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Publication numberCN100376093 C
Publication typeGrant
Application numberCN 200410043473
Publication date19 Mar 2008
Filing date19 Dec 1999
Priority date12 Jan 1999
Also published asCA2363831A1, CA2363831C, CN1157022C, CN1333963A, CN1545246A, DE69933700D1, DE69933700T2, EP1145494A2, EP1145494B1, US6473608, US6985713, US7006815, US7257724, US7327743, US7421290, US7437217, US7813752, US8559996, US9606596, US20020191553, US20030036819, US20040266492, US20050003795, US20050041800, US20050049758, US20060091865, US20070135155, US20140018970, US20170060228, WO2000041496A2, WO2000041496A3
Publication number200410043473.6, CN 100376093 C, CN 100376093C, CN 200410043473, CN-C-100376093, CN100376093 C, CN100376093C, CN200410043473, CN200410043473.6
Inventors伊伦·耶许俄斯, 大卫·平库鲁, 都尔·寇尔卡利滋, 阿米尔·利尔
Applicant袍尔得辛有限公司
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: SIPO, Espacenet
LAN, switch, switching method, and method for service node
CN 100376093 C
Abstract  translated from Chinese
本发明提供局域网络切换器、局域网络和服务局域网络节点的方法及其局域网络提供电力的方法。 The present invention provides a local area network switches, methods and LAN LAN LAN nodes and service providing method electricity. 其中局域网络切换器服务于若干个局域网络节点,若干个局域网络节点经由通信电缆线连接至切换器,局域网络切换器包括:耦合电路,电流限制电路,以及电力管理与控制单元,其中,所述局域网络切换器经由所述通信电缆线向若干个局域网络节点中的至少一个节点提供至少一些电力。 Wherein the local area network switch serving a number of local area network nodes, number of nodes connected to the local area network switch via a communication cable, LAN switch comprising: a coupling circuit, current limiting circuit, and a power management control unit, wherein, the said local area network switch to provide power to at least some of the plurality of local area network nodes via at least one node of said communication cable. 所述局域网络包括:局域网络节点;局域网络切换器;以及通信电缆线,局域网络切换器经由所述通信电缆线向若干个局域网络节点中的一些节点提供一些电力。 The local area network comprising: a local area network nodes; LAN switch; and a communication cable, LAN switches provide power to a plurality of local area network nodes of some node via the communication cable.
Claims(18)  translated from Chinese
1.一种局域网络切换器,其服务于若干个局域网络节点,所述若干个局域网络节点经由通信电缆线连接至该切换器,以提供数据通信,所述局域网络切换器包括: 耦合电路,用于将电力耦接至通信电缆线,而实际上不干扰数据通信; 电流限制电路,其连接至所述耦合电路并控制由所述耦合电路传输至通信电缆线的电流,所述电流限制电路提供一从未被超过的第一电流限制电平和一在超过一预定的时期上未被超过的第二电流限制电平;以及电力管理与控制单元,该单元询问它意欲通过通信电缆线向其传输电力的至少一个节点,以检测该节点的特征是否允许其接收经过通信电缆线的电力; 其中,所述局域网络切换器经由所述通信电缆线向若干个局域网络节点中的至少一个节点提供至少一些电力。 A local area network switches, which serve a number of local area network nodes, the number of local area network nodes via a communication cable is connected to the switch, to provide data communications, the local area network switch comprising: a coupling circuit for the power coupled to the communication cable, and in fact it does not interfere with data communications; current limiting circuit, connected to said coupling circuit and the coupling circuit by a control current transmitted to the communication cable, the current limit circuit provides a first current never exceeded a limit on the level exceeds a predetermined period of time is not more than a second current limit level; and a power management and control unit, which it intended to ask through the communication cable to at least one node transmitting power to detect whether the node's characteristics allow it to receive power via the communication cable; wherein said local area network switch to at least one node via the communication cable several LAN nodes providing at least some of the power.
2、 如权利要求l所述的局域网络切换器,其特征在于,所述电流限制电路经由滤波电路连接至所述耦合电路。 2, such as local area network switch as claimed in claim l, wherein said current limiting circuit is connected to the coupling circuit via a filter circuit.
3、 如权利要求l所述的局域网络切换器,其特征在于,所述局域网络切换器用于提供响应于所述询问的所述至少一些电力。 3, such as local area network switch according to claim l, characterized in that at least some of said local area network switch for supplying power in response to the inquiry.
4、 如权利要求l所述的局域网络切换器,其特征在于,对至少一个节点的所述询问包括测量被询问的节点的电压以及检测是否该测量的电压超过一预定的阈值。 4, such as LAN switch according to claim l, characterized in that said at least one node includes measuring the voltage of the inquiry being interrogated node and detecting whether the measured voltage exceeds a predetermined threshold value.
5、 —种局域网络,包括: 若干个局域网络节点; 局域网络切换器;以及通信电缆线,其将所述若干个节点连接至所述切换器,以提供数据通信;所述局域网络切换器经由所述通信电缆线向所述若干个局域网络节点中的至少一些节点提供至少一些电力,所述局域网络切换器包括:耦合电路,用于将电力耦接至通信电缆线,而实际上不干扰数据通信;电流限制电路,其连接至所述耦合电路并控制由所述耦合电路传输至通信电缆线的电流,所述电流限制电路提供一从未被超过的第一电流限制电平和一在超过一预定的时期上未被超过的第二电流限制电平;以及电力管理与控制单元,该单元询问它意欲通过通信电缆线向其传输电力的至少一个节点,以检测该节点的特征是否允许其接收经过通信电缆线的电力。 5, - kind of local area network, comprising: a plurality of local area network nodes; LAN switch; and a communication cable, which is connected to said plurality of nodes to said switch, to provide a data communication; the local area network switch providing via the communication cable to the plurality of local area network nodes at least some of the nodes at least some of the electric power, the local area network switch comprising: a coupling circuit for coupling the power cable to the communication, without actually interference data communication; current limiting circuit, connected to said coupling circuit and the coupling circuit is controlled by the transmission to the communication cable current, the current limiting circuit providing a first current never exceeds a limit level in On more than one predetermined time limit is not exceeded the second current level; and a power management and control unit, which it intended to ask the communications cable through at least one node to its transmission power to detect a characteristic of the node is allowed which receives electricity via a communication cable.
6. 如权利要求5所述网络,其特征在于,所述电流限制电路经由滤波电路连接至所述耦合电路。 6. A network according to claim 5, characterized in that said current limiting circuit is connected to the coupling circuit via a filter circuit.
7. 如权利要求5所述的局域网络,其特征在于,对至少一个节点的所述询问包括测量跨过与被询问的节点连接的通信电缆线的电压以及检测是否该测量的电压超过一预定的阈值。 7. A local area network according to claim 5, characterized in that said at least one node includes measuring the voltage across the inquiry being interrogated node connected to the communication cable and detecting whether the measured voltage exceeds a predetermined threshold.
8. 如权利要求7所述的局域网络,其特征在于,其被测量的电压超过预定的阈值的节点被标记为外部电压供给节点。 8. The local area network as claimed in claim 7, characterized in that it is the measured voltage exceeds a predetermined threshold value node is marked as an external voltage supply node.
9. 如权利要求5所述的局域网络,其特征在于,所述局域网络切换器用于响应于所述询问提供所述至少一些电力。 9. A local area network according to claim 5, characterized in that at least some of the local electricity network switch in response to the inquiry for providing said.
10. —种局域网络切换器向若干个局域网络节点中的至少一些节点提供至少一些电力的方法,所述若干个局域网络节点经由通信电缆线连接至所述切换器以提供数据通信,该方法包括:询问它意欲通过通信电缆线向其传输电力的至少一个节点,以检测该节点的特征是否允许其接收经过通信电缆线的电力;将电力耦接至通信电缆线,而实际上不干扰数据通信;以及控制由耦接步骤传输至通信电缆线的电流,包括提供一从未被超过的第一电流限制电平和一在超过一预定的时期上未被超过的第二电流限制电平,从而经由所述通信电缆线向所述若干个节点中的至少一些节点提供至少一些电力。 10. - Species LAN switch provides power to at least some of the plurality of methods LAN nodes at least some of the nodes, the number of local area network nodes via a communication cable is connected to the switch to provide a data communication, the method comprising: inquiry through the communication cable which is intended to at least one node to which the transmission power, characterized in that in order to detect whether the node allow it to receive power via the communication cable; power coupled to the communication cable, and in fact does not interfere with data communications; and controlling transmission by the coupling step to the current communication cable, comprising providing a first current is never exceeded a limit on the level exceeds a predetermined period of not more than a second current limit level, so providing at least some of the power to the plurality of nodes at least some of the nodes via the communication cable.
11. 如权利要求io所述的方法,其特征在于,所述将电力耦接至通信电缆线的步骤响应于所述询问来实现。 11. The method as recited in claim io, characterized in that said electric power is coupled to the cable communication step in response to the inquiry to achieve.
12. 如权利要求10所述的方法,其特征在于,还包括经由滤波电路将执行所述电流控制的电流限制电路连接至执行所述电力耦接的耦合电路。 12. The method according to claim 10, characterized in that, further comprising a filter circuit to perform current via the current limiting circuit is connected to control the implementation of the power coupled to the coupling circuit.
13. 如权利要求10所述的方法,其特征在于,对至少一个节点的所述询问包括:测量被询问的节点的电压;以及检测是否该测量的电压超过一预定的阈值。 13. The method according to claim 10, characterized in that said at least one query node comprising: measuring the voltage of the node being interrogated; and detecting whether the measured voltage exceeds a predetermined threshold value.
14. 一种服务局域网络节点的方法,包括:提供若干个局域网络节点、局域网络切换器以及将所述若干个节点连接至所述切换器以提供数据通信的通信电缆线,所述局域网络切换器用于经由所述通信电缆线向所述若干个节点中的至少一些节点提供至少一些电力;询问意欲通过通信电缆线向其传输电力的至少一个节点,以检测该节点的特征是否允许其接收经过通信电缆线的电力;将电力耦接至通信电缆线,而实际上不干扰数据通信;以及控制由耦合电路传输至通信电缆线的电流,包括提供一从未被超过的第一电流限制电平和一在超过一预定的时期上未被超过的第二电流限制电平。 14. A local area network service node, comprising: providing a plurality of LAN nodes, LAN switches, and the number of nodes connected to the switch to provide a data communication cable communication, a local area network switch for supplying power to at least some of the plurality of nodes at least some of the nodes via said communication cable; inquiry via the communication cable is intended to at least one node to which the power transmission to detect whether the node's characteristics allow it to receive Communication via the power cable; power coupled to the communication cable, and in fact does not interfere with data communication; and a control circuit coupled to the transmission by the current communication cable, comprising providing a first current never exceeds the slicing on more than one level and a predetermined period of time not exceeding the second current limit level.
15. 如权利要求14所述的方法,其特征在于,还包括经由滤波电路将执行所述电流控制的电流限制电路连接至执行所述电力耦接的耦合电路。 15. The method according to claim 14, characterized in that, further comprising a filter circuit to perform current via the current limiting circuit is connected to control the implementation of the power coupled to the coupling circuit.
16. 如权利要求15所述的方法,其特征在于,所述询问包括-测量跨过与被询问的节点连接的通信电缆线的电压;以及检测是否该测量的电压超过一预定的阈值。 16. The method according to claim 15, characterized in that the interrogator comprises - measuring the voltage across the node is asked to connect the communication cable; and detecting whether the measured voltage exceeds a predetermined threshold value.
17. 如权利要求16所述的方法,其特征在于,其被测量的电压超过一预定的阈值的节点被标记为外部电压供给节点。 17. The method according to claim 16, characterized in that it is the measured voltage exceeds a predetermined threshold, the node is marked as an external voltage supply node.
18. 如权利要求14所述的方法,其特征在于,所述将电力耦接至通信电缆线的步骤响应于所述询问来实现。 18. The method according to claim 14, wherein said step of coupling the power cable connected to the communication line in response to the inquiry to achieve.
Description  translated from Chinese

局域网络及切换器、用于切换器的方法、服务节点的方法本申请为是申请号为99815577.2、申请日为1999年12月19日、 发明名称为"结构式电缆线系统改良"的发明专利的分案申请。 Local area networks and switches, the method for switching the service node This application is yes Application No. 99815577.2, filed on December 19, 1999, titled "Improvement of structure cable system," the invention patent divisional application. 技术领域本发明涉及局域网络,具体涉及局域网络切换器、局域网络和服务局域网络节点的方法及其局域网络提供电力的方法。 TECHNICAL FIELD The present invention relates to a local area network, in particular to local area network switches, and local area network LAN method and service providing method LAN node power. 背景技术结构式电缆线系统经常被用在公共设施之基础建设中。 BACKGROUND formula cable systems are often used in the infrastructure of public facilities. 此类系统提供标准化但具弹性的平台供动态通信环境使用。 Such a system provides a standardized but flexible platform for dynamic communications environment. 通常,结构式电缆线系统使用依照预定标准安装的双扭铜线。 Typically, structure cable system using twisted-pair copper wire installed in accordance with predetermined criteria. 结构式电缆线系统以往是用于电话、数据通信、以及用于警报、安全保护与存取控制等用途。 The formula is a conventional cable system for telephone and data communication, as well as for alarms, security protection and access control applications. 现行建构的基础设施构成乙太网络(Ethernet)局域网络(LAN)与广域网络(WAN),以于网络器件间传输与配送高位元率数据通信信号。 Construction of the infrastructure existing Ethernet network configuration (Ethernet) local area network (LAN) and wide area network (WAN), network devices with in between transmission and distribution of high bit rate data communications signal. 网络器件或元件可包括中枢、切换器,接线桥、路由器、互连设备、随网络界面卡(NIC)配备之各种器件、数据伺服器、桌上型个人电脑、手提式电脑、及其他各种网络设备。 Network devices or components may include a hub, switch, wiring bridge, router, interconnecting devices, network interface cards with various devices (NIC) with the data server, desktop PC, laptop computer, and other various kind of network equipment. 其中,所有这些器件之共同点在于它们全都需要电力以便操作。 Among them, all of these devices have in common is that they all require electricity to operate. 在每种情况中,这些器件消耗的电力都由内部或外部蓄电池供应,或由电力事业提供的交流电(AC)动力供应。 In each case, these devices consume electricity supplied by an internal or external batteries, or AC (AC) power supply provided by the electric utility. 今日,所有非自动馈电的网络基本器件,亦即,包括内部或外部蓄电池,除了需要一或多个网络接线外,还需要连接一电力源。 Today, all non-essential devices automatic network feed, that is, including internal or external batteries, in addition to one or more network connection, you also need to connect a power source. 网络器件需与电力源连接的条件,使其安装复杂化并增加其成本。 Conditions required network device with the power source connected to the complexity of installation and increase its cost. 此外,此一条件使网络元件的位置受限于有电力接线与数据网络接线的位置。 In addition, this condition allows network element position is limited to positional power wiring and data network wiring. 最后, 必须建立与维持二个都与网络器件连接的个别网络。 Finally, we must establish and maintain a network of two individual devices are connected to the network. 其中一网络供应配电,另一网络则提供与数据通信网络的连接。 Wherein a supply of the power distribution network, another network is provided with a data communication network. 此外,为了让网络器件在局部或完全停电或断电时仍可操作,每一网络器件必须如入一内部蓄电池备用系统,或须连接一不断电电源供应器(UPS)。 In addition, in order to make the network devices partial or complete power failure or power outage is still operating, each network device must be like entering an internal battery backup system, or be connected with an uninterruptible power supply (UPS). 依照用途而定,诸如与IP或局域网络(LAN)电话一同使用时, 在建物断电期间必须操作的网络器件之数目,可能非常高。 In accordance with the purposes set, such as when the IP or local network (LAN) phones used together, the number of network devices off during the construction was necessary to operate, it may be very high. 因此,最好能使每一种非蓄电池操作之网络器件,除了与一网络连线外,不再需要连接交流电公用电力源(亦即标准的AC电插座)。 Therefore, the best possible for the network devices of each of the non-battery operation, in addition to a network connection, eliminating the need to connect the AC utility power source (ie a standard AC electrical outlet). 如此可显著减少电缆、AC插座与相关接线的数目,因而简化网络器件的安装。 So can significantly reduce cable, AC socket number associated with wiring, which simplifies installation network device. 此外,如此也可提供成本经济的手段对多重网络器件提供一不断电电源。 In addition, this may also provide a means for multi-network cost-device provides an uninterrupted power supply. 在此必须指出的是,原先设计的数据通信网络基础设备,是为了最有效地用于传送高带宽低功率数据通信信号而非输送电力。 It must be noted that the original design of the data communications network infrastructure equipment is to be used most effectively deliver high-bandwidth low-power data communication signals instead of transfer of power. IEEE 802.3 标准规定,用传输电缆输送的电压必须参照其两端的接地加以绝缘并平衡。 IEEE 802.3 standard specifies voltage transmission cable with reference ground transportation must be insulated at both ends and balance. 第3到第5类局域网络电缆、RJ-45连接器、网络器件之线路界面、 以及网络内所有与IEEE 802.3相容之器件,其原先设计的电力传输量, 均不足以操作绝大部份网络器件。 Category 3 to 5 LAN cable, RJ-45 connector, line interface of network components, and all IEEE 802.3 compatible devices within the network, the amount of electricity transmitted its original design, are insufficient to operate the vast majority Network devices. 因此,任何欲使用局域网络基础设备同时解决配电与提供网络数据通信的方案,都应提出以下各点:(l)利用局域网络基础设备配电时,不得增加网络位元错误率(bit error rate, BER)超过允许程度,亦不得以任何方式干扰正常数据通信;(2)局域网络基础设备上的电力不得对使用者及网络维护人员有造成任何伤害或危险的可能性;(3)局域网络基础设备上的电力,对于并非设计为从数据通信网络接收电力的标准局域网络设备,不得有害或造成损坏;以及(4)数据通信网络上的电力增加,不得降低网络的可靠性。 Therefore, any person who wishes to use the local network infrastructure while addressing the distribution network and provide data communication program, the following points should be made: when (l) the use of local area network infrastructure and distribution, shall not increase the network bit error rate (bit error rate, BER) exceeds the permissible level, nor in any way interfere with the normal data communication; (2) electricity infrastructure on the local area network users and network maintenance shall not cause any harm to personnel or the possibility of risk; (3) local area network Electricity on the network infrastructure, for not designed to receive power from a standard local area network data communications network equipment may not be harmful or damage; and (4) of electric power on the data communications network, can not reduce the reliability of the network. 技术界中已有利用电力网络传送数据通信信号的系统。 Technical community already using the system of power network to transmit data communication signals. 输电线载体系统已为人熟知,且其功能可将相当高频的数据信号叠置在低频电力电缆线上。 Transmission line carrier system has been well known, and its functionality can be quite high frequency data signal superimposed on low-power cable line. 然而这些系统之设计原是为了在输电线上操作,而输电线与局域网络相当不同。 However, these systems it was originally designed to operate on power lines, and power lines and local area networks are quite different. 局域网络介质之设计与结构是为了传送数据通信信号。 The design and structure of the LAN medium for transmitting data communication signals. 因此,其电缆、连接器、线路界面电路及终端器件之设计,并非用来处理高电量。 Therefore, its cables, connectors, terminal line interface circuit and the design of the device is not used to handle high power. 这与在输电线网络上叠置低能量(low energy level)数据通信信号相当不同。 This is superimposed on the transmission line network of low energy (low energy level) data communication signals are quite different. 图25为一方块图,显示一先前技术数据通信网络之范例,其中之网络器件是耦接于公共AC主电源。 Figure 25 is a block diagram showing one example of prior art data communication network, wherein the network device is coupled to the common AC mains supply. 此例之网络是用来举例说明局域网络环境中通常可见到的各种网络元件。 In this case the network is used to illustrate the various network components LAN environment usually seen. 此网络概括标号为3010,其包括一WAN 及/或局域网络结合体中枢3012,此中枢与一IP电话伺服器3014及/或一个或多个其他服务提供者3015耦接,也与一局域网络接线桥/路由器3016耦接。 This network summarized designated 3010, which includes a WAN and / or combination of local area network hub 3012, this hub and an IP telephony server 3014 and / or one or more other service providers 3015 is coupled also with a local area network Wiring bridge / router 3016 is coupled. 局域网络接线桥/路由器3016则经由电插头3022连接一AC 电力源。 LAN wiring bridge / router 3016 connected to an AC power source via an electrical plug 3022. IP电话伺服器3014的功能是提供电话服务给若千个网际网络或IP电话3052、 3036、 3028。 IP telephony server 3014 function is to provide telephone services to if one thousand Internet or IP phones 3052, 3036, 3028. 局域网络接线桥/路由器3016与二个局域网络中枢或切换器3018、 3020耦接。 LAN wiring bridge / router 3016 and two local area network hub or switch 3018, 3020 coupled. IP电话3028、 3036,膝上型或其他手提型电脑3032及桌上型电脑3040经由网络数据接线3031与局域网络中枢/切换器3018耦接。 IP Phone 3028, 3036, laptop or other portable computers and desktop computers 3040 3032 3031 wiring and LAN hub / switch 3018 is coupled via a network data. 局域网络中枢/切换器3018则经由电插头3024连接一个别的AC电力源。 LAN hub / switch 3018 connected to an AC power source other via electrical plug 3024. IP电话3028、 3036,手提型电脑3032及桌上型电脑3040分别经由电插头3030、 3038、 3034、 3042连接一AC电力源。 IP Phone 3028, 3036, 3032 portable computers and desktop computers are connected to a 3040 AC power source via an electrical plug 3030, 3038, 3034, 3042. 局域网络中枢/切换器3020也经由电插头3026与个别的AC电力源连接。 LAN hub / switch 3020 is also connected with individual AC power source via an electrical plug 3026. 一摄录影机3044(例如标准型摄录影机或Web摄影机)、手提型电脑3048及IP电话机3052经由网络数据专用接线3047与局域网络中枢/ 切换器3020联结。 A camcorder 3044 (such as standard camcorder or Web camera), laptop computers and IP telephones 3048 3052 3047 dedicated data via a network connection and LAN hub / switch 3020 links. 摄录影机3044、手提型电脑3048及IP电话机3052 分别经由电插头3046、 3050、 3054连接一AC电力源。 3044 camcorders, portable computers and IP phones 3048 through 3052 were electrical plugs 3046, 3050, 3054 connecting an AC power source. 从以上可以发现,每一网络器件需要一个个别的数据通信接线并与一电力源连接。 From the above can be found, each network device requires a separate data communications wiring and connected to a power source. 数据网络接线是以正常方式使用标准局域网络电缆线连接习式中枢、切换器、路由器等。 Data network wiring is in a normal manner using a standard LAN cable to connect the learning style hub, switches, routers. 电力是经由若干个AC主电源插座供应至每一网络器件。 Power is supplied via a number of AC mains socket to each network device. 因此,每一网络器件必须设置至少二个公用电力接线器, 一个连接数据通信网络,第二个连接AC电力网络。 Thus, each network device must be provided with at least two utility power connector, a data communication network connection, the second connection AC power network. 发明内容鉴于上述情况提出本发明。 In view of the above circumstances of the present invention.

根据本发明的一个方面,提供一种局域网络切换器,其服务于若干个局域网络节点,所述若干个局域网络节点经由通信电缆线连接至该切换器,以提供数据通信,所述局域网络切换器包括:耦合电路,用于将电力耦接至通信电缆线,而实际上不干扰数据通信;电流限制电路,其连接至所述耦合电路并控制经由所述耦合电路传输至通信电缆线的电流,所述电流限制电路提供一从未被超过的第一电流限制电平和一在超过一预定的时期上未被超过的第二电流限制电平;以及电力管理与控制单元,其询问它意欲通过通信电缆线向其传输电力的至少一个节点,以检测该节点的特征是否允许其接收经过通信电缆线的电力;其中,所述局域网络切换器经由所述通信电缆线向若干个局域网络节点中的至少一个节点提供至少一些电力。 According to one aspect of the present invention, there is provided a local area network switches, which serve a number of local area network nodes, the number of local area network nodes are connected via a communication cable to the switch, to provide data communications, the local area network the switch comprising: a coupling circuit for coupling the power cable to the communication, without actually interfering with the data communication; current limiting circuit, connected to said coupling circuit and the control circuit is coupled via the transmission to the communication cable current, the current limiting circuit provides a first current is never exceeded a limit on the level exceeds a predetermined period of not more than a second current limit level; and a power management and control unit, which it intended to ask via a communication cable to transmit power thereto at least one node, the node feature to detect whether to allow it to receive power via the communication cable; wherein said local area network switch to several LAN nodes via the communication cable providing at least one node in at least some of the power. 如上所述的网络,其中所述电流限制电路经由滤波电路连接至所述耦合电路。 Network as described above, wherein said current limiting circuit is connected to the coupling circuit via a filter circuit. 如上所述的网络,其中所述局域网络切换器用于提供响应于所述询问的所述至少一些电力。 Network as described above, wherein said local area network switch in response to the inquiry for providing at least some of the power. 如上所述的局域网络,其中对至少一个节点的所述询问包括测量被询问的节点的电压并检测是否该测量的电压超过一预定的阈值。 Local area network as described above, wherein said at least one node includes measuring the voltage interrogation interrogated node and detects whether or not the measured voltage exceeds a predetermined threshold value. 本发明还提供一种局域网络,包括:若干个局域网络节点; 一局域网络切换器;以及通信电缆线,其连接所述若干个节点至所述切换器, 以提供数据通信;所述局域网络切换器经由所述通信电缆线向所述若干个局域网络节点中的至少一些节点提供至少一些电力,所述局域网络切换器包括:耦合电路,用于将电力耦接至通信电缆线,而实际上不干扰数据通信;电流限制电路,其连接至所述耦合电路并控制经由所述耦合电路传输至通信电缆线的电流,所述电流限制电路提供一从未被超过的第一电流限制电平和一在超过一预定的时期上未被超过的第二电流限制电平;以及电力管理与控制单元,其询问它意欲通过通信电缆线向其传输电力的至少一个节点,以检测该节点的特征是否允许其接收经过通信电缆线的电力。 The present invention also provides a local area network, comprising: a plurality of local area network nodes; a local area network switch; and a communication cable, the number of nodes connected to the switch, to provide a data communication; the local area network switch provides communication via the cable to the plurality of local area network nodes at least some of the nodes at least some of the electric power, the local area network switch comprising: a coupling circuit for coupling electrical power to the communication cable, the actual does not interfere with the data communication; current limiting circuit, connected to said coupling circuit and the control circuit is coupled via a current transmitted to the communication cable, the current limit circuit providing a first current never exceeds the limit level On more than a predetermined period of time not exceeding one second current limit level; and a power management and control unit, which it intends to ask the communications cable through at least one node to its transmission power to detect whether the node feature allowing it to receive power via the communication cable. 如上所述网络,其中所述电流限制电路经由滤波电路连接至所述耦合电路。 As described above the network, wherein said current limiting circuit is connected to the coupling circuit via a filter circuit. 如上所述的局域网络,其中对至少一个节点的所述询问包括测量跨过与被询问的节点连接的通信电缆线的电压并检测是否该测量的电压超过一预定的阈值。 Local area network as described above, wherein the at least one query node includes measuring the voltage across the node is asked to connect the communication cable and detects whether the measured voltage exceeds a predetermined threshold value. 如上所述的局域网络,其中被测量的电压超过预定的阈值的节点被标记为外部电压供给节点。 Local area network as described above, wherein the measured voltage exceeds a predetermined threshold value node is marked as an external voltage supply node. 如上所述的局域网络,其中所述局域网络切换器用于提供响应于所述询问的所述至少一些电力。 Local area network as described above, wherein said local area network switch in response to the inquiry for providing at least some of the power. 本发明还提供一种局域网络切换器向若干个局域网络节点中的至少一些节点提供至少一些电力的方法,所述若干个局域网络节点经由通信电缆线连接至所述切换器以提供数据通信,该方法包括:询问其意欲通过通信电缆线向其传输电力的至少一个节点,以检测该节点的特征是否允许其接收经过通信电缆线的电力;将电力耦接至通信电缆线,而实际上不干扰数据通信;以及控制经由耦接步骤传输至通信电缆线的电流, 包括提供一从未被超过的第一电流限制电平和一在超过一预定的时期上未被超过的第二电流限制电平,从而经由所述通信电缆线向所述若干个节点中的至少一些节点提供至少一些电力。 The present invention also provides a local area network switch to provide power to at least some of the plurality of methods LAN nodes at least some of the nodes, the number of local area network nodes via a communication cable is connected to the switch to provide data communications, The method comprises: inquiry through the communication cable which is intended to at least one node to which the transmission power, characterized in that in order to detect whether the node allow it to receive power via the communication cable; power coupled to the communication cable, without actually interference data communication; and control the transmission via coupling step to current communication cable, comprising providing a first current is never exceeded a limit on the level exceeds a predetermined period of not more than a second current limit level thereby providing at least some of the power to the plurality of nodes at least some of the nodes via the communication cable. 如上所述的方法,其中所述将电力耦接至通信电缆线的步骤响应所述询问而完成。 The method as described above, wherein said step of power coupled to the communication cable and complete response to the inquiry. 如上所述的方法,其中还包括经由滤波电路将执行所述电流控制的电流限制电路连接至执行所述电力耦接的耦合电路。 The method described above, further comprising a filter circuit performs the electric current through the current limiting circuit is connected to control the implementation of the power coupled to the coupling circuit. 如上所述的方法,其中对至少一个节点的所述询问包括:测量被询问的节点的电压;以及检测是否该测量的电压超过一预定的阈值。 The method as described above, wherein said at least one query node comprising: measuring the interrogated node voltage; and detecting whether the measured voltage exceeds a predetermined threshold value. 本发明还提供一种服务局域网络节点的方法,包括:提供若干个局域网络节点、局域网络切换器以及连接所述若干个节点至所述切换器以提供数据通信的通信电缆线,所述局域网络切换器用于经由所述通信电缆线向所述若干个节点中的至少一些节点提供至少一些电力;询问其意欲通过通信电缆线向其传输电力的至少一个节点,以检测该节点的特征 The present invention also provides a method for serving local area network node, comprising: providing a plurality of LAN nodes, LAN switches, and the plurality of nodes connected to the switch to provide a communication cable for data communication, the local area network wherein it is intended to ask the communication cable via the at least one node to which the power transmission to detect the node; network switch for supplying power to at least some of the plurality of nodes at least some of the nodes via the communication cable

是否允许其接收经过通信电缆线的电力;将电力耦接至通信电缆线,而实际上不干扰数据通信;以及控制经由耦合电路传输至通信电缆线的电流,包括提供一从未被超过的第一电流限制电平和一在超过一预定的时期上未被超过的第二电流限制电平。 Allows its receiving power via the communication cable; power coupled to the communication cable, without actually interfering with the data communication; and a control circuit coupled via a transmission to the current communication cable, comprising providing a first never been exceeded a current limit level in over a period not exceeding a predetermined second current limit level. 如上所述的方法,其中还包括经由滤波电路将执行所述电流控制的电流限制电路连接至执行所述电力耦接的耦合电路。 The method described above, further comprising a filter circuit performs the electric current through the current limiting circuit is connected to control the implementation of the power coupled to the coupling circuit. 如上所述的方法,其中所述询问包括:测量跨过与被询问的节点连接的通信电缆线的电压;以及检测是否该测量的电压超过一预定的阈值。 The method as described above, wherein the interrogation comprising: measuring the voltage across the node connecting with the inquiry communication cable; and detecting whether the measured voltage exceeds a predetermined threshold value. 如上所述的方法,其中被测量的电压超过一预定的阈值的节点被标记为外部电压供给节点。 The method as described above, wherein the measured voltage exceeds a predetermined threshold value is marked as an external node voltage supply node. 如上所述的方法,其中所述将电力耦接至通信电缆线的步骤响应所述询问而完成。 The method as described above, wherein said step of power coupled to the communication cable and complete response to the inquiry. 本发明还公开了如下技术方案: 一种区域网路,其包括:若干个区域网路节点;一局域网络切换器;一电源子系统;以及通信电缆线,其通过该电源子系统将该若干个节点连接至该切换器,以提供数据通信;及该电源子系统包括一电力管理与控制单元,用于管理通过该通信电缆线向该若干个区域网路节点中的至少一部分供应的电力;其中,所述的电源子系统以电缆线中不用于数据通信的双扭线经由该通信电缆线提供电力给该若干个节点中至少一个节点;所述的电源子系统将电力耦接至通信电缆线,而基本上不干扰数据通信,并且该电源子系统包括电流限制电路,用于控制传输至通信电缆线中的电流;其中,该电力管理与控制单元询问它意欲通过通信电缆线向其传输电力的至少一个节点,以检测该节点的特征是否允许其接收经过通信电缆线的电力。 The present invention also discloses the following technical scheme: a LAN, comprising: a plurality of LAN nodes; a local area network switch; and a communication cable, via which the subsystem is a plurality of the power source; a power subsystem nodes connected to the switch, to provide a data communication; and the power supply subsystem includes a power management and control unit to the at least a portion for managing a plurality of LAN nodes via the communication cable supplied electric power; wherein, said power supply subsystem for the cable is not twisted pair for data communications to provide power to the plurality of nodes at least one node via the communication cable; a power supply subsystem is coupled to a communication cable line, while not substantially interfering with the data communication, and the power subsystem includes a current limiting circuit for controlling the transmission to the communication cable current; wherein the power management control unit which is intended to ask its transmission through the communication cable at least one node of the power to detect whether the node's characteristics allow it to receive power via the communication cable. 使用本发明的网络设备可以简化且成本较低,因为所需的电力缆索、 Network device of the present invention can be simplified and low cost, since the required power cables,

电插座及AC电源或配接器,其数目都大量减少。 Electrical socket and AC power supply or adapter, the number is significantly reduced. 此外,各网络器件、终端机及其他网络架构设备均可定位而与AC插座的存在与否或位置无关。 In addition, each network device, terminals and other network infrastructure devices can locate the position has nothing to do with the presence or absence or AC outlet. 本发明之系统也大量减少万一断电或停电时对重要网络器件与终端机提供不断电备用电力的成本。 System of the present invention also provides a significant reduction in UPS backup power in case the cost of critical network devices and terminal power failure or power outage. 此乃因为经由局域网络基础设备从网络中少数点传送备用电力,亦即从不断电电源供应器(UPS)供应电力,远比将每一重要网络元件都连接其专属的UPS或备用电力线要有效率得多。 This is because the transmission via a local area network infrastructure equipment few points from the network back-up power, that is never off power supply (UPS) to supply power, far more than the critical network components are connected to each of its exclusive UPS or backup power lines have much more efficient. 有一个经常都有效的假设是,仅有相当小部份的网络元件,例如中枢、 切换器、路由器等,会需要连接专属的不断电电源,而其他的重要网络器件则经由局域网络基础设备接收其操作电力。 There is often a valid assumption is that only a relatively small part of the network element, e.g. hub, switch, router, etc., will need to connect a dedicated uninterruptible power supply, and other important network device is received via the local area network infrastructure its operating power. 本发明另一项好处是可以降低网络终端设备的安全条件与成本,因为此后可从局域网络基础设备上传送的低电压来馈电。 Another advantage of the present invention is to reduce the cost of network security conditions and terminal equipment, because of the low voltage thereafter can be transferred from the local network infrastructure equipment to feed. 此与现行提供内部或外部110/220VAC电源的方法相反,在现行方法中,网络器件须有一个或多个测试机构,诸如保险业实验室(Underwriters Laboratory, UL) 的验证。 This and the current offer internal or external 110 / 220VAC power supply method By contrast, in the present method, the network device must have one or more test organization, such as Underwriters Laboratories (Underwriters Laboratory, UL) authentication. 以目前越来越普遍的IP电话而言,从局域网络上供应电力可让IP电话与连接今日盛行的公用拨接电话网络(PSTN)的一般类比电话一样,拥有不断电的电源。 In the current increasingly popular IP telephony, the supply of electricity from the local area network that allows IP telephony and dial-up connection today prevailing public telephone network (PSTN) phone as a general analogy with uninterrupted power supply. 以下提出的揭示内容,说明在专供数位通信目的而设计的局域网络网络基础设备上产生、传输与管理电力的设备及方法。 The disclosure set forth below, explaining how, equipment and methods of electricity transmission and management specifically for the purpose of digital communications network designed for local area network infrastructure. 本发明的作用在于减少对数据通信的任何可能的干扰,并维持与IEEE 802. 3及其他相关标准的相容性。 The role of the present invention is to reduce any possible interference with data communications, and to maintain and IEEE 802. 3 and other relevant standards compatibility. 本发明的局域网络上供电系统在高带宽数据通信网络上操作,亦即在10Mbps、 100Mbps、 1000Mbps的速度上操作,当然对杂讯、网络带宽、 近端及外加串音更为敏感。 The local network of the present invention, a power supply system on a high-bandwidth data communications network operations, that is on 10Mbps, 100Mbps, 1000Mbps speed operation, of course, noise, more sensitive to network bandwidth, plus proximal and crosstalk. 此外,本发明考虑到现代各种局域网络对电缆长度所生的限制,亦即,在公用拨接电话网络(PSTN)、整体服务数位网络(ISDN)及高位元率数位用户环路(HDSL)等通信线路中的电缆长度从数百公尺到数公里。 Furthermore, the present invention contemplates various modern LAN restrictions on cable length born, that is, in the public dial-up telephone network (PSTN), Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) and high bit rate digital subscriber loop (HDSL) and other communication lines in the cable length from a few hundred meters to several kilometers. 本发明揭示新颖的远程馈电方法更适合较短的牵引电缆敷设路线。 The present invention discloses a novel method is more suitable for remote power feeding traction shorter cabling route. 此外,在局域网络上的配电可像直流电(DC)或低频AC电压一样地传输,不论在哪种情况,对数据通信信号的干扰都会最小。 Furthermore, the distribution to the local network can be as direct current (DC) or low frequency AC voltage as transmission, whether in any case, the interference of the data communication signals are minimized. 在数据通信电缆上传输的电力,可用电缆中一个或多个备用线对传输。 On the data communication cable transmission of electricity, available in one or more spare cables on the transmission line. 乙太网络通信需要2个线对(4条导线)才能实施。 Ethernet network communication requires two pairs (4 wires) to be implemented. 若使用4线对(8条导线)第3、 4或5 类电缆时,则有2线对不用于数据通信。 If you are using 4 pairs (8 wires) 3, 4, or 5 cable, you do not have 2 lines for data communications. 输送电力时,可使用电缆线对中的一对或多对。 When the transmission of electricity, you can use the cable for the one or more pairs. 或者,若数据电缆只包括两线对,则使用可用线对中的一对或二对,亦即使用接收线与传输线来配电。 Or, if the data cable includes only two pairs, the use of available lines of a pair or two pairs, that is using the received transmission lines and distribution lines. 因此,根据本发明, 可以在数据通信电缆中已用及/或未用的双扭线的任意组合上输送电力。 Thus, according to the present invention, the data communication cable has been used and / or transmission of electricity used on any combination of twisted pair. 因此,根据本发明一较佳实施例,其中提供一种局域网络。 Thus, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, wherein there is provided a local area network. 该局域网络包括一中枢、若干个节点、连接所述若干节点与中枢以提供数据通信之通信电缆线、与一电源配电器;该电源配电器之作用可经由通信电缆线提供至少部份操作电力给所述若干节点中至少一部份之节点。 The local area network includes a hub, a plurality of nodes, connecting the plurality of nodes to provide communication with the central data communications cable, and a power supply distributor; the role of the power distributor can provide at least part of the operating power via a communication cable to the number of nodes in at least a portion of the node. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该通信电缆包括至少一结构式电缆线系统中的一部份。 According to a further preferred embodiment of the present invention, the communication cable comprises at least one structural formula cable system part. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器是位于中枢内。 According to a further preferred embodiment of the invention, the power supply distributor is located within the center. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器是位于中枢外部。 According to a further preferred embodiment of the invention, the power supply distributor is located in the central external. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器是局部位于中枢内,局部位于中枢外部。 According to a further preferred embodiment of the invention, the power supply distributor is located partially within the hub, located in the central local external. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器经由通信电缆线供应到所述若干节点中至少一部份节点的操作电力,包括备用电力。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the electrical power supplied with electric power to operate said at least a portion of the plurality of nodes via the communication cable nodes, including backup power. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器,以及该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与各节点。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner, and the communication cable is connected to the data communication with the hearing set for each node via the binding device. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,其中该电源配电器亦位于中枢内。 According to a further preferred embodiment of the invention, the hub includes a data communication set information, wherein the power distributor is also located in the center. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,其中该电源配电器亦位于中枢内并包括一电源与一结合器,该结合器将电源供应之电力耦接到该通信电缆线,该通信电缆线亦传送来自数据通信集讯器的数据。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the hub includes a data communication set information, wherein the power supply distributor is also located within the hub and includes a power supply and a combiner, the coupler of the power coupled to the power supply communication cable, the communications cable to transfer data from the data communication also sets the hearing. 该数据通信集讯器较佳包括一局域网络切换器,此切换器之作用如一数据通信切换器/中继器。 The data communication to the hearing set preferably includes a local area network switches, the role of this switch like a data communication switch / repeater. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,所述若干个节点包括至少下列节点类型之一:无线局域网络存取点、紧急照明系统元件、传呼扬声器、CCTV 摄影机、警报传感器、门口传感器、存取控制单元、膝上型电脑、IP电话、中枢、切换器、路由器、监视器、及PC与工作站之记忆备用存档单元。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the plurality of nodes include at least one of the following node types: a wireless local area network access point, emergency lighting system elements, paging loudspeakers, CCTV cameras, alarm sensors, door sensors, access control unit, a laptop computer, IP phone, hub, switch, router, monitor, and memory of the PC and workstation alternate archive unit. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器与一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与所述节点,而该结合器包括若干个耦合器,每一耦合器是连接该电源之一输出端。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication device and the information set through the combiner node, and the combiner includes a plurality of couplers, each coupler is connected to one output terminal of the power supply. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器与一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与所述节点,而该结合器包括若干个耦合器与若干个滤波器,每一耦合器是经由一滤波器连接该电源之一输出端。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication device and the information set through the combiner node, and the combiner includes a plurality of couplers and a plurality of filters, each coupler is connected to one output terminal of the power supply via a filter. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器与一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与所述节点,而该结合器包括若干个耦合器、若干个滤波器与若干个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(Smart Power Allocation and R印orting Circuit, SPEAR),每一耦合器是经由一滤波器及一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication device and the information set through the combiner node, and the combiner includes a plurality of couplers, a number of filters and a plurality of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (Smart Power Allocation and R India orting Circuit, SPEAR), each coupler via a filter and a SPEAR connects the output terminal of the one of the power supply. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器与一电源,且该电源包括一断电备用设备。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply, and the power supply includes a backup device. 此外/或者,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器与一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与所述节点,而该结合器包括若干个耦合器与若干个滤波器,每一耦合器是经由一滤波器连接该电源之一输出端。 Moreover / or the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication set information and said node through the coupler, and the coupler includes a plurality of couplers and a plurality of filters, each coupler is connected to one output terminal of the power supply via a filter. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器与一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与所述节点,而该结合器包括若干个耦合器、若干个滤波器与若干个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一耦合器是经由一滤波器及一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication device and the information set through the combiner node, and the combiner includes a plurality of couplers, a number of filters and a plurality of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each coupler is connected to one output terminal of the power supply via a filter and a SPEAR. 较佳是,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器与一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与所述节点,而该结合器包括若干个耦合器与若干个滤波器,每一耦合器是经由一滤波器连接该电源之一输出端。 Preferably that the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication set information and said node through the coupler, and the coupler includes a plurality of couplers and a plurality of filters, each coupler is connected to one output terminal of the power supply via a filter. 此外/或者,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器与一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与所述节点,而该结合器包括若干个耦合器、若干个滤波器与若干个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一耦合器是经由一滤波器及一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端。 Moreover / or the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication set information and said node through the coupler, and the coupler It includes a plurality of couplers, a number of filters and a plurality of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each coupler is connected to one output terminal of the power supply via a filter and a SPEAR. 较佳是,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器与一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与所述节点,而该结合器包括若干个耦合器与若干个滤波器,每一耦合器是经由一滤波器连接该电源之一输出端。 Preferably that the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication set information and said node through the coupler, and the coupler includes a plurality of couplers and a plurality of filters, each coupler is connected to one output terminal of the power supply via a filter. 此外/或者,该中'枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器与一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与所述节点,而该结合器包括若干个耦合器、若干个滤波器与若干个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一耦合器是经由一滤波器及一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端。 Moreover / or the middle of the 'pivot comprises a set of data communication to the hearing, the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication set information and said node via the combiner, and combiner includes a plurality of couplers, several filters and a number of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each coupler is connected to the output of one of the power supply via a filter and a SPEAR. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器之作用可沿该通信电缆线提供电力而不致于降低数位通信品质至无法接受之程度。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the role of the distributor of power along the communication cable to provide power, it would not reduce the number of bits to an unacceptable level of communication quality. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该通信电缆线包括至少一对双扭线连接至每一节点,其中之电力是在一双扭线上传输,且数据亦沿该双扭线传送。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the communication cable comprises at least one pair of twisted-pair cable to each node, where the electricity is transmitted in one pair of twisted lines, and the data is also transmitted along the twisted pair. 较佳是,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一电源界面与一电源,该通信电缆线经由该电源界面连接该数据通信集讯器与所述节点,而该电源界面包括若干个滤波器与若干个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一滤波器是经由一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端。 Preferably that the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a power interface and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication set information and said node via the power supply interface, and the Power Interface includes several filters and a number of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), the output of each filter is connected to one end of the power supply via a SPEAR. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该通信电缆线包括至少二对双扭线连 At least two pairs of twisted-pair in accordance with the present invention even further preferred embodiment, the communication cable comprises

