Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberCN101018525 A
Publication typeApplication
Application numberCN 200680000819
PCT numberPCT/IB2006/052020
Publication date15 Aug 2007
Filing date21 Jun 2006
Priority date22 Jun 2005
Also published asCN101018525B, EP1893149A1, US7695463, US20060293637, US20100125263, WO2006137032A1
Publication number200680000819.1, CN 101018525 A, CN 101018525A, CN 200680000819, CN-A-101018525, CN101018525 A, CN101018525A, CN200680000819, CN200680000819.1, PCT/2006/52020, PCT/IB/2006/052020, PCT/IB/2006/52020, PCT/IB/6/052020, PCT/IB/6/52020, PCT/IB2006/052020, PCT/IB2006/52020, PCT/IB2006052020, PCT/IB200652020, PCT/IB6/052020, PCT/IB6/52020, PCT/IB6052020, PCT/IB652020
Inventors加里D拉文, 凯文M史密斯
Applicant宝洁公司
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: SIPO, Espacenet
Disposable absorbent article having dual layer barrier cuff strips
CN 101018525 A
Abstract
A disposable absorbent article includes two laterally opposing longitudinally extending barrier cuff strips attached to an absorbent assembly in laterally opposing attachment zones. Each barrier cuff strip includes an upper layer and a lower layer at least between its proximal edge and the attachment zones. A longitudinally extending elastic gathering member is attached to each barrier cuff strip adjacent to its proximal edge. When the article is worn, the elastic gathering members contract and raise the barrier cuff strips to form side barriers. The absorbent assembly includes an absorbent core that may contain superabsorbent particles, which may be contained inside pockets. A portion of the absorbent assembly such as the portion that lies between the barrier cuff strip attachment zones may be extensible and may include a water-impermeable layer. The laterally opposing attachment zones may act as dams preventing a lateral flow of liquid bodily waste.
Claims(10)  translated from Chinese
1.一种一次性尿布(20),所述尿布包括具有前腰边缘(136)的前腰区(36)、具有后腰边缘(138)的后腰区(38)、位于腰区之间的裆区(37)、纵向轴线(42)和横向轴线(44),并且包括:吸收组件(200),所述吸收组件具有内表面(202)、外表面(204)和横向相对的侧边(237a,237b);以及两个横向相对纵向延伸的阻碍箍条(400a,400b),每个阻碍箍条具有纵向相对的末端和纵向延伸的近侧边缘(457a,457b)并且邻近其末端连接到吸收组件的内表面上,并且具有邻近其近侧边缘连接的纵向延伸的弹性收紧构件(467a,467b),以便在允许松驰时,所述弹性收紧构件收缩并使近侧边缘抬离内表面,从而升高阻碍箍条以形成侧部屏障,每个阻碍箍条包括均由水蒸气可透过的非织造材料形成的上层(410)和下层(411),所述下层邻近吸收组件的各自侧边在第一连接区(420)内连接到吸收组件上,上层和下层均从近侧边缘横向延伸至少到第一连接区。 1. A disposable diaper (20), said diaper comprising a front waist edge (136) of the front waist region (36), having a back waist edge (138) of the back waist region (38), located between the waist region The crotch region (37), a longitudinal axis (42) and lateral axis (44), and comprising: an absorbent assembly (200), said absorbent assembly having an inner surface (202), an outer surface (204) and laterally opposite side edges (237a, 237b); and two laterally opposing longitudinally extending barrier cuff strips (400a, 400b), each barrier cuff strip has longitudinally opposing ends and a longitudinally extending proximal edge (457a, 457b) and adjacent to its terminus to the inner surface of the absorbent assembly, and an elastic tightening member having adjacent (467a, 467b) connected to its proximal edge of a longitudinally extending, so that when allowed to relax, the elastic contraction of the tightening member and the proximal edge lift away from the inner surface, thereby raising the barrier cuff strip to form the side portions barrier, each barrier cuff strip including an upper layer (410) and lower (411) non-woven material permeable by water vapor formed, the lower layer adjacent to the absorbent a first side edge of each component in the connection region (420) is connected to the inner absorbent assembly, both the upper and lower laterally extending from the proximal edge at least to the first connection region.
2.如权利要求1所述的一次性尿布,其中所述上层在第二连接区(458)内连接到下层,所述第二连接区与第一连接区横向一致地或向外更远地设置。 2. The disposable diaper according to claim 1, wherein said upper layer is connected to the lower layer in the second connection region (458), the said second connection laterally in unison with the first connection region or the region farther outwardly setting.
3.如权利要求2所述的一次性尿布,其中所述上层在至少一个纵向延伸的附加连接区(460)内连接到下层,所述附加连接区横向设置在近侧边缘和第二连接区之间并且与第二连接区横向向内隔开。 3. The disposable diaper of claim 2, wherein said additional upper layer in the connecting region (460) at least one longitudinally extending inner connecting to the lower layer, the additional connection region laterally disposed proximal edge and a second connecting region and a second connection area between laterally spaced inwardly.
4.如权利要求3所述的一次性尿布,其中所述附加连接区仅在裆区内延伸。 4. The disposable diaper of claim 3, wherein said additional connecting region extending in the crotch region only.
5.如权利要求2、3或4中任一项所述的一次性尿布,其中所述上层邻近腰部边缘之一在横向延伸的连接区(459)内连接到下层,并且所述横向延伸的连接区从近侧边缘到第二连接区为横向连续的。 2, 3 or 5. The disposable diaper according to any one of claims 4, wherein one of said upper connecting region adjacent the waist edge laterally extending connection (459) within the lower layer, and the laterally extending from the proximal edge of the connecting region to the second connection area is laterally continuous.
6.如前述任一项权利要求所述的一次性尿布,其中每个阻碍箍条包括由水不可渗透的材料形成的第三层(412)。 6. A disposable diaper according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein each barrier cuff strip includes a water-impermeable material forming a third layer (412).
7.如权利要求6所述的一次性尿布,其中所述第三层夹在上层和下层之间。 7. The disposable diaper according to claim 6, wherein the third layer is sandwiched between the upper and lower layers.
8.如权利要求6或7所述的一次性尿布,其中所述上层连接到与第一连接区横向一致或向外更远的第三层上,并且所述第三层连接到与第一连接区横向一致或向外更远的下层上。 6 or 8. The disposable diaper according to claim 7, wherein said upper layer is connected to the lateral line with a first connection region or the third layer outwardly farther on, and the third layer is connected to the first Fi zone farther laterally outwardly identical or lower.
9.如前述任一项权利要求所述的一次性尿布,其中所述近侧边缘是通过阻碍箍条折叠成上层和下层形成的。 9. A disposable diaper according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein said proximal edge is folded through the barrier cuff strips into upper and lower layers is formed.
10.如前述任一项权利要求所述的一次性尿布,其中所述上层横向延伸超出第一连接区,并且所述下层比上层横向向外延伸得近一些。 10. A disposable diaper according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the upper layer extends laterally beyond the first connection region, and the outwardly extending lower than the upper layer was nearly transverse some.
Description  translated from Chinese
具有双层阻碍箍条的一次性吸收制品 The disposable absorbent article having a double barrier cuff strips

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及一次性吸收制品,例如一次性尿布和旨在用于失禁患者的其它制品。 The present invention relates to disposable absorbent articles such as disposable diapers and incontinent patient intended for other articles.

背景技术 BACKGROUND

一次性吸收制品用于吸收和容纳身体排泄物,以防止污染穿着者的身体、衣物以及被褥或污染与穿着者接触的其它物件。 Disposable absorbent articles intended to absorb and contain body exudates, to prevent contamination of the wearer's body, clothing, and bedding or other objects in contact with the wearer contamination.

随着一次性吸收制品使用的日益增多,它们的复杂性也随着加入旨在增强其性能和外观的附加功能而增加。 With the use of disposable absorbent articles increasing their complexity along with adding additional features designed to enhance the performance and appearance increases. 随着复杂性的增加,材料成本和生产过程的成本也随之增加。 As complexity increases, material costs and the cost of the production process also increases. 因此,这些制品的销售价格已经上涨到世界各地的很多潜在购买者负担不起的水平。 Therefore, these products sales price has risen to many potential buyers from around the world can not afford the level. 因此,需要一种简易的一次性吸收制品。 Therefore, a need for a simple disposable absorbent article.

发明内容 SUMMARY

本发明提供了一种一次性吸收制品,所述吸收制品包括在横向相对的连接区内连接到吸收组件上的两个横向相对纵向延伸的双层阻碍箍条。 The present invention provides a disposable absorbent article, said absorbent article comprising transversely opposed joining region connected to the double two lateral absorbent assembly on the opposite longitudinally extending barrier cuff strips. 每个阻碍箍条为水蒸气可透过的,其包括水不可渗透的层并且可以延伸。 Each barrier cuff strip is water vapor permeable, which comprises a water impermeable layer and may extend. 一个纵向延伸的弹性收紧构件邻近每个阻碍箍条的近侧边缘被连接到其上。 Tightening an elastic member extending longitudinally adjacent each barrier cuff strip proximal edge being connected thereto. 当制品被穿着时,弹性收紧构件收缩并抬起阻碍箍条以形成可透气的侧部屏障。 When the product is worn, the elastic tightening members shrink and lift barrier cuff strip to form a breathable side of the barrier. 所述吸收组件包括可包含超吸收颗粒的吸收芯,所述超吸收颗粒可被包含在口袋内。 The absorbent assembly includes superabsorbent particles may comprise an absorbent core, the superabsorbent particles may be contained within the pocket. 吸收组件的一部分(如位于阻碍箍条连接区之间的部分)是可延伸的并可包括一个水不可渗透的层。 A portion of the absorbent component (e.g. hindered portion located between the connecting region strakes) is extensible and may include a water-impermeable layer. 横向相对的连接区可起到防止液体身体排泄物侧向流动的屏障作用。 Transversely opposite the connecting region can serve to prevent the barrier liquid body exudates lateral flow.

附图说明 Brief Description

在附图中,同样的参考数字表示同样的元件,这在所述的几个示例性实施方案中可以是相同的也可以是不同的。 In the drawings, like reference numerals denote like elements, in which several exemplary embodiments described may be the same or may be different. 为了更清楚地显示其它元件,某些附图可通过省略所选择的元件进行简化。 In order to more clearly show the other elements, some of the drawings may be simplified by omitting the selected element. 在任何示例性实施方案中,除了在相应的文字说明书中明白无误地描述之外,某些附图中元件的此类省略并不一定代表具体元件的存在或不存在。 In any of the exemplary embodiments, in addition to unmistakably described in the corresponding text description outside, such omit certain elements in the drawings are not necessarily representative of the presence or absence of particular elements.

在附图和文字说明书中,附加于参考数字的小写字母通常代表对称的元件,例如,用参考数字237a和237b分别标记吸收组件200的左右侧边。 In the drawings and specification, reference numerals are attached to lower case letters usually represent symmetric elements, e.g., with reference numerals 237a and 237b respectively marked right and left sides of the absorbent assembly 200. 没有附加小写字母的参考数字标记具体参考数字应用的所有元件。 No additional lowercase letters reference numerals refer to all elements of a specific digital applications.

