|Publication number||CN101301941 B|
|Application number||CN 200810100517|
|Publication date||15 Jun 2011|
|Filing date||23 Jul 1996|
|Priority date||28 Jul 1995|
|Also published as||CA2227888A1, CA2227888C, CN1101781C, CN1207084A, CN1223496C, CN1431133A, CN1669884A, CN100398408C, CN101301941A, CN102225710A, DE69631898D1, DE69631898T2, DE69637758D1, EP0869912A1, EP0869912A4, EP0869912B1, EP1426303A2, EP1426303A3, EP1426303B1, US5839614, US6279783, US6427874, US7077296, US20010025862, US20020158083, US20070289651, WO1997005055A1|
|Publication number||200810100517.2, CN 101301941 B, CN 101301941B, CN 200810100517, CN-B-101301941, CN101301941 B, CN101301941B, CN200810100517, CN200810100517.2|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Classifications (10), Legal Events (4)|
|External Links: SIPO, Espacenet|
用于分配的包装 For dispensing packaging
 本申请是中国专利申请200510056222. 6 (申请日：1996年7月23日；分案提交日： 2005年3月31日；发明名称：用于分配的包装）的分案申请。  This application is a Chinese patent application 200,510,056,222.6 (filing date: July 23, 1996; divisional filing date: March 31, 2005; Title: packaging for distribution) of the divisional application.
 本发明涉及产品的包装，特别是涉及一种用于液态产品的自密封阀及其类似物。  The present invention relates to product packaging, particularly to a liquid product for self-sealing valve and the like. 背景技术 BACKGROUND
 现在有很多不同类型的用于包装非固态产品的包装或容器，这类产品能够流动， 诸如液体或流态化的材料，包括液体、糊状物、粉末及其类似物，这些物质在此处被笼统地总称为液体。  There are many different types of products for packaging non-solid package or container, such products can flow, such as a liquid or fluidized materials, including liquids, pastes, powders and the like, these substances herein is generally referred to as the liquid. 有些这种包装包括一分配器，它可使选定量的液体从包装中排出，然后再密封，以关闭包装。 Some such packages include a dispenser which allows a selected amount of liquid is discharged from the package, and then sealed to close the package.
 自密封的分配阀已经用在用于某些类型的产品的包装中，诸如在授予Drobish等人美国专利No. 4，728，006中所公开的容器，它是为香波、润发剂及其类似物设计的。  The self-sealing dispensing valves have been used in certain types of product packaging, Drobish et al., U.S. Patent No. 4,728,006 disclosed a container such as a grant, it is a shampoo, conditioner agents and the like designed. 但是， 已经知道这种阀存在某些密封问题和分配不稳定的特性，特别是在包装受到较大的温度变化时。 However, the presence of such a valve is known sealing problems and unstable distribution of certain characteristics, particularly by large temperature changes in the packaging.
 用多数普通的塑料构造的阀至少在某些类型的包装中不能使用，这是因为，它们会与产品起反应或降低产品的品质。  The most common plastic valve configuration can not be used in at least some types of packaging, because, they will react with the product or reduce the quality of the product. 例如，在食品包装中，必须小心地避免使用可能含有任何类型的毒素的阀材料。 For example, in food packaging, care must be taken to avoid the use may contain any type of toxin valve material. 此外，产品中的活性成份可使阀变脆或变软，从而损及阀的设计流量和/或阀的自密封特性。 In addition, the active ingredient in the product valve can become brittle or soft, to the detriment self-sealing characteristics of the design flow and valve and / or valve.
 近年来已经将液态硅橡粘合剂阀用于某些类型的包装中，并已经被证明是特别有利的，这是因为该材料固有相当大的惰性，因而不会降低产品品质或与产品起反应。  In recent years, the liquid silicone rubber adhesive has been used in some types of the valve package, and has proven to be particularly advantageous, because the inherent considerable inert material, and thus will not reduce the product quality or react with the product. 这类包装的例子已在授予Brown的美国专利No. 5，033，655中提出。 Examples of this type of package has been proposed in U.S. Patent No. 5,033,655 granted to Brown in. 虽然液态硅橡粘合剂具有许多可在包装中使用的属性，但它也有其它一些使这种应用产生问题的特性。 Although liquid silicone rubber adhesives have properties that can be used in the package, but it also has some other problems make this application characteristics. 例如，液态硅橡粘合剂零件的表面非常粘，有非常大的摩擦系数。 For example, the surface parts of the liquid silicone rubber adhesive is very sticky, there is a very large coefficient of friction. 因此，在企图用传统的带螺纹的阀环结构将分配阀装在容器上时，在阀环被可靠地上紧，足以形成防漏的密封以前，阀法兰的表面将牢牢地粘附在容器和阀环的相邻表面上。 Therefore, in an attempt to use conventional threaded valve ring structure assigning valve mounted on the container, the valve ring is tight and reliable ground, sufficient to form a leak-proof seal before the surface of the valve flange will firmly adhered adjacent surfaces of the container and the valve ring. 上紧阀环经常会使阀的法兰以及整个阀变形，失去其原设计形状，从而妨碍形成可靠的密封，和/或改变阀的预期的分配和密封特性。 Tighten the valve ring often causes the valve flange and the entire valve deformation, lose their original designed shape, thereby preventing the formation of a reliable seal, and / or changing the intended dispensing valve and sealing characteristics.
 与在用于产品包装的分配阀中使用液态硅橡粘合剂有关的另一缺点为，现在还没有一种能以一种如下所述的方式将阀连接到容器上的粘合剂，即使之可以承受阀和容器反复承受的工作压力。  Another drawback associated with the use of liquid silicone rubber adhesive dispensing valve used for product packaging, there is not a can as described below in a way that the valve is connected to the container of adhesive agents, even if the valve and the container can withstand repeated job stress. 液态硅橡粘合剂阀表面的独特的无孔特性使一般的粘合剂的使用成为不可能。 Unique characteristics of non-porous adhesive liquid silicone rubber valve surface so that the average use of adhesives impossible. 因此，要着重考虑将液态硅橡粘合剂阀以这样一种方式装在容器上，使之不会泄漏。 Thus, an important consideration in the liquid silicone rubber adhesive valve in such a manner on the container, so that it does not leak. 同时能承受分配包装的反复加压和减压。 At the same time can withstand repeated pressurization and depressurization of the dispensing package.
 原有的分配包装所遇到的另一问题涉及在包装容器、阀与液态产品之间得到一恰当的设计平衡，以使产品可以不断地分配而不需要过大的力，同时能恰好只排出使用者所要求的产品量，特别是与所涉及的产品类型保持一致。  Another problem encountered in existing dispensing package relates to give a proper design balance between the package container, valve and liquid products, so that the product can continue to allocate without requiring excessive force, and can exactly only product discharge amount requested by the user, especially consistent with the type of product involved. 例如在分配高浓度的液态产品诸如液体洗手皂及其类似物时，使用者在每次使用时通常只需要少量的或数滴皂液，以得到满意的结果。 For example, in a high concentration distribution of the liquid product when liquid hand soap, and the like, each time using a user typically requires only a few drops of such a small amount of liquid soap or, in order to obtain satisfactory results. 与之相反，当使用其它类型的液态产品诸如毛皮湿润剂、鞣皮剂及其类似物时， 使用者每次通常都需要大量的产品。 In contrast, when using other types of liquid products such as fur wetting agents, tanning agents and the like, each time a user often requires a lot of products. 同阀在已释放掉压力时迅速且可靠地关闭的能力一样，阀响应作用在容器上的中等压力而迅速并且容易地打开的能力也是重要的。 Ability with the valve when the pressure has been relieved quickly and reliably as a closed valve in response to action on the vessel and the ability to rapidly moderate pressure easily opened is also important. 重要的还有必须保持作用在容器上以便在阀被打开时维持流体通过阀的压力的值。 There must be an important role to maintain the pressure fluid through the valve when the value of the valve on the container is opened. 在设计分配的包装时，非常希望有在所有这些因素之间迅速而准确地得到恰当的平衡的能力。 In the allocation of packaging design, highly desirable to have the ability to quickly and accurately obtain the right balance between all of these factors.
 发明概述  Summary of the Invention
 根据本发明的一个方面，提供了一种用于液态产品包装的分配阀，它属于这样一种类型，即具有一容器，此容器中有一排放口，该分配阀包括：一围绕容器的排放口密封的边缘部分、一头部和一通常是J形的连接套筒；所述头部包括一具有一小孔的中心区，该小孔响应在容器中的预定排放压力而打开，以允许液流经过，并在去掉预定的排放压力时关闭，以切断经过的液流；所述连接套筒具有可弹性变形的结构，它具有一与上述边缘部分连接的第一腿部和与上述头部连接的第二腿部；上述第一和第二腿部以一为锐角的夹角互相取向并在一弧形部分处彼此连接，该弧形部分在从容器中分配产品时有利于上述头部的运动。  In accordance with one aspect of the invention, there is provided a dispensing valve for a liquid product packaging, which belongs to a type, i.e., having a container which has a discharge port, the dispensing valve comprising: a surrounding container The discharge port sealing edge portion, a head portion and a generally J-shaped connector sleeve; said head portion comprises a central region having an aperture, the aperture in response to a predetermined discharge pressure in the vessel is opened, to allow flow through, and, when the predetermined discharge pressure is removed off to cut off the flow through; said connecting sleeve having an elastically deformable structure having a first leg portion connected to said edge portion and the The second leg portion connected to said head portion; said first and second legs and connected to each other with a mutually oriented at an acute angle is the angle in an arcuate portion, the arcuate portion when dispensing product from the container is conducive the head of the movement.
 根据本发明的另一方面，提供了一种用于液态产品的分配包装，包括：一容器，将其形状作成能在其中保存一种所选择的液态产品，并有一排放口，和一分配阀，用于控制液态产品从上述容器的流动，它具有一边缘部分、一头部和一可弹性变形的连接套筒；所述边缘部分围绕上述容器的排放口密封，所述头部包括一具有一小孔的中心区，该小孔响应在容器中的预定排放压力而打开，以允许液流经过，并在去掉预定的排放压力时关闭，以切断经过的液流；所述连接套筒具有一与上述边缘部分连接的第一端部和与上述头部连接的第二端部；上述第二端部具有倒J形，它成弧形地延伸至上述头部，以在从容器中分配产品时有利于上述头部的运动。  According to another aspect of the invention, there is provided a dispensing package for a liquid product, comprising: a container, which can hold a shape made a selected liquid product therein, and a discharge port, and a dispensing valve for controlling flow of liquid product from the container, having an edge portion, a head portion and an elastically deformable sleeve can be connected; said edge portion surrounding the discharge opening of the container seal, the head comprises a central zone having an aperture, the aperture in response to a predetermined discharge pressure in the vessel is opened to allow flow through, and, when the predetermined discharge pressure is removed off to cut off the flow of liquid through; the connection a sleeve having a first end and a second end portion connected to said edge portion connected to said head portion; said second end portion has an inverted J-shape, which extends into the arc to the head, in order from conducive to movement of the head when dispensing product container.
 根据本发明的另一方面，提供了一种用于液态产品的分配包装，包括：一容器，将其形状作成能在其中保存一种所选择的液态产品，并有一排放口，和一分配阀，用于控制液态产品从上述容器的流动，它具有一边缘部分和一头部；所述边缘部分围绕上述容器的排放口密封，所述头部包括一具有一小孔的中心区，该小孔响应在容器中的预定排放压力而打开，以允许液流经过，并在去掉预定的排放压力时关闭，以切断经过的液流；上述头部有一与周围环境连系的外表面和一与容器中的液态产品邻接的内表面。  According to another aspect of the invention, there is provided a dispensing package for a liquid product, comprising: a container, which can hold a shape made a selected liquid product therein, and a discharge port, and a dispensing valve for controlling flow of liquid product from the container, having an edge portion and a head portion; the edge portion surrounding the discharge opening of the container seal, the head portion comprising a central region having an aperture The orifice is opened in response to allow flow through, and closes when the predetermined discharge pressure is removed, to cut off the flow in the vessel after a predetermined discharge pressure; said head portion has an outer surface with the surrounding environment are associated with the and a container of liquid product adjacent to the inner surface. 头部的外表面从上述容器外面看去时通常具有下凹的形状，所述内表面有一中心区和一通常倾斜的朝中心区向内倾斜的外部，以使外表面和内表面朝头部的中心区域会聚，从而提供具有邻接小孔的厚度减薄的带坡度结构。 The outer surface of the head when viewed from the outside of said container having a generally concave shape, said inner surface having a central area and a generally inclined inwardly inclined toward the central area of the external, so that the outer and inner surfaces toward the head The central region of convergence, thereby providing with a slope structure having reduced thickness adjacent the aperture.
 根据本发明的另一方面，提供了一种用于液态产品包装的分配阀，它是这样一种类型，即具有一容器，该容器中有一排放口，该分配阀包括：一围绕上述容器的排放口密封的边缘部分和一头部，该头部包括一具有一小孔的中心区，该小孔响应在上述容器中的预定排放压力而打开，以允许液流经过，并且在去掉预定的排放压力时关闭，以切断经过的液流；上述头部有一外表面和一内表面，所述外表面与周围环境接触并且当从容器外面看去时具有通常下凹的形状，所述内表面与上述容器中的液态产品接触并具有一中心区和一通常倾斜的、朝上述中心区向内倾斜的外部，这样上述外表面和内表面朝上述头部的中心区会聚，以提供一具有邻接上述小孔的减薄的厚度的带坡度结构。  According to another aspect of the invention, there is provided a dispensing valve for a liquid product packaging, it is of a type, i.e., having a container, the container having a discharge opening, the dispensing valve comprising: a surrounding the discharge port of said container, and a sealing edge portion of the head, the head comprising a central region having an aperture, the aperture in response to a predetermined discharge pressure in said vessel is opened to allow flow through, and When the predetermined discharge pressure is removed off to cut off the flow of liquid through; said head portion has an outer surface and an inner surface, said outer surface in contact with the surrounding environment and having a generally concave shape when viewed from the outside of the container, the the inner surface of said liquid product into contact with said container and having a central area and a generally inclined towards said central portion inwardly inclined external, so that the outer surface and the inner surface of the head portion toward said central region of convergence, in order to provide a structure having a sloped thinned thickness adjacent to said aperture.  根据本发明的另一方面，提供了一种用于液态产品包装的分配阀，它属于这样一种类型，即具有一容器，此容器中有一排放口，该分配阀包括：一边缘部分、一头部和一可弹性变形的连接套筒；所述边缘部分围绕上述容器的排放口密封；上述头部包括一具有一小孔的中心区，该小孔响应在上述容器中的预定排放压力而打开，以允许液体流经，并在去掉预定的排放压力时关闭，以切断经过的液流；所述连接套筒有一与上述边缘部分连接的第一端部和一与上述头部连接的第二端部；连接套筒的上述第二端部具有倒J形，它成弧形地延伸至上述头部中，以在从上述容器分配产品时利于上述头部的运动。  According to another aspect of the invention, there is provided a dispensing valve for a liquid product packaging, which belongs to a type, i.e., having a container which has a discharge port, the dispensing valve comprising: an edge portion, a head portion and an elastically deformable coupling sleeve; the edge portion surrounding the discharge opening of the container seal; said head portion comprising a central region having an aperture, the aperture in said vessel in response to the predetermined discharge pressure and opens to allow liquid to flow through, and, when the predetermined discharge pressure is removed off to cut off the flow of liquid through; said connecting sleeve having a first end portion connected to said edge portion and a head portion with said connecting the second end portion; and said second end portion of the coupling sleeve has an inverted J-shape, an arc which extends to the head in order in the distribution of products from said vessel conducive to the head movement.
