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Publication numberCN101138528 B
Publication typeGrant
Application numberCN 200710154290
Publication date25 Feb 2015
Filing date9 Feb 2001
Priority date11 Feb 2000
Also published asCA2398544A1, CA2398544C, CN1400888A, CN101138528A, DE60136910D1, EP1253886A1, EP1253886B1, US8290594, US20030125768, US20110040143, WO2001058393A1
Publication number200710154290.5, CN 101138528 B, CN 101138528B, CN 200710154290, CN-B-101138528, CN101138528 B, CN101138528B, CN200710154290, CN200710154290.5
InventorsP福尔塞尔
Applicant波坦蒂卡股份公司
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: SIPO, Espacenet
Impotence treatment apparatus with energy transforming means
CN 101138528 B
Abstract  translated from Chinese
一种男性阳萎治疗设备包括或使用了一种可操作的限制装置,它可植入男性病人体内,以便与阴茎组织的组织部分相接合,从而形成受限的阴茎出口血流通路。 A male impotence treatment device includes or uses an operable restriction device, which can be implanted in the male patient, and part of the organization in order to engage in penile tissue to form a restricted blood flow in the penis outlet passage. 设置一能量传输装置,以便将能量从病人体外以无线的方式传输至病人体内,从而供限制装置的操作使用,所述操作包括暂时使上述组织部分收缩,以便限制血流通路中的阴茎流出血流,从而实现勃起。 Setting an energy transmission device so that the energy from outside the patient to wirelessly transmitted to the patient, thereby limiting operations for use of the device, the operation involves temporarily contraction of the tissue section to limit the flow path of the penis is bleeding stream, in order to achieve an erection.
Claims(134)  translated from Chinese
1. 一种男性阳萎治疗设备,该设备包括: 一种可操作的限制装置,它可植入于阳萎病人体内以便与正常阴茎组织或其延长部分的组织部分相接合,从而形成受限的阴茎出口血流通路; 一种能量传输装置,用于将能量从病人体外无线传输至病人体内,以便与该限制装置的操作相关联地使用,包括暂时收缩所述组织部分,以便限制该血流通路中的阴茎出口血流,从而实现勃起,该能量传输装置传输第一种形式的能量,并且该限制装置能响应于不同于该第一种形式的能量的第二种形式的能量而工作; 以及一种可植入于病人体内的能量变换装置,用于将由该能量传输装置无线传输的所述第一种形式的能量直接或间接变换成所述第二种形式的能量,其中所述能量变换装置至少包括一个元件,它具有正极区和负极区,所述元件能在曝露于由能量传输装置所传输的所述第一种形式的能量时形成正极区与负极区之间的能量场,并且该能量场产生所述第二种形式的能量,其特征在于,该设备还包括可植入的线性电机、转子电机、液压或气压液力电机,用于操作所述限制装置,同时由该第二种形式的能量供电。 A male impotence treatment apparatus, the apparatus comprising: one operable restriction device, which can be implanted in the patient for impotence with normal penile tissue or the extension portion of the engaging organization, to form a limited penis outlet flow path; an energy transmission device for wireless transmission of energy from outside the patient to the patient, for use with the associated operation of the restriction device in association, including temporarily contracting said tissue portion to restrict the blood The outlet flow path penile blood flow to achieve erection, the energy transmission means transmits energy of the first form and the restriction device in response to the second form is different from the energy of the first form of energy to work ; and wherein the patient in an implantable energy transforming means for the wireless transmission by the energy transmission device energy of the first form directly or indirectly converted to the second form of energy, energy conversion means includes at least one element having a positive region and a negative region, the element is capable of forming energy field between the positive region and the negative region are exposed to the energy of the first form transmitted by the energy transmission means when , and the energy field produces the energy of the second form, characterized in that the apparatus further comprises an implantable linear motor rotor motor, hydraulic or pneumatic hydraulic motor for operating the restriction device, while the The second form of energy supply.
2. 如权利要求1的设备,其特征在于,所述元件包括一电学结元件,所述电学结元件在曝露于由能量传输装置所传输的第一种形式的能量时能感生出上述正极与负极区之间的电场,从而第二种形式的能量包括电能。 2. The apparatus as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that the electrical junction element comprises an element, the electrical junction element is exposed to the energy transmitted by the transmission means of a first form of energy is induced when the energy of the positive electrode and an electric field between the cathode region, whereby the energy of the second form comprises electric energy.
3. 如权利要求2的设备,其特征在于,所述限制装置是由电控制的,并且,上述电学结元件的正极和负极区能为所述限制装置的操作提供电能。 The apparatus according to claim 2, characterized in that said limiting means is electrically controlled and, said positive and negative regions of the electrical junction element is capable of limiting the operation of the device to provide electrical power.
4. 如权利要求3的设备,其特征在于,所述设备还包括电导体,它与电学结元件的正极和负极区相连接,从而电学结元件能通过所述电导体提供电流。 4. The apparatus as claimed in claim 3, characterized in that said apparatus further includes an electrical conductor which with positive and negative regions of the electrical junction element is connected so that the electrical junction element supply a current through the electrical conductor.
5. 如权利要求4的设备,其特征在于,所述电学结元件能通过所述电导体提供脉动直流电。 5. The apparatus as claimed in claim 4, characterized in that the electrical junction element can provide a pulsating direct current the electrical conductor.
6. 如权利要求4的设备,其特征在于,所述电学结元件能通过所述电导体提供交流电流或直流与交流电流的组合。 6. The apparatus as claimed in claim 4, characterized in that the electrical junction element through the electrical conductor provides a combination of alternating and direct current or alternating current.
7. 如权利要求3的设备,其特征在于,所述电学结元件能提供按频率或振幅调制的信号。 7. The apparatus as claimed in claim 3, characterized in that the electrical junction element can be provided by a frequency or amplitude modulated signal.
8. 如权利要求3的设备,其特征在于,所述电学结元件能提供模拟或数字信号。 8. The apparatus as claimed in claim 3, characterized in that the electrical junction element is capable of providing analog or digital signals.
9. 如权利要求1所述的设备,其特征在于,所述能量变换装置构成了扁平且薄的板并具有小于2000cm3的体积。 9. The apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that said energy conversion means constitute a flat and thin sheet and has a volume of less than 2000cm3.
10. 如权利要求1的设备,其特征在于,在第二种形式的能量变换自第一种形式的能量时,所述能量变换装置用于直接用变换的能量对电机加电。 10. The apparatus of energy according to claim 1, characterized in that the energy of the first form of energy conversion in the second form from the energy converting means for converting the direct use of the motor is powered.
11. 如权利要求1所述的设备,其特征在于,所述第一种形式的能量包括声波,第二种形式的能量包括电能。 11. The apparatus as recited in claim 1, characterized in that the energy of the first form comprises sound waves, the energy of the second form comprises electric energy.
12. 如权利要求1所述的设备,其特征在于,所述能量变换装置包括一电容,并且,所述第二种形式的能量包括电能。 12. The apparatus as recited in claim 1, characterized in that said energy conversion means comprises a capacitor and the energy of the second form comprises electric energy.
13. 如权利要求12的设备,其特征在于,所述电容用于根据变换的电能来产生电脉冲。 13. The apparatus of claim 12, wherein said capacitor is used to generate power conversion in accordance with an electric pulse.
14. 如权利要求13的设备,其特征在于,当能量变换装置将能量传输装置传输的第一种形式的能量变换成第二种形式的电能时,所述电容用于产生电脉冲。 14. The apparatus of claim 13, wherein, when the energy conversion means for converting the first form of energy transmission means for transmitting a second form of energy into electrical energy, said capacitor for generating electrical pulses.
15. 如权利要求1的设备,其特征在于,所述设备还包括一可植入的稳定器,它用于稳定第二种形式的能量。 15. The apparatus as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that said apparatus further comprises an implantable stabilizer, which is used to stabilize the energy of the second form.
16. 如权利要求15的设备,其特征在于,所述第二种形式的能量包括电流,上述稳定器包括至少一个电容。 16. The apparatus of claim 15, wherein said energy of the second form comprises electric current, the stabilizer comprises at least one capacitor.
17. 如权利要求1所述的设备,其特征在于,所述设备还包括包括至少一个电压电平保护器的可植入的电学部件。 17. The apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that said apparatus further comprises a voltage level comprising at least one protective device implantable electrical components.
18. 如权利要求17所述的设备,其特征在于,所述设备还包括包括单个的电压电平保护器的可植入的电学部件。 18. The apparatus according to claim 17, characterized in that said apparatus further comprises a voltage level comprises a single protection device implantable electrical components.
19. 如权利要求17所述的设备,其特征在于,所述电学部件没有任何电流检测器和/或充电程度检测器。 19. The apparatus according to claim 17, characterized in that the electrical components do not have any current detector and / or charge level detector.
20. 如权利要求17所述的设备,其特征在于,所述设备还包括可植入的电容或蓄电器, 其中,用电压电平保护器来控制电容或蓄电器的充电或放电。 20. The apparatus according to claim 17, characterized in that said apparatus further comprises an implantable capacitor or the capacitor, wherein the power voltage level protection to control the capacitance or the charge or discharge the capacitor.
21. 如权利要求20所述的设备,其特征在于,所述电容具有小于0. I ii F的电容量。 21. The apparatus according to claim 20, characterized in that said capacitor has less than 0. I ii F capacitance.
22. 如权利要求1的设备,其特征在于,在传输无线能量时,所述能量传输装置用于传输无线能量,以便直接用于操纵所述限制装置。 22. The apparatus as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that, when transmitting wireless energy, wherein the energy transmission means for transmitting wireless energy for direct for operating the restriction device.
23. 如权利要求22的设备,其特征在于,其中,所述能量传输装置用无线能量直接对电机加电。 23. The apparatus of claim 22, wherein, wherein the energy transfer means for directly powering the motor with wireless energy.
24. 如权利要求23的设备,其特征在于,所述能量传输装置用于传输呈磁场或电磁波形式的无线能量,以便直接对电机加电。 24. The apparatus of claim 23, wherein said energy transmission means form a magnetic field or electromagnetic waves for transmitting wireless energy in the form of, for direct power of the motor applied.
25. 如权利要求1的设备,其特征在于,在将第一种形式的能量变转成第二种形式的能量时,所述能量变换装置用于提供第二种形式的能量,以便直接用于操纵所述限制装置。 25. The apparatus as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that, when the first form of energy becomes converted into a second form of energy, the means for providing a second form of energy conversion of energy for direct use to manipulate the restriction device.
26. 如权利要求25的设备,其特征在于,其中,所述能量变换装置用第二种形式的能量直接对电机加电。 26. The apparatus of claim 25, wherein, wherein said energy converting means for directly powering the motor with the energy of the second form.
27. 如权利要求26的设备,其特征在于,所述能量变换装置可按非磁、非热或非机械的方式用第二种形式的能量直接操纵所述限制装置。 27. The apparatus of claim 26, wherein said energy converting means may be a non-magnetic, non-thermal or non-mechanical manner with a second form of energy to directly manipulate the restriction device.
28. 如权利要求1所述的设备,其特征在于,所述电机用于直接或间接操作所述限制装置,其中,所述能量变换装置可用第二种形式的能量对电机加电。 28. The apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said motor for directly or indirectly operating the restriction device, wherein the energy of the second form of energy conversion means usable for powering the motor.
29. 如权利要求28的设备,其特征在于,所述限制装置是可操作的,从而能执行可逆的功能,并且,电机能逆转上述功能。 29. The apparatus of claim 28, wherein said limiting means is operable so as to perform a reversible function and the motor can reverse these functions.
30. 如权利要求1所述的设备,其特征在于,所述限制装置包括由该可植入的电机操纵的液压限制装置,并且,其中所述能量变换装置提供第二种形式的能量,以便驱动所述电机。 30. The apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that said limiting means comprises a hydraulic restriction device implantable motor by this manipulation, and wherein said energy converting means to provide a second form of energy in order to driving the motor.
31. 如权利要求1所述的设备,其特征在于,所述能量变换装置在传送能量传输装置传输的第一种形式能量时能产生作为第二种形式能量的超过IUA的电流。 31. The apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that said energy conversion means in a first form of energy transfer energy transmission means for transmitting a second time as a form of energy capable of producing in excess of the current IUA.
32. 如权利要求1所述的设备,其特征在于,所述设备还包括一调节装置,它用于调节所述限制装置以改变对血流通路的限制,其中,所述调节装置用于以机械的方式调节所述限制装置,或者用于利用液压装置以液压的方式调节所述限制装置,所述液压装置不使用那种在曝露于热或磁场时粘度会显著增加的液压流体。 32. The apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that said apparatus further comprises an adjusting means for adjusting the restriction device to change the restriction of the flow path, wherein said means for adjusting to mechanically adjusting the restriction device, or the use of hydraulic means for hydraulically adjusting the restriction device, the hydraulic device that is not used in the exposure to heat or a magnetic field can significantly increase the viscosity of the hydraulic fluid.
33. 如权利要求1所述的设备,其特征在于,所述能量变换装置包括至少一个半导体部件。 33. The apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that said energy conversion means comprising at least one semiconductor component.
34. 如权利要求33的设备,其特征在于,所述能量变换装置包括由所述半导体部件构成的电路。 34. The apparatus as claimed in claim 33, wherein said energy converting means comprises a circuit constituted by the semiconductor component.
35. 如权利要求33的设备,其特征在于,所述半导体部件包括三极管或微芯片。 35. The apparatus as claimed in claim 33, characterized in that the semiconductor component comprises a transistor or microchip.
36. 如权利要求34的设备,其特征在于,所述半导体部件至少包括一个所述元件,它具有正极区和负极区,所述元件能在曝露于能量传输装置所传输的第一种形式的能量时形成正极区与负极区之间的能量场,该能量场能产生第二种形式的能量。 36. The apparatus of claim 34, wherein said member comprises at least one of said semiconductor element having a positive region and a negative region, the element can be exposed to the energy of the first form transmitted by the transmitting means energy form an energy field between the anode region and the cathode region when the energy field produces the energy of the second form.
37. 如权利要求1所述的设备,其特征在于,所述设备还包括一可植入的操作装置,它用于操作所述限制装置,其中,所述能量变换装置用第二种形式的能量对操作装置加电。 37. The apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that said apparatus further comprises an implantable operation means, which is used to operate the restriction device, wherein the energy conversion means with a second form of energy for powering the operation device.
38. 如权利要求37的设备,其特征在于,还包括用于控制该操作装置的控制装置。 38. The apparatus as claimed in claim 37, characterized in that, further comprising control means for controlling the operation of the apparatus.
39. 如权利要求28的设备,其特征在于,所述设备还包括与上述电机相连的可植入传动装置。 39. The apparatus as claimed in claim 28, characterized in that said apparatus further comprises a motor connected to said implantable gearing.
40. 如权利要求38的设备,其特征在于,所述电机是转子电机,所述控制装置控制该转子电机旋转预定的转数。 40. The apparatus of claim 38, wherein said motor is a rotor motor, said control means controlling the rotor motor is rotated at a predetermined number of revolutions.
41. 如权利要求38的设备,其特征在于,所述电机是一线性电机。 41. The apparatus as claimed in claim 38, wherein said motor is a linear motor.
42. 如权利要求38的设备,其特征在于,所述电机是一液压或气压液力电机,所述控制装置控制该液力电机。 42. The apparatus of claim 38, wherein said motor is a hydraulic or pneumatic hydraulic motor, said control means controls the hydraulic motor.
43. 如权利要求38的设备,其特征在于,所述电机是具有由塑料制成的导电部分的电机。 43. The apparatus of claim 38, wherein said motor is made of plastic having a conductive portion of the motor.
44. 如权利要求37的设备,其特征在于,所述限制装置包括液压装置,所述操作装置用于传导液压装置中的液压流体。 44. The apparatus of claim 37, wherein said limiting means comprises a hydraulic means, means for conducting the hydraulic fluid in the hydraulic means of the operation.
45. 如权利要求44的设备,其特征在于,所述操作装置包括:一流体导管,它与所述限制装置的液压装置相连;以及,一流体蓄积器,该蓄积器构成了流体导管的一部分。 45. The apparatus of claim 44, wherein said operating means comprises: a fluid conduit, which is connected to the hydraulic means of the restriction device; and a fluid reservoir, the reservoir forms part of the fluid conduit .
46. 如权利要求45的设备,其特征在于,所述液压装置和流体导管没有任何止回阀。 46. The apparatus as claimed in claim 45, characterized in that said hydraulic fluid conduit means and there is no check valve.
47. 如权利要求46的设备,其特征在于,所述蓄积器形成具有可变容积的流体箱,并且,所述操作装置用于通过减少流体箱的容积而将来自流体箱的流体分配给所述限制装置的液压装置并且通过流体箱容积的扩张而将流体从液压装置中撤出至该流体箱。 47. The apparatus of claim 46, wherein said forming a fluid reservoir having a variable volume tank, and said operating means for dispensing the fluid by reducing the volume of the fluid from the container while the fluid container to the said limiting means and the hydraulic unit by expanding fluid capacity of the container while the fluid is withdrawn from the hydraulic means to the fluid tank.
48. 如权利要求47的设备,其特征在于,所述操作装置包括一可植入的电机,它用于减少或扩张流体箱的容积。 47 48. The apparatus as claimed in claim, characterized in that the apparatus comprises an implantable operation of the motor, which is used to reduce the volume of the fluid or expansion tank.
49. 如权利要求44-47任一项所述的设备,其特征在于,所述操作装置包括一可植入的泵,它用于抽吸所述限制装置的液压装置中的液压流体。 49. The apparatus according to any one of claims 44-47, characterized in that the apparatus comprises an implantable operation of the pump, which means for a hydraulic device pumping the hydraulic fluid restriction.
50. 如权利要求38的设备,其特征在于,所述控制装置变换第二种形式的能量的极性而使操作装置逆转。 50. The apparatus of claim 38, wherein said control means converting the energy of the second form of the operation means leaving the polarity reversal.
51. 如权利要求38或50的设备,其特征在于,所述操作装置包括电机,并且,所述第二种形式的能量包括电能。 51. The apparatus of claim 38 or claim 50, wherein said operating means comprises a motor, and wherein the second form energy comprises electric energy.
52. 如权利要求1所述的设备,其特征在于,所述限制装置可操作以便执行可逆功能。 52. The apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that said limiting means is operable to perform a reversible function.
53. 如权利要求38的设备,其特征在于,所述设备还包括植入病人体内的逆转装置,它用于逆转所述限制装置所执行的功能。 53. The apparatus of claim 38, wherein said apparatus further comprises a reversal device implanted in a patient, which means for reversing the function performed by the restriction.
54. 如权利要求53的设备,其特征在于,所述控制装置控制上述逆转装置,以便逆转所述限制装置所执行的功能。 54. The apparatus of claim 53, wherein said control means controls said reversing means for reversing the restriction device functions performed.
55. 如权利要求53的设备,其特征在于,所述逆转装置包括液压装置,该液压装置包括一阀门,用于变换液压装置中的流体的流动方向。 55. The apparatus of claim 53, wherein the reversing device comprises hydraulic means, said hydraulic means comprises a valve means for converting the flow direction in the hydraulic fluid.
56. 如权利要求53的设备,其特征在于,所述逆转装置包括一机械逆转装置。 56. The apparatus of claim 53, wherein the reversing device comprises a mechanical reversing device.
57. 如权利要求56的设备,其特征在于,所述逆转装置包括一传动箱。 57. The apparatus of claim 56, wherein the reversing device comprises a gearbox.
58. 如权利要求53的设备,其特征在于,所述逆转装置包括一开关。 58. The apparatus as claimed in claim 53, characterized in that said reversing means comprises a switch.
59. 如权利要求58的设备,其特征在于,所述开关通过第二种形式的能量来操作。 59. The apparatus of claim 58, wherein said switch through a second form of energy to operate.
60. 如权利要求59的设备,其特征在于,所述控制装置通过变换第二种形式的能量的极性而控制开关的操作。 60. The apparatus of claim 59, wherein said control means converting the energy of the second form of the operation of the control switch polarity.
61. 如权利要求59的设备,其特征在于,所述开关包括电开关,并且,所述第二种形式的能量包括电能。 61. The apparatus of claim 59, wherein said switch includes an electrical switch, and the energy of the second form comprises electric energy.
62. 如权利要求37的设备,其特征在于,所述操作装置包括液压装置以及至少一个阀门,该阀门用于控制上述液压装置中流动的流体。 62. The apparatus as claimed in claim 37, wherein said operating means comprises hydraulic means and at least one valve, the said hydraulic valve means for controlling fluid flow.
63. 如权利要求62的设备,其特征在于,所述设备还包括一无线遥控器,它用于控制上述阀门。 62 63. The apparatus as claimed in claim wherein said apparatus further comprises a wireless remote control, for controlling said valve.
64. 如权利要求38所述的设备,其特征在于,所述控制装置用于控制能量变换装置以便按一系列能量脉冲产生第二种形式的能量,从而直接供所述限制装置的操作使用。 64. The apparatus according to claim 38, characterized in that said control means for controlling the means for converting energy by generating a series of pulses of energy of the second form of energy, thereby directly used for operation of the restriction device.
65. 如权利要求1的设备,其特征在于,所述设备还包括能量存储装置,它植入在病人体内,以便存储第二种形式的能量并提供与所述限制装置的操作有关的能量。 65. The apparatus as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that said apparatus further comprises an energy storage device implanted in the patient which, in order to store the energy of the second form and provide energy-related operating the restriction device.
66. 如权利要求65的设备,其特征在于,所述能量存储装置包括蓄电器。 66. The apparatus of claim 65, wherein said energy storage means comprises a storage device.