接至每一节点,其中传输电力之双扭线与传输数据之双扭线不同。 Connected to each node, including twisted-pair twisted-pair transmission power of the transmission of data, different. 较佳是,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一电源界面与一电源,该通信电缆线经由该电源界面连接该数据通信集讯器与所述节点,而该电源界面包括若干个滤波器与若干个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一滤波器是经由一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端。 Preferably that the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a power interface and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication set information and said node via the power supply interface, and the Power Interface includes several filters and a number of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), the output of each filter is connected to one end of the power supply via a SPEAR. 此外/或者,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一电源界面与一电源,该通信电缆线经由该电源界面连接该数据通信集讯器与所述节点,而该电源界面包括若干个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端。 Moreover / or the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a power interface and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication set information and said node via the power supply interface, and the Power Interface It includes a number of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each connected to the output of the SPEAR one power supply. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器与一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与所述节点,而该结合器包括若干个耦合器、若干个滤波器与若干个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一耦合器是经由一滤波器及一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端,且每一耦合器具有至少二个埠, 其中之一连接该数据通信集讯器之一埠,另一埠则经由该通信电缆线连接该若干个节点之一。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication device and the information set through the combiner node, and the combiner includes a plurality of couplers, a number of filters and a plurality of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each coupler is connected to one output terminal of the power supply via a filter and a SPEAR, and each coupler having at least two ports, one of which is connected to the data communication port set to the hearing one of the other port is one of the plurality of nodes are connected via the communication cable. 根据本发明一较佳实施例,其中亦提供一种用于一局域网络内的局域网络节点。 According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, in which also provides for a local area network node within a LAN. 该局域网络包括一中枢、若干个节点、连接所述若干节点与中枢以提供数位通信之通信电缆线、及一电源配电器;该电源配电器之作用可经由该中枢与该通信电缆线提供至少部份操作电力给所述若干节点中至少一部份之节点,该局域网络节点包括一通信电缆线界面,此界面可接收电力与数据二者,并分别提供电力至一节点电力输入端与提供数据至一节点数据输入端。 The local area network includes a hub, a plurality of nodes, connecting the plurality of nodes and the central communications cable to provide digital communications, and a power supply with electrical appliances; the role of the power supply distributor that provides at least through the hub and the communication cable Most operating power to the plurality of nodes at least a portion of the nodes, the local area network node comprises a communication cable interface that can receive both power and data, and supplied electricity to a power input node and provide data to a node data input. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器是位于该中枢之内。 According to a further preferred embodiment of the invention, the power supply distributor is located within the hub of. 此夕卜/或者,该电源配电器是位于该中枢之外部。 This evening Bu / or the power supply distributor is located outside of the hub. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该节点之作用可于自发性电力管理时进行节点启动睡眠模式操作。 Node starts a sleep mode operation performed when a further preferred embodiment, the node's role can be in accordance with the present invention of spontaneous power management. 较佳是,该节点在自发性电力管理之节点启动睡眠模式操作中具有机能,亦即可测量自前次节点活动以来之时间期间TD1。 Preferably, the spontaneity of the node in the node management of power sleep mode operation has started functioning, that is measurable TD1 since the last period of time since the node activity. 若TD1超过一第一阈而无使用者或或系统输入禁制睡眠模式操 If TD1 exceeds a first threshold or systems without user input or sleep mode operation prohibition

作时,节点于是以睡眠模式操作,以降低电力消耗。 When made, then the node in the sleep mode, to reduce power consumption. 此外/或者,该节点可在自发性电力管理之节点启动睡眠模式操作中具有机能,亦即可测量自前次节点通信以来之时间期间TD2。 Moreover / or the node may start sleep mode operation has the function of power management node spontaneity, that measure since the period of time since the previous node communication TD2. 若TD2超过一第一阈而无使用者或或系统输入禁制睡眠模式操作时,节点于是以睡眠模式操作,以降低电力消耗。 If TD2 exceeds a first threshold or without user input or system operation prohibition sleep mode, then the node in the sleep mode, to reduce power consumption. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该节点操作时其机能可于一定期发生之时隙内正常操作节点,并在定期发生之时隙外的时间以睡眠模式操作节点。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, when the node is operating in a slot which can be a function of the occurrence of the periodic normal operation node, and the occurrence of the time slot in the time outside the periodic sleep mode operation node. 此外,该节点亦可因为感知的错误情况而以睡眠模式操作。 In addition, the node can also be because of the wrong perception of the situation in the sleep mode. 较佳是, 该节点之机能可让节点定期执行自我测试。 Preferably, the function of the node allows nodes periodically perform a self-test. 若节点通过测试,则以正常方式操作。 If the node test at a normal manner. 然而,若节点未通过测试,则以睡眠模式操作。 However, if a node fails the test, places the sleep mode operation. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该节点之作用可于自发性电力管理时进行电源配电器启动睡眠模式操作。 For power distributor to start again when the sleep mode operation of a preferred embodiment, the node's role can be in accordance with the present invention of spontaneous power management. 较佳是,该节点在自发性电力管理之电源配电器启动睡眠模式操作中具有机能,亦即可测量自前次节点活动以来之时间期间TD1。 Preferably, the spontaneity of the node in the power distributor power management sleep mode operation has started functioning, that is measurable TD1 since the last period of time since the node activity. 若TD1超过一第一阈而无使用者或或系统输入禁制睡眠模式操作时,节点于是以睡眠模式操作,以降低电力消耗。 If TD1 exceeds a first threshold or without user input or system operation prohibition sleep mode, then the node in the sleep mode, to reduce power consumption. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该节点可在自发性电力管理之电源配电器启动睡眠模式操作中具有机能,亦即可测量自前次节点通信以来之时间期间TD2。 According to a further preferred embodiment of the invention, the node may have a function in the spontaneity of the power supply with electrical power management start sleep mode operation, that is during the time since the previous node communication measure from TD2. 若TD2超过一第一阈而无使用者或或系统输入禁制睡眠模式操作时,节点于是以睡眠模式操作,以降低电力消耗。 If TD2 exceeds a first threshold or without user input or system operation prohibition sleep mode, then the node in the sleep mode, to reduce power consumption. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该节点之机能可让电源配电器在节点上定期执行测试。 According to a further preferred embodiment of the invention, the function of the node allows the power distributor to perform tests on a regular basis on the node. 若节点通过测试,则以正常方式操作。 If the node test at a normal manner. 然而,若节点未通过测试,则以睡眠模式操作。 However, if a node fails the test, places the sleep mode operation. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该通信电缆线界面是在所述若干个节点中至少一节点之内部。 According to a further preferred embodiment of the present invention, the communication interface cable is at least one internal node of said plurality of nodes. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该通信电缆线界面是在所述若干个节点中至少一节点之外部。 According to a further preferred embodiment of the present invention, the communication interface cable is at least one external node in the plurality of nodes. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器之作用可沿该通信电缆线提供电力而不致于降低数位通信品质至无法接受之程度。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the role of the distributor of power along the communication cable to provide power, it would not reduce the number of bits to an unacceptable level of communication quality.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该通信电缆线包括至少一对双扭线连接至每一节点,其中之电力是在一双扭线上传输,且数据亦沿该双扭线传送。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the communication cable comprises at least one pair of twisted-pair cable to each node, where the electricity is transmitted in one pair of twisted lines, and the data is also transmitted along the twisted pair. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该通信电缆线包括至少二对双扭线连接至每一节点,其中传输电力之双扭线与传送数据之双扭线不同。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the communication cable comprises at least two pairs of twisted-pair cable to each node, including twisted-pair twisted-pair transmission power of the transmission of data, different. 较佳是,该电源配电器之作用可沿该通信电缆线提供电力而不致于降低数位通信品质至无法接受之程度。 Preferably, the role of the distributor of power along the communication cable to provide power, it would not reduce the number of bits to an unacceptable level of communication quality. 此外,该通信电缆线可包括至少一对双扭线连接至每一节点,其中之电力是在一双扭线上传输,且数据亦沿该双扭线传送。 In addition, the communication cable may comprise at least one pair of twisted pair connected to each node, where the power is transmitted in one pair of twisted lines, and the data is also transmitted along the twisted pair. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该通信电缆线包括至少二对双扭线连接至每一节点,其中传输电力之双扭线与传送数据之双扭线不同。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the communication cable comprises at least two pairs of twisted-pair cable to each node, including twisted-pair twisted-pair transmission power of the transmission of data, different. 较佳是,该电源配电器之作用可沿该通信电缆线提供电力而不致于降低数位通信品质至无法接受之程度。 Preferably, the role of the distributor of power along the communication cable to provide power, it would not reduce the number of bits to an unacceptable level of communication quality. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该通信电缆线包括至少一对双扭线连接至每一节点,其中之电力是在一双扭线上传输,且数据亦沿该双扭线传送。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the communication cable comprises at least one pair of twisted-pair cable to each node, where the electricity is transmitted in one pair of twisted lines, and the data is also transmitted along the twisted pair. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该通信电缆线包括至少二对双扭线连接至每一节点,其中传输电力之双扭线与传送数据之双扭线不同。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the communication cable comprises at least two pairs of twisted-pair cable to each node, including twisted-pair twisted-pair transmission power of the transmission of data, different. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器、 一管理与控制单元及一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与节点,该结合器包括若干个耦合器、若干个滤波器及若干个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一耦合器是经由一滤波器及一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端,且该SPEAR之作用可向该管理与控制单元报告与其连接之节点的电流消耗情况。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner, a management and control unit and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication via the combiner Set hearing with the node, the binding device comprises a plurality of couplers, several filters and a number of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each coupler is the one power supply via a filter and a SPEAR connection current output terminal, and the node's role in the SPEAR to the report to the management and control unit connected thereto consumption. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与节点,该结合器包括若干个耦合器、若干个滤波器及若干个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一耦合器是经由一滤波器及一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端,且该SPEAR之作用可限制供往与其连接之节点的最大电流。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication set information with the node via the binding device, The combination includes a plurality of couplers, several filters and a number of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each coupler is connected to the output of one of the power supply via a filter and a SPEAR, and the SPEAR The action can restrict the maximum current to the node connected thereto. 或者,根据本发明一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器, 该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与节点,该结合器包括若干个耦合器、若干个滤波器及若干个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一耦合器是经由一滤波器及一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端;当与该SPEAR连接之节点经过一段可程式预定之时间后显示过电流状况时,该SPEAR之作用可自动切断其与该节点之连接。 Or, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication set information with the node via the binding device The combination includes a plurality of couplers, several filters and a number of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each coupler is connected to the output of one of the power supply via a filter and a SPEAR; when and When connected to the nodes of the SPEAR program scheduled over a period of time can be displayed after the overcurrent condition, the role of the SPEAR it can automatically cut off their connection with the node's. 此外,根据本发明一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器, 该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与节点,该结合器包括若干个耦合器、若干个滤波器及若干个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一耦合器是经由一滤波器及一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端;当与该SPEAR连接之节点经过一段可程式预定之时间后显示过电流状况时,该SPEAR之作用可自动切断该节点之电力,并于该节点不再显示过电流状况时,自动重新导通该节点之电力。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication set information with the node via the binding device The combination includes a plurality of couplers, several filters and a number of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each coupler is connected to the output of one of the power supply via a filter and a SPEAR; when and When a node connected to it through the SPEAR program after a predetermined period of time can be displayed over the current situation, the role of the SPEAR it can automatically cut off the power to the node, and the node is no longer displayed in the over-current condition, automatically re-turns on the node's Power. 此外,根据本发明一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器, 该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与节点,该结合器包括若干个耦合器、若干个滤波器及若干个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一耦合器是经由一滤波器及一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端,且该SPEAR包括一电流传感器与多数比较器。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication set information with the node via the binding device The combination includes a plurality of couplers, several filters and a number of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each coupler is connected to one output terminal of the power supply via a filter and a SPEAR, and the SPEAR includes a current sensor and the majority of the comparator. 该电流传感器接收一电源之电压输入Vin并产生一信号, 此信号与通过该电流传感器之电流成比例;所述比较器接收来自该电流传感器的信号也接收来自各参考电压源之参考电压Vref。 The current sensor receiving a supply of the input voltage Vin and generates a signal which is proportional to the current passing through the current sensor; said comparator receives a signal from the current sensor also receives a reference voltage from each source of reference voltage Vref. 较佳是,所述参考电压源为可程式参考电压源,并接收来自管理与控制电路之控制输入。 Preferably, said reference voltage source is programmable reference voltage source, and receives a control input from the management and control circuits. 此外,所述多数比较器的输出可供应至一电流限制器与开关。 In addition, the majority of the comparator output can be supplied to a current limiter and switch. 此电流限制器与开关经由该电流传感器接收输入电压Vin,并提供一限流电压输出Vout。 This current limiter and switch receives an input voltage Vin via the current sensors, and provides a limited voltage output Vout.

此外,所述比较器之输出被供应至管理与控制电路作为监视输入,提供有关流经SPEAR之DC电流的资讯。 Further, the output of the comparator is supplied to the management and control circuit monitors the input as to provide information on the DC current flowing through the SPEAR information. 此外,根据本发明一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器, 该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与节点,该结合器包括若干个耦合器,每一耦合器包括至少一对变压器,每一变压器于其次级线圈有一中心分接头,DC电压经由此中心分接头馈至连接该处之双扭线的每一电线。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication set information with the node via the binding device The combiner includes a plurality of couplers, each coupler comprises at least one transformer, each transformer secondary winding thereof has a central tap, DC voltage is fed through this center tap is connected to a twisted pair of each of the premises a wire. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与节点,该结合器包括若干个耦合器,每一耦合器包括至少一个变压器,该变压器之特征在于,其中包括一次级线圈与一电容器。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication set information with the node via the binding device, The combination includes a plurality of couplers, each coupler comprises at least one transformer, characterized in that the transformer includes a secondary winding with a capacitor. 该次级线圈分割为二个个别之绕组,该电容器接设在该二个别之绕组间, 于供高频信号使用时,该电容器以串联方式有效连接该二绕组,但于供DC使用时,则有效隔离该二绕组。 The secondary coil is divided into two individual windings of the capacitor is connected between the two individual based in the winding, high-frequency signals for use in the capacitor is connected in series with the second winding effective, but in DC for use, the effective separation of the two windings. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与节点,该结合器包括一对电容器,它们有效阻挡DC进入该数据通信集讯器。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication set information with the node via the binding device, The combination includes a pair of capacitors, which effectively block DC set to enter the data communication to the hearing. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与节点,该结合器包括二对电容器,它们有效阻挡DC进入该数据通信集讯器。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication set information with the node via the binding device, The combination includes two pairs of capacitors, which effectively block DC set to enter the data communication to the hearing. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与节点,该结合器包括一自动平衡无电容器无变压器共模式耦合电路。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication set information with the node via the binding device, The combination includes a self-balancing capacitor-transformerless common mode coupling circuit. 较佳是,该通信电缆线界面包括一分隔器及一对变压器,每一变压器于其初级线圈有一中心分接头,经由该中心分接头可从连接该处之双扭线的每一电线引出DC电压。 Preferably that the communication cable interface includes a separator and a pair of transformers, each transformer having a primary winding its center tap, DC connectors can be drawn from the premises of the twisted pair connection for each wire through the center points Voltage. 此外/或者,该通信电缆线界面包括一分隔器。 Moreover / or the communication cable interface includes a separator. 该分隔器包括至少一个变压器及一电容器,该变压器特征在于包括一初级线圈,该初级线圈分割为二个个别之绕组,该电容器接设在该二个别之绕组间,于供高频信号使用时,该电容器以串联方式有效连接该二绕组,但于供DC使用时, 则有效隔离该二绕组。 The separator comprises at least one transformer and a capacitor, the transformer comprising a primary coil, the primary coil is divided into two individual windings of the capacitor is connected between the second set of individual windings, to use for high-frequency signal The capacitor connected in series with the second winding effective, but at the time for DC use, the effective isolation of the two windings. 此外,该通信电缆线界面包括一分隔器,由一对电容器组成。 In addition, the communication interface cable includes a separator, a pair of capacitors. 所述电容器有效阻挡DC进入与其连接之节点的一数据输入端。 The capacitor effectively block a data input terminal of the DC into the node connected thereto. 此外,根据本发明一较佳实施例,该通信电缆线界面包括一分隔器,由二对电容器组成。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the communication interface includes a cable divider by two pairs of capacitors. 所述电容器有效阻挡DC进入与其连接之节点的一数据输入端。 The capacitor effectively block a data input terminal of the DC into the node connected thereto. 此外/或者,该通信电缆线界面包括一分隔器,该分隔器包括一自动平衡无电容器无变压器共模式耦合电路。 Moreover / or the communication cable interface includes a separator which separator comprises a self-balancing capacitor-transformerless common mode coupling circuit. 此外,根据本发明一较佳实施例,该节点可用全部机能与睡眠模式机能二种机能操作。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, all the functions available with the node function sleep mode operation of two kinds of functions. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该节点包括一控制器、 一切换器、一监视电路、至少一个电源,及一节点电路;其中该切换器接收来自该控制器之控制输入,该控制器则接收来自该传感器之控制输入及来自该监视电路之控制输入,而该监视电路由该至少一个电源连续供电。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the node comprises a controller, a switch, a monitor circuit, at least one power supply, and a circuit node; wherein the switch receives a control input of the controller, the controller the reception from the control inputs from the sensor and the control input of the monitor circuits, and the continuous monitoring circuit power supply by the at least one. 此外,根据本发明一较佳实施例,该节点亦包括一电源,其中该电源包括至少一个可再充电能量储存元件。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the node also includes a power supply, wherein the power source comprises at least one rechargeable energy storage element. 根据本发明一较佳实施例,进而提供一局域网络,此网络包括一中枢、若干个节点、 一连接该若干个节点与该中枢以提供数据通信之通信电缆线、以及一电源配电器;该电源配电器之作用可经由该通信电缆线提供至少一部份操作电力给该若干个节点中至少一部份之节点,且该电源配电器包括电力管理机能。 According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, thereby providing a local area network, this network including a hub, a plurality of nodes, a plurality of connecting the node to the hub to provide data communications of the communication cable, and a power distributor; the the role of the power distributor can provide at least part of the operating power of the number of nodes in at least a portion of the node to via the communication cable, and the power supply distributor includes a power management functions. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电力管理机能可管理经由该通信电缆线供应电力给该若干个节点中至少一部份之节点。 According to a further preferred embodiment of the invention, the power management function to manage the supply of electricity to the number of nodes in at least a portion of the nodes to communicate via the cable. 较佳是,该电力管理机能可监视及管理各节点之电力消耗。 Preferred that the power management function can monitor and manage the power consumption of each node. 此外,该电力管理机能可感知过电流情况并依适当需要执行电力切断。 In addition, the power management function can be perceived over-current condition and need to be performed in accordance with the appropriate power cut off. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电力管理机能以非自发性电力管理模式及自发性电力管理模式二者中至少一种模式操作。 According to a further preferred embodiment of the invention, the power management function to involuntary power management modes and spontaneous power management mode both at least one mode of operation. 较佳是,在该非自发性电力管理模式操作中,若该电源配电器感知可用电力不足以在通信电缆线上将电力传输至各节点的状况时,可供应较减量的电力给至少一部份节点。 Preferably, in the involuntary power management mode of operation, if the power distributor perception of insufficient power available in the power transmission line communication cable to the status of each node can be compared with the reduction of electricity supply to at least one Most nodes. 此外,该电源配电器亦提供控制输入给各节点,以使各节点以减量电力模式操作。 In addition, the power distributor also provides control inputs to each node so that each node in the power reduction mode. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该自发性电力管理模式操作在某些活动减少之时刻掌控减量之可用电力。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the power management mode operations spontaneous reduction of certain activities in the reduction of the available power control timing. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电力管理机能包括至少下列功能要素之一:查询欲利用该通信电缆线传输电力之节点与该通信电缆线间的连接情况;至少根据通信电缆线与节点连接情况之査询结果及各预定参数来设定各节点之个别电压与电流限制;对远端节点传送适当的信号讯息;以及对一管理工作站报告与该节点连接之线路的状态。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the power management function includes at least one of the following elements: Query To take advantage of the communication cable connection node transmission power of the communication cable between; at least according to the communication cable to the node Search results connectivity for the respective predetermined parameters to set individual voltage and current limits of each node; state and the line is connected to a management workstation reports of the node; transmitting an appropriate signal message to the remote node. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电力管理机能亦包括至少下列功能要素之一:对应欲利用通信电缆线传输电力的线路,于该线路上未有电力传输时,在该电源配电器一输出端测量电压。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the power management function also includes at least one of the following functional elements: To take advantage of the corresponding communication cable carries power lines, power transmission when not on the line, in which a power distributor measured at the output voltage. 若电压之绝对值高于一预定的可程式阈,则将该线路归类为其上有外部来源之电压。 If the absolute value of the voltage is above a predetermined programmable threshold, then the lines are classified on its external sources of voltage. 若电压之绝对值不高于该预定之可程式阈,则将电流限制设定为一预定之可程式值,并沿该线路传输电力。 If the absolute value is not higher than the predetermined voltage of a programmable threshold, then the current limit is set to a predetermined value of programmable, and along the line transmission power. 随后,在至少一预定之可程式时间,在该电源配电器一输出端测量该线路之电压与电流,并根据前述测量值决定节点及与该节点连接之线路的状态。 Subsequently, at least one of programmable predetermined time, the output terminal of a power distributor measuring voltage and current of the line, and the measured value is determined based on the line of the preceding node and the node connected to the state. 较佳是,该节点及线路状态之决定,至少包括以下测定之一:无负载(N0L0AD):是指T1、 T2、 T3三个时间之测量值都是V0UT〉V2 且绝对值10〈12。 Preferably, the decision node and the line status of, including at least one of the following assays: No Load (N0L0AD): refers to the T1, T2, T3 three times the measured value is V0UT> V2, and the absolute value of 10 <12. 短路(SH0RT CIRCUIT):是指Tl、 T2、 T3三个时间之测量值都是V0UT〈V3且绝对值10〉13。 Short circuit (SH0RT CIRCUIT): refers to the Tl, T2, T3 three times the measured value is V0UT <V3 and the magnitude of 10> 13. 网络界面卡负载(NIC LOAD):是指V0UTT3〈V4且绝对值10T1〈I0T2〈I0T3。 Network interface cards load (NIC LOAD): refers V0UTT3 <V4 and the absolute value 10T1 <I0T2 <I0T3. 局域网络上供电负载(POL LOAD):是指V0UTT1〉V5且V0UTT2〉V5且V0UTT3〉V5,且绝对值I0T1M5或绝对值I0T2>I5或绝对值I0T3>I5。 Power load on the local area network (POL LOAD): refers V0UTT1> V5 and V0UTT2> V5 and V0UTT3> V5, and an absolute value or absolute I0T1M5 I0T2> I5 or absolute I0T3> I5. 其中-"无负载"情况是指节点未与线路连接。 Where - "no load" situation means that a node is not connected to the line. "短路"情况是指节点上游或节点内的线路,有短路存在跨接其正、 负导体。 "Short" refers to the line situation upstream node or nodes within the presence of a short circuit jumper its positive and negative conductors. "网络界面卡负载〃情况是指节点上有一网络界面卡线路变压器横交线路连接。〃局域网络上供电负载"情况是指节点上有一局域网络上供电分隔器横交线路连接。 "Network Interface Card load 〃 case refers to a network interface card on a line transverse line transformer LAN connection .〃 power load on the node" refers to the case of a local area network power divider transverse line connecting the nodes. V0是线路位于电源配电器输出端之电压。 V0 is the line voltage supply distributor located output terminal. VI是一预定之可程式值;当线路上未传输电力时,测量电压V0UT 之最高峰值,持续几分钟可达此值。 VI is a predetermined value of the programmable; when the transmission power is not on the line, measured the peak value of the voltage V0UT, the last a few minutes up to this value. V2是一预定之可程式值;当线路上未传输电力时,且当线路位于电源配电器输出端之电压+VOUT与-V0UT间未连接负载时,测量电压V0UT 之最低值,持续几分钟可达此值。 V2 is a predetermined value of the programmable; when no power on the transmission line, and when the line of the power distributor between the output terminal of the voltage + VOUT and -V0UT not connected load, measure the minimum value of the voltage V0UT, a few minutes can up to this value. V3是一预定之可程式值;当线路上未传输电力时,且当线路位于电源配电器输出端之电压+VOUT与-V0UT间连接一电阻时,测量电压V0UT 之最高峰值,持续几分钟可达此值。 V3 is a predetermined value of the programmable; when no power on the transmission line, and when the line of the power distributor between the output terminal of the voltage + VOUT and -V0UT connect a resistor to measure the peak value of the voltage V0UT, a few minutes can up to this value. V4是一预定之可程式值;较佳是,当线路上未传输电力时,且当线路位于电源配电器输出端之电压+VOUT与-V0UT间连接一电阻时,测量电压V0UT之最高峰值,持续几分钟可达此值。 V4 is a predetermined value of the programmable; Preferably, when the transmission power is not on the line, and when the line voltage supply distributor located in the output of the + VOUT and -V0UT connection between a resistance measurement of the peak value of the voltage V0UT, a few minutes up to this value. V5是一预定之可程式值,其代表VIN之典型阈值,节点电源在此值时开始操作。 V5 is a predetermined value of programmable typical threshold VIN of their representatives, at this value when power to the node starts operating. V0UTT1是在第一时间Tl测量之V0UT。 V0UTT1 is V0UT Tl measurement of the first time. V0UTT2是在第二时间T2测量之V0UT。 V0UTT2 is V0UT T2 measurement of the second time. V0UTT3是在第三时间T3测量之V0UT。 V0UTT3 is V0UT T3 measure of time in the third. 10是线路位于电源配电器输出端之电流流动。 Line 10 is located with electrical current flowing power output terminal. IL1是线路之电源配电器输出之预定可程式值。 IL1 is a predetermined programmable value with electrical output of the power supply line of. 12是一预定之可程式值;当线路上未传输电力时,且当线路位于电源配电器输出端未连接任何负载时,测量电流io之最大峰值,持续几分钟可达此值。 12 is a predetermined value of the programmable; when no power on the transmission line, and when the circuit in the power supply with electrical output terminals are not connected to any load measuring current io's largest peak, a few minutes up to this value. 13是一预定之可程式值;当线路上未传输电力时,且当线路位于电源配电器输出端之+V0UT与-V0UT间连接一电阻时,测量电流10之最小值,持续几分钟可达此值。 13 is a predetermined value of the programmable; when the transmission power when not on the line, and when the line is located + V0UT and -V0UT power distributor is connected between the output terminal of a resistor, measuring the minimum current 10, the last a few minutes up to this value. 15是一预定之可程式值;当线路上未传输电力时,且当线路位于电源配电器输出端未连接任何负载时,测量电流10之最大峰值,持续几分钟可达此值。 15 is a predetermined value of the programmable; when no power on the transmission line, and when the circuit in the power supply with electrical output terminals are not connected to any load measuring current maximum peak 10, the last a few minutes up to this value. I0T1是在时间Tl时测量的10。 I0T1 is measured at time Tl 10. I0T2是在时间T2时测量的10。 I0T2 at time T2 is measured when 10. I0T3是在时间T3时测量的10。 I0T3 is measured at time T3 when 10. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电力管理机能包括在正常操作期间监视与管理电力消耗之机能,此机能包括感知每一节点之电流。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the power management functions including during normal operation, monitoring and management functions of power consumption, this function including the perception of the current in each node. 较佳是, 正常操作期间监视与管理电力消耗之机能,包括以通常的循环方式感知每一节点之电流。 Preferably, the monitoring and management functions of power consumption during normal operation, including round-robin fashion to the usual perception of the current in each node. 此外,正常操作期间监视与管理电力消耗之机能,亦包括感知每一节点之电流,并比较感知电流与每一线路之可程式预定参考值。 In addition, monitoring and management functions of power consumption during normal operation, each node also includes the current perception, and perception of current and compare each line of programmable predetermined reference value. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,每一节点可归类为过电流、低电流或正常。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, each node can be classified as over-current, low-current or normal. 过电流类别包括可程式之可调整阈。 Overcurrent category includes an adjustable threshold can program it. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该正常类别包括至少下列次类别之一:活动模式、睡眠模式、及低电力模式。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the normal category includes at least one of the following sub-categories: active mode, sleep mode, and a low power mode. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,正常操作期间监视与管理电力消耗之机能至少可以下列机能之一为基础,控制归类为过电流之节点的操作: 若位于一节点的电流超过一一般过电流阈至少达一预定时间,则在该预定时间后切断供往该节点之电力;供往一节点之电流不得超过一高过电流阈;以及在一一般过电流阈与该高过电流阈之间定义至少一个中间阈, 且决定切断电力之预定时间与超过哪一中间阈为函数关系。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, during normal operation, monitoring and performance management of power consumption of at least one of the following functions based on control over classified as operating current of the node: If a node located in more than one general over-current the current threshold for at least a predetermined time, the predetermined time after the power cut off the supply to the node; for to a node of the current must not exceed one higher than the current threshold; and a general over-current threshold is higher than the current threshold of defining at least one intermediate between the threshold and the decision of cutting off electricity and more than a predetermined time threshold as a function of what the middle. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,正常操作期间监视与管理电力消耗之机能至少可以下列机能之一为基础,控制归类为低电流之节点的操作: According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the monitoring and management functions of the power consumption during normal operation may be based on at least one of the following functions, the control node is classified as the low current operation:

在检测到一低电流节点后相当短的预定时间内,终止对该节点供应电流。 In the rear low current node detects a predetermined relatively short time, to terminate the current supply node. 该预定时间之选取是为避免对杂讯之不当响应。 The selection of a predetermined time in order to avoid inappropriate responses to the noise. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该局域网络包括如下监视总电流之机能:并联时,监视所有线路上供给所有节点之总电流,其中并比较该总电流与一可程式之预定参考值,并以此一比较为基础,将电源配电器及与其连接之节点一同归类为过电流或正常。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the local area network comprises monitoring the total current of the function: when connected in parallel, the total supply current monitoring of all nodes on all lines, wherein the predetermined reference value and compare the total of current and a programmable, and as a basis of comparison, the power distributor and its connection with the node's classified as over-current or normal. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该过电流类别包括可程式之可调整阈。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the overcurrent category includes the adjustable programmable threshold. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,正常操作期间监视与管理电力消耗之机能至少可以下列机能之一为基础,控制归类为过电流之电源配电器的操作:若总电流超过一一般总过电流阈达至少一预定时间,则于该预定时间后降低或切断至少某些节点之供应电力,而且不论如何,总电流均不得超过一高总过电流阈,亦即超过该一般总过电流阈之阈。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, during normal operation, monitoring and performance management of power consumption of at least one of the following functions, based on the control classified as over-current operation of the power distributor: if the total current total had more than one general the current threshold for at least a predetermined time, after the predetermined time reduce or cut off at least some of the nodes of the power supply, and in any case, shall not exceed a total current high total overcurrent threshold, that is more than the total general overcurrent threshold The threshold. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器形成该中枢的一部份。 According to a further preferred embodiment of the invention, the power distributor forming a part of the hub. 或者,该电源配电器不形成该中枢的一部份。 Alternatively, the power distributor does not form a part of the hub. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,所述中间阈是定义于一般总过电流阈与高总过电流阈之间,且决定切断电力之预定时间与超过哪一中间阈为函数关系。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the intermediate threshold is defined in the general overall over-current threshold is too high total between the current threshold, and decided to cut off the power of a predetermined time and over which the intermediate threshold as a function of the relationship. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器之作用可对一外部监视系统报告每一节点及该电源配电器之电流量分类。 According to a further preferred embodiment of the invention, the role of the power distributor for each node can be an external monitoring system reports and the current amount of the power supply with electrical classification. 较佳是,该配电器之作用可通知各节点其电流供应即将发生改变。 Preferably, the role of the distributor can inform each node of its current supply is about to change. 此外/或者,该电源配电器之作用可于非自发性电力管理操作时,对个别节点提供至少全部机能操作与无机能操作之一。 Moreover / or effect of the power distributor can in involuntary power management operations on the individual nodes provide at least one of the operating performance of all operating and inorganic energy. 此外,该电源配电器可依照至少下列某些机能操作:初步决定其可使用之总电力以及其目前供应给各节点之总电力,决定现行总耗电(TPC) 与现行可用总电力(TPA)间的关系。 In addition, the power distributor can function in accordance with at least some of the following actions: a preliminary decision, and its current total power supplied to each node of the total power of which may be used to determine the current total power consumption (TPC) and the current total available power (TPA) Relations between. 若TPC/TPA小于一第一阈,则依优先顺位之基础逐一供应全部电力给其他节点;若TPC/TPA大于一高于第一阈之第二阈,则依优先顺位之基础逐一切断对个别节点之电力供应。 If TPC / TPA is less than a first threshold, according to the basis of the overall electricity supply to all of priority one by one to the other nodes; if TPC / TPA is greater than a second threshold higher than the first threshold, then according to the basis of the priority pick off one by one individual nodes of the supply of electricity. 然而,若TPC/TPA介于第一及第二阈之间,则询问是否有新节点需要电力, 若一新节点需要电力而优先顺位低于该新节点之另一节点目前正接收电 However, if the threshold between the first and second TPC / TPA is between, ask whether a new node requires power, if a new node requires power and the priority order is lower than the other node of the new node is receiving electrical current

力,则切断较低优先顺位节点之电力并导通较高优先顺位节点之电力。 Power, turn off the power of the lower priority order node and conduction power node of higher priority order. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器之作用可于非自发性电力管理操作时,依紧急超越原则对个别节点提供至少全部机能操作或无机能操作之一。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the power distributor's role may be to involuntary power management operation, in accordance with the emergency operation beyond the principle to provide all the functions of at least one inorganic able to operate on individual nodes. 较佳是,该电源配电器于非自发性电力管理操作时,可依照下列机能操作:感知位于某一已知节点紧急需要电力,然后给予该已知节点最高之优先顺位。 Preferably, the power distributor at the time of the involuntary power management operation, in accordance with the following functional operations: Located in urgent need of a known power-aware node, and then give the known node highest priority order. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器之作用可于非自发性电力管理操作时,依等候序列控制之优先顺位原则,提供至少全部机能操作或无机能操作之一。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the power distributor's role may be to involuntary power management operation, according to the principle of waiting for the priority order of the sequence control, to provide all the functions or operations of at least one inorganic able to operate. 较佳是,该电源配电器于非自发性电力管理操作时,可依照下列机能操作:初步决定其可使用之总电力以及其目前供应给各节点之总电力,决定现行总耗电(TPC)与现行可用总电力(TPA)间的关系。 Preferably, the power distributor at the time of the involuntary power management operation, in accordance with the following functional operations: the initial decision, and its current total power supplied to each node of the total power of which may be used to determine the current total power consumption (TPC) relationship with the current total available power (TPA) between. 若TPC/TPA小于一第一阈,则依等候序列控制之优先顺位基础, 逐一供应全部电力给其他节点;若TPC/TPA大于一高于第一阈之第二阈, 则依优先顺位之基础逐一切断对个别节点之电力供应。 If TPC / TPA is less than a first threshold, then wait priority order according to the control of the base sequence, one by one, all the electricity supply to other nodes; if TPC / TPA is greater than a second threshold higher than the first threshold, then in accordance with the priority order The basis of each cut off the power supply to individual nodes. 然而,若TPC/TPA 介于第一及第二阈之间,则询问是否有新节点需要电力,若一新节点需要电力,则将新节点加入等候序列之尾端。 However, if the threshold between the first and second TPC / TPA is between, ask whether a new node requires power, if a new node requires power, then wait for the new node is added trailing sequences. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器之作用可于非自发性电力管理操作时,依分时之优先顺位原则,提供至少全部机能操作或无机能操作之一。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the power distributor's role may be to involuntary power management operation, according to the priority order of the principle of sharing, to provide all the functions or operations of at least one inorganic able to operate. 此外/或者,该电源酉己电器于非自发性电力管理操作时,可依照下列机能操作:初步决定其可使用之总电力以及其目前供应给各节点之总电力,决定现行总耗电(TPC)与现行可用总电力(TPA)间的关系。 Moreover / or the electrical power at the time had unitary involuntary power management operation, in accordance with the following functional operations: total power of the initial decision which may be used as well as its current supplied to each node of the total power to determine the current total power consumption (TPC ) relationship with the current total available power (TPA) between. 若TPC/TPA小于一第一阈,则依分时之优先顺位基础,逐一供应全部电力给其他节点;若TPC/TPA大于一高于第一阈之第二阈,则依优先顺位之基础逐一切断对个别节点之电力供应。 If TPC / TPA is less than a first threshold, then according to the priority of pick-sharing basis, one by one all the electricity supply to other nodes; if TPC / TPA is greater than a second threshold higher than the first threshold, then in accordance with the priority order of cut off one by one basis for electricity supply to individual nodes. 然而,若TPC/TPA介于第一及第二阈之间,则询问是否有新节点需要电力;若一较低优先顺位之节点据感知是已接收电力较长时间并超过一预定之最低时间,而其目前正在接收电力,则切断该较低优先顺位节点之电力,并导通较高优先顺位节点之电力。 However, if the threshold between the first and second TPC / TPA is between, ask whether a new node requires power; if a lower priority node overall perception of the data has been received for a long time and the power of more than a predetermined minimum time, but it is currently receiving power, turn off the power to the lower priority order of the node, and turned on the power node of higher priority order. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器之作用可提前通知一节 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the power distributor's role may notice a section

点,对其供应之电力将有改变。 Point, we will have to change the power supply. 此外,该电源配电器之作用可于非自发性电力管理操作时,对个别节点提供至少全部机能操作与减量机能操作之一。 In addition, the role of the power distributor can in involuntary power management operation, to operate at least one individual node provides all the functions and performance decrement operation. 较佳是,该电源配电器可依照下列机能中至少一部份机能操作: 初步决定其可使用之总电力以及其目前供应给各节点之总电力,决定现行总耗电(TPC)与现行可用总电力(TPA)间的关系。 Preferably that the power distributor can follow the performance of at least one part function operation: the initial decision and its current total power supplied to each node of the total power of which may be used to determine the current total power consumption (TPC) and currently available Relationship between total electricity (TPA) between. 若TPC/TPA小于一第一阈,则依优先顺位基础逐一供应全部电力给其他节点;若TPC/TPA大于一高于第一阈之第二阈,则依优先顺位之基础逐一减少对个别节点之电力供应。 If TPC / TPA is less than a first threshold, then one by one basis in accordance with the priority order of all the electricity supply to other nodes; if TPC / TPA is greater than a second threshold higher than the first threshold, according to the basis of the priority order of each reduce Power supply of individual nodes. 然而,若TPC/TPA介于第一及第二阈之间,则询问是否有新节点需要电力或是否有节点需要额外电力;若一新节点需要电力或一节点需要额外电力,而一优先顺位低于新节点之节点目前正在接收电力, 则减少该较低优先顺位节点之电力,并对新节点供应电力或对需要额外电力之节点增加电力。 However, if the threshold between the first and second TPC / TPA is between, ask whether a new node requires power or whether there is need for additional power nodes; if a new node requires power or a node requires additional power, and a priority order level below the node of the new node is currently receiving power, then reduce the power of the lower priority order of the node, and the supply of electricity to the new node or nodes need additional power it increase the power. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器之作用可于非自发性电力管理操作时,依紧急超越原则对个别节点提供至少全部机能操作或减量机能操作之一。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the power distributor's role may be to involuntary power management operation, in accordance with the principles of emergency beyond all functions operate at least one operation or decrement function of individual nodes. 此外/或者,该电源配电器于非自发性电力管理操作时, 可依照下列机能操作:感知位于某一己知节点紧急需要电力,然后给予该已知节点最高之优先顺位。 Moreover / or the power distributor at the time of involuntary power management operation, in accordance with the following functional operations: Located in urgent need of a known power-aware node, and then give the highest node of the known priority order. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器之作用可于非自发性电力管理操作时,依等候序列控制之优先顺位原则,提供至少全部机能操作或减量机能操作之一。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the power distributor's role may be to involuntary power management operation, according to the principle of waiting for the priority order of the sequence control, all functions operate at least one operation or decrement function. 较佳是,该电源配电器于非自发性电力管理操作时,可依照下列机能操作:初步决定其可使用之总电力以及其目前供应给各节点之总电力;决定现行总耗电(TPC)与现行可用总电力(TPA)间的关系。 Preferably, the power distributor at the time of the involuntary power management operation, in accordance with the following functional operations: the initial decision, and its current total power supplied to each node of the total power of which may be used; determine the current total power consumption (TPC) relationship with the current total available power (TPA) between. 若TPC/TPA小于一第一阈,则依等候序列控制之优先顺位基础, 逐一供应电力给其他节点或供应额外电力给目前正接收电力之各节点; 若TPC/TPA大于一高于第一阈之第二阈,则依优先顺位之基础逐一减少对个别节点之电力供应。 If TPC / TPA is less than a first threshold, then wait priority order according to the sequence control of the base, each supplying electricity to other nodes or supply additional power to the current power of each node is receiving; if TPC / TPA is greater than one higher than the first Second Threshold, the foundation is in accordance with the priority pick one by one to reduce power supply to individual nodes. 然而,若TPC/TPA介于第一及第二阈之间,则询问是否有新节点需要电力或是否有节点需要额外电力;若一新节点需要电力或一节点需要额外电力,则将该节点加入等候序列之尾端。 However, if the threshold between the first and second TPC / TPA is between, ask whether a new node requires power or whether there is need for additional power nodes; if a new node requires power or a node requires additional power, then the node Join trailing wait sequences. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器之作用可于非自发性电 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the power distributor's role may be to involuntary power

