴者的适当敏感表面上被转换为一触觉符号图形,即一个等价于接收的通信数据流的可以认识性地识别的消息。 2. The tactile stimulation device according to claim 1, wherein the control means includes an electronically receiving a communications data stream receiving means so that the received communications data stream can be converted to an appropriately-sensitive surface on the wearer's tactile graphic symbol, i.e., an equivalent manner to be appreciated that the identification of the data stream received communication message.
3.如权利要求2所述的触觉刺激装置,其中接收装置包括一个无线电接收机。 Tactile stimulation device according to claim, wherein the receiving means comprises a radio receiver.
4.如权利要求2所述的触觉刺激装置,其中接收装置包括一个超声波接收机。 The tactile stimulation device according to claim 2, wherein the receiving means comprises an ultrasonic receiver.
5.如权利要求2所述的触觉刺激装置,其中接收装置包括一个红外线接收机。 5. The tactile stimulation device according to claim 2, wherein the receiving means comprises an infrared receiver.
6.如权利要求2所述的触觉刺激装置,其中接收装置包括一个适用于从一个计算机输入一通信数据流的接口。 6. The tactile stimulation device according to claim 2, wherein the receiving means comprises a computer suitable for input from a data stream of a communication interface.
7.如权利要求1所述的触觉刺激装置,还包括一个适用于向控制装置输入数据和时间通信数据流的计时模块。 7. The tactile stimulation device according to claim 1, further comprising an apparatus suitable for the input data and time communications data stream to control the timing module.
8.如权利要求2所述的触觉刺激装置,其中控制装置包括一个用于存储符号图形数据的图形存储装置。 8. The tactile stimulation device according to claim 2, wherein the control means comprises a pattern storage means for storing symbol pattern data.
9.如权利要求2所述的触觉刺激装置,其中接收装置包括用于输入编程和符号图形数据的数据输入模块。 9. The tactile stimulation device according to claim 2, wherein the receiving means comprises a data input module for inputting programming and symbol pattern data.
10.如权利要求1所述的触觉刺激装置还包括用于适当地把阵列附接于该人的附属部分的装置。 10. The tactile stimulation device of claim 1 further comprising means for suitably attaching the array means that in human appendage.
11.如权利要求1所述的触觉刺激装置还包括用于适当地把阵列附接于适合于该人固定的表面的装置。 11. The tactile stimulation device of claim 1 further comprising means for suitably attaching the array to the person in a suitable stationary surface means.
12.如权利要求1所述的触觉刺激装置,其中适当的敏感表面包括该人的适当的触觉敏感粘膜。 12. The tactile stimulation device according to claim 1, wherein the suitably sensitive surface includes a suitably tactile sensitive human mucosa.
13.如权利要求1所述的触觉刺激装置,其中多个振动机械刺激器包括多个机电线圈。 13. The tactile stimulation device according to claim 1, wherein the plurality of vibrating mechanical stimulus comprises a plurality of mechanical and electrical coils.
14.如权利要求1所述的触觉刺激装置,其中多个振动机械刺激器包括多个压电材料棒。 14. The tactile stimulation device according to claim 1, wherein the plurality of vibrating mechanical stimulus comprises a plurality of rods of piezoelectric material.
15.如权利要求1所述的触觉刺激装置,其中多个振动机械刺激器包括多个双压电晶体陶瓷材料棒。 15. The tactile stimulation device according to claim 1, wherein the plurality of vibrating mechanical stimulus comprises a plurality of bimorph ceramic material rod.
16.如权利要求1所述的触觉刺激装置,其中所述面表面(58)包括多个孔(60)。 16. The tactile stimulation device according to claim 1, wherein said working surface (58) comprises a plurality of apertures (60).
17.一种用于接收一通信数据流并将其转换为一个可以被人触觉感觉的消息的触觉通信方法,该方法包括步骤:(a)将外壳附着到该人,该外壳包括一个电源;(b)把一个触觉刺激器阵列安装在外壳内,该触觉刺激器阵列具有多个排列成二维阵列的机电振动机械刺激器;(c)将触觉刺激器阵列放在紧贴该人的皮肤的一个表面区域上;(d)把多个振动机械刺激器电连接于电源;和(e)提供一个电连接于电源和触觉刺激器阵列,用于独立地和顺序地控制每个振动机械刺激器的控制装置,控制方法包括步骤:(e1)存储一个用于启动和关断对应于每个存储的字母数字符号的多个振动机械刺激器中的至少一个振动刺激器的图形序列的每个字母数字符号的模拟图形;(e2)电子接收一数字化字母数字数据流;(e3)根据对应的模拟图形把接收的数字化字母数字数据流转换为一个模拟字母数字数据流;和(e4)根据用于模拟数据流中的每个字母数字数据的对应的存储模拟图形,启动和关断一系列振动机械刺激器,每次一个振动机械刺激器,从第一个字母数字数据开始;这样使得触觉刺激皮肤的振动刺激器序列被该人认识性地感觉为通信消息。 17. A tactile communications method for receiving a flow of communication data and converts it to a haptic sensation can be a message, the method comprising the steps of: (a) the person attached to the housing, the housing comprising a power source; (b) to a tactile stimulation array mounted within the housing, the tactile stimulator array having a plurality of electromechanical vibrating mechanical stimulator arranged in a two dimensional array; (c) the tactile stimulator array placed close to the person's skin on the one surface region; (d) a plurality of mechanical vibration stimulator electrically connected to the power source; and (e) providing an electrical connection to the power source and the tactile stimulator array, for independently and sequentially controlling each vibratory mechanical stimuli A control device, the control method comprising the steps of: (e1) storing a start and shutdown corresponding to a plurality of mechanical vibration stimulator each alphanumeric symbol stored in the at least one graphical vibration stimulator sequence each simulated graphic alphanumeric symbols; (e2) electron accepting a digital alphanumeric data stream; (e3) based on the corresponding simulated graphic digitized letters received digital data stream into an analog alphanumeric data stream; and (e4) based on use simulated graphic memory corresponding to each letter of the analog data stream of digital data, a series of start-up and shutdown mechanical vibration stimulator, a mechanical stimulator vibrating at a time, the first alphanumeric data from the beginning; such that tactile stimulation vibrating stimulator sequence skin is the person to feel as cognitive communication messages.
Description  translated from Chinese
触觉通信装置和方法 Tactile communication device and method

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及涉及一种通信装置,特别是一种作为接收消息的个人通信装置的触觉通信装置。 The present invention relates to relates to a communication device, in particular as a personal communication device for receiving messages tactile communication device.

触觉通信是一种人们不太了解和不太常用的通信模式。 Tactile communication is a people do not understand and the less commonly used mode of communication. 像以下将要更详细地讨论的那样,对开发这种通信模式所作的努力一直是有限的,并且这种努力一直是针对改善听力或视力有缺陷或受损的人们的通信接收。 As will be discussed below in more detail, as the efforts made to develop this mode of communication has been limited, and this effort has been aimed at improving the hearing or visually impaired or people with impaired communication is received. 实际上由于对视听通信模式的绝对信赖,至今尚未发现在普通百姓中有使用触觉通信的。 In fact due to the absolute trust of audiovisual communication mode, has not been found in ordinary people have the use of tactile communication.

由于对触觉知识领域缺乏认识,阻碍了利用触觉的通信装置的发展。 Due to a lack of understanding in the field of tactile knowledge, hindering the development of the use of tactile communication device. 也是由于与听觉和视觉的分辨能力相比,触觉的辨别力不十分精准。 But also because, compared with the auditory and visual resolution, tactile discrimination is not very accurate. 比较起来,触觉在对刺激的定位和感觉上存在着困难。 By comparison, tactile stimuli on positioning and feel there is a difficulty. 人可以看出表面粗糙度的极其精细的图纹,尽管感到像玻璃一样的光滑。 People can see that the surface roughness of the extremely fine pattern, although smooth glass-like feel. 由于有无数类型的终器感受器,触摸感觉的较低精准度存在着某种障碍,这些终器感受器向大脑提供通过触摸感觉而获得的有关我们周围环境的触觉信息。 Because there are numerous types of end-organ receptors, low precision touch feeling there is some obstacle, which is the final touch receptors provide information about our surroundings obtained through the sense of touch to the brain.

在人体内部,通过皮肤和内部器官内的神经元终器感受器以及人体的肌骨骼系统之间的相互作用监视触觉条件。 In the human body, to monitor tactile interaction through the skin and internal organs of the conditions within the neuron receptors as well as end-organ of the human body between the musculoskeletal system. 触觉终器的刺激作用沿该终器的神经元向转发这些神经所携带的信息的人的感觉皮层传送刺激。 Tactile stimulation along the final end - the neurons to carry forward these nerve messages transmitted human sensory cortex stimulation. 在一人体内有许多不同类型的终器效应器。 In a human body has many different types of end-organ effector. 由皮肤感受器检测的感觉形态的一般区域属于细或轻触摸,重触摸,振动,压力,疼痛,热和冷的类别。 General Area detected by skin receptors belonging fine sensory modalities or light touch, heavy touch, vibration, pressure, pain, heat and cold categories. 机械性刺激感受器终器存在于人体内的肌肉,腱和关节中,并提供有关肌骨骼位置和运动的重要信息。 Mechanoreceptors end exists in the human body's muscles, tendons and joints, and provide important information about the location and movement of skeletal muscles. 因此,可以通过划分两个一般类别来区分触摸感觉,第一中类别是外感受性感觉形态,第二中类别是本体感受感觉形态。 Therefore, it can be divided by two general categories to distinguish the sense of touch, the first in the category are exteroceptive sensory modalities, the second category is the proprioceptive sensory modalities. 本发明主题将主要集中于外感受性触觉感觉形态。 Subject of the invention will be focused on exteroceptive tactile sensory modalities.

