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Publication numberCN104554479 A
Publication typeApplication
Application numberCN 201410571718
Publication date29 Apr 2015
Filing date23 Oct 2014
Priority date24 Oct 2013
Also published asCN104554479B
Publication number201410571718.6, CN 104554479 A, CN 104554479A, CN 201410571718, CN-A-104554479, CN104554479 A, CN104554479A, CN201410571718, CN201410571718.6
Inventors岸田卓也, 小野彻, 中岛晃, 加藤裕幸
Applicant本田技研工业株式会社, 纽弗雷公司
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: SIPO, Espacenet
Spring clip mounting structure and a car fender
CN 104554479 A
Abstract
The present invention provides a spring clip, panel mounting workability good and stable and can indeed exert clamping force. Spring clip (1) the second panel (12) to be capable of detachably holding the first panel (11), having: a U-shaped clip body (2); mounted on the clip body and clamped imparting force of the spring member (3); and the clip body and the spring member is secured to the first panel of the fastening member (4), the clip body comprises: a holding within the base portion of the second panel (21) from the inside of the body; holding the second panel of the outer base portion (22) from the outside of the vehicle body; and a connecting portion (23), the spring member comprising: a base portion of the inner spring engages the base portion (31); and the outer portion of the base card bonding the outer spring base portion (32); and a spring coupling portion (33), having an inner portion for connecting the base portions interspersed spring insertion hole (23a), and by tightening the spring member and the inner portion and the base within the base portion is fixed to the first panel.
Claims(5)  translated from Chinese
1.一种弹簧夹,其固定于组装在车身上的第I面板上,且相对于该第I面板而以使第2面板能够拆装的方式保持该第2面板,其特征在于,具有: 夹子主体,其形成为具有开口部的〕字状截面且夹持所述第2面板而将其保持,其中,所述第2面板从一端侧插入所述开口部; 弹簧部件,其形成为与该夹子主体相匹配的3字状截面且安装在所述夹子主体上而付与夹持力;和紧固部件,其将所述夹子主体与所述弹簧部件紧固在所述第I面板上, 所述夹子主体具有:从所述车身内侧保持所述第2面板的内基座部;从所述车身外侧保持所述第2面板的外基座部;和配设在相对于所述开口部的另一端侧且连结所述内基座部与所述外基座部的连结部, 所述弹簧部件具有:与所述内基座部卡合的弹簧内基座部;与所述外基座部卡合的弹簧外基座部;连结所述弹簧内基座部与所述弹簧外基座部的弹簧连结部, 所述连结部具有供所述弹簧内基座部穿插的穿插孔, 在将穿插在该穿插孔内的所述弹簧内基座部从车身外侧与所述内基座部卡合、且将所述弹簧外基座部从车身外侧与所述外基座部卡合的状态下,所述紧固部件将该弹簧内基座部与该内基座部紧固在所述第I面板上。 A spring clip, which is fixed to the vehicle body on the assembly panel section I, and I with respect to the first panel and the second panel so that can detachably holding the second panel, characterized by comprising: the clip body, which is formed as] a cross-sectional shape having an opening portion and holding said second panel and to hold it, wherein said second panel is inserted from one end side of the opening portion; a spring member, which is formed with The clip body 3 shaped to match the cross section and mounted on the clamp body and the clamping force imparted; and the fastening member, which said clip body and said spring member fastened to said first panel I, the clip body having: holding the vehicle body from the inside of the base portion of the second inner panel; outer side of the vehicle body from the holding portion of the second outer base panel; and disposed with respect to said opening portion and connecting the other end side of the inner base portion and the base portion of the outer connecting portion, said spring member comprising: a base portion of the inner spring engaging within the base portion; and said outer base an outer base portion of the spring seat portion engages; spring base connecting the inner portion and the outer spring coupling portion of the base portion of the spring, the connecting portion having an inner base portion for the spring insertion hole interspersed , in the holes interspersed in the interspersed within the base portion of the spring from the outside of the vehicle body and engaging said inner seat portion and the base portion of the spring from the outside of the outer body and the outer base portion under the engaged state, the fastening member within the base portion of the spring with the inner base portion fastened to the first I panel.
2.根据权利要求1所述的弹簧夹,其特征在于,所述内基座部具有使所述第2面板抵接而将其保持的线状凸部, 所述线状凸部沿着所述第2面板插入的方向而在所述内基座部的两侧形成一对, 所述弹簧基座部以夹在两侧的所述线状凸部之间的方式被引导而与所述内基座部卡口ο 2. The spring clip according to claim 1, characterized in that said inner base portion having said second panel abuts the linear portion of their holding projections, said linear projections along the said second panel in the direction of insertion of the inner side of the base portion is formed of a pair, the base portion of the spring clip at both sides in the manner of the linear convex portion is guided between the within the base unit bayonet ο
3.根据权利要求1或2所述的弹簧夹,其特征在于,所述弹簧部件具有折曲部,该折曲部沿着所述弹簧内基座部从所述穿插孔穿插的方向而延伸设置在所述弹簧外基座部的侧面部上,且从所述侧面部向所述弹簧内基座部侧折曲, 在所述折曲部上卡合有所述外基座部的侧面部。 3. The spring clip according to claim 1 or claim 2, characterized in that said spring member having a bent portion, the bent portion of the spring along a direction interspersed within the base portion from the jack and wear provided on said spring extending outer side surface portion of the base portion and the side surface portion from the inner side of the base portion of the spring is bent on the bent portion is engaged with the outer portion of the base side portion.
4.根据权利要求1〜3中任一项所述的弹簧夹,其特征在于,在所述外基座部的车身外侧具有卡定部,在将所述弹簧外基座部从车身外侧与所述外基座部卡合的状态下,该卡定部将该弹簧外基座部的穿插方向前端部卡定。 4. A spring clip according to any of claims one of claims 1~3, wherein, in the outside of the outer body portion having a base portion engaging, in the base portion of the spring from the outside of the outer body and at the outer base portion engaged state, the locking portion the spring interspersed direction of the base portion of the distal end portion of the outer locking.
5.一种汽车的翼子板的安装构造,其使用了权利要求1〜4所述的弹簧夹,其特征在于, 所述第I面板是侧面板, 所述第2面板是翼子板,在所述翼子板的上缘具有将前柱的下端部覆盖的突出部, 所述翼子板具有从所述突出部向下方延伸的凸缘, 所述侧面板具有由所述紧固部件固定在与所述凸缘对应的位置上的所述弹簧夹, 所述凸缘插入至所述弹簧夹的开口部中而通过基于该弹簧夹而实现的夹持力而被保持。 A mounting structure of a car fender, which uses a spring clip of claim 1 ~ 4 above, wherein said first I panel is a side panel, the second panel is a fender, on the edge of the fender has a protrusion of the lower end portion of the front pillar cover, the fender has a flange extending downward from the protruding portion, said side panels having by the fastening member said spring holder is fixed at a position corresponding to the flange on the flange portion is inserted into an opening in the spring holder on which the spring clip is achieved by the clamping force is maintained.
Description  translated from Chinese
弹簧夹及汽车的翼子板的安装构造 Spring clip mounting structure and a car fender

技术领域 TECHNICAL FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及弹簧夹及汽车的翼子板的安装构造,尤其涉及在夹子主体上安装有弹簧部件的弹簧夹及汽车的翼子板的安装构造。 [0001] The present invention relates to a spring clip and a car fender mounting structure, in particular, relates to a mounting structure is mounted on a spring clip body parts of the spring clip and car fender.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 以往,已知一种车身构造,其从车辆设计性等观点出发,设有从前翼子板的上缘部延伸至前柱的突出部,且通过该突出部来覆盖前柱的下端部。 [0002] Conventionally, there is known a vehicle body structure, which from the viewpoint of vehicle design, etc., is provided on the front edge of the protrusion fender extends to the front pillar and is covered by the protrusion of the lower end of the front pillar unit.