图1为示例性尿布20的平面图,尿布以平展未收缩状态显示,即没有由弹性构件引起的收缩,尿布20的内侧部分面向观察者显示。 Figure 1 is a plan view of an exemplary diaper 20, the diaper to display flat, uncontracted state, i.e., not caused by the contraction of the elastic member, the inner portion 20 of the diaper facing the viewer display. 在穿着者时,所述内侧部分向内朝向穿着者,并且与穿着者接触。 When the wearer, the inner portion inwardly toward the wearer and is in contact with the wearer.

图2为图1的尿布20的平面图,尿布20的外部朝向观察者显示,所述外侧部分以离开穿着者的方向面向外面。 Figure 2 is a plan view of the diaper 20 of Figure 1, the external display of the diaper 20 facing the viewer, the outer portion in a direction away from the wearer facing outside.

图3、图4和图5为图1和图2的尿布20在各自的剖面线3-3、4-4和5-5截取的截面图,尿布20的内侧部分面向上显示。 Figure 3, Figure 4 and Figure 5 of the diaper of Figures 1 and 2 is 20 in a respective section lines 3-3,4-4 and 5-5 cross-sectional view, showing the inner portion of the diaper 20 of the facing. 在穿着时,所述内侧部分在内面面向穿着者,并且与穿着者接触。 When worn, the inner surface facing the inner part of the wearer, and in contact with the wearer.

图6、图7和图8为围绕穿着者下体穿着的示例性尿布20的简化侧部、前部和后部正视图。 Figures 6, 7 and 8 are worn around the lower torso of the wearer simplified exemplary diaper side portion 20, front and rear elevational view.

图9为一种成形纤网材料的一个示例性片断的平面图。 Figure 9 is a plan view of an exemplary fragment of the web material forming.

图10和图11为围绕穿着者下体穿着的包括粘性扣紧贴片的示例性尿布20的简化左侧和右侧正视图。 Figures 10 and 11 is worn about the lower torso of a wearer comprises an adhesive fastening patch simplified exemplary diaper 20 of the left and right front view.

图12为在对应于图1的剖面线3-3的剖面线处截取的示例性尿布20的截面图,所述尿布在阻碍箍条400中具有一个附加层412。 Figure 12 is a sectional view corresponding to the line of Figure 1 at section line 3-3, taken cross-sectional view of an exemplary diaper 20, the diaper has an additional layer 412 in the barrier cuff strip 400.

图13为在对应于图1的剖面线3-3的剖面线处截取的示例性尿布20的截面图,其中阻碍箍条400的下层411连接到吸收组件200的外表面204上。 Figure 13 is a sectional view corresponding to the line of Figure 1 taken at section line 3-3 of the cross-sectional view of an exemplary diaper 20, which obstruct the lower cuff strip 400 of the absorbent assembly 411 is connected to the outer surface 200 of the upper 204.

图14为示例性尿布20的简化平面图,所述尿布以平展未收缩状态显示,即没有由弹性构件引起的收缩,所述尿布具有胶带突出部114和扣紧表面116,所述尿布20的外侧部分面向观察者显示,在穿着时以离开穿着者的方向面向外面。 Figure 14 is a simplified plan view of an exemplary diaper 20, the diaper to display flat, uncontracted state, i.e. not caused by contraction of the elastic members, the diaper having a tape fastening protrusion 114 and surface 116, the outer side 20 of the diaper portion facing the viewer is displayed, in the direction away from the wearer when worn facing outside.

图15为示例性尿布20的透视图,所述尿布以其松驰收缩状态显示,即具有由弹性构件引起的收缩,尿布20的内侧部分面向上显示。 Figure 15 is a perspective view of an exemplary diaper 20, the diaper in its relaxed contracted state display, i.e., a contraction induced by elastic members, on the display 20 facing the inner portion of the diaper. 在穿着时,所述内侧部分向内朝向穿着者并且与穿着者接触。 When worn, the inner portion inwardly toward the wearer and in contact with the wearer.

图16为示例吸收组件200的平面图,该组件与示例尿布20的其它部分分开显示,吸收组件200的内侧部分面向观察者显示,在穿着时,向内面向穿着者并且与穿着者接触。 Figure 16 is a plan view of an example of the absorbent assembly 200, the assembly and the other portion of the diaper 20 of the example shown separately, the inner portion 200 of the absorbent assembly facing the viewer is displayed, when worn, the wearer facing inwards and in contact with the wearer.

图17和图18为在剖面线17-17和18-18处截取的图16的吸收组件200的截面图。 Figures 17 and 18 is in cross-section taken at lines 17-17 and 18-18 in FIG. 16 is a sectional view of the absorbent assembly 200.

图19为示例吸收组件200的一个截面图,显示了具有装于口袋内的超吸收材料颗粒的示例吸收芯的细节。 Figure 19 is a sectional view of an example of the absorbent assembly 200, showing details of an example of superabsorbent material having particles packed in the pocket of the absorbent core.

图20为在对应于图1的剖面线4-4的剖面线处截取的具有一个附加底片226的示例性吸收组件200的截面图。 Figure 20 is a cross-sectional view corresponding to FIG. 1 line taken at section line 4-4 of the backsheet 226 has an additional exemplary sectional view of the absorbent assembly 200.

图21为呈尿布20形式的另一个示例性一次性吸收制品的平面图,所述一次性吸收制品以平展未收缩状态显示,其中其内侧部分面向观察者。 Figure 21 is a plan view of another form of the diaper 20 in the form of an exemplary disposable absorbent article, the disposable absorbent article to flat out, uncontracted state display, wherein an inside portion facing the viewer.

具体实施方式 DETAILED DESCRIPTION

在本说明书中,下列术语具有以下含义:“吸收制品”是指吸收和容纳液体的装置,更具体地讲是指与穿着者的身体紧贴或邻近放置、用于吸收和容纳各种由身体排放的渗出物的装置。 In this specification, the following terms have the following meanings: "absorbent article" refers to devices that absorb and contain liquid, and more specifically refers to the wearer's body is placed against or in proximity to absorb and contain the various body by means discharged exudates.

术语“尿布”是指通常被婴儿和失禁者围绕下体穿着以便环绕穿着者的腰部和腿部并且具体地讲适于接收和容纳尿液和粪便的一种吸收制品。 The term "diaper" refers generally to be infants and incontinent persons about the lower torso so as to encircle the wearer's waist and legs, and specifically adapted to receive and contain urine and feces of an absorbent article.

术语“一次性”是指通常不旨在洗涤或换句话讲不再还原或不再用作吸收制品的吸收制品性质,即预期将它们在使用一次后丢弃,优选将其回收利用、堆肥处理或以其它环境相容的方式处理。 The term "disposable" refers to usually not intended to be laundered or in other words no longer restore or no longer used as the absorbent article of the nature of the absorbent article, i.e., they are expected to be discarded after a single use and preferably to be recycled, composted or other environmentally compatible manner.

术语“纵向”是指从制品的一个腰部边缘到相对的腰部边缘延伸并且通常平行于制品的最大线性尺寸的方向。 The term "longitudinal" refers to a direction extending from the waist edge of the article to an opposing waist edge of the article and is generally parallel to the maximum linear dimension. 在纵向45内的方向被认为是“纵向”。 45 in the longitudinal direction are considered to be "vertical."

术语“横向”是指从制品的侧边向相对侧边延伸并且通常与纵向成直角的方向。 The term "transverse" refers to the opposite side edges extending from the sides of the article and generally at right angles to the longitudinal direction. 在横向45范围内的方向被认为是“横向”。 45 in the transverse direction of the range is considered to be "horizontal."

术语“设置”是指元件被连接和定位在特定地点或位置并与其它元件形成一体结构。 The term "set" refers to the elements are connected and positioned in a particular place or position and form a unitary structure with other elements.

术语“连接”是指把多个元件用适于将元件连接到一起的任何方法和它们的组成材料通过扣紧、粘附、粘合等进行连接或结合。 The term "connection" refers to any method of a plurality of elements adapted to connect the elements together and their constituent materials by fastening, adhering, bonding, etc., connected or coupled. 将元件连接到一起的很多适用方法已为人们所熟知,所述方法包括粘合剂粘合、压力粘合、热粘合、机械扣紧等。 Many suitable methods to connect components together is well known, the method comprising adhesive bonding, pressure bonding, thermal bonding, mechanical fastening and the like. 这样的连接方法可用于在特定区域上连续或断续地将元件连接到一起。 Such a connection method may be used on a particular area either continuously or intermittently to connect components together.

术语“内粘性”是指一种材料一旦设定,对其本身具有粘性但对其它材料在很大程度上不具有粘性的性能。 The term "inner sticky" refers to a material, once set for itself but for other sticky material is largely non-adhesive properties.

术语“水可渗透的”和“水不可渗透的”是指在一次性吸收制品预期使用的范围内材料的可穿透性。 The term "water-permeable" and "water-impermeable" refers to disposable absorbent articles within the scope of the intended use of the material may be penetrating. 具体地讲,术语“水可渗透的”是指具有气孔、开口和/或互联的空隙空间的层或成层结构,所述层和/或成层结构允许液体水在没有加压的情况下透过其厚度。 Specifically, the term "water-permeable" refers to having pores / or structure allows liquid water in the absence of pressurized opening and / or interconnected void spaces of the layer or structure, the layer into a layer and a layer through its thickness. 相反,术语“水不可渗透的”是指在没有加压的情况下液体水不能透过其厚度的层或成层结构。 Conversely, the term "water-impermeable" means in the absence of pressurized liquid water can not penetrate through its thickness of a layer or a layered structure. 根据此定义水不可渗透的层或成层结构可透过水蒸气,即为“水蒸气可透过的”。 According to this definition of water-impermeable layer or a layered structure permeable to water vapor, is considered "water vapor permeable." 这种水蒸气可透过的层或成层结构在本领域常被称为“可透气”。 Layer or a layered structure of this water vapor permeable in the art often referred to as "breathability." 如本领域所熟知的那样,典型地用于吸收制品的材料对水的透过性的常用测量方法为静水压力试验,也称为静水头试验或简称为“水头”试验。 As is known in the art as materials typically used in absorbent articles for water for hydrostatic test of through conventional measurement methods, also known as the hydrostatic head test or simply "head" test. INDA(以前为InternationalNonwovens and Disposables Association,现在为The Association of theNonwoven Fabrics Industry)和EDANA(European Disposables AndNonwovens Association)审定了我们所熟悉的用于水头试验的适合法定方法。 INDA (formerly InternationalNonwovens and Disposables Association, now The Association of theNonwoven Fabrics Industry) and EDANA (European Disposables AndNonwovens Association) validation of the method we are familiar with the statutory test for head fit.

术语“近侧”和“远侧”分别指元件相对靠近或远离结构中心的位置,例如,纵向延伸元件的近侧边缘距纵向轴线的位置,比同一元件的远侧边缘相对于同一纵向轴线的位置更近。 The term "proximal" and "distal" refer respectively toward or away from the position of the component relative to the center of the structure, e.g., longitudinally extending edges from the position of the proximal element longitudinal axis than the distal edge of the same element with respect to the longitudinal axis of the same position closer.

