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Publication numberCN103770641 B
Publication typeGrant
Application numberCN 201310756788
Publication date22 Aug 2017
Filing date25 Oct 2013
Priority date25 Oct 2012
Also published asCN103770641A, EP2725263A1, US8996260, US20140116178
Publication number201310756788.4, CN 103770641 B, CN 103770641B, CN 201310756788, CN-B-103770641, CN103770641 B, CN103770641B, CN201310756788, CN201310756788.4
InventorsA萨塔
Applicant丰田自动车工程及制造北美公司
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: SIPO, Espacenet
具有第一和第二位置的汽车换挡拨片 Cars having a first position and a second shift paddles translated from Chinese
CN 103770641 B
Abstract  translated from Chinese
一种用于控制车辆档位切换的系统。 A system for controlling gear changes of a vehicle. 该系统包括:方向盘;止动机构,其具有空闲部位、第一部位以及第二部位,该止动机构连接到方向盘。 The system comprising: a steering wheel; detent mechanism, which has a free portion, a first portion and a second portion, the detent mechanism is connected to the steering wheel. 还系统还包括换挡拨片,其连接到方向盘和止动机构,该换挡拨片具有:不具相关功能的空闲位置,此时换挡拨片处于所述空闲部位;具有相关的第一功能的第一操作位置,此时换挡拨片处于所述第一部位;以及具有相关的第二功能的第二操作位置,此时换挡拨片处于所述第二部位。 The system further comprises a further paddle shifter, which is connected to the steering wheel and the detent mechanism, the shift paddles having: an idle position related non-function, the paddle shifter in the idle portion; a first function associated with a first operating position, the paddle shifter is in the first portion; and a second operating position associated with the second function, the paddle shifter is in the second portion. 所述相关的第一功能不同于所述相关的第二功能。 The first function is different from the correlation function of the second related.
Claims(18)  translated from Chinese
1. 一种用于控制车辆档位切换的系统,该系统包括: 方向盘;以及换挡拨片,其连接到方向盘,该换挡拨片具有:空闲位置,当换挡拨片处于所述空闲位置时不具有相关功能;第一操作位置,当换挡拨片处于所述第一操作位置或从所述第一操作位置释放时具有单级升档或降档的相关的第一功能;以及第二操作位置,当换挡拨片处于所述第二操作位置或从所述第二操作位置释放时具有相关的第二功能,所述相关的第二功能不同于所述相关的第一功能;其中,第一操作位置沿着空闲位置和第二操作位置之间的路径布置。 1. A system for controlling gear changes of a vehicle, the system comprising: a steering wheel; and a shift paddles, which is connected to the steering wheel, the shift paddles having: an idle position, when in the idle shift paddles function does not have a relevant position; a first operating position when the paddle shifter is in the first operating position the first operation or function associated with a first stage single upshift or downshift from the released position; and a second operating position, a second shift function when the paddles are in the second operating position or a second function associated with the second operating position when released from the correlation function different from the first related ; wherein the first operating position is disposed along the path between an idle position and a second operating position.
2. 如权利要求1所述的系统,其中,与将换挡拨片从第一操作位置移动到第二操作位置相比,将换挡拨片从空闲位置移动到第一操作位置需要更少的力。 2. The system according to claim 1, wherein, in comparison with the shift operation of the mobile paddle position from a first to a second operating position, the shift paddle is moved from the rest position to the first operating position requires less of force.
3. 如权利要求1所述的系统,进一步包括接口,被构造成用于发送第二功能的定制操作。 The system according to claim 1, further comprising an interface, configured for transmitting a second operation in a custom function.
4. 如权利要求1所述的系统,其中,所述第二功能是基于最大化燃油效率、最大化加速度或最大化车辆性能中的至少一者确定的至少两个档位的降档或至少两个档位的升档的辅助档位切换。 4. The system according to claim 1, wherein the second function is based on maximizing fuel efficiency, the at least two gear downshift at least one maximize vehicle acceleration performance or maximize, or at least determined two auxiliary upshift switch gear.
5. 如权利要求4所述的系统,其中,所述辅助档位切换是基于软件地图确定的。 5. The system of claim 4, wherein said auxiliary gear shifting is determined based on a map of the software.
6. 如权利要求5所述的系统,其中,所述软件地图考虑车辆驾驶模式、车速或当前档位中的至少一个。 The system as claimed in claim 5, wherein the map software regardless of the vehicle driving mode, current gear speed or at least one.
7. 如权利要求1所述的系统,其中,所述第二功能是使用者选择的定制的档位切换。 7. The system according to claim 1, wherein the second function is selected by the user to customize the switching gear.
8. 如权利要求1所述的系统,其中,所述第二功能是基于驾驶状况或环境状况中的至少一个的定制的档位切换。 8. The system according to claim 1, wherein said at least one second function is customized based on the driving gear or environmental conditions handover.
9. 如权利要求1所述的系统,其中,响应于换挡拨片移动到第一操作位置或第二操作位置中至少之一,传递机械反馈。 9. The system according to claim 1, wherein, in response to a shift position or paddle is moved to the second operating position at least one of a first operation, transmitting mechanical feedback.
10. —种用于控制车辆档位切换的方法,该方法包括: 将换挡拨片从换挡拨片处于空闲位置时不具有相关的功能的空闲位置移动至第一操作位置;以及将换挡拨片从第一操作位置移动到第二操作位置,其中,所述第一操作位置与单级档位的升档或降档的第一功能相关联,并且第二操作位置与第二功能相关联,所述第一功能与所述第二功能不同,其中,第一操作位置沿着空闲位置和第二操作位置之间的路径布置。 10. - A method for a vehicle kind of range switching control, the method comprising: an idle position having no function related to the first operation position moves the paddle shifter in the rest position from the shift paddles; and transducer paddle stopper moves from the first operating position to the second operating position, wherein said first operating position and the single-stage gear upshift or downshift function associated with a first and a second operating position and a second function associated with the first function and the second function different, wherein the first operating position is disposed along the path between an idle position and a second operating position.
11. 如权利要求1〇所述的方法,其中,与将换挡拨片从第一操作位置移动到第二操作位置相比,将换挡拨片从空闲位置移动到第一操作位置需要更少的力。 11. The method of claim 1〇, wherein, in comparison with the shift operation of the mobile paddle position from a first to a second operating position, the shift paddle is moved from the rest position to the first operating position requires more less force.
12. 如权利要求10所述的方法,进一步包括通过接口发送第二功能的定制操作。 12. The method of claim 10, further comprising transmitting a second custom operating functions by the interface.
13. 如权利要求1〇所述的方法,其中,所述第二功能是基于最大化燃油效率、最大化加速度或最大化车辆性能中的至少一者确定的至少两个档位的降档或至少两个档位的升档的辅助档位切换。 13. The method according to claim 1〇, wherein the second function is based on at least two gear positions to maximize fuel efficiency, to maximize vehicle acceleration, or to maximize the performance of the at least one determined or downshift at least two auxiliary gear upshift switch.
14. 如权利要求13所述的方法,其中,所述辅助档位切换是基于软件地图确定的。 14. The method according to claim 13, wherein said auxiliary gear shifting map is determined based on the software.
15. 如权利要求14所述的方法,其中,所述软件地图考虑车辆驾驶模式、车速或当前档位中的至少一个。 15. The method according to claim 14, wherein said software map regardless of the vehicle driving mode, current gear speed or at least one.
16. 如权利要求10所述的方法,其中,所述第二功能是使用者选择的定制的档位切换。 16. The method as claimed in claim 10, wherein the second function is selected by the user to customize the switching gear.
17. 如权利要求1〇所述的方法,进一步包括响应于换挡拨片移动到第一操作位置或第二操作位置之一,传递机械反馈。 17. The method of claim 1〇 further comprising in response to a shift operation of the paddle is moved to a first position or a second operating position one, transmitting mechanical feedback.
18. 如权利要求1〇所述的方法,其中,所述第二功能是基于驾驶状况或环境状况中的至少一个的定制的档位切换。 18. The method according to claim 1〇, wherein said at least one second function is customized based on the driving gear or environmental conditions handover.
Description  translated from Chinese