67. 如权利要求65的设备,其特征在于,所述第二种形式的能量包括电能,并且,所述能量存储装置包括蓄电器。 65 67. The apparatus as claimed in claim wherein said energy of the second form comprises electric energy and the energy storage means comprises a storage device.
68. 如权利要求67的设备,其特征在于,所述蓄电器包括至少一个电容或至少一个可充电电池,或至少一个电容与至少一个可充电电池的组合。 68. The apparatus of claim 67, wherein said storage device comprises at least one capacitor or at least one rechargeable battery, or a combination of at least one capacitor and at least one rechargeable battery.
69. 如权利要求65所述的设备,其特征在于,所述设备还包括一可植入病人体内的开关,它用于直接或间接地转换所述限制装置的操作。 69. The apparatus according to claim 65, characterized in that said apparatus further comprises a switch implantable in the patient, which is used directly or indirectly converting operation of the restriction device.
70. 如权利要求69的设备,其特征在于,所述设备还包括一可植入病人体内的能量源, 所述开关由能量存储装置所提供的第二种形式的能量来操作,以便从关模式转换成开模式,在关模式下,能量源未使用,在开模式下,能量源提供用于所述限制装置的操作的能量。 70. The apparatus of claim 69, wherein said apparatus further comprises a patient an implantable source of energy, the energy of the second form of the switch provided by the energy storage device to operate, so that the clearance mode converted into open mode, in off mode, the energy source is not used in the open mode, the energy source provides the operating device for the restriction of energy.
71. 如权利要求69的设备,其特征在于,所述设备还包括一可植入病人体内的能量源以及一遥控器,它用于控制上述能量源的能量提供,其中,所述开关由能量存储装置所提供的第二种形式的能量来操作,以便从关模式转换成待机模式,在关模式下,阻止上述遥控器控制能量源并且能量源未使用,在待机模式下,允许上述遥控器控制能量源以便提供用于所述限制装置的操作的能量。 71. The apparatus of claim 69, wherein said apparatus further comprises a patient an implantable source of energy, and a remote control, which is used to control the energy provided by the energy source, wherein the switch is comprised of energy The second form of energy storage device is provided to operate, in order to switch from the OFF mode to the standby mode. In off mode, the remote control to stop the energy source and the energy source is not used in standby mode, allowing the remote control operation control means in order to provide an energy source for the power limit.
72. 如权利要求69的设备,其特征在于,所述设备还包括一可植入病人体内的能量源, 它用于提供用于所述限制装置的操作的能量,其中,所述开关由能量变换装置所提供的第二种形式的能量来操作,以便从关模式转换成开模式,在关模式下,能量源未使用,在开模式下,能量源提供用于所述限制装置的操作的能量。 72. The apparatus as claimed in claim 69, characterized in that said apparatus further comprises a patient an implantable source of energy, means for providing operating power for the restriction, wherein the switch is comprised of energy The second form of energy conversion device provided to operate, in order to switch from the OFF mode to the open mode. In off mode, the energy source is not used in the open mode, providing an energy source for the operation of the restriction device energy.
73. 如权利要求69的设备,其特征在于,所述设备还包括:一可植入病人体内的能量源,它用于提供用于所述限制装置的操作的能量;以及,一遥控器,它用于控制上述可植入的能量源的能量提供,其中,所述开关由能量变换装置所提供的第二种形式的能量来操作, 以便从关模式转换成待机模式,在关模式下,阻止上述遥控器控制能量源并且能量源未使用,在待机模式下,允许上述遥控器控制能量源以便提供用于所述限制装置的操作的能量。 73. The apparatus of claim 69, wherein said apparatus further comprises: a patient an implantable source of energy, which is used to provide the energy for operation of the restriction device; and, a remote control, It is used for controlling the energy of the implantable source of energy is provided, wherein the switch is operated by the energy of the second form of energy provided by the unit conversion to switch from OFF mode to Standby mode in Shimonoseki, prevent the remote control energy source and the energy source is not used in standby mode, allowing the remote control of energy sources in order to provide an operating device for the restriction of energy.
74. 如权利要求69的设备,其特征在于,所述设备还包括一可植入病人体内的能量源, 它用于提供用于所述限制装置的操作的能量,其中,所述开关由能量传输装置所提供的第一种形式的能量来操作,以便从关模式转换成开模式,在关模式下,能量源未使用,在开模式下,能量源提供用于所述限制装置的操作的能量。 74. The apparatus as claimed in claim 69, characterized in that said apparatus further comprises a patient an implantable source of energy, means for providing operating power for the restriction, wherein the switch is comprised of energy The first form of energy transmission apparatus is provided to operate, in order to switch from the OFF mode to the open mode. In off mode, the energy source is not used in the open mode, providing an energy source for the operation of the restriction device energy.
75. 如权利要求69的设备,其特征在于,所述设备还包括:一可植入病人体内的能量源,它用于提供用于所述限制装置的操作的能量;以及,一遥控器,它用于控制上述可植入的能量源的能量提供,其中,所述开关通过能量传输装置所提供的第一种形式的能量而被操作,以便从关模式转换成待机模式,在关模式下,阻止上述遥控器控制能量源并且能量源未使用,在待机模式下,允许上述遥控器控制能量源以便提供用于所述限制装置的操作的能量。 75. The apparatus of claim 69, wherein said apparatus further comprises: a patient an implantable source of energy, which is used to provide the energy for operation of the restriction device; and, a remote control, Energy for controlling said implantable source of energy is provided, wherein the first switch is a form of energy transfer by means of the energy supplied is operated to switch from OFF mode to the standby mode, the off mode to prevent the remote control energy source and the energy source is not used in standby mode, allowing the remote control of energy sources in order to provide an operating device for the restriction of energy.
76. 如权利要求1的设备,其特征在于,所述限制装置是由电控制的,并且,所述第二形式的能量包括电能。 76. The apparatus as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that said limiting means is electrically controlled, and the energy of the second form comprises electric energy.
77. 如权利要求76的设备,其特征在于,所述设备还包括一电导体,它与能量变换装置相连,从而,能量变换装置能通过所述电导体提供电流。 77. The apparatus of claim 76, wherein said apparatus further comprises an electrical conductor, which is connected with the energy conversion means, whereby the energy conversion means supplies current through the electrical conductor.
78. 如权利要求1的设备,其特征在于,所述能量变换装置能提供按频率、振幅或频率和振幅调制的信号。 78. The apparatus as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that said energy conversion means to provide by frequency, amplitude or frequency and amplitude modulated signal.
79. 如权利要求1的设备,其特征在于,所述能量变换装置能提供模拟、数字或模拟与数字信号的组合。 79. The apparatus as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that said energy conversion means to provide a combination of analog, digital, or analog and digital signals.
80. 如权利要求1的设备,其特征在于,所述设备还包括一可植入病人体内的可启动能量源,其中,用能量传输装置所传输的无线能量来启动上述能量源,以便提供所述限制装置的操作使用的能量。 80. The apparatus as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that said apparatus further comprises an implantable patient may activate the energy source, wherein the wireless energy transmitted by the energy transmission means to start said energy source, in order to provide the said regulating means operating energy use.
81. 如权利要求1的设备,其特征在于,所述能量传输装置用至少一个无线信号来传输能量。 81. The apparatus as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that said at least one energy transmission device for wireless transmission of signal energy.
82. 如权利要求81的设备,其特征在于,所述信号包含辐射能量。 82. The apparatus as claimed in claim 81, characterized in that the signal contains radiant energy.
83. 如权利要求81的设备,其特征在于,所述信号包括波形信号。 83. The apparatus of claim 81, wherein said signal comprises a wave signal.
84. 如权利要求83的设备,其特征在于,所述波形信号包括电磁波信号,该电磁波信号包括红外光信号、可见光信号、紫外光信号、激光信号、微波信号、无线电波信号、X-射线辐射信号以及伽玛辐射信号中的一种。 84. The apparatus of claim 83, wherein said waveform signal comprises an electromagnetic wave signal, an electromagnetic wave signal which signal comprises an infrared light, a visible light signal, an ultraviolet light signal, a laser signal, a microwave signal, a radio wave signal, X- ray radiation signal and a gamma radiation signal in one.
85. 如权利要求83的设备,其特征在于,所述波形信号包括声波或超声波信号。 85. The apparatus of claim 83, wherein said waveform signal comprises a sonic or ultrasonic signal.
86. 如权利要求81-85中任何一个的设备,其特征在于,所述信号包括数字或模拟信号或数字及模拟信号的组合。 81-85 86. The apparatus of any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the signal comprises a digital or analog signal, or a combination of digital and analog signals.
87. 如权利要求1的设备,其特征在于,所述能量传输装置所传输的第一种形式的能量包括电、电磁或磁场或者它们的组合。 87. The apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein said energy transmission means transmitted the first form of energy comprises electric, electromagnetic or magnetic field, or a combination thereof.
88. 如权利要求2的设备,其特征在于,所述能量传输装置所传输的该第一种形式的能量包括电、电磁或磁场或者它们的组合。 88. The apparatus according to claim 2, characterized in that the energy of the first form transmitted by the energy transmission means comprises an electrical, electromagnetic or magnetic field, or a combination thereof.
89. 如权利要求1的设备,其特征在于,所述能量传输装置所传输的能量包括极化的能量。 89. The apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein said energy transmission means energy transmitted energy comprises polarized.
90. 如权利要求1的设备,其特征在于,所述能量变换装置将第一种形式的能量变换成交流电或直流与交流电的组合。 90. The apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein said energy converting means for converting the energy of the first form into an alternating current or a combination of DC and AC.
91. 如权利要求1的设备,其特征在于,所述设备还包括一可植入的脉冲发生器,它用于根据能量场所产生的第二种形式的能量产生电脉冲。 91. The apparatus as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that said apparatus further comprises an implantable pulse generator, which is used to generate the properties according to the energy of the second form energy generating electrical pulses.
92. 如权利要求1的设备,其特征在于,所述设备还包括至少一个可植入的传感器,它用于检测病人的至少一个物理参数。 92. The apparatus as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that said apparatus further comprises at least one implantable sensor for sensing at least one physical parameter of the patient.
93. 如权利要求92的设备,其特征在于,所述传感器包括压力传感器,它用于直接或间接检测作为物理参数的血流通路中的压力。 93. The apparatus as claimed in claim 92, wherein said sensor comprises a pressure sensor, which is used directly or indirectly detected as the physical parameter the pressure in the flow path.
94. 如权利要求92的设备,其特征在于,控制装置控制所述限制装置以响应来自传感器的信号。 94. The apparatus as claimed in claim 92, characterized in that the control means controls the restriction device in response to signals from the sensor.
95. 如权利要求94的设备,其特征在于,所述控制装置包括一可植入病人体内的内部控制器,它用于响应来自传感器的信号控制所述限制装置。 95. The apparatus of claim 94, wherein said control means comprises an implantable patient's internal controller, which in response to signals from the sensors to control the restriction device.
96. 如权利要求95的设备,其特征在于,所述内部控制器响应来自传感器的信号直接控制所述限制装置。 96. The apparatus of claim 95, wherein the controller in response to signals from said internal sensor directly controlling the restriction device.
97. 如权利要求96的设备,其特征在于,所述控制装置包括位于病人体外的外部控制器,它用于响应来自传感器的信号控制所述限制装置。 97. The apparatus as claimed in claim 96, characterized in that said control means comprises an external controller located outside of the patient, which in response to signals from the sensors to control the restriction device.
98. 如权利要求97的设备,其特征在于,所述外部控制器存储与传感器所检测到的物理参数有关的信息并且以手工的方式进行操作,以便根据所存储的信息控制所述限制装置。 98. The apparatus as claimed in claim 97, characterized in that the information on the physical parameters of the external storage controller is detected by the sensor and is manually operated manner, in order to control the restriction device based on the stored information.
99. 如权利要求92所述的设备,其特征在于,所述设备还包括至少一个可植入的发送器,它用于发送与传感器所检测到的物理参数有关的信息。 99. The apparatus as recited in claim 92, characterized in that said apparatus further comprises at least one implantable sender, which transmits information for the physical parameters detected by the sensor associated.
100. 如权利要求1的设备,其特征在于,所述设备还包括一无线遥控器,它用于传输至少一个无线控制信号,以便控制所述限制装置。 100. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein said apparatus further comprises a wireless remote control, which is used to transmit at least one wireless control signal for controlling the restriction device.
101. 如权利要求100的设备,其特征在于,所述控制信号包括频率信号、振幅信号或者按频率或振幅调制的信号。 101. The apparatus of claim 100, wherein said control signal comprises a frequency signal, the amplitude of the signal or by frequency or amplitude modulated signal.
102. 如权利要求100的设备,其特征在于,所述控制信号包括模拟或数字信号或者模拟与数字信号的组合。 102. The apparatus of claim 100, wherein said control signal comprises an analog or digital signal or a combination of analog and digital signals.
103. 如权利要求100所述的设备,其特征在于,所述遥控器能够获得与植入的所述限制装置的状态有关的信息并且能响应该信息而控制所述限制装置。 103. The apparatus of claim 100, wherein said remote control can be obtained with the implantable restriction device status information in response to the information and controlling the restriction device.
104. 如权利要求100所述的设备,其特征在于,所述遥控器包括一可植入的控制器,它用于控制所述限制装置。 104. The apparatus of claim 100, wherein the remote control comprises an implantable controller for controlling the restriction device.
105. 如权利要求104的设备,其特征在于,所述控制器包括一微处理器。 105. The apparatus of claim 104, wherein said controller comprises a microprocessor.
106. 如权利要求100所述的设备,其特征在于,所述无线遥控器包括至少一个外部信号发射器或收发器以及至少一个能够植入进病人体内的内部信号接收器或收发器。 106. The apparatus of claim 100, wherein the wireless remote control comprises at least one external signal transmitter or transceiver and at least one patient can be implanted into an internal signal receiver or transceiver.
107. 如权利要求100所述的设备,其特征在于,所述无线遥控器包括至少一个外部信号接收器或收发器以及至少一个能够植入进病人体内的内部信号发射器或收发器。 107. The apparatus of claim 100, wherein the wireless remote control comprises at least one external signal receiver or transceiver and at least one can be implanted into the patient's internal signal transmitter or transceiver.
108. 如权利要求100所述的设备,其特征在于,所述无线遥控器能将与所述限制装置有关的信息从病人体内发送至病人体外。 108. The apparatus of claim 100, wherein the wireless remote control and can limit the information transmitted from the device to the patient outside the patient.
109. 如权利要求108的设备,其特征在于,所述遥控器响应上述信息控制所述限制装置。 109. The apparatus of claim 108, wherein the remote control controls the restriction information in response to said means.
110. 如权利要求100所述的设备,其特征在于,所述遥控器包括一控制信号发射器,它发射所述无线控制信号,并且,所述能量传输装置包括该控制信号发射器,从而由所述无线控制信号传输能量。 110. The apparatus of claim 100, wherein the remote control comprises a control signal transmitter, which transmits the wireless control signal, and wherein the energy transmission means comprises the control signal transmitter, whereby the The wireless control signal transmission energy.
111. 如权利要求100所述的设备,其特征在于,所述能量传输装置通过至少一个与上述控制信号分开的信号来传输能量。 111. The apparatus of claim 100, wherein said energy transmission means via said at least one signal separate from the control signal transmitted energy.
112. 如权利要求100所述的设备,其特征在于,所述无线遥控器发射用于承载控制信号的载波信号。 112. The apparatus of claim 100, wherein the wireless remote control transmits a carrier signal for carrying the control signal.
113. 如权利要求100所述的设备,其特征在于,所述能量传输装置通过至少一个信号来传输能量,所述信号被用作为遥控器发射控制信号的载波信号。 113. The apparatus of claim 100, wherein said energy transmission means to transmit via the at least one signal energy, the signal is used as a remote control signal transmitter carrier signal.
114. 如权利要求113的设备,其特征在于,所述载波信号是按频率、振幅或频率和振幅调制的。 114. The apparatus of claim 113, wherein said carrier signal is based on the frequency, amplitude or frequency and amplitude modulated.
115. 如权利要求114的设备,其特征在于,所述载波信号包括数字、模拟或数字与模拟信号的组合。 115. The apparatus of claim 114, wherein said carrier comprises a combination of a digital signal, analog or digital and analog signals.
116. 如权利要求100所述的设备,其特征在于,所述控制信号包括一波形信号,该波形信号包括声波信号、超声波信号、电磁波信号、红外光信号、可见光信号、紫外光信号、激光信号、微波信号、无线电波信号、X射线辐射信号和伽玛辐射信号中的一种。 116. The apparatus of claim 100, wherein said control signal comprises a wave signal, the waveform signal comprises an acoustic signal, an ultrasonic signal, an electromagnetic wave signal, an infrared light signal, a visible light signal, an ultraviolet light signal, a laser signal microwave signal, a radio wave signal, X-rays and gamma radiation signal radiated signal in one.
117. 如权利要求100所述的设备,其特征在于,所述控制信号包括电场或磁场,或组合的电场与磁场。 117. The apparatus of claim 100, wherein said control signal comprises an electric or magnetic fields, or a combination of electric and magnetic fields.
118. 如权利要求102的设备,其特征在于,所述无线遥控器发射用于承载数字或模拟控制信号的电磁载波信号。 118. The apparatus of claim 102, wherein the wireless remote control transmits electromagnetic carrier signal carrying the digital or analog control signal is used.
119. 如权利要求1的设备,其特征在于,所述设备还包括一可植入的控制器,它用于控制所述限制装置。 119. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein said apparatus further comprises an implantable controller for controlling the restriction device.
120. 如权利要求119的设备,其特征在于,所述控制器是可编程的,以便根据程序控制所述限制装置。 120. The apparatus of claim 119, wherein said controller is programmable to control the restriction device in accordance with the program.
121. 如权利要求120的设备,其特征在于,所述控制器随时间根据活动调度程序来控制所述限制装置。 121. The apparatus of claim 120, wherein said active scheduler controller according to the control of the restriction device over time.
122. 如权利要求119所述的设备,其特征在于,所述设备还包括一外部无线遥控器,它用于对可植入的控制器进行编程。 122. The apparatus of claim 119, wherein said apparatus further comprises an external wireless remote control, which is used to program the implantable controller.
123. 如权利要求1的设备,其特征在于,所述设备还包括一外部数据通信装置和一可植入的内部数据通信装置,它与外部数据通信装置相通信,其中,内部数据通信装置可将与所述限制装置有关的数据反馈给外部数据通信装置,或者,外部数据通信装置将数据馈给内部数据通信装置。 123. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein said apparatus further comprises an external data and the internal data communication apparatus a communication implantable device, which communicates with an external data communications device with which the internal data communication device may The feedback and data related to the restriction device to the external data communication means, or the external data communication means inside the data fed to the data communication apparatus.
124. 如权利要求123的设备,其特征在于,所述内部数据通信装置将与病人至少一个物理信号有关的数据馈送至外部数据通信器。 124. The apparatus of claim 123, wherein said internal data communication means with the data related to the patient at least one physical signal is fed to the external data communicator.
125. 如权利要求1的设备,其特征在于,所述限制装置用于在植入时控制对血流通路的限制。 125. The apparatus of claim 1, characterized in that said means for limiting the time of implantation of the flow path of the control limits.
126. 如权利要求1的设备,其特征在于,所述限制装置是不可膨胀的。 126. The apparatus as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that said limiting means is non-swellable.
127. 如权利要求1的设备,其特征在于,所述第一种形式的能量和第二种形式的能量中的一种包括磁能、动能、声能、化学能、福射能、电磁能、光能、核能或热能。 127. The apparatus of claim 1, characterized in that the first form of energy and the energy of the second form comprises magnetic energy in one, kinetic energy, sound energy, chemical energy, radiant energy fu, electromagnetic energy, solar energy, nuclear energy or thermal energy.
128. 如权利要求1的设备,其特征在于,所述第一种形式的能量和第二种形式的能量中的一种是非磁能、非动能、非化学能、非声能、非核能或非热能。 128. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein said first and second form of energy in the form of a non-magnetic energy, non-kinetic, non-chemical, non-sonic energy, non-nuclear or non- heat.
129. 如权利要求1的设备,其特征在于,所述能量传输装置的功能不同于能量变换装置。 129. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein said energy transmission device functions different from the energy transforming means.
130. 如权利要求1的设备,其特征在于,所述能量变换装置设计成可植入病人的皮下或腹部、胸部或头部。 130. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein said energy converting means is designed to be implanted in a patient's skin or abdomen, chest or head.
131. 如权利要求1的设备,其特征在于,所述能量变换装置设计成植入病人的腹膜后腔或阴囊内。 131. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein said energy conversion device is designed to be implanted in patients in the retroperitoneum or scrotum.
132. 如权利要求1的设备,其特征在于,所述限制装置嵌在柔软或凝胶状材料内。 132. The apparatus as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that said limiting means is embedded in a soft or gel-like material.
133. 如权利要求1的设备,其特征在于,所述限制装置嵌在硬度小于20肖氏(Shore) 的娃树脂材料内。 133. The apparatus as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that said limiting means is embedded in the resin material Wa is less than 20 Shore hardness (Shore) a.
134. 如权利要求92的设备,其特征在于,所述传感器用于检测作为物理参数的射精, 并且,所述限制装置用于响应传感器检测到射精而释放阴茎组织或其延长部分。 134. The apparatus of claim 92, wherein the sensor for detecting a physical parameter ejaculation, and said regulating means in response to the sensor detects ejaculation release the penile tissue or the extension portion.
Description  translated from Chinese