在外感受性形态中的神经元终器效应器是多种类型的细胞器。 Sensitivity aspect outer end-organ effector neurons are many types of organelles. 有向皮肤提供触觉感觉的游离神经末稍,美克耳氏盘(Merkel's discs),麦斯纳氏小体(Meissner's corpuscles),帕西尼氏小体(Pacinian corpuscles)和鲁菲尼氏终柱(Ruffini's endings)。 There tactile sensation to the skin to provide free nerve endings, Meckel's plate (Merkel's discs), Meissner's corpuscles (Meissner's corpuscles), Pacinian corpuscle (Pacinian corpuscles) and Lou Nigeria's final column (Ruffini's endings). 游离神经末稍起主要作用,并且一般布满整个皮肤表面区。 Free nerve endings play a major role, and generally covered the entire skin surface area. 作为主要携带疼痛以及热,冷和轻触摸的无髓鞘纤维的游离神经末稍一般使各层皮肤受神经支配。 As the main unmyelinated fibers carrying pain and heat, cold and light touch of the free nerve endings general innervate the layers of skin. 带有中等有髓鞘纤维的游离神经末稍与皮肤内的毛囊结合,并主要提供轻触摸感觉。 With medium myelinated fibers and free nerve endings in the skin follicles are combined and the main provider of light touch sensation.

麦斯纳氏小体主要与手掌和指尖以及脚掌和趾尖的较厚的皮肤有关,并且主要提供在这些区域中的轻触摸感觉。 Meissner's corpuscles mainly thicker skin and soles of the feet and the palms and fingertips relevant toes, and mainly provides the light in these areas in the sense of touch. 在手和脚中的麦斯纳氏小体的高密度是与手和脚以及两点分辨相关的相对敏锐的触觉能力背后的下层解剖学基础。 High density of Meissner's corpuscles in the hands and feet in the hands and feet as well as with a relatively sharp point discrimination related to tactile ability behind the underlying anatomical basis. 相反,在人体的较薄皮肤的地方麦斯纳氏小体很少。 In contrast, in the thin skin of the human body where Meissner's corpuscles rarely. 麦斯纳氏小体的减少与向和人体的手掌或脚掌无关的那些皮肤区提供轻触摸感觉形态的毛囊和相关的游离神经末稍数量的相对增加形成对比。 Hair follicles and associated free nerve endings of the relative increase of the number of forms to reduce the feeling of Meissner's corpuscles with those areas of the skin and to provide the body's palms or soles independent light touch contrast. 因此,手掌、脚掌与人体其它皮肤之间在轻触摸上的差别不仅取决于神经元终器效应器中的差别,而且取决于神经纤维是有髓鞘的还是无髓鞘的。 Therefore, the difference between a light touch on the palms, soles and other human skin depends not only on the final Effector neurons of the difference, but also on the nerve fiber is myelinated or unmyelinated. 美克耳氏小体主要提高振动感受能力。 Meckel's body mainly to improve the ability to feel the vibration. 其结果是,美克耳氏小体对于位置和两点分辨的敏感性较差,但在手指扫过一物体或一物体从手指上运动时对复杂表面图纹的空间分辨力十分敏感。 As a result, Meckel's body position and two points for a resolution sensitivity is poor, but in the sweep of a finger or an object, the object surface pattern of complex spatial resolution is very sensitive to movement from the fingers.

感觉能力的质量取决于一终器效应器(或游离神经末稍)感觉一个刺激的存在,通过沿该神经元传送一信号响应该刺激,神经元激发之后对其再充电,和在前一个刺激接收之后恢复对新刺激的敏感性的能力。 Quality depends on the ability to feel a final Effector (or free nerve endings) feel a stimulating presence along the neuron transmits a signal in response to the stimulation, neuronal excitation after recharging, and the previous stimulus restoration of the new stimulus after receiving sensitivity capabilities. 这些一般区域的神经功能条件是阈值,传导速度,不应性和适应性。 Neurological conditions in these areas is generally a threshold, conduction velocity, should not and adaptability. 无髓鞘纤维相对于有髓鞘纤维一般传导速度较低,具有较高的不应性周期和较快地适应外部刺激,而相反的事实是髓鞘形成度越高,神经的传导速度越高,不应性期越短,并且适应性越不敏感。 Unmyelinated fibers relative to myelinated fibers are generally low conduction velocity, has high refractoriness and quickly adapt to external periodic stimulus, while the opposite is the fact that the higher the degree of myelination the higher the nerve conduction velocity should not be the shorter of the period, and less sensitive adaptation. 此外,诸如帕西尼氏小体,美克耳氏小体,麦斯纳氏小体和鲁菲尼氏小体之类的更精准的神经元终器共同享有更高程度的精准度结构,并且与中等有髓鞘纤维有关。 In addition, such Pacinian corpuscle, Meckel's corpuscles, Meissner's corpuscles and Ruffini's body like a more precise neuronal common end - enjoy a higher degree of precision structure, and with medium myelinated fibers related. 这与高度髓鞘化纤维形成对比,高度髓鞘化纤维使用在位置感觉、肌肉力收缩和关节位置相当细致和准确的本体感受性感受形态中,使得我们可以进行高度复杂和准确的原动体育运动。 This is in contrast with the highly myelinated fibers, highly myelinated fibers used in the position sense, muscle contractions and joint position quite detailed and accurate form of body experience sensitivity, allows us to carry out highly complex and accurate mover sports . 高度髓鞘化纤维有最高的传导速率,最短的不应性期和最大的适应性阻力。 Highly myelination fiber has the highest rate of conduction, and refractoriness of maximum flexibility resistance shortest.

一个神经纤维的阈值大部分取决于存在于该神经纤维上的神经元终器效应器的类型。 A threshold of nerve fibers depends largely on the presence of nerve fibers in the end - effector neuron types. 激发阈值也取决于施加于该神经元终器的刺激的类型。 Excitation threshold also depends on the applied end of the neuron's stimulus type. 沿皮肤皮层的基膜分布的游离神经末稍只有很少的,如果有的话,终器结构,并且有相当低的激发阈值。 Along the skin layer and the base film distribution in free nerve endings only a few, if any, the final structure, and has a relatively low excitation threshold. 还发现游离神经末稍与游离终器一同均匀地扩散,分支为许多倍,并且使供给该区域的神经纤维大小成比例的皮肤面积受神经支配。 Free nerve endings are also found with the free end is uniformly dispersed together, is branched into many times, and the nerve fibers in the region of the supply proportional to the size of the skin area innervated. 结果,与麦斯纳氏小体提供的轻触摸相比,从游离神经末稍接收的信号质量一般具有很差的定位性的扩散特性。 As a result, compared to light touch provided by Meissner's corpuscles, free nerve endings from the received signal quality generally have poor diffusion properties of fixability. 一个麦斯纳氏小体是以小体内上皮细胞的分层形式排列的,小体的主轴垂直于皮肤表面。 Meissner's body is a layered body in the form of small epithelial cells arranged spindle corpuscle perpendicular to the skin surface. 这种分层排列,很象一叠薄饼,其中每一层薄饼代表一个特定的上皮细胞,并且在薄饼之间有一个神经末稍,这种排列的定向方式使得对沿其主轴施加的轻微压力十分敏感,而对来自横方向的压力相当不敏感。 This tiered arrangement, much like a stack of pancakes where each pancake represents a specific layer of epithelial cells, and between the pizza has a nerve endings, which are arranged such that the orientation of the slight pressure exerted along its axis very sensitive, while the pressure from the horizontal direction rather insensitive. 麦斯纳氏小体的这种方向性使得具有能够准确定位和精确区分两个不同点的较高的能力。 This directivity Meissner's body so as to have the ability to accurately locate and accurately distinguish between two different points of higher capacity. 与麦斯纳氏小体相比,帕西尼氏小体基本上是一种围绕一单一神经末稍的叠层体。 Compared with the Meissner's corpuscles, Pacinian corpuscle is essentially a laminate about a single nerve endings. 这种以神经末稍为其中心的叠层结构提供了对来自所有方向的压力的增大的敏感性,但是由于缺少方向性,则对区分压力刺激的大小和定位不那么敏感。 This kind of laminate structure for central nerve endings provides pressure from all directions sensitivity increases, but due to lack of direction, the pressure on the distinction between stimulus size and positioning is not so sensitive.

传导速度是对一个神经向大脑皮层发送刺激已经到达该神经终器的速度的度量。 Conduction velocity is a measure of a nerve to send stimulation to the cerebral cortex has reached the end of the nerve velocity. 由于较多的髓鞘与较快的传导速度有关,因而髓鞘的形成提供更高的传导速度。 Since more myelin and faster conduction velocity, thus forming myelin provide higher conduction velocity.

当达到一神经阈值时,神经激发和沿其长度方向传导一信号刺激,并且随后必然使该神经重新充电,以便随时响应下一个刺激。 When it reaches a threshold nerve, nerve conduction inspire and stimulate a signal along its length, and then bound to the nerve to recharge, so feel free to respond to the next stimulus. 神经放电的时间长度称为不应期。 The length of time is called the refractory period of neural firing. 不应期是一种神经部分的非响应性状态,在这种状态中神经不能对在这期间所受的连续外部刺激作出响应。 Refractory period is a non-responsive state nerve portion, in this state, during which the nerve can not suffered consecutive external stimuli to respond.

神经元的适应性是指神经改善其对环境变化的敏感性的能力。 Adaptive neuron is a nerve improve their sensitivity to environmental change capability. 实际上,被用于外部刺激,并重新建立一种对于刺激响应的新的敏感性。 In fact, being used for an external stimulus, and re-establish a new response to the stimulus sensitivity.