具有第一和第二位置的汽车换挡拨片 Cars having a first position and a second shift paddles

技术领域 FIELD

[0001]本公开涉及一种换挡拨片,更具体的,涉及这样一种换当拨片,其具有有第一功能的第一位置和具有与第一功能不同的第二功能的第二位置。 [0001] The present disclosure relates to a shift paddles, more particularly, to such a change when the paddles having a first function and a second function having a first position different from the first function of the second position.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]换挡拨片通常安装在车辆的方向盘(或者转向柱)后面或之上,以允许驾驶员进行车辆变速箱的手动单次顺序升档或降档。 Manual single sequence [0002] paddle shifters generally mounted behind the steering wheel of the vehicle (or steering column) or on a vehicle to allow the driver to upshift or a transmission downshift. 将换挡拨片布置在方向盘或转向柱的附近使得驾驶员更容易进行手动换挡,而不需要将他或她的手从方向盘移开。 The shift paddles disposed near the steering wheel or the steering column so that a driver manual shift more easily, without the need to remove his or her hands from the steering wheel. 这提高了驾驶员的车辆控制,同时还能允许驾驶员具有愉快的驾驶体验。 This improves the driver's control of the vehicle, while allowing the driver to have a pleasant driving experience.

[0003] 装备有换挡拨片的方向盘通常具有两个换挡拨片---个在方向盘的右侧,一个在方向盘的左侧。 [0003] equipped with a steering wheel paddle shift typically has two paddles --- a shift to the right of the steering wheel, a steering wheel on the left side. 每个换挡拨片通过将杆推离驾驶员或者将杆推向驾驶员而致动。 Each paddle shift lever by the driver or away from the push rod driver actuated. 每个换挡拨片仅指定给一个拨片致动功能。 Each shift paddles is assigned to only one paddle actuation functions. 这就是说,根据车辆制造和型号,一个换挡拨片仅控制升档,一个换挡拨片仅控制降档。 That is, according to the make and model of vehicle, a paddle shift only upshift control, a control paddle shift only downshift. 在特定的例子或情形中,驾驶员可能以无效率的方式应用换挡拨片和/或需要使用多个分开的操作来进行相同数目的多级换挡以实现所需的档位切换。 In a specific example or situation, the driver may be applied to inefficient manner paddle shifters and / or require the use of multi-stage gear shift operation to separate a plurality of the same number to achieve a desired gear change.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 本公开涉及换挡拨片,更具体的,涉及这样一种换挡拨片,其具有有第一功能的第一位置和有与第一功能不同的第二功能的第二位置。 [0004] The present disclosure relates to a shift paddles, more particularly, to a shift paddles, which has a first function having a first position and a second position different from the first function has a second function. 在各实施例中,该系统控制车辆中的档位切换。 In various embodiments, the control system of a vehicle gear changes. 该系统包括方向盘和止动机构,止动机构具有空闲部位、第一部位以及第二部位,该止动机构连接到方向盘。 The system includes a steering wheel and a stop means, the stop means having an idle position, a first portion and a second portion, the detent mechanism is connected to the steering wheel. 该系统还包括换挡拨片,其连接到方向盘和止动机构,该换挡拨片具有:不具相关功能的空闲位置,此时换挡拨片处于所述空闲部位;具有相关的第一功能的第一操作位置,此时换挡拨片处于所述第一部位;以及具有相关的第二功能的第二操作位置,此时换挡拨片处于所述第二部位。 The system further includes a paddle shifter, which is connected to the steering wheel and the detent mechanism, the shift paddles having: an idle position related non-function, the paddle shifter in the idle portion; a first function associated with a first operating position, the paddle shifter is in the first portion; and a second operating position associated with the second function, the paddle shifter is in the second portion. 所述相关的第一功能不同于所述相关的第二功能。 The first function is different from the correlation function of the second related. 大体上,第一操作位置沿着空闲位置和第二操作位置之间的路径布置。 In general, the first operating position is disposed along the path between an idle position and a second operating position.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0005] 本公开的实施例的特征和优势通过下述结合附图的详细说明将变得更加明显。 [0005] The features and advantages of the present embodiments of the disclosed embodiments will become more apparent by the following detailed description and accompanying drawings. 本质上,附图和相关的说明示出了权利要求范围内的示例性布置,但是并不限制权利要求的范围。 Essentially, the drawings and associated description illustrate exemplary arrangement within the scope of the claims, but do not limit the scope of the claims. 附图中的附图标记重复使用,以指示所标注部件之间的对应关系。 Drawings Repeat use of reference, correspondence between the members to indicate the label.