带能量变换装置的阳萎治疗设备 Impotence treatment devices with energy conversion device

[0001] 本申请是申请号为01804891. 9的分案申请。 [0001] The present application is a divisional application No. 01804891.9 of.

[0002] 本发明涉及一种男性阳萎治疗设备,该设备包括一种可操作的限制装置,它可植入阳萎病人体内,以便与正常阴茎组织或其延长部分的组织部分相接合,从而形成受限的阴茎出口血流通路。 [0002] The present invention relates to a male impotence treatment, the apparatus comprises a limiting device operable, it can be implanted in the patient impotence to normal penile tissue or the extension portion of the engaging organization, thereby forming a restricted flow path exit the penis.

[0003] 术语"正常阴茎组织的组织部分或延长部分"应理解为是指在人体内延伸并在离开阴茎的血流的通路之后的阴茎组织,即相对阴茎、海绵体、腿状构造或其延长部分的一个或多个出口静脉。 [0003] The term "normal penile tissue or tissue portion extension" is understood to mean in the human body and extending blood flow path after leaving the penis penis tissue that is relatively penis, sponge-like structure or a leg extend one or more outlet portion of the vein.

[0004] 男性阳萎是一种广泛的问题。 [0004] The male impotence is a widespread problem. 业已尝试了对这个问题的许多不同解决方案。 It has been tried many different solutions to this problem. 目前实施的一个方案是用植入阴茎内的可液压膨胀/收缩的硅假体来代替海绵体。 A program is currently being implemented hydraulically inflatable penile implants inside / contraction of the silicon prosthesis to replace the cavernous. 一蓄积器与这种假体作流体通连,所述蓄积器植入在阴囊内。 An accumulator with this prosthesis for fluid communication, the accumulator implanted in the scrotum. 通过人工抽吸作用,所述假体填充有来自蓄积器的流体以便达到勃起的阴茎状态或者排空返回至蓄积器的流体以便达到萎软的阴茎状态。 By artificial pumping action the prosthesis is filled with fluid from the reservoir in order to achieve penile erection or emptying state returns to an accumulation of fluid in order to reach the flaccid state of the penis. 但是,这一方案有若干或多或少严重的缺陷。 However, this program has a number of more or less serious defects. 首先,阴茎会因操作而或多或少受损, 并且,实际上不能使操作反向。 First, the penis by operating more or less damaged, and, in fact, the operation can not be reversed. 另一个缺陷是有很强的力作用于植入的假体,从而会导致有明显的假体折断的危险。 Another drawback is that there is a strong force for implantation of the prosthesis, leading to the risk of significant prosthetic broken.

[0005] 实现勃起的另一个方案是限制离开阴茎的血流。 [0005] Another aspect is to achieve an erection restrict the blood flow leaving the penis. 例如,US专利第4829990、 4958630和5048511号公开了两种靠液压控制的可膨胀封套,该封套圈绕在相应的腿状构造或静脉周围。 For example, US Patent Nos. 4,829,990, 4,958,630 and No. 5,048,511 disclose two hydraulically controlled inflatable envelope, the envelope circle around the corresponding structure or venous leg around. 这种方案的缺陷是涉及复杂的手术。 A drawback of this program is to involve complex surgery. 有关这一方案的另一个实例是US专利第4828544号,该专利公开了一种人造瘘管系统,此系统用手术的方式植入并且提供了股动脉与股静脉之间的主瘘管以及用于将血液从主瘘管引导至阴茎的辅瘘管。 Another example related to this program is US Patent No. 4,828,544, which discloses an artificial fistula system that way surgical implantation and provides primary fistula between the femoral artery and femoral vein and for the blood from the primary fistula fistula secondary boot to the penis. 可膨胀的球在辅瘘管与静脉之间与主瘘管相接合。 Inflatable ball between the secondary fistula and the vein is engaged with the main fistula. 所说的球与植入在阴囊内的可手工压缩的蓄积器作流体通连。 He said balls and implanted in the scrotum may be manually compressed accumulator for fluid communication. 再有,植入这种人造瘘管系统需要精密的手术。 Furthermore, such artificial fistula system requires implantation delicate surgery. 再一种方案是将一种物质注射进阴茎静脉系统以达到勃起。 Still another solution is to inject a substance into the penile vein system to achieve erection. 但是,注射是痛苦的并且对病人来说是复杂的。 However, injections are painful and complicated for the patient.

[0006] 本发明的目的是提供一种简单的男性阳萎治疗设备,它通常是由病人来控制的。 [0006] The object of the present invention is to provide a simple male impotence treatment equipment, which is usually controlled by the patient.

[0007] 用开始时所说的那种设备来达到上述目的,所述设备的特征在于一种能量传输装置,它用于将能量从病人体外以无线的方式传输至病人体内,以便供限制装置的操作使用, 所述限制装置的操作包括暂时使上述组织部分收缩,以便限制血流通路中的阴茎流出血流,从而实现勃起。 [0007] The kind of the start of said apparatus to achieve the above object, the apparatus comprising an energy transfer means for wireless energy from outside the patient to transmit to the patient, in order for the restriction means operational use, the restriction means operations include temporary contraction of the above-mentioned part of the organization, in order to limit the flow path of blood flowing out of the penis to achieve an erection.

