Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberCN101242283 A
Publication typeApplication
Application numberCN 200810081421
Publication date13 Aug 2008
Filing date12 Jul 1999
Priority date28 Jul 1998
Also published asCA2338663A1, CA2338663C, CN1391747A, CN100389573C, CN101242283B, DE69923721D1, DE69923721T2, DE69938111D1, DE69938111T2, EP1221228A2, EP1221228A4, EP1221228B1, EP1519517A2, EP1519517A3, EP1519517A8, EP1519517B1, EP1976190A2, EP1976190A3, EP2214347A1, EP2334014A1, US6480510, US7006523, US7016368, US7035280, US7095756, US7187695, US7221679, US7292600, US7424031, US7653015, US7830858, US7852874, US7965735, US7969917, US7978726, US7986708, US8270430, US8325636, US8867523, US8885659, US8885660, US8908673, US20020159402, US20040170189, US20040174897, US20050013320, US20050163152, US20060018338, US20060018339, US20060056444, US20060062241, US20060077970, US20060092962, US20060251110, US20060291497, US20070147413, US20070183447, US20070195719, US20070263652, US20080219288, US20100154022, US20130215798, US20130215799, WO2000007322A2, WO2000007322A3
Publication number200810081421.6, CN 101242283 A, CN 101242283A, CN 200810081421, CN-A-101242283, CN101242283 A, CN101242283A, CN200810081421, CN200810081421.6
Inventors叶胡达宾德
Applicant塞尔科尼特有限公司
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: SIPO, Espacenet
Local area network of serial intelligent cells
CN 101242283 A
Abstract  translated from Chinese
使用电传导媒介的一个串行智能单元(SIC)和用于局域网的连接拓扑结构。 Use a serial electrically conductive media intelligence unit (SIC) and a connection topology LAN. 局域网可以从互连的多个SIC进行配置,因此两个邻近的SIC之间的所有的通信是点对点和双向的。 LAN can be configured from a plurality of interconnected SIC, so all the communication between two adjacent SIC is the point and two-way. 每个SIC可以连接到一个或者多个其它SIC以便允许冗余的通信路径。 Each SIC can be connected to one or more other SIC's to allow redundant communication paths. SIC网络的不同的区域中的通信彼此无关,因此不象当前的总线拓扑结构和星形拓扑结构,对SIC网络的容量或者范围没有基本的限制。 SIC different areas of the network communication independent of each other, unlike the current bus topology and star topology, there is no fundamental limit on the capacity or scope of the SIC network. 每个SIC可以任选地连接到一个或者多个数据终端,计算机,电话机,传感器,激励器等等,以便促进这样的设备中的互连性。 Each SIC can optionally be connected to one or more data terminals, computers, telephones, sensors, actuators, etc., in order to facilitate such a device interconnectivity. 根据本发明的网络可配置用于多种的应用,包括市内电话系统,远程计算机总线扩展器,复用器,PABX/PBX功能,安全系统和本地广播业务。 The network of the present invention can be configured for a variety of applications, including local telephone systems, remote computer bus extender, multiplexers, PABX / PBX functionality, security systems and local broadcasting service. 该网络可以使用专用的接线,以及现有的接线作为内部电话机或者电接线。 The network can use dedicated wiring, as well as the existing internal phone wiring or electrical wiring.
Claims(17)  translated from Chinese
1. 一种用于将数据终端设备单元耦合到由建筑物中的布线承载的数据信号的设备,所述建筑物中的布线在承载所述数据信号的同时承载电源信号,所述设备包括: 布线连接器,用于将所述设备连接到所述布线; 耦合到所述布线连接器的数据耦合器,具有用于仅使数据信号通过的数据信号端口; 耦合到所述数据信号端口的调制解调器,用于与所述布线进行全双工数据信号通信; 耦合到所述调制解调器的数据接口连接器,用于连接到所述数据终端设备单元; 耦合到所述布线连接器的电源耦合器,具有用于仅使电源信号通过的电源信号端口;以及耦合到所述电源信号端口和所述调制解调器的电源,所述电源被来自所述布线的所述电源信号加电并且用于对所述调制解调器加电。 1. A method for coupling a data terminal equipment unit to the equipment from the building wiring carrying data signals, the wiring in the building carrying the data signal at the same time carrying power signal, the apparatus comprising: wiring connector for connecting the device to said wiring; wire connector coupled to the data coupler having ports for only the data signal by the data signal; signal port coupled to said data modem , with the wiring for full-duplex data communication signals; modem coupled to said data interface connector for connection to the data terminal equipment unit; wire connector coupled to the power coupler, having only for the power supply signal port power signal; and a signal port coupled to the power source and the modem's power, the power supply is powered from the power supply signal and the wiring for the modem plus electricity.
2、 根据权利要求1所述的设备,进一步包括用于将所述设备安装到墙上的装置。 2. The apparatus according to claim 1, said apparatus further comprising means for mounting the apparatus to a wall.
3、 根据权利要求1所述的设备,其中所述设备包括在插座中。 3. The apparatus according to claim 1 or claim 2, wherein the apparatus comprises in the socket.
4、 根据权利要求3所述的设备,其中所述插座是电话插座和电源插座中的一个。 4. The apparatus according to claim 3, wherein, wherein the outlet is a telephone jack and a power outlet.
5、 根据权利要求1所述的设备,其中所述电源信号是直流信号。 5. The apparatus according to claim 1 or claim 2, wherein said power signal is a DC signal.
6、 根据权利要求1所述的设备,其中所述电源信号是交流信号。 6. The apparatus according to claim 1 or claim 2, wherein said power supply signal is an AC signal.
7、 根据权利要求1所述的设备,其中承载所述电源信号的所述布线是特殊/专用布线。 7. The apparatus according to claim 1 or claim 2, wherein said power supply wiring of the signal carrying the special / dedicated wiring.
8、 根据权利要求1所述的设备,其中所述电源信号和所述数据信号在所述布线上被频率复用,并且所述耦合器中的至少一个进一步包括滤波器。 8. The apparatus according to claim 1 or claim 2, wherein said power supply signal and the data signals are frequency-multiplexed in the wiring, and the coupler further comprises at least one filter.
9、 根据权利要求1所述的设备,其中所述设备是能够设定地址的。 9. The apparatus according to claim 1 or claim 2, wherein the device is capable of setting the address.
10、 根据权利要求9所述的设备,其中所述设备具有手动分配的地址。 10. The apparatus according to claim according to claim 9, wherein said apparatus has a manually assigned address.
11、 根据权利要求9所述的设备,其中所述设备具有自动分配的地址。 11. The apparatus according to claim according to claim 9, wherein the apparatus has automatically assigned address.
12、 根据权利要求9所述的设备,其中所述设备通过耦合到所述设备的所述数据终端设备单元而具有地址。 12. The apparatus according to claim according to claim 9, wherein said device by the data terminal device coupled to the device unit having the address.
13、 根据权利要求1所述的设备,其中所述耦合器中的至少一个包括中心抽头变压器。 13. The apparatus according to claim 1 or claim 2, wherein said coupler comprises at least one center-tapped transformer.
14、 根据权利要求1所述的设备,其中所述设备的至少一部分容纳在所述数据终端设备单元的外壳内。 14. The apparatus according to claim 1 or claim 2, wherein at least a portion housed within the housing unit of the data terminal equipment device.
15、 根据权利要求1所述的设备,其中所述数据信号包括数字化的电话信号。 15. The apparatus according to claim 1 or claim 2, wherein said data signal comprises a digitized telephone signal.
16、 根据权利要求1所述的设备,还能够连接到电话单元。 16. The apparatus of claim 1, further can be connected to the telephone unit.
17、 根据权利要求1所述的设备,进一步包括耦合到所述电源信号端口的电源连接器,所述电源连接器用于对连接到其的耗电设备加电。 17. The apparatus according to claim 1 or claim 2, further comprising a connector coupled to said power supply signal port, the power connector for the device with its power consumption is electrically connected to the.