 根据本发明的另一方面，提供了一种用于液态产品包装的分配阀，它是这样一种类型，即具有一容器，该容器中有一排放口，该分配阀包括：一阀边缘部分，一阀头部和一连接套筒部分；所述阀边缘部分的形状可围绕上述容器的排放口而密封；所述阀头部包括一小孔，该小孔打开和关闭以便控制流体流动，其形状是这样，即，基本上在中心处沿轴向相对于所述阀边缘部分而移动，所述连接套筒部分有一与上述阀边缘部分连接的边缘端部区域、一与上述阀头部连接的相对的端部区域和一可弹性变形的结构，该结构沿轴向伸展，以向所述阀头部施加沿径向向内的作用力，这有助于在分配之前在所述阀头沿轴向移动时可靠地使所述小孔完全关闭。  According to another aspect of the invention, there is provided a dispensing valve for a liquid product packaging, it is of a type, i.e., having a container, the container having a discharge opening, the dispensing valve comprising: a valve edge portion, a valve head and a connecting sleeve portion; shape of the valve edge portion is rotatable about the discharge opening of said container and sealing; said valve head includes an orifice, the orifice for opening and closing the control fluid flow, its shape is such that, substantially at the center with respect to the axial direction to move the valve edge portions, said connecting portion has a sleeve edge end region of the one edge portion and connected to said valve, a valve with the above-described opposite end region an elastically deformable structure and connected to the head, the structure extending axially to radially inward force is applied to said valve head portion, which helps in the prior distribution said valve head reliably when the aperture is fully closed axial movement along.
 根据本发明的另一方面，提供了一种用于液态产品包装的分配阀，它属于这样一种类型，即具有一容器，此容器中有一排放口，该分配阀包括：一围绕上述容器的排放口密封的阀边缘部分、一阀头部和一连接套筒部分，该阀头部包括一小孔，该小孔打开和关闭以控制流体流动，且其形状是这样，即基本上在中心处沿轴向相对于所述阀边缘部分而移动， 所述连接套筒部分有一与上述阀边缘部分连接的边缘端部区域、一个与上述阀头部相连的相对的端部区域和一可弹性变形的结构，该结构沿轴向伸展，以向所述阀头部施加沿径向向内的作用力，这有助于在分配过程中保持所述小孔完全打开。  According to another aspect of the invention, there is provided a dispensing valve for a liquid product packaging, which belongs to a type, i.e., having a container which has a discharge port, the dispensing valve comprising: a surrounding the discharge port of said container sealing edge portion of the valve, a valve head and a connecting sleeve portion, the valve head portion includes an aperture, the aperture opened and closed to control fluid flow, and its shape is such that substantially on axially with respect to the center of the edge portion of the valve is moved, the connecting sleeve portion has an edge region of one end portion with said valve connected to the edge portion, opposite end regions, and a head portion connected to said valve an elastically deformable structure that extends axially to apply a radially inward biasing force to the valve head portion, which helps keep the aperture fully open during dispensing.
 根据本发明的另一方面，提供了一种用于液态产品包装的分配阀，它是这样一种类型，即具有一容器，该容器中有一排放口，该分配阀包括：一边缘部分、一头部和一连接套筒部分；所述边缘部分围绕上述容器的排放口密封；上述头部中具有一小孔，该小孔在打开位置和关闭位置之间切换，在打开位置，该小孔响应在上述容器中的预定排放压力而打开，以允许液体流经，在关闭位置，该小孔在去掉预定的排放压力时关闭，以切断经过的液流；上述头部有一外表面，所述外表面与周围环境邻接，且在从上述容器外面看去时，当所述小孔处于关闭位置时，所述外表面基本为凹形，所述小孔处于所述打开位置时，所述外表面具有通常凸出的形状，所述连接套筒部分有一可弹性变形的结构，其有一个与上述边缘部分连接的第一端部区域和一与上述头部连接的相对的第二端部区域；以及位于所述第一和第二端部区域之间的中间区域，所述第一端部区域沿径向位于所述第二端部区域之外， 所述中间区域在所述头部和所述边缘部分之间沿径向向外扩展，以便于所述小孔在所述打开位置和所述关闭位置之间切换。  According to another aspect of the invention, there is provided a dispensing valve for a liquid product packaging, it is of a type, i.e., having a container, the container having a discharge opening, the dispensing valve comprising: an edge portion, a head portion and a connecting sleeve portion; the edge portion surrounding the discharge opening of the container seal; said head portion having an aperture, the aperture between an open position and a closed position switch, in an open position, The discharge orifice in response to a predetermined pressure in said vessel is opened, to allow liquid to flow through, in the closed position, the orifice when the predetermined discharge pressure is removed off to cut off the flow of liquid through; said head portion has an outer surface said outer surface of the abutment with the surrounding environment, and, when viewed from the outside of said container when said orifice is in a closed position, said outer surface is substantially concave, when the aperture is in the open position, The outer surface has a generally convex shape, the connecting sleeve portion has an elastically deformable structure having a first end region connected to said edge portion and an opposite second one is connected with said head portion end region; and at said first and second intermediate region between the end regions, the first end region is located radially outside of said second end region, the intermediate region in the between the head and the edge portions extend radially outward so as to open the aperture in the closed position and the switch between position.
 根据本发明的另一方面，提供了一种用于液态产品包装的分配阀，它是这样一种类型，即具有一容器，该容器中有一排放口，该分配阀包括：一阀边缘部分，一阀头部和一连接套筒；所述阀边缘部分围绕上述容器的排放口密封；所述阀头部包括一边缘、内外侧及一个在其间延伸的小孔，该小孔至少最初关闭而防止流体流过，并响应跨过上述阀头部的预定排放压力差而打开，以允许液流经过；所述连接套筒有一可弹性变形的结构，它具有一与上述阀边缘部分连接的端部和一与上述阀头部的上述边缘连接的相对的端部；在跨过所述阀头部的压力差大于预定排放压力差时，所述阀头部以下列方式向外移动，即，使所述连接套筒折起并滚压延伸，从而向所述阀头部施加一力矩，以有助于打开所述小孔，其中，所述阀头部的所述外侧包括一弯曲部分，该弯曲部分在所述小孔关闭时基本呈凹下的状态， 而在所述小孔打开时基本呈凸出的状态，这样，由所述连接套筒施加到所述阀头部上的向内的压力和力矩共同弹性地保持所述小孔打开，保持流体流经所述小孔所需的跨过所述阀头部的最小压力差明显小于所述预定排放压力差，从而更容易进行分配和流动控制。  According to another aspect of the invention, there is provided a dispensing valve for a liquid product packaging, it is of a type, i.e., having a container, the container having a discharge opening, the dispensing valve comprising: a valve edge portion, a valve head and a connecting sleeve; edge portion surrounding said valve discharge port of said container seal; said valve head portion includes an edge, and an orifice at the outer side extending therebetween, the orifice at least initially closed against fluid flow therethrough, and in response to a predetermined discharge pressure across said valve head difference open to allow flow through; said connecting sleeve having an elastically deformable structure having an edge portion with said valve end portion and an opposite end portion connected to an edge of said valve head portion and said connection; in pressure across the valve head difference is greater than a predetermined discharge pressure differential, the valve head moves outwardly in the following manner , i.e., so that the connecting sleeve extends folded and rolled, so as to apply a torque to said valve head portion, to facilitate opening of said aperture, wherein said valve comprises an outer side of the head portion bent portion, the bent portion when said apertures substantially concave closed state, and when the projecting apertures substantially open state, so that, by the connecting sleeve is applied to said valve head portion inward pressure on the joint torque and resiliently holding said orifice open, the minimum pressure required to maintain fluid flow through the orifice of a difference across the valve head portion is significantly less than the predetermined discharge pressure differential, whereby easier distribution and flow control.
 根据本发明的另一方面，提供了一种用于液态产品包装的分配阀，它是这样一种类型，即具有一容器，该容器有一排放口，该分配阀包括：一阀边缘部分，一阀头部和一连接套筒部分；所述阀边缘部分围绕上述容器的排放口密封；所述阀头部包括一小孔，该小孔响应跨过上述阀头部的预定排放压力差而打开，以允许液流经过；所述阀头部的形状用于基本上在中心处相对于所述阀边缘部分而移动；所述连接套筒部分有一可弹性变形的结构，它具有一与上述阀边缘部分连接的端部区域和一与上述阀头部连接的相对的端部区域；在跨过所述阀头部的压力差大于预定排放压力差时，所述连接套筒部分向所述阀头部施加一向外的力矩，以有助于打开所述小孔。  According to another aspect of the invention, there is provided a dispensing valve for a liquid product packaging, it is of a type that has a container having a discharge opening, the dispensing valve comprising: a valve edge portion, a valve head and a connecting sleeve portion; edge portion surrounding said valve discharge port of said container seal; said valve head includes an aperture, the aperture across the valve head in response to a predetermined discharge pressure difference open to allow flow through; shape for the valve head portion substantially at the center with respect to the valve edge portion; said connecting sleeve portion has an elastically deformable structure having a with the valve end region edge portion and connected to an opposite end region connected to said valve head portion; across said valve head portion when the pressure differential is greater than a predetermined discharge pressure differential, the connecting sleeve portion to said valve head portion outwardly of applying a torque, in order to facilitate opening of said aperture.
 根据本发明的另一方面，提供了一种用于液态产品包装的分配阀，它是这样一种类型，即具有一容器，该容器中有一排放口，该分配阀包括：一阀边缘部分、一阀头部；所述阀边缘部分围绕上述容器的排放口密封；上述阀头部包括一个具有一小孔的中心区，该小孔至少最初关闭而防止流体流过，并响应跨过上述阀头部的预定排放压力差而打开，以允许流体流过；其中，上述阀头部有一外表面和一内表面，所述外表面与周围环境邻接，且至少在其外部由一第一半径限定了一向内弯曲的弧形侧立面形状，所述内表面与容器中的流体产品邻接，并且至少在其外部具有一由一第二半径所限定的向内弯曲的弧形侧立面形状，第二半径大于第一半径，从而使所述外表面和所述内表面向所述阀头部的所述中心区会聚，以提供一具有邻接上述小孔的厚度减小的带坡度结构。  According to another aspect of the invention, there is provided a dispensing valve for a liquid product packaging, it is of a type, i.e., having a container, the container having a discharge opening, the dispensing valve comprising: a valve edge portion, a valve head; a valve edge portion surrounding the discharge opening of the container seal; said valve head portion includes a central region having an aperture, the aperture at least initially closed against fluid flow therethrough, and in response to cross- through said valve head portion of a predetermined discharge pressure differential to open, to allow fluid to flow through; wherein said valve head portion has an outer surface and an inner surface, an outer surface of the abutment with the surrounding environment, and at least on its exterior by a first a radius defining an inwardly curved arcuate side elevational shape, the inner surface of the container adjacent to the fluid product and at least one having at its outer side elevation of a second radius defined by the inwardly curved arcuate surface shape, a second radius greater than the first radius, whereby said outer surface and the inner surface converging towards the central area of the valve head portion to provide a thickness adjacent to said orifice having a reduced sloped structure.
 根据本发明的另一方面，提供了一种用于液态产品包装的分配阀，它是这样一种类型，即具有一容器，该容器中有一排放口，该分配阀包括：一阀边缘部分，一阀头部和一可弹性变形的连接套筒；所述阀边缘部分围绕上述容器的排放口而密封；所述阀头部包括一个有一小孔的中心区，该小孔至少最初关闭而防止流体流过，并响应跨过上述阀头部的预定排放压力差而打开，以允许流体流过；所述连接套筒有一与上述边缘部分连接的第一端部和一与上述阀头部连接的第二端部，所述连接套筒的所述第二端部具有倒J形，其成弧形地延伸至上述头部中，以在从上述容器中分配产品时利于上述头部的运动。  According to another aspect of the invention, there is provided a dispensing valve for a liquid product packaging, it is of a type, i.e., having a container, the container having a discharge opening, the dispensing valve comprising: a valve edge portion, a valve head and an elastically deformable coupling sleeve; edge portion surrounding said valve discharge port to seal said container; said valve head portion comprises a central region of an aperture, the aperture at least initially closed against fluid flow therethrough, and in response to a predetermined discharge pressure across said valve head difference is opened to allow fluid to flow through; said connecting sleeve having a first end portion connected to said edge portion of said valve and a a second end portion connected to the head portion, said second end of said connecting sleeve has an inverted J-shaped portion, which extends into the arc to the head in order in the distribution of products from said vessel conducive to the above-described head motion portion.
 根据本发明的另一方面，提供了一种用于液态产品包装的分配阀，它是这样一种类型，即具有一容器，该容器中有一排放口，该分配阀包括：一阀边缘部分，一阀头部和一连接套筒部分；所述阀边缘部分围绕上述容器的排放口密封；所述阀头部包括一外表面和一内表面，所述外表面与周围环境邻接，所述内表面与容器中的流体产品邻接，所述阀头部包括一个在所述内表面和所述外表面之间延伸的小孔，该小孔响应跨过上述阀头部的预定排放压力差而从至少最初关闭的位置移至打开位置，以允许液流经过；在所述小孔处于其关闭位置时，当从容器外面看去时，所述阀头部的所述外表面基本为凹形，所述连接套筒部分有一与上述阀边缘部分连接的第一端部区域、一与上述阀头部连接的相对的第二端部区域，以及位于所述第一和第二端部区域之间的弹性的中间区域；在跨过所述阀头部的压力差小于预定排放压力差时，所述阀头部沿轴向向外移动，并在分配之前保持所述小孔基本为所述凹形并完全关闭。  According to another aspect of the invention, there is provided a dispensing valve for a liquid product packaging, it is of a type, i.e., having a container, the container having a discharge opening, the dispensing valve comprising: a valve edge portion, a valve head and a connecting sleeve portion; edge portion surrounding said valve discharge port of said container seal; said valve head portion includes an outer surface and an inner surface, an outer surface of the abutment with the surrounding environment, The inner surface of the container adjacent to the fluid product, said valve head includes an orifice extending between said inner surface and said outer surface, across the orifice of the valve head in response to a predetermined discharge pressure difference from at least the initial closed position to the open position to allow flow through; in said aperture in said closed position, when viewed from the outside of the container, the valve head portion of the outer surface of which substantially female, the connecting sleeve portion has a first end region and said edge portion connected to a valve, one of said opposite second end region connected to the valve head, and at said first and second end portions an intermediate region between the elastic region; when the pressure across the valve head portion is less than the predetermined discharge pressure differential, the valve head portion is moved axially outwardly, and said aperture prior to dispensing maintained substantially The concave and fully closed.