[0008] 因此,可获得这样的优点:本发明的阳萎治疗设备能提供简单且有效的能量传输, 这就能确保该设备能对病人的余生长期可靠地发挥作用至少是多年地长期可靠地发挥作用。 [0008] Thus, the advantage is obtained that: impotence treatment apparatus of the present invention to provide a simple and efficient transfer of energy, which will ensure that the device can rest on the patient's long-term function reliably, at least for many years to long-term and reliable Play a role.

[0009] 所述限制装置最好能控制血流离开阴茎所经过的通路的截面面积,这就给出了这样优点即:能使病人调节限制装置以便在不会感到疼痛的情况下实现预定的勃起。 The achievement of the patient can adjust the restriction device in order to not feel the pain at a predetermined: [0009] The restriction device preferably controls the blood flow leaving the sectional area of the pathway through which the penis, which gives the advantage that is so erection. 不应低估这一优点,因为,进行细微调节以便限制通路的截面面积会在有最少限制的情况下有最大的勃起。 This advantage should not be underestimated, because, in order to limit access to fine adjust the cross-sectional area will be under the least restrictive conditions have the greatest erection.

[0010] -般地说,所述设备包括一能量变换装置,它植入病人体内,以便将能量传输装置以无线的方式传输的能量从第一种形式变换成最好不同于第一种形式的第二种形式。 [0010] - Generally speaking, the apparatus comprising an energy conversion device, it implanted in a patient, so that the energy transmission device energy wirelessly transmitted from the first form is converted into the best form different from the first The second form.

[0011] 所述能量变换装置至少包括一个半导体部件或半导体部件构成的电路。 [0011] The energy conversion means includes at least one semiconductor component or semiconductor component constituting the circuit. 半导体部件包括三极管或微芯片或类似的电子组件。 The semiconductor component comprises a transistor or microchip or similar electronic components. 但是,半导体组件不包括整流二极管。 However, the semiconductor device does not include a rectifier diode.

[0012] 依照本发明的一个主要实施例,所述能量变换装置至少包括一个元件,它具有正极区和负极区并用于在曝露于能量传输装置所传输的第一种形式的能量时形成正极区与负极区之间的能量场,因此,能量场能提供第二种形式的能量。 [0012] In accordance with a main embodiment the anode region, is formed when exposed to the energy transmitted by the first transmission means a form of energy the energy conversion means includes at least one element having a positive region and a negative region and used in the present invention. energy field between the anode and the region, and therefore, the energy field provides the energy of the second form. 一般地说,上述半导体部件可包括这种元件。 In general, the above-mentioned semiconductor component may include such an element.

[0013] 依照本发明的一个最佳实施例,所述元件包括一个电学结(electrical junction)元件,它在曝露于能量传输装置所传输的第一种形式的能量时能感生出上述正极与负极区之间的电场,从而第二种形式的能量包括电能。 [0013] In accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the electrical element comprises a junction (electrical junction) element, it is exposed to the first form transmitted by the energy transmission means energy is induced when the energy of the positive electrode and the negative electrode zone between the electric field, whereby the energy of the second form comprises electric energy.

[0014] 因此,所述限制装置是适当地由电控制的,从而上述电学结元件的正极和负极区域能为限制装置的操作提供电能。 [0014] Thus, the limiting means is suitably controlled by an electric, region of the positive and negative electrodes so that the electrical junction element is capable of supplying power to limit the operation of the device. 所述设备以适当的方式包括可植入的电导体,它与电学结元件的正极和负极区域相连接,从而电学结元件能通过上述导体提供诸如直流电、脉动直流电、直流和脉动直流电的组合、交流电流或直流与交流电流的组合之类的电流。 The device includes an appropriate manner implantable electrical conductor, which is connected to the positive and negative regions of the electrical junction element, whereby the electrical junction element can provide a combination of the conductor such as direct current, pulsating direct current, DC and pulse DC, combination like alternating current or direct current and alternating current. 再有, 电学结元件能提供按频率、振幅或频率和振幅调制的模拟、数字或模拟与数字信号的组合形式,该信号用于控制限制装置。 Further, the electrical junction element can provide in frequency, amplitude, or analog, digital, or a combination of analog and digital signal frequency and amplitude modulation of the signal for controlling the restriction device.

[0015] 最好呈电半导体结元件形式的元件应设计成能在曝露于由能量传输装置所传输的第一种形式能量时生成超过Iy A的输出电流。 [0015] preferably in the form of electrical semiconductor junction element in the form of components should be designed to generate more than Iy A output current when exposed to the first form of energy transmitted by the energy transmission device when. 适当的是,所述电学结元件构成了扁平且薄的板并且具有小于2000cm3的体积,从而适于皮下植入,因此,所述电学结元件可位于病人的皮下。 Suitably, the electrical junction element constitutes a flat and thin sheet and has a volume of less than 2000cm3, and thus suitable for subcutaneous implantation, so that the electrical junction element can be located in the patient's skin. 另外,可以将上述元件植入病人的胸腔或头部,或者植入病人人体上的洞孔以及洞孔的粘膜外侧粘膜或腔内。 Further, the element can be implanted in a patient's chest or head, or implant hole and the hole in the patient's body on the outside of the mucosa or mucosal cavity. 当然,所述能量变换装置的所有部件包括与病人人体相接触的电学结元件应该是不会引起排斥的材料。 Of course, all parts of the energy conversion device comprises an electrical junction element in contact with the patient body should not cause rejection of material.

[0016] 就体外器械而言,已普遍使用了特殊类型的电半导体结元件即一般呈太阳能电池形式的所谓的pn (正/负)结元件。 [0016] For in vitro devices, it has been the widespread use of a particular type of electrical semiconductor junction element that is the general form of the solar cell in the form of so-called pn (positive / negative) junction element. 太阳能电池将呈可见光形式的太阳能转换成呈直流电形式的电能。 Solar cells show a visible form of solar energy into electrical energy was in the form of direct current. 例如,P_n结元件可包括两层半导体,一个是P型(正),另一个为n型(负), 它们合在一起形成了"P_n结"。 For example, P_n junction element may comprise two layers of semiconductor, a P-type (positive) and the other n-type (negative), which together form the "P_n knot." 这种pn结在吸收光量子(光子)时能感生出元件上的电场。 This pn junction upon absorption of light quanta (photons) can induce an electric field element.

[0017] 具体地说,光量子将其能量传给某些半导体的电子,这些电子能移过所说的材料。 [0017] In particular, the photon energy to be certain semiconductor electronics, these electrons can move through the said material. 就这种带负电荷的电子而言,会形成相应的正电荷_ "空穴"。 This electron is negatively charged, it will form a corresponding positive charge _ a "hole." 在普通的半导体中,在短时间之后这些电子和空穴会重新组合,并且,它们的能量会作为热量而被浪费掉。 In ordinary semiconductor, these short time after re-combination of electrons and holes, and their energy is wasted as heat. 但是,在电子和空穴因电场的作用沿相反方向扫过pn结时,电荷的分离会导致pn结元件上的电压。 However, when the electrons and holes are swept by the electric field in the opposite direction of the pn junction, charge separation will cause the voltage of the pn junction element. 通过将Pn结元件与外部电路相连,电子能够流动,从而形成电流。 Pn junction element are connected by an external circuit, the electrons can flow, thereby forming a current.

[0018] 业已证明,尽管皮肤和皮下组织可吸收来自照射其下放置有适当设计的pn结元件的皮肤部分的外部光束的能量,但经由皮肤传输的光能会导致来自Pn结元件的电流, 该电流足够强(最小IuA),从而能使得电控限制装置进行操作。 [0018] It has been proved that, even though the skin and subcutaneous tissue can absorb energy from the irradiating placed under a properly designed pn junction element exterior skin portion of the beam, but the transmission of light through the skin can cause current from the Pn junction element, The current is strong enough (minimum IuA), which can restrict such that the electronic control means operates. 因此,这种pn结元件目前首次用于体内应用。 Thus, such a pn junction element is currently used for the first time in vivo applications.

[0019] 所述设备可包括可植入的脉冲发生器,它用于根据能量场所产生的第二种形式的能量来形成电脉冲。 [0019] The apparatus may comprise an implantable pulse generator, which is used to generate the properties according to the energy of the second form of energy to an electrical pulse.

[0020] 一般地说,所述能量变换装置适用于将第一种形式的能量直接或间接变换成第二种形式的能量。 [0020] Generally, the energy transforming means is adapted to first form of energy converted directly or indirectly into the energy of the second form.

[0021] 依照本发明的一个最佳实施例,第二种形式的能量包括电能,所述能量变换装置包括一个电容,它用于根据变换的电能来产生电脉冲。 [0021] In accordance with one preferred embodiment of the present invention, the energy of the second form comprises electric energy, the energy conversion means comprises a capacitor, which is used to generate power conversion in accordance with an electric pulse. 最佳的是,当能量变换装置将能量传输装置传输的第一种形式的能量变换成第二种形式的电能时,所述电容可用于产生脉冲。 Most preferably, when the energy conversion means for converting the first form of energy transmission means for transmitting a second form of energy into electrical energy, the capacitor can be used to generate a pulse. 所述电容应该是小的,从而便于植入,也就是说,其电容量不超过0. I y F。 The capacitor should be small to facilitate implantation, i.e., its capacity does not exceed 0. I y F.

[0022] 所述设备可包括一可植入的稳定器,它用于稳定第二种形式的能量。 [0022] The apparatus may comprise an implantable stabilizer, which is used to stabilize the energy of the second form. 若第二种形式的能量包括电流,则上述稳定器可至少包括上述类型的电容。 If the energy of the second form comprises electric current, the above stabilizer may comprise at least the type of capacitor.

[0023] 在本发明的大多数实施例中,所述设备包括可植入的电学部件。 [0023] In most embodiments of the present invention, the apparatus comprises implantable electrical components. 若这些电学组件包括上述类型的电容或蓄电器,则最好提供至少一个最好是单个的电压电平保护器(voltage level guard),其中,用电压电平保护器来控制电容或蓄电器的充电和放电。 If these electrical components include the above-mentioned type of capacitor or storage device, it is preferable to provide at least one, and preferably a single voltage level protection device (voltage level guard), where electricity voltage level protection to control capacity or storage device The charging and discharging. 因此,不需有用于控制电容的任何植入的电流检测器和/或充电程度检测器,这就能使得前述设备简化并且可靠。 Therefore, there is no need for controlling the capacitance of any implanted current detector and / or charge level detector, which can make the aforesaid equipment simplified and reliable.

[0024] 在本发明的一个特定实施例中,第一种形式的无线能量包括声波,第二种形式的能量包括电能,其中,能量变换装置用于将声波直接变换成电能。 [0024] In one particular embodiment of the present invention, the wireless energy of the first form comprises sound waves, the energy of the second form comprises electric energy, wherein the energy conversion means for converting sound waves directly into electric energy.

[0025] 所述设备可包括一可植入的电机或泵,它用于操纵限制装置,其中,所述电机或泵由所变换的能量来加电。 [0025] The apparatus may comprise an implantable motor or pump for operating the restriction device it is, wherein the motor or pump by the transformed energy to power up.

[0026] 依照本发明的一个主要方面,在传输无线能量时,所述能量变换装置可用于传输无线能量,以供操纵限制装置直接使用。 [0026] In accordance with a primary aspect of the present invention, when transmitting wireless energy, wherein the energy transforming means may be used to transmit wireless energy for directly manipulating the restriction device. 在传输能量时直接使用能量的优点是,所述设备能具有非常简单的结构,并且,包含少量的部件会使所述设备非常可靠。 The advantage of using the direct transmission of energy when the energy, the apparatus can have a very simple structure, and contains a small number of parts makes the device very reliable. 例如,所述能量传输装置可用于用无线能量直接对电机或泵加电。 For example, the energy transmission means may be used to directly power the motor or pump with wireless energy applied. 无线能量可包括磁场或适当地呈信号形式的电磁波,以便直接对电机或泵加电。 Wireless energy may comprise a magnetic field or form appropriate signal in the form of electromagnetic waves, in order to increase direct electrical motors or pumps. 可在那些适用的情况下使用本说明书所述的电机及其相关组件的所有功能 You can use the motor and associated components described in this specification is applicable in those situations all the features

[0027] 作为本发明上述主要方面的替代形式,在将第一种形式的能量变转成第二种形式的能量时,所述能量变换装置可用于提供第二种形式的能量,以便直接用于限制装置的操作。 [0027] As an alternative form of the above-mentioned main aspect of the present invention, when the first form of energy becomes converted into a second form of energy, the energy converting means can be used to provide the energy of the second form for direct use to limit the operation of the apparatus. 因此,所述能量变换装置可用第二种形式的能量对电机或泵直接加电。 Thus, the energy conversion device can be a second form of energy to the motor or pump is powered directly.

[0028] -般地说,所述能量变换装置可按非磁、非热或非机械的方式用第二种形式的能量直接操纵限制装置。 [0028] - Generally speaking, the energy conversion device may be non-magnetic, non-thermal or non-mechanical means with a second form of energy directly manipulate limiting device.

[0029] 若所述设备包括可直接或间接操纵限制装置的电机,则能量变换装置可用第二种形式的能量对电机加电。 [0029] If the device includes a direct or indirect manipulation of the restriction device motor, the energy available in the second form of energy conversion devices powered motor. 适当的是,限制装置是可操作的,从而能执行可逆的功能,并且,电机能逆转上述功能。 Suitably, the restriction device is operable so as to perform a reversible function and the motor can reverse these functions.

[0030] 依照本发明的另一个实施例,所述限制装置包括液压限制装置,并且,所述设备包括可植入的泵,它用于操纵上述液压限制装置,其中,能量变换装置提供第二种形式的能量,以便驱动所说的泵。 [0030] In accordance with another embodiment of the present invention, the restriction device comprises a hydraulic restriction device, and wherein the apparatus comprises an implantable pump, which means for operating said hydraulic restriction, wherein the energy transforming means to provide a second forms of energy, in order to drive said pump. 最佳的是,所说的泵不是活塞泵,而是包括蠕动泵或隔膜泵。 Most preferably, said pump piston pump is not, but includes a peristaltic pump or a diaphragm.

[0031] 所述能量变换装置在传送能量传输装置传输的第二种形式能量时最好能产生作为第二种形式能量的超过I y A的电流。 [0031] The energy conversion device in the transmission of energy transfer apparatus for transferring a second form of energy when it is best to produce as a second form of energy than I y A of current.

[0032] 所述设备可包括一可植入的调节装置,它用于调节限制装置以改变对排泄物通路的限制。 [0032] The apparatus may comprise an implantable adjustment device for adjusting the restriction device to change the restriction of the faecal passageway. 依照第一种替代形式,所述调节装置用于以机械的方式调节限制装置。 According to a first alternative, the adjustment means for mechanically adjusting the restriction device. 依照第二种替代形式,所述调节装置用于利用植入的液压装置以液压的方式调节限制装置。 In accordance with a second alternative form, the means for regulating the use of hydraulic means implanted hydraulically adjusting the restriction device. 所述液压装置不使用那种在曝露于热或磁场时粘度会显著增加的液压流体。 That said hydraulic means are not used in the exposure to heat or a magnetic field can significantly increase the viscosity of the hydraulic fluid.

[0033] 本发明的设备不局限于使用可见光来对能量进行无线传输。 [0033] The present invention is not limited to the use of visible light for the wireless transmission of energy. 因此,依照本发明的广义方面,所述能量传输装置通过至少一个最好包含幅射能的无线信号来传输能量。 Thus, in accordance with the broader aspects of the present invention, by the energy transmission means comprises at least one radiation energy preferably radio signals to transmit energy.

