|Publication number||CN105583483 A|
|Application number||CN 201410636043|
|Publication date||18 May 2016|
|Filing date||12 Nov 2014|
|Priority date||12 Nov 2014|
|Publication number||201410636043.9, CN 105583483 A, CN 105583483A, CN 201410636043, CN-A-105583483, CN105583483 A, CN105583483A, CN201410636043, CN201410636043.9|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (9), Classifications (4), Legal Events (2)|
|External Links: SIPO, Espacenet|
技术领域 TECHNICAL FIELD
 本发明涉及线路板焊点缺陷检测及维修领域。  The present invention relates to a circuit board solder joint defect detection and repair fields.
背景技术 Background technique
 PCB (英文全称:Printed circuit board,中文全称:印制电路板,又称印刷电路板、印刷线路板，简称线路板或电路板)其在制作的过程中，只要电路板上有贴装(或称贴片式)或插接元件，就一定会过炉进行回流焊或波峰焊，因焊点可能存在空焊(即元件的引脚与电路板上的焊盘没有焊锡连接，这样会造成短路或接触不良，阻值过大等不良，严重影响电路性能)、半焊(即元件的引脚与电路板上的焊盘只有少量焊锡或一半连接，这样会造成接触不良，阻值过大等不良，严重影响电路性能)、连焊(即不能连接起来的元件引脚之间，因上锡过多等原因，被焊锡连接起来了，这样会造成电路发生短路)等焊接不良缺陷，因此炉后一定要做焊点缺陷检测，并对焊点进行维修。  PCB (English name: Printed circuit board, Chinese name: printed circuit boards, also known as printed circuit boards, printed circuit boards, referred to the board or board) in the course of its production, as long as there is a sticker on the board installed (or SMD) or plug element, it must be through the reflow oven or wave, because there may be air welding joints (ie device pin pads are not soldered to the circuit board, so cause a short circuit or poor contact resistance is too large and so bad, seriously affecting the performance of the circuit), half beads (ie, pin pad and circuit board components or half only a small amount of solder connections, which can cause poor contact resistance too big and so bad, seriously affecting the performance of the circuit), even welding (ie not connecting element between the pin on the tin because too many other reasons, the solder is connected, this will cause short circuit occurs) and other bad welding defects Therefore it must be done after the furnace solder joint defect detection and repair joints.
 最初采用人工进行焊点缺陷检测，并进行人工维修，采用人工的方式将耗费大量人工，且效率低，漏检率高。  were initially artificial joints defect detection, and manual maintenance, artificial way to spend a lot of labor, and inefficient, missed high. 为提供检查效率，目前已有厂家生产电路板的视觉检测自动光学检测设备(英文简称:Α0Ι,全称:Automatic Optic Inspect1n),可以检测元件和焊点的不良，后来常见采用自动光学检查系统对其进行缺陷检查，设备在完成检测后，还要显示出来，由人工去维修，一方面人工检测维修的方式耗费了大量的人工，且无法保证焊接维修质量，存在漏修，效率低等缺点，同时采用人工检测维修的方式，人员的流动性大，且波峰焊炉后的作业环境不好，招工难，而电路板的维修要求员工有良好的熟练程度和很好的责任心，但人员的不稳定导致无法保证焊接维修质量，稳定性不好。 To provide the inspection efficiency, there are manufacturers of circuit boards visual inspection automated optical inspection equipment (abbreviation: Α0Ι, full name: Automatic Optic Inspect1n), can detect bad components and solder joints, and later common use of its automated optical inspection system defect inspection apparatus after the completion of testing, but also to show, by hand to repair the one hand, manual inspection maintenance cost a lot of ways of doing so, and can not guarantee the quality of welding repairs, the presence of leak repair, low efficiency, at the same time testing and maintenance of artificial way, a large staff turnover and poor operating environment after wave oven, recruitment difficulties, and the circuit board repair require employees to have good proficiency and a good sense of responsibility, but not personnel stable welding result can not guarantee the quality of maintenance, poor stability.
 也有专利文献中公开了采用焊点机器人进行焊点修复的方法，其采用在线形AOI对生产线上的线路板焊点进行检测，并人工对其检测结果进行审核，最后再通过机器人对其生产线上流过来的线路板进行自动焊点修复工作。  Patent Document also discloses the use of solder joints robot repair method, which uses the linear solder AOI for PCB production line testing, and artificial to review their test results, and finally by robot its production line flow over the circuit board for automatic solder repair work. 上述专利文献中并未对其提供的检测维修设备进行具体细化，但根据其简述，可知其检测维修过程仍然相对繁琐，仍需人工的介入，其检测维修的设备相对较复杂，占地面积大，成本较高。 The above patent documents did not make specific and detailed its test and maintenance equipment provided, but according to its brief, we can see its testing and maintenance process is still relatively cumbersome, still manual intervention, testing and maintenance of its equipment is relatively complex, covering area, the higher the cost.
为解决现有焊点检测维修的设备相对较复杂，成本较高，检测维修过程相对繁琐，仍需人工介入的问题，本发明提供了一种线路板焊点缺陷自动检测维修装置。  In order to solve the existing pad test and maintenance equipment is relatively complex, high cost, testing and maintenance process is relatively cumbersome, manual intervention is still a problem, the present invention provides a circuit board solder joint defects automatic detection and maintenance equipment.
