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Publication numberCN101802678 B
Publication typeGrant
Application numberCN 200880107451
PCT numberPCT/US2008/075736
Publication date12 Mar 2014
Filing date9 Sep 2008
Priority date17 Sep 2007
Also published asCN101802678A, EP2191320A2, US7848003, US20090073540, US20110069371, WO2009039003A2, WO2009039003A3
Publication number200880107451.8, CN 101802678 B, CN 101802678B, CN 200880107451, CN-B-101802678, CN101802678 B, CN101802678B, CN200880107451, CN200880107451.8, PCT/2008/75736, PCT/US/2008/075736, PCT/US/2008/75736, PCT/US/8/075736, PCT/US/8/75736, PCT/US2008/075736, PCT/US2008/75736, PCT/US2008075736, PCT/US200875736, PCT/US8/075736, PCT/US8/75736, PCT/US8075736, PCT/US875736
Inventors马尼什·科塔里, 戈拉芙·塞蒂, 乔纳森·查尔斯·格里菲斯, 卡斯拉·哈泽尼
Applicant高通Mems科技公司
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: SIPO, Espacenet
Semi-transparent/ transflective lighted interferometric devices
CN 101802678 B
Abstract  translated from Chinese
在某些实施例中,提供一种装置,其利用干涉式反射光和透射光两者。 In certain embodiments, there is provided an apparatus, which utilizes the interferometric both reflected and transmitted light. 入射在所述装置上的光从所述装置的多个层干涉式反射以在第一方向上发射光,所述干涉式反射光具有第一颜色。 Light incident on the device from a plurality of layers of interferometric reflection of the device to emit light in a first direction, the interferometric reflected light having a first color. 来自光源的光透射穿过所述装置的所述多个层以在所述第一方向上从所述装置发射,所述透射光具有第二颜色。 The light from the light source device is transmitted through the plurality of layers in said first direction from said transmitting means, the transmitted light having a second color.
Claims(30)  translated from Chinese
1.一种调制光的装置,其包括:衬底,其至少部分光学透明;第一层,其在所述衬底上,其中所述第一层部分光学吸收、部分光学反射,且部分光学透射;第二层,其在所述衬底上且与所述第一层间隔开,所述第一层位于所述衬底与所述第二层之间,其中所述第二层部分光学吸收、部分光学反射,且部分光学透射;电介质层,其安置在所述第一层与所述第二层之间以形成干涉腔,所述电介质层至少部分光学透明;以及光源,其响应于信号且定位在所述衬底上,使得所述第一层、所述电介质层和所述第二层位于所述衬底与所述光源之间,所述光源经配置以穿过所述衬底发射光;其中所述第一层经配置以在第一方向上从穿过所述衬底传播到所述第一层的光反射光的第二部分,所述第二层经配置以在所述第一方向上从穿过所述衬底、所述第一层和所述电介质层传播的光反射光的第一部分,且其中所述第一层、所述第二层和电介质层经配置使得所述光的第一部分与所述光的第二部分相干涉,因此由所述光的第一与第二部分的所述干涉产生的从所述衬底发射的光具有一颜色,该颜色不同于从所述光源发射穿过所述衬底的所述光的第三部分的颜色。 An optical modulation apparatus, comprising: a substrate, at least partially optically transparent; a first layer on the substrate, wherein the first portion of the optical absorption layer, optical reflective portion and the optical portion transmission; a second layer with the first layer and spaced apart on said substrate, said first layer is located between said substrate and said second layer, wherein said second layer portion optical absorption, optical reflectivity portion, and partially optically transmissive; dielectric layer disposed between the first layer and the second layer to form an interferometric cavity, the dielectric layer is at least partially optically transparent; and a light source, in response the signal on said substrate and positioned such that the first layer, the dielectric layer of the second layer is located between said substrate and said light source, said light source configured to pass through the light emission substrate; wherein the first layer is configured to in a first direction through said substrate from the second portion of the light propagates to the reflected light of the first layer, the second layer is configured to in said first direction through said substrate from said first portion of the first layer and the light-reflecting light propagating dielectric layer, and wherein the first layer, the second layer and the dielectric layer is configured such that a first portion and a second portion of the light phase of the light interference, and therefore the interference from the first and second portion of the light generated from the light emitting substrate having a color, Unlike the color emitted from the light source through the substrate color of the third portion of the light.
2.根据权利要求1所述的装置,其中所述衬底包括玻璃或塑料材料。 2. The apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the substrate comprises a glass or plastic material.
3.根据权利要求1所述的装置,其中所述第二层包括铝且具有小于300埃的厚度。 3. The apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said second layer comprises aluminum and having a thickness of less than 300 angstroms.
4.根据权利要求1所述的装置,其中所述光的第一部分与所述光的第二部分相干涉以产生具有第一颜色的光,且在所述第一方向上从所述装置发射的所述光具有不同于所述第一颜色的第二颜色。 4. The apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the second portion of the first portion of the light and the light to produce a phase interference light having a first color, and transmitted from the apparatus in the first direction It said light having a second color different from the first color.
5.根据权利要求1所述的装置,其中当所述光源发射光时,在所述第一方向上从所述装置发射的所述光具有第一颜色,且当所述光源不发射光时,在所述第一方向上从所述装置发射的所述光具有第二颜色,所述第二颜色不同于所述第一颜色。 5. The device according to claim 1, wherein, wherein when the light source to emit light, said in the first direction from the light-emitting device having a first color, and when the light source does not emit light , wherein in said first direction from said means for emitting light having a second color, the second color different from said first color.
6.根据权利要求1所述的装置,其中当所述光源发射光且环境光入射在所述装置上时,由所述装置发射的所述光具有第一颜色,当所述光源发射光且环境光不入射在所述装置上时,由所述装置发射的所述光具有第二颜色,且当所述光源不发射光且环境光入射在所述装置上时,由所述装置发射的所述光具有第三颜色。 6. The apparatus according to claim 1, wherein when said light source emits light and ambient light is incident upon the device on, the light emitted by said means having a first color, and when the light source emits light when ambient light is incident on the device, the light emitted by the device having a second color, and when the light source does not emit light and ambient light is incident upon the device on, emitted by the device The light has a third color.
7.根据权利要求1所述的装置,其中所述光源通过从发射具有第一选定颜色的光改变为发射具有不同于所述第一选定颜色的第二选定颜色的光而响应于所述信号。 7. The apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the light source by changing a light emitted from the first selected color to emit light having a selected color different from the first color light and second selected in response to The signal.
8.根据权利要求1所述的装置,其中所述光的第一部分与所述光的第二部分相干涉以产生具有第一颜色且展现第一有角度色移的光,且所述光的第三部分具有第二颜色且展现不同于所述第一有角度色移的第二有角度色移。 8. The apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the first portion and the second portion of the light phase of the interference light to generate a display having a first color and a first angular color shift of light, and the light and a third portion having a second color different from said first angular exhibit color shifting a second angular color shift.
9.根据权利要求1所述的装置,其中所述光的第一部分与所述光的第二部分相干涉以产生具有第一颜色且展现第一有角度色移的光,且在所述第一方向上从所述装置发射的所述光具有第二颜色且展现不同于所述第一有角度色移的第二有角度色移。 9. The apparatus according to claim 1, wherein a first portion of said second portion of said light to produce interference light with a first color and a display having a first angular color shift of light, and in the first said one direction from said light emitting means and having a second color different from said first angular exhibit color shifting a second angular color shift.
10.根据权利要求1所述的装置,其中当所述光源发射光时,在所述第一方向上从所述装置发射的所述光具有第一颜色且展现第一有角度色移,且当所述光源不发射光时,在所述第一方向上从所述装置发射的所述光具有第二颜色且展现第二有角度色移,所述第二有角度色移不同于所述第一有角度色移。 10. The apparatus according to claim 1, wherein when said light source emits light in the direction of the first light emitted from the device having a first color and exhibits a first angular color shift, and when the light source does not emit light, wherein in said first direction from said means for emitting light having a second color and the angular color shift of the second display, the second angular color shift differs from the First there is the angle color shift.
11.根据权利要求1所述的装置,其中当所述光源发射光且环境光入射在所述装置上时,由所述装置发射的所述光具有第一颜色且展现第一有角度色移,当所述光源发射光且环境光不入射在所述装置上时,由所述装置发射的所述光具有第二颜色且展现第二有角度色移,且当所述光源不发射光且环境光入射在所述装置上时,由所述装置发射的所述光具有第三颜色且展现第三有角度色移。 11. The apparatus according to claim 1, wherein when said light source emits light and ambient light is incident upon the device on, the light emitted by said means having a first color and exhibits a first angular color shift When the light source emits light and ambient light is incident on the device when the light emitted by the device having a second color and exhibits a second angular color shift, and when the light source does not emit light, and When the ambient light is incident on the device, the light emitted by the device having a third color and exhibits a third angular color shift.
12.根据权利要求1所述的装置,其中在与所述第一方向大体相反的第二方向上从所述装置发射的光包括: 光的第四部分,其入射于所述衬底上、透射穿过所述衬底、透射穿过所述第一层、透射穿过所述第二层,且在所述第二方向上从所述装置发射; 光的第五部分,其入射于所述第二层上、透射穿过所述第二层、从所述第一层反射、透射穿过所述第二层,且在所述第二方向上从所述装置发射;以及光的第六部分,其入射于所述第二层上、从所述第二层反射,且在所述第二方向上从所述装置发射。 12. The optical device according to claim 1, wherein in said first direction and a second direction generally opposite from said transmitting means comprises: a fourth portion of the light, which is incident on the substrate, transmitted through the substrate, transmitted through the first layer, transmitted through the second layer, and is emitted from the apparatus in the second direction; fifth part of the light, which is incident to the said second layer, transmitted through the second layer, the first layer is reflected from, transmitted through the second layer, and is emitted from the apparatus in the second direction; and a light six parts, which is incident on the second layer, the second layer from the reflected and transmitted from the device in the second direction.
13.根据权利要求12所述的装置,其中所述光的第五部分包括由所述光源发射的光,且所述光的第六部分包括由所述光源发射的光。 13. The apparatus according to claim 12, wherein the fifth portion of light comprises light emitted by the light source, and a sixth portion of the light includes a light emitted by the light source.
14.根据权利要求12所述的装置,其中在所述第一方向上从所述装置发射的所述光具有第一颜色,且在所述第二方向上从所述装置发射的所述光具有第二颜色,所述第二颜色不同于所述第一颜色。 14. The optical device according to claim 12, wherein in said first direction from said means for emitting said light having a first color, and in said second direction emitted from the device having a second color, the second color different from said first color.
15.根据权利要求12所述的装置,其中在所述第一方向上从所述装置发射的所述光与在所述第二方向上从所述装置发射的所述光具有大体相同颜色。 The light with the second in the direction from said transmitting means 15. The apparatus according to claim 12, wherein in said first direction of the light emitted from the device having substantially the same color.
16.根据权利要求1所述的装置,其进一步包括第三层,所述第三层在所述衬底上且与所述第一层以及所述第二层间隔开,其中所述第三层部分光学吸收、部分光学反射,且部分光学透射。 16. The apparatus according to claim 1, further comprising a third layer and the first layer and the second layer are spaced apart, wherein said first of said third layer on said substrate three-part optical absorption, partially optically reflective, and partially optically transmissive.
17.根据权利要求16所述的装置,其中所述第三层位于所述第一层与所述第二层之间。 17. The apparatus according to claim 16, wherein said third layer is located between the first layer and the second layer.
18.根据权利要求1所述的装置,其进一步包括第一玻璃层和第二玻璃层,其中所述衬底、所述第一层和所述第二层包括经层压并位于所述第一玻璃层与所述第二玻璃层之间的结构,且其中所述第一玻璃层和所述第二玻璃层中的至少一者包括纹理化玻璃。 18. The apparatus according to claim 1, further comprising a first glass layer and a second glass layer, wherein said substrate, said first layer and said second layer comprises a laminate and is located by the first A structure of the glass layer and the second glass layer, and wherein said first glass layer and said second glass layer comprising at least one textured glass.
19.根据权利要求1所述的装置,其中所述第二层包括具有30到300埃范围内的厚度。 19. The apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the second layer comprises a thickness in the range of 30 to 300 angstroms.
20.根据权利要求1所述的装置,其中所述第一层具有50到60埃范围内的厚度。 20. The apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the first layer has a thickness in the range 50 to 60 Angstroms.
21.根据权利要求1所述的装置,其中所述光源通过从发射具有第一选定亮度的光改变为发射具有不同于所述第一选定亮度的第二选定亮度的光而响应于所述信号。 21. The apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said light source emits light by changing the brightness from a first selected to transmit different from the first selected second selected luminance brightness responds to light having The signal.
22.根据权利要求1所述的装置,其中所述电介质层包括氧化物。 22. The apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said dielectric layer comprises an oxide.
23.根据权利要求22所述的装置,其中所述电介质层包括二氧化硅或氧化锌。 23. The apparatus according to claim 22, wherein said dielectric layer comprises silicon dioxide or zinc oxide.
24.根据权利要求23所述的装置,其中所述电介质层为90到450埃厚。 24. The apparatus according to claim 23, wherein said dielectric layer is 90 to 450 angstroms thick.
25.根据权利要求23所述的装置,其中所述电介质层为1000到5000埃厚。 25. The apparatus according to claim 23, wherein said dielectric layer is 1000-5000 angstroms thick.
26.—种调制光的装置,其包括: 第一装置,其用于部分吸收光、部分反射光且部分透射光;第二装置,其用于部分吸收光、部分反射光且部分透射光,所述第二装置与所述第一装置间隔开; 间隔装置,其用于将所述第一装置与所述第二装置间隔开;以及支撑装置,其用于支撑所述第一装置、所述第二装置和所述间隔装置;用于产生光的装置,其中所述第一装置经配置以在第一方向上从穿过所述支撑装置传播到所述第一装置的光反射光的第二部分,所述第二装置经配置以在所述第一方向上从穿过所述支撑装置、所述第一装置和所述间隔装置传播的光反射光的第一部分,且其中所述第一装置、所述第二装置和所述间隔装置经配置使得所述光的第一部分与所述光的第二部分相干涉,因此由所述光的第一与第二部分的所述干涉产生的从所述支撑装置发射的光具有第一颜色,且从所述光产生装置发射穿过所述支撑装置的所述光具有不同于所述第一颜色的第二颜色。 26.- seed light modulating apparatus, comprising: a first means for partially absorbing the light, a partially reflective and partially light transmissive light; second means for absorbing light portion, partially reflective and partially light transmissive light, said second means spaced from said first means; spacer means for said first means and spaced from said second means; and a support means for supporting said first means which for the said spacer means and said second means; means for generating light, wherein said first means is configured to in a first direction from the light passing through the first light reflecting means to the support means of spread a second portion, said second means is configured to pass through said first direction from said support means, said first means and a first portion of the light reflecting light propagating said spacer means, and wherein said first means, said second means and said spacer means is configured such that the light of the first portion and the second portion of the interfering light, and therefore by the first and second portions of said light interference generating from said support means having a first color emitted light, and the generating means for transmitting said support means through said light having a second color different from the first color from the light.
27.根据权利要求26所述的装置,其中所述光产生装置包括光源,所述光源响应于信号且相对于所述支撑装置定位,使得所述第一装置和所述第二装置位于所述支撑装置与所述光源之间。 27. The apparatus according to claim 26, wherein said light generating means comprises a light source, the light source in response to the signal with respect to said support means and positioned such that said first means and said second means is located in the between the support means and said light source.
28.—种调制光的方法,所述方法包括:提供装置,所述装置包括:衬底,其至少部分光学透明;第一层,其在所述衬底上,其中所述第一层部分光学吸收、部分光学透射,且部分光学反射;第二层,其在所述衬底上且与所述第一层间隔开,所述第一层位于所述衬底与所述第二层之间,其中所述第二层部分光学吸收、部分光学透射,且部分光学反射;电介质层,其安置在所述第一层与所述第二层之间以形成干涉腔,所述电介质层至少部分光学透明;以及光源,其响应于信号且定位在所述衬底上,使得所述第一层、所述电介质层和所述第二层位于所述衬底与所述光源之间,所述光源经配置以穿过所述衬底发射光;其中所述第一层经配置以在第一方向上从穿过所述衬底传播到所述第一层的光反射光的第二部分,所述第二层经配置以在所述第一方向上从穿过所述衬底、所述第一层和所述电介质层传播的光反射光的第一部分,且其中所述第一层、所述第二层和电介质层经配置使得所述光的第一部分与所述光的第二部分相干涉,因此由所述光的第一与第二部分的所述干涉产生的从所述衬底发射的光具有第一颜色,且从所述光源发射穿过所述衬底的所述光的第三部分具有不同于所述第一颜色的第二颜色;以及在所述第一方向上从所述装置发射光。 The method of modulating light, the method 28.- species comprising: providing means, said apparatus comprising: a substrate, at least partially optically transparent; a first layer on the substrate, wherein the first layer portion optical absorption, partially optically transmissive and optically reflective portion; a second layer with the first layer and spaced apart on said substrate, said first layer in said substrate and said second layer between, wherein the second optical absorption layer portion, partially optically transmissive, optically reflective and partially; dielectric layer disposed between the first layer and the second layer to form an interferometric cavity, said dielectric layer at least partially optically transparent; and a light source, in response to a signal on said substrate and positioned such that the first layer, the dielectric layer and the second layer is located between said substrate and said light source, The light source is configured to emit light through the substrate; wherein the first layer is configured to in a first direction from propagation through the substrate to the light-reflecting light of a first layer and a second portion, the second layer configured to pass through said first direction from said substrate, said first layer of the first portion of the light and the reflected light propagating dielectric layer, and wherein the first layer, the second layer and the dielectric layer is configured such that the light with a second portion of the first portion of the interfering light, thus interference by said first and second portion of the light generated from the said substrate having a first color emitted light, and emitted from the light source passes through the third portion of the substrate having the light of the second color different from the first color; and the first the direction of the light emitted from the device.
29.根据权利要求28所述的方法,其进一步包括调制所述信号以使调制在所述第一方向上发射的所述光的一种或一种以上性质。 29. A method according to claim 28, further comprising a modulation signal to the modulation of the emission in the first direction of the light of one or more properties.
30.根据权利要求28所述的方法,其进一步包括在与所述第一方向大体相反的第二方向上从所述装置发射光,其中所述在第二方向上从所述装置发射的光包括:光的第四部分,其入射于所述衬底上、透射穿过所述衬底、透射穿过所述第一层、透射穿过所述第二层,且在所述第二方向上从所述装置发射; 光的第五部分,其入射于所述第二层上、透射穿过所述第二层、从所述第一层反射、透射穿过所述第二层,且在所述第二方向上从所述装置发射;以及光的第六部分,其入射于所述第二层上、从所述第二层反射,且在所述第二方向上从所述装置发射。 30. The method of light according to claim 28, further comprising a first direction and said second direction substantially opposite to the light emitted from the device, wherein the second direction in the apparatus emitted from the comprising: a fourth part of the light, which is incident on the substrate, transmitted through the substrate, transmitted through the first layer, transmitted through the second layer and in said second direction from said transmitting means; the fifth part of the light, which is incident on the second layer, transmitted through the second layer, the first layer is reflected from, transmitted through the second layer, and in the second direction is emitted from the device; and Part VI of the light, which is incident on the second layer, the second layer from reflection, and in the second direction from said device launch.
Description  translated from Chinese

半透明/透射反射型发光干涉式调制器装置 Translucent / transflective type light emitting interferometric modulator means

[0001] 相关申请案的交叉参考 [0001] Cross-Reference to Related Applications

[0002] 本申请案主张2007年9月17日申请的第60/994,073号美国临时申请案的优先权权益,所述临时申请案全文以引用的方式并入本文中。 [0002] This application claims the No. 60 / 994,073 filed US Provisional Application equity September 17, 2007 filed a Provisional Application is incorporated by reference in its entirety herein.

技术领域 Technical Field

[0003] 本发明的领域大体涉及利用干扰测量法的装饰性和图像显示装置。 [0003] The present invention generally relates to interference measurements decorative and image display devices.