力管理操作时,依分时之优先顺位原则,提供至少全部机能操作或减量机能操作之一。 When power management operations, according to the priority order of the principle of sharing, providing all functions operate at least one operation or decrement function. 较佳是,该电源配电器于非自发性电力管理操作时,可依照下列机能操作:初步决定其可使用之总电力以及其目前供应给各节点之总电力;决定现行总耗电(TPC)与现行可用总电力(TPA)间的关系。 Preferably, the power distributor at the time of the involuntary power management operation, in accordance with the following functional operations: the initial decision, and its current total power supplied to each node of the total power of which may be used; determine the current total power consumption (TPC) relationship with the current total available power (TPA) between. 若TPC/TPA小于一第一阈,则依分时之优先顺位基础,逐一供应额外电力给各节点或供应电力给其他节点;若TPC/TPA大于一高于第一阈之第二阈,则依优先顺位之基础逐一减少对个别节点之电力供应。 If TPC / TPA is less than a first threshold, then according to the priority of pick-sharing basis, each supply additional power to each node to other nodes or supply of electricity; if TPC / TPA is greater than a second threshold higher than the first threshold, The Foundation of the overall priority to reduce each individual node of power supply. 然而,若TPC/TPA介于第一及第二阈之间,则询问是否有节点需要额外电力或是否有新节点需要电力;若一较低优先顺位之节点据感知是已接收电力较长时间并超过一预定之最低时间,而其目前正在接收电力,则减少该较低优先顺位节点之电力供应,并供应电力至较高优先顺位节点。 However, if the threshold between the first and second TPC / TPA is between, ask if there is a node requires additional power or whether a new node requires power; if a lower priority node overall perception of the data is already receiving power longer and the time exceeds a predetermined minimum time, and it is currently receiving power, then reduce the electricity supply to the lower priority order of the node, and the supply of electricity to a higher priority order node. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器之作用可于自发性电力管理操作时,对个别节点提供至少全部机能操作与无机能操作之一。 When a further preferred embodiment of the present invention, the power distributor's role may be to spontaneity power management operations on individual nodes provide at least one of the operating performance of all operating and inorganic energy. 较佳是,该电源配电器可依照至少下列某些机能操作:依照一电力储备计画初步决定其可使用之总电力以及其目前供应给各节点之总电力;决定现行总耗电(TPC)与现行可用总电力(TPA)间的关系。 Preferably that the power distributor can operate according to at least some of the following functions: a preliminary decision, and its current total power supplied to each node of the total power of which can be used in accordance with a power reserve plan; determine the current total power consumption (TPC) relationship with the current total available power (TPA) between. 若TPC/TPA小于一第一阈,则依优先顺位之基础逐一供应全部电力给其他节点;若TPC/TPA 大于一高于第一阈之第二阈,则依优先顺位之基础逐一切断对个别节点之电力供应。 If TPC / TPA is less than a first threshold, according to the basis of the overall electricity supply to all of priority one by one to the other nodes; if TPC / TPA is greater than a second threshold higher than the first threshold, then according to the basis of the priority pick off one by one individual nodes of the supply of electricity. 然而,若TPC/TPA介于第一及第二阈之间,则询问是否有新节点需要电力;若一新节点需要电力而优先顺位低于该新节点之另一节点目前正接收电力,则切断较低优先顺位节点之电力并导通较高优先顺位节点之电力。 However, if the threshold between the first and second TPC / TPA is between, ask whether a new node requires power; if a new node requires power and the priority order is lower than the other node of the new node is currently receiving power, then pick off the lower priority node of power and electricity conduction node of higher priority order. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器之作用可于自发性电力管理操作时,依紧急超越原则对个别节点提供至少全部机能操作或无机能操作之一。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the power distributor's role may be to spontaneity power management operations, in accordance with the emergency operation beyond the principle to provide all the functions of at least one inorganic able to operate on individual nodes. 较佳是,该电源配电器于自发性电力管理操作时,可依照下列机能操作:感知位于某一已知节点紧急需要电力,然后给予该已知节点最高之优先顺位。 Preferably that the power distributor at the time of spontaneous power management operation, in accordance with the following functional operations: Wisdom is in one of known nodes urgent need electricity, and then give the highest node of the known priority order. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器之作用可于自发性电力管理操作时,依等候序列控制之优先顺位原则,提供至少全部机能操作或无机能操作之一。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the power distributor's role may be to spontaneity power management operations, in accordance with the principle of waiting for the priority order of the sequence control, operate or provide one inorganic able to operate all functions at least. 较佳是,该电源配电器于自发性电力管理操作时, 可依照下列机能操作:依照一电力储备计画初步决定其可使用之总电力以及其目前供应给各节点之总电力;决定现行总耗电(TPC)与现行可用总电力(TPA)间的关系。 Preferably that the power distributor at the time of spontaneous power management operation, in accordance with the following functional operations: the initial decision, and its current total power supplied to each node of the total power of which can be used in accordance with a power reserve plan; decide the current total power consumption (TPC) relationship with the current total available power (TPA) between. 若TPC/TPA小于一第一阈,则依等候序列控制之优先顺位基础,逐一供应全部电力给其他节点;若TPC/TPA大于一高于第一阈之第二阈,则依优先顺位之基础逐一切断对个别节点之电力供应。 If TPC / TPA is less than a first threshold, then wait priority order according to the control of the base sequence, one by one, all the electricity supply to other nodes; if TPC / TPA is greater than a second threshold higher than the first threshold, then in accordance with the priority order The basis of each cut off the power supply to individual nodes. 然而,若TPC/TPA介于第一及第二阈之间,则询问是否有新节点需要电力,若一新节点需要电力,则将新节点加入等候序列之尾端。 However, if the threshold between the first and second TPC / TPA is between, ask whether a new node requires power, if a new node requires power, then wait for the new node is added trailing sequences. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器之作用可于自发性电力管理操作时,依分时之优先顺位原则,提供至少全部机能操作或无机能操作之一。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the power distributor's role may be to spontaneity power management operations, in accordance with the priority order of the principle of sharing, to provide all the functions or operations of at least one inorganic able to operate. 此外/或者,该电源配电器于自发性电力管理操作时,可依照下列机能操作:依照一电力储备计画初步决定其可使用之总电力以及其目前供应给各节点之总电力;决定现行总耗电(TPC)与现行可用总电力(TPA)间的关系。 Moreover / or the power distributor at the time of spontaneous power management operation, in accordance with the following functional operations: the initial decision and its current total power supplied to each node of the total power of which can be used in accordance with a power reserve plan; decide the current total power consumption (TPC) relationship with the current total available power (TPA) between. 若TPC/TPA小于一第一阈,则依分时之优先顺位基础, 逐一供应全部电力给其他节点;若TPC/TPA大于一高于第一阈之第二阈, 则依优先顺位之基础逐一切断对个别节点之电力供应。 If TPC / TPA is less than a first threshold, then according to the priority of pick-sharing basis, one by one all the electricity supply to other nodes; if TPC / TPA is greater than a second threshold higher than the first threshold, then in accordance with the priority order of cut off one by one basis for electricity supply to individual nodes. 然而,若TPC/TPA 介于第一及第二阈之间,则询问是否有新节点需要电力;若一较低优先顺位之节点据感知是已接收电力较长时间并超过一预定之最低时间,而其目前正在接收电力,则切断该较低优先顺位节点之电力供应,并导通较高优先顺位节点之电力。 However, if the threshold between the first and second TPC / TPA is between, ask whether a new node requires power; if a lower priority node overall perception of the data has been received for a long time and the power of more than a predetermined minimum time, but it is currently receiving power, turn off the power supply to the lower priority order of the node, and turned on the power node of higher priority order. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器之作用可于自发性电力管理操作时,对个别节点提供至少全部机能操作与减量机能操作之一。 When a further preferred embodiment of the present invention, the power distributor's role may be to spontaneity power management operations on individual nodes provide at least one of all operating functions and performance decrement operation. 此外/或者,该电源配电器可依照下列机能中至少一部份机能操作:依照一电力储备计画初步决定其可使用之总电力以及其目前供应给各节点之总电力;决定现行总耗电(TPC)与现行可用总电力(TPA)间的关系。 Moreover / or the power distributor can function at least a portion of the operation in accordance with the following function: according to a preliminary plan to determine the total power reserve of power which may be used as well as its current supplied to each node of the total electricity; decide the current total power consumption Relations (TPA) between (TPC) and the current total available power. 若TPC/TPA小于一第一阈,则依优先顺位基础逐一供应全部电力给其他节点;若TPC/TPA大于一高于第一阈之第二阈,则依优先顺位之基础逐一减少对个别节点之电力供应。 If TPC / TPA is less than a first threshold, then one by one basis in accordance with the priority order of all the electricity supply to other nodes; if TPC / TPA is greater than a second threshold higher than the first threshold, according to the basis of the priority order of each reduce Power supply of individual nodes. 然而,若TPC/TPA介于第一及第二阈之间, 则询问是否有新节点需要电力或是否有节点需要额外电力;若一新节点 However, if the threshold between the first and second TPC / TPA is between, ask whether a new node requires power or whether there is need for additional power nodes; if a new node

需要电力或一节点需要额外电力,而一优先顺位低于新节点之节点目前正在接收电力,则减少该较低优先顺位节点之电力,并对新节点供应电力或对需要额外电力之节点增加电力。 Require power or a node requires additional power, and a priority order lower than the node of the new node is currently receiving power, then reduce the power of the lower priority order node, the new node and the supply of electricity or the need for additional bus power increase the power. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器之作用可于自发性电力管理操作时,依紧急超越原则对个别节点提供至少全部机能操作或减量机能操作之一。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the power distributor's role may be to spontaneity power management operations, in accordance with the principles of emergency beyond all functions operate at least one operation or decrement function of individual nodes. 较佳是,该电源配电器于自发性电力管理操作时,可依照下列机能操作:感知位于某一已知节点紧急需要电力,然后给予该己知节点最高之优先顺位。 Preferably that the power distributor at the time of spontaneous power management operation, in accordance with the following functional operations: Wisdom is in one of known nodes urgent need electricity, and then give the highest known node priority order. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器之作用可于自发性电力管理操作时,依等候序列控制之优先顺位原则,提供至少全部机能操作或减量机能操作之一。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the power distributor's role may be to spontaneity power management operations, in accordance with the principle of waiting for the priority order of the sequence control, providing all functions operate at least one function or decrement operation. 较佳是,该电源配电器于自发性电力管理操作时, 可依照下列机能操作:依照一电力储备计画初步决定其可使用之总电力以及其目前供应给各节点之总电力;决定现行总耗电(TPC)与现行可用总电力(TPA)间的关系。 Preferably that the power distributor at the time of spontaneous power management operation, in accordance with the following functional operations: the initial decision, and its current total power supplied to each node of the total power of which can be used in accordance with a power reserve plan; decide the current total power consumption (TPC) relationship with the current total available power (TPA) between. 若TPC/TPA小于一第一阈,则依等候序列控制之优先顺位基础,逐一供应电力给其他节点或供应额外电力给目前正接收电力之各节点;若TPC/TPA大于一高于第一阈之第二阈,则依优先顺位之基础逐一减少对个别节点之电力供应。 If TPC / TPA is less than a first threshold, then wait priority order according to the sequence control of the base, each supplying electricity to other nodes or supply additional power to the current power of each node is receiving; if TPC / TPA is greater than one higher than the first Second Threshold, the foundation is in accordance with the priority pick one by one to reduce power supply to individual nodes. 然而,若TPC/TPA介于第一及第二阈之间,则询问是否有新节点需要电力或是否有节点需要额外电力; 若一新节点需要电力或一节点需要额外电力,则将该节点加入等候序列之尾端。 However, if the threshold between the first and second TPC / TPA is between, ask whether a new node requires power or whether there is need for additional power nodes; if a new node requires power or a node requires additional power, then the node Join trailing wait sequences. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器之作用可于自发性电力管理操作时,依分时之优先顺位原则,提供至少全部机能操作或减量机能操作之一。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the power distributor's role may be to spontaneity power management operations, in accordance with the priority order of the principle of sharing, providing all functions operate at least one operation or decrement function. 较佳是,该电源配电器于自发性电力管理操作时,可依照下列机能操作:依照一电力储备计画初步决定其可使用之总电力以及其目前供应给各节点之总电力;决定现行总耗电(TPC)与现行可用总电力(TPA)间的关系。 Preferably that the power distributor at the time of spontaneous power management operation, in accordance with the following functional operations: the initial decision, and its current total power supplied to each node of the total power of which can be used in accordance with a power reserve plan; decide the current total power consumption (TPC) relationship with the current total available power (TPA) between. 若TPC/TPA小于一第一阈,则依分时之优先顺位基础, 逐一供应额外电力给各节点或供应电力给其他节点;若TPC/TPA大于一高于第一阈之第二阈,则依优先顺位之基础逐一减少对个别节点之电力供应。 If TPC / TPA is less than a first threshold, then according to the priority of pick-sharing basis, each supply additional power to each node to other nodes or supply of electricity; if TPC / TPA is greater than a second threshold higher than the first threshold, The Foundation of the overall priority to reduce each individual node of power supply. 然而,若TPC/TPA介于第一及第二阈之间,则询问是否有节点需要额外电力或是否有新节点需要电力;若一较低优先顺位之节点据感知是已接收电力较长时间并超过一预定之最低时间,而其目前正在接收电力,则减少该较低优先顺位节点之电力供应,并供应电力至较高优先顺位节点。 However, if the threshold between the first and second TPC / TPA is between, ask if there is a node requires additional power or whether a new node requires power; if a lower priority node overall perception of the data is already receiving power longer and the time exceeds a predetermined minimum time, and it is currently receiving power, then reduce the electricity supply to the lower priority order of the node, and the supply of electricity to a higher priority order node. 较佳是,该电源配电器包括一电力管理与控制单元,此单元监视与控制经由通信电缆线供应至不同节点之电力。 Preferably that the power supply distributor includes a power management and control unit, this unit monitors and controls the power supply to the different nodes via a communication cable. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器包括一管理工作站,其作用可管理该电力管理与控制单元之操作。 According to a further preferred embodiment of the invention, the power supply distributor includes a management workstation, its role can manage the operation of the power management and control unit. 较佳是,该管理工作站管理多重电力管理与控制单元之操作。 Preferably that the management station to manage multiple operating unit of power management and control. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电力管理与控制单元经由一数据通信集讯器与不同节点通信,藉此管理各节点现行之电力使用模式。 According to a further preferred embodiment of the invention, the power management and control unit via a data communication sets hearing to communicate with different nodes, whereby each node in the current management of electricity usage patterns. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电力管理与控制单元经由经由控制讯息而与不同节点通信,控制讯息在各节点解码并用来控制究竟在各节点提供全部或部份机能。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the power management control unit via a control message via different nodes communicate with each node in the control message is decoded and used to control whether all or part of the functions in each node. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电力管理与控制单元可感知该电源配电器无主电源可用,并传送一控制讯息使各节点以备用或减量电力模式操作。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the power management and control unit of the power distributor can be perceived without the main power source is available, and send a control message so that each node in the standby power mode or decrement operation. 较佳是,该节点包括全部机能与减量机能操作都需要的基本电路, 及减量机能操作不需的非基本电路。 Preferably, the basic circuitry of the node includes all functions and operations needed reduction function, and without the reduction of non-essential circuits operating performance. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该节点包括一切换器与一控制器,切换器可选择性地操作非基本电路,控制器则控制切换器的操作。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the node comprising a switch and a controller, the switch selectively operating the non-basic circuit, the controller controls the operation of the switch. 较佳是, 该节点亦包括一电源,其中该控制器可响应该电源之输出而操作。 Preferably, the node also includes a power source, wherein the controller is responsive to the output of the power supply and operation. 此外/ 或者,该节点亦可包括一传感器,其中该控制器可响应从该传感器接收之输入而操作。 Further / or the node may also include a sensor, wherein the controller in response to receiving the input of the sensor operates. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该传感器可感知供应至该电源之电力的电压电平。 According to a further preferred embodiment of the invention, the sensor can be supplied to the power sensing the voltage level of the power supply. 此外,该传感器亦可感知从该电源配电器经由通信电缆线传送至该处的控制信号。 In addition, the sensor can also be transferred from the perception with electrical power via a communication cable to the control signal there. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该控制器接收来自电源之控制输入, 其中指示主电源可供使用时,则操作切换器使电力供应至基本电路与非基本电路二者;而当该控制器接收来自电源之控制输入,其中指示无主电源可供使用,但该传感器指示经由通信电缆线有充分电力可用时,则该控制器操作切换器使电力供应至基本电路与非基本电路二者。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the controller receives a control input from the power supply, which indicates when the main power is available, the operation switch allows the power supply to the basic circuit with both non-basic circuits; when the control receives a control input from the power of, which indicates that no mains power is available, but when the sensor indicates there is sufficient power is available via the communication cable, the controller allows the power supply to switch the operation of the basic circuit and the two non-essential circuits . 较佳是, 该控制器接收来自电源之控制输入,其中指示经由该电源无主电源可供使用,且该传感器指示无充分电力可用时,则该控制器操作切换器以最高优先顺位将适当的电力供给该基本电路;若在基本电路所需电力之外尚有额外电力可用时,则将额外电力经由切换器供给非基本电路。 Preferably, the control of the controller receives input from the power of, which indicates that no mains power is available via the power supply, and the sensor indicates that no sufficient electric power is available, the controller operates the switch with the highest priority order appropriate The basic circuit of the power supply; in addition to the basic circuitry required if there are additional power when electricity is available, the additional power supply via the switch non-essential circuits. 此外/或者,该监视电路可接收使用者输入指示欲使用节点,或经由通信电缆线接收一控制讯息,其中指示需要以全部机能模式操作,并可响应该输入或讯息以使该切换器让该节点电路以全部机能模式操作。 Moreover / or the monitoring circuit may receive user input indicating desire to use node, or receive a control message through a communication cable, which indicates the need for full function mode, and in response to the input or message to make the switch to make the node circuits operating at full performance mode. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该传感器可感知供应至至少一个电源之电力的电压电平。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the sensor may be supplied to the sensing of the at least one power supply voltage level. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该传感器可感知从电源配电器经由通信电缆线传送到该传感器之控制信号。 According to a further preferred embodiment of the invention, the sensor can be transmitted from the power supply with electrical sensing via a communication cable to the control signal of the sensor. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该节点电路包括基本节点电路与非基本节点电路。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the node comprises a circuit node substantially non-essential node circuitry and circuitry. 该切换器亦包括一基本节点电路切换器与一非基本节点电路切换器。 The switch also includes a basic circuit switch node and a non-essential node circuitry switch. 较佳是,当该控制器接收来自至少一个电源之控制输入,其中指示有主电源可供使用,该控制器可操作该基本节点电路切换器与该非基本节点电路切换器,以使电力供给到该基本节点电路与该非基本节点电路二者。 Preferably, when the controller receives power from the at least one control input, which indicates that there is mains power is available, the controller is operable to switch the base node circuit and the non-basic node circuit switch, so the power supply to the base node of the circuit and the two non-essential node circuitry. 而当经由该至少一个电源无主电源可用,但该传感器指示经由通信电缆线有充分电力可用时,该控制器可操作该基本节点电路切换器与该非基本节点电路切换器,以使电力供给到该基本节点电路与该非基本节点电路二者。 And when at least one power-free through the main power source is available, but the sensor indicates there is sufficient power is available via the communication cable, the controller is operable to switch the base node circuits and the non-basic node circuit switch, so the power supply to the base node of the circuit and the two non-essential node circuitry. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,当该控制器接收来自至少一个电源之控制输入,其中指示经由该至少一个电源无主电源可用,且该该传感器指示无充分电力可用时,该控制器可操作该基本节点电路切换器,以使适当之电力以最高优先顺位供应到该基本节点电路,而若该基本节点电路所需电力之外尚有额外电力时,则将额外电力经由该非基本节点电路切换器供应至该非基本节点电路。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, when the controller receives power from the at least one control input, which indicates via the at least one power supply without mains power is available and that the sensor indicates that no sufficient power is available, the controller can The basic operation of the circuit switch node to make appropriate power with the highest priority order supplied to the base node circuits, and if there are additional power beyond the power of the base node circuitry required, then additional power through the non-basic node circuit switch is supplied to the non-essential node circuitry. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该节点可以三种模式之一操作;当基本与非基本节点电路都在作用时,使用全部机能模式;当基本节点电路作用时,使用基本机能模式;当基本节点电路至少一部份无作用时,使用睡眠机能模式。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the node can operate in one of three modes; when the basic and non-basic node circuits are in effect when using the fully functional mode; when the base node circuit action, using the basic function mode; when at least a portion of the base node circuit has no effect when using the sleep mode function. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源提供有限的备用电力。 According to a further preferred embodiment of the present invention, the power supply provides limited back-up power. 此外/ 或者,当通信电缆线上只有极有限的电力可传输时,该电源可让节点间歇操作。 Moreover / or, when the communication cable lines only a very limited power can be transmitted, the power supply allows nodes intermittent operation. 根据本发明另一较佳实施例,其中提供一种供局域网络中使用的局域网络电源配电器,该局域网络包括一中枢、若干个节点、以及连接所述若干节点与中枢以于其间提供数位通信之通信电缆线;该电源配电器之作用可经由通信电缆线提供至少部份操作电力给所述若干节点中至少一部份之节点。 In another preferred embodiment, in which the local area network with electrical power to provide a local area network for use in the local area network includes a hub, a plurality of nodes, and the number of nodes connected to the hub according to the present invention to provide a digital therebetween communication cable communications; the role of the power distributor can provide at least part of the operating power via a communication cable to the number of nodes in at least a portion of the node. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器是位于中枢内。 According to a further preferred embodiment of the invention, the power supply distributor is located within the center. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器是位于中枢外部。 According to a further preferred embodiment of the invention, the power supply distributor is located in the central external. 或者, 该电源配电器是局部位于中枢内,局部位于中枢外部。 Alternatively, the power supply distributor is located in the center of local, topical located hub outside. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器经由通信电缆线供应到所述若干节点中至少一部份节点的操作电力,包括备用电力。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the electrical power supplied with electric power to operate said at least a portion of the plurality of nodes via the communication cable nodes, including backup power. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器,以及该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与各节点。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner, and the communication cable is connected to the data communication with the hearing set for each node via the binding device. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,其中该电源配电器亦位于中枢内。 According to a further preferred embodiment of the invention, the hub includes a data communication set information, wherein the power distributor is also located in the center. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,其中该电源配电器亦位于中枢内并包括一电源与一结合器,该结合器将电源供应之电力耦接到该通信电缆线,该通信电缆线亦传送来自数据通信集讯器的数据。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the hub includes a data communication set information, wherein the power supply distributor is also located within the hub and includes a power supply and a combiner, the coupler of the power coupled to the power supply communication cable, the communications cable to transfer data from the data communication also sets the hearing. 较佳是,该结合器包括若干个耦合器,每一耦合器连接该电源之一输出端。 Preferably that the combination comprises a plurality of couplers, each coupler connects the output terminal of the one of the power supply. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该结合器包括若干个耦合器与若干个 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the combination comprising a plurality of couplers and a plurality of

滤波器,每一耦合器经由一滤波器连接该电源之一输出端。 Filters, each coupler connects the output terminal of the one power supply via a filter. 此外,该结合器亦可包括若干个耦合器、若干个滤波器与若干个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一耦合器是经由一滤波器及一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端。 In addition, the binding device may also include a plurality of couplers, a number of filters and a plurality of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each coupler is connected to the output of one of the power supply via a filter and a SPEAR . 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器包括一电源,且该电源包括一断电备用设备。 According to a further preferred embodiment of the invention, the power supply distributor includes a power supply, and the power supply includes a backup device. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该结合器包括若干个耦合器与若干个滤波器,每一耦合器是经由一滤波器连接该电源之一输出端。 According to a further preferred embodiment of the invention, which comprises a combination of a plurality of couplers and a plurality of filters, each coupler is connected to an output terminal of the power supply via a filter. 较佳是,该结合器包括若干个耦合器、若干个滤波器与若干个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一耦合器是经由一滤波器及一SPEAR 连接该电源之一输出端。 Preferably that the combiner includes a plurality of couplers, a number of filters and a plurality of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each coupler is connected to one output terminal of the power supply via a filter and a SPEAR . 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该结合器包括若干个耦合器与若干个滤波器,每一耦合器是经由一滤波器连接该电源之一输出端。 According to a further preferred embodiment of the invention, which comprises a combination of a plurality of couplers and a plurality of filters, each coupler is connected to an output terminal of the power supply via a filter. 此外,该结合器亦可包括若干个耦合器、若干个滤波器与若干个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一耦合器是经由一滤波器及一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端。 In addition, the binding device may also include a plurality of couplers, a number of filters and a plurality of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each coupler is connected to the output of one of the power supply via a filter and a SPEAR . 此外,该结合器亦可包括若干个耦合器与若干个滤波器,每一耦合器是经由一滤波器连接该电源之一输出端。 In addition, the binding device may also include a plurality of couplers and a plurality of filters, each coupler is connected to the output of one of the power supply via a filter. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源配电器之作用可沿该通信电缆线提供电力而不致于降低数位通信品质至无法接受之程度。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the role of the distributor of power along the communication cable to provide power, it would not reduce the number of bits to an unacceptable level of communication quality. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该通信电缆线包括至少一对双扭线连接至每一节点,其中之电力是在一双扭线上传输,且数据亦沿该双扭线传送。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the communication cable comprises at least one pair of twisted-pair cable to each node, where the electricity is transmitted in one pair of twisted lines, and the data is also transmitted along the twisted pair. 较佳是,该电源配电器包括一电源界面与一电源,该通信电缆线经由该电源界面连接该数据通信集讯器与所述节点,而该电源界面包括若干个滤波器与若干个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一滤波器是经由一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端。 Preferably that the power supply distributor includes a power supply interface and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication set information and said node via the power supply interface, and the power supply interface includes several filters and a number of smart power distribution and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each filter is connected to the output of the power supply via a one SPEAR. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该通信电缆线包括至少二对双扭线连接至每一节点,其中传输电力之双扭线与传送数据之双扭线不同。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the communication cable comprises at least two pairs of twisted-pair cable to each node, including twisted-pair twisted-pair transmission power of the transmission of data, different.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一电源界面与一电源,该通信电缆线经由该电源界面连接该数据通信集讯器与节点,且该电源界面包括若干个滤波器及若干个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一滤波器是经由一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a power supply interface and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication set information with the node via the power supply interface, and the power supply interface includes a plurality of filters and a plurality of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each filter is connected to the output of one of the power supply via a SPEAR. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与节点,该结合器包括若干个耦合器、若干个滤波器及若干个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一耦合器经由一滤波器及一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端,且每一耦合器至少有二个埠,其中一埠连接该数据通信集讯器之一埠,另一埠则经由通信电缆线连接该若干个节点之一。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication set information with the node via the binding device, The combination includes a plurality of couplers, several filters and a number of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each connected to an output terminal of the coupler of the power supply via a filter and a SPEAR, and each coupling It has at least two ports, one of which is connected to the data communication port set to the hearing one port, another port is one of the plurality of nodes are connected via a communication cable. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器、 一管理与控制单元及一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与节点,该结合器包括若干个耦合器、 若干个滤波器及若干个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一耦合器是经由一滤波器及一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端,且该SPEAR之作用可向该管理与控制单元报告与其连接之节点的电流消耗情况。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner, a management and control unit and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication via the combiner Set hearing with the node, the binding device comprises a plurality of couplers, several filters and a number of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each coupler is the one power supply via a filter and a SPEAR connection current output terminal, and the node's role in the SPEAR to the report to the management and control unit connected thereto consumption. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与节点,该结合器包括若干个耦合器、若干个滤波器及若干个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一耦合器是经由一滤波器及一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端,且该SPEAR之作用可限制供往与其连接之节点的最大电流。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication set information with the node via the binding device, The combination includes a plurality of couplers, several filters and a number of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each coupler is connected to the output of one of the power supply via a filter and a SPEAR, and the SPEAR The action can restrict the maximum current to the node connected thereto. 根据本发明一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与节点,该结合器包括若干个耦合器、若干个滤波器及若干个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一耦合器是经由一滤波器及一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端;当与该SPEAR连接之节点经过一段可程式 According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication set information with the node via the binding device, the combiner includes a plurality of couplers, several filters and a number of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each coupler is connected to the output of one of the power supply via a filter and a SPEAR; when the SPEAR The nodes are connected after a programmable

预定之时间后显示过电流状况时,该SPEAR可操作自动切断其与该节点之连接。 The time is displayed after a predetermined overcurrent condition, the SPEAR operable automatically cut off their connection with the node's. 根据本发明一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与节点,该结合器包括若干个耦合器、若干个滤波器及若干个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一耦合器是经由一滤波器及一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端;当与该SPEAR连接之节点经过一段可程式预定之时间后显示过电流状况时,该SPEAR可操作自动切断该节点之电力,并于该节点不再显示过电流状况时,自动重新导通该节点之电力。 According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication set information with the node via the binding device, the combiner includes a plurality of couplers, several filters and a number of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each coupler is connected to the output of one of the power supply via a filter and a SPEAR; when the SPEAR When a node connected to it over a period of time can be scheduled after the program displays an overcurrent condition, the SPEAR operable automatically cut off the power of the node, and the node is no longer displayed in the over-current condition, automatically re-conduction of electric power to the node. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与节点,该结合器包括若干个耦合器、若干个滤波器及若干个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR),每一耦合器是经由一滤波器及一SPEAR连接该电源之一输出端,且该SPEAR包括一电流传感器与多数比较器。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication set information with the node via the binding device, The combination includes a plurality of couplers, several filters and a number of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR), each coupler is connected to the output of one of the power supply via a filter and a SPEAR, and the SPEAR comprising a current sensor and the majority of the comparator. 该电流传感器接收一电源之电压输入Vin并产生一信号,此信号与通过该电流传感器之电流成比例;所述比较器接收来自该电流传感器的信号也接收来自各参考电压源之参考电压Vref。 The current sensor receiving a supply of the input voltage Vin and generates a signal which is proportional to the current passing through the current sensor; said comparator receives a signal from the current sensor also receives a reference voltage from each source of reference voltage Vref. 较佳是,所述参考电压源为可程式参考电压源,并接收来自管理与控制电路之控制输入。 Preferably, said reference voltage source is programmable reference voltage source, and receives a control input from the management and control circuits. 此外,所述多数比较器的输出可供应至一电流限制器与开关。 In addition, the majority of the comparator output can be supplied to a current limiter and switch. 此电流限制器与开关经由该电流传感器接收输入电压Vim并提供一限流电压输出Vout。 This current limiter and switch Vim receives an input voltage via the current sensor and provides an output current limiting voltage Vout. 此外,所述比较器之输出可供应至管理与控制电路作为监视输入, 提供有关流经SPEAR之DC电流的资讯。 Further, the output of the comparator can be supplied to the management and control circuit monitors the input as to provide information on the DC current flowing through the SPEAR information. 根据本发明一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与节点,且该结合器包括若干个耦合器,每一耦合器包括至少一对变压器,每一变压器于其次级线圈有一中心分接头,DC电压经由此中心分接头馈至连接该处之双扭线的每一电线。 According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication set information with the node via the binding device, and The combination includes a plurality of couplers, each coupler comprises at least one transformer, each transformer secondary winding thereof has a central tap, DC voltage is fed through this center tap is connected to the twisted pair where each wires.

根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与节点,且该结合器包括若干个耦合器,每一耦合器包括至少一个变压器,该变压器之特征在于,其中包括一次级线圈与一电容器。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication set information with the node via the binding device, and the combiner includes a plurality of couplers, each coupler comprises at least one transformer, characterized in that the transformer includes a secondary winding with a capacitor. 该次级线圈分割为二个个别之绕组,该电容器接设在该二个别之绕组间,于供高频信号使用时,该电容器以串联方式有效连接该二绕组,但于供DC使用时,则有效隔离该二绕组。 The secondary coil is divided into two individual windings of the capacitor is connected between the two individual based in the winding, high-frequency signals for use in the capacitor is connected in series with the second winding effective, but in DC for use, the effective separation of the two windings. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与节点,且该结合器包括一对电容器,它们有效阻挡DC进入该数据通信集讯器。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication set information with the node via the binding device, and the combiner includes a pair of capacitors, which effectively block DC set to enter the data communication to the hearing. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与节点,且该结合器包括二对电容器,它们有效阻挡DC进入该数据通信集讯器。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication set information with the node via the binding device, and the combination comprises two pairs of capacitors, which effectively block DC set to enter the data communication to the hearing. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该中枢包括一数据通信集讯器,该电源配电器包括一结合器及一电源,该通信电缆线经由该结合器连接该数据通信集讯器与节点,且该结合器包括一自动平衡无电容器无变压器共模式耦合电路。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the hub includes a data communication sets hearing device, the power supply distributor includes a combiner and a power supply, the communication cable is connected to the data communication set information with the node via the binding device, and the combination includes a self-balancing capacitor-transformerless common mode coupling circuit. 较佳是,该电源配电器包括电力管理机能。 Preferably that the power supply distributor includes a power management functions. 此外,该电源配电器包括一电力管理与控制单元,此单元监视与控制经由通信电缆线供应至不同节点之电力。 In addition, the power supply distributor includes a power management and control unit, this unit monitors and controls the power supply to the different nodes via a communication cable. 此外,该电源配电器可包括一管理工作站,其作用可管理该电力管理与控制单元之操作。 In addition, the power distributor may include a management station, its role can manage the operation of the power management and control unit. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该管理工作站管理多重电力管理与控制单元之操作。 According to a further preferred embodiment of the invention, the management station to manage multiple operating power management and control unit of. 较佳是,该电力管理与控制单元经由一数据通信集讯器与不同节点通信,藉此管理各节点现行之电力使用模式。 Preferred that the power management and control unit via a data communication sets hearing to communicate with different nodes, whereby each node in the current management of electricity usage patterns. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电力管理与控制单元经由经由控制讯息而与不同节点通信,控制讯息在各节点解码并用来控制究竟在各节点提供全部或部份机能。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the power management control unit via a control message via different nodes communicate with each node in the control message is decoded and used to control whether all or part of the functions in each node. 此外,该电力管理与控制单元可感知该电源配电器无主电源可用, 并传送一控制讯息使各节点以备用或减量电力模式操作。 In addition, the power management and control unit of the power distributor can be perceived without the main power source is available, and send a control message so that each node in the standby power mode or decrement operation. 此外,该节点包括全部机能与减量机能操作都需要的基本电路,及减量机能操作不需的非基本电路。 In addition, the node included all the basic circuit function and performance decrement operations needed and without decrement function operating non-essential circuits. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,其中提供一种设置一局域网络之方法, 此方法包括的步骤有:提供一中枢,提供若干个节点,使用一通信电缆连接该若干个节点与该中枢以提供数据通信,以及操作一电源配电器以经由该通信电缆提供至少部份操作电力给所述若干个节点中至少一部份节点。 According to the present invention, a further step of the preferred embodiment, wherein there is provided a method of setting a local area network, the method comprising: providing a hub, providing a plurality of nodes, using a communication cable connecting the plurality of nodes to the hub providing data communications, as well as operating a power distributor via the communication cable to provide power to at least part of the operation of said plurality of nodes, at least a portion of the node. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,其中提供一种在一局域网络中设置一局域网络节点之方法,此方法包括的步骤有:提供一中枢,提供若干个节点,使用通信电缆线连接该若干个节点与该中枢以提供数位通信,以及操作一电源配电器以经由该中枢及该通信电缆线提供至少部份操作电力给所述若干个节点中至少一部份节点;该局域网络节点包括一通信电缆线界面,该界面可接收电力与数据,并分别将电力提供至一节点电力输入端,将数据提供至一节点数据输入端。 According to the present invention, a further step of the preferred embodiment, there is provided a method wherein the nodes of a local area network provided in a local area network, the method comprising: providing a hub, providing a plurality of nodes, using a communication cable is connected to the plurality a node and the hub to provide digital communications, as well as operating a power distributor to provide at least part of the operation of electric power to the plurality of nodes in the node via at least a portion of the hub and the communication cable; the local area network node includes a Communication cable interface that can receive power and data and separately providing power to a power input node, the data is supplied to a data input node. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,其中提供一种设置一局域网络之方法,此方法包括的步骤有:提供一中枢,提供若干个节点,使用通信电缆线连接该若干个节点与该中枢以提供数据通信,以及操作一电源配电器以经由该通信电缆线提供至少部份操作电力给所述若干个节点中至少一部份节点;该电源配电器包括电力管理机能。 According to the present invention, a further step of the preferred embodiment, wherein there is provided a method of setting a local area network, the method comprising: providing a hub, providing a plurality of nodes, using a communication cable connecting the plurality of nodes to the hub providing data communications, as well as operating a power distributor via the communication cable to provide power to at least part of the operation of said plurality of nodes, at least a portion of the node; the power supply distributor includes a power management functions. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,其中提供一种设置一局域网络电源配电器以供一局域网络中使用之方法,此方法包括的步骤有:提供一中枢, 提供若干个节点及连接该若干个节点与该中枢以于其间提供数位通信之通信电缆线,该电源配电器之作用可以经由该通信电缆线提供至少部份操作电力给所述若千个节点中至少一部份节点。 According to the present invention, a further step of the preferred embodiment, wherein there is provided a local area network providing a power distributor for use in a method of a local area network, the method comprising: providing a hub, providing a plurality of connecting the plurality of nodes and the hub nodes and in the meantime to provide digital communications cable communications, the role of the power distributor can provide at least part of the operation if the power to the thousands of nodes, at least a portion of the node through the communication cable. 根据本发明并提供一种系统,此系统可在数据通信电缆线基础设备上配电至一个或多个耗电网络器件;此系统包括一数据通信电缆线网络, 一电力源,至少一个与该电力源及该数据通信电缆线网络耦接之电力/数据结合器;该至少一个电力/数据结合器之作用可产生一低频电力信号, 并将此低频电力信号注入从该数据通信电缆线网络接收之数据通信信号,以产生一电力/数据结合信号,该电力/数据结合信号随后输出到该数据通信电缆线网络及至少一个电力/数据分离器,该至少一个电力/数据分离器可接收电力/数据结合信号并从其中引出与分离原始的数据通信信号与低频电力信号。 According to the present invention is to provide a system which may power distribution to one or more devices on a data communications network cable infrastructure; The system comprises a data communications network cable, a power source, at least one of the power source and the data communication cable is coupled to the power network / data combiner; the role of at least one power / data coupler capable of generating a low-power signal and the low frequency signal is injected into the power received from the data communication cable network The data communication signal to generate a power / data combined signal, the power / data combined signal is then output to the data communication cable networks and at least one power / data splitter, the at least one power / data splitter can receive power / Data combined signal and derive from them and separated the original data communication signal and the low-power signal. 该数据通信网络可包括一个以乙太网络为基础的局域网络(局域网络)。 The data communications network may include a web-based Ethernet local area network (LAN). 该电力/数据结合器之实施方式可为独立式单元、并入一局域网络(局域网络)中枢、或并入一局域网络(局域网络)切换器。 Embodiments of the power / data combiner for the stand-alone unit, into a local area network (LAN) backbone, or incorporated into a local area network (LAN) switches. 该电力/数据结合器可包括若干个数据专用输入埠及若干个数据加电力输出埠,每一数据输入埠及数据加电力输出埠形成一个别通道。 The power / data coupler may include a plurality of data input ports and a plurality of dedicated data plus electrical output port, each data input port and data output port plus electricity do not form a channel. 此外,该电力/数据结合器可从一AC主电源插座、 一不断电电源供应器(UPS)、或另一电力/数据结合器接收电力。 In addition, the power / data binding is available from an AC mains socket, an uninterruptible power supply (UPS), or another power / data coupler receives power. 该电力/数据结合器包括各种滤除高频杂讯与脉动、感知低频电力信号电流、连接低频电力信号与该电力/数据结合输出信号、切断低频电力信号与该电力/数据结合输出信号连接、以及检测电力/数据结合输出信号之无负载与过载状况的装置。 The power / data coupler includes a variety of filter out high frequency noise and ripple, low-power signal sensing current, low-power signal connection combined output signal and the power / data, cut low power signal and the power / data combined output signal connection and detecting the power / data combined with the output signal of the no-load and overload condition of devices. 此系统进而包括一管理单元,其可经由数据通信电缆线网络监视与提供电力给位于数据通信电缆线网络内的电力/数据结合器与电力/数据分离器。 The system further includes a management unit, which can provide power via network monitoring and data communication cable to the inside in the data communication cable network power / data combined with the power / data splitter. 该电力/数据分离器的实施方式可为独立式单元或并入一网络器件。 The power / data splitter embodiments may be incorporated as a stand-alone unit or a network device. 该电力/数据结合器可包括一AC/DC或DC/DC电力转换器,以将引出的低频电力信号转换成一个或多个输出电压。 The power / data combiner may comprise an AC / DC or DC / DC power converter, leads to the low-frequency power signal into one or more output voltages. 根据本发明亦提供一种在一数据通信电缆线基础设备上配电至一个或多个耗电网络器件之方法;此方法包括的步骤有:从一电力源产生一低频电力信号,将该一低频电力信号注入在该数据通信电缆线网络上传送的数据通信信号以产生一电力/数据结合信号,将该一电力/数据结合 According to the present invention also provides a power distribution over a data communications cable infrastructure to one or more methods of power network devices; the method comprising the steps of: generating a low-power signal from a power source, the one low-power signal injection on the data communication cable network to transmit data communication signal to produce a power / data combined signal, the one power / data binding

信号传输到该数据通信电缆线网络,接收在该数据通信电缆线网络上传送的电力/数据结合信号,并分割该电力/数据结合信号以从该低频电力信号分离并产生该数据通信信号。 Signal is transmitted to the data communications cable network, receiving power / data transmission on the cable network and the data communication signal, and dividing the power / data from the combined signal to a low frequency power signal and generates the separated data communication signals. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该数据通信网络包括一个以乙太网络为基础的局域网络(局域网络)。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the data communication network comprising a Ethernet network-based local area network (LAN). 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电力源包括一AC主电源插座。 According to a further preferred embodiment of the invention, the power source comprises an AC mains power outlet. 该电力源亦可包括一不断电电源供应器(UPS)。 The power source also includes an uninterruptible power supply (UPS). 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,此方法进而包括以下步骤:从该低频电力信号滤除高频杂讯与脉动,感知低频电力信号电流、连接低频电力信号与该电力/数据结合信号、切断低频电力信号与该电力/数据结合信号之连接、检测电力/数据结合信号上无负载与过载状况、以及将引出之低频电力信号转换成一个或多个输出电压。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the method further comprising the steps of: filter out high frequency noise and ripple from the low frequency power signal, sensing the low frequency power signal current, low frequency power signal is connected to the combined signal power / data, cutting low-power signal and the power / data binding connection signals, detect power / data combined with no-load and overload condition on the signal, and low-power signals will lead it into one or more output voltages. 根据本发明进而提供一种系统,此系统可在数据通信电缆线基础设备上配电至一个或多个耗电网络器件;此系统包括一数据通信电缆线网络、 一电力源、从该电力源产生一低频电力信号之装置、与该数据通信电缆线网络耦接之结合器装置、将该低频电力信号注入在该数据通信电缆线网络上传送的数据通信信号以产生一电力/数据结合信号之结合器装置、调节该低频电力信号注入该数据通信信号之调节器装置(该调节包括,但不限于,停止该低频电力信号之注入并限制其电流)、从该电力/ 数据结合信号引出低频电力信号并输出原始数据通信信号与低频电力信号之引出装置。 Further according to the present invention to provide a system which may power distribution to one or more devices on a data communications network cable infrastructure; The system comprises a data communications network cable, a power source, the power source from the generating a low-frequency electric power of a signal combination means and the data communications network coupled to the cable, injecting the low frequency power signal on the cable network to transmit data communications data communications signal to produce a power / data combination of signals combiner means for adjusting the power of the low-frequency signal injection regulator means of the data communication signals (including the regulator, but not limited to, stopping the injection of the low-frequency power signals and limit the current), combined with the signal from the power / data lead-out low-frequency power signal and outputs the original data communication signal and the low-power takeoff means signals. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该数据通信网络包括一个以乙太网络为基础的局域网络(局域网络)。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the data communication network comprising a Ethernet network-based local area network (LAN). 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该电源器件可从一AC主电源插座接收电力。 According to a further preferred embodiment of the invention, the power supply device can receive power from an AC mains socket. 该电源器件亦可从一不断电电源供应器(UPS)接收电力。 The power supply device can receive power from an uninterruptible power supply (UPS). 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该结合器器件包括滤除高频杂讯与脉动之装置。 According to a further preferred embodiment of the invention, the device comprises a combiner means of a high-frequency noise and ripple filtered. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该调节器器件包括感知该低频电力信号电流之装置。 According to a further preferred embodiment of the invention, the regulator device includes the low-power signal currents means perception. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该调节器器件包括检测该输出电力/ 数据结合信号上无负载与过载情况之装置。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the actuator device includes detecting the output power / data signal combining means no load and overload conditions it. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,此系统亦包括一管理单元,其可经由数据通信电缆线网络监视与提供电力给位于数据通信电缆线网络内的电力/数据结合器与电力/数据分离器。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the system also includes a management unit, which can provide power for network monitoring and power / data combined with the power / data splitter in the data communications cable in the network via a data communications cable . 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该引出器件包括一AC/DC电力转换器,可将引出的低频电力信号转换成一个或多个输出电压。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the extraction device comprises a AC / DC power converter, can lead to low-frequency power signals converted into one or more output voltages. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,该引出器件包括一DC/DC电力转换器, 可将引出的低频电力信号转换成一个或多个输出电压。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the extraction device includes a DC / DC power converter, can lead to low-frequency power signals converted into one or more output voltages. 附图说明从以下配合图式之详细说,可以更加了解本发明,图式包括:图1A及图1B为简化方块图,显示二个可供选择之局域网络实施例, 其中包括一电源,其作用可在依据本发明一较佳实施例构成与操作之通信电缆线上,提供电力给局域网络各节点;图2A及图2B为简化方块图,显示二个可供选择之局域网络实施例, 其中包括一电源,其作用可在依据本发明另一较佳实施例构成与操作之通信电缆线上,提供电力给局域网络各节点;图3A及图3B分别为图1A及图1B实施例中使用之中枢之简化方块图;图4A及图4B分别为图2A及图2B实施例中使用之中枢及电源子系统之简化方块图;图5为简化方块图,显示图3A、 3B、 4A、 4B实施例中使用之智慧型电力配置与报告电路;图6为图5实施例之简化概要图;图7A及图7B为简化方块图,分别显示图1A、 2A及图1B、 2B实施例中使用之局域网络节点界面电路;图8A-8G为图3A、 4A实施例中使用之结合器其不同实施例之简化方块图与概要图; Brief Description of the detailed drawings of the following complexes can be a better understanding of the present invention, including drawings: Figs. 1A and 1B is a simplified block diagram showing two alternative embodiments of the local area network, which includes a power source action in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the invention composition and operation of telecommunication cable lines to provide electricity to each node local area network; FIGS. 2A and 2B is a simplified block diagram showing two alternative embodiments of the local area network, which includes a power supply, and its role in accordance with another preferred embodiment of the present invention constitutes a communication operation of the cable line, to provide power to the various LAN nodes; FIGS. 3A and 3B respectively 1A and FIG. 1B embodiment the use of a simplified block diagram of the hub; Figures 4A and 4B, respectively, using a simplified embodiment of the hub and a block diagram of the power subsystem of FIG. 2A and FIG. 2B embodiment; FIG. 5 is a simplified block diagram, shown in Figure 3A, 3B, 4A, 4B embodiment smart power allocation and reporting circuit used in the embodiment; FIG. 5 FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of a simplified example embodiment; FIG. 7A and FIG. 7B is a simplified block diagram, respectively, shown in Figure 1A, 2A and FIG. 1B, 2B embodiment LAN node interface circuit using the; Fig. 8A-8G Fig. 3A, 4A embodiment coupler different cases using the same example of a simplified block diagram and schematic view of implementation;