[0003] 在采用这种车身构造的情况下,需要使用树脂制夹子来将前挡泥板的突出部固定在车身上(例如,专利文献I)。 [0003] In the case of such a vehicle body structure, it is necessary to use a resin clamp the protruding portion of the front fender fixed to the vehicle body (e.g., Patent Document I).

[0004] 专利文献I所述的树脂制的夹子呈具有开口部的口字状截面,并将翼子板插入至2字状截面的内侧,由此,能够产生夹持力而保持翼子板。 [0004] Patent Document resin clip showed a port of the I-shaped cross section having an opening portion, and is inserted to the inside of the fender 2 shaped cross section, whereby the clamping force can be generated while holding the fender .

[0005] 使用该树脂制夹子的专利文献I所述的翼子板安装构造,能够将树脂制夹子通过铆钉预先固定在车身(外侧面板)上,并将翼子板的凸缘部插入至树脂制夹子,从而一边通过基于树脂制夹子产生的夹持力保持凸缘部,一边进行翼子板的对位,由此能够提高安装作业性。 Fender mounting structure [0005] Using the resin clip according to Patent Document I, the resin can be fixed to the vehicle body by a rivet clip (outer panel), and the flange portion of the fender to the resin previously inserted clamp system, thereby holding the flange portion while the clamping force-based resin produced by the clip, are positioned to the side of the fender, it is possible to improve the mounting workability.

[0006] 在先技术文献 [0006] The prior art document

[0007] 专利文献1:国际公开第2013/108494号(参照图2) [0007] Patent Document 1: International Publication No. 2013/108494 (see FIG. 2)

[0008] 然而,通常,对于树脂制的夹子,即使在安装时具有夹持力,但若经长年时间变化及因维护或修理而反复拆装面板,则夹持力有可能会降低,由此,例如根据车辆设计,而具有希望使从翼子板的上缘部延伸的突出部变得更尖锐并更长来增大夹持力的课题。 [0008] However, in general, for the resin clip, even with a clamping force at the time of installation, but if after long time, and for maintenance or repair and repeated disassembly panel, the clamping force is likely to reduce by This, for example, according to the vehicle design, and is desirable to have projections extending from the upper edge portion of the fender becomes sharper and longer to increase the holding force of the subject.

[0009] 另外,对于树脂制的夹子,若使夹持力增大则会大型化,由此,具有难以适用于所谓三角窗部分的狭小部位的问题。 [0009] Further, the resin clip, when the clamping force is increased in size, thereby having a problem is difficult to apply the so-called triangular window portion of the narrow portion.

[0010] 另外,对于树脂制的夹子,若在受到翼子板的安装反作用力的状态下从喷涂、烤漆工序通过,则具有因升温会导致树脂制的夹子软化,从而-字形状打开而使夹持力降低的情况,由此,具有检查及修正作业工时增大的问题。 [0010] In addition, the resin clip, if installed in the state by the reaction force of the fender from the spray paint by step, then have softened due to warming will cause the clip is made of resin, and thus - shaped open leaving in the case of reduced clamping force, whereby, with checking and correction man-hours increases.

发明内容 SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0011] 本发明是鉴于这样的背景而做出的,以提供一种弹簧夹及汽车的翼子板的安装构造为课题,面板的安装作业性良好,并能够发挥确实的夹持力而可靠性高,且即使反复拆装也能够维持稳定的夹持力。 [0011] The present invention has been made in view of such a background, in order to provide a spring clip attachment structure and automobile fender was subject, installation panel excellent workability, and can play a definite and reliable holding force high, and even after repeated disassembly can maintain stable holding force.

[0012] 为了解决上述课题,技术方案I的发明提供一种弹簧夹,其固定于组装在车身上的第I面板上,且相对于该第I面板而以能够使第2面板拆装的方式保持第2面板,其特征在于,具有:夹子主体,其形成为具有开口部的-字状截面且夹持所述第2面板而将其保持,其中,所述第2面板从一端侧插入所述开口部;弹簧部件,其形成为与该夹子主体相匹配的-字状截面且安装在所述夹子主体上而付与夹持力;和紧固部件,其将所述夹子主体与所述弹簧部件紧固在所述第I面板上,所述夹子主体具有:从所述车身内侧保持所述第2面板的内基座部;从所述车身外侧保持所述第2面板的外基座部;和配设在相对于所述开口部的另一端侧且连结所述内基座部与所述外基座部的连结部,所述弹簧部件具有:与所述内基座部卡合的弹簧内基座部;与所述外基座部卡合的弹簧外基座部;连结所述弹簧内基座部与所述弹簧外基座部的弹簧连结部,所述连结部具有供所述弹簧内基座部穿插的穿插孔,在将穿插在该穿插孔内的所述弹簧内基座部从车身外侧与所述内基座部卡合、且将所述弹簧外基座部从车身外侧与所述外基座部卡合的状态下,所述紧固部件将该弹簧内基座部与该内基座部紧固在所述第I面板上。 [0012] In order to solve the above problems, I aspect of the present invention to provide a spring clip, which is fixed to the assembly of the vehicle body panel section I, and I with respect to the first panel and the second panel so as to be detachably holding the second panel, characterized by: a clip body, which is formed to have an opening portion - shaped cross section and clamping the second panel and to hold it, wherein said second panel is inserted from one end side of the said opening portion; a spring member, which is formed with the clip body matches - shaped cross section and mounted on the clamp body and the clamping force imparted; and the fastening member, which will be the main body of the spring clip member fastened to said first panel I, the clip body having: holding the vehicle body from the inside of the base portion of the second inner panel; outer side of the vehicle body from the holding portion of the second outer base panel ; and disposed at the other end with respect to the opening portion and connecting the inner side of the base portion and the base portion of said outer connecting portion, said spring member includes: a base portion with the inner engaging a spring within the base portion; a spring base portion and the outer portion engages the outer base; connecting the spring within the base portion and the base portion of the spring outer spring coupling portion, the coupling portion having for the interspersed within the base portion of said spring insertion hole, interspersed within the holes interspersed in the base portion of the spring from the outside of the vehicle body and engaging said inner seat portion, and the outer base of the spring from the outside of the body portion and the outer base portion engaged state, the inner spring of the fastening member base portion of the inner portion is secured to the base of said first I panel.

[0013] 本发明的弹簧夹具有安装在上述夹子主体上而付与夹持力的弹簧部件,由此,能够使夹子主体为摩擦阻力小的树脂制,并使弹簧部件为刚性高的金属制,由此,能够通过夹子主体以减轻第2面板的插入阻力的方式进行夹持,同时能够通过弹簧部件而对夹子主体付与稳定且确实的夹持力。 [0013] The present invention has a spring clip attached to the clip body while imparting the clamping force of the spring member, thereby, it is possible to make small frictional resistance of the clip body made of resin, and the spring member is a metal having high rigidity, Thereby, it is possible to relieve the clip body by way of insertion resistance of the second panel will be clamped, while at the same time capable of imparting to the clip body stable and reliably by a spring force of the clamping member.

[0014] 由此,能够使第2面板一边在被基于弹簧部件产生的夹持力保持的状态下顺畅地进行对位,一边安装在第I面板上,从而能够提高面板的安装作业性,并且,即使反复拆装也能够维持稳定的夹持力。 [0014] Accordingly, it is possible to make the second side panel in a clamped force of the spring member produced based on a state of maintaining alignment smoothly, while the panel is mounted on the first I, thereby improving installation workability of the panel, and Even repeated disassembly can maintain stable holding force.