 本发明的主要目的是提供一种分配包装和一与之相配的自密封阀，该阀能容易而恰当地分配各种不同类型的液态产品。  The main object of the present invention is to provide a dispensing package and an associated self-sealing valve is matched, the valve can be easily and appropriately allocate different types of liquid products. 自密封阀既与容器相匹配也和被分配的液态产品的类型匹配，以便迅速而可靠地密封，但是在使用者向容器施加中度的压力时又能容易地全部打开。 Self-sealing valve to match both the container and the type of match is also allocated liquid products, in order to quickly and reliably sealed, but when the user applies pressure to moderate and can easily open all containers. 该阀包括一可弹性变形的连接套筒，将其形状做成能在阀头上施加一有助于打开小孔的转矩。 The valve comprises an elastically deformable connecting sleeve, which is shaped to be able to apply a torque help open orifice in the valve head. 连接套筒有足够的挠性，由此可通过使阀头在连接套筒上移动而抵消在容器内部增加的压力，例如由热膨胀引起的压力，以便减轻作用在小孔上的过量压力。 The coupling sleeve has sufficient flexibility, whereby the valve head is moved by the connecting sleeve and offset the increased pressure in the interior of the container, such as a pressure caused by thermal expansion to mitigate the effect of excess pressure on the orifice. 连接套筒的形状还被做成能提供足够的挠性，以使在将阀法兰装到相关联的容器上时，不会将阀法兰的任何不对准和/或变形传到阀头上，从而允许小孔能不受妨碍地打开和关闭。 Shape of the connecting sleeve is further configured to provide sufficient flexibility, so that when the valve flange is attached to the associated container without any misalignment of the valve flange and / or deformed valve head spread on allowing unhindered holes can be opened and closed. 连接套筒的形状还可以做成能提供足够的挠性，以使作用在容器上的冲击力等通过使阀头在连接套筒上的移动而被吸收，由此避免阀孔的意外打开。 Shape of the connecting sleeve may also be configured to provide sufficient flexibility, so that the impact acting on the container by force of the valve head is moved in the connecting sleeve is absorbed, thereby avoiding accidental opening of the valve hole. 可以将阀的形状做成即使在受到范围较宽的容器压力时也能提供从其通过的通常恒定的流量。 Shape of the valve may be formed even when subjected to a wide range of container pressures can also provide therethrough generally constant flow rate. 对于那些每次使用时通常分配大量材料的产品，阀的形状要做成，一旦小孔经换位而打开，就减小为维持液体流经小孔所需的压力值，以使操作时更加容易，但是又不牺牲阀的可靠密封。 For those products are usually assigned each time you use a lot of materials, shapes valves must be made, once the hole opened by transposition, it is reduced to maintain the liquid flowing through the orifice pressure required to make the operation more easy, but without sacrificing reliable valve seal. 阀是非常多用途的，可以用于顶部、底部或侧面分配的包装，以适应各种非常不同的用途。 The valve is extremely versatile and can be used at the top, bottom or side distribution package to accommodate a variety of very different purposes. 阀是非常耐用的，但是又具有降低的制造成本和简洁的结构。 Valve is very durable, but also has a reduced manufacturing cost and simple structure. 整个包装在使用时非常有效，制造成本低，能够有长的使用寿命，能特别好地适于各种提出的用途。 When using the entire package is very effective, low manufacturing cost, to have a long life, is particularly well adapted for use of various proposed.
 通过参考下面所写的说明书、权利要求和附图，本领域中的技术人员可以进一步地理解和认识本发明的这些和其它优点。  By reference to the following written specification, claims and drawings, those skilled in the art may be further understood and appreciated from these and other advantages of the present invention.
附图说明 Brief Description
 图1是体现本发明的分配包装的透视图，其中，该包装的一部分已被切去，以露出装在相关联的容器底部上的自密封阀。  FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the dispensing package embodies the present invention, wherein a portion of the package has been cut away to expose mounted on the bottom of the associated self-sealing valve of the container.
 图2为分配包装的侧视图，其中，该包装的一部分已被切去，以露出按全部缩回并完全关闭的位置示出的阀。  Figure 2 is a side view of the dispensing package, wherein a portion of the package has been cut away to expose the press is fully retracted and fully closed position illustrated valve.
 图3是分配包装的侧视图，其中，该包装的一部分已被切去，以露出按全部伸出并完全打开的位置示出的阀。  FIG. 3 is a side view of the dispensing package, wherein a portion of the package has been cut away to expose the press fully extended and fully open position illustrated valve.
 图4是阀的放大的局部顶视图。  FIG. 4 is an enlarged partial top valve view.
 图5是阀的放大的侧视图。  FIG. 5 is an enlarged side view of the valve.
 图6是阀的放大的剖视图。  FIG. 6 is an enlarged sectional view of the valve.
 图7是装设在一相关联的容器中的阀的放大的剖视图，该阀按完全关闭和全部缩回的位置示出。  FIG. 7 is an enlarged sectional view of a valve in the container associated with the installation, the valve is fully closed and fully retracted by the location shown.
 图8是装设在一相关联的容器中的阀的放大的剖视图，该阀按完全关闭和部分地缩回的位置示出。  FIG. 8 is an enlarged sectional view of a valve in the container associated with the installation, the valve is fully closed and partially by the retracted position shown.
 图9是装设在一相关联的容器中的阀的放大的剖视图，该阀按完全关闭和部分地伸出的位置示出。  FIG. 9 is an enlarged sectional view of the valve installed in an associated container, which valve is fully closed and partially by extended position shown.
 图10是装设在一相关联的容器中的阀的放大的剖视图，该阀按完全关闭和全部伸出的位置示出。  FIG. 10 is an enlarged sectional view of the valve installed in an associated container, which valve is fully closed and fully extended by the location shown.
 图11是装设在一相关联的容器中的阀的放大的剖视图，该阀按完全关闭和全部伸出的位置示出，其中，所示阀的阀头部分开始迅速往外。  FIG. 11 is an enlarged sectional view of a container mounted on the associated valve, the valve is fully closed and fully extended by the position shown, in which the valve head portion of the valve shown in rapid start out.
 图12是装设在一相关联的容器中的阀的放大的剖视图，该阀按完全关闭和全部伸出的位置示出，其中，所示阀的阀头部分继续迅速往外。  FIG. 12 is an enlarged sectional view of a valve in the container associated with the installation, the valve is fully closed and fully extended by the position shown, in which the valve head portion of the valve shown in continued rapid out.
 图13是装设在一相关联的容器中的阀的放大的剖视图，该阀按完全关闭和全部伸出的位置示出，其中，所示阀的阀头部分全部迅速往外。  FIG. 13 is an enlarged sectional view of the valve installed in an associated container, which valve is fully closed and fully extended by the position shown, in which the valve head portion of the valve shown in full out rapidly.
 图14是阀的放大的底视图，该阀按图13所示的位置示出。  FIG. 14 is an enlarged bottom view of the valve, the valve according to the position illustrated in Figure 13 is shown.
 图15是装设在一相关联的容器中的阀的放大的剖视图，该阀按完全关闭和部分地伸出并靠在一容器的封闭物上的位置示出。  FIG. 15 is an enlarged sectional view of the valve installed in an associated container, which valve is fully closed and partially by and against the projecting position of the closure on a container is shown.
 图16是装设在一相关联的容器上的阀的放大的剖视图，该阀以完全关闭和完全伸出并靠在另一容器封闭物上的位置示出。  FIG. 16 is an enlarged sectional view of the valve installed in an associated container, with the valve fully closed and fully extended and closed position thereof against the other container on shown.
 图17是体现本发明的另一分配阀的放大的局部顶视图。  FIG. 17 is a manifestation of another dispensing valve of the present invention is an enlarged partial top view.
 图18是图17所示阀的放大的局部底视图。  FIG. 18 is an enlarged partial bottom view of the valve shown in Fig. 17.
 图19是图17-18所示阀的放大的剖视图。  FIG. 19 is an enlarged sectional view of the valve shown in FIGS. 17-18.
 图20是图17-19所示的装在一相关联的顶部分配容器中的阀的放大的垂直剖视图，其中容器处于完全直立的取向，阀处于完全关闭的位置。  FIG. 20 is shown in Figures 17-19 mounted at the top of an associated vertical sectional view of the container of the enlarged distribution valve, wherein the container in a fully upright orientation, the valve is in the fully closed position.
 图21是图20所示的阀与相联的顶部分配容器的放大的垂直剖视图，其中容器按倒置的取向示出，并且阀处于其完全关闭的位置。  FIG. 21 is a vertical sectional view of the valve shown in Fig. 20 associated with the top dispensing container amplified, wherein the container is shown by the inverted orientation, and the valve is in its fully closed position.
 图22是图20-21所示的阀与相联的顶部分配容器的放大的剖视图，图中的容器处于倒置的取向，而阀处于关闭的、部分伸出的位置，其中阀头部分按开始迅速往外示出。  FIG. 22 is a sectional view of the valve shown in Fig. 20-21 associated with the top of the dispensing container enlarged, figure in an inverted orientation of the container, while the valve is in a closed, partially extended position, wherein the valve head Part of the fast start out shows.
 图23是图20-21所示的阀与相联的顶部分配容器的放大的剖视图，图中的容器处于倒置的取向，而阀处于完全打开的并且全部伸出的位置，其中阀头部分按全部迅速往外示出。  FIG. 23 is a sectional view of the valve shown in Fig. 20-21 associated with the top of the dispensing container enlarged, figure in an inverted orientation of the container, while the valve is in the fully open position and a fully extended, wherein the valve Part of the whole head out quickly shown.
 图24是体现本发明的又一阀的放大的剖视图。  FIG. 24 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of yet another valve embodying the present invention.
 图25是体现本发明的再一种阀的放大的剖视图。  FIG. 25 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of yet another valve embodying the present invention.
 图26是体现本发明的又一阀的放大的剖视图。  FIG. 26 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of yet another valve embodying the present invention.
 图27是体现本发明的又一阀的放大的剖视图。  FIG. 27 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of yet another valve embodying the present invention.
 图28是体现本发明的又一阀的放大的局部底视图。  FIG. 28 is a partial bottom view of still another valve embodied according to the present invention is enlarged.
 图29是图28所示阀的放大的剖视图。  FIG. 29 is an enlarged sectional view of the valve shown in Figure 28.
 图30是体现本发明的又一阀的放大的剖视图。  FIG. 30 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of yet another valve embodying the present invention.
 图31是体现本发明的又一阀的放大的剖视图。  FIG. 31 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of yet another valve embodying the present invention.
 图32是体现本发明的又一阀的放大的剖视图。  FIG. 32 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of yet another valve embodying the present invention.
具体实施方式 DETAILED DESCRIPTION
 为了此处的说明，术语“上”、“下”、“右”、“左”、“后”、“前”、“垂直的”、“水平的”和其  For the description herein, the terms "upper", "lower", "right", "left", "rear", "front", "vertical", "horizontal," and its
派生词均涉及本发明图1-3中的取向。 Figures 1-3 are derivatives of the present invention relates to the orientation. 但是，应当了解，除去那些明确地指出相反的地方， 本发明可以采取各种不同的其它取向和步骤顺序。 However, it should be understood that the removal of those areas clearly indicated to the contrary, the present invention may take a variety of other orientations and step sequences. 还应当理解，在附图中示出的并在下面的说明中描述的具体装置与过程只是在所附权利要求书中限定的本发明的概念的示例性实施例。 It should also be understood that, in the drawings and specific devices and processes illustrated in the following description, described is defined in the appended claims, the concept of an exemplary embodiment of the present invention. 因此，与此处所公开的实施例有关的特定尺寸和其它物理特性不能被认为是限制性的，除非权利要求书明确地作了其它说明。 Therefore, specific dimensions and other physical characteristics of the embodiment disclosed herein should not be considered relevant limiting, unless the claims expressly book gave additional instructions.
 参考标号1 (图1)总的代表一体现本发明的分配包装。  Reference numeral 1 (Fig. 1) reflect the total represents a distribution package of the present invention. 该分配包装1特别适于分配液态产品，诸如液体肥皂、家用清洁剂、光亮剂、润肤乳、食品及其类似物，并包括一具有一装于其中的自密封分配阀3的容器2。 The dispensing package 1 is particularly adapted for dispensing liquid products such as liquid soaps, household cleaners, brightener, lotion, food and the like, and includes a mounted therein having a self-sealing dispensing valve 3 in container 2. 阀3包括一边缘法兰4，一在其中具有一排放孔6 的阀头5和一连接套筒7，该连接套筒的一端与阀法兰4相连，而其另一端则与和其一个边缘相邻的阀头5相连。 Valve 3 includes a marginal flange 4, in which a valve head having a discharge orifice 5 and 6 of a coupling sleeve 7, the coupling sleeve 4 is connected to one end of the valve flange, and the other end thereof and then with a adjacent the edge of valve head 5 is connected. 连接套筒7有一可弹性地变形的结构，以致当容器2中的压力升高， 超过一预定值时，阀头5以这样一种方式向外移动（图8〜15)，即使连接套筒7折起然后滚动地伸出。 Connecting sleeve 7 has an elastically deformable structure, so that when the pressure rise in a container 2, exceeds a predetermined value, the valve head 5 is moved (Fig. 8~15) outwardly in such a way, even if the connection sleeve 7 fold to reach out and scroll.
 图1〜3中所示的容器2是特别为底部分配而设计的，它包括一支承在一基本上是刚性的支座13上的通常是柔软的长椭圆形容器体12。 Container shown in  FIG 1~3 2 is particularly designed for bottom dispensing, comprising a support in a substantially rigid abutment is usually soft long oval container 13 on the body 12. 容器体12最好用一种合适的合成树脂材料或类似材料整体地模制，以便做成一体的结构，该结构包括取向相反的侧壁14和15、一顶部16和一底部17。 Container body 12 preferably of a suitable synthetic resin material or the like integrally molded so integrally formed structure, which structure comprises oppositely oriented sidewalls 14 and 15, a top 16 and a bottom 17. 容器的侧壁14和15的侧面是柔软的，以对容器2的内部加压和减压，它们最好有足够的弹性或韧性，这样在去掉任何作用在容器2上以从其中分配液态产品18的外力时，它们能自动地恢复至其原来的形状。 Side surface of the container side walls 14 and 15 are flexible, to compression and decompression of the inside of the container 2, they preferably have sufficient resiliency or toughness, so to remove any effect on the container 2 to dispense the liquid product from which 18, when an external force, they can be restored automatically to its original shape.
 图2和3中所示的容器底部17包括一向下开口的颈部20，它限定出一阀3的边缘法兰4围绕其布置的排放口21。  Figures 2 and 3 shown in the bottom of the container 17 includes a downwardly opening neck 20, which defines an edge of a valve flange 4 3 arranged around the discharge opening 21. 在图7和8中最清楚地示出，颈部20的自由端包括一纵向截面的形状为大致的L形的环形沟槽22，将它的形状做成能在其中紧密地接纳阀3的边缘法兰4。 As best illustrated in FIG. 7 and 8, the free end of the neck 20 includes a longitudinal sectional shape of a substantially L-shaped annular groove 22, which is shaped to be able to tightly receiving therein the valve 3 edge flange 4. 容器支座13包括一其位置与沟槽22相邻并用一快速连结结构24连接在容器体12上的阀的固定环23。 Container holder 13 includes a groove 22 and its location adjacent to and connected with a quick-coupling structure 24 in retaining ring 12 on the container body 23 of the valve. 容器支座13(图2与3)有一基本上扁平的底部25，适于在一有关的表面诸如对顶物、凹穴、工作面等上紧靠地支承分配包装1。 Container support 13 (Fig. 2 and 3) has a substantially flat bottom 25 adapted to an associated supporting surface, such as for abuttingly allocated on the top thereof, pockets, and other packaging a working face. 将颈部沟槽22设置在容器支座13的底部25的里面，以便能如以后要更详细地说明的那样在分配包装1内使阀3处于一般是隐蔽的状况。 The inside of the bottom support 13 in the container neck portion 25 of the groove 22 is disposed so as to be able to be described later in greater detail as the dispensing package 1 in the valve 3 is generally concealed condition.