图9A-9G为图1A、 2A、 7A实施例中使用之分隔器与图8A-8G之结合器结合之不同实施例之简化方块图与概要图;图IOA及图IOB为简化方块图,分别显示二个可供选择之通信网络实施例,其中包括依照本发明一较佳实施例构成与操作之通信电缆线上的电源与管理;图IIA及图IIB为简化方块图,分别显示二个可供选择之局域网络实施例,其中包括电源与管理单元,其作用可在通信电缆线上供应电力给局域网络各节点;图12A及图12B分别为图10A及图10B实施例中使用之中枢之简化方块图;图13A及图13B分别为图11A及图11B实施例中使用之中枢及电源与管理子系统之简化方块图;图14A及图14B为图IOA、 IOB、 IIA、 11B实施例中使用的二个不同节点架构之简化方块图;图15为一节点架构简化方块图,此节点架构结合图14A、 14B所示之特征;图16为一概要流程图,显示图IOA、 IOB、 IIA、 IIB所示网络在正常操作及减量电力模式时之电力管理;图17为一概要流程图,显示图16所示流程图中的一步骤;图18A及图18B共同为一概要流程图,显示图17所示查询与起始电源机能之一较佳实施例;图19A、 19B、 19C、 19D为概要流程图,其中分别显示一种用以执行图16流程图中非自发性电力管理步骤中全部机能或无机能操作之可能机构,;图20A、 20B、 20C、 20D为概要流程图,其中分别显示一种用以执行图16流程图中非自发性电力管理步骤中全部机能或减量机能操作之可能机构;图21A、 21B、 21C、 21D为概要流程图,其中分别显示一种用以执行图16流程图中自发性电力管理步骤中节点启动睡眠模式操作之可能机 Figure 9A-9G of FIG. 1A, 2A, 7A embodiment simplified block diagram of a different embodiment of the schematic diagram of the separator used in the embodiment of FIG. 8A-8G binding of the binding device; Fig. IOA and IOB is a simplified block diagram of FIG, respectively show two alternative embodiments of the communications network, including the power supply and management in accordance with the present invention, Example Composition and operation of telecommunication cable lines with a preferred embodiment; FIG IIA and IIB is a simplified block diagram diagram can show two Hub of FIGS. 12A and 12B, respectively, using the example of FIGS. 10A and 10B of the implementation of; alternative embodiment of a local area network, including power and management unit, its role can supply power to each node in a local area network communications cable line a simplified block diagram; FIG. 13A and 13B, respectively in FIG. 11A and FIG. 11B embodiment using the central power supply and management subsystem and simplified block diagram of the embodiment; FIG. 14A and FIG. 14B FIG IOA, IOB, IIA, 11B embodiment a simplified block diagram of two different node architecture used; FIG. 15 is a simplified block diagram of a node architecture, this node architecture in conjunction with Figure 14A, 14B of the features shown; FIG. 16 is a schematic flowchart, shown in Figure IOA, IOB, IIA , IIB network shown in normal power mode of operation and reduction of power management; FIG. 17 is a schematic flowchart showing the flowchart shown in FIG. 16 step; FIG. 18A and FIG. 18B is a schematic flow chart showing common, query display shown in FIG. 17 and one of the starting power performance preferred embodiment; Fig. 19A, 19B, 19C, 19D is a schematic flow chart, which show a flowchart of FIG. 16 Central African spontaneously to perform power management step The whole mechanism may be able to operate the function or inorganic,; Fig. 20A, 20B, 20C, 20D is a schematic flow diagram shown in Figure 16 wherein a flowchart of Central Africa are spontaneously all power management function or step for performing a reduction Operation of the mechanism may function; FIG. 21A, 21B, 21C, 21D is a schematic flow chart, which are shown in the flowchart of FIG. 16 step spontaneous power management node may start the sleep mode operation of a machine to perform

构;图22A、 22B、 22C、 22D为概要流程图,其中分别显示一种用以执行图16流程图中自发性电力管理步骤中中枢启动睡眠模式操作之可能机构;图23A、 23B、 23C、 23D为概要流程图,其中分别显示一种用以执行图16流程图中自发性电力管理步骤中全部机能或无机能优先顺位操作之可能机构;图24A、 24B、 24C、 24D为概要流程图,其中分别显示一种用以执行图16流程图中自发性电力管理步骤中全部机能或减量机能优先顺位操作之可能机构;图25为一方块图,显示一先前技术之数据通信网络范例,其中,各网络器件是与公用电力AC主电源耦接;图26A及图26B为方块图,显示依照本发明构成之一数据通信系统范例,其中,各网络器件在同一电缆上接收电力连接与网络连接;图27为一方块图,显示将电力放入数据通信基础设备的电力/数据结合器单元;以及图28为一方块图,显示分离电力与数据通信基础设备的电力/数据分离器单元。 Configuration; FIG. 22A, 22B, 22C, 22D is a schematic flow chart, which show a flowchart of FIG. 16 for performing the power management step in spontaneous central bodies may start the sleep mode operation; Fig. 23A, 23B, 23C, 23D is a schematic flow diagram, which show a flowchart of FIG. 16 to perform the steps of spontaneous power management function or inorganic preferentially all possible overall operation of the organization; Fig. 24A, 24B, 24C, 24D is a schematic flow diagram , which are shown in FIG spontaneity to perform a power management step 16 in the flowchart of all possible body function or reduced function of the priority order of operation; Fig. 25 is a block diagram showing a prior art communications network paradigm of data, wherein each network device is the main power utility power AC coupling; Fig. 26A and 26B is a block diagram showing the constitution of the present invention in accordance with one example of a data communication system, in which each network device receives power connector on the same cable Fi; Figure 27 is a block diagram showing the electric power into the data communications infrastructure power / data combiner unit; and Figure 28 is a block diagram showing the separation of power and data communication infrastructure power / data splitter unit . 图号简单说明:10: 中枢 11: 通信电缆线12: 桌上型电脑 14: Web摄影机16: 传真机 18: IP电话机20: 电脑 22: 伺服器30- 电源子系统 32: 电源34: 局域网络切换器 36:结合器60; 中枢 61: 通信电缆线62: 桌上型电脑 64: Web摄影机66: 传真机 68: IP电话机70 80 84 100 112 116 120 130 134 142、 150: 162: 166: 170: 跳184:192、 220: 224: 226: 272: 274: 276:320: 324: 326: 372: 374:72:伺服器82:电源86:电源界面101:通信电缆线hub摄影机电脑电源子系统局域网络切换器中枢桌上型电114: 传真机118:局域网络电话机电脑122:伺服器电源子系统132:电源局域网络切换器136:结合器144、 146、 148、 149:外部分隔器中枢151:通信电缆线桌上型电164: hub摄影机传真机168:局域网络电话机电脑172:伺服器电源子系统182:电源局域网络切换器186:电源界面194、 196、 198、 199:外部连接器耦合器222:滤波器智慧型电力配置与报告电路SPEAR中央管理与控制子系统滤波器智慧型电力配置与报告电路SPEAR中央管理与控制子系统耦合器322:滤波器智慧型电力配置与报告电路SPEAR 中央管理与控制子系统滤波器智慧型电力配置与报告电路SPEAR376:中央管理与控制子系统 Drawing No simple explanation: 10: Central 11: Communications Cable 12: desktops 14: Web camera 16: Facsimile 18: IP telephone 20: Computers 22: 30- server power subsystem 32: Power 34: LAN Network Switch 36: Combining 60; Central 61: communication cable 62: desktops 64: Web camera 66: Facsimile 68: IP telephone 70 8,084,100,112,116,120,130 134 142 150: 162: 166 : 170: Jump 184: 192, 220: 224: 226: 272: 274: 276: 320: 324: 326: 372: 374: 72: 82 Server: Power 86: Power Interface 101: communication cable camera computer power hub LAN Hub Switch Subsystem Desktop Power 114: fax 118: 122 PC LAN phone: server power subsystem 132: 136 Power LAN Switch: 144, 146, 148, 149 combiner: outer separator control center 151: communication cable Desktop Power 164: hub camera 168 fax: 172 PC LAN phone: server power subsystem 182: Power LAN Switch 186: The power interface 194, 196, 198, 199: External connector coupler 222: intelligent power distribution and reporting filter circuit SPEAR central management and control of intelligent power distribution subsystem filter circuit SPEAR central management and reporting and control subsystem coupled to 322: Filter smart power distribution and Reports circuit SPEAR central management and control subsystem filter intelligent power distribution and reporting circuit SPEAR376: Central Management and Control Subsystem

400:智慧型电力配置与报告电路SPEAR 402:电流传感器404:比较器406:可程式参考电压源407:汇流排408:电流限制器与开关409: A/D转换器410:计时器412:正反器500:网络节点502:数据收发器504:由主电源馈电之电源506:其他元件508:分隔器510:由通信电缆线馈电之电源550:网络节点552:数据收发器554:由主电源馈电之电源556:其他元件558:连接器560:由通信电缆线馈电之电源600:耦合器610:变压器620:耦合器630:变压器632:次级线圈634、 636:绕组640:电容器650:耦合器660:电容器670:耦合器680、 690:电容器700:耦合器702、 704:可调整有源平衡电路(有源滤波器)706、 708:感应与控制电路710:隔离变压器1600:分隔器1610:变压器1620:分隔器1630:变压器1632:初级线圈1634、 1636:绕组1640:电容器1650:分隔器1660:电容器1670:分隔器1680、 1690:电容器1700:分隔器1702、 1704:可调整有源平衡电路(有源滤波器)1706、 1708:感应与控制电路1710:隔离变压器2010:中枢2012:桌上型电脑2014: web摄影机2016:传真机2018: IP电话机2020:电脑2022:伺服器2030:电源子系统2032:电源2034:局域网络切换器2036:结合器2037:耦合器与滤波器单元2038:电力管理与控制单元2040:管理工作站2060:中枢2062:桌上型电脑2064: web摄影机2066:传真机2068: IP电话机2070:电脑2072:伺服器2080:电源子系统2082:电源2084:局域网络切换器2086:电源界面2087:滤波器单元2088:电力管理与控制单元2090:管理工作站2100:中枢2112:桌上型电脑2114: hub摄影机2116:传真机2118:局域网络电话机2120:电脑2122:伺服器2130:电源与管理子系统2132:电源2133:电力管理与控制单元2134:局域网络切换器2136:结合器2137:耦合器与滤波器单元2140:管理工作站2142、 2144、 2146、 2148、 2150:外部分隔器2150:中枢2160: SPEAR控制器2162:桌上型电脑2162:汇流排2164: hub摄影机2164:微处理器2166:传真机2166:记忆体2168:局域网络电话机2168:通信电路2170:电脑2172:伺服器2180:电源与管理子系统2182:电源2183:电力管理与控制单元2184:局域网络切换器2186:电源界面2187:滤波器单元2190:管理工作站2192、 2194、 2196、 2198、 2199:外部连接器2224:智慧型电力配置与报告电路SPEAR2274:智慧型电力配置与报告电路SPEAR2276: SPEAR控制器2278:汇流排2280:微处理器2282:记忆体2284:通信电路2324:智慧型电力配置与报告电路SPEAR2360: SPEAR控制器2362:汇流排2364:微处理器2366:记忆体2368:通信电路2374:智慧型电力配置与报告电路SPEAR2376: SPEAR控制器2378:汇流排2380:微处理器2382:记忆体2384:通信电路2400:基本电路2402:非基本电路2404:节点电路2406:电源2410:切换器2412:电源2414:控制器2416:传感器2436:电源2438:切换器2440:节点电路2442:电源2444:控制器2446:传感器2448:监视电路2500:基本电路2502:非基本电路2504:节点电路2506:电源2508:切换器2510:切换器 400: Intelligent power distribution and reporting circuit SPEAR 402: Current sensor 404: Comparator 406: programmable reference voltage source 407: Bus 408: current limiter and switch 409: A / D converter 410: Timer 412: Positive Anti-500: Network Node 502: data transceiver 504: by the main source of power feeding 506: 508 Other elements: separator 510: by the communication power of the power feeder cable 550: 552 network nodes: data transceiver 554 by: The main power supply feed 556: 558 other components: Connectors 560: by the communication power of the power feeder cable 600: Coupler 610: Transformers 620: Coupler 630: 632 transformer: secondary winding 634, 636: 640 Winding: Capacitor 650: Coupler 660: Capacitors 670: couplers 680, 690: Capacitors 700: couplers 702, 704: adjustable active balancing circuit (active filter) 706, 708: sensing and control circuit 710: isolation transformer 1600 : separator 1610: Transformers 1620: separator 1630: Transformers 1632: primary coil 1634, 1636: Winding 1640: Capacitors 1650: separator 1660: Capacitors 1670: separator 1680, 1690: Capacitors 1700: separator 1702, 1704: You can active balance adjustment circuit (active filter) 1706, 1708: induction and control circuit 1710: isolation transformer 2010: central 2012: desktops 2014: web camera 2016: fax 2018: IP Phone 2020: Computers 2022: Server 2030: The power subsystem 2032: Power 2034: LAN Switch 2036: 2037 combination: the coupler and the filter unit 2038: Power Management and Control Unit 2040: 2060 management station: central 2062: 2064 desktop: web camera 2066: fax 2068: IP Phone 2070: Computers 2072: 2080 Server: Power Subsystem 2082: Power 2084: 2086 LAN Switch: Power Interface 2087: Filter Unit 2088: Power Management and Control Unit 2090: Management Workstation 2100: central 2112: desktops 2114: hub Camera 2116: 2118 fax: LAN telephone 2120: Computers 2122: Server 2130: Power and management subsystem 2132: Power 2133: power management and control unit 2134 : LAN Switch 2136: 2137 coupler: coupler and the filter unit 2140: 2142 management station, 2144, 2146, 2148, 2150: external divider 2150: central 2160: SPEAR controllers 2162: 2162 desktop: Bus 2164: hub Camera 2164: Microprocessor 2166: 2166 fax: Memory 2168: LAN telephone 2168: communication circuitry 2170: Computers 2172: Server 2180: Power and management subsystem 2182: Power 2183: Power Management and the control unit 2184: 2186 LAN Switch: Power Interface 2187: Filter Unit 2190: 2192 management station, 2194, 2196, 2198, 2199: 2224 External Connector: intelligent power distribution and reporting circuit SPEAR2274: intelligent power distribution and reporting circuit SPEAR2276: SPEAR controllers 2278: Bus 2280: Microprocessor 2282: 2284 Memory: communication circuitry 2324: intelligent power distribution and reporting circuit SPEAR2360: SPEAR controllers 2362: Bus 2364: 2366 Microprocessor: Memory 2368: communication circuitry 2374: intelligent power distribution and reporting circuit SPEAR2376: SPEAR controllers 2378: Bus 2380: Microprocessor 2382: 2384 Memory: communication circuitry 2400: Basic Circuit 2402: 2404 non-essential circuits: node circuits 2406: Power 2410: Switch 2412: Power 2414: Controller 2416: Sensors 2436: Power 2438: Switch 2440: Node Circuit 2442: Power 2444: Controller 2446: Sensors 2448: Monitoring circuit 2500: Basic Circuit 2502: Non-Essential Circuit 2504: Node Circuit 2506: Power 2508: 2510 Switch: Switch

电源2514:控制器传感器2540:监视电路网络3012: WAN/局域网络中枢IP电话伺服器3015:服务提供者局域网络接线桥/路由器3018、 3020:局域网络中枢/切换器电插头3024:电插头电插头3028:网际网络/IP电话机电插头3031:网络数据接线膝上型或其他手提型电脑电插头3036:网际网络/IP电话机电插头3040:桌上型电脑电插头3044:摄录影机电插头3047:网络数据专用接线手提型电脑3050:电插头网际网络/IP电话机3054:电插头网络3061:服务提供者IP电话伺服器3064: WAN/局域网络中枢局域网络接线桥/路由器3068:电插头电缆整体式电力/数据结合器中枢/切换器电插头3076: IP电话机电缆3078:电力/数据分离器IP电话机3082:数据电缆电力电缆3086:电力/数据电缆电缆线整体式电力/数据结合器中枢/切换器电力/数据电缆3094:电力/数据分离器手提型电脑3098:电力电缆数据电缆3102: IP电话机31 04: 电力/数据电缆3106:局域网络中枢/切换器31 08: 电插头3110:数据电缆3] 12: IP电话机3114:电插头3〗 16: 数据电缆3118:桌上型电脑3] 20: 电插头3122:数据电缆3] .24: 桌上型电脑3126:电插头3] 28: 局域网络中枢/切换器3130:电插头3] 32: 数据电缆3134:电缆接线3] L36: 网络即用摄录影机3138:数据/电力电缆3] L40: 电力/数据分离器3142: IP电话机3] L44: 数据电缆3146:电力电缆3] L48: 电力/数据电缆3150:桌上型电脑3] L52: 数据电缆3154:电力/数据电缆3: L56: 电力/数据分离器单元3: L58: IP电话机3160:电力电缆3: L62: 数据电缆3164:局域网络上供电管理单元3- L66: 数据电缆3 168: 独立式电力/数据结合器单元3 170: 电插头3171:不断电电源供应器UPS3 172: 电插头3180:电力/数据结合器单元3 181: 线路界面电路3182:滤波与保护电路3 i84: 电源3186:控制器3 跳 输出埠3190:输入埠3 192: 连接器/电缆3200:电力/数据分离器3202: 线路界面电路3204:控制器3206: 滤波与保护电路3208:电力转换器3210: 数据+电力输入埠3212:数据通信输出埠3214: 电力输出埠较佳实施例详细说明现在请参阅图1A之简化方块图,其中显示依照本发明一较佳实施例构成与操作之局域网络。 Power 2514: Controller sensor 2540: Monitoring circuit network 3012: WAN / LAN backbone IP telephony server 3015: The service provider LAN wiring bridge / router 3018, 3020: LAN hub / switch 3024 Electric plug: Electric plug Electric Plug 3028: Internet / IP telephony electromechanical plugs 3031: Network Data Terminal laptop computers or other portable electrical plug 3036: Internet / IP telephony electromechanical plugs 3040: 3044 desktop electrical plug: Camcorder electromechanical plug 3047: dedicated network data connection laptop computers 3050: an electrical plug Internet / IP Phone 3054: 3061 electric plug network: service provider IP telephony server 3064: WAN / LAN backbone LAN wiring bridge / router 3068: electricity Integral power plug cable / data combiner hub / switch electrical plugs 3076: IP telephone cable 3078: power / data splitter IP Phone 3082: data cables power cables 3086: power / data cable Cable monolithic power / data combiner hub / switch the power / data cable 3094: Power / data splitter portable computers 3098: Power cable Data Cable 3102: IP Phone 3104: Power / Data Cable 3106: LAN hub / switch 3108: electricity Plug 3110: data cable 3] 12: IP Phone 3114: an electrical plug 3〗 16: Data Cable 3118: desktop 3] 20: an electrical plug 3122: data cable 3] .24: desktops 3126: electricity Plug 3] 28: LAN hub / switch 3130: electrical plugs 3] 32: 3134 Data Cable: Cable 3] L36: The Internet is 3138 with camcorders: data / power cable 3] L40: power / data separation is 3142: IP Phone 3] L44: Data Cable 3146: Power cable 3] L48: power / data cable 3150: desktop 3] L52: Data Cable 3154: Power / Data Cable 3: L56: power / data separation unit 3: L58: IP Phone 3160: Power cable 3: L62: Data Cable 3164: on the LAN power management unit 3- L66: Data Cable 3168: stand-alone power / data combiner unit 3170: electrical plug 3171 : uninterruptible power supply UPS3 172: electrical plug 3180: Power / data combiner unit 3181: Line Interface Circuit 3182: filtering and protection circuit 3 i84: Power 3186: Controller 3 jump output port 3190: Enter port 3192: Connector / Cable 3200: Power / data splitter 3202: Line Interface Circuit 3204: Controller 3206: 3208 filtering and protection circuits: a power converter 3210: Data + Power input port 3212: data communication output port 3214: power output ports than the For details, please refer to the preferred embodiment now simplified block diagram of FIG. 1A, which shows the composition and operation of LAN example of a preferred embodiment according to the present invention. 如图1A所示,其中提供之局域网络(局域网络) 包括一中枢10,此中枢10以电缆线ll(较佳为一结构式电缆线系统)耦接于若干个局域网络节点,诸如一桌上型电脑12、 一web摄影机14、 一传真机16、 一局域网络电话机(亦称为IP电话机)18、 一电脑20、及一伺服器22。 1A, a local area network (LAN) of which comprises a hub 10 provided, the cable hub 10 to ll (preferably a structural formula cable system) is coupled to a plurality of LAN nodes, such as a table, 12 computers, a web camera 14, a facsimile machine 16, a local telephone network (also known as IP telephone) 18, a computer 20 and a server 22. 电缆线11较佳为习用局域网络电缆线,在同一套皮下具有四对双扭铜线。 Cable 11 preferably conventional LAN cable, having four pairs of twisted copper wire with a skin. 在图1A所示实施例中,如以下即将说明者,四对双扭铜线中,至少有一对是用于传输«与电力至网络各节点。 In the embodiment shown in FIG. 1A, as will be explained by the following, four pairs of twisted copper wire, at least one pair is used for transmission «with the power to each node in the network. 通常是使用其中二对沿著连接中枢与每一节点的每条线路传输数据与电力,第三对只用来传输数据,第四对则保留作为备用,既不传输数据也不传输电力。 Wherein the two pairs are usually used to connect the hub to each node along each line of data and transmission power used to transmit data only on the third, fourth pair is retained as a backup, neither the transmission data nor transmit power. 根据本发明一较佳实施例,其中提供一电源子系统30,其作用可经由中枢10及连接中枢与不同局域网络节点的通信电缆线,提供至少一部份操作或备用电力给所述若干个节点中至少一部份节点。 According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, which provides a power subsystem 30, via which the central role of the hub 10 and the communication cable connected to different nodes of the local area network, providing at least a portion of the operating or backup power to said plurality At least a portion of the nodes in the node. 在图1A所示实施例中,子系统30是位于中枢10内部并包括一电源32,电源32经由通信电缆线供应操作电力及/或备用电力至不同的局域网络节点。 In the embodiment shown in FIG. 1A, subsystem 30 is located inside the hub 10 and includes a power supply 32, power supply 32 via a communication cable operating power, and / or backup power to various LAN nodes. 通信电缆线经由一结合器36连接一局域网络切换器34与不同的局域网络节点。 A communication cable 36 connected to the LAN switch 34 with a different local area network nodes via a combiner. 结合器将电源32供应之电力沿通信电缆线耦接于至少一部份局域网络节点。 Combiner 32 electricity along power supply of the communication cable is coupled to at least a portion of a local area network nodes. 从切换器34出发的双向数据通信通过结合器36, 大致上不受干扰。 Bi-directional data communication from the switch 34 by combining the starting 36, largely undisturbed. 从图中可以看出,根据本发明一较佳实施例构成与操作的典型局域网络构造方式,从中枢10至桌上型电脑12、传真机16及电脑20的通信电缆线11可传输数据与备用电力二者,而从中枢10至hub摄影机14及局域网络电话机18的通信电缆线可传输数据与操作电力二者,从中枢至伺服器22的通信电缆线则只传输数据。 As can be seen from the figure, according to the typical way a local area network construction and operation of the preferred embodiment of the present invention constituted 11 can transmit data from the hub 10 to the communication cable 12 desktop computers, fax machines and computers 20 and 16 both standby power, from the central hub 10 to the camera 14 and LAN telephone communication cable 18 may transmit both data and operating power, the communication cable from the hub to the server 22 only transmit data. 图1A所示实施例的一项特别特征是,数据与电力是在同一双扭铜线上传输。 A special feature of the embodiment shown in FIG. 1A, the data and power are transmitted over the same twisted-pair copper wire. 吾人可以理解,局域网络节点12-20中,在通信电缆线上接收电力的每一节点包括一分隔器,用来分开电力与数据。吾人 will be appreciated, the local area network nodes 12-20, each node receives the power cable in a communication line comprises a separator, used to separate power and data. 在图1A所示实施例中, 各分隔器通常在个节点内部且不个别指定,但是吾人可以理解,也可使用个别的分隔器。 In the embodiment shown in Figure 1A, each of the separator is usually not specified within the individual nodes, but 吾人 be appreciated, also may be used individually separator. 现在请参阅图1B之简化方块图,其中显示依照本发明另一较佳实施例构成与操作之局域网络。 Referring now to FIG. 1B of a simplified block diagram, in accordance with the present invention which shows another example of a configuration and operation of the local area network of the preferred embodiment. 如图IB所示,其中提供之局域网络(局域网络)包括一中枢60,此中枢60以电缆线61(较佳为一结构式电缆线系统) 耦接至若千个局域网络节点,诸如一桌上型电脑62、 一web摄影机64、 一传真机66、 一局域网络电话机(亦称为IP电话机)68、 一电脑70、及一伺服器72。 As shown in Figure IB, which provides local area network's (LAN) includes a hub 60, the hub 60 to cable 61 (preferably a structural formula cable systems) coupled to a local area network if thousands of nodes, such as a table on 62 computers, a web camera 64, a facsimile machine 66, a local telephone network (also known as IP telephone) 68, a computer 70 and a server 72. 电缆线61较佳为习用局域网络电缆线,在同一套皮下具有四对双扭铜线。 Cable 61 preferably conventional LAN cable, having four pairs of twisted copper wire with a skin. 在图1B所示实施例中,其与参照图1A说明之构造方式不同,并如以下即将说明者,四对双扭铜线中,至少有一对是专用于传输电力至网络各节点,而且至少有一对是专用于传输数据。 In the embodiment shown in Figure 1B, with reference to FIG. 1A illustrates structure of different, and as will be explained by the following, four pairs of twisted copper wires, at least one pair is dedicated to the transmission of power to each node in the network, and at least A pair is dedicated to the transmission of data. 通常是使用其中二对专用于传输数据,而另二对则专用于沿著连接中枢与每一节点的每条线路来供应电力。 Typically use one of two dedicated to the transmission of data, while the other two pairs are dedicated to each line along the connecting hub and each node to supply electricity. 根据本发明一较佳实施例,其中提供一电源子系统80,其作用可经由中枢60及连接中枢与不同局域网络节点的通信电缆线61,提供至少一部份操作或备用电力给所述若干个节点中至少一部份节点。 At least a portion of the operating or backup power to said plurality according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, which provides a power subsystem 80, which effects the communication cable via the central hub 60 and connected to different local area network node 61, providing nodes of at least a portion of the nodes. 在图1B所示实施例中,子系统80是位于中枢60内部并包括一电源82,由电源82经由通信电缆线供应操作电力及/或备用电力至不同的局域网络节点。 In the embodiment shown in FIG. 1B, subsystem 80 is located inside the hub 60 and includes a power supply 82, 82 by the power supply operating power via the communication cable and / or backup power to various LAN nodes. 通信电缆线经由一电源界面86连接一局域网络切换器84 与不同的局域网络节点。 A communication cable connecting the LAN switch 84 with a different local area network node 86 via a power supply interface. 电源界面86将电源82供应之电力沿著通信电缆线61中非用于传输数据的扭线对,配电至局域网络节点中至少一部份节点。 Power Interface 86 will supply the electrical power supply 82 along a communication cable 61 Central Africa for the twisted wire to transmit data to and distribution to the LAN node at least a portion of the node. 从切换器84出发的双向数据通信通过电源界面86,大致上不受干扰。 Two-way data communication starting from the switch 84 through the power interface 86, largely undisturbed. 从图中可以看出,根据本发明一较佳实施例构成与操作的典型局域网络构造方式,从中枢60至桌上型电脑62、传真机66及电脑70的通信电缆线61可沿个别的双扭线传输数据与备用电力二者,而从中枢60至hub摄影机64及局域网络电话机68的通信电缆线61可沿个别的双扭线 As can be seen from the figure, constitute a typical LAN configuration mode of operation in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the invention, from the hub 60 to 62 desktop computers, fax machines and computer communication cable 66 70 61 along the individual twisted pair transmission of both data and backup power, and from the central hub 60 to the camera 64 and the local telephone network communication cable 68 61 along separate twisted pair

传输数据与操作电力二者,从中枢60至伺服器72的通信电缆线61则只传输数据。 Transmission of data and operation of power between the two, only 61 transfer of data from the central server communication cable 60 to 72. 图1B所示实施例的一项特别特征是,数据与电力是在每一通信电缆线路中不同的双扭铜线上传输。 A special feature of the embodiment shown in FIG. 1B, the data and the power is on in each communication cable lines in different twisted-pair copper wires. 从图中可以理解,在通信电缆线61上接收电力的每一局域网络节点62-70都包括一个连接器,用于连接传输电力之双扭线与一节点电源,并另外连接传输数据之双扭线与节点之数据输入端。 From the figure it can be understood that every local area network node receives power on the communication cable 61 62-70 includes a connector for twisted-pair cable to connect the transmission power of a node with the power and double the transmission of data, further connection Twisting and nodes of data input. 在图1B所示实施例中, 各连接器通常在各节点内部而非另外指定,但吾人可以理解,其中亦可使用分离的连接器。 In the embodiment shown in FIG. 1B embodiment, each of the connector, not otherwise specified normally within each node, it will be appreciated 吾人, which can also be used separate connector. 从图中可以理解,图1A及图1B所示一系统之二个实施例,其中经由一中枢与连接中枢至不同局域网络节点之通信电缆线而提供电力至若干个局域网络节点。 From the figure it can be appreciated that as shown in FIGS. 1A and 1B of two embodiments of a system in which power is provided to a plurality of LAN nodes via a hub and the hub is connected to the communication cable of different LAN nodes. 图2A及图2B显示一系统之另外二个实施例,其中经由一中枢与连接中枢至不同局域网络节点之通信电缆线而提供电力至若干个局域网络节点。 2A and 2B show two additional embodiments of a system, which is connected with the central hub via a communication cable to the different nodes of the local area network to provide power to a plurality of local area network nodes. 图2A及图2B显示的局域网络包括一电源,此电源可在通信电缆线上提供电力至局域网络各节点。 2A and 2B, the display includes a local area network power supply, this power supply can provide power to each node in a LAN communication cable line. 在图2A所示实施例中,有一习用之中枢100,此中枢并不在通信电缆线101上提供电力;中枢100外部有一电源子系统130,此系统包括一电源132,经由通信电缆线101供应操作电力及/或备用电力至不同的局域网络节点。 In the embodiment shown in FIG. 2A, there is the central one conventional of 100, the hub does not provide power over a communication cable 101; hub 100 outside a power supply subsystem 130, the system includes a power supply 132, via the communication cable 101 supplies operation electricity and / or backup power to various LAN nodes. 通信电缆线连接习用中枢100之局域网络切换器134与电源子系统130内的结合器136,并连接结合器136至不同的局域网络节点。 Communication cable connection conventional LAN hub 100 of the switch 134 and 130 combine the power subsystem within the 136 and 136 connected to a different combination of LAN nodes. 结合器136将电源132提供的电力沿著通信电缆线供应至至少一部份的局域网络节点。 Power combiner 136 to provide a power supply 132 along the communication cable to at least a portion of local area network nodes. 由局域网络切换器134发出的双向数据通信通过结合器136,大致不受干扰。 Bi-directional data communication from the LAN switch 134 136 issued by combining substantially undisturbed. 电缆线101较佳是习用之局域网络电缆线,在同一套皮下具有四对双扭铜线。 Cable 101 is preferably a conventional LAN cable, the in has four pairs of twisted copper wire with a skin. 在图2A所示实施例中,如以下即将说明者,四对双扭铜线中, 至少有一对是用于传输数据与电力至网络各节点。 In the embodiment shown in Figure 2A, as will be explained by the following, four pairs of twisted copper wires, at least one pair is used for transmitting data and power to each node in the network. 通常是使用其中二对沿著连接电源子系统130与每一节点的每条线路传输数据与电力,第三对只用来传输数据,第四对则保留作为备用,既不传输数据也不传输电力。 Typically use one of two transmission lines 130 and each of the data and the power of each node, and the third to be used only to transmit data along the connecting power subsystem, the fourth of the reservation as a backup, neither transmit nor transfer data Power.

从图中可以看出,在根据本发明较佳实施例构成与操作的典型局域网络安排方式中,从电源子系统130至桌上型电脑112、传真机116及电脑120的通信电缆线101可传输数据与备用电力二者,而从电源子系统130至hub摄影机114及局域网络电话机118的通信电缆线101可传输数据与操作电力二者,从中枢100至伺服器122的通信电缆线则只传输数据,并可通过子系统130,但非必要。 As can be seen from the figure, in accordance with the typical local area network arrangement and operation of the preferred embodiment of the present invention constituted in the power subsystem from 130 to 112 desktop computers, fax machines and computer communication cable 116 120 101 both data transmission and backup power, and data can be transmitted from the power subsystem 130 to 114 and the LAN hub camera phone communication cable 118 101 both operating power, communications cable from the hub 100 to the server 122 only the transmission of data, and through subsystem 130, but not essential. 图2A所示实施例的一项特别特征是,数据与电力是在相同的双扭铜线上传输。 A special feature of the embodiment shown in FIG. 2A, the data and power are transmitted over the same twisted-pair copper wire. 在图2A所示实施例中,接收电力的每一局域网络节点112- 120都设置一个与通信电缆线耦接之外部分隔器,用以分离数据与电力。 In the embodiment shown in Figure 2A, each of the local area network nodes 112-120 receive power are provided with a communication cable coupled to the external separator for separating the data and power. 与各节点112-120结合之外部分隔器各以参考标号142-149指定之。 112-120 external divider binding of each node each designated by reference numerals 142-149. 每一分隔器有一通信电缆线输入端及分开之数据输出端与电力输出端。 Each separator has a communication cable separately from the data input terminal and the output terminal of the power output. 吾人可以理解,节点112-120中,可部份或全部选择性地设置内部分隔器,而节点112-120亦可部份或全部设置外部分隔器。 I can understand, 112-120 nodes, you can selectively set some or all of the internal divider, and some or all of the nodes 112-120 also set up an external divider. 吾人可以理解,除了前述局域网络节点外,本发明亦可配合其他任何适合之节点使用,诸如,无线局域网络存取点、紧急照明系统元件、 传呼扬声器、CCTV摄影机、警报传感器、门口传感器、存取控制单元、 膝上型电脑、网络元件(诸如中枢、切换器及路由器)、个人电脑及工作站使用之监视器与记忆备用单元。吾人 be understood that in addition to the aforementioned local area network node, the present invention may also be used with any other node for the use, such as a wireless local area network access point, emergency lighting system elements, paging loudspeakers, CCTV cameras, alarm sensors, door sensors, memory Take control unit, a laptop computer, a network element (such as a hub, switch and router), personal computers and workstations using the monitors and memory backup units. 在图2B所示实施例中,有一习用之中枢150,此中枢并不在通信电缆线151上提供电力;中枢150外部有一电源子系统180,此系统包括一电源182,经由通信电缆线151供应操作电力及/或备用电力至不同的局域网络节点。 2B, the embodiment shown, a conventional hub with the 150, the hub does not provide power over a communication cable 151; hub 150 outside a power subsystem 180, the system includes a power supply 182, supply operation via a communication cable 151 electricity and / or backup power to various LAN nodes. 通信电缆线连接习用中枢150之局域网络切换器184与电源子系统180内的电源界面186,并连接电源界面186至不同的局域网络节点。 Communication cable connection hub 150 of the conventional local area network switches 184 and 180 in the power supply subsystem interface 186, and connect the power interface 186 to a different local area network nodes. 电源界面186将电源182供应的电力沿著通信电缆线配电给至少一部份的局域网络节点。 Power Interface 186 182 supply electric power supply distribution to at least a portion of the local area network nodes along a communication cable. 由局域网络切换器184发出的双向数据通信通过电源界面186,大致不受干扰。 Bi-directional data communication from the LAN switch 184 emitted by power interface 186, substantially undisturbed. 电缆线151较佳是习用之局域网络电缆线,在同一套皮下具有四对双扭铜线。 Cable 151 is preferably a conventional LAN cable, the in has four pairs of twisted copper wire with a skin. 在图2B所示实施例中,与以上图2A说明的安排方式相反,并如以下即将说明者,四对双扭铜线中,至少有一对是专用于传输电力至网络各节点,并至少有一对是专用于传输数据。 In the embodiment shown in FIG. 2B, the opposite arrangement of FIG. 2A described above, and as will be explained by the following, four pairs of twisted copper wires, at least one pair is dedicated to the transmission of power to each node in the network, and at least one pair is dedicated to the transmission of data. 通常是使用其中二对沿著连接中枢与每一节点的每条线路专门传输数据,并使用另二对沿著连接中枢与每一节点的每条线路专门供应电力。 Typically use one of two connection hub to each node along each line dedicated data transmission, and use of the other two dedicated supply power along each line connecting the center of each node. 从图中可以看出,在根据本发明一较佳实施例构成与操作的典型局域网络安排方式中,从中枢150至桌上型电脑162、传真机166及电脑170的通信电缆线151可传输数据与备用电力二者,而从中枢150至hub 摄影机164及局域网络电话机168的通信电缆线可传输数据与操作电力二者,从中枢150至伺服器172的通信电缆线则只传输数据,并可通过子系统180,但非必要。 As can be seen from the figure, in a typical local area network in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention is constituted in the arrangement and operation, from the hub 150 to the desktop computer 162, facsimile communication cable 166 and computer 170 can transmit 151 both data and backup power, while the hub from the hub 150 to the camera 164 and LAN telephone communication cable 168 can transmit both data and operating power, the communication cable from the hub 150 to the server 172 only transmit data, and through subsystem 180, but not essential. 图2B所示实施例的一项特别特征是,数据与电力是在每一通信电缆线路中不同的双扭铜线上传输。 A special feature shown in FIG. 2B embodiment, the data and power are transmitted over each communication cabling in different twisted-pair copper wire. 在图2B所示实施例中,接收电力的每一局域网络节162-170都设置一个外部连接器,用以分别提供来自通信电缆线的数据与电力。 In the embodiment shown in FIG. 2B, each local area network nodes 162-170 are provided to receive power an external connector for separately providing data and power from the communication cable. 与各节点162-170结合之外部连接器分别用参考标号192-199指定之。 Combining external connector 162-170, respectively, and each node designated by the reference numerals 192-199. 每一连接器有一通信电缆线输入端及分开的数据输出端与电力输出端。 Each connector has a communication cable separate data input and output terminals of the power output. 吾人可以理解,节点162-170中,可部份或全部选择性地设置内部连接器,而节点162-170亦可部份或全部设置外部连接器。 I can understand, 162-170 nodes, you can selectively set some or all of the internal connector, and some or all of the nodes 162-170 also set up an external connector. 吾人可以理解,除了前述局域网络节点外,本发明亦可配合其他任何适合之节点使用,诸如,无线局域网络存取点、紧急照明系统元件、 传呼扬声器、CCTV摄影机、警报传感器、门口传感器、存取控制单元、 膝上型电脑、网络元件(诸如中枢、切换器及路由器)、个人电脑及工作站使用之监视器与记忆备用单元。吾人 be understood that in addition to the aforementioned local area network node, the present invention may also be used with any other node for the use, such as a wireless local area network access point, emergency lighting system elements, paging loudspeakers, CCTV cameras, alarm sensors, door sensors, memory Take control unit, a laptop computer, a network element (such as a hub, switch and router), personal computers and workstations using the monitors and memory backup units. 现在请参照图3A,其中为一中枢之简化方块图,诸如图1A实施例中使用的中枢IO。 Referring now to Figure 3A, which is a simplified block diagram of a hub, such as hub IO embodiment FIG 1A embodiment used. 中枢10较佳包括一习用的、市面可购得的局域网络切换器34,此切换器之作用如一数据通信切换器/中继器,并与结合器36 接合。 Hub 10 preferably includes a conventional and commercially available local area network switch 34, the role of this switch such as a data communication switch / repeater, 36 engage with combiner. 结合器36通常包括若干个耦合器220,每一耦合器220经由一滤波器222连接至一智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR)224。 Combiner 36 typically includes a plurality of couplers 220, each coupler 220 is connected via a filter 222 to a smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR) 224. 每一SPEAR 224是与电源32连接以接收来自该处的电力。 Each SPEAR 224 is connected to receive power from the premises of the power source 32. 吾人可以理解,电源32之 It will be appreciated, the power supply 32

位置可在中枢10的外部。 Position can be outside of the hub 10. 电源32可设置一断电备用设备,诸如一蓄电池接头。 Power supply 32 may be provided with a power backup device, such as a battery connector. 每一耦合器220有二个埠,其中一埠较佳是与局域网络切换器34的一埠连接,另一埠则较佳是经由通信电缆线连接一局域网络节点。 Each coupler 220 has two ports, one LAN port preferably is a port connected to the switch 34 and the other port is connected to a local area network is preferred node via a communication cable. 耦合器220之作用最好可将电力耦接至通信电缆线而实质上不干扰通信电缆线上的数据通信。 220 of the best acting coupling power can be coupled to the communication cable and data communication does not substantially interfere with communication cable line. 滤波器222之作用最好可避免不利的埠间与线对间耦接(亦即通常所谓的"串音"),并阻断电源32产生的杂讯进入通信电缆线。 Filter 222 of the best action to avoid adverse port and the line between the inter-coupled (ie usually called "crosstalk"), and block noise generated by the power supply 32 into the communication cable. 或者,亦可不必提供滤波器222。 Or, also do not have to provide a filter 222. 最好由一中央管理与控制子系统226(通常为一微控制器之形式)控制电源32、局域网络切换器34、耦合器220、滤波器222及SPEAR 224 之操作。 Best by a central management and control subsystem 226 (typically in the form of a microcontroller) supply 32, the LAN switch 34, a coupler 220, a filter 222 and SPEAR 224 of the operation. 现在请参照图3B,其中为一中枢之简化方块图,诸如图1B实施例中使用的中枢60。 Referring now to Figure 3B, which is a simplified block diagram of a hub, such as Fig. 1B hub 60 cases used in the examples. 中枢60较佳包括一习用的、市面可购得的局域网络切换器84,此切换器之作用如一数据通信切换器/中继器,并与电源界面86耦接。 Hub 60 preferably includes a conventional and commercially available local area network switch 84, the role of this switch such as a data communication switch / repeater, and coupled with the power supply interface 86. 电源界面86通常包括若干个滤波器272,每一滤波器272连接至一智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR)274。 Power Interface 86 typically includes a number of filter 272, each filter 272 is connected to an intelligent power distribution and reporting circuit (SPEAR) 274. 每一SPEAR 274是与电源82连接以接收来自该处的电力。 Each SPEAR 274 is connected to receive power from the premises of the power supply 82. 吾人可以理解,电源82之位置可在中枢60的外部。吾人 can be understood that the location of the power supply 82 can be externally hub 60. 电源82可设置一断电备用设备,诸如一蓄电池接头。 82 may be provided with a power supply backup device, such as a battery connector. 滤波器272之作用最好可避免不利的埠间耦接(亦即通常所谓的"串音"),并阻断电源82产生的杂讯进入通信电缆线。 The role of the filter 272 is preferably avoided port coupled between negative (i.e., generally called "crosstalk"), and blocks of noise into the power supply 82 generates a communication cable. 最好由一中央管理与控制子系统276(通常为一微控制器之形式)控制电源82、局域网络切换器84、滤波器272及SPEAR 274之操作。 Best by a central management and control subsystem 276 (typically in the form of a microcontroller) supply 82, LAN switch 84, filter 272 and SPEAR 274 of the operation. 从图3B所示实施例可以看出,其中未提供耦合器,此乃因为电力与数据是在分开的双扭线对上传输。 3B can be seen from the embodiment shown in FIG, which did not provide a coupler, which was because of the power and data are transmitted in separate twisted pairs. 经由电源界面在导体上传输的数据, 大致不受电源界面操作的影响。 Power Interface via data transmission on the conductor, roughly from power interface operation. 现在请参照图4A,其中为图2A实施例中所使用的中枢100及电源子系统130之简化方块图。 Referring now to Figure 4A, wherein Figure 2A is the hub used in the embodiment in a simplified block diagram of the power supply 100 and the subsystem 130. 中枢100较佳包括一习用的、市面可购得的局域网络切换器134,此切换器之作用如一数据通信切换器/中继器,并 Hub 100 preferably includes a conventional and commercially available local area network switching device 134, the role of this switch like a data communication switch / repeater, and