触觉通信不仅依赖于感知触摸实际上已经发生的能力,而且还依赖与确定触摸的性质。 Tactile communication not only relies on the perception of touch has actually occurred, but also on the determined nature of the touch. 触摸应当传递有用的信息。 Touch should convey useful information. 可以用把一个汽车钥匙放在一蒙住眼睛的实验对象的手中作为例子。 You can put a car with the keys in the hands of a blindfolded subjects as an example. 实验对象应当不仅能够告诉你他们的手实际上已经被触动,而且还应当能够从刺激的图形分辨出你已经把一汽车钥匙放在他们的手中。 Subjects should not only be able to tell you their hands actually been touched, but also should be able to tell from the stimulus graphics you've a car key in their hands. 这种等级的感觉被定义为实体觉,它是利用触摸来辨别一个物体的形状。 This level is defined as the feeling of physical sense, it is the touch to identify a shape of the object. 通过对一钥匙的感觉过程,该实验对象能够触觉地感受到一个连续的表面和边缘。 Feeling of a key by the process, the experimental subjects can tactilely feel a continuous surface and edge. 从解剖学和提供触觉的神经元终器的分布来看,靠近该单一神经纤维和它的终器周围区域中的各单一神经纤维的间隔限制了空间分辨力。 Anatomy and provide tactile neurons end the distribution, close to the single nerve fibers and its surrounding areas of the respective end - a single nerve fiber spacing limits the spatial resolution. 在指尖和高密度的麦斯纳氏小体情况下,在指尖皮肤上的一个空间形状的感觉将取决于由麦斯纳氏小体密度建立的神经元图像。 In the fingertip and the high density of Meissner's corpuscles, the feeling of a space in the shape of the skin of the fingertip would depend on neurons image density by Meissner's corpuscles established. 密度越大,感觉复杂物体的感觉能力越强,并且空间分辨能力越强。 Density, the greater the ability to feel the feeling of complex objects, the stronger and stronger spatial resolution. 当考虑到实验对象区分两点之间的区别时,神经元终器的这种密度图形的作用变得更为清楚。 When taking into account the differences between the experimental subjects to distinguish between two points, the role of this density of neurons end graphics devices become more clear. 如果我们的手指擦过该物体,例如那把钥匙,会提高我们分辨空间形状的能力。 If our fingers grazed the object, for example, that key will improve our ability to distinguish the shape of the space. 这种扫描运动建立起一种美克耳氏小体可以响应的振动感觉。 This scanning motion to establish a vibration feeling Meckel's body can respond. 振动感觉建立起一个能够分辨出小于一毫米尺寸的图像。 Establish a sense of vibration can tell the size of the image is smaller than one millimeter.

在题目为“两个点的感觉不是空间分辨阈值”(″The Perception ofTwo Points is not the Spatial Resolution Threshold″,OKJohnson etal.,in Touch Temperature,Pain and Health Diseases;Mechanisms andAssessments,Progress and Pain Research and Managememt,Vol.3,editedby J.Boivie et al.)的文章中,作者讨论了在感觉两个点的区别与空间图形识别阈值之间的触觉差别。 In the title of the "two-point spatial resolution did not feel Threshold" ("The Perception ofTwo Points is not the Spatial Resolution Threshold", OKJohnson etal, in Touch Temperature, Pain and Health Diseases;. Mechanisms andAssessments, Progress and Pain Research and Managememt , Vol.3, editedby J.Boivie et al.) in the article, the authors discuss the differences between the tactile sense of the difference between two points and spatial pattern recognition threshold. 在他们的文章中,Johnson等讨论了由一和两点刺激引起的响应和与触觉空间分辩力相关的神经机理的关系。 In their article, Johnson, etc. to discuss the relationship between the response and the neural mechanisms associated with tactile space differentiate force by one and two stimuli. 结果显示出当使用单探测头、双探测头或更复杂的振动图案时,受测人有显著不同的响应机理。 The results show that when using a single probe, the probe head when double or more complex vibration patterns, human subject significantly different response mechanisms. 此外,他们能够显示对于一个和两个点刺激的响应将根据纵向或横向探测头产生不同的感觉,在暗示可能与空间分辨力无关的基础上该纵向或横向探测头能够体现出一点和两点刺激之间的区别。 In addition, they can be displayed for one and two points in response to stimuli will have a different feel based on vertical or horizontal probe, suggesting that might be the basis of the spatial resolution is independent of the vertical or horizontal probe to reflect a little and two difference between stimuli. 另外,他们能够显示触觉空间分辨率的阈值与两点分辨阈值无关。 Further, they can be displayed tactile spatial resolution and point discrimination threshold threshold irrelevant. 已经显示了负责在分辨力限度上触觉空间图形识别的神经系统是慢适应型1(SAI)传入纤维系统。 Has been shown to be responsible for the resolution limits of tactile spatial pattern recognition of the nervous system is slow to adapt to type 1 (SAI) afferent fiber systems. 各个SAI传入纤维终接在美克耳氏感受器中,并具有高的空间分辨能力。 Each SAI afferent fibers terminate in Meckel's receptors in and have a high spatial resolution. 与此对照,快适应(RA)传入纤维终接在麦斯纳氏小体中,并具有低的空间分辨性能。 In contrast, the fast adapting (RA) afferent fibers terminate in Meissner's corpuscles in and performance with low spatial resolution. 在手指尖和手掌与脚趾尖和脚掌中麦斯纳氏小体有较高的密度。 In fingertips and palms and soles of the feet and toes in Meissner's corpuscles have a higher density. 如上所述,这种高密度使两点区别分辨力大大提高,也就是说,使实验对象能够确定他们是被一个还是被两个探测头同时触动。 As mentioned above, this high-density greatly improved resolution makes two differences, that is, so that the subjects were able to determine that they are one or two probe while being touched. 与此对照,多个探测头形成一种空间结构图形,例如字母“A”,如果所有探测头同时与一指尖的皮肤表面接触,问题成为:如果探测头之间的间隔小于两点区别阈值时,或是如果探测头之间的间隔大于两点区别阈值时,实验对象是否能够识别和分辨出多个探测头的空间结构。 In contrast to this, a plurality of the probe to form a spatial structure of the graphics, such as the letter "A", if all the probe while in contact with the skin surface of a fingertip, the problem becomes: If the interval between the probe is less than the difference between the threshold points When, or if the interval between the probe is greater than the difference between the two points threshold test whether an object is able to identify and distinguish the multiple probe the spatial structure.

为评价这一问题,请考虑一种被成为奥普特康盲人阅读器(Optacon)的装置,这个装置是Bliss研制的,公开在“关于对奥普特肯的皮肤实验的总结”的论文中。 To evaluate this issue, please consider a opp Tecom is becoming blind reader (Optacon) device, this device is developed by Bliss, disclosed in "on the op Aitken skin experiments are summarized," the paper . 该论文是在皮肤通信系统和装置会议上发表的,由“心理规律学协会(Psychonomic Society,1974)”编辑,FAGeldard编著。 The paper is in the skin of communication systems and devices meeting published by the "psychological laws Association (Psychonomic Society, 1974)" editor, FAGeldard ed. 奥普特肯使用了一个构成1212图形的144个探测头阵列。 Opp Aitken used the 144 probe array composed of 12 12 graphics. 该阵列每边长大约为1至1.5厘米。 Grew up on each side of the array is about 1 to 1.5 cm. 因此,一个探测头与离它最近的一个之间的距离大约为1毫米。 Thus, a probe head with the nearest distance between an approximately 1 mm. 奥普特肯使用一个字母或数字的可见显示作为它的输入,并且使适当数量的探测头从阵列表面伸出,以具体体现空间对应的字母或数字。 Opp Aitken use a letter or number of the visible display as its input, and the appropriate number of probe extending from the array surface, a concrete manifestation of the space corresponding to the letters or numbers. 例如,字母“A”可以使用同时向上伸出30个探测头接触实验对象的指尖皮肤,每个探测头与离它最近的一个的距离不大于1毫米。 For example, the letter "A" may be used at the same time extend the probe contact 30 subjects fingertip skin upward, each probe and the nearest one is not greater than 1 mm distance. 因此,如果两点区别阈值是2毫米,则从阵列突出的所有30个探测头将不能相互区分,并且感觉象是一个相当宽的单一探测头。 Therefore, if the difference between two points is 2 mm threshold, from an array of prominent all 30 probe will not be distinguished from each other, and feel like a fairly wide single probe.

如上面所显示和讨论的,麦斯纳氏小体主要负责两点区别。 As shown and discussed above, Meissner's body is mainly responsible for two differences. 相反,美克耳氏盘负责空间分辨。 In contrast, Meckel's disk responsible spatial resolution. 但是,为了利用美克耳氏盘刺激,奥普特肯和像1966年1月18日公开的Linvill申请的第3229387号美国专利中描述的类似装置在一个相当大的阵列中,例如1212奥普特肯阵列中,使用了多个探测头。 However, in order to take advantage of Meckel's plate stimulation Opp Aitken and No. 3,229,387 US Patent similar device described as January 18, 1966 published Linvill applications in a fairly large arrays, for example, 12 12 Opp Aitken array, using multiple probe. 该阵列被用来扫过一页字母和数字同时贴在指尖表面,字母和数字通过突出振动的探测头被感觉扫过指尖,这很象一纸带输出扫过一个天篷。 The array is used to sweep an alphanumeric surface while attached to the fingertips, letters and numbers by highlighting the vibration probe was feeling swept fingertips, it's like a tape output sweep one day canopy. 例如,奥普特肯滑过字母“A”,而字母“A”被感到滑过奥普特肯佩戴者的指尖。 For example, Opp Aitken over the letter "A", and the letter "A" is felt over the wearer's fingertips Aitken Opp. 构成“A”图形的顺序数量的探测头从阵列表面突出,并且以设定的频率振动。 Constituting the "A" pattern number sequence detector head projecting from the surface of the array, and the setting of the vibration frequency. 根据该字母的大小,可能有30或40个突出的探测头紧贴实验对象的指尖表面同时振动。 According to the letter size, there may be 30 or 40 prominent fingertip probe close to the surface of the test object while vibration. 正是由于同时振动的探测头的变化顺序与探测头振动的结合,使得实验对象感觉地识别出字母的空间分辨率。 It is at the same time due to changes in the order of vibration of the probe and probe combination of vibration, making the subjects feel identify the spatial resolution of the letters. 如果没有扫描字母而是保持静止,排列成一个字母的30个左右的探测头只是贴着实验对象的指尖振动,实验对象将不能把该图形解析成任何有用的可识别字母数字形式。 If you do not scan the letter but remain stationary, arranged in a letter of 30 or so just close fingertip probe vibration test object, the object will not be put to the test pattern analysis into any useful recognizable alphanumeric form. 并且如上所述,已经显示了终接于美克耳氏盘中的SAI纤维赋予由一使用类似奥普特肯的装置的实验对象感觉到的空间分辨率。 And as noted above, has been shown to terminate in Meckel's intraday SAI conferred by a fiber using a similar device Opp Aitken subjects perceived spatial resolution.