术语“内部”和“外部”分别是指当吸收制品被穿着时预期背向或面向穿着者身体放置的元件位置,和预期背向或面向在吸收制品外穿着的任何衣服放置的元件位置。 The term "internal" and "external" refer respectively to the location of the expected back-up or face member when the body of the wearer of the absorbent article is worn, and the back or the expected position for any element in the garment worn outside the absorbent article is placed. “内部”和“外部”的同义词分别包括“里面”和“外面”以及“内侧”和“外侧”。 "Internal" and "external" were synonyms include "inside" and "outside" and "inside" and "the outside." 同样,当吸收制品的方向使得其内部面向上时,例如在将其展开以准备使穿着者位于其上时,同义词分别包括“上部”和“下部”、“上面”和“下面”、“上方”和“下方”以及“顶部”和“底部”。 Similarly, when the direction of the absorbent article such that when facing the interior, for example to expand it to prepare for the wearer when positioned thereon, synonyms respectively include "upper" and "lower", "upper" and "lower", "above "and" bottom "and" top "and" bottom. "

示例性尿布实施方案的描述此部分描述参考图1、图2、图3、图4、图5、图6、图7和图8。 This section describes the exemplary diaper embodiments described in reference to Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3, Figure 4, Figure 5, Figure 6, Figure 7 and Figure 8.

示例性尿布20的一个端部成为前腰区36、纵向相对的端部成为后腰区38,而中间部分成为裆区37。 An end portion of the exemplary diaper 20 become the front waist region 36, the longitudinally opposite end portions to become the back waist region 38, and the intermediate portion becomes the crotch region 37.

尿布20的基本结构包括一个吸收组件200,吸收组件200包括前边缘236、后边缘238、左侧边237a、右侧边237b、内表面202和外表面204。 The basic structure of the diaper 20 comprises an absorbent assembly 200, the absorbent assembly 200 includes a front edge 236, rear edge 238, left side edge 237a, the right side edge 237b, an inner surface 202 and outer surface 204. 一条纵向轴线42穿过前边缘236和后边缘238的中点延伸出去,一条横向轴线44穿过侧边237的中点延伸出去。 A longitudinal axis 42 through the midpoint of the front edge 236 and rear edge 238 extends out the side of a transverse axis 44 through the midpoint 237 extends out.

尿布20的基本结构也包括标示为左阻碍箍条400a和右阻碍箍条400b的两个横向相对纵向延伸的阻碍箍条。 The basic structure of the diaper 20 also includes a label to the left barrier cuff strip 400a and the right barrier cuff strip 400b two laterally opposed longitudinally extending barrier cuff strips. 阻碍箍条具有各自的前腰边缘436、后腰边缘438、近侧边缘457和远侧边缘437。 Barrier cuff strip has its own front waist edge 436, lower back edge 438, 457 and the proximal edge of the distal edge 437. 阻碍箍条远侧边缘437形成尿布20的各自侧边137。 Article 437 barrier cuff distal edge of each side of the formation of the diaper 20 137.

阻碍箍条400和吸收组件200一起连接在横向相对的纵向延伸连接区,如图2、图3、图4和图5所示的示例性连接区域420。 The barrier cuff strips 400 and the absorbent assembly 200 are connected together in laterally opposing longitudinally extending attachment region, as shown in Figure 2, Figure 3, the exemplary connection region shown in FIG. 4 and FIG. 5 420.

当尿布20穿着在穿着者的下体时,阻碍箍条的前腰边缘436、吸收组件的前边缘236、阻碍箍条的后腰边缘438和吸收组件的后边缘238环绕穿着者的腰部,尿布的侧边137环绕穿着者的腿部,裆区37一般位于穿着者的腿间,而吸收组件200从前腰区36延伸穿过裆区37,达到后腰区38。 When wearing the diaper 20 when the wearer's lower body, hinder hoop front waist edge 436 of the front edge of the absorbent assembly 236, barrier cuff edge 438 of the lower back and rear edges of the absorbent assembly 238 surround the wearer's waist, diapers side edges 137 encircle the legs of the wearer, the crotch region 37 generally located in the crotch of the wearer, and the absorbent assembly 200 extends the front waist region 36 crotch region 37 from passing through, reaching the back waist region 38.

每个阻碍箍条的一部分或全部可由可弹性延伸材料制成。 Each barrier cuff part or all of the material can be elastically extensible. 可供选择地或另外,可将每个阻碍箍条的一部分或全部制成具有比其所用材料固有延展性更大的延展性。 Alternatively or additionally, may be a portion of each barrier cuff strip is made of or all of the inherent ductility than the materials they use have a greater ductility. 同样,吸收组件的一部分或全部可由弹性可延伸的材料制成。 Similarly, a portion of all of the absorbent assembly or may be elastically extensible material is made. 可供选择地或另外,可将吸收组件的一部分或全部制成具有比其所用材料固有延展性更大的延展性。 Alternatively or additionally, the component may be a portion or all of the absorbent is made with material having a ratio of its inherent ductility greater ductility. 附加的延展性可理想地使尿布20在穿着者运动期间能够适形于穿着者的身体。 Additional ductility may desirably the diaper 20 during movement of the wearer can conform to the wearer's body. 附加横向延展性可理想地使尿布的使用者能够延伸前腰区和/或后腰区以环绕穿着者的腰部,即适应腰部尺寸并使尿布贴合于个体穿着者。 Additional lateral extensibility may be desirable to make the diaper user to extend the front waist region and / or the back waist region to encircle the waist of the wearer, i.e., to adapt to the waist size and fit of the diaper to the individual wearer. 腰区的这样一种横向扩张可使尿布具有大致沙漏形状并在其被穿着时赋予尿布简洁的外观。 Such a lateral expansion of the waist region of the diaper can have a generally hourglass shape and give a neat appearance of the diaper when it is worn. 此外,附加延展性也可理想地使尿布成本降至最低,因为在将材料如所述加工成可延伸时,需要的材料量较少。 In addition, the additional extensibility may also be desirable to minimize the cost of the diaper, because when the material is processed so as to be extended as the less amount of material needed.

在某些实施方案中,为了贴合穿着者的腰部,仅在将吸收组件200和阻碍箍条400连接到一起的横向相对的连接区420之间,而不是在整个吸收组件中,提供吸收组件200中的附加横向延展性。 In certain embodiments, in order to fit the waist of the wearer, only the absorbent assembly 200 and the barrier cuff strips 400 are connected together laterally opposing connection regions 420, rather than in the entire absorbent assembly, the absorbent assembly provided 200 additional transverse ductility.

可以很多种方法提供阻碍箍条和/或吸收组件中的附加延展性。 Various methods can provide a barrier cuff strips and / or the absorbent assembly attached ductility. 例如,可用很多已知方法中的任何一种对由其制成阻碍箍条和/或吸收组件的材料打褶。 For example, any one of various known methods of barrier cuffs formed by strips and / or absorbent component material pleated. 可供选择地,阻碍箍条和/或吸收组件的全部或一部分可由一种成形的纤维网材料或一种成形的纤维网层压材料制成,如在1996年5月21日以Chappell等人的名义公布的美国专利5,518,801中所描述的那些材料。 Alternatively, the barrier cuff strips and / or all or a portion of the web of absorbent material may be a shaped component or a web-shaped laminate made as in May 21, 1996 to Chappell et al. U.S. Patent No. 5,518,801 in those materials described in published nominal. 图9显示了这样一种成形纤网材料305的一个示例性片断300。 Figure 9 shows such a formed web material 300 an exemplary fragment 305. 该成形纤维网材料305包括明显的横向延伸区域310,其中初始材料已经用压花或另一种变形方法进行改变,以形成大致纵取向的交替凸起312和凹谷314的图案。 The forming web material 305 includes distinct laterally extending regions 310 in which the starting material has been altered by embossing or another method of deformation to form a generally longitudinally oriented alternating protrusions 312 and valleys 314 of the pattern. 成形纤维网材料305也包括位于横向延伸的改变区域310之间的横向延伸的未改变区域316。 Forming the web material 305 also includes laterally extending situated change region 310 extending laterally between the region 316 unaltered.

这样一种成形纤网材料305能够被横向延伸出它的原始尺寸。 Such a web material 305 can be formed extending transversely of its original size. 与未变形时将同一材料伸展到同一程度相比,只需要施加相对较小的力。 When undeformed and will extend the same material to the same extent as compared to only a relatively small force needs to be applied. 具体地讲,施加通常垂直于凸起312和凹谷314的反向分散力将这样一种成形纤网材料沿着在反向力之间的一条轴线伸长并主要在未改变区域316中产生相抗衡的收缩力。 Specifically, applied generally perpendicular to the projections 312 and valleys 314 reverse dispersion force thus forming a web material along an axis of elongation between the reaction force and without changing the main area 316 is generated compete contractility. 这种阻力要相对小于处于未改变形式的同一材料在伸长到至少其中改变区域中的凸起和凹谷变平并开始产生阻力的同一程度时所产生的阻力。 This resistance is relatively lower than in non-altered form of the same material in which extended to at least change the resistance when the area of the projections and valleys flatten and begin to produce the same degree of resistance generated. 因此,在对吸收制品有用的延展性范围内,此类成形纤网材料显示与传统弹性材料类似的可延展性质。 Therefore, in the absorbent article within the scope of useful ductility, such web material forming an elastic material similar to conventional display malleable nature. 然而,此类成型纤网材料可由本来没有弹性的较廉价材料制成,因此它们的使用可提供在吸收制品加工成本方面的优越性。 However, such molding that do not have the web material may be made of relatively inexpensive flexible materials, so their use may provide advantages in terms of processing costs of the absorbent article.

此外,可使阻碍箍条和/或吸收组件的不同部分成形为具有不同范围的延展性和/或当受到一定大小的反向拉力时可延伸到较大程度或较小程度,即,相对更容易地或更不容易地延伸。 Furthermore, can impede strakes and / or different portions of the absorbent assembly formed into ductile and / or when subjected to a reverse pulling force of a certain size can be extended to a greater or lesser extent, with different ranges, i.e., relatively more easily or less easily extended. 这样的差别延展性可理想地使例如一个或两个腰区比裆区横向延伸得相对更远或更容易。 Such differences may desirably make ductility e.g. one or two waist region extending laterally farther or relatively more easily than the crotch region.