背景技术 Background

[0004] 微机电系统(MEMS)包含微机械元件、激活器和电子元件。 [0004] The micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS) include micro mechanical elements, actuators, and electronics. 可使用沉积、蚀刻和/或其它蚀刻掉衬底和/或已沉积材料层的部分或者添加层以形成电装置和机电装置的微加工工艺来产生微机械元件。 May be created using deposition, etching, and / or other etch away parts of substrates and / or deposited material layers or that add layers to form micro-processing technology electrical equipment and electromechanical devices to generate the micromechanical element. 一种类型的MEMS装置称为干涉式调制器。 One type of MEMS device is called an interferometric modulator. 如本文所使用,术语干涉式调制器或干涉式光调制器指的是一种使用光学干涉原理选择性地吸收且/或反射光的装置。 As used herein, the term interferometric modulator or interferometric light modulator refers to a method of using the principles of optical interference selectively absorbs and / or reflects light. 在某些实施例中,干涉式调制器可包括一对导电板,其中之一或两者可能整体或部分透明且/或具有反射率,且能够在施加适当电信号时进行相对运动。 In certain embodiments, an interferometric modulator may comprise a pair of conductive plates, one or both may be integral or partially transparent and / or with a reflectivity, and capable of relative motion upon application of an appropriate electrical signal. 在特定实施例中,一个板可包括沉积在衬底上的固定层,且另一个板可包括通过气隙与固定层分离的金属薄膜。 In a particular embodiment, one plate may comprise a deposited layer on a substrate is fixed, and the other plate may comprise a stationary layer by an air gap separating the metal thin film. 如本文更详细描述,一个板相对于另一个板的位置可改变入射在干涉式调制器上的光的光学干涉。 As described in greater detail herein, the position of one plate in relation to another can change the plate is incident on the interferometric modulator optical interference of light. 这些装置具有广范围的应用,且在此项技术中,利用且/或修改这些类型装置的特性使得其特征可被发掘用于改进现有产品和创建尚未开发的新产品,将是有益的。 These devices have a wide range of applications, and in the art to utilize and / or modify the characteristics of these types of devices so that their features can be exploited in improving existing products and creating new products not yet developed, would be useful.

发明内容 DISCLOSURE

[0005] 在某些实施例中,提供一种装置,其包含至少部分光学透明的衬底。 [0005] In some embodiments, there is provided an apparatus, comprising at least partially optically transparent substrate. 某些实施例的装置还包含:第一层,其在所述衬底上,其中所述第一层部分光学吸收、部分光学反射,且部分光学透射;以及第二层,其在所述衬底上且与所述第一层间隔开,所述第一层位于所述衬底与所述第二层之间,其中所述第二层部分光学吸收、部分光学反射,且部分光学透射。 Certain embodiments of the apparatus further comprises: a first layer on the substrate, wherein the first portion of the optical absorption layer, optical reflection portion, and the optically transmissive portion; and a second layer, in which the liner On the bottom of the first layer and spaced apart from, the first layer is located between said substrate and said second layer, wherein the second portion of the optical absorption layer, optical reflection portion, and the optically transmissive portion . 某些实施例的所述装置还包含:光源,其响应于信号且相对于所述衬底定位,使得所述第一层与所述第二层位于所述衬底与所述光源之间。 Certain embodiments of the apparatus further comprises: a light source in response to the signal, and positioned with respect to the substrate, such that the second layer and between the substrate and the light source located at the first layer. 在第一方向上从所述装置发射的光包括光的第一部分,其入射于所述衬底上,透射穿过所述衬底、透射穿过所述第一层、被所述第二层反射,透射穿过所述第一层、透射穿过所述衬底且在所述第一方向上从所述衬底发射。 In a first direction from said optical means comprises a first portion of the emitted light, which is incident on the substrate, transmitted through the substrate, transmitted through the first layer, the second layer is reflected, transmitted through the first layer, transmitted through the substrate and emitted from the substrate in the first direction. 在所述第一方向上发射的所述光还可包含光的第二部分,其入射于所述衬底上,透射穿过所述衬底、被所述第一层反射,透射穿过所述衬底且在所述第一方向上从所述衬底发射。 In the direction of said first emitted light may further comprise a second portion of the light, which is incident on the substrate, transmitted through the substrate, the first layer is reflected, transmitted through the said substrate and emitted from the substrate in the first direction. 在某些实施例中,在所述第一方向上发射的所述光还可包含光的第三部分,其来自所述光源且入射于所述第二层上,透射穿过所述第二层、透射穿过所述第一层,透射穿过所述衬底且在所述第一方向上从所述衬底发射。 In some embodiments, the first direction in the third part of the emitted light may also contain light from the light source and its incidence on the second layer, transmitted through the second layer, transmitted through the first layer, transmitted through the substrate and emitted from the substrate in the first direction.

[0006] 在某些实施例中,提供一种装置,其包括:第一装置,其用于部分吸收光、部分反射光且部分透射光;以及第二装置,其用于部分吸收光、部分反射光且部分透射光,所述第二装置与所述第一装置间隔开。 [0006] In some embodiments, there is provided an apparatus, comprising: a first means for partially absorbing the light, a partially reflective and partially light transmissive light; and a second means for absorbing light portions, portion reflected light and transmitted light portions, said second means spaced from said first means. 一些实施例的装置还包含用于产生光的装置,其中在第一方向上从所述装置发射的光包括光的第一部分,其入射于所述第一装置上,透射穿过所述第一装置、被所述第二装置反射,透射穿过所述第一装置且在所述第一方向上从所述装置发射。 Some embodiments of the apparatus further comprises means for generating light, wherein in a first direction from a first portion of said light emitting means comprises a light which is incident on the first means, transmitted through the first means by said second reflective means, transmitted through the first transmitting means and from said means in said first direction. 在所述第一方向上从所述装置发射的所述光还可包含光的第二部分,其入射于所述第一装置上,被所述第一装置反射且在所述第一方向上从所述装置发射;以及光的第三部分,其由所述光产生装置产生,入射于所述第二装置上、透射穿过所述第二装置、透射穿过所述第一装置且在所述第一方向上从所述装置发射。 May also comprise a second portion of the light in the light from said first direction transmitting means, which is incident on the first means and reflected by said first means in said first direction transmitting from said apparatus; and a third portion of the light, which is generated by said means for generating light incident on said second means is transmitted through said second means, said first means and transmitted through the The first direction is emitted from the device.

[0007] 在某些实施例中,提供一种显示图像的方法,某些实施例的方法包含提供装置,所述装置包括至少部分光学透明的衬底。 [0007] In some embodiments, there is provided a method of displaying an image, some embodiments of the method comprises providing means, said means comprising at least partially optically transparent substrate. 所述装置还可包含:第一层,其在所述衬底上,其中所述第一层部分光学吸收、部分光学透射且部分光学反射;以及第二层,其在所述衬底上且与所述第一层间隔开,所述第一层位于所述衬底与所述第二层之间,其中所述第二层部分光学吸收、部分光学透射且部分光学反射。 The apparatus may further comprise: a first layer on the substrate, wherein the first portion of the optical absorption layer, partially optically transmissive and optically reflective portion; and a second layer on said substrate, and and spaced apart from said first layer, said substrate located between said first layer and said second layer, wherein the second optical absorption layer portion, the optical portion optically transmissive and partially reflective. 在某些实施例中,所述方法包含:响应于信号相对于所述衬底定位光源,使得所述第一层与所述第二层位于所述衬底与所述光源之间;以及在第一方向上从所述装置发射光。 In certain embodiments, the method comprising: in response to a signal source positioned relative to the substrate, such that the first layer and the second layer is located between said substrate and said light source; and the first direction of the emitted light from the device. 在某些实施例中,所述发射的光包括光的第一部分,其入射于所述衬底上,透射穿过所述衬底、透射穿过所述第一层、被所述第二层反射,透射穿过所述第一层、透射穿过所述衬底且在所述第一方向上从所述装置发射。 In certain embodiments, the light emitting portion includes a first light, which is incident on the substrate, transmitted through the substrate, transmitted through the first layer, the second layer is reflected, transmitted through the first layer, and transmitted through the substrate in the first direction from said transmitting means. 所述发射的光还可包含光的第二部分,其入射于所述衬底上,透射穿过所述衬底、被所述第一层反射,透射穿过所述衬底且在所述第一方向上从所述装置发射。 The light may further comprise a second portion of the emitted light, which is incident on the substrate, transmitted through the substrate, the first layer is reflected, transmitted through the substrate and in the a first direction emitted from the device. 在某些实施例中,所述发射的光包含光的第三部分,其来自所述光源且入射于所述第二层上,透射穿过所述第二层、透射穿过所述第一层,透射穿过所述衬底且在所述第一方向上从所述装置发射。 The third part of the light contains light in some embodiments, the emitted from the light source and which is incident on said second layer, transmitted through the second layer, transmitted through the first layer, transmitted through the substrate and emitted from the device in the first direction.

附图说明 Brief Description

[0008] 图1是描绘干涉式调制器显示器的一个实施例的一部分的等角视图,其中第一干涉式调制器的可移动反射层处于松弛位置,且第二干涉式调制器的可移动反射层处于激活位置。 [0008] Figure 1 is an isometric view depicting a portion of one embodiment of an interferometric modulator display, wherein the first interferometric modulator movable reflective layer is in a relaxed position and a second interferometric modulator movable reflective layer active position.

[0009] 图2是说明并入有3X3干涉式调制器显示器的电子装置的一个实施例的系统框图。 [0009] FIG. 2 is a block diagram of a system incorporating an embodiment of an electronic device 3X3 interferometric modulator display.

[0010] 图3是图1的干涉式调制器的一个示范性实施例的可移动镜位置对所施加电压的图。 [0010] FIG. 3 is a position of the movable mirror of the interferometric modulator of an exemplary embodiment of FIG. 1 FIG applied voltage.

[0011] 图4是可用于驱动干涉式调制器显示器的一组行和列电压的说明。 [0011] FIG. 4 is used to drive an interferometric modulator display illustrate a set of row and column voltages.

[0012] 图5A说明图2的3X3干涉式调制器显示器中的显示器数据的一个示范性帧。 [0012] Figure 5A illustrates one exemplary frame of Figure 2 3X3 interferometric modulator display of the display data.

[0013] 图5B说明可用于写入图5A的巾贞的行和列信号的一个不范性时序图。 [0013] FIG. 5B illustrates a non-normative timing diagram of Figure 5A towel for writing Zhen row and column signals.

[0014] 图6A和图6B是说明包括多个干涉式调制器的视觉显示器装置的实施例的系统框图。 [0014] FIG. 6A and 6B are system block diagrams illustrating an embodiment comprises a plurality of interferometric modulators visual display device.

[0015] 图7A是图1的装置的横截面。 [0015] FIG. 7A is a cross-sectional view of the apparatus of FIG.

[0016] 图7B是干涉式调制器的替代实施例的横截面。 [0016] FIG. 7B is an alternative interferometric modulator cross section of an embodiment.

[0017] 图7C是干涉式调制器的另一替代实施例的横截面。 [0017] Figure 7C is another alternative interferometric modulator of a cross section of an embodiment.

[0018] 图7D是干涉式调制器的又一替代实施例的横截面。 [0018] FIG 7D is an interferometric modulator cross section of yet another alternative embodiment.

[0019] 图7E是干涉式调制器的额外替代实施例的横截面。 [0019] Figure 7E is an interferometric modulator cross section of an additional alternative embodiment.

[0020] 图8示意性地说明根据本文描述的某些实施例的实例装置。 [0020] Figure 8 schematically illustrates some examples of embodiments of the apparatus described herein in accordance with. [0021] 图9A示意性地说明根据本文描述的某些实施例的实例装置。 [0021] Figure 9A schematically illustrates some examples of embodiments of the apparatus described herein in accordance with.

[0022] 图9B展示根据本文描述的某些实施例的实例装置的反射率。 [0022] FIG. 9B shows the reflectance according to certain example embodiments described herein apparatus.

[0023] 图9C-9D展示根据本文描述的某些实施例的实例装置的CIE色度图。 [0023] Figure 9C-9D show examples of apparatus in accordance with certain embodiments described herein CIE chromaticity diagram.

[0024] 图9E展示根据本文描述的某些实施例的两个实例装置的CIE色度图。 [0024] Figure 9E shows two examples in accordance with certain embodiments described herein means a CIE chromaticity diagram.

[0025] 图9F展示根据本文描述的某些实施例的两个实例装置的反射率。 [0025] FIG. 9F shows two examples of reflectance in accordance with certain embodiments described herein apparatus.

[0026] 图9G展示根据本文描述的某些实施例的两个实例装置的CIE色度图。 [0026] Figure 9G shows two examples in accordance with certain embodiments described herein means a CIE chromaticity diagram.

[0027] 图9H展示根据本文描述的某些实施例的两个实例装置的反射率。 [0027] FIG. 9H shows two examples of reflectance in accordance with certain embodiments described herein apparatus.

[0028] 图10展示根据本文描述的某些实施例的实例装置的反射率。 [0028] Figure 10 shows reflectance in accordance with some example embodiments of the apparatus described herein.

[0029] 图1lA展示根据本文描述的某些实施例的实例装置的反射率和透射率。 [0029] FIG 1lA shows some examples of apparatus embodiments described herein according to the reflectance and transmittance.

[0030] 图1lB展示根据本文描述的某些实施例的实例装置的CIE色度图。 [0030] FIG 1lB shows examples of apparatus in accordance with certain embodiments described herein CIE chromaticity diagram.

[0031] 图12A示意性地说明根据本文描述的某些实施例的实例装置。 [0031] Figure 12A schematically illustrates some examples of embodiments of the apparatus described herein in accordance with.

[0032] 图12B展示根据本文描述的某些实施例的针对不同视角的实例装置的CIE色度图。 [0032] FIG. 12B shows a CIE chromaticity diagram according to some examples of devices for different perspectives of the embodiments described herein.

[0033] 图13展示根据本文描述的某些实施例的针对不同视角的实例装置的CIE色度图。 [0033] Figure 13 shows the CIE chromaticity diagram in accordance with some examples of devices for different perspectives of the embodiments described herein.

[0034] 图14A示意性地说明根据本文描述的某些实施例的实例装置。 [0034] Figure 14A schematically illustrates some examples of embodiments of the apparatus described herein in accordance with.

[0035] 图14B-14C展示根据本文描述的某些实施例的两个实例装置的CIE色度图。 [0035] Figure 14B-14C show the CIE chromaticity diagram in accordance with some means of two examples of embodiments described herein.

[0036] 图15示意性地说明根据本文描述的某些实施例的包括荧光材料的实例装置。 [0036] Figure 15 schematically illustrates some examples of apparatus comprising a fluorescent material described herein according to an embodiment.

[0037] 图16示意性地说明根据本文描述的某些实施例的包括第三层的实例装置。 [0037] Figure 16 schematically illustrates some examples of apparatus according to the third layer comprises embodiments described herein.

[0038] 图17示意性地说明根据本文描述的某些实施例的包括第三层的另一实例装置。 [0038] Figure 17 schematically illustrates another example of some of the third layer comprises apparatus according to the embodiment described herein.

[0039] 图18A示意性地说明根据本文描述的某些实施例的实例装置。 [0039] Figure 18A schematically illustrates some examples of embodiments of the apparatus described herein in accordance with.

[0040] 图18B展示根据本文描述的某些实施例的实例装置的反射率。 [0040] FIG. 18B shows the reflectance according to certain example embodiments described herein apparatus.

[0041] 图18C展示根据本文描述的某些实施例的实例装置的CIE色度图。 [0041] Figure 18C shows examples of apparatus in accordance with certain embodiments described herein CIE chromaticity diagram.

[0042] 图19示意性地说明根据本文描述的某些实施例的包括钝化层的实例装置。 [0042] Figure 19 schematically illustrates some examples of apparatus described herein includes a passivation layer according to an embodiment.

[0043] 图20A示意性地说明根据本文描述的某些实施例的实例装置。 [0043] Figure 20A schematically illustrates some examples of embodiments of the apparatus described herein in accordance with.

[0044] 图20B展示根据本文描述的某些实施例的实例装置的CIE色度图。 [0044] Figure 20B shows examples of apparatus in accordance with certain embodiments described herein CIE chromaticity diagram.

[0045] 图21示意性地说明根据本文描述的某些实施例的包括第一玻璃层和第二玻璃层的实例装置。 [0045] Figure 21 schematically illustrates some examples of apparatus comprising a first glass layer and a second glass layer described herein according to an embodiment.

[0046] 图22示意性地说明根据本文描述的某些实施例的具有第一层、第二层、第三层和第四层的实例装置。 [0046] Figure 22 schematically illustrates in accordance with certain embodiments described herein having a first layer, the second layer, the third layer and the fourth instance of device layers.

[0047] 图23展示根据本文描述的某些实施例的实例装置的透射率。 [0047] Figure 23 shows some examples of transmission apparatus described herein according to the embodiment.

[0048] 图24A示意性地说明根据本文描述的某些实施例的实例装置。 [0048] Figure 24A schematically illustrates some examples of embodiments of the apparatus described herein in accordance with.

[0049] 图24B展示根据本文描述的某些实施例的实例装置的反射率。 [0049] FIG. 24B shows the reflectance according to certain example embodiments described herein apparatus.

[0050] 图24C展示根据本文描述的某些实施例的实例装置的CIE色度图。 [0050] Figure 24C shows examples of apparatus in accordance with certain embodiments described herein CIE chromaticity diagram.

[0051] 图24D展示根据本文描述的某些实施例的实例装置的透射率。 [0051] FIG. 24D shows some examples of transmission apparatus described herein according to the embodiment.

[0052] 图24E展示根据本文描述的某些实施例的实例装置的反射率和透射率。 [0052] FIG. 24E shows some examples of apparatus embodiments described herein according to the reflectance and transmittance.

[0053] 图24F展示根据本文描述的某些实施例的实例装置的CIE色度图。 [0053] Figure 24F shows examples of apparatus in accordance with certain embodiments described herein CIE chromaticity diagram.

[0054] 图25A-D展示根据本文描述的某些实施例的针对不同视角的实例装置的CIE色度图。 [0054] FIG. 25A-D show some CIE chromaticity diagram based on example of an apparatus for the different perspectives of the embodiments described herein.

[0055] 图26展示根据本文描述的某些实施例的实例装置的CIE色度图。 [0055] FIG. 26 shows examples of apparatus in accordance with certain embodiments described herein CIE chromaticity diagram. 具体实施方式 DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0056] 以下详细描述针对某些特定实施例。 Described with respect to certain specific embodiments [0056] The following detailed. 然而,本文的教示可以许多不同方式实施。 However, the teachings herein may be implemented in many different ways. 在本描述内容中参看了附图,附图中所有相同部分用相同标号表示。 Referring to the drawings in this description, the accompanying drawings, all the same parts are denoted by like reference numerals. 本文描述的实施例可用于例如用于装饰性玻璃的装饰性和建筑学应用中。 The embodiments described herein may be used for example for decorative and architectural applications in the decorative glass. 此外,且如从以下描述中将了解,所述实施例可实施在经配置以显示不论运动(例如,视频)还是固定(例如,静止图像)的且不论文字还是图画的图像的任何装置中。 In addition, and as will be understood from the following description, the embodiments may be implemented regardless of the movement is configured to display (for example, video) or stationary (eg, still image), and whether textual or drawing of any image. 更明确地说,预期所述实施例可实施在多种电子装置中或与多种电子装置关联,所述多种电子装置例如(但不限于)移动电话、无线装置、个人数据助理(PDA)、手持式或便携式计算机、GPS接收器/导航器、相机、MP3播放器、摄像机、游戏控制台、手表、时钟、计算器、电视监视器、平板显示器、计算机监视器、汽车显示器(例如,里程表显示器等)、座舱控制器和/或显示器、相机视图的显示器(例如,车辆中后视相机的显示器)、电子相片、电子广告牌或指示牌、投影仪、建筑结构、装饰性玻璃、包装和美学结构(例如,一件珠宝上的图像显示器)。 More specifically, for example, may be implemented in a variety of electronic devices, or associated with a variety of electronic devices, a variety of electronic devices such as (but not limited to) mobile telephones, wireless devices, personal data assistants (PDA) is contemplated that the embodiments , hand-held or portable computers, GPS receivers / navigators, cameras, MP3 players, camcorders, game consoles, wrist watches, clocks, calculators, television monitors, flat panel displays, computer monitors, auto displays (eg, mileage Table display, etc.), cockpit controls and / or displays, display of camera views (for example, a vehicle rear view camera display), electronic photographs, electronic billboards or signs, projectors, architectural structures, decorative glass, packaging and aesthetic structures (for example, an image display on a piece of jewelry). 具有与本文中描述的装置类似的结构的MEMS装置也可用于例如电子切换装置的非显示器应用中。 MEMS device having means similar to those described herein can also be used such as the structure of the electronic switching means non-display applications.