 参看图4-6，所示的自密封分配阀3有一整体成形的一体式结构。  Referring to Figure 4-6, the self-sealing dispensing valve shown in Figure 3 has a one-piece structure integrally formed. 阀3有一与容器2中的液态产品18邻接的内侧，和一与周围环境连系的取向相反的外侧。 3 there is a valve in the liquid product 18 and the container 2 adjacent to the inside, and an orientation of the surrounding environment are associated with the opposite outer side. 阀3最好用有弹性的柔性材料模制而成，在所示的例子中，上述材料是基本为惰性的硅橡粘合剂，以便避免与被包装的液态产品起反应和/或使其降低品质。 Valve 3 is preferably made of resiliently flexible material molded, in the example shown, said material is substantially inert to silicone rubber adhesive, in order to avoid the liquid product to be packaged from the reaction and / or it lower quality. 在本发明的一个正在使用的实施例中， 阀3是通过液态硅橡粘合剂的模制以较高的速度生产的。 In one embodiment of the present invention is in use, the valve 3 is formed by a liquid silicone rubber adhesive molding at high speed production.
 所示的阀3的边缘法兰部分4 (图4-6)为环状平面形并且其截面构形大致为L形， 它包括一内缘30、一外缘31、一底部32和一具有一从其向上直立的外边缘34的顶部33。  3 shown in the edge of the valve flange portion 4 (FIG. 4-6) is an annular planar shape and whose sectional configuration is substantially L-shaped, comprising an inner edge 30, an outer edge 31, a bottom 32 and an upstanding therefrom having an outer edge 34 of the top 33 upward. 阀的边缘法兰4在底部32和顶部33之间的厚度很大，它在安装固定环23时弹性地受压缩，并在其间形成可靠的防漏密封。 Marginal flange 4 of valve 32 at the bottom and the top 33 between the large thickness, it is in the mounting ring 23 is elastically compressed and form a reliable leak-proof seal therebetween. 阀法兰4的边缘部分34将阀3确实地锁在颈部沟槽22 中，从而防止在其间有任何的径向移动。 4 valve flange edge portion 34 of the valve 3 surely locked in the groove 22 in the neck, thereby preventing any radial movement therebetween.
 所示的阀3的头部5 (图4-6)有一圆形的平面形状和一在阀头5的径向外部较厚而在其径向内部较薄的一般带斜度的结构。  FIG 3 is a valve head portion 5 (Figs. 4-6) has a circular planar shape and a thick radially outer valve head 5 at its radially inner thin generally tapered structure. 此带斜度的结构有助于获得阀3的如下所述的迅速打开/迅速关闭动作。 This structure helps to get tapered valve below 3 rapid opening / closing action quickly. 更具体一些，在所示的例子中，阀头5有一外侧或外表面38，该表面的侧视立面构形为朝分配包装1的外部向外张开或弯曲并由一第一预定半径限定的弧形。 More specifically, in the example shown, the valve head 5 has an outer side or outer surface 38, a side configuration of the facade surface is toward the outer dispensing package 1 is bent or flared by a first predetermined radius defined arc. 阀头外表面38在连接套筒7的内侧壁之间连续地延伸。 Valve head exterior surface 38 extends continuously between the inner side wall 7 of the coupling sleeve. 阀头5还包括一内侧或内表面39，它有一边缘部分40，该部分的侧视立面构形为朝分配包装1的外部向外张开或弯曲并由一第二预定半径限定的弧形。 Valve head 5 also includes an interior side or the inner surface 39, which has an edge portion 40, a side portion of the configuration for the external facade toward the dispensing package 1 is bent outwardly open or defined by a second predetermined radius arc shape. 内表面39上的边缘部分40的半径大于外表面38的半径，由此使两个表面在孔6处或其附近朝阀头5的中心会聚，并提供阀头5的上述向内倾斜的结构。 The radius of the edge 39 on the inner surface of the portion 40 is larger than the radius of the outer surface 38, whereby the two surfaces at or near the hole 6 toward the center of the valve head 5 is converged, and to provide said valve head 5 inwardly inclined structure . 阀头5的内表面39还包括一中心部分41，它有一圆的平面形状，具有大致为平面的或扁平的侧视立面构形，其取向通常垂直于排放孔6。 The inner surface 39 of valve head 5 also includes a central portion 41, which has a circular planar shape, having a generally planar or flat configuration facade side, and oriented generally perpendicular to the discharge orifice 6. 阀头5的中心部分41有助于改善阀3的如下所述的打开和关闭特性。 Center portion 41 of valve head 5 as described below help to improve the valve opening and closing characteristics 3. 阀头5的外周边由一圆形的边缘42限定，该边缘42 从边缘部分40的外缘43处开始，以稍向外的斜度向外延伸，最后并入连接套筒7中。 The outer periphery of the valve head 5 by a circular edge 42 defines the edge 42 starting from the outer edge of the edge portion 40 of 43 to slope slightly outwardly extending outwardly, and finally incorporated into the coupling sleeve 7. 边缘部分40与阀头5的中心部分41的相交处形成一圆形边缘44。 Edge portion 40 and the center of valve head 5 at the intersection portion 41 forms a rounded edge 44. 沿边缘42量得的阀头5的外径大大小于沿内缘30量得的边缘法兰4的内径。 Amount obtained along edge 42 of valve head 5 is substantially smaller than the outer diameter of the inner edge 30 along an edge amount obtained in the inner diameter of the flange 4. 如同下面将要更详细地描述的那样，阀头5与边缘法兰4之间的间距允许阀头5沿轴向经过边缘法兰4的中心自由地移动。 As will be described in greater detail below, the spacing 4 between valve head 5 and marginal flange allows the valve head 5 in the axial direction through the center of the edge flange 4 to move freely.
 图4-6中所示的连接套筒部分7为可滚动的隔膜，它具有中空的圆形平面形状并且其纵向截面为J形，它包括一圆柱形侧壁部分45和一沿径向向外延伸的底部46。  Figure 4-6 connecting sleeve portion 7 as shown in scrollable diaphragm, having a hollow circular planar shape and having a longitudinal cross section of J-shaped, comprising a cylindrical sidewall portion 45 and an edge a radially outwardly extending bottom 46. 连接套筒7分别有内表面47和外表面48，它们沿其长度等距离地隔开一段距离，以使连接套筒7有大致均勻的厚度。 7 the coupling sleeve 47 and the inner surface of the respective outer surface 48, equidistantly spaced apart a distance along its length, so that the coupling sleeve 7 has a substantially uniform thickness. 连接套筒7的一个端部49与阀头5的和其边缘42相邻的外表面38 相连，连接套筒7的另一端部50与阀的边缘法兰4的内缘30相连。 An end portion 49 of the coupling sleeve 7 and valve head 5 and its outer edge 42 adjacent surface 38 is connected to the other end portion connected to the flange edge 50 of the sleeve 7 and the valve 4 is connected to the inner edge 30. 连接套筒7的邻近端部49的内表面47基本上与阀头5的边缘42共平面并与之邻接，而连接套筒7的相对端50则在内缘30的中间部分与阀的边缘法兰4相连，这样连接套筒7的底部46从阀的边缘法兰4沿径向向内的方向张开，同时还在连接套筒7的弧状部分51处朝分配包装1的外部向外突出。 The inner surface of the proximal end portion 49 of the coupling sleeve 7 and the edge 47 of valve head 5 is substantially 42 co-planar and adjacent thereto, and the opposite end of the sleeve 7 is connected 50 with the inner edge of the central portion of the edge 30 of the valve flange 4 is connected to the bottom of the sleeve 7 so that the connection opening 46 of the valve 4 from the edge of the flange radially inward direction, while still connected to the arcuate portion 51 of the sleeve 7 toward the exterior of dispensing package 1 outwardly outstanding. 连接套筒的部分51的成弧状的扩口形状帮助连接套筒7首先折起，然后在阀头5以在下文中将要详细描述的方式向外移动时滚动地伸出。 The coupling sleeve into the arcuate portion 51 of the flared shape of connector sleeve 7 help First fold, and then rollingly extending in the valve head 5 to be described in detail hereinafter in a manner moving outward. 连接套筒7的端部49与阀头5的边缘连接点以及其有关的几何形状将如下所述地增加有助于阀3迅速打开的转矩力的有效性。 Connecting sleeve end portion 49 and the valve head edge junctions 5 and 7 of their relevant geometry as described below will help increase the effectiveness of the valve 3 quickly opens torque force. 套筒侧壁45的外表面48在连接套筒7的端部49处以一限定了一圆形边缘52 的角度与阀头5的外表面38相交。 The outer surface of the sleeve 48 in the side wall 45 of the coupling sleeve 7 of the end portion 49 and impose a circular edge defining an outer surface 52 and the angle 38 of the valve head 5 intersect. 在所示的例子中，将套筒弧形部分51的最外区域设置成基本上与边缘法兰4的底部32 —致或稍微往里，从而便于制造。 In the example shown, the outermost region of sleeve arcuate portion 51 is set to substantially the bottom 32 of marginal flange 4 - To or slightly inside, thereby facilitating the manufacture. 连接套筒7的长度最好选定得足够短，以在阀头5处于完全伸出的位置（图10-14)时防止套筒折到阀头5的后面去，从而避免与阀头5的缩回发生干涉，这将在以后详细说明。 The length of the coupling sleeve 7 is preferably selected to be sufficiently short to the valve head 5 is in the fully extended position preventing (Figures 10-14) when the sleeve is folded to the back to the valve head 5, thus avoiding and valve head 5 retraction interfere, which will be described in detail later.
 所示的一件式阀3在其初始的正常情况下具有帽形的侧视立面结构，其中，阀头5 为一大致的凹形。  The one-piece valve 3 shown in side elevation of the surface structure has a hat-shaped in its initial normal circumstances, in which a valve head 5 is substantially concave. 连接套筒7的可变形的弹性允许套筒折起然后以以后将要描述的方式滚动地伸出。 The coupling sleeve 7 of a deformable elastic sleeve allows then folded in a manner to be described later to scroll protrude. 连接套筒7以一种如下所述的方式起一个具有安装在其中心的阀头5的滚动隔膜的作用，即使阀头5能相对于容器颈部20中的开口21沿轴向自由地朝内或朝外移动或浮动。 7 in a connection sleeve according to the following manner from a center having mounted thereon a valve head 5 of the rolling diaphragm action, even if the valve head 5 with respect to the container neck 20 in the opening 21 in the axial direction toward the free or outward movement or float.
 在所示的例子中，排放孔6(图4-6)有一"h字缝的结构，它包括两条延伸中心部分41的相对侧38和39的相交的直线形缝55和56。所示的缝55和56以相互垂直的关系定向，并将它们的相对端55a和55b设置成从中心部分41的外缘44稍微向内。孔的缝55和56形成了四个阀瓣或挡板57，它们向内和向外弯曲，以有选择地使液态产品流过阀3。缝55和56最好通过切割阀头5的中心部分41而形成，不必从其上去掉任何大量的材料，以使阀瓣57的相对侧面58和59(图13和14)在排放孔6处于其正常的完全关闭的位置时彼此紧密地密封。缝55和56的长度和位置可以调整，以改变阀3的预定的打开和关闭压力， 以及分配包装1的其它分配特性。每个阀瓣57的侧面58和59在其自由端相交，以限定一端缘60。阀头5的设置在边缘部分40、边缘42、缝端55a和55b以及外表面38之间的那部分形成一阀头5的环部61，它将以在下文中详细描述的方式起作用。  In the example shown, discharge orifice 6 (Figs. 4-6) has an "h zigzag structure, which comprises two opposite sides extending central portion 41 of the intersecting linear slits 38 and 39 55 and 56 . slits 55 and 56 shown in relation to the orientation perpendicular to each other, and their opposite ends 55a and 55b arranged from the outer edge 44 of the central portion 41 slightly inwardly. 55 and slit aperture 56 is formed with four valve or baffle 57, which is bent inwardly and outwardly, to selectively enable the liquid product flow through the valve 3. The seam 55 and the center 56 is preferably formed by the cutting portion 41 of valve head 5, without having to remove therefrom any lot material, so that the opposite side surfaces 57 of the valve flap 58 and 59 (FIG. 13 and 14) in the discharge orifice 6 is in its normal fully closed position tightly sealed to each other. The length and location of slits 55 and 56 can be adjusted to changing valve 3 of a predetermined opening and closing pressures, as well as other dispensing characteristics of dispensing package 1. Each valve flap 57 and 59 of the side surface 58 intersect at their free ends to define an end edge of the edge portion 60. The valve head 5 is provided 40, the edge 42, slit ends 55a and 55b of the portion 38 between the outer surface and the ring portion 61 of a valve head 5, which will in the manner described in detail hereinafter work.
 应当知道，孔6可以根据所要求的分配特性采取许多不同的形状、尺和/或结构。  should know, hole 6 can take many different shapes, feet, and / or structural characteristics in accordance with the requirements of the assignment. 例如，孔6可以包括单条缝，特别是在要求较小或较细的液流时。 For example, the hole 6 may comprise a single slit, particularly where liquid flow when smaller or finer. 孔6也可以包括三条或更多条缝，特别是在要求有较大或较粗的液流和/或液态产品含有诸如某些类型的色拉调料等团粒时。 Hole 6 may also include three or more slits, particularly where there is a large or coarse stream and / or when such liquid products containing certain types of salad dressings and other aggregates. 也可以把其它形状的孔6，例如洞、鸭嘴形等与阀3配合。 The holes can also be other shapes 6, for example holes, and the duckbill valve 3 with the like.
 自密封分配阀3最好专门地构形成与特殊的容器2和特定类型的液态产品配合使用，以便得到所要求的精确分配特性。  Since the exact dispensing characteristics sealing dispensing valve 3 is preferably formed exclusively related to the particular configuration of the particular type of container 2 and with the use of liquid products, in order to obtain the desired. 例如，液态产品的粘度和密度在设计阀3的特殊结构时，同容器2的形状、尺寸和强度一样，都是重要的因素，特别是在将分配包装1造成用于底部分配时。 For example, the viscosity and density of the liquid product in the design of a special valve structure 3, with the container shape, size and intensity of 2, are an important factor, especially in the dispensing package 1 for dispensing the bottom when the cause. 在获得理想的分配特性时，阀材料的刚度和硬度，以及阀头5和连接套筒7的尺寸和形状也都是重要的，而且应当同时与容器2和被从其中分配的液态材料18仔细地匹配。 When to get a good distribution properties, valve material stiffness and hardness, as well as the size and shape of the valve head 5 and 7 are also connected to the sleeve are important, and should at the same time the container 2 and the liquid material from which the distribution of 18 carefully Matching places.