阻碍箍条的描述尿布20包括标示成图1、图2、图3、图4和图5所示的两个横向相对纵向延伸的阻碍箍条,即左阻碍箍条400a和右阻碍箍条400b。 The barrier cuff strip includes a description of the diaper 20 as indicated in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3, 4 and 5, two lateral shown in Fig opposing longitudinally extending barrier cuff strip, i.e., the left barrier cuff strip 400a and the right barrier cuff strip 400b . 每个阻碍箍条至少在阻碍箍条400和吸收组件200一起连接的其近侧边缘457和连接区域420之间包括两层,即,上层410和下层411。 Each barrier cuff strip, at least in its proximal edge barrier cuff strips 400 and 200 are connected together absorbent assembly 457 and the connecting area between the two layers, including 420, namely, the upper 410 and lower 411. 在连接区域420的横向向外,每个阻碍箍条400可只包括这两层中的一层,或者可包括这两层,其横向范围可相等或不等。 In the connection region 420 laterally outward, each barrier cuff strip 400 may include only these two layers, or may comprise two layers, which may be equal or unequal lateral extent. 例如,在图3、图4和图5所示的示例性实施方案中,每个阻碍箍条400的下层411比同一阻碍箍条的上层410在横向向外伸展得近一些,即上层410的远侧边缘413相对于下层411的远侧边缘414在横向上远。 For example, in Figure 3, the exemplary embodiments 4 and 5 in the figure, the lower layer 400 of each barrier cuff strip 411 of the same barrier cuff strip than the upper layer 410 in a laterally outwardly extending closer, i.e., an upper 410 413 relative to the distal edge of the distal edge of the lower 411 414 away in the transverse direction. 可供选择地,每个阻碍箍条400的下层411可比同一阻碍箍条的上层410在横向向外伸展得更远,即下层411的远侧边缘414可比上层410的远侧边缘413在横向上远。 Alternatively, the lower cuff strips 400 each hinder upper than the same barrier cuff strip 411 extends outwardly in the transverse direction 410 farther, i.e., lower than 414 411 distal edge 413 of the upper distal edge 410 in the transverse direction away. 每个阻碍箍条400的远侧边缘413或414的横向最远的无论哪一个都形成那个阻碍箍条的远侧边缘437。 Each barrier cuff distal section 400 or 414 of the lateral edge 413 whichever is the farthest that hinder the formation of the distal edge of the hoop 437. 在其中远侧边缘413和414共轴的实施方案中,它们共同形成远侧边缘437。 In embodiments wherein the distal edges 413 and 414 co-axial, and which together form the distal edge 437.

阻碍箍条由水蒸气可透过的亦即透气的非织造材料制成,例如,合成的非织造材料,如纺粘或梳理成网的聚乙烯、聚丙烯、聚酯或人造丝。 I.e., breathable barrier cuff strip by water vapor permeable nonwoven material, e.g., synthetic nonwoven materials such as spunbond or carded polyethylene, polypropylene, polyester, or rayon. 非织造材料优选为疏水性,双层非织造阻碍箍条优选为水不可渗透的。 The nonwoven material preferably is hydrophobic, bilayer nonwoven barrier cuff strip preferably water-impermeable. 适用的疏水非织造材料包括SM(纺粘-熔喷)、SMS(纺粘-熔喷-纺粘)和SMMS(纺粘-熔喷-熔喷-纺粘)复合材料。 Suitable hydrophobic nonwoven materials include SM (spunbond - meltblown), SMS (spunbond - meltblown - spunbond), and SMMS (spunbond - meltblown - melt-blown - spunbond) composites. 水蒸气可透过的阻碍箍条400所用的材料可以选择,以使产品经济性和功能性总体上平衡。 Water vapor permeable barrier cuff strips 400 of material used can be selected such that the product of economic and functional overall balance. 例如,与一次性尿布中常用的非织造材料比较,具有相对较低基重的较廉价非织造材料在叠双形成双层阻碍箍条时可提供所需水平的水不可渗透性。 For example, compared with commonly used in disposable diaper nonwoven material, having a relatively low basis weight nonwoven material less expensive double-stack to form a double barrier cuff strips may not provide the desired level of water permeability.

除了双层非织造材料之外,每个阻碍箍条还可包括一个由适合水不可渗透的材料形成的第三层,例如聚乙烯或另一种聚烯烃的薄膜、微孔透气薄膜、疏水非织造材料或由共挤出聚烯烃层形成的薄膜。 In addition to the two-layer nonwoven material, each barrier cuff strip may further comprise a third layer of a suitable water-impermeable material, such as polyethylene or another polyolefin film, a microporous breathable film, a hydrophobic non- woven material or a film made of coextruded polyolefin layer. 例如,一种适用的共挤出薄膜可以名称M18-327购自美国俄亥俄州Mason的C1opayPlastic Products Co.这样一种多层阻碍箍条可具有夹在非织造层之间的附加水不可透过层,非织造层可提供布一样最外层手感和外观;或者具有设置在双非织造层上面或下面的附加水不可渗透的层。 For example, a suitable coextruded film may name M18-327 available from Mason Ohio C1opayPlastic Products Co. Such a multi-layer barrier cuff strip may be sandwiched between the nonwoven layer an additional water-impermeable layer , the nonwoven layer may be provided as the outermost layer of cloth feel and appearance; or a nonwoven layer disposed in pairs above and below the additional water-impermeable layer. 例如,图12显示一个其中附加水不可渗透的层412夹在非织造层410和411之间的示例性布置。 For example, Figure 12 shows one in which the additional water-impermeable layer 412 is sandwiched exemplary arrangement 410 and 411 between the nonwoven layer. 此第三层可延伸到与横向最近延伸的非织造层近似相同的横向程度。 This third layer may extend into the nonwoven layer extends laterally recent approximately the same lateral extent. 例如,图12中的第三层412延伸到与下层411近似相同的横向程度。 For example, in Figure 12 a third layer 412 and the lower layer 411 extends to approximately the same lateral extent. 可供选择地,此第三层可延伸到与最远横向延伸的非织造层近似相同的横向程度,或者延伸到中间横向程度。 Alternatively, the third layer may extend into the nonwoven layer that extends farthest laterally approximately the same lateral extent, or to an intermediate lateral extent extending.

阻碍箍条可与吸收芯250交叠,即阻碍箍条的近侧边缘457可位于吸收芯250相应的侧边257的横向内侧。 Article 250 barrier cuff may overlap with the absorbent core, namely the proximal edge of the barrier cuff 457 may be located on the side of the absorbent core 250 corresponding to the lateral medial 257. 可供选择地,阻碍箍条可不与吸收芯交叠。 Alternatively, the barrier cuff strips may not overlap the absorbent core. 阻碍箍条为水蒸气可透过的,即当尿布如以下所述被穿着时至少在它们形成侧部屏障的裆区37中为可透气的。 The barrier cuff strip is water vapor permeable, i.e., when the diaper is worn as described below are formed at least in the crotch region of the side barrier 37 may also be breathable.

将每个阻碍箍条400在位于或邻近前边缘236和后边缘238的连接区内连接到吸收组件200的内表面202上。 Each barrier cuff strips 400 at or adjacent the front edge 236 and rear edge 238 are connected to the joining region the inner surface 200 of the absorbent assembly 202. 例如,在图1所示的尿布20中,阻碍箍条400在前边缘和后边缘连接区451中连接到吸收组件200的内表面202上。 For example, in the diaper 20 shown in Figure 1, barrier cuff strip 400 is connected and the rear edge 451 in the front edge region is connected to the inner surface 202 of the absorbent assembly 200. 这些连接区的面积可相等或不相等。 The connection region may have an area equal or unequal.

在前边缘和后边缘连接区之间,阻碍箍条400的近侧边缘457保持游离,即未连接到吸收组件200的内表面202上。 Between the edge and the rear edge of the front connecting region, barrier cuff strips 457 to maintain the proximal edge 400 of the free, i.e. not connected to the inner surface 200 of the absorbent assembly 202. 同样在连接区之间,每个阻碍箍条优选地包括一个邻近阻碍箍条的近侧边缘连接的可纵向延伸的箍弹性构件。 Also between the connecting zones, each barrier cuff strip preferably includes a resilient member adjacent the cuff barrier cuffs longitudinally extending proximal edge strip connected. 例如,在图1所示的示例性尿布20中,弹性线467夹在上层410和下层411之间,并且在阻碍箍条的各自近侧边缘457的邻近处连接。 For example, the exemplary diaper 20 shown in Figure 1, the elastic cord 467 is sandwiched between the upper layer 410 and lower layer 411, and is connected to the respective proximal edge adjacent the barrier cuff strip 457. 或者,每个箍弹性构件可连接在阻碍箍条的暴露表面上,并且保持暴露。 Alternatively, each cuff elastic member may be attached to the exposed surface of the barrier cuff strip and remain exposed.

在拉伸时,箍弹性构件使阻碍箍条的近侧边缘能够伸长到吸收组件的平展未收缩的长度,如图1中所示。 When stretched, the elastic member so that hoop barrier cuff strip proximal edge can be extended to the absorbent flat uncontracted length of the assembly, as shown in FIG. 在允许松弛时,箍弹性构件收缩,以收紧近侧边缘457的部分,所述箍弹性构件沿所述近侧边缘相连。 When allowed to relax, contraction of the elastic member hoop, to tighten the proximal edge portion 457, the cuff elastic member is connected along the proximal edge. 例如,当示例性尿布20处于如图15所示的松驰状态时,弹性线467收缩以收紧阻碍箍条400的近侧边缘457。 For example, when the exemplary diaper 20 is in a relaxed state shown in Figure 15, contraction of the elastic cord 467 to tighten strakes 400 impede proximal edge 457. 弹性线的收缩力牵引前腰区36和后腰区38彼此接近,从而使吸收组件200和整个尿布20弯曲成“U”字形,其中“U”字形的内部由尿布的内侧部分来形成。 Contractile force of the elastic cord pulling the front waist region 36 and the back waist region 38 close to each other, so that the absorbent assembly 200 and the entire diaper 20 is bent into a "U" shape, wherein the internal "U" shape by the inner portion of the diaper is formed. 因为近侧边缘457在各连接区之间保持游离,弹性线的收缩力升高阻碍箍条400的近侧边缘457远离吸收组件的内表面202,从而将阻碍箍条提升至起侧部屏障作用的位置。 Because the proximal edges 457 between the connecting region remains free, contractile force of the elastic line of the proximal raised barrier cuff strips 400 away from the inner surface of the edge 457 of the absorbent assembly 202, thereby to enhance the barrier cuff strips from the side barrier position. 选择升高的近侧边缘457的横向间距,以允许来自穿着者下体的身体排泄物沉积到升高的阻碍箍条之间的空间中。 Select an elevated proximal edge 457 of the lateral spacing to allow body exudates from the lower torso of the wearer into the space deposited elevated between the barrier cuff strip. 优选地选择阻碍箍条400的宽度,以允许升高的近侧边缘457贴合穿着者身体的腿部褶皱而形成密封,以帮助防止沉积的身体排泄物渗漏出尿布。 Preferably selected width barrier cuff strips 400, in order to allow an elevated proximal edge 457 of the leg gather the wearer's body fit and form a seal to help prevent the deposition of body exudates leak out of the diaper.

每个阻碍箍条400可由所述阻碍箍条折叠成为双层,或通过将第二层加到所述箍条而成为双层。 Each barrier cuff strip 400 may be folded into the bilayer barrier cuff strip, or through the second layer to the cuff strip and become double. 例如,如图3、图4和图5中所示,将每个阻碍箍条折叠成双层410和411。 For example, in Figure 3, and shown in Figure 5 Figure 4, each barrier cuff strip is folded into a double layer 410 and 411. 同样如这些图中所示,箍弹性构件可夹在所述折叠的层之间。 As also shown in these figures, cuff elastic member may be sandwiched between the folded layers. 在此实施方案中,在阻碍箍条双折处形成各个阻碍箍条400的近侧边缘457。 In this embodiment, the formation of each barrier cuff strip 457 at the proximal edge 400 double fold at the barrier cuff strip.