Description  translated from Chinese

串行智能单元的局域网本申请是2001年2月24日进入中国的专利申请号为99810085.4, 国际申请日为1999年7月12日、国际申请号为PCT/US99/15644的专利申请的分案申请。 Serial intelligent unit LAN This application is February 24, 2001 to enter the Chinese Patent Application No. 99810085.4, the international filing date of July 12, 1999, International Application No. divisional patent application PCT / US99 / 15644 of application. 技术领域本发明涉及局域网,特别地涉及基于串行智能单元的局域网拓朴结构。 The present invention relates to a local area network, particularly to serial-based local area network topology intelligence unit. 背景技术总线拓朴结构:大多数的现有技术局域网(LAN)使用在图1中以例子表示的总线拓朴结构。 BACKGROUND bus topology: Most conventional local area network (LAN) to be used in a bus topology example is shown in Figure 1. 通信媒介102是基于两个导体(通常扭绞线对或者同轴电缆),数据终端设备(DTE)单元104,106,108, 110和112通过各自的网络适配器114,116, 118, 120和122连接到该通信媒介。 Communication medium 102 is based on two conductors (usually twisted pair or coaxial cable), the data terminal equipment (DTE) units 104, 106, 110 and 112 via respective network adapters 114, 116, 118, 120 and 122 connected to the communication medium. 网络适配器可以是独立的或者装在各自的DTE内。 Network adapter can be installed in stand-alone or within each DTE. 这个现有技术总线拓朴结构有下列缺陷:1. 从数据通信的观点,该媒介可能随着不同的设施显著地不同, 因此不能总是获得对该媒介的适当的适配。 This prior art bus topology has the following drawbacks: 1. From the point of view of data communication, the media may vary significantly in different facilities, it can not always get the proper adaptation of the media. 2. 该总线拓朴结构对于通信不是最佳的,因此:a) 媒介的最大长度是有限的;b) 可能连接到该总线的单元的最大的数量是有限的;c) 在网络适配器中的收发信机中包含复杂的电路;d) 数据速率是有限的。 2. The bus topology is not optimal for communication, whereby: maximum length a) the media is limited; b) may be connected to the maximum number of units of the bus is limited; c) network adapter The transceiver contains complex circuits; d) data rate is limited. 3. 在媒介的通常要求终端负载,因此安装复杂了。 3. In the media usually requires a terminal load, so installation complicated. 4. 在任何给予时间在该总线上仅仅一个DTE可以发射,而且所有的其它的DTE被限定为收听者。 4. At any given time only one DTE can be transmitted on the bus, and all of the other DTE is defined as a listener. 5. 需要复杂的判断技术确定哪一个DTE能,在该总线上发送。 5. The need for complex technology to determine which one judge DTE can send on the bus. 6. 在总线短路的情况下,整个总线故障,而且很难定位该短路。 6. In the case of a short circuit of the bus, the whole bus fault, and it is difficult to locate the short circuit. 7. 地址应该独立地与任何网络适配器相关,而且以总线拓朴结构这是难以达到的。 7. The address should be independently associated with any network adapter, and a bus topology which is difficult to achieve. 星形拓朴结构:许多现有技术网络设备和在下面概述的互连利用星形拓朴结构。 Star topology: many prior art network equipment and interconnection outlined below using a star topology. 复用器是在局域网和广域网(WAN)通信中使用的设备的通用的部件。 Multiplexer is common piece of equipment used in local area network and wide area network (WAN) communications. 使用它以便提供到数据通信骨干的通路或者允许分享多个站之间的带宽。 Use it to provide a data communication backbone path or allow the sharing of bandwidth between multiple stations. 正如在图2中表示的,复用器202的一侧通常连接到单个高数据速率连接204("高速信息通路"),但是还可以使用一些这样的连接。 As represented in FIG. 2, the side of the multiplexer 202 is usually connected to a single high data rate connection 204 ("high-speed information channel"), but may also use some of these connections. 复用器202另一侧具有多个低数据速率连接206, 208, 210, 212 和214。 The other side of multiplexer 202 has multiple low data rate connections 206, 208, 210, 212 and 214. 省略号...表示可以进行另外的连接。 Ellipses ... indicate additional connections can be made. 每个低数据速率连接使用由该高数据速率连接提供的带宽的一部分。 Each connection uses a low data rate in part by the high data rate connections provide bandwidth. 这些低数据速率连接可以是相同的类型或者不同的类型,并且可以具有不同的或者相同的数据速率。 These low data rate connections can be of the same type or of different types, and may have different or the same data rate. 最通常使用的多路复用技术是时域多路复用(TDM)。 Multiplexing is the most commonly used time-domain multiplexing (TDM). 但是,也使用频域多路复用(FDM)。 However, the use of frequency domain multiplexing (FDM). 正在使用的普及的复用器是话音复用器,表示在图3中。 Multiplexer popular voice multiplexer is being used, is shown in Figure 3. 处理2.048 每秒兆比特、包括30个64千比特/秒信道的脉码调制(PCM )总线304 连接到PABX/PBX 302的一侧,并且多达30个电话接口308,312和316通过连接306, 310和314连接到另一侧。 Processing 2.048 megabits per second, comprising pulse code modulation 30 64 kbit / s channels (PCM) bus 304 connected to one side PABX / PBX 302, and up to 30 telephone interfaces 308, 312 and 316 via connection 306, 310 and 314 is connected to the other side. 省略号...表示可以进行另外的连接。 Ellipses ... indicate additional connections can be made. 在这个配置中,PCM总线中的每个信道可以转换或者固定地专用于特定的电话线。 In this configuration, PCM bus in each channel can be converted or permanently dedicated to a particular telephone line. 这样的系统的一个例子在授予Blakeslee 的美国专利No. 3,924,077中公开了。 An example of such a system is disclosed in U.S. Patent No. 3,924,077 granted in Blakeslee's. 正如在图4中表示的,广泛使用(通常在办公室或者企业环境)类似的小的专用小交换机(PABX/PBX),在此一些外部线路403, 404和405 连接到PABX/PBX 402的一侧,并且多个电话机408, 412和416分别地通过线路406,410和414连接到另一侧。 As indicated in Figure 4, is widely used (usually in an office or business environment) Similar small private branch exchange (PABX / PBX), one side of this a number of external lines 403, 404 and 405 connected to PABX / PBX 402 to the and multiple telephones 408, 412 and 416 respectively connected to the other side via lines 406, 410 and 414. 省略号…表示可以进行另外的连接。 Ellipses ... indicate additional connections can be made. 该PABX/PBX连接外部线路到一个请求或者被要求的电话机,并且允许在该房屋的电话机之间连接。 The PABX / PBX line is connected to an external request or requested telephone, and allows connection between the telephone housing. 在上面叙述的配置中,使用星形拓朴结构以便连接这些单元到该复用器,它起网络集线器的作用。 In the configuration described above, the use of star topology to connect the unit to the multiplexer, which acts as a network hub. 星形拓朴结构的缺点包括如下:1. 要求在每个单元和该网络集线器之间连接,并且这个连接要求的接线可能包括长的路程。 Shortcoming star topology include the following: 1 is required between each unit and the network hub, and the connection wiring requirements may include long distance. 因此,当增加新的单元时,必须增加新的单元和该网络集线器之间的附加的、可能长的连接。 Therefore, when adding new units, must add additional, possibly longer connect the new unit and between the network hub. 2. 不提供故障保护:任何短路或者开路将中断到被影响单元的业务。 2. Do not provide fault protection: short circuit or open any affected unit will break into the business. 3. 该复用器可能广的空间和功率要求。 3. The multiplexer possible wide space and power requirements. 计算机接口:建立各种的接口标准,以便允许PC(个人计算机)或者工作站和它的不同的连接单元之间的互操作性。 Computer interface: the establishment of various interface standards to allow PC (personal computer) or workstation and connection between its different units of interoperability. 这些标准通常涉及机械的和电的接口,并且包括工业标准结构(ISA),扩展的工业标准结构(EISA),个人计算机存储器卡工业协会(PCMCIA),智能驱动电子学(IDE),小的计算机系统接口(SCSI)和其它。 These standards generally involve mechanical and electrical interfaces, and include Industry Standard Architecture (ISA), Extended Industry Standard Architecture (EISA), Personal Computer Memory Card Industry Association (PCMCIA), Intelligent Drive Electronics (IDE), small computer System Interface (SCSI), and others. 