[0057] 在某些实施例中,提供一种显示器装置,其利用干涉式反射光和透射光两者。 [0057] In some embodiments, there is provided a display device, which utilizes the interferometric both reflected and transmitted light. 入射于所述显示器装置上的光从显示器装置的多个层干涉式反射以在第一方向上发射光,所述干涉式反射光具有第一颜色。 Light incident on said display means from a plurality of layers reflective interferometric display device to emit light in a first direction, said light interference reflector having a first color. 来自光源的光透射穿过显示器装置的多个层以在第一方向上从显示器装置发射,所透射光具有第二颜色。 A plurality of layers of the light from the light source is transmitted through the display means to display in a first direction from a transmitting device, which transmits light having a second color.

[0058] 图1中说明包括干涉式MEMS显示器元件的一个干涉式调制器显示器的实施例。 [0058] Figure 1 illustrates an embodiment comprising an interferometric MEMS display element is an interferometric modulator display. 在这些装置中,像素处于明亮状态或黑暗状态。 In these devices, the pixels are in either a bright or dark state. 在明亮(“接通”或“开启”)状态下,显示器元件将入射可见光的大部分反射到用户。 In bright ("on" or "open") state, the display element reflects a large portion of incident visible light to a user. 当在黑暗(“断开”或“关闭”)状态下时,显示器元件将极少的入射可见光反射到用户。 When in the dark ("off" or "closed") state, the display element little incident visible light to the user. 依据实施例而定,可颠倒“接通”和“断开”状态的光反射性质。 Depending on the embodiment may be reversed "on" light reflectance properties and "off" states. MEMS像素可经配置以主要在所选颜色下反射,从而除了黑色和白色以外还允许彩色显示器。 MEMS pixels can be configured to reflect predominantly at selected colors, which in addition to black and white also allows color display.

[0059] 图1是描述视觉显示器的一系列像素中的两个相邻像素的等角视图,其中每一像素包括MEMS干涉式调制器。 [0059] FIG. 1 is an isometric view illustrating a visual display of a series of pixels of two adjacent pixels, wherein each pixel comprises a MEMS interferometric modulator. 在一些实施例中,干涉式调制器显示器包括这些干涉式调制器的一行/列阵列。 In some embodiments, an interferometric modulator display comprises the interferometric modulators row / column array. 每一干涉式调制器包含一对反射层,其定位成彼此相距可变且可控制的距离以形成具有至少一个可变尺寸的谐振光学间隙。 Each interferometric modulator includes a pair of reflective layers positioned at a variable and controllable distance from each other a distance to form a resonant optical gap with at least one variable dimension. 在一个实施例中,可在两个位置之间移动所述反射层之一。 In one embodiment, one of the reflective layers may be moved between two positions. 在第一位置(本文中称为松弛位置)中,可移动反射层定位成距固定部分反射层相对较大的距离。 In the first position (referred to herein as the relaxed position), the movable reflective layer is positioned from a fixed partially reflective layer, relatively large distances. 在第二位置(本文中称为激活位置)中,可移动反射层定位成更紧密邻近所述部分反射层。 (Herein referred to as the actuated position) in the second position, the movable reflective layer is positioned more closely adjacent to the partially reflective layer. 视可移动反射层的位置而定,从所述两个层反射的入射光(例如,可见光)相长地或相消地进行干涉,从而针对每一像素产生全反射状态或非反射状态。 Depending on the position of the movable reflective layer, the transition from the two-layer reflecting incident light (eg, visible light) with long or destructively interfere, resulting in total reflection state or non-reflective state for each pixel.

[0060] 图1中像素阵列的所描绘部分包含两个相邻干涉式调制器12a和12b。 [0060] The depicted portion of the pixel array in Figure 1 includes two adjacent interferometric modulators 12a and 12b. 在左侧干涉式调制器12a中,说明可移动反射层14a处于距包含部分反射层的光学堆叠16a预定距离处的松弛位置中。 In the interferometric modulator 12a on the left, a movable reflective layer 14a in the optical distance stack comprising a partially reflective layer 16a in a relaxed position at a predetermined distance from the. 在右侧干涉式调制器12b中,说明可移动反射层14b处于邻近于光学堆叠16b的激活位置中。 In the interferometric modulator 12b on the right, the movable reflective layer 14b is in an actuated position adjacent to the optical stack 16b.

[0061] 如本文所引用的光学堆叠16a和16b (统称为光学堆叠16)通常包括若干熔合层(fused layer),所述熔合层可包含例如氧化铟锡(ΙΤ0)的电极层、例如铬的部分反射层和透明电介质。 [0061] The cited herein optical stacks 16a and 16b (collectively referred to as optical stack 16) typically comprise several fused layers (fused layer), the fusing layer may comprise, for example, indium tin oxide (ΙΤ0) electrode layer, such as chromium partially reflective layer and a transparent dielectric. 因此,光学堆叠16是导电的、部分透明且部分反射的,且可通过(例如)将上述层的一者或一者以上沉积到透明衬底20上来制造。 Thus, the optical stack 16 is electrically conductive, partially transparent and partially reflective, and may be adopted (e.g.) the said layer is one or more of deposited onto a transparent substrate 20.. 部分反射层可由为部分反射的多种材料(例如,各种金属、半导体及电介质)形成。 Partially reflective layer may be formed for a variety of partially reflective material (e.g., various metals, semiconductors, and dielectrics) are formed. 部分反射层可由一个或一个以上材料层形成,且层中的每一者可由单一材料或材料的组合形成。 The partially reflective layer can be one or more material layers, and each layer may be a single material or combination of materials is formed.

[0062] 在一些实施例中,光学堆叠16的层经图案化成为多个平行条带,且如下文中进一步描述,可在显示器装置中形成行电极。 [0062] In some embodiments, the optical stack layer 16 are patterned into parallel strips, and further described below, may form row electrodes in a display device. 可移动反射层14a、14b可形成为沉积金属层(一层或多层)的一系列平行条带(与行电极16a、16b垂直),所述金属层沉积在柱18和沉积于柱18之间的介入牺牲材料的顶部上。 The movable reflective layers 14a, 14b may be formed as a deposited metal layer (one or more) of a series of parallel strips (row electrodes 16a, 16b vertically), the metal layer is deposited on the column 18 and column 18 of deposited between the intervention on top of the sacrificial material. 当蚀刻去除牺牲材料时,可移动反射层14a、14b通过所界定的间隙19而与光学堆叠16a、16b分离。 When the sacrificial material is etched away, the movable reflective layers 14a, 14b by a defined gap 19 with the optical stacks 16a, 16b separated. 例如铝的高度导电且反射的材料可用于反射层14a、14b,且这些条带可在显示器装置中形成列电极。 For example, highly conductive and reflective material such as aluminum may be used for the reflective layers 14a, 14b, and these strips may form column electrodes in a display device. 在其它实施例中,层14a、14b可为半透明,使得装置能够部分反射且部分透射可见光或其它非可见波长,同时保持本文描述的干涉性质。 In other embodiments, the layers 14a, 14b may be translucent, so that the device can be partially reflective and partially transmissive of visible light or other non-visible wavelengths, while maintaining the interference properties described herein. 在一个实施例中,层14a、14b可包括可提供机械稳定性的透明材料。 In one embodiment, the layers 14a, 14b may comprise a transparent material providing mechanical stability. 在某些实施例中,层14a、14b包括另一部分反射材料(例如,铝)层。 In certain embodiments, the layers 14a, 14b comprising another portion of the reflective material (e.g., aluminum) layer. 在一个实施例中,透明机械层包括电介质材料,例如氧氮化硅、二氧化硅或氮化硅。 In one embodiment, the mechanical layer comprises a transparent dielectric material, such as silicon oxynitride, silicon dioxide or silicon nitride. 在某些实施例中,透明机械层近似1000到5000埃厚,且部分反射层包括具有近似30到300埃厚度的高度导电材料,例如铝。 In certain embodiments, the transparent layer is approximately 1000-5000 mechanical angstroms thick, and comprises a partially reflective layer having a thickness of approximately 30 to 300 angstroms of highly conductive material such as aluminum. 在其它实施例中,层14a、14b经图案化为具有变化的透射率和反射率的区域。 In other embodiments, the layers 14a, 14b are patterned into a regional transmissivity and reflectivity have change. 在一个实施例中,可变的透射率和反射率通过改变反射材料的厚度来实现。 In one embodiment, the variable transmittance and reflectance by changing the thickness of the reflective material to achieve. 举例来说,增加所述厚度可形成具有增加的反射率和减小的透射率的区域。 For example, increasing the thickness of the region may be formed with an increased reflectance and transmittance of the decrease.

[0063] 在不施加电压的情况下,间隙19保留在可移动反射层14a与光学堆叠16a之间,其中可移动反射层14a处于机械松弛状态,如图1中像素12a所说明。 [0063] In the case where no voltage is applied, the gap 19 remains between the movable reflective layer 14a and optical stack 16a, with the movable reflective layer 14a in a mechanically relaxed state, a pixel 12a illustrated in FIG. 然而,当将电位差施加到选定的行和列时,形成在相应像素处的行电极与列电极的交叉处的电容器变得带电,且静电力将所述电极拉在一起。 However, when the potential difference is applied to a selected row and column, the capacitor formed at the intersection becomes charged electrodes at the corresponding pixel row and column electrodes, and electrostatic forces pull the electrodes together. 如果电压足够高,那么可移动反射层14变形且被迫抵靠光学堆叠16。 If the voltage is high enough, the movable reflective layer 14 is deformed and is forced against the optical stack 16. 光学堆叠16内的电介质层(在此图中未图示)可防止短路并控制层14与16之间的分离距离,如图1中右侧的像素12b所说明。 Optical stack dielectric layer (not shown in this figure) prevent shorting and control the separation distance between layers 14 and 16 between the pixel on the right in FIG. 1 described within 12b 16. 不管所施加的电位差的极性如何,表现均相同。 Potential difference regardless of the polarity of the applied behavior is the same. 以此方式,可控制反射像素状态对非反射像素状态的行/列激活在许多方面类似于常规LCD和其它显示技术中所使用的行/列激活。 In this way, it can control the reflective vs. non-reflective pixel pixel state status row / column actuation line in many ways similar to a conventional LCD and other display technologies used in / column actuation.

[0064] 图2到图5B说明在显示器应用中使用干涉式调制器阵列的一个示范性工艺和系统。 [0064] FIG. 2 through 5B illustrate one exemplary process and system for an array of interferometric modulators in a display application.

[0065] 图2是说明可并入有本文描述的某些方面的电子装置的一个实施例的系统框图。 [0065] FIG. 2 is described herein may incorporate certain aspects of the electronic device is a system block diagram of an embodiment. 在所述示范性实施例中,所述电子装置包含处理器21,其可为任何通用单芯片或多芯片微处理器(例如ARM、pentium®、Pentium Π®、Pentium III®、Pentium IV®、Pentium® Pro、8051、MIPS®、Power PC®、ALPHA® ),或任何专用微处理器(例如数字信号处理器、微控制器或可编程门阵列)。 In the exemplary embodiment, the electronic device includes a processor 21, which may be any general purpose single- or multi-chip microprocessor (such as ARM, pentium®, Pentium Π®, Pentium III®, Pentium IV®, Pentium® Pro, 8051, MIPS®, Power PC®, ALPHA®), or any special purpose microprocessor (such as a digital signal processor, microcontroller, or a programmable gate array). 如此项技术中常规的做法,处理器21可经配置以执行一个或一个以上软件模块。 As is conventional in the art, the processor 21 may be configured to execute one or more software modules. 除了执行操作系统外,所述处理器可经配置以执行一个或一个以上软件应用程序,包含网络浏览器、电话应用程序、电子邮件程序或任何其它软件应用程序。 In addition to executing an operating system, the processor may be configured to execute one or more software applications, including a web browser, a telephone application, an email program, or any other software application.

[0066] 在一个实施例中,处理器21还经配置以与阵列驱动器22通信。 [0066] In one embodiment, the processor 21 is also 22 configured to communicate with the array driver. 在一个实施例中,所述阵列驱动器22包含将信号提供到显示器阵列或面板30的行驱动器电路24和列驱动器电路26。 In one embodiment, the array driver 22 includes a signal supplied to a display array or panel 30. The row driver circuit 24 and a column driver circuit 26. 在图2中以线1-1展示图1中说明的阵列的横截面。 In Figure 2, a cross-section of the array to the line 1-1 illustrated in Figure 1 shows. 对于MEMS干涉式调制器来说,行/列激活协议可利用图3中说明的这些装置的滞后性质。 For MEMS interferometric modulators, the row / column actuation protocol may take advantage of a hysteresis property of these devices illustrated in Figure 3. 可能需要(例如)10伏的电位差来促使可移动层从松弛状态变形为激活状态。 You may need (for example) a 10 volt potential difference to cause a movable layer is deformed from the relaxed state to an active state. 然而,当电压从所述值减小时,可移动层在电压降回10伏以下时维持其状态。 However, when the voltage is reduced from that value, the movable layer when the voltage drops back below 10 volts to maintain its status. 在图3的示范性实施例中,可移动层直到电压降到2伏以下时才完全松弛。 Example, the movable layer until the voltage drops below 2 volts does not relax completely in view of an exemplary embodiment 3. 因此,在图3中所说明的实例中,存在约3到7V的经施加电压窗口,在所述窗口内,装置在松弛状态或激活状态中均是稳定的。 Thus, in the example illustrated in Figure 3, there are about 3 to 7V by the applied voltage window within which the device in a relaxed or active state are stable. 此窗口在本文中称为“滞后窗口”或“稳定窗口”。 This window is referred to herein as "hysteresis window" or "stability window." 对于具有图3的滞后特性的显示器阵列来说,可设计行/列激活协议使得在行选通期间,已选通行中待激活的像素暴露于约10伏的电压差,且待松弛的像素暴露于接近零伏的电压差。 For a display array having the hysteresis characteristics of the 3, it can design the row / column actuation protocol so that during row strobing, has been selected to be active in the passage of the pixels are exposed to a voltage difference of about 10 volts, the pixels are exposed to be relaxed near zero volts difference. 在选通之后,所述像素暴露于约5伏的稳态电压差使得其维持在行选通使其所处的任何状态中。 After the strobe, the pixels are exposed to a steady state voltage difference of about 5 volts such that they remain in the row selected any state in which through it. 在此实例中,每一像素在被写入之后经历3-7伏的“稳定窗口”内的电位差。 In this example, each pixel sees a potential after being written 3-7 volt "stability window" of the difference. 此特征使图1中说明的像素设计在相同的施加电压条件下在激活或松弛预存在状态下均是稳定的。 This feature makes the pixel illustrated in Figure 1 designed at the same applied voltage conditions in either an actuated or relaxed pre-existing state are stable. 因为干涉式调制器的每一像素(不论处于激活还是松弛状态)本质上是由固定反射层和移动反射层形成的电容器,所以可在滞后窗口内的一电压下维持此稳定状态而几乎无功率消耗。 Because the interferometric modulator per pixel capacitor (whether in the actuated or relaxed state) is essentially composed of a fixed and a movable reflective layer reflecting layer is formed, so that this stable state can be maintained at a voltage within the hysteresis window with almost no power consumption. 本质上,如果所施加的电压是固定的,那么没有电流流入像素中。 Essentially, if the applied voltage is fixed, so no current flows into the pixel.

[0067] 在典型应用中,可通过根据第一行中所需组的激活像素断言所述组列电极来产生显示帧。 [0067] In a typical application, the group can be required to activate the first row of pixels according to asserting the set of column electrodes to generate the display frame. 接着将行脉冲施加到行I电极,从而激活对应于所断言的列线的像素。 Row pulse is then applied to the row I electrode, thereby activating corresponding to the asserted column lines of pixels. 接着改变所述组已断言列电极以对应于第二行中所需组的激活像素。 Then change the group asserted column electrodes to correspond to the desired set of actuated pixels in the second row. 接着将脉冲施加到行2电极,从而根据已断言的列电极而激活行2中的适当像素。 A pulse is then applied to the row 2 electrode, according to the asserted column electrodes and activate the appropriate pixels in row 2. 行I像素不受行2脉冲影响,且维持在其在行I脉冲期间被设定的状态中。 I row of pixels from row 2 pulse, and remain in their row I pulse period is set by the state. 可以连续方式对整个系列的行重复此过程以产生帧。 Continuous mode for the entire series of rows Repeat this process to produce the frame. 通常,通过以每秒某一所需数目的帧的速度连续地重复此过程来用新的显示器数据刷新且/或更新所述帧。 In general, by some desired number of frames per second, the speed continuously repeating this process with a new monitor data refreshed and / or updated frame. 用于驱动像素阵列的行和列电极以产生显示帧的广泛种类的协议也是众所周知的且可结合本文描述的某些实施例使用。 For driving row and column electrodes of pixel arrays to produce display frames wide variety of protocols it is also well known and may be combined with certain embodiments described herein use.

[0068] 图4、图5A和图5B说明用于在图2的3X3阵列上形成显不巾贞的一个可能的激活协议。 [0068] FIG. 4, 5A and 5B illustrate for forming the towel was not infidelity of a possible activation protocol 3X3 array in Figure 2. 图4说明可用于使像素展示出图3的滞后曲线的一组可能的列和行电压电平。 Figure 4 illustrates the pixels can be used to show the hysteresis curves of Figure 3 of a possible set of column and row voltage levels. 在图4实施例中,激活像素涉及将适当列设定为-Vbias,且将适当行设定为+ Λ V,其分别可对应于-5伏和+5伏。 In Figure 4 embodiment, actuating a pixel involves setting the appropriate column to -Vbias, and the appropriate row to + Λ V, which may correspond to -5 volts and +5 volts. 松弛像素是通过将适当列设定为+Vbias,且将适当行设定为相同的+ AV,从而在像素上产生零伏电位差而实现的。 Relaxing the pixel is accomplished by setting the appropriate column to + Vbias, and the appropriate row to the same + AV, producing a zero volt potential difference across the pixel. 在行电压维持在零伏的那些行中,不管列处于+Vbias还是-Vbias,像素在任何其最初所处的状态中均是稳定的。 In those rows where the row voltage is held to zero volts, or whether the column is at + Vbias -Vbias, any pixel in the initial state in which both are stable. 同样如图4中所说明,将了解,可使用具有与上述电压的极性相反的极性的电压,例如,激活像素可涉及将适当列设定为+Vbias,且将适当行设定为-AV。 Also illustrated in FIG. 4, will be appreciated, may be used having a polarity opposite to a polarity of the voltage of the voltage, e.g., actuating a pixel can involve setting the appropriate column to + Vbias, and the appropriate row to - AV. 在此实施例中,释放像素是通过将适当列设定为_Vbias,且将适当行设定为相同的-Λ V,从而在像素上产生零伏电位差而实现的。 In this embodiment, releasing the pixel is accomplished by setting the appropriate column to _Vbias, and the appropriate row to the same -Λ V, producing a zero volt potential difference across the pixel.

[0069] 图5Β是展示施加到图2的3X3阵列的一系列行和列信号的时序图,所述系列的行和列信号将产生图5Α中说明的显示器布置,其中被激活像素为非反射的。 [0069] FIG 5Β is applied to a timing diagram showing a series of row 2 and column signals 3X3 array of row and column signals of the series will produce a display illustrated in FIG 5Α arrangement in which the pixels are non-reflective activated a. 在对图5Α中说明的帧进行写入之前,像素可处于任何状态,且在本实例中所有行均处于O伏,且所有列均处于+5伏。 Before the frame illustrated in Figure 5Α writing, the pixels can be in any state, and in this example, all the rows are at O volts, and all the columns are at +5 volts. 在这些所施加的电压的情况下,所有像素在其既有的激活或松弛状态中均是稳定的。 In the case of these applied voltages, all of the pixels in their existing actuated or relaxed states are stable.