 本发明提供的一种线路板焊点缺陷自动检测维修装置，包括机架、视觉检测组件、焊接维修组件及电控组件；  A circuit board solder joint defects of the present invention provides automatic detection and maintenance apparatus includes a frame, visual inspection assembly, welding repair assembly and electronic control components;
 所述机架上设有放置线路板的工作台；  The circuit board has placed a table on the rack;
 所述电控组件、所述视觉检测组件及所述焊接维修组件均安装于所述机架上；  The electronic control module, the visual inspection of the welding assembly and maintenance components are mounted on the frame;
 所述视觉检测组件用于对工作台上的线路板进行焊点缺陷检测；  Visual inspection of the components used to bench circuit board solder joint defect detection;
 所述焊接维修组件包括驱动机构、焊枪及自动送锡丝机构；所述焊枪及所述自动送锡丝机构安装于所述驱动机构上。  The weld repair kit includes a drive mechanism, gun and automatic send tin wire mechanism; the gun and the automatic send tin wire mechanism is mounted on the drive mechanism.
 采用本发明提供的该线路板焊接缺陷自动检测维修装置，将视觉检测组件和焊接维修组件整合在一个装置中，首先可取代人工的检测和维修，大量节约人力，保证了焊接维修质量，可大幅缩减此环节的作用人员，同时因为是自动作业，可确保维修质量的稳定性。  With this circuit board welding defects of the present invention to provide an automatic maintenance device for the visual detection assembly and welding repairs components integrated in one device, the first can replace manual testing and maintenance, save a lot of manpower, ensure the welding quality of maintenance can significantly reduce the role of this part of the staff, and because automatic operation, to ensure the stability of the quality of maintenance. 其次，可提升产品品质，降低不良率。 Secondly, can improve product quality, reduce the defect rate. 同时，本自动检测维修装置的结构相对较集中，占地面积小，成本相对较低，可通过该自动检测维修装置自动完成其检测维修过程，无需人工的介入。 Meanwhile, the device automatically detects structural repairs relatively concentrated, small footprint, relatively low cost, which can be done automatically by the automatic detection and maintenance process test and maintenance equipment, without manual intervention.
 优选地，所述焊接维修组件还包括定位复查相机和配套光源。  Preferably, the assembly further includes positioning welding repairs and complete review of the camera light.
 优选地，所述驱动机构包括第一水平线性运动组件、旋转组件及升降组件；所述升降组件安装于所述第一水平线性运动组件上，所述旋转组件安装于所述升降组件上；  Preferably, the drive means comprises a first horizontal linear motion assembly, lifting and rotation assembly components; the lift assembly mounted on the lifting component assembly is mounted on said first horizontal linear motion assembly, said rotating on;
 所述旋转组件包括旋转电机及受该旋转电机驱动的旋转轴；  The rotation of the rotary assembly includes a motor driven by the motor and an axis of rotation;
 所述焊枪安装在所述旋转电机的旋转轴上。  The welding gun mounted on the rotary shaft of the rotary motor.
 优选地，所述焊枪和所述旋转组件的旋转轴之间还设有一焊枪固定架。 There is also a torch holder between the axis of rotation  Preferably, the torch and the rotating assembly.
 优选地，所述机架上设有第二水平线性运动组件；所述视觉检测组件安装在所述第二水平线性运动组件上。  Preferably, with a second horizontal linear motion components on the chassis; visual inspection of the components mounted on the second horizontal linear motion components.
 优选地，还包括送板组件和出板组件；  Preferably, further comprising a feeding plate assembly and plate assembly;
 所述送板组件用于将需要检查维修的线路板送上工作台；  The feeding plate assembly will need to check for maintenance board to send the table;
 所述出板组件用于将检查维修的线路板从工作台上取出。  a plate assembly for the inspection and maintenance of the circuit board is removed from the table.
 优选地，所述送板组件和出板组件均包括第三水平线性运动组件、气缸和机械手;  Preferably, the feed plate assembly and plate assembly includes a third horizontal linear motion components, cylinder and robots;
 所述机械手安装于所述气缸上，所述气缸安装于所述第三水平线性运动组件上。  The manipulator mounted on the cylinder, the cylinder is attached to the third horizontal linear motion components.
 优选地，还包括输送组件；所述工作台安装于所述输送组件上。  Preferably, further comprising a delivery assembly; mounted on said platform on said conveyor assembly.
 优选地，所述输送组件包括输送导轨、输送丝杠、输送块及驱动电机；  Preferably, the assembly comprises a carrier rail transport, screw conveyor, and the conveyor drive motor block;
 所述输送块安装于所述输送丝杠和所述输送导轨上；所述工作台安装于所述输送块上；  The transport block is mounted on the screw conveyor and the conveying rail; the table attached to the conveyor on the block;
 所述驱动电机连接所述输送丝杠，驱动所述输送丝杠转动；所述丝杠转动带动所述输送块在所述丝杠和所述导轨上滑动。  The drive motor is connected to the screw conveyor, driving the conveyor screw rotation; the rotation of the screw conveyor driven by the sliding block on the screw and the rail.
 优选地,所述焊接维修组件还包括自动除锡机构；所述自动除锡机构包括吹气机构及废锡槽；  Preferably, the assembly further includes an automatic welding repairs in addition to tin mechanism; the automatic soldering mechanism including blowing mechanism and scrap tin bath;
 所述吹气机构用于除去焊枪上的残留锡渣，所述废锡槽用于收集所述吹气机构吹落的锡渣。  The blowing mechanism for removing residual dross on the gun, the tank for collecting the waste tin blowing mechanism blown dross.
 优选地，所述电控组件包括电源模块、工控机、电控模块、显示器及输入设备；  Preferably, the electronic control module includes a power supply module, industrial machines, electronic control module, a display and an input device;
 所述电源模块为各用电部件提供电源；  The power supply module provides power to the various electrical components;
 所述显示器、输入设备及电控模块与所述工控机连接；  The monitors, input devices and electronic control module connected to the IPC;
 所述工控机控制所述电控模块，所述电控模块控制各功能部件的动作。  The IPC control of the electronic control module, the electronic control module controls the operation of each feature.