触觉刺激器一般可以被划分为两类:合成系统和模拟系统。 Tactile stimulators may be generally divided into two categories: Synthesis and analog systems. 这些系统是试图用皮肤感觉系统来替代其它一种感觉系统,通常是视觉或听觉系统,的装置。 These systems are trying to use the system to replace the skin feeling a sense of other systems, usually visual or auditory system devices. 模拟声频系统的例子是把诸如语音之类的声音转变为一实验对象在设计给该装置使用的位置上感觉到的触觉感觉的蜗形植入体。 Examples of analog audio systems, such as voice or the like is to sound into a volute implant subjects in the design of the apparatus used to position the tactile sensation perceived. 利用一个单一振动变换器把语音发送到皮肤的可能性实验一直未能成功。 The use of a single vibrating transducer to the skin of the voice transmission possibility experiment has failed. 在这一领域的继续研究导致了把语音频谱电分割为不同频带的系统的开发。 Continue research in this area has led to the development of speech spectrum is divided into different frequency bands electrical systems. 也可以在时延方案和定位方面对这些不同的频带进行修正,以更紧密地适合实际声源的方向。 You can also delay the program and positioning of these different bands were modified to more closely fit the actual direction of the sound source.

其它声频触觉辅助设备被称为声码器。 Other audio tactile aids are known as vocoders. 已经尝试了多种声码器装置,并且可以在“对用于听力受损者的两种多信道触觉辅助设备的评价”("Evaluation ofTow Multichannel Tactile Aids for the HearingImpaired″,Weisenbergeret al.in the Journal of Acoustical Society ofAmerica,Vol.86(5),pp.1764-1775)一文中找到对两种多信道触觉辅助设备的评价。 Have tried many vocoder device, and you can "for both multichannel tactile aids for the hearing impaired an evaluation" ("Evaluation ofTow Multichannel Tactile Aids for the HearingImpaired", Weisenbergeret al.in the Journal of Acoustical Society ofAmerica, Vol.86 (5), pp.1764-1775) found an article multichannel tactile evaluation of two auxiliary equipment. 上述的两种声码器使用在16个重叠频道中显示有效性的16元素线性振动阵列。 Both of the above vocoder use in 16 overlapping channels linear vibration element 16 shown in the effectiveness of the array. 这16个元素在140至6350Hz的频率范围上均匀间隔的带宽中以大约三分之一倍频程的频率范围同时振动。 Bandwidth of 16 elements in the frequency range 140 to 6350Hz to uniformly spaced about one-third octave frequency range while vibrating. 使用这些声码器的通信准确性是有限的,即使在与唇读结合使用时,实验对象也只能从一250字的测试表中识别70%的字。 The accuracy of these communications using a vocoder is limited, even when used in combination with lip reading, subjects can only identify 70% of the words from a 250-word test table.

所有这些模拟系统都用以近似实际语音频率同时振动的多个振动触觉探测头替代听觉。 A plurality of vibrating tactile probe all these simulation systems are used to approximate the actual voice frequency vibration while alternative hearing. 已经证明这些系统难于具体应用,并且准确性不可靠。 These systems have proven difficult to specific applications, and accuracy is not reliable.

视觉模拟系统是由像奥普特肯或如“感觉阈值的有效触觉刺激脉冲特性和电能消耗”(″Effective Tactile Stimulation Pulse Characteristicson Sensation Threshold and Power Consrmption″,Nuziata et al.Annals ofBiomedical Engineering,Vol.17,pp.423-35,1989.)中所述的触觉视觉信息系统(TVIS)这样的装置代表。 Visual simulation system is like Opp Aitken or as "effective tactile perception threshold of stimulation pulse characteristics and power consumption" ("Effective Tactile Stimulation Pulse Characteristicson Sensation Threshold and Power Consrmption", Nuziata et al.Annals ofBiomedical Engineering, Vol.17 , pp.423-35,1989.) representative of such an apparatus in the tactile vision information system (TVIS). 作者把TVIS的基本功能描述为用一视频摄像机取得一光图象,并且把该图象或图象的一些部分转变为在一特定皮肤区域的振动图形。 The basic function of the TVIS description for obtaining an optical image with a video camera, and some part of the picture or image into a vibration pattern in a particular area of skin. 像奥普特肯一样,TVIS使用了与适当的电子频率滤波结合的振动触觉阵列,以便产生一个由视频摄像机拾取的视觉景物的空间模拟。 Like Opp Aitken like, TVIS uses vibrotactile array and appropriate electronic frequency filtering in combination in order to produce a space simulation picked up by a video camera visual scene. 每个振动器使用250Hz的基频。 Each vibrator used a base frequency of 250Hz. 选择250Hz是由于这是用于使用帕西尼氏小体的触觉感觉的最小阈值,帕西尼氏小体是在250Hz刺激频率附近范围中最敏感的终器感受器。 Select 250Hz is used since this is a minimum threshold for the Pacinian corpuscle tactile sensation, Pacinian corpuscle is the stimulation frequency range close to the end - most sensitive receptors in 250Hz. 奥普特肯和TVIS都使用了形成一空间图形的多个探测头,以产生由使用该装置的实验对象识别的振动触觉消息。 Opp Aitken and TVIS uses a spatial pattern to form a plurality of probe heads, to produce a vibrotactile message by subjects using the apparatus identification.

在使用像奥普特肯这样的模拟系统时,这种装置使用了多个同时振动的振动触觉探测头以产生一复杂空间图形,人们一直在研究感觉过程中产生的混淆与困难。 When you use such as Opp Aitken analog systems, the device uses multiple simultaneous vibrotactile probe vibration to generate a complex spatial pattern has been studying people feeling generated in the process confusing and difficult. 在论文“复杂性在振动触觉图形的感觉上的作用”(″The Effects of Complexity on the Perception of VibrotactilePatterns″,Horner,Perception and Psychophysis,line 49(6),pp.51-62,1991)中,作者认识到对于像字母M,W,B和K这样的带有许多直线的字母的触觉混淆。 In the paper "Complexity acting on vibrotactile sensation pattern of" ("The Effects of Complexity on the Perception of VibrotactilePatterns", Horner, Perception and Psychophysis, line 49 (6), pp.51-62,1991) in recognize that, for many of the straight line with letters like the letter M, W, B, and K such tactile confusion. 因此,尽管空间阈值显著地小于两点区分阈值,对于一指尖重叠皮肤的0.9毫米与近似两毫米的差,空间形状的复杂性仍然是需要克服的障碍。 Thus, although significantly less than the threshold value to distinguish between two spatial threshold for a fingertip skin 0.9 mm and the overlap is approximately two millimeters difference, the complexity of the shape of the space is still required to overcome the obstacles.

合成系统使用了利用合成码的语言通信。 Synthesis system using the synthetic code language communication. 布莱叶盲字是最有用,最著名和存在时间最长的触觉码合成家族的例子。 Braille is the most useful, the most famous example of the existence of the longest and tactile code synthesis family. 布莱叶盲字使用23阵列,以形成可以作为字母识别的唯一的图形。 Braille using a 2 3 array to form a unique pattern can be used as letter recognition. 因此,触觉实验与用图形代表的字母相关的视觉或听觉实验不同。 Thus, tactile graphical representation of experiments and with the letters associated visual or auditory experiment different. 简单地讲,合成系统需要系统的使用者学习合成系统采用的额外的语言集。 Users Briefly, synthesis system requires the system to learn additional languages set synthesis system used.

把布莱叶盲字转译到一振动装置必须需要一个23阵列,并且需要所有六个探测头能够同时振动。 The Braille translation to a vibration device must require a 2 3 array, and the need for all six simultaneously vibrating probe. 像使用奥普特肯一样,为了获得较小的尺寸和应用与复杂形状的空间分辨相关的较低的阈值,必须使布莱叶盲字图形扫描过皮肤表面,最好是指尖。 As with op Aitken like, in order to obtain a smaller size and a complex shape of space applications and resolution associated lower threshold, must Braille graphics scanned surface of the skin, preferably a fingertip. 结果,用来显示布莱叶盲字图的装置需要一个具有多于六个振动机械探测头的阵列。 As a result, for the display device Braille map requires a more than six mechanical vibration probe arrays have. 没有扫描能力,一种使用布莱叶盲字作为基础翻译语言的装置需要使用最少六个振动机械探测头,探测头之间所需的每个间隔要大于两点区分阈值。 No scanning capability, a use Braille as a basis for language translation device requires the use of a minimum of six mechanical vibration probe, each interval required between the probe is greater than a threshold to distinguish between two points. 这个最小间隔是使佩戴该装置的实验对象能够分辨两个或更多的探测头之间的区别所必须的,因为布莱叶盲字字符在任何地方都需要一至六个同时振动的探测头。 The minimum interval is to make the subjects wearing the device can tell the difference between two or more between the probe must, because Braille characters require anywhere from one to six simultaneous vibration of the probe.

上述通信装置被开发作为视觉或听觉能力受损的人进行通信的通信装置。 Said communication device is developed as a visual or hearing impaired person communication means for communicating. 无论是合成系统还是模拟系统,这些系统一般都依赖密集地分布在指尖的美克耳氏盘,以便获得足够低的空间分辨阈值而可以进行像字母和数字这样的复杂空间形状的通信。 Whether synthesis system or analog systems, these systems generally rely densely distributed in the fingertip Meckel's plate, in order to obtain a sufficiently low spatial resolution threshold may communicate as letters and numbers such a complex spatial shapes.