与结合器136接合。 136 in conjunction with the engagement. 结合器136通常包括若干个耦合器320,每一耦合器320经由一滤波器322连接至一智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR)324。 136 typically includes a combination of a number of couplers 320, each coupler 320 is connected via a filter 322 to a smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR) 324. 每一SPEAR 324是与电源132连接以接收来自该处的电力。 Each SPEAR 324 is connected to the power source 132 to receive power from there. 吾人可以理解,电源132之位置可在中枢100的外部。吾人 be appreciated, the position of the power supply 132 may be external of hub 100. 电源132可设置一断电备用设备,诸如一蓄电池接头。 132 may be provided with a power supply backup device, such as a battery connector. 每一耦合器320有二个埠,其中一埠较佳是与局域网络切换器134 的一埠连接,另一埠则较佳是经由通信电缆线连接一局域网络节点。 Each coupler 320 has two ports, one LAN port preferably is a port connected to the switch 134, and the other port is connected to a local area network is preferred node via a communication cable. 耦合器320之作用最好可将电力耦接至通信电缆线而实质上不干扰通信电缆线上的数据通信。 320 of the best acting coupling power can be coupled to the communication cable and data communication does not substantially interfere with communication cable line. 滤波器322之作用最好可避免不利的埠间与线对间耦接(亦即通常所谓的"串音"),并阻断电源132产生的杂讯进入通信电缆线。 322 of the best filter effect can be avoided between the port and the adverse coupling between pairs (that is commonly referred to as "crosstalk"), and blocks the noise generated by the power supply 132 into the communication cable. 最好由一中央管理与控制子系统326(通常为一微控制器之形式)控制电源132、耦合器320、滤波器322及SPEAR 324之操作。 Best by a central management and control subsystem 326 (typically in the form of a microcontroller) supply 132, a coupler 320, filters 322 and 324 of the SPEAR operating. 现在请参照图4B,其中为图2B实施例中使用的中枢150及电源子系统180之简化方块图。 Referring now to Figure 4B, in which FIG. 2B is used in the embodiment of central power subsystem 150 and 180 of the block diagram of a simplified embodiment. 中枢150较佳包括一习用的、市面可购得的局域网络切换器184,此切换器之作用如一数据通信切换器/中继器,并与电源界面186接合。 Hub 150 preferably comprises a conventional and commercially available local area network switching device 184, the role of this switch like a data communication switch / repeater, and with the power interface 186 engaged. 电源界面186通常包括若干个滤波器372,每一滤波器372连接至一智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR) 374。 Power Interface 186 generally includes a number of filter 372, each filter 372 is connected to an intelligent power distribution and reporting circuit (SPEAR) 374. 每一SPEAR 374 是与电源182连接(图2B)以接收来自该处的电力。 Each SPEAR 374 is connected to the power supply 182 (FIG. 2B) to receive power from there. 吾人可以理解,电源182之位置可在电源子系统180的外部。吾人 can be understood that the location of the power supply 182 in the external power supply subsystem 180. 电源182可设置一断电备用设备, 诸如一蓄电池接头。 Power supply 182 may be provided with a power failure backup device, such as a battery connector. 滤波器372之作用最好可避免不利的埠间与线对间耦接(亦即通常所谓的"串音"),并阻断电源182产生的杂讯进入通信电缆线。 372 of the best filter effect can be avoided between the port and the adverse coupling between pairs (that is commonly referred to as "crosstalk"), and blocks the noise generated by the power supply 182 into the communication cable. 最好由一中央管理与控制子系统376(通常为一微控制器之形式)控制电源182、滤波器372及SPEAR 374之操作。 Best by a central management and control subsystem 376 (typically in the form of a microcontroller) supply 182, filters 372 and 374 of the SPEAR operating. 从图4B所示实施例可以看出,其中未提供耦合器,此乃因为电力与数据是在分开的双扭线对上传输。 As can be seen from the embodiment shown in Figure 4B, there is not provided a coupler, which was because of the power and data are transmitted in separate twisted pairs. 经由电源界面在导体上传输的数据, 大致不受电源界面操作的影响。 Power Interface via data transmission on the conductor, roughly from power interface operation. 吾人可以理解,电源32(图3A)、电源82(图3B)、电源132(图4A) I will be appreciated, the power supply 32 (FIG. 3A), the power supply 82 (FIG. 3B), the power supply 132 (FIG. 4A)

及电源182(图4B)是沿著一对导体(其中之一为正导体,以+号指示;另一为负导体,以-号指示)分别提供输出电力至SPEAR 224(图3A)、 SPEAR 274 (图3B) 、 SPEAR 324 (图4A)及SPEAR 374 (图4B)。 And power supply 182 (Fig. 4B) along a pair of conductors (one of which is positive conductor to the + direction; the other for the negative conductor to - Directive) provides output power to SPEAR 224 (Fig. 3A), respectively, SPEAR 274 (Fig. 3B), SPEAR 324 (Fig. 4A) and SPEAR 374 (Figure 4B). 供应至正导体及负导体的电压分别以+Vin及-Vin表示,其间之差则以Vin表示。 Positive supply voltage conductor and negative conductor respectively + Vin and -Vin said Vin represents the difference between them of places. 现在请参照图5,其中为图3A、 3B及图4A、 4B实施例中使用的智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR)400之简化方块图,尤其是将DC电流耦接至通信电缆线时。 When Referring now to FIG. 5, wherein FIG 3A, 3B and 4A, 4B, a simplified block diagram of the embodiment 400 intelligent power distribution and reporting circuit used in the examples (SPEAR), especially the DC current is coupled to a communication cable . SPEAR 400较佳包括一电流传感器402,接收来自一电源的电压输入+Vin,并产生一信号,此信号与通过电流传感器402的电流成比例。 SPEAR 400 preferably comprises a current sensor 402, receives a power supply voltage input + Vin, and generates a signal which is proportional to the current through the current sensor 402. 从电源32(图3A) 、82 (图3B) 、132(图4A)或182 (图4B)接收的电压输入-Vin 提供一电压输出-Vout ,此电压输出通常与电压输入-Vin无异。 From the power supply 32 (FIG. 3A), 82 (Fig. 3B), 132 (Fig. 4A) or 182 (Fig. 4B) receives a voltage input -Vin provide a voltage output -Vout, the voltage output is usually the same as the voltage input -Vin. 电流传感器402的输出被供应至多数比较器404,比较器404也接收来自各个可程式参考电压源406的各个参考电压Vref (通常在A/D转换器中实施)。 An output current sensor 402 is supplied to the majority of the comparator 404, the comparator 404 also receives from each respective programmable reference voltage source of the reference voltage Vref 406 (typically implemented in A / D converter). 可程式参考电压源406较佳是经由一汇流排407接收来自管理与控制电路226(图3A)、 276(图3B)、 326(图4A)及376(图4B)的控制输入。 Programmable reference voltage source 406 is preferably received from the management and control circuit 226 (FIG. 3A) via a bus 407, 276 (FIG. 3B), 326 (FIG. 4A) and 376 (FIG. 4B) control input. 或者,电压源406不必为可程式的。 Alternatively, the voltage source 406 does not have to be the program's. 比较器404的输出被送往一电流限制器与开关408,此开关经由电流传感器402接收输入电压Vin,并提供一限流电压输出Vout。 The output of comparator 404 is supplied to a current limiter and switch 408, switch 402 receives the input voltage Vin via the current sensor, and provide a current limit output voltage Vout. 输出电压+Vout与-Vout被当作输入引至一类比数位(A/D)转换器409,由该处将Vout之数位指示,亦即+Vout与-Vout之间的差,较佳经由汇流排407输出至管理与控制电路226 (图3A) 、 276(图3B) 、 326 (图4A)及376 (图4B)。 The output voltage + Vout and -Vout cited as an input to an analog to digital (A / D) converter 409, as indicated by the number of bits of the premises will Vout, that is the difference between Vout and -Vout +, preferably via bus 407 output row to the management and control circuit 226 (FIG. 3A), 276 (Fig. 3B), 326 (Fig. 4A) and 376 (Figure 4B). 比较器404的输出较佳经由汇流排407输出至管理与控制电路226 (图3A)、 276(图3B)、 326 (图4A)及376 (图4B),作为监视输入,提供关于流经SPEAR之DC电流的资讯。 Output of the comparator 404 via bus 407 to the preferred output management and control circuit 226 (FIG. 3A), 276 (Fig. 3B), 326 (Fig. 4A) and 376 (Fig. 4B), a monitor input, provide information on flows SPEAR The DC current information. 某些比较器404的输出被直接供应至电流限制器与开关408,其他比较器404的输出则经由一计时器410与一正反器412供应至电流限制器与开关408。 Some of the comparator output 404 is supplied directly to current limiter and switch 408, the output of the comparator 404, the other via a timer 410 and a flip-flop 412 is supplied to a current limiter and switch 408. 输出被直接供应至电流限制器与开关408的比较器404提供相当高阈的立即限流,而输出经由一计时器410与一正反器412供应至电流限制器与开关408的比较器404则提供相当低阈的延迟动作断流。 Output is supplied directly to current limiter and switch 404 provides the comparator 408 immediately rather high threshold limit, and output via a timer 410 and a flip-flop 412 is supplied to a current limiter and switch comparator 408 404 provide relatively low threshold delay action stop. 正反器412响应外部输入,此等外部输入使管理与控制电路226(图3A) 、 276 (图3B) 、 326 (图4A)及376(图4B)可经由汇流排407遥控电流限制器与开关408的操作。 Flip-flop 412 in response to an external input, such external input enable management and control circuit 226 (FIG. 3A), 276 (Fig. 3B), 326 (Fig. 4A) and 376 (Fig. 4B) via bus 407 and remote current limiter The operation of switch 408. 吾人可以理解,上述SPEAR电路亦可在负导线上操作。吾人 can be understood that the above SPEAR circuit can operate on the negative wire. 在此情况时, Vin与Vout之间应连接一短路导线。 When this case, a short circuit between the wires connected to Vin and Vout. 吾人可进一步理解,SPEAR的组件亦可以用另一种顺序构成。 It can further understand, SPEAR components can also be constituted by another order. 现在请参照图6,其中显示图5实施例一较佳实施方式之简化概要图。 Referring now to FIG. 6, FIG. 5 which shows a preferred embodiment of a simplified schematic diagram of the way of the embodiment. 由于图5及图6中使用完全相同的参考标号,图6之概要图应可不言自明。 Since 5 and 6 using the same reference numerals, a schematic diagram of FIG. 6 may be self-evident. 因此,为了精简之故,此处不再提供其他的文字说明。 Therefore, in order to streamline the rules, here provides no text description. 现在请参照图7A,其中显示图1A、 2A实施例中用使的局域网络节点界面电路之简化方块图,并以外部分隔器142-149为例。 Referring now to Figure 7A, which is shown in Figure 1A, 2A embodiment enables a simplified example using local area network node interface circuit of the block diagram, and an external divider 142-149 example. 吾人可以理解,图7A之电路或者亦可内建于局域网络节点,例如图1A所示。吾人 be appreciated, the circuit of FIG. 7A, or can also be built in the local area network nodes, e.g., FIG. 1A. 图7A显示一网络节点500之典型构成元件,其中包括一数据收发器502、 一由主电源馈电之电源504、及其他各种不同的元件506,视节点的机能而定。 7A shows a typical network node 500 of the constituent elements, including a data transceiver 502, a feed from the main power source of the power supply 504, and various other elements 506, depending on the node function may be. 界面电路通常包括一分隔器508。 Interface circuitry typically comprises a separator 508. 分隔器508之作用可在通信电缆线上接收数据与电力,并对数据收发器502提供一数据输出,以及对一由通信电缆线馈电之电源510提供一个别的电力输出。 The role of the separator 508 can receive data and power cables in the communication line, and the data transceiver 502 provides a data output, as well as one of the communication cables feed power supply 510 provides a level of power output. 电源510 较佳是形成网络节点500的一部份,最好可供应电力给数据收发器502 及其他任何可能的适当电路。 Power 510 is preferably formed part of a network node 500, the best can supply power to the data transceiver 502 and any other possible appropriate circuitry. 现在请参照图7B,其中显示图1B、 2B实施例中使用的局域网络节点界面电路之简化方块图,并以外部连接器192-199为例。 Referring now to Figure 7B, which is shown in Figure 1B, 2B simplify the implementation of local area network node interface circuit used in the example of a block diagram, and an external connector 192-199 for example. 吾人可以理解,图7B之电路或者亦可内建于局域网络节点,例如图1B所示。吾人 be appreciated, the circuit of Figure 7B, or can also be built in the local area network node, e.g., as shown in FIG. 1B. 图7B显示一网络节点550之典型构成元件,其中包括一数据收发器552、 一由主电源馈电之电源554、及其他各种不同的元件556,视节点的机能而定。 7B shows a typical constituent elements of the network node 550, including 552, a feed from the main power source of the power supply 554, and other various elements 556, depending on the function of the node may be a data transceiver. 界面电路通常包括一连接器558。 Interface circuitry typically comprises a connector 558. 连接器558之作用可在通信电缆线上接收数据与电力,并对数据收发器552提供一数据输出,以及对一由通信电缆线馈电之电源560提供一个别的电力输出。 The role of the connector 558 can receive data and power cables in the communication line, and the data transceiver 552 provides a data output, as well as one of the communication cables feed power supply 560 to provide a level of power output. 电源560 较佳是形成网络节点550的一部份,最好可供应电力给数据收发器552 及其他任何可能的适当电路。 Power 560 is preferably formed part of a network node 550, the best can supply power to the data transceiver 552 and any other possible appropriate circuitry. 请参照图8A-8E,其中显示图3A、 4A实施例中使用的耦合器其不同实施例之简化方块图。 Please refer to FIG. 8A-8E, which is shown in Figure 3A, 4A embodiment couplers used in the Examples which a simplified block diagram of a different embodiment. 此等不同实施例之共同目的在耦接DC电力至通信电缆线而不影响通信电缆线沿线之平衡,同时只在其线路阻抗中产生最小的改变,并防止耦接于线路上的线路变压器发生饱和或烧毁。 The common purpose of these different embodiments of the DC power is coupled to the communication cable without affecting the balance of the communication cable along, but produced only minimal changes in their line impedance and prevents coupled to the transformer occurred on line line saturated or burned. 图8A说明一耦合器600,诸如耦合器220(图3A)或耦合器320(图4A)。 Figure 8A illustrates a coupler 600, such as coupler 220 (FIG. 3A) or coupler 320 (FIG. 4A). 此种耦合器适合用于根据本发明一较佳实施例之局域网络。 Such a coupler is suitable for LAN Example of a preferred embodiment according to the present invention. 每一耦合器包括一对额外的变压器610。 Each coupler includes an extra pair of transformer 610. 变压器610通常为1:1变压器,其特征在于其次级线圈有一中心分接头,DC电压经由此一分接头馈至一双扭线的两条电线。 Transformer 610 is usually 1: 1 transformer, characterized in that the secondary coil has a center tap, DC voltage is fed through this one tap to the two wires of a pair of twisted wires. 此种结构可维持线路的平衡并防止铁芯饱和。 Such a structure can maintain the balance of the line and prevent core saturation. 此种结构尚有另一优点,亦即,由于双扭线的两条电线上同时传输相同的电压,所以沿线发生的短路不会造成电力过载。 This structure still further advantage, namely, the simultaneous transmission on the same two wires twisted pairs of voltage, short circuit occurs along without causing electrical overload. 此结构的再一优点是,若一局域网络节点非特别用于在双扭线上接收电力时,并不会造成此局域网络节点的烧毁。 A further advantage of this arrangement is that if a local area network node in a non-twisted lines are particularly useful when the receive power, and will not cause burning of the LAN node. 图8B说明一耦合器620,诸如适于根据本发明一较佳实施例之局域网络所使用的耦合器220 (图3A)或耦合器320 (图4A)。 8B illustrates a coupler 620, such as adapted according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the coupler used in the example LAN 220 (FIG. 3A) or coupler 320 (FIG. 4A). 每一耦合器包括一对额外的变压器630。 Each coupler includes an extra pair of transformer 630. 变压器630通常为1:1变压器,其特征在于包括一次级线圈632,此线圈分割为两个个别的绕组634与636。 Transformer 630 is generally 1: 1 transformer, comprising a secondary coil 632, the coil 634 is divided into two separate windings and 636. 绕组634与636 之间连接一电容器640,此电容器可以串联方式有效连接该二绕阻以供高频信号使用,诸如数据信号,但于供DC使用时则可有效隔离该二绕阻。 The connection between the windings 634 and 636 a capacitor 640, the capacitor may be connected in series to the second winding effective for the use of high-frequency signals, such as a data signal, but may be effective to use for DC isolation of the two winding. 此种结构使二绕组可经由相同的双扭线分别传输正、负电压。 Such a structure enables two windings respectively transmitted via the same twisted pair of positive and negative voltage. 此种结构的优点之一在于,它经由双扭线施以一净零DC电流,因此可以消除磁场。 One of the advantages of this structure is that it impose a net zero DC current via twisted pair, thus eliminating magnetic field. 否则,若双扭线以相同方向传送DC电流时会有磁场存在。 Otherwise, if there is the presence of a magnetic field in the same direction twisted pair transmission DC current. 图8C说明一耦合器650,诸如适于根据本发明一较佳实施例之局域网络所使用的耦合器220(图3A)或耦合器320(图4A)。 Figure 8C illustrates a coupler 650, such as adapted to the present invention a preferred embodiment of the coupler of the LAN used in Example 220 (FIG. 3A) or coupler 320 (FIG. 4A). 此种耦合器包括一对电容器660。 Such a coupler comprises a pair of capacitors 660. 电容器660有效阻止DC进入局域网络切换器。 Capacitor 660 effectively prevent DC entering the LAN switch. 此种结构相当简单且不需要额外的变压器。 Such a structure is quite simple and does not require an additional transformer. 图8D说明一耦合器670,诸如适于根据本发明一较佳实施例之局域网络所使用的耦合器220(图3A)或耦合器320(图4A)。 Figure 8D illustrates a coupler 670, such as adapted to the present invention a preferred embodiment of the coupler of the LAN used in Example 220 (FIG. 3A) or coupler 320 (FIG. 4A). 此种耦合器包括二对电容器680、 690。 Such coupler includes two pairs of capacitors 680, 690. 电容器680、 690有效阻止DC进入局域网络切换 Capacitors 680, 690 effectively prevent DC entering the local area network switching

器。 Device. 此种结构也相当简单且不需要额外的变压器。 Such a structure is quite simple and does not require additional transformer. 此种结构尚有另一优点,亦即,由于双扭线的两条电线上同时传输相同的电压,所以沿线发生的短路不会造成电力过载。 This structure still further advantage, namely, the simultaneous transmission on the same two wires twisted pairs of voltage, short circuit occurs along without causing electrical overload. 此结构的再一优点是,若一局域网络节点非特别用于在双扭线上接收电力时,并不会造成此局域网络节点的烧毁。 A further advantage of this arrangement is that if a local area network node in a non-twisted lines are particularly useful when the receive power, and will not cause burning of the LAN node. 图8E说明一耦合器700,诸如适于根据本发明一较佳实施例之局域网络所使用的耦合器220(图3A)或耦合器320(图4A)。 Figure 8E illustrates a coupler 700, such as adapted to the present invention a preferred embodiment of the coupler of the LAN used in Example 220 (FIG. 3A) or coupler 320 (FIG. 4A). 此种耦合器为一种自动平衡共模式耦合电路。 Such a coupler is an automatic balance for common mode coupling circuit. 耦合器700包括二对可调整有源平衡电路702、 704,此二对电路分别与感应与控制电路706、 708配合操作。 Coupler 700 includes two pairs of adjustable active balancing circuit 702, 704, the two pairs of circuits and sensors with the control circuit 706, 708 with the operation. 图8E所示实施例的一项特别特征是,分别与感应与控制电路706、 708配合操作的二对可调整有源平衡电路702、 704,可在与其耦接之双扭线的每一条电线上维持完全相同的电压。 FIG. 8E a special feature of the embodiment is respectively sensing and control circuit 706, two pairs of adjustable active balancing circuit 702 with the operation 708, 704, may be coupled thereto each wire of the twisted pair on maintaining the same voltage. 通常, 一局域网络切换器之输出端是经由一隔离变压器710而与通信电缆线耦接。 Typically, the output of one of the local area network switch via an isolation transformer 710 is coupled with the communication cable. 隔离变压器710并非耦合器700的一部份。 Isolation transformer 710 is not part of the coupler 700. 当构成双扭线的每一条电线上如前所述施加完全相同的电压时,隔离变压器710之次级绕组无DC电压通过,因此无DC电流流经该处。 As mentioned above, when a voltage is applied to the same constituting each twisted pair of wires, isolation transformer secondary winding 710 of no DC voltage through, so there is no DC current flows through the premises. 如此可免除DC隔离电容器,因而改进结合器的平衡与阻抗匹配作用。 So it can avoid DC blocking capacitor, thus improving balance and combination of the impedance matching action. 吾人可以理解,在一理论上理想的系统中,可以不需要任何如图8E 所示实施例提供的有源平衡。吾人 will be appreciated that, in a theoretically ideal system, may not be required. 8E active balance provided by the embodiment as shown in any. 然而,在实际上,由于整个通信电缆线系统沿线的DC电阻有变化,所以双扭线的每一条电线上的DC电压若无有源平衡时,将不会完全相同,因而横跨变压器710次级绕组产生DC电压降,如此会造成变压器710饱和或烧毁。 However, in fact, since the entire communication cable systems along the DC resistance change, so when a DC voltage of each twisted pair of wire on the absence of an active balance, will not be exactly the same, and thus across the transformer 710 times winding produces DC voltage drop, so will cause saturation of transformer 710 or burned. 现在请参照图8F,其中显示图8E实施例一较佳实施方式的简化概要图。 Referring now to FIG. 8F, which shows a preferred embodiment of FIG. 8E simplified schematic diagram of the embodiment. 由于图8E及图8F中使用完全相同的参考标号,图8F之概要图应可不言自明。 Since FIG. 8E and 8F, identical reference numerals are used, a schematic diagram of FIG. 8F may be self-evident. 因此,为了精简之故,此处不再提供其他的文字说明。 Therefore, in order to streamline the rules, here provides no text description. 现在请参照图8G,其中显示图8E实施例一较佳实施方式的简化概要图。 Referring now to FIG. 8G, which shows a preferred embodiment of FIG. 8E simplified schematic diagram of the embodiment. 由于图8E及图8G中使用完全相同的参考标号,图8G之概要图应可不言自明。 Since FIG. 8E and FIG. 8G using identical reference numerals, a schematic diagram of FIG. 8G may be self-evident. 因此,为了精简之故,此处不再提供其他的文字说明。 Therefore, in order to streamline the rules, here provides no text description. 现在请参照图9A-9G,其中显示图1A、 2A及7A实施例中较佳配合 Referring now to FIG. 9A-9G, which is shown in Figure 1A, 2A and 7A with the preferred embodiment

图8A-8G各结合器使用的分隔器其各种不同实施例之简化方块图及概要图。 Figure 8A-8G each binding separator using its various simplified block diagram and schematic diagram of different embodiments. 除了图9A-9G中包括的组件外,这些分隔器亦可包括适当的滤波器, 以避免线对间与埠间串音。 Figure 9A-9G addition to the components included, these separators may also include an appropriate filter, in order to avoid inter-line crosstalk between the ports. 此等不同实施例之共同目的在解除DC电力与通信电缆线之间的耦接而不影响通信电缆线沿线之平衡,同时只在其线路阻抗中产生最小的改变,并防止耦接于线路上的线路变压器发生饱和或烧毁。 These different embodiments of a common purpose in decoupled DC power and communication cables without affecting the balance between access along the communication cable, and produced only minimal changes in their line impedance and prevents coupled on line The line transformer saturates or burned. 图9A说明一分隔器1600,诸如分隔器142(图2A),适合用于根据本发明一较佳实施例之局域网络。 Figure 9A illustrates a separator 1600, such as separator 142 (FIG. 2A), suitable for use in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention of Example LAN. 此分隔器包括每一通道一对额外的变压器1610。 This separator includes every channel an extra pair of transformer 1610. 变压器1610通常为1:1变压器,其特征在于其初线圈有一中心分接头,DC电压经由此分接头从双扭线之二条电线引出。 1610 transformer is usually 1: 1 transformer, characterized in that the beginning of the coil has a center tap, DC voltage through this tap from two wire twisted pair of leads. 此种结构可维持线路的平衡并防止铁芯饱和。 Such a structure can maintain the balance of the line and prevent core saturation. 此种结构尚有另一优点,亦即,由于双扭线的两条电线上同时传输相同的电压,所以沿线发生的短路不会造成电力过载。 This structure still further advantage, namely, the simultaneous transmission on the same two wires twisted pairs of voltage, short circuit occurs along without causing electrical overload. 此结构的再一优点是,若一局域网络节点非特别用于在双扭线上接收电力时,并不会造成此局域网络节点的烧毁。 A further advantage of this arrangement is that if a local area network node in a non-twisted lines are particularly useful when the receive power, and will not cause burning of the LAN node. 图9B说明一分隔器1620,诸如分隔器142(图2A),适合用于根据本发明一较佳实施例之局域网络。 Figure 9B illustrates a spacer 1620, such as separator 142 (FIG. 2A), suitable for use in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention of Example LAN. 此分隔器包括每一通道一对额外的变压器1630。 This separator includes every channel an extra pair of transformer 1630. 变压器1630通常为1:1变压器,其特征在于包括一初级线圈1632,此线圈分割为两个个别的绕组1634与1636。 Transformer 1630 is generally 1: 1 transformer, comprising a primary coil 1632, the coil is divided into two separate windings 1634 and 1636. 绕组1634与1636之间连接一电容器1640,此电容器可以串联方式有效连接该二绕阻以供高频信号使用,诸如数据信号,但于供DC使用时则可有效隔离该二绕阻。 Between 1636 and 1634 connected winding a capacitor 1640, the capacitor can be linked in series to the second winding for the use of high-frequency signals, such as a data signal, but may be effective to use for DC isolation of the two winding. 此种结构使二绕组可经由相同的双扭线分别传输正、负电压。 Such a structure enables two windings respectively transmitted via the same twisted pair of positive and negative voltage. 此种结构的优点之一在于,它经由双扭线施以一净零DC电流,因此可以消除磁场。 One of the advantages of this structure is that it impose a net zero DC current via twisted pair, thus eliminating magnetic field. 否则,若双扭线以相同方向传送DC电流时会有磁场存在。 Otherwise, if there is the presence of a magnetic field in the same direction twisted pair transmission DC current. 图9C说明一分隔器1650,诸如分隔器142(图2A),适合用于根据本发明一较佳实施例之局域网络。 Figure 9C illustrates a separator 1650, such as separator 142 (FIG. 2A), suitable for use in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention of Example LAN. 此分隔器包括一对电容器1660,它们可有效阻断DC进入节点电路。 This separator comprises a pair of capacitors 1660 which effectively block DC circuit into the node. 此种结构相当简单且不需要额的变压器。 Such a structure is quite simple and does not require the amount of the transformer. 图9D说明一分隔器1670,诸如分隔器142(图2A),适合用于根据本发明一较佳实施例之局域网络。 Figure 9D illustrates a separator 1670, such as separator 142 (FIG. 2A), suitable for use in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention of Example LAN. 此分隔器包括二对电容器1680、 1690, 它们可有效阻断DC进入节点电路。 This separator comprises two pairs of capacitors 1680, 1690, which can effectively block the DC circuit into the node. 此种结构亦相当简单且不需要额外的变压器。 Such a structure is also very simple and does not require additional transformer. 此种结构尚有另一优点,亦即,由于双扭线的两条电线上同时传输相同的电压,所以沿线发生的短路不会造成电力过载。 This structure still further advantage, namely, the simultaneous transmission on the same two wires twisted pairs of voltage, short circuit occurs along without causing electrical overload. 此结构的再一优点是,若一局域网络节点非特别用于在双扭线上接收电力时,并不会造成此局域网络节点的烧毁。 A further advantage of this arrangement is that if a local area network node in a non-twisted lines are particularly useful when the receive power, and will not cause burning of the LAN node. 图9E说明一分隔器1700,诸如分隔器142(图2A),适合用于根据本发明一较佳实施例之局域网络。 Figure 9E illustrates a separator 1700, such as separator 142 (FIG. 2A), suitable for use in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention of Example LAN. 此分隔器为一种自动平衡共模式耦合电路。 This separator is an automatic balance for common mode coupling circuit. 分隔器1700包括二对可调整有源平衡电路1702、 1704,此二对电路分别与感应与控制电路1706、 1708配合操作。 Separator 1700 includes two pairs of adjustable active balancing circuit 1702, 1704, this two pairs of circuits and sensors with the control circuit 1706, 1708 with the operation. 图9E所示实施例的一项特别特征是,分别与感应与控制电路1706、 1708配合操作的二对可调整有源平衡电路1702、 1704,可在与其耦接之双扭线的每一条电线上维持完全相同的电压。 A special feature shown in FIG. 9E embodiment is respectively sensing and control circuit 1706, 1708 with the operation of two pairs of adjustable active balancing circuits 1702, 1704, can be coupled thereto each wire of the twisted pair on maintaining the same voltage. 通常, 一局域网络节点之输出端是经由一隔离变压器1710而与通信电缆线耦接。 Typically, the output of a local area network node via an isolation transformer of 1710 and coupled with the communication cable. 隔离变压器1710并非分隔器1700的一部份。 Isolation transformer 1710 is not part of the separator 1700. 当构成双扭线的每一条电线上如前所述施加完全相同的电压时,隔离变压器1710之次级绕组无DC电压通过,因此无DC电流流经该处。 As mentioned above, when a voltage is applied to the same constituting each twisted pair of wires, isolation transformer secondary winding 1710 of the non-DC voltage through, so there is no DC current flows through the premises. 如此可免除DC隔离电容器,因而改进分隔器的平衡与阻抗匹配作用。 So it can avoid DC blocking capacitor, thus improving balance and impedance effect of the separator. 吾人可以理解,在一理论上理想的系统中,可以不需要任何如图9E 所示实施例提供的有源平衡。吾人 will be appreciated that, in a theoretically ideal system, may not be necessary. 9E active balance provided by the embodiment as shown in any. 然而,在实际上,由于整个通信电缆线系统沿线的DC电阻有变化,所以双扭线的每一条电线上的DC电压若无有源平衡时,将不会完全相同,因而横跨变压器1710初级线圈产生DC电压降,如此会造成变压器1710饱和或烧毁。 However, in fact, since the entire communication cable systems along the DC resistance change, so when a DC voltage of each twisted pair of wire on the absence of an active balance, will not be exactly the same, and thus across the transformer primary 1710 coil generates a DC voltage drop, so will cause saturation of transformer 1710 or burned. 现在请参照图9F,其中显示图犯实施例一较佳实施方式的部份简化概要图,包括其中的元件1702、 1706。 Referring now to FIG. 9F, showing a preferred embodiment in FIG make part of a simplified embodiment of the embodiment schematic view, wherein the element comprises a 1702, 1706. 由于图犯及图9F中使用完全相同的参考标号,图9F之概要图应可不言自明。 Since Figure guilty and FIG. 9F use exactly the same reference numerals, showing an outline of FIG. 9F may be self-evident. 因此,为了精简之故, 此处不再提供其他的文字说明。 Therefore, in order to streamline the rules, here provides no text description. 现在请参照图9G,其中显示图9E实施例一较佳实施方式的部份简化概要图,包括其中的元件1704、 1708。 Referring now to FIG. 9G, Fig. 9E showing a preferred embodiment of part of a simplified embodiment of the schematic diagram of the embodiment, wherein the element comprises 1704, 1708. 由于图犯及图9G中使用完全 Since Figure guilty and FIG. 9G with full

相同的参考标号,图9G之概要图应可不言自明。 The same reference numerals, showing a schematic diagram shall be 9G may speak for themselves. 因此,为了精简之故, 此处不再提供其他的文字说明。 Therefore, in order to streamline the rules, here provides no text description. 提供图9F及图9G所示电路之目的,是为确保它们耦接的双扭线的两条导线上电压完全相同,以防电流流经变压器1710(图9E)。 Provide 9F and 9G shown in Fig purpose circuits diagram, is to ensure that the voltage on the same two wires are coupled to twisted pairs, in case the current flowing through the transformer 1710 (Fig. 9E). 利用元件1706、 1708的控制,分别改变流经有源滤波器1702、 1704的电流,可由图9F、 9G之电路达成此一目的。 Use elements 1706, 1708 of control, were changed to flow through the active filter 1702, 1704 current by the circuit of Figure 9F 9G achieve that purpose. 现在请参照图10A,其中为一通信网络之简化方块图。 Referring now to FIG. 10A, which is a simplified block diagram of a communications network. 此通信网络包括根据本发明一较佳实施例构成与操作之通信电缆线上的电源与管理。 This communication network according to the present invention comprises a power supply and management of cases of composition and operation of telecommunication cable lines with a preferred embodiment. 如图IOA所示,其中提供一局域网络(局域网络),此网络包括一中枢2010,此中枢由电缆线,较佳为一结构式电缆线系统,耦接至若干个局域网络节点,诸如一桌上型电脑2012、 一web摄影机2014、 一传真机2016、 一局域网络电话机(亦称为IP电话机)2018、 一电脑2020、及一伺服器2022。 As shown in Fig IOA, wherein providing a local area network (LAN), the network includes a hub 2010, this hub by a cable, preferably a structural formula cable system coupled to a plurality of LAN nodes, such as a table On PC 2012, 2014 a web camera, a fax machine 2016, a local telephone network (also known as IP telephones) 2018, a computer 2020, and a 2022 server. 根据本发明一较佳实施例,其中提供一电源子系统2030,其作用可经由中枢2010及连接中枢与不同局域网络节点的通信电缆线,提供至少一部份操作或备用电力给所述若干个节点中至少一部份节点。 According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, wherein a power supply subsystem 2030 provides, via its role of central hub 2010 and the communication cable connected to different nodes of the local area network, providing at least a portion of the operating or backup power to said plurality At least a portion of the nodes in the node. 在图IOA所示实施例中,子系统2030是位于中枢2010内部并包括一电源2032,电源2032经由通信电缆线供应操作电力及/或备用电力至不同的局域网络节点。 In the embodiment shown in Fig. IOA, subsystem 2030 is located inside the hub 2010 and includes a power supply 2032, power supply 2032 via a communication cable operating power, and / or backup power to various LAN nodes. 通信电缆线经由一结合器2036连接一局域网络切换器2034与不同的局域网络节点。 2036 communication cable connecting a LAN switch 2034 and a different local area network node via a combiner. 结合器将电源2032供应之电力沿通信电缆线耦接于至少一部份局域网络节点。 It will combine the power of communication cables along the power supply of 2032 coupled to at least a portion of a local area network nodes. 从局域网络切换器2034出发的双向数据通信通过结合器2036,大致上不受干扰。 Bi-directional data communication from the LAN switch 2034 through a combination of starting 2036, largely undisturbed. 根据本发明一较佳实施例,其中提供一位于中枢2010内的电力管理与控制单元2038,用以监视与控制子系统2030经由通信电缆线供应至不同局域网络节点的电力。 According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, which provides a 2038 is located, to monitor and control subsystem via a communication cable 2030 supplies various LAN nodes to the central power management and a power control unit 2010. 电力管理与控制单元2038较佳是经由一局域网络或WAN与一管理工作站2040通信。 Power management and control unit 2038 preferably is in communication with a management station 2040 via a local area network or WAN. 管理工作站2040较佳是在一操作员之控制下操作,以管理电力管理与控制单元2038的操作。 Management Workstation 2040 is preferably under the control of an operator's operations to manage power management and control unit 2038 of the operation. 吾人可以理解, 一管理工作站2040可管理多个电力管理与控制单元2038的操作。 I can understand, a management station 2040 can manage multiple power management and control unit 2038 of the operation. 藉由提供标准局域网络讯息至各节点,电力管理与控制单元2038亦可经由局域网络切换器2034而与不同的局域网络节点通信, 藉此管理它们现行的电力使用模式。 By providing a standard LAN messages to each node, power management and control unit 2038 also via LAN switch 2034 and the different nodes communicate with the local network, thereby manage their current electricity usage patterns. 例如,电力管理与控制单元2038可传送控制讯息,此等讯息在局域网络节点解码,并被图14A、 14B所示电路内的控制器用来控制究竟在该节点提供全部机能或部份机能。 For example, power management and control unit 2038 can transmit control messages, such messages on a local network node decoding, and FIG. 14A, the controller circuit in FIG. 14B is used to control whether to provide all or part of the function function in the node. 在一特定情况中,当电力管理与控制单元2038感知无主电源可供应至电源2032时,它可经由局域fel络切换器2034传送一控制讯息,以使不同的局域网络节点以备用或减量电力模式操作。 In one particular case, when the power management and control unit 2038 can be perceived without mains power supply to 2032 when it fel via a local network switch 2034 sends a control message, so that different local area network nodes to spare or minus the amount of the power mode operation. 从图中可以看出,根据本发明一较佳实施例构成与操作的典型局域网络构造方式,从中枢2010至桌上型电脑2012、传真机2016及电脑2020 的通信电缆线可传输数据与备用电力二者,而从中枢2010至hub摄影机2014及局域网络电话机2018的通信电缆线可传输数据与操作电力二者, 从中枢至伺服器2022的通信电缆线则只传输数据。 As can be seen from the figure, according to the typical way a local area network construction and operation of the preferred embodiment of the present invention constitutes, from the hub to the desktop 2010 2012, fax and computer communications cable 2016 2020 can transmit data backup Both electricity, and from 2010 to the central hub camera communication cable 2014 and 2018 local telephone network can transmit both data and operating power from the central to the server communication cable 2022 only transmit data. 吾人可以理解,局域网络节点2012-2020中,在通信电缆线上接收电力的每一节点包括一分隔器,用来分开电力与数据。吾人 be appreciated, 2012-2020 local area network nodes, each node receives the power cable in a communication line comprises a separator, used to separate power and data. 在图10A所示实施例中,各分隔器通常在个节点内部且不个别指定,但是吾人可以理解, 也可使用个别的分隔器。 In the embodiment shown in FIG. 10A, each separator is typically not specified within the individual nodes, but 吾人 be appreciated, also may be used individually separator. 图10A所示实施例的一项特别特征是,数据与电力是在同一双扭铜线上传输。 A special feature of the embodiment shown in FIG. 10A, the data and power are transmitted over the same twisted-pair copper wire. 吾人可以理解,图10A显示一系统实施例,其中经由一中枢及连接中枢至不同局域网络节点的通信电缆线,提供电力至多数局域网络节点。吾人 be appreciated, Figure 10A shows an embodiment of the system, which is connected via a central hub and a communication cable to a different local area network nodes, providing power to most of the LAN nodes. 图11A则显示另一系统实施例,其中经由一中枢及连接中枢至不同局域网络节点的通信电缆线,提供电力至多数局域网络节点。 Figure 11A shows another system according to the embodiment, in which the hub and is connected via a hub to various LAN cable communication nodes, provides power to most of the local area network node. 图11A显示一局域网络,其中包括一电源与管理单元,此单元之作用可在通信电缆线上供应电力给局域网络各节点。 11A shows a local area network, which includes a power supply and management unit, the role of this unit can supply power to each node in a local area network communications cable line. 现在请参照图IOB,其中为一通信网络之简化方块图。 Referring now to FIG IOB, which is a simplified block diagram of a communications network. 此通信网络包括根据本发明一较佳实施例构成与操作之通信电缆线上的电源与管理。 This communication network according to the present invention comprises a power supply and management of cases of composition and operation of telecommunication cable lines with a preferred embodiment. 如图IOB所示,其中提供一局域网络(局域网络),此网络包括一中 As shown in Figure IOB, which provides a local area network (LAN), this network includes a medium

枢2060,此中枢由电缆线,较佳为一结构式电缆线系统,耦接至若干个局域网络节点,诸如一桌上型电脑2062、 一web摄影机2064、 一传真机2066、 一局域网络电话机(亦称为IP电话机)2068、 一电脑2070、及一伺服器2072。 Pivot 2060, the hub by a cable, preferably a structural formula cable system coupled to a plurality of LAN nodes, such as a desktop 2062, a web camera 2064, a facsimile machine 2066, a LAN telephone (also known as IP telephones) 2068, a computer 2070, and a 2072 server. 根据本发明一较佳实施例,其中提供一电源子系统2080,其作用可经由中枢2060及连接中枢与不同局域网络节点的通信电缆线,提供至少一部份操作或备用电力给所述若干个节点中至少一部份节点。 According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, wherein a power supply subsystem 2080 provides, via its role of central hub 2060 and the communication cable connected to different nodes of the local area network, providing at least a portion of the operating or backup power to said plurality At least a portion of the nodes in the node. 在图10B所示实施例中,子系统2080是位于中枢2060内部并包括一电源2082,电源2082经由通信电缆线供应操作电力及/或备用电力至不同的局域网络节点。 In the embodiment shown in FIG. 10B, subsystem 2080 is located inside the hub 2060 and includes a power supply 2082, power supply 2082 via a communication cable operating power, and / or backup power to various LAN nodes. 通信电缆线经由一电源界面2086连接一局域网络切换器2084与不同的局域网络节点。 2086 communication cable connecting a LAN switch 2084 and a different local area network node via a power supply interface. 电源界面将电源2082供应之电力沿通信电缆线耦接于至少一部份局域网络节点。 Power Interface communication cables along the power line of the power supply 2082 is coupled to at least a portion of a local area network nodes. 从局域网络切换器2084 出发的双向数据通信通过电源界面2086,大致上不受干扰。 Bi-directional data communication from the LAN switch 2084 departure by Power Interface 2086, largely undisturbed. 根据本发明一较佳实施例,其中提供一位于中枢2060内的电力管理与控制单元2088,用以监视与控制子系统2080经由通信电缆线供应至不同局域网络节点的电力。 According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, which provides a power management and is located in the central control unit 2060 within the 2088, 2080 to monitor and control subsystem via a communication cable to supply different power local area network nodes. 电力管理与控制单元2088较佳是经由一局域网络或WAN而与一管理工作站2090通信。 Power management and control unit 2088 preferably via a local area network or WAN and communicate with a management workstation 2090. 管理工作站2090较佳是在一操作员之控制下操作,以管理电力管理与控制单元2088的操作。 Management Workstation 2090 is preferably under the control of an operator's operations to manage power management and control unit 2088 of the operation. 吾人可以理解, 一管理工作站2090可管理多个电力管理与控制单元2088的操作。 I can understand, a management station 2090 can manage multiple power management and control unit 2088 of the operation. 藉由提供标准局域网络讯息至各节点,电力管理与控制单元2088亦可经由局域网络切换器2084而与不同的局域网络节点通信, 藉此管理它们现行的电力使用模式。 By providing a standard LAN messages to each node, power management and control unit 2088 can also switch 2084 via a local area network and local area network to different nodes communicate with, thereby manage their current electricity usage patterns. 例如,电力管理与控制单元2088可传送控制讯息,此等讯息在局域网络节点解码,并被图14A、 14B所示电路内的控制器用来控制究竟在该节点提供全部机能或部份机能。 For example, power management and control unit 2088 can transmit control messages, such messages on a local network node decoding, and FIG. 14A, the controller circuit in FIG. 14B is used to control whether to provide all or part of the function function in the node. 在一特定情况中,当电力管理与控制单元2088感知无主电源可供应至电源2082时,它可经由局域网络切换器2084传送一控制讯息,以使不同的局域网络节点以备用或减量电力模式操作。 In one particular case, when the power management and control unit 2088 can be perceived without mains power supply to 2082, it can be switched via the local area network 2084 sends a control message, so that different LAN node to backup or reduced power mode. 从图中可以看出,根据本发明一较佳实施例构成与操作的典型局域网络构造方式,从中枢2060至桌上型电脑2062、传真机2066及电脑2070的通信电缆线可传输数据与备用电力二者,而从中枢2060至hub摄影机2064及局域网络电话机2068的通信电缆线可传输数据与操作电力二者, 从中枢至伺服器2072的通信电缆线则只传输数据。 As can be seen from the figure, according to the typical way a local area network construction and operation of the preferred embodiment of the present invention constitutes, from the hub to the desktop 2060 2062, fax and computer communications cable 2066 2070 can transmit data backup Both electricity, and from 2060 to the central hub camera communication cable 2064 and 2068 local telephone network can transmit both data and operating power from the central to the server communication cable 2072 only transmit data. 吾人可以理解,局域网络节点2062-2070中,在通信电缆线上接收电力的每一节点包括一连接器,用来分开提供电力与数据。吾人 will be appreciated, the local area network nodes 2062-2070, the received power of each node in a communication line comprises a cable connector for providing power and data separately. 在图10B所示实施例中,各连接器通常在个节点内部且不个别指定,但是吾人可以理解,也可使用个别的连接器。 In the embodiment shown in FIG. 10B, the respective connectors generally not specified within the individual nodes, but 吾人 be appreciated, may also be used for individual connectors. 图10B所示实施例的一项特别特征是,数据与电力是在每一通信电缆线不同的双扭铜线上传输。 A special feature of the embodiment shown in FIG. 10B, the data and the power is on in every different communication cable twisted copper wires. 吾人可以理解,图10B显示一系统实施例,其中经由一中枢及连接中枢至不同局域网络节点的通信电缆线,提供电力至多数局域网络节点。 It 吾人 be appreciated that FIG 10B shows an embodiment of the system, which is connected via a central hub and a communication cable to a different local area network nodes, providing power to most of the LAN nodes. 图11B则显示另一系统实施例,其中经由一中枢及连接中枢至不同局域网络节点的通信电缆线,提供电力至多数局域网络节点。 Figure 11B shows another system according to the embodiment, in which the hub and is connected via a hub to various LAN cable communication nodes, provides power to most of the local area network node. 图11B显示一局域网络,其中包括一电源与管理单元,此单元之作用可在通信电缆线上供应电力给局域网络各节点。 Fig. 11B shows a local area network, which includes a power supply and management unit, the role of this unit can supply power to each node in a local area network communications cable line. 在图11A所示实施例中,有一习用之中枢2100,此中枢并不在通信电缆线上提供电力,其外部有一电源与管理子系统2130。 In the embodiment shown in FIG. 11A, a conventional hub 2100 of, this does not provide power in the central line of the communication cable, which has an external power supply and management subsystem 2130. 电源与管理子系统2130包括一电源2132及一电力管理与控制单元2133。 Power supply and management subsystem 2132 and 2130 includes a power supply and a power management control unit 2133. 电源2132经由通信电缆线供应操作电力及/或备用电力至不同的局域网络节点。 2132 power supply operating power and / or backup power to various LAN nodes via a communication cable. 通信电缆线连接习用中枢2100之局域网络切换器2134与电源与管理子系统2130内之结合器2136,并连接该结合器与不同的局域网络节点。 Communication cable connection conventional LAN switching hub 2100 of 2134 in conjunction with the power supply and management subsystem 2130 is within 2136 and connected to the local area in conjunction with the different network nodes. 结合器2136将电源2132供应之电力沿通信电缆线耦接至至少一部份局域网络节点。 Combiner 2136 communication cable along the power supply of the power supply 2132 is coupled to at least one part of the local area network nodes. 从局域网络切换器2134出发的双向数据通信通过结合器2136,大致不受干扰。 Bi-directional data communication from the LAN switch 2134 by starting combiner 2136, substantially undisturbed. 根据本发明一较佳实施例,其中提供一位于电源与管理子系统2130 内的电力管理与控制单元2133。 According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, which provides one of the power management subsystem power management and control unit 2130 2133 within. 此单元监视与控制由子系统2130经由通信电缆线供应至不同局域网络节点的电力。 This unit monitors and controls supplied by subsystem 2130 via a communication cable to a different local area network nodes electricity. 电力管理与控制单元2133较佳经由一局域网络或WAN而与一管理工作站2140通信。 Power management and control unit 2133 preferably via a local area network or WAN and communicate with a management workstation 2140. 管理工作站2140较佳是在一操作员之控制下操作,以管理电力管理 Management Workstation 2140 is preferably under the control of an operator's operations to manage power management