[0006] 图1示出了具有根据各实施例的换挡拨片的汽车方向盘的部分前视图; [0006] FIG. 1 shows a partial front view of a shift in accordance with various embodiments of the paddles of the steering wheel;

[0007] 图2示出了图1中汽车方向盘的左侧视图,示出了根据各实施例连接到汽车方向盘的后部和转向柱的左侧换挡拨片; [0007] FIG. 2 shows a left side view of the steering wheel of FIG. 1, is shown connected to the left rear of the steering column and steering wheel in accordance with various embodiments of the paddle shifter;

[0008] 图3示出了汽车方向盘的一部分的分解左侧视图,示出连接到汽车方向盘后部的根据各实施例的止动机构以及左侧换挡拨片; [0008] FIG. 3 illustrates an exploded view of a portion of the left side of the steering wheel, shown connected to the rear of the steering wheel in accordance with various embodiments of the stop mechanism and the left shift paddle;

[0009] 图4示出了流程图,示出使用根据各实施例的换挡拨片优化车辆中的档位切换的方法; [0009] FIG. 4 shows a flowchart illustrating a method used in accordance with various embodiments of shift paddles optimization of vehicle gear change;

[0010] 图5是根据各实施例用于执行在图4中描述的方法的示例性系统;以及 [0010] FIG. 5 is an exemplary system to perform the method described in FIG. 4 in accordance with various embodiments; and

[0011] 图6是根据各实施例的示例性软件地图。 [0011] FIG. 6 is an exemplary map software in accordance with various embodiments.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0012] 在下面详细的说明中,将阐述许多具体的细节以用于提供对本公开的理解。 [0012] In the following detailed description, numerous specific details are set forth in order to provide an understanding of the present disclosure. 但是, 对于本领域技术人员而言,显然可知本公开中的部件可以在不具有那些具体的细节的情况下来实施。 However, those skilled in the art, be apparent in the present disclosure means that can be practiced without specific details down embodiment. 在其他的情况下,己知的结构和技术没有详细示出,以避免不必要地使得本发明费解。 In other cases, known structures and techniques have not been shown in detail, to avoid unnecessarily obscure the present invention so.

[0013] 半自动变速箱(也已知为自动变速箱、自换挡变速箱、无离合器手动变速箱、手自一体变速箱、拨片式变速箱或者拨片换挡变速箱)是不自动切换档位的汽车变速箱,但是通过省却在切换档位时踩下离合器踏板的需要而便利了手动档位切换。 [0013] semi-automatic gearbox (also known as automatic transmission, since shift transmission, no clutch manual transmission, manual transmission, paddle or paddles shift gearbox transmission) is not automatically switched car transmission gear, but depressed the clutch pedal needs to facilitate handover by the manual gear shift when switching dispensed. 它可以根据驾驶员和/或计算机的命令来使用电子传感器、气动器件、处理器和致动器来执行换挡。 It can be used in electronic sensors, pneumatic devices, processors, and actuators according to the command of the driver and / or computer to perform a shift. 这移除了对离合器踏板的需要(不然驾驶员在换挡之前需要踏下离合器踏板),因为离合器自身通过电子设备致动,其可以大致上同步要进行快速、平顺的换挡所需的转矩和时机。 This removes the need for a clutch pedal (shift otherwise required before the driver depresses the clutch pedal), because the clutch is actuated by the electronic device itself, it may be required to be substantially synchronized fast, smooth rotation of the shift moments and timing.

[0014] 通常是通过换挡拨片获得的手动换挡的能力也可以在特定的自动变速箱(手动式变速箱,例如Tiptronic手动/自动一体化变速箱)以及连续可变变速箱(CVT)(例如Lineartronic无级变速箱)中找到。 [0014] The ability of the manual shift is generally obtained by shifting paddles may be (a manual gearbox, e.g. Tiptronic manual / automatic transmission integration) of the automatic transmission and in particular a continuously variable transmission (CVT) (eg Lineartronic CVT) found in. 本公开的各方面可用于这些变速箱。 Aspects of the present disclosure may be used for these transmissions.

[0015] 传感器例如霍尔效应传感器可以感应请求换挡的方向,并且这种输入一一与变速箱中检测当前速度和所选档位的传感器一起一一提供给中央处理单元。 [0015] sensor, such as a Hall effect sensor may sense the direction of the requested shift, and this eleven and transmission input speed and the detected current selected gear eleven sensors to the central processing unit together. 接着该中央处理单元根据这两个传感器以及其它的因素的输入,例如发动机转速、电子稳定控制、E⑶、空调和仪表板,确定平顺的离合器接合需要的理想时机和转矩。 Then the central processing unit and an input to other factors in accordance with the two sensors, such as engine speed, electronic stability control, E⑶, air conditioning, and an instrument panel, a smooth clutch engagement to determine the ideal time and the required torque.