 本发明的一个在使用的实施例是专门为从其中分配液态家用产品，诸如洗碗机用清洁剂、液体肥皂、润肤乳、食品及其类似物而设计的。  In an embodiment of the present invention is used exclusively for dispensing liquid household products from which, such as dishwasher detergents, liquid soap, lotion, food and the like designed. 当要从一具有位于其底部4的阀3 的用于底部分配的聚丙烯吹塑容器中分配这类液态产品材料时，发现一种专用的阀3特别适用，该阀的具体结构如下。 When in its valve from a bottom 4 having a polypropylene blown container for dispensing the bottom 3 of the allocation of such a liquid product material, a specific valve 3 found particularly suitable, the specific configuration of the valve is as follows. 阀的边缘法兰4的外径和内径分别为17. 78mm和14. 74mm,而阀头5的边缘42的外径为11. 15mm,中心部分41的外径约为5. 62mm。 Marginal flange 4 of valve outer and inner diameters respectively 17. 78mm and 14. 74mm, while the outer diameter of the edge 42 of valve head 5 is 11. 15mm, the outer diameter of the central portion 41 is approximately 5. 62mm. 连接套筒7的厚度约为0. 33mm,并具有从边缘法兰4的底部32测至阀头5的缘52而得到的总高度2. 944mm。 The thickness of the coupling sleeve 7 is about 0. 33mm, and having a total height 2. 944mm from the bottom 32 of marginal flange 4 to the measuring edge 52 of valve head 5 is obtained. 阀头外表面38的半径为7. 37mm，而内表面39的边缘部分40的半径为0. 89mm。 The radius of the outer surface of the valve head 38 is 7. 37mm, and the radius of the inner surface 39 of the edge portion 40 is 0. 89mm. 因此，阀头5在边缘42处的总厚度约为0. 198mm，在中心部分41中间的总厚度约为0. 89mm。 Thus, the total thickness of valve head 5 at the edge 42 is approximately 0. 198mm, total thickness of the intermediate portion 41 in the center of approximately 0. 89mm. 在从边缘法兰4的底部32测至中心部分41的顶部时，阀3的总高度约为6. 10mm。 When viewed from the bottom 32 of marginal flange 4 to the top of the center measuring section 41, the total height of the valve 3 is about 6. 10mm. 缝55和56的长度约为5. 59mm，并在阀的中心部分41按正方形对中。 Slits 55 and 56 of a length of about 5. 59mm, and the valve portion 41 in the center of a square in. 阀用由道科宁（Dow Corning)公司生产的商标为“SILASTIC LSR"的液态硅橡粘合剂整体地模制而成。 Trademark by way valve Corning (Dow Corning) production company for "SILASTIC LSR" liquid silicone rubber adhesive is integrally molded.
 在具有上述的特殊尺寸和特性的阀上进行的实验证明，当阀受到容器2内的等于大约635mm-711. 2mm水柱的压力时，阀3就迅速打开。  Experiments show that the valve having the above specific dimensions and characteristics are conducted by the container when the valve is equal to about 635mm-711. 2mm 2 pressure within the water column, the valve 3 quickly opens. 使阀3迅速打开的压力在此处一般称为预定的打开压力或分配压力。 So quickly open the pressure valve 3 here generally called pre-opening pressure or pressure distribution. 当容器2的内部压力降到低于大约406. 4mm-457. 2mm水柱的压力时，阀将自动地迅速关闭。 When the internal pressure of the container 2 falls below about 406. 4mm-457. 2mm water column pressure, the valve will automatically close rapidly. 使阀3迅速关闭的压力在此处一般称为预定的关闭压力。 3 rapid closure of the valve pressure is generally referred to herein scheduled closing pressure. 当所说的阀3打开时，通过孔6排出基本上恒定的液态产品流，即使有额外的压力作用在容器2上。 3 when said valve is open, the discharge of the liquid product stream substantially constant through the hole 6, even if there is additional pressure on the container 2.
 可以理解，按照本发明，阀3可以采用很多不同的形状与尺寸，特别是在与容器2 的类型和被从容器中分配出的液态产品相配时，阀3的预定的打开和关闭压力可以根据对特殊产品所要求的分配准则而在较宽的范围内变化。  will be appreciated that, in accordance with the present invention, valve 3 may take many different shapes and sizes, particularly when the container type and are dispensed from a container of liquid product to match 2, 3 of a predetermined valve opening and closing Pressure may be varied within wide limits according to the allocation criteria required for specific products. 也可以对被分配的液态产品的流动特性作相当大的调节，诸如对于比较宽的柱状流、细的针状流、一小团，等等。 Can also be assigned to the flow characteristics of the liquid product as relatively large adjustment, such as for relatively wide columnar streams, thin needle-like flow, a small group, and the like.
 在工作时，分配包装1以如下所述的方式起作用。  In operation, dispensing package 1 functions in the manner described below. 阀3通常采取图7所示的向内突出的取向，其中阀3基本上保持其原有的模制形状，没有变形，连接套筒7完全缩回，排放口6完全关闭。 FIG valve 3 is normally taken the orientation shown projecting inwardly, wherein valve 3 remains substantially in its original molded shape without deformation, the coupling sleeve 7 is fully retracted and discharge opening 6 is fully closed. 当如同图示的底部分配包装1所示的那样，将阀3装在容器2的底部上时， 阀3的结构要使得即使在容器2完全装满时由液态产品18作用在其上的液压头的压力作用下，排放孔6也将保持可靠地关闭。 As shown, when as shown in the bottom dispensing package 1, valve 3 is mounted on the bottom of the container 2, the structure of the valve 3 such that even when the container 2 is completely filled by the liquid product 18 acting hydraulic thereon Under the effect of the pressure head, discharge orifice 6 will remain securely closed.
 当使附加压力与容器2的内部联系，例如用手向内弯曲容器侧壁14和15时，连接套筒7起一滚动隔膜的作用，并允许阀头5通过折起连接套筒7开始沿轴向向外的方向朝分配包装1的外部偏移，然后套筒也开始以滚动的方式如图8所示地向外伸出。  When the additional contact pressure with the interior of the container 2, e.g., by hand inwardly curved side wall 14 and the container 15, the connector sleeve 7 from a rolling diaphragm action, and allows the valve head 5 by connector sleeve fold 7 Start axially outward direction towards the allocation of external migration package 1, and then began to roll sleeve manner as shown in Figure 8 to outwardly. 连接套筒7的向外突出的J形结构有助于起动连接套筒7的这种滚动。 Connection sleeve-shaped structure projecting outwardly J 7 helps start the coupling sleeve 7 of this rolling. 连接套筒7从其初始的模制形状（图7)开始的弹性变形在阀3中产生一复杂的应力方式，该应力又将套筒弹性地推回其初始的或正常的形状，这种力包括一由连接套筒7作用在邻近边缘42的阀头5上的向外的转矩，该转矩将如同在下文中更加详细地说明的那样会弹性地将排放孔6推向其打开位置。 Connecting sleeve 7 from its original molded shape (Fig. 7) starts an elastic deformation stress of the complex way valve 3, the stress in turn sleeve resiliently pushed back to its original or normal shape, this force comprises a connecting sleeve 7 by a torque acting on the outwardly adjacent the edge 42 of valve head 5, as the torque that would be resiliently discharge orifice 6 toward its description in more detail below in the open position .
 如图9所示，当使附加压力与容器2的内部联系时，阀头5继续通过将连接套筒7 在其自身上滚压过而继续沿轴向向外移动。  As shown in Figure 9, when the applied pressure contact with the interior of the container 2, the valve head 5 by connector sleeve 7 to continue on its own rolling over and continue to move outward in the axial direction. 阀头5的边缘42通过阀的边缘法兰4的中心。 42 through the center of marginal flange 4 of valve edge of valve head 5.
 当使附加压力与容器2的内部联系时，阀头5继续朝分配包装1的外部向外伸出， 直至如图10所示连接套筒7全部伸出。 External  When the additional pressure vessel internal links 2, the valve head 5 continues toward the dispensing package 1 outwardly until connecting sleeve shown in Figure 10. 7 fully extended. 当阀头处于完全伸出的位置（图10)时，在连接套筒7中建立起来的应力使连接套筒7的侧壁部分45采取一与阀头5的边缘42同心并在其周围的大体的圆柱形形状。 When the valve head in a fully extended position (FIG. 10), the stress built up in the coupling sleeve 7 connected to the sleeve 7 of the side wall portion 45 to take the edge of the valve head 5 and 42 concentrically surrounding generally cylindrical in shape. 连接套筒7的侧壁45从其初始的模制形状往后折叠180度，成为一与阀头5的边缘42平行的取向，并形成一外唇或外沿65。 The side walls 45 of the coupling sleeve 7 from its original molded shape of the folded back by 180 degrees, the edge 42 becomes a parallel alignment with the valve head 5, and forms an outer lip or outer edge 65.
 当使附加压力与容器2的内部联系时，如图11所示，阀头5继续向外移动。  When the additional pressure inside the container when the contact 2, shown in Figure 11, valve head 5 continues to move outward. 但是， 由于连接套筒7完全伸出，阀头5进一步的朝外移动沿纵向拉紧或拉伸连接套筒7，从而加大了作用在阀头5上的朝外的转矩。 However, due to the coupling sleeve 7 is fully extended, further outward valve head 5 is moved in the longitudinal tensioning or stretching the coupling sleeve 7, thereby increasing the outwardly directed torque acts on the valve head 5. 另外，阀头5的进一步的朝外移动会特别地沿其外表面38拉平或拉直阀头5，这可在图11中最清楚地看出，这一拉平运动会扩大或扩张阀头5 的圆形平面构形，这种扩大又受到通过连接套筒7作用在阀头5的边缘42上的沿径向向内的力的抵抗，从而在阀3内产生另一种复杂的应力方式，该力包括力图沿径向向内的方向压缩阀头5的力。 In addition, a further outward movement of valve head 5 will be particularly leveled along its outer surface 38 or straighten valve head 5, which can be best seen in Figure 11, the flare or expand games expansion valve head 5 circular planar configuration, but also by such expansion force resistance effect by connecting sleeve 7 in a radial direction of the upper edge 42 of valve head 5 inwardly, thereby generating another complex stress way valve 3, The forces include seeks radially inward direction compressive force of valve head 5. 由于阀头5的倾斜形状，认为压缩变形的主要部分是在阀头5的中心部分41附近发生的。 Due to the inclined shape of valve head 5, that the main part of the compression deformation is in the vicinity of the center portion 41 of valve head 5 occurs. 通过比较图11中所提供的虚线图形与实线图形可以更清楚地看出，当连接套筒7如虚线所示处于全部伸出的位置，使附加压力与阀3的内侧39联系时，外沿65 如图11的实线所示沿轴向向外并沿径向向外移动。 Dash line graph comparing the solid line in FIG. 11 by the graphics and may provide more apparent, when the connector sleeve 7 as shown in phantom in the fully extended position, the additional pressure contact 3 and the valve 39 when the inner and outer 65 along the solid line shown in FIG. 11 axially outwardly and radially outward movement. 由于通过连接套筒7而作用于其上的转矩力，阀头5的边缘42如图所示的向内弯曲或弹性变形。 Since the coupling sleeve 7 and by the action of a torque force thereon, the edges of valve head 5 inwardly bent or elastically deformed 42 as shown.
 如图12所示，当使附加压力与容器2的内部联系时，阀头5通过连接套筒7的进一步的纵向拉伸和阀头5的平面形状的进一步扩大而继续向外移动。  shown in Figure 12, when the additional pressure contact with the interior of the container 2, the valve head 5 by connector sleeve further longitudinal stretching and the planar shape of the valve head 7 5 continues to move further outward expansion of . 这一运动可通过比较图12中提供的虚线图形和实线图形而更清楚地看出。 This movement can be provided by a dotted line and a solid line is patterned by a graphical comparison of Figure 12 and more clearly be seen. 外沿65从图11所示的与图12的虚线图形相对应的状态以沿轴向向外和沿径向向外的方式移动至图12中用实线表示的位置。 Outer edge and the dotted line pattern 12 corresponding to the state shown in FIG. 11 from 65 to axially outwardly and radially outwardly fashion to the position indicated by solid lines in FIG. 12. 由于通过连接套筒7而作用于其上的加大的转矩力，阀头5的边缘42在图中更加向内弯曲或向内弹性变形。 Since the coupling sleeve 7 by acting thereon to increase the torque force, edge 42 of valve head 5 inwardly bent more or elastically deformed inwardly in the drawing. 如图12所示，这些组合的力和运动还用于进一步地将阀头5压成分叉的状态，其中，作用在阀头5上的组合力将在有任何附加的向外力作用在阀3的内侧39 上时使其由于迅速运动而快速地向外打开，将阀瓣57以图13和14中所示的方式分开，从而经过排放孔6分配液态产品。 As shown in Figure 12, the combination of these forces and is also used to further the movement of the valve head 5 is pressed into a state of bifurcation, wherein, acting on valve head 5 will have a combination of any additional force to the external force acts on the valve 3 39 on the inside when it due to the rapid movement quickly opens outwardly, the valve 57 in the manner shown in FIG. 13 and 14 separate, thereby dispensing liquid through discharge orifice 6 products. 作为此处所用的术语，即阀3的分叉状态示于图12中并限定了一个比较不稳定的状态，这个状态是阀3恰好在打开至图13和14所示的全开状态之前所采取的状态。 As used herein the term, i.e., the crossing state of the valve 3 shown in Figure 12 and defines a relatively unstable state, which is just before turning the valve 3 to 13, and 14 in the fully open state shown in taken state. 当阀3经过图12所示的分叉状态时，作用在阀头5上的组合力在给定的瞬间处于一种非常暂时的不稳定的平衡状态，然后迅速地将阀头5变成一大体是凸出的形状，同时将孔6打开。 When the valve 3 through the bifurcation state shown in Fig. 12, acting on valve head 5 in a combination of the force given instant in a very temporary, unstable equilibrium, and then quickly the valve head 5 into a is generally convex shape, simultaneously opening 6 opens. 在由图12中的实线示出的分叉状态，阀头5采取一近似为平面的盘子的形状，其外表面38在沿65和阀瓣缘60之间向内成杯形，而内表面39则朝孔6的中心略向外弯曲。 In the bifurcation state by a solid line in FIG. 12 shows, the valve head 5 to take an approximately flat plate shape, the outer surface 38 between the edge 65 and the valve flap edge 60 inwardly into the cup-shaped, and the inner curved surface 39 toward the center hole 6 is slightly outward.  阀3的迅速打开至少可以部分地通过由连接套筒7作用在阀头5上的转矩实现， 如图12中所示的例子所指出的那样，该转矩足以明显地改变阀头5的边缘42的形状。 Quickly open the  valve 3 is at least partially connected to the sleeve 7 by the torque acting on the valve head 5 is realized, as shown in the example shown in Figure 12 noted above, the torque is sufficient to significantly alter the valve shape of the edge 42 of the head 5. 当阀3采取图13和14所示的完全伸出和完全打开的位置时，阀瓣57以及与之有关联的阀头5的边缘部分61向外弯曲或弹性变形，从而使阀头5的沿65变小或略微收缩。 When valve 3 is taken and 14 shown in a fully extended and fully open position in FIG. 13, the edge of the valve flap 57 and associated therewith a portion 61 of valve head 5 is bent or elastically deformed outwardly, so that the valve head 5 along 65 or slightly smaller contraction. 阀瓣57力图沿在端部55a和55b或孔缝55和56之间延伸的线张开地折叠。 Valve 57 at the ends sought along or apertures 55a and 55b extending between lines 55 and 56 are folded open. 除去由连接套筒7作用在其上的取向朝外的转矩以外，由连接套筒7作用在阀头5上的沿径向向内的持续压缩力协力将排放孔6保持在全开的位置，即使与容器2的内部联系的压力下降。 Except for the torque produced by the coupling sleeve 7 action thereon outwardly oriented, continuous compressive force work together by a connecting sleeve 7 action radially on the valve head 5 inwardly of the discharge orifice 6 is held in the fully open position, even if the contact pressure of the inner container 2 is lowered. 因此，在排放孔6通过施加预定的打开压力而被打开以后，为保持液流经过孔6所需的压力降低或低于临界压力，以致能更易于分配和流动控制。 Hence, after discharge orifice 6 in a predetermined opening is opened by the application of pressure, in order to maintain the desired flow through the aperture 6 is lower than the critical pressure or reduced pressure, so as to give easier distribution and flow control. 由于连接套筒7的弹性用于抵抗阀头5的张大作用，并因而能压缩阀头，以得到一迅速打开/迅速关闭动作，如果稍微改变连接套筒7的弹性，诸如将连接套筒7做得厚一些或薄一些，那么，对于任何一种特殊的应用可由此而调整迅速动作的程度的大小。 Since the connection of the elastic sleeve 7 serves to resist Queen action of valve head 5, and thus can compress the valve head, in order to obtain a speedy opening / closing operation quickly, if a slight change of the coupling sleeve 7 of elasticity, such as a connecting sleeve 7 made thicker or thinner, then, for any particular application can thus adjust the size of the rapid action of the degree. 同样，也可以调节环61的弹性强度以实现所要求的迅速动作。 Also, you can adjust the elastic strength of the ring 61 to achieve the desired rapid action.