还有人们不十分了解的其它的触觉现象。 There are other people do not fully understand the phenomenon of touch. 在论文“表观触觉运动”(″Apparent Haptic Movement″,by Sherrick et al.in Perceptions andPsychophysics,Vol.1,pp.175-180,1996.)中描述了这样一种触觉现象的例子,在文章中作者描述了通过在实验对象身体上顺序地激发静止振动器而产生的运动感觉的感应。 Such a phenomenon is described tactile examples in the paper "tactile apparent movement" ("Apparent Haptic Movement", by Sherrick et al.in Perceptions andPsychophysics, Vol.1, pp.175-180,1996.), And in the article the authors describe sequentially induced by stimulating the body still in the experimental subjects vibrator produced a sensation of movement. 作者描述了一个通过顺序地激发围绕实验对象的胸部放置的六个振动器而感应产生强烈的旋转运动的感觉的例子。 The authors describe an excitation chest by sequentially placed around the subject's six vibrators Examples induced a strong feeling of rotational movement. 作者利用一个具有两个以4至22厘米间隔沿实验对象的腿部长度放置的振动器的装置进一步研究了一实验对象的接触动力运动的感觉。 Further study of the dynamic motion of a sensory contact vibrator means subjects both to the leg length 4-22 cm intervals along the placement of subjects having a utilization. 实验对象被允许控制两个振动触觉激发的持续时间,以及两个振动触觉激发起始时间的间隔。 Subjects were allowed to control the duration of the two vibrotactile excitation, and two vibrotactile excitation interval start time. 用这种方式,实验对象能够调节两个振动器的顺序激发,以获得两个振动器之间的最大触觉运动感觉。 In this way, the order of the two subjects is possible to adjust the vibrator excitation, in order to obtain the maximum tactile feeling of movement between the two vibrators. 对于每次实验运行,振动器以150Hz频率振动25至400毫秒(msec),这相当于每次激发振动4至60次。 For each experimental run, the frequency of vibration of the vibrator to 150Hz from 25 to 400 milliseconds (msec), which is equivalent to each excitation vibration 4-60 times. 激发开始间隔为75至400msec范围。 Excitation interval starts 75 to 400msec range.

在期刊文章“皮肤'兔':一种感觉幻觉”(″Cutaneous'Rabbit':APerceptual Illusion”by Geldard et al.in Science,Vol.176,PP.178-179,October 13,1972)中描述了使用一种与上述系统稍有不同的系统在实验对象中感应产生一种不同触觉现象。 In the journal article "Skin 'Rabbit': a sense of illusion" ("Cutaneous'Rabbit ': APerceptual Illusion" by Geldard et al.in Science, Vol.176, PP.178-179, October 13,1972) described the above-described system uses a slightly different system is induced in the subjects a different tactile phenomenon. 这些作者使用了二至五个振动器,振动器是由直径0.6厘米的有机玻璃短棒构成的,短棒带有圆形的顶端,刚性地安装在克利维特(Clevite)双压电晶体弯曲机上,并且由一产生2msec持续时间的方形波脉冲的脉冲发生器驱动。 These authors used two to five vibrator, the vibrator is made of organic glass 0.6 cm diameter rod constituted rod with rounded top, rigidly mounted on Cleveland Witte (Clevite) bimorph bender and is driven by a generating 2msec duration square wave pulse of the pulse generator. 每个振动器接收到五个脉冲每个脉冲间隔40至80msec。 Each vibrator received five pulses per pulse interval 40 to 80msec. 振动器在实验对象的前臂和上臂排列成一个直线阵列,其间隔范围在2至35厘米,平均间隔大约为10厘米。 Vibrator subject's forearm and upper arm are arranged in a linear array at intervals in the range of 2-35 cm, with an average spacing of about 10 cm. 在实验中实验对象经历的现象是在臂上的顺序激发的振动器跳跃或敲打的平稳前进。 In the experiment, the subjects experienced the phenomenon in order to stimulate the vibrator arm jump or beat steady progress. 它被描述为仿佛一只小兔子正从一个振动器跳向另一个。 It is described as being as if a small rabbit vibrator jump from one to another. 如果增加每个振动器的振动敲打次数,那么跳跃的距离变短并且更加靠近,文章中也记载了相反的效果。 If you increase the vibration frequency of each vibrator beat, then jump distance is shorter and closer, the article also describes the opposite effect. 作者在兔子效应给予的与在皮肤中经历振动触觉或敲打动力运动幻觉位置之间连续振动凿打感觉相反的被描述为刺激位置之间的离散敲打的非连续跳跃感觉基础上,从Sherrick等所述的振动触觉运动中分辨出这种兔子效应。 Effect of the rabbits administered with the vibrotactile or beat power experienced in the skin between successive vibration hammer hits the illusion of motion opposite to the position sense be described as a discrete stimulation site between the discontinuous hopping sensation beat basis, from Sherrick etc. vibrotactile movement described in this rabbit distinguish effects.

试图替代视觉或听觉的装置通过同时激发的多个振动器再现诸如字母或数字之类的复杂空间排列,或是再次产生与语音有关的振动而达到目的。 Trying to replace multiple vibrators visual or auditory devices simultaneously stimulate the reproduction of complex spatial letters or numbers like the arrangement, such as voice or generate vibration-related again to achieve the purpose. 这些系统消耗相当数量的动力以同时激发多个振动器阵列,并且根据它们与美克耳氏盘,麦斯纳氏小体的相互作用把来自振动机械装置的通信信息转换为接收人能够明白的信息。 These systems consume considerable amount of power to simultaneously trigger multiple vibrator array, and they Meckel's disk, the interaction of the communication information from the vibration mechanism of Meissner's corpuscles are converted according to the recipient can understand information.

利用振动触觉或敲打动力运动和兔子效应描述的感觉现象似乎不依赖于麦斯纳氏小体,美克耳氏盘或帕西尼氏小体,这是因为振动机械刺激器是独立放置的,并且实际上可以改变它们的每个位置之间的距离,而仍能在刺激位置之间产生运动幻觉。 Tactile sensation by vibration or beat phenomenon dynamic movement and rabbits seem to describe the effect does not depend on Meissner's corpuscles, Meckel's disk or Pacinian corpuscle, this is because the vibration of mechanical stimulation is independent placement, and they can actually change the distance between each position, and still produce the illusion of motion between the stimulation site. 当实时重构并且实验对象在意识水平上感觉到刺激,这些现象在感觉皮层水平有更重要的感觉作用。 When real-time reconstruction and experimental subjects feel stimulation at the level of consciousness, these phenomena in sensory cortex levels feel more important role. 因此,这些现象看来与两点区别和空间分辨阈值无关。 Therefore, these phenomena appear with two differences and spatial resolution threshold irrelevant.

现在还没有能够普遍使用的可以使佩戴者方便而准确地接收和传递信息的振动机械触觉通信装置。 Can not yet commonly used so that the wearer can easily and accurately received and the transmission of vibration of mechanical tactile communication device information.

本发明的一个实施例是一种佩戴该装置的人使用的触觉通信装置,该装置紧贴该人的皮肤佩戴,并且接收一通信数据流,并把该数据流转换为可以被该人触觉或认识地感觉到的消息。 One embodiment of the present invention is a tactile communications device person wearing the device for use, which means close to the skin of the person wearing, and receives a flow of communication data, and sends the data stream can be converted to the person or haptic know feel the message. 该装置包括一个带有一个电源的外壳,一个在外壳内的触觉刺激器阵列,并具有多个可定位在一个二维阵列中的振动机械刺激器,该阵列可以放置在靠近该人的适当的触觉敏感表面区的位置,并且多个振动机械刺激器电连接于电源,一个电连接于电源和触觉刺激器阵列的,用于单独和顺序地控制每个振动刺激器的控制电路,该控制电路包括一个用于电接收数字化字母数字和其它符号的通信数据流的接收器,一个用于存储启动和关断对应于每个存储的字母数字和符号的多个振动机械刺激器中的至少一个振动刺激器的图形化序列的摹拟图形存储电路,和一个用于根据对应的像模拟数据流中的每个字母数字和符号之类的模拟图形把接收到的数字化字母数字和其它符号通信数据流转换为模拟数据流的转换电路,转换从第一个数据开始,对应的模拟图形被用来启动和关断一系列振动机械刺激器,按照从数字数据流转换的每个字母数字数据的图形序列,一次一个振动刺激器。 The apparatus comprises a housing having a power source, a tactile stimulator array within the housing, and having a plurality of positioning in a two-dimensional array of mechanical vibration stimulation, the array may be placed close to the person's right tactile sensitive surface area of the position, and a plurality of mechanical vibration stimulator electrically connected to power supply, electrically connected to a power source and the tactile stimulator array, for independently and sequentially controlling each vibratory stimulator of the control circuit, the control circuit comprising a receiver for receiving the digitized electrical communication data alphanumeric and other symbol streams, at least one vibration store a startup and shutdown stored corresponding to each of a plurality of alphanumeric characters and symbols mechanical vibration stimulator for stimulator sequence mimic graphical pattern storage circuit, and one for analog data based on the corresponding image in the simulated graphic stream for each alphanumeric and symbol like the received digital alphanumeric and other symbol communications data stream into an analog circuit for converting the data stream, converting the first data from the beginning, the corresponding analog pattern is used to start a series of mechanical vibration on and off the stimulator, according to each of the alphanumeric data stream converted from the digital data sequence pattern, once a vibrating stimulator.

本发明具体实现了一种用于接收一通信数据流并将其转换为可被人触觉感觉的消息的触觉通信方法,该方法包括以下步骤:把一外壳紧贴于人,该外壳包括一个电源,把一个触觉刺激器阵列安装在连接外壳中,该刺激器阵列具有排列成一二维阵列的多个振动机械刺激器,把该触觉刺激器阵列紧靠该人的皮肤表面区放置,把多个振动机械刺激器与电源电连接,存储用于每个字母数字和其它符号的模拟图形,利用存储的用于每个字母数字的模拟图形独立和顺序地控制每个振动刺激器,电接收数字化的字母数字和其它符号数据流,根据存储的对应的模拟图形把接收的数字数据流转换为一模拟数据流,根据对应的存储的用于模拟数据流中每个字母数字数据的模拟图形,启动和关断一系列振动机械刺激器,一次一个振动刺激器,从第一个字母数字数据开始,使得皮肤上的振动中的刺激器被该人触觉感觉为通信消息,和控制振动刺激器序列的启动和关断时间和振动间等待时间,使得在给出该字母数字的整个序列后,能够认识地体验到线性连续现象的幻觉以及完全或完整的字母数字和其它符号消息。 The present invention specifically implements a communication method which may be human tactile haptic sensation message for receiving a communication data and converts the stream, the method comprising the steps of: a person close to the housing, the housing comprising a power source to a tactile stimulator array is mounted in the connection housing, the stimulator array having a plurality of mechanical vibration stimulator arranged a two dimensional array, the tactile stimulator array against the person's skin surface area of the place, the more a vibrating mechanical stimulator electrically connected to the power supply, storing simulated graphic each alphanumeric and other symbol, using the stored analog for each alphanumeric and graphical independently sequentially controlling each vibratory stimulator, electrical receives digitized alphanumeric and other symbol data stream, according to the corresponding analog pattern storage of the received digital data stream into an analog data stream, according to the simulation graphics corresponding stored analog data stream for each alphanumeric data, start on and off a series of mechanical vibration stimulator, a stimulator of a vibration, the first alphanumeric data from the beginning, so that the vibration of the skin on the person tactile stimulator is perceived as a communication message, and controlling the vibration stimulator sequence and turn-off time between the start and the waiting time of vibration, such that after the entire sequence of the alpha-numeric is given, it is possible to experience the recognized phenomenon of illusion of linear continuous and complete or full alphanumeric and other symbol message.

