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Publication numberCA2477054 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberCA 2477054
PCT numberPCT/US2003/005145
Publication date4 Sep 2003
Filing date21 Feb 2003
Priority date25 Feb 2002
Also published asCA2477054C, EP1485146A1, EP1485146A4, EP1485146B1, EP2374487A1, EP2374487B1, US7335179, US8394048, US20030163079, US20080154173, WO2003072166A1
Publication numberCA 2477054, CA 2477054 A1, CA 2477054A1, CA-A1-2477054, CA2477054 A1, CA2477054A1, PCT/2003/5145, PCT/US/2003/005145, PCT/US/2003/05145, PCT/US/3/005145, PCT/US/3/05145, PCT/US2003/005145, PCT/US2003/05145, PCT/US2003005145, PCT/US200305145, PCT/US3/005145, PCT/US3/05145, PCT/US3005145, PCT/US305145
InventorsDaniel R. Burnett
ApplicantDaniel R. Burnett, Theranova, Llc, Novashunt, Inc., Novashunt Ag
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: CIPO, Espacenet
Vesicular shunt for the drainage of excess fluid
CA 2477054 A1
Abstract
A transvesicular drainage device (1), designed to drain excess fluid from a variety of locations in the human body into the bladder. The device may be used to treat ascites or any fluid collection within the body of a human, or a non-human mammal.
Description  available in
Claims(66)
1. A vesicular shunt, comprising:
a hollow cylinder, having an inside and an outside, and also having an inflow end and an outflow end;
a valve, in continuous fluid communication with the inside of said hollow cylinder, wherein said valve regulates the flow of fluid within the hollow cylinder such that fluid may flow from the inflow end of said hollow cylinder to the outflow end of said hollow cylinder.
2. A vesicular shunt as recited in claim 1, further comprising:
a first flange, located on the outside of said hollow cylinder near the first end; and a second flange, located on the outside of said hollow cylinder near the second end.
3. A vesicular shunt as recited in claim 1, further comprising a mesh attached to the inflow end of said hollow cylinder.
4. A vesicular shunt as recited in claim 1, wherein said valve is a ball-valve.
5. A vesicular shunt as recited in claim 1, wherein said valve is a flapper-valve.
6. A vesicular shunt as recited in claim 1, wherein said valve is an active-valve.
7. A vesicular shunt as recited in claim 6, wherein said active-valve is controlled through a pressure signal.
8. A vesicular shunt as recited in claim 6, wherein said active-valve is controlled through a mechanical signal.
9. A vesicular shunt as recited in claim 6, wherein said active-valve is controlled through a magnetic signal.
10. A vesicular shunt as recited in claim 6, wherein said active-valve is controlled through an electric signal.
11. A vesicular shunt as recited in claim 6, wherein said active-valve is controlled through an EMF signal.
12. A vesicular shunt as recited in claim 11, wherein said EMF
signal is a radio signal.
13. A vesicular shunt, comprising:
a hollow cylinder, having an inside and an outside, and also having an inflow end and an outflow end;
a valve, located inside said hollow cylinder, wherein said valve regulates the flow of fluid within the hollow cylinder such that fluid may flow from the inflow end of said hollow cylinder to the outflow end of said hollow cylinder; and a flexible tube, having an inflow and an outflow end, the outflow end of said flexible tube being in fluid communication with the inflow end of said hollow cylinder.
14. A vesicular shunt as recited in claim 13, further comprising:
a first flange, located on the outside of said hollow cylinder near the first end; and a second flange, located on the outside of said hollow cylinder near the second end.
15. A vesicular shunt as recited in claim 13, wherein said valve is a ball-valve.
16. A vesicular shunt as recited in claim 13, wherein said valve is a flapper-valve.
17. A vesicular shunt as recited in claim 13, wherein said valve is an active-valve.
18. A vesicular shunt as recited in claim 17, wherein said active-valve is controlled through an electric signal.
19. A vesicular shunt as recited in claim 17, wherein said active-valve is controlled through a pressure signal.
20. A vesicular shunt as recited in claim 17, wherein said active-valve is controlled through a mechanical signal.
21. A vesicular shunt as recited in claim 17, wherein said active-valve is controlled through a magnetic signal.
22. A vesicular shunt as recited in claim 17, wherein said active-valve is controlled through an EMF signal.
23. A vesicular shunt as recited in claim 22, wherein said EMF
signal is a radio signal.
24. A vesicular shunt as recited in claim 13, further comprising a mesh attached to the inflow end of said hollow cylinder.