[0016]有时候,给换挡拨片例如换挡拨片105和110加上额外的功能是有益的。 [0016] Occasionally, for example, to shift paddles paddle shifters 105 and 110 plus an additional beneficial function. 根据各示例性实施例且参考图1,示出了具有换挡拨片105和110的汽车方向盘100的部分前视图。 According to various exemplary embodiments and with reference to FIG. 1, it shows a partial front view of a paddle shifters 105 and 110 of steering wheel 100. 如图所示,左侧换挡拨片105附接到或者连接到方向盘100和/或转向柱200,并且用于在每拉动左侧换挡拨片105—次时至少换一个档来降档。 As shown, the left shift paddle 105 is attached or connected to the steering wheel 100 and / or the steering column 200, and for changing at least one gear at each pulling the left paddle shifter to downshift times 105- . 右侧的换挡拨片110附接到或者连接到方向盘100和/或转向柱200,并且用于在每拉动右侧换挡拨片110—次时至少换一个档来升档。 Paddle shifter 110 is attached to the right or to the steering wheel 100 and / or the steering column 200, and for pulling the right side of each paddle shifter 110- times at least for a time shift to an upshift. 可替换的,左侧换挡拨片105可以用于通过每拉动左侧换挡拨片105—次至少换一个档来升档,而右侧换挡拨片110用于通过每拉动右侧换挡拨片110—次至少换一个档来降档。 Alternatively, the left paddle shifter 105 may be used for each transducer by pulling the right side by pulling the left side of each paddle shifter 105- times at least for a shift to an upshift, while the right paddle shifter 110 for 110- stopper paddles to shift times at least for a downshift. [0017] 根据各实施例,不管是右侧换挡拨片110还是左侧换挡拨片105,都可以用来在每次拉动或推动每个换挡拨片时,使车辆变速箱升档或降档。 [0017] According to various embodiments, either the right or the left paddle shifter 110 shift paddle 105, each can be used to pull or push each shift dial sheet, so that the transmission to upshift vehicle or downshift. 例如,拉动换挡拨片105或110可致动或带来降档,而推动换挡拨片105或110可以致动或带来升档。 For example, pulling the paddle shifter 105 or 110 may be actuated to bring or downshift, to push the paddle shifter 105 or 110, or may be actuated to bring an upshift. 相反的,根据各实施例, 推动换挡拨片105或110可致动或带来降档,而拉动换挡拨片105或110可致动或带来升档。 In contrast, according to the various embodiments, to promote the paddle shifter 105 or 110 may be actuated to bring or downshift, is pulled or paddle shifter 105 or 110 may be actuated to bring an upshift. [0018]图2示出了图1中汽车方向盘1〇〇的左侧视图,示出了根据各实施例连接到汽车方向盘100的后部101和/或转向柱200的左侧换挡拨片105。 [0018] FIG. 2 shows a left side view of an automobile steering wheel 1〇〇 of showing a steering wheel connected to the rear of the vehicle 100 according to embodiments 101 and / or the steering column on the left side of the paddle shifter 200 105. 右侧换挡拨片110也连接到汽车方向盘110的后部101。 Right shift paddle 110 is also connected to the rear portion 110 of the steering wheel 101. 参见图1和2,由于左侧和右侧换挡拨片105和110连接到汽车方向盘1〇〇,当方向盘100顺时针和逆时针转动的时候,左侧和右侧换挡拨片105和110与方向盘100 一起转动。 Referring to Figures 1 and 2, since the left and right paddle shifters 105 and 110 connected to the automobile steering wheel 1〇〇, when the steering wheel 100 is rotated clockwise and counterclockwise, when the left and right shift paddle 105 and 110 100 rotates together with the steering wheel. 根据各实施例,左侧和右侧换挡拨片105和110可连接到转向柱200,并相对于方向盘100的转动大致保持在固定的位置。 According to various embodiments, the left and right paddle shifters 105 and 110 may be connected to the steering column 200, and turning the steering wheel 100 is held in a substantially fixed position with respect to. L0019J图3示出了汽车方向盘100的一部分的分解左侧视图,示出根据各实施例的连接到汽车方向盘1〇〇的后部1〇1和/或转向柱200的止动机构(detent mechanism) 210以及左侧换挡拨片105。 L0019J FIG. 3 shows an exploded view of the left side portion of the steering wheel 100, is shown (detent mechanism according 1〇1 and / or a steering column locking mechanism connected to the rear of the various embodiments of the steering wheel 200 1〇〇 ) 210 and a left shift paddle 105. 出于示例的目的,换挡拨片105将表示左侧换挡拨片;然而,本领域技术人员可以知道的是,“左侧”可根据描述或示出的结构、特征和功能可用术语“右侧,,代替或与术语“右侧”一起使用。连接件205例如金属、塑料或者复合连接件可用来将左侧换挡拨片1〇5连接到方向盘100的后部101和/或转向柱200。连接件205可包括杆、铰链、弹簧和/或球及球窝连接,以使得左侧换挡拨片105能够连接到方向盘1〇〇的后部1〇1和/或转向柱200。例如,连接件205可包括:允许左侧换挡拨片105在各部位或位置之间移动的铰链,以及弹簧,弹簧在换挡拨片1〇5上保持一个力,从而当驾驶员释放换挡拨片105时,换挡拨片105自动回到它的空闲部位或位置。止动机构210可由任何适合的材料制得,例如,优选的是由坚硬的铝、钛或者金属材料制得,来防止或最小化换挡拨片105与止动210 For purposes of example, the paddle shifter 105 represents the left shift paddle; however, one skilled in the art know that "left side" can be expressed in terms of the description or illustrated structure, features and functions. " Instead of or used in conjunction with the term ,, right "right." connecting member 205 such as metal, plastic or a composite link may be used to shift left 1〇5 paddle wheel 100 to the rear 101 and / or steering 200. the post 205 may comprise a rod connecting member, a hinge, a spring and / or a ball and a ball socket connection, so that the left shift paddle 105 can be attached to the rear of the steering wheel 1〇〇 1〇1 and / or the steering column 200 For example, the connector 205 may include: left paddle shifter 105 allow movement between the parts or the position of the hinge, and a spring maintaining a force on the shift paddle 1〇5, so that when the driver releases paddle shifter 105, the shift paddle 105 automatically returns to its idle position or site. stopper mechanism 210 may be made of any suitable material, for example, preferably made from hard aluminum, titanium or a metal material , to prevent or minimize shift paddle 105 with the stopper 210 触时的移动或大的偏差。 Moving a large deviation or when touched.