各个双阻碍箍条400的下层411在连接区420邻近吸收组件的各自侧边237连接到吸收组件200上。 Each double barrier cuff strip 411 of the lower layer 400 in the connecting region 420 adjacent the respective side edge of the absorbent assembly 237 is connected to the absorbent assembly 200. 上层410依次在与连接区420横向一致地设置或比连接区420横向向外更远地设置的连接区458中连接到下层411。 The upper layer 458 and 410 in turn connected to zone 420 or laterally outwardly disposed uniformly disposed farther than the connection region 420 is laterally connected to the lower connecting region 411. 例如,在图3、图4和图5所示的示例性尿布中,连接区458与连接区420在横向上一致设置。 For example, in Figure 3, the exemplary diaper shown in Figures 4 and 5, the connecting region 458 is consistent with the connection region 420 is provided on the lateral. 当第三层412存在并且横向向外延伸到或延伸出在下层411连接到吸收组件200处的连接区域420时,上层410可连接到第三层412,该第三层又可连接到下层411,如图12中所示。 When the third layer 412 is present and extends laterally outwardly to or lower layer 411 extending in the absorbent assembly 200 is connected to the connection region 420, the upper layer 410 may be connected to the third layer 412, the third layer 411 can be connected to the lower layer , shown in Figure 12.

下层411可连接到如图3、图4和图5中所示的吸收组件的内表面202。 Lower layer 411 may be connected to the inner surface of the 3, 4, and the absorbent assembly of Figure 5 shown in FIG 202. 可供选择地,可将下层411连接到吸收组件的外表面204上。 204 Alternatively, the outer surface, the lower layer 411 may be connected to the absorbent assembly. 例如,在图13中,每个阻碍箍条400的下层411显示包裹在各自的侧边237上,并且连接到吸收组件200的外表面204上。 For example, in Figure 13, each of the obstacle 411 of the lower cuff strips 400 in the package 237 is displayed on a respective side edge, and is connected to the outer surface 200 of the absorbent assembly 204. 作为另一个选择方案,下层411可同时连接到内表面202和外表面204上。 As another alternative, the lower layer 411 can be connected to an outer surface 202 and inner surface 204.

在近侧边缘457和连接区458之间,每个双阻碍箍条400的各层可彼此保持不连接,并因此彼此随意接触或分离。 Between the proximal edge 457 and the connecting region 458, the layers of each double-barrier cuff strip 400 may remain connected to each other, and thus free to contact with or separated from each other. 可选择地,每个阻碍箍条400的各层可一起连续或间断地连接在位于其近侧边缘457和连接区458之间并且横向向内与连接区458隔开的一个或多个附加连接区内。 Alternatively, the layers of each barrier cuff strip 400 may be connected together continuously or intermittently located between its proximal edge 457 and the connecting region 458 and the connection region 458 laterally inwardly and one or more additional connections spaced area. 这些附加的连接区至少在裆区37中延伸,并且可延伸进入一个或两个腰区36和38中。 These additional connecting region at least in the crotch region 37 extends, and may extend into one or both of the waist regions 36 and 38. 例如,在图1、图3和图5所示的示例性实施方案中,各层一起连接在通过裆区37纵向延伸并且进入腰区36和38的横向隔开的附加连接区460中。 For example, in FIG. 1, an exemplary embodiment of FIG. 3 and shown in Fig. 5, the layers are connected together in the crotch region 37 extending longitudinally through and into the waist regions 36 and 38 are laterally spaced additional attachment region 460. 这样的附加连接一起防止层的分离和因此显示围绕穿着者腿部的不理想下垂或不整外观以及倾向于使双阻碍箍条400略微挺硬,并因此帮助保证紧靠身体适当贴合。 Such additional layers connected together to prevent separation and therefore display around the wearer's legs is not ideal sag or not the whole appearance and tend to make double barrier cuff strip 400 is slightly stiffer and thus help ensure proper fit close to the body. 每个双阻碍箍条的各层可一起通过粘合剂、机械粘合或热粘合或已知粘合方法的组合方法进行连接。 Each double barrier cuff strips together by layers of adhesive, thermal bonding or mechanical bonding, or a combination of methods known in the adhesion method of connection.

可供选择地或另外,每个双阻碍箍条400的各层可一起邻近腰部边缘436和438连接在腰区36和38上,例如,连接在如图1和图5中所示的横向延伸连接区459中。 Alternatively or additionally, the layers of each double-barrier cuff strip 400 may together adjacent the waist edge 436 and 438 attached to the waist regions 36 and 38, for example, connected in the transverse direction in FIG. 1 and shown in Figure 5 extending connection area 459. 该横向连接可为横向间断或横向连续的。 The transverse connector may be laterally intermittent or laterally continuous. 在此横向延伸连接区从近侧边缘457到在上层410连接到下层411的连接区458为横向连续时,如图1和图5中所示,其防止层的分离和因此显示在腰部边缘的不理想不完整外观,并防止任何液体排泄物在腰部边缘从层间渗漏。 In this connection region extending transversely from the proximal edge 457 to the upper layer 410 is connected to the lower connecting region of 458 to 411 laterally continuous, as shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 5, which prevents the separation layer and thus show the waist edge incomplete unsatisfactory appearance, and to prevent any liquid excrement from the waist edge interlaminar leakage.

附加的弹性构件可连接到在上层410和下层411一起连接的连接区458横向向外的每个阻碍箍条400,例如邻近其远侧边缘437,以形成外腿收集(图中未显示)。 Additional elastic member may be connected to the connecting region in the upper layer 410 and lower layer 411 together with the connection 458 of each barrier cuff strip 400 laterally outward, e.g., adjacent to its distal edge 437, to form an outer leg gather (not shown). 此类附加弹性构件可被包围在由阻碍箍条的上层和下层之一或两层形成的褶边内,或者可夹在上层和下层之间。 Such additional elastic member may be enclosed within the hem of the upper layer by the barrier cuff and one or two layers of a lower layer, or may be sandwiched between the upper and lower layers.

可以很多方式将前腰区和后腰区扣合到一起,以环绕穿着者的腰部和腿部。 Many methods can be attacking midfielder and back waist regions snap together to surround the wearer's waist and legs. 例如,可将诸如安全别针、单独的胶带、单独的系带和/或单独的腰带之类的单独扣紧装置用于该用途。 For example, such as a safety pin, a single tape, a single strap and / or the individual alone like belt fastening device used for this purpose. 可供选择地或另外,可将扣紧元件装入一次性吸收制品中,以便使用者能够无需任何单独的扣紧装置或与任何单独的扣紧装置一起将尿布套穿到穿着者的身体上。 Alternatively or additionally, the fastening element can be loaded into a disposable absorbent article, so that the user can without any separate fastening means or fastening means and any individual pull together the diaper to the body of the wearer . 此类合成一体的扣紧元件的很多合适类型已为人所熟知,例如,包括胶带、粘合剂、胶带突出部、系带、纽扣、钩、环、按扣扣件、其它形式的机械扣件、胶贴等等。 Many suitable types of such fastening elements integrally has well known, for example, including tape, adhesive, tape protrusion, lace, buttons, hook, loop, press buttoned member, other forms of mechanical fasteners , stickers and more. 某些合适的机械扣件可适于与尿布的非织造材料层接合。 Some suitable mechanical fasteners may be adapted to engage with the nonwoven material layer of the diaper. 例如,一个机械扣件可与一个阻碍箍条的非织造材料层接合。 For example, a mechanical fastener may engage with a nonwoven barrier cuff strip material layer.

前腰区和后腰区的一起扣合可打开并且可重复扣合,以便于调整尿布在穿着者身上的贴合性以及便于检查尿布的内侧而无需将其完全从穿着者身上脱下。 Engaging together the front waist region and the rear waist regions may be opened and repeatable fastening to the diaper on the wearer to adjust the fit of the diaper as well as to facilitate the inside inspection without having to completely take off from the wearer. 可供选择地,扣合可为永久性的,即打开时可能需要破坏一部分尿布,例如撕开一部分尿布或破坏熔融的侧缝。 Alternatively, the fastening may be permanent, may need to destroy a part of the diaper that is open, such as torn or damaged part of the diaper fused side seams.

粘性扣紧贴片可通过将粘结剂材料涂敷到基底上而形成。 By adhesive fastening patch may be an adhesive material applied to the substrate is formed. 可以多种图案中的任何一种施用粘性材料,例如连续的薄膜、离散的点、带、多边形等等和/或构成一个网格的隔开和相互交联的几何元素。 Various patterns can be administered in any of a viscous material, such as a continuous film, discrete points, with, polygon, etc. and / or forming a grid spaced and mutually crosslinked geometric elements. 适用的合成粘性产品购自位于美国马萨诸塞州Salisbury的Andover Coated Products,Incorporated,并描述于2000年12月5日以Taylor名义公布的美国专利6,156,424中。 Suitable synthetic viscous products purchased from Massachusetts Salisbury of Andover Coated Products, Incorporated, and are described in December 5, 2000 in the name of Taylor's US patent 6,156,424 in.

可将此类粘性扣紧贴片设置在尿布20的外侧。 Such adhesive fastening patches may be disposed on the outside of the diaper 20. 例如,如图1、图2、图3、图5、图10和图11中所示,可将粘性扣紧贴片110设置在前腰区36的相应阻碍箍条400和/或吸收组件200的外表面上。 For example, in FIG. 1, FIG. 2, FIG. 3, FIG. 5, FIG. 10 and FIG. 11, the adhesive fastening patches 110 may be disposed in the front waist region respective barrier cuff strips 400 and / or the absorbent assembly 36 of the 200 The outer surface. 在此示例性实施方案中,可将功能性补充的粘性扣紧贴片120设置在后腰区38的相应阻碍箍条400的内表面上。 In this exemplary embodiment, the functionality of the complement of the adhesive fastening patches 120 are disposed in the back waist region corresponding to the inner surface of the barrier cuff strip 400. 38. 当尿布20如图10和图11中所示穿着时,内侧的粘性扣紧贴片与外侧的粘性扣紧贴片搭接,搭接的粘性扣紧贴片的粘性使前腰区36和后腰区38在尿布20的侧部扣合到一起。 When wearing the diaper 10 and 20 as shown in FIG. 11, the adhesive fastening adhesive patches inside the outer fastening patches overlap, the overlapping of the adhesive fastening the front waist region so that the viscosity of the patch 36 and the rear waist region 38 of the diaper 20 of the side portion snap fit together. 这些附图中所示的构型适于后片搭在前片之上的扣紧方式。 Configuration adapted to the rear panel shown in these drawings ride over the front sheet fastening manner.

可供选择地,可将前粘性扣紧贴片设置在尿布20的内侧并且将后粘性扣紧贴片设置在尿布20的外侧,以便使构型适于前片搭在后片之上的扣紧方式。 Alternatively, before the adhesive fastening patches may be disposed on the inner side of the diaper and the rear 20 of the adhesive fastening patch 20 is disposed outside of the diaper, so that the configuration is adapted to ride on top of the front panel sheet after deduction tight way. 可供选择地,可以一种可逆构型设置粘性扣紧贴片,可逆构型适于给尿布的使用者提供两个扣紧选项,即根据个人喜好,或是后片搭在前片之上或是前片搭在后片之上。 Alternatively, a reversible configuration can set the adhesive fastening patch, reversible configuration adapted to fasten the diaper user with two options, i.e., according to personal preferences, or after the film ride on the front sheet ride on the front panel or rear panel. 例如,被设置在尿布20的外侧和内侧两侧上的粘性扣紧贴片可使一个后粘性扣紧贴片能够搭接在一个前粘性扣紧贴片之上,或者使前粘性扣紧贴片能够搭接在后粘性扣紧贴片之上。 For example, the adhesive is disposed on the outer and inner sides of the diaper 20 after the fastening adhesive fastening patch allows a patch can be overlapped in a front on the adhesive fastening patch or the front buckle close viscous pieces can overlap in the adhesive fastening on the patch. 当尿布的下面部分为可延展的时候,优选地粘性扣紧贴片同样为可延展的,以使尿布的下面可延展部分不受限制。 When the lower part of the diaper to be extended when the patch is preferably adhesive fastening also be extensible, so that the following portion of the diaper may be extended without restriction.