[0070] 在图5Α的帧中,像素(1,1)、(1,2), (2,2), (3,2)和(3,3)被激活。 [0070] In FIG 5Α the frame, pixels (1,1), (1,2), (2,2), (3,2) and (3,3) are activated. 为了实现此目的,在行I的“线时间(line time) ”期间,将列I和2设定为-5伏,且将列3设定为+5伏。 To achieve this purpose, the line I of the "line time (line time)" During the columns I and 2 are set to -5 volts, and column 3 is set to +5 volts. 因为所有像素均保留在3-7伏的稳定窗口中,所以这并不改变任何像素的状态。 Because all the pixels remain in the 3-7 volt stability window, so it does not change the status of any pixels. 接着用从O升到5伏且返回零的脉冲选通行I。 Followed by up to 5 volts, and from O to return zero pulse selected passage I. 这激活了(1,1)和(1,2)像素且松弛了(1,3)像素。 This actuates the (1,1) and (1,2) pixels and relaxes the (1,3) pixel. 阵列中其它像素均不受影响。 Other pixels in the array are affected. 为了视需要设定行2,将列2设定为-5伏,且将列1和3设定为+5伏。 To set the line as needed 2, column 2 is set to -5 volts, and columns 1 and 3 are set to +5 volts. 施加到行2的相同选通接着将激活像素(2,2)且松弛像素(2,1)和(2,3)。 The same strobe applied to row 2 will then actuate pixel (2,2) and relax pixels (2,1) and (2,3). 同样,阵列中其它像素均不受影响。 Similarly, other pixels in the array are affected. 通过将列2和3设定为-5伏且将列1设定为+5伏来类似地设定行3。 By columns 2 and 3 are set to -5 volts, and column 1 is set to +5 volts is similarly set row 3. 行3选通设定行3像素,如图5A中所示。 The row 3 strobe sets the row 3 pixels as shown in Figure 5A. 在对帧进行写入之后,行电位为零,且列电位可维持在+5或-5伏,且接着显示器在图5A的布置中是稳定的。 After writing the frame, the row potentials are zero, and the column potentials can remain at either +5 or -5 volts, and the display is then stable in the arrangement of Figure 5A. 将了解,可将相同程序用于数十或数百个行和列的阵列。 It will be appreciated that the same procedure used for arrays of dozens or hundreds of rows and columns. 还将应了解,用于执行行和列激活的电压的时序、序列和电平可在上文所概述的一般原理内广泛变化,且上文的实例仅为示范性的,且任何激活电压方法均可与本文描述的系统和方法一起使用。 Will be understood, used to perform row and column actuation voltage timing, sequence, and levels can be varied widely within the general principles outlined above, and the above example is exemplary only, and any actuation voltage method the systems and methods described herein can be used together.

[0071] 图6A和图6B是说明显示器装置40的实施例的系统框图。 [0071] FIG. 6A and 6B are system block diagrams illustrating an embodiment of the display device 40. 显示器装置40可为(例如)蜂窝式电话或移动电话。 Display device 40 may be (e.g.) a cellular or mobile telephone. 然而,显示器装置40的相同组件或其稍微变化形式也说明例如电视和便携式媒体播放器的各种类型的显示器装置。 However, the same components of display device 40 or slight variations thereof are also illustrative of various types of display devices such as televisions and portable media players.

[0072] 显示器装置40包含外壳41、显示器30、天线43、扬声器45、输入装置48和麦克风46。 [0072] The display device 40 includes a housing 41, a display 30, an antenna 43, a speaker 45, an input device 48 and a microphone 46. 外壳41通常由所属领域的技术人员众所周知的多种制造工艺的任一者形成,所述工艺包含注射模制和真空成形。 Housing 41 is usually made well known to those skilled in the art variety of manufacturing processes any of a form, the process including injection molding and vacuum forming. 另外,外壳41可由多种材料的任一者制成,所述材料包含(但不限于)塑料、金属、玻璃、橡胶和陶瓷,或其组合。 Further, the housing 41 may be any of a variety of materials made of a material comprising (but not limited to) plastic, metal, glass, rubber, and ceramic, or a combination thereof. 在一个实施例中,外壳41包含可去除部分(未图示),所述可去除部分可与其它具有不同颜色或含有不同标记、图画或符号的可去除部分互换。 In one embodiment, the housing 41 includes removable portions (not shown), which can be used with other removable portions of different color, or containing different logos, pictures, or symbols interchangeable removable portion.

[0073] 如本文中所描述,示范性显示器装置40的显示器30可为包含双稳态显示器(b1-stable display)在内的多种显示器的任一者。 [0073] As described herein, the exemplary display device 40. The display 30 may contain any of the bi-stable display (b1-stable display), including a variety of displays, one. 在其它实施例中,如所属领域的技术人员众所周知,显示器30包含例如如上所述的等离子、EL、OLED、STN IXD或TFT IXD的平板显示器,或例如CRT或其它电子管装置的非平板显示器。 In other embodiments, as well known to persons skilled in the art, e.g., a plasma display comprising 30 as described above, EL, OLED, STN IXD TFT IXD or flat panel display, or a non-flat-panel display such as a CRT or other tube device. 然而,出于描述本实施例的目的,如本文中所描述,显示器30包含干涉式调制器显示器。 However, for the purpose of describing the present embodiment, as described herein, the display 30 includes an interferometric modulator display.

[0074] 图6B中示意性地说明示范性显示器装置40的一个实施例的组件。 [0074] Figure 6B schematically illustrates an exemplary display device 40 are components of one embodiment. 所说明的示范性显示器装置40包含外壳41且可包含至少部分封围在所述外壳41中的额外组件。 Illustrated exemplary display device 40 includes a housing 41 and can include at least partially enclosed in the housing 41 of the additional components. 举例来说,在一个实施例中,示范性显示器装置40包含网络接口27,所述网络接口27包含耦合到收发器47的天线43。 For example, in one embodiment, the exemplary display device 40 includes a network interface 27, the network interface 27 includes the antenna 47 coupled to transceiver 43. 收发器47连接到处理器21,处理器21连接到调节硬件52。 Transceiver 47 is connected to the processor 21, the processor 21 is connected to conditioning hardware 52. 调节硬件52可经配置以调节信号(例如,对信号进行滤波)。 The conditioning hardware 52 may be configured to adjust the signal (for example, signal filtering). 调节硬件52连接到扬声器45和麦克风46。 The conditioning hardware 52 is connected to a speaker 45 and a microphone 46. 处理器21也连接到输入装置48和驱动器控制器29。 The processor 21 is also connected to an input device 48 and the drive controller 29. 驱动器控制器29耦合到帧缓冲器28且耦合到阵列驱动器22,所述阵列驱动器22进而耦合到显示器阵列30。 Coupled to a frame buffer 28 and drive controller 29 is coupled to the array driver 22, the array driver 22 in turn is coupled to a display array 30. 根据特定示范性显示器装置40设计的要求,电源50将功率提供到所有组件。 According to a particular exemplary display device 40 design requirements, the power supply 50 provides power to all components.

[0075] 网络接口27包含天线43和收发器47使得示范性显示器装置40可经由网络与一个或一个以上装置通信。 [0075] The network interface 27 includes the antenna 43 and the transceiver 47 so that the exemplary display device 40 can communicate via a network with one or more devices. 在一个实施例中,网络接口27也可具有某些处理能力以减轻对处理器21的要求。 In one embodiment, the network interface 27 may also have some processing capabilities to relieve requirements of the processor 21. 天线43是所属领域的技术人员已知的用于发射和接收信号的任何天线。 The antenna 43 is any antenna known to those skilled in the art for transmitting and receiving signals. 在一个实施例中,所述天线根据IEEE 802.11标准(包含IEEE 802.11(a)、(b)或(g))来发射和接收RF信号。 In one embodiment, the antenna according to the IEEE 802.11 standards (including IEEE 802.11 (a), (b) or (g)) to transmit and receive RF signals. 在另一实施例中,所述天线根据蓝牙(BLUETOOTH)标准来发射和接收RF信号。 In another embodiment, the antenna according to the Bluetooth (BLUETOOTH) standard for transmitting and receiving RF signals. 在蜂窝式电话的情况下,所述天线经设计以接收CDMA、GSM、AMPS或其它用于在无线手机网络内通信的已知信号。 In the case of a cellular telephone, the antenna is designed to receive CDMA, GSM, AMPS or other known signals to communicate within a wireless cell phone network. 收发器47预处理从天线43接收到的信号,使得处理器21可接收所述信号并进一步对所述信号进行处理。 Transceiver receives a signal from the antenna 43 to the preprocessing 47, such that the processor 21 may receive the signal and the further signal processing. 收发器47还处理从处理器21接收到的信号使得可经由天线43从示范性显示器装置40发射所述信号。 Transceiver 47 also processes the received signal from the processor 21 to 43 makes it possible to monitor the signals from the exemplary transmitting device 40 via the antenna. [0076] 在一替代实施例中,收发器47可由接收器代替。 [0076] In an alternative embodiment, the transceiver 47 can be replaced by a receiver. 在又一替代实施例中,网络接口27可由可存储或产生待发送到处理器21的图像数据的图像源代替。 In yet another alternative embodiment, network interface 27 can be sent to can store or generate image data source in place of the image processor 21. 举例来说,所述图像源可为数字视频光盘(DVD)或含有图像数据的硬盘驱动器,或产生图像数据的软件模块。 For example, the image source can be a digital video disc (DVD) or a hard disk drive containing the image data, or a software module that generates image data.

[0077] 处理器21大致上控制示范性显示器装置40的全部操作。 [0077] The processor 21 generally controls the overall operation of the exemplary display device 40. 处理器21接收例如来自网络接口27或图像源的压缩图像数据的数据,并将所述数据处理成原始图像数据或处理成易被处理成原始图像数据的格式。 E.g., processor 21 receives the compressed image data from the network interface 27 or an image source data, and processes the data into raw image data or processed into readily processed into raw image data format. 处理器21接着将已处理的数据发送到驱动器控制器29或发送到帧缓冲器28以供存储。 The processor 21 then sends the data processed to the driver controller 29 or to frame buffer 28 for storage. 原始数据通常是指识别图像内每一位置处的图像特性的信息。 Raw data typically refers to the information of the image characteristics at each location within an image recognition. 举例来说,这些图像特性可包含颜色、饱和度和灰度级。 For example, such image characteristics can include color, saturation, and gray levels.

[0078] 在一个实施例中,处理器21包含微控制器、CPU或逻辑单元以控制示范性显示器装置40的操作。 [0078] In one embodiment, the processor 21 includes a microcontroller, CPU, or logic unit to control operation of the exemplary display device 40. 调节硬件52通常包含放大器和滤波器,以用于将信号发射到扬声器45,且用于从麦克风46接收信号。 The conditioning hardware 52 generally includes amplifiers and filters for transmitting signals to the speaker 45, and for receiving a signal from the microphone 46. 调节硬件52可为示范性显示器装置40内的离散组件,或可并入在处理器21或其它组件内。 The conditioning hardware 52 may be discrete components in the exemplary display device within 40, or may be incorporated within the processor 21 or other components.

[0079] 驱动器控制器29直接从处理器21或从帧缓冲器28取得由处理器21产生的原始图像数据,并适当地重新格式化所述原始图像数据以供高速发射到阵列驱动器22。 [0079] The drive controller 29 of the original image data directly from the processor 21 or obtain raw image data generated by the processor 21 from the frame buffer 28 and reformats appropriately for high speed transmission to the array driver 22. 具体来说,驱动器控制器29将原始图像数据重新格式化为具有类似光栅的格式的数据流,使得其具有适于在显示器阵列30上进行扫描的时间次序。 Specifically, the driver controller 29 reformats the raw image data for the data stream having a raster-like format, such that it has adapted for scanning the array 30 on the display time order. 接着,驱动器控制器29将已格式化的信息发送到阵列驱动器22。 Then the driver controller 29 sends the formatted information to the array driver 22. 尽管驱动器控制器29 (例如IXD控制器)通常与系统处理器21关联而作为独立的集成电路(1C),但可以许多方式实施这些控制器。 Although a driver controller 29 (e.g., the controller IXD) normally associated with the system processor 21 as a stand-alone Integrated Circuit (1C), but these controllers may be implemented in many ways. 其可作为硬件嵌入处理器21中,作为软件嵌入处理器21中,或与阵列驱动器22完全集成在硬件中。 Which can be embedded in the processor 21 as hardware, embedded in the processor 21 as software, or fully integrated with the array driver in hardware.

[0080] 通常,阵列驱动器22从驱动器控制器29接收已格式化的信息且将视频数据重新格式化为一组平行波形,所述波形以每秒多次的速度被施加到来自显示器的xy像素矩阵的数百且有时数千个引线。 [0080] Typically, the array driver 22 drive controller 29 receives the formatted information and reformats the video data into a parallel set of waveforms from a speed many times per second to be applied to the pixel from the display xy Matrix hundreds and sometimes thousands of leads.

[0081 ] 在一个实施例中,驱动器控制器29、阵列驱动器22和显示器阵列30适用于本文所描述的任意类型的显示器。 [0081] In one embodiment, the driver controller 29, array driver 22, and display array 30 are appropriate for any type of display described herein. 举例来说,在一个实施例中,驱动器控制器29是常规显示器控制器或双稳态显示器控制器(例如,干涉式调制器控制器)。 For example, in one embodiment, driver controller 29 is a conventional display controller or a bi-stable display controller (e.g., an interferometric modulator controller). 在另一实施例中,阵列驱动器22是常规驱动器或双稳态显示器驱动器(例如,干涉式调制器显示器)。 In another embodiment, array driver 22 is a conventional driver or a bi-stable display driver (e.g., an interferometric modulator display). 在一个实施例中,驱动器控制器29与阵列驱动器22集成。 In one embodiment, the drive controller 22 integrated with the array driver 29. 此实施例在例如蜂窝式电话、手表和其它小面积显示器等高度集成系统中是常见的。 This embodiment is common in such as cellular phones, watches, and other small area displays highly integrated systems. 在又一实施例中,显示器阵列30是典型的显示器阵列或双稳态显示器阵列(例如,包含干涉式调制器阵列的显示器)。 In yet another embodiment, display array 30 is a typical display array or a bi-stable display array (e.g., an interferometric modulator array comprising a display).

[0082] 输入装置48允许用户控制示范性显示器装置40的操作。 [0082] The input device 48 allows a user to control operation of the exemplary display device 40. 在一个实施例中,输入装置48包含例如QWERTY键盘或电话小键盘等小键盘、按钮、开关、触敏屏幕或压敏或热敏薄膜。 In one embodiment, the input device 48 includes such as a QWERTY keyboard or a telephone keypad and other small keyboard, a button, a switch, a touch-sensitive screen, or a pressure- or heat-sensitive membrane. 在一个实施例中,麦克风46是用于示范性显示器装置40的输入装置。 In one embodiment, the microphone 46 is an input device for the exemplary display device 40. 当使用麦克风46将数据输入到所述装置时,用户可提供声音命令以便控制示范性显示器装置40的操作。 When the microphone 46 to input data to the device, the user may provide voice commands to control the operation of the exemplary display device 40.

[0083] 电源50可包含此项技术中众所周知的多种能量存储装置。 [0083] Power supply 50 can comprise well known in the art for a variety of energy storage devices. 举例来说,在一个实施例中,电源50是例如镍镉电池或锂离子电池等可再充电电池。 For example, in one embodiment, power supply 50, for example, nickel-cadmium battery or a lithium ion battery rechargeable battery. 在另一实施例中,电源50是可再生能源、电容器或太阳能电池,包含塑料太阳能电池和太阳能电池涂料。 In another embodiment, power supply 50 is a renewable energy, a capacitor, or a solar cell, including a plastic solar cell, and solar-cell paint. 在另一实施例中,电源50经配置以从壁式插座接收功率。 In another embodiment, the power supply 50 is configured to receive power from a wall outlet.

[0084] 在某些实施例中,如上文中所描述,控制可编程性驻存在驱动器控制器中,所述驱动器控制器可位于电子显示器系统中的若干位置中。 [0084] In some embodiments, the above described control programmability resides in the drive controller, the drive controller can be located in the electronic display system in several places. 在某些实施例中,控制可编程性驻存在阵列驱动器22中。 In some embodiments, control programmability resides in the array driver 22. 所属领域的技术人员将了解,可在任何数目的硬件和/或软件组件中且以各种配置实施上述优化。 Those skilled in the art will appreciate that in any number of hardware and / or software components and in various configurations above optimization.

[0085] 根据上文陈述的原理而操作的干涉式调制器的结构的细节可广泛变化。 [0085] details of the structure of interferometric modulators accordance with the principles set forth above may vary widely and operation. 举例来说,图7A-7E说明可移动反射层14及其支撑结构的五个不同实施例。 For example, Figures 7A-7E illustrate five different moveable Example 14 and its supporting structures reflective layer. 图7A是图1的实施例的横截面,其中金属材料条带14沉积在垂直延伸的支撑件18上。 Figure 7A is a cross-sectional view of the embodiment of Figure 1, wherein the strip of metal material 14 is deposited on a vertically extending support member 18. 在图7B中,可移动反射层14在系链(tether) 32上仅在隅角处附接到支撑件。 In Fig. 7B, the moveable reflective layer 14 in the tether (tether) 32 only at the corners attached to supports. 在图7C中,可移动反射层14从可包括柔性金属的可变形层34悬置下来。 In Fig. 7C, the moveable reflective layer 14 may comprise a flexible metal from a deformable layer 34 is suspended down. 所述可变形层34直接或间接地连接到围绕可变形层34的周边的衬底20。 The deformable layer 34 connects, directly or indirectly to surround the periphery of the deformable layer 20 of the substrate 34. 这些连接在本文中称为支柱。 These connections are called pillars in this article. 图7D中说明的实施例具有支柱插塞42,可变形层34搁置在所述支柱插塞42上。 The embodiment illustrated in Figure 7D has support post plugs 42, the deformable layer 34 rests on the pillars of the plug 42. 如图7A-7C所示,可移动反射层14保持悬置在间隙上方,但可变形层34并不通过填充可变形层34与光学堆叠16之间的孔而形成所述支柱。 As shown in Figure 7A-7C, the movable reflective layer 14 remains suspended over the gap, but the deformable layer 34 is not filled by the deformable layer 34 and the optical stack hole 16 is formed between the pillars. 而是,支柱由平坦化材料形成,其用于形成支柱插塞42。 Instead, the pillars formed of a planarization material, which is used to form support post plugs 42. 图7E中说明的实施例是基于图7D中展不的实施例,但也可适于与图7A-7C中说明的实施例以及未图不的额外实施例的任一者一起发挥作用。 The embodiment illustrated in Figure 7E is based on Figure 7D show embodiments not, but may also be adapted to any one of embodiment and additional embodiments of Figures 7A-7C are not illustrated in FIG embodiment does not play a role together. 在图7E中所示的实施例中,已使用金属或其它导电材料的额外层来形成总线结构44。 In the embodiment shown in FIG. 7E, an extra layer of metal or other conductive material has been used to form a bus structure 44. 这允许信号沿着干涉式调制器的背面进行路由,从而消除许多原本可能必须形成在衬底20上的电极。 This allows signal routing along the back of the interferometric modulators, eliminating a number of electrodes that may otherwise be formed on the substrate 20.

[0086] 在例如图7中所示的那些实施例的实施例中,干涉式调制器充当直接观看装置,其中从透明衬底20的前侧观看图像,所述侧与上面布置有调制器的一侧相对。 [0086] In those embodiments such as the embodiment shown in Figure 7, the interferometric modulators function as direct-view devices, in which the front side of the transparent substrate 20 from the viewing image is arranged above the side of the modulator the opposite side. 在这些实施例中,反射层14以光学方式遮蔽在反射层的与衬底20相对侧的干涉式调制器的部分,其包含可变形层34。 In these embodiments, the reflective layer 14 optically shields the opposite side of the substrate 20 in the portions of the interferometric modulator reflective layer, which comprises the deformable layer 34. 这允许对遮蔽区域进行配置和操作而不会消极地影响图像质量。 This allows the shielded areas to be configured and operated upon without negatively affecting the image quality. 此遮蔽允许图7E中的总线结构44,其提供使调制器的光学性质与调制器的机电性质分离的能力,例如,寻址或由所述寻址引起的移动。 Electromechanical capacity properties in the isolated shielding allows the bus structure 44 in Figure 7E, which provides the modulation of the optical properties of the modulator, such as addressing and the movements caused by the addressing. 这种可分离的调制器结构允许选择用于调制器的机电方面和光学方面的结构设计和材料且使其彼此独立而发挥作用。 This separable modulator architecture allows the structural design and materials used to modulate the electromechanical aspects and the optical aspects and allowed to function independently of each other. 此外,图7C-7E中所示的实施例具有源自反射层14的光学性质与其机械性质脱离的额外益处,所述益处由可变形层34执行。 Further, in the embodiment shown in FIG 7C-7E have additional benefits deriving from the optical properties of its mechanical properties from the reflective layer 14, 34 is performed by the benefits of the deformable layer. 这允许用于反射层14的结构设计和材料在光学性质方面得以优化,且用于可变形层34的结构设计和材料在所需的机械性质方面得以优化。 This allows the structural design and materials used for the reflective layer 14 to be optimized in terms of optical properties, and for the deformable layer 34 of the structural design and materials can be optimized in terms of mechanical properties desired.