[0020]公开了一种系统300,用于控制车辆中档位的切换。 [0020] discloses a system 300, the vehicle for controlling the switching gear. 系统300包括方向盘100以及止动机构210,所述止动机构21〇具有空闲部位215、第一部位220和第二部位225。 The system 300 includes a steering wheel 100 and a stopper mechanism 210, the stopper portion 215 has a free 21〇 means, a first portion 220 and second portion 225. 尽管描述第一部位220和第二部位22f5,但是可以理解的是,可以有任意数目的额外部位,每个部位都有特定功能。 Although the description of the first portion 220 and second portion 22f5, it will be appreciated that there may be any number of additional parts, each part has a specific function. 空闲部位215是当换挡拨片105处于其空闲位置或静止不工作位置时止动机构210上的与换挡拨片105相邻或接触的区域。 When the area 215 is idle location adjacent to or in contact with the stopper means 210 on the paddle 105 when the shift is in its idle position resting or inoperative position the shift paddle 105. 第一部位220是当换挡拨片105已经被驾驶员拉动或推动来进行单次升档或降档时止动机构210上的与换挡拨片105相邻或接触的区域。 The first portion 220 when the paddle shifter 105 has pulled or pushed by the driver to the region adjacent to or in contact with the stopper mechanism 210 when a single upshift or downshift the shift paddle 105. 第二部位225是当换挡拨片105已经被驾驶员拉动或推动来实现第二功能例如实现理想的升档或降档(S卩,最大化燃油效率或最大化加速度或性能)时止动机构210上的与换挡拨片1〇5 相邻或接触的区域。 The second stopper portion 225 when the shift paddle 105 has pulled or pushed by the driver to achieve the second function, for example, to achieve the desired upshift or downshift (S Jie, maximize fuel efficiency or maximize performance or acceleration) 1〇5 the shift paddle zone adjacent or in contact with the mechanism 210.

[0021]根据各实施例,相对于换挡拨片105和/或110,在朝向车辆方向盘的拉动方向和/ 或离开方向盘的推动方向上,可以均具有第一部位220和第二部位225。 [0021] According to various embodiments, the shift with respect to paddle 105 and / or 110, is pulled in the direction toward the vehicle steering wheel and / or the pushing direction away from the steering wheel, a first portion may have a second portion 220 and 225. 例如,两个单独且不同的第二功能可通过换挡拨片105或110、且推动或拉动换挡拨片105或110至第二部位而实现。 For example, two separate and distinct second function by paddle shifter 105 or 110, and pushes or pulls the paddle shifter 105 or 110 to the second portion is achieved.

[0022]根据示例性实施例,理想的升档或降档通常包括跳过一个或多个档位和/或顺序经过一个或多个档位,以最大化燃油效率或者最大化加速度或性能。 [0022] According to exemplary embodiments, it is desirable upshift or downshift generally comprises skipping one or more gears and / or sequentially through one or more gears in order to maximize fuel efficiency or maximize performance or acceleration. 作为示例,理想的降档可包括最大化加速性能,以优化地使用发动机性能。 As an example, it is desirable to maximize the downshift may include acceleration performance, to optimize the use of engine performance. 同样,作为示例,理想的升档可最大化燃油效率,例如通过在给定的车辆速度下减小发动机的速度。 Also, as an example, an upshift is desirable to maximize fuel efficiency, for example by reducing the engine speed at a given vehicle speed. 在示例性实施例中,发动机速度可在每个给定的车辆速度下尽可能地减小。 In an exemplary embodiment, the engine speed can be reduced as much as possible at each given vehicle speed.

[0023]处理器或电子控制单元(E⑶)可读取软件地图(software map)或表,以根据下述中的一个或多个确定适合车辆的档位或换挡:(1)驾驶模式(S卩,经济模式、运动模式、常规模式);(2)车速,和/或(3)当前档位。 [0023] The electronic control unit or processor (E⑶) map readable software (software map) or a table, according to one or more of the following gear shifting or vehicle for determining: (1) driving mode ( S Jie, economy mode, sports mode, normal mode); (2) vehicle speed, and / or (3) the current gear position. 因此,通过拉动或推动换挡拨片部分地接合或者处于第一位置或者完全地接合或者处于第二位置,单次换挡拨片的移动可以用来单级换挡或多级换挡。 Thus, by pulling or pushing the shift paddles engage or partially or completely in the first position or in a second engaged position, a single movement of the shift paddles may be used to shift a single stage or multi-stage shift. 在一个实施例中,与将换挡拨片1〇5从空闲部位215移动到第二部位225或者从第一部位220移动到第二部位225相比,将换挡拨片105从空闲部位215移动到第一部位220需要的力更少。 In one embodiment, the paddle is moved to the shift from an idle 1〇5 portion 215 or second portion 225 moves from the first portion 220 as compared to the second portion 225, 105 will shift from an idle paddle portion 215 the first portion 220 is moved to the less force is required.