与控制单元2133的操作。 And a control operation unit 2133. 吾人可以理解, 一管理工作站2140可管理多个电力管理与控制单元2133的操作,也可管理多个中枢2100的操作。 I can understand, a management station 2140 can manage multiple power management and control unit 2133 of the operation, but also can manage multiple hub operation 2100. 从图中可以看出,根据本发明一较佳实施例构成与操作的典型局域网络构造方式,从中枢2100至桌上型电脑2112、传真机2116及电脑2120 的通信电缆线可传输数据与备用电力二者,而从中枢2100至hub摄影机2114及局域网络电话机2118的通信电缆线可传输数据与操作电力二者, 从中枢2100至伺服器2122的通信电缆线则只传输数据,并可通过子系统2130,但非必要。 As can be seen from the figure, according to the typical way a local area network construction and operation of the preferred embodiment of the present invention constitutes, from the hub to the desktop 2100 2112, fax and computer communications cable 2116 2120 can transmit data backup Both electricity, and can transfer data from the hub to hub 2100 camera phone 2118 2114 and LAN communication cable and operating power both, the central server 2100 to communication cable to transfer data only from 2122, and through subsystem 2130, but not essential. 在图11A所示实施例中,接收电力的每一局域网络节点2112-2120 都设置一个与通信电缆线耦接之外部分隔器,用以分开数据与电力。 In the embodiment shown in FIG. 11A, each of the LAN node 2112-2120 receives power and communication are provided a cable coupled to the external separator to separate the data and power. 与各节点2112-2120结合之外部分隔器是分别以参考标号2142-2150指定之。 2112-2120 Combination of external divider and each node is respectively designated by reference numeral 2142-2150. 每一分隔器有一通信电缆线输入端及分开的数据输出端与电力输出端。 Each divider has an input terminal and a communication cable separate data and power output of the output terminal. 吾人可以理解,节点2112-2120中,可部份或全部选择性地设置内部分隔器,而节点2112-2120亦可部份或全部设置外部分隔器。 I can understand, 2112-2120 nodes, you can selectively set some or all of the internal divider, and some or all of the nodes 2112-2120 may also set up an external divider. 吾人可以理解,除了前述局域网络节点外,本发明亦可配合其他任何适合之节点使用,诸如,无线局域网络存取点、紧急照明系统元件、 传呼扬声器、CCTV摄影机、警报传感器、门口传感器、存取控制单元、 膝上型电脑、网络元件(诸如中枢、切换器及路由器)、个人电脑及工作站使用之监视器与记忆备用单元。吾人 be understood that in addition to the aforementioned local area network node, the present invention may also be used with any other node for the use, such as a wireless local area network access point, emergency lighting system elements, paging loudspeakers, CCTV cameras, alarm sensors, door sensors, memory Take control unit, a laptop computer, a network element (such as a hub, switch and router), personal computers and workstations using the monitors and memory backup units. 在图11B所示实施例中,有一习用之中枢2150,此中枢并不在通信电缆线上提供电力;中枢2150外部有一电源与管理子系统2180,此系统包括一电源2182及一电力管理与控制单元2183。 In the embodiment shown in FIG. 11B, there is a conventional central of 2150, this does not provide power in the central line of the communication cable; hub 2150 has a power supply and an external management subsystem 2180, the system 2182 includes a power supply and a power management control unit 2183. 电源2182经由通信电缆线供应操作电力及/或备用电力至不同的局域网络节点。 2182 power supply operating power and / or backup power to various LAN nodes via a communication cable. 通信电缆线连接习用中枢2150之局域网络切换器2184与电源与管理子系统2180内的电源界面2186,并连接结合器至不同的局域网络节点。 Communication cable connection conventional LAN switching hub 2150 of 2184 and the power supply and management subsystem 2180 within the 2186 interface, and is connected to a different combination of LAN nodes. 电源界面2186将电源2182供应的电力沿著通信电缆线配电给至少一部份的局域网络节点。 Power Interface 2186 2182 power supply power distribution to at least a portion of the local area network nodes along a communication cable. 由局域网络切换器2184发出的双向数据通信通过电源界面2186,大致不受干扰。 Bi-directional data communication from the LAN switch 2184 issued by the power supply interface 2186, substantially undisturbed. 根据本发明一较佳实施例,其中提供一位于电源与管理子系统2180 According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, which provides a power supply and management subsystem 2180 is located

内的电力管理与控制单元2183,用以监视与控制子系统2180经由通信电缆线供应至不同局域网络节点的电力。 Power management and control unit 2183, to monitor and control subsystem 2180 supplied via the communication cable to a different local area network nodes electricity. 电力管理与控制单元2183较佳是经由一局域网络或WAN而与一管理工作站2190通信。 Power management and control unit 2183 preferably via a local area network or WAN and communicate with a management workstation 2190. 管理工作站2190较佳是在一操作员之控制下操作,以管理电力管理与控制单元2183的操作。 Management Workstation 2190 is preferably under the control of an operator's operations to manage power management and control unit 2183 of the operation. 吾人可以理解, 一管理工作站2190可管理多个电力管理与控制单元2183的操作,亦可管理多个中枢2150的操作。 I can understand, a management station 2190 can manage multiple power management and control of the operation unit 2183, 2150 can manage multiple hub operation. 从图中可以看出,根据本发明一较佳实施例构成与操作的典型局域网络构造方式,从中枢2150至桌上型电脑2162、传真机2166及电脑2170 的通信电缆线可传输数据与备用电力二者,而从中枢2150至hub摄影机2164及局域网络电话机2168的通信电缆线可传输数据与操作电力二者, 从中枢2150至伺服器2172的通信电缆线则只传输数据,并可通过子系统2180,但非必要。 As can be seen from the figure, according to the typical way a local area network construction and operation of the preferred embodiment of the present invention constitutes, from the hub to the desktop 2150 2162, fax and computer communications cable 2166 2170 can transmit data backup Both electricity, and can transfer data from the hub to hub 2150 camera phone 2168 2164 and LAN communication cable and operating power both, the central server 2150 to communication cable to transfer data only from 2172, and through subsystem 2180, but not essential. 在图11B所示实施例中,接收电力的每一局域网络节点2162-2170 都设置一个外部连接器,用以从通信电缆线分开提供数据与电力。 In the embodiment shown in FIG. 11B, each of the LAN node 2162-2170 receives power an external connectors are provided for providing data and power from the communication cable separately. 与各节点2162-2170结合之外部连接器是分别以参考标号2192-2199指定之。 2162-2170 combined with the external connector and each node is respectively designated by reference numeral 2192-2199. 每一连接器有一通信电缆线输入端及分开的数据输出端与电力输出端。 Each connector has a communication cable separate data input and output terminals of the power output. 吾人可以理解,节点2162-2170中,可部份或全部选择性地设置内部连接器,而节点2162-2170亦可部份或全部设置外部连接器。 I can understand, 2162-2170 nodes, you can selectively set some or all of the internal connector, and some or all of the nodes 2162-2170 may also set up an external connector. 吾人可以理解,除了前述局域网络节点外,本发明亦可配合其他任何适合之节点使用,诸如,无线局域网络存取点、紧急照明系统元件、 传呼扬声器、CCTV摄影机、警报传感器、门口传感器、存取控制单元、 膝上型电脑、网络元件(诸如中枢、切换器及路由器)、个人电脑及工作站使用之监视器与记忆备用单元。吾人 be understood that in addition to the aforementioned local area network node, the present invention may also be used with any other node for the use, such as a wireless local area network access point, emergency lighting system elements, paging loudspeakers, CCTV cameras, alarm sensors, door sensors, memory Take control unit, a laptop computer, a network element (such as a hub, switch and router), personal computers and workstations using the monitors and memory backup units. 现在请参照图12A,其中显示一中枢之简化方块图,诸如图10A实施例中使用的中枢2010。 Referring now to Figure 12A, which shows a simplified block diagram of a hub, such as the central example in FIG. 10A used in 2010 to implement. 中枢2010较佳包括一习用的、市面可购得的局域网络切换器,诸如局域网络切换器2034(图IOA),此切换器之作用如一数据通信切换器/中继器,并耦接至一耦合器与滤波器单元2037。 Hub 2010 preferably includes a conventional and commercially available local area network switches, such as a LAN switch 2034 (FIG IOA), the role of the switch such as a data communication switch / repeater, and coupled to a coupler and filter unit 2037. 此单元包括多个耦合器220与滤波器222,如图3A所示,并形成结合器2036 的一部份(图IOA)。 This unit includes a plurality of couplers 220 and filter 222, as shown in FIG. 3A, and forms part of combiner (Figure IOA) 2036 of.

耦合器与滤波器单元2037是连接至若干个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR)2224。 Coupler and the filter unit 2037 is connected to a number of intelligent power distribution and reporting circuit (SPEAR) 2224. 每一SPEAR 2224连接至一电源2032(图10A),用以从该处接收电力。 Each SPEAR 2224 is connected to a power source 2032 (FIG. 10A), for receiving power therefrom. 吾人可以理解,电源2032之位置可在中枢2010的外部。吾人 be understood that the position of power in the central 2010 2032 outside. 电源2032可设置一断电备用设备,诸如一蓄电池接头。 2032 power supply can be set to a backup device, such as a battery connector. 电力管理与控制单元2038 (图10A)较佳包括多数SPEAR控制器2160, 此等控制器较佳经由一汇流排2162连接至一微处理器2164、 一记忆体2166、及一通信电路2168。 Power management and control unit 2038 (FIG. 10A) preferably includes most 2160 SPEAR controllers, these controllers is preferably connected via a bus 2162 to a 2164 microprocessor, a memory 2166, and a communication circuit 2168. 通信电路2168通常包括一数据机。 Communication circuitry 2168 typically includes a modem. 电力管理与控制单元2038之作用较佳可控制结合器2036中所有耦合器、滤波器及SPEAR的操作,并控制电源2032的操作。 The role of power management and control unit 2038 of the combined 2036 can be controlled better in all couplers, filters and SPEAR operation, and controls the operation of the power supply 2032. 电力管理与控制单元2038 较佳是与管理工作站2040(图IOA)通信,以使操作员可以控制与监看以各种不同系统操作模式配置给不同局域网络节点之电力。 Power management and control unit 2038 is better communication with the management station 2040 (Figure IOA), so that the operator can control and monitor a variety of different systems in different operating modes to the power configuration of the LAN nodes. 现在请参照图12B,其中显示一中枢之简化方块图,诸如图10B实施例中使用的中枢2060。 Referring now to FIG. 12B, which shows a simplified block diagram of a hub, such as the central example in Fig. 10B used in 2060 to implement. 中枢2060较佳包括一习用的、市面可购得的局域网络切换器,诸如局域网络切换器2084(图IOB),此切换器之作用如一数据通信切换器/中继器,并耦接至一滤波器单元2087。 Hub 2060 preferably includes a conventional and commercially available local area network switches, such as a LAN switch 2084 (FIG IOB), the role of the switch such as a data communication switch / repeater, and coupled to a filter unit 2087. 此单元包括多个滤波器222,如图3B所示,并形成电源界面2086的一部份(图IOB)。 This unit includes a plurality of filter 222, as shown in Figure 3B, and forms part of power supply interface 2086 (Fig. IOB). 滤波器单元2087是连接至若干个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR)2274。 Filter unit 2087 is connected to a plurality of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR) 2274. 每一SPEAR 2274连接至一电源2082 (图10B),用以从该处接收电力。 Each SPEAR 2274 is connected to a power source 2082 (FIG. 10B), for receiving power therefrom. 吾人可以理解,电源2082之位置可在中枢2060的外部。吾人 be understood that the position of power in the central 2060 2082 outside. 电源2082可设置一断电备用设备,诸如一蓄电池接头。 2082 power supply can be set to a backup device, such as a battery connector. 电力管理与控制单元2088(图10B)较佳包括多数SPEAR控制器2276, 此等控制器较佳经由一汇流排2278连接至一微处理器2280、 一记忆体2282、及一通信电路2284。 Power management and control unit 2088 (FIG. 10B) preferably comprises a majority SPEAR controllers 2276, these controllers preferably connected via a bus 2278 to a 2280 microprocessor, a memory 2282, and a communication circuit 2284. 通信电路2284通常包括一数据机。 Communication circuitry 2284 typically includes a modem. 电力管理与控制单元2088之作用较佳可控制电源界面2086中所有滤波器及SPEAR 的操作,并控制电源2082的操作。 The role of power management and control unit 2088 can control the power supply of the preferred interface for all filters and SPEAR 2086 operation, and controls the operation of the power supply 2082. 电力管理与控制单元2088较佳是与管理工作站2090(图IOB)通信,以使操作员可以控制与监看以各种不同系统操作模式配置给不同局域网络节点之电力。 Power management and control unit 2088 is better communication with the management station 2090 (Figure IOB), so that the operator can control and monitor a variety of different systems in different operating modes to the power configuration of the LAN nodes. 现在请参照图13A,其中显示图11A实施例中使用的中枢及电源与管理子系统之简化方块图。 Referring now to FIG. 13A, FIG. 11A which shows a simplified block diagram of the embodiment of the central power supply and management subsystem and used in the examples. 中枢2100(图IIA)较佳包括一习用的、市面可购得的局域网络切换器2134,此切换器之作用如一数据通信切换器/ 中继器,并耦接至一结合器2136。 Hub 2100 (Figure IIA) preferably includes a conventional and commercially available local area network switch 2134, the role of this switch such as a data communication switch / repeater, and coupled to a combiner 2136. 此结合器2136形成电源子系统2130 的一部份。 This combiner 2136 forming a part of the power subsystem 2130. 结合器2136包括一耦合器与滤波器单元2137,其中包括多个耦合器320与滤波器322,如图4A所示。 Combiner 2136 includes a coupler and filter unit 2137, which includes a plurality of couplers 320 and filter 322, shown in Figure 4A. 耦合器与滤波器单元2137是连接至若干个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR)2324。 Coupler and the filter unit 2137 is connected to a number of intelligent power distribution and reporting circuit (SPEAR) 2324. 每一SPEAR 2324连接至一电源2132 (图11A),用以从该处接收电力。 Each SPEAR 2324 is connected to a power supply 2132 (Fig. 11A), for receiving electric power from there. 吾人可以理解,电源2132之位置可在电源与管理子系统2130的外部。吾人 can be understood that the location of the power supply 2132 can be external power supply and management subsystem in 2130. 电源2132可设置一断电备用设备,诸如一蓄电池接头。 2132 power supply can be set to a backup device, such as a battery connector. 电力管理与控制单元2133 (图11A)较佳包括多个SPEAR控制器2360。 Power management and control unit 2133 (FIG. 11A) preferably includes a plurality of SPEAR controllers 2360. 此等控制器2360较佳经由一汇流排2362连接一微处理2364、 一记忆体2366、及一通信电路2368。 These controller 2360 preferably via a bus 2362 connecting a microprocessor 2364, a memory 2366, and a communication circuit 2368. 通信电路2368通常包括一数据机。 Communication circuitry 2368 typically includes a modem. 电力管理与控制单元2133之作用较佳可控制结合器2136中所有耦合器、滤波器及SPEAR的操作,并控制电源2132的操作。 The role of power management and control unit 2133 can control the preferred combination is 2136 all couplers, filters and SPEAR operation, and controls the operation of the power supply 2132. 电力管理与控制单元2133较佳是与管理工作站2140 (图IIA)通信, 以使操作员可以控制与监看以各种不同系统操作模式配置给不同局域网络节点之电力。 Power management and control unit 2133 is better communication with the management station 2140 (Figure IIA), to enable the operator to control and monitor a variety of different systems in different operating modes to the power configuration of the LAN nodes. 现在请参照图13B,其中显示图11B实施例中使用的中枢及电源与管理子系统之简化方块图。 Referring now to FIG. 13B, which shows a simplified block diagram of FIG. 11B embodiment of the central power supply and management subsystem and used in the examples. 中枢2150(图IIB)较佳包括一习用的、市面可购得的局域网络切换器2184,此切换器之作用如一数据通信切换器/ 中继器,并耦接至一电源界面2186。 Hub 2150 (Figure IIB) preferably includes a conventional and commercially available local area network switch 2184, the role of this switch such as a data communication switch / repeater, and coupled to a power supply interface 2186. 此电源界面2186形成电源子系统2180的一部份。 This power supply interface 2186 formed part of the power subsystem 2180. 电源界面2186包括一滤波器单元2187,此单元包括多个滤波器372, 如图4B所示。 Power supply interface 2186 includes a filter unit 2187, the unit includes a plurality of filters 372, shown in Figure 4B. 滤波器单元2187是连接至若干个智慧型电力配置与报告电路(SPEAR)2374。 Filter unit 2187 is connected to a plurality of smart power allocation and reporting circuit (SPEAR) 2374. 每一SPEAR 2374连接至一电源2182 (图11B),用以从该处接收电力。 Each SPEAR 2374 is connected to a power supply 2182 (Fig. 11B), to receive power from there. 吾人可以理解,电源2182之位置可在电源与管理子系统2180 的外部。吾人 can be understood that the location of the power supply 2182 can be external power supply and management subsystem in 2180. 电源2182可设置一断电备用设备,诸如一蓄电池接头。 2182 power supply can be set to a backup device, such as a battery connector. 电力管理与控制单元2183(图11B)较佳包括多个SPEAR控制器2376。 Power management and control unit 2183 (FIG. 11B) preferably includes a plurality of SPEAR controllers 2376.

此等控制器2376较佳经由一汇流排2378连接一微处理2380、 一记忆体2382、及一通信电路2384。 These controller 2376 preferably via a bus 2378 connecting a microprocessor 2380, a memory 2382, and a communication circuit 2384. 通信电路2384通常包括一数据机。 Communication circuitry 2384 typically includes a modem. 电力管理与控制单元2183之作用较佳可控制电源界面2186中所有滤波器及SPEAR 的操作,并控制电源2182的操作。 The role of power management and control unit 2183 can control the power supply of the preferred interface for all filters and SPEAR 2186 operation, and controls the operation of the power supply 2182. 电力管理与控制单元2183较佳是与管理工作站2190 (图IIB)通信, 以使操作员可以控制与监看以各种不同系统操作模式配置给不同局域网络节点之电力。 Power management and control unit 2183 is better communication with the management station 2190 (Figure IIB), to enable the operator to control and monitor a variety of different systems in different operating modes to the power configuration of the LAN nodes. 现在请参照图14A及图14B,其中显示图IOA、 IOB、 11A及11B各实施例中使用的两种不同节点架构之简化方块图。 Referring now to FIG. 14A and 14B, the which is shown in Figure IOA, IOB, 11A and 11B each case the use of two different node architecture of a simplified block diagram implemented. 图14A所示电路所包括的电路较佳是包含在一节点内,此电路的一部份或者亦可包含在与该节点耦接之分隔器或连接器内。 The circuit shown in Figure 14A included in the circuit is preferably contained within a node, or a part of this circuit may also be included in the node is coupled with the separator or connector. 节点不论其性质如何,例如图10A中的任一节点2012- 2020,图10B 中的任一节点2062-2070,图11A中的任一节点2122-2120,或图11B中的任一节点2162-2170,通常包括全部机能操作与减量机能操作都需要的电路,在此称为"基本电路"并以参考标号2400指定之。 Node regardless of its nature, for example, FIG. 10A any node 2012-2020, 10B, any one of the nodes 2062-2070, 11A in any node 2122-2120, or FIG. 11B any node 2162- 2170, typically includes all functions operate and function operations require reduction circuit, referred to herein as the "basic circuits" and designated by reference numeral 2400. 而在减量机能操作中不需要的电路,在此称为"非基本电路"并以参考标号2402指定之。 The operating performance in the reduction of unwanted circuit, referred to herein as "non-essential circuits," and designated by reference numeral 2402. 例如,若节点包括一IP电话机,基本电路2400包括可让使用者在电话上说与听的电路,而非基本电路2402则提供补助功能,诸如自动重拨、 电话通讯录及免持听筒电话机能。 For example, if the node includes an IP telephone 2400 includes a basic circuit that allows a user on the phone to say and listen to the circuit, rather than subsidizing basic circuit 2402 functions, such as automatic redial, handsfree telephone address book and phone function. 通常为节点一部份的电路2400及2402,以参考标号2404指示之。 Usually a part of the circuit nodes 2400 and 2402, the reference numeral 2404 indicates. 现在说明其他未必要并入节点内的电路。 Now explain circuit may not be incorporated into the other node. 一电源2406(诸如图7A之电源510或图7B之电源560)是经由通信电缆线从一分隔器(诸如图7A所示的分隔器508)或一连接器(诸如图7B所示的连接器558)接收电力。 A power supply 2406 (Fig. 7A of the power supply, such as 510 or 560 of Fig. 7B) via a communication cable from a separator (such as shown in FIG. 7A separator 508) or a connector (such as the connector shown in Fig. 7B 558) receiving power. 电源2406将电力分别供应至基本电路2400与经由一切换器2410供应至非基本电路2402。 2406 will respectively supply electric power supply to the basic circuit 2400 and 2410 supplied via a switch to non-essential circuits 2402. 切换器2410也可接收与控制从另一与主电源连接之电源2412传输的电力。 Switch 2410 may also receive the control connection of the main power supply from another 2412 transmission of electricity. 切换器2410接收来自一控制器2414的控制输入。 Switch 2410 receives input from a controller 2414. 控制器2414通常为一提供二进制输出的习用微控制器。 Controller 2414 is typically provide a binary output of conventional microcontroller. 控制器2414接收来自一传感器2416的控制输入。 The controller 2414 receives input from a sensor control 2416. 较佳是,控制器2414亦接收来自电源2412的控制输入。 Preferably, the controller 2414 also receives input from the control power supply 2412. 传感器2416可用多种可能的方式实施。 Sensors 2416 are several possible ways. 例如,它可以感知被供应至电源2406之电流的电平。 For example, it can be perceived to be supplied to the power of the current 2406 level. 此外/或者,它可感知传送至该处的控制信号, 诸如从电力管理与控制单元2038经由结合器2036透过通信电缆线传送的信号(图IOA),或从图11A实施例中的类似电路经由通信电缆线传送的信号。 Moreover / or it may be perceived control signals transmitted to the premises, such as power management and control unit 2038 cases of similar circuits via signal (Fig IOA), or a combination of 2036 transmitted through a communication cable embodiment of FIG. 11A from from transmitting signals via the communication cable. 或者,它可感知传送至该处的控制信号,诸如从电力管理与控制单元2088经由电源界面2086透过通信电缆线传送的信号(图10B),或从图11B实施例中的类似电路经由通信电缆线传送的信号。 Or, it may be perceived control signals transmitted to the premises, such as a 2088 case similar to the circuit via the communication interface 2086 via the signal power transmitted through a communication cable (Fig. 10B), or the implementation of the FIG. 11B from the power management and control unit cable transmission signal. 传感器2416可接收来自分隔器508 (图7A)或连接器558 (图7B)的电力及/或数据输出作为输入。 Sensor 2416 can receive 508 (FIG. 7A) or a connector from the divider 558 (Figure 7B) of electricity and / or data output as input. 传感器2416从分隔器508或连接器558的数据输出所接收的输入,可从包括控制信号解码机能的基本电路之一输入端分接出,但是较佳可从提供解码控制信号的基本电路之输出导出。 Sensors 2416 received data output from the separator 508 or 558 input connector can be tapped from the input of one of the basic circuit comprises a control signal decoding function, but preferred to provide decoded control signal output from the basic circuit of the Export. 控制器2414的机能可概述如下:当控制器2414从电源2412接收一控制输入,指示该电源有主电源可用时,即操作切换器2410以使电力供应至基本电路2400及非基本电路2402 二者。 Function controller 2414 can be summarized as follows: When the controller 2414 receives a control input from the power supply 2412, indicating that the power supply has a main power source is available, the operation switch 2410 so that the power supply to the basic circuit 2400 and 2402 both non-essential circuits . 当电源2412无主电源可用,但传感2416指示经由通信电缆线有充分电力可用时,控制器2414即操作切换器2410以使电力供应至基本电路2400及非基本电路2402 二者。 When the power supply is available without the Lord 2412, but the sensor 2416 indicates that there is sufficient power available, the controller 2414 or operating switch 2410 so that the power supply to the basic circuit 2400 and 2402 both non-essential circuits via a communication cable. 然而,当电源2412无主电源可用且传感器2416亦指示无充分电力可用时,控制器2414即操作切换器2410以使适量电力以最高优先顺位供应至基本电路2400。 However, when 2412 No mains power is available and the sensor 2416 also indicates that no sufficient power is available, the controller 2414 or operating switch 2410 so that the right amount of power to the highest priority order is supplied to the basic circuit 2400. 若在基本电路2400所需电力之外尚有额外电力可用时,即可将之经由切换器2410供应至非基本电路2402。 If the basic circuit 2400 than the power needed extra power is available there, it can be supplied via the switch to non-essential circuits 2410 2402. 或者,控制器2414控制切换器2410的操作时,可以不单由可用电力决定,或完全不由可用电力决定,而单由传感器2416感知的控制信号决定,全部或局部与可用电力无关。 Alternatively, the controller 2414 controls the switch 2410 when the operation can only be determined by the available power, or completely help determine available power, and control signals single sensed by the sensor 2416 decision, all available locally irrelevant or electricity. 现在请参照图14B,其中所示电路所包括的电路较佳是包含在一节点内,此电路的一部份或者亦可包含在与该节点联结之分隔器或连接器内。 Referring now to FIG. 14B, where the circuit included in the circuit shown preferably is contained within a node, or a part of this circuit may also be included in the coupling of the separator or the node connector. 电源2436(诸如图7A之电源510或图7B之电源560)经由通信电缆线从一分隔器(诸如图7A所示之分隔器508)或从一连接器(诸如图7B所 Power 2436 (Fig. 7A of power, such as 510 or 560 in FIG. 7B of the power supply) via a communication cable from a separator (such as shown in FIG. 7A of the separator 508) or from a connector (such as Fig. 7B

示之连接器558)接收电力。 The connector 558 shown) to receive electricity. 电源2436经由一切换器2438将电力供应至节点的电路2440。 Power 2436 via a switch 2438 to 2440 the power supply to the circuit node. 切换器2438亦可从与主电源连接的电源2442接收电力。 Switch 2438 also receives power from the power supply is connected to mains 2442. 切换器2438接收来自控制器2444的控制输入。 Switch 2438 receives a control input from the controller 2444. 控制器2444通常为一提供二进制输出的习用微控制器。 Controller 2444 is typically provide a binary output of conventional microcontroller. 控制器2444接收来自一传感器2446 的控制输入及来自一监视电路2448的控制输入。 The controller 2444 receives input from a sensor control 2446 and 2448 from a monitoring circuit control input. 监视电路2448由电源2436或电源2442连续供电,用以感知局域网络节点欲从睡眠模式机能改变成全部机能的需求。 Monitoring circuit from the power supply 2436 or 2448 2442 continuous power supply to the local area network node To perceive from sleep mode function changed all function needs. 藉由接收使用者指示欲使用节点的输入,或经由通信电缆线接收一控制讯息,监视电路2448可感知此项需要。 For use by the receiving user instructions input node, or to receive a control message through a communication cable, monitor circuit 2448 may perceive this as required. 控制器2444 亦可来自电源2442的控制输入。 The controller 2444 can control the input power from 2442. 传感器2446可用多种可能的方式实施。 Sensors 2446 are several possible ways. 例如,它可以感知被供应至电源2446之电流的电平。 For example, it can be perceived to be supplied to the power of the current 2446 level. 此外/或者,它可感知传送至该处的控制信号, 诸如从电力管理与控制单元2038经由结合器2036透过通信电缆线传送的信号(图IOA),或从图IIA实施例中的类似电路经由通信龟缆线传送的信号。 Moreover / or it may be perceived control signals transmitted to the premises, such as power management and control unit 2038 via the signal (Fig IOA), or from a combination of 2036 Figure IIA embodiment transmitted through a communication cable from the example of similar circuits transmitting signals via the communication cable turtle. 或者,它可感知传送至该处的控制信号,诸如从电力管理与控制单元2088经由电源界面2086透过通信电缆线传送的信号(图10B),或从图11B实施例中的类似电路经由通信电缆线传送的信号。 Or, it may be perceived control signals transmitted to the premises, such as a 2088 case similar to the circuit via the communication interface 2086 via the signal power transmitted through a communication cable (Fig. 10B), or the implementation of the FIG. 11B from the power management and control unit cable transmission signal. 控制器2444的机能可概述如下:若监视电路2448或传感器2446没有相反的指示时,控制器2444即操作切换器2438以使电路2440停止操作。 Function controller 2444 can be summarized as follows: If the monitoring circuit 2448 or 2446 sensor no instructions to the contrary, the controller 2444 that is operating switches 2438 to 2440 to stop the operation of the circuit. 若收到监视电路2448或传感器2446的适当输入其中指示需要操作电路2440时,控制器2444即操作切换器2438以使电路2440操作。 If you receive an appropriate sensor input monitoring circuit 2448 or 2446 which indicates the need to operate the circuit 2440, the controller 2444 that is operating switches 2438 to 2440 the operation of the circuit. 现在请参照图15。 Referring now to FIG. 15. 图15所示电路中包括的电路较佳是包含在一节点内,此电路的一部份或者亦可包含在与该节点联结之分隔器内。 The circuit shown in FIG. 15 preferably includes circuitry is contained within a node, or a part of this circuit may also be included in the coupling of the node separator. 节点不论其性质如何,例如图10A中的任一节点2012-2020,图10B 中的任一节点2062-2070,图11A中的任一节点2122-2120,或图11B中的任一节点2162-2170,通常包括全部机能操作与减量机能操作都需要的电路,在此称为"基本电路"并以参考标号2500指定之。 Node regardless of its nature, for example, FIG. 10A any node 2012-2020, 10B, any one of the nodes 2062-2070, 11A in any node 2122-2120, or FIG. 11B any node 2162- 2170, typically includes all functions operate and function operations require reduction circuit, referred to herein as the "basic circuits" and designated by reference numeral 2500. 而在减量机能操作中不需要的电路,在此称为"非基本电路"并以参考标号2502指定之。 The operating performance in the reduction of unwanted circuit, referred to herein as "non-essential circuits," and designated by reference numeral 2502. 例如,若节点包括一IP电话机,基本电路2500包括可让使用者在电话上说与听的电路,而非基本电路2502则提供补助功能,诸如自动重拨、 电话通讯录及免持听筒电话机能。 For example, if the node includes an IP telephone 2500 includes a basic circuit that allows a user on the phone to say and listen to the circuit, rather than subsidizing basic circuit 2502 functions, such as automatic redial, handsfree telephone address book and phone function. 通常为节点一部份的电路2500及2502,以参考标号2504指示之。 Usually a part of the circuit nodes 2500 and 2502, the reference numeral 2504 indicates. 现在说明其他未必要并入节点内的电路。 Now explain circuit may not be incorporated into the other node. 一电源2506(诸如图7A之电源510或图7B之电源560)是经由通信电缆线从一分隔器(诸如图7A所示的分隔器508)或一连接器(诸如图7B 所示的连接器558)接收电力。 A power supply 2506 (Fig. 7A of the power supply, such as 510 or 560 of Fig. 7B) via a communication cable from a separator (such as shown in FIG. 7A separator 508) or a connector (such as the connector shown in Fig. 7B 558) receiving power. 电源2506将电力分别经由一切换器2508 供应至基本电路2500与经由一切换器2510供应至非基本电路2502。 2506 power supply power via a switch 2508 respectively to 2500 and 2510 supply basic circuit via a switch to non-essential circuits 2502. 切换器2508、 2510也可接收与控制从另一与主电源连接之电源2512传输的电力。 Switch 2508, 2510 may receive and control the power of the 2512 transport connection from the other main power source. 切换器2508、 2510各接收来自一控制器2514的控制输入。 Switch 2508, 2510 each receiving input from a controller 2514. 控制器2514通常为一提供二进制输出的习用微控制器。 Controller 2514 is typically provide a binary output of conventional microcontroller. 控制器2514接收来自一传感器2516的控制输入。 The controller 2514 receives input from a sensor control 2516. 较佳是,控制器2514亦接收来自电源2512的控制输入。 Preferably, the controller 2514 also receives input from the control power supply 2512. 传感器2516可用多种可能的方式实施。 Sensors 2516 are several possible ways. 例如,它可以感知被供应至电源2506之电流的电平。 For example, it can be perceived to be supplied to the power of the current 2506 level. 此外/或者,它可感知传送至该处的控制信号, 诸如从电力管理与控制单元2038经由结合器2036透过通信电缆线传送的信号(图IOA),或从图11A实施例中的类似电路经由通信电缆线传送的信号。 Moreover / or it may be perceived control signals transmitted to the premises, such as power management and control unit 2038 cases of similar circuits via signal (Fig IOA), or a combination of 2036 transmitted through a communication cable embodiment of FIG. 11A from from transmitting signals via the communication cable. 或者,它可感知传送至该处的控制信号,诸如从电力管理与控制单元2088经由电源界面2086透过通信电缆线传送的信号(图10B),或从图11B实施例中的类似电路经由通信电缆线传送的信号。 Or, it may be perceived control signals transmitted to the premises, such as a 2088 case similar to the circuit via the communication interface 2086 via the signal power transmitted through a communication cable (Fig. 10B), or the implementation of the FIG. 11B from the power management and control unit cable transmission signal. 传感器2516可接收来自分隔器508 (图7A)或连接器558 (图7B)的电力及/或数据输出作为输入。 Sensor 2516 can receive 508 (FIG. 7A) or a connector from the divider 558 (Figure 7B) of electricity and / or data output as input. 传感器2516从分隔器508或连接器558的数据输出所接收的输入,可从包括控制信号解码机能的基本电路之输入分接出,但是较佳可从提供解码控制信号的基本电路之输出导出。 Sensors 2516 received data output from the separator 508 or 558 of the input connector, can tap from the input comprises a control signal decoding function of basic circuits, but can be exported provide decoded output control signal from the basic circuit of the preferred. 监视电路2540由电源2506或电源2512连续供电,用以感知局域网络节点欲从睡眠模式机能改变成全部机能的需求。 Monitoring circuit from the power supply 2506 2540 2512 continuous power supply or power to perceive local area network node functioning desire from sleep mode changed all function needs. 藉由接收使用者指示欲使用节点的输入,或经由通信电缆线接收一控制讯息,监视电路2540 可感知此项需要。 For use by the receiving user instructions input node, or to receive a control message through a communication cable, monitor circuit 2540 may perceive this as required. 控制器2514的机能可概述如下:当控制器2514从电源2512接收一控制输入,指示该电源有主电源可用时,即操作切换器2508、 2510以使电力供应至基本电路2500及非基本电路2502 二者。 Function controller 2514 can be summarized as follows: When the controller 2514 receives a control input from the power supply 2512, indicating that the power supply has a main power source is available, the operation switch 2508, 2510 so that the power supply to the basic circuit 2500 and to non-essential circuits 2502 both. 当电源2512无主电源可用,但传感2516指示经由通信电缆线有充分电力可用时,控制器2514即操作切换器2508、 2510以使电力供应至基本电路2500及非基本电路2502 二者。 When the power supply is available without the Lord 2512, but the sensor 2516 indicates that there is sufficient power available, the controller or operating switch 2514 via a communication cable 2508, 2510 so that the power supply to the basic circuit 2500 and 2502 both non-essential circuits. 然而,当电源2512无主电源可用且传感器2516亦指示无充分电力可用时,控制器2514即操作切换器2508以使适量电力以最高优先顺位供应至基本电路2500。 However, when 2512 No mains power is available and the sensor 2516 also indicates that no sufficient power is available, the controller 2514 or operating switch 2508 so that the right amount of power to the highest priority order is supplied to the basic circuit 2500. 若在基本电路2500所需电力之外尚有额外电力可用时,即可将之经由切换器2510供应至非基本电路2502。 If the basic circuit 2500 than the power needed extra power is available there, it can be supplied to non-essential circuits via the switch 2510 2502. 或者,控制器2514控制切换器2510的操作时,可以不单由可用电力决定,或完全不由可用电力决定,而单由传感器2516感知的控制信号决定,全部或局部与可用电力无关。 Alternatively, the controller 2514 controls the switch 2510 when the operation can only be determined by the available power, or completely help determine available power, and control signals single sensed by the sensor 2516 decision, all available locally irrelevant or electricity. 若监视电路2540或传感器2516没有相反的指示时,控制器即操作切换器2508以使电路2500停止操作。 If the monitoring circuit 2540 or 2516 sensor no instructions to the contrary, the controller operating switch 2508 to 2500 to stop the operation of the circuit. 若收到监视电路2540或传感器2516 的适当输入其中指示需要操作电路2500时,控制器2514即操作切换器2508以使电路2500操作。 If you receive an appropriate sensor input monitoring circuit 2540 or 2516, which indicates the need to operate the circuit 2500, the controller 2514 that is operating switches 2508 to 2500 the operation of the circuit. 根据本发明一较佳实施例,图14A实施例中之电源2406、图14B实施例中之电源2436、及图15实施例中之电源2506,其结构可包括可再充电能量储存元件。 According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, FIG. 14A example embodiment of the power supply 2406, Fig. 14B embodiment of the power supply 2436, and FIG. 15 example embodiment of the power supply 2506, which structure may comprise a rechargeable energy storage element. 在此种结构方式中,这些电源可提供有限的备用电力以供断电或其他任何适合之情况使用。 In such a configuration mode, these power supplies provide limited back-up power for the power failure or any other suitable case. 当通信电缆线上仅可传输极有限的电力时,这些电源亦可让局域网络节点间歇操作。 When the communication cable lines can transmit only a very limited power, these power supplies also allow LAN nodes intermittent operation. 现在请参照图16,其中显示图10A、 IOB、 11A及11B之网络于正常操作及减量电力模式时的电力管理概要流程图。 Referring now to FIG. 16, in which the display 10A, IOB, 11A and 11B a flow chart showing an outline of the network and power management in the normal operation mode of the power reduction. 如图16所示,电力管理与控制单元2038(图IOA)、 2088(图10B) 、 2133(图11A)或2138(图11B) 是管理电力经由通信电缆线供应给至少部份局域网络节点,较佳是依据一预定的机能管理,以下将参照图17说明之。 As shown in Figure 16, power management control unit 2038 (Fig. IOA), 2088 (FIG. 10B), 2133 (FIG. 11A) or 2138 (FIG. 11B) is supplied to at least part of the power-managed local area network node via a communication cable, is preferably based on a predetermined function of management, it will be described below with reference to FIG. 17. 电力管理与控制单元2038 (图IOA)、 2088 (图10B) 、 2133 (图11A) 或2138(图IIB)监视与管理所述局域网络节点之电力消耗。 Power management and control unit 2038 (FIG IOA), 2088 (FIG. 10B), 2133 (FIG. 11A) or 2138 (Figure IIB) to monitor and manage the power consumption of the LAN node. 它可感知过 It can be perceived through the