[0034] 所述无线信号可包括波形信号,例如包括电磁波信号,诸如红外光信号、可见光信号、紫外光信号、激光信号、微波信号、无线电波信号、X-射线幅射信号以及伽玛幅射信号。 [0034] The wireless signal may include a waveform signal, an electromagnetic wave signal including, for example, such as an infrared light signal, a visible light signal, an ultraviolet light signal, a laser signal, a microwave signal, a radio wave signal, X- ray radiation signal and a gamma radiation signal. 在可应用的情况下,一个或多个上述可结合起来。 In the case of application, one or more of the above may be combined. 另外,所述波形信号可包括诸如超声信号之类的声波信号。 Further, the waveform signal may comprise an acoustic signal such as an ultrasonic signal or the like. 一般地说,所述无线信号可包括数字、模拟或数字及模拟信号。 Generally, the wireless signal may comprise a digital, analog or digital and analog signals.

[0035] 能量传输装置所传输的第一种形式的能量可包括按脉冲例如数字脉冲传输的电场或磁场。 [0035] The power transmission device transmitted the first form of energy may include, for example, by pulsed electric or magnetic field of digital pulses. 此外,能量变换装置可将包括极化能量的第一种形式的能量变换成直流电、脉冲直流电、直流电与脉冲直流电的组合、交流电或直流与交流电的组合。 Furthermore, the energy conversion means may comprise polarized energy of the first form of energy is converted into direct current, pulsed DC, DC and pulsed DC combination, or a combination of direct and alternating current AC. 另外,第一种形式的能量可包括动能。 In addition, the first form may comprise kinetic energy.

[0036] 第二种形式的能量可包括按频率、振幅或频率和振幅调制的模拟、数字或组合的模拟和数字信号。 [0036] The second form of energy may include by frequency, amplitude or frequency and amplitude modulated analog, a digital or combined analog and digital signals.

[0037] 限制装置是不可膨胀的即不带有用于调节限制装置的液压流体。 [0037] is a non-inflatable restriction device for adjusting the restriction device without i.e. hydraulic fluid. 这就排除了流体从限制装置中泄漏的问题。 This eliminates the leakage of fluid from the restriction device in question.

[0038] 所述设备可适当的包括可植入的电导体,它与能量变换装置相连,从而能量变换装置能通过导体提供诸如直流电、脉冲直流电、直流和脉冲直流电的组合形式、交流电或直流和交流电的组合形式之类的电流。 [0038] The apparatus may comprise an implantable suitable electrical conductor, which is connected with the energy conversion means, so that the energy conversion device can provide compositions in the form of a conductor such as DC, pulsed DC, pulsed DC and DC, AC or DC and class combination of alternating current. 此外,能量变换装置可提供按频率、振幅或频率和振幅调制的模拟、数字或模拟和数字信号的组合,该信号可用于控制限制装置。 Furthermore, the energy conversion device can be provided according to the frequency, amplitude or frequency and amplitude modulated analog combination of digital or analog and digital signals, the signal can be used to control the restriction device.

[0039] 依照本发明的一个主要实施例,所述设备包括:一可植入的操作装置,它用于操作限制装置;以及,一控制装置,它用于控制上述操作装置;其中,能量变换装置用第二种形式的能量对操作装置加电。 [0039] According to one main embodiment, the apparatus of the present invention comprises: an implantable operation device, which is used to operate the restriction device; and a control means for controlling said operation means; wherein the energy conversion device with a second form of energy for powering the operation device. 操作装置最好包括一电机,例如包括一线性电机或转子电机,它受控于上述控制装置,从而旋转预定的转数。 Operating means preferably comprises a motor, for example, comprise a linear motor or the motor rotor, which is controlled by said control means, whereby rotation of the predetermined number of revolutions. 可选的是,一可植入的传动装置与电机相连。 Optionally, an implantable gearing connected to the motor. 电机可具有由塑料制成的导电部分。 Motor may have a conductive portion made of plastic. 另外,电机可包括一液压或气压液力电机,其中,控制装置控制着流过液力电机的流体流。 In addition, the motor may comprise a hydraulic or pneumatic hydraulic motor, wherein the control means controls the flow of fluid through the hydraulic motor. 目前市售电机正变得越来越小。 Currently commercially available motor is getting smaller. 此外,存在有多种控制方法和小型的控制设备。 In addition, there is a variety of control methods and small control equipment. 例如,可用大小仅为数mm的霍尔部件来分析转子电机的转数。 For example, the usable size of only a few mm of Hall members to analyze the number of revolutions of the rotor of the motor.

[0040] 依照本发明的另一个实施例,所述限制装置包括液压装置,所述操作装置用于传导液压装置中的液压流体。 [0040] In accordance with another embodiment of the present invention, the limiting means comprises hydraulic means, means for conducting the hydraulic fluid in the hydraulic means of the operation. 操作装置包括:一流体导管,它与限制装置的液压装置相连;以及,一流体蓄积器,其中,蓄积器构成了导管的一部分。 Operating means comprising: a fluid conduit, which is connected to the hydraulic means of the restriction device; and a fluid reservoir, wherein the reservoir forms part of the catheter. 蓄积器可形成具有可变容积的流体箱,并且,操作装置可用于通过减少流体箱的容积而将来自流体箱的流体分配给限制装置的液压装置并且通过流体箱容积的扩张而将流体从液压装置中撤出至该流体箱。 Forming a fluid reservoir having a variable volume container, and, by reducing the operating means may be used and the volume of the fluid container fluid dispensing fluid from the tank to the hydraulic means limiting means and by expansion of the volume of the fluid container and the hydraulic fluid from the It means withdrawal to the fluid tank. 操作装置适当地包括一可植入的电机,它用于减少或扩张流体箱的容积。 Operation means suitably comprises an implantable motor, which is used to reduce the volume of the fluid or expansion tank. 还有,操作装置可包括一泵,它用于抽吸限制装置的液压装置中的液压流体。 Also, the operation device may comprise a pump, which means for pumping hydraulic restriction device in the hydraulic fluid. 所涉及的所有液压部件最好均无止回阀。 Best of all hydraulic components involved no check valve. 这就具有极大的优点,因为,就所涉及的阀门而言,存在由于不适当的工作阀门而出故障的危险,特别是在阀门操作之间经过了长时间时。 This has the great advantage, because it involved in terms of the valve, there is a risk due to inadequate working valve out of trouble, especially between the valve operation after a long period of time.

[0041] 控制装置可用于通过变换第二种形式的能量的极性而使操作装置逆转。 [0041] The control means may be used by changing the energy of the second form of the operation means to reverse the polarity of leaving. 若操作装置包括电机,则第二种形式的能量适当地包括电能。 If energy operation means includes a motor, the second form suitably comprises electric energy.

[0042] 依照本发明的另一个实施例,限制装置可操作以便执行诸如扩大或限制血流通路之类的可逆功能,并且存在有植入病人体内的逆转装置,它用于逆转限制装置所执行的功能。 [0042] In accordance with another embodiment of the present invention, the restriction device is operable to perform operations such as enlargement or restriction flow path reversible function and the like, and there is a reversing device implanted in a patient, it is performed for reversing the restriction device functions. 这种逆转功能最好包括通过限制装置适当地以无级方式扩大和限制血流通路。 This reverse function preferably includes a stepless manner appropriate to expand and restrict blood flow passage through the restriction device. 这方面, 控制装置适当地控制包括开关的逆转装置,以便逆转限制装置所执行的功能。 In this respect, the control device suitably controls the reversing device comprises a switch for reversing means limiting function performed. 逆转装置可包括液压装置,它包括一阀门,它用于变换液压装置中的流体的流动方向。 Reversing device may comprise hydraulic means including a valve, which is used to change the direction of flow of the fluid in the hydraulic means. 另外,逆转装置可包括一诸如开关或传动箱之类的机械逆转装置。 In addition, the reversing device may comprise a mechanical reversing device such as a switch or a gearbox or the like.

[0043] 若逆转装置包括开关,则该开关可通过第二种形式的能量来操作。 [0043] If the reversing device comprises a switch, the switch can be operated by the second form of energy. 在这种情况下, 控制装置通过变换提供给开关的第二种形式的能量的极性而适当地控制开关的操作。 In this case, by conversion to the control means switches the polarity of the energy of the second form suitably controlling the switching operation. 所述开关可包括电开关,能量源可提供用于开关操作的电能。 The switch may comprise an electrical switch, the energy source may provide electrical power for the switching operation.

[0044] 依照本发明的最佳实施例,所述设备还包括能量存储装置,它植入在病人体内,以便存储第二种形式的能量并提供与限制装置的操作有关的能量。 [0044] In accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the apparatus further comprises an energy storage device implanted in the patient which, in order to store the energy of the second form and provide the operation of the restriction device associated energy. 植入的能量存储装置最好包括诸如蓄电器、可充电电池或蓄电器和可充电电池的组合之类的电能能源。 Energy storage device implanted preferably includes storage device such as a rechargeable battery or storage device and rechargeable battery combination of energy like electricity.

[0045] 所述设备还包括:一可植入病人体内的开关,它用于转换限制装置的操作;以及, 一可植入病人体内的能量源。 [0045] The apparatus further comprises: a switch implantable in the patient, which is used to restrict the operation converting means; and, a patient implantable source of energy. 这一实施例特别适用于所述设备的能量传输效率不足即植入的限制装置要执行更先进的操作的应用。 Limiting device of this embodiment is particularly suitable for the energy transfer efficiency of the device that is implanted insufficient to perform more advanced operations applications. 上述能量源最好是电池。 It said energy source is preferably battery. 另外,所述能量源是是蓄电器,它可存储第二种形式的能量。 Further, the electrical energy storage source Yes, it can store the energy of the second form.

[0046] 依照第一种替代形式,所述开关通过能量存储装置所提供的第二种形式的能量来操作,以便从关模式转换成开模式,其中在关模式下,能量源未使用,在开模式下,能量源提供用于限制装置的操作的能量。 [0046] According to a first alternative form, the second form of the switch by the energy storage device provides energy to operate, in order to switch from the OFF mode to the open mode, wherein in the off mode, the energy source is not used in Under the open mode, the energy source provides energy for operation of the restriction device. 在这种情况下,植入的能量源可包括电池(最好有至少10 年的寿命)或者包括蓄电器。 In this case, the implanted source of energy may comprise a battery (preferably at least 10 years of life) or comprises a storage device. 但是,也可以是其它类型的能量源诸如核能能源或化学能源(燃料电池)。 However, it can be other types of energy sources such as nuclear energy or chemical energy (fuel cells).

[0047] 依照第二种替代形式,所述设备还包括一遥控器,它用于控制植入的能量源的能量提供,其中,所述开关通过能量存储装置所提供的第二种形式的能量来操作,以便从关模式转换成待机模式,在关模式下,阻止上述遥控器控制能量源并且能量源未使用,在待机模式下,允许上述遥控器控制能量源以便提供用于限制装置的操作的能量。 [0047] In accordance with the second alternative, the apparatus further comprises a remote controller, which provides the energy for controlling the implanted source of energy, wherein the switch through the second form supplied by the energy storage means of the energy to operate, in order to switch from OFF mode to the standby mode. In off mode, the remote control to stop the energy source and the energy source is not used in standby mode, allowing the remote control of energy sources in order to provide a means for limiting the operation energy.

[0048] 依照第三种替代形式,省略了能量存储装置,其中,所述开关通过能量变换装置所提供的第二种形式的能量来操作,以便从关模式转换成待机模式,在关模式下,阻止上述遥控器控制能量源并且能量源未使用,在待机模式下,允许上述遥控器控制能量源以便提供用于限制装置的操作的能量。 [0048] In accordance with a third alternative, the energy storage device is omitted, wherein the switch is operated by means of energy of the second form supplied by the energy conversion, in order to switch from the OFF mode to the standby mode, the off mode to prevent the remote control energy source and the energy source is not used, in the standby mode, the remote control allows the energy source for providing energy for operation of the restriction device.

[0049] 依照第四种替代形式,省略了控制器,其中,所述开关通过能量变换装置所提供的第二种形式的能量来操作,以便从关模式转换成开模式,在关模式下,能量源未使用,在开模式下,能量源提供用于限制装置的操作的能量。 [0049] In accordance with a fourth alternative, it omits the controller, wherein the switch to operate the second form of energy is provided by means of energy conversion for conversion from Off mode to the open mode, in the off mode, unused energy source, in open mode, the energy source provides energy for operation of the restriction device. 在可应用的情况下,在上述实施例中,所述开关在能量变换装置传输无线能量的同时,最好在所传送的第二种形式能量由被植入用于暂时(几秒钟)存储第二种形式能量的电容加以稳定的情况下进行转换。 In the case of application, in the above embodiment, while the power switch is in the transmission of wireless energy converting means, preferably in the second form of energy is transmitted by the implant used to temporarily (a few seconds) store In the second form of energy conversion capacitance to stabilize the situation.

[0050] 在上述第三和第四种替代形式中,能量传输装置可代替能量变换装置,从而由第一种形式的能量操作所述开关。 [0050] In the third and fourth alternatives, the energy transmission device may replace the energy conversion means, whereby said switch is comprised of a first form of energy to operate.

[0051] 上述开关可包括电子开关或者在可行的情况下包括机械开关。 [0051] the switch may comprise an electronic switch or, where feasible, include mechanical switches.

[0052] 使用上述开关的优点首先是增加了控制的安全性,也就是说,病人周围的干扰信号不会影响植入的限制装置。 [0052] The advantage of using the above-mentioned first switch is controlled to increase the security, that is, the interference signal does not affect the patient around the implantable restriction device. 此外,植入的能量源的寿命会显著延长,因为,所述设备的能耗可以减至最少。 In addition, the life of the implanted source of energy will be significantly prolonged, since the energy consumption of the apparatus can be minimized. 在上述待机模式过程中,遥控器使用来自植入的能源的能量。 In the standby mode during remote control uses energy from the implanted energy. 利用能量变换装置可传输能量以便启动开关,从而仅在就限制装置的操作而言需要能量时连接植入的能量源。 Using the energy to the energy converting means may transmit the start switch, so that only the limiting energy source connected to the implanted energy needed in terms of operation of the apparatus.

[0053] 所有上述实施例均可与至少一个可植入的传感器相结合,以便传感病人的至少一个物理参数,其中,控制装置可以响应来自传感器的信号来控制限制装置。 [0053] All of the above embodiments may be at least one implantable sensor combination, in order to sense at least one physical parameter of the patient, wherein the control means may be responsive to control signals from the sensor means limiting. 最佳的是,所述传感器可检测射精,并且,所述限制装置可响应传感器检测到射精而释放上述组织部分。 Most preferably, the sensor can detect ejaculation, and the restriction device in response to the sensor detects ejaculation release of the tissue section.

[0054] 所述控制装置可包括植入病人体内的内部控制器,它用于响应来自传感器的信号以便最好直接地控制限制装置。 [0054] The control means may include implanted in a patient's internal controller, which in response to signals from the sensors in order to best control the restriction device directly. 内部控制器可响应来自传感器的信号例如与压力、病人的位置或任何其它重要的物理参数有关的信号而将有关它们的信息发送至病人体外。 Internal controller may, for example, in response to signals from the sensor signal and pressure, the patient's position or any other important physical parameters and sends the information about them to the patient in vitro. 控制装置还可响应来自传感器的信号自动地控制限制装置。 Control means in response to signals from the sensor may also automatically control the restriction device. 例如,控制装置可控制限制装置以便响应传感器检测到病人血流和血压增加而进一步地限制血流通路路或者响应传感器检测到限制装置上的不正常高压或检测到射精而扩大血流通路。 For example, the control device may control the restriction device in response to the sensor detects the patient blood flow and increase blood pressure and restrict blood flow path further road or in response to a limit sensor detects abnormal high pressure on the unit or the detection of ejaculation enlarged flow path.

[0055] 另外,控制装置可包括位于病人体外的外部控制器,它用于响应来自传感器的信号适当地直接控制限制装置。 [0055] In addition, the control means may comprise an external controller located outside of the patient, which is used in response to a signal from a sensor suitably directly control the restriction device. 外部控制器可存储与传感器所检测到的物理参数有关的信息并且可以手工的方式进行操作,以便根据所存储的信息控制限制装置。 External controller may store information relating to the physical parameters detected by the sensor and can be operated manually manner, in order to control the restriction device based on the stored information. 此外,存在有至少一个可植入的发送器,它用于发送与传感器所检测到的物理参数有关的信息。 In addition, there is at least one implantable sender, which is used to transmit information on the physical parameter sensed by the sensor.