每个增加的硬件单元通常利用一个特定的软件驱动程序用于与特定的平台的互操作性。 Each additional hardware units typically use a specific software driver for a specific platform interoperability. 这些协议仅仅适用于小距离,并且允许单元装在PC内部或者在PC附近或者工作站周围。 These agreements only apply to a small distance, and allows the unit installed in the PC or workstation inside or in the vicinity around the PC. 例如,装备用于视频捕获的PC可能包括装在母板上的PC内部的一个插入ISA卡,连接到该卡的摄影机和一个软件驱动程序。 For example, PC for video capture equipment may include installed in the PC mother board of a plug ISA card, connected to the camera and a software driver for the card. 这个配置不允许远程视频监视。 This configuration does not allow remote video surveillance. 使用相同的导线对或者用于电源和数据通信两者的线对是熟知的,并且广泛的在电信中使用,从"普通老式电话业务"("POTS") 到综合业务数字网(ISDN)和包括其它数字用户线(xDSL)技术的局部环中的宽带业务。 Use the same wire pair, or for power and data communication both pairs are well known and widely used in telecommunications, from "plain old telephone service" ("POTS") to the Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) and including other digital subscriber line (xDSL) technologies in the local loop broadband services. 这样的概念例如在授予Marcel的美国专利4,825,349 中叙述了,描述使用用于这样的方案的两个线对。 Such a concept such as described in U.S. Patent 4,825,349 in Marcel's, describes the use of such a scheme for the two lines in. 叙述了用于这样的DC馈电的DC—DC变换器,例如在授予Yamano等人的美国专利4,507,721中。 It describes the DC-DC converter for such DC fed, for example, in U.S. Patent 4,507,721 in Yamano et al. 电力线通信(PLC)的概念也是广泛知道的。 Power Line Communication (PLC) concept is widely known. 但是,在大多数情况下该连接类似于局域网环境,其中单个发送器占用整个的媒介。 However, in most cases the connection is similar to a LAN environment, in which a single transmitter occupies the entire medium. 这样的4支术的例子包括X- 10和用户电子总线(CEBus,在EIA- 600标准中叙述)。 Such examples include four surgery X- 10 and consumer electronics bus (CEBus, described in EIA- 600 standard). 许多这种技术使用复杂的扩频技术,以便适应有问题的媒介(特征在于噪声和千扰的数量高)。 Many of these techniques use sophisticated spread spectrum technology to adapt to problematic media (characterized by high noise and interference and the number). 但是即使对于这样的改进的技术, 获得的数据速率是相对地低的。 But even for such improved technology, the data rate obtained is relatively low. 在这个领域中的现有技术包括授予Ratner的美国专利5,684,826, 授予Sargeant等人的美国专利5,491,463。 In this area of the prior art include U.S. Patent 5,684,826 granted to Ratner, the grant Sargeant et al, U.S. Patent No. 5,491,463. 授予Daggett等人的US专利5,504,454,授予Abraham的美国专利5,351,272,授予Lee等人的美国专利5,404,127,授予Howard的美国专利5,065,133 ,授予Spriester 等人的美国专利5,581,801,授予Reyes的美国专利4,772,870和授予Lechner等人的美国专利4,782,322。 Daggett, who awarded US Patent 5,504,454, US Patent 5,351,272 granted to Abraham's issued to Lee et al., U.S. Patent No. 5,404,127, US Patent 5,065,133 granted to Howard's grant Spriester U.S. Patent No. 5,581 801, U.S. Patent 4,772,870 and awarded Reyes of Lechner et al., U.S. Patent No. 4,782,322. 在美国分类340/310(子分类A/R 和其它)和国际分类H04M 11/04中可以找到其它专利。 (Sub Category A / R and others) and the International Classification H04M 11/04 can be found in other patents in the United States Category 340/310. 使用也用于数据通信的现有的电话接线的概念是首先在授予Goodman等人的美国专利5,010,399中公开的,4吏用叠加在电话信号上的视频信号。 Also use the concept of the existing telephone wiring for data communication is first disclosed in U.S. Patent No. 5,010,399 granted to Goodman et al., Four officials with phone signal superimposed on the video signal. 但是,使用的方案是总线类型的并且具有那种拓朴结构的缺陷。 However, the program uses the bus type and the defect has that topology. 类似地,使用更高的频带通过公共电话交换网(PSTN)的数据传输想法广泛地在xDSL系统中使用,正如授予Litteral等人的美国专利5,247,347中公开的。 Similarly, the use of higher frequency bands widely used in xDSL systems via the public switched telephone network (PSTN) data transfer idea, as granted Litteral et al., U.S. Patent No. 5,247,347 disclosed. 该专利公开一个不对称的数字用户线路(ADSL)系统。 This patent discloses an asymmetric digital subscriber line (ADSL) systems. 但是,仅仅叙述通过本地的环路的单个点对点传输,而不讨论现有的内部接线,因此这个现有技术没有公开如何配置完整的多点网络。 However, only through the local loop describes a single point to point transmission, without discussing existing internal wiring, so this prior art does not disclose how to configure a complete multi-point network. 多路复用xDSL数据和POTS/ISDN数据使用FDM原理, 基于POTS/ISDN业务占用该频谱的较低部分,xDSL系统使用更高的带宽。 XDSL multiplexed data and POTS / ISDN data using FDM principles, based on the POTS / ISDN services occupy the lower portion of the frequency spectrum, xDSL system using a higher bandwidth. 使用专用的接线的家用总线网在Kubo等人的美国专利4,896,349 中公开了,和基于电力线控制器(PLC)的家庭自动化网络在授予Mun 的美国专利5,579,221中公开了。 Household wiring dedicated bus network is disclosed in Kubo et al in U.S. Patent 4,896,349, and based on the power line controller (PLC) of home automation network is disclosed in U.S. Patent No. 5,579,221 granted in Mun . 授予Roberts等人的美国专利4,714,912首先建议通过电力线而不在总线拓朴结构中传送数据,但是作为'中断和嵌入,。 U.S. Patent 4,714,912 Roberts et al first suggested transferring data in a bus topology rather than through the power line, but as a 'break and embedding. 但是,仅仅使用单个导体,并且该接收器都再使用总线拓朴结构连接。 However, only a single conductor, and the receivers are then connected using a bus topology. 另外,本发明人的美国专利申请No. 08/734,921,以色列专利申请No.l 19454,和PCT专利申请No. PCT/IL97/00195公开了在网络拓朴中用于检测和控制的供电线路模块的分布串行控制系统。 Further, the present invention is U.S. Patent Application No. 08 / 734,921, Israeli patent application No.l 19454, and PCT Patent Application No. PCT / IL97 / 00195 discloses a power line module for detecting and controlling the network topology The distribution of serial control system. 但是这些文件没有公开用于数据通信的局域网。 However, these documents do not disclose a local area network for data communications. 上面提到的现有技术文件是在该领域中的代表性的例子。 The above-mentioned prior art documents in this field representative example. 一些应用由一个以上的发行专利覆盖。 Some applications covered by one or more patents issued. 因此广泛地认可需要有实现用于数据通信的一种局域网,它不受当前的方法固有的限制,而且是非常有利的。 So widely recognized need to achieve a local area network for data communication, it is not the current method of inherent limitations and is very beneficial. 这个目标由本发明满足了。 The goal by the present invention meets. 发明内容本发明是用于数据通信,检测和基于连续地连接的模块进行控制的一种局域网,该模块称为"串行智能单元"(SIC)。 The present invention is used for data communication, detection and be based on a local area network control module continuously connected, the module is called "serial intelligent unit" (SIC). 根据本发明的这样的设备的局域网的一个例子表示在图7中,现在简略参考。 Is shown in Figure 7, it is now based on a brief reference to an example of such a device of the present invention LAN. 在这个例子中,SIC 700,702,704,706和708由一个或者多个导电的导线对(诸如扭绞线对710)连接。 In this example, SIC 700,702,704,706 and 708 by one or more electrically conductive wires for (such as twisted pair 710) connection. 这允许链接诸如SIC 700至SIC 702到SIC 704。 This allows links such as SIC 700 to SIC 702 to SIC 704. 但是,位于末端的SIC 700, SIC 706和SIC 708具有单个连接。 However, at the end of the SIC 700, SIC 706 and SIC 708 has a single connection. SIC 704 具有三个连接,并且甚至更多连接是可能的。 SIC 704 has three connections, and even more connections are possible. 一个SIC可能接口至一个或者多个DTE,正如由接口至SIC 700的DTE 714和由接口至SIC 704的DTE 716与718表示的。 