 通过连接套筒7作用在阀头5上的组合的压力和转矩力将阀瓣57打开至一般为预定的形状，以使经过排放孔6的流量保持基本恒定，即使在容器2上作用有相当大的压力差。 Pressure and torque strength  By connecting sleeve 7 acts on the valve head 5 combination to open the valve flap 57 is generally predetermined shape, so that the flow through discharge orifice 6 remains substantially constant, even when the container 2 considerable effect on the pressure difference. 如图13和14中所清楚地表示的那样，在阀3沿打开方向经过图12所示的分叉状态之后，它迅速而确定地采取图13和14所示的全开状态，其中，阀瓣57的端缘60沿径向向外分开，以使排放孔6采取一星形的平面构形，这在图14中可最清楚地看出。 As shown in Figure 13 and 14 as clearly shown, the valve 3 in the opening direction after the bifurcation state shown in Figure 12, it is quickly and certainly taken fully opened state shown in Figures 13 and 14, wherein the valve end edge 60 of flap 57 radially outwardly apart, so that the discharge orifice 6 to take a star-shaped planar configuration, which can be best seen in Figure 14. 阀头5的边缘42在液态产品18的压力和由连接套筒7作用在其上的弹性转矩的作用下稍微向内转动或摆动，所述转矩继续弹性地将阀3朝其原来的模制形状（图7)推回。 Edge 42 of valve head 5 rotates or swings slightly inwardly under pressure from the liquid product 18 and the connecting sleeve 7 on its role in the role of an elastic torque, the torque continues to resiliently valve 3 toward its original molded shape (Fig. 7) is pushed back. 连接套筒7在由容器2中的压力和液态产品经过孔6的动力流产生的向外的力的作用下在轴向和周向上都保持受拉力。 Connection sleeve 7 under the influence of the pressure in the container 2 and the liquid product flow through the orifice 6 to generate power outward force in the axial direction and the circumferential direction are maintained by tension. 所示的阀3的几何尺寸，特别是阀头5和连接套筒7的形状都用于迫使阀3成为图13和14所示的形状，只要孔6迅速打开。 Valve geometry shown in Figure 3, the particular shape of the valve head 5 and connector sleeve 7 are used to force valve 3 into a shape in Fig. 13 and Fig. 14, as long as the opening 6 quickly opened.
 当容器2内的压力降低时，排放孔6仍然保持打开，处于如图13和14所示的基本上全开的位置，直至压力达到预先选定的关闭压力，此时，在连接套筒7中通过其从原来的模制形状（图7)的弹性变形而产生的力将阀头5向内拉回，经过分叉状态而处于图10所示的凹形取向，从而用一与使排放孔6打开的动作相似的迅速动作将排放孔6确定而可靠地关闭。  When the pressure inside the container 2 is reduced, discharge orifice 6 remains open, in FIG. 13 and a substantially fully open position shown in Figure 14, until the pressure reaches the preselected closure pressure, at this time, in connection force sleeve 7 through elastic deformation from its original molded shape (Fig. 7) arising from the valve head 5 inwardly back through the bifurcation state in the concave orientation shown in Figure 10, and thus with a and the discharge hole 6 Open action similar action will quickly and reliably determine the discharge orifice 6 closed. 阀头5的迅速关闭动作用于非常迅速和非常完全地关闭孔6，从而准确地切断从包装1中被分配的液态产品流并且无任何的点滴，即使在分配非常粘和/或非常稠的产品时。 Rapid closing operation of the valve head 5 is used to very quickly and very completely closed holes 6, thereby accurately cut the package 1 is allocated from the liquid product stream and no drip even distribution very viscous and / or very thick product. 阀3将继续采取图10所示的全闭和全伸出位置，直至容器中的内部压力进一步降低，从而允许连接套筒7的弹性将阀头往回移至图7所示的完全缩回的初始位置。 Valve 3 will continue to take a fully closed and fully extended position, until further lowering of the internal pressure of the container, thereby allowing an elastic coupling sleeve 7 will move back valve head is fully retracted as shown in FIG. 10 is shown in Fig. 7 The initial position.
 至少某些由本发明所设想的阀3有比较高的预定关闭压力，诸如其性质为431. 8mm-457. 2mm水柱的压力，这样孔6即使在容器2未具备任何回吸的压力或负压时也能可靠地迅速关闭。  At least some of the contemplated by the present invention, valve 3 has a relatively high predetermined closing pressure, such as the nature of 431. 8mm-457. 2mm water column pressure, so that even if the hole 6 in the container 2 is not provided with any pressure suction of or negative pressure can be reliably quickly closed. 此外，至少某些这类阀3的连接套筒7被构造成能提供足够的弹性，以自动地将阀头5移回至全部缩回的位置（图7)，而且不需要来自容器2的任何回吸的压力或负压。 In addition, at least some such valves 3 is connected to the sleeve 7 is configured to provide sufficient flexibility to automatically shift valve head 5 back to the fully retracted position (FIG. 7), from the container 2 and does not require Any pressure or vacuum suction. 因此，阀3可以容易地适合于与包括可压扁的袋、管及其类似物的容器配合使用。 Thus, the valve 3 may be easily adapted to include a collapsible bag, the container tube and the like used in conjunction. 还有，阀3特别适合于诸如图1-3所示的底部分配包装，在此，阀3通常支承一液态产品柱。 Also, valve 3 is particularly suitable for such bottom dispensing package shown in FIG. 1-3, in this, the valve 3 normally supports a column of liquid product.
 在分配包装1的许多实施例中，容器2被设计成具有刚性较大的侧壁14和15，它们在被挤压后恢复其原有的形状。  In many embodiments of dispensing package 1, container 2 is designed to have more rigid side walls 14 and 15, they resume their original shape after being squeezed. 在这类实施例中，通常都希望在从容器2中分配液态产品之后将空气吸回至容器2中，以防止容器2被压扁，从而有利于继续容易地进行分配，直至容器2完全变空为止。 In such embodiments, generally hope that after dispensing liquid product from the container 2 the air sucked back into the container 2, in order to prevent the container 2 is compressed, thereby facilitating continued easily allocated until container 2 is completely changed empty. 当阀3处于完全关闭和完全缩回的位置（图9)时，阀头5的凹形结构使孔6易于向内打开，以致空气能被吸回至容器2中，但是又能确实地防止孔6以能允许泄漏的方式向外打开。 When the valve 3 is fully closed and fully retracted position (FIG. 9), the concave configuration of valve head 5 is easy to make the holes 6 open inwardly so that air can be sucked back into the container 2, but can be reliably prevented hole 6 to allow leakage opened outward. 因此，即使薄壁容器2比较薄弱也可以使用阀3而不致明显大地压扁容器侧壁14和15。 Therefore, even if the thin-walled containers 2 can also be used relatively weak valve 3 without significant collapsing of container sidewall 14 and the earth 15.
 参看图15，分配包装1可以设有一强制关闭的结构，以在分配包装1在被运输或类似情况下例如在最初的装运、旅行等时防止意外地排放。  Referring to Figure 15, dispensing package 1 may be provided with a forced closure structure to the dispensing package 1, for example to prevent accidental discharge in the initial shipping, travel, etc. are transported or in the like. 图15所示的分配包装1包括一滑动挡板70，它在关闭时实际上阻挡了连接套筒7和相联的阀头5的向外滚动伸出。 Dispensing package 15 shown in Figure 1 comprises a sliding closure 70, when it is actually blocked off connection sleeve 7 and associated valve head 5 extends outwardly rolling. 通过限制连接套筒7的向外伸出运动，就防止了阀头5转换成下凹的形状，从而保持排放孔6完全关闭。 Projecting outwardly 7 by limiting the movement of the coupling sleeve, the valve head 5 is prevented converted into concave shape, so as to maintain the discharge orifice 6 fully closed. 当挡板70向侧面滑出，离开在下面的阀3时，阀3就自由往复并打开孔6，以从容器2中分配液态产品。 When the tailgate 70 slide sideways, leaving 3:00 in the following valve, valve 3 was free and open holes 6 and forth to distribute the liquid product from the container 2.
 图16是分配包装1的另一种封闭结构的局部示意图，其中，设有一可取下的盖71， 以通过传统的紧固装置，诸如按锁、铰链等（未示出）与固定环23可拆卸的连接。  FIG. 16 is a partial view illustrating a further package of a dispensing closure structure, in which, provided with a removable lid 71, by conventional fastening means, such as the lock, hinge, etc. (not shown) and fixed ring 23 is detachably connected. 所示的盖子71有一大体是扁平的外表面72，一内表面73和一圆柱形侧壁74，侧壁的尺寸和形状要做成使盖的内表面73在阀头处于其完全伸出的位置时靠在阀3的沿65上。 The cover 71 shown in a generally flat outer surface 72, an inner surface 73 and a cylindrical side wall 74, side walls made of a size and shape to the inner surface of the lid 73 in the valve head in its fully extended 3 against the valve position along 65. 盖的内表面73的中心部分包括一向内突出的突起部分75，它在所示的例子中大体上呈凸出的半球形的节，该节朝阀3向内伸出至一与阀3的杯状外表面38相邻的位置，将节75的形状做成可强制地将阀头5保持成下凹的构形，从而可靠地保持孔6完全关闭。 The inner surface of the central lid portion 73 comprises an inwardly projecting protrusion portion 75 which in the example shown a substantially hemispherical projecting section that extends inwardly toward the valve 3 and the valve 3 to a the outer surface of the cup 38 adjacent to the position, the shape of the section 75 may be made of the valve head 5 is forcibly held to the concave configuration, thereby securely retaining hole 6 is completely closed.
 阀头5在滚动的连接套筒7上的往复运动使分配包装1具有若干重要的优点。  reciprocating motion of valve head 5 on rolling connector sleeve 7 of the dispensing package 1 with several important advantages. 例如，最好将连接套筒7构形成具有足够的弹性，这样在容器2内产生的诸如那些由热膨胀或类似情况而引起的不正常的压力增大可由阀头5相对于连接套筒7的轴向移动抵消，以致能减轻作用在排放孔6上的额外压力。 For example, the connector sleeve 7 is preferably configured to have sufficient elasticity, so that the abnormal pressure in the container 2 such as those produced by thermal expansion or the like caused by the increase of valve head 5 with respect to the coupling sleeve 7 axial movement of the offset, that can reduce the effect on the discharge orifice 6 additional pressure. 这样，如果分配包装1在使用时与液体肥皂或香波配合使用，而后者在沐浴室或者带浴池的室中用于按倒置的状态悬挂，则当淋浴室中的环境温度上升，而不是使有关的压力增加直接与排放孔6连系，以致可能使排放孔无意地打开时，阀头5沿轴向向外移动，释放任何这种压力，从而防止液态产品由于任何意外而从分配包装1中泄漏。 Thus, if a distribution package when using liquid soap or shampoo with the use of the latter is used to hang upside down by the state in the shower room or a room with a bath, a shower room when the ambient temperature rises, rather than bring the The pressure increase direct links with the discharge orifice 6 that may unintentionally open the discharge hole, the valve head 5 is moved axially outward to release any such pressure, thereby preventing the liquid product distribution as a result of any accident from the package 1 leak.
 另一通过连接套筒7的滚动隔膜动作和阀头5的轴向往复运动得到的益处的例子为连接套筒7最好被构造成具有足够的弹性，以使阀法兰4的任何不对准和/或变形，例如在将阀装到容器2上时所遇到的，不会传到阀头5上，从而使排放孔6能不受妨碍地工作。  Another benefit of the axial reciprocating movement of the coupling sleeve 7 and the rolling diaphragm action of valve head 5 obtained by the Examples of the coupling sleeve 7 is preferably configured with sufficient flexibility to allow the valve flange 4 any misalignment and / or deformation, for example when the valve is attached to the container 2 encountered, not transmitted to the valve head 5, so that the discharge orifice 6 can work unhindered. 如上所述，由于液态硅橡粘合剂固有的粘稠性质，将用硅橡粘合剂制成的阀装在容器2上会十分困难，并且常常产生阀3的边缘法兰4的某种不均勻的压缩和/或变形。 As described above, since the liquid silicone rubber adhesive inherent viscous nature of the silicone rubber adhesive is made with the valve is mounted on the container 2 would be very difficult, and often produce a valve the edge 3 of flange 4 uneven compression and / or deformation. 没有连接套筒7的滚动隔膜动作，任何一种这类变形都直接传给阀头5，它又扭曲排放孔6并改变诸如其预定的打开压力、关闭压力、流量等重要的设计特性。 Rolling diaphragm action is not connected to the sleeve 7, any such variations are passed directly to the valve head 5, it twisted discharge holes 6 and change as its pre-opening pressure, closing pressure, flow and other important design features. 与本阀3相关联的滚动隔膜连接套筒7试图使阀头5与边缘法兰4隔开或脱离，以使其能自由浮动，从而避免这类问题。 The valve 3 is associated with the rolling diaphragm connector sleeve 7 and valve head 5 attempt to edge or spaced from the flange 4, so that it can float freely, so as to avoid such problems.
 通过本发明的这一方面得到的益处的再一例子是连接套筒7最好被构形成具有足够的弹性，以使作用在容器2上的振动、冲击力及类似物通过阀头5在滚动的连接套筒7 上的移动而被吸收和/或得到缓冲，以致能避免排放口6的意外打开。  A further example of this aspect of the present invention by the benefits obtained are the coupling sleeve 7 is preferably configured with sufficient elasticity vibration, so that the effect on the container 2 is formed, the impact force and the like via the valve head 5 is moved in the rolling of the coupling sleeve 7 is absorbed and / or buffered, so to avoid accidental discharge port 6 is opened. 在分配包装1掉在地上，有力地撞击在一工作表面上或是要不然受到迅速振动或摇动的情况下，由容器2中液态产品的加速和/或减速产生的冲击力将用不同的方法与排放孔6直接连系，并力图使其意外地打开。 In dispensing package 1 off the ground, a strong impact on a work surface, or otherwise subjected to vibration or shaking rapidly case, by the acceleration of the liquid product container 2 and / or impact forces generated by deceleration will use different methods direct links with six discharge hole, and try to make it accidentally opened. 不过，阀3的连接套筒7的滚动作用对这种撞击力起着缓冲垫或减震器的作用，从而大大地减少了液态产品从分配包装1中意外地排出的机会。 However, the connecting sleeve 3 of the valve 7 of the rolling action of such an impact force plays the role of a cushion or shock absorber, thereby greatly reducing the chance of liquid product from the dispensing package 1 accidentally discharged. 在相似的情况下，当分配包装1用于在使用前通常都要晃动的非均质液体诸如某些色拉调料或类似物时，连接套筒7有助于吸收这种振动，从而防止泄漏。 In a similar case, when dispensing package 1 for shaking before use usually have a non-homogeneous liquid such as some salad dressings, or the like, the coupling sleeve 7 helps to absorb the vibration, thereby preventing leakage.