[0056] 在病人体外设置有一外部数据通信器,一内部数据通信器植入在病人体内,以便与外部通信器相通信。 [0056] In the patient's body is provided with an external data communications device, an internal data communicator implantable in the patient, in order to communicate with the external communicator. 内部通信器可将与病人有关或与限制装置有关的数据反馈给外部通信器。 Internal communication with the patient may be related to or associated with the limit data back to the external communicator device. 另外,或者以组合的形式,外部通信器可将数据馈给内部通信器。 In addition, or in combination, the external communicator may feed data to the internal communicator. 内部通信器可适当地馈给与病人至少一个物理信号有关的数据。 Internal communicator may suitably be fed to give at least one physical signal of the patient-related data.

[0057] 所述设备还可包括一可植入的可编程控制器,它用于最好随时间根据活动调度程序来控制上述限制装置。 [0057] The apparatus may further comprise an implantable programmable controller for the best time according to active scheduler that controls the restriction device. 这就会使得所述设备更先前并且能使所述设备适应个别的病人。 This will make the device more previously and enables the device to adapt to individual patients.

[0058] 上述多数实施例都是以适当方式遥控的。 [0058] The embodiments described above are most appropriate manner remote control. 因此,所述设备最好包括一无线遥控器, 它传输至少一个无线控制信号,以便控制限制装置。 Thus, the apparatus preferably includes a wireless remote control, it transmits at least one wireless control signal for controlling the restriction device. 利用这种遥控器,可使所述设备的功能适应于病人的需要。 With this remote control, the function of the device can be adapted to the needs of patients. 所述控制信号可包括按频率、振幅或者频率或振幅调制的信号。 The control signal may include the frequency, amplitude or frequency or amplitude modulated signal. 再有, 所述控制信号可包括模拟或数字信号或者模拟和数字信号的组合。 Further, the control signal may include a combination of analog or digital signal or analog and digital signals.

[0059] 所述无线遥控器能够获得与植入的限制装置的状态有关的信息并且能响应该信息而控制限制装置。 [0059] The wireless remote control can be obtained with a state of the implantable restriction device and information related to the control information in response to the limiting means. 还有,遥控器能将与限制装置有关的信息从病人体内发送至病人体外。 Also, the remote control can restrict information about the device and transmitted from the patient to the patient's body.

[0060] 在本发明的一个特定实施例中,无线遥控器包括至少一个外部信号发射器或收发器以及至少一个内部信号接收器或收发器,它可植入进病人体内。 [0060] In a particular embodiment of the present invention, the wireless remote control comprises at least one external signal transmitter or transceiver and at least one internal signal receiver or transceiver, which can be implanted into the patient. 在本发明的另一个具体实施例中,无线遥控器包括至少一个外部信号接收器或收发器以及至少一个内部信号发射器或收发器,它可植入进病人体内。 In another specific embodiment of the present invention, the wireless remote control comprises at least one external signal receiver or transceiver and at least one internal signal transmitter or transceiver implantable it into the patient.

[0061] 无线遥控器可发射用于承载控制信号的载波信号,其中,载波信号是按频率、振幅或频率和振幅调制的。 [0061] wireless remote control may transmit a carrier signal for carrying the control signal, wherein the carrier signal is based on frequency, amplitude or frequency and amplitude modulated. 载波信号还可包括数字、模拟或数字与模拟信号的组合。 Carrier signal may also comprise a combination of digital, analog or digital and analog signals. 这种信号可包括波形信号。 Such signals may comprise wave signals. 还有,供载波信号使用的控制信号可以是按频率、振幅或频率和振幅调制的并且是数字、模拟或组合的数字与模拟信号。 Moreover, the control signal for the carrier signal can be used in frequency, amplitude or frequency and amplitude modulated and is digital, analog or a combination of digital and analog signals.

[0062] 控制信号可包括波形信号例如诸如超声波信号之类的声波信号、诸如红外光信号、可见光信号、紫外光信号、激光信号、微波信号、无线电波信号、X射线幅射信号或伽玛幅射信号之类的电磁波信号。 [0062] The control signals may comprise wave signals, such as acoustic signals of an ultrasonic signal or the like, such as an infrared light signal, a visible light signal, an ultraviolet light signal, a laser signal, a microwave signal, a radio wave signal, X-rays or gamma radiation signal amplitude electromagnetic signals emitted signal and the like. 在可行的情况下,可将上述信号中的两个或多个组合起来。 In feasible, it may be the signal two or more together. [0063] 控制信号可以是数字或模拟的并且可以包括电场或磁场。 [0063] The control signal may be digital or analog, and may comprise an electric or magnetic fields. 适当的是,无线遥控器可发射用于承载数字或模拟控制信号的电磁载波信号。 Suitably, the wireless remote control may transmit an electromagnetic carrier wave signal carrying a digital or analog control signal is provided. 例如,使用承载数字控制信号的模拟载波信号能给出安全的通信。 For example, using an analog control signal carrying a digital carrier signal can be given secure communication. 可通过无线遥控器按脉冲的方式发射控制信号。 Press pulse mode can transmit control signals via a wireless remote control.

[0064] 能量传输装置可按与能量变换装置不同或相类似的方式发挥作用。 [0064] energy and energy transmission device may be a different device or function in a manner similar transformation. 例如,在能量传输装置包括-用于传输第一种形式能量的线圈且能量变换装置包括用于将所传输的能量变换成第二种形式的能量的电学结元件,能量传输装置和能量变换装置的功能是不同的。 For example, the energy transmission means comprises - means for transmitting a first form of energy and the energy conversion means comprises a coil for transforming the transmitted energy into the electrical junction element forms a second energy, and the energy transmission device energy conversion means The functions are different. 在能量传输装置包括-用于传输第一种形式能量的线圈且能量变换装置也包括用于将所传输的能量变换成第二种形式的能量的线圈,能量传输装置和能量变换装置的功能是被彼此相类似的。 In the energy transmission means comprises - means for converting the energy coil and the transmitting energy of a first form of energy includes a coil for transforming the transmitted energy into a second form of energy and energy conversion function transmission means is means They are similar to each other.

[0065] 依照本发明的另一个实施例,所述设备包括一可植入病人体内的可启动的能量源,其中,能量源可由能量传输装置传输的无线能量来加以启动,以便提供用于限制装置的操作的能量。 [0065] In accordance with another embodiment of the present invention, the apparatus includes a patient an implantable source of energy bootable embodiment, wherein the energy source by the energy transmission means for transmitting wireless energy to be started, in order to provide for limiting energy operation of the arrangement.

[0066] 可植入的限制装置适当地嵌在柔软或凝胶状材料内,例如,硬度小于20肖氏的硅树脂材料。 [0066] The implantable restriction device suitably is embedded in a soft or gel-like material, for example, less than 20 Shore hardness silicone material.

[0067] 在不同的实施例,诸如电机、泵和电容之类的所有上述部件在可行的情况下可组合在一起。 [0067] In a different embodiment, all of the above components such as motors, pumps and capacitors and the like can be grouped together in the extent feasible. 还有,连同本发明上述各实施例说明的多种功能在可行的情况下可用于不同的应用。 Also, along with a variety of functions of the present invention described in the above embodiments, where feasible, can be used in case of different applications.

[0068] 可用上述所有的各种部件和解决方案来实现本说明书中传送、变换和控制能量的所有各种方式。 [0068] All of the above are available in various components and solutions to achieve this specification transmission, transformation and control of all energy in various ways.

[0069] 本发明还提供了用于植入本发明设备并用于治疗阳萎的方法。 [0069] The present invention also provides a method for implanting the device of the present invention and for the treatment of impotence.

[0070] 因此,提供了一种植入方法,该方法包括下列步骤:提供上述阳萎治疗设备;在病人身体开孔中的粘膜内切出一开口;以及,通过上述开口将能量变换装置植入病人体内。 [0070] Accordingly, there is provided an implant, the method comprising the steps of: providing said impotence treatment apparatus; intramucosal openings in the patient's body cut out of an opening; and, through said opening the implantation energy converting means patient. 另夕卜,切出步骤可包括在病人皮肤上切出一开口,并且,植出步骤包括通过上述开口将能量变换装置植入病人体内。 Another evening Bu, cut-out step may be included on the patient's skin cut out an opening, and the planting of the opening step involves energy conversion device implanted in the patient.

[0071] 还提供了腹腔镜植入方法,该方法包括下列步骤:提供上述阳萎治疗设备;将至少两个腹腔镜插管放置到病人体内;以及,用上述至少两个腹腔镜插管将能量变换装置植入病人体内。 [0071] Also provided laparoscopic implantation, the method comprising the steps of: providing said impotence treatment apparatus; placing at least two laparoscopic cannula into the patient; and using said at least two laparoscopic cannula energy conversion device implanted in patients.

[0072] 依照另一种替代形式,提供了植入阳萎治疗设备的腹腔镜手术方法,该方法包括下列步骤:a)提供一种上述阳萎治疗设备;b)将至少两个腹腔镜套管针放置在病人身内; c) 使用至少一个经由上述腹腔镜套管针插入的解剖刀切开阴茎组织区域或其延长部分; d) 经由上述套管针引入所述设备的可操作的限制装置;e)将限制装置设置与阴茎组或其延长部分相接合;以及,f)将所述设备的能量变换装置植入病人体内,以便将无线能量变换成适于使限制装置操作的形式的能量,从而减少开孔以限制血流通过。 [0072] According to another alternative form of an implanted device impotence treatment laparoscopic surgery, the method comprising the steps of: a) providing one of the above impotence treatment equipment; b) at least two laparoscopic sleeve stylet placed in the patient body; c) using at least one inserted via the laparoscopic trocar or scalpel to cut tissue region penis extension; d) introducing the device via the trocar operable restriction device energy and, f) energy conversion means the device implanted in a patient in order to transform the wireless energy into the operation of the restriction device adapted to form;; e) means are provided to limit the extension of the penis, or engaging group , thereby reducing the opening to restrict flow through. 上述(a)-(f)所述的方法还包括以非侵入处置来调节减小了的开孔。 The above-mentioned (a) - The method according to (f) further comprises non-invasively adjusts reduced disposal openings.

[0073] 还提供了一种治疗阳萎男性的方法,该方法包括:(a)以手术的方式将与男性阴茎组织或其延长部分相接合的限制装置植入男性病人体内,以便形成血流离开阴茎的可受限的通路。 [0073] also provides a method of treating male impotence, the method comprising: (a) surgical manner penile tissue or extension with male engaging restriction device implanted in the male patient to form blood leaving the penis can be restricted access. (b)以手术的方式将操作装置植入男性体内,所述操作装置可响应提供的能量来调节受限的通路。 (B) the manner in surgical operating apparatus implanted in the male body, the apparatus can be provided in response to the operation to adjust the energy of the restricted passage. 以及,(c)用非入侵的手术后处置(Post-operative procedure)时常地将能量提供给操作装置,以便限制上述通路从而减少血流离开男性阴茎,从而实现勃起。 And, (c) disposal (Post-operative procedure) will often be provided with a non-invasive surgical after power to the operating unit, in order to limit the passage thereby reducing blood flow leaving the penis to achieve an erection. 在上述方法中,可由病人在希望的时候进行(c)。 In the above method, the patient may be carried out at the desired time (c).

[0074] 以下参照附图详细说明本发明,附图中: [0074] The following detailed description of the invention with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

[0075] 图1至12是分别说明本发明男性阳萎治疗设备的12个实施例的概略框图,其中, 将无线能量从病人体外传至植入在病人身内的所述设备的耗能部件; [0075] Figure 1-12 illustrate a schematic block diagram illustrating an embodiment 12 of the present invention, male impotence treatment apparatus, wherein the wireless energy transmitted from outside the patient implanted energy consuming components of the apparatus in the body of the patient;

[0076] 图13是说明植入的用于实现多种通信选项的可能组合的概略框图; [0076] FIG. 13 is a schematic block diagram of an implantable used to achieve a variety of possible combinations of communication options;

[0077] 图14说明了本发明设备中使用的电学结元件;以及 [0077] FIG. 14 illustrates an electrical junction element used in the apparatus of the invention; and

[0078] 图15说明了植入病人体内的本发明设备; [0078] FIG. 15 illustrates the present invention implanted in a patient's device;

[0079] 图16是说明本发明一个实施例的遥控部件的框图,其中,用电磁信号传输无线能量;以及 [0079] FIG. 16 is a diagram illustrating remote control components of an embodiment of a block diagram of the present invention, wherein the electromagnetic signal transmitted by wireless energy; and

[0080] 图17是用于图16的框图的部件的示例电路的概略图。 [0080] FIG. 17 is a schematic block diagram of FIG. 16 for the components of the sample circuit.

[0081] 参照附图,在几个图中,类似的标号表示相同或相应的元件。 [0081] Referring to the drawings, in the several figures, like reference numerals denote the same or corresponding elements.

[0082]图1概略地示出了本发明阳萎设备的最简单的实施例,它带有某些植入病人体内的部分以及位于病人体外的其它部分。 [0082] FIG. 1 schematically illustrates the apparatus of the present invention impotence simplest embodiment, it is implanted in a patient with a certain part and other parts located outside the patient. 因此,在图1中,设置在病人皮肤2的右侧的所有部分均是植入的,设置在皮肤2的左侧的所有部分均位于病人体外。 Thus, in FIG. 1, all parts arranged in the right side of the patient's skin 2 are implanted and all parts are provided on the left of the skin 2 are located outside the patient.

[0083] 图1的设备包括一植入的可操作的限制装置4,它与病人阴茎组织或其延长部分相接合,以便形成血流离开阴茎的受限通路。 Equipment [0083] Figure 1 includes a implanted operable restriction device 4, which patient penile tissue or the extension portion engages the blood flow leaving the penis so as to form the restricted passage. 限制装置4能执行可逆的功能,即扩大和减少上述通路,从而,限制装置4可作为人造括约肌而进行工作。 Restriction device 4 to perform a reversible function, i.e., to expand and reduce the passage, whereby the restriction device 4 can be used as an artificial sphincter and work. 植入的能量变换装置6用于通过电源线12将能量提供给限制装置4的能耗部件。 Implanted energy transforming means 6 through a power line 12 for the energy supplied to the limiting energy components of the device 4. 外部能量传输装置10包括一无线遥控器,它用于传输无线信号,该信号由包括在植入的能量变换装置6内的信号接收器所接收。 The external energy transmission device 10 includes a wireless remote control, which is used to transmit a wireless signal that comprises the received by the implanted energy transforming means 6 within the signal receiver. 植入的能量变换装置6将能量从信号变换成通过电源线12提供给限制装置4的电能,所述能量能使限制装置4的一部分移动从而调节所述开口。 Implanted energy transforming means 6 the energy from the signal into electric energy supplied to the restriction device 4 through a power line 12, a portion of said energy limiting means allows moving so as to adjust the opening 4.

[0084] 图2示出了本发明除将一呈电开关14形式的逆转装置也植入在病人身内以逆转限制装置4以外与图1相同的实施例。 [0084] FIG. 2 shows in addition to an electrically reversing switch means 14 in the form of the present invention is also implanted within the body of a patient to reverse the restriction device 4 of FIG. 1 except the same embodiment. 外部能量传输装置10的无线遥控器传输载有能量的无线信号,并且,植入的能量变换装置6将无线信号变换成用于使开关14操作的电流。 The external energy transmission device 10 of the wireless remote transmission of radio signals carrying energy, and the implanted energy transforming means 6 to the wireless signal is converted into a current for operating the switch 14. 当电流的极性因能量变换装置6而改变时,开关14就逆转限制装置4执行的功能。 When the polarity of the current due to the energy converter 6 and change, limit switch 14 to reverse the function of the device 4 to perform.