 优选地，所述机架为箱体式结构；其中通过一工作桌面将其分为上箱体和下箱体；  Preferably, the frame for the box-type structure; wherein through a desktop work will be divided into upper box and lower box;
 所述工控机及输入设备配套设置在所述箱体外；  The IPC and input equipment is provided in the outer casing;
 所述工控机、电控模块及电源安装于所述下箱体中，所述功能部件安装于所述上箱体中。  The IPC, electronic control module and power mounted on the lower frame, the features that are installed on the upper housing.
附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION
 图1是本发明具体实施方式中提供的线路板焊点缺陷自动检测维修装置外观示意图；  FIG. 1 is an embodiment of the present invention, the circuit board solder joint defects manner provided in the automatic detection and maintenance devices schematic appearance;
 图2是本发明具体实施方式中提供的线路板焊点缺陷自动检测维修装置内部结构示意图；  FIG. 2 is an embodiment of the present invention, the circuit board solder joint defects manner provided in the automatic detection of the internal structure diagram device repair;
 图3是本发明具体实施方式中提供的送板组件示意图；  FIG. 3 is an embodiment of the present invention is schematically feeding plate assembly provided;
 图4是本发明具体实施方式中提供的一种具体的输送组件示意图；  FIG. 4 is a specific implementation of a specific embodiment of the transfer assembly of the present invention provides a schematic diagram;
 图5是本发明具体实施方式中提供的焊接维修组件示意图；  FIG. 5 is a concrete way to implement welding repair kit provides a schematic of the present invention;
 图6是本发明具体实施方式中提供的焊接维修组件去掉外罩示意图。  FIG. 6 is a specific way to implement welding repair kit provided a schematic diagram of the present invention to remove the cover.
 其中，1、机架；2、送板组件；3、出板组件；4、工作台；5、焊接维修组件；6、第二水平线性运动组件；7、输送组件；C、显示器；K、输入设备；11、工作桌面；12、上箱体；13、下箱体；21、第三滑块；22、第三导轨；23、气缸；24、机械手；25、水平臂；26、竖向臂；5a、安装板；50、第一水平线性运动组件；51、外罩；52、焊枪；53、送锡固定架；54、焊枪固定架；55、配套光源；56、送卷机构；57、升降组件；58、旋转电机；59、送锡电机；L、锡丝；541、弧形滑槽；581、旋转轴；591、转辊。  wherein a rack; 2, sent to board assembly; 3, the plate assembly; 4, workstations; 5, welding repair kit; 6, the second horizontal linear motion components; 7, delivery assembly; C, the display ; K, an input device; 11, work table; 12, the box; 13, lower box; 21, the third slider; 22, third rail; 23, cylinder; 24, manipulator; 25, the horizontal arm; 26 50, the first horizontal linear motion components;; vertical arm; 5a, the mounting plate 51, cover; 52, the torch; 53, send tin holder; 54, gun holder; 55, matching light source; 56, send volume bodies ; 57, lift assembly; 58, the rotary motor; 59, send tin motor; L, tin wire; 541, arc chute; 581, the axis of rotation; 591, rollers.
具体实施方式 detailed description
 为了使本发明所解决的技术问题、技术方案及有益效果更加清楚明白，以下结合附图及实施例，对本发明进行进一步详细说明。  In order to solve the technical problem of the present invention, the technical solutions and beneficial effects more clearly understood, the accompanying drawings and the following embodiments, the present invention will be described in further detail. 应当理解，此处所描述的具体实施例仅仅用以解释本发明，并不用于限定本发明。 It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely used to explain the present invention and are not intended to limit the present invention.
 实施例  Example
 本例将对本发明提供的线路板焊点缺陷自动检测维修装置进行具体解释说明，如图1、图2所示，其包括机架1、视觉检测组件、焊接维修组件5及电控组件；  PCB solder joint defects of the present embodiment of the invention will provide a means of automatic detection and maintenance specific explanation, as shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, which comprises a frame 1, visual inspection of components, welding repairs and electric control module 5 assembly;
 所述机架I上设有放置线路板的工作台4 ；  The circuit board has placed on the rack table 4 I;
 所述电控组件、所述视觉检测组件及所述焊接维修组件5均安装于所述机架I上；  The electronic control module, the visual inspection of the assembly and repair welding assembly 5 are mounted on the frame I;
 所述视觉检测组件用于对工作台4上的线路板进行焊点缺陷检测；  Visual inspection of the components used for the circuit board table 4 on solder joint defects were detected;
 如图5、图6所示,所述焊接维修组件5包括驱动机构、焊枪52及自动送锡丝机构；所述焊枪52及所述自动送锡丝机构安装于所述驱动机构上。  Figures 5 and 6, the weld repair assembly 5 includes a drive mechanism 52 and automatic gun send tin wire mechanism; the torch 52 and the automatic send tin wire mechanism mounted on the drive mechanism . 该焊接维修组件5可根据焊点的不良情况，自动调整焊接的位置和角度，进行维修，下面将对其内部结构进行具体说明。 The repair welding assembly 5 according to the adverse situation pads automatically adjust the position and angle of the welding, maintenance, will be described in detail its internal structure.
 为使后续更便于理解本发明，如图2中所示，设置了XYZ坐标轴系统，可参照该XYZ坐标轴系统对装置中的各结构位置进行解释说明。  In order to follow easier to understand the present invention, as shown in Figure 2, set the XYZ axis system, referring to the XYZ axis system means each component position explanation.