本发明的一个目的是提供一种有视力和听力的人以及盲人和/或聋人可以使用的触觉通信方法和装置。 An object of the present invention is to provide a communication method and apparatus tactile vision and hearing and blind persons and / or deaf can be used. 预期本发明的装置即使在佩戴者忙于其它活动时,例如驾驶汽车或飞行时,也能准确地把消息传递给本装置的佩戴者。 Expected apparatus of the present invention, even when the wearer busy with other activities, such as driving a car or flying, can be accurately pass the message to the wearer of the device.

本发明的一个附加目的是提供一种能够以许多,如果不是全部的话,已知书写语言以及消息的发送者和本装置的佩戴者之间共同了解的复杂的符号和编码准确和及时地通信的方法和装置。 An additional object of the present invention is to provide a method capable of among many, if not all, the known written languages as well as the message sender and the wearer of the device common understanding of complex symbols and coding accurate and timely communications Method and apparatus.

通过结合附图参考以下的说明可以对本发明的上述和其它目的以及优点有更为清楚的理解,以下的说明和附图并不对本发明的范围构成限制。 The above described and other objects and advantages of the present invention have a more clearly understood from the following description with reference to the accompanying drawings, the following description and drawings are not to be construed as limiting the scope of the invention.

控制模块32包括一个数据接收器40,一个图形存储模块42,和一个转换模块44。 The control module 32 includes a data receiver 40, a pattern memory module 42, and a conversion module 44. 数据接收器40具有电子数据接收能力,最好是作为射频电子通信。 Data receiver 40 having an electronic data reception capability preferably as radio frequency electronic communications. 作为一个接收器,数据接收器40将接收数据流形式的消息。 As a receiver, data receiver 40 will receive a data stream in the form of messages. 数据流本身可以包括模拟,数字或这些形式的组合的其它形式。 The data stream itself may include other forms of analog, digital, or a combination of these forms. 数据接收器40经过一个存储数据传输总线54电子连接于图形存储模块42。 Data receiver 40 via a memory data transfer bus 54 is connected to an electronic pattern memory module 42. 数据接收器40还通过一个消息数据传输总线52电子连接于转换模块44。 Data receiver 40 through a message data transfer bus 52 is connected to the electronic conversion module 44. 图形存储模块42经过一个存储数据传输总线54电子连接于转换模块44。 Graphics memory module 42 via a stored electronic data transfer bus 54 is connected to the conversion module 44. 数据接收器40通过一个存储重写传输总线56电子连接于图形存储模块42。 Data receiver 40 via a memory rewrite transfer bus 56 is connected to an electronic pattern memory module 42.

电源36通过电连接器50传送电能。 Power supply 36 through electrical connector 50 transfer electrical energy. 如图所示,送至刺激器阵列34的电能是通过控制模块32和刺激器阵列34之间的多个电连接线48接收的。 As shown, the electrical energy supplied to stimulator array 34 is electrically connected by a plurality of control module 32 and the line 34 between the stimulator array 48 received.

刺激器阵列34包括多个振动机械刺激器,例如一个电线圈46阵列。 Stimulator array 34 comprises a plurality of vibrating mechanical stimulus, such as an electric coil 46 array. 可以使用适当的替代振动机械刺激器,例如双压电晶体陶瓷和压电材料。 You can use the appropriate alternative vibrating mechanical stimuli, such as dual piezoelectric crystal and ceramic piezoelectric material. 适当地构造刺激阵列34,以便跨越外壳面58放置一个振动机械刺激器的二维阵列,外壳表面58有对应的外壳面孔60,通过孔每个振动机械刺激器可以使每个振动机械刺激器的触觉作用器部分伸出和缩入。 Properly constructed stimulus array 34 to 58 across the shell surface by placing a vibrating mechanical stimulation of the two-dimensional array, the shell surface casing 58 has a corresponding face 60, through a hole in each vibrating mechanical stimulation can make each vibrating mechanical stimulator haptic portion extended and retracted.

图2中示出了外壳面58中的外壳面孔的二维阵列的一个实施例。 An embodiment is shown in Figure 2 the housing surface 58 of the housing faces a two-dimensional array of FIG. 示出了18个外壳面孔60,排列成五个孔的三列和一个有三个外壳面孔60的单独一列。 18 shows a housing face 60, arranged in three columns and five holes of a single column of three housing face 60.

图3把带有一个触觉作用器部分的振动机械刺激器的实例显示为一个具有电连线48和一个线圈活塞62的线圈46。 3 with a portion of the haptic effect mechanical vibration stimulator according to one embodiment is shown as an electric wire 48 having a piston 62 and a coil of the coil 46. 如图所示,作为触觉作用器的线圈活塞62处于缩入位置,当给线圈46通电时,将迫使线圈活塞62伸出孔60穿过外壳面58。 As shown, as a haptic effect to the coil of the piston 62 is in the retracted position, when the coil is energized to 46, the piston 62 will force the coil bore 60 extends through the housing surface 58.

在图4中示出了触觉通信装置30,使用一个带子64把外壳38紧贴在佩戴者的皮肤上,例如前臂66上,就象带一个手表。 In Figure 4 is shown a tactile communication device 30, the use of a tape 64 on the housing 38 close to the wearer's skin, e.g., on the forearm 66, as with a wristwatch. 如图所示,佩戴方向是使外壳面58紧贴佩戴者皮肤表面。 As shown, the wear surface of the housing 58 is a direction close to the skin surface of the wearer. 在这个方向,当为刺激器通电时,振动机械刺激器将与佩戴者皮肤表面接触。 In this direction, when is powered stimulator, vibrating mechanical stimulation to the skin surface in contact with the wearer. 图5示出了一个例子,其中线圈活塞62中的一个从其对应的外壳面孔60伸出,并且延伸到外壳58表面的界面以上。 Figure 5 shows an example in which a coil 62 of the piston from its corresponding face of the housing 60 extends, and extends to the boundary surface of the housing 58 above. 由于是紧贴佩戴者的皮肤或其它适当的触觉敏感表面佩戴的,任何线圈活塞62的伸出将冲击佩戴者的皮肤,带给佩戴者一个触觉刺激。 Because it is close to the wearer's skin or other suitable tactile sensitive surface of the wearer, any coil extending piston 62 will impact the wearer's skin, give the wearer a tactile stimulation.

图6和7代表了许多可能的外壳面孔的数量和二维定位的实例中两个附加实施例。 Figures 6 and 7 represent two additional examples of many possible embodiments of the housing and the number of faces of the two-dimensional positioning. 本发明预期可以使用多种不同的二维阵列,其中所用的振动机械刺激器的空间方向和总数都可以不同。 Contemplated that the present invention may use a variety of different two-dimensional array, wherein the mechanical vibration stimulator used in the spatial direction and the total number may be different. 例如,如图6中所示,有21个外壳面孔,其中20个在外壳面孔阵列68中,即,每列五个孔的四列。 For example, as shown in Figure 6, there are 21 housing faces, including 20 in the housing 68 faces an array, that is, four columns per row of five holes. 在孔阵列68的一侧还有一个附加孔70作为一个不对称结构,为本实施例提供一个能够利用在整个阵列中使用该不对称孔70的孔阵列,或选择使用孔70和它对应的振动机械刺激器提供可以传送额外意义的不对称刺激。 On one side there is an array of holes 68 additional holes 70 as an asymmetric structure, oriented to take advantage of an embodiment provides the use of an array of holes 70 holes of the asymmetry in the entire array, or choose to use the holes 70 and its corresponding mechanical stimulation provides asymmetric vibration stimuli can send extra significance. 一个例子是启动该振动机械刺激器穿过孔70,以指出触觉通信装置将要开始一次消息发送,或从字母转换为数字,甚至可以在下一个要传送的字符是一个已知复杂图形时,提醒佩戴者更好地注意下一个字符,以便识别出它的真实性质。 One example is to start the oscillating mechanical stimulator through aperture 70 to indicate that the tactile communication device is to start a message transmission, or switch from alphabet to numeric or even be the next character to be transmitted is a known complex graphics, remind the wearer who better pay attention to the next character to recognize its true nature. 后面将讨论对孔70这样的不对称孔的进一步的利用。 70 will be discussed later on such asymmetric bore hole for further use.

图7示出了在一个外壳面孔阵列72中使用21个孔的实施例,阵列72的二维结构具有一沙漏的形状。 Figure 7 shows an embodiment of array 72 in a housing face aperture 21 is used, a two-dimensional array of structures 72 having the shape of an hourglass. 孔阵列72示出的特殊排列是通过确定能够描绘所有英语字母和像下面将要讨论的补偿阿拉伯数字的最有效的二维阵列图形的研究而得到的。 Aperture array 72 is shown in a special arrangement can be depicted by determining the study all the English alphabet and the most efficient two dimensional array pattern as discussed below, the compensation of the Arabic numerals obtained. 对这三个孔阵列的描述决不应当被作为对本发明可用的二维阵列的实际数目的限制。 Description of these three holes arrays should not be taken as limiting the actual number of two-dimensional array of the present invention is usable. 尽管没有公开,也研究了其它的二维图形,并且从利用少到九个振动机械刺激器到多至三十个振动机械刺激器的图形构造出了有用的阵列。 Although not openly, but also to study the other two-dimensional graphics, and the use of less mechanical vibration stimulation to nine to thirty more mechanical vibration to stimulate the graphical construct a useful array. 利用十五至二十三个振动机械刺激器的阵列在高效和低价的意义上显示最大的实用性,并且仍然能提供接收的消息的准确表达。 The use of fifteen to twenty-three mechanical vibration stimulator array shows the maximum efficiency and practicality on the significance of low-cost, and still be able to provide an accurate expression of the received message.