[0085] 图3示出了本发明除将一呈电机15形式的用于操作限制装置4的操作装置也植入病人体内以外与图1相同的实施例。 [0085] Figure 3 illustrates one form of the present invention except that the motor 15 in the form of the operation means for operating the restriction device 4 implanted in a patient also FIG. 1 except the same embodiment. 当外部能量传输装置10的遥控器将无线信号传输给能量变换装置6的接收器时,用来自能量变换装置6的能量对电机15加电。 When the external energy transmission device 10 of the wireless remote control signal to the energy conversion device receives 6 when, with the energy from the energy conversion device 6 of the motor 15 is powered on.

[0086] 图4示出了本发明除将一包括电机/泵装置18和流体蓄积器20的组件16也植入病人体内以外与图1相同的实施例。 [0086] Figure 4 shows the inter assembly comprises a motor / pump unit 18 and a fluid reservoir 20 is implanted in the patient 16 is also outside the present invention is the same as the embodiment of FIG. 在这种情况下,限制装置4是靠液压控制的,也就是就,电机/泵装置18将液压流体从蓄积器20经由导管22抽吸至限制装置4,以便限制所述通路,并且,电机/泵装置18将液压流体从限制装置4向回抽吸至蓄积器20,以便扩大上述截面面积。 In this case, the restriction device 4 is hydraulically controlled, i.e. on the motor / pump unit 18 to the hydraulic fluid from the accumulator 20 via the suction conduit 22 to the restriction device 4 to restrict the passageway, and the motor / pump unit 18 hydraulic fluid from the restriction device 4 to go back to the suction accumulator 20, in order to expand the above-sectional area. 植入的能量变换装置6将无线能量变换成电流,以便通过电源线24向电机/泵装置18加电。 Implanted energy transforming means 6 transforms wireless energy into a current for powering the motor 24 / pump unit 18 through a power line.

[0087] 图5示出了本发明的一个实施例,该实施例包括带有无线遥控器的外部能量传输装置10、在这种情况下靠液压控制的限制装置4以及植入的能量变换装置6,并且,该实施例还包括植入的液压流体蓄积器30、植入的电机/泵装置32以及植入的呈液压阀变换装置34形式的逆转装置。 [0087] Figure 5 illustrates an embodiment of the present invention, the external energy transmission device 10 includes a wireless remote control with this embodiment, in this case by 4 and energy implantable restriction device converting the hydraulic control device 6, and this embodiment further includes an implanted hydraulic fluid reservoir 30, the motor / pump unit 32 and an implanted hydraulic valve was reverse converting means 34 in the form of an implantable device. 电机/泵装置32的电机是电机。 Motor motor / pump unit 32 is the motor. 植入的能量变换装置6响应来自外部能量传输装置10的无线遥控器的控制信号用该控制信号承载的能量对电机/泵装置32 加电,从而,电机/泵装置32使液压流体分布到蓄积器30与限制装置4之间。 Implanted energy transforming means 6 in response to a control signal from the wireless remote control of the external energy transmission device 10 with the energy carried by the control signal of the motor / pump unit 32 is powered, whereby the motor / pump unit 32 allows hydraulic fluid to the accumulation distribution between 30 and restriction device 4. 能量传输装置10的遥控器控制变换装置34,以便在一个方向与另一个相反方向之间变换液压流体流的方向,在上述一个方向上,电机/泵装置32将流体从蓄积器30抽吸至限制装置4,以便减少上述通路,在上述另一个方面上,电机/泵装置32将流体从限制装置4抽吸回蓄积器30,以便扩大上述截面面积。 Energy transmission means 10 remote control conversion means 34, in one direction to the opposite direction between the other and change the direction of flow of hydraulic fluid in said one direction, the motor / pump unit 32 from the fluid reservoir 30 to the suction limiting device 4, in order to reduce the passage on the above-mentioned another aspect, the motor / pump unit 32 to suction fluid from the restriction device 4 back to the accumulator 30, in order to expand the above-sectional area.

[0088] 图6示出了本发明除将受外部能量传输装置10的无线遥控器控制的控制装置36、 蓄电器38和电容40也植入病人体内以外与图1相同的实施例。 [0088] FIG. 6 illustrates the present invention by the control means in addition to the external energy transmission device 10 of the wireless remote control 36, the capacitor 38 and the capacitor 40 are implanted in the patient than in Fig. 1 the same embodiment. 控制装置36将接收自能量变换装置6的电能存储在蓄电器38内,所述蓄电器则将能量提供给限制装置4。 Control apparatus 36 receives electrical energy from an energy converter 6 is stored in the capacitor 38, the energy storage device will be available to the restriction device 4. 控制装置6响应来自能量传输装置10的无线遥控器的控制信号或者使电能释放自蓄电器38并通过电线42和44传送所释放的能量或者通过电线46、稳定电流的电容40、电线48和电线44 直接传送来自能量变换装置6的电能,以便操作限制装置4。 Control means 6 in response to a control signal from the wireless remote control energy transmission device 10 or 38 so that electrical energy is released and transmitted by a wire 42 and 44, the release of energy from the battery unit or via a wire 46, a constant current of the capacitor 40, the wires 48 and wires 44 Direct energy transfer from the energy converting device 6, so as to operate the restriction device 4.

[0089] 依照一种替代形式,可以省略图6的实施例中的电容40。 [0089] In accordance with an alternative form of the embodiment can be omitted in FIG. 6 capacitance 40. 依照另一个替代形式,可省略这一实施例中的蓄电器38。 According to another alternative form, it may be omitted in this embodiment the capacitor 38.

[0090] 图7示出了本发明除将用于提供电能以操作限制装置4的电池以及用于开关限制装置4的操作的电开关52也植入病人体内以外与图1相同的实施例。 [0090] FIG. 7 shows in addition to supplying power for operating the restriction device 4 to a battery and means for switching operation of the restriction device 4 also are implanted in the electrical switch 52 outside the patient of Figure 1 the same embodiment of the invention. 能量变换装置6提供的能量去操作开关52以便从关模式转换成开模式,在关模式下,电池50未使用,在开模式下,电池50提供用于限制装置的操作的能量。 Energy conversion device 6 provides energy to operate the switch 52 in order to switch from OFF mode to the open mode. In off mode, the battery 50 is not used in the open mode, the battery 50 provides energy for the operation of the restriction device.

[0091] 图8示出了本发明除将受外部能量传输装置10的无线遥控器控制的控制装置36 也植入病人体内以外与图7相同的实施例。 [0091] FIG. 8 illustrates the present invention in addition to external energy transmission device 10 controls the radio remote control 36 is also implanted in the patient than in Fig. 7 the same embodiment. 在这种情况下,能量变换装置6提供的能量操作开关52以便从关模式转换成待机模式,在关模式下,阻止上述遥控器控制上述控制装置36并且电池未使用,在待机模式下,允许上述遥控器控制上述控制装置36以便释放来自电池50的电能从而操作限制装置4。 In this case, the energy provided by the energy converter 6 operating switch 52 in order to switch from the OFF mode to the standby mode. In off mode, stop the remote control and the control device 36 and the battery is not used in standby mode, allowing said remote control means 36 for controlling the release of energy from the battery 50 so that the operation of the restriction device 4.

[0092] 图9示出了本发明除用蓄电器38代替电池50并且植入的部件以不同方式互连在一起以外与图8相同的实施例。 [0092] FIG. 9 shows a storage device 38 except that instead of the battery 50 and the implanted components of the present invention are interconnected in a different manner than in Fig. 8 the same embodiment. 在这种情况下,蓄电器38存储来自能量变换装置6的能量。 In this case, the capacitor 38 stores energy from the energy converting device 6. 植入的控制装置36响应来自外部能量传输装置10的无线遥控器的控制信号控制开关52, 以便从关模式转换成开模式,在关模式下,蓄电器38未使用,在开模式下,蓄电器38提供用于限制装置4操作的能量。 Control device implanted switch 36 in response to a control signal from the wireless remote control of the external energy transmission device 10 52 in order to switch from OFF mode to the open mode. In off mode, the capacitor 38 is not used in the open mode, storage 38 provides for electrical operation of the restriction device 4 energy.

[0093] 图10示出了本发明除将电池50也植入病人体内并且植入的部件以不同方式互连在一起以外与图9相同的实施例。 [0093] FIG. 10 illustrates the present invention except that the battery 50 is also implanted in the patient and the implanted components are interconnected in a different manner than the embodiment of FIG. 9 the same. 植入的控制装置36响应来自外部能量传输装置10的无线遥控器的控制信号控制蓄电器38,以便传送用于操作开关52的能量,从而从关模式转换成开模式,在关模式下,电池50未使用,在开模式下,电池50提供用于限制装置的操作的能量。 The control device 36 in response to an implanted control signal from the wireless remote control storage device external energy transmission device 10 of the 38 in order to transmit the energy used to operate the switch 52, thereby switching from Off mode to the open mode, in the off mode, battery 50 is not used in the open mode, the battery 50 provides energy for the operation of the restriction device.

[0094] 另外,蓄电器38提供的能量使开关52操作,以便从关模式转换成待机模式,在关模式下,阻止无线遥控器控制电池50提供能量并且无线遥控器未使用,在待机模式下,允许无线遥控器控制上述电池50以便提供电能从而操作限制装置4。 [0094] In addition, the energy storage device 38 provides the operating switch 52 to switch from OFF mode to Standby mode in Shimonoseki, preventing wireless remote control battery 50 provides energy and the wireless remote control is not used in standby mode It allows wireless remote control of the battery 50 to provide electrical power in order to operate the restriction device 4.

[0095] 图11示出了本发明除将电机15、呈传动箱54形式的机械逆转装置以及用于控制传动箱54的控制装置36也植入病人体内以外与图7相同的实施例。 [0095] FIG. 11 shows a motor 15 in addition to, the transmission case 54 was in the form of a mechanical reversing device and control means for controlling the gearbox 54 also are implanted outside the patient 36 in Fig. 7 the same embodiment of the present invention. 植入的控制装置36 控制传动箱54以便逆转(机械控制的)限制装置4执行的功能。 The control device 36 controls implanted in order to reverse the gearbox 54 (mechanical control) limit the function execution means 4.

[0096] 图12示出了本发明除植入的部件以不同方式互连在一起以外与图10相同的实施例。 [0096] FIG. 12 shows a part of the present invention, in addition to the implanted interconnected in a different manner than the embodiment of FIG. 10 the same. 在这种情况下,当适当地是电容的蓄电器38启动开关52以便转变成开模式时,电池50 对控制装置36加电。 In this case, when suitably capacitance of the capacitor 38 start switch 52 for conversion to open mode, the battery 50 control 36 powered devices. 当开关52处于开模式时,允许控制装置36控制电池50以便提供或者不提供用于限制装置4操作的能量。 When the switch 52 is in the open mode, allowing the control device 36 controls the battery 50 to provide a means for limiting or 4 operating energy is not available.

[0097] 图13概略地示出了所述设备用于实现多种通信选择的植入的部件的可能组合形式。 [0097] Figure 13 schematically illustrates apparatus for the possible combinations to achieve a variety of communication forms selected implant components. 从根本上说,存在有植入的限制装置4、控制装置36和电机/泵装置18以及包括外部无线遥控器的外部能量传输装置10。 Basically, there is the implantable restriction device 4, control device 36 and the motor / pump unit 18 and the external energy transmission device comprises an external wireless remote control 10. 如上所述,无线遥控器传输由植入的控制装置36所接收的控制信号,而该信号则又控制着所述设备的多种植入的部件。 As described above, the control signal transmitted by a wireless remote control device 36 implanted received, which signal in turn controls the various implanted components of the apparatus.

[0098] 传感器56可植入病人体内,以便传感病人的诸如上述通路中的压力之类的物理参数,植入的控制装置36或者能量传输装置10的外部无线遥控器可以响应来自传感器56 的信号来控制限制装置4。 [0098] Sensor 56 may be implanted in the patient for sensing a physical parameter of the patient, such as the passage of the pressure or the like, the control device 36 implanted or external wireless remote control of the energy transmission device 10 from the sensor 56 can respond signal to control the restriction device 4. 一收发器可与传感器56相结合,以便将与传感到的物理参数有关的信息发送给外部无线遥控器。 A transceiver can be combined with the sensor 56, so that the information concerning the physical parameter sensed is transmitted to the external wireless remote control. 无线遥控器可包括一信号发射器或收发器,并且,植入的控制装置36可包括信号接收器或收发器。 Wireless remote control may comprise a signal transmitter or transceiver and the control device implanted 36 may include a signal receiver or transceiver. 另外,无线遥控器可包括信号接收器或收发器, 并且,植入的控制装置36可包括信号接收器或收发器。 In addition, the wireless remote control may comprise a signal receiver or transceiver and the control device implanted 36 may include a signal receiver or transceiver. 上述收发器、发射器和接收器可用于将与限制装置4有关的信息或数据从病人体内发送至病人体外。 Above transceivers, transmitters and receivers can be used with the restriction device 4 related information or data is transmitted from patient to patient in vitro.

[0099] 在电机/泵装置18和用于对电机/泵装置18加电的电池50是植入的情况下,电池50可配备有用于传感与电池50的状态有关的信息的收发器。 [0099] In the case of implanted motor / pump unit 18 and a motor / pump unit 18 powered battery 50, the battery 50 may be equipped with means for sensing the state of the battery 50 of the information related to the transceiver.

[0100] 本领域的技术人员会认识到,上述图1-13的各种实施例可按多种不同的方式组合。 [0100] One skilled in the art will recognize that, for example, can be a variety of different combinations of the various embodiments described above in Figure 1-13. 例如,由能量控制的开关14可包括在图3、6-12的实施例中的任何一个内,液压变换装置34可包括在图4的实施例内,传动箱54可包括在图3的实施例内。 For example, the energy control switch 14 may include any one in FIG embodiment of the inner 3,6-12, the hydraulic conversion means 34 may be included in the embodiment of FIG. 4, the transmission case 54 may comprise the embodiment in FIG. 3 Cases.

[0101] 图14示出了供图1-13的实施例使用的呈电学结元件58形式的能量变换装置。 [0101] FIG. 14 illustrates an electrical junction element was 58 in the form of implementation of the energy use for example in Figure 1-13 conversion devices. 元件58是一扁平的pn结元件,它包括夹在一起的p型半导体层60和n型半导体层62。 Element 58 is a flat pn junction element comprising a clip with a p type semiconductor layer 60 and the n-type semiconductor layer 62. 灯泡64电连接于元件58的相反侧面以说明如何获得生成的电流。 Light bulb 64 is electrically connected to the opposite side of the element 58 to illustrate how to get the generated current. 来自这种pn结元件58 的电流输出与温度相关,见以下的公式。 From this pn junction temperature dependent element current output 58, see the following formula.

[0102] I = IO (exp. (qV/kT)-l) [0102] I = IO (exp. (QV / kT) -l)

[0103] 其中 [0103] where

[0104] I是外部电流 [0104] I is the external current

[0105] IO是反向饱和电流 [0105] IO is the reverse saturation current

[0106] q是L 602X10-9库仑的基础电荷 [0106] q is the basis for the charge L 602X10-9 Coulomb

[0107] V是所加载的电压 [0107] V is the load voltage

[0108] k是玻尔兹曼常数 [0108] k is the Boltzmann constant

[0109] T是绝对温度 [0109] T is the absolute temperature

[0110] 在大的负压(反向偏压)下,指数项与1.0相比是可忽略不计的,并且,I约为-10。 [0110] In a large negative pressure (reverse bias), the exponential term, compared with 1.0 is negligible, and, I is approximately -10. IO完全取决于pn结的温度,从而取决于本征载流子浓度。 IO depends entirely on the temperature of the pn junction, which depends on the intrinsic carrier concentration. 就有较小带隙的材料而言,IO 要大于有较大带隙的材料的10。 There is a small bandgap material terms, IO is greater than a larger band gap material 10. 在本特定实施例中,二极管的整流器作用(也即,将电流限制为仅有一个方向)对Pn结元件58的操作来说是关键。 In this particular embodiment, the diode rectifier effect (i.e., the current is limited to only one direction) of the operation member 58 Pn junction is critical.