 其中，所述焊接维修组件5还包括定位复查相机(图中未标记)和配套光源55(当然，如果光线足够，也可去掉该配套光源55，一般该定位复查相机和配套光源55为成套配置的一体件，可直接从市面上采购获得)。  wherein said welding repair assembly 5 also includes a review of positioning the camera (not labeled) and supporting a light source 55 (of course, if the light is sufficient, but also supporting the light source 55 is removed, the general review of the camera positioning and supporting the light source 55 sets as one piece configuration, can be purchased directly from the market to get). 该配套光源55可以为RGB三色光源，也可采用白光单色光源，或者紫外光光源。 The light source 55 may be a supporting RGB three-color light source, monochromatic light source may also be white or ultraviolet light. 该定位复查相机采用工业的线阵相机或面阵相机，优选采用面阵相机。 The review camera positioning using line scan cameras or area array camera industry, preferably using area array camera. 一方面可以起到定位的作用，根据视觉检测组件检测到的焊点缺陷位置，通过该定位复查相机进行定位，同时，该定位复查相机还可以在焊接维修组件5中焊枪进行焊点维修后，对其维修后的焊点进行复查。 On the one hand can play a role in targeting, based on visual inspection of solder components detected defect location, positioned by the positioning camera review, and the review of positioning the camera can also repair joints in welding torch after the repair kit. 5, for review of their joints after repair. 以确保其维修结果。 To ensure that the results of repair.
 其中，所述电控组件包括电源模块、工控机、电控模块、显示器C及输入设备K ;当然，还可以包括其他的继电器、电磁阀等硬件。  wherein the electronic control module includes a power supply module, industrial machines, electronic control module, a display and input device C K; of course, can also include other relays, solenoids and other hardware. 该输入设备K包括键盘和鼠标等。 The input device K includes a keyboard and mouse.
 所述电源模块为各用电部件提供电源；  The power supply module provides power to the various electrical components;
 所述显示器C、输入设备K及电控模块与所述工控机连接；  The display C, K input devices and electronic control module connected to the IPC;
 所述工控机控制所述电控模块，所述电控模块控制各功能部件的动作。  The IPC control of the electronic control module, the electronic control module controls the operation of each feature. 这些硬件部分可有形式上的变化，如显示器C和输入设备K可以整合为触摸屏显示器，工控机为电脑或采用专门研发的执行电路代替等。 These hardware changes can have a formal, such as a display and input device K C can be integrated as a touch screen display, IPC as a computer or using specially developed circuit instead of execution and so on. 所谓功能部件即指完成相应的送板、出板、线路板输送、视觉检测和焊接维修等功能的部件。 The so-called feature refers to the completion of the corresponding plate, come out plate, circuit board transmission, visual inspection and maintenance functions such as welding parts. 电控模块控制各功能部件的动作，即指控制其功能部件内执行元件的动作，执行元件指受该电控模块控制执行相关动作的器件，比如各种电机、继电器、电磁阀等。 Electronic control module controls the operation of the various functional components, referring to the control features within its action actuator, the actuator means that the electronic control module controls the device to perform related actions, such as various motors, relays, solenoids, etc.
 所谓的用电部件指各由电驱动的电子器件，比如上述工控机、电控模块、显示器C及输入设备K、各种电机、电磁阀、继电器等所有使用电能的器件。  The so-called electricity means that each member of an electrically-powered electronic devices, such as all the above devices use electrical energy industrial machines, electronic control module, a display and input device C K, various motors, solenoids, relays.
 下面将对其焊接维修组件进行具体解释说明，其中，如图1、图5、图6所示，本例中的所述驱动机构包括第一水平线性运动组件50、旋转组件及升降组件57 ;所述升降组件57安装于所述第一水平线性运动组件50上，所述旋转组件安装于所述升降组件57上；  The following description thereof will be explained in detail welding repair kit, which, as shown in Figure 1, Figure 5, Figure 6, in this case the drive mechanism includes a first horizontal linear motion assembly 50, rotating assembly and lifting assembly 57; the lift assembly 57 mounted on the first horizontal linear motion assembly 50, the rotating assembly mounted on the lifting assembly 57;
 所述旋转组件包括旋转电机58及受该旋转电机58驱动的旋转轴581 ；  The rotating assembly includes a rotating motor 58 and the rotation shaft 581 by the rotary drive motor 58;
 所述焊枪52安装在所述旋转电机的旋转轴581上。  The gun 52 is mounted on the rotating shaft 581 of the rotation of the motor.
 具体地，该第一水平线性运动组件50包括第一丝杠、第一导轨、第一滑块及第一电机；所述第一丝杠安装在所述第一电机的输出轴上；所述第一滑块安装在所述第一丝杠和所述第一导轨上；升降组件57和旋转组件则均装于该第一滑块上。  Specifically, the first horizontal motion assembly 50 comprises a first linear screw, a first rail, a first motor and the first slider; the first screw mounted on said first output shaft of the motor ; the first slider mounted on said first screw and said first rail; lift assembly 57 and rotating components are all mounted on the first slider. 本例中该升降组件57、旋转组件、定位复查相机、配套光源55和自动送锡丝机构均安装于一安装板5a上，该安装板5a固定在第一滑块上，因此该安装板5a也可看作是第一滑块的一部分。 In this case the lift assembly 57, rotating assembly, positioning the camera review, 55 supporting the light source and automatically send tin wire mechanism are mounted on a mounting plate 5a, 5a of the mounting plate is fixed to the first slider, so that the mounting plate 5a also can be seen as part of the first slider. 上述第一丝杠也可以采用皮带替换，由第一电机驱动皮带，皮带带动第一滑块运动。 Said first screw may be replaced by belt, the first motor driven belt, belt driven movement of the first slider.