[0087] 如所论述,本文描述的实施例可用于装饰性和建筑用装置及应用中,例如用于装饰性玻璃。 [0087] As discussed, embodiments described herein may be used for decorative and architectural devices and applications, such as for decorative glass. 举例来说,在建筑装配中,经涂覆玻璃面板可提供吸引人的装饰性效果,使得玻璃从一侧看呈现为一种颜色且从另一侧看呈现为不同颜色。 For example, in the construction assembly, coated glass panels offer an attractive decorative effect, so that the glass from the side to see the exhibits in one color and the other side to see appear as different colors. 此外,当定位在面板的一侧上的光源开启时,面板可呈现为另一颜色。 In addition, when positioned on the side of the panel light source is turned on, the panel may be presented as another color. 某些其它实施例用于显示器装置。 Certain other embodiments for a display apparatus.

[0088] 图8示意性地说明根据本文描述的某些实施例的实例装置100。 [0088] Figure 8 schematically illustrates some examples of embodiments according to the apparatus 100 described herein. 装置100包括衬底110、第一层120、第二层130,以及光源140。 Apparatus 100 includes a substrate 110, a first layer 120, second layer 130, and a light source 140. 衬底110至少部分光学透明。 The substrate 110 is at least partially optically transparent. 第一层120定位在衬底110上,且第一层120部分光学吸收、部分光学反射且部分光学透射。 The first layer 120 is positioned on the substrate 110, and the first portion of the optical absorption layer 120, part of the optical reflective and partially optically transmissive. 第二层130定位在衬底110上,且与第一层120间隔开,其中第一层120位于衬底110与第二层130之间。 The second layer 130 is positioned on the substrate 110, and is spaced apart from the first layer 120, wherein the first layer 120 is positioned between the substrate 110 and the second layer 130. 第二层130部分光学吸收、部分光学反射且部分光学透射。 The second portion of the optical absorption layer 130, part of the optical reflective and partially optically transmissive. 在某些实施例中,光源140响应于信号且相对于衬底110定位,使得第一层120与第二层130位于衬底110与光源140之间。 In certain embodiments, the light source 140 in response to the signal 110 and positioned relative to the substrate, such that the first layer 120 and second layer 130 is positioned between the light source 140 and the substrate 110.

[0089] 在某些实施例中,在第一方向313上从装置100朝观看者发射的光包括光的第一部分300、光的第二部分301,和光的第三部分302。 [0089] In some embodiments, the light 313 emitted from a first direction towards the viewer apparatus 100 comprises a first portion of the light 300, the light of the second portion 301, and a third portion of the light 302. 光的第一部分300入射于衬底110上,透射穿过衬底110、透射穿过第一层120、被第二层130反射、透射穿过第一层120、透射穿过衬底110,且在第一方向313上从衬底110发射。 The first portion 300 of the light incident on the substrate 110, transmitted through the substrate 110, transmitted through the first layer 120, second layer 130 is reflected, transmitted through the first layer 120, transmitted through the substrate 110, and in a first direction 313 emitted from the substrate 110. 光的第二部分301入射于衬底110上,透射穿过衬底110、被第一层120反射、透射穿过衬底110,且在第一方向313上从衬底110发射。 The second portion 301 of the light incident on the substrate 110, is transmitted through the substrate 110, reflected by the first layer 120, transmitted through the substrate 110, and is emitted from the substrate 110 in a first direction 313. 光的第三部分302来自光源140且入射于第二层130上,透射穿过第二层130、透射穿过第一层120、透射穿过衬底110,且在第一方向313上从衬底110发射。 The third part of the light 302 from the light source 140 and incident on the second layer 130, transmitted through the second layer 130, transmitted through the first layer 120, transmitted through the substrate 110, and 313 in a first direction from the liner bottom 110 launch. 在某些实施例中,至少第一部分300与第二部分301干涉式组合以形成在第一方向313上从装置100发射的光。 In certain embodiments, at least a first portion 300 and second portion 301 are combined to form an interferometric light 313 emitted from the first direction 100 apparatus. 类似地,在某些实施例中,光的第三部分302包括从装置100的各层透射或反射的光的干涉式组合部分。 Similarly, in some embodiments, the interferometric combination of the light of the third portion 302 includes a transmissive or reflective layers of device 100 from light. 不包含在此描述中的是从衬底110的表面反射的任何杂散光。 Not included in this description to any stray light from the reflected surface of the substrate 110. 此类杂散光可由在某些实施例中可包含在衬底110上的抗反射涂覆层减小。 Such stray light may be formed on the substrate 110 may comprise a layer of anti-reflective coating is reduced in some embodiments.

[0090] 在某些实施例中,衬底110包括玻璃或塑料材料。 [0090] In certain embodiments, the substrate 110 includes a glass or plastic material. 在某些实施例中,第一层120和第二层130可包括具有正消光系数的各种材料,例如铝、铬、钥、钛、碳、银、金和其它此类材料。 In certain embodiments, the first layer 120 and second layer 130 may include a positive extinction coefficient of various materials, such as aluminum, chromium, keyhole, titanium, carbon, silver, gold and other such materials. 在某些实施例中,举例来说,第一层120包括铬。 In certain embodiments, for example, a first layer 120 comprises chromium. 在某些实施例中,第二层130包括金属层(例如,具有小于300埃的厚度的铝层)。 In certain embodiments, the second layer 130 includes a metal layer (e.g., having a thickness of less than 300 angstroms aluminum layer). 在一个实施例中,第二层130包括具有30到300埃范围内的厚度的金属。 In one embodiment, the second layer 130 comprises a metal having a thickness within the range of 30 to 300 Angstroms. 在某些实施例中,第一层具有约50到300埃范围内的厚度。 In certain embodiments, the first layer having a thickness in the range of about 50 to 300 Å range. 在一个实施例中,举例来说,第一层包括铬且第二层包括铝。 In one embodiment, for example, the first layer comprises chromium and a second layer comprises aluminum. 在某些实施例中,第二层130的透射率取决于第二层130的厚度。 In certain embodiments, the transmittance of the second layer 130 depends on the thickness of the second layer 130.

[0091] 在某些实施例中,第一层120大体光学吸收。 [0091] In some embodiments, the first optical absorption layer 120 substantially. 在其它实施例中,第一层120大体光学反射。 In other embodiments, the first layer 120 is substantially optically reflective. 在另外其它实施例中,第一层120大体光学透射。 In still other embodiments, the first layer 120 is substantially optically transmissive. 在某些实施例中,第二层130大体光学吸收。 In certain embodiments, the second optical layer 130 is substantially absorbed. 在其它实施例中,第二层130大体光学反射。 In other embodiments, the second layer 130 is substantially optically reflective. 在另外其它实施例中,第二层130大体光学透射。 In still other embodiments, the second layer 130 is substantially optically transmissive. 在一个实施例中,举例来说,衬底110包括具有近似IOmm厚度和近似1.52的折射率的玻璃,层120包括70埃厚度的铬,且层130包括100埃厚度的铝。 In one embodiment, for example, includes a glass substrate 110 having a thickness of approximately IOmm and approximately 1.52 refractive index, layer 120 comprises chromium thickness of 70 angstroms, and an aluminum layer 130 comprises a thickness of 100 angstroms. 在实例实施例中,层120与层130由间隔电介质层150间隔开,所述间隔电介质层150包括3400埃厚度的二氧化硅以形成能够通过光学干涉过程修改从装置反射或透射穿过装置的光的性质的干涉腔(图9A)。 In an example embodiment, layer 120 and layer 130 a dielectric layer 150 by a spacer spaced apart, said spacer dielectric layer 150 comprises silicon dioxide to a thickness of 3400 Å is formed by an optical interference process can be modified from the apparatus of the reflected or transmitted through the device light of the nature of the interference cavity (Fig. 9A). 当从方向300照明实例实施例的装置时,装置100在方向313上主要反射可见光谱中的绿光,其在垂直于装置测量的近似530nm的波长下峰值反射率近似为72%(图9B)。 When the apparatus of this embodiment from the direction of 300 lighting instance, device 100 in the direction of 313 major green light reflection in the visible spectrum, the peak reflectivity at normal means for measuring the wavelength of approximately 530nm to approximately 72% (Fig. 9B) . 这对应于如图9C的CIE色度图所示的标准CIE xyY颜色空间中x = 0.26,y = This corresponds to FIG. 9C shown CIE standard chromaticity diagram CIE xyY color space x = 0.26, y =

0.47的色点。 0.47 color point. 当从方向300照明时,实例装置在方向314上透射光,所述光具有也在近似530nm的波长处达到峰值的透射光谱,对应于可见光谱中的绿色(图9D)。 When viewed from the direction of the 300 lighting instance means 314 in the direction of transmission of light, the light having a wavelength of 530nm are approximate peak of the transmission spectrum, corresponding to the visible spectrum green (Figure 9D). 在此实施例中,如果层130的厚度改变,那么反射率和透射率可改变。 In this embodiment, if the layer thickness change 130, then the reflectance and transmittance may vary. 举例来说,如果层130的厚度从100埃减小到70埃,那么峰值反射率将减小到近似62%,而峰值反射率波长将在近似530nm处不变,对应于当在方向313上垂直于装置观看时标准CIE xyY颜色空间中x = 0.28,y =0.47的色点(图9E-9F)。 For example, if the thickness of the layer 130 is reduced from 100 angstroms to 70 angstroms, then the peak reflectivity will be reduced to approximately 62% peak reflectivity at the same wavelength will be approximately at 530nm, corresponding to the direction 313 when in the When viewed perpendicular to the device color space standard CIE xyY x = 0.28, y = 0.47 color point (Figure 9E-9F). 在图9E-9F中,标号“ 100A”和“70A”分别表示表征具有拥有100埃和70埃厚度的层130的上文描述的实施例的曲线。 In Figure 9E-9F, the reference numeral "100A" and "70A", respectively characterization curve has described hereinabove having 100 angstroms and 70 angstroms thickness layer 130 of the embodiment. 在另一实施例中,衬底110包括具有近似1.52的折射率的厚度近似为IOmm的玻璃,层120包括20埃厚度的铬,且层130包括100埃厚度的铝。 In another embodiment, the refractive index of the substrate 110 including an approximate thickness of approximately 1.52 IOmm glass layer 120 comprises chromium thickness of 20 angstroms, and an aluminum layer 130 comprises a thickness of 100 angstroms. 此实施例的装置的峰值反射率近似为71%,且峰值反射率波长在可见光谱中(垂直于装置)近似530nm,对应于标准CIE xyY颜色空间中x = 0.29,y = 0.40的色点(图9G-9H)。 This embodiment of apparatus according to the peak reflectivity of approximately 71%, and the peak wavelength of the reflectance in the visible spectrum (perpendicular to the device) is approximately 530nm, corresponds to the standard CIE xyY color space x = 0.29, y = 0.40, the color point ( Figure 9G-9H). 在此实施例中,层120主要负责在方向313上反射的颜色的饱和度,如通过与所描述的实施例比较而展示,在所述所描述的实施例中,衬底Iio包括具有近似IOmm厚度的玻璃,层120包括具有70埃厚度的铬,且层130包括具有100埃厚度的铝。 In this embodiment, the layer 120 in direction 313 is responsible for the saturation of reflected color, as described by comparison with the illustrated embodiment, in the described embodiment, the substrate comprises an approximately IOmm Iio the thickness of the glass layer 120 comprises a thickness of 70 angstroms of chromium and aluminum layer 130 comprises a thickness of 100 angstroms. 在图9G-9H中,标号“70A”和“20A”分别表示表征具有拥有70埃和20埃厚度的层120的上文描述的实施例的曲线。 In Figure 9G-9H, the reference numeral "70A" and "20A", respectively, having a characterization curve described hereinabove has 20 angstroms and 70 angstroms thickness layer 120 of the embodiment. 上文描述的实施例还将展现有角度色移。 The embodiments described above also exhibit angular color shift. 如本文所使用,术语“色移”表示从装置100的一侧发射的颜色的变化,其依据与垂直于第一层120和第二层130的方向所成的角度而变。 As used herein, the term "color shift" represents the color change from the side of the transmitting apparatus 100, which according to a direction perpendicular to the first layer and the second layer 120 form an angle 130 becomes. 举例来说,从装置100发射并被观看者接收的光的颜色可取决于观看者相对于装置100的角位置。 For example, the color of the light emitted from the device and watch 100 receives may depend on the angular position of the device 100 relative to the viewer.

[0092] 在某些实施例中,入射于衬底110上的光的第一部分300和入射于衬底110上的光的第二部分301为红外、可见和/或紫外光。 [0092] In some embodiments, the second portion of the first portion 300 and is incident on the substrate 110 incident light 110 on the substrate 301 for the infrared light, visible and / or ultraviolet light. 在某些实施例中,来自光源140的光的第三部分302为红外、可见和/或紫外光。 In some embodiments, the third part of the infrared light from the light source 302 140, visible and / or ultraviolet light. 在一个实施例中,衬底110包括具有近似10mm厚度和近似1.52的折射率的玻璃。 In one embodiment, the substrate 110 comprises an approximately 10mm thickness and refractive index of glass is approximately 1.52. 在此实施例中,层120包括70埃厚度的铬,层130包括100埃厚度的铝,且层120与层130由间隔电介质层150间隔开,所述间隔电介质层150包括5000埃厚度的二氧化硅,以形成干涉腔。 In this embodiment, layer 120 comprises chromium 70 angstroms thickness layer 130 comprises aluminum 100 angstroms thickness, and layer 120 with layer 130 by a spacer dielectric layer 150 are spaced apart, said spacer dielectric layer 150 comprises a 5000 Å thickness bis silica, to form an interferometric cavity. 当从方向300照明时,实例实施例的装置在方向313上主要反射红外光谱和可见光谱两者中的光,其在垂直于装置测量的近似755nm的波长下峰值反射率近似为68%且在波长510nm下峰值反射率为72% (图10)。 When the direction of illumination from 300, examples of an apparatus embodiment 313 in both directions on the main reflection FT-IR and visible spectrum of light, which is approximately the wavelength of peak reflectance at 755nm measured perpendicular to the device is approximately 68%, and in peak wavelength of 510nm reflectance of 72% (Figure 10).

[0093] 在某些实施例中,光源140包括背光,如图8示意性地说明。 [0093] In some embodiments, the light source comprises a backlight 140, schematically illustrated in FIG. 8. 某些此类实施例的背光包括导光板(light guide slab),其从光产生器(例如,LED,其中来自LED的光沿导光板的边缘射入)接收光,沿导光板引导光,并朝装置重定向和发射光,借此提供可能大体均匀或非均匀以利用装置透射和反射性质来形成具有亮度或彩色对比度(当从方向313或314观看时)的图案、图形或图像的照明。 Certain such embodiments the backlight includes a light guide plate (light guide slab), which receives light from the light generating device (e.g., LED, wherein light from the LED along the edge of the light guide plate incident), guided along the light guide plate, and Redirection and emitting light toward the device, thereby providing a substantially uniform or non-uniform may take advantage of the means of transmission and reflection properties to form (when viewed from the direction of the 313 or 314) of the illumination pattern, graphic or image brightness or color contrast. 导光板可包含位于导光板的后表面或前表面(相对于第二层130)上的提取器特征,其干扰导光板内光的传播且促使光越过导光板的前表面朝装置100的前表面均匀地发射。 The light guide plate may include a light guide plate located on the rear surface or front surface (with respect to the second layer 130) Extractor features on its interference propagation of the light guide plate and cause the front surface of the light guide plate toward the front over the surface of the device 100 uniform emission. 在某些实施例中,光源140包括荧光产生器。 In certain embodiments, the light source 140 comprises a fluorescent generator. 在其它实施例中,光源140包括白炽光产生器、LED或另一类型的光产生器。 In other embodiments, the light source including incandescent light generator 140, LED light, or another type of generator. 在某些其它实施例中,光源140可包括大体反射性表面,其反射或发射在透射穿过衬底110、第一层120和第二层130之后到达光源140的光的大部分。 In certain other embodiments, the light source 140 may comprise a substantially reflective surface, the reflected or transmitted through the emission in the substrate 110, after the first layer 120 and second layer 130. Most of the light source 140 reaches the light. 在某些实施例中,光源140与装置100的其它部分之间可存在分离。 In some embodiments, there may be separation between the light source 140 and the other parts of the apparatus 100. 在某些此类实施例中,举例来说,光源140与层130之间可存在物理分离。 In some such embodiments, for example, there may be a physical separation between the light source 140 and the layer 130. 另外,在一些实施例中,入射于装置100上且由装置100调制的光包含环境光或自然光,例如来自太阳的光。 Additionally, in some embodiments, the incident on the 100 device and the ambient or natural light modulated light contains 100 devices, such as light from the sun.

[0094] 在某些实施例中,光源140通过在多个状态之间变化而响应于信号(例如,来自控制器)。 [0094] In some embodiments, the light source 140 through a plurality of states between a change in the signal and in response to (e.g., from a controller). 举例来说,在某些实施例中,响应于所述信号,光源140可“接通”和“断开”。 For example, in some embodiments, in response to the signal, the light source 140 can be "on" and "off." 在其它实施例中,光源140可通过改变以发射具有不同性质的光,例如具有不同亮度级或不同颜色的光而响应于所述信号。 In other embodiments, the light source 140 can be varied to emit light having different properties, e.g., having a different color or a different brightness level of light in response to said signal. 在一个实施例中,光源140通过从发射具有第一选定亮度的光改变为发射具有不同于第一选定亮度的第二选定亮度的光而响应于所述信号。 In one embodiment, emitted from the light source 140 having a first selected by changing the brightness of light emission luminance different from the first selected second selected luminance signal in response to the light. 在某些实施例中,光源140通过从发射具有第一选定颜色的光改变为发射具有不同于第一选定颜色的第二选定颜色的光而响应于所述信号。 In certain embodiments, the light source 140 by changing from a first emitted light having a selected color to emit a second light having a selected color different from the first selected color and in response to said signal. 在某些实施例中,光源140通过从发射具有第一选定颜色的光(借此从垂直于第一层120和第二层130的方向调制预定角度范围(例如,0到30度)上的有角度色移和强度)改变为发射展现第二选定颜色的光(借此从垂直于第一层120和第二层130的方向调制预定角度范围(例如,0到30度)上的有角度色移和强度)而响应于所述信号,其中第二选定色移不同于第一选定有角度色移和强度。 In certain embodiments, the light source 140 from the transmission by a first color light having a selected (whereby the direction perpendicular to the first layer 120 and second layer 130 of a predetermined modulation angular range (e.g., 0 to 30 degrees) The angular color shift and intensity) was changed to emit light show on the second selected color (thereby modulating a predetermined angular range from the vertical to the direction of the first layer 120 and second layer 130 (for example, 0-30 degrees) angular color shift and intensity) and in response to said signal, wherein the second selected color shift differs from the first selected angular color shift and intensity. 通过在某些实施例中调制信号,可调制第一方向313上发射的光的一种或一种以上性质。 By modulating the signal in some embodiments, the first direction 313 may be modulated emitted light of one or more properties.

[0095] 由从多个层反射的光的干涉引起的光可称为“干涉式反射”光。 [0095] by the light reflected from the interference of light caused by multiple layers can be called "interferometric reflection" of light. 在某些实施例中,光的第一部分300与光的第二部分301彼此干涉以产生干涉式反射光,其包括从装置100反射的光的大部分。 In certain embodiments, the second portion of the first portion of the light 300 and the light 301 interfere with each other to produce interference light reflector, which comprises most of the light reflected from the device 100. 在某些其它实施例中,从装置100发射的反射光可包括来自从其它界面(例如,空气-衬底界面)的其它反射的光、从其它层反射的光,和来自这些界面之间的多个反射的光(例如,在第一层120与第二层130之间多次反射的光)。 In certain other embodiments, the reflection of light emitted from the device 100 may comprise derived from another interface (e.g., air - substrate interface) of the other light reflected from the other layer of the light reflected from these interfaces and between a plurality of light reflection (e.g., between the first layer 120 and second layer 130 of multiple reflections of light).