可供选择地,可将胶带突出部连接到尿布20上并可用其将后腰区38和前腰区36扣合到一起。 Alternatively, the tape may be attached to the projecting portion of the diaper 20 and the rear waist region 38 which is available and the front waist region 36 to snap fit together. 例如,如图14中所示,可将胶带突出部114在其远侧边缘437或邻近处连接到阻碍箍条400上。 For example, shown in Figure 14, the tape may be projecting portion 114 is connected to the barrier cuff strips 437 at or adjacent its distal edge 400 of the upper. 适用的胶带以名称XMF99121购自位于美国明尼苏达州圣保罗市的3M Corporation以及以名称F4416购自位于美国俄亥俄州Mentor市的Avery DennisonCorporation,Specialty Tape Division。 Apply tape to name XMF99121 commercially available from Minnesota, 3M Corporation, St. Paul, as well as the name of F4416 purchased from Mentor, Ohio City, Avery DennisonCorporation, Specialty Tape Division.

可任选地,也可将一个或多个固定片连接到尿布20上并与此类胶带突出部共同使用。 Optionally, also be one or more fixed pieces connected to the diaper 20 and with the common use of such tape protrusion. 例如,固定片116可连接到如图14中所示的各自阻碍箍条400的外表面404和吸收组件200的外表面204上。 For example, the tabs 116 may be connected to the outer surface as shown in FIG. 14 each barrier cuff strips 404 and 400 of the outer surface 200 of the absorbent assembly 204. 当提供了一个固定片时,可将胶带突出部粘附到固定片上,以将后腰区38和前腰区36扣合到一起。 When providing a fixed films can be adhered to the tape protrusion tabs to the lumbar region 38 and the front waist region 36 snap together. 固定片用于在大于胶带突出部的粘附区域范围内分布由每个胶带突出部传递的拉力,并且可自身承受一部分拉力,从而减轻一部分作用于尿布下面部分上的力,例如作用于阻碍箍条上的力。 Fixing pieces for distribution by each protrusion pass the tape tension in the range greater than the tape adhering area of the protrusion, and may themselves bear part of the tension, thereby reducing the effect on the part of the lower part of the force of the diaper, for example, acts on the barrier cuffs power strip. 因此,例如,装入这样一个固定片可使尿布的下层部分可能使用较廉价且较不耐用的材料。 Thus, for example, into a lower portion of the fixing piece can make the diaper may be cheaper to use and less durable materials. 当用机械扣件代替胶带突出部时,固定片可具有一个与机械扣件接合的表面和/或元件,例如可与吊钩啮合的套环。 When mechanical tape fastener in place of the projecting portion, the fixing piece can have a surface and / or a mechanical fastener elements engaged, such as the collar may be engaged with the hook. 当尿布的下层部分为可延展的时候,优选地固定片同样为可延展的,以使尿布的下面可延展部分不受限制。 When the underlying portion of the diaper is extensible when the fixing piece is preferably the same as the malleable, so that the following portion of the diaper may be extended without restriction.

吸收组件的描述在图1所示的示例尿布20中,吸收组件200在前腰边缘436和后腰边缘438之间延伸为阻碍箍条400的全部长度。 Examples describe absorbent assembly in the diaper 20 shown in Figure 1, the absorbent assembly 200 extends for the entire length of barrier cuff strips 400 between the front waist edge 436 and back waist edge 438. 这样一种全长构型可能是可取的,使废料量和与尿布20制造有关的难度降至最低,尤其是当用来制造尿布20的方法要求吸收组件200使用以一个或多个连续纤维网为主要形式的一种或多种材料时更是如此。 Such a full length configuration may be desirable, and so the amount of waste associated with the manufacture of the diaper 20 to minimize the difficulty, especially when the method used to manufacture the diaper 20 of the absorbent assembly 200 is used to request one or more continuous webs especially when the main form of one or more materials. 可供选择地,吸收组件200可短一些,其延伸长度可小于阻碍箍条的全长。 Alternatively, the absorbent assembly 200 can be shorter, which extends the length of the barrier cuff strips may be less than full length. 这样一种较短构型可能是可取的,使尿布20使用的总材料量和成本降至最低。 Such a shorter configuration may be desirable, so that the total amount of material used and the cost of the diaper 20 to minimize.

如图16、图17和图18中所示,吸收组件200包括一个用来吸收和保留液体身体排泄物的吸收芯250。 16, FIG. 17 and FIG. 18 in Fig., The absorbent assembly 200 includes a means for absorbing and retaining liquid body exudates absorbent core 250. 吸收芯250具有一个前边缘256、一个后边缘258、侧边257、一个内表面252和一个外表面254。 The absorbent core 250 has a front edge 256, a rear edge 258, side edges 257, an inner surface 252 and an outer surface 254.

除了与吸收芯250的外表面254以面对面排列形式设置的下覆盖片外,吸收组件200还可包括与吸收芯250的内表面252以面对面排列形式设置的上覆盖片。 In addition to the absorbent core 250 of the outer surface 254 disposed at a face to face arrangement in the form of the cover sheet, the absorbent may also include an inner surface 252 of the absorbent core 250 disposed face to face assembly 200 are arranged in the form of the cover sheet. 如果两个覆盖片同时存在,则可将这样一个上覆盖片和下覆盖片连接到一起,以将吸收芯250装在它们之间,从而形成吸收组件200。 If two cover sheets exist, can be on a cover sheet and a lower covering sheet are connected together, to the absorbent core 250 disposed between them, thereby forming the absorbent assembly 200. 例如,在图16、图17和图18所示的示例吸收组件200中,上覆盖片24和下覆盖片25在连接区29a和29b邻近侧边237连接在一起。 For example, in FIG. 16, the example shown in FIG. 17 and the absorbent assembly 200 in FIG. 18, the upper covering sheet 24 and the lower covering sheet 25 in the connection regions 29a and 29b adjacent the side edges 237 are connected together.

上覆盖片为水可渗透的并允许液体身体排泄物透过其厚度到达吸收芯。 On the cover sheet is water-permeable and allows liquid bodily waste through its thickness to reach the absorbent core. 上覆盖片优选地由不会刺激穿着者皮肤的柔软材料制成,例如诸如纺粘的或梳理成网的聚乙烯、聚丙烯、聚酯或人造丝之类的合成非织造材料。 On the cover sheet is preferably made not irritate the skin of the wearer of soft material, e.g., such as spunbond or carded non-woven synthetic material such as polyethylene, polypropylene, polyester or rayon or the like networks. 上覆盖层和下覆盖层的任一个或两个的一部分或全部可为水蒸气可透过的,即可透气的。 Any one of the upper cladding layer and the lower part of the cover layer or two or all may be permeable to water vapor, can be breathable.

下覆盖片可包括一个由适合材料制成的水不可渗透的层,例如聚乙烯或另一种聚烯烃的薄膜、微孔透气薄膜、疏水非织造材料或由聚丙烯-聚乙烯-聚丙烯的共挤出层构成的薄膜。 Under the cover sheet can include a water-impermeable layer made of a suitable material, such as polyethylene or another polyolefin film, a microporous breathable film, a hydrophobic nonwoven material or of polypropylene - polyethylene - polypropylene layer coextruded film made. 例如,一种适用的共挤出薄膜可以名称M18-327购自位于美国俄亥俄州Mason的Clopay Plastic Products Co.。 For example, a suitable coextruded film can name M18-327 commercially available from Mason, Ohio Clopay Plastic Products Co .. 多层下覆盖片,例如薄膜和非织造材料的层压物,也可适用,并可与在外面设置的非织造材料定向,以提供布一样的最外层手感和外观;与在内面设置的非织造材料来定向,以将薄膜与穿着者的皮肤隔开;或者与在外面和内面两面同时设置的非织造材料来定向。 Under the multi-layer cover sheet, e.g., films and laminates of non-woven material, can also be applied, and oriented with the nonwoven material disposed on the outside to provide cloth-like feel and appearance of the outermost layer; and an inner surface provided nonwoven material to orient to the film and spaced apart from the wearer's skin; or with nonwoven material in outer and inner faces on both sides at the same time to set the orientation.

上覆盖片和下覆盖片可延伸到同一宽度和同一长度。 On the cover sheet and the lower covering sheet may extend to the same width and the same length. 可供选择地,一个覆盖片的一个或多个边缘可相对于另一个覆盖片的相应边缘延伸得更远。 Alternatively, a cover one or more edges of the sheet with respect to the corresponding edge of the other cover sheet extends further. 例如,上覆盖片可仅纵向延伸到足以覆盖吸收芯并邻近吸收芯的前或后边缘的任一个边缘被连接到下覆盖片上的程度,同时下覆盖片可超过上覆盖片以纵向延伸朝向或延伸到阻碍箍条的相邻腰部边缘。 For example, the cover sheet can only longitudinally extending enough to cover the absorbent core and adjacent the absorbent according to any one edge of the core of the front or rear edge is connected to a level lower cover sheet, while under the cover sheet may be more than the upper cover sheet to extend longitudinally toward or extends to the barrier cuff strip adjacent waist edge. 同样,上覆盖片可仅横向延伸到足以覆盖吸收芯和邻近吸收芯的左或右侧边被连接到下覆盖片的程度,并且下覆盖片可横向延伸出上覆盖片。 Similarly, the cover sheet may extend laterally only to the extent sufficient to cover the left or right side of the absorbent core and adjacent the edge of the absorbent core is attached to the lower covering sheet and the lower covering sheet may extend laterally on the cover sheet. 例如,在图4所示的示例性吸收组件200中,上覆盖片24横向延伸仅超过吸收芯250的侧边257相当小的距离,并在该区域中连接到下覆盖片25上。 For example, in 200 the exemplary absorbent assembly shown in FIG. 4, the covering sheet 24 extends laterally only over the side 250 of the absorbent core 257 a relatively small distance, and in this region is connected to the lower cover sheet 25. 此示例性吸收组件中的下覆盖片25横向延伸出上覆盖片24,并且连接到阻碍箍条400上。 This exemplary absorbent assembly extends laterally under the cover sheet 25 on the cover sheet 24, and is connected to the barrier cuff strips 400.