[0111] 设计Pn结元件的另一种方式是将一薄层半导体沉积到支承材料上,该材料不吸收相应实施例中使用的能量。 [0111] Another way to design Pn junction element is to deposit a thin layer of semiconductor onto a supporting material which does not absorb the energy used in the corresponding example embodiment. 就按光波以无线方式传输的能量而言,玻璃是适当的材料。 Click to wirelessly transmit waves of energy is concerned, the glass is a suitable material. 可在半导体层上使用诸如但不限于碲化镉、联硒化铜铟和硅之类的多种材料。 It may be used such as, but not limited to cadmium telluride, copper diselenide variety of materials such as indium and silicon on the semiconductor layer. 还可以使用有若干层P和n型材料的多层结构,以便提高效率。 You can also use a number of layers and the multilayer structure P n-type materials to improve efficiency.

[0112] pn结元件58所产生的电能可以是与太阳能电池所产生的电能同种类型,其中, 负和正电场产生直流电。 [0112] Energy pn junction element 58 can be produced with the same type of power generated by the solar cell, wherein the negative and positive DC electric field. 另外,负和正半导体层可随传输的波而改变极性,从而产生交流电。 In addition, the negative and positive semiconductor layers may change with the transmission of wave polarity, resulting in alternating current.

[0113] 将pn结元件58设计成能适于植入。 [0113] The pn junction element 58 is designed to be suitable for implantation. 因此,该元件58与人体接触的所有外部表面均由不排斥的材料制成。 Thus, all the external surface of the element 58 by contact with the body does not exclude the material. 将pn结半导体设计成能在37C的体温下最佳地进行操作,因为,大于IUA的电流输出明显地取决于温度,如上所示。 The pn junction semiconductors are designed to operate optimally at a body temperature of 37 C, because the output current is greater than the IUA obviously it depends on the temperature, as shown above. 由于皮肤和皮下组织会吸收能量, 故要考虑元件58的敏感度或工作区与无线能源的密度和强度之间的关系。 As the skin and subcutaneous tissue will absorb energy, so to consider the relationship between elements of the sensitivity of 58 or workspace with wireless energy density and strength. Pn结元件58 最好设计成扁平和小的。 Pn junction element 58 is preferably designed to be flat and small. 另外,如果按较大的尺寸来制作元件58,则该元件应是挠性的,以便适于病人的运动。 In addition, if you press a larger size to produce element 58, the element should be flexible, so that movement is adapted to the patient. 元件58的体积应小于2000cm3。 Volume element 58 should be less than 2000cm3.

[0114] 图15在总体上说明了如何将本发明任何一个上述实施例的阳萎治疗设备植入到病人体内。 [0114] FIG. 15 illustrates how, in general, any one of the above embodiments of impotence treatment apparatus of the present invention implanted in a patient. 因此,植入在病人体内的限制装置4与阴茎组织或其延伸部分相接合,从而在血流离开阴茎的通路周围形成人造括约肌。 Thus, implanted in the patient's restriction device 4 and penile tissue or an extension thereof engages around the path so that the formation of blood leaving the penis artificial sphincter. 诸如电机或电机/泵组件之类的植入的操作装置68通过诸如机械传输绳或流体管之类的传输件70而使限制装置4操作,所述操作装置也称为调节装置。 Such as a motor or motor / pump assembly like implant operation means 68 by mechanical transmission parts such as transmission fluid tube like a rope or leaving restricted 4 70 operating system, the operating system also known as the adjustment device. 呈元件6形式的具有正区和负区的如上详细所述的能量变换装置放置在病人的皮肤下面。 Energy conversion means in the form of element 6 having a positive region and a negative region described in detail above is placed beneath the patient's skin. 外部能量传输装置10用于将无线能量传给植入的元件6。 The external energy transmission device 10 for wireless energy to the implanted device 6. 无线遥控器包括: 外部控制器,它被包括在能量传输装置10内;以及,植入的控制器71,它与元件6和操作装置68相连。 Wireless remote controller includes: an external controller, which is included in the power transmission device 10; and, implanted controller 71, which is connected to the operating unit 6 and the member 68.

[0115] 外部能量传输装置10的无线遥控器所传输的信号承载的无线能量至少部分地进入病人的皮肤并且遇到元件6。 Wireless remote control wireless energy [0115] of the external energy transmission device 10 transmitted a signal bearing at least partially into the patient's skin and the face member 6. 遇到元件6的能量被变换成不同形式的能量,它适于对操作装置68加电。 Energy encountered element 6 is converted into a different form of energy, which means 68 is adapted to operate powered. 例如,若操作装置68是电机,则元件6包括电pn结元件,它将无线能量变换成电流,以便对电机加电。 For example, if the operation unit 68 is a motor, the element 6 includes electric pn junction element that will transform the wireless energy into an electric current to the motor is powered. 若操作装置68包括泵,则元件6可将无线能量变换成动能,以便对泵加电。 If the operating device 68 includes a pump, the element 6 may transform the wireless energy into kinetic energy, so that the pump is powered.

[0116] 所变换的能量可用于直接操作限制装置4,或者,若限制装置4是电控的,所变换的能量可存储在电容和/或蓄电器内以供以后或并行使用。 [0116] The energy conversion can be used to directly operate limiting device 4, or if the restriction device 4 is electronically controlled, energy conversion may be stored in a capacitor and / or storage device for later or parallel use. 最佳的是(但不是必须的),元件6受控于微处理器。 Most preferably (but not necessarily) the element 6 is controlled by the microprocessor. 外部能量传输装置10的无线遥控器可用于控制传输的能量的使用以及到达/来自植入的限制装置4的功能或命令。 The external energy transmission device 10 may be a wireless remote control for controlling the transmission of energy and the use of four functions or commands arrive / from the implanted restriction device.

[0117] 图16示出了本发明设备的无线遥控器的基本部分,包括电机128,它用于操作例如图15所述那种类型的限制件。 [0117] FIG. 16 illustrates a basic part of the wireless remote control device of the present invention, comprises a motor 128, which is used operations such as the type described in Fig. 15 limiting member. 在这种情况下,遥控器是以经过病人皮肤130的通常IOOKHz-IgHz的高频电磁波信号的传输为基础的。 In this case, the remote control is transmitted through the patient's skin 130 is typically IOOKHz-IgHz high frequency electromagnetic wave signals based. 在图15中,放置在皮肤130左侧的所有部分均位于人体的外侧,放置在皮肤130右侧部分均是植入的。 In Figure 15, all parts placed to the left of the skin 130 are located outside of the human body, is placed in the right part of the skin 130 are implanted. 可使用任何适当控制遥控系统。 Any suitable remote control system.

[0118] 外部信号发射天线132定位于靠近信号接收天线134,该天线是靠近皮肤130植入的。 [01] external signal transmitting antenna 132 positioned proximate signal receiving antenna 134, the antenna 130 implanted close to the skin. 作为另一种替代形式,接收天线134可例如设置在病人腹部内。 As another alternative, the receiving antenna 134 may be disposed within the patient, for example the abdomen. 接收天线134包括一线圈,其直径约为I-IOOmm最好为25_,由非常薄的线绕成并用电容调谐至特定的高频。 Receiving antenna 134 comprises a coil having a diameter of about I-IOOmm preferably 25-stage, the very thin and wound into a capacitor tuned to a specific frequency. 如果植入病人的皮肤下面,则选择小线圈,如果植入病人的腹部,则选择大线圈。 If the patient's implanted under the skin, choose a small coil, if implanted in a patient's abdomen, then choose a large coil. 发射天线132包括一线圈,它具有与接收天线134的线圈大致相同的尺寸,但用能处理必要的大电流的厚线绕成。 Transmitting antenna 132 comprises a coil having a coil receiving antenna 134 of substantially the same size, but with large current necessary to handle thick wire wound into. 发射天线132的绕圈调谐至与接收天线134的线圈相同的特定高频。 Transmitting antenna coil windings 132 and receiving antenna 134 is tuned to the same specific high frequency.

[0119] 外部控制装置136包括一微处理器、一高频电磁波信号发生器以及一功率放大器。 [0119] External control device 136 includes a microprocessor, a high frequency electromagnetic wave signal generator and a power amplifier. 控制装置136的微处理器用于开关上述发生器并调制该发生器产生的信号,以便通过功率放大器和天线132U34将数字信息发送给植入的控制装置138。 The microprocessor control unit 136 for switching said modulation signal generator and the generator to 132U34 digital information transmission control apparatus to implant 138 through the power amplifier and the antenna. 为了避免偶尔随机的高频场触发控制命令,使用了数字信号代码。 In order to avoid the occasional random high frequency fields trigger control commands, the use of digital signal code. 设置在外部控制装置136上的通常键盘与微处理器相连。 Set on the external control device 136 is typically connected to the microprocessor keyboard. 键盘用于命令微处理器发送数字信号以便收缩或扩大限制装置。 The keyboard is used to transmit digital signals to the microprocessor command shrink or enlarge the restriction device. 微处理器通过将高频信号施加给天线132而开始命令。 The microprocessor by applying a high-frequency signal to the antenna 132 and start command. 在短时间之后,当信号业已向控制系统的植入部分加电时,就发送命令以便按预定的步骤收缩或扩大限制装置。 After a short time, when the signal has been powering the implanted part of the control system, it sends a command to a predetermined step shrink or enlarge the restriction device. 按下述形式作为数字包来发送所述命令。 In the following form as a digital package to send the command.

[0120] [0120]

Figure CN101138528BD00211

[0121] 在相当长时间内(例如约30秒或更多)连续地发送命令。 [0121] in quite a long time (for example, about 30 seconds or more) continuously send commands. 在需要新的收缩或放大步骤时,计数字节增一,以使得植入的控制装置138去解码并理解外部控制装置136需要另一个步骤。 When the need for new steps to shrink or enlarge, byte count is incremented by one, so that the control device implanted 138 to decode and understand the external control device 136 need another step. 如果数字包的任何部分有错,则简单地忽略地其内容。 If any part of the digital package is wrong, then simply ignored to its content.

[0122] 通过线140,植入的赋能装置126从接收天线134接收到的高频电磁波信号中抽取能量。 [0122] through a line 140, an implanted forming apparatus 126 received from the receiving antenna 134 to extract a high-frequency electromagnetic signal energy. 赋能装置126将能量存储在诸如大电容之类的能量存储装置内、对控制装置138加电并且通过线142对电机128加电。 Energizing means 126 stores energy in the energy storage device, such as a large capacitor and the like, to the control device 138 is powered and powered by 128 line 142 pairs of the motor.

[0123] 控制装置138包括一解调器和一微处理器。 [0123] control device 138 includes a demodulator and a microprocessor. 解调器对发送自外部控制装置136的数字信号进行解调制。 Demodulator for digital signals sent from the external control device 136 are demodulated. 控制装置138的微处理器接收数据包、对其进行解码,并在赋能装置126的电源存储了充足的能量的情况下通过信号线144将信号发送给电机128,以便根据接收到的命令代码收缩或扩大限制装置。 The case where the microprocessor control means 138 receives the packet, decodes, and forming the power storage device 126 of sufficient energy via a signal line 144 transmits a signal to the motor 128, so that according to the received command code shrink or enlarge the restriction device.

[0124] 另外,存储在赋能装置的能量存储装置内的能量可仅用于对开关加电,并且,可从另一个植入的较高容量的能量源例如电池中获得用于对电机128加电的能量。 [0124] In addition, the energy stored in the energy storage device enabling device may be used only to switch to power up and can be obtained from another implanted energy source, such as a high-capacity battery to get used to the motor 128 powered energy. 在这种情况下,在开关由能量存储装置来加电时的开模式下,开关用于将上述电池连接于控制装置138,在开关未被加电时的待机模式下,开关用于使得电池断开与控制装置的连接。 In this case, the switch in the open mode by the energy storage device to power up, the switch for connecting said battery to the control unit 138, the switch is not powered in the standby mode when the switch for causing the battery disconnect the control device.

[0125] 以下参照图17依照更详细的实施例说明以上概略说明的遥控器。 [0125] The following in more detail with reference to FIG. 17 in accordance with the embodiment described above the remote control schematically described. 外部控制装置136包括微处理器146、信号发生器148和与之相连的功率放大器150。 External control device 136 includes a microprocessor 146, a signal generator 148 and the power amplifier 150 connected thereto. 微处理器146用于开关信号发生器148并且用发送给所述设备的被植入的部件的数字命令来调制信号发生器148所产生的信号。 The microprocessor 146 is used to switch the signal generator 148 and the transmission to the device is implanted to command member digital modulation signal generated by signal generator 148. 功率放大器150放大上述信号并将它们发送至外部信号发射天线132。 Power amplifier 150 for amplifying the signal and sends them to the external signal transmitting antenna 132. 天线132与电容152并联从而构成了谐振电路,该电路被调谐至信号发生器148所生成的频率。 Antenna 132 and capacitor 152 in parallel so as to form a resonant circuit which is tuned to a signal generated by the frequency generator 148.

[0126] 植入的信号接收天线线圈134连同电容154 -道构成了一谐振电路,该电路被调谐至与发射天线132相同的频率。 [0126] The implanted signal receiving antenna coil 134 together with capacitor 154-- path forming a resonant circuit which is tuned to the same frequency as the transmitting antenna 132. 信号接收天线线圈134根据接收到的高频电磁波感应出电流,整流二极管160对感应电流进行整流,感应电流对存储电容158充电。 Signal receiving antenna coil 134 according to the received high frequency electromagnetic waves induce a current, the rectifier diode 160 pairs rectifies the induced current, the induced current of the storage capacitor 158 is charged. 连接在天线线圈134与二极管160之间的线圈156阻止电容158和二极管160使信号接收天线134的电路按较高频率负载。 Connected between the antenna coil 134 of the coil 156 and the diode 160 prevents the capacitor 158 and diode 160 so that the signal receiving antenna circuit 134 at a higher frequency load. 因此,线圈156可以对电容158充电并用振幅调制来发送数字信息。 Thus, the coil 156 may charge the capacitor 158 and the amplitude modulation to transmit digital information.

[0127] 相并联的电容162和电阻164以及二极管166构成了一检测器,它用于检测接振幅调制的数字信息。 [0127] in parallel with the capacitor 162 and resistor 164 and diode 166 constitute a detector which is used to detect digital information received amplitude modulation. 电阻168和电容174构成了一过滤电路,电阻168与电阻170相串联, 电阻170与电容172相串联,电容172通过接地与电阻168相串联,电容174的一端连在电阻168U70之间,另一端连在二极管166与电容162和电阻164构成的电路之间。 Resistor 168 and capacitor 174 constitutes a filter circuit, the resistor 168 in series with a resistor 170, a resistor 170 in series with the capacitor 172, the capacitor 172 through 168 are connected in series with a resistor to ground one end of the capacitor 174 is connected between resistors 168U70, the other end diode 166 is connected between the circuit and the capacitor 162 and resistor 164 constituted. 过滤电路用于滤掉不希望有的低频和高频。 Filter circuit is used to filter out undesired low and high frequencies. 将检测并过滤过的信号馈给植入的微处理器176,它对数字信息进行解码并通过H桥178控制电机128, H桥包括三极管180、182、184和186。 The detection and the filtered signal is fed to an implanted microprocessor 176, it decodes the digital information and controls the motor 178 through the H-bridge 128, H-bridge comprises transistors 180,182,184 and 186. H 桥178按两个相反的方向驱动电机128。 H-bridge 178 in two opposite directions drive motor 128.

[0128] 微处理器176还监视存储电容158中存储的能量数量。 [0128] The microprocessor 176 also monitors the amount of energy stored in the storage capacitor 158. 在发送信号以启动电机128之前,微处理器176检查存储在存储电容158内的能量是否充足。 Before sending signals to activate the motor 128, the microprocessor 176 checks the energy stored in the storage capacitor 158 is enough. 如果存储的能是不足以执行所请求的操作,则微处理器176等待接收到的信号以便在启动电机128之前对存储电容158充电。 If the stored energy is not sufficient to perform the requested operation, the microprocessor 176 waits for the received signals to the start of the storage capacitor 158 before charging motor 128.

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Classifications
International ClassificationA61F5/41
Cooperative ClassificationA61F5/41
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