A SIC possible interfaces to one or more DTE, as indicated by the interface to the DTE 714 SIC 700 and SIC 704 by the interface to the DTE 716 and 718 represents. 但是SIC不需要具有接口,正如由SIC 706和SIC 702表示的。 SIC but not required to have an interface, as indicated by the SIC 706 and SIC 702 represents. 虽然SIC 702作为一个中继器,连接SIC 700 和SIC 704。 Although SIC 702 as a repeater, connecting SIC 700 and SIC 704. 应该指出,根据本发明的网络利用导电的媒介互连SIC。 It should be noted, use of conductive interconnection medium SIC network according to the present invention. 每个导电的媒介连接恰好两个SIC到SIC的通信对,这些SIC双向地通信并且与局域网中的其它通信对无关。 Each conductive medium to connect exactly two SIC SIC communication right, these SIC communicate bidirectionally and other communication with the LAN irrelevant. 电传导媒介是从一点到另一点通过传导电流或者通过传播电位发送信号的媒介。 Electrically conductive medium is to send a signal through the dissemination potential of media from one point to another by conduction currents or. 电传导媒介包括但是不限制为导线,扭绞线对和同轴电缆。 Electrically conductive media include but are not limited to the wire, twisted pair and coaxial cable. 但是电传导媒介不包括诸如光纤线路,波导,微波,无线电和红外通信媒介。 But it does not include an electrically conductive medium, such as fiber-optic lines, waveguides, microwave, radio and infrared communication media. 正如在上面指出的,通信对中的SIC双向地通信。 As noted above, SIC two-way communication to communicate in. 例如,SIC 704 可以启动通信(作为发送器)给SIC 702(作为接收器),但是SIC 704同样可以启动同时的通信(作为发送器)至SIC 700(作为接收器)。 For example, SIC 704 can initiate communication (as a transmitter) to SIC 702 (as a receiver), but can also start simultaneously SIC 704 communication (as a transmitter) to SIC 700 (as a receiver). 双向通信可以同时地进行,在此处相当于"全双工通信"。 Bidirectional communication can be performed simultaneously, here corresponding to "full-duplex communication." 另外,正如在上面指出的,通信对的SIC之间的通信与任何其它通信对的SIC之间的通信无关,这些通信既不以任何方式阻止又不彼此影响。 Further, as noted above, the communication between the other communication SIC correspondent of the communication between the SIC and any extraneous, neither of these communications do not prevent in any way affect each other. 此外,SIC 之间的每个通信是"点对点通信",在此处术语表示发生在恰好一个发送器和恰好一个接收器之间的通信。 Further, each communication between the SIC "point to point communication", where the term represents place between exactly one sender and exactly one receiver communication. 这是与基于总线的通信相反, 其中有许多(潜在的)接收器和许多(潜在的)发送器。 This is based on the communication bus contrary, many (potential) receivers and many (potential) transmitter. 因此,在根据本发明的拓朴结构中,在连接的每端(SIC)在物理层自动地终止,两者简化了安装和确保更可靠的通信。 Thus, in the topology of the present invention, at each end (SIC) connected automatically terminate at the physical layer, both simplify installation and ensure more reliable communication. 根据本发明的拓朴结构在下列方面优越于现有技术总线拓朴结构:1. 对可以安装在该网络中的SIC的数量没有实际的限制,因此对在该网络中的DTE的数量没有实际的限制。 According to the prior art bus topology topology of the present invention is superior in the following: 1. no practical limit on the number of SIC can be installed in the network, and therefore the number of DTE's in the network is not practical restrictions. 2. 点对点通信允许在更大的距离有更高的数据速率。 2. The point communication allows a greater distance have a higher data rate. 3. 点对点通信要求比总线电路较不复杂的电路。 3. point communication requires less complex circuitry than bus circuitry. 4. 几个SIC可以同时地发送和接收。 4. Several SIC can simultaneously transmit and receive. 例如,SIC 700可以与SIC 702通信,同时SIC704同时地与SIC 706通信。 For example, SIC 700 can communicate with SIC 702, while SIC704 communicate with SIC 706 simultaneously. 5. 不需要判断,允许更有效的利用该网络。 5. The determination is not required, allowing more efficient use of the network. 此外,优先权可以分配给每个SIC或者作为选择分配给每个特定的消息以便允许该数据路由选择考虑优先权。 In addition, priority can be assigned to each SIC or alternatively assigned to each specific message in order to allow the data routing priority consideration. 6. 地址可以通过该网络指定。 6. The address can be specified by the network. 7. 在任何导体或者SIC故障的情况下,该网络可以立即检测故障, 并且容易地获得该故障的具体的位置(直到特定的SIC对)。 7. In the case of failure of any conductor or SIC, the network can immediately detect failures, and easy access to the specific location of the fault (up to a particular SIC). 因此,根据本发明提供用于数据通信、检测和控制的一个局域网, 包括由传导媒介专门地互连为至少一个通信对的多个串行智能单元, 其中:(a)每一个传导媒介互连不多于两个串行智能单元;(b)每一个通信对包括一个传导媒介和准确地两个串行智能单元;(c)每一个通信对从事于通过传导媒介独占地通信;和(d)每一个通信对从事于双向通信和与任何其它通信对通信无关。 Accordingly, the present invention provides for a local area network data communications, detection and control, including specialized interconnected by a conductive medium for multiple serial communication to at least one intelligent unit, where: (a) each conductive interconnect media no more than two serial intelligent unit; (b) each communication including a conductive medium, and two serial accurate intelligence unit; (c) each communication exclusively engaged in communication via conduction medium; and (d ) each communication pair engaged in two-way communication, and any other communications irrespective of its communications. 附图说明在此处仅仅利用例子参见附图叙述本发明,其中:图1表示通常的现有技术LAN总线拓朴结构。 BRIEF DESCRIPTION Referring to the drawings by way of example only here described the present invention, in which: Figure 1 shows a conventional prior art LAN bus topology. 图2表示典型的现有技术的复用器。 Figure 2 shows a typical prior art multiplexer. 图3表示现有技术的话音复用器(星形拓朴结构)。 Figure 3 shows a prior art voice multiplexer (star topology). 图4表示现有技术的话音交换机配置(星形拓朴结构)。 Figure 4 shows a prior art voice exchange configuration (star topology). 图5是根据本发明的数据通信的SIC方框图。 Figure 5 is a block diagram of a data communication SIC of the present invention. 图6是根据本发明的控制应用的SIC方框图。 Figure 6 is a block diagram of the control application SIC present invention. 图7表示利用本发明设备的LAN拓朴结构。 Figure 7 shows the device of the present invention utilize LAN topology. 图8表示利用本发明的设备的另一种LAN拓朴结构。 8 shows an apparatus of the present invention, another LAN topology. 图9表示根据本发明基于SIC的复用器一PABX/PBX。 Figure 9 shows a multiplexer-based SIC PABX / PBX according to the present invention. 图IO表示根据本发明使用作为计算机总线扩展器的局域网。 Figure IO that the use of a computer bus extender LAN according to the present invention. 具体实施方式理和操作。 DETAILED DESCRIPTION management and operations. 图5是在控制应用中使用的代表性的SIC 500的方框图。 Figure 5 is a block diagram for use in control applications typical of SIC 500. 第一线路接口502是用于连接前面的SIC以便接收通过电传导媒介503输入的电源和局域网数据的第一端口,电传导媒介503可以随意地连接到输电线501,因此SIC 500可以从输电线501供电。 The first line interface 502 is used to connect the front of the SIC to receive a first port electrically conductive medium 503 by electrical input power and LAN data conductive medium 503 can optionally be connected to the transmission line 501, thus SIC 500 from transmission line 501 power supply. 线路接口502可以包括连接器、保险丝、避雷器和其它保护,诸如噪声滤波器等等。 The line interface 502 can include connectors, fuses, surge arresters and other protection, such as a noise filter and so on. 输入的电源/数据信号馈送给第一电源/数据分离器/组合器504,它从电源去耦合(高频率交流电)数据信号。 Input power / data signal is fed to the first power / data splitter / combiner 504, which from the power supply decoupling (high frequency alternating current) data signals. 