可在吸收组件的任何部分或整个长度范围内将吸收组件和阻碍箍条连接到一起。 And the absorbent assembly may be connected to the barrier cuff strips together in any part of or the entire length of the absorbent assembly. 优选地,在横向相对的纵向延伸连接区内,如图2、图3、图4、图5和图14中所示的所示的示例性连接区420a和420b,将吸收组件在其内表面连接到阻碍箍条上。 Preferably, the transversely opposite longitudinally extending joining region, as shown in Figure 2, Figure 3, Figure 4, Figure 5 and Figure 14 shown in the exemplary connecting region 420a shown and 420b, the absorbent assembly at its inner surface connected to hinder hoop bar. 阻碍箍条位于此种连接图案之外的部分不受与吸收组件连接的约束,并因此保持可延展性。 Bound by the absorbent assembly connected barrier cuff strip located outside part of such a connection pattern, and thus maintain scalability. 例如,相对狭窄的纵向延伸的连接区,如左连接区420a,使左阻碍箍条400a的大部分宽度可自由延伸,从而允许左阻碍箍条400a在横向上伸展。 For example, a relatively narrow longitudinally extending attachment region, as following connection regions 420a, so that most of the width of the left barrier cuff strip 400a freely extensible, allowing the left barrier cuff strip 400a extending in the transverse direction.

在连接区的范围内,可将吸收组件连续地或间断地连接到阻碍箍条上。 Within the scope of the connecting region, the absorbent assembly may be continuously or intermittently connected to the barrier cuff strips. 例如,可在连接区的整个区域上连续涂敷一层粘合剂薄膜,然后用其将吸收组件连续地连接到阻碍箍条上。 For example, the film can be continuously coated with adhesive over the entire region of the connecting area, and then it is continuously connected with the absorbent assembly to the barrier cuff strips. 作为可选择的实施例,可在连接区的边界处和内侧间断地涂敷粘合剂,例如以点、带、珠、螺旋等形式,然后用其将吸收组件和阻碍箍条连接到一起。 As an alternative embodiment, the adhesive can be applied intermittently at the border and inside of the connecting region, for example, to the point, tape, beads, spiral, etc., and then connected together with its components, and impede the absorption hoop strip.

在某些实施方案中,一个或两个纵向延伸的连接区420可起到屏障的作用,该屏障可防止液体身体排泄物在远离吸收芯的方向上朝向尿布的相邻侧边137侧向流动。 In certain embodiments, one or two longitudinally extending connecting region 420 may function as a barrier, which barrier prevents the liquid bodily waste in a direction away from the absorbent core toward the adjacent side edges 137 of the diaper lateral flow . 例如,在一个实施方案中,下覆盖片25横向延伸出上覆盖片24,如在图4的示例性实施方案,并且下覆盖片25和每个阻碍箍条400均如上所述包括水不可渗透的层,此时起屏障作用的这种纵向延伸连接区可有效地捕集在尿布的下覆盖片、阻碍箍条和穿着者身体之间的液体身体排泄物。 For example, in one embodiment, the lower covering sheet 25 extends laterally on the cover sheet 24, as in the exemplary embodiment of FIG. 4, and the lower covering sheet 25 and each of the barrier cuff strips 400 are as described above include water-impermeable layer, then on this barrier longitudinally extending connecting region can be effectively trapped in the diaper cover sheet, a liquid body exudates hinder hoop strips and between the body of the wearer.

可将吸收芯在吸收芯的任何部分或整个区域上连接到下覆盖片上。 The absorbent core may be on any portion of or the entire region of the absorbent core is connected to the lower covering sheet. 优选地,按十字形连接图案,即按形成或布置成交叉或“+”形状的连接图案将吸收芯在其外表面上连接到下覆盖片上。 Preferably, according to the cross-shaped connection patterns, i.e. press formed or disposed in a cross or "+" is connected to the pattern shape of the absorbent core on its outer surface attached to the lower covering sheet. 十字形连接图案可为接触连接的,即其所有部分可以一种不间断的顺序在整个图案上接触或连接,或者可包括分离部分,从而不接触,但仍然布置得使整个图案呈十字形。 Cross connection patterns may be connected to the contact, i.e., all of its portions may be an uninterrupted sequence of contact over the entire pattern or connection, or may include a separation section, so as not to contact, but still be arranged such that the entire cross-shaped pattern. 在图16、图17和图18中显示了一种示例性接触的十字形连接图案210。 In Fig. 16, Fig. 17 and Fig. 18 shows an exemplary cross-shaped connection pattern 210 of the contact. 当采用粘合剂来连接时,按十字形连接图案比按更大范围的连接图案需要较少的粘合剂。 When using an adhesive to connect, according to the cross-shaped connection patterns according to a wider range than the connection pattern requires less adhesive. 另外,下覆盖片位于这样一个十字形连接图案外侧的部分不受与吸收芯连接的约束,并因此保持可延展性。 In addition, under the cover sheet located constraint such a cross section pattern is not connected to the outside of the absorbent core connection, and thus maintain scalability. 具体地讲,类似于图16和图18中所示的十字形连接图案210的较窄纵向延伸部分212使得前腰区36和后腰区38中的下覆盖片25的大部分宽度可自由延伸,从而允许下覆盖片25在这些区域中以横向沿展。 Specifically, the cross-shaped connecting pattern similar to Figure 16 and 18 shown in FIG. 210 narrow longitudinally extending portion 212 such that the front waist region 36 and the back waist region 38 of the lower most of the width of the cover sheet 25 may extend freely , thereby allowing lower covering sheet 25 in the lateral direction in these regions to show. 类似于图16和图17中所示的十字形连接图案210的相对较宽横向延伸部分214防止其中吸收芯250所连接的下覆盖片25在裆区37中的部分在那个区域中相对于吸收芯250移动。 Cross-shaped connection patterns similar to Figure 16 and 17 shown in a relatively wide laterally extending portion 210 is connected at 214 to prevent wherein the absorbent core 250 relative to the cover sheet 25 in the crotch portion 37 in that region for absorption 250 mobile core.

在十字形连接图案的范围内,可将吸收芯连续地或间断地连接到下覆盖片上。 Within the range of the cross-shaped connection patterns, the absorbent core can be continuously or intermittently attached to the lower covering sheet. 例如,可在十字形连接图案的整个区域上连续涂敷一层粘合剂薄膜,然后用其将吸收芯连续地连接到下覆盖片上。 For example, the adhesive can be continuously coated with a thin film on the entire area of the cross-shaped connection patterns, then the absorbent core which is continuously connected to the lower covering sheet. 作为一个可供选择的实施例,可在十字形连接图案的边界处和内侧间断地涂敷粘合剂,例如以点、带、珠、螺旋等形式,然后用其将吸收芯连接到下覆盖片上。 As an alternative embodiment, the adhesive may be applied intermittently in the cross-shaped connection patterns at the boundary and inside of, for example, points, belt, bead, spiral, etc., and then use it to connect to the lower absorbent core covered chip. 十字形连接图案的适合构型公开于2004年6月29日提交的美国专利申请10/880,128中。 U.S. Patent cross connection patterns for the configuration disclosed in June 29, 2004, filed 10 / 880,128 in.

吸收芯250包括用来吸收和保留液体身体排泄物的存储部件272。 The absorbent core 250 includes means for absorbing and retaining liquid body exudates, and storage means 272. 已知适用的吸收芯存储部件材料包括通常称作“透气毡”的细碎木浆形式的纤维素纤维、天然或合成纤维材料层或片、超吸收聚合物等等。 Known suitable absorbent core storage component material comprises generally referred to as "airfelt" in the form of finely divided wood pulp cellulosic fibers, natural or synthetic fibers or sheet material layers, superabsorbent polymers and the like. 这些吸收材料可单独或组合采用。 These absorbent materials may be used alone or in combination. 许多已知的吸收材料可以离散的形式,即以纤维、颗粒、微粒等形式使用。 Many known absorbent materials may be discrete form, i.e. fibers, granules, particles, etc. form. 这种离散形式的吸收材料可用粘合剂固定,所述粘合剂将离散的碎片粘到一起形成粘合的层、或者将离散的碎片粘在基底层上、或者使离散的碎片既彼此粘结又粘在基底层上。 Such a discrete form of absorbent material can be fixed with an adhesive, the adhesive will stick to the discrete pieces together to form an adhesive layer, or discrete pieces glued to the base layer, or both so that discrete pieces stick to each other Results also stick to the basal layer.

除了一个或多个存储部件之外,吸收芯还可包括采集部件。 In addition to one or more of the storage means, the absorbent core may also include a collection member. 吸收芯采集部件用来采集沉积的液体身体排泄物并将其传送到吸收芯存储部件。 The absorbent core acquisition component used to acquire deposited liquid bodily waste and transfer it to the absorbent core storage component. 任何吸收和分配液体身体排泄物至存储部件的多孔吸收材料均可用于形成采集部件。 Any absorption and distribution of the liquid body exudates to the storage member is a porous absorbent material can be used to form the acquisition component. 优选的采集部件材料包括合成纤维材料、开孔型聚合物泡沫材料、纤维非织造材料、纤维质非织造材料和合成/纤维质非织造材料的各种组合物。 Preferred collection means materials include synthetic fiber materials, open-celled polymeric foam materials, fibrous nonwoven materials, fibrous nonwoven materials and synthetic / various compositions fibrous nonwoven material. 例如,采集部件可由包括聚酯、聚丙烯和/或聚乙烯在内的合成纤维、包括棉花和/或纤维素在内的天然纤维、此类纤维的共混物或任何等价材料或材料组合物的非织造纤网材料制成。 For example, the acquisition component may be formed include polyesters, polypropylene and / or polyethylene, including synthetic fibers, natural fibers including cotton and / or cellulose, including, blends of these fibers, or any equivalent material or combination of materials nonwoven web material was made. 此类采集材料的实施例更全面地描述于1990年8月21日授予Osborn的美国专利4,950,264中。 Embodiments of such acquisition materials are more fully described in US patent issued to Osborn August 21, 1990 in 4,950,264. 适于本发明采集部件的高蓬松非织造采集材料可以材料命名代号98920购自位于美国新泽西州Landisville的Polymer Group,Inc.,(PGI),地址为450N.E.Blvd,Landisville,New Jersey 08326,USA。 Acquisition component of the present invention is suitable for high-loft nonwoven materials can be collected material named code 98920 was purchased from New Jersey Landisville of Polymer Group, Inc., (PGI), address 450N.E.Blvd, Landisville, New Jersey 08326, USA.

在图16、图17和图18中显示这样的吸收芯采集部件290覆盖在吸收芯存储部件272上的情形。 In Figure 16, Figure 17 and Figure 18 show such an absorbent core acquisition component 290 in the cover case 272 of the absorbent core storage component. 可将分隔片292(例如薄纸或非织造材料)设置在吸收芯存储部件272和吸收芯采集部件290之间,以帮助确保没有由超吸收聚合物形成的凝胶接触穿着者的皮肤。 The sheet 292 may be separated (e.g., a tissue or nonwoven material) is disposed between the absorbent core storage component 290 and the absorbent core acquisition component 272 to help ensure that the wearer does not contact the gel formed by a superabsorbent polymer skin. 此分隔片292可横向伸展出吸收芯250的侧边257,并且上覆盖片24可连接到分隔片292上。 The separator sheet 292 may extend laterally out of the side edges 257 of the absorbent core 250, and the cover sheet 24 may be attached to the separators 292. 在此布置中,沉积在上覆盖片24上的液体身体排泄物将透过上覆盖片24的厚度被吸收芯采集部件290所吸收,并且其一部分或全部可透过分隔片292的厚度,然后被吸收芯存储部件272吸收和保留。 In this arrangement, the liquid deposited on the cover sheet 24 on the body exudates will cover through the thickness of the sheet 24 is absorbed by the absorbent core acquisition component 290, and a part or all of the permeable separator sheet thickness of 292, and then The absorbent core storage component 272 is absorbed and retained.