[0015] 另外,弹簧夹能够通过弹簧部件确实地承担在保持第2面板时从第2面板受到的反作用力,由此,即使从喷涂、烤漆工序通过,也能够防止基于升温而导致的弹簧夹的变形,从而抑制夹持力的降低。 [0015] In addition, the spring clip can reliably take in holding the second panel from the second panel by a reaction force by the spring member, whereby, even from the spraying, paint by step, it is possible to prevent the temperature rise based on a result of the spring clip deformed, thereby suppressing lowering the clamping force.

[0016] 另外,本发明的弹簧夹在上述夹子主体部的连结部上具有穿插孔,由此,能够使弹簧内基座部从穿插孔穿插而使内基座部与弹簧内基座部卡合,由此能够防止弹簧部件相对于夹子主体的错位,同时能够使夹子主体与弹簧部件顺畅且确实地卡合。 [0016] Further, the present invention has a spring clip insertion hole on the main body portion of the clip connecting portion, thereby enabling the spring within the base portion from the through-holes interspersed within leaving within the base portion and the spring base the engagement portion, whereby the spring member can be prevented from misalignment with respect to the main body of the clip while the clip body can be smoothly and reliably with the spring member engaged with.

[0017] 由此,易于进行夹子主体与弹簧部件的组装作业,且防止夹子主体与弹簧部件之间的错位,由此,能够通过紧固部件将夹子主体与弹簧部件牢固地固定在第I面板上,从而发挥稳定的夹持力而保持第2面板。 [0017] Accordingly, the assembling work is easy to carry out with the spring clip member body, and to prevent dislocation between the clip body and the spring member, whereby the fastening member through the body with the spring clip member is firmly fixed to the first panel I , thereby stabilizing the clamping force and holding the second panel.

[0018] 这样,本发明的弹簧夹的面板安装作业性良好,能够发挥确实的夹持力而可靠性高,且即使反复拆装也能够维持稳定的夹持力。 [0018] Thus, the present invention spring clip panel mounting workability is good, you can play the exact clamping force and the high reliability, and can be maintained even after repeated disassembly stable holding force.

[0019] 技术方案2的发明的特征在于,在技术方案I所述的弹簧夹中,所述内基座部具有使所述第2面板抵接而将其保持的线状凸部,所述线状凸部沿着所述第2面板插入的方向而在所述内基座部的两侧形成一对,所述弹簧基座部以夹在两侧的所述线状凸部之间的方式被引导而与所述内基座部卡合。 [0019] According to the invention of aspect 2 is characterized in that said spring clip technology in Scheme I, the inner base portion having said second panel abuts the linear convex portion of its holding, the linear convex portion of the second panel along the insertion direction on both sides of the inside of the base portion is formed of a pair of the springs on both sides of the base portion is interposed between the linear convex portion of Information is guided within the base portion of the engagement with.

[0020] 技术方案2的弹簧夹具有使上述第2面板与上述内基座部抵接而将其保持的线状凸部,由此,与第2面板抵接的抵接部在穿插方向上成为线接触,从而能够减轻摩擦阻力同时使夹持压力增大。 [0020] Technical Solution 2 has a spring clip so that the second panel and the interior of the base portion abuts linear projections of its holding, whereby the contact portion and the second panel abuts the interspersed direction becomes line contact, it is possible to reduce the frictional resistance while the clamping pressure is increased. 由此,能够减轻将第2面板插入至夹子主体而对位时的移动阻力,同时确实地付与夹持力而提高面板的安装作业性。 Thus, it is possible to alleviate the second panel is inserted into the clip body and resistance to movement when, while surely pay the clamping force and improve the mounting workability of the panel.

[0021] 另外,通过在内基座部的两侧具有线状凸部,能够以夹着弹簧内基座部的方式将其引导而使弹簧内基座部与内基座部卡合,由此能够抑制与穿插方向正交的方向上的错位而使内基座部与弹簧内基座部确实地卡合。 [0021] Further, by the inner sides of the base portion having a linear convex portion, it is possible in a manner to sandwich the base portion of the spring to the guide spring leaving the base portion and the inner portion of the base is engaged by the This can suppress the dislocation and interspersed direction perpendicular to the base portion on the inside leaving the spring within the base unit securely engaged.

[0022] 技术方案3的发明的特征在于,在技术方案I或2所述的弹簧夹中,所述弹簧部件具有折曲部,其沿着所述弹簧内基座部从所述穿插孔穿插的方向延伸设置在所述弹簧外基座部的侧面部上,且从所述侧面部向所述弹簧内基座部侧折曲,在所述折曲部上卡合有所述外基座部的侧面部。 Characteristics [0022] The invention as 3 is that, in the technical program I or 2, wherein the spring clip, the spring member having a bent portion disposed along said spring from said base portion through-holes interspersed extending disposed on the base portion of the outer side of the spring portion and the side portion from the base portion to the inner side of the spring is bent on the bent portion is engaged with the outer base seat side portions.

[0023] 技术方案3的弹簧夹通过使上述外基座部的侧面部与沿着上述穿插方向延伸设置在侧面部上的上述折曲部卡合,而能够防止弹簧部件相对于夹子主体的错位,同时使其顺畅且确实地卡合。 [0023] Technical Solution spring clip 3 by reacting interspersed along the side surface portion extending in the direction of the base portion of said outer set of said bent portion is engaged with the side surface portion, and the spring member can be prevented from misalignment with respect to the clip body while it engages smoothly and reliably.

[0024] 由此,易于进行夹子主体与弹簧部件的组装作业,且防止夹子主体与弹簧部件的错位,由此,能够通过紧固部件将夹子主体与弹簧部件牢固地固定在第I面板上,从而发挥稳定的夹持力而保持第2面板。 [0024] Accordingly, the assembling work is easy to carry out with the spring clip member body, and to prevent dislocation of the clip body with the spring member, whereby the fastening member through the body with the spring clip member is firmly fixed to the first panel I, thereby stabilizing the clamping force and holding the second panel.

[0025] 技术方案4的发明的特征在于,在技术方案I〜3中任一项所述的弹簧夹中,在所述外基座部的车身外侧具有卡定部,在将所述弹簧外基座部从车身外侧与所述外基座部卡合的状态下,该卡定部将该弹簧外基座部的穿插方向前端部卡定。 [0025] According to the invention of aspect 4 is characterized in that the spring clip according to any one of claims I~3 in the aspect, in the outer side of the body base portion having an outer locking portion, the spring in the outer lower base portion from outside the body and the outer base portion engaged state, the locking portion the spring interspersed direction outer end portion of the base portion of the locking.

[0026] 技术方案4的弹簧夹在上述外基座部的车身外侧具有将弹簧外基座部的穿插方向前端部卡定的卡定部,由此,能够防止弹簧外基座部相对于夹子主体的外基座部的错位,同时使其顺畅且确实地卡合。 [0026] Technical Solution spring clip on the outside of the body 4 of the outer base portion having an outer direction of the spring will be interspersed with the front end portion of the base portion of the locking of the locking portion, thereby, possible to prevent the outer base portion with respect to the spring clip dislocation outside the base portion of the body, while it engages smoothly and reliably.

[0027] 由此,易于进行夹子主体与弹簧部件的组装作业,且使弹簧部件确实地卡合在夹子主体上,由此,不会无意间地脱落而能够发挥更稳定的夹持力。 [0027] Accordingly, the assembling work is easy to carry out the body with the spring clip member, the spring member and is securely engaged with the clip body, thus, we will not inadvertently fall off and be able to play a more stable clamping force.