 通过本发明的这一方面得到的益处的又一例子为连接套筒7最好被构造成具有足够的弹性，以使只需要用非常缓和的、基本上低于阀3的预定打开压力的压力将阀头5从其完全缩回的位置（图7)移至全部伸出的位置（图7)，从而提高包装1的分配“感”。  A further example of this aspect of the present invention by the benefits obtained as the coupling sleeve 7 is preferably configured with sufficient flexibility to allow just use a very gentle, substantially lower than the predetermined valve opening 3 the pressure of the valve head 5 from the fully retracted position (FIG. 7) to the fully extended position (FIG. 7), thereby improving the dispensing package 1 "look and feel." 当使用者握住容器2时即使在侧壁14和15上有非常轻的挤压，也会滚动地使连接套筒7和阀头5伸出至图10所示的完全伸出和完全关闭的位置，此时，阀头5瞬时停止，液态产品的进一步移动受到阻止，直至在容器2上作用附加力，使容器2内产生一大于阀3的预定打开压力的内压。 When the user grasps container 2, even if the side walls 14 and 15 has a very light squeeze, will scroll to the connector sleeve 7 and valve head 5 extends to a fully extended as shown in FIG. 10 and fully closed position, this time, valve head 5 instantaneous stop, further movement of the liquid product is prevented until the role of additional force to the container 2, the container 2 to generate an internal pressure greater than the predetermined opening pressure of valve 3. 连接套筒7和阀头5的这个运动由使用者通过接触或感觉感觉到，其形式通常是当阀头5到达完全伸出的位置（图10)时在容器侧壁14和15上作用有振动或波动。 The motion coupling sleeve 7 and valve head 5 by a user to feel by touch or feel, typically in the form of the container side walls 14 and 15 when valve head 5 reaches the fully extended position (FIG. 10) when vibration or fluctuations. 这种波动给使用者发出信号，表明阀头5已经全部伸出。 Such fluctuations signaled to the user, indicating that the valve head 5 has been fully extended. 进一步加压将使阀3迅速打开并分配液态产品。 Further pressure will cause valve 3 to quickly open and dispensing liquid products. 当阀3迅速打开和迅速关闭时，类似的振动或波动经过容器侧壁14和15传给使用者，以协助得到精确的流动控制。 When the valve 3 quickly open and quickly closed, similar vibrations or fluctuations through container sidewalls 14 and 15 passed to the user, to assist accurate flow control.
 在所示的分配包装1的例子中，阀3以一种如下所述的方式安装在容器2中，即， 使阀头5在图7所示的完全缩回的位置与图13和14所示的完全伸出的排放位置之间变动，在图7所示的位置，阀3整个位于容器2的内部，以便完全地贮放阀3，而在图13和14 所示的位置，阀头5和相联的孔6整个位于容器2的外部，以便通过它们精细地分配液态产品。  In the example shown the dispensing package 1, valve 3 in a manner described below in container 2, i.e., the valve head 5 shown in FIG. 7 fully retracted position and FIG. 13 and between the fully extended discharge position shown in 14 changes at the position shown in Figure 7, the entire valve 3 is located inside the container 2, so that storage is completely valve 3, as shown in Figures 13 and 14 position , valve head 5 and associated orifice 6 is located entirely within the outer container 2 so finely distributed through them liquid product. 通过使阀头5在这两个极端位置之间变动，阀3可在不使用时通常保持不外露并固定在容器2内，但在分配时又不致牺牲洁净性。 By making the valve head 5 between these two extreme positions change, valve 3 can remain normally when not in use exposed and fixed in the container 2, but in the distribution time and without sacrificing cleanliness. 另外，阀3最好位于容器2中，以致连接套筒7的弧形部分51设置在容器支座13的底部25附近，这样如果分配包装往下撞击在一表面上，阀3与表面之间的支撑点将防止阀3变换至完全伸出的位置，并由此保持孔6关闭，防止意外的泄漏。 Also, valve 3 is preferably positioned in container 2 so that the coupling sleeve 7 of the arcuate portion 51 is disposed near the bottom 13 of the container holder 25, so that if the dispensing package down impinge on a surface between the valve 3 and the surface The anchor will prevent third converted to the fully extended position of the valve, and thereby keep orifice 6 closed to prevent inadvertent leakage.
 分配包装1具有相当多的用途，它能够容易而精细地分配非常不同的液态产品。  dispensing package 1 has a considerable number of uses, it can be easily and finely assigned very different liquid products. 自密封阀3与容器2和从其中分配出的液态产品18的种类都匹配，以便能迅速而可靠地密封，但是在被使用者操纵时又易于打开，不需要额外的压力或作用力。 Self-sealing valve 3 and 2 and from which the product type dispensed liquid container 18 are matched, in order to quickly and securely seal, but manipulated user time and easy to open, does not require additional pressure or force. 其构形为折起的并且能滚动地延伸的可以弹性变形的连接套筒7能适应容器2中的热膨胀，吸收作用在容器上的冲击力，能适应在将阀法兰安装到容器上时可能作用在阀法兰上的任何不对准和/或变形，并提供一种能大大地方便准确分配的独特的分配感。 Its configuration is folded and elastically deformable coupling sleeve can extend rollingly 7 can adapt the thermal expansion of the container 2, the absorption of the impact force on the container, can adapt to the valve flange when attached to the container acts on the valve flange may be any misalignment and / or distortion, and to provide a unique allocation greatly facilitate accurate sense allocated. 阀3要构成当孔6迅速打开时能建立一从其经过的大体恒定的流量，即使在容器2受到范围相当宽的压力时。 When the valve 3 is configured to quickly open holes 6 to pass therethrough to establish a substantially constant flow rate, even in the pressure vessel 2 by a fairly wide range of time. 阀3还最好被构造成一旦排放孔6打开，为保持液体流所需要的压力值就变小，从而能更容易地操作和控制，而不必牺牲可靠的密封。 Valve 3 is also preferably configured to once discharge orifice 6 is opened, in order to maintain the desired pressure value of the liquid flow becomes small, so that it can more easily operate and control, without sacrificing reliable seal. 分配包装1特别适于底部分配结构、摇动式容器以及其它类似的包装概念，而且不会有泄漏。 Dispensing package 1 is particularly adapted for bottom dispensing structure, shake containers, and other similar packaging concepts, without leakage.
 参考标号Ia(图20-23)总的代表体现本发明的另一分配包装，它特别适于从相关联的容器2a的顶部分配产品。  Reference numeral Ia (Fig. 20-23) representative of the total reflected allocated another package of the present invention, it is especially suitable for dispensing product from the top of the associated container 2a. 由于分配包装Ia与前面描述的分配包装1相似，因此在图1-16和图17-23中出现的相似部分分别用相同的对应参考标号来表示，只是在后者的标号中有尾标“a”。 Since dispensing package Ia and similar to previously described dispensing package 1, and therefore similar parts appearing in Figures 1-16 and 17-23 respectively are represented by the same corresponding reference numerals, but have the suffix in the numerals of the latter. " a ".
 所示的容器2a(图20)是专门为顶部分配而设计的，它包括一一般为弹性的长椭圆形容器体，该容器体可用合适的合成树脂材料或类似材料整体地模制，以便形成一包括相对地取向的侧壁14a和15a、一顶部16a和一底部17a的一件式结构。  FIG container 2a (Fig. 20) is specifically designed for the top of the distribution, which includes a generally oblong shaped resilient body, the container body using a suitable synthetic resin material or the like integrally molded so as to form a relatively orientation comprises side walls 14a and 15a, a top 16a and a bottom 17a of a one-piece structure. 容器侧壁14a和15a可侧向变形，以对容器2a的内部加压和减压，它最好具有足够的弹性或刚性，以便在释放作用于容器2a上、以从其中分配液态产品18a的任何外力时，能自动地恢复其原有的形状。 The container side walls 14a and 15a may be laterally deformed to the interior of the container (2a) of pressurization and depressurization, which is preferably sufficiently resilient or rigid, in order to release from the container 2a, 18a to dispense the liquid product from which the When any external force, can be automatically restored to its original shape.
 所示的容器顶部16a (图20-21)包括一颈部20a，它在不分配时通常处于向上打开的取向并限定了一排放口21a，在该排放口的四周设有分配阀3a的边缘部分4a。  as shown in the top of the container 16a (Fig. 20-21) includes a neck portion 20a, it is normally open when not allocated upward orientation and defining a discharge port 21a, the discharge port is provided around the dispensing valve 3a edge portion 4a. 颈部20a 的自由端包括一纵向截面大体为L形的环形沟槽22a，其形状被做成有紧密地在其中接纳阀3a的边缘部分4a。 The free end of neck 20a includes a generally L-shaped longitudinal cross-section of the annular groove 22a, which is formed has a shape tightly receiving therein the edge of the valve portion 3a 4a. 阀的固定环23a设在沟槽22a的附近并由一按锁结构固定在容器2a 的颈部20a上。 Retaining ring valve 23a provided in the vicinity of the groove 22a by a press-locking structure 2a is fixed on the container neck 20a. 容器支座17a有一基本上扁平的环形外底25a，它适于对抵地支承分配包装la，使其直立在一有关的表面诸如对顶、凹座、工作表面或类似物上。 Container holder 17a has a substantially flat annular outer end 25a, which is adapted for contact dispensing package la is supported, so that in a related upright on the top surface, recesses, such as a work surface or the like. 在图20-23所示的分配包装Ia中，与前面所描述的在分配包装1 (图1-17)中通常处于隐蔽状态的阀3相反，分配阀3a在分配包装Ia内处于一般是伸出的状态。 In the dispensing package illustrated in Figures 20-23 of Ia, the previously described dispensing package 1 (1-17) generally is in the hidden state of the valve 3 the contrary, the dispensing valve 3a in the dispensing package Ia is generally stretched out state.
 参看图17-19，所示的分配阀3a与前面所描述的分配阀3大体相似，而且包括一边缘部分4a、一在其中具有一排放孔6a的头部5a和一连接套筒7a，该套筒的一端与边缘部分4a相连，而相反的一端则与头部5a相连。  Referring to Figures 17-19, the dispensing valve and dispensing valve 3a shown previously described three substantially similar, and comprising an edge portion 4a, in which a discharge orifice 6a has a head portion and a connecting sleeve 5a 7a, one end edge of the sleeve portion 4a is connected, while the opposite end is connected to the head portion 5a. 连接套筒7a具有可弹性变形的结构，这样当容器2a中的压力升高，超过一预定值时，阀3a的头部5a如图22和23所示向上移动，以便从其分配液态产品18a。 Coupling sleeve 7a has a resiliently deformable structure, so that when the container 2a in the pressure rise, exceeds a predetermined value, the valve head 3a moved upwardly 5a shown in Figure 22 and 23, so that distribution of the liquid product therefrom 18a . 与前述的分配阀3(图1-17)相反，分配阀3a的连接套筒7a并不折起并滚动地延伸，而是简单地向外移动，以这样一种方式向阀头5a上作用打开力，S卩，使孔6a迅速打开，这将在以后详细描述。 Previously described dispensing valve 3 (Fig. 1-17) In contrast, dispensing valve 3a is connected to the sleeve is not folded and 7a extend rollingly, but simply to move outwardly, the valve head 5a to effect in such a manner the opening force, S Jie so quickly open hole 6a, which will be described in detail later.
 图示分配阀3a的法兰或边缘部分4a(图17_19)有其截面构形大致为三角形的环形形状，它包括一上缘38a、一外缘31a和一底缘32a。  or the edge flange portion of the illustrated dispensing valve 3a 4a (FIG 17_19) has its sectional configuration is substantially triangular annular shape, comprising an upper edge 38a, an outer edge 31a and a bottom edge 32a. 阀3a的边缘部分4a有一在顶缘30a和底缘32a之间的厚度，它在安装固定环23a时弹性地受压，在其间形成一可靠的防漏密封。 Edge portion 4a of valve 3a has a thickness in the top edge 30a and bottom edge 32a is elastically compressed when it is installed retaining ring 23a, therebetween to form a reliable leak-proof seal.
 所示的分配阀3a的头部5a(图17-19)有一圆的平面形状和一大体为带坡度的结构，它在阀头5a的径向外部较厚，而在其沿径向的内部较薄。  The illustrated dispensing valve 3a head portion 5a (Figs. 17-19) has a circular planar shape and a substantially sloping structure, which radially outer valve head 5a in a thick, and at its radially the interior of the thinner. 这种带坡度的结构有助于实现阀3a的迅速打开/迅速关闭动作，这将在下文中说明。 This structure contributes to the sloping valve 3a rapid opening / closing operation quickly, which will be described hereinafter. 更具体一起，在图示的例子中，阀头5a有一外侧或外表面38a，它有一朝周围环境向外打开的弧形的侧视立面结构，并由一第一预定半径限定。 More specifically, together, in the illustrated example, valve head 5a has an outer side or outer surface 38a, which has a side curved facade structure once ambient outwardly open, defined by a first predetermined radius. 阀头外表面38a在连接套筒7a的外侧壁之间连续地延伸。 The outer surface of the valve head 38a extends continuously between the connector sleeve 7a of the outer side wall. 阀头5a还包括一内侧或内表面39a，它有一边缘部分40a并由一第二预定半径限定，该边缘部分具有朝分配包装Ia的内部向内弯曲的弧形的侧视立面结构。 Valve head 5a also includes an interior side or the inner surface 39a, which has an edge portion 40a is defined by a second predetermined radius, the inside toward the edge portion having a dispensing package Ia inwardly curved arcuate side facade structure. 内表面39a上的边缘部分40a的半径大于外表面38a的半径，这样两个表面在孔6a处或在孔6a附近朝阀头5a的中心会聚，并提供阀头5a的上述向内倾斜的结构。 Radius radius edge 39a on the inner surface of the portion 40a is larger than the outer surface 38a, so that the two surfaces of the hole 6a at or near the center hole 6a of converging toward the valve head 5a, and providing a valve head 5a of the above-described structure is inclined inwardly . 阀头5a的内表面39a还包括一中心部分41a， 它有一圆形的平面形状，并具有基本上是平面的或扁平的侧视立面结构，其取向大体垂直于排放孔6a。 The inner surface 39a of valve head 5a also includes a center portion 41a, which has a circular planar shape, and has a substantially planar or flat side facade structure oriented substantially perpendicular to the discharge opening 6a. 如下所述，阀头5a的中心部分41a有助于改善阀3a的打开和关闭特性。 Center as described below, the valve head portion 5a of valve 3a 41a help to improve the opening and closing characteristics. 阀头5a有一圆形的边缘42a，它在边缘部分40a的外沿43a处开始并从该处以小的锥度向外延伸，最终汇合在连接套筒7a中。 Valve head 5a has a circular edge 42a, 40a of the outer edge portion 43a which starts at and extends outwardly from the imposed small taper at the edge, and finally converging in the coupling sleeve 7a. 阀头5a的边缘42a与连接套筒7a的相邻的上部沿径向向内地隔开一段距离。 Adjacent the upper edge of the valve head 5a, 7a, 42a and connecting sleeve spaced radially away from the mainland. 边缘部分40a的靠内段与头部5a的中心部分41a限定了一圆形的边缘44a。 Against the inner edge of the central section 5a of the head portion 41a defines a circular edge 44a of portion 40a.