这样的电源/数据分离器/组合器504(在图5中表示为"F/Ds/c")可以通过本专业熟知的方法实现,诸如使用中心抽头变压器或者作为选择使用具有有源的部件。 Such power / data splitter / combiner 504 (denoted as "F / Ds / c" in FIG. 5) is known by the professional way to achieve, such as using a center-tapped transformer or alternatively using an active member. 数据信号馈送给允许双向通信的第一调制解调器506,同时电源馈送给电源供给520。 The data signal is fed to a first modem to allow two-way communication 506, while the power is fed to the power supply 520. 上面的方案假定电源和数据是通过相同的网络导线(供电的线路)传送的。 The above scenario assumes power and data are transmitted over the same network cable (power line). 图5说明SIC是通过交流电(例如通过输电线)线路供电的情况,在此情况下电源/数据分离器/組合器504是一个交流电源/数据分离器/组合器,它从更高的频率数据信号中分离低频交流电电源。 Figure 5 illustrates the SIC by alternating current (for example, by power lines) line powered circumstances, in which case the power / data splitter / combiner 504 is an AC power / data splitter / combiner which higher frequency data separating the low-frequency AC power signal. 否则,在SIC是由直流线供电的情况下,电源/数据分离器/组合器504 是一个直流电源/数据分离器/组合器,它从该数据信号中分离直流电源。 Otherwise, in the case of SIC is powered by a DC line, power / data splitter / combiner 504 is a DC power / data splitter / combiner, which separates the DC power from the data signal. 在一些情况下不使用线路供电的方法。 Do not use the line powered method in some cases. 例如,电源可以通过与该数据接线一起发送的专用线传送。 For example, a dedicated line power supply wiring can be sent along with the data transmission. 作为选择,该SIC可以是由本地的电源在本地供电。 Alternatively, the SIC may be by the local power in the local supply. 在两者情况下,不需要电源/数据分离器/组合器,并且输电线是直接地连接到SIC电源,同时该数据直接地连接到该调制解调器。 In both cases, no power / data splitter / combiner, and the transmission line is directly connected to the SIC power while the data is connected directly to the modem. SIC部分任选地装在插座524内,因此到局域网以及到输电线的连接可以从插座524进行。 SIC moiety is optionally contained within the receptacle 524, thus connected to the LAN and to the transmission line 524 may be made from the socket. 来自插座524的电源可以馈送给任意的电的装置525。 Power from the socket 524 can be fed to the arbitrary power of the device 525. 另外,SIC 500包括一个任选的输电线馈送505,它还可以供电电气装置或者其它设备。 In addition, SIC 500 includes an optional transmission line 505 is fed, it can supply an electrical device or other device. 电源供给520提供用于SIC和有用负荷操作要求的电压,并且还输出该电源到第二电源/数据分离器/组合器510,用于耦合到下一个SIC。 Power supply 520 provides a voltage for SIC and payload operational requirements, and also the output of the power supply to a second power / data splitter / combiner 510, for coupling to the next SIC. 与下一个(馈送的)SIC通信是通过电话/数据分离器/组合器610 连接到第二线路接口614的第二调制解调器612执行的,电话/数据分离器/组合器610类似于先前叙述的电话/数据分离器/组合器604。 Next SIC communication (fed) and is connected via the telephone / data splitter / combiner 610 to a second modem 612 perform a second line interface 614, the telephone / data splitter / combiner 610 is similar to the previously described telephone / data splitter / combiner 604. 线路接口614连接到电传导媒介615,它连接到下一个SIC。 The line interface 614 is connected to the electrically conductive medium 615, which connects to the next SIC. 调制解调器606和612可以是标准RS- 485, RS- 232或者任何简单的相似的数据接口收发信机。 Modems 606 and 612 may be standard RS- 485, RS- 232 or any similar simple data interface transceiver. 作为选择,可以使用复杂的收发信机用于获得长距离的或者高速操作。 Alternatively, you can use the complex transceivers for obtaining long-distance or high speed operation. CPU和包含在控制块622中的固件控制和监视该单元操作和通信,以及通过与有效负荷609接口的有效负荷接口608控制该有效负荷,它可以包括传感器和激励器。 CPU and contains the firmware controlling and monitoring the unit operation and communication in the control block 622, and by the payload payload interface 608 609 interface to control the payload, which may include sensors and actuators. 例如,接口608可以实现4-20ma标准接口。 For example, the interface 608 can be implemented 4-20ma standard interface. SIC 600还包括一个任选的电源/电话接口624, 例如包含在电话插座625中,以及一个或者多个通信接口,诸如连接到一个DTE的一个通信接口626。 SIC 600 also includes an optional power / telephone interface 624, contained for example in a telephone outlet 625, and one or more communication interfaces, such as connection of a DTE to a communications interface 626. 在直流线路馈电的情况下,电源供给可以具有线路反向作用(例如一个基于二极管的桥)以便适应可能的导线反向。 In the case of the DC line feed, and the power supply line may have the reverse effect (such as a diode-based bridge) to accommodate a possible lead back. 一注意,SIC可以作为具有包含在一个外壳内的所有的组成的部分的单个设备实现,但是不是必须那么实现。 A note, SIC can be used as a single device with all composition contained within a housing part of the implementation, but it is not necessary to achieve. 在用于数据通信或者控制应用的SIC的情况下,该硬件可以在SIC模块和DTE/有效负荷单元之间任选地分开。 In the case of applications for data communication or control of the SIC, the hardware may optionally be split between SIC module and DTE / payload unit. 在用于电话应用的SIC的情况下,该硬件可以任选地在SIC, DTE有效负荷单元电话出口诸如电话出口625之间分开, 它允许连接到电话业务(诸如通过电话机623)和局域网(通过DTE 628) 二者。 In the case of a SIC used for telephone applications, the hardware may optionally be in the SIC, DTE payload unit separated from the telephone outlet, such as telephone outlet 625, which allows connection to the telephone service (such as through a telephone 623) and LAN ( By DTE 628) both. 电话机出口625可以是一个墙上插座或者塞孔。 Telephone outlet 625 may be a wall socket or plug holes. 所有的或者部分的SIC可以装在电话机出口诸如电话机出口625内,如果要求的话。 SIC all or part may be installed in the telephone outlet, such as telephone outlet 625, if desired. 此外,对于仅仅使用作为中继器的SIC,有效负荷接口不是必需的。 Furthermore, using only as a repeater for the SIC, the payload interface is not necessary. 电源/数据分离器/组合器510(图5)可以使用在本技术中已知的各种的技术。 Power / data splitter / combiner 510 (FIG. 5) You can use this technique in a variety of known techniques. 耦合例如可以正如在授予Gajjar的美国专利4,745,391中公开的那样实现。 For example, it can be realized as coupling as disclosed in U.S. Patent No. 4,745,391 granted Gajjar's. 电源供给520(图5)可以是使用专用的适配器或者通过具体的S1C连接到该网络。 Power supply 520 (FIG. 5) using a special adapter can be connected to the network or through specific S1C. 有效负荷还可以使用标准的以太网或者其它局域网接口连接,因此使用该SIC仿真该网络。 The payload can also use standard Ethernet or other LAN interface, the use of the SIC emulate the network. 这个配置使用标准接口,但是以比常规的局域网更高的通过量和数据速率操作。 This configuration uses standard interfaces, but higher than a conventional LAN throughput and data rate operation. SIC寻址:一个SIC可以包括一个地址。 SIC Addressing: a SIC can include an address. 在该网络的SIC的地址可以由局域网本身通过本技术中已知的算法通过自动分配指定,例如在授予Smith等人的美国专利5,535,336中公开的。 SIC address of the network can be automatically assigned is specified by an algorithm known in the art by a local area network itself, such as those disclosed in granting Smith et al., In U.S. Patent No. 5,535,336. 地址还可以通过人工分配指定,诸如通过在SIC单元机械的转换的设置。 You can also manually assign the address specified, such as by setting SIC unit in mechanical conversion. 地址还可以通过连接到SIC的DTE,或者正如在大多数的局域网系统所进行的、利用更高层,或者物理地是到SIC连接的装置(诸如通过地址线路)。 Address also can be connected to the SIC of DTE, or, as in most of the LAN system carried out by a higher level, or is physically connected to the device SIC (such as through the address line). SIC电源:SIC可以通过位于接近该SIC的电源在本地接收电源。 