[0028] 技术方案5的发明提供一种汽车的翼子板的安装构造,其使用了技术方案I〜4所述的弹簧夹,其特征在于,所述第I面板是侧面板,所述第2面板是翼子板,在所述翼子板的上缘具有将前柱的下端部覆盖的突出部,所述翼子板具有从所述突出部向下方延伸的凸缘,所述侧面板具有由所述紧固部件固定在与所述凸缘对应的位置上的所述弹簧夹,所述凸缘插入至所述弹簧夹的开口部中而通过基于该弹簧夹而实现的夹持力而被保持。 [0028] The invention of claim 5 provides a car fender mounting structure, which uses a spring clip I~4 the technical solution, characterized in that the first I panels are side panels, said first 2 fender panel is on the edge of the fender has a projecting portion of the lower end portion of the front pillar cover, the fender has a flange extending downward from the protruding portion, said side panels having through by the fastening member is fixed to said flange of said spring clip in position corresponding to the flange portion of the spring clip is inserted into an opening in the holding force based on the spring holder achieved It is held.

[0029] 技术方案5的发明使用上述弹簧夹而将翼子板安装在侧面板上,由此,即使采用从前翼子板的上缘部延伸的突出部更尖锐更长的那样的车辆设计,也能够使夹持力增大而确实地保持。 [0029] The invention of claim 5, using the spring clip and the fender mounted on the side panel, which, even with the protrusion on the front edge of the fender extends sharper longer as the vehicle design, it is possible to increase the gripping force reliably maintained.

[0030] 由此,本发明的弹簧夹也能够优选适用于所谓的三角窗部分等的狭小而手难以伸入、作业性差的部位。 [0030] Accordingly, the spring clip of the present invention can also be preferably applied to narrow and is difficult to project into the hand, parts of the so-called poor workability triangular window portion or the like.

[0031] 发明效果 [0031] Effect of the Invention

[0032] 本发明的弹簧夹及汽车的翼子板的安装构造,其面板的安装作业性良好,能够发挥确实的夹持力而可靠性高,即使反复拆装也能够维持稳定的夹持力。 [0032] The mounting structure of the present invention spring clip and car fender, the installation work of the panel is good, can play a really gripping force and high reliability can be maintained even after repeated disassembly stable clamping force .

附图说明 Brief Description

[0033] 图1是表示使用本发明的实施方式的弹簧夹而将翼子板安装在侧面板上的情况的正视图,是从左侧方观察车身的图。 [0033] FIG. 1 shows the use of a spring clip embodiment of the present invention and the fender mounted on the side panel of the case front view of the body is observed from the left side of Fig.

[0034] 图2是表示使用本发明的实施方式的弹簧夹而将翼子板安装在侧面板上之后状态的正视图。 [0034] FIG. 2 is a diagram showing an embodiment of the present invention using the spring clip and the fender mounted behind a front view of the state of the side panel.

[0035] 图3是表示本发明的实施方式的弹簧夹的构成与组装方法的立体图,图3 (a)表示将铆钉衬套安装在夹子主体上的工序,图3(b)表示弹簧部件的安装,图3(c)表示铆钉的安装,图3(d)表示将铆钉安装而固定在车身上之前的状态。 [0035] FIG. 3 is a perspective view showing an embodiment of the present invention, showing a configuration of the spring clip and a method of assembling, FIG. 3 (a) shows the step rivet bushing mounted on the clip body, and Fig. 3 (b) shows a spring member installation, FIG. 3 (c) shows the installation of the rivet, FIG. 3 (d) shows the installed rivet is fixed to the vehicle body before the state.

[0036] 图4表示本发明的实施方式的弹簧夹的夹子主体,图4(a)是俯视图,图4(b)是左侧视图,图4(c)是正视图,图4(d)是右侧视图,图4(e)是仰视图。 [0036] FIG. 4 shows an embodiment of the clip body a spring clip of the present invention, FIG. 4 (a) is a plan view, FIG. 4 (b) is a left side view, FIG. 4 (c) is a front view, FIG. 4 (d) is a right side view, FIG. 4 (e) is a bottom view.

[0037] 图5表示本发明的实施方式的弹簧夹的弹簧部件,图5(a)是俯视图,图5(b)是左侧视图,图5(c)是正视图,图5(d)是右侧视图,图5(e)是仰视图。 [0037] Figure 5 illustrates an embodiment of the present invention spring clip spring member, FIG. 5 (a) is a plan view, FIG. 5 (b) is a left side view, FIG. 5 (c) is a front view, FIG. 5 (d) is a right side view, FIG. 5 (e) is a bottom view.

[0038] 图6是表示本发明的实施方式的弹簧夹的图,图6(a)是夹子主体的立体图,图6(b)是弹簧部件的立体图,图6(c)是表示使弹簧部件与夹持件主体卡合后的状态的立体图。 [0038] FIG. 6 shows a spring clip of FIG embodiment of the present invention, FIG. 6 (a) is a perspective view of the clip body, and Fig. 6 (b) is a perspective view of a spring member, FIG. 6 (c) shows a spring member the state body after engaging a perspective view of the clamping member.

[0039] 图7是表示用于说明安装铆钉的情况的半剖视的立体图,该铆钉用于固定本发明的实施方式的弹簧夹。 [0039] FIG. 7 is a perspective view showing a half cross-sectional view for explaining a case of mounting the rivet, the rivet for fixing the spring clip embodiment of the present invention.

[0040] 图8是表示使用本发明的实施方式的弹簧夹而将翼子板安装在侧面板上的工序的示意剖视图,图8(a)是将铆钉衬套安装在夹子主体上的工序,图8(b)和图8(c)是弹簧部件的安装工序,图8(d)是铆钉的安装工序。 [0040] FIG. 8 is a diagram showing an embodiment of the present invention is the use of the spring clip and the fender mounted on the side panel of a schematic sectional view of a step, and Fig. 8 (a) step of the rivet bushing is mounted on the clip body, Figure 8 (b) and FIG. 8 (c) is a spring member mounting step, Fig 8 (d) is a rivet mounting step.

[0041] 图9是表示使用本发明的实施方式的弹簧夹而将翼子板安装在侧面板上的工序的示意剖视图,图9(e)是将安装有铆钉的弹簧夹安装在侧面板上的工序,图9(f)是铆接铆钉的工序,图9(g)是将铆钉的铆钉销截断而将翼子板安装在弹簧夹上的工序。 [0041] FIG. 9 is a diagram showing an embodiment using the spring clip of the present invention and the fender mounting a schematic sectional view of a step in the side panel, FIG. 9 (e) is a spring clip mounted with rivets mounted on the side panel a step of FIG. 9 (f) is riveting rivet process, FIG. 9 (g) is a rivet and rivet pin cut off the fender is mounted on the spring clip process.

[0042] 图10是表示使用本发明的实施方式的弹簧夹而将翼子板安装在侧面板上的状态的图,图10(a)是图2的X —X线剖视图,图10(b)是图2的Y —Y线剖视图。 [0042] FIG. 10 illustrates an embodiment of the present invention using a spring clip and the fender mounted on the side panel of the state, and FIG. 10 (a) is a sectional view of the X -X line in Figure 2, and Figure 10 (b ) is a sectional view of FIG. 2 Y -Y line.