[0096] 在某些实施例中,光的第一部分300与光的第二部分301相干涉以产生具有第一颜色的光,且光的第三部分302具有不同于第一颜色的第二颜色。 [0096] In certain embodiments, the second portion of the first portion of the light 300 interferes with light 301 to generate light having a first color, and the light of the third portion 302 having a second color different from the first color . 在某些实施例中,光的第一部分300与光的第二部分301相干涉以产生具有第一颜色的光,且在第一方向313上从装置100发射的光(例如,干涉式反射光与光的第三部分302的组合)具有不同于第一颜色的第二颜色。 In some embodiments, the first portion of the light of the second section 300 and 301 of the light interfere to produce a first color of light, and the light in a first direction 313 emitted from the device 100 (eg, an interferometric reflected light combinations of light and a third portion 302) has a second color different from the first color.

[0097] 在某些实施例中,当光源140发射光时,在第一方向313上从装置100发射的光具有第一颜色。 [0097] In some embodiments, when the light source 140 emits light, the light in a first direction 313 emitted from the apparatus 100 has a first color. 此类实施例的第一颜色由干涉式反射光与光的第三部分302的组合产生。 Examples of such embodiments the first color is produced by the interferometric combination of the light reflected light and the third part 302. 在某些实施例中,当光源140不发射光时,在第一方向313上由装置100发射的光具有第二颜色,其可不同于第一颜色。 In certain embodiments, when the light source 140 does not emit light in a first direction 100 313 light emitted by the device having a second color, which can be different from the first color. 此类实施例的第二颜色在无光的第三部分302的情况下由干涉式反射光产生。 The second color such embodiments, in the case of the third part 302 of the light produced by the interference matt reflector.

[0098] 在某些实施例中,当光源140发射光且环境光入射于装置100上(例如,入射于衬底110上)时,在第一方向313上由装置100发射的光具有第一颜色。 [0098] In certain embodiments, when the light source 140 emits light and ambient light incident on the device 100 (e.g., incident on the substrate 110), the first direction 313 in the light emitted by the device 100 having a first color. 此类实施例的第一颜色由干涉式反射光与光的第三部分302的组合产生。 Examples of such embodiments the first color is produced by the interferometric combination of the light reflected light and the third part 302. 在某些实施例中,当光源140发射光且环境光不入射于装置100上时,在第一方向313上由装置100发射的光具有第二颜色,其可不同于第一颜色。 In certain embodiments, when the light source 140 emits light and ambient light incident on the device 100, 313 in the first direction by the device 100 emit light having a second color, which can be different from the first color. 此类实施例的第二颜色在无干涉式反射光的情况下由光的第三部分302产生。 The second color such embodiments without interference reflector light situations created by section 302 of the third light. 在某些实施例中,当光源140不发射光且环境光入射于装置100上时,在第一方向313上由装置100发射的光具有第三颜色,其可不同于第一颜色或第二颜色。 In certain embodiments, when the light source 140 does not emit light and ambient light is incident on to the apparatus 100, 313 in a first direction having a third color of light emitted by the device 100, which may be different from the first color or second color. 此类实施例的第三颜色在无光的第三部分302的情况下由干涉式反射光产生。 The third color such embodiments, in the case of the third part 302 of matte generated by the interferometric light reflection. 在一个实施例中,衬底110包括具有近似IOmm厚度的玻璃,层120包括具有40埃厚度的铝,层130包括也具有40埃厚度的铝,且层120与130由间隔电介质层150间隔开,所述间隔电介质层150包括具有3200埃厚度的二氧化硅以形成干涉腔。 In one embodiment, the substrate 110 comprises a glass having a thickness of approximately IOmm, layer 120 includes aluminum having a thickness of 40 angstroms, and also having an aluminum layer 130 comprises a thickness of 40 angstroms, and the layers 120 and dielectric layer 130 by a spacer 150 spaced apart said spacer dielectric layer 150 comprises silicon dioxide having a thickness of 3200 angstroms to form an interferometric cavity. 当从方向300照明时,装置将在垂直于装置的方向313上反射蓝光,所述蓝光具有470nm的峰值波长和近似56%的峰值反射率(不包含穿过衬底材料或由于材料/空气界面处的反射引起的损失)。 When the direction 300 from the lighting device in a direction perpendicular to the reflecting means 313 on the blue light, the blue light having a peak wavelength 470nm and approximately 56% of the peak reflectivity (or does not contain material due to the material through the substrate / air interface loss due to reflection at). 所描述的实例干涉式装置为半透明且当由光源140照明时将在方向302上透射光。 Examples described interferometric device is translucent and when the transmitted light 302 in the direction of the light source 140 lighting. 此实施例将透射绿光,所述绿光具有540nm的峰值波长和近似45%的透射率(不包含穿过衬底材料或由于材料/空气界面处的反射引起的损失),如图1lA的曲线和图1lB的CIE色度图所示。 This example will transmit green light, the green light has a peak wavelength of 540nm and an approximate 45% transmittance (does not include losses due to pass through the substrate material or reflective material / air interface caused), as 1lA of curve and 1lB of CIE chromaticity diagram shown. 方向313上发射的光将包括干涉式反射光与光302的组合,其将在所感知颜色中根据光源140的强度和入射在装置上的光的强度而变化。 313 in the direction of light emitted will include interferometric combination of reflected light with 302, which will be based on the color intensity of the light intensity of the device and the incident light source 140 varies perception.

[0099] 在某些实施例中,光的第一部分300与光的第二部分301相干涉以产生具有第一颜色且展现第一有角度色移的光,且光的第三部分302具有第二颜色且展现不同于第一有角度色移的第二有角度色移。 [0099] In certain embodiments, the second portion of the first portion of the light 300 interferes with light 301 to produce a display having a first color and a first angular color shift of light, and the light of the third portion 302 having a first color and exhibits two angularly different from the first angular color shift of a second color shift. 在某些实施例中,光的第一部分300与光的第二部分301相干涉以产生具有第一颜色且展现第一有角度色移的光,且在第一方向313上从装置100发射的光(例如,干涉式反射光与光的第三部分302的组合)具有第二颜色且展现不同于第一有角度色移的第二有角度色移。 In certain embodiments, the first portion of the light 300 and second portion 301 of light interfere to produce a display having a first color and a first angular color shift of the light, and emitted from the device 100 in a first direction 313 light (for example, a combination of the third part 302 of interferometric light of reflected light) and exhibits a second color different from the first angular color shift of the second angular color shift. 在一个实施例中,衬底110包括具有近似IOmm厚度的玻璃,层120包括具有40埃厚度的铝,层130包括也具有40埃厚度的铝,且层120与130由间隔电介质层150间隔开,所述间隔电介质层150包括具有3200埃厚度的二氧化硅以形成干涉腔。 In one embodiment, the substrate 110 comprises a glass having a thickness of approximately IOmm, layer 120 includes aluminum having a thickness of 40 angstroms, and also having an aluminum layer 130 comprises a thickness of 40 angstroms, and the layers 120 and dielectric layer 130 by a spacer 150 spaced apart said spacer dielectric layer 150 comprises silicon dioxide having a thickness of 3200 angstroms to form an interferometric cavity. 当从方向300照明时,装置将在垂直于装置的方向313上反射蓝光,所述蓝光具有470nm的峰值波长和近似56%的峰值反射率(不包含穿过衬底材料或由于材料/空气界面处的反射引起的损失)。 When the direction 300 from the lighting device in a direction perpendicular to the reflecting means 313 on the blue light, the blue light having a peak wavelength 470nm and approximately 56% of the peak reflectivity (or does not contain material due to the material through the substrate / air interface loss due to reflection at). 实例实施例的干涉式装置为半透明且当由光源140照明时将在方向302上透射光。 Examples of the interferometric device embodiment is translucent and when illuminated by a light source 140 in the direction of the transmitted light 302. 此实施例将透射绿光,所述绿光具有540nm的峰值波长和近似45%的透射率(不包含穿过衬底材料或由于材料/空气界面处的反射引起的损失),如图11A所示。 This embodiment will transmit green light, the green light has a peak wavelength of 540nm and a transmittance of approximately 45% (excluding losses due to pass through the substrate material or reflective material / air interface caused), FIG. 11A show. 图11B将所述图展示为CIE色度图。 Fig. 11B is the diagram shows the CIE chromaticity diagram. 图12A和12B展示经反射和透射颜色如何随视角变化。 12A and 12B show how the reflected and transmitted color change with viewing angle. 图12B假定观看者在衬底110内且不计及衬底与空气的界面。 FIG. 12B assumes the viewer does not count in the substrate 110 and the substrate and the air interface. 所述界面处的折射率变化将改变所感知的色移。 The refractive index change at the interface will change the perceived color shift. 因此,如果观看者在空气中(N= 1)且衬底为玻璃(N= 1.52),那么对于相对于衬底的给定视角,观看者将看到减少量的色移。 Thus, if a viewer in air (N = 1) and the substrate is a glass (N = 1.52), then for a given relative to the substrate perspective, the viewer will see a reduced amount of color shift.

[0100] 在某些实施例中,当光源140发射光时,在第一方向313上从装置100发射的光具有第一颜色且展现第一有角度色移。 [0100] In certain embodiments, when the light source 140 emits light, the light emitted in a first direction 313 from device 100 having a first color and exhibits a first angular color shift. 此类实施例的第一有角度色移由干涉式反射光与光的第三部分302的组合产生。 Such embodiments have a first angular color shift of reflected light generated by the interferometric combination of the light of the third portion 302. 在某些实施例中,当光源140不发射光时,在第一方向313上由装置100发射的光具有第二颜色且展现可不同于第一有角度色移的第二有角度色移。 In certain embodiments, when the light source 140 does not emit light, the light 313 in a first direction and a second color emitted by the device 100 and the display may be different from the first angular color shift of a second angular color shift. 此类实施例的第二有角度色移在无光的第三部分302的情况下由干涉式反射光产生。 Such an embodiment of the second angular color shift in the case of the third portion 302 of the light produced by the interference matt reflector.

[0101] 在某些实施例中,当光源140发射光且环境光入射于装置100上(例如,入射于衬底110上)时,在第一方向313上由装置100发射的光具有第一颜色且展现第一有角度色移。 [0101] In certain embodiments, when the light source 140 emits light and ambient light incident on the device 100 (e.g., incident on the substrate 110), the first direction 313 in the light emitted by the device 100 having a first color and exhibits a first angular color shift. 此类实施例的第一有角度色移由干涉式反射光与光的第三部分302的组合产生。 Such embodiments have a first angular color shift of reflected light generated by the interferometric combination of the light of the third portion 302. 在某些实施例中,当光源140发射光且环境光不入射于装置100上时,在第一方向313上由装置100发射的光具有第二颜色且展现可不同于第一有角度色移的第二有角度色移。 In certain embodiments, when the light source 140 emits light and ambient light incident on the device 100 in a first direction 100 313 light emitted by the device having a second color and exhibits may be different from the first angular color shift The second angular color shift. 此类实施例的第二有角度色移在无干涉式反射光的情况下由光的第三部分302产生。 Such an embodiment of the second angular color shift without the interferometric reflected light generated by the third portion of the case 302 light. 在某些实施例中,当光源140不发射光且环境光入射于装置100上时,在第一方向313上由装置100发射的光具有第一颜色且展现可不同于第一有角度色移或第二有角度色移的第三有角度色移。 In certain embodiments, when the light source 140 does not emit light and ambient light is incident on to the apparatus 100, 313 in a first direction having a light emitting device 100 may be a first color and exhibits an angle different from the first color shift second or third angled angular color shift color shift. 此类实施例的第三有角度色移在无光的第三部分302的情况下由干涉式反射光产生。 Such an embodiment of the third angular color shift in the case of the third portion 302 of the light produced by the interference matt reflector. 再次参看上文参看图12A-12B描述的实例实施例,其中衬底110包括具有近似10mm厚度的玻璃,层120包括具有40埃厚度的铝,层130包括也具有40埃厚度的铝,且层120与层130由间隔电介质层150间隔开,所述间隔电介质层150包括具有3200埃厚度的二氧化硅,观看者将看到313作为经反射光(300、301)与经透射光302的组合。 Referring to FIG. 12A-12B with reference to examples of embodiments described above again, which comprises a substrate 110 having a thickness of approximately 10mm glass layer 120 includes aluminum having a thickness of 40 angstroms, and also having an aluminum layer 130 comprises a thickness of 40 angstroms, and the layers 120 and 130 by a spacer layer, a dielectric layer 150 are spaced apart, said spacer dielectric layer 150 comprises a silicon dioxide thickness of 3200 Angstroms, the viewer will see the 313 as the reflected light (300, 301) and by a combination of the transmitted light 302 . 图13展示经反射和经透射颜色如何随视角变化(对于在衬底110内的观看者,因此忽略从衬底110的额外反射)。 Figure 13 shows the reflected and transmitted by how the color change with the viewing angle (110 in the substrate for the viewer, so ignore the extra reflection from the substrate 110). 对于垂直于MOD的观看者,依据光源140和光的经反射部分的亮度,所感知的颜色将在从A到B的线上,如图13所示。 MOD perpendicular to the viewer, based on the brightness of the reflected portion of the light source 140 and, the perceived colors in a line from A to B, as shown in FIG. 类似地,在30度的角度处,颜色将在从C到D的线上。 Similarly, at angles of 30 degrees, the color will be from C to D line. 此实例还展示可如何使用照明的半透明MOD产生不仅随视角变化而且不是可由纯反射性MOD直接形成的颜色的颜色。 This example also shows how you can use the lighting of translucent MOD produces only the viewing angle changes and not by the color of pure reflex MOD formed directly color.

[0102] 在某些实施例中,装置100从第一方向313且在大体与第一方向313相反的第二方向314上均可观看到。 [0102] In certain embodiments, the apparatus 100 from a first direction 313 and 313 in the first direction substantially opposite to the second direction 314 can be viewed. 举例来说,某些此类实施例的装置100可从装置100的第一侧上的第一位置和装置100的第二侧上的第二位置观看到。 For example, some devices such embodiments 100 may watch from a second side of the first position and the second position means on the first side of the apparatus 100 to 100 on. 在某些实施例中,在第二方向314上从装置100发射的光包括光的第四部分306、光的第五部分307和光的第六部分312。 In some embodiments, the light in the second direction 314 emitted from the device 100 includes a section 306 fourth light, the light of Part V and Part VI of 307 312 light. 在某些实施例中,光的第四部分306在第二方向314上入射于衬底110上、透射穿过衬底110、透射穿过第一层120、透射穿过第二层130,且从装置100发射。 In certain embodiments, the fourth part of the light 306 in the second direction 314 is incident on the substrate 110, transmitted through the substrate 110, transmitted through the first layer 120, transmitted through the second layer 130, and 100 emitted from the device. 在某些实施例中,光的第五部分307在第二方向314上入射于第二层130上、透射穿过第二层130、从第一层120反射、透射穿过第二层130,且从装置100发射。 In certain embodiments, the fifth portion of light 307 in the second direction 314 is incident on the second layer 130, transmitted through the second layer 130, the first reflective layer 120, transmitted through the second layer 130, and emitted from the device 100. 在某些实施例中,光的第六部分312在第二方向314上入射于第二层130上、从第二层130反射,且从装置100发射。 In some embodiments, the light of Section VI 312 314 in the second direction is incident on the second layer 130, the reflection from the second layer 130, and transmitted from the device 100. 在某些实施例中,光的第五部分307包括由光源140发射的光,且光的第六部分312包括由光源140发射的光。 In some embodiments, the light of the fifth part 307 includes a light emitted by the light source 140 and the light of Part VI 312 includes a light emitted by the light source 140.

[0103] 在某些实施例中,在第一方向313上从装置100发射的光具有第一颜色,且在第二方向314上从装置100发射的光具有第二颜色。 [0103] In some embodiments, the light 313 emitted from the first direction device 100 having a first color and a second color in a second direction 314 on the light 100 emitted from the device. 在某些此类实施例中,第一颜色与第二颜色大体相同,而在某些其它此类实施例中,第一颜色与第二颜色不同。 In certain such embodiments, a first color and a second color substantially the same, while in some other such embodiments, the second color different from the first color. 在某些实施例中,在第一方向313上从装置100发射的光具有第一颜色且展现第一有角度色移,且在第二方向314上从装置100发射的光具有第二颜色且展现第二有角度色移。 In certain embodiments, the light 313 emitted from the first direction device 100 having a first color and exhibits a first angular color shift, and in the second direction 314 emitted from the device 100 and a light having a second color show second angular color shift. 在某些此类实施例中,第一有角度色移与第二有角度色移大体相同,而在某些其它此类实施例中,第一有角度色移与第二有角度色移不同。 In certain such embodiments, the first and second angular color shift have substantially the same angular color shift, while in some other such embodiments, the first and second angular color shift angularly different color shift . 在一个实施例中,衬底110包括具有近似IOmm厚度的玻璃,层120包括具有40埃厚度的铝,层130包括也具有40埃厚度的铝,且层120与层130由间隔电介质层150间隔开,所述间隔电介质层150包括具有3200埃厚度的二氧化硅以形成干涉腔。 In one embodiment, the substrate 110 comprises a glass having a thickness of approximately IOmm, layer 120 includes aluminum having a thickness of 40 angstroms, and also having an aluminum layer 130 comprises a thickness of 40 angstroms, and the layers 120 and 130 by a spacer layer, a dielectric layer 150 spaced opening, said spacer dielectric layer 150 comprises silicon dioxide having a thickness of 3200 angstroms to form an interferometric cavity. 此对称设计的MOD将趋向于在方向313和314上展现类似的反射颜色(图14A-14B)。 This symmetrical design of the MOD will tend to show a similar reflection color (Fig. 14A-14B) in the direction of 313 and 314. 在此实例实施例中,层120抵靠玻璃定位,且层130定位在空气中(为了简单起见,且不以限制的方式,此实例实施例中不包含有背光140)。 In this example embodiment, layer 120 is positioned against the glass, and the layer 130 positioned in the air (for simplicity, and not by way of limitation, this example embodiment includes a backlight 140 is not). 图14B的CIE色度图展示在方向313和314上反射的颜色是类似的。 CIE chromaticity diagram of FIG. 14B shows 313 and 314 in the direction of the reflected color is similar. 实践中,衬底110与层130周围的空气之间的折射率差计及对称中的微小差异。 In practice, the refractive index difference between the meter and the symmetry of the small differences in the substrate 110 and the layer 130 surrounding air. 如果层130也抵靠玻璃定位,那么装置反射将是对称的。 If the layer 130 is also positioned against the glass, then the device will be symmetrical reflection. 为了简单起见,假定观看者垂直于装置且在侧313上假定观看者在衬底110内,使得不包含衬底110与空气的界面。 For simplicity, assume that a viewer is perpendicular to the upper side of the apparatus and the viewer 313 assumed within the substrate 110, so that the substrate 110 does not include the air interface. 所透射颜色在实例实施例中对于光线306和302大体相同。 The transmitted color in the example embodiment, light 306 and 302 for the same. 在另一实施例中,衬底110包括具有近似IOmm厚度的折射率近似1.52的玻璃。 In another embodiment, the substrate having a refractive index of approximately 110 comprises a thickness of approximately 1.52 IOmm glass. 层120包括具有70埃厚度的铬,层130包括具有100埃厚度的铝,且层120与层130由间隔电介质层150间隔开,所述间隔电介质层150包括具有3400埃厚度的二氧化硅。 Layer 120 comprises chromium having a thickness of 70 angstroms, the layer 130 includes aluminum having a thickness of 100 angstroms, and the layers 120 and 130 by a spacer layer, a dielectric layer 150 are spaced apart, said spacer dielectric layer 150 comprises silicon dioxide having a thickness of 3400 Angstroms. 在此实例中,层120抵靠玻璃定位且层130定位在空气中(为了简单起见,且不以限制的方式,此实例实施例中不包含有背光140)。 In this example, the layer 120 and positioned against the glass layer 130 positioned in the air (for simplicity, and not by way of limitation, this example embodiment includes a backlight 140 is not). 图14C的CIE色度图展示在方向313和方向314上反射的颜色是不同的。 FIG. 14C CIE chromaticity diagram showing the direction in direction 313 and 314 on the reflection color is different. 为了简单起见,假定观看者垂直于装置且在侧313上假定观看者在衬底110内,因此不包含衬底110与空气的界面。 For simplicity, assume that a viewer is perpendicular to the upper side of the apparatus and the viewer 313 assumed within the substrate 110, and therefore does not contain the substrate 110 and the air interface. 所透射颜色在实例实施例中对于光线306和302大体相同。 The transmitted color in the example embodiment, light 306 and 302 for the same.