SIC power: SIC can receive power locally by the SIC is located close to the power supply. 但是,一个电源可能使用专用的输电线用来供电在局域网中的一些或者所有的SIC。 However, a power supply may be used to power transmission lines using a dedicated LAN some or all of the SIC. 这些线路可以以数据通信导线选择路由作为选择,相同的传导媒介(数据通信导线)可利用在本技术中熟知的技术用于传送电源和局域网数据到该SIC,例如在电话系统中。 These lines can lead to data communication routing Alternatively, the same conductive medium (data communication wire) can be used in the art well-known techniques for transmitting power and LAN data to the SIC, for example, the telephone system. 在这样的情况下,要求一个单元用于耦合电源供给到该局域网。 In this case, it requires a power supply unit for coupling to the LAN. 这可以使用SIC(诸如图7中的SIC 706)或者在一个具体的专用的模块中。 This may be used SIC (such as in FIG. 7 SIC 706) or in a specific dedicated module. 因为电源典型地分布在低频(例如60赫兹),而局域网数据典型地是在更高的频率,电源可以使用频域多路复用与局域网数据组合。 Because power is typically distributed at low frequencies (e.g. 60 Hz), and local area network data is typically at a higher frequency, the power can be frequency domain multiplexed with LAN data in combination. 因此SIC可以从输电线供电,并且还可以输送电源,正如在图5中表示的和在此处详述的输电线501, 因此SIC 500可以从输电线501供电。 Therefore SIC from line power, and it can also convey power, as represented in Figure 5 and described in detail herein transmission line 501, thus SIC 500 can be powered from the transmission line 501. 连接到该SIC的DTE、传感器和激励器还可以在本地从该SIC供电的,或者可以通过与该SIC相同的信道使用相同的资源。 SIC's connected to the DTE, sensors and actuators can also be locally powered from the SIC, or you can use the same resources through the same channel SIC. 部分或者所有的SIC可以装在插座内,因此该插座允许到局域网以及到电源的连接。 Part or all of the SIC can be installed in the socket, so the power socket allows connection to the LAN and to. 控制:虽然主要地使用作为通信网络,根据本发明的系统还可以使用作为一个平台以便实现检测,控制和自动系统。 Control: Although primarily used as a communication network system according to the present invention may also be used as a platform to achieve the detection, control and automation systems. 这是通过增加到传感器或者激励器的一个或者多个SIC接口实现的。 This is accomplished by a sensor or actuator to one or more of the SIC interface. 由该传感器接收的信号通过包含在SIC或者在DTE中的逻辑在该网络上发送,于是它操作有关的激励器。 Received by the sensor signals contained in SIC or logic in the DTE are transmitted on the network, so it is related to the operation of the actuator. 这个自动功能可以由一个或者多个DTE监视。 This automatic function can be monitored by one or more DTE. 控制的操作可以与在该网络上通信的数据相关(例如检测电源对DTE的有效性)或者可以与它无关,允许在本地进行控制判定。 Control operation and data communications can on that network-related (such as the effectiveness of the detection power DTE) or nothing to do with it, allowing local control determination. DTE接口:DTE接口可以是一个专有的接口或者任何标准的串行或并行接口,诸如ITU-TV.35, ITU-TV.24等等。 DTE Interface: DTE interface is a proprietary interface or any standard serial or parallel interfaces such as ITU-TV.35, ITU-TV.24 like. 另外,可以使用电话机接口(POTS)或者ISDN。 In addition, you can use the phone interface (POTS) or ISDN. 这可以适合对讲通信或PBX应用。 It can fit intercom communications or PBX applications. 故障保护:在上面叙述的SIC拓朴结构可以修改以便允许单个故障校正。 Failsafe: SIC topology described above can be modified so as to allow a single fault correction. 在这样的情况下,SIC连接在具有冗余的路径的网络中,诸如在图8表示的圆形的拓朴结构。 In such a case, SIC connected to a network with redundant paths, the circular topologies such as represented in Figure 8. 在这个例子中,SIC 800连接到SIC 802,它又连接到SIC 804, SIC 804又连接到SIC 806, SIC 806又连接到SIC 800。 In this example, SIC 800 is connected to a SIC 802, in turn connected to a SIC 804, SIC 804 is in turn connected to a SIC 806, SIC 806 is in turn connected to SIC 800. 当以这样的配置连接时,在任何导体诸如在导体对810中的任何单个故障将不影响系统操作,因为可以通过遇回路径实现数据从任何SIC发送到任何其它SIC。 When connected to such a configuration, at any conductors such as the conductor of the 810 any single failure will not affect system operation, because it can be sent from any SIC SIC data to any other path through the case back. 在此处术语"循环的拓朴结构"表示根据本发明的SIC的任何局域网的拓朴结构,它包括在两个不同的SIC之间的至少两个通信路径。 Here the term "topology loop" means any local area network topology based on the SIC of the present invention, which includes at least two communication paths between two different SIC. 例如,在图8中,从SIC 800到SIC 804有两个通信路径: 一个通信路径是从SIC 800到SIC 802到SIC 804,而另一路径是从SIC 800到SIC 806到SIC 804。 For example, in FIG. 8, from SIC 800 to SIC 804 has two communication paths: one communication path is from SIC 800 to SIC 802 to SIC 804, and the other path is from SIC 800 to SIC 806 to SIC 804. 循环的拓朴结构提供冗余的通信路径,增加局域网抗通信故障能力。 Loop topology provides redundant communication paths to increase the anti-LAN communication failure capacity. 应该指出,正如在图中表示的,根据本发明的循环的拓朴结构显著地不同于现有技术的"令牌环拓朴结构",正如后面讨论的。 It should be noted, as indicated in the figure, significantly different from the prior art based on topology cycle of the present invention "token ring topology," as will be discussed later. 虽然正如在此处定义的循环的拓朴结构可能表面上类似于令牌环拓朴结构,但是它们之间有主要的差别。 Although, as it may be similar to Token Ring topology on the surface of the loop topology defined here, but there are major differences between them. 一个差别是在数据成帧。 One difference is in the data framing. 令牌环在该网络中的所有的通信链路使用相同的帧结构,和这要求相同的成帧必须由该网络中的所有的单元识别。 Token ring all communication links in the network use the same frame structure, and which require the same framing must all elements identified by the network. 但是,在根据本发明的SIC 网络中,每个通信链路(在任何两个连接的SIC之间)是与所有的其它网络通信完全的独立的。 However, in the SIC network according to the present invention, each communication link (between any two connected SIC) is that all other network traffic and completely independent. 因此,第一SIC可以使用一个类型的帧结构和协议与笫二SIC通信,同时相同的第一SIC可以使用不同类型的帧结构和协议与第三SIC通信。 Thus, a first SIC can use the frame structure and communication protocol with a great undertaking two SIC type, while the same first SIC can use different types of frame structure and protocol to communicate with a third SIC. 另外,在令牌环网络中,在任何给定的时间从单个发送器到一个或者多个接收器存在单个方向的数据流,并且通常该方向的数据流是常数。 In addition, the token ring network, at any given time or presence from a single transmitter to a plurality of receivers in a single direction data flow and normal data flow in this direction is constant. 但是根据本发明的SIC网络不对在任何通信链路中的数据流强加任何限制。 However, any restrictions imposed SIC network according to the present invention does not in any communication link data streams. 全双工、半双工或者单方向的通信是可能的,并且甚至可以在该网络中不同的链路是变化的。 Full duplex, half duplex or unidirectional communication is possible, and may even be different from the network link is varied. 这允许SIC网络同时地支持两个独立的通信路由,假定使用不同的段。 This allows the SIC network simultaneously supports two separate communication routes, assumed different segments. 例如在图8中,SIC 800可以与SIC 802通信,而SIC 804同时地传送具有SIC 806的不同的数据。 For example, in FIG. 8, SIC 800 can communicate with SIC 802 while SIC 804 simultaneously transmit different data with SIC 806 a. 这个能力是不被任何其它网络配置支持的。 This capability is not configured to support any other network. 例如上面的差别影响各自的网络对故障的易损性。 For example, the impact of the difference between the above respective network vulnerability to failures. 在该媒介中的任意位置的单个中断或者短路的情况下,令牌环网络将瘫痪,禁止该系统中的任何另外的通信。 