 上述第一水平线性运动组件50可以实现焊枪和定位复查相机(包括其配套光源55)在Y向的线性往复运动，配合后面提到的输送组件7在X向的线性往复运动，即可实现焊枪52相对于线路板的XY向运动，以实现焊枪52在线路板上焊接位置的精确定位；该升降组件57则实现其焊枪52在Z向的线性往复运动(即上下运动)，以使焊枪52进行下行的焊接操作和上行的脱离焊接操作；该旋转组件则实现焊枪52的旋转运动，以使焊枪52获得合理的焊接角度，以避开线路板上的元器件。  and the first horizontal linear motion can be achieved torch assembly 50 and positioning the camera review (including its ancillary light source 55) in a linear reciprocating motion to the Y, with delivery assembly 7 mentioned later linear reciprocating motion in the X direction, that is, torch 52 can be realized with respect to the XY movement of the circuit board, in order to achieve precise positioning welding torch 52 to the circuit board position; the lifter assembly 57 to achieve its linear reciprocating motion in the torch 52 (i.e., vertical movement) Z direction, in order to welding torch 52 downstream from the welding operation the welding operation and an uplink; realize the rotational movement of the rotary assembly of the gun 52, so that the welding gun 52 to obtain a reasonable angle, in order to avoid the components on the circuit board.
 具体的，本例中上述升降组件57包括上下运动电机、上下运动导轨和上下运动丝杠及至于上下运动导轨和上下运动丝杠上的上下运动滑块；所述上下运动电机驱动所述上下运动丝杠转动，所述上下运动滑块受所述上下运动丝杠驱动，在所述上下运动导轨上滑动；同时，该上下运动丝杠也可用皮带代替。  Specifically, in this case the elevating assembly 57 includes upper and lower motor sports, moving up and down and up and down motion of the screw and guide as to move up and down up and down motion of the slide rails and the vertical motion of the screw on; the up and down movement of the motor drive said up and down motion of the screw is rotated, the up and down motion of the slide by the up and down motion of the screw drive, sliding up and down movement on the rail; at the same time, the up and down motion of the screw can also be used in place of a belt. 后续的旋转电机则安装于该上下运动滑块上，以实现后续焊枪的升降运动和旋转运动。 Subsequent rotation of the motor is mounted on the up and down motion of the slide, in order to achieve lift and rotational movement of the follow-up torch. 当然，其他能实现上下运动以带动焊枪52上下运动的结构均可作为升降组件57。 Of course, the other can be achieved in order to drive up and down movement of the torch up and down movement of the structure 52 can be used as lifting component 57.
 进一步优选地，所述焊枪52和所述旋转电机58的旋转轴581之间还设有焊枪固定架54，本例中，所述焊枪固定架54为一弧形配件(也可以是其他形状的焊枪固定架54)；所述弧形配件上设有弧形滑槽541，所述焊枪52装配在所述弧形滑槽541内。  Further preferably, the torch between the motor 52 and the rotation of the rotary shaft also has 58,158 torch holder 54, in this embodiment, the torch holder 54 is an arc-shaped fitting (may be other shapes torch holder 54); an arc chute 541 is provided on the curved parts, the torch 52 is fitted within the arc chute 541. 使所述焊枪52能在弧形滑槽541上滑动，以调节焊枪52相对于工作台4的倾斜角度(0-180度)。 So that the welding torch 52 can slide on the arc chute 541, to adjust the torch tilt angle of 52 relative to the table 4 (0-180 degrees).
 该自动送锡丝机构具体包括送卷机构56、送锡电机59、转辊591及送锡固定架53 ；所述送锡电机59控制所述转棍591的转动,所述转棍591的转动驱动送卷机构56上的锡丝向送锡固定架53输送，实现自动送锡丝L的功能；该自动送锡丝机构可通过送锡电机29控制实时调速。  The automatic feed mechanism specifically including tin wire feeding mechanism 56 volumes, sending tin motor 59, rollers 591 and send tin holder 53; the motor 59 to send tin control stick to rotate the turret 591, the transfer stick tin wire feed roll 591 rotary drive mechanism 56 on the holder 53 to send tin transported automatically send tin wire L function; the automatic send tin wire mechanism 29 may be controlled in real time by sending tin motor speed. 该送锡固定架53可直接安装在该焊枪52上，与焊枪52配套使用。 The sending tin holder 53 may be mounted directly on the welding torch 52, the welding torch 52 supporting the use. 上述送卷机构为成卷可释放的锡丝，上述转辊为2个相对设置的辊，可以将其中一个设置为电机驱动的主动辊，另一个则设为从动辊，也可两个均设置成主动辊。 The power transmission mechanism to roll into a tin wire coil can be released, said rollers of two oppositely disposed rollers, one of which can be set to the motor-driven drive roller and the other to the driven rollers are also two arranged drive roller.
 本例中还设有一外罩51将旋转电机58及升降组件57等一部分部件罩在其中。  The present embodiment is also provided with a cover 51 to rotate the motor 58 and lift assembly 57 and other part of the cover member therein.
 下面对焊接维修组件5的工作过程进行简单说明，PCB板被送到焊接维修工位后，根据视觉检测组件检测到的不良点位置和不良特征的信息，焊枪52可在旋转电机58带动下做一定角度的旋转，以确保以最佳的角度进行维修，上下运动电机带动焊枪52做Z向的上下移动，同时焊接维修组件5在该第一水平运动线性组件的带动下做Y向运动，电路板在工作台4带动下做X向运动，这样焊枪52可维修到电路板上的任何一个焊点，定位复查相机可在维修前抓取电路板的位置图像进行定位，同时也可在维修后对维修效果进行拍照，为工控机做视觉分析提供图像来源。  The following components of the welding repair work process 5 will be briefly described, it was sent after the PCB board welded repairman position, based on a visual point position detection component bad and bad characteristics of the information to detect, in the rotating electrical machine gun 52 do the rotation angle to drive under 58, to ensure the optimum angle for maintenance, up and down movement of the motor drives do torch 52 move up and down in the Z direction, while doing welding repairs assembly 5 Y driven by the first horizontal linear motion components motion, the board made in table 4 X led to the movement, so that the welding torch 52 can repair to any pad on the circuit board, positioning the camera crawls review board position of the image will be positioned in front of the maintenance, but also may, after repairs to effect repairs to take pictures, do a visual analysis IPC provide an image source.