[0043] 附图标记说明 [0043] Explanation of Symbols

[0044] I 弹簧夹 [0044] I spring clip

[0045] 2 夹子主体 [0045] 2 clip body

[0046] 3 弹簧部件 [0046] 3 spring member

[0047] 4 铆钉 [0047] 4 rivet

[0048] 10安装构造 [0048] The mounting structure 10

[0049] 11侧面板 [0049] 11 side panels

[0050] Ila三角窗部 [0050] Ila triangular window section

[0051] Ilb 前柱 [0051] Ilb front pillar

[0052] Ilc夹子固定孔 [0052] Ilc clamps hole

[0053] 12翼子板 [0053] 12 fender

[0054] 12a突出部 [0054] 12a protrusion

[0055] 12b 凸缘 [0055] 12b of the flange

[0056] 20 开口部 [0056] 20 openings

[0057] 21内基座部 [0057] 21 within the base unit

[0058] 21a衬套安装孔 [0058] 21a bushing mounting hole

[0059] 21b线状凸部 [0059] 21b linear convex portion

[0060] 22外基座部 [0060] 22 outside the base portion

[0061] 23连结部 [0061] the connecting portion 23

[0062] 24卡定部 [0062] 24 the locking portion

[0063] 31弹簧内基座部 [0063] 31 within the base portion of the spring

[0064] 32弹簧外基座部 [0064] outside the base portion 32 of the spring

[0065] 33弹簧连结部 [0065] 33 spring coupling portion

[0066] 34穿插方向前端部 [0066] direction of the distal end portion 34 interspersed

[0067] 35折曲部 [0067] 35 bending portions

[0068] 40铆钉衬套 [0068] 40 rivet bushing

具体实施方式 DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0069] 适当地参照图1至图10,来具体说明基于本发明的实施方式的弹簧夹I构成的翼子板12的安装构造10。 [0069] FIG. 1 is suitably to 10 to specify the fender-based embodiment of the present invention is composed of spring clip attachment structure 12 I 10 reference.

[0070] 参照的图1与图2表示翼子板12及侧面板11的一部分,即表示前柱Ilb的根部的所谓三角窗部Ila的周围。 [0070] 1 and Figure 2 shows a portion of the fender side panels 12 and 11, it means that the so-called triangular window portion Ila Ilb front pillar of the roots of surrounding reference FIG. 侧面板11处于组装在车身(车辆)上的状态。 Side panel 11 is assembled in the body (of the vehicle) on the state. 虽然在三角窗部Ila上形成有凹部且安装有着色的玻璃,但为了便于说明,拆除了安装在三角窗部Ila上的玻璃而使弹簧夹I能够被观察到。 Although a recess formed in the triangular window portion Ila and was equipped with colored glass, but for ease of explanation, removed the glass mounted on a triangular window portion Ila of leaving spring clips I can be observed.

[0071] 如图1与图2适当地所示,翼子板的安装构造10是如下的车身构造,其使用弹簧夹I将作为第2面板的翼子板12安装在作为第I面板的侧面板11上,该侧面板11组装在车身(未图示)上(参照图2)。 [0071] FIG. 1 and 2 as appropriate, the mounting structure of the fender body 10 is constructed as follows, which I will use the spring clip 12 is mounted on the side panel as the I as a second fender panel the panel 11, the side panels 11 assembled in the vehicle body (not shown) (see FIG. 2).

[0072] 弹簧夹I形成为具有开口部20的口字状截面(参照图7),在通过作为紧固部件的铆钉4而固定在侧面板11上的状态下使用(参照图10),且能够发挥夹持力而保持翼子板12。 [0072] I is formed as a spring clip having a mouth-shaped cross section (see FIG. 7) of the opening 20, as used in the fastening member by a rivet 4 is fixed to the side panel 11 (see FIG. 10), and It can play a clamping force holding the fender 12.

[0073] 另外,在本实施方式中,虽然作为紧固部件而使用了铆钉4,但并不限定于此,也可以使用螺栓或螺丝等。 [0073] Further, in the present embodiment, although the fastening member is used as a rivet 4, but is not limited thereto, may be bolts or screws.

[0074] 侧面板11具有配设在前方上缘部的三角窗部11a、和一边从三角窗部Ila朝向后方倾斜一边向上方延伸的前柱lib。 [0074] 11 having a side panel disposed on the front edge portion of the triangular window portion 11a, and the rearward side from the inclined side of the triangular window portion Ila extending upward of a front pillar lib.

[0075] 在三角窗部Ila上,且在与翼子板12的凸缘12b对应的位置上通过铆钉4而固定弹簧夹I (参照图7)。 [0075] On the triangular window portion Ila, and the flange 12b of the fender 12 at positions corresponding to the spring clip secured by rivets 4 I (see Fig. 7).

[0076] 翼子板12具有一边从前部的上缘朝向后方倾斜一边向上方延伸的突出部12a、和从突出部12a向下方延伸的凸缘12b。 [0076] The fender 12 has an upper edge portion of the front side toward the rear side of the inclined protrusion extending upward 12a, and 12a from the downward projecting portion extending flange 12b.

[0077] 翼子板12通过在将凸缘12b插入至弹簧夹I中的状态下弹簧夹I所发挥的夹持力被支承,且突出部12a以覆盖前柱Ilb的下端部的方式嵌入至侧面板11而被紧固。 [0077] The fender 12 under the flange 12b by spring clips I inserted into the spring clip in a state of gripping force I play is supported, and the projection 12a in a manner to cover the lower portion of the front pillar to embed Ilb side panel 11 is fastened.

[0078]【弹簧夹】 [0078] [spring clip]

[0079] 如图3所示,弹簧夹I具有:夹持翼子板12 (参照图1)而将其保持的夹子主体2 ;安装在夹子主体2上的铆钉衬套(rivet sleeve) 40 (参照图3 (a));形成为与夹子主体2匹配的〕字状截面且安装在夹子主体2上而付与夹持力的弹簧部件3 (参照图3 (b));和紧固在侧面板11 (参照图1)上的铆钉4 (参照图3 (c))。 [0079] 3, the spring clip having I: holding the fender 12 (see FIG. 1) and to hold it in the clip body 2; clip body mounted on the rivet bushing (rivet sleeve) 2 40. ( Referring to FIG. 3 (a)); and the clip body 2 is formed to match]-shaped cross section and mounted on the clip body 2 while imparting the clamping force of the spring member 3 (see FIG. 3 (b)); and fastening the side 4 rivet panel 11 (see FIG. 1) (see Fig. 3 (c)).

[0080] 如图3(b)所示,弹簧夹I在该状态下使用:将弹簧部件3的弹簧内基座部31从图3(b)所示的方向(以下,称为“穿插方向”。)穿插至形成在夹子主体2上的穿插孔23a内而使夹子主体2与弹簧部件3重合地卡合。 [0080] FIG. 3 (b), the spring clip in this state, I use: the inner spring of the spring member 3 from the base portion 31 (b) direction shown in FIG. 3 (hereinafter, referred to as "interspersed direction . ") interspersed to clip body 2 is formed on the inner insertion hole 23a leaving 2 and 3 spring clip body parts overlap with the engagement.

[0081]【铆钉】 [0081] [rivet]

[0082] 如图7所示,铆钉4具有:在头部形成有凸边状的首部41a的铆钉管41 ;和从铆钉管41的图中下方插入的铆钉销42。 [0082] As shown in Figure 7, the rivet 4 has: a rivet head is formed with a convex-shaped edge portion 41a of the first tube 41; and a rivet from the rivet tube 41 below the pin 42 is inserted. 铆钉管41是主体部为中空的管,在铆钉管41的内部插入有铆钉销42。 Rivet tube body portion 41 is a hollow tube inside the tube 41 of the rivet is inserted into the rivet pin 42. 在铆钉销42的图中的下部,形成有半球状头部42a,在铆钉销42的主体部上形成有在铆接加工时会被截断的直径小的截断部42b。 In the lower portion of the rivet pin 42 in FIG formed hemispherical head 42a, the main body portion of the rivet pin 42 are formed at small swaging be truncated truncation diameter portion 42b.