[0104] 在某些实施例中,装置100包括位于第一层120与第二层130之间的区150。 [0104] In certain embodiments, the apparatus 100 includes a region 150 and the second layer 120 between the first layer 130. 某些实施例的区150包括电介质层且至少部分光学透明。 Certain embodiments of the zone 150 includes a dielectric layer and at least partially optically transparent. 在某些实施例中,区150的至少一部分以空气填充。 In certain embodiments, at least a portion of the region 150 is filled with air. 在某些此类实施例中,第一层120和第二层130中的至少一者选择性地可移动以便改变第一层120与第二层130之间的间隔。 In certain such embodiments, the first layer 120 and second layer 130 in at least one selectively movable so as to change the interval between the first layer 120 and second layer 130 between. 因此,在某些实施例中,第一层120和第二层130形成如本文描述的可激活干涉式调制器。 Thus, in some embodiments, the first layer 120 and second layer 130 is formed to activate the interferometric modulator as described herein. 在某些实施例中,装置100是显示器系统的可激活元件(例如,像素或子像素)。 In certain embodiments, the apparatus 100 is a display system activation elements (e.g., a pixel or sub-pixel). 通过选择性地移动第一层120和第二层130中的至少一者以便改变第一层120与第二层130之间的间隔,在某些实施例中,可调制在第一方向313上发射的光的一种或一种以上性质。 By selectively moved so as to change at least one of the second spacer layers 130 and 120 between the first layer 120 of the first layer and the second layer 130, in some embodiments, it can be modulated in a first direction 313 one or more of the light emitted by nature.

[0105] 在某些实施例中,选择性地可移动的第一层120和第二层130中的至少一者包括机械上加强层的支撑结构。 [0105] In certain embodiments, the selectively movable first layer 120 and second layer 130 includes at least one mechanical reinforcing layer of the support structure. 在一些实施例中,支撑结构包括透明材料。 In some embodiments, the support structure comprises a transparent material. 在其它实施例中,支撑结构包括经定位以便不影响装置的光学性质的非透明材料(例如,金属环)。 In other embodiments, the support structure comprises positioned so as not to affect the optical properties of a non-transparent material device (for example, a metal ring).

[0106] 图15示意性地说明根据本文描述的某些实施例的包括荧光材料160的实例装置100。 [0106] Figure 15 schematically illustrates an example of some embodiments include fluorescent material 160 described herein apparatus 100. 装置100包括衬底110、第一层120和第二层130。 Apparatus 100 includes a substrate 110, a first layer 120 and second layer 130. 衬底至少部分光学透明。 At least partially optically transparent substrate. 第一层120定位在衬底110上,且第一层120部分光学吸收、部分光学反射,且部分光学透射。 The first layer 120 is positioned on the substrate 110, and the first portion of the optical absorption layer 120, part of the optical reflective, and partially optically transmissive. 第二层130定位在衬底110上,且与第一层120间隔开,其中第一层120位于衬底110与第二层130之间。 The second layer 130 is positioned on the substrate 110, and is spaced apart from the first layer 120, wherein the first layer 120 is positioned between the substrate 110 and the second layer 130. 第二层130部分光学吸收、部分光学反射,且部分光学透射。 The second part of the optical absorption layer 130, part of the optical reflective, and partially optically transmissive. 突光材料160相对于衬底110定位,使得第一层120和第二层130的至少一部分位于衬底110与荧光材料160之间。 Projection optical material 160 positioned with respect to the substrate 110 such that the first layer 120 and second layer 130 is positioned between at least a portion of the substrate 110 and the fluorescent material 160. 在某些实施例中,荧光材料160响应于紫外光,其入射在衬底110上、透射穿过衬底110、透射穿过第一层130,且通过产生可见光而透射穿过第二层130的所述至少一部分。 In certain embodiments, the fluorescent material 160 in response to ultraviolet light, which is incident on the substrate 110, transmitted through the substrate 110, transmitted through the first layer 130, and by generating a second visible light transmitted through the layer 130 It said at least a portion. 在某些实施例中,来自荧光材料160的可见光的至少一部分透射穿过第二层130、第一层120和衬底110以有助于在第一方向313上发射的光。 In certain embodiments, the fluorescent material 160 from at least a portion of the visible light transmitted through the second layer 130, a first layer 120 and the substrate 110 to facilitate light in a first direction 313 emitted. 在某些此类实施例中,荧光材料160充当光源140。 In certain such embodiments, the fluorescent material 160 acts as a light source 140.

[0107] 图16示意性地说明根据本文描述的某些实施例的包括第三层170的实例装置100。 [0107] Figure 16 schematically illustrates an embodiment in accordance with some examples including a third layer 170 of the apparatus 100 described herein. 在某些实施例中,第三层170可包括例如铝、铬、钥、钛、碳、银、金和其它材料等各种材料。 In certain embodiments, the third layer 170 may include for example, aluminum, chromium, keyhole, titanium, carbon, silver, gold and other materials, and other materials. 第三层170在衬底110上且与第一层120以及与第二层130间隔开。 The third layer 170 on the substrate 110 and the first layer 120 and second layer 130 are spaced apart. 第三层170部分光学吸收、部分光学反射,且部分光学透射。 The third part of the optical absorption layer 170, part of the optical reflective, and partially optically transmissive. 在某些实施例中,第三层170具有20与300埃厚之间的范围内的厚度。 In certain embodiments, the third layer 170 has a thickness in the range of 20 and 300 angstroms thick between. 在某些实施例中,第三层170包括铬。 In certain embodiments, the third layer 170 comprises chromium. 在某些实施例中,第三层170大体光学吸收。 In certain embodiments, the third layer 170 is substantially optically absorb. 在其它实施例中,第三层170大体光学反射。 In other embodiments, the third layer 170 is substantially optically reflective. 在另外其它实施例中,第三层170大体光学透射。 In still other embodiments, the third layer 170 is substantially optically transmissive.

[0108] 如图16示意性地展示,在某些实施例中,第三层170位于第一层120与第二层130之间。 [0108] FIG. 16 schematically shows, in some embodiments, the third layer 170 is located between the first layer 120 and second layer 130. 某些实施例的装置100进一步包括位于第三层170与第一层120之间的区150 (例如,至少部分光学透明的电介质层或以空气填充的区),以及位于第三层170与第二层130之间的区190(例如,至少部分光学透明的电介质层或以空气填充的区)。 Certain embodiments of the apparatus 100 further includes a region 170 located between the first layer 120 of the third layer 150 (e.g., at least partially optically transparent dielectric layers, or air-filled region), and in the third layer 170 and the second Layer 130 between region 190 (e.g., at least partially optically transparent dielectric layers, or air-filled area).

[0109] 图17示意性地说明根据本文描述的某些实施例的包括第三层170的另一实例装置100。 [0109] Figure 17 schematically illustrates another example in accordance with certain embodiments described herein includes a third layer 170 of the device 100. 第三层170经定位使得第二层130位于第一层120与第三层170之间。 The third layer 170 is positioned such that the second layer 130 is positioned between the first layer 120 and third layer 170. 某些实施例的装置100进一步包括位于第一层120与第二层130之间的区150 (例如,至少部分光学透明的电介质层或以空气填充的区),以及位于第二层130与第三层170之间的区190(例如,至少部分光学透明的电介质层或以空气填充的区)。 Certain embodiments of the apparatus 100 further includes a region 120 and the second layer 130 between the first layer 150 (e.g., at least partially optically transparent dielectric layers or air-filled area), and a second layer 130 located on the first Layer 170 between region 190 (e.g., at least partially optically transparent dielectric layers, or air-filled area).

[0110] 在某些实施例中,层120、150、130、170、190的组合可包括双腔干涉式调制器。 [0110] In certain embodiments, the combination 120,150,130,170,190 layer may include a dual-chamber interferometric modulator. 如与图8相比的材料的额外层170、190可提供设计上的灵活性,使得调制器可经设计以反射或透射额外颜色。 As an additional layer of material compared to the 170, 190 in FIG. 8 provides design flexibility such that the modulator may be designed to reflect or transmit additional color. 在某些实施例中,层150、190可描述为间隔件层,且层120、170可描述为吸收器层。 In certain embodiments, the layers 150, 190 may be described as a spacer layer, and the layers 120, 170 may be described as the absorber layer. 在其它实施例中,层170可以是吸收器层且层120、130可充当部分反射器层。 In other embodiments, layer 170 may be a layer and the absorbent layer 120, 130 may act as a partial reflector layer. 在一些实施例中,层150、190具有相等厚度。 In some embodiments, the layers 150, 190 are of equal thickness. 在其它实施例中,层150、190具有不同厚度。 In other embodiments, layers 150, 190 having different thicknesses. 在一个实施例中,衬底110包括折射率近似1.52的具有近似10mm厚度的玻璃。 In one embodiment, the substrate 110 comprises a glass having a refractive index of approximately 10mm thickness of approximately 1.52. 层120、170包括具有70埃厚度的铬,层130包括具有100埃厚度的铝,且间隔电介质层150、190包括具有3400埃厚度的二氧化硅(图18A)。 120, 170 comprises a layer of chromium having a thickness of 70 angstroms, the layer 130 includes aluminum having a thickness of 100 angstroms, and the dielectric spacer layer 150, 190 comprises silicon dioxide having a thickness of 3400 angstroms (FIG. 18A). 图18B-18C展示在方向313上垂直于衬底的经反射颜色(假定无背光)。 FIG. 18B-18C show in a direction perpendicular to the substrate 313 by the reflection color (assuming no backlight). 将此实例与图9B和9C比较,对于站立在空气中的观看者,且包含来自衬底110的前表面反射,峰值波长几乎在520nm处不变,但展示例如如图9C的CIE色度图所示的较尖锐峰值和对应的较饱和的颜色。 Examples of this comparison with FIG. 9B and 9C, standing in the air for the viewer, and includes a front surface 110 of the reflection from the substrate, the peak wavelength at 520nm is almost unchanged, but the display example in FIG. 9C CIE chromaticity diagram sharper peaks and corresponding relatively saturated colors shown.

[0111] 图19示意性地说明根据本文描述的某些实施例的包括钝化层200的实例装置100。 [0111] Figure 19 schematically illustrates an example of some embodiments includes a passivation layer 200 of the apparatus described herein 100. 钝化层200经定位使得第二层130位于钝化层200与衬底110之间。 The passivation layer 200 is positioned such that the second layer 130 is positioned between the substrate 200 and the passivation layer 110. 在某些实施例中,钝化层200包括至少部分光学透明的电介质材料(例如,二氧化硅),且具有约300埃与约4000埃之间的范围内的厚度。 In certain embodiments, the passivation layer 200 includes at least partially optically transparent dielectric material (e.g., silica), and having within the range of about 4000 angstroms to about 300 angstroms thickness between. 在某些实施例中,在第一方向313上从装置100发射的光具有取决于钝化层200的厚度(例如,归因于钝化层200对干涉式反射光和/或对在第一方向313上透射穿过装置100的光的影响)的颜色。 In some embodiments, the light in a first direction 313 emitted from the apparatus 100 includes a passivation layer 200 depends on the thickness (for example, due to the 200 pairs of interferometric reflected light passivation layer / or in the first influence the direction of 313 means 100 is transmitted through the light) color. 在某些此类实施例中,钝化层200的厚度经选择以将在第一方向313上从装置100发射的光的颜色修改为选定颜色。 In some such embodiments, the thickness of the passivation layer 200 is selected to the color of the light emitted from the device 100 in a first direction 313 is amended as selected color. 举例来说,钝化层200可经配置以具有在所描述范围内的选定厚度以提供所需钝化和在第一方向313上从装置100发射的颜色的所需修改两者。 For example, the passivation layer 200 may be configured to have a selected thickness within the range described to provide the desired passivation and the desired first direction 313 emitted from the apparatus 100 to modify both the color.

[0112] 在某些实施例中,在第一方向313上从装置100发射的光取决于钝化层200的折射率。 [0112] In some embodiments, the first direction 313 100 light emitted from the device depends on the refractive index of the passivation layer 200. 在一些实施例中,钝化层200的折射率大体不同于周围介质的折射率。 In some embodiments, the refractive index of the passivation layer 200 is substantially different from the refractive index of the surrounding medium. 在某些实施例中,钝化层200包括二氧化硅。 In certain embodiments, the passivation layer 200 comprises silicon dioxide. 在其它实施例中,钝化层200包括另一类型的氧化物或聚合物。 In other embodiments, the passivation layer 200 comprises an oxide or another type of polymer.

[0113] 在某些实施例中,额外层与钝化层200接触使得钝化层200定位在区150与额外层之间。 [0113] In certain embodiments, the additional layer 200 in contact with the passivation layer such that the passivation layer 200 positioned in the region between 150 and additional layers. 在一些实施例中,在第一方向313和314上从装置发射的光的颜色可通过额外层的折射率来修改。 In some embodiments, the color in a first direction 313 and 314 of the light emitted from the device can be modified by the refractive index of the additional layer. 在某些实施例中,额外层包括例如胶水或胶带等粘合剂材料。 In certain embodiments, additional layers include, for example glue or adhesive tape or the like material. 在一些实施例中,额外层包括墨水。 In some embodiments, the additional layer comprises ink. 在一个实施例中,举例来说,如图20A所示,衬底110包括折射率近似1.52的具有近似IOmm厚度的玻璃。 In one embodiment, for example, as shown in FIG. 20A, the substrate 110 including the index of refraction of approximately 1.52 IOmm having an approximate thickness of glass. 在衬底上构造MOD使得层120包括具有70埃厚度的铬,层130包括具有60埃厚度的铝,且层120与层130由间隔电介质层150间隔开,所述间隔电介质层150包括具有2700埃厚度的二氧化硅。 MOD structure on the substrate so that the layer 120 comprises chromium having a thickness of 70 angstroms, the layer 130 includes aluminum having a thickness of 60 angstroms, and the layers 120 and 130 by a spacer layer, a dielectric layer 150 are spaced apart, the spacer comprises a dielectric layer 150 having 2700 Angstroms of silicon dioxide. 在实例实施例中,层200包括二氧化硅。 In an example embodiment, layer 200 comprises silicon dioxide. MOD的层200侧以与PET匹配的粘合指数接合到PET的片(折射率为1.61),使得IMOD的一些区域接合而一些区域不接合。 MOD 200 side layer bonded to the PET match bonded to the PET chip index (refractive index 1.61), so some areas are not engaged engagement IMOD some areas. 当从方向314和方向313观看时,经反射和经透射的颜色将在以PSA接合的区域之间以及那些处于空气中的区域之间变化,且如果层200的厚度变化。 When viewed from the direction 314 and direction 313, the reflection and transmission of color by the engagement between the regions as well as those with PSA varies between regions in the air, and if the layer thickness variation 200. 图20B展示针对其中空气邻近于层200且其中层200从1200埃变化到2700埃(标号A和D)的实施例的此效果。 FIG. 20B shows for which an air layer 200 adjacent to and in which layer 200 changes from 1200 angstroms to 2700 angstroms Example (key A and D) of this effect. 图20B还展示针对其中层200接合到具有1.61的折射率的材料且其中层200从1200埃变化到2700埃(标号B和C)的实施例的此效果。 FIG. 20B also shows for which the layer 200 is bonded to a material having a refractive index of 1.61 and wherein layer 200 changes from 1200 angstroms to this effect embodiment 2700 Å (key B and C). 图20B假定观看者垂直于装置100。 Figure 20B assumes a viewer apparatus 100 perpendicular. 在实例实施例中,且如图20B所示,从方向314所见的“颜色调谐”效果相对较大。 In an example embodiment, and FIG. 20B, 314 as seen from the direction of "color tuning" the effect is relatively large. 从方向313以及在经透射颜色中也看见“颜色调谐”效果。 313, and from the direction of the transmission color is also seen by the "color tuning" effect. 如图所示,存在颜色变化的较窄范围,其中层200从1200埃变化到2700埃,且层200邻近于PSA。 As shown, the presence of a narrow range of color change, which layer 200 from 1200 angstroms to 2700 angstroms change, and the layer 200 adjacent to the PSA. 图20B的由标号“反射313”识别的部分表示从方向313的颜色变化的总范围,其中层200从1200埃变化到2700埃,且针对从空气到PSA界面的变化。 FIG. 20B by the label "reflection 313" identifiable sections represents the total range from color change direction 313, wherein the layer 200 changes from 1200 to 2700 Å Å, and for change from air to PSA interface.

[0114] 图21示意性地说明根据本文描述的某些实施例的包括第一玻璃层210和第二玻璃层220的实例装置100。 [0114] Figure 21 schematically illustrates an example of certain embodiments described herein includes a first glass layer 210 and the second glass layer 220 of device 100. 结构270包括衬底110、第一层120和第二层130及间隔件层150。 Structure 270 includes a substrate 110, a first layer 120 and second layer 130 and spacer layer 150. 包括衬底110、第一层120和第二层130及间隔件层150的结构270经层压并位于第一玻璃层210与第二玻璃层220之间。 It includes a substrate 110, a first layer 120 and the second structure layer 130 and the spacer layers 150 and 270 by laminating a first glass layer 210 and is located in the second glass layer 220. 在某些实施例中,使用一个或一个以上粘合剂层230将包括衬底110、第一层120和第二层130的结构与第一玻璃层210和第二玻璃层220层压。 In certain embodiments, one or more adhesive layer 230 comprises a substrate 110, and the structure of the first glass layer 120 of the first layer and the second layer 130 and a second glass layer 210 of the laminate 220. 在某些实施例中,第一玻璃层210和第二玻璃层220中的至少一者包括纹理化玻璃。 In certain embodiments, the first glass layer 210 and the second glass layer 220 includes at least one textured glass. 衬底110、第一层120、第二层130和间隔件层150包括頂0D,其可经设计以在方向313、314和302,306上展现特定颜色。 Substrate 110, a first layer 120, second layer 130 and the spacer layer 150 includes a top 0D, which can show a specific color through to the design direction 313,314 and 302,306. 作为干涉式装置,其可展现轴上颜色,随着观看者改变相对于所述结构的角度发生色移。 As an interferometric device, which can display color axis, as a viewer changes the angle of the structure with respect to the occurrence of color shift. 纹理化层压物可在表面上设计有特定或随机角特征,使得穿过衬底的平坦区域朝观看者呈现的光将与穿过纹理化特征呈现的光相比以相对于MOD的不同角度呈现。 Texturing on the surface of the laminate can be designed with specific characteristics or random angle so the flat area through the substrate toward the viewer will be presented with a textured light characteristics compared to light through the presentation of different angles relative to the MOD show. 因此,观看者将看到越过纹理化表面的不同颜色。 Thus, the viewer will see across the textured surface in different colors. 纹理化层压物的实例可查阅2008年7月29日申请的标题为“用于增强干涉式调制器的色移的装置和方法(DEVICES ANDMETHODS FOR ENHANCING COLOR SHIFTOF INTERFEROMETRIC MODULATORS),,的第12/220,947号美国专利申请案,所述申请案全文以引用的方式并入本文中。 Examples of textured laminates available July 29, 2008 to apply for the title of "apparatus and method for enhancing color interferometric modulators shift (DEVICES ANDMETHODS FOR ENHANCING COLOR SHIFTOF INTERFEROMETRIC MODULATORS) ,, 12 / U.S. Patent Application No. 220,947, the application case entirety is incorporated herein by reference.