 如图1所示，图中可看出，该机架I提供了一个保护外壳，使其外部形成箱体式结构；该箱体式结构为立方体结构(非全封闭)，其包括架体和固定在架体上的外形板，该架体为结构件承载主体，呈立方式的框架结构，采用金属材料连接(包括焊接，螺丝连接等)而成，机架I的材质为钢板等金属材料。  FIG. 1, the figure can be seen, the I frame provides a protective shell, its outer casing formed structure; the box-type structure cubic structure (non-closed), comprising frame body and fixed to the frame shape on the plate, with the frame structure for the bearing body, was established way of frame structure made of metal connections (including welding, screw connections, etc.) together, I rack made of steel and other metal materials. 可防止本例提供的线路板焊点缺陷自动检测维修装置在运行过程中，人为进入发生事故。 PCB solder joint defects can be prevented in this case means to provide automatic detection and maintenance during operation, into the man-made accidents.
 其通过一工作桌面11将其分为上箱体12和下箱体13 ;即工作桌面11的上部为上箱体12，工作桌面11的下部为下箱体13 ；  by a work table 11 which will be divided into upper housing 12 and lower housing 13; that is, the upper portion of the work table 11 of the housing 12, the lower portion of the work table 11 for the lower tank 13;
 所述工控机及输入设备K配套设置在所述箱体外；  The IPC and supporting input device K is provided in the outer casing;
 所述工控机、电控模块及电源安装于所述下箱体13中，所述功能部件安装于所述上箱体12中。  The IPC, electronic control module and power mounted on the lower frame 13, the functional component is attached to the upper housing 12.
 上述功能部件包括视觉检测组件、焊接维修组件5及后续具体介绍的送板组件2、出板组件3、输送组件7等；简单点说，工作桌面11上的上箱体12内用来安装功能部件，而电源和控制(包括该工控机和电控模块)均设置在下箱体13中，这样，其空间安排更加合理，桌面更加简洁。  the above features include visual detection assembly, repair welding assembly 5 and sent to board the subsequent specific description of components 2, 3 of the plate assembly, transmission assembly 7 and the like; the simple point that, within the housing 11 on the work table 12 is to install the feature, and the power and control (including the IPC and the electronic control module) are provided in the lower case 13, so that a more rational arrangement of space, cleaner desktop.
 其中，所述视觉检测组件包括检测相机和配套光源。  wherein the assembly includes a visual inspection to detect the camera and light source support. 该配套光源可以为RGB三色光源，也可采用白光单色光源，或者紫外光光源。 The complete source for RGB three-color light source, monochromatic light source may also be white or ultraviolet light. 该检测相机可以采用线阵相机(也可采用面阵相机)，优选采用线阵相机，该检测相机采用工业镜头，可确保良好的成像效果。 The camera can be used to detect linear array camera (plane array camera can also be used), preferably using linear array camera, the camera uses to detect industrial lenses ensure excellent imaging results. 视觉检测组件主要的作用是完成对电路板的视觉检测和分析，获得电路板上元件和焊点的不良信息和坐标位置信息等，工控机采集到这些信息后，控制焊机维修组件进自动维修作业。 Visual inspection after major role is to complete the circuit board assembly visual inspection and analysis, access to information is bad information and coordinate positions on the circuit board components and solder joints, etc., IPC collected this information, the control module into the automatic welding machine repair service operation.
 其中，该视觉检测组件可以固定在机架I上，为不可移动式的部件，而将固定安置线路板的工作台4设置为可移动式的部件，比如将工作台4设为可在X向、Y向运动的部件，而将视觉检测组件固定不动；也可使工作台4实现X向或者Y向的运动，而使视觉检测组件实现对应的Y向或者X向的运动；也可以为可移动式的方式，比如，本例中所述机架I上设有第二水平线性运动组件6 ;所述视觉检测组件安装在所述第二水平线性运动组件6上。  wherein the visual detection component can be fixed to the frame I, for the non-mobile parts, and the placement of fixed circuit board is set to table 4 movable parts, such as the table can be set to 4 in the X direction, Y direction moving parts, and the visual detection component immobilized; table 4 also allows for motion in X or Y direction, leaving the visual components for motion detection corresponding to the Y or X direction; may be a removable manner, such as, in this case I said frame is provided with a second horizontal linear motion assembly 6; visual inspection of the components mounted on the second horizontal linear motion assembly 6. 该第二水平线性运动组件6可以实现Y向的运动，从而带动视觉检测组件实现Y向的运动。 The second horizontal linear motion assembly 6 may implement motion Y direction, thereby stimulating visual inspection of components for motion Y direction. 实现对线路板的Y向扫描。 Y realize the circuit board to the scan.
 具体的，该第二水平线性运动组件6包括第二导轨、第二丝杠、第二滑块及第二电机；所述第二丝杠安装在所述第二电机的输出轴上；所述第二滑块安装在所述第二丝杠和所述第二导轨上；所述视觉检测组件安装于所述第二滑块上。  Specifically, the second horizontal linear motion assembly 6 comprises a second guide rail, a second screw, the second block and the second motor; a second lead screw mounted on the output shaft of said second motor ; the second slider mounted on said second screw and said second rail; visual inspection of the components mounted on the second slide. 该第二丝杠也可以采用皮带替换，由第二电机驱动皮带，皮带带动第二滑块运动。 The second screw may be replaced by belt, belt driven by a second motor, a second belt driven slide movement.