[0083] 如图9所示,铆钉4在将铆钉管41穿插至弹簧夹I的铆钉衬套40中的状态下安装在侧面板11上(参照图9(e)),使用铆接工具(未图示)保持铆钉销42的上部(从铆钉管41的首部41a向上方突出的部分)并向上方拉拽,由此,通过铆钉销42的半球状头部42a将铆钉管41压溃而铆接(参照图9(f)),然后,将铆钉销42的上部进一步向上方拉拽,并从截断部42b (图7参照)将铆钉销42截断,从而去除铆钉销42的上部(参照图9 (g))。 [0083] shown in Figure 9, a rivet in the rivet tube 4 to the spring holder 41 interspersed I rivet bushing 40 is mounted on a state (see Fig. 9 (e)) under the side panel 11, using the riveting tool (not shown) to maintain the upper portion 42 of the rivet pin (rivet from the head pipe portion 41 projecting upward of 41a) to pull upward, whereby, by a rivet pin 42a of the hemispherical head portion 42 will be crushed by the rivet 41 and rivet tube (see Fig. 9 (f)), then the upper portion 42 of the rivet pin is pulled further upward, and from the truncated section 42b (refer Figure 7) the rivet pin 42 cut off, thereby removing the upper rivet pin 42 (see Fig. 9 (g)).

[0084] 通过从截断部42b将铆钉销42截断,而使铆钉销42不会从首部41a突出,因此,能够将翼子板12 (参照图9(g))插入至弹簧夹I中。 [0084] from the cutoff portion 42b by the rivet pin 42 cut off, leaving the rivet pin 42 is not protruding from the head portion 41a, and therefore, the ability to fender 12 (see FIG. 9 (g)) is inserted into the spring holder I below.

[0085]【夹子主体】 [0085] [clip body]

[0086] 夹子主体2由合成树脂形成,如图4与图6 (a)的立体图适当地所示,具有:形成在供翼子板12(参照图1)插入的一端侧上的开口部20 ;从车身内侧(车室内侧、车身的车宽方向内侧)保持翼子板12(图1参照)的内基座部21 ;从车身外侧(车室外侧、车身的车宽方向外侧)保持翼子板12的外基座部22 ;和连结内基座部21与外基座部22的连结部23,通过内基座部21、外基座部22及连结部23而形成为-字状截面。 [0086] clip body 2 formed of synthetic resin, appropriate perspective in Figure 4 and shown in Fig. 6 (a) having: forming for the fender 12 (see FIG. 1) an opening portion on one end side of the insertion of 20 ; within the base portion holding the fender 12 (see Fig. 1) from the vehicle body inner side (vehicle interior side of the vehicle body in the vehicle width direction inner side) 21; holding wing from the outside of the vehicle body (the outside of the vehicle compartment, the vehicle width direction outer side of the vehicle body) an outer base portion 22 of the daughter board 12; 21 and the outer base portion 22 of the connecting portion 23, through the inner base portion 21, the outer base portion 22 and the connecting portion 23 is formed in the base portion and the coupling - shaped section.

[0087] 内基座部21形成为平板状,且具有:形成在内基座部21的中央部(参照图4(e))上的衬套安装孔21a ;和一对线状凸部21b、21b,该线状凸部使翼子板12抵接而将其保持(参照图4(b))。 [0087] the base portion 21 is formed as a flat plate, and has: a base portion formed at the inner central portion (see FIG. 4 (e)) 21 on the bushing mounting hole 21a; and a pair of linear projections 21b , 21b, so that the line-shaped convex portion 12 abuts against the fender and to keep it (see Fig. 4 (b)).

[0088] 在衬套安装孔21a中安装铆钉衬套40 (参照图3 (a))。 [0088] In the installed rivet bush mounting hole 21a of the bushing 40 (see FIG. 3 (a)). 在铆钉衬套40中插入铆钉 Insert the rivets in the rivet bushing 40

4 (参照图3(c))。 4 (see FIG. 3 (c)). 铆钉衬套40以不使负载在铆钉4上的铆接力施加到内基座部21上的方式进行支承,而用于防止内基座部21的压溃。 Rivet bush 40 so as not to be supported on the rivet caulking force is applied to the four way 21 on the base portion for supporting the inner, and for preventing the crushed within the base portion 21.

[0089] 线状凸部21b、21b从供翼子板12插入的开口部20 (参照图4(c))沿着连结部23的方向,在-字状截面内的两侧形成有一对(参照6(a))。 [0089] linear convex portions 21b, 21b from the opening 12 for insertion of the fender 20 (see FIG. 4 (c)) along the direction of the connecting portion 23, in the - internal-shaped cross section is formed on both sides of a pair ( Referring 6 (a)). 线状凸部21b、21b的距内基座部21的高度与铆钉4的首部41a的高度相比设定得较高,从而在翼子板12与首部41a之间形成有缝隙(参照图10(b))。 Linear convex portion 21b, the height from the base portion 21 of the rivet 21b of the first portion 41a of a height of 4 is set to be higher as compared, so that between the fender 12 and the head portion 41a is formed with a slit (see Fig. 10 (b)).

[0090] 根据上述构成,将线状凸部21b、21b配设在内基座部21的两侧,由此与翼子板12抵接的抵接部在穿插方向上成为线接触,从而能够减轻摩擦阻力同时使夹持压力增大。 [0090] According to the arrangement, the linear projections 21b, 21b disposed on the inner side of the base portion 21, whereby the contact portion and the fender 12 abuts interspersed in the direction of becoming a line contact, thereby reduce the frictional resistance while the clamping pressure. 由此,能够减轻将翼子板12插入至夹子主体2上而调整位置时的移动阻力,同时确实地付与夹持力而提高翼子板12的安装作业性。 This makes it possible to reduce the resistance movement will fender 12 is inserted into the clip body 2 and adjust position, but surely pay the clamping force and improve the workability of the fender 12 is installed.

[0091] 另外,通过线状凸部21b、21b,能够以夹着弹簧内基座部31的方式将其引导而使弹簧内基座部31与内基座部21卡合,由此,能够抑制与穿插方向正交的方向上的错位而使内基座部21与弹簧内基座部31确实地卡合(参照图6(c))。 [0091] Further, the linear projections 21b, 21b, can be in a manner to sandwich the base portion 31 of the spring guide leaving its base portion 31 and the inner spring 21 is engaged within the base portion, it makes it possible to suppress dislocation and interspersed direction orthogonal on leaving within the base portion 21 and the spring 31 within the base unit securely engaged (see Fig. 6 (c)).

[0092] 外基座部22形成为平板状,且具有:作业孔22a,其用于将铆钉4(参照图3(c))插入至内基座部21的衬套安装孔21a内而进行铆接;和卡定部24,其将弹簧外基座部32的穿插方向前端部34卡定(图6(a))。 [0092] the outer base portion 22 is formed as a flat plate, and having: access holes 22a, for the rivets 4 (see FIG. 3 (c)) is inserted into the mounting hole 21 of the base portion 21a of the liner is performed within riveting; and a locking portion 24, which will be interspersed with the direction of the spring outside the base portion 32 of the front end portion of the latch 34 (FIG. 6 (a)). 卡定部24形成在外基座部22的车身外侧(图的上侧)。 The locking portion 24 is formed outside of the vehicle body (the upper side in the figure) of the outer portion 22 of the base.