[0115] 图22示意性地说明根据本文描述的某些实施例的具有第一层120、第二层130、第三层240和第四层250的实例装置100。 [0115] Figure 22 schematically illustrates in accordance with certain embodiments described herein having a first layer 120, second layer 130, third layer 240 Examples 250 and the fourth layer 100 apparatus. 第一层120和第二层130在衬底110的第一表面上。 The first layer 120 and second layer 130 on the first surface of the substrate 110. 第三层240和第四层250在衬底110的第二表面上。 In the second surface of the substrate 110 on the third layer 240 and fourth layer 250. 第三层240部分光学吸收、部分光学透射,且部分光学反射。 The third part of the optical absorption layer 240, partially optically transmissive, optically reflective and partially. 第四层250与第三层240间隔开,其中第三层240位于衬底110与第四层250之间。 The fourth layer 250 is spaced apart from the third layer 240, wherein the third layer 240 is located between the substrate 110 and the fourth layer 250. 第四层250部分光学吸收、部分光学透射,且部分光学反射。 The fourth part of the optical absorption layer 250, partially optically transmissive and optically reflective part. 在某些实施例中,装置100进一步包括光源140,其相对于衬底110定位,使得第一层120和第二层130位于衬底110与光源140之间。 In certain embodiments, the apparatus 100 further includes a light source 140, with respect to the substrate 110 positioned such that the first layer 120 and second layer 130 is positioned between the light source 140 and the substrate 110.

[0116] 如图22示意性地说明,在某些实施例中,装置100进一步包括位于第三层240与第四层250之间的间隔件260(例如,至少部分光学透明的电介质层或以空气填充的区)。 [0116] FIG. 22 schematically illustrates, in some embodiments, apparatus 100 further includes a fourth layer 240 and 250 between the spacer 260 (e.g., at least partially optically transparent dielectric layer or the third layer air-filled area). 在某些实施例中,位于第一层120与第二层130之间的间隔件150以及位于第三层240与第四层250之间的间隔件260中的一者或两者包括以空气填充的区。 In certain embodiments, the spacer 120 is located in the second layer 130 and between the first layer 150 and third layer 240 and is located in the spacer 260 between the fourth layer 250 in one or both of air comprising populated areas. 在某些实施例中,包括层120、150、130的结构和包括层260、250、240的结构可各自描述为个别MOD。 In certain embodiments, the structure comprises a layer structure comprising layers 120,150,130 and 260,250,240 can be described as each individual MOD. 包括层120、150、130的结构将在本文中描述为MOD I,且包括层260、250、240的结构将在本文中描述为IM0D II。 120,150,130 including structural layer will be described herein as MOD I, and includes a structural layer 260,250,240 IM0D II will describe in this article. 这些描述是出于说明而非限制的目的。 These descriptions are for purposes of illustration and not limitation. 在一个实施例中,举例来说,衬底110包括折射率近似1.52的具有近似10mm厚度的玻璃,层120包括具有70埃厚度的铬,层130包括具有40到100埃厚度的铝,且层120与层130由间隔电介质层150间隔开,所述间隔电介质层150包括1000到5000埃厚度的二氧化硅。 In one embodiment, for example, the substrate 110 comprises a glass having a refractive index of approximately 1.52 approximately 10mm thickness, layer 120 comprises chromium having a thickness of 70 angstroms, the layer 130 includes aluminum having a thickness of 40 to 100 angstroms, and the layers layer 130 by a spacer 120 and a dielectric layer 150 spaced apart, said spacer dielectric layer 150 comprises a thickness of 1000-5000 Angstroms of silicon dioxide. 如本文中已描述,间隔件150可经选择以提供特定透射和反射颜色,其中层120 (例如,吸收器层)和层130 (例如,反射器层)经选择以提供所需亮度和色饱和度。 As has been described herein, the spacer 150 may be selected to provide a particular transmission and reflection colors, which layer 120 (e.g., absorber layer) and layer 130 (e.g., reflective layer) is selected to provide a desired brightness and color saturation degrees. 层250、240和间隔件260可以类似方式选择。 250,240 and the spacer layer 260 can be selected in a similar manner. MOD I和II中的每一者为独立的,但取决于透射级别,頂0D可相互作用因此观看者将看到作为两者的组合的颜色。 MOD I and II, each as an independent, but dependent on the transmission level, top 0D can therefore interact color as the viewer will see a combination of both. 在一个实施例中,举例来说,层120包括具有70埃厚度的铬,层130包括具有60埃厚度的铝,且层120与层130由间隔电介质层150间隔开,所述间隔电介质层150包括具有2000埃厚度的二氧化硅。 In one embodiment, for example, layer 120 comprises chromium having a thickness of 70 angstroms, the layer 130 includes aluminum having a thickness of 60 angstroms, and the layers 120 and 130 by a spacer layer, a dielectric layer 150 are spaced apart, said spacer dielectric layer 150 comprising silica having a thickness of 2000 Angstroms. 在实例实施例中,层240包括具有70埃厚度的铬,层250包括具有60埃厚度的铝,且层240与层250由间隔电介质层260间隔开,所述间隔电介质层260包括具有4250埃厚度的二氧化硅。 In an example embodiment, layer 240 comprises chromium having 70 angstroms thickness layer 250 comprising an aluminum 60 angstroms thickness, and layer 240 with layer 250 by a spacer dielectric layer 260 are spaced apart, said spacer dielectric layer 260 comprising a 4250 Å The thickness of the silica. MOD I和II的所得轴上透射曲线展示于图23中(图23中排除正反射)。 The resulting MOD I and II shaft transmission curve is shown in FIG. 23 (FIG. 23 specular reflection excluded). MOD I具有第一级红透射响应,IM0D II为品红,但如所描述将其覆盖的效果将是因MOD II充当红MOD I的滤光器,从而增加其色饱和度。 MOD I have a first-class red transmission response, IM0D II magenta, but as will be described in its coverage of the effect will be due to MOD II MOD I act as a red filter, thereby increasing the color saturation.

[0117] 在某些实施例中,包含一个或一个以上装置100的多个装置可以大体类似于上文参看(例如)图1-5描述的实施例的方式布置。 [0117] In some embodiments, the device comprises a plurality of one or more devices 100 may be substantially similar to the reference (e.g.) Fig. 1-5 embodiment example of the arrangement described above. 在某些实施例中,多个装置可具有不同干涉和/或透射性能。 In certain embodiments, the plurality of devices may have different interference and / or transmission properties. 举例来说,多个装置可布置在行/列阵列中。 For example, multiple devices can be arranged in a row / column array. 这些不同装置之间的对比度可用于产生可观看图案。 The contrast between these different means may be used to produce viewing patterns. 举例来说,在某些实施例中,多个装置可由图案化分层结构形成于衬底110上。 For example, in some embodiments, a plurality of devices can be patterned layered structure formed on the substrate 110. 举例来说,第一装置100可包括如本文描述的第一层120和第二层130,且可为干涉式反射光和透射穿过第一装置100的光两者的来源。 For example, a first device 100 may include, for example a first layer 120 and second layer 130 as described herein, and may be an interferometric both reflected light and transmitted through the first light source apparatus 100. 第二装置可包括部分光学吸收、部分光学透射且部分光学反射的第一层(例如,铬层),和与第一层间隔开的第二层,使得第二层位于衬底110与第一层之间。 The second means may comprise a portion of the optical absorption, partially optically transmissive and optically reflective portion of the first layer (e.g., chromium layer), and a second layer spaced from the first layer, the second layer is located such that the substrate 110 and the second layer between. 第二层可至少部分光学反射且大体光学非透射。 The second layer may be at least partially optically reflective and substantially optically non-transmissive. 在某些此类实施例中,第一层和第二层是如本文描述的干涉式调制器的部分。 Embodiment, the first layer and the second layer is an interferometric modulator section as described herein in some such embodiments.

[0118] 在某些实施例中,第一装置100展现作为光的第一部分300、光的第二部分301和光的第三部分302在第一方向313上从装置100发射(如本文所描述)的结果的第一颜色。 [0118] In certain embodiments, the first device 100 as a light show a first portion 300, second portion 301 and third portion of the light 302 from the light emitting device 100 (as described herein) in a first direction 313 The results of the first color. 在某些实施例中,光的第一部分300与光的第二部分301相干涉以产生具有第一颜色的光,且光的第三部分302具有与第一颜色不同的第二颜色。 In certain embodiments, the first portion 300 and the light of the second portion of the light 301 interfere to produce light having a first color, and the light of the third portion 302 having a second color different from the first color.

[0119] 在某些实施例中,第二装置展现作为光的第四部分入射于衬底110上、透射穿过衬底110、透射穿过第二装置的第一层、被第二装置的第二层反射、透射穿过第二装置的第一层、透射穿过衬底Iio并在第一方向313上从装置发射且光的第五部分入射于衬底110上、透射穿过衬底110、被第二装置的第一层反射、透射穿过衬底110并在第一方向313上从第二装置发射的结果的第二颜色。 [0119] In certain embodiments, the second display device as a fourth part of the light incident on the substrate 110, transmitted through the substrate 110, transmitted through the first layer of the second means, by means of a second The fifth incident on the second reflective layer, transmitted through the first layer of the second means, and transmitted through the substrate Iio light emitted from the device 313 and the first direction on the substrate 110, transmitted through the substrate 110, reflected by the first layer, the second means, transmitted through the substrate 110 and on the results from the second device 313 transmitted in a first direction of the second color. 光的第四部分与光的第五部分相干涉以产生具有第二颜色的光。 Part IV Part V of light interfere with light to produce a second color of light. 在某些实施例中,第二颜色不同于第一颜色。 In certain embodiments, the second color different from the first color.

[0120] 在某些实施例中,多个装置进一步包括衬底110的表面上的抗反射涂层,使得衬底110位于抗反射涂层与第一装置100的第一层120和第二装置的第一层之间。 [0120] In certain embodiments, the apparatus further comprises a plurality of anti-reflection coating on the surface of the substrate 110, the substrate 110 is positioned such that the first layer 120 and the second anti-reflective coating apparatus 100 of the first device between the first layer. 在某些实施例中,第一装置100的第一层120与第二装置的第一层邻接(例如,第一装置100的第一层120和第二装置的第一层可以是共用层的部分)。 In certain embodiments, the first layer adjacent to the first layer 120 and the second device 100 of the first device (e.g., a first layer of a first layer 120 of the first device and the second device 100 may be a common layer section). 举例来说,铬层可具有拥有小于1000埃厚度的一个或一个以上部分充当第一装置100的第一层120,且还充当第二装置的第一层。 For example, a first layer having a chromium layer may have a thickness less than 1000 Angstroms or more portions of the first layer 120 serves as a first device 100, and also acts as a second device.

[0121] 在某些实施例中,多个装置进一步包括第三装置,其大体透射入射在第三装置上的光。 [0121] In certain embodiments, the apparatus further comprises a plurality of third means, which is generally transmitted light is incident on the third device. 在某些此类实施例中,第一装置100展现第一颜色,第二装置展现不同于第一颜色的第二颜色,且第三装置展现不同于第一颜色和第二颜色两者的第三颜色。 In certain such embodiments, the first device 100 to show a first color, a second color different from the first device to show a second color, and third color different from the first device to show both the first and second color three colors. 可使用第一、第二与第三装置间的对比度产生可观看的图像。 You can use the first, second and third means the contrast between the image produced can be viewed.

[0122] 现将参看图24A的装置100的某些实施例说明改变反射器和吸收器厚度的影响,其中衬底110包括折射率近似1.52的具有近似IOmm厚度的玻璃,层120包括具有20到80埃厚度的铬,层130包括具有30到150埃的铝,且层120与层130由间隔电介质层150间隔开,所述间隔电介质层150包括90到450埃厚度的二氧化硅。 [0122] Now with reference to certain embodiments of the apparatus 100 of FIG. 24A illustrates the reflector and the changes affect the thickness of the absorber, wherein the substrate 110 comprises a glass having a refractive index of approximately 1.52 approximately IOmm thickness, layer 120 comprises a 20 to Chromium 80 angstroms thickness layer 130 includes aluminum having 30 to 150 angstroms, and the layers 120 and 130 by a dielectric spacer layer 150 are spaced apart, the spacer comprises a dielectric layer 150 of a thickness of 90 to 450 Angstroms of silicon dioxide layer. 为了简单起见,视图在轴上来自衬底110内(例如,忽略衬底与空气的界面)。 For simplicity, the view on the shaft from the substrate 110 (e.g., the substrate and the air interface are ignored). 图24B-24D分别说明图24A的装置100的实例实施例的反射率、CIE色度图和透射率,其中层120包括具有70埃厚度的铬,间隔件层150包括具有3400埃厚度的二氧化硅,且反射器层130包括铝且在30与150埃厚度之间变化。 FIG. 24B-24D illustrate examples of apparatus 100 of FIG. 24A reflectivity embodiment, CIE chromaticity diagram and transmittance, wherein the layer 120 comprises chromium, a spacer layer 70 having a thickness of 150 angstroms comprises dioxide having a thickness of 3400 Angstroms silicon, and the reflector layer 130 comprises aluminum and between 30 and 150 angstroms thickness variations. 如图24B-24D所说明,所述影响对于反射率和透射率相对较大且存在对色饱和度的相对较小影响。 As illustrated in FIG. 24B-24D, the effect on the reflectance and transmittance of the relatively large and there is a relatively small effect on the color saturation. 图24E-24F分别展示图24A的装置100的实施例的反射率/透射率和CIE色度图,其中反射器层130包括60埃厚的铝,间隔件层150包括3400埃厚的二氧化硅,且吸收器层120包括从20埃到70埃厚度变化的铬。 FIG. 24E-24F are graphs showing the reflectance of the embodiment of the apparatus 100 of FIG. 24A / transmittance and CIE chromaticity diagram, wherein the reflector layer 130 comprising 150 comprises 3400 Å thick silicon dioxide 60 Angstroms thick aluminum spacer layer and the absorber layer 120 comprises 70 angstroms thickness variation from 20 angstroms to chromium. 对颜色的影响与参看图24B-24D说明的实施例不同,且存在对色饱和度的相对较大影响。 On the color and described with reference to FIG. 24B-24D embodiment different and relatively large on the presence of color saturation.

[0123] IMOD装置的一个方面是有角度色移。 One aspect of the [0123] IMOD device is angularly color shift. 图25A展示装置100的另一实施例的CIE色度图(玻璃上),其中吸收器层120包括70埃厚的铬,间隔件层150包括3400埃厚的二氧化硅,且反射器层130包括60埃厚的铝。 Figure 25A shows the CIE chromaticity diagram (the glass) to another embodiment of the apparatus 100, wherein the absorber layer 120 comprises 150 comprises silicon dioxide 3400 Angstroms thick chromium, spacer layer 70 thick, and the reflector layer 130 including 60 angstrom thick aluminum. 实例实施例展现在方向313上轴上具有535nm的峰值反射率的第二级颜色。 Examples Example show in the direction of the shaft 313 has a peak reflectivity of the second stage of color 535nm. 视角(为了简单起见且不以限制的方式,从衬底110内)在实例实施例中从O变化到30度。 Angle (for simplicity and not by way of limitation, from within the substrate 110) in the example embodiment, the change from O to 30 degrees.

[0124] 图25B展示另一实例实施例的CIE色度图,其中吸收器层120和反射器层130包括具有与参看图25A描述的实施例相同厚度的相同材料,但其中间隔件层150为1580埃厚。 [0124] Figure 25B shows another example embodiment of the CIE chromaticity diagram, wherein the absorbing layer 120 and the reflective layer 130 includes a reference to Figure 25A having the same thickness of the same material as the embodiment described, but wherein the spacer layer 150 is 1580 angstrom thick. 参看图25B说明的实施例具有在535nm处达到峰值的绿反射,类似于参看图25A说明的实施例,但作为第一级颜色响应,其展现较小有角度色移。 Referring to Figure 25B illustrates an embodiment having a peak at 535nm at the green reflection, similar to the embodiment described with reference to FIG. 25A, but as a first stage color response, which exhibits a smaller angular color shift. 图25C-2®说明装置100的实例实施例,其中吸收器层120和反射器层130包括具有与参看图25A-B描述的实施例相同厚度的相同材料,但其中间隔件层150分别包括氧化锌(其具有比二氧化硅高的折射率)和空气(较低折射率)。 Figure 25C-2® device 100 illustrating an example embodiment wherein the absorbing layer 120 and the reflective layer 130 comprises a material having the same thickness of the same embodiment with reference to FIG. 25A-B embodiments described, but wherein the spacer oxide layer 150 respectively include zinc (which has a refractive index higher than that of silica) and air (lower refractive index). 图25C-25D的实施例的间隔件厚度在每一情况下经调节以在轴上提供相同峰值反射波长(535nm)。 Spacer thickness embodiment of FIG. 25C-25D in each case adjusted to provide the same shaft peak reflection wavelength (535nm). 每一图展示将视角从0变化到30度的影响(为了简单起见且不以限制的方式,从衬底110内观看)。 Each figure shows the viewing angle from 0 to 30 degrees of influence (for simplicity and not by way of limitation, viewed from the inside of the substrate 110). 如所说明,具有较低折射率间隔件的实施例展现较大色移。 As illustrated, an embodiment having a lower refractive index spacers exhibit greater color shift. 举例来说,图25C的较高折射率间隔件层150(例如,氧化锌)具有0度视角处535nm的相同峰值反射率,但展现比图25B的实施例的较低折射率间隔件层150 (例如,二氧化硅)小的色移。 For example, FIG. 25C higher refractive index of the spacer layer 150 (e.g., zinc oxide) having a 0-degree view of the same peak reflectivity 535nm, but showing the embodiment of FIG. 25B is lower than the refractive index of the spacer layer 150 (e.g., silica) small color shift. 这提供半透明MOD的另一设计参数。 This provides another translucent MOD's design parameters. 在某些实施例中,MOD还可与纹理组合以加强色移效果,或可与可用于降低对色移效果的强调的扩散材料组合,这取决于所需的美观性。 In certain embodiments, MOD and texture may be combined to strengthen the effect of color shifting, or can be used to reduce the effect of color shift of emphasis diffusion material composition, depending upon the desired aesthetics.

[0125] 图26说明装置100的另一实施例,其中吸收器层120和反射器层130包括具有与参看图24A-24D描述的实施例相同厚度的相同材料(在轴上观看),但其中间隔件层150穿过第一和第二级颜色从1000埃变化到4250埃。 [0125] Figure 26 illustrates another apparatus embodiment 100, wherein the absorber layer 120 and the reflective layer 130 comprises a material having the same thickness of the same embodiment with reference to FIG. 24A-24D of the embodiment described (viewing axis), but The spacer layer 150 through the first and second stage color change from 1000 to 4250 angstroms thick. 图26展示随着间隔件厚度改变,颜色将在相对广范围内变化,且识别第一级(较不饱和)或第二级(较饱和)的颜色。 Figure 26 shows the thickness of the spacer with the change, the color will change within a relatively wide range, and the identification of the first stage (less saturated) or second level (less saturated) colors. 所描绘的范围的极端处的颜色(例如,品红,其中间隔件层150近似4000埃或更大)除第二级颜色外还可包含第三级颜色。 Depicted at the extreme range of colors (e.g., magenta, wherein the spacer layer 150 is approximately 4000 angstroms or greater) in addition to the second stage further comprises a third color outside the color level.

[0126] 尽管上文论述了某些实施例和实例,但应了解,发明标的物延伸超越特定揭示的实施例到其它替代实施例和/或实施例的用途及其明显修改和等效物。 [0126] While the foregoing discussion of certain embodiments and examples, it should be understood that the subject matter invention extends beyond the specifically disclosed embodiments to other alternative embodiments and / or uses and obvious modifications and equivalents embodiments. 因此,举例来说,在本文揭示的任何方法或工艺中,组成所述方法/工艺的动作或操作可以任何适宜顺序执行且不必限于任何特定揭示的顺序。 Action or operation Thus, for example, in any method or process disclosed herein, the composition of the method / process can be performed in any suitable order and the order does not have to be limited to any particular disclosed. 已适当地描述实施例的各个方面和优点。 It has been properly described various aspects and advantages of the embodiment. 应了解,不必所有此类方面或优点均可根据任何特定实施例实现。 It should be appreciated, not necessarily all such aspects or advantages may be realized in accordance with any particular embodiment. 因此,举例来说,应了解,可以实现或优化如本文教示的一个优点或一组优点的方式实行各种实施例,而不必实现如本文可教示或建议的其它方面或优点。 Thus, for example, it is understood, you can achieve or optimize the implementation of various embodiments taught herein as an advantage or group of advantages of the way, without having to implement other aspects or advantages as may be taught or suggested herein is.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
EP1640780A214 Sep 200529 Mar 2006Idc, LlcMethod and post structures for interferometric modulation
US2002/0024711 Title not available
Classifications
International ClassificationG02B26/00, G02B5/28
Cooperative ClassificationG02B5/286, G02B26/001
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