 关于线路板的送入和送出，可以采用手动送入、送出的方式，也可通过设置送板组件2和出板组件3 ;实现自动送入和自动送出的功能。  Feeding on board and sent, can be manually fed, sent the way, can also be sent to board assembly by setting the plate assembly 2 and 3; automatic feeding and automatic send function. 所述送板组件2用于将需要检查维修的线路板送上工作台4 ;即负责从箱体外部获取电路板送入箱体内部，所述出板组件3用于将检查维修的线路板从工作台4上取出；即负责从箱体内部获取电路板送出箱体外部，由于上述送入和送出仅为相反的运动过程，因此其送板组件2和出板组件3可以采用相同的结构。 Get 2 for the plate assembly will require inspection and maintenance of the board to send table 4; that is responsible for obtaining the circuit board inside the box into the box from the outside, said the panel assembly 3 board for inspection and maintenance of removed from the table 4; that is responsible for obtaining the circuit board inside the box sent from outside the box, since the incoming and outgoing just the opposite movement, so it feeding plate assembly 2 and a plate assembly 3 may be the same structure . 具体的，上述送板组件2、出板组件3固定在机架I的工作桌面11上，分别位于后续描述的输送组件7的两端位置上方。 Delivery assembly Specifically, the power transmission plate assembly 2, the panel assembly 3 is fixed to the frame I work table 11, both ends of which are located in the following description of the location of the top 7.
 其中，如图3所示，以送板组件2为例，本例中所述的所述送板组件2和出板组件3均包括第三水平线性运动组件、气缸23和机械手24 ;所述第三水平线性运动组件包括第三导轨22、第三滑块21、第三皮带(图中用的就是皮带)及第三电机；  wherein, shown in Figure 3, in order to send the plate assembly 2, for example, the feed plate assembly 2 and a plate assembly according to this embodiment 3 includes a third horizontal linear motion components, cylinder 23 and the robot 24 ; the third horizontal linear motion assembly includes a third rail 22, the third slider 21, the third belt (belt is shown by), and a third motor;
 所述第三皮带安装在所述第三电机的输出轴上；所述第三滑块21安装在所述第三皮带和所述第三导轨22上；所述气缸23安装于所述第三滑块21上；上述第三皮带也可以采用丝杆替换，由第三电机驱动丝杆，丝杆带动第三滑块21运动。  The third belt mounted on the output shaft of the third motor; the third slider 21 is mounted on the third belt 22 and the third rail; the cylinder 23 is mounted to the said third slider 21; said third belt may also be used to replace the screw, screw driven by a third motor, a third screw driven slide 21 movement.
 所述机械手24安装于所述气缸23上。  The robot 24 is mounted on the cylinder 23. 具体的，本例中气缸23通过一竖向臂26和一水平臂25安装在该第三滑块21上。 Specifically, in this case the cylinder 23 by a vertical arm 26 and a horizontal arm 25 is mounted on the third slider 21.
 动作时，其第三电机驱动第三皮带转动，进而带动第三皮带上的第三滑块21在第三导轨22上滑动；安装在第三滑块21上的第三气缸则驱动该机械手24运动，该机械手24取板的方式为接触式取板，该机械手24通过真空吸取或者夹具抓取该线路板。  When the action, its third motor drives the third rotating belt, thereby bringing the third belt on the third slider 21 slides on the third rail 22; a third cylinder mounted on the third slider 21 of the drive the movement of the robot 24, the robot 24 to take board way for contact to take the plate, the robot 24 by a vacuum drawn or crawl the jig board. 本例中该机械手24通过真空吸取的方式吸取该线路板。 In this case the robot 24 lessons learned by way of the vacuum circuit boards. 具体的，该机械手24为一板状件，其上安装有若干吸盘，通过该吸盘来实现将线路板真空吸取的功能。 Specifically, the robot 24 is a plate-like member, which is mounted a plurality of suction cups, the suction cups to achieve by the vacuum pick board function.
 如上所述，可以将该工作台4设置在固定位置，不可移动，也可以将该工作台4设置成可移动的方式，如图1、图4所示，比如设置成，还包括用于将工作台4从检查工位向维修工位输送的输送组件7 ;所述工作台4安装于所述输送组件7上。  As described above, the table 4 can be arranged in a fixed position, not moving, the table 4 can also be arranged in a movable manner, as shown in Figure 1, as shown in FIG. 4, for example provided, further comprising for table 4 from the inspection station to the repairman bit transfer assembly conveyor 7; the table 4 is attached to the upper conveyor assembly 7. 输送组件7固定在设备的机架I的工作桌面11上，送板组件2抓取电路板后放到置于输送组件7上的工作台4上，输送组件7把电路板先后送到视觉检测工位，维修工位和取板工位，完成电路板的输送作业。 The conveyor assembly 7 fixed to the frame of the equipment I work table 11, sent to board after board assembly 2 to crawl into the transfer assembly is placed on the table 4 7, conveyor assembly 7 board has to visual inspection station, repairman bit and take board station, complete the circuit board transfer operations.
 输送组件7用来传输电路板,输送组件7的方式包括但不限于皮带输送,托住电路板侧边的轨道输送，及移动式工作台4输送等，本例中采用移动式工作台4作为输送组件7，该移动式工作台4上有定位机构(如定位销，定位边等)，工作台4带动电路板沿一定方向(如图2中所示，本例中给沿X向)运动，完成在检测、焊接等多个工位之间的位置转换。  transfer assembly used to transfer the circuit board 7, 7 way transfer assembly including but not limited to the belt conveyor, lift up the side of the circuit board conveyor track, and transportation and other mobile station 4, in this case the use of mobile work Taiwan 4 as a delivery assembly 7, the mobile table positioning mechanism 4 (such as positioning pins, positioning edge, etc.), table 4 drive circuit board in a certain direction (shown in Figure 2, in this case to the X to) movement, will complete the conversion between the detector and welding a plurality of stations.