在操作中,触觉通信装置30是由一内部电源36提供电能的,最好是一种能够输送适于选定振动机械刺激器的间歇高峰电流,和额外提供适于无线接收机和数字和模拟集成电路的持续低电流电力的电源。 In operation, tactile communication device 30 is provided by an internal power supply 36 is preferably adapted to be capable of delivering a selected mechanical vibration stimulator intermittent peak current, and is adapted to provide additional wireless receivers and digital and analog continuous low current power ICs electricity.

数据接收器40包括一个带有一个用于接收包含要传送给装置的佩戴者的消息的无线电信号的天线的无线电接收机。 Data receiver 40 comprises an antenna with a receiving device that contains to be delivered to the wearer of the message for the radio signal of a radio receiver. 消息可以是数字或模拟形式的,数据接收器40将根据相应的情况设置。 Message may be a digital or analog form, the data receiver 40 will be set according to the corresponding conditions. 数据接收机40的一种附加操作模式是接收用于备用程序以及存储在图形存储模块42中的符号图形的命令。 An additional operating mode data receiver 40 is stored in the graphics module 42 receives a command for storing backup program and the symbol graphic. 存储的最好的和最常用的图形是组成从A至Z的字母和阿拉伯数字集的那些图形。 The best and most commonly used to store graphics are those graphics composed of letters from A to Z, and Arabic numerals set. 符号图形存储在图形存储模块42中,使得与在数据流中发送到数据接收器40的符号相匹配的适当的符号能够由图形模块42通过存储数据传输总线54传送到转换模块44。 Symbol patterns stored in the pattern storage module 42, so that the appropriate symbol with the data sent to the receiver in the data stream matches the 40 symbols can be transmitted by the graphics module 42 by storing the data transfer bus 54 to conversion module 44. 本发明预期本发明可以利用其它符号集,例如,编码消息源和装置佩戴者之间共享加密和解密方案的编码符号集,西里尔字母,希腊字母,甚至,但不限于,中国和日本字。 The present invention is contemplated that the present invention may utilize other symbol set, e.g., the shared symbol set encoding scheme to encrypt and decrypt the encoded message between the source and the apparatus of the wearer, the Cyrillic alphabet, the Greek alphabet and even, but not limited to, Chinese and Japanese characters. 与每个符号一同存储的是在接收器40接收到消息时发送的数字或模拟等同物。 And each symbol is stored with digital or analog equivalents when the receiver 40 receives the message transmitted. 然后把数据流通过接收数据传输总线52传送到转换模块44,然后通过存储数据传输总线54输送符号图形。 The data stream is then transmitted via the received data transfer bus 52 to the conversion module 44, and then storing the data transfer bus 54 by conveying symbol graphic. 接下来,转换模块44将数字或模拟数据流与代表从图形存储模块42接收的每个符号的图形的数字或模拟等同物相比较。 Next, each symbol conversion module 44 and the digital or analog data stream received from the representative pattern storage module 42 graphics digital or analog equivalents compared.

转换模块44利用接收的数据或模拟数据的适当的图形顺序地启动一系列的振动机械刺激器,分别地启动一个然后下一个,直到在佩戴者的适当触觉敏感区上描绘出字母数字图形和/或符号。 Appropriate graphics sequentially start the conversion module 44 using the received data or analog data, a series of mechanical vibration stimulator, respectively, and then start the next one, until the wearer's drawn on an appropriate touch-sensitive area of the graphic and alphanumeric / or symbol. 如图1中所示,转换模块44用线圈电连接线48向刺激器阵列34中使用的多个线圈46供电。 Shown in Figure 1, conversion module 44 with a plurality of coils electrically connected to the coil wire 48 to stimulator array 34 used in power supply 46. 图8a至k示出了为描绘阿拉伯数字0至9,这些线圈46顺序启动的例子。 Figures 8a to k shows depicting Arabic numerals 0 through 9, examples of these coils 46 sequentially started. 图8中所示的振动机械刺激器的顺序启动的特定顺序不是可用于本发明的图形的仅有的顺序。 Specific mechanical vibration stimulator sequence diagram shown in 8 boot sequence is not available for the pattern of the present invention is the only order. 本发明预期有多种不同的用来建立可用于任何书写语言的任何字母、数字或符号的图形的启动顺序。 The present invention contemplates a number of different letters can be used to establish any any written language, numbers, or symbols of the graphic startup sequence. 本发明还预期使用可以用来与本发明的使用者进行通信的人造语言和编码。 The present invention also contemplates the use of a user can be used with the present invention is an artificial language and coded communication.

如图8(a)中所示,在外壳面58中的外壳面孔60中的每个元件已经被顺序地编为1到18的号码。 8 (a) As shown in Fig, 58 in the housing side face of the housing 60 in each element has been programmed to sequentially numbers 1 to 18. 在使用时,触觉通信装置30颠倒地放置在佩戴者的皮肤上,使得在皮肤上描绘出的图形对于该人的感觉是正常的,但是如果一个人打算直接看孔阵列60,则不需要颠倒。 In use, a tactile communication device 30 is placed upside down on the skin of the wearer, such on the skin graphic depicts the feeling for the person is normal, but if a person is going to see the hole array 60 directly, there is no need reversed . 图8(b)示出了用来通过顺序地启动与标号为1,2,3,4和5的孔相关的振动机械刺激器产生数字“1”的一种可能的顺序。 Figure 8 (b) shows one possible sequence for sequentially by starting with the reference numerals 1,2,3,4 and 5 of the associated hole mechanical vibration stimulator generates a digital "1". 被描绘的图形以独立地启动与孔1相关的振动机械刺激器开始,然后顺序地跟着启动在编号2孔的振动机械刺激器,然后启动在编号3的,在编号4的,最后结束于在编号5。 Graphics are portrayed to independently launch a hole associated with mechanical vibration stimulation starts, then sequentially start at number 2 hole followed vibrating mechanical stimulation, and then start the number 3 in number, the last four in the end No. 5. 在图8(c)中,利用以下的启动顺序:2,6,9,15,11,7,4,5,8,13,结束于孔18,可以描绘出数字“2”。 (C) in FIG. 8, by the following boot sequence: 2,6,9,15,11,7,4,5,8,13, ends at the hole 18, may depict the number "2." 数字“3”有图8(d)中所示的启动顺序:1,6,9,14,10,7,12,18,13,8和5。 The number "3" has 8 boot sequence (d) as shown: 1,6,9,14,10,7,12,18,13,8 and 5. 图8(f),(g)和(h)中所示的数字“5”,“6”和“7”,通过如这三个图中每个所示的那些孔,延续振动机械刺激器的线性顺序启动。 Figure 8 (f), (g) and (h) as shown in figures "5", "6" and "7", as the three through holes each of those shown in FIG, continuing mechanical vibration stimulator The linear sequence starts.

图8(e),8(i)和8(j)示出了诸如“4”,“8”和“9”这样的数字,并包括更为复杂的图形。 Figure 8 (e), 8 (i) and 8 (j) shows such as "4", "8" and "9" such numbers and include more complex graphics. 例如,在图8(e)中的数字“4”使用了两个线性图形的顺序启动。 For example, in FIG. 8 (e) of the number "4" to start to use the order of the two linear patterns. 第一顺序启动从1开始,以2,3,7,11继续,并以16结束。 First in order to start from the beginning, in order to continue 2,3,7,11, and 16 finished. 接着,数字“4”以第二顺序启动完成,第二顺序启动从9开始,接下来是10,11,12,并以13结束。 Then, the number "4" to start the second order is complete, the second in order to start from 9 starts, followed by 10, 11, and 13 finished. 注意,在图形描绘过程中,在两个不同时间使用了与孔11相关的振动机械刺激器。 Note that, in the graphics rendering process, at two different times using a hole 11 associated with the mechanical vibration of the stimulator.

图8(i)示出了用于数字“8”的启动顺序,从孔16开始,接下来通过如下顺序:15,14,9,6,1,2,3,7,11和返回到16。 FIG boot sequence 8 (i) shows a number "8", starting from the hole 16, followed by the following sequence: 15,14,9,6,1,2,3,7,11 and return to 16 . 第三次启动16,然后顺序继续通过17,18,13,8,5,4,3,7,11,并最终返回16。 16 third start, and then continue through the 17,18,13,8,5,4,3,7,11 order and eventually return to 16. 正如所看到的,在孔16的振动机械刺激器已经被使用了三次,并且在孔3,7和11的三个刺激器被使用了两次。 As can be seen, the mechanical vibration stimulator hole 16 has been used three times, and three holes 3,7 and stimulator 11 is used twice.

如图8(j)中所示,用于数字“9”的图形描绘开始于孔14,然后前进通过孔9,6,1,2,3,7,11,16,15,然后再次通过14。 As shown in (j) in FIG. 8, for the number "9" in the graphical depiction of the start hole 14, and then proceeds through the holes 9,6,1,2,3,7,11,16,15, then by 14 again . 然后在短暂地延迟之后再一次启动14,并通过15,16,17结束于18而完成顺序。 Then after a short delay before the first start 14, and 18 through 15, 16, and complete the order end. 可以用线性方式简单地产生数字“9”,例如通过倒转图8(g)中的“6”图形。 Can be simply generated in a linear fashion the number "9", for example, by inverting FIG. 8 (g) of "6" graphic. 把如8(j)中的图形挑选出来,还有图8(e)和8(i)中的“4”和“8”的图形,这是因为这些图形更近似于如何实际写出这些数字。 The as (j) in the selected graphics 8, and FIG. 8 (e) and 8 (i) in the "4" and "8" pattern, because these patterns more akin to how to actually write these numbers . 当图形的结构可以遵循一个人能够用来在纸上写出该数字的实际描绘顺序时,显示了在辨认性和准确性上的改进。 When the structure of the graph can be used to follow a person can write on paper depicting the actual order of the numbers, the show improvements in visibility and accuracy.