电流状况并依适当情况执行电力切断。 According to the current situation and the implementation of appropriate electricity cut off. 电力管理与控制单元2038(图IOA)、 2088(图10B)、 2133(图11A)或2138(图IIB)可用非自发性电力管理模式或自发性电力管理模式来操作。 Power management and control unit 2038 (FIG IOA), 2088 (FIG. 10B), 2133 (FIG. 11A) or 2138 (Figure IIB) Available involuntary power management mode or spontaneity power management mode to operate. 操作模式通常是在架构局域网络时选择的,然而,亦可在架构之后选择操作模式。 Operating mode is usually when local area network architecture of choice, however, after the architecture can select the operating mode. 在非自发性电力管理模式操作中,若电力管理与控制单元感知通信电缆线上无充分电力可传输至局域网络各节点的情况,即会供应减量电力给至少一部份局域网络节点,亦可提供控制讯息或其它控制输入给局域网络各节点,使它们以减量电力模式操作。 In involuntary power management mode operation, if the power management and control unit aware communications cable lines without sufficient power can be transferred to the situation of each node local area network that will supply electricity to at least a part of the reduction of local area network node, also It may provide control messages or other control inputs to each node local area network so that they are the power reduction mode. 在自发性电力管理模式操作中,会在某些活动减少之时刻,诸如夜间与周末,以管理掌控减少可用电力,以便节省能量成本。 In spontaneity power management mode operation, certain activities will reduce the time, such as at night and on weekends, to reduce the available power management control in order to save energy costs. 在自发性电力管理模式操作之一实施例中,是由管理决定哪些节点在哪些时刻接收何种电量。 One of spontaneity power management mode embodiment, which is determined by the management node receives what at what time power. 这是一种非动态、非条件反应式的实施例, 以下说明中不另详细讨论。 This is a non-dynamic, Example unconditioned reactive, discussed in more detail in the following description of the other not. 在自发性电力管理模式操作另一实施例中,是由管理决定在一已知时刻之可用电量,而本发明之机能将此种管理掌控之电量视为可用电力。 Spontaneous power management mode in another embodiment, is determined by the management of the available capacity at a known time, and function of the present invention to include such management control of electricity consumption considered available. 本发明之操作可能与非自发性电力管理的操作相似,但其阈及响应可能不同。 Operation of the present invention may be involuntary power management operation is similar, but its threshold and the response may be different. 现在请参照图17,其中显示根据本发明将电力供应给至少部份局域网络节点的较佳方法。 Referring now to FIG. 17, which will be supplied to the preferred method of displaying at least a portion of a local area network node according to the present invention of electricity. 中枢2010(图10A) 、2060(图10B)或电源与管理子系统2130(图11A)、2180(图IIB)起始设定后,即査询通信电缆线与欲经由通信电缆线传输电力之各节点间的连接。 Central post-2010 (Fig. 10A), 2060 (FIG. 10B) or power supply and management subsystem 2130 (Fig. 11A), 2180 (Figure IIB) initial setting, the query communication cable with the desire to transmit power via the communication cable connections between nodes. 中枢2010(图IOA)、 2060(图10B)或子系统2130 (图IIA)、 2180(图IIB)的起始设定,较佳包括自动起动的测试程序,以确保中枢2010(图IOA)、 2060(图10B)各元件的正确操作或子系统2130 (图IIA)、 2180(图11B)(若存在时)与管理工作站2040(图10A)、2090(图10B)、2140(图11A) 或2190(图IIB)的通信,以为每一节点决定中枢或子系统的理想操作参数,并设置一内部资料库,其中包括每一节点的理想操作参数。 Hub 2010 (Figure IOA), 2060 (FIG. 10B) or subsystem 2130 (Figure IIA), 2180 (Figure IIB) of the initial setting, preferably including automatic start of testing procedures to ensure the central 2010 (Figure IOA), 2060 (FIG. 10B) for correct operation of each component or subsystem 2130 (Figure IIA), 2180 (FIG. 11B) (if present) and the management workstation 2040 (Fig. 10A), 2090 (FIG. 10B), 2140 (FIG. 11A) or 2190 (FIG. IIB) communication, each node determines that the desired operating parameters or the central subsystem, and sets an internal database, including the desired operating parameters for each node. 于系统正常操作期间,使用管理工作站2040(图IOA)、 2090(图10B)、 2140(图11A)或2190(图11B)的操作员可修改每一节点的不同操作参数。 During normal system operation, the management station 2040 (Fig. IOA), 2090 (FIG. 10B), 2140 (FIG. 11A) or 2190 (FIG. 11B) of the operator can modify the different operating parameters of each node. 以下参照图18A及图18B更详细说明查询。 With reference to FIGS. 18A and 18B described in more detail query. 若经査询之节点被认为具有〃在局域网络上供电〃型的特征,并在内部资料库中被归类为欲经由通信电缆线获得传输电力之节点,则以内部资料库的内容为基础设定SPEAR参数,并经由通信电缆线将电力传输至该节点。 If it is considered by the node query feature on the local area network has 〃 〃 type of power supply, and the internal database is classified as a desire to obtain the transmission power of the node via a communication cable, then the contents of the database on the basis of internal SPEAR set parameters, and the transmission of power via a communication cable to the node. 必要时,可将适合的信号讯息传送到远端节点,并向管理工作站2040报告与该节点连接之线路的状况。 When necessary, the appropriate signal message to the remote node, and to manage the situation workstation connected to the 2040 report to the node lines. 然后对中枢2010或子系统2130上每一条欲经由通信电缆线获电力传输之线路依序重复前述程序。 Then on the central 2010 or to qualify for each of the power transmission line via a communication cable sequentially repeat the above procedure subsystem 2130. 现在请参照图18A及图18B,此二图共同构成一流程图,显示图17 所示查询与起始电源机能之一较佳实施例。 Referring now to FIG. 18A and 18B, the two together constitute a flow diagram, shown in Figure 17 displays the query to one preferred embodiment, the starting power supply function. 如图18A、 18B所示,首先在对应欲经由通信电缆线获电力传输之线路的SPEAR 224 (图3A) 、 274 (图3B) 、 324 (图4A)或374 (图4B)的输出端, 测量电压。 FIG. 18A, 18B, first, in order to qualify for the corresponding line of the power transmission via the communication cable SPEAR 224 (Fig. 3A), 274 (FIG. 3B), 324 (FIG. 4A) or 374 (FIG. 4B) output terminal, measure voltage. 若电压绝对值高于一预定的可程式阈VI,则将该线路归类为线上有外部来源之电压。 If the voltage is higher than the absolute value of a predetermined programmable threshold VI, then the lines are classified as line voltage of an external source. 在此情况时,即不经由通信电缆线供应电力至该线路。 When this case, that power is not supplied to the line via a communication cable. 若电压之绝对值不高于该预定之可程式阈VI,则将SPEAR电流限制10设定为一预定之可程式值IL1,并开启SPEAR开关408 (图5)。 If the absolute value of the voltage is not higher than the predetermined threshold of programmable VI, will SPEAR current limit of 10 is set to a predetermined programmable value IL1, and open SPEAR switch 408 (FIG. 5). 接著测量位于SPEAR输出端的电压与电流,通常在三个预定的可程式时间T1、 T2及T3测量。 Then measuring a voltage and current output of the SPEAR usually T1, T2 and T3 can be measured in three predetermined time program. 时间T1、 T2及T3通常是由典型NIC变压器之电感、及中枢或子系统与一节点间之最大容许通信电缆线长度的最大环行DC电阻所决定的时间常数来决定的。 Time T1, T2 and T3 is usually the time constant determined by the inductance of the transformer typical NIC, and central or subsystem between the node and the largest ring DC resistance to allow maximum communication cable length determined to decide. 通常,Tl、 T2及T3等于上述时间常数的l、 2、 10倍。 Typically, Tl, T2 and T3 is equal to said time constant l, 2, 10 times. Tl、 T2及T3的典型值分别为4秒、8秒及40秒。 Tl, T2 and T3 were typical 4 seconds, 8 seconds and 40 seconds. 根据这些测量值可决定节点及与其连接之线路的状态。 From these measurements it can determine the status of the node and its connection lines. 以下为一组典型的测定:无负载(NO LOAD):是指Tl、 T2、 T3三个时间的测量值都是V0UT〉V2且绝对值10〈12。 The following is a typical measurement set: no load (NO LOAD): refers to the Tl, T2, T3 three time measurements are V0UT> V2, and the absolute value of 10 <12. 短路(SH0RT CIRCUIT):是指Tl、 T2、 T3三个时间的测量值都是V0UT〈V3且绝对值I0〉13。 Short circuit (SH0RT CIRCUIT): refers to the Tl, T2, T3 three time measurements are V0UT <V3 and the absolute value I0> 13. 网络界面卡负载(NIC LOAD):是指V0UTT3〈V4且绝对值10Tl〈IOT2〈IOT3。 Network interface cards load (NIC LOAD): refers V0UTT3 <V4 and the absolute value 10Tl <IOT2 <IOT3. 局域网络上供电负载(POL LOAD):是指V0UTT1〉V5且V0UTT2〉V5且V0UTT3〉V5,且绝对值I0T1〉I5或绝对值I0T2>I5或绝对值I0T3>I5。 Power load on the local area network (POL LOAD): refers V0UTT1> V5 and V0UTT2> V5 and V0UTT3> V5, and the absolute value I0T1> I5 or absolute I0T2> I5 or absolute I0T3> I5. 其中:"无负载"情况是指节点未连接线路;"短路"情况是指节点上游或节点内的线路,有短路存在跨接其正、 负导体;"网络界面卡负载"情况是指节点上有一网络界面卡线路变压器横交线路连接;"局域网络上供电负载"情况是指节点上有一局域网络上供电分隔器横交线路连接;VO是线路位于电源配电器输出端之电压;VI是一预定之可程式值;当线路上未传输电力时,测量电压VOUT 之最高峰值,持续几分钟可达此值;V2是一预定之可程式值;当线路上未传输电力时,且当线路位于电源配电器输出端之电压+VOUT与-VOUT间未连接负载时,测量电压VOUT 之最低值,持续几分钟可达此值;V3是一预定之可程式值;当线路上未传输电力时,且当线路位于电源配电器输出端之电压+VOUT与-V0UT间连接一电阻时,测量电压V0UT 之最高峰值,持续几分钟可达此值;V4是一预定之可程式值;较佳是,当线路上未传输电力时,且当线路位于电源配电器输出端之电压+VOUT与-V0UT间连接一电阻时,测量电压VOUT之最高峰值,持续几分钟可达此值;V5是一预定之可程式值,其代表VIN之典型阈值,节点电源在此值时开始操作;V0UTT1是在第一时间Tl测量之V0UT;V0UTT2是在第二时间T2测量之V0UT;V0UTT3是在第三时间T3测量之V0UT;10是线路位于电源配电器输出端之电流动;IL1是线路之电源配电器输出端之预定可程式值;12是一预定之可程式值;当线路上未传输电力时,且当线路位于电源配电器输出端未连接任何负载时,测量电流10之最大峰值,持续几分钟可达此值;13是一预定之可程式值;当线路上未传输电力时,且当线路位于电源配电器输出端之+V0UT与-V0UT间连接一电阻时,测量电流10之最小值,持续几分钟可达此值;15是一预定之可程式值;当线路上未传输电力时,且当线路位于电源配电器输出端未连接任何负载时,测量电流10之最大峰值,持续几分钟可达此值;I0T1是在时间Tl时测量的10;I0T2是在时间T2时测量的10;以及I0T3是在时间T3时测量的10。 Of which: "no load" situation means that a node is not connected to the line; "short" refers to the case of an upstream circuit node or nodes within the presence of a short circuit jumper its positive and negative conductors; "Network Interface Card load" refers to the situation on the node There is a network interface card line transformer transverse line connection; "on the local area network power load" situation means that there a local area network power divider transverse line connecting node; VO is the line located voltage power supply with electrical output terminal; VI is a The programmable predetermined value; when the transmission power is not on the line, measured the peak value of the voltage VOUT, the last a few minutes up to this value; V2 is a predetermined value of the programmable; when no power on the transmission line, and when the line is located voltage power supply with electrical output terminal + between VOUT and -VOUT not connected load, measure the minimum value of the voltage VOUT, the last a few minutes up to this value; V3 is a predetermined value of the programmable; when no power on the transmission line, and when the line voltage supply distributor located in the output of the + VOUT and -V0UT connection between a resistor, measured the peak value of the voltage V0UT, the last a few minutes up to this value; V4 is a predetermined value of the programmable; Preferably, the When no electricity on the transmission line, and when the line voltage supply distributor located in the output of the + VOUT and -V0UT connection between a resistor, measuring the peak value of the voltage VOUT, the last a few minutes up to this value; V5 is a book of programmable value, which represents the typical threshold VIN, the node power value at the start of this operation; V0UTT1 is V0UT Tl measurement of the first time; V0UTT2 is V0UT T2 measure the second time; V0UTT3 is measured at a third time T3 The V0UT; 10 is the flow of electricity power lines located with electrical output terminal; IL1 is scheduled with electrical supply line of the output of the programmable value; 12 is a predetermined value of the programmable; when no power on the transmission line, and when circuit in the power supply with electrical output terminals are not connected to any load measuring current maximum peak 10, the last a few minutes up to this value; 13 is a predetermined value of the programmable; when no power on the transmission line, and when the circuit in the power supply with electrical output terminal + time V0UT -V0UT connection with a resistor, measuring the minimum current 10, the last a few minutes up to this value; 15 is a predetermined value of the programmable; when no power on the transmission line, and when When the lines with electrical output terminals of the power is not connected to any load, the measured current maximum peak 10, the last a few minutes up to this value; I0T1 is measured at time Tl 10; I0T2 is measured at time T2, 10; and I0T3 At time T3 is measured when 10. 现在请参照图19A-19D、 20A-20D、 21A-21D、 22A-22D、 23A-23D及24A-24D,其中显示根据本发明一较佳实施例中各种不同的电力消耗监视与管理机能。 Referring now to FIG. 19A-19D, 20A-20D, 21A-21D, 22A-22D, 23A-23D and 24A-24D, which shows a preferred embodiment according to the present invention in various power consumption monitoring and management functions. 以下说明的这些机能中,大部份或全部都使用一种基本的监视与管理技术,现在说明如下:根据本发明一较佳实施例,于正常操作期间之电力消耗监视与管理机能包括感知所有线路上的电流。 These functions are described below, most or all of the use of a basic monitoring and management technology, will now be described as follows: According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the electric power consumption during the normal operation of monitoring and management functions including perception all current line. 此种感知较佳是以通常的循环方式进行。 Such perception is generally preferred cyclic manner. 然后比较感知的电流与每一线路之可程式预定参考值。 Then compare the current perception of each line of programmable predetermined reference value. 此外/或者, 亦可感知电压并供此目的使用。 Moreover / or voltage may also perceive and use for this purpose. 根据此一比较结果,可将每一节点归类为过电流、低电流或正常。 According to this comparison result, each node can be classified as over-current, low-current or normal. 过电流类别包括可程式调整的阈,诸如高过电流与一般过电流。 Categories include programmable overcurrent threshold adjustment, such as high-overcurrent and general overcurrent. 正常类别可有次类别,诸如活动模式、睡眠模式及低电力模式。 Normal category may have subcategories, such as active mode, sleep mode and low power mode. 本系统之作用可用以下方式控制归类为过电流之节点的操作:若位于一节点的电流超过一一般过电流阈至少达一预定时间,则在该预定时间后切断供往该节点之电力。 The role of the system of controls available in the following manner by operating currents classified as node: If a node located in more than one general current of the overcurrent threshold for at least a predetermined time, a predetermined time after the disconnection of the power supply to the node. 供往一节点之电流在任何情况下都不得超过该高过电流阈。 Supplied to the current node of in any case shall not exceed the higher than current threshold. 根据本发明一较佳实施例, 一般过电流阈与高过电流阈之间可定义不同的中间阈,且前述电力切断预定时间之决定与超过哪一中间阈为函数关系。 According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention is generally higher than the over-current threshold and define the difference between the current threshold of middle threshold, and the aforementioned decision of the power cut which exceeds a predetermined time threshold as a function of the intermediate. 本系统之作用可用以下方式控制归类为低电流之节点的操作:在检测到一低电流节点后相当短的预定时间内,终止对该节点供应电流,而该预定时间之选取是为避免对杂讯之不当响应。 The role of the system of controls available in the following manner classified as node of low current operation: after detecting a low current node within a relatively short predetermined time, terminate the current supply node, and the selection of a predetermined time is to avoid inappropriate response to noise of. 在前述机能外,系统亦可监视所有线路上所有节点的过电流。 In the aforementioned functions, the system also monitors the overcurrent all the nodes on the line at all. 此项监视可用集中方式进行,或根据前述逐线监视所收到的资讯而推论。 This centralized approach to monitoring is available, or in accordance with the aforementioned by-line monitoring information received and inference. 随后比较感知的过电流与一可程式之预定参考值。 Then compare the perception of a programmable overcurrent and the predetermined reference value. 根据比较结果,将整个电源与管理子系统2180及与其连接之节点一同归类为过电流或正常。 According to the comparison result, the entire power supply and management subsystem node 2180 connected thereto and with the classified as over-current or normal. 过电流类别包括可程式调整的阈,诸如高过电流与一般过电流。 Categories include programmable overcurrent threshold adjustment, such as high-overcurrent and general overcurrent. 本系统之作用可用以下方式控制归类为过电流之中枢或电源与管理子系统的操作:若过电流超过一般总过电流阈至少达一预定时间,则在该预定时间后切断供往至少某些节点之电力。 The role of the system's available in the following manner by operating the central control is classified as currents or power supply and management subsystem: If the over-current over-current threshold than the general total for at least a predetermined time, a predetermined time after the supply cut to at least a These nodes of power. 总电流在任何情况下都不得超过高总过电流阈。 Total current in any case shall not exceed the high total overcurrent threshold. 根据本发明一较佳实施例, 一般总过电流阈与高总过电流阈之间可定义不同的中间阈,且前述电力切断预定时间之决定与超过哪一中间阈为函数关系。 According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, generally the total over-current threshold is too high total to define the difference between the current threshold middle threshold, and the aforementioned decision of the power cut which exceeds a predetermined time threshold as a function of the intermediate. 在前述机能外,系统之作用亦可连续或间歇地向一外部监视系统报告每一节点及每一中枢或电源与管理子系统的电流量归类。 In the aforementioned functions, the role of the system's also the amount of current continuously or intermittently to an external monitoring system reports for each node and each hub or power supply and management subsystem collation. 在前述机能外,系统之作用亦可将各节点之电流供应即将发生的变化通知各节点。 In the aforementioned functions, the role of the system will also notify each node of the change in the current supply of each node is about to happen. 现在请参照图19A、 19B、 19C及19D之概要流程图,其中各显示一可能的机构,用于执行图16流程图中非自发性电力管理步骤中的全部机能操作或无机能操作。 Referring now to FIG. 19A, 19B, 19C and 19D of the schematic flowchart in which each display a possible mechanism for the implementation of FIG. 16 flowchart Central Africa spontaneous power management step in the operation of all functions can operate or inorganic. 图19A显示根据本发明一较佳实施例用于非自发性电力管理中全部机能操作或无机能操作的基本技术。 19A shows the present invention according to a preferred embodiment of the basic techniques of all involuntary power management operation or function operable for inorganic. 如图19A所示,系统首先决定可供其使用的总电力及其目前供应给所有节点的总电力。 19A, the system first determines the total power available and the current supplied to all the nodes of its total electricity use. 然后决定现行总耗电(TPC)与现行可用总电力(TPA)的关系。 Then decide the current total power consumption (TPC) relationship with the current total available power (TPA) is. 若TPC/TPA通常小于0.8,则依照优先顺位之基础逐一供应全部电 If TPC / TPA is typically less than 0.8, according to the basis of the overall electricity supply to all of priority one by one

力至其他节点。 Force to the other nodes. 若TPC/TPA通常大于0.95,则依优先顺位之基础逐一切断对个别节点之电力供应。 If TPC / TPA is usually greater than 0.95, then according to the basis of the priority pick off one by one on the power supply to individual nodes. 若TPC/TPA通常等于或大于0.8,但通常小于或等于0.95,则査询是否有新节点需要电力。 If TPC / TPA is usually equal to or greater than 0.8, but generally less than or equal to 0.95, then check whether a new node requires power. 若有,且一优先顺位较低之节点目前正在接收电力,则切断对该优先顺位较低节点之电力供应,并导通对该较高优先顺位节点之电力。 If so, and a lower priority order of the node is currently receiving power, turn off the electricity supply to the overall priority of the lower node, and turned on the higher priority order node of power. 图l犯显示根据本发明一较佳实施例用于非自发性电力管理中,有紧急超越原则之全部机能操作或无机能操作技术。 Figure l committed display according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention for involuntary power management, emergency operating function beyond all or inorganic Principles operable technique. 图19B之技术可用于图19A之机能环境。 The technology can be used in FIG. 19B, 19A of the performance environment. 如图19B所示,系统可感知位于某一已知节点紧急需要电力。 19B, the system may be located in a known node perceived urgent need electricity. 在此情况时,可给予该已知节点最高之优先顺位并应用图19A的机能。 When this case, given the known nodes the highest priority order and apply the function of FIG. 19A. 一旦紧急状况不再存在,该己知节点的优先顺位即回复其一般优先顺位,并操作图19A之机能。 Once the emergency situation no longer exists, the priority order of the node that is known to return to their normal priority pick, and the function of the operation in FIG. 19A. 图19C显示根据本发明一较佳实施例用于非自发性电力管理中,以等待序列控制优先顺位之全部机能操作或无机能操作技术。 FIG. 19C displayed according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention for involuntary power management in order to wait for the whole priority sequence control function or inorganic overall operation of the energy manipulation techniques. 如图19C所示,系统首先决定可供其使用的总电力及其目前供应给所有节点的总电力。 In FIG. 19C, the system first determines the total power available and the current supplied to all the nodes of its total electricity use. 然后决定现行总耗电(TPC)与现行可用总电力(TPA)的关系。 Then decide the current total power consumption (TPC) relationship with the current total available power (TPA) is. 若TPC/TPA通常小于0.8,则依照由等待序列控制的优先顺位基础逐一供应全部电力至其他节点。 If TPC / TPA is typically less than 0.8, then one by one in accordance with the priority order supplied by the wait-based sequence control of all the electricity to other nodes. 若TPC/TPA通常大于0.95,则依优先顺位之基础逐一切断对个别节点之电力供应。 If TPC / TPA is usually greater than 0.95, then according to the basis of the priority pick off one by one on the power supply to individual nodes. 若TPC/TPA通常等于或大于0.8,但通常小于或等于0.95,则査询是否有新节点需要电力。 If TPC / TPA is usually equal to or greater than 0.8, but generally less than or equal to 0.95, then check whether a new node requires power. 若有,则将该节点加入等待序列之尾端。 If so, then the node is added to the end of the waiting sequence. 图19D显示根据本发明一较佳实施例用于非自发性电力管理中,以分时优先顺位为基础的全部机能操作或无机能操作技术。 FIG. 19D displayed according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention for involuntary power management in a time-division priority order based on the operation of all functions can be operated or inorganic technology. 如图19D所示, 系统首先决定可供其使用的总电力及其目前供应给所有节点的总电力。 As shown in FIG. 19D, the system first determines the total power available and the current supplied to all the nodes of its total electricity use. 然后决定现行总耗电(TPC)与现行可用总电力(TPA)的关系。 Then decide the current total power consumption (TPC) relationship with the current total available power (TPA) is. 若TPC/TPA通常小于0.8,则以分时优先顺位基础逐一供应全部电力至其他节点。 If TPC / TPA is typically less than 0.8, places the priority order timeshare basis to each power supply to all other nodes. 若TPC/TPA通常大于0.95,则依优先顺位之基础逐一切断对个别节点之电力供应。 If TPC / TPA is usually greater than 0.95, then according to the basis of the priority pick off one by one on the power supply to individual nodes.

若TPC/TPA通常等于或大于0.8,但通常小于或等于0.95,则査询是否有新节点需要电力。 If TPC / TPA is usually equal to or greater than 0.8, but generally less than or equal to 0.95, then check whether a new node requires power. 若有,且一较低优先顺位之节点据感知是已接收电力较长时间并超过一预定之最低时间,而其目前正在接收电力,则切断该较低优先顺位节点之电力,并导通较高优先顺位节点之电力。 If so, and a lower priority node overall perception of the data is already receiving electricity for a long time and the minimum exceeds a predetermined time, and it is currently receiving power, turn off the power to the nodes of the lower priority order, and guide through a higher priority node of power overall. 吾人可以理解,通常最好提前通知节点有关其电力供应上的变化。吾人 be appreciated, it is usually best advance notice of change relating to their electricity supply node. 以一般的数据传输模式或任何其它适合的模式,在通信电缆线沿线传送信号,可达成此一目的。 In general the data transfer mode, or any other suitable pattern, along the line of the communication cable to transmit signals, can achieve that purpose. 现在请参照图20A、 20B、 20C及20D之概要流程图,其中各显示一可能的机构,用于执行图16流程图中非自发性电力管理步骤中的全部机能操作或减量机能操作。 Referring now to 20A, 20B, 20C and 20D of the outline flowchart diagram in which each display a possible mechanism for the implementation of FIG. 16 flowchart Central Africa spontaneous power management step in the operation of all the functions or performance decrement operation. 图20A显示根据本发明一较佳实施例用于非自发性电力管理中全部机能操作或减量机能操作的基本技术。 20A shows the present invention according to a preferred embodiment of the basic techniques of involuntary power management functions of all or decrement operation for functional operation. 如图20A所示,系统首先决定可供其使用的总电力及其目前供应给所有节点的总电力。 20A, the system first determines the total power available for its use and its current supplied to all the nodes of total electricity. 然后决定现行总耗电(TPC)与现行可用总电力(TPA)的关系。 Then decide the current total power consumption (TPC) relationship with the current total available power (TPA) is. 若TPC/TPA通常小于0.8,则依照优先顺位之基础逐一供应全部电力至其他节点。 If TPC / TPA is typically less than 0.8, according to the basis of the overall electricity supply to all of priority one by one to the other nodes. 若TPC/TPA通常大于0.95,则依优先顺位之基础逐一减少对个别节点之电力供应。 If TPC / TPA is usually greater than 0.95, then according to the basis of the priority pick one by one to reduce the electricity supply to individual nodes. 若TPC/TPA通常等于或大于0.8,但通常小于或等于0.95,则査询是否有节点需要额外电力或者是否有新节点需要电力。 If TPC / TPA is usually equal to or greater than 0.8, but generally less than or equal to 0.95, then check whether a node requires additional power or whether a new node requires power. 若有,且一优先顺位较低之节点目前正在接收电力,则减少对该优先顺位较低节点之电力供应,并提供电力给该较高优先顺位之节点。 If so, and a lower priority order of the node is currently receiving power, then reduce the priority order lower node of the power supply and provide electricity to the higher priority node pick it. 图20B显示根据本发明一较佳实施例用于非自发性电力管理中,有紧急超越原则之全部机能操作或减量机能操作技术。 Fig. 20B displayed according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention for involuntary power management in emergency operations or exceed all performance decrement function principle of the technique. 图20B之技术可用于图20A之机能环境。 Technical FIG. 20B of FIG. 20A can be used in function of the environment. 如图20B所示,系统可感知位于某一已知节点紧急需要额外电力。 20B, the system may be located in a known node perceived urgent need for additional power. 在此情况时,可给予该已知节点最高之优先顺位并应用图20A的机能。 When this case, given the known nodes the highest priority order and function applications Figure 20A. 一旦紧急状况不再存在,该已知节点的优先顺位即回复其一般优先顺位, 并操作图20A之机能。 Once the emergency situation no longer exists, the priority order of the node that is known to return to their normal priority pick, and the function of the operation in FIG. 20A. 图20C显示根据本发明一较佳实施例用于非自发性电力管理中,以等待序列控制优先顺位之全部机能操作或减量机能操作技术。 FIG. 20C displayed according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention for involuntary power management in order to wait for the whole priority sequence control function operation or decrement function technique pick it. 如图20C 所示,系统首先决定可供其使用的总电力及其目前供应给所有节点的总电力。 20C, the system first determines the total power available and the current supplied to all the nodes of its total electricity use. 然后决定现行总耗电(TPC)与现行可用总电力(TPA)的关系。 Then decide the current total power consumption (TPC) relationship with the current total available power (TPA) is. 若TPC/TPA通常小于0.8,则依照由等待序列控制的优先顺位基础逐一供应电力至其他节点或供应额外电力至各节点,通常依照先进(等待序列)先供应的基础。 If TPC / TPA is typically less than 0.8, then one by one according to the supply of electricity to other nodes or supply additional power to each node consists of waiting for the priority order of the underlying sequence control basis in accordance with generally advanced (wait sequence) to supply. 若TPC/ TPA通常大于0.95,则依优先顺位之基础逐一减少对个别节点之电力供应。 If TPC / TPA is usually greater than 0.95, then according to the basis of the priority pick one by one to reduce the electricity supply to individual nodes. 若TPC/TPA通常等于或大于0.8,但通常小于或等于0.95,则査询是否有节点需要额外电力或者是否有新节点需要电力。 If TPC / TPA is usually equal to or greater than 0.8, but generally less than or equal to 0.95, then check whether a node requires additional power or whether a new node requires power. 若有,则将该节点加入等待序列之尾端。 If so, then the node is added to the end of the waiting sequence. 图20D显示根据本发明一较佳实施例用于非自发性电力管理中,以分时优先顺位为基础的全部机能操作或减量机能操作技术。 FIG. 20D displayed according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention for involuntary power management in a time-division priority order based on the operation of all functions or decrement function technique. 如图20D所示,系统首先决定可供其使用的总电力及其目前供应给所有节点的总电力。 As shown in FIG. 20D, the system first determines the total power available and the current supplied to all the nodes of its total electricity use. 然后决定现行总耗电(TPC)与现行可用总电力(TPA)的关系。 Then decide the current total power consumption (TPC) relationship with the current total available power (TPA) is. 若TPC/TPA通常小于0.8,则以分时优先顺位基础逐一供应电力至其他节点,或者供应额外电力至各节点。 If TPC / TPA is typically less than 0.8, it places the priority order sharing basis to supply power to other nodes one by one, or supply additional power to each node. 通常最先切断使用期间最长之节点。 Usually first off the node longest during use. 若TPC/TPA通常大于0.95,则依优先顺位之基础逐一减少对个别节点之电力供应。 If TPC / TPA is usually greater than 0.95, then according to the basis of the priority pick one by one to reduce the electricity supply to individual nodes. 若TPC/TPA通常等于或大于0.8,但通常小于或等于0.95,则査询是否有新节点需要电力或者是否有节点需要额外电力。 If TPC / TPA is usually equal to or greater than 0.8, but generally less than or equal to 0.95, then check whether a new node requires power or a node requires additional power if there is. 若有,且一较低优先顺位之节点据感知是已接收电力较长时间并超过一预定之最低时间,而其目前正在接收电力,则减少该较低优先顺位节点之电力供应, 并提供电力给较高优先顺位之节点。 If so, and a lower priority node overall perception of the data is already receiving electricity for a long time and the minimum exceeds a predetermined time, and it is currently receiving power, then reduce the power supply node of the lower priority order, and providing power to pick the higher priority node. 现在请参照图21A、 21B、 21C及21D之概要流程图,其中各显示一可能的机构,用于执行图16流程图中自发性电力管理步骤中的节点启动睡眠模式操作。 Referring now to a flowchart of FIG profile 21A, 21B, 21C and 21D of which each displays a possible mechanism, the implementation of FIG spontaneous power management step in the flowchart node 16 for starting the sleep mode operation. 图21A显示一节点由于缺少活动达至少一预定时间而以睡眠模式操作之情况。 Figure 21A displays a node due to lack of activity for at least a predetermined time in the case of the sleep mode operation. 如图21A所示,首先测量节点从前次活动以来的时间期间TD1。 21A, the first measurement node TD1 time period since the previous event. 若TD1通常超过数秒或数分钟,且无使用者或系统禁制睡眠模式操作之 If TD1 usually more than a few seconds or minutes, and no user or system sleep mode operation of the ban

输入,该节点即以睡眠模式操作,此种操作模式通常可实质降低电力需求。 Enter the node that is in sleep mode, this mode of operation may substantially reduce power demand generally. 图21B显示一节点由于缺少通信达至少一预定时间而以睡眠模式操作之情况。 FIG. 21B show a lack of communication nodes for at least a predetermined time in the case of the sleep mode operation. 如图21B所示,首先测量节点从前次通信以来的时间期间TD2。 As shown in Figure 21B, first measure the period since the previous node communication time TD2. 若TD2通常超过数秒或数分钟,且无使用者或系统禁制睡眠模式操作之输入,该节点即以睡眠模式操作,此种操作模式通常可实质降低电力需求。 If TD2 usually more than a few seconds or minutes, and no user or system input prohibition sleep mode operation of the node that is in sleep mode, this mode of operation may substantially reduce power demand generally. 图21C显示一节点响应计时控制而在定期发生的时隙内活动,若无系统或使用者输入时,则以睡眠模式操作之情况。 FIG. 21C show a timing control node in response to regularly occurring activities within the time slot, when the absence of a system or user input, places the situation of the sleep mode operation. 如图21C所示,时隙定义为时间TD3而其余时间则定义为TD4。 21C, the slot is defined as the time TD3 while the remaining time is defined as TD4. 节点可判断目前是否在时隙TD3内,若否,亦即在其余时间TD4内,则以睡眠模式操作。 Node may determine whether the current time slot TD3, if not, that in the rest of the time TD4, places to sleep mode. 图21D显示一节点因感知故障情况而以睡眠模式操作之情况。 FIG. 21D show a node failure because of the perception and in the case of the sleep mode operation. 如图21D所示,节点定期执行自我测试。 As shown in FIG. 21D, node periodically performs a self-test. 自我测试之目的,或许是为了与中枢或电源与管理子系统通信。 The purpose of the self-test, perhaps in order to communicate with the hub or power supply and management subsystem. 若节点通过测试,即以正常方式操作。 If the test node, i.e. in the normal manner. 若节点未通过测试,即以睡眠模式操作。 If the node does not pass the test, that the sleep mode. 现在请参照图22A、 22B、 22C及22D之概要流程图,其中各显示一可能的机构,用于执行图16流程图中自发性电力管理步骤中由中枢或电源与管理子系统启动之睡眠模式操作。 Referring now to FIG. 22A, 22B, 22C and 22D of the outline flow chart, wherein each display a possible mechanism for the implementation of FIG. 16 flowchart spontaneous power management step of booting and managed by the central or power sleep mode operation. 图22A显示一节点由于缺少活动达至少一预定时间而以睡眠模式操作之情况。 FIG. 22A shows a node due to lack of activity for at least a predetermined time in the case of the sleep mode operation. 如图22A所示,首先测量中枢或电源与管理子系统所感知的节点从前次活动以来的时间期间TD1。 22A, the first measurement of the central or power management subsystem perceived nodes during a time TD1 since the last activity. 若TD1通常超过数秒或数分钟,且无使用者或系统禁制睡眠模式操作之输入,该节点即以睡眠模式操作, 此种操作模式通常可实质降低电力需求。 If TD1 usually more than a few seconds or minutes, and no user input or system sleep mode operation of the ban, the node that is in sleep mode, this mode of operation may substantially reduce electricity demand usually. 图22B显示一节点由于缺少通信达至少一预定时间而以睡眠模式操作之情况。 Figure 22B shows a lack of communication nodes for at least a predetermined time in the case of the sleep mode operation. 如图22B所示,首先测量中枢或电源与管理子系统所感知的节点从前次通信以来的时间期间TD2。 As shown in Figure 22B, the first measurement of the central or perceived power and management subsystem node communication during the time since the previous TD2. 若TD2通常超过数秒或数分钟,且无使用者或系统禁制睡眠模式操作之输入,该节点即以睡眠模式操作,此种操作模式通常可实质降低电力需求。 If TD2 usually more than a few seconds or minutes, and no user or system input prohibition sleep mode operation of the node that is in sleep mode, this mode of operation may substantially reduce power demand generally. 图22C显示一节点响应来自中枢或电源与管理子系统的计时控制而 FIG. 22C show a node in response to the timing or power and control from a central management subsystem and

在定期发生的时隙内活动,若无系统或使用者输入时,则以睡眠模式操作之情况。 In a slot regularly occurring events, when the absence of a system or user input, places the situation of the sleep mode operation. 如图22C所示,时隙定义为时间TD3而其余时间则定义为TD4。 As shown in FIG. 22C, defined as the time slot TD3 while the remaining time is defined as TD4. 节点可判断目前是否在时隙TD3内,若否,亦即在其余时间TD4内,则以睡眠模式操作。 Node may determine whether the current time slot TD3, if not, that in the rest of the time TD4, places to sleep mode. 或者,中枢或电源与管理子系统可依照前述计时控制来管理对节点之电力供应,藉此控制节点操作。 Alternatively, the central or power supply and management subsystem can be managed in accordance with the aforementioned timing control of the power supply to the node, thereby controlling node operation. 图22D显示一节点因中枢或电源与管理子系统感知故障情况而以睡眠模式操作之情况。 FIG. 22D show a node due to central or power supply and management subsystem perceived fault condition in the case of the sleep mode operation. 如图22D所示,中枢或电源与管理子系统定期执行节点测试。 As shown in FIG. 22D, the hub or power supply and management subsystem node tests performed regularly. 自我测试之目的,或许是为了与中枢或电源与管理子系统通信。 The purpose of the self-test, perhaps in order to communicate with the hub or power supply and management subsystem. 若节点通过测试,即以正常方式操作。 If the test node, i.e. in the normal manner. 若节点未通过测试,即以睡眠模式操作。 If the node does not pass the test, that the sleep mode. 现在请参照图23A、 23B、 23C及23D之概要流程图,其中各显示一可能的机构,用于执行图16流程图中自发性电力管理步骤中的全部机能操作或无机能操作。 Referring now to a flowchart of FIG profile 23A, 23B, 23C and 23D of which each displays a possible mechanism for the implementation of FIG. 16 flowchart spontaneous power management step in the operation of all functions can operate or inorganic. 图23A显示根据本发明一较佳实施例用于自发性电力管理中全部机能操作或无机能操作的基本技术。 FIG. 23A shows the basic technique of spontaneous power management functions of all operations or inorganic capable of operating in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention is used. 如图23A所示,系统首先决定由管理依照一电力储备计划在一已知时间配置给系统的总电力及其目前供应给所有节点的总电力。 23A, the system first determined by management in accordance with a power reserve plan at a known time allocated to the system's total power and current supplied to all the nodes of total electricity. 然后决定现行总耗电(TPC)与现行总配置电力(TPL) 的关系。 Then decide the current total power consumption (TPC) relationship with the current total configuration Power (TPL) is. 若TPC/TPL通常小于0.8,则依照优先顺位之基础逐一供应全部电力至其他节点。 If TPC / TPL is typically less than 0.8, according to the basis of the overall electricity supply to all of priority one by one to the other nodes. 若TPC/TPL通常大于0.95,则依优先顺位之基础逐一切断对个别节点之电力供应。 If TPC / TPL is usually greater than 0.95, then according to the basis of the priority pick off one by one on the power supply to individual nodes. 若TPC/TPL通常等于或大于0.8,但通常小于或等于0.95,则査询是否有新节点需要电力。 If TPC / TPL is generally equal to or greater than 0.8, but generally less than or equal to 0.95, then check whether a new node requires power. 若有,且一优先顺位较低之节点目前正在接收电力,则切断对该优先顺位较低节点之电力供应,并导通对该较高优先顺位节点之电力。 If so, and a lower priority order of the node is currently receiving power, turn off the electricity supply to the overall priority of the lower node, and turned on the higher priority order node of power. 图23B显示根据本发明一较佳实施例用于自发性电力管理中,有紧急超越原则之全部机能操作或无机能操作技术。 Figure 23B shows in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention for spontaneous power management, emergency operating function beyond all or inorganic Principles operable technique. 图23B之技术可用于图23A之机能环境。 Technical FIG. 23B of FIG. 23A of the function can be used to the environment. 如图23B所示,系统可感知位于某一已知节点紧急需要电力。 23B, the system may be located in a known node perceived urgent need electricity. 在此情况时,可给予该已知节点最高之优先顺位并应用图23A的机能。 When this case, given the known nodes the highest priority order and function application 23A of FIG. 一旦紧急状况不再存在,该已知节点的优先顺位即回复其一般优先顺位,并操作图23A之机能。 Once the emergency situation no longer exists, the priority order of the node that is known to return to their normal priority pick, and FIG. 23A of the operating performance. 根据本发明另一选择之实施例,紧急模式机能可为超越任何自发性电力管理限制。 An alternative embodiment of the emergency mode function can be beyond any limit spontaneity power management in accordance with the present invention. 图23C显示根据本发明一较佳实施例用于自发性电力管理中,以等待序列控制优先顺位之全部机能操作或无机能操作技术。 Figure 23C shows according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention is used with spontaneous power management in order to wait for the whole priority sequence control function or inorganic overall operation of the energy manipulation techniques. 如图23C所示, 系统首先决定配置给系统的总电力及其目前供应给所有节点的总电力。 23C, the system first determines the configuration to the system's total power and current supplied to all the nodes of total electricity. 然后决定现行总耗电(TPC)与现行配置总电力(TPL)的关系。 Then decide the current total power consumption (TPC) relationship with the current configuration of the total electricity (TPL) is. 图23C之技术可用于图23A之环境。 Figure 23C's technology can be used in Figure 23A of the environment. 若TPC/TPL通常小于0.8,则依照由等待序列控制的优先顺位基础逐一供应全部电力至其他节点,通常是釆用先进(等待序列)先供应的基础。 If TPC / TPL is typically less than 0.8, then one by one according to supply electricity to all other nodes wait priority order by the base sequence control, usually preclude the foundation with advanced (wait sequence) to supply. 若TPC/TPL通常大于0.95,则依优先顺位之基础逐一切断对个别节点之电力供应。 If TPC / TPL is usually greater than 0.95, then according to the basis of the priority pick off one by one on the power supply to individual nodes. 若TPC/TPL通常等于或大于0.8,但通常小于或等于0.95,则査询是否有新节点需要电力。 If TPC / TPL is generally equal to or greater than 0.8, but generally less than or equal to 0.95, then check whether a new node requires power. 若有,则将该节点加入等待序列之底端。 If so, then the node is added to the bottom of the waiting sequences. 图23D显示根据本发明一较佳实施例用于自发性电力管理中,以分时优先顺位为基础的全部机能操作或无机能操作技术。 FIG. 23D displayed according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the power management for spontaneity in a time-division priority order based on the operation of all functions can be operated or inorganic technology. 如图23D所示, 系统首先决定配置给系统的总电力及其目前供应给所有节点的总电力。 23D, the system first determines the configuration to the system's total power and current supplied to all the nodes of total electricity. 然后决定现行总耗电(TPC)与现行配置总电力(TPL)的关系。 Then decide the current total power consumption (TPC) relationship with the current configuration of the total electricity (TPL) is. 若TPC/TPL通常小于0.8,则以分时优先顺位基础逐一供应全部电力至其他节点,通常是最先切断使用期间最长之节点。 If TPC / TPL is typically less than 0.8, places the priority order timeshare basis to each power supply to all other nodes, usually the first to break up the node during use. 若TPC/TPL通常大于0. 95,则依优先顺位之基础逐一切断对个别节点之电力供应。 If TPC / TPL is usually greater than 0.95, then according to the basis of the priority pick off one by one on the power supply to individual nodes. 若TPC/TPL通常等于或大于0.8,但通常小于或等于0.95,则査询是否有新节点需要电力。 If TPC / TPL is generally equal to or greater than 0.8, but generally less than or equal to 0.95, then check whether a new node requires power. 若有,且一较低优先顺位之节点据感知是己接收电力较长时间并超过一预定之最低时间,而其目前正在接收电力,则切断该较低优先顺位节点之电力,并导通较高优先顺位节点之电力。 If so, and a lower priority node overall perception of the data is already receiving electricity for a long time and the minimum exceeds a predetermined time, and it is currently receiving power, turn off the power to the nodes of the lower priority order, and guide through a higher priority node of power overall. 吾人可以理解,通常最好提前通知节点有关其电力供应上的变化。吾人 be appreciated, it is usually best advance notice of change relating to their electricity supply node. 以一般的数据传输模式或任何其它适合的模式,在通信电缆线沿线传送信号,可达成此一目的。 In general the data transfer mode, or any other suitable pattern, along the line of the communication cable to transmit signals, can achieve that purpose. 现在请参照图24A、 24B、 24C及24D之概要流程图,其中各显示一可能的机构,用于执行图16流程图中自发性电力管理步骤中的全部机能操作或减量机能操作。 Referring now to a flowchart of FIG profile 24A, 24B, 24C and 24D of which each displays a possible mechanism for the implementation of FIG. 16 flowchart spontaneous power management functions of all the operation steps or decrement operation function. 图24A显示根据本发明一较佳实施例用于自发性电力管理中全部机能操作或减量机能操作的基本技术。 Figure 24A is displayed in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the basic technology spontaneous power management functions of all or decrement operation for functional operation. 如图24A所示,系统首先决定配置给系统的总电力及其目前供应给所有节点的总电力。 24A, the system first determines the configuration to the system's total power and current supplied to all the nodes of total electricity. 然后决定现行总耗电(TPC)与现行配置总电力(TPL)的关系。 Then decide the current total power consumption (TPC) relationship with the current configuration of the total electricity (TPL) is. 图24A之技术可用于图23A之环境。 Figure 24A of technology that can be used in Figure 23A of the environment. 若TPC/TPL通常小于0.8,则依照优先顺位之基础逐一供应全部电力至其他节点。 If TPC / TPL is typically less than 0.8, according to the basis of the overall electricity supply to all of priority one by one to the other nodes. 若TPC/TPL通常大于0.95,则依优先顺位之基础逐一减少对个别节点之电力供应。 If TPC / TPL is usually greater than 0.95, then according to the basis of the priority pick one by one to reduce the electricity supply to individual nodes. 若TPC/TPL通常等于或大于0.8,但通常小于或等于0.95,则査询是否有新节点需要电力。 If TPC / TPL is generally equal to or greater than 0.8, but generally less than or equal to 0.95, then check whether a new node requires power. 若有,且一优先顺位较低之节点目前正在接收电力,则减少对该优先顺位较低节点之电力供应,并提供额外电力给该较高优先顺位之节点。 If so, and a lower priority order of the node is currently receiving power, then reduce the priority order lower node of the power supply, and provide additional power to the higher priority node to pick it. 图24B显示根据本发明一较佳实施例用于自发性电力管理中,有紧急超越原则之全部机能操作或减量机能操作技术。 24B shows in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention is used with spontaneous power management in emergency operations or exceed all performance decrement function principle of the technique. 图24B之技术可用于图24A之机能环境。 The technology can be used in FIG. 24B, 24A of the performance environment. 如图24B所示,系统可感知位于某一已知节点紧急需要额外电力。 24B, the system may be located in a known node perceived urgent need for additional power. 在此情况时,可给予该已知节点最高之优先顺位并应用图24A的机能。 When this case, given the known nodes the highest priority order and function application 24A of FIG. 一旦紧急状况不再存在,该己知节点的优先顺位即回复其一般优先顺位, 并操作图24A之机能。 Once the emergency situation no longer exists, the priority order of the node that is known to return to their normal priority pick, and the function of the operation in FIG. 24A. 根据本发明另一选择之实施例,紧急模式机能可为超越任何自发性电力管理限制。 An alternative embodiment of the emergency mode function can be beyond any limit spontaneity power management in accordance with the present invention. 图24C显示根据本发明一较佳实施例用于自发性电力管理中,以等待序列控制优先顺位之全部机能操作或减量机能操作技术。 FIG. 24C displayed according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention is used with spontaneous power management in order to wait for the whole priority sequence control function operation or decrement function technique pick it. 如图24C所示,系统首先决定配置给系统的总电力及其目前供应给所有节点的总电力。 In FIG. 24C, the system first determines the configuration to the system's total electricity and currently supplies electricity to all nodes total. 然后决定现行总耗电(TPC)与现行配置总电力(TPL)的关系。 Then decide the current total power consumption (TPC) relationship with the current configuration of the total electricity (TPL) is. 图24C FIG. 24C