[0024]系统300还包括连接到方向盘100和止动机构21〇的换挡拨片1〇5。 [0024] The system 300 further includes a steering wheel 100 connected to the shift mechanism and the stopper of the paddles 1〇5 21〇. 换挡拨片105可具有:没有相关功能的空闲位置,此时换挡拨片105处于空闲部位215;具有相关的第一功能的第一操作位置,此时换挡拨片105处于第一部位220;以及具有相关的第二功能的第二操作位置,此时换挡拨片105处于第二部位225。 Paddle shifter 105 may have: an idle position without the associated function, the paddle shifter 105 is in an idle portion 215; a first operating position associated with the first function, the paddle shifter 105 is in the first portion 220; and a second operating position associated with the second function, the paddle shifter 105 in the second portion 225. 所述相关的第一功能不同于所述相关的第二功能。 The first function is different from the correlation function of the second related. 作为示例,相关的第一功能可以是只有一级的换挡(升档或降档),相关的第二功能是通过跳过档位或依序通过两个或更多档位的两级或更多级的换挡(升档或降档)。 As an example, the first function may be associated with only one shift (upshift or downshift), associated second function by skipping two gear or sequentially by two or more gears or more level shift (upshift or downshift). 因此,根据各实施例,相关的第二功能可跳过至少一级档位。 Thus, functions of various embodiments according to the second embodiment, a skip shift may be related to at least. 同样的,根据各实施例,第二功能可以是一级换挡,同时表明不能进行进一步的换挡。 Also, in accordance with various embodiments, the second function may be a shift, while not show further shift. 作为示例,第二档位的车辆不能进行多于一档的降档(只能降至第一档)。 As an example, the second gear of the vehicle can not be more than a downshift (only down to the first gear). 在这样的情况下,可通过显示器或显示屏120告知驾驶员这种限制。 In such cases, this limitation can inform the driver through the display 120 or display screen.

[025]根据各实施例,在释放换挡拨片105和110之后的换挡拨片105和110的位置可确定执行的是第一功能还是第二功能。 [ 025] According to various embodiments, the shift in the position of the release paddle 105 and 110 after the shift paddle 105 and 110 may be performed to determine the first function or the second function. 以这种方式,使用者可越过第一位置到达第二位置而不致动第一功能。 In this manner, the user may be beyond the first position to the second position without actuating the first function. t〇〇26]图4示出了流程图400,示出使用根据各实施例的换挡拨片优化车辆中的档位切换的方法。 t〇〇26] FIG. 4 shows a flowchart 400 illustrating a shift using the paddle method of the various embodiments of a vehicle gear change optimization. 图5是示例性系统500,用于执行根据各实施例的图4描述的方法。 FIG 5 is an exemplary system 500 for performing the method described in Example 4 of the respective embodiments according to FIG. 系统500包括换挡拨片105和110、处理器或电子控制单元(ECU) 505、软件地图或表510、屏幕120、驾驶模式515、车速520、当前档位525以及变速箱530。 The system 500 includes a paddle shifters 105 and 110 processor or an electronic control unit (ECU) 505, or a software map table 510, screen 120, 515 a driving mode, the vehicle speed 520, the current transmission gear 525 and 530. 系统500可包括其它车辆部件,但是被省略了, 以避免不必要的描述。 The system 500 may include other vehicle components, but have been omitted to avoid unnecessary description. 在步骤405,处理器505响应于换挡拨片105或110的移动接收档位切换信号。 At step 405, the processor 505 moves in response to receiving the gear shift paddle 105 or 110 of the switching signal. 处理器505根据档位切换信号确定致动的是升档换挡拨片还是降档换挡拨片(步骤410)。 The processor 505 determines shift switch actuation signal is an upshift or a downshift paddle shifter shift paddle (step 410). 之后,处理器505根据档位切换信号确定换挡拨片移动到第一位置还是第二位置(步骤415或430)。 Thereafter, the processor 505 determines a switching signal in accordance with the gear shift paddle to the first position or the second position (step 415 or 430). 如果换挡拨片移动到第一位置,处理器505命令变速箱530执行单级升档(步骤420)或者单级降档(步骤435)。 If the paddle shifter moved to the first position, the command processor 505 performs a single-stage transmission upshift 530 (step 420) or a single downshift (step 435). 如果换挡拨片移动到第二位置,则处理器505命令变速箱530执行第二功能,例如理想或优化的升档(步骤425)来最大化燃油效率,或理想或优化的降档(步骤440)来最大化加速度或性能。 If the paddle shifter to the second position, the processor 505 commands the transmission 530 performs a second function, such as an ideal or optimized upshift (step 425) to maximize fuel efficiency, or ideal or optimized downshift (step 440) or to maximize the acceleration performance. 为了确定理想或优化的升档或降档,处理器505可使用例如驾驶模式515、车速520、当前档位525、使用者定制的换挡表和/或软件地图或表510的信息,所述换挡表和/或软件地图或表510提供了基于车速和/或车辆是升档还是降档的理想档位的列表。 In order to determine an optimized or desired upshift or downshift, the processor 505 can use, for example, the driving mode 515, 520, 525 current gear, a shift customized user table and / or map information or software speedometer 510, the shift table and / or software that provides a map or table 510 based on the vehicle speed and / or vehicle is a list of ideal gear upshift or a downshift. 图6是示例性的软件地图600。 FIG 6 is an exemplary map 600 software. 第二功能可以在任何合适的时候致动。 The second function can be activated at any suitable time. [0027] 此外,响应于通过换挡拨片105和110致动第二功能,可连通听觉警示和/或视觉警示,例如屏幕120上的指示。 [0027] Further, in response to a paddle shifters 105 and 110 to actuate the second function, may communicate audible alert and / or visual alert, for example, instructions on the screen 120. 在一个示例中,发出红光的盒子可响应于换挡拨片105和110移动到第二位置而闪烁。 In one example, emits red light in response to a shift of the cassette 105 and the paddle 110 is moved to the second position to blink. 在一个示例中,推动或拉动换挡拨片105和110至第二位置可导致来自触觉响应系统的反馈,例如换挡拨片105和110或者驾驶员座椅的振动,给使用者传达换挡拨片105和110的第二功能已经被致动。 In one example, pushing or pulling the paddle shifters 105 and 110 lead to the second position in response to a haptic feedback from the system, e.g. paddle shifters 105 and 110 or the vibration of the driver's seat, to convey to the user the shift the second function of the paddle 105 and 110 has been actuated.