应当懂得,本发明不必局限于这种严格的表示方法。 It should be understood that the invention is not necessarily limited to such a strict representation. 可以在图8(k)中发现一种有用的替代图形的例子,如图8(k)中所示,其中仅用了两个振动机械刺激器来表示数字0。 Can be found in Figure 8 (k) in the example of a useful alternative pattern, shown in Fig 8 (k) in FIG., Which took only two vibrating mechanical stimulation to represent the number 0. 通过从在孔5的振动机械刺激器开始,然后跳到14,接着第二次启动号码5。 By mechanical vibration stimuli from the hole 5 start, then skip to 14, followed by a second start number 5. 应当理解,该触觉通信装置的佩戴者必须知道这个代表数字0的特殊图形。 It should be understood, the wearer of the tactile communication device must know the number from 0 special graphics. 一个明显的替代方法是编写出足以画出0的刺激器顺序启动程序。 An obvious alternative is to write enough to draw 0 stimulator in order to start the program.

如上所述,其中字母、数字和其它复杂符号可以从通过振动机械刺激器的一个二维阵列产生的触觉图形认识地识别的本发明的线性连续性幻觉是通过在用于被刺激的触觉敏感区的两点区分阈值内间隔振动机械刺激器和顺序的一次一个刺激器地使用振动机械刺激器而完成的。 As described above, wherein the illusion of linear continuity tactile graphic letters, numbers and other complex symbols from mechanical stimuli by vibration of a two-dimensional array to generate the understanding of the present invention is identified by the touch sensitive area for the stimulated within two points of distinction between threshold interval vibrating mechanical stimulation and order one at a time using vibrating stimulator mechanical stimulation and completion. 如果同时使用两个或更多的刺激器,将不能产生线性连续的幻觉,因为同时启动的两个或更多的振动机械刺激器将不能被感觉为单独的或离散的振动机械刺激器,而是被感觉为一个单一的点。 If the simultaneous use of two or more stimulators, will not produce the illusion of a continuous linear, because activated simultaneously two or more mechanical vibration stimulator will not be perceived as individual or discrete mechanical vibration stimulator, and is perceived as a single point. 本发明不使用启动多个振动机械刺激器以将字母、数字或复杂图形扫过触觉敏感区的扫描技术,因此利用本发明不需要字母、数字或复杂符号的空间分辨力。 The present invention is not used to launch multiple vibrating mechanical stimulation to the letters, numbers or complex graphics sweep scanning technology touch-sensitive area, and therefore does not require the use of the present invention of letters, numbers, or symbols of complex spatial resolution. 熟悉本领域的技术人员知道可以使用许多类型的振动机械刺激器,包括线圈,双压电晶体陶瓷,和压电晶体与陶瓷。 Those skilled in the art that can be used in many types of mechanical vibration stimulator, comprising a coil, bimorph ceramics and piezoelectric crystals and ceramics.

在许多使用线圈作为振动机械刺激器的研究中,确定了一些变量对线性连续幻觉和佩戴者认识地识别字母、数字和复杂符号有影响。 In many studies using a coil as mechanical vibration stimulator, and identified a number of variables on the linear continuous hallucinations and identify the wearer recognize letters, numbers and symbols influential complicated. 这些可变参数包括:每个用于产生一个字符的线圈的振动总数,启动一个线圈与启动下一个线圈之间的延迟时间,线圈的工作时间,和一个字符产生的结束至下一个字符产生的开始之间的延迟时间。 These variable parameters include: the total number of vibrations for each character of a coil, start-up delay time for the next coil and a start coil between the coil working time, and generating a character to the next character ends generated the delay time between the start. 已经开发出了用来产生和向线圈传送电脉冲的适用的电子电路,并且对于那些熟悉本领域的技术人员是熟知的。 Have been developed for generating and transmitting electrical pulses to the coil of suitable electronic circuits, and those skilled in the art are well known. 使用的部件包括一个适当的电源,一个接收器,一个脉冲发生器,一个在一存储器缓冲器内编程的图形集,和一个用于把接收的消息组成与存储器中的图形集进行比较,并产生一个可向适当的线圈序列传送的脉冲序列以触觉地传递消息的图形的控制电路。 Use element includes an appropriate power, a receiver, a pulse generator, a buffer memory in a graphics programming set, and a composition for the received message and the memory pattern sets, and generates a coil to the appropriate pulse sequence transmitted sequence transmitted message tactile graphics control circuit. 选择了能够修改上述参数的电子电路。 The above parameters can be selected to modify an electronic circuit.

使用一个传送阿拉伯数字的装置的研究被用来确定用于上述可变参数的值的可用范围。 Arabic numerals using a transport device is used to determine the range of the available studies for the value of the variable parameter. 每个线圈的振动总数的范围是2至15次振动,五次是优选的振动次数。 Of the total range of vibration of each coil is 2 to 15 times the vibration, five are preferred number of vibrations. 测试的线圈工作时间有两个变量,并使用了方形波脉冲:以毫秒计的实际线圈启动时间,和以毫秒计的线圈关断时间。 Test coil working hours there are two variables, and using the square-wave pulses: milliseconds actual coil start time, in milliseconds coil and turn-off time. 线圈启动时间的可用范围是2至20毫秒。 Coil start time range available is 2-20 ms. 线圈关断时间的可用范围是2至10毫秒。 Coil off time available range is 2-10 ms. 优选的线圈工作时间是50%,其中线圈启动时间为10毫秒,线圈关断时间10毫秒。 Preferably the working time is 50% of the coil, wherein the coil start time is 10 ms, the coil turn-off time of 10 ms. 因此,整个线圈工作循环时间优选是20毫秒,其范围是4至30毫秒。 Therefore, the entire coil operating cycle time is preferably 20 ms, which is the range of 4-30 ms. 这等同于振动33Hz至250Hz的振动频率范围,优选的频率是50Hz。 This is equivalent to the vibration frequency range of 33Hz to 250Hz, preferably a frequency of 50Hz.

字符延迟设定是一个字母、数字或复杂符号顺序的完成至描绘下一个字母、数字或复杂符号的开始之间的可编程周期。 Character delay setting is a letter, number or complete sequence of symbols to depict complex programmable period to start the next letter, number or symbol between the complex. 研究显示这个范围实际上是很宽的,一个延迟周期可以短至10毫秒,长至大于3秒。 Studies have shown that this is actually a very wide range, a delay period can be as short as 10 msec, grow to more than 3 seconds. 对这一延迟不存在任何的物理限制。 This delay does not exist any physical limitations. 相反,一个字符的认识性感觉是起作用的限制。 Instead, an understanding of the characters feel is functional limitations. 在传送下一个字符开始之前,实验对象应当能够在认识的水平上识别出正在描绘的字符。 Before you begin an experimental object should be able to identify characters on the level of awareness is being portrayed in the transfer out of character. 该参数减小到该对象在接收下一个字符之前认识性地识别出正在传送的消息的功能能力水平。 This parameter is reduced to the object receiving the next cognitive identify messages being transmitted before a character level functional capabilities. 这种字符延迟设置成为该对象佩戴者的功能速度设置,并且一般确定应当以多快的速度向该对象传送消息。 This delay is set to become the character of the object function of the wearer's speed settings, and generally determine how fast should convey the message to the object. 因此,这种控制参数受到特殊的重视。 Thus, the control parameters are given special attention. 佩戴者应当能够控制消息传送的速度。 The wearer should be able to control the speed of message delivery.

如图6中所讨论的,孔70与它的相关振动机械刺激器最初被描述为一个用于提示当前条件可能改变的预定目的的不对称放置的孔。 As discussed in Figure 6, aperture 70 with its associated mechanical vibration stimulator was initially described as an asymmetric indicating the current conditions may alter the intended purpose of the placement of the hole for. 在研究中认为一个提示器振动机械刺激器的使用是有用的,可以帮助那些在识别某些字母,数字或其它复杂字符中存在困难的对象。 In the study considered a reminder to stimulate the use of vibrating machinery is useful and can help those who have difficulty in identifying certain objects letters, numbers or other characters in the complex. 研究显示,一些对象对少数符号,仅仅是总数中的很少的一部分,该对象难于准确地感觉出触觉传送的符号。 Studies have shown that some of the objects of a small number of symbols, is only part of the total number of the small, the object is difficult to accurately feel the tactile symbols transmitted. 当刚好在复杂字符的困难字母、数字传送之前提示该对象,将使该对象很快地注意到下一个字符是这些少数字符中的一个。 When the letter just before the difficulty of complex characters, digital transmission prompted the object, the object will allow quick to note that the next character is one of those few characters. 这种类型的提示实际上提高了消息传送的速度及准确性。 This type of tips actually improves the speed and accuracy of messaging. 如上所述,提示的使用在使装置的佩戴者注意消息中将有变化的场合也是理想的。 As noted above, suggesting that there is a change of use will make the wearer device attention messages are also ideal occasion. 例如,从字母转变为数字,或转变为用替代意义编码的复杂字符。 For example, from the letters into numbers, or converted to use alternative meaning encoded complex characters. 此外,在表达上相对简单的改变会加快通信速度,例如在接收时间消息时从am中辨认出pm。 Further, on the expression of relatively simple change will speed up the communication speed, such as when receiving a time message from the identified pm am in.

上面的说明只是对本发明的的原理的阐述,并且由于熟悉本领域的技术人员可以对其作出许多改进和改变,因此,并不希望将本发明严格地限制在示出和说明的结构和操作上。 The above description is only of the principles of the present invention is set forth, and as one skilled in the art that many modifications may be made thereto and changes, therefore, the present invention is not intended to be strictly limited to the structure and operation shown and described in . 因此,所有可能采用的改进和等同物都包括在本发明的范围中。 Accordingly, all such modifications and equivalents may be employed are included in the scope of the present invention.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
CN104460977A *1 Sep 201425 Mar 2015联想(新加坡)私人有限公司Wearable information handling device outputs
Classifications
International ClassificationG06F3/00, G08B6/00, H04M1/02, G06F3/01, G09B21/00, G06F13/00, H04M11/00
Cooperative ClassificationG09B21/003, G08B6/00
European ClassificationG09B21/00B3, G08B6/00
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