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Publication numberCA2423077 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberCA 2423077
PCT numberPCT/US2001/028516
Publication date28 Mar 2002
Filing date13 Sep 2001
Priority date22 Sep 2000
Also published asCA2423077C, EP1319180A2, US6535753, US6904301, US7409238, US8965470, US20030130569, US20050283057, US20090093693, WO2002025275A2, WO2002025275A3
Publication numberCA 2423077, CA 2423077 A1, CA 2423077A1, CA-A1-2423077, CA2423077 A1, CA2423077A1, PCT/2001/28516, PCT/US/1/028516, PCT/US/1/28516, PCT/US/2001/028516, PCT/US/2001/28516, PCT/US1/028516, PCT/US1/28516, PCT/US1028516, PCT/US128516, PCT/US2001/028516, PCT/US2001/28516, PCT/US2001028516, PCT/US200128516
InventorsEric Jules Raskas
ApplicantMicrosense International Llc, Eric Jules Raskas, Becton, Dickinson And Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: CIPO, Espacenet
Micro-invasive method for painless detection of analytes in extracellular space
CA 2423077 A1
Abstract
A method of detecting at least one analyte in extra-cellular spaces includes the step of inserting a microprobe through the stratum corneum toward the stratum basale of the skin of a subject into extra-cellular spaces containing interstitial fluid having at least one analyte to be detected, said microprobe having a diameter at its tip no larger than approximately 10-50 microns. The method further includes optically testing for a predetermined analyte in the extra-cellular space adjacent the distal end of the microprobe without drawing a sample of the interstitial fluid. Preferably the microprobe body includes a sensor layer covering the distal optical tip of the microprobe body, the sensor layer being adapted to interact with a predetermined analyte to be detected in the interstitial fluid, and an optical detector responsive to interaction of the sensor layer with the predetermined analyte to signal detection of said predetermined analyte.
Description  available in
Claims(11)
1. An optical microprobe system for detecting at least one analyte in extra-cellular spaces comprising:
a microprobe body terminating in a distal optical tip adapted to enter the stratum corneum of the skin of a subject and extend toward the stratum basale of the skin terminating in extra-cellular spaces containing interstitial fluid, the microprobe body being shaped to cause the microprobe tip to stop in the extra cellular spaces of the skin;
a sensor layer covering the distal optical tip of the microprobe body, said sensor layer being adapted to interact with a predetermined analyte to be detected in the interstitial fluid;
an optical detector responsive to interaction of the sensor layer with the predetermined analyte to signal detection of said predetermined analyte.
2. The system as set forth in claim 1 wherein the microprobe body distal optical tip has a diameter no larger than approximately 10-50 microns.
3. The microprobe system as set forth in claim 1 further including a computer for analyzing the signal from the optical detector to determine the concentration of said analyte.
4. The microprobe system as set forth in claim 1 further including an electrically conductive member disposed in and extending to the exterior of the distal tip, said electrically conductive member being connected to a circuit for obtaining electrochemical measurements of an analyte in the interstitial fluid.
5. The microprobe system as set forth in claim 1 further including a plurality of optical distal tips for insertion into but not through the stratum basale of the subject, each optical distal tip its own sensor layer to provide multiple tests of analyte in the interstitial fluid.
6. The microprobe system as set forth in claim 1 wherein the sensor layer is sensitive to an analyte inherently fond in biological systems.
7. The microprobe system as set forth in claim 1 wherein the sensor layer is sensitive to an environmental analyte not commonly found in biological systems.
8. A method of detecting at least one analyte in extra-cellular spaces comprising:
inserting a microprobe through the stratum corneum toward but not through the stratum basale of the skin of a subject into extra-cellular spaces containing interstitial fluid having at least one analyte to be detected, optically testing for a predetermined analyte in the extra-cellular space adjacent the distal end of the microprobe without drawing a sample of the interstitial fluid.
9. The method as set forth in claim 8 wherein said microprobe has a diameter no larger than approximately 10-50 microns.
10. The method as set forth in claim 8 wherein the microprobe is held in place with the distal end thereof in the interstitial fluid for a predetermined time, further including the step of monitoring the concentration of the analyte a plurality of times while the microprobe is held in place.
11. The method as set forth in claim 10 wherein the concentration of the analyte is continuously monitored during the time the microprobe is held in place with the distal end thereof in the interstitial fluid.
Classifications
International ClassificationA61B6/00, G01N33/487, G01N33/48, G01N21/27, A61B5/145, G01N33/483, A61B5/00, A61B10/00, A61B5/1459, G01N21/85
Cooperative ClassificationB33Y80/00, A61B5/1455, A61B5/6825, A61B10/0045, A61B5/14514, A61B2010/008, G01N21/8507, A61B2562/12, A61B5/14546, A61B5/1459, A61B5/14532
European ClassificationA61B5/145G, A61B5/68B2J, A61B5/1455, A61B5/145P, A61B5/145D2B, A61B5/1459, A61B10/00L, G01N21/85B
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