 其中，本例中所谓的移动式工作台4指:所述输送组件7包括输送导轨、输送丝杠、输送块及驱动电机；  wherein, in this case a so-called mobile station 4 means: the delivery assembly 7 comprises a carrier rail, screw conveyor, and the conveyor drive motor block;
 所述输送块安装于所述输送丝杠和所述输送导轨上；所述工作台4安装于所述输送块上；  The transport block is mounted on the screw conveyor and the conveying rail; the table 4 is attached to the conveyor on the block;
 所述驱动电机连接所述输送丝杠，驱动所述输送丝杠转动；所述丝杠转动带动所述输送块在所述输送丝杠和所述输送导轨上滑动。  The drive motor is connected to the screw conveyor, driving the conveyor screw rotation; the rotation of the screw conveyor driven by the sliding block on the screw conveyor and the conveyor rail. 如图4所示，本例中的输送导轨包括左右设置的两块输送导轨，输送丝杠设置在两输送导轨之间；该工作台4安装在所谓的输送块上后，可在所述输送导轨上滑动。 As shown in Figure 4, in this case the conveying track comprises a right and left two rail transport, screw conveyor disposed between the conveyance rails; table 4 mounted on the rear of the so-called transport block, may be transported in the slide on rails.
 作为优选实施的方式，所述焊接维修组件5还包括自动除锡机构；所述自动除锡机构包括吹气机构及废锡槽；  as a way of preferred embodiments, the weld repair assembly 5 also includes an automatic mechanism in addition to tin; tin institutions, including the automatic addition of the blowing mechanism and scrap tin bath;
 所述吹气机构用于除去焊枪上的残留锡渣，所述废锡槽用于收集所述吹气机构吹落的锡渣。  The blowing mechanism for removing residual dross on the gun, the tank for collecting the waste tin blowing mechanism blown dross. 该吹气机构采用高压气流方式，可将焊枪上的残留锡渣吹落，废锡槽则将吹落的残留锡渣收集。 The agency uses high-pressure air blowing mode, the residual dross on the gun blew, scrap tin bath will be blown residual dross collected.
 作为优选的实施方式，所述机架I上设有两个以上的输送组件7，每个所述输送组件7上均安装有所述工作台4。  As a preferred embodiment, the frame I is provided with two or more delivery assemblies 7, 7 are mounted on each of said conveyor assembly 4 of the table.
 作为优选的实施方式，还可以在箱体外增加流水线，该流水线可以通过将需要检测、维修的线路板输送至送板组件2的机械手24下方。  As a preferred embodiment, the outer housing may also be increased in the pipeline, the pipeline can be detected by the maintenance of the circuit board assembly 24 is delivered to the bottom plate to send the robot 2. 也可以通过出板组件3将检测维修后的线路板送至流水线上，通过该流水线送入线路板制作工艺的下一道工序中处理。 A step in the process can also be a plate assembly 3 after testing and maintenance on the circuit board to the assembly line, into the circuit board production process through the pipeline under.
 送板组件2获取电路板后，把电路板放置到工作台4上，输送组件7带动工作台4移动到视觉检测工位，视觉检测工位在按照工控机的指令对电路板进行扫描拍照，获得的图像传给工控机中进行分析，工控机分析后取得不良元件或焊点的现象和位置坐标等信息，并把这些信息传给焊接维修组件5，完成视觉检测后，输送组件7带动工作台4继续移动，把电路板送到焊接维修工位，焊接维修系统按照视觉检测系统取得的不良信息，对电路板进行自动维修作业，包括半焊，空焊的加锡，连焊的自动断开(消除连焊之间多余的焊锡)等，维修完成后，输送组件7把电路板继续送到取板工位，取板组件把电路板抓取送到装置外部，至此完成整个电路板的自动检测焊接维修作业。  2 After getting sent to board assembly circuit board, the circuit board is placed on the table 4, the conveyor assembly 7 leads the work table 4 is moved to the visual inspection station, visual inspection station in accordance with the IPC instruction on the circuit board scanning pictures, images obtained for analysis pass IPC, IPC made after analyzing the failure of components or solder joints phenomena and position coordinates and other information, and the information to repair welding assembly 5, visual inspection is completed, the transfer assembly 7 drive station 4 continues to move, the board sent the maintenance man welding position, welding repair system visual inspection system in accordance with bad information obtained, on the circuit board automatic maintenance operations, including semi-welding, air welding plus tin, even welding Auto disconnect (remove excess solder between even welding), etc., after the repair is completed, the conveying member 7 boards continue to take the plate station, take the circuit board assembly board to crawl external device, thereby completing the entire automatic detection circuit board repair welding job.
 采用本发明提供的该线路板焊接缺陷自动检测维修装置，将视觉检测组件和焊接维修组件5整合在一个装置中，首先可取代人工的检测和维修，大量节约人力，保证了焊接维修质量，可大幅缩减此环节的作用人员，同时因为是自动作业，可确保维修质量的稳定性。  With this circuit board welding defects of the present invention to provide an automatic maintenance device for the visual detection assembly and welding repairs assembly 5 integrated into one device, the first can replace manual testing and maintenance, save a lot of manpower to ensure that the welding repairs quality, can significantly reduce the role of this part of the staff, and because automatic operation, to ensure the stability of the quality of maintenance. 其次，可提升产品品质，降低不良率。 Secondly, can improve product quality, reduce the defect rate. 同时，本自动检测维修装置的结构相对较集中，占地面积小，成本相对较低，可通过该自动检测维修装置自动完成其检测维修过程，无需人工的介入。 Meanwhile, the device automatically detects structural repairs relatively concentrated, small footprint, relatively low cost, which can be done automatically by the automatic detection and maintenance process test and maintenance equipment, without manual intervention.
 以上所述仅为本发明的较佳实施例而已，并不用以限制本发明，凡在本发明的精神和原则之内所作的任何修改、等同替换和改进等，均应包含在本发明的保护范围之内。  The foregoing is only preferred embodiments of the present invention, it is not intended to limit the present invention, any modifications within the spirit and principles of the present invention made, equivalent replacement and improvement, etc., should be included in this within the scope of the invention.
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