 图示分配阀3a的连接套筒部分7a的纵截面形状大体为J形，它包括一其形状为第一腿部46a的环形基部和一其形状为第二腿部45a的径向向内的圆柱形侧壁部分。  the illustrated dispensing valve 3a is a longitudinal cross-sectional shape of the connecting sleeve portion 7a of a substantially J-shaped, comprising a shape of a ring-shaped base portion 46a of the first leg portion and a shape of a second leg portion 45a of the radial inwardly cylindrical sidewall portion. 连接套筒7a有相应的内表面47a和外表面48a，它们沿其长度等距离地隔开，以使连接套筒7a 有基本上均勻的厚度。 7a corresponding coupling sleeve 47a and the inner surface of the outer surface 48a, equidistantly spaced along its length, so that the connection sleeve 7a has a substantially uniform thickness. 连接套筒7a的一端49a与阀3a的头部5a相连，连接套筒7a的相对端50a与阀3a的边缘部分4a相连。 One end 7a of the coupling sleeve and the valve head portion 5a 49a 3a is connected to the connecting edge 7a of the opposite ends of the sleeve 50a and the valve portion 3a 4a is connected. 连接套筒7a的第一和第二腿部46a和45a以为锐角的夹角互相取向，该角度在连接套筒腿46a和45a的外表面之间量得，并在图1 9中用希腊字母“ θ ”注出。 Connection sleeve 7a of the first and second leg portions 46a and 45a that the acute angle between the orientation of each other, the angle between the outer surface of the connector sleeve legs 46a and 45a of the measurement results, and in Fig. 19 by the Greek letter "θ" spout. 连接套筒腿部46a和45a在一弧形部分51a处彼此连接，这将在从容器2a中分配产品时有利于阀3a的头部5a的运动。 Connector sleeve leg portions 46a and 45a connected to each other at an arcuate portion 51a, which will when dispensing product from the container 2a in favor of the head portion 5a of valve 3a movement.
 在图17-19所示的例子中，连接套筒7a的第一腿部46a短于第二腿部45a，其间的夹角在65-85度的范围内，还有，连接套筒7a的第一腿部46a以相对于头部5a经过缝56a 延伸的中心轴线的一锐角取向。  In the example shown in FIGS. 17-19, the connecting sleeve 7a is shorter than the first leg portion 46a of the second leg portion 45a, an angle therebetween in the range of 65-85 degrees, as well as, connected sets a first leg portion 46a of the barrel 7a to head portion 5a with respect to the orientation of slits 56a through an acute angle extending central axis. 阀3a的外缘42a大体上是平坦的，其取向基本上平行于头部5a的中心轴线。 The outer edge 42a of valve 3a is generally flat, and oriented substantially parallel to the central axis 5a of the head. 连接套筒7a的第二腿部45a以与头部5a的中心轴线成一锐角的角度取向，该角度在2-10度的范围内。 7a of the coupling sleeve to the second leg portion 45a and the head portion 5a of the central axis at an acute angle orientation, the angle is in the range of 2-10 degrees.
 图示的分配阀3a的连接套筒7a在腿部46a的顶部有一倒J形端部49a，它成弧状地延伸至阀3a的头部5a，以在从容器3a中分配产品时进一步协助头部5a的运动。  the illustrated dispensing valve 3a is connected at the top of the legs 7a sleeve 46a has an inverted J-shaped end portion 49a, which extends arcuately to the valve head 3a 5a, to when dispensing product from the container 3a, 5a further assist the movement of the head. 如前所述，阀头5a的外缘42a与连接套筒腿45a上端的内表面隔开一段距离，阀头5a和连接套筒7a之间的间隔有助于在从相联的容器中以一种在下文中将要详述的方式分配产品时向阀头5a施加转矩。 As previously mentioned, the spacing of the outer edge 42a of valve head 5a and the inner surface of the upper end of the coupling sleeve 45a of the leg spaced from the valve head 5a and connector sleeve 7a between the associated help from vessel to A torque is applied to the valve head 5a when dispensing product manner to be hereinafter described in detail. 连接套筒腿部45a的倒J形端部49a环绕大约108度，以在外表面38a 的外缘附近固定在阀头部分5a上。 The coupling sleeve 45a of the leg inverted J-shaped end portion 49a surrounds about 108 degrees, close to the outer edge to the outer surface 38a is fixed to the valve head portion 5a.
 在工作时，分配包装Ia按下列方式工作。  In operation, dispensing package Ia work in the following manner. 阀3a通常采取图20中所示的向外突出的取向，其中，阀3a基本上保持其原有的模制形状，没有变形，并且大部分连接套筒7a和阀头部分5a从固定环23a向外突出。 FIG valve 3a projecting outwardly usually take the orientation shown in 20, wherein the valve 3a remains substantially its original molded shape without deformation, and most connection sleeve 7a and the valve head portion 5a from the fixed ring 23a protrudes outwardly. 当如图示的顶部分配包装Ia中所示的那样将阀3a装在容器2a的顶部上时，阀3通常不会受到由液态产品18a作用在其上的液力水头压力。 When the illustrated top dispensing package as shown in Ia as the valve 3a is mounted on the top of the container (2a), the valve 3 will not be normally liquid product 18a of the torque by the water head pressure thereon.
 为了从包装Ia中分配出液态产品18a，使用者首先将容器2a倒过来，使其成为图21-23中所示的顶部向下的取向。  In order to dispense the liquid product from the package 18a Ia, a user first container 2a upside down, making it the top downward in the orientation shown in FIG. 21-23. 排放孔6a的位置最好在要分配液态产品18a的地方的正上方或与之对齐。 Location of discharge hole 6a of the best places to be allocated directly above the liquid product 18a of or in connection with alignment. 然后，使附加的压力与容器2a的内部连系，诸如用手使容器侧壁14a 和15a向内弯曲。 Then, the additional pressure inside the container 2a links, such as the hand of the container side walls 14a and 15a bent inward. 如图22所示，连接套筒7a使阀3a的头部5a开始沿轴向向外地朝分配包装Ia的外部变动。 22, the connecting sleeve 7a of the head 5a of valve 3a to begin axially outwardly toward the external variability packaging Ia allocation. 连接套筒7a的J形结构有助于阀头部分5a的轴向移动。 The J-shaped connector sleeve 7a structure facilitates axial movement of the valve head portion 5a. 连接套筒7a从其原有的模制形状的弹性变形在阀3a中产生一复杂的应力模式，它将套筒弹性地推回至其原有的或正常的形状，这些力包括一由连接套筒7a作用在头部5a上的向外的转矩， 它力图将排放孔6弹性地推向其打开位置。 Connecting sleeve 7a from its original deformation of the elastic molded in the shape of a valve 3a in a complex stress patterns, will push the sleeve resiliently back to its original or normal shape, by which force comprises a connecting 7a outwardly torque acting on the sleeve head 5a, which is trying to resiliently urge discharge orifice 6 in its open position.
 当使附加压力与容器2a的内部连系时，阀3a的头部5a通过连接套筒7a的进一步的纵向伸张和阀头5a的平面形状的进一步扩大继续向外移动，以一种与在上面对分配阀3 详细描述过的方式相似的方式迅速打开至图23所示的全开位置。  When the additional pressure inside the container when the links 2a, 3a of the valve head 5a flat shape by connecting sleeve further longitudinal stretching and valve head 5a, 7a of further expansion continues to move outward to a and dispensing valve on the face 3 through the detailed description of a manner similar to quickly open to the fully open position shown in Figure 23. 由于第二腿部45a的上端连在头部5a上，与其外表面38a相邻，故当阀头部分沿轴向向外移动时，有一转矩作用在阀头5a上，它力图使阀孔6a迅速打开。 Since the upper end of the second leg portion 45a is attached to the head portion 5a, adjacent to its outer surface 38a, so that when the valve head portion is moved axially outwardly, there is a torque acting on the valve head 5a, it is to try to make the valve hole 6a quickly opened. 第二腿部45a的倒J形部分49a协助将这些打开力有效地作用在阀头部分5a上。 The second leg portion 45a of the inverted J-shaped portion 49a to assist these opening force effectively acts on the valve head portion 5a.
 参考标号3b (图24)、3c (图25)、3d (图26)、3e (图27)和3f (图28)总的代表本发明的附加的其它实施例，它们具有稍微不同的分配阀结构。 Additional Other embodiments  Reference numerals 3b (Fig. 24), representative of total 3c (FIG. 25), 3d (Fig. 26), 3e (Fig. 27) and 3f (FIG. 28) of the present invention, they have slightly different The dispensing valve structure. 由于分配阀3b-3f与前面所描述的分配阀3和3a相似，在图1-23和24-29中出现的相似部分分别用同样的对应参考标号代表，只是在后者的参考标号中分别加有尾标“b”_ “f”。 Since the dispensing valve 3b-3f and the previously described dispensing valve 3 and 3a is similar, similar parts appearing in Figures 1-23 and 24-29, respectively, by the same corresponding reference numerals, but in the latter reference numerals, respectively, plus a suffix "b" _ "f".
 与前述的分配阀3a相似，每个分配阀3b_3f都是专门为顶部分配容器设计的，并且以同样的方式工作。  previously described dispensing valve 3a is similar, each dispensing valve 3b_3f are specifically designed for top dispensing container, and in the same manner. 更具体一些，分配阀3b与分配阀3a相似，只是分配阀3b的头部内表面40b全部为弧形，没有分配阀3a的圆的中心部分41a。 More specifically, dispensing valve 3b is similar to dispensing valve 3a, except that the dispensing valve within the head 3b are all arcuate surface 40b, there is no distribution center of the circle of the valve portion 3a 41a. 阀头内表面40b的半径大于阀头外表面38b的半径，这样阀头5b有一坡形结构，它在排放孔6a处较薄。 Radius of the inner surface of the valve head 40b is larger than the radius of the outer surface 38b of the valve head, so that valve head 5b has a sloping structure, it is thinner at discharge orifice 6a.
 分配阀3c与分配阀3b相似，只是阀头5c的两个相对表面40c和38c是平行的， 而且有相同的半径，这样头部5c有基本上均勻的厚度。  dispensing valve 3c is similar to dispensing valve 3b, except that the two opposing surfaces of the valve head 5c, 40c and 38c are parallel and have the same radius, so that head portion 5c has a substantially uniform thickness. 分配阀3d与阀3c相似，只是连接套筒7c的上端直接连在相关联的头部5d上，没有阀3c的倒J形部分49c。 Distribution valve 3d is similar to valve 3c, except that the upper end 7c of the connecting sleeve directly connected to the associated head portion 5d, without the valve 3c of the inverted J-shaped portion 49c. 分配阀3e与阀3a相似，只是连接套筒7e的上端直接连在头部5e上，没有阀3a的倒J形部分49a，分配阀3f与阀3a相似，只是头部5f的内表面40f有一靠近孔6a的正方形，而不是阀3a的圆形44a ο 3a 3e similar distribution valve and the valve, but the connection of the upper end of the sleeve 7e directly connected to the head portion 5e, valve 3a is not inverted J-shaped portion 49a, 3a 3f is similar to the dispensing valve and the valve, but the inner surface 40f of head portion 5f has a near the square hole 6a, instead of the valve round 44a ο 3a
 参考标号3g(图30)、3h(图31)和3i (图32)总的代表体现本发明的附加的其它分配阀。  Reference numerals 3g (Fig. 30), 3h (Fig. 31) and 3i (Fig. 32) representative of the overall distribution reflects the addition of other valve of the present invention. 由于分配阀3g-3i与前述的分配阀3-3f相似，因此用相同的对应参考标号代表在图30-32中出现的相似部分，只是在后者的参考标号中分别加有尾标“g”_ “i”。 Due to the dispensing valve 3g-3i and the aforementioned valve 3-3f similar distribution, resulting in the same corresponding reference numerals in Figure 30-32 similar components, but in the latter reference numbers in Canada have the suffix "g respectively "_" i ". 与阀3相似，每个分配阀3g-3i都是专门为底部分配包装设计的，并且以同样的方式工作。 3 is similar to the valve, each dispensing valve 3g-3i bottom dispensing package are specifically designed for, and in the same manner. 更具体一些，分配阀3g与前述的阀3相似，只是阀头5g的相对的表面38g和40g是截头锥形的，并且倾斜至与排放孔6g相邻的中心圆形区80和81。 More specifically, the valve dispensing valve 3g is similar to previously described 3, but the valve head 5g opposite surfaces 38g and 40g are frustoconical and inclined to and adjacent to the discharge orifice 6g central circular region 80 and 81. 分配阀3h与前述的分配阀3g相似，只是头部5h的相对表面38h和40h在排放孔6h处相交，这样它们便没有分配阀3g的圆形区80和81。 And dispensing valve 3h is similar to previously described dispensing valve 3g, except that the opposite surfaces of the head and 40h 38h 5h intersect at discharge orifice 6h, such that they will not have the dispensing valve 3g circular zone 80 and 81. 分配阀3i与前述的分配阀3h相似，只是头部5i的外表面40i是平坦的，其取向大体垂直于阀3i的中心轴线。 3i and dispensing valve 3h is similar to previously described dispensing valve, only the outer surface of the head 40i 5i is flat and oriented generally perpendicular to the central axis of the valve 3i is.
 在上述描述中，那些本领域中的技术人员将很容易地认识到，可以在不背离此处公开的概念的前提下对本发明作出改进。  In the above description, those skilled in the art will readily recognize, may be made without departing from the concepts disclosed herein provide improvements over the present invention. 这种改进都被认为是包括在下列权利要求中的， 除非这些权利要求明确地表明是别有所指的。 Such improvements are considered to be included in the following claims, unless these claims is not clear that there is referring to.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|CN1039389A||4 Jul 1989||7 Feb 1990||畠秀暁||Tap and liquid dispenser using same|
|US4916760||24 Oct 1988||17 Apr 1990||Arie Shahar||Dispensing device|
|US5115950||14 Jan 1991||26 May 1992||Seaquist Closures A Divison Of Pittway Corporation||Dispensing closure with unitary structure for retaining a pressure-actuated flexible valve|
|WO1994010056A1||27 Oct 1993||11 May 1994||Sara Lee/De N.V.||Metering applicator with double valve|
|International Classification||B65D35/52, B65D83/44, B65D47/20, B65D83/00, B67D7/06|
|Cooperative Classification||B65D47/2031, F16K15/147, Y10T137/788|
|European Classification||B65D47/20E2, F16K15/14H3|
|12 Nov 2008||C06||Publication|
|7 Jan 2009||C10||Entry into substantive examination|
|15 Jun 2011||C14||Grant of patent or utility model|
|24 Aug 2016||EXPY||Termination of patent right or utility model|