[0028]根据各实施例,推动或拉动换挡拨片105和110至第二位置可导致例如来自止动机构或系统的机械反馈,以告知使用者第一功能被跳过和/或第二功能已经被致动。 [0028] According to various embodiments, pushing or pulling the paddle shifters 105 and 110 to a second position, for example, may result from a detent mechanism or a mechanical feedback system to inform the user of the first function is skipped and / or the second function has been actuated.

[0029]第二功能己经被描述为根据预定表格的理想的档位切换;然而,第二功能可是任何合适的第二功能。 [0029] The second function has been described as a switch gear according to a predetermined desired form; however, the second function may be any suitable second function. 作为示例,第二功能可以是定制的档位切换。 As an example, the second function may be a custom switch gear. 作为示例,使用者和/或车辆操作者可基于他们的驾驶品味和偏好,存储个性化的档位切换地图和/或表。 As an example, a user and / or vehicle operator may drive based on their tastes and preferences, a shift switch storing the personalized map and / or table. 个性化的档位切换可能不是最佳的换挡,但是可以是符合驾驶员或操作者意愿的换挡。 Personalized gear change shift may not be the best, but it is in line with the wishes of the driver's or operator's shift. 这可以是基于当前车速或者基于从当前档位/至当前档位的优选档位的从/至当前档位的完整档位表格。 This may be based on a current vehicle speed based on the current gear position or to / from the current shift position is preferably from / to the current gear forms a complete gear. [0030]根据各实施例,第二功能可以是基于驾驶状况和/或环境状况定制的档位切换。 [0030] According to various embodiments, the second function may be based on the driving conditions and / or environmental conditions customized gear change. 作为示例,换挡拨片的降档允许从陡峭或长的山下去时提高发动机制动。 As an example, a downshift shift paddles allows to increase the engine braking down a steep hill or long. 在陡峭的下降之前,驾驶员可移动换挡拨片至第二位置,来准备发动机制动。 Before steep drop, the driver can move shift paddles to the second position, ready to engine braking. 在陡峭的爬升之前,驾驶员可移动换挡拨片至第二位置,以在爬山时提供更多的动力。 Before steep climb, the driver can move shift paddles to the second position, to provide more power during climbing. 根据各实施例,第二功能可以是定制的档位切换,例如进入急转弯之前的一系列降档和/或离开急转弯时的一系列升档。 According to various embodiments, the second function may be a custom switch gear, for example, when the downshift range of series and / or leaving sharp turn before entering the upshift sharp turn. 根据各实施例,第二功能可以是在例如大雪或滑路面(例如,湿的路面和/或冰的路面)环境状况下驾驶的优选的档位切换。 According to various embodiments, the second function may be, for example, snow or slippery road surface (e.g., a wet road surface and / or ice road surface) of the driving gear is preferably under ambient conditions handover. 根据各实施例,第二功能可以是在各当位切换之间具有设定的时间延迟(例如,在1至5秒之间)的一系列档位切换。 According to various embodiments, the second function can be switched between the time when a bit having a set of delay (e.g., between 1-5 seconds) gear range switch. 这一系列档位切换可以是依次的升档、 依次的降档或一级升档接着一级降档或者反之一级降档接着一级升档一一例如当驾驶员驾驶他们的车辆转弯时。 This series of gear shifting can be sequentially upshift, downshift sequentially upshift or a downshift, or vice versa followed by a one then an upshift downshift-for example, when the driver driving the vehicle when turning their .

[0031]本领域技术人员可以理解的是,第二功能已经被描述为通过换挡拨片机械移动到第二位置来达到。 [0031] Those skilled in the art will be appreciated that the second function has been described as a shift to the second position is achieved by mechanically moving the paddle. 可以理解的是,第二功能可通过重新编程(例如通过ECU的接口)第一位置的第一功能来获得。 It will be appreciated that the second function can be obtained by re-programming (e.g. by ECU interface) a first function of the first position. 因此,根据各实施例,第二功能可以不通过移动换挡拨片至第二位置来获得,而是通过移动换挡拨片至第一位置来获得。 Thus, in accordance with various embodiments, the second function may not be by movement of the shift paddles to the second position is obtained, but by moving the paddles to the first shift position is obtained. 此外,其它的实施方式一一机械的和/或电子的一一可用来实现第二功能。 Further, other embodiments eleven mechanical and / or electronic eleven used to achieve the second function. 例如通过开关(未示出)的使用。 For example (not shown) to be used by the switch.

[0032] 作为示例,布置在方向盘100域者仪表板、转向柱、方向盘、换挡拨片105、110或中控台)上的开关或按键115可用来触发换挡拨片从第一功能至第二功能的功能。 [0032] By way of example, a steering wheel 100 disposed on the domain's dashboard, steering column, steering wheel, shift paddle switch or button 105, 110 or 115 on the center console) may be used to trigger a shift from a first function to paddle functions of the. 开关115可以是数字开关,其可以使用车辆信息或娱乐系统来致动。 Switch 115 may be a digital switch, which may use the information or entertainment system of the vehicle is actuated. 响应于开关被压下或被选择,换挡拨片105和110被致动,且具有指示器例如发光和/或彩色的指示器的显示屏120指示换挡拨片105和110设定为第一功能或第二功能。 Response to the switch being depressed or selected, the paddle shifters 105 and 110 are actuated, and having an indicator 105 and 110 is set, for example, a light emitting and / or color of the indicator 120 indicating the shift of the display for the first paddle function or a second function.