25. A vesicular shunt as recited in claim 13, further comprising a perforated receptacle attached to the inflow end of said flexible tube.
26. A vesicular shunt as recited in claim 13, further comprising a valve located within the flexible tube near the inflow end of said flexible tube.
27. A vesicular shunt as recited in claim 13, further comprising a pump, attached to the flexible tube so that said pump is capable of moving fluid from the inflow end of said flexible tube to the outflow end.
28. A vesicular shunt for draining bodily fluids, comprising:
a tube, wherein said tube is designed to be implanted in the wall of the bladder;
a means for anchoring said tube in the wall of the bladder;
and a means for ensuring unidirectional flow through said tube.
29. A vesicular shunt as recited in claim 28, further comprising a means for preventing the passage of solids through said tube.
30. A vesicular shunt as recited in claim 28, wherein said means for anchoring is a pair of flanges.
31. A vesicular shunt as recited in claim 28, wherein said means for anchoring is a screw.
32. A vesicular shunt as recited in claim 28, wherein said means for anchoring is a suture.
33. A vesicular shunt as recited in claim 28, wherein said means for ensuring unidirectional flow is a valve.
34. A vesicular shunt as recited in claim 33, wherein said valve is a ball-valve.
35. A vesicular shunt as recited in claim 33, wherein said valve is a flapper-valve.
36. A vesicular shunt as recited in claim 33, wherein said valve is an active-valve.
37. A vesicular shunt as recited in claim 36, wherein said active-valve is controlled through an electric signal.
38. A vesicular shunt as recited in claim 36, wherein said active-valve is controlled through a pressure signal.
39. A vesicular shunt as recited in claim 36, wherein said active-valve is controlled through a mechanical signal.
40. A vesicular shunt as recited in claim 36, wherein said active-valve is controlled through a magnetic signal.
41. A vesicular shunt as recited in claim 36, wherein said active-valve is controlled through an EMF signal.
42. A vesicular shunt as recited in claim 41, wherein said EMF
signal is a radio signal.
43. A vesicular shunt as recited in claim 28, further comprising a transport means for collecting fluid from remote interstices.
44. A vesicular shunt as recited in claim 33, further comprising a pump means for speeding the collection of fluid.
45. A vesicular shunt as recited in claim 33, further comprising a pump, wherein said pump is configured to transport fluid through the tube means for deposition in the bladder.
46. A vesicular shunt as recited in claim 33, wherein said tube means includes a valve located within said tube means.
47. A vesicular shunt as recited in claim 28, further comprising an anti-infective means.
48. A vesicular shunt as recited in claim 47, wherein said anti-infective means is a surface which encourages epithelialization.
49. A vesicular shunt as recited in claim 47, wherein said anti-infective means is a bacteriocidal material.
50. A vesicular shunt as recited in claim 47, wherein said anti-infective means is one or more antibiotic dispensers.
51. A vesicular shunt as recited in claim 47, wherein said anti-infective means is an entrained radioisotope.
52. A vesicular shunt as recited in claim 28, further comprising an anti-clogging means.
53. A vesicular shunt as recited in claim 51, wherein said anti-clogging means is an active ultrasound component.
54. A vesicular shunt as recited in claim 51, wherein said anti-clogging means is an inner and outer lumen.
55. A vesicular shunt as recited in claim 51, wherein said anti-clogging means is a surface which promotes epithelialization.
56. A vesicular shunt as recited in claim 51, wherein said anti-clogging means is an enzyme eluting material.
57. A method for draining excess fluid into the bladder of a living host, comprising:
implanting the cylinder of the device of claim 13 into the wall of the bladder;
implanting the inflow end of the tube of the device of claim 13 into the region to be drained.
58. The method of claim 57, wherein the region to be drained is the pleural cavity.
59. The method of claim 57, wherein the region to be drained is the cerebrospinal cavity.
60. The method of claim 57, wherein the region to be drained is the peritoneal cavity.
61. The method of claim 57, wherein the host is a human.
62. The method of claim 57, wherein the host is a non-human mammal.
63. The method of claim 57, wherein the host is equine.
64. The method of claim 57, wherein the host is bovine.
65. The method of claim 57, wherein the host is feline.
66. The method of claim 57, wherein the host is canine.
Classifications
International ClassificationA61M27/00
Cooperative ClassificationA61M27/002, A61M2210/1085, A61M27/006
European ClassificationA61M27/00C
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
18 Feb 2008EEERExamination request