[0093] 根据上述构成,在将弹簧外基座部32从车身外侧与外基座部22卡合的状态下,将弹簧外基座部32的穿插方向前端部34卡定,由此,能够抑制穿插方向上的错位而使外基座部22与弹簧外基座部32确实地卡合(参照图6(c))。 [0093] According to the above constitution, at the outer base portion of the spring body 32 from the outside with the outer base portion 22 engaged state, the spring interspersed direction outer base portion 32 of the front end portion of the latch 34, thereby, it is possible interspersed in the direction of suppressing the dislocation leaving the outer base portion 22 of the base portion 32 and the outer spring engagement reliably (refer to FIG. 6 (c)).

[0094] 在连结部23上形成有穿插孔23a,该穿插孔23a配设在相对于开口部20的另一端侧上,且供弹簧内基座部31穿插。 [0094] is formed on the coupling portion 23 has insertion hole 23a, the insertion hole 23a disposed on the other end side with respect to the opening 20, and the base portion 31 for a spring within interspersed. 穿插孔23a形成为将弹簧内基座部31引导至内基座部21的上表面的高度。 The insertion hole 23a is formed within the base portion of the spring 31 to the guide on the inner surface of the base portion 21 of height.

[0095] 根据上述构成,将弹簧内基座部31从穿插孔23a穿插而使内基座部21与弹簧内基座部31卡合,由此,能够防止弹簧部件3相对于夹子主体2的错位,同时能够使夹子主体2与弹簧部件3顺畅且确实地卡合。 [0095] According to the above configuration, the inner spring base portion 31 from the insertion hole 23a of the base portion 21 and the interspersed leaving the inner spring 31 engages the base portion, thereby, possible to prevent the spring member 3 with respect to the clip body 2 dislocation, while enabling the clip body 2 and the spring member 3 is engaged smoothly and reliably.

[0096]【弹簧部件】 [0096] [spring member]

[0097] 弹簧部件3由刚性高且能够发挥稳定的弹力的铝合金或不锈钢等金属形成,如图5与图6(b)的立体图适当地所示,具有:与内基座部21卡合的弹簧内基座部31 ;与外基座部22卡合的弹簧外基座部32 ;和连结弹簧内基座部31与弹簧外基座部32的弹簧连结部33,且弹簧部件3形成为与夹子主体2的-字状截面匹配的-字形状截面。 [0097] the spring member 3 is formed of a high rigidity and can exhibit stable elastic force of a metal such as aluminum or stainless steel, suitably as shown in a perspective view in FIG. 5 and FIG. 6 (b) having: a base portion 21 and the inner engagement inner spring base portion 31; 32 spring outside the base portion and the outer base portion 22 engaging; spring connecting portion connecting the base portion and the spring 31 and the spring 33 of the outer base portion 32, and the spring member 3 is formed shaped cross-section matching - - shaped cross section with the clip body 2.

[0098] 弹簧内基座部31具有形成在弹簧内基座部31的中央部上的衬套安装孔31a。 Bushing mounting hole [0098] 31 having a spring within the base portion is formed in the central portion of the base portion 31 of the spring 31a. 衬套安装孔31a与安装在形成于夹子主体2的衬套安装孔21a上的铆钉衬套40匹配,且在铆钉衬套40中插入有铆钉4(参照图7)。 Bushing mounting hole 31a formed on the mounting clip body 21a of the bush mounting hole 2 matching rivet bushing 40, the bushing 40 and the rivet is inserted into the rivet 4 (see FIG. 7).

[0099] 弹簧外基座部32具有:作业孔32a,其用于将铆钉4(参照图3(c))插入至内基座部21的衬套安装孔21a内而进行铆接;穿插方向前端部34,其与形成在外基座部22上的卡定部24(图6(a))卡定;和折曲部35、35,其配设在相对于穿插方向的两侧的侧面部上。 Spring outer base portion 32 [0099] having: access holes 32a, for rivet 4 (see FIG. 3 (c)) is inserted into the base portion 21a of the liner 21 within the mounting hole and caulked; interspersed direction front end section 34, which formed the base of the outer portion 22 of the locking portion 24 (FIG. 6 (a)) engagement; and bent portions 35 and 35, which is disposed on the relative direction of the side surface portion interspersed on both sides .

[0100] 折曲部35、35以沿着穿插方向的两侧向-字状截面的内侧折曲的方式形成。 [0100] In the folded portions 35 and 35 on both sides interspersed along the direction of the - the inner side of the bent-shaped cross section is formed.

[0101] 根据上述构成,能够在穿插方向上使穿插方向前端部34与卡定部24卡定,并且使外基座部22的侧面部与折曲部35、35卡合,由此,能够抑制穿插方向及与穿插方向正交的方向上的错位,而使外基座部22与弹簧外基座部32确实地卡合(参照图6(c))。 [0101] According to the above constitution, it is possible to make in the direction of the distal end portion interspersed interspersed direction 34 with the locking portion 24 locking, and the side surface portion and the bent portions 35 and 35 engaging the outer portion of the base 22, thereby, possible to inhibiting displacement direction and interspersed with interspersed direction orthogonal directions, leaving the outer base portion 22 of the base portion 32 and the outer spring engagement reliably (refer to FIG. 6 (c)).

[0102] 另外,对于穿插方向前端部34的作用,由于其与形成在外基座部22上的卡定部24(图6(a))的作用重复,所以省略具体的说明。 [0102] In addition, the role of interspersed direction of the distal end portion 34, due to its 24 (FIG. 6 (a)) and the role of the base portion formed in the outer engaging portion 22 was repeated, detailed description thereof will be omitted.

[0103] 弹簧连结部33是在夹子主体2与弹簧部件3卡合的状态下与夹子主体2的连结部23卡合的部位。 [0103] the spring coupling portion 33 is at the clip body 2 and the spring member 3 is engaged with the state of the clip body portion 2 connecting portions 23 of the engagement. 根据上述构成,弹簧部件3的口字状截面与夹子主体2的口字状截面匹配,从而使夹子主体2与弹簧部件3确实地卡合。 2 is a cross-sectional opening shaped according to a cross-sectional opening shaped clip body with the above-described configuration, the spring member 3 matches, so that the clip body 2 and the spring member 3 is engaged securely.

[0104] 另外,弹簧连结部33设定为,使弹簧连结部33侧的高度与供翼子板12插入的开口部20侧的高度相比较高,缝隙随着从弹簧连结部33朝向开口部20而变窄,由此,通过插入翼子板12,能够向夹子主体2付与夹持力。 [0104] In addition, the spring coupling portion 33 is set so that the spring-side connecting portion 33 and the height of the fender for the height of the insertion portion 20 side opening 12 as compared to the higher, the gap with the coupling portion 33 from the spring toward the opening portion 20 narrowed, thereby, by inserting the fender 12, able to pay the clip body 2 and the clamping force.

[0105] 接着,主要参照图8与图9,说明当使用本发明的实施方式的弹簧夹I而将翼子板12安装在组装于车身(未图示)上的侧面板11上时的动作。 [0105] Next, referring primarily to Figs. 8 and 9, illustrate embodiments of the present invention when using a spring clip which I will fender assembly 12 is mounted on the vehicle body (not shown) on the side panel 11 when the action . 另外,在图8与图9中,为了便于说明,将形状简化且省略了线状凸部2 Ib (参照图4(b))。 Further, FIG. 9, for convenience of explanation, the shape of the simplified and the linear convex portion is omitted 2 Ib (refer to FIG. 4 (b)) in FIG. 8.