如图19中所示,在一些示例实施方案中,吸收芯存储部件272可包括离散形式的吸收材料,该材料被固定在由一层热塑性材料形成的口袋中,该热塑性材料如热熔融的粘合剂,其间断地接触并粘附在基底片上,同时在口袋处从基底片脱离开。 19, in some exemplary embodiments, the absorbent core storage component 272 may include the discrete form of the absorbent material which is secured in a pocket formed by a layer of thermoplastic material, the thermoplastic materials such as hot melt adhesive in FIG. mixture, which intermittently contacts and adheres to the base sheet, while in a pocket open at the detachment from the base sheet. 具有此类结构并且适合于存储液体身体排泄物的吸收芯部件描述于同在申请中的普通转让美国专利申请10/776,839和10/776,851中,两者均以Ehrnsperger等人的名义提交于2004年2月11日。 Having such a structure and is adapted to store a liquid body exudates absorbent core components are described in general in the application with the transfer of U.S. Patent Application 10 / 776,839 and 10 / 776,851, and both in the name of Ehrnsperger et al., Filed in 2004 February 11. 在图19中显示具有如此结构的示例吸收芯存储部件272。 In the example shown in Figure 19 having such a structure of the absorbent core storage component 272. 在此吸收芯存储部件272中,超吸收聚合物的颗粒270包含在由热塑性材料层275形成的口袋280内。 In this absorbent core storage component 272, the superabsorbent polymer particles 270 contained within the pocket 275 formed by a layer of thermoplastic material 280. 吸收芯存储部件可包括超吸收聚合物和透气毡两种颗粒,并且这两种材料可被装在由热塑性材料层形成的口袋内部。 The absorbent core storage component may include a superabsorbent polymer and airfelt two types of particles, and the two materials may be installed in the pocket inside thermoplastic material layer is formed. 可供选择地,如图19中所示,示例吸收芯存储部件可不包含透气毡。 Alternatively, as shown in FIG. 19, an exemplary absorbent core storage component may comprise airfelt. 因此,为了使穿着者舒适,所述部件可以被做得相对较薄而且更柔软。 Therefore, in order to make the wearer comfortable, the member can be made relatively thinner and more flexible. 另外,在没有透气毡的情况下,超吸收聚合物颗粒可相对更容易地固定。 Further, in the absence of airfelt and superabsorbent polymer particles may be relatively more easily fixed. 如图19中所示,热塑性材料层275在连接区282间断地接触和粘附基底片274。 As shown, the thermoplastic material layer 19 275 282 intermittently contacts and adheres the base sheet 274 in the connecting region. 在连接区282之间,层275脱离基底片274形成口袋280。 Between the connecting region 282, layer 275 is formed from a base sheet 274 pocket 280. 层275可具有热塑性材料的纤维片形式,液体身体排泄物可透过所述热塑性材料的纤维片被超吸收聚合物的颗粒270所吸收。 Fibrous sheet 275 may have a form of a layer of thermoplastic material, a liquid body exudates can be superabsorbent polymer particles through the fibrous sheet 270 of thermoplastic material is absorbed.

在图19中显示一个单独的热塑层覆盖片276覆盖在热塑性材料层275之上的情形。 Shown in Figure 19, a separate thermoplastic layer covering sheet 276 overlies the case of thermoplastic material layer 275. 可供选择地,可省略单独的热塑层覆盖片276。 Alternatively, a separate thermoplastic layer may be omitted cover sheet 276. 作为另一个选择方案,除了省略热塑层覆盖片276之外,分别类似于如图19中所示的两个吸收芯存储部件可以与一个倒置的吸收芯存储部件进行叠加,这样使得各自的基底片在远侧彼此相对。 As another option, in addition to omitting the thermoplastic layer covering sheet 276 outside, respectively, similar to the two absorbent core storage component as shown in Fig 19 may communicate with one absorbent core storage component inverted superimposed, such that the respective substrate sheets distally oppose each other. 在这种吸收芯存储部件组合中,任一片或两片远侧相对的基底片可分别作为吸收组件的上覆盖片和/或下覆盖片。 In such a combination of absorbent core storage components, either one or both of the distally opposing substrate, respectively, can be used as the backsheet on absorbent assembly cover sheet and / or the lower covering sheet. 可供选择地,吸收组件可包括单独的下覆盖片和/或单独的上覆盖片。 Alternatively, the absorbent assembly may include a separate lower covering sheet and / or a separate upper covering sheet.

吸收组件可包括一个由薄膜或其它水不可渗透的材料制成的附加底片,以增强防渗漏保护。 The absorbent assembly may include a film or by other additional water-impermeable backsheet material, to enhance the protection against leakage. 例如,如图20中所示,一个由薄膜或其它水不可渗透的材料制成的附加底片226可以在下覆盖片25和吸收芯250之间被连接到吸收组件内。 For example, as shown in FIG 20, attached by a backsheet film or other water-impermeable material 226 may cover the lower sheet 25 and the absorbent core 250 is connected to the absorbent assembly. 可供选择地,可将附加底片连接到吸收组件的下覆盖片外表面上。 Alternatively, the connection may be attached to the backsheet of the absorbent assembly outer surface of the cover sheet. 如图20中所示,该附加底片以横向延伸可不如吸收组件200的一个或两个侧边237延伸得那么远,或者该附加底片可横向延伸到与吸收组件的一个或两个侧边重叠。 Shown in Figure 20, the additional backsheet extending transversely to the absorbent assembly may be inferior to one or both sides of 237 200 extends that far, the additional backsheet or laterally extensible and the absorbent assembly to one or both sides overlapping .

在将这样一个附加底片连接在下覆盖片和吸收芯之间的吸收组件内侧时,可将附加底片以类似于图16中所示的十字形连接图案连接到下覆盖片上,因而使得位于十字形连接图案外部的下覆盖片部分不受与附加底片连接的限制,并允许这些部分为可延展的。 When the backsheet such an additional absorbent assembly connecting the lower inner cover sheet and the absorbent core between the backsheet may be attached to the cross-shaped connection pattern similar to Figure 16 shown connected to the lower cover sheet, thereby making the cross-shaped connector located Under the restriction pattern exterior cover sheet portion from the film with additional connections, and allows these parts to be extended. 例如,在图20中显示了这样一个十字形连接图案的横向延伸部分214。 For example, in Figure 20 shows such a laterally extending portion 214 of cross-shaped connection patterns.

可供选择地或另外,在此实施方案中的附加底片可以这样的十字形连接图案连接到吸收芯上,因而使得位于十字形连接图案外部的附加底片部分不受与吸收芯连接所限制,并因此允许这些部分为可延展的。 Alternatively or additionally, in this embodiment an additional backsheet can be a cross-shaped connection patterns connected to the absorbent core, thus making additional backsheet portion is located outside the cross-shaped connection patterns is not limited to the absorbent core, and therefore allowing these portions to be extensible. 在这样一个实施方案中,即使将附加底片以不同于十字形的图案连接到下覆盖片上,下覆盖片也不受吸收芯的间接约束并因此允许其为可延展的。 In such an embodiment, even if the additional backsheet indirect constraints different from the cross-shaped pattern is connected to the lower cover sheet, the cover sheet is also not under the absorbent core and therefore allowing it to be extensible.

制品形状描述成品尿布可具有如图1和图2中所示的示例性尿布20的大致矩形形状。 Shape of the article describes the finished diaper may have a generally rectangular shape in the exemplary diaper shown in Fig. 1 and 2 in FIG. 20. 这样一种大致矩形构型可能是可取的,使废料量和与尿布20制造有关的难度降至最低。 Such a generally rectangular configuration may be desirable, and so the amount of waste associated with the manufacture of the diaper 20 to minimize the difficulty. 可供选择地,尿布可以具有不为直线形的侧边137,而为曲线和/或锯齿形状,从而使尿布20在平面图中的整个形状为沙漏形或“I”字形。 Alternatively, the diaper may have a non-rectilinear sides 137, and for the curve and / or zigzag shape, so that the overall shape of diaper 20 in a plan view of an hourglass-shaped or "I" shape. 这样一种非矩形构型可能是可取的,使尿布20在被穿着时具有简洁合体的外观。 Such a non-rectangular configuration may be desirable, the diaper 20 has a simple appearance when the assembly is worn. 这样一种非矩形构型也可能是可取的,使尿布20看起来会舒适地贴合在穿着者的大腿之间。 Such a non-rectangular configuration may be desirable, the diaper 20 will look comfortably fit between the wearer's thighs.

可以很多熟悉方法中的任何一种实现尿布的非矩形构型。 Many methods can be any one familiar to achieve a non-rectangular configuration of the diaper. 例如,可从尿布中去掉横向远侧部分,使其在横向轴线44处或邻近处的横向尺寸小于其在前腰边缘436处和邻近处的横向尺寸,并且小于其在后腰边缘438处或近旁的横向尺寸,即,使尿布在裆区37比在腰部边缘处更窄。 For example, laterally distal portions can be removed from the diaper, so that the transverse dimension of the transverse axis 44 at or near 436 and smaller than its lateral dimension at the front waist edge adjacent to, and smaller than that in the back waist edge 438 or lateral dimension in the vicinity of, i.e., to make the diaper narrower in the crotch region 37 than at the waist edges. 在图21中显示了尿布的这样一种非矩形构型的示例形式。 Shows an example of a non-rectangular configuration of the diaper so form in FIG. 21. 如该图中所示,可移除阻碍箍条400的部分,以形成横向相对的侧凹口111a和111b。 As shown in this figure, the removable portion 400 of the barrier cuff strip to form laterally opposing side notches 111a and 111b.

所有公开的专利、专利申请和任何此后公布的相关专利与任何相应公布的外国专利申请以及此说明中列出和/或引用的所有出版物均全文引入本文以供参考。 All published patents, patent applications and any related patents issued thereafter and any corresponding foreign patent applications published and listed in this description and / or all of the publications cited are incorporated herein by reference. 但这并不是明确地承认引入本文以供参考的任何文献或任何文献组合是解释或公开了本发明。 But that is not expressly recognize any of the documents incorporated herein by reference, or any combination of literature is to explain or disclose the present invention.

虽然已用具体实施方案和/或个性特征来说明和描述了本发明,但对于本领域的技术人员显而易见的是,在不背离本发明的精神和保护范围的情况下可作出许多其它的变化和修改。 Although particular embodiments and / or individual features to the present invention is illustrated and described, but apparent to those skilled in this art that, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention may be made of many other changes and modifications. 此外,应该清楚所述实施方案和特征的所有组合均是可能的,并且可得到本发明的优选实施。 In addition, it should be clear that all combinations of the embodiments and features of programs are possible, and to obtain a preferred embodiment of the present invention. 因此,以下权利要求书旨在包括属于本发明范围内的所有这些变化和修改。 Thus, the following claims are intended to include all such changes and modifications belong within the scope of the present invention.

Classifications
International ClassificationA61F13/15
Cooperative ClassificationA61F13/49019, A61F13/4942
European ClassificationA61F13/494A1A, A61F13/49D2F
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
15 Aug 2007C06Publication
10 Oct 2007C10Request of examination as to substance
19 May 2010C14Granted