之技术可用于图23A之环境。 The technology can be used in Figure 23A of the environment. 若TPC/TPL通常小于0.8,则依照由等待序列控制的优先顺位基础逐一供应电力至其他节点,通常依照先进(等待序列)先供应的基础。 If TPC / TPL is typically less than 0.8, then one by one according to the supply of electricity to other nodes wait priority order by the base sequence control basis in accordance with generally advanced (wait sequence) to supply. 若TPC/TPL通常大于0.95,则依优先顺位之基础逐一减少对个别节点之电'力供应。 If TPC / TPL is usually greater than 0.95, then according to the basis of the priority pick one by one to reduce the power of individual nodes' power supply. 若TPC/TPL通常等于或大于0.8,但通常小于或等于0.95,则查询是否有新节点需要额外电力。 If TPC / TPL is generally equal to or greater than 0.8, but generally less than or equal to 0.95, then check whether a new node requires additional power. 若有,则将该节点加入等待序列之底端。 If so, then the node is added to the bottom of the waiting sequences. 图24D显示根据本发明一较佳实施例用于自发性电力管理中,以分时优先顺位为基础的全部机能操作或减量机能操作技术。 FIG. 24D displayed according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the power management for spontaneity in a time-division priority order based on the operation of all functions or decrement function technique. 如图24D所示, 系统首先决定配置给系统的总电力及其目前供应给所有节点的总电力。 As shown in FIG. 24D, the system first determines the configuration to the system's total power and current supplied to all the nodes of total electricity. 然后决定现行总耗电(TPC)与现行配置总电力(TPL)的关系。 Then decide the current total power consumption (TPC) relationship with the current configuration of the total electricity (TPL) is. 图24D之技术可用于图23A之环境。 FIG. 24D of technology that can be used in Figure 23A of the environment. 若TPC/TPL通常小于0.8,则以分时优先顺位基础逐一供应电力至其他节点,通常最先切断使用期间最长之节点。 If TPC / TPL is typically less than 0.8, places the priority order sharing basis to supply power to each of the other nodes, the nodes are usually the first cut up during use. 苦TPC/TPL通常大于0. 95, 则依优先顺位之基础逐一切断对个别节点之电力供应。 Bitter TPC / TPL is usually greater than 0.95, then according to the basis of the priority pick off one by one on the power supply to individual nodes. 若TPC/TPL通常等于或大于0.8,但通常小于或等于0.95,则査询是否有新节点需要额外电力。 If TPC / TPL is generally equal to or greater than 0.8, but generally less than or equal to 0.95, then check whether a new node requires additional power. 若有,且一较低优先顺位之节点据感知是已接收电力较长时间并超过一预定之最低时间,而其目前正在接收电力, 则减少该较低优先顺位节点之电力供应,并提供额外电力给较高优先顺位之节点。 If so, and a lower priority node overall perception of the data is already receiving electricity for a long time and the minimum exceeds a predetermined time, and it is currently receiving power, then reduce the power supply node of the lower priority order, and provide additional power to pick the higher priority node. 根据本发明再一较佳实施例,增强型结构式电缆线系统所包括的系统可在一建筑物、校园或企业内,在数据通信网络基础设备上产生、传输及分配电力至网络各元件。 According to the present invention, a further preferred embodiment, the enhanced structural formula cable systems included in the system of a building, campus, or enterprise, the data communications network infrastructure generation, transmission and distribution of electricity to the network each element. 强化在单一网络上的配电与数据通信,可简化并减少网络元件安装之成本,并提供一种可于断电时对重要网络器件供应不断电或备用电力之装置。 Strengthening distribution and data communications on a single network to simplify and reduce the cost of network components installed, and provide a continuous supply of electricity in case of power failure or backup power for critical network components of devices. 以下说明一种可在专供数位通信的局域网络网络基础设备上产生、 传输及管理电力的设备与方法。 The following instructions are available on the spot for a digital communications network infrastructure equipment generates local area network, the device and method of transmission and management of electricity. 本发明之作用可减少对数据通信的任何可能的干扰,并维持与IEEE 802. 3及其他相关标准的相容性。 Effects of the present invention can reduce any possible interference with data communications, and to maintain and IEEE 802. 3 and other relevant standards compatibility. 现在请参照图26A、 26B,其中显示根据本发明一较佳实施例构成与操作的典型数据通信系统之简化方块图。 Referring now to FIG. 26A, 26B, which shows a simplified embodiment according to the present invention is configured with the operation of a typical data communication system block diagram of a preferred embodiment. 在此系统中,网络器件是在同一电缆上获得电力与网络之连接。 In this system, the network devices are connected to the power network of the gain on the same cable. 此网络以参考标号3060概括表示之, 其中包括一WAN及/或局域网络中枢3064,此中枢与一IP电话伺服器3062、其他服务提供者3061、 一局域网络上供电管理单元3164、及一局域网络接线桥/路由器3066耦接。 This network represents the summarized by reference numeral 3060, which includes a WAN and / or LAN backbone 3064, this hub with an IP telephony server 3062, 3061 other service providers on a local area network power management unit 3164, and a local area network Network Connection bridge / router 3066 is coupled. IP电话伺服器3062可对若干个与网络3060连接的IP电话机提供电话服务。 IP telephony server 3062 to provide telephone service to a number of network connected IP phones 3060. 局域网络上供电管理单元3164对网络中所有具有局域网络上供电机能之器件,提供各种行政与电力管理功能。 On LAN power management unit 3164 pairs of network devices all have the power function of the local area network, providing a variety of administrative and power management functions. 以下将更详尽地说明局域网络上供电管理单元3164。 The following more detailed description of the power supply on the local area network management unit 3164. 电力在称为电力/数据结合器的器件内与数据通信信号结合。 Electricity in the called Electricity / data combiner devices combined with data communications signal. 电力/ 数据结合信号经由标准的局域网络电缆线传输,例如3、 4、 5类局域网络电缆线,此种局域网络电缆线符合EIA/TIA 568A或类似之电缆线标准, 是一具有分割或分离数据与电力功能的网络器件。 Power / data combined signal via a standard LAN cable transmission, for example, 3, 4 and 5 class LAN cable, such LAN cable meet the EIA / TIA 568A or similar to standard cables, it is having a split or separation data and network device power function. 数据信号被输入器件上的网络埠,而电力则输入器件上的电力输入连接器。 The data signal is input to the network port on the device, and the input power input power connector on the device. 在一较佳实施例中,电力/数据结合器电路可用独立式外部电力/数据结合器单元3168作为实施方式。 In a preferred embodiment, the power / data combiner circuit can be stand-alone external power / data combiner unit 3168 as an embodiment. 或者,外部电力/数据结合器单元3168 可与诸如中枢或切换器之网络元件一同实施,并称为整体式电力/数据结合器中枢/切换器3072、 3090。 Alternatively, the external power / data combiner unit 3168 can be implemented in conjunction with a network element or device of such central switch, and called monolithic power / data combiner hub / switch 3072, 3090. 同样地,在一实施例中,电力/数据分离器电路可用独立式外部电力/数据分离器单元3156作为实施方式。 Similarly, in one embodiment, the power / data splitter circuit can be stand-alone external power / data splitter unit 3156 as an embodiment. 或者,分离器可并入一网络器件, 诸如IP电话机3102。 Alternatively, the separator may be incorporated into a network device, such as an IP telephone 3102. 不论电力/数据结合器3168与电力/数据分离器3156是以外部独立式单元或以并入一网络器件作为实施方式,其机能是类似的。 Regardless of the power / data coupler 3168 and the power / data splitter 3156 is an external stand-alone unit or to incorporate a network device as an embodiment, its performance is similar. 电力/数据结合器3168的功能可将一低频电力信号叠置在高频、低功率之数据通信信号上。 Power / data coupler 3168 features a low-power signal may be superposed on the high frequency, low power of the data communication signals. 低频电力信号的频率可从DC频率到习用发电站频率,亦即50 或60Hz。 The frequency of the low frequency power signal frequencies from DC to be conventional power station frequency, ie 50 or 60Hz. 电力/数据分离器3156的功能则可分离低频电力信号与高频、低功率数据通信信号。 Power / data splitter 3156 functions can be separated low frequency signal and a high frequency power, low-power data communication signal. 图26A、 26B中显示多种可供选择的局域网络上供电系统实施例。 Figure 26A, 26B is shown on a wide selection of local area network embodiment of the power supply system. 并非所有网络元件都有局域网络上供电机能。 Not all network elements have on the local area network supply function. 亦非所有器件都有局域网络上供电机能。 Nor have all devices on a local area network supply function. 具有局域网络上供电机能的器件是从无局域网络上供电机 Having the local network powered device is never the function of LAN altar motor

能的器件透通操作。 Pass-through device can operate. 本发明之局域网络上供电系统可应用的典型网络系统/元件用途通常包括(但不限于)与一局域网络连接的任何系统或元件,更明确地说,包括IP或局域网络电话机、数位摄录影机、Web摄影机、视讯会议设备、 加入发射器与接收器的无线局域网络产品、手提电脑、工作站及网络印表机。 On a typical LAN network system of the present invention can be applied to the power supply system / component uses generally include (but are not limited to) any system or component connected to a local area network, and more specifically, or local area network including IP telephones, digital camera Video, Web, camera, video conferencing equipment, added the transmitter and receiver of a wireless local area network products, notebook computers, workstations and network printers. 其中也包括安全系统器件,诸如与网络连接之警报器与传感器; 遥控智慧型家用器件,诸如LcmWork或CEBus相容产品;及各种传统的数据网络连结设备,诸如中枢、切换器、路由器、接线桥。 Including security systems devices such as sensors and alarms and the network connection; remote control smart home devices, such as LcmWork or CEBus compatible products; and a variety of traditional data network connecting devices such as hub, switches, routers, wiring Bridge. 以上所列每一器件都可以从局域网络基础设备接收它们的操作电力。 Listed above, each device can receive their operating power from the local area network infrastructure. 然而,可从局域网络上接收电力的器件数目与类型,受限于局域网络电缆线上基于安全与成本因素所能传输的电量。 However, the number of devices and types can receive power from the local area network, LAN cable lines is limited based on safety and cost factors can transmit electricity. 局域网络上供电系统包括的系统与子系统可在任何网络层次上(从网络元件/器件层次到网络中枢与中枢切换器层次)整合为一体。 The power supply system includes a local area network systems and subsystems can be integrated on any network level (from the network element / device level to the network backbone and central switch level) as a whole. 局域网络上供电系统可添加到一习式局域网络设备上,或合并到它们本身的网络元件内,例如中枢、切换器、路由器、接线桥、切换器等。 Power supply system on the LAN can be added to a conventional-type local area network equipment, or merge into their own network elements, such as hub, switch, router, bridge wiring, switches and the like. 有些器件接收从AC主电源插座供应的电力,有些则在局域网络电缆线基础设备上接收电力。 Some device receives supply of electric power from the AC mains socket, while others receive power on the LAN cable infrastructure. 局域网络接线桥/路由器3066经由电插头3068 接收AC主电源。 LAN wiring bridge / router 3066 3068 receiving AC mains power via an electrical plug. 同样地,整体式电力/数据结合器中枢/切换器3072与习式局域网络中枢/切换器3106、 3128分别经由电插头3074、 3108、 3130 接收AC主电源。 Likewise, the overall power / data combiner hub / switch 3072 and learning style LAN hub / switch 3106, 3128, respectively, via electrical plug 3074, 3108, 3130 receiving AC mains power. 外部电力/数据结合器单元3168从UPS 3171接收电力, UPS 3171继而经由电插头3170与AC主电源连接。 External power / data combiner unit 3168 receives power from the UPS 3171, UPS 3171 and then 3170 connected to the AC mains supply via an electrical plug. 整体式电力/数据结合器中枢/切换器3090经由电缆3088在局域网络电缆线上接收电力。 Integral power / data combiner hub / switch 3088 receives 3090 cable LAN cable via power lines. 整体式电力/数据结合器中枢/切换器3072经由专供传输数据的电缆3070连接到局域网络接线桥/路由器3066。 Integral power / data combiner hub / switch 3072 exclusively for the transmission of data via cable 3070 connected to a local area network connection bridge / router 3066. 与中枢/切换器3072连接的网络器件包括IP电话机3076、 3080。 Network devices and central / switch 3072 include IP telephones connected 3076, 3080. IP电话机3076是由一电力/数据结合电缆3086连接,并在电话机内并入一电力/数据分离器。 IP Phone 3076 is a power / data connection combined cable 3086, and incorporated in a power / data splitter in the telephone. IP电话机3080是经由分开的数据电缆3082与电力电缆3084连接到一外部电力/数据分离器3078。 IP Phone 3080 is connected to an external power / data splitter 3078 via separate data cable and power cable 3084 3082. 电力/数据分离器3078则经由可传输电力与数据的电缆3077连接到中枢/切换器3072。 Power / data splitter 3078 can transmit power and data via a cable 3077 connected to the hub / switch 3072.

与整体式电力/数据结合器中枢/切换器3090耦接的器件包括手提式电脑3096与IP电话机3102。 With integral power / data combiner hub / switch 3090 coupled devices include portable computers 3096 and 3102 IP telephones. 手提式电脑3096经由一专供传输数据的电缆3100与一电力电缆3098连接到一外部电力/数据分离器3094。 3096 portable computer via a cable to transfer data exclusively for the 3100 and 3098 a power cable connected to an external power / data splitter 3094. 电力/数据分离器3094则经由可传输电力与数据的电缆3092连接到中枢/切换器3090。 Power / data splitter 3094 is connected to the hub / switch 3090 can transmit power and data via a cable 3092. IP电话机3102由可传输电力与数据的电缆3104连接并于电话机内合并一电力/数据分离器。 IP Phone 3102 can be transmitted by the power and data cable connections 3104 and consolidated a power / data splitter in the telephone. 请注意,中枢/切换器3090包括一内部电力/数据分离器,用以分离从中枢/切换器3072接收的结合的数据通信信号与电力信号。 Note hub / switch 3090 comprises an internal power / data separator for separating the data signal and the communication power signal 3072 received from hub / switch combined. 习式局域网络中枢/切换器3106经由一电缆接线3134连接接线桥/ 路由器3066,另经由电插头3108连接AC电力。 Learning style LAN hub / switch 3106-connecting bridge / router via a cable connection 3066 3134, 3108 connected to another AC power via an electrical plug. 与中枢/切换器3106连接的网络器件包括IP电话机3112与桌上型电脑3118、 3124。 Network devices and central / switch 3106 include IP phones connected to a desktop computer 3112 and 3118, 3124. IP电话机经由一专供传输数据的电缆3110连接中枢/切换器3106,并经由电插头3114连接AC电力。 3110 IP telephone cable connection via a hub designed for the transmission of data / switch 3106, and is connected to AC power via electrical plug 3114. 桌上型电脑3118、 3124分别经由专供传输数据的电缆3116、 3122连接中枢/切换器3106,并分别经由电插头3120、 3126连接AC电力。 Desktop PC 3118, 3124 respectively, designed for the transmission of data via cables 3116, 3122 connected to the hub / switch 3106, and are connected to AC power via electrical plug 3120, 3126. 一数据通信专用电缆3132连接接线桥/路由器3066与外部电力/数据结合器单元3168。 A data communication dedicated cable connection wiring 3132 bridge / router 3066 unit with external power / data combiner 3168. 一数据通信专用电缆3166则连接电力/数据结合器单元3168与一习式局域网络中枢/切换器3128,习式局域网络中枢/切换器3128再经由电插头3130连接AC电力。 A dedicated data communications cable 3166 connecting power / data combiner unit 3168 and a learning style LAN hub / switch 3128, learning style LAN hub / switch 3128 and then plug the AC power via electrical connection 3130. 电力/数据结合器单元3168与若干个网络器件连接,其中包括一网络即用摄录影机3136、 IP电话机3142、 3158及桌上型电脑3150。 Power / data combiner unit 3168 is connected to a plurality of network devices, including a network-use camcorders 3136, IP Phone 3142, 3158 and 3150 desktop computers. 与电力/数据结合器单元3168连接的每一网络器件都有一条从电力/数据结合器单元3168到中枢/切换器3128 的对应数据通信专用接线。 Each network device with the power / data combiner unit 3168 has a connection from the power / data combiner unit 3168 corresponding to the data communication dedicated connection to the hub / switch 3128. 在正常操作情况时,在数据电缆3132上接收的通信信号都透通到(亦即桥接到)数据电缆3166。 During normal operating conditions, the data communication signals are received through cable 3132 through to (that is bridged to a) 3166 data cable. 然而,在断电情况时, 则绕过(旁通)习式局域网络中枢/切换器3128,使数据通信信号直接送到与电力/数据结合器单元3168连接的网络器件。 However, in the case of power failure, the bypass (bypass) learning style LAN hub / switch 3128 so that the data communication signal directly to the network device with the power / data combiner unit 3168 connection. 网络即用摄录影机3136经由可传输数据与电力的电缆3138而与电力/数据结合器单元3168连接。 3136 and 3168 network that is connected to the power / data combiner unit with a camcorder can transmit data via the 3138 power cable. IP电话机3142则经由分开的数据电缆3144与电力电缆3146连接一外部电力/数据分离器3140。 IP Phone 3142 3144, via separate data cable and power cable 3146 connected to an external power / data splitter 3140. 电力/数据分 Power / data packet

离器3140经由一电力/数据结合电缆3148连接电力/数据结合器单元3168。 Separator 3140 through a combination of cable Power / Data 3148 connecting power / data combiner unit 3168. 同样地,IP电话机3158经由分开的数据电缆3162与电力电缆3160 连接一外部电力/数据分离器3156。 Similarly, IP telephone 3158 3162, via separate data cable and power cable 3160 connected to an external power / data splitter 3156. 电力/数据分离器3156经由一电力/ 数据结合电缆3154而与电力/数据结合器单元3168连接。 Power / data splitter 3156 through a combination of the power / data cable 3154 connected to the power / data combiner unit 3168. 桌上型电脑3150经由数据通信专用电缆3152连接电力/数据结合器单元3168,并经由电插头3172连接AC电力。 3150 connection desktop power / data combiner unit 3168 via data communication dedicated cable 3152, and is connected to AC power via electrical plug 3172. 如上所述,网络3060可设计为可于断电时提供备用电力。 As described above, the network 3060 may be designed to provide backup power in case of power failure. 网络3060 中可策略性地安置一或多个UPS单元,以提供电力给断电时必须有动力的重要网络器件,例如IP电话机、与网络连接的安全器件、加入发射器与接收器的无线局域网络器件等。 Network 3060 can be strategically placed one or more of the UPS unit, must have the power to provide power when the device is important to the power network, such as IP telephones, security devices and network connections, adding transmitter and wireless receiver LAN devices. 在图26A、 26B所示的网络范例中,UPS 单元3171经由电插头3170连接AC电源,并提供电力给外部电力/数据结合器单元3168。 Network example 26A, 26B shown in Fig., UPS unit via an electrical plug 3170 3171 AC power connection, and provides power to the external power / data combiner unit 3168. 或者,网络中可安置额外的UPS单元,且/或UPS 3171 可设计为可供应电力给一个以上的电力/数据结合器器件。 Alternatively, the network can be placed additional UPS units, and / or the UPS 3171 can be designed to supply electricity to more than one power / data coupler devices. 请务必注意,从网络中少数点经由局域网络基础设备配送备用电力, 亦即配送不断电电源供应的电力,其成本较经济;若使每一重要网络元件连接其本身专用的UPS,或在一般电力网络之外建立遍布整个组织的UPS电力配电电缆线系统,其成本较高。 Be sure to pay attention to a few points from the standby power distribution network via a local area network infrastructure equipment, namely uninterruptible power supply and distribution of electricity, the cost of more economical; 若使 every critical network elements are connected its own dedicated UPS, or in general outside the electricity network throughout the organization set up UPS power distribution cable system, its high cost. 若遇断电时,由UPS供应电力至需要电力的重要网络元件。 In case of a power outage, the UPS power to critical network components requiring power supply. 电力/数据结合器单元内可事先架构断电时应先供应电力给哪些具有局域网络上供电机能的网络器件。 Within the power / data combiner unit can be pre-architecture power supply electric power which should be the first network device having a power supply to function on a local area network. 此种架构可经由一管理埠在局域执行,或经由连接局域网络/WAN中枢3064的管理单元3164从远端执行。 Such architecture can be performed via a management LAN port, or / WAN central management unit 3164 3064 execution from a remote connection via LAN. 请务必注意,本发明之系统其好处在于可降低网络终端设备之安全条件与成本,因为局域网络基础设备上是以低电压配送电力。 Be sure to note that the present system of its benefits is that it can reduce the cost of network security conditions and terminal equipment, because the local network infrastructure based on low-voltage power distribution. 以IP电话机而言,在局域网络上提供电力允许IP电话机拥有不断电电源, 一如今日所用的与PSTO连接的普通类比电话机。 In terms of IP phones, providing power to allow IP phones have uninterrupted power supply, used as ordinary analog telephone today and PSTO connected to the local network. 在局域网络上配送的电力可用DC或低频AC电压的型式传输。 On the local electricity distribution network available DC or low frequency AC voltage type transmission. 不论在哪种情况,在局域网络基础设备上传输电力都不干扰数据通信信号。 Whether in any case, on the local area network infrastructure to transmit power does not interfere with data communication signals. 局域网络电缆线上的电压保持低于120V峰值并限流,以便维持与安全标准(诸如UL 60950与EN 60950)的相容性。 LAN cable voltage line and remains below 120V peak limit, in order to maintain safety standards (such as UL 60950 and EN 60950) compatibility. 也请注意,在局域网络电缆上传输的电力可使用电缆中一或多个备用线对传输。 Please also note that the LAN cable transmission of power cables, one or more standby line for transmission can be used. 乙太网络通信需要二对(4条导线)来实施。 Ethernet network communication needs two pairs (4 wires) to implement. 若电缆线厂与EIA/TIA 568A相容并包括4线对,则保留2对不用。 If the cable plant and the EIA / TIA 568A compatible and includes a 4-pair, leave two pairs unused. 电力可使用未用的一对或二对线对来传输。 Power may use a pair or two pairs of wire to transfer unused. 在此情况时,不一定需要电力分离器与结合器, 并可实施直接注入与引出。 When this case, does not necessarily require power splitter and combiner, and the implementation of direct injection and extraction. 或者,若数据电缆只包括二线对,则使用可用的一对或二对线对(亦即接收线与传输线)来配电。 Or, if the data includes only second-tier cable pair, using the available pair or two pairs of wire pairs (ie receiving line and transmission line) to distribution. 现在请参照图27,其中显示一电力/数据结合器单元之方块图。 Referring now to FIG. 27, which shows a power / data binding unit of a block diagram. 电力/数据结合器单元可将电力放在数据通信基础设备上。 Power / data combiner unit may be placed on electric power data communication infrastructure. 如前所述,电力/数据结合器不论是以外部独立式单元或以并入一网络元件的方式实施, 其功能都可结合电力信号与数据通信信号以形成一电力/数据结合信号。 As mentioned above, the power / data combiner whether as stand-alone units or external to incorporate a network element manner, its functions can be combined with the power signal and data communication signals to form a power / data binding signal. 以下的说明使用外部电力/数据结合器作为说明范例。 The following description of the use of external power / data coupler as described examples. 然而请注意,以下说明亦适用于整体式实施例。 However, please note the following description also applies to monolithic embodiments. 电力/数据结合器以参考标号3180概括之,其中包括线路界面电路3181、滤波与保护电路3182、 一电源3184及一控制器3186。 Power / data coupler to generalize the reference numeral 3180, which includes a line interface circuit 3181, filtering and protection circuit 3182, a power supply 3184 and a controller 3186. 线路界面电路3181包括若干个输入埠3190与输出埠3188,所有输入端与输出端之间都设有电压隔离。 Line interface circuit 3181 includes a number of input ports and output ports 3190 3188, has a voltage isolation between all inputs and outputs. 输入埠3190接收来自一中枢或切换器的纯数据信号。 Input port 3190 receives data signals from a neural net or switcher. 输出埠3188则将数据加电力结合信号输出至与其连接的有局域网络上供电机能之器件,例如电力/数据分离器或整体式网络元件。 Output data port 3188 will add to its power output combined signal connected to the local network device has the function of power, such as power / data splitter or integral network element. 电力/数据结合器单元3180经由数据输入埠3190连接一习式局域网络10/100/1000 BaseT的中枢或切换器。 Power / data combiner unit 3180 via data input port 3190 to connect a conventional type 10/100/1000 BaseT LAN hub or switch. 请注意,虽然图中显示八个数据输入埠,但是电力/数据结合器可包括任何数目的数据输入埠,例如16、 24、 32个。 Note that, although the figure shows eight data input ports, but the power / data combiner can comprise any number of data input ports, such as 16, 24, 32. 习式中枢或切换器与电力/数据结合器3180未必要有相同数目的埠,但较佳是相同。 Learning style hub or switch and the power / data coupler 3180 may not have the same number of ports, but preferably the same. 电力/数据结合器单元3180的功能可将DC或AC 电力注入每一局域网络通道。 Function power / data combiner unit 3180 can be DC or AC power injected into each local area network access. 电力/数据结合器单元3180可接收来自一般建物AC电源之电力、UPS 之电力、或另一具有局域网络上供电机能之器件的电力,并将接收之电力配电给与其连接的一或多个网络器件。 Power / data combiner unit 3180 can receive from the general construction of the power supply was AC, UPS's power, or the power supply to the local network has another function of the device, and the reception of the electric power distribution to one or more of its connected Network devices. 每一输出通道可包括一乙太网络通道,此通道可以专门传输数据通信信号、或专门传输电力信号、或同时传输数据通信与电力信号二者。 Each output channel may comprise an Ethernet network channel, this channel can transmit dedicated data communication signals, or dedicated transmit power signal, or simultaneously transmit both data communications and power signals. 电力/数据结合器单元包括的电路可 Power / data combiner unit includes circuitry

使任何数据通信干扰最小化。 So that any data communication interference is minimized. 电源3184经由连接器或电缆3192连接一AC电力源。 Power source 3184 connected to an AC power via connector or cable 3192. 或者,可从另一电力/数据结合器单元接收电力。 Alternatively, you can / data combination unit receives power from another power. 电源3184的功能可提供电力/数据结合器单元3180本身操作所需的能量,及连接于单元3180下游并由远端供电之网络器件所需的总能量。 Power 3184 features energy itself provides power required to operate the data combiner unit 3180 /, and is connected to the total energy required by a remote power supply unit 3180 of the downstream network devices. 电源31S4的结构最好可支援最坏情况下的能量,亦即一通道所需能量乘以通道数目时的最大能量。 31S4 power structure can best support the worst-case energy, energy multiplied by the maximum number of channels the energy that is required when a channel. 或者,假设先前对所有通道之耗电量曾有预测时,电源3184之结构可仅支援较少量的电力。 Or suppose when all channels of the previous power had to predict the structure of the power supply 3184 can support only a relatively small amount of electricity. 滤波与保护电路3182之功能可允许高频数据通信信号不受干扰地从输入端透通到输出端。 Filtering and protection circuits 3182 function, can allow high frequency data communication signals without interference from the input to the output pass-through. 电路31S2防止电源的低阻抗输出造成数据通信信号的衰减,并防止一通道上的通信信号经由共用的电源单元3184而漏泄到另一通道,亦即可防止串音。 31S2 prevent low-impedance output circuit of power supply may signal attenuation data communication and prevent a communication signal on the channel via a common power supply unit 3184 and a leak to another channel, that can prevent crosstalk. 此电路之功能亦可滤除因切换电源而产生的高频脉动与杂讯,并提供来自电源的高输出阻抗供高频使用。 This function can also be filtered dither circuits and noise generated by the switching power supply, and provides a high output impedance from the high frequency power source for use. 滤波与保护电路3182之其他功能包括:依照一预定的电平限制每一通道的可用电力、感知每一线对之电流、最小与最大电流阈参考电平、 失衡或电流漏泄侦测、及连接与切断每一通道电力之能力。 Other functions of filtering and protection circuit 3182 includes: in accordance with a predetermined level limits for each channel available power, the current perception of each pair, the minimum and maximum current threshold reference level, imbalances or current leakage detection, and connection cut off the power of the capabilities of each channel. 最小与最大电流阈参考电平可为固定的或经由一管理单元控制,视系统的实施方式与架构而定。 The minimum and maximum current threshold reference level can be fixed or via embodiment and the architecture of a management unit control, depending on the system fixed. 电路31S2之一重要功能是,它会切断一短路的或故障的埠, 使其他操作中的通道不受影响。 31S2 One important function of the circuit is that it will cut off a short circuit or malfunction of ports, so that other operations will not be affected channel. 控制器3186经过适当程式化,其功能可管理与控制电力/数据结合器3180内各组件的操作,并可对一外部管理实体提供遥测功能。 The controller 3186 appropriately stylized, within its capabilities to manage and control the various components of 3180 Electricity / data coupler operation, and for an external management entity provides telemetry. 此控制器的功能可与经由网络而于局域或远端连接的管理单元通信。 This function can be used with the controller via a local area network in communication management unit or remote connection. 此控制器允许线上修改目前配送至每一通道的电力。 This controller allows online changes to the existing electricity distribution to each channel. 其他功能包括:状态报告, 诸如报告每一通道之耗电量、任何通道故障、以及电力/数据结合器单元本身内的任何故障。 Other features include: a status report, such as reporting power consumption per channel, any channel fault, as well as any failure of power / data combiner unit within itself. 在整体式之实施例中,电力/数据结合器单元的机能被并入一习式的局域网络连接中枢或切换器,例如10、 100或1000BaseT。 In an embodiment of the unitary, functional power / data combiner unit is incorporated into a conventional type of local area network connection hub or switch, for example, 10, 100 or 1000BaseT. 中枢的内部电源经过修改以支援正常中枢操作的较高负载与远端馈电功能。 Internal power hub modified to support the normal operation of the central high load with a remote power feeding function. 其输出端与中枢的内部网络电路间插入一线路界面电路。 Between its output and central internal network circuit to insert a line interface circuit. 此外,其中加入滤波与保护电路以耦接线路界面电路与电源。 In addition, it added filtering and protection circuitry coupled to the line interface circuit and power supply. 每一标准局域网络埠用一数据加电力结合埠取代。 A combined data plus power port LAN port substituted with each standard. 此种整体式实施例可降低整体系统成本、减少所需空间、并降低网络的复杂性。 Such monolithic embodiments can reduce overall system costs, reduces the space needed, and reduce the complexity of the network. 然而,此种实施例确实需要修改习式的中枢或切换器。 However, such embodiments do need to modify conventional type of hub or switch. 不论是外部式或整体式实施例,由电力/数据结合器接收的数据都是在每一通道的输入端与其对应的通道输出端之间双向传送。 Whether external data type or monolithic embodiments, are received by the power / data are combined with the two-way transfer between the input of each channel and its corresponding channel output. 分配给每一输出通道的输出电力量,可以独立设定。 Assigned to the output of power each output channel can be set independently. 此外,每一输出通道具有自我防护短路与过载能力。 In addition, each output channel has a self-protection short circuit and overload. 此外,关于外部式电力/数据结合器实施例,其中可以选择性地设置二个额外的局域网络埠。 In addition, with regard to the external-type power / data combiner embodiment, two of which can be selectively set an additional LAN ports. 其可设置为一输入端局域网络埠及一输出端局域网络埠,藉此,在正常操作期间时,此二埠可彼此桥接。 It can be set to an input terminal LAN port and an output port local area network, whereby when during normal operation, the two ports can be bridged to each other. 习式中枢或切换器是经由输出端局域网络输出埠馈电。 Learning style hub or switch output port is fed via the output of the local area network. 输入端局域网络埠是连接上游网络器件,例如中枢或切换器。 The input LAN port is connected upstream network devices such as hub or switch. 若遇断电时,电力/数据结合器单元切断输入端及输出端局域网络埠,并使来自输入端局域网络埠的数据通信直接送往一或多个输出通道。 When the case of power failure, the power / data combiner unit cuts off the input and output of the local area network ports, and data communication from the input terminal of the LAN port directly to one or more output channels. 因此,万一上游数据中枢或切换器不能操作时,仍可提供数据与电力的延续性。 Therefore, in the event of an upstream data hub or switch can not operate, it can still provide continuity of data and power. 现在请参照图28,其中显示一电力/数据分离器之方块图。 Referring now to FIG. 28, which shows a power / data splitter of a block diagram. 此电力/数据分离器可从数据通信基础设备中分离出电力。 This power / data splitter can be isolated from the electric power data communication infrastructure equipment. 如前所述,电力/数据分离器的功能可于其输入端接受一局域网络通道,此通道可在同一电缆线上同时传输电力与数据;电力/数据分离器并可将两个信号分成一电力信号与一数据信号。 As mentioned above, the power / data splitter functions can be to their inputs to accept a local area network channel, this channel can transmit power and data lines in the same cable; power / data separator and the two signals into one power signal and a data signal. 此二信号随后都被转送到相连的网络器件。 These two signals are then forwarded to the network devices are connected. 此二输出信号可包括二个分开的电缆接线,亦即一个供数据使用,另一个供电力使用。 This second output signal may comprise two separate cable connection, that is a use for data, the other for power usage. 数据电缆接线的作用如一数据通信专用的标准局域网络数据通道。 The role of the data cable connection such as a data communications standard local area network dedicated data channel. 电力电缆接线则可使用从结合的输入所引出的电力来驱动电力负载。 Power Cable can use a combination of input from the leads to the power to drive the electric load. 电力/数据分离器的功能可隔离输入电压与输出电压。 Power / data splitter functions can be isolated from the input and output voltages. 此外,其中可使用一AC/DC或DC/DC电压转换器,将输入电压转换成一或多种电频,以符合相连接的网络器件的特定需要。 Further, one may be used wherein the AC / DC or DC / DC voltage converter, an input voltage into one or more radio frequency to match the network devices connected to the specific needs. 电力/数据分离器以参考标号3200概括表示,其中包括一线路界面电路3202、 一滤波与保护电路3206、 一电力转换器3208、及一控制器3204。 Power / data splitter generally indicated by reference numeral 3200, which includes a line interface circuit 3202, a filtering and protection circuit 3206, a power converter 3208, and a controller 3204. 分离器3200通常是接设在局域网络壁面插座与网络器件间。 3200 separator is usually disposed between the local area network connected to the wall socket and network devices. 就其功能而言,电力/数据分离器3200藉由对高频提出一高阻抗而可阻断高频信号穿透到电力输出端,允许低频及DC电力信号穿透,及阻挡高频杂讯从电力转换器输入端传导至数据通道。 Functionally, the power / data splitter 3200 presented by the high frequency impedance can be blocked by a high-frequency signal to penetrate to the power output terminal, allowing the low frequency and DC power signal penetration, and blocking the high-frequency noise from the power converter's input is conducted to the data channel. 线路界面电路3202包括一数据加电力输入埠3210及一数据通信专用输出埠3212。 Line interface circuit 3202 includes a data encryption and a power input port 3210 and output port 3212 dedicated data communications. 引出的电力是经由电力输出埠3214输出。 Power is drawn via the power output port 3214 output. 线路界面电路3202接收来自一局域网络通道的信号,并提供高通滤波以允许数据通信信号从数据加电力输入埠3210不受干扰地双向传输到数据专用输出埠3212。 Line interface circuit 3202 receives a signal from a local area network access, and provide a high-pass filter to allow data communications signal from the data input port 3210 plus electricity uninterrupted two-way data transmission to a dedicated output port 3212. 滤波与保护电路3206提供从数据加电力输入埠3210到电力转换器3208输入端之间的低通滤波。 Filtering and protection circuit 3206 provides data plus power input port from the low-pass filter 3210 to 3208 power converter between the input terminals. 电力转换器3208接受从局域网络通道引出的电压,并可作用以将引出的电压转换成一或多种输出电压。 Power converter 3208 accepts drawn from the local area network channel voltage, and the role to lead the voltage into one or more output voltages. 电力转换器3208可包括一AC/DC或一DC/DC电压转换器,依照从局域网络通道引出的电压而定。 The power converter 3208 may comprise an AC / DC or a DC / DC voltage converter, in accordance with the local area network from a channel voltage may be drawn. 电力转换器可依照与电力/数据分离器3200连接的网络器件的特定需求,产生任何数目的电压。 Power converters may, in accordance with the specific needs of the power / data splitter 3200 connected to the network device, any number of voltage. 控制器3204经过适当程式化,其功能可管理与控制电力/数据分离器3200内各组件的操作,并对一外部管理实体提供遥测功能。 The controller 3204 appropriately stylized, functional and can be managed within the control power / data splitter 3200 each assembly operation, and to provide telemetry functions to an external management entity. 此控制器的功能可与经由网络而于局域或远端连接的管理单元通信。 This function can be used with the controller via a local area network in communication management unit or remote connection. 其他选择性的功能包括:状态报告,诸如报告每一通道之耗电量、任何通道故障、 以及电力/数据分离器本身内的任何故障。 Other optional features include: status reports, such as reports power consumption for each channel, any failure of any channel failure, and power / data separator within itself. 在整体式之实施例中,电力/数据分离器单元的机能被并入一习式的网络器件,例如IP或局域网络电话机、手提式或桌上型电脑。 In an embodiment of the unitary, functional power / data splitter unit is incorporated into a conventional type of network devices such as IP telephones or local area network, portable or desktop computer. 其标准局域网络埠与电力埠用一数据加电力结合埠取代。 A combined data plus power port replace its standard LAN port and power port available. 其输入埠与内部网络数据与电力输入埠之间插入一线路界面电路。 The input port and the internal network data and power input to insert a line between the port interface circuit. 此外,其中加入滤波与保护电路以耦接线路界面电路与电源。 In addition, it added filtering and protection circuitry coupled to the line interface circuit and power supply. 此种整体式实施例可降低整体系统成本、减少所需空间、并降低网络的复杂性。 Such monolithic embodiments can reduce overall system costs, reduces the space needed, and reduce the complexity of the network. 然而,此种实施例需要修改习式的网络器件。 However, this embodiment requires modification of network devices learning style. 假设每一网络埠与节点同时消耗最大配置输出电力,就复杂性与成本而言,建构一电力输送与配电网络是不符效率的。 Assume that each network node while consuming the largest port and configure the output power, in terms of complexity and cost, the construction of a power transmission and distribution network is inconsistent with efficiency. 此外,此种电力网 In addition, such a power grid

络可能会在数据网络上产生电力〃瓶颈〃,并会迫使使用不符一般局域网络设备标准的特殊电缆线。 Network bottlenecks may produce electricity 〃 〃 on the data network, and the use of force inconsistent with the general standard LAN equipment and special cables. 此外,用来实施此种电力网络的设备极有可能超过标准网络架构设备箱的热与功率规格,导致无法容纳此种设备。 In addition, for the implementation of such a power network equipment is likely to exceed the standard network infrastructure equipment box of heat and power specifications, making it impossible to accommodate such equipment. (标准网络架构设备箱是专供容置可堆叠的中枢、切换器、路由器、及各种不同的网络管理单元。)因此,本发明之局域网络上供电系统于建构电力网络时,可利用指示(l)正常网络操作期间,及(2)建物断电时紧急操作期间预期耗电量的统计样态。 (Standard network infrastructure equipment box is designed for accommodating stackable hub, switch, router, and a variety of network management unit.) Thus, over a local network of the present invention when the construction of the power supply system in the network, you can use instructions During (l) normal network operations, and (2) the construction was expected consumption during the emergency operation statistics like state power. 管理单元3164(图26A)包括的软体可在与网络连接之任何个人电脑或伺服器上执行。 Management unit 3164 (FIG. 26A) includes software that can be performed on any PC or server connected to the network. 此管理单元的功能可将遥测与控制资讯传送给各种局域网络上供电组件,例如分布整个网络内的电力/数据结合器与分离器。 Features on this snap telemetry and control information can be transmitted to a variety of local area network power components, such as the distribution of power / data separator combined with the entire network. 数据通信网络本身可在具有局域网络上供电机能的器件及管理单元间传输数据讯息。 Data communications network itself can have on the local area network between the device and the power function of the transmission data management unit message. 管理单元提供监视与供应电力功能。 Snap-in provides monitoring and power supply function. 供应电力功能以类比方式将可用的电力资源配置给所管理的网络数据业务,并可用来架构跨越网络从源头至壑的电力路径。 Power supply function by analogy configure power resources available to the management of network data services, and can be used across the network architecture of power from the source to the sink path. 网络管理者可决定采用何种系统方法来处理各显示为无负载、过载、 或漏电至地表的网络埠。 Network managers can decide which way to deal with each display system as no-load, overload, or leakage to the surface of the network port. 供往故障埠的电力可暂时切断或限制为一可接受的值。 Failure to port for power can be turned off or limited to an acceptable value. 电力暂停状态可依埠的情况自动复原或由人工执行复原。 To follow the case of the suspended state power port automatically or manually perform recovery rehabilitation. 每一埠可依照系统的设置架构而个别地架构。 Each port can be set in accordance with the structure of the system and individually architecture. 请注意,每一电力/数据结合器可建构为独立管理或经由外部控制管理。 Please note that each power / data binding can be constructed as an independent management or via an external control management. 每一电力/数据结合器可包括一专用的局域网络数据接线或可包括与一网络主电脑系统之串/并联通信,再由网络主电脑系统将遥测与控制数据传送给网络局域网络。 Each power / data combiner may include a dedicated local area network or a data connection includes a serial / parallel communication system of the host computer and a network, then the telemetry from the main computer system and network control data to the LAN network. 若遇建物断电时,某些网络器件与节点,诸如中枢、路由器、接线桥、切换器等,可能需要被旁通以维持重要网络节点、终端机与器件间的数据与电力接续性。 In case of power failure when the construction was, some network devices and nodes, such as hub, router, bridge wiring, switches, etc., may need to be bypassed in order to maintain critical network nodes, data terminals and devices with the power connection between sex. 由单一大型局域网络通道供应的电力,在大部份情况中,应该足以操作绝大部份的网络器件。 Large local area network from a single channel supply of electricity, in most cases, should be sufficient to operate the vast majority of network devices. 然而,此类局域网络通道或许不足以同时操作一正常网络中枢/切换器及所有与其连接之网络器件。 However, such local area network channel may not be sufficient while operating a normal network hub / switch and all of the network devices connected to it. 此外,局域网络器件除非同时接收电力与数据通信,否则通常是无 In addition, local area network devices to receive power data communication unless simultaneously with, or are generally non-

用的。 Used. 本发明之局域网络上供电系统,其功能可维持断电时的电力与数据通信流。 The local network of the power supply system of the present invention, its function can be maintained for power and data traffic power off. 遇到建物断电期间,其局域网络节点单元,亦即中枢、切换器等,以及其网络器件会切换到减量电力操作模式。 Encountered during construction was off, its local area network node unit, that is central, switches, etc., as well as its network, the device switches to the reduction of power operating mode. 当一器件在减量电力操作模式时,会减少其数据处理带宽及/或处理活动,只保持少数埠为作用中,并暂时关闭其余埠,以便减少其总耗电量。 When a device is in the power reduction operating mode, it will reduce its data processing bandwidth and / or processing activity, only a small number of ports for the role in maintaining and temporarily close the remaining ports in order to reduce its overall power consumption. 因此,可以使用以蓄电池为基础的UPS来支援多数重要网络元件达较长久的时间。 Therefore, it can be used in battery-based UPS to support the most important element of the network relatively long period of time. 熟悉此类技术之人士可以理解,本发明并不受以上特别显示与说明的内容所限制。 Persons familiar with such technology will be appreciated, the contents of the present invention is not particularly shown and described above is limited. 相反地,本发明范围包括上述各种特征之组合与再组合, 其中并可包括熟悉此类技术之人士可以想到且非属先前技术的各种修改与变化。 Rather, the scope of the present invention comprises a combination of the various features of the re-combination, which may include persons familiar with such technology can think and not belong to the previous modifications and changes in technology.

Classifications
International ClassificationH04L29/08, H04L12/10, H04L29/00, H02G3/00, H04L12/44, G06F1/26, H04L29/06, H02G3/38, H04L12/28
Cooperative ClassificationG06F1/26, G06F1/3287, H04L29/06, G05F1/66, H04L12/44, H04L12/10, H04L69/323, H02G3/00, H04M19/08
European ClassificationG05F1/66, H04M19/08, H04L12/10, G06F1/26, H04L29/06, H04L12/44
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