Single case anywhere in the medium or short break, the token ring network will be paralyzed, disable the system any further communication. 作为另一个例子,在授予Markkula等人的美国专利No. 4,918,6卯中公开的网络(以下称为Markkula)中, 这个故障通过禁止媒介信号传送能力影响该物理层。 As another example, in granting Markkula et al., U.S. Patent No. 4,918,6 network sockets disclosed (hereinafter referred Markkula), this fault signal is transmitted by disabling the ability to influence the media on the physical layer. 令牌环网络将根本不起作用,因为不支持基于数据层功能的单向传输。 Token Ring network does not work, because they do not support the data layer functions based on one-way transmission. 但是相反,根据本发明的SIC网络将继续完全地起作用,除了具体的有故障的链路本身。 But instead, according to the SIC network of the present invention will continue to be fully functioning, in addition to the specific faulty link itself. 所有的其它链路正常地继续起作用。 All the other links continue to function normally. 此外,定位故障的能力在令牌环网络或者在Markkula网络中是不容易执行的。 In addition, the ability to locate the fault is not easy to perform in a token ring network or Markkula network. 但是在根据本发明的SIC网络中,它是简单的和直接的追踪该故障到影响的链路。 But in the SIC network according to the present invention, it is simple and straightforward to track the impact of the failure of the link. 在电源线路上的数据分配:根据本发明的网络的重要的配置使用建筑物的电力布线作为通信媒介。 Data distribution in the power line: Using the electrical wiring in the building according to the importance of the media as a communication network configuration of the present invention. 例如这可以用于实现便宜的家庭的局域网。 For example it may be used to implement expensive home LAN. 典型的家庭市电电源具有到很多分配点和出口的单个馈线器的连接。 A typical household mains has many single feeder distribution points and the outlet is connected to. 根据本发明的原理说明一个SIC位于每个出口内并且在每个分配点。 Description according to the principles of the present invention an SIC is located in each outlet and at each distribution point. 这允许基于SIC的通信网络,在经过该接线连接的每对SIC之间进行通信。 This allows the SIC-based communications network between each pair of SIC through the wiring connections for communication. 在这样的情况下,还期望市电电源还用于供电SIC。 In such a case, it is also desirable for the mains power supply is also SIC. 除使用相同的接线媒介以夕卜, 电的分配和共享相同的市电电源可以完全地去耦合。 Except for the allocation and sharing the same connection medium to Xi Bu, the same electrical mains can be completely decoupled. 另一个配置包括增加SIC到在不同于市电电源出口的点的市电电源接线。 SIC another configuration includes an increase to the mains wiring is different from the mains outlet points. 但是,优选的实施例包括使用电源和DTE连接点二者的出口点。 However, the preferred embodiment includes the use of power and DTE exit points connecting point between the two. 这包括以具有电的连接和通信塞孔的'灵巧的,出口替换所有的插座和分配点。 This includes having a connection and communication jack power of 'smart outlet socket and replace all the distribution points. 另外,这样的单元可以包括可视指示器(例如LED)以便表示通信状态,并且可以还包括交换机或者其它装置以便确定该出口地址。 Further, such a unit may include visual indicators (e.g., LED) for indicating the communication status, and may also include switches or other means to determine the outlet address. 这样的通信系统可以用于与配电相关的应用,至于控制连接到具体的插座的负荷,用于装置的远程接通/关断操作,操作的定时,延时的开始,在预设置时间周期之后切断等等。 Such a communication system can be used for applications associated with power distribution, as for the control socket connected to a specific load, means for remote on / off operation, the operation timing of the start delay, at the pre-set period of time After the cut, and so on. 这样的通信系统还可以用于监视由具体的插座消耗的电源,诸如用于要求侧管理(DSM)或者自动仪表读数(AMR),允许遥测表读出。 Such a communication system can also be used to monitor the power consumed by a specific socket, such as for applications requiring side management (DSM) or automatic meter reading (AMR), allows the telemetry readout table. 上面叙述的拓朴结构还可能应用于现有的接线。 Topology described above may also be applied to existing wiring. 一个通常的例子可以是电力布线到位于不同位置的用户。 A common example may be power wiring to users in different locations. 这样的接线典型地依赖于具有抽头的总线拓朴结构。 Such wiring typically rely on a bus topology with a tap. 为了使用SIC技术,接线必须中断,并且一个SIC安装在两端之间。 To use the SIC technique, the wiring must be interrupted, and a SIC installation between the ends. 在类似的方式中,可以实现采用车辆和船的电力布线的通信网络, 诸如用于航空器,船舶,火车,公共汽车,汽车等等。 In a similar manner, we can achieve using vehicles and electrical wiring in the ship's communication network, such as for aircraft, ships, trains, buses, cars and so on. 使用SIC实现本地通信/电话系统:在这种应用中,使用现有的电话接线(或者POTS或者ISDN)作为局域网的电传导媒介,和用于局域网数据通信和用于电话二者。 Use SIC for local communications / telephone system: In this application, the use of existing telephone wiring (or POTS or ISDN) as a LAN electrically conductive medium, and a local area network data communications and for telephone both. 在此处"电话,,表示任何电话或者电话的通信,二者包括话音(POTS )和数据(ISDN)。电话机出口通常连接在点对点拓朴结构中而没有分配点。为了建立网络,每个出口替换基于SIC的出口。如果有分配点,则这些分配点还必须装备SIC。这个配置导致在该电话机出口之间的高性能的局域网除共享相同的媒介之外,局域网可以从该电话系统去耦合。 作为选择,该局域网和电话系统可以组合,使得电话数字地集成入该局域网数据。外部电话业务可以根据下列替换选项之一对待:l..没有电话机支持。在这个配置中,到该网络(通常到公共网络) 的连接被切断,而且该网络完全是内部的,没有外部的电话业务。2..电话机作为有效负荷。在这个配置中,保持该电话机能力,并且电话数据可以集成入局域网的数据通信中。SIC之一(通常最靠近乂^ 用电话网接口的一个SIC)或者其它专用的模块互连(例如通过通信接口)到该网络接口(NI)。这个单元仿真到该NI的电话接口,因此公共网操作是透明的并且继续正常执行。但是,与该电话接口相关的信号或者话音本身和控制/信令(挂机/摘机,振铃等)被数字化并且在该网络中作为数据流发送,作为在该网络中进行的通信的一部分。在到电话机的SIC接口中,这些信号变换回到模拟(或者任何原始的形式),因此可以与标准的电话机一起使用。在这种情况下,电话机功能完全地保持。但是,通信网络中的故障可能导致电话业务的丢失。这可以利用一个系统改进,该系统切断SIC电路和恢复原始的接线路由选择(这可以由继电器容易地实现,当故障探测,人工千预或者其它相关的场合时旁路该SIC)。3.通过POTS或者ISDN通信。在这个方法中,互连SIC的传导媒介是建筑物的电话接线。这个方法包括目前在结合xDSL技术使用的已知的机制'POTS分离,。这要求一个滤波器,它从频谱的高频率的部分(用于通信)中分离频谱的低频部分(通常传送POTS相关的信号和电源)。在这样的应用中,SIC中的AC/DC单元以这样的POTS分离器模块替换。低频频带(POTS相关的)透明地通过(类似于电源通过), 和分支到电话塞孔。高频率的频带用于SIC之间的通信。在相同的传导媒介高频率局域网通信与低频电话数据的组合是频域多路复用的形式。在较后的两个选择中,每个内壁电话出口以具有电话塞孔和一个(或者多个)通信塞孔的基于SIC的出口代替。 计算机总线扩展器:SIC网络可以使用作为计算机总线扩展器,诸如ISA总线扩展器, 正如在图10中表示的。 Here "telephone ,, represents any telephone or telephone communications, both including voice (POTS) and data (ISDN). Telephone outlet typically connected in point to point topology without a distribution point in order to establish the network, each replace SIC-based export outlet. If there are distribution points, these distribution points must also be equipped with SIC. This configuration results in high-performance local area network between the telephone outlet in addition to sharing the same media outside the local area network from the telephone system decoupling Alternatively, the local area network and telephone systems can be combined, making phone digitally integrated into the LAN data external phone services can be treated in accordance with one of the following alternatives:... l .. no phone support in this configuration, the The network (usually to the public network) connection is cut off, and that the network is fully internal, with no external telephone service .2 .. telephone as payload. In this configuration, the ability to keep the telephone, data and telephone .SIC can be integrated into one of the LAN data communication (usually closest qe ^ with a telephone network interface SIC) or other dedicated interconnect modules (for example, via the communication interface) to the network interface (NI). This unit simulation to the NI phone interface, so the public network is transparent