[0106] 作业员(未图示)预先组装弹簧夹I。 [0106] operator (not shown) is pre-assembled spring holder I. 将铆钉衬套40安装在夹子主体2上(参照图8 (a)),且将弹簧部件3的弹簧内基座部31从连结部23的后方穿插至形成在夹子主体2的连结部23上的穿插孔23a(参照图8(b))内,并使其一边向上方倾斜一边进入(参照图8(c))。 The rivet bushing 40 is mounted on the clip body 2 (refer to FIG. 8 (a)), and the inner spring of the spring member 3 from the base portion 31 of the rear connecting portion 23 is formed to be interspersed in the connecting portion 23 of the clip body 2 The insertion hole 23a (refer to FIG. 8 (b)) inside, and allowed to enter while the side is inclined upward (see FIG. 8 (c)).

[0107] 然后,如图8 (d)所示,一边将弹簧外基座部32的前端侧降低至与夹子主体2的外基座部22重叠的位置,一边将弹簧外基座部32的穿插方向前端部34插入至形成在外基座部22的前端部上的卡定部24,而使弹簧外基座部32与外基座部22重合地卡合。 [0107] Then, as shown in Figure 8 (d) as shown, while the front end side of the spring will reduce the outer base portion 32 of the clip to the body portion 2 of the base 22 of the outer overlapping position, the outer side of the base portion 32 of the spring interspersed direction of the distal end portion 34 is inserted into the distal end portion of the outer locking portion 22 of the base portion 24 is formed on, leaving 22 to overlap the outer spring engagement with the outer base portion 32 of the base portion.

[0108] 此时,弹簧内基座部31与夹子主体2的内基座部21重合而卡合。 [0108] In this case, the spring 31 within the base portion and the base portion 21 overlaps the inner body 2 and the clip engagement. 然后,使弹簧内基座部31的衬套安装孔31a与铆钉衬套40匹配,从而将铆钉4插入至铆钉衬套40内。 Then, the inner spring attachment hole 31a of the base portion of the bushing 40 matches with the rivet bushing 31, so that the rivet to the rivet 4 is inserted into the bushing 40.

[0109] 如图9(e)所示,作业员(未图示)在铆钉4插入至铆钉衬套40内的状态下,将铆钉4的铆钉管41插入至形成在侧面板11的三角窗部lla(参照图1)上的夹子固定孔Ilc内。 [0109] FIG. 9 (e), the operator (not shown) in the rivet to the rivet 4 is inserted within the liner 40 under the state, the rivet the rivet 4 is inserted into the tube 41 is formed in the side plate 11 of triangular windows clamps holes (see Fig. 1) on the inside portion lla Ilc. 该夹子固定孔Ilc配设为,使弹簧夹I固定在与翼子板12的凸缘12b对应的位置上。 The clip is set with a fixed aperture Ilc that the spring clip is fixed and fender flange 12b of the corresponding position I.

[0110] 如图9(f)所示,作业员(未图示)使用铆接工具(未图示)保持铆钉销42的上部(从铆钉管41的首部41a向上方突出的部分)而向上方拉拽,并通过铆钉销42的半球状头部42a压溃铆钉管41而铆接,从而在使内基座部21与弹簧内基座部31卡合的状态下将内基座部21和弹簧内基座部31固定在侧面板11上。 [0110] 9 (f), the operator (not shown) using a caulking tool (not shown) to maintain the upper portion of the rivet pin in FIG. 42 (the tube 41 from the rivet portion protruding upward header 41a) and upward pulling, by a rivet pin 42a of the hemispherical head portion 42 crushed rivet caulking tube 41, so that the inner base portion at the base portion 21 and the inner spring 31 engages a state within the base portion 21 and the spring within the base portion 31 is fixed to the side panel 11. 将铆钉销42的上部进一步地向上方拉拽,从截断部42b (参照图7)截断而将铆钉销42的上部去除。 The upper portion of the rivet pin 42 is further pulled upward, the cutoff portion 42b (see FIG. 7) and the rivet pin truncation of the upper portion 42 is removed. 然后,如图9(g)所示,将翼子板12插入至弹簧夹I而将其安装。 Then, as shown in Figure 9 (g) as shown, the fender 12 is inserted into the spring holder I and install.

[0111] 参照图10说明使用弹簧夹I而将翼子板12安装在侧面板11上的状态。 [0111] Referring to FIG. 10 illustrates the use of a spring clip which I will fender 12 is mounted on the side plate 11 states. 图10(a)是图2的X —X线剖视图,图10(b)是Y —Y线剖视图。 Figure 10 (a) is a sectional view of the line X -X in FIG. 2, FIG. 10 (b) is a cross-sectional view of the line Y -Y.

[0112] 如图10所示,在侧面板11的三角窗部Ila上,在与翼子板12的凸缘12b对应的位置上通过铆钉4而固定有弹簧夹I。 [0112] FIG. 10, in the upper triangular side window portion Ila plate 11, with the flange 12b of the fender 12 and a position corresponding to the spring clip is fixed by rivets 4 I.

[0113] 翼子板12通过在将凸缘12b插入至弹簧夹I的状态下弹簧夹I所发挥的夹持力而被支承。 [0113] The fender 12 by the flange 12b under the spring clip is inserted into the spring clips holding force state I played I was supported. 具体地说,通过形成在弹簧夹I的内基座部21上的线状凸部21b的顶部与外基座部22的内面部来夹持凸缘12b而牢固地保持翼子板12。 Specifically, by forming a spring clip at the top of the base portion I of the linear convex portion 21 and the inner face 21b of the base portion 22 of the outer flange 12b is sandwiched and firmly held fender 12.

[0114] 以上构成的弹簧夹I起到如以下的作用效果。 Above the spring holder [0114] I function as constructed following effects.

[0115] S卩,弹簧夹I使夹子主体2为摩擦阻力小的合成树脂制,并使弹簧部件3为刚性高且能够发挥稳定的夹持力的铝合金或不锈钢等金属制,由此,弹簧夹I能够通过夹子主体2减轻翼子板12的插入阻力地进行夹持,同时通过弹簧部件3而对夹子主体2付与稳定且确实的夹持力。 [0115] S Jie, I make the clip spring holder body 2 is smaller frictional resistance made of synthetic resin, and the spring member 3 is rigid and can exert a high holding force stable metal such as aluminum or stainless steel, whereby, I can reduce the spring clip 2 fender clip body is inserted through the holder 12 to carry out resistance, while the clip body 2 while imparting stable and reliably by a spring force of the clamping member 3.

[0116] 由此,能够使翼子板12 —边在被基于弹簧部件3产生的夹持力保持的状态下顺畅地对位,一边安装在侧面板11上,因此,面板的安装作业性良好,能够发挥确实的夹持力而可靠性高,即使反复拆装也能够维持稳定的夹持力。 [0116] This enables the fender 12-- edge in the clamping force is generated based on the spring member 3 to maintain the status of the position smoothly, while mounted on the side plate 11, and therefore, the installation of good workability panel , can exert a clamping force really high reliability can be maintained even after repeated disassembly stable holding force.

[0117] 以上,虽然对本发明的实施方式进行了说明,但本发明并不限定于上述实施方式,可以适当地变形来实施。 Above [0117] Although the embodiments of the present invention have been described, but the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, the deformation may be suitably implemented. 例如,在本实施方式中,虽然以通过弹簧夹I将翼子板12安装在侧面板11上的安装构造为例,但弹簧夹I的用途并不限定于此,可以为其他的外面板或内面板,也能够适用于安装在内面板上的装饰件。 For example, in this embodiment, although I will by spring clips fender 12 is mounted on the side plate 11 mounting structure as an example, but I use the spring clip is not limited thereto, and may have other outer panels or inner panel, can be applied to the decorative member attached to the inner panel.

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Classifications
International ClassificationB62D25/18, B62D27/06
Cooperative ClassificationB62D25/163
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