[0033] 根据各实施例,响应于开关被压下或被选择,换挡拨片105和110被致动,并且显示屏120例如发光和/或彩色的指示器(例如,绿色指示器)醒目地显示第二功能被致动。 [0033] According to various embodiments, in response to the switch being depressed or selected, the paddle shifters 105 and 110 are actuated, and the display screen 120 such as light emitting and / or color indicator (e.g., a green indicator) striking display a second function is activated. 响应于开关再次被压下或被触发,换挡拨片105和110的第二功能可解除致动,具有指示器、例如发光和/或彩色的指示器(例如,红色指示器)的显示屏120指示换挡拨片105和110被解除致动。 Response to the switch is again depressed or triggered, shifting the second paddle 105 and function 110 may be actuated release, an indicator, such as light emitting and / or color indicator (e.g., a red indicator) of the screen 120 indicates paddle shifters 105 and 110 are released actuated.

[0034] 本领域技术人员可以理解的是,与这里公开的示例一起描述的各示例性的逻辑方框以及处理步骤可以实施为电子硬件、计算机软件或两者的组合。 [0034] Those skilled in the art will appreciate that the various illustrative logical blocks and exemplary processing steps disclosed herein may be implemented as described in connection with a combination of electronic hardware, computer software, or both. 这样的功能是实施为硬件还是软件取决于施加于整个系统的具体应用和设计限制。 Such functionality is implemented as hardware or software depends upon the particular application and design constraints imposed on the overall system. 本领域技术人员可以变化的方式针对每个具体的应用实施所述的功能,但是这样的实施决定不应解读为脱离公开的装置和方法的范围。 Those skilled in the art may function in varying ways for each particular application of the embodiment, but such implementation decisions should not be interpreted as departing from the apparatus and methods disclosed scope.

[0035] 提供了系统、方法和计算机程序产品。 [0035] provides a system, method and computer program product. 对“各实施例”、“一些实施例”、“一个实施例”、“一个示例性实施例”等等的引用表示描述的实施例可包括特定的特征、结构或特性, 但是不是每个实施例都必须包括该特定的特征、结构或特性。 Of "various embodiments", "some embodiments," "one embodiment," "an exemplary embodiment", etc., indicate that the embodiment described may include a particular feature, structure, or characteristic, but not every embodiment embodiment necessarily includes the particular feature, structure, or characteristic. 此外,这样的短语并不必然引用相同的实施例。 Moreover, such phrases are not necessarily referring to the same embodiment. 进一步的,当特定的特征、结构或特性与一个实施例结合描述时,应认为在其它的实施例中实施这些特征、结构或特性是本领域技术人员的知识,不管是否进行了明确描述。 Further, when a particular feature, structure, or characteristic described in connection with one embodiment, the implementation of these features should be considered in other embodiments, structure, or characteristic is knowledge of the skilled person, regardless of whether or not explicitly described. 在阅读说明书以后,对于本领域技术人员而言,如何以可替换的实施例来实施本公开是明显的。 After reading the specification, those skilled in the art, how an alternative embodiment of the present disclosed embodiments will be apparent.

[0036] 与这里公开的实施例一起描述的方法或算法的步骤可直接嵌入在硬件、通过处理器执行的软件模块中,或者两者的组合。 Steps of a method or algorithm described in [0036] embodiments disclosed herein may be described with embedded directly in hardware, in a software module executed by a processor, or combinations of both. 软件模块可存储在RAM存储器、闪存存储器、ROM存储器、EPROM存储器、EEPR0M存储器、寄存器、硬盘、可擦除硬盘、CD-ROM或本领域已知的其它形式的存储介质中。 A software module may be stored in RAM memory, flash memory, ROM memory, EPROM memory, EEPR0M memory, registers, a hard disk, to erase the drive, CD-ROM, or other form known in the art of storage medium. 示例性的存储介质连接到处理器,从而处理器可以从存储介质读取信息或将信息写入存储介质。 An exemplary storage medium is coupled to the processor such the processor can read information from, and write information to the storage medium or storage medium. 在可替换的方案中,存储介质可以集成到处理器中。 In the alternative, the storage medium may be integral to the processor. 处理器和存储介质可存储在特定用途集成电路(ASIC)中。 The processor and the storage medium may be stored in application specific integrated circuit (ASIC) in the. 存储介质可集成到处理器中。 Storage medium may be integral to the processor. 这里公开的计算步骤可包括在制造产品中,包括指令存储于其上的非易失、确定的计算机可读存储介质。 Calculation steps disclosed herein may be included in article of manufacture including instructions stored thereon a non-volatile, computer-readable storage medium is determined. [0037]提供公开示例的实施例的前述说明是为了使得本领域技术人员能够制造或使用本发明。 [0037] The foregoing description provides examples of the disclosed embodiments is provided to enable those skilled in the art to make or use the present invention. 这些示例的多种修改对于本领域技术人员来说是明显的,这里公开的原理可以应用到其它的示例中,而不脱离本发明的精神或范围。 Various modifications to these examples the skilled person will be apparent that the principles disclosed herein may be applied to other examples without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention. 描述的实施例从任何意义上来说应考虑为仅为示例性的,而不是限制性的,由此,本发明的范围通过所附权利要求而不是前述的说明来指示。 From the embodiments described in any sense be considered as merely illustrative, and not restrictive, whereby the scope of the invention by the appended claims rather than the foregoing description to indicate. 落入权利要求等同的含义和范围内的所有改变包含在其范围内。 Equivalents of the appended claims and all changes within the meaning and range of embraced within their scope.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
CN102470753A *23 Sep 201023 May 2012宝马股份公司Vehicle having a gearshift element arranged on the steering whee
DE102004028014A1 *8 Jun 200429 Dec 2005Daimlerchrysler AgActuating device for a vehicle comprises a first contact position for selecting to a higher gear, a second contact position for changing back to a lower gear and a third position for directly changing back via several gears
*US2009/0270223 Title not available
Classifications
International ClassificationB60K20/06
Cooperative ClassificationY10T74/20146, F16H61/0213, F16H2059/0252, F16H59/02, F16H2059/0247
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