and execution continues as normal. However, the telephone interface associated signal or voice itself and control / signaling (on-hook / off-hook, ringing, etc.) are digitized and The network as a data stream is transmitted as part of the network of communications made in the telephone SIC interface, which signal is converted back to analog (or any of the original form), it can, together with the standard telephone used. In this case, the telephone functions completely retained. However, a communication network failure may result in loss of telephone services. This can be used to improve a system, the system and restore the original cutting SIC circuit wiring routing (this It can be easily achieved by the relay, when the fault detection, manual intervention or other related occasions bypassed SIC) .3. By POTS or ISDN communication. In this process, the interconnection SIC conductive medium is the telephone building wiring. The method includes the currently known mechanisms combine xDSL technology uses' POTS separation, which requires a filter that from some of the high frequency spectrum (for communications) in separate low-frequency part of the spectrum (usually transmit POTS related signal and power). In such an application, SIC in the AC / DC unit in such a POTS splitter module replacement low-frequency band (POTS related) transparently through (similar to power through), and branches to the phone plug holes high frequency band is used for communication between the SIC in the same local area network to communicate with the low-frequency high-frequency telephone conduction combined data media are frequency domain multiplexed form. In the later two options, each an inner wall telephone outlet to outlet instead of SIC-based telephony jack and one (or more) communication jack computer bus extender:. SIC network can be used as a computer bus extender, such as ISA bus extender, as in Fig. 10 represented. 在这个配置中,SIC 1006具有计算机总线连接器1004,它例如连接到计算机1002中的ISA总线时隙之一,以便在局域网和计算机1002之间传送数据。 In this configuration, SIC 1006 having a computer bus connector 1004 which is connected to one of the computers such as the 1002 ISA bus slots, to transmit data between the computer 1002 and the LAN. 远地放置的另一个SIC 1010 也具有计算机总线连接器1012,诸如ISA总线扩展器。 Another remote place SIC 1010 also has a computer bus connector 1012, such as ISA bus expander. 这允许透明的ISA总线能力,在此ISA总线数据通过电传导媒介1008在两个方向中传送。 This allows transparent ISA bus capacity, in 1008 the ISA bus data transfer medium in both directions by electrical conduction. 省略号(..,)表示在SIC 1006和SIC 1010之间的局域网中可能出现附加的SIC和电传导媒介。 Ellipsis (..,) that may occur between the LAN 1010 in SIC 1006 and SIC SIC and additional electrically conductive medium. 正如例子表示的,图像帧抓取器卡1014 插入计算机总线连接器1012,而摄影机1016连接到图像帧抓取器卡1014。 As the example shows, the image frame grabber card into the computer bus connector 1014 1012, 1016 while the camera is connected to the image frame grabber card 1014. 正常地,图像帧抓取器卡1014是直接地插入ISA总线槽,诸如计算机1002中。 Normally, the image frame grabber card 1014 is inserted into the ISA bus slot directly, such as a computer 1002. 但是,在这里局域网起总线扩展器的作用,因此图像帧抓取器1014和摄影机1016可以离开计算机1002远地放置。 But here plays the role of a local area network bus extender, the image frame grabber 1014 and 1016 cameras can be placed far away from the computer 1002. 可以使用在计算机1002中的ISA总线槽的正常的软件驱动程序,因为计算机1002不知道仅仅进行ISA仿真。 1002 can be used in normal computer software drivers ISA bus slots, because the computer does not know just carried ISA 1002 emulation. 这样,具有一般的远程PC部件和外围设备的能力可以容易地实现。 Such ability, with the general remote PC components and peripherals can be easily achieved. 这个配置带有上面叙述的优点, 并且这种方法可用于获得各种的目标,诸如故障保护。 This configuration has the advantages described above, and this method can be used to obtain a variety of objectives, such as fault protection. 类似地,这种方法可用于使用该计算机中的不同的端口远地连接几个单元到一台计算机。 Similarly, this method can be used with this computer is far different ports connect several units to a computer. 实现复用器和PABX/PBX功能:SIC的网络可能用来实现复用器或者PABX/PBX功能,正如在图9中表示的。 Realize multiplexer and PABX / PBX features: SIC network may be used to implement a multiplexer or PABX / PBX features, as indicated in Figure 9. 在这个例子中,SIC 900连接到高数据速率连接,诸如PCM总线916,而SIC 902和SIC 906连接到电话机908, 910和912。 In this example, SIC 900 is connected to a high data rate connection, such as PCM bus 916, while SIC 902 and SIC 906 is connected to the telephone set 908, 910 and 912. 在这个例子中SIC 904起中继器的作用。 904 from the repeater in this case SIC. 在这个例子中,局域网起着复用器的作用,其中高数据速率连接(PCM总线916)带宽通过SIC卯0多路复用到SIC 902和SIC卯6,每个SIC可以使用高数据速率连接(PCM总线916)的带宽的不同的部分。 In this example, the local area network acts as a multiplexer, wherein the high data rate connection (PCM bus 916) Bandwidth d 0 multiplexed by SIC to SIC 902 and SIC d 6, each SIC can use the high data rate connection (PCM bus 916) in different parts of the bandwidth. 此夕卜,增加电话机卯8, 910和912,图9的局域网起着话音复用器的作用。 Bu this evening, increasing the telephone sockets 8, 910 and 912, FIG. 9 acts as a LAN voice multiplexer. 本发明的其它应用:本发明的许多应用已经在上面讨论了。 Other applications of the invention: many applications of the present invention have been discussed above. 另外的应用包括但是不限制为:对讲通信,PABX/PBX,安全系统,视频监视,娱乐广播业务, 时间(时钟)分配和音频/视频信号分配。 Additional applications include but are not limited to: intercom communications, PABX / PBX, security systems, video surveillance, entertainment broadcasting services, time (clock) distribution, and audio / video signal distribution. 由本发明实现的网络可以在单个建筑物内或者通过邻近在本地延伸。 By the present invention can be implemented in a network or extend locally within a single building by near. 虽然已经相对于有限数量的实施例和应用叙述了本发明,但是应该理解,可以进行本发明的许多变化,修改和其它应用。 Although with respect to a limited number of embodiments and applications described in the present invention, it should be understood that many variations of the present invention, modifications and other applications.

Classifications
International ClassificationH04B3/54, H04L29/06, H04L12/46, H04J99/00, H04L12/02, H04L12/28
Cooperative ClassificationH04L43/00, H04L12/2803, H04B3/54, H04B2203/5445, H04B2203/545, H04M19/02, H04L2012/2845, Y10S370/908, H04L12/2801, H04B2203/5458, H04L12/2838, H04B2203/5437, H04L29/0602, H04B3/542, H04L2012/2843, H04L5/14
European ClassificationH04L12/28B, H04M19/02, H04L29/06C, H04L12/28H6, H04B3/54A, H04L12/28H, H04B3/54
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
13 Aug 2008C06Publication
8 Oct 2008C10Entry into substantive examination
18 Nov 2009C41Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
18 Nov 2009ASSSuccession or assignment of patent right
Owner name: MOSAID TECHNOLOGIES INC.
Free format text: FORMER OWNER: SALE KENET CO., LTD.
Effective date: 20091023
13 Apr 2011C14Grant of patent or utility model
26 Nov 2014C56Change in the name or address of the patentee
Owner name: CONVERSANT INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT INC.
Free format text: FORMER NAME: MOSAID TECHNOLOGIES INC.
7 Sep 2